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Grammatical Sūtra: अत उपधायाः ata upadhāyāḥ
Individual Word Components: ataḥ upadhāyāḥ
Sūtra with anuvṛtti words: ataḥ upadhāyāḥ aṅgasya (6.4.1), vṛddhiḥ (7.2.114), acaḥ (7.2.115), ñṇiti (7.2.115)
Type of Rule: vidhi
Preceding adhikāra rule:7.2.91 (1maparyantasya)

Description:

Source:Laghusiddhānta kaumudī (Ballantyne)

In a stem ending in a consonant with an ((a)) immediately preceding it, the Vṛiddhi is substituted for such ((a)), when an affix having an indicatory ((ñ)) or ((ṇ)) follows. Source: Aṣṭādhyāyī 2.0

[The substitute vŕd-dhi 114 vowel (ā) replaces the áṅga 6.4.1] penultimate vowel short a(T) (upa-dhā-y-āḥ) [before affixes 3.1.1 with markers Ñ or Ṇ as IT 115]. Source: From Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini In Roman Transliteration translated by Sumitra M. Katre, Copyright © 1987. Courtesy of the University of Texas Press.

A vowel termed vṛddhi comes in place of next to the last among vowels of an aṅga when an affix marked with Ñ and Ṇ follows Source: Courtesy of Dr. Rama Nath Sharma ©

Aṅgasya upadhāyāḥ akārasya sthāne vṛddhiḥ bhavati, ñiti ṇiti pratyaye parataḥ Source: Sanskrit Documents

Source:Srisa Chandra Vasu's Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini


Commentaries:

Kāśikāvṛttī1: aṅgopadhāyā akārasya sthāne ñiti ṇiti ca pratyaye vṛddhir bhavati. pākaḥ. tyāgaḥ   See More

Kāśikāvṛttī2: ata upadhāyāḥ 7.2.116 aṅgopadhāyā akārasya sthāne ñiti ṇiti ca pratyaye vṛddhir   See More

Nyāsa2: ata upadhāyāḥ. , 7.2.116 pāka ityādau bhāve ghañ(), "cajoḥ ku ghiṇṇyatoḥ&qu   See More

Laghusiddhāntakaumudī1: upadhāyā ato vṛddhiḥ syāt ñiti ṇiti ca pratyaye pare. jagāda. jagadatuḥ. jagadu Sū #457   See More

Laghusiddhāntakaumudī2: ata apadhāyāḥ 457, 7.2.116 upadhāyā ato vṛddhiḥ syāt ñiti ṇiti ca pratyaye pare.   See More

Bālamanoramā1: ṇali ajantatvā'bhāvādaco ñṇitīti vṛddheraprāptau– ata upadhāyāḥ. vṛddhisyādit Sū #126   See More

Bālamanoramā2: ata upadhāyāḥ 126, 7.2.116 ṇali ajantatvā'bhāvādaco ñṇitīti vṛddheraprāptau-- at   See More

Tattvabodhinī1: ata upa. ataḥ kim. tutoda. upadāyāḥ kim. gaṇayati. iha ato lopaṃ bādhit parat Sū #101   See More

Tattvabodhinī2: ata upadhāyāḥ 101, 7.2.116 ata upa. ataḥ kim. tutoda. upadāyāḥ kim. gaṇayati. ih   See More

1.Source: Arsha Vidya Gurukulam
2.Source: Sanskrit Documents


Examples2:

bhāgaḥ, pākaḥ, tyāgaḥ, yāgaḥ
ṇiti - pācayati, pācakaḥ, pāṭhayati, pāṭhakaḥ


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