matsya मत्स्य

Definition: Appears to be the name of a people in one passage of the Rigveda, where they are ranged with the other enemies of Sudās, although it is possible to see merely the sense of fish ’ in that passage. In the list of Aśvamedhins, offerers of the horse sacrifice,’ in the śatapatha Brāhmana, Dhvasan Dvaitavana is mentioned as a Matsya king (Mātsya). The Matsyas as a people occur also in the Kauṣītaki Upaniṣad in connexion with the Vaáas, and in the Gopatha Brāhmana5 in connexion with śālvas. In Manu the Kurukçetra, the Matsyas, the Pancālas, and the śūrasβnakas comprise the land of the Brahmin"Rsis (brahmarsi-deśa). There is no reason to doubt that the Matsyas occupied much the same territory as in Epic times, say Ahvar, Jaipur, Bharatpur.

Dictionary: vedic_index
Literary Sources: