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Grammatical Sūtra: अचः कर्तृयकि acaḥ kartṛyaki
Individual Word Components: acaḥ kartṛyaki
Sūtra with anuvṛtti words: acaḥ kartṛyaki udāttaḥ (6.1.159), ādiḥ (6.1.194), anyatarasyām (6.1.194)
Type of Rule: vidhi
Preceding adhikāra rule:6.1.136 (1aḍabhyāsavyavāye 'pi)


The roots which are exhibited in Dhâtupâtha with a final vowel, may optionally have the acute on the first syllable, before the affixes of the Passive (((yak))), when the sense of the verb is Reflexive. Source: Aṣṭādhyāyī 2.0

[Before the marker 1.1.66] yáK (3.1.67 of passive construction) used reflexively (kartr̥-yaK-i) [the initial syllable of verbal stems 194 which end in 1.1.72] a vowel (aC-i) [when first introduced (in the Dhp.) 186 optionally 194 bears the udātta accent 159]. Source: From Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini In Roman Transliteration translated by Sumitra M. Katre, Copyright © 1987. Courtesy of the University of Texas Press.

Source:Srisa Chandra Vasu's Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini

Anuvṛtti: 6.1.159, 6.1.194

Mahābhāṣya: With kind permission: Dr. George Cardona

1/36:yaki rapare upasaṅkhyānam |*
2/36:yaki rapare upasaṅkhyānamkartavyam |
3/36:stīryate svayam eva |
4/36:upadeśavacanāt siddham |*
5/36:upadeśe iti vaktavyam |
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Kielhorn/Abhyankar (III,115.4-21) Rohatak (IV,525-526)

*Kātyāyana's Vārttikas


Kāśikāvṛttī1: upadeśe iti vartate. ajantā ye upadeśe dhātavaḥ teṣāṃ kartṛyaki anyatarasyām ādi   See More

Kāśikāvṛttī2: acaḥ kartṛyaki 6.1.195 upadeśe iti vartate. ajantā ye upadeśe dhātavateṣāka   See More

Nyāsa2: acaḥ kartṛyaki. , 6.1.189 "kartṛyaki" iti. sārvadhātukaṃ kartṛśabdenok   See More

1.Source: Arsha Vidya Gurukulam
2.Source: Sanskrit Documents


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