viṣama विषम

Definition: विषम a. [विगतो विरुद्धो वा समः] 1 Uneven, rough, rugged; पथिषु विषमेष्वप्यचलता Mu.3.3; व्यालाकीर्णाः सुविषमाः Pt.1.64; Me.19. -2 Irregular, unequal; तोषं ततान विषमग्रथितो$पि भागः Māl.9.44. -3 Odd, not even. -4 Difficult, hard to understand, mysterious; विषमो$पि विगाह्यते नयः Ki.2.3; विषमाः कर्मगतयः Pt.4.5. -5 Impassable, inaccessible; Ki.2.3; भ्रान्तं देशमनेकदुर्गविषमम् Bh.3.5. -6 Coarse, rough. -7 Oblique; ईषत्तिर्यग्वलन- विषमम् Māl.4.2. -8 Painful, troublesome; कान्ताविश्लेषदुःख- व्यतिकरविषमे यौवने विप्रयोगः Bh.3.16; H.4.3. -9 Very strong, vehement; व्यनक्त्यन्तस्तापं तदयमतिधीरो$पि विषमम् Māl.3.9. -1 Dangerous, fearful; सर्वंकषः कषति हा विषमः कृतान्तः Mv.5.56; Mk.8.1,27; Mu.1.18; 2.2. -11 Bad, adverse, unfavourable; येन च हसितं दशासु विषमासु Pt.4.16. -12 Odd, unusual, unparalleled. -13 Dishonest, artful. -14 Intermittent (as fever). -15 Wicked. -16 Different. -17 That which cannot be equally divided; अजाविकं सैकशफं न जातु विषमं भजेत् Ms.9.119. -18 Unsuitable, wrong; Suśr. -मः 1 Name of Viṣṇu. -2 (In music) A kind of measure. -मम् 1 Unevenness. -2 Oddness. -3 An inaccessible place, precipice, pit &c. -4 A difficult or dangerous position, difficulty, misfortune; सुप्तं प्रमत्तं विषमस्थितं वा रक्षन्ति पुण्यानि पुरा कृतानि Bh.2.97; कुतस्त्वा कश्मलमिदं विषमे समुपस्थितम् Bg.2.2. -5 Rough or uneven ground. -6 Name of a figure of speech in which some unusual or incompatible relation between cause and effect is described; (said to be of four kinds; see K. P. Kārikās 126 and 127). -7 A kind of stanza or verse; भिन्नचिह्नचतुष्पादं विषमं परिकीर्तितम्. -मम् ind. Unequally, unevenly, unfairly, dangerously &c. -Comp. -अक्षः, -ईक्षणः, -नयनः, -नेत्रः, -लोचनः epithets of Śiva. -अन्नम् unusual or irregular food. -अवतारः descent on uneven ground, perhaps also 'undertaking or embarking in an adventure'; V.1. -आयुधः, -इषुः, -शरः epithets of the god of love; उन्मिमील विशदं विषमेषुः Śi.1.72. -कर्णः 1 a quadrangle or tetragon with unequal diagonals. -2 the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle. -कर्मन् (in maths.) the finding of two quantities when the difference of their squares is given and either the sum or the difference of the quantities (Colebrooke). -कालः an unfavourable season. -चक्रवालम् (in maths). an ellipse. -चतुरस्रः, -चतुर्भुजः an unequal quadrilateral figure; trapezium. -छदः the tree सप्तपर्ण q. v. -छाया the shadow of the gnomon at noon. -ज्वरः remittent fever; दोषो$ल्पो$हितसंभूतो ज्वरो- त्सृष्टस्य वा पुनः । धातुमन्यतमं प्राप्य करोति विषम़ज्वरम् ॥ -त्रिभुजः a scalene triangle. -पत्रः the Saptaparṇa tree; विषम- पत्रमहीरुहसंभवम् Rām. ch.4.68. -बाणः Name of the god of love; also विषमविशिखः, -शरः. -लक्ष्मी f. ill-luck. -विभागः unequal distribution (of property). -वृत्तम् a kind of metre with unequal Pādas. -शील a. cross-tempered, peevish, perverse. -स्थ a. 1 being in an inaccessible position. -2 being in difficulty or misfortune; विश्वामित्र- स्ततस्तां तु विषमस्तामनिन्दिताम् Mb.1.72.5.

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