P.-hvayati- (but also Potential 1. sg.ā-huvema-) A1.-hvayate- (but also 1. sg./ā-huve-; Aorist 3. plural/āhūṣata-; infinitive mood-huv/adhyai--hvayitav/ai-) to call near, invoke invite, summon, cite etc. ; to provoke, challenge, emulate (in this sense only A1.) etc. ; to call to (especially in rites said of the hotṛ-, who addresses the adhvaryu- by the ā-hāva- or ā-hvāna-;See below) and ; to proclaim : Causal-hvāyayati-, to cause to call near, send for ; to cause to summon or challenge or invite : Desiderative-juhūṣati-, to wish to call near, to be about to call near: Intensive/ā-johavīti- , to call near zealously.
cl.1. ([ ]) and cl.10.j/anati-, te- (subjunctivejanat-; nāt- ; A1.nata- ; imperfect tense/ajanat-; parasmE-padaj/anat-), jan/ayati-, te- (in later language only P. ; subjunctiven/ayat-; imperfect tense/ajanayat-; Aorist/ajījanat-; parasmE-padajan/ayat-; infinitive moodj/anayitavai-) , twice cl.3. (subjunctivejaj/anat- [ ] ; confer, compare; properjajanti- ; AoristA1.j/aniṣṭa-; A1./ajani- ; perf.jaj/āna-; 3. pluraljajñ/ur- etc.; once jajan/ur-, ; parasmE-padajñivas-; Vedic or Vedainfinitive moodj/anitos-, ;[ ];Ved. ind.p.nitv/ī-) to generate, beget, produce, create, cause etc. ; to produce (a song of praise, etc.) ; (cl.10. or Causal) to cause to be born ; to assign, procure ; cl.4.j/āyate- (Epic also ti-; imperfect tense/ajāyata-; pr. p.jayamāna-;fut. janiṣyate-;aor. /ajaniṣṭa-;1.[ ] and 3. sg./ajani-; 3. sg.j/ani-, ; j/āni-, ; perf.jajñ/e-,2. sg.jñiṣ/e-3. pluraljñir/e-, parasmE-padajñān/a-) and ([ ]) cl.2. (?) A1. (2. sg.jañiṣ/e-,2. pluraljiñre-, niṣvā-[ ], nidhvam-confer, compare; imperfect tense 3. p. ajñata-[ Aorist ] ) , twice cl.1 A1. (imperfect tense 3. pluralajanatā-; parasmE-padaj/anamāna-, ) to be born or produced, come into existence etc. ; to grow (as plants, teeth) ; to be born as, be by birth or nature (with double Nominal verb) ; to be born or destined for (accusative) (varia lectiojayate-for jāy-) ; to be born again ; to become, be etc. ; to be changed into (dative case) ; to take place, happen ; to be possible or applicable or suitable ; to generate, produce : Passive voicejanyate-, to be born or produced : Desiderativejijaniṣati-, : Intensivejañjanyate- and jājāy-, (confer, compare) ; ([ confer, compareLatin gigno,(g)nascor; Hibernian or Irish genim,"I beget, generate."])
(properly a Nom.fr. mantra-,), cl.10 A1. () mantr/ayate- (rarely P.ti-; subjunctivemantrayaithe-, te-; Potentialmantrayīta-; infinitive moodmantrayitum-), to speak, talk, say ; to deliberate, take counsel, consult with (instrumental case with or without saha-) or about (dative case) etc. ; to resolve upon, determine to (infinitive mood) ; to deliberate on, discuss (accusative) etc. ; to counsel, advise, propose any measure, give any one advice (with accusative of Persian,or with genitive case of Persian and accusative of thing) etc. ; to consecrate with sacred or magical texts, enchant with spells or charms
Nom.A1.yate- (equalsmeghaṃ haroti-), to form clouds, become cloudy (only P.dative caseyat/e-, ylṣat/e-, ghit/āya-) ; to resemble clouds, rise like clouds (yita-Name (also title or epithet)impersonal or used impersonally)
(for 1.See) cl.1 P. A1. () nayati-te- (perfect tenseP.nināya-,2. sg.ninetha-pluralnīnima-; subjunctiveninīth/as-Potentialninīyāt-; imperativeninetu-; A1.ninye- etc.; -nayām āsa-; -nayāṃ cakre-; AoristP.3. dual numberanītām-subjunctiven/eṣi-, neth/ā-; anaiṣīt-subjunctiveneṣati-, ṣat-,3. pluralA1.aneṣata-; anayīt-; futureneṣyati-; te-; nayiṣyati-, te-; n/etā-, nayitā-; ind.p.nītvā- etc.; nayitvā-; n/īya- etc.; infinitive moodneṣ/aṇi-; n/etavai-, tos-and nayitum-; n/etum- etc.), to lead, guide, conduct, direct, govern (also with agram-and genitive case; seeagra-ṇī-) etc. ; to lead etc. towards or to (accusative with or without prati-dative case, locative case or artham-in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') ; to lead or keep away, exclude from (ablative) ; (A1.) to carry off for one's self (as a victor, owner etc.) ; (A1.,rarely P.) to lead home id est marry ; to bring into any state or condition (with accusativeexempli gratia, 'for example' with vaśam-,to bring into subjection, subdue[A1.; P. ];with śūdra-tām-,to reduce to a śūdra-;with sākṣyam-[A1.],to admit as a witness, ;with vyāghra-tām-,to change into a tiger ;with vikrayam-,to sell ;with paritoṣam-,to satisfy ;with duḥkham-,to pain ;rarely, with locative caseexempli gratia, 'for example'duhitṛ-tve-,to make a person one's daughter ;or with an adverb in -sāt-exempli gratia, 'for example'bhasmasāt-to reduce to ashes ) ; to draw (a line etc.) ; to pass or spend (time) etc. ; (with daṇḍam-) to bear the rod id est inflict punishment (with vyavahāram-) to conduct a process ; (with kriyām-) to conduct a ceremony, preside over a religious act ; to trace, track, find out, ascertain, settle, decide (with anyathā-,"wrongly") etc. ; (A1.) to be foremost or chief : Causalnāyayati-, te-, to cause to lead etc. ; to cause to be led by (instrumental case) (seeVa1rtt. 5) : Desiderativen/inīṣati-, te- ( , w. r. nineṣati-), to wish to lead or bring or carry to or into (accusative or dative case) etc. ; to wish to carry away ; to wish to spend or pass (time) ; to wish to exclude from (ablative) ; to wish to find out or ascertain, investigate : Intensivenenīy/ate- to lead as a captive, have in one's power, rule, govern
A1.-vartate- (ind.p.-vṛtya-;infin. -vartitum-;rarely P.exempli gratia, 'for example'Potential-vartet-; imperfect tense or subj. -vartat-; perfect tense-vāvṛtur-; future-vartiṣyati-; -vartsyan-; Aorist-avṛtat-), to turn back, stop (trans. and intrans.) etc. ; to return from (ablative) to (accusative with or without prati-,or dative case) ; to return into life, revive, be born again etc. ; to turn away, retreat, flee, escape, abstain or desist from, get rid of (ablative) ; to fall back, rebound ; to leave off (sāmi-,in the midst or when anything is half finished ), cease, end, disappear, vanish etc. ; to be withheld from, not belong to (ablative) ; to be omitted, not to occur ; to be ineffective or useless ; to be wanting, not to exist (yato vāco nivartante-,for which there are no words) ; to pass over to (locative case) ; to be turned upon (locative case or tatra-) : Causal-vartayati-, te- (A1.Potential-vartayīta-; Passive voice-vartyate-), to turn downwards, let sink (the head) ; to turn back id est shorten (the hair) ; to lead or bring back, reconduct, return etc. ; to turn away, avert or keep back from (ablative) etc. ; to give up, abandon, suppress, withhold, refuse, deny ; to annul, remove, destroy ; to bring to an end id est perform, accomplish (a sacrifice etc.) ; to procure, bestow ; to desist from (ablative)
(or dham-) P. (A1.Potential-dhmāyīta-) -dhamati-, to blow before or in front, blow away ; to scare ; to destroy ; to blow into (especially into a conch shell accusative) etc. ; (A1.) to cry out ; (others,"to be tossed about","wander about") : CausalP. A1.-dhmāpayati-, te-, to blow into, blow (a conch shell)
P.-āpnoti-, to acquire or obtain completely, gain etc. ; to accomplish, fulfil ; to reach : Causalāpayati-, to cause to gain or obtain completely ; to bring to an end, finish, complete, conclude etc. ; to put an end to, put to death, destroy (with or scilicetatmānam-"one's self") : Desiderative of Causal-āpipayithati-, to wish or try to accomplish : Desiderative-ipsati-, to wish to obtain or reach or accomplish, wish for, desire
P.-kṣiṇāti-4. to destroy completely, annihilate : Passive voice-kṣīyate-, to be destroyed or exhausted, waste away, disappear, perish : Causal-kṣapayati-, to cause to, disappear, destroy ; -kṣayayati-See-kṣayita-.
(confer, comparesnu-) cl.2 P. () sn/āti-cl.4 P. () snāyati- (Epic also A1.snāyate-Potentialsnāyāt-; Epic also snāyīta-; perfect tensesasnau-,3. pluralsasnuḥ-; futuresnātā-grammar; snāsyati-, te- etc.; Aoristasnāsīt-grammar; precedingsnāyāt-[ confer, compare above] or sneyāt-; infinitive moodsnātum- etc.; ind.p.snātv/ā-, -sn/āya- etc.;Ved. also snātvī-), to bathe, perform the ceremony of bathing or certain prescribed oblations (especially on returning home from the house of a religious preceptor, or on concluding certain vows etc., also with avabhṛtham-) etc. ; to smear one's self with (instrumental case) : Passive voicesnāyate- (Aoristasnāyi-impersonal or used impersonally) : Causalsnāp/ayati- or snap/ayati-, (with preposition only snāp-), to cause to bathe, wash, cleanse etc. ; to wash away ; to steep or soak in (locative case) ; to bathe with tears, weep for(?) : Desiderativesisnāsati- (but confer, comparesiṣṇāsu-): Intensivesāsnāyate-, sāsnāti-, sāsneti-grammar ([ confer, compareGreek , ; Latin nare.])
cl.1 P. A1. () śrayati-, te- (perfect tenseśiśr/āya-, śiśriy/e-; Aorist/aśret-, āśriyan-; aśrait-; /aśiśriyat- etc.; aśrāyiṣṭa-grammar [Ved. forms belonging either to the perfect tense or Aorist type are also aśiśret-, śrema-, śrayuḥ-, śiśrīt/a-]; futureśrayitā-grammar; śrayiṣyati-, te- etc.; infinitive moodśrayitum-; śrayitav/ai-; ind.p.śrayitvā- etc., -śr/itya- etc.) P. to cause to lean or rest on, lay on or in, fix on, fasten to, direct or turn towards, (especially) spread or diffuse (light or radiance or beauty) over (locative case) ; (A1.or Passive voice,rarely P.) to lean on, rest on, recline against (accusative), cling to (locative case), be supported or fixed or depend on, abide in or on (accusativelocative case or adverb) ; (A1.P.) to go to, approach, resort or have recourse to (for help or refuge) , tend towards (accusative) etc. ; (A1.) to go into, enter, fall to the lot or take possession of (accusative or locative case) ; (A1.P.) to attain, undergo, get into any state or condition (accusative) etc. ; to assume (with śrāvikā-tvam-,"to assume the form of a śrāvikā-", q.v) ; to show, betray (heroism) ; to honour, worship : Passive voiceśrīyate- (Aorist/aśrāyi-: confer, compare above) etc. etc.: Causalśrāpayati- (in uc-chr-) ; śrāyayati- (Aoristaśiśrayat-;for aśiśriyat-See above) grammar : Desiderativeśiśrayiṣati-, te- or śiśrīṣati-, te-grammar : Intensiveśeśrīyate-, śeśrayīti-, śeśreti- [ confer, compareGreek , ; Latin clino,clivus; Lithuanian szly4ti,szle14ti,szlai4tas; Gothic hlains;hlaiw; German hline7n,line7n,lehnen; Anglo-Saxon hlinian; English lean.]
or sūrkṣy-cl.1 P. () sūrkṣati- or ṣyati- (occurring only in present tense base; grammar also perfect tensesusūrkṣa-or ṣya-; futuresūrkṣitā-, ṣyitā-etc.) , to heed, care or trouble about (accusative or genitive case) ; to disrespect, slight, neglect (?) [ confer, compare accord,to some, Lithuanian serge4ti; Gothic sau4rga; German Sorge; Anglo-Saxon sorh; English sorrow.]
or sūrkṣ-cl.1 P. () sūrkṣati- or ṣyati- (occurring only in present tense base; grammar also perfect tensesusūrkṣa-or ṣya-; futuresūrkṣitā-, ṣyitā-etc.) , to heed, care or trouble about (accusative or genitive case) ; to disrespect, slight, neglect (?) [ confer, compare accord,to some, Lithuanian serge4ti; Gothic sau4rga; German Sorge; Anglo-Saxon sorh; English sorrow.]
A1.-kalpate-, to be fit for, be ready at hand, become ; to serve as, lead to (with dative case) ; to take the shape or form of, become, be : CausalP.-kalpayati- (infinitive mood-kalpayitav/ai-) to prepare, make ready, equip ; to procure, bring near, fetch etc. ; to allot, asign ; to put or set up, turn towards ; to arrange ; to impart, communicate ; to assume, suppose
P. A1.-nayati-, -te- (Potential-nayīta-; parasmE-pada-n/ayamāna-) to lead or drive near, bring near, bring, adduce, offer ; to bring information, communicate ; to lead or bring near to one's self, take possession of ; to lead, guide ; to lead or draw towards one's self (said of the Guru who, in the ceremony of initiation, draws the boy towards himself) ; to initiate into one of the twice-born classes by investing with the sacred thread etc. (only A1.) etc. etc. ; to bring about, produce, cause ; to bring into any state, reduce to etc. ; to take into one's service (only A1.) : Causal-nāyayati-, to cause to initiate (a pupil)
cl.2 P. () vakti- (occurs only in sg. vacmi-, vakṣi-, vakti-,and imperativevaktu-; Vedic or Veda also cl.3 P.v/ivakti-; perfect tenseuv/āca-, ūj- etc.; uv/aktha-; vavāca-, vavakṣ/e-; Aoristavocat-, cata- etc.;in veda- also subjunctivevocati-, te-, vecāti-; Potentialvoc/et-, ceta-; imperativevocatu-; precedingucyāsam-; futurevakt/ā- etc.; vakṣy/ati- etc.; te-; Conditionalavakṣyat-; infinitive moodvāktum- etc.; tave-; tos-; ind.p.uktv/ā- etc.; -/ucya-), to speak, say, tell, utter, announce, declare, mention, proclaim, recite, describe (with accusative with or without prati-dative case or genitive case of Persian,and accusative of thing;often with double accusativeexempli gratia, 'for example'tam idaṃ vākyam uvāca-,"he spoke this speech to him";with double accusative also"to name, call"A1.with nom;"one's self";with punar-,"to speak again, repeat";or "to answer, reply") etc. ; to reproach, revile (accusative) : Passive voiceucy/ate- (Aoristavāci-,or in later language avoci-), to be spoken or said or told or uttered etc. etc. (yad ucyate-,"what the saying is") ; to resound ; to be called or accounted, be regarded as, pass for (Nominal verb also locative case) etc.: Causalvācayati-, te- (Potentialvācayīta-; Aoristavīvacat-; Passive voicevācyate-), to cause to say or speak or recite or pronounce (with, double accusative;often the object is to be supplied) etc. ; to cause anything written or printed to speak id est to read out loud etc. ; () to say, tell, declare ; to promise : Desiderativevivakṣati-, te- (Passive voicevivakṣyate-), to desire to say or speak or recite or proclaim or declare etc. ; (Passive voice) to be meant : Intensive (only /avāvacīt-) to call or cry aloud [ confer, compareGreek for in, etc.; Latin vocare,vox; German gi-waht,gi-wahinnen,er-wähnen.]
cl.1 P. A1.v/apati-, te- (only present tense stem and ind.p.uplvā-, -upya-), to shear, shave (A1."one's self") , cut off ; to crop (herbage), mow, cut (grass), graze : Causalvāpayati-, te- (Potentialvāpayīta-), to cause (A1."one's self") to be shorn
f. manifestation of might, great power, superhuman power (consisting of eight faculties, especially attributed to śiva-, but supposed also to be attainable by human beings through worship of that deity, viz. aṇiman-,the power of becoming as minute as an atom; laghiman-,extreme lightness; prāpti-,attaining or reaching anything[ exempli gratia, 'for example' the moon with the tip of the finger]; prākāmya-,irresistible will; mahiman-,illimitable bulk; īśitā-,supreme dominion; vaśitā-,subjugating by magic;and kāmāvasāyitā-,the suppressing all desires)
P. A1.-tanoti-, -tanute- (future-tāyitā-), to spread out or through or over, cover, pervade, fill etc. ; to spread, stretch, extend (a net, snare, cord etc.) etc. ; to draw or bend (a bow) ; to spread out id est lay on, impose (a yoke) ; to apply (ointment) ; to extend, make wide (with tanv/as-,the bodies, = to oppose or resist boldly ;with padāni-,steps, = to stride ) ; to unfold, display, exhibit, manifest etc. ; to carry out, perform, accomplish (especially a rite or ceremony) ; to sacrifice ; to cause, effect, produce ; to make, render (two accusative)
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