gati गति

Definition: lit. motion; stretching out, lengthening of a syllable. The word is explained in the Prātiśakhya works which define it as the lengthening of a Stobha vowel with the utterance of the vowel इ or उ after it, e.g. हाइ or हायि for हा; similarly आ-इ or अा -यि; (2) a technical term used by Pāṇini in connection with prefixes and certain indeclinables which are called गति, cf. P.I.4.60-79. The words called gati can be compounded with the following word provided the latter is not a verb, the compound being named tatpuruṣa e.g, प्रकृतम्, ऊरीकृत्य cf. P.II.2.18; the word गति is used by Pāṇini in the masculine gender as seen in the Sūtra गतिरनन्तरः P.VI. 2.49 and hence explained as formed by the addition of the affix क्तिच् to गम्, the word being used as a technical term by the rule क्तिच्क्तौ च संज्ञायाम् P.III.3.174; (3) realization, understanding; cf. उभयगतिरिह भवति Par. Śek. Pari.9; सांप्रतिकाभावे भूतपूर्वगतिः Par. Śek. Pari 76; अगत्या हि परिभाषा अाश्रीयते Puruṣottamadeva Pari. Pāṭha 119.


Dictionary: Abhyankar
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