guṇa गुण

Definition: degree of a vowel; vocalic degree, the second out of the three degrees of a vowel viz. primary degree, guna degree and vrddhi degree e.g. इ, ए and ऐ or उ, ओ and औ. अ is given as a guna of अ; but regarding अ also,three degrees can be stated अ, अ and आ. In the Pratisakhya and Nirukta ए is called गुण or even गुणागम but no definiti6n is given; cf. गुणागमादेतनभावि चेतन R.Pr.XI.6;शेवम् इति विभीषितगुणः। शेवमित्यपि भवति Nir.X.17: (2) the properties of phonetic elements or letters such as श्वास,नाद etc.: cf.R. Pr. Ch.XIII : (3) secondary, subordinate;cf. शेषः,अङ्गं, गुणः इति समानार्थाः Durgācārya on Nir. I.12: (4) properties residing in a substance just as whiteness, etc. in a garment which are different from the substance (द्रव्य). The word गुण is explained by quotations from ancient grammarians in the Maha bhasya as सत्वे निविशतेsपैति पृथग्जातिषु दृश्यते । अाघेयश्चाक्रियाजश्च सोSसत्त्वप्रकृतिर्गुणः ॥ अपर आह । उपैत्यन्यज्जहात्यन्यद् दृष्टो द्रव्यान्तरेष्वपि। वाचकः सर्वलिङ्गानां द्रव्यादन्यो गुणः स्मृतः; M. Bh. on IV.1.44;cf also शब्दस्पर्शरूपरसगन्धा गुणास्ततोन्यद् द्रव्यम्,M.Bh.on V.1.119 (5) properties of letters like उदात्तत्व, अनुदात्तत्व, स्वरितत्व, ह्र्स्वत्व, दीर्घत्व, प्लुतत्व, अानुनासिक्य etc.; cf. भेदकत्वाद् गुणस्य । आनुनासिक्यं नाम गुणः M. Bh. on I.1.1.. Vart, 13: (6) determinant cf भवति बहुव्रीहौ तद्गुणसंविज्ञानमपि M. Bh. on P. I. 1.27; (7) technical term in Panini's grarnmar standing for the vowels अ, ए and ओ, cf. अदेङ्गुणः P.I.1.2. For the various shades of the meaning of the word गुण, see Mahabhasya on V.1.119."गुणशब्दोयं बह्वर्थः । अस्त्येव समेष्ववयवेषु वर्तते ।...... चर्चागुणांश्च ।


Dictionary: Abhyankar
Literary Sources:
Synonyms:
Wikipedia: No Wiki page found.
Wiki Articles:

Part of Speech: Coming soon
Gender: Coming soon

Commentary
No commentaries yet.

Discussion
comments powered by Disqus

Similar Words

Search
  

Parse Time: 0.047s Search Word: gu���a Input Encoding: IAST: guṇa


Donate