pitṛ पितृ

Definition: पितृ m. [पाति रक्षति, पा-तृच् नि˚] A father; तेनास लोकः पितृमान् विनेत्रा R.14.23;1.24;11.67. -रौ (dual) Parents, father and mother; जगतः पितरौ वन्दे पार्वतीपरमे- श्वरौ R.1.1; Y.2.117. -रः (pl.) -1 Fore-fathers, ancestors, fathers; नूनं प्रसूतिविकलेन मया प्रसिक्तं धौताश्रुशेष- मुदकं पितरः पिबन्ति Ś.6.24. -2 Paternal ancestors taken collectively; अध्यापयामास पितॄन् शिशुराङ्गिरसः कविः Ms.2.151. -3 The Manes; R.2.16;3.2; पितॄणामर्यमा चास्मि Bg. 1.29; Ms.3.81,192. -Comp. -अर्जित a. acquired by a father, paternal (as property). -कर्मन् n., -कार्यम्, -कृत्यम्, -क्रिया oblations or sacrifice offerd to deceased ancestors, obsequial rites; स्वधाकारः परा ह्याशीः सर्वेषु पितृकर्मसु Ms.3.252. -कल्पः 1 performance of the Śrāddha ceremony in honour of the Manes. -2 Brahma's day of new moon. -काननम् a cemetery; अभ्यभावि भरताग्रजस्तया वात्य- येव पितृकाननोत्थया R.11.16. -कुल्या Name of a river rising in the Malaya mountain. -क्षयः the death anniversary; आनन्त्याय भवेद् दत्तं खड्गमांसं पितृक्षये Mb.13.88.1. -गणः 1 the whole body of ancestors taken collectively. -2 a class of Manes or deceased progenitors who were sons of the Prajāpati; मनोर्हैरण्यगर्भस्य ये मरीच्यादयः सुताः । तेषा- मृषीणां सर्वेषां पुत्राः पितृगणाः स्मृताः ॥ विराट्सुताः सोमसदः साध्यानां पितरः स्मृताः । अग्निष्वात्ताश्च देवानां मारीचा लोकविश्रुताः ॥ Ms.3. 194-195. -गणा Name of of Durgā. -गामिन् a. devolving on, or belonging to a father. -गृहम् 1 a paternal mansion. -2 a cemetery, burial-ground. -घातकः, -घातिन्, -घ्नः m. a parricide. -तर्पणम् 1 an oblation to the Manes. -2 the act of throwing water out of the right hand (as at the time of ablutions) as an offering to the Manes or deceased ancestors; नित्यं स्नात्वा शुचिः कुर्याद् देवर्षिपितृतर्पणम् Ms.2.176. -3 sesamum. -4 gifts given at Srāddhas or funeral rites. -5 the part of the hand between the thumb and the fore-finger (sacred to the Manes). -तिथिः f. the day of new-moon (अमावास्या). -तीर्थम् 1 Name of the place called Gayā where the performance of funeral rites, such as Srāddhas in honour of the Manes, is held to be particularly meritorious. -2 the part of the hand between the fore-finger and the thumb (considered to be sacred to the Manes). -त्रयम् father, grand-father and great grand-father. -दत्त a. given by a father (as a woman's peculiar property). -दानम् an offering to the Manes. -दायः patrimony. -दिनम् the day of new-moon (अमावास्या). -देव a. 1 worshipping a father. -2 relating to the worship of the Manes. (-वाः) the divine Manes. -दे(दै)वत a. 1 presided over by the Manes. -2 relating to the worship of the Manes. (-तम्) Name of the tenth lunar mansion (मघा). -दे(दै)वत्य a. belonging to the worship of the Manes. (-त्यम्) a sacrifice offered to the Manes on the day called अष्टका; अष्टकापितृदेवत्यमित्ययं प्रसृतो जनः Rām.2.18.14. -द्रव्यम् patrimony; पितृद्रव्याविरोधेन यदन्यत् स्वयमर्जितम् Y.2.118. -पक्षः 1 the paternal side, paternal relationship. -2 a relative by the father's side. -3 'the fortnight of the Manes'; Name of the dark half of Bhādrapada which is particularly appointed for the celebration of obsequial rites to the Manes. -पतिः an epithet of Yama. -पदम् the world of the Manes. -पितृ m. a paternal grandfather. -पुत्रौ (पिता-पुत्रौ dual) father and son. (पितुः पुत्रः means 'the son of a well-known and renowned father'). -पूजनम् worship of the manes; पतिव्रता धर्म- पत्नी पितृपूजनतत्परा Ms.3.262. -पैतामह a. (-ही f.) inherited from ancestors, ancestral, hereditary. (-हाः pl.) ancestors. -प्रसूः f. 1 a paternal grand-mother. -2 evening twilight; तारावलीराजतबिन्दुराजत् पितृप्रसूभासुरपत्रपाश्यः, वियद्द्विपस्तिष्ठति Rām. Ch.6.38. -प्राप्त a. 1 inherited from a father. -2 inherited patrimonially. -बन्धुः a kinsman by the father's side; they are:- पितुः पितुःस्वसुः पुत्राः पितुर्मातुःस्वसुः सुताः । पितुर्मातुलपुत्राश्च विज्ञेयाः पितृबन्धवः ॥ (न्धुम् n.) relationship by the father's side. -भम् The Maghā star; Śabda Ch. -भक्त a. dutifully attached to a father. भक्तिः f. filial duty. -भोजनम् food offered to the Manes. -भ्रातृ m. a father's brother, paternal uncle. -मन्दिरम् 1 a paternal mansion. -2 a cemetery. -मेधः a sacrifice offered to the Manes, obsequial offerings; गुरोः प्रेतस्य शिष्यस्तु पितृमेधं समाचरन् Ms.5.65; Mb.16.7.23. -यज्ञः 1 obsequial offerings. -2 offering libations of water every day to the deceased ancestors, it is one of the five daily Yajñas enjoined to be performed by a Brāhmaṇa; पितृयज्ञस्तु तर्पणम् Ms.3.1; also 122,283. -यानम् the way of the Manes (to their world). -राज् m., -राजः, -राजन् m. an epithet of Yama. -रूपः an epithet of Siva. -लोकः the world of the Manes. -वंशः the paternal family. -वनम् 1 a cemetery; वसन् पितृवने रौद्रे शौचे वर्तितुमिच्छसि Mb.12.111.9. -2 death, the abode of death; सर्वे पितृवनं प्राप्य स्वपन्ति विगतज्वराः Mb.11.3.5. (पितृवनेचरः 1 a demon, goblin.-2 an epithet of Śiva). -वसतिः f., -सद्मन् n. a cemetery; त्रिलोकनाथः पितृसद्मगोचरः Ku.5.77. -वासरपर्वन् the period of performing the obsequious rites for the Manes; Gaṇeśa P.2. -व्रतः a worshipper of the Manes. (-तम्) obsequial rites. -श्राद्धम् obsequial rites in honour of a father or deceased ancestor. -स्वसृ f. (also पितृष्वसृ as well as पितुः स्वसृ or पितुःष्वसृ) a father's sister; Ms.2.131. -ष्वस्रीयः a paternal aunt's son. -संनिभः a. fatherly, paternal. -सूः 1 a paternal grandmother. -2 evening twilight. -स्थानः, -स्थानीयः a guardian (who is in the place of a father). -नम् The abode of death; see पितृवन; आनिन्यथुः पितृस्थानाद् गुरवे गुरुदक्षिणाम् Bhāg.1.85.32. -हत्या parricide. -हन् m. a parricide. -हू m. the right ear; पितृहूर्नृप पुर्या द्वार्दक्षिणेन पुरञ्जनः Bhāg.4.25.5.


Dictionary: Apte
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