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Grammatical Sūtra: नित्यं स्मयतेः nityaṃ smayateḥ
Individual Word Components: nityam smayateḥ
Sūtra with anuvṛtti words: nityam smayateḥ āt (6.1.45), ecaḥ (6.1.45), upadeśe (6.1.45), ṇau (6.1.54), hetubhaye (6.1.56)
Type of Rule: vidhi
Preceding adhikāra rule:6.1.2 (1ajāder dvitīyasya)


There is invariably the substitution of ((ā)) for the diphthong of the root ((smi)) 'to smile' in the Causative, when the astonishment is produced directly through the Agent of the Causative. Source: Aṣṭādhyāyī 2.0

[The substitute phoneme ā 45] necessarily (nítya-m) [replaces the phoneme ai 45 of the verbal stem] smi- `smile' (I 996) [before 1.1.66 the causative marker ṆíC 54 to denote fear arising from the agent of the causative verb 56]. Source: From Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini In Roman Transliteration translated by Sumitra M. Katre, Copyright © 1987. Courtesy of the University of Texas Press.

Source:Srisa Chandra Vasu's Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini

Anuvṛtti: 6.1.45, 6.1.54, 6.1.56


Kāśikāvṛttī1: ṇau iti vartate, hetubhaye iti ca. nityagrahaṇād vibhāṣā iti nivṛttam.miṅīṣadd   See More

Kāśikāvṛttī2: nityaṃ smayateḥ 6.1.57 ṇau iti vartate, hetubhaye iti ca. nityagrahaṇād vibṣā   See More

Nyāsa2: nityaṃ smayateḥ. , 6.1.56 "bhayaśabdena dhātvarthasāmyāt()" itdi. ya   See More

Bālamanoramā1: nityaṃ smayateḥ. `ādeca upadeśe' ityata eca iti, āditi cānuvartate. citphu Sū #424   See More

Bālamanoramā2: nityaṃ smayateḥ 424, 6.1.56 nityaṃ smayateḥ. "ādeca upadeśe" ityata ec   See More

1.Source: Arsha Vidya Gurukulam
2.Source: Sanskrit Documents


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