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Grammatical Sūtra: प्रहासे च मन्योपपदे मन्यतेरुत्तम एकवच्च prahāse ca manyopapade manyateruttama ekavacca
Individual Word Components: prahāse ca manyopapade manyateḥ uttama ekavat ca
Sūtra with anuvṛtti words: prahāse ca manyopapade manyateḥ uttama ekavat ca ekā (1.4.1), saṃjñā (1.4.1), upapade 1.(4.1.5), samānādhikaraṇe 1.(4.1.5), sthānini 1.(4.1.5), api 1.(4.1.5), madhyamaḥ 1.(4.1.5)
Type of Rule: niyama
Preceding adhikāra rule:1.4.83 (1karmapravacanīyāḥ)

Description:

When joke is implied with reference to an action, the verb denoting it is used in the 2nd person; provided that the word manya 'to think' is the attendant word (upapada) of such verb, and of the verb manya itself, the affix must be of the 1st person and singular number. Source: Aṣṭādhyāyī 2.0

When irony (prahāsé) is indicated and the verbal theme mán-ya- `think' (IV 97) co-occurs as an upapadá `complementary word' [madhyamá triplets are introduced after (the principal) verbal stem 105] but the uttamá (first person) triplet singular (uttamá ekavát) is introduced after the verbal stem mán-ya. Source: From Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini In Roman Transliteration translated by Sumitra M. Katre, Copyright © 1987. Courtesy of the University of Texas Press.

Asmadi upapade smānābhidheye sati prayujyamāne'pi aprayujyamāne'pi uttamapuruṣaḥ bhavati Source: Sanskrit Documents

Source:Srisa Chandra Vasu's Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini

Anuvṛtti: 1.4.105


Commentaries:

Kāśikāvṛttī1: prahāsaḥ parihāsaḥ krīḍā. prahāse gamyamāne manyaupapade dhātor madhyamapuruṣo b   See More

Kāśikāvṛttī2: asmadyuttamaḥ 1.4.107 uttamapuruṣo niyamyate. asmadyupapade samānābhidheye pray   See More

Nyāsa2: asmadyuttamaḥ. , 1.4.106 yadā yuṣdasmadī dve apyete upapade staḥ, tadā kathabh   See More

Laghusiddhāntakaumudī2: asmadyuttamaḥ 386, 1.4.106 tathābhūte'smadyuttamaḥ

Bālamanoramā1: prahāse ca. vākyadvayamidaṃ sūtram. `prahāse ca manyopapade iti prathamaṃ vākya Sū #13   See More

Bālamanoramā2: asmadyuttamaḥ 14, 1.4.106 asmadyuttamaḥ. tathābhūta iti. tiṅvācyakārakavācini ap   See More

Tattvabodhinī1: vākyadvayamidaṃ sūtram. `prahāse ca manyopapade' iti prathamaṃ vākyam. mad Sū #12   See More

Tattvabodhinī2: asmadyuttamaḥ 13, 1.4.106 tathābhūte iti. tiṅvācyakārakavācini prayujyamāne'pray   See More

1.Source: Arsha Vidya Gurukulam
2.Source: Sanskrit Documents


Examples2:

ahaṃ pacāmi āvāṃ pacāvaḥ vayaṃ pacāmaḥ
aprayujyamāne'pi -- pacāmi, pacāvaḥ, pacāmaḥ


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