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Grammatical Sūtra: युष्मद्युपपदे समानाधिकरणे स्थानिन्यपि मध्यमः yuṣmadyupapade samānādhikaraṇe sthāninyapi madhyamaḥ
Individual Word Components: yuṣmadi upapade samānādhikaraṇe sthānini api madhyamaḥ
Sūtra with anuvṛtti words: yuṣmadi upapade samānādhikaraṇe sthānini api madhyamaḥ ekā (1.4.1), saṃjñā (1.4.1)
Compounds2: manye upapade yasya saḥ manyopapadaḥ, tasmin ॰ bahuvrīhiḥ।
Type of Rule: niyama
Preceding adhikāra rule:1.4.83 (1karmapravacanīyāḥ)

Description:

Source:Laghusiddhānta kaumudī (Ballantyne)

When the pronoun yushmad, "thou" understood, and also when the same expressed, is the attendant word in agreement with the verb, then there is the verbal termination called the middle (2nd person). Source: Aṣṭādhyāyī 2.0

Madhyamá (second person) triplets are introduced (after a verbal stem) when (the pronominal stem) yuṣmád `you' co-occurs as an upapadá `subordinate word' (= subjoined or complementary item) either expressed (sthāníni) (or implied) and denotes the same thing (samāná=adhikaraṇé) (= or is in general grammatical agrement). Source: From Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini In Roman Transliteration translated by Sumitra M. Katre, Copyright © 1987. Courtesy of the University of Texas Press.

Prahāsaḥ = parihāsaḥ prasāhe gamyamāne manyopapade dhātoḥ yuṣmadi upapade samānādhikaraṇe sthānini api madhyamapuruṣaḥ bhavati, manyateḥ dhātoḥ ca uttamapuruṣaḥ bhavati, saḥ ca uttamaḥ ekavad bhavati Source: Sanskrit Documents

Source:Srisa Chandra Vasu's Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini


Commentaries:

Kāśikāvṛttī1: lasya 3-4-77 ityadhikṛtya sāmānyena tibādayo vihitāḥ. teṣām ayaṃ puruṣaniyamaḥ k   See More

Kāśikāvṛttī2: prahāse ca manyaupapade manyateruttama ekavac ca 1.4.106 prahāsaḥ parihāsaḥ k   See More

Nyāsa2: prahāse ca manyopapade manyateruttama ekavacca , 1.4.105 "prahāse gamyane   See More

Laghusiddhāntakaumudī1: tiṅvācyakārakavācini yuṣmadi prayujyamāne'prayujyamāne ca madhyamaḥ.. Sū #385

Bālamanoramā1: yuṣmadi. upoccāritaṃ padamupapadam. yuṣmadi samīpoccārite satītyarthaḥ. samānam Sū #12   See More

Bālamanoramā2: prahāse ca manyopapade manyateruttama ekavacca 13, 1.4.105 prahāse ca. vākyadvay   See More

Tattvabodhinī1: yuṣmadi. samānādhikaraṇe ityasya vyākhyānaṃ– tiṅvācyakārakavācinīti. bhinnaprav Sū #11   See More

Tattvabodhinī2: prahāse ca manyopapade manyateruttama ekavacca 12, 1.4.105 vākyadvayamidaṃ sūtra   See More

1.Source: Arsha Vidya Gurukulam
2.Source: Sanskrit Documents


Examples2:

ehi manye odanaṃ bhokṣyase, nahi bhokṣyase, bhuktaḥ so'tithibhiḥ ehi manye rathena yāsyasi, nahi yāsyasi, yātaḥ tena te pitā


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