kaṭu कटु

Definition: कटु a. (टु or ट्वी f.) 1 Pungent, acrid; (said of a rasa or flavour; the rasas are six; मधुर, कटु, अम्ल, तिक्त, कषाय, and लवण); कट्वम्ललवणात्युष्णतीक्ष्णरूक्षविदाहिनः । आहारा राजसस्येष्टा दुःखशोकाभयप्रदाः ॥ Bg.17.9. -2 Fragrant, exhaling strong odour; सप्तच्छदक्षीरकटुप्रवाहम् R.5.48. -3 Ill-smelling, having a bad smell. -4 (a) Bitter. This sense is found qiven to the words कटु and कटुक in Prākrit and later sanskrit works; cf. अतिकटुः कारवेल्लादिः अतितीक्ष्णो मरिचादिः; अमृततरङ्गिणी on Bg.17.9,-नीलकण्ठ gives the same sense. -5 caustic (words); Y.3.142. (b) Disagreeable, unpleasant; श्रवणकटु नृपाणामेकवाक्यं विवव्रुः R.6.85. -6 Envious. -7 Hot, impetuous. -टुः 1 Pungency, acerbity (one of the six flavours). -2 Name of several plants. -टुः f. A medical plant (कटुरोहिणी). -टु n. 1 An improper action. -2 Blaming, reviling, scandal. -Comp. -अङ्गः 1 the श्योनाक tree (Mar. टेटृ). -2 Name of the king Dilīpa. -उत्कटम् ginger. -उदरी Name of a plant (Mar. वाघांटी). -कन्दः, -दम् 1 ginger, the fresh root or the plant. -2 garlic. -कीटः, -कीटकः a gnat, mosquito. -क्वाणः the टिट्टिभ bird. -ग्रन्थिः, -थि n. dried ginger; so ˚भङ्गः, ˚भद्रम् dried ginger or ginger. -चातुर्जातकम् an aggregate of four pungent substances, as of cardamoms, the bark and leaves of Laurus Cassia and of black pepper. -छदः the तगर tree. -ज a. prepared from acid substances. -तिक्तकः 1 the भूनिंब tree. -2 the शण tree. -तिक्ता = कटुतुम्बी. -तुम्बी a kind of bitter gourd. -तैलः White mustard; अभ्यङ्गः कटु तैलेन निर्वातस्थानबन्धनम् । Śālihotra of Bhoja 26. -त्रयम् a compound substance of ginger, black and long pepper. -दला = कर्कटी plant. -निष्प्लावः grain not inundated. (Mar. कडवा वाल). -पत्रः 1 Name of a medicinal plant (Mar. पित्तपापडा). -2 सितार्जक tree. -पत्रिका Name of a tree कारी. -पाक, -पाकिन् a. producing acid humors in digestion. -फलः a sort of cucumber. (-ला) Name of two plants, पटोल and श्रीवल्ली -बीजा long pepper. -भङ्गः, -भद्रः Dry ginger. -मञ्जरिका the अपामार्ग tree. -मोदम् a certain perfume. -ख a. having a harsh sound. (-वः) 1 a frog. -2 a harsh word or sound. -रोहिणी the कट्की plant. -विपाक a. producing acid humors in digestion -स्नेहः the mustard seed plant.


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