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Grammar Search
"yaya" has 1 results
yaya: second person plural tense paradigm perfect class parasmaipada
Amarakosha Search
11 results
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
atikramaḥ2.4.33MasculineSingularparyaya, atipātaḥ, upātyaya
brahmavarcasam2.7.42NeuterSingularvṛttādhyayanardhiḥ
mṛtyuḥ2.8.118Ubhaya-lingaSingularantaḥ, ‍‍diṣṭāntaḥ, maraṇam, atyaya, kāladharmaḥ, nāśaḥ, pralayaḥ, pañcatā, nidhanam
upātyaya2.7.41MasculineSingularatipātaḥ, paryaya
vidhā3.3.108FeminineSingularsampratyaya, spṛhā
viparyāsaḥ2.4.33MasculineSingularvyatyaya, viparyaya, vyatyāsaḥ
upātyaya2.7.41MasculineSingularatipātaḥ, paryaya
vyaya2.4.17MasculineSingular
pratyaya3.3.155MasculineSingularatikramaḥ, kṛcchraḥ, doṣaḥ, daṇḍaḥ
atyaya3.3.158MasculineSingularviśrambhaḥ, yācñā, premā
avyayam3.5.34MasculineSingular
Monier-Williams Search
520 results for yaya
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
अभयगिरिवासिन्m. plural "dwelling on the mountain of safety", Name of a division of kātyāyana-'s pupils View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अभिध्यै -dhyāyati-, to direct one's intention to, set one's heart upon, intend, desire etc. ; to meditate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अभिज्ञायम्See yathābhijñāyam-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अभिसम्प्रया(ind.p. -yāya-) to go towards (varia lectio abhi-vārayitvā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अभिव्ये(Imper. 2. sg. A1. -vyayasva-) to wrap one's self into (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अभ्यनुज्ञाto assent to, approve, allow, permit, concede etc. ; to authorize, direct ; to allow one to depart, dismiss etc. ; (ind.p. -jñaya-; infinitive mood -jñātum-) to take leave, ask for leave to depart : Causal (ind.p. -jñāpya-; future parasmE-pada -jñāpayiṣyat-) to ask for leave to depart View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आध्यै(see ā-dhī-) P. (parasmE-pada -dhyāyat-[ ]; imperative 2. sg. -dhyāhi-[ ]) to meditate on ; to wish or pray for anything for another. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अध्यायm. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' a reader (See vedādhyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अहिर्बुध्न्यm. (considered as one word and therefore declinable as follows dative case ahir-budhnyāya- ; instrumental case plural ahir-budhnyaiḥ- ;often incorrectly written ahir-budhna-or -bradhna-) Name of a rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आह्वेP. -hvayati- (but also Potential 1. sg. ā-huvema- ) A1. -hvayate- (but also 1. sg. -huve- ; Aorist 3. plural hūṣata- ; infinitive mood -huv/adhyai- -hvayitav/ai- ) to call near, invoke invite, summon, cite etc. ; to provoke, challenge, emulate (in this sense only A1. ) etc. ; to call to (especially in rites said of the hotṛ-, who addresses the adhvaryu- by the ā-hāva- or ā-hvāna-;See below) and ; to proclaim : Causal -hvāyayati-, to cause to call near, send for ; to cause to summon or challenge or invite : Desiderative -juhūṣati-, to wish to call near, to be about to call near: Intensive -johavīti- , to call near zealously. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अइकान्यिकmfn. (ekam anyad viparītaṃ vṛttam adhyayane 'sya-) one who commits a single error in reciting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अइश्वरकारणिकm. a theist of the nyāya- school, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अइतरेयब्राह्मणn. Name of the brāhmaṇa- composed by aitareya- (attached to the ṛg-- veda- and prescribing the duties of the hotṛ- priest;it is divided into forty adhyāya-s or eight pañcikā-s). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आज्ञाf. permission (negative anājñayā anājñayā- instrumental case ind.without permission of(genitive case) ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आख्याP. (imperfect tense -akhyat-) to behold ; (future parasmE-pada -khyāsy/at-; perf. 3. plural -cakhyuḥ-) to tell, communicate, inform, declare, announce etc. ; to call (with two accusative) : Passive voice -khyāyate-, to be named or enumerated ; to be called : Causal P. (2. sg. -khyāpayasi-) to make known, declare : A1. (Potential -khyāpayeta-) to cause to tell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आक्षपादm. (fr. akṣ- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order 4. akṣa-) a follower of akṣapāda-'s (id est gautama-'s) nyāya- doctrine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अमावासीf. equals -vāsy/ā- q.v (only locative case syām-,which might be a metrical abbreviation for syāyām-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अनघाष्टमीf. Name of an eighth day (spoken of in the fifty-fifth adhyāya- of the bhaviṣyottara-purāṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अनन्ततृतीयाव्रतName of the twenty-fourth adhyāya- of the bhaviṣyottara-purāṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अनन्तव्रतn. Name of the 102nd adhyāya- of the bhaviṣyottara-purāṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आनायायNom. A1. (-nāyāyate-) to become a net, form or represent a net. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आनीP. -nayati- (1. plural -nayāmasi- ; imperative 2. sg. -naya-,3. sg. -nayatu-; perfect tense -nināya- ,and ā-nin/āya- ; infinitive mood -netav/ai- ) A1. (1. sg. -naye- ) to lead towards or near ; to bring, carry to a place (accusative or locative case) ; to fetch etc. ; (perf. periphr. -nayāmāsa- ) to cause to bring or fetch ; to bring back or take back ; to pour in, mix in etc. ; to bring any one to, reduce to any state ; to deduce, calculate ; to use, employ, prove: Causal P. -nāyayati-, to cause to be brought or fetched or led near etc.: Desiderative -ninīṣati-, to intend or wish to bring near
अनित्यसमप्रकरणn. a section in the nyāya- discussing that sophism. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अनुm. Name of a king (one of yayāti-'s sons) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अनुत्पत्तिसमmf(ā-) (in nyāya- philosophy) arguing against a thing by trying to show that nothing exists from which it could spring. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आपाP. -pibati-, (imperative 2. dual number /āpibatam- ; perfect tense -papau-: Passive voice -pīyate-,etc.) to drink in, suck in or up ; to sip ; to drink in with ears or eyes id est to hear or See with attention, hang on ; to absorb, take away: Causal -pāyayati-, to cause to drink or suck in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आपदेवीf. Name of a book written by the above (the mīmāṃsānyāya-prakāśa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अपकर्षसमmf(ā-) a sophism in the nyāya- (exempli gratia, 'for example'"sound has not the quality of shape as a jar has, therefore sound and a jar have no qualities in common") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अपव्येP. A1. -vyayati- (1. sg. -vyaye-) to uncover : A1. (pr. p. -vyayamāna-) to extricate one's self, deny View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अपीतmfn. gone into, entered (used for the etymology of svapiti-) (see svāpyayā-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अप्पदीक्षितor apyadīkṣita- m. Name of an author equals apyaya-dīkṣita- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अप्रसङ्गm. (in nyāya- philosophy) want of connection with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अपूर्ववादm. Name (also title or epithet) of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आप्यैA1. -pyāyate- (imperative -pyāyasva- ; Aorist subjunctive 1. plural ā-pyāyiṣīmahi- ) to swell, increase ; to grow larger or fat or comfortable ; to thrive ; to become full or strong ; to abound etc. ; to make full ; to enlarge, strengthen : Causal -pyāyayati- (; Aorist subjunctive -pīpayan- ) to cause to swell ; to make full, fill up ; to enlarge ; to cause to grow, increase ; to make fat or strong or comfortable ; to confirm etc. ; to help forward ; to cause to increase or get the upper hand (exempli gratia, 'for example' a disease) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अप्ययदीक्षितm. Name of a drāviḍa- saint and writer (of the sixteenth century, author of various works, celebrated as a śaiva-, and thought to be an incarnation of śiva-;also apyāya-or apyai-,etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आरणेयपर्वन्n. Name of the last section (adhyāya-s 311-314) of the third book of the mahā-bhārata-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आरण्यपर्वन्n. the first section (adhyāya-s 1-10) of the third book of the mahābhārata- (equals araṇya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आर्धधातुकmf(ā-)n. (fr. ardha-dhātu-),"applicable to the shorter form of the verbal base", a technical N. given to the terminations of the perfect tense and bened. and to any Pratyaya (q.v) except the personal terminations of the conjugational tenses in P. and A1., and except the pratyaya-s which have the anubandha- ś- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अर्थपुनरुक्तn. (in nyāya-) repetition of the same meaning in other words View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आश्यैA1. -śyāyate-, to become dry, dry up, shrink in drying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
आतञ्चनn. equals ā-pyāyana- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अतिपा Causal P. -pāyayati-, to give to drink in great quantity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अउपाध्यायकmfn. (fr. upādhyāya-), coming from a teacher on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अउपसदmfn. (an adhyāya- or anuvāka-) in which the word upasad- occurs gaRa vimuktādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अउर्वशmfn. containing the word urvaśī- (as an adhyāya- or anuvāka-) gaRa vimuktādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अवज्ञा -jānāti- (ind.p. -jñaya-; perf. Passive voice -jajñle- ) to disesteem, have a low opinion of, despise, treat with contempt etc. ; to excel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अवसो -syati- (Imper. 2. dual number -syatam-; Aorist subjunctive -sāt-) to loosen, deliver from ; (Imper. 2. sg. -sya-; Aorist /avāsāt- etc. Aorist 3. plural /avāsur- ; ind.p. -s/āya- ; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood -sai- ) Vedic or Veda to unharness (horses), put up at any one's house, settle, rest etc. ; to take, one's abode or standing-place in or upon (locative case) ; to finish, terminate (one's work) etc. ; to be finished, be at an end, be exhausted ; to choose or appoint (as a place for dwelling or for a sacrifice) ; (Potential 2. sg. -seyās-; see ) to decide , to obtain : Causal -sāyayati- (ind.p. -s/āyya-) to cause to take up one's abode in or upon (locative case) ; (ind.p. -sāyya-) to complete ; (infinitive mood [in Passive voice sense] -sāyyayitum-) to ascertain, clearly distinguish Passive voice -sīyate- (see ) to be obtained ; to be insisted upon (edition Bombay edition in active sense "to insist upon") ; to be ascertained View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अविरविकन्यायm. equals avy-avika-nyāya-, q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अव्ययmfn. or rarely /avyaya- ([only ]) (/avi-) made of sheep's skin (as the woollen soma- strainer) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
अयदीक्षितm. Name of an author (nephew of apyaya-dīkṣita- q.v) ayana-. See ay-, column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
बालक्रीडनकn. (plural) Name of chapter of vātsyāyana-'s kāmasūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
भद्रकन्याf. Name of the mother, of maudgalyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
भाषापरिच्छेदm. "definition of (the categories of) speech", Name of a compendium of the nyāya- system by viśva-nātha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
भाषिकसूत्रn. Name of a sūtra- (on the manner of marking the accent in the ) attributed to kātyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
भास्करनृसिंहm. Name of a Scholiast or Commentator on vātsyāyana-'s kāma-sūtra- (he wrote in 1788) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
भवनाथm. Name of an author (also with ṭhakkura-, mahā-mahodhyāya-and miśra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
भी cl.3 P. () bibh/eti- (dual number bibhītas-or bibhitas- Potential bibhīyāt-or bibhiyāt- ; Potential 3. plural bibhyeyuḥ- ; imperfect tense 3. plural abibhayuḥ- ; Epic also A1.1. sg. bibhye-and and P.3. sg. bibhyati- plural bibhyanti-;Ved. also cl.1 A1. bh/ayate-,and accord, to ,cl.10. P. bhāyayati-; perfect tense bibhāya-,3. plural bibhyuḥ- etc.; bībhāya- ; bibhay/āṃ cakara- confer, compare ; Aorist abhaiṣīt-, ṣma-, ṣuḥ- etc., 2. sg. bhaiṣīs- , bhais- etc., especially in mābhais-,"do not be afraid";once for plural equals mā bhaiṣṭa- ; bhes- ; bhema- , parasmE-pada A1. bhiyān/a- ,; future bhetā- grammar;cond, abheṣyat- ; infinitive mood bhiy/ase- ; bhetum- etc.) , to fear, be afraid of (ablative or genitive case,rarely instr, or accusative) etc. ; to fear for, be anxious about (ablative) : Passive voice bhīyate-, Aorist , abhāyi- grammar : Causal bhīṣ/ayate- ( etc.; confer, compare ), bhīṣayati- (;once mc. bhiṣ- ; parasmE-pada bhīṣayāṇa- ; Aorist bībhiṣaḥ- , ṣathāḥ- ), bhāyayati-, te- (; Potential bhāyayes- ; varia lectio bhīṣayes-; Aorist bībhayat-, /abībhayanta- ; ind.p. -bhāyya- ), bhāpayate- (), to terrify, put in a fright, intimidate etc. etc.: Desiderative bibhīṣati- grammar : Intensive bebhīyate-, bebhayīti-, bebheti- [ confer, compare bhyas-; Lithuanian bijo4tis; Slavonic or Slavonian bojati; German biben,beben.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
भ्राजm. (plural) Name of work ascribed to kātyāyana- (also -ślokāḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
भ्री cl.9 P. () bhrī ṇāti- or bhriṇāti- (only proper 3. plural bhrīṇ/anti- ; grammar also perfect tense bibhrāya-; future bhretā-, bhreṣyati- Aorist abhraiṣīt-), to injure, hurt ( - hiṃs- "to be angry"see bhṛṇīya-; grammar"to fear"or"to bear") : Causal bhrāyayati- grammar : Desiderative bibhrīṣati- : Intensive bebhrīyate-, bebhrayīti-, bebhreti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
भुज्युmfn. of a man with the patronymic lāhyāyani- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
बिन्दुm. (with hiraṇyaya-) a pearl (see -phala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ब्राह्मकn. equals -brahmaṇā kṛtam- (saṃjñāyām-) gaRa kulālādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ब्रह्मवादm. Name of a nyāya- work (also brahmavādārtha rtha-,m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
बृहदारण्यक(also bṛhadāraṇya āraṇya- n. bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad k/opaniṣad- f.) n. Name of a celebrated upaniṣad- forming the last 5 prapāṭhaka-s or last 6 adhyāya-s of the śatapatha- brāhmaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
चैत्रm. equals caitriyāyaṇ/a- on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
चन्द्रवंशm. the lunar race of kings (2nd great line of royal dynasties, the progenitor of which was soma- the Moon, child of the ṛṣi- atri- and father of budha- [Mercury see candra-ja-];the latter married iḷā-, daughter of the solar king ikṣvāku-, and had by her a son, aila- or purūravas-;this last had a son by urvaśī-, named āyus-, from whom came nahuṣa-, father of yayāti-;the latter had two sons, puru- and yadu-, from whom proceeded the two branches of the lunar line;in that of yadu- was born kṛṣṇa- and bala-rāma-;in that of puru- came duṣyanta-, hero of the śakuntalā- and father of the great bharata-; 9th from bharata- came kuru-, and 14th from him śāntanu-, who had a son vicitra-vīrya- and a step-son vyāsa-;the latter married the two widows of his half-brother, and had by them dhṛtarāṣṭra- and pāṇḍu-, the wars of whose sons form the subject of the ) (see sūrya-v-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
चर् cl.1. c/arati-, rarely te- (subjunctive c/arat-,3 plural c/arān- ; perf. cac/āra-[ etc.] , 2 sg. cacartha- ; plural cerur-,etc.; ratur- etc.; A1. cere- ; future cariṣyati-, te-; Aorist acārīt-[ ]; infinitive mood c/aritum-[ ]or cartum-[ ] , Vedic or Veda car/adhyai-[ ], c/aritave-[ ], car/ase-[ ], car/āyai-[ ], caritos-[ ]; ind.p. caritv/ā- ; cartvā- ; cīrtvā-, ; parasmE-pada c/arat-) to move one's self, go, walk, move, stir, roam about, wander (said of men, animals, water, ships, stars, etc.) etc. ; to spread, be diffused (as fire) ; to move or travel through, pervade, go along, follow etc. ; to behave, conduct one's self, act, live, treat (with instrumental case or locative case) etc. ; to be engaged in, occupied or busy with (instr exempli gratia, 'for example' yajñ/ena c-,"to be engaged in a sacrifice" ) etc. ; (with[ ]or without[ ] mithun/am-) to have intercourse with, have to do with (instrumental case) ; (with a parasmE-pada or adjective (cf. mfn.) or ind.p. or adverb) to continue performing or being (exempli gratia, 'for example' arcantaś cerur-,"they continued worshipping"; svāminam avajñāya caret-,"he may go on despising his master") etc. ; (in astronomy) to be in any asterism or conjunction ; to undertake, set about, under go, observe, practise, do or act in general, effect, make (exempli gratia, 'for example' vrat/āni-"to observe vows" etc.; vighnaṃ c-,"to put a hindrance"; bhaikṣaṃ c-"to beg"; vivādaṃ c-,"to be engaged in a lawsuit"; mṛgayāṃ c-,"to hunt" ; sambandhāṃś c-,"to enter into connections"; mārgaṃ cacāra bāṇaiḥ-,"he made a way with arrows"; tapasā indriyāṇi c-,to exercise one's organs with penance ) etc. ; to consume, eat (with accusative), graze ; to make or render (with double accusative) exempli gratia, 'for example' nar/endraṃ satya-sthaṃ carāma-,"let us make the king keep his word" : Causal cārayati-, to cause to move or walk about (Aorist /acīcarat-) ; to pasture ; to send, direct, turn, move etc. ; to cause any one (accusative) to walk through (accusative) ; to drive away from (ablative) ; to cause any one (accusative) to practise or perform (with accusative) ; to cause (any animal accusative) to eat ; to cause to copulate ; to ascertain (as through a spy instrumental case) ; to doubt (see vi--) : Desiderative cicariṣati-, to try to go (parasmE-pada cicarṣat-) ; to wish to act or conduct one's self ; to try to have intercourse with (instrumental case), : Intensive carcarīti- A1. or rarely ([ ]) Passive voice cañcūryate- (curīti-and cūrti- ; ind.p. cūrya- ; parasmE-pada once P. cūryat- ) to move quickly or repeatedly, walk about, roam about (in locative case) etc. ; to act wantonly or coquettishly (see ) ; ([ see, etc.])
चर्चापारm. equals carcaka- gaRa vedādhyāyādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
चतुःषष्टिf. Name of (consisting of 64 adhyāya-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
चतुरध्यायीf. "consisting of 4 adhyāya-s", Name of śaunaka-'s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
चातुर्थmfn. (fr. cat-) treated of in the 4th (adhyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
चतुष्पादm. (scilicet adhyāya-) the chapter treating of the 4 parts of medical science
चात्वारिंशn. "consisting of 40 (catvāriṃś/at-) adhyāya-s", the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
छायn. Name of kātyāyanī- (or durgā- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
छो cl.4. chyati- (; perf. 3. plural cacchur- see Va1rtt. 2 ; Aorist acchāt-and acchāsīt-, ) to cut off, cut : Causal chāyayati- ; see anu--, ava--, ā--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
चि cl.5. cin/oti-, nute- (1. plural cinumas-and nmas- ; perf. cikāya-and cicāya-, ;2. cicetha-, ;3. plural ciky/ur- ; parasmE-pada cikivas- ; A1. cikye-and cicye- ; parasmE-pada cikyān/a- v; 2nd future parasmE-pada ceṣyat- ; 1st future cetā- ; Aorist acaiṣīt- on ;Ved. cikayām akar-, ;1. sg. acaiṣam-,2. sg. acais- ;3. plural acaiṣur- ; A1. aceṣṭa- ; preceding ceṣīṣṭa- , or cīyāt-, ; ind.p. citv/ā- etc.; Passive voice cīyate- etc.; future cāyiṣyate-& ceṣy- Conditional acāyiṣyata-& aceṣy- ) to arrange in order, heap up, pile up, construct (a sacrificial altar; P.,if the priests construct the altar for another; A1.,if the sacrificer builds it for himself) ; to collect, gather together, accumulate, acquire for one's self ; to search through (for collecting; see 2. ci-) () ; to cover, inlay, set with ; Passive voice cīyate-, to become covered with ; to increase, thrive () : Causal cayayati- and capay-, to heap up, gather ; cāyayati- and cāpay- : Desiderative cikīṣate- (also ti-, ) to wish to pile up ; cicīṣati- ( [ed. vivīṣ-] ) to wish to accumulate or collect : Desiderative Causal (parasmE-pada cicīṣayat-) to cause any one to wish to arrange in order : Intensive cecīyate- on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
चित्रm. of a king (with the patronymic gāṅgyāyani-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
दैवासुरmf(ī-)n. containing the word devāsura- (as an adhyāya- or anuvāka-) gaRa vimuktādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
दण्डापूपिकाf. equals pūpa-nyāya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
दानिकmfn. relating to a gift, etc. (only in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'; see adhyayana--, udaka--, vara--). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
दर्शनn. view, doctrine, philosophical system (6 in number, viz. [ pūrva--] mīmāṃsā- by uttara-mīmāṃsā->by ; nyāya- by gotama- by kaṇāda- sāṃkhya- by ;Yoga by ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
दत्तागार्ग्यायणीf. dual number dattā- and gārgyāyaṇī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
देवस्यत्वकmfn. containing the words devasyatvā- (as an adhyāya- or anuvāka-) gaRa goṣad-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
देवयानीf. Name of a daughter of uśanas- or śukrācārya- (wife of yayāti- and mother of yadu- and turvasu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
देवींधियकmfn. containing the words devīṃ dhiyā- (as an adhyāya- or anuvāka-) gaRa goṣad-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
धनn. (arithmetic) the affirmative quantity or plus (opp. to ṛṇa-, kṣaya-, vyaya-, hāni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
धर्म्यmfn. Name of a man (cf. -dhārmyāyaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
धूमायNom. P. A1. yati-, te-, to smoke, steam etc.: Causal yayati-, to cause to smoke or steam View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ध्यै cl.1 P. dhy/āyati- (Epic also te-,or cl.2. dhyāti-; imperative dhyāhi-; Potential dhyāyāt- ; yīta- ; perf. dadhyau- etc.; Aorist /adhyāsīt- ;3. plural dhyāsur- ; future dhyāsyati- ; dhyātā- ; ind.p. dhyātvā- ; -dhyāya- ; dhyāyam- ) to think of, imagine, contemplate, meditate on, call to mind, recollect (with or scilicet manasā-or si-, cetasā-, dhiyā-, hṛdaye-etc.) etc. ; to brood mischief against (accusative) ; (alone) to be thoughtful or meditative etc. ; to let the head hang down (said of an animal) : Passive voice dhyāyate-, to be thought of, etc. ; Causal dhyāpayati- grammar : Desiderative didhyāsate- : Intensive dādhyāyate-, dādhyāti-, dādhyeti- grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्रह्यm. (fr. dṛh-) Name of a man (see drāhyāyaṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्राह्यायणगृह्यn. drāhyāyaṇa-'s work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्राह्यायणकn. the sūtra- of drāhyāyaṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्राह्यायणसूत्रn. plural drāhyāyaṇa-'s work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्राह्यायणिm. patronymic fr. drāhyāyaṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्राह्यायणीयmfn. relating to drāhyāyaṇa-, composed by him View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्राविलm. equals vātsyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्रव्यn. (philosophy) elementary substance (9 in the nyāya-, viz. pṛthivī-, ap-, tejas-, vāyu-, ākāśa kāla-, diś-, ātman-, manas-; 6 with jaina-s, viz. jīva-, dharma-, adharma-, pudgala-, kāla-, ākāśa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्रुह्युm. sg. Name of a son of yayāti- and brother of yadu- etc. (wrong reading d/uhyu-) (varia lectio druhya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्वादशाध्यायीf. Name of jaimini-'s mīmāṃsā- (consisting of 12 adhyāya-s). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्व्यामुष्यायणm. descended from 2 persons, being the āmuṣyāyaṇa- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) to 2 people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्व्यामुष्यायणकm. descended from 2 persons, being the āmuṣyāyaṇa- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) to 2 people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
द्यै cl.1 P. dyāyati- () , to despise, ill-treat.
( ā-i-) P. -eti-, to come near or towards, go near, approach etc. ; (with and without punar-) to come back, come again to etc. ; to reach, attain, enter, come into (a state or position) etc. ; to submit, fall to one's share (āyayanti-?) : Intensive A1. (3. dual number -iyāte-;1. plural -īmahe-) to hasten near ; to request View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
एद्ind. (according to to some = 2. ā-+ /id-) behold! (followed by a particular with an accusative and preceded by a verb of motion, e. gaRa /eyāya- vāy/ur- / ed- dhat-/ am- vṛtrā- m-,"Vayur went [to see, and] behold vṛtra- was slain"; sometimes the verb of motion must be supplied, sometimes the substantive, and sometimes the participle), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गम्यmfn. to be fixed (as to the number, saṃkhyayā-), countable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गाङ्ग्यायनिm. patronymic fr. gāṅgya- (varia lectio gārgyāyaṇi- ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गर्दभाण्डीयmfn. containing the word gardabhāṇḍa- (as an adhyāya- or anuvāka-) and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गार्गीf. dual number gārgī- and gārgyāyaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गार्गीयm. the pupils of gārgyāyaṇa-, 91 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गार्ग्यायणकmfn. (see gārgaka-) belonging to the gārgyāyaṇa-s Va1rtt. 5 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गार्ग्यायणकmfn. worshipping gārgyāyaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गार्ग्यायणकn. an assemblage of gārgyāyaṇa-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गार्ग्यायणि patronymic fr. ṇa-. See gāṅgyāyani-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गोf. Name of a daughter of kakut-stha- and wife of yayāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गोमय(for the sake of euphony shortened for yaya-), Nom. P. yati-, to smear with (cow-dung) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गोपायNom. P. (fr. go-p/ā-; see gup-) y/ati- (see ; Aorist agopāyīt- ), to represent a cowherd, act like a herdsman ; to guard, protect, preserve etc. ; to hide, conceal (Passive voice gopāyyate-) : Causal gopāyayati-, to preserve, protect (see abhi--, pari--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गोप्रदानिकmfn. relating to the gift of cows (as an adhyāya-, like ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गोषदकmfn. containing the word go-ṣ/ad- (an adhyāya- or anuvāka-) gaRa goṣad-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गोतमm. of the founder of the nyāya- philosophy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गोतमm. "the largest ox"and"Name of the founder of nyāya- philosophy " View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गुडजिह्विकाf. shortened for -nyāya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गुणm. a property or characteristic of all created things (in nyāya- philosophy twenty-four guṇa-s are enumerated, viz. 1. rūpa-,shape, colour;2. rasa-,savour;3. gandha-,odour;4. sparśa-,tangibility;5. saṃkhyā-,number;6. parimāṇa-,dimension;7. pṛthaktva-,severalty;8. saṃyoga-,conjunction;9. vibhāga-,disjunction;10. paratva-,remoteness;11. aparatva-,proximity;12. gurutva-,weight;13. dravatva-,fluidity;14. sneha-,viscidity;15. śabda-,sound;16. buddhi-or jñāna-,understanding or knowledge;17. sukha-,pleasure;18. duḥkha-,pain;19. icchā-,desire; 20. dveṣa-,aversion; 21. prayatna-,effort; 22. dharma-,merit or virtue; 23. adharma-,demerit; 24. saṃskāra-,the self-reproductive quality) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
गुणरत्नn. "pearl of qualities", Name of work on nyāya- philosophy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
हरिसक्थn. saṃjñāyām- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
हस्तिमृडिताf. saṃjñāyām- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
हौत्रकn. Name of the 16th pariśiṣṭa- of kātyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
हेतुm. a logical reason or deduction or argument, the reason for an inference (especially applied to the second member or avayava- of the five-membered syllogismSee nyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
हेतुm. (with Buddhists) primary cause (as opp. to pratyaya- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
होमिनीf. saṃjñāyām- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ह्वे cl.1 P. A1. () hv/ayati-, te- (Vedic or Veda also h/avate-and huv/ati-, te-; other present forms are hve- ; hvāmahe- ; h/oma-, hūm/ahe-, juhūm/asi- ; p. huvān/a-[with pass. sense] ; hvayāna- ; perfect tense juhāva-, juhuvuḥ- etc.; juhv/e-, juhūr/e- ; juhuve-, huhurire- ; hvayāṃ-āsa-and hvayāṃ-cakre- ; Aorist /ahvat-, ahvata-[or ahvāsta- ] etc. etc.; ahvi- ; /ahūmahi-, ahūṣata- ; ahvāsīt-[?] ; future hvātā- grammar; hvayiṣyati-, te- ; hvāsyate- ; infinitive mood Class. hvātum-; Vedic or Veda h/avitave-, hv/ayitum-, tav/ai-; huv/adhyai-; ind.p. Class. hūtvā-;Ved. -h/ūya-and -hāvam-), to call, call upon, summon, challenge, invoke (with nāmnā-,"to call by name"; with yuddhe-,"to challenge to fight") etc. ; to emulate, vie with : Passive voice hūy/ate- (Aorist /ahāvi-,or ahvāyi-), to be called etc. : Causal hvāyayati- (Aorist ajūhavat-or ajuhāvat-), to cause anyone (accusative) to be challenged by (instrumental case) : Desiderative juhūṣati-, te- grammar : Intensive johūyate- or j/ohavīti- (johuvanta-, ajohavuḥ-, j/ohuvat-, j/ohuvāna- ) or johoti- (grammar), to call on, invoke etc. [ confer, compare Greek .]
cl.2 P. /eti- (imperative 2. sg. ih/i-) and 1. P. A1. /ayati-, ayate- ([ confer, compare ay-]), (perfect tense iyāya-[2. sg. iy/atha- , and iy/etha- ] future eṣyati-; Aorist aiṣīt-; infinitive mood etum-, /etave- and , /etav/ai- /etos- ity/ai- ) to go, walk ; to flow ; to blow ; to advance, spread, get about ; to go to or towards (with accusative), come etc. ; to go away, escape, pass, retire ; to arise from, come from ; to return (in this sense only future) ; (with punar-) to come back again, return etc. ; to succeed ; to arrive at, reach, obtain etc. ; to fall into, come to ; to approach with prayers, gain by asking (confer, compare ita-) ; to undertake anything (with accusative) ; to be employed in, go on with, continue in any condition or relation (with a participle or instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' asura-rakṣasāni mṛdyamānāni yanti-,"the asura-s and Rakshases are being continually crushed" ; gavāmayaneneyuḥ-,"they, were engaged in the [festival called] gavāmayana-" ) ; to appear, be : Intensive A1. /īyate- (; parasmE-pada iyān/a- ; infinitive mood iy/adhyai- ) to go quickly or repeatedly ; to come, wander, run, spread, get about ; to appear, make one's appearance ; to approach any one with requests (with two accusative), ask, request : Passive voice /īyate-, to be asked or requested : Causal āyayati-, to cause to go or escape ; ([ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin e-o,i1-mus,i-ter,etc.; Lithuanian ei-mi4,"I go"; Slavonic or Slavonian i-du7,"I go",i-ti,"to go"; Gothic i-ddja,"I went."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
इन्द्रियn. the number five as symbolical of the five senses. (In addition to the five organs of perception, buddhīndriyāṇi-or jñānendriyāṇi-, id est eye, ear, nose, tongue, and skin, the Hindus enumerate five organs of action, karmendriyāṇi- id est larynx, hand, foot, anus, and parts of generation;between these ten organs and the soul or ātman-stands manas-or mind, considered as an eleventh organ;in the vedānta-, manas-, buddhi-, ahaṃkāra-,and citta-form the four inner or internal organs, antar-indriyāṇi-,so that according to this reckoning the organs are fourteen in number, each being presided over by its own ruler or niyantṛ-;thus, the eye by the Sun, the ear by the Quarters of the world, the nose by the two aśvin-s, the tongue by pracetas-, the skin by the Wind, the voice by Fire, the hand by indra-, the foot by viṣṇu-, the anus by mitra-, the parts of generation by prajāpati-, manas by the Moon, buddhi- by brahman-, ahaṃkāra- by śiva-, citta by viṣṇu- as acyuta-;in the nyāya- philosophy each organ is connected with its own peculiar element, the nose with the Earth, the tongue with Water, the eye with Light or Fire, the skin with Air, the ear with Ether;the jaina-s divide the whole creation into five sections, according to the number of organs attributed to each being.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
इन्द्रियवादm. Name (also title or epithet) of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
इतर itara-, itara-, the one - the other, this - that. (itara-connected antithetically with a preceding word often signifies the contrary idea exempli gratia, 'for example' vijayāya itarāya vā-[ ],to victory or defeat;so in dvaṃdva- compounds, sukhetareṣu-[ ],in happiness and distress;it sometimes, however, forms a tat-puruṣa- compound with another word to express the one idea implied in the contrary of that word, exempli gratia, 'for example' dakṣiṇetara-,the left hand.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
इतिind. (fr. pronominal base 3. i-), in this manner, thus (in its original signification /iti-refers to something that has been said or thought, or lays stress on what precedes;in the brāhmaṇa-s it is often equivalent to "as you know", reminding the hearer or reader of certain customs, conditions, etc. supposed to be known to him). In quotations of every kind /iti- means that the preceding words are the very words which some person has or might have spoken, and placed thus at the end of a speech it serves the purpose of inverted commas (/ity uktvā-,having so said; /iti kṛtvā-,having so considered, having so decided) . It may often have reference merely to what is passing in the mind exempli gratia, 'for example' vamantavyo manuṣya /iti bhūmipaḥ&iencoding=deva&lang=sans'>bālo 'pi nāvamantavyo manuṣya /iti bhūmipaḥ-, a king, though a child, is not to be despised, saying to one's self,"he is a mortal", () In dramatic language /iti tathā karoti- means"after these words he acts thus."Sometimes /iti- is used to include under one head a number of separate objects aggregated together (exempli gratia, 'for example' ijyādhyayanadānāni tapaḥ satyaṃ kṣamā damaḥ- alobha /iti mārgo 'yam-,"sacrificing, studying, liberality, penance, truth, patience, self-restraint, absence of desire", this course of conduct, etc.) /iti- is sometimes followed by evam-, iva-, or a demonstrative pronoun pleonastically (exempli gratia, 'for example' tām brūyād bhavatīty evam-,her he may call "lady", thus) . /iti- may form an adverbial compound with the name of an author (exempli gratia, 'for example' /iti-pāṇini-,thus according to pāṇini-). It may also express the act of calling attention (lo! behold!) It may have some other significations exempli gratia, 'for example' something additional (as in /ityādi-,et caetera), order, arrangement specific or distinctive, and identity. It is used by native commentators after quoting a rule to express"according to such a rule" (exempli gratia, 'for example' anudāttaṅita /ity ātmanepadam bhavati-,according to the rule of pāṇini- , the ātmane-pada- takes place) . kim /iti- equals kim-, wherefore, why? (In the śatapatha-brāhmaṇa- ti-occurs for /iti-; see Prakrittiand tti-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
जैवन्त्यायनि varia lectio for jīvantyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
जरत्कारुm. (gaRa śivādi-) Name of a ṛṣi- of yāyāvara-'s family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
जातविश्वासmfn. equals -pratyaya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
जयकृष्णm. Name (also title or epithet) of various authors (also with bhaṭṭa-, upā- dhyāya- etc.), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
जयरामm. Name of the author of nyāya-siddhānta-- mālā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
जीवन्त्यायनm. plural (fr. ti-) Name of a family ( jaivantāy-and jaivantyāyani-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ज्ञा cl.9 P.A1. jān/āti-, nit/e- (see ; subjunctive nat-; imperative nītat-,2. sg. nīh/i-,once irregular jña- ;[fr. cl.3.] jijāhi- ;2. plural irregular nata-. ;2. sg. A1. irregular nase- ; parasmE-pada n/at-, nān/a- irregular namāna-[ ]; perfect tense jajñau-, jñe-[ Passive voice ] , 3. plural jñ/ur- ; parasmE-pada jñān/a- ; future jñāsyati-, te-; Aorist ajñāsīt-, sta- Passive voice /ajñāyi-, ; Potential jñāyāt-or jñey- ;2. sg. jñeyas- equals ; infinitive mood jñātum-) to know, have knowledge, become acquainted with (accusative;rarely genitive case ), perceive, apprehend, understand (also with infinitive mood [ ] ) , experience, recognise, ascertain, investigate etc. ; to know as, know or perceive that, regard or consider as (with double accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' tasya māṃ tanayāṃ jānīta-,"know me to be his daughter" ;with mṛṣā-,"to consider as untrue" ) etc. ; to acknowledge, approve, allow ; to recognise as one's own, take possession of ; to visit as a friend ; to remember (with genitive case) ; A1. to engage in (genitive case exempli gratia, 'for example' sarpiṣo-,"to make an oblation with clarified butter") : Causal jñapayati-, to teach any one (accusative) ; jñāp- (Passive voice jñāpyate-) to make known, announce, teach anything and ; to inform any one (genitive case) that (double accusative) ; A1. to request, ask (jñap-) (jñāp-): Desiderative jijñāsate- (; Epic also P.) to wish to know or become acquainted with or learn, investigate, examine etc. ; to wish for information about (accusative) ; to conjecture : Causal Desiderative jijñapayiṣati- (also jñāp- ) and jñīpsati- (see psyamāna-), to wish to make known or inform ; ([ see etc.])
ज्रि or jrī- (= jṝ-) cl.1.9.10. jrayat/i-, jriṇāti-, jrāyayati-, to grow old (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ज्या (see ji-) cl.9 P. jin/āti- (Potential nīy/āt-; parasmE-pada n/at-; perfect tense jijy/au-; future jyāsyati- ; ind.p. -jyāya-, ) Vedic or Veda to overpower, oppress, deprive any one (accusative) of property (accusative) etc. ; (derived fr. jy/āyas-,"senior") to become old : cl.4 A1. j/īyate- or Passive voice y/ate-, Vedic or Veda to be oppressed or treated badly, be deprived of property (or everything, sarva-jyān/im- ) etc.: Causal jyāpayati-, to call any one old : Desiderative (parasmE-pada j/ijyāsat-) to wish to overpower : Intensive jejīyate- ; see pari-- ; . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
but the old form kad- is found in the veda- (See ) ; ([ confer, compare Zend ka,ko7,kA7,kat; Greek , (Ion.,) , ; Latin quis,quid; Lithuanian kas k/a-; Gothic hvas,hvo7,hva, Anglo-Saxon hwa1,hwaet; English who,what.]) The interrogative sentence introduced by ka- is often terminated by iti- (exempli gratia, 'for example' kasya sa putra iti kathyatām-,let it be said, "whose son is he?") , but iti- may be omitted and the sentence lose its direct interrogative character (exempli gratia, 'for example' kasya sa putro na jñāyate-,it is not known whose son he is) . ka- with or without 1. as- may express"how is it possible that?""what power have I, you, they, etc.?" (exempli gratia, 'for example' ke mama dhanvino'nye-,what can the other archers do against me? ke āvām paritrātum-,what power have we to rescue you?) ka- is often connected with a demonstrative pronoun (exempli gratia, 'for example' ko 'yam āyāti-,who comes here?) or with the potential (exempli gratia, 'for example' ko hariṃ nindet-,who will blame hari-?) ka- is sometimes repeated (exempli gratia, 'for example' kaḥ ko 'tra-,who is there? kān kān-,whom? whom? id est which of them? confer, compare Gram. 54) , and the repetition is often due to a kind of attraction (exempli gratia, 'for example' keṣāṃ kiṃ śāstram adhyayanīyam-,which book is to be read by whom? Gram. 836. a-). When kim- is connected with the inst. Calcutta edition of a noun or with the indecl. participle it may express"what is gained by doing so, etc.?" (equals ko'rthas-)
कबन्धिन्m. Name of a kātyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
काकाक्षिन्यायात्ind. in the manner of a crow's eye (said of a word which follows two rules), on this side and that, in such a way as to belong both to the preceding and subsequent commentator or commentary on ; on commentator or commentary on (kṣi-golakanyāyāt-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
काकाक्षिन्यायेनind. in the manner of a crow's eye (said of a word which follows two rules), on this side and that, in such a way as to belong both to the preceding and subsequent commentator or commentary on ; on commentator or commentary on (kṣi-golakanyāyāt-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
काकाक्षिवत्ind. in the manner of a crow's eye (said of a word which follows two rules), on this side and that, in such a way as to belong both to the preceding and subsequent commentator or commentary on ; on commentator or commentary on (kṣi-golakanyāyāt-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कल्पm. a sacred precept, law, rule, ordinance (equals vidhi-, nyāya-), manner of acting, proceeding, practice (especially that prescribed by the veda-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कमलाf. Name of dākṣyāyaṇī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कामसूत्रn. Name of a treatise on sexual love by vātsyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कामुकाf. Name of dākṣyāyaṇī- in gandha-mādana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
काम्याf. wish, desire, longing for or striving after (genitive case or in compound exempli gratia, 'for example' putra-kāmyayā-,through desire for a son ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कणादm. "atom-eater", N. given to the author of the vaiśeṣika- branch of the nyāya- philosophy (as teaching that the world was formed by an aggregation of atoms;he is also called kāśyapa-, and considered as a devarṣi-;See also ulūka-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कान्दर्पिकn. "treating of aphrodisiaca", Name of the seventy-sixth adhyāya- of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कनीयस्mfn. younger, a younger brother or sister, younger son or daughter (opposed to jyāyas-) etc.
कण्टकm. a term in the nyāya- philosophy implying refutation of argument, detection of error etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
काण्व्यायनीयm. plural the school of kāṇvyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कर्मन्n. action consisting in motion (as the third among the seven categories of the nyāya- philosophy;of these motions there are five, viz. ut-kṣepaṇa-, ava-kṣepaṇa-, ā-kuñcana-, prasāraṇa-,and gamana-,qq. vv.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कार्यसमm. (in nyāya- philosophy) a particular sophistical objection (ignoring that similar effects may result from dissimilar circumstances) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कसुन्the kṛt- suffix as forming in the veda- an indeclinable (avyaya- ) infinitive with ablative sense (see vi-s/ṛpas-, ā-t/ṛdas-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कति(for 1.See above) m. Name of a sage (son of viśvā-mitra- and ancestor of kātyāyana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कात्यm. equals kātyāyana- gaRa gargādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कात्यायनmf(ī-)n. composed by kātyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कात्यायनसूत्रn. the śrauta-- sūtra-s of kātyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कात्यायनीयm. plural the school of kātyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कात्यायनीयmfn. composed by kātyāyana- (exempli gratia, 'for example' -śāstra-,the law-book composed by kātyāyana-)
कात्यायनीयm. a pupil of kātyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
काव्यचन्द्रिकाf. another work on the same subject by nyāya-vāgīśa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ख्या cl.2 P. khyāti- (in the non-conjugational tenses also A1., perf. cakhyau-, cakhye- ; imperfect tense akhyat-, akhyata- ) ; the simple verb occurs only in Passive voice and Causal : Passive voice khyāyate-, to be named, be known ; (Aorist akhyāyi-) to be named or announced to (genitive case) : Causal khyāpayati-, to make known, promulgate, proclaim etc. ; to relate, tell, say, declare, betray, denounce ; "to make well known, praise" See khyāpita-; ([ confer, compare Latin in-quam,etc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कोलितm. Name of maudgalyāyana- () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
क्रतुसंख्याf. Name of the thirteenth of kātyāyana-'s pariśiṣṭa-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कृशm. Name of sāṃkṛtyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कृष्णm. Name of a celebrated Avatar of the god viṣṇu-, or sometimes identified with viṣṇu- himself ([ ]) as distinct from his ten Avata1rsAvatars or incarnations (in the earlier legends he appears as a great hero and teacher[ ];in the more recent he is deified, and is often represented as a young and amorous shepherd with flowing hair and a flute in his hand;the following are a few particulars of his birth and history as related in and in the purāṇa-s etc.: vasu-deva-, who was a descendant of yadu- and yayāti-, had two wives, rohiṇī- and devakī-;the latter had eight sons of whom the eighth was kṛṣṇa-; kaṃsa-, king of mathurā- and cousin of devakī-, was informed by a prediction that one of these sons would kill him;he therefore kept vasu-deva- and his wife in confinement, and slew their first six children;the seventh was balarāma- who was saved by being abstracted from the womb of devakī- and transferred to that of rohiṇī-;the eighth was kṛṣṇa- who was born with black skin and a peculiar mark on his breast;his father vasu-deva- managed to escape from mathurā- with the child, and favoured by the gods found a herdsman named nanda- whose wife yaśo-- had just been delivered of a son which vasu-deva- conveyed to devakī- after substituting his own in its place. nanda- with his wife yaśo-- took the infant kṛṣṇa- and settled first in gokula- or vraja-, and afterwards in vṛndāvana-, where kṛṣṇa- and bala-rāma- grew up together, roaming in the woods and joining in the sports of the herdsmen's sons; kṛṣṇa- as a youth contested the sovereignty of indra-, and was victorious over that god, who descended from heaven to praise kṛṣṇa-, and made him lord over the cattle[ ]; kṛṣṇa- is described as sporting constantly with the gopī-s or shepherdesses[ ]of whom a thousand became his wives, though only eight are specified, rādhā- being the favourite[ ]; kṛṣṇa- built and fortified a city called dvārakā- in Gujarat, and thither transported the inhabitants of mathurā- after killing kaṃsa-; kṛṣṇa- had various wives besides the gopī-s, and by rukmiṇī- had a son pradyumna- who is usually identified with kāma-deva-;with Jains, kṛṣṇa- is one of the nine black vasu-deva-s;with Buddhists he is the chief of the black demons, who are the enemies of buddha- and the white demons)
कृष्णोस्याखरेष्ठकmfn. (an adhyāya- or anuvāka-) beginning with the words k/ṛṣṇo 'sy ākhare-ṣṭh/aḥ-. ( ) gaRa goṣad-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कृत्यm. (scilicet pratyaya-) the class of affixes forming the future p. Passive voice (as tavya-, anīya-, ya-, elima-,etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
क्षपाव्यपायm. equals tyaya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
क्षि cl.1 P. kṣayati- (only once ) cl.5 P. kṣiṇoti- ( etc.;1. sg. kṣiṇ/omi- for ṇ/āmi-of ) cl.9 P. kṣiṇ/āti- (3. plural kṣiṇ/anti-; perf. 3. dual number cikṣiyatur- on ), to destroy, corrupt, ruin, make an end of (accusative), kill, injure etc.: Passive voice kṣīy/ate- (;3. plural kṣ/īyante- ; Aorist subjunctive kṣeṣṭa-[ ] or kṣāyi- ; Conditional akṣeṣyata- ), to be diminished, decrease, wane (as the moon) , waste away, perish etc. ; to pass (said of the night) : Causal P. kṣapayati- (future yiṣyati-), rarely A1. te- ( ) , very rarely kṣayayati- ( edition Calc.) , to destroy, ruin, make an end of (accusative), finish etc. ; to weaken ; to pass (as the night or time, kṣapām-, pās-, kālam-) ; ([ see , etc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कूर्मm. (hence) Name of the fourteenth adhyāya- of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
कूटघटितलक्षणn. Name (also title or epithet) of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
लक्ष्मीकान्तm. (with nyāya-bhūṣaṇa bhaṭṭācārya-) of another author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
लक्ष्मीनारायणm. (also with nyāyālaṃkāra-, paṇḍita-, yati-) of various authors and other men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
लाटायन wrong reading for la-tyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
लाट्यायNom. P. lāṭyāyati-, to live gaRa kaṇḍv-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
लाट्यायनश्रौतसूत्रn. the śrauta-sūtra- of lāṭyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ली (see -) cl.9 P. () lināti-, to adhere, obtain (not usually found) ; cl.1 P. layati- (), to melt, liquefy, dissolve (not usually found) ; cl.4 A1. () l/īyate- (Vedic or Veda also yate-; perfect tense lilye-, lilyuḥ- etc.; lilāya-, lalau- grammar; Aorist aleṣṭa- ; alaiṣīt-, alāsīt-, alāsta- grammar; future letā-, lātā-; leṣyati-or lāsyati-, te- ; infinitive mood letumorla1tum ; ind.p. -lāyam- ; līya- etc.) , to cling or press closely, stick or adhere to (locative case) etc. ; to remain sticking ; to lie, recline, alight or settle on, hide or cower down in (locative case), disappear, vanish etc.: Causal P. lāpayati- or lāyayati-, to cause to cling etc. etc. ; A1. lāpayate-, to deceive ; to obtain honour ; to humble : Desiderative lilīṣati-, te- grammar : Intensive lelīyate-, lelayīti-, leleti- (see lelāya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
लीलावतीf. Name of various works (especially of a well-known treatise on arithmetic, algebra, and geometry by bhāskarācārya- ;also abbreviated for nyāya-l-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
लुक्(prob. fr. luñc-), and gram. term to express "the dropping out"or,"disappearance"of pratyaya-s or affixes (the symbols luk-, lup-,and ślu-are distinguished from lopa-, q.v,and are called lumat-,as containing the syllable lu-).
मदातङ्कm. equals madātyaya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मदात्ययm. "passing off of wine", disorder resulting from intoxication (as head-ache etc.) (see pānātyaya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मदव्याधिn. equals madātyaya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
माधवाचार्यm. "the learned mādhava-", Name of a celebrated scholar (author of the sarva-darśana-saṃgraha-, the kālanirṇaya-, the nyāya-mālā-vistara- etc.;he was the brother of sāyaṇa- with whom he is by some identified) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
माधवीf. of a daughter of yayāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
महाभाष्यn. "Great Commentary", Name of patañjali-'s commentary on the sūtra-s of pāṇini- and the vārttika-s of kātyāyana- etc. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
महानागm. Name of vātsyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
महावार्त्तिकn. "great vārttika- or critical commentary", Name of kātyāyana-'s vārttika-s on the sūtra-s of pāṇini- (see māhāv-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
माहावार्त्तिकmf(ī-)n. (fr. mahā-v-) familiar with (kātyāyana-'s) vārttika-s vArttika View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मल्लनागm. Name of vātsyāyana-, author of the kāma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मनस्n. mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers), intellect, intelligence, understanding, perception, sense, conscience, will etc. etc. (in philosophy the internal organ or antaḥ-karaṇa-of perception and cognition, the faculty or instrument through which thoughts enter or by which objects of sense affect the soul ;in this sense manas-is always regarded as distinct from ātman-and puruṣa-,"spirit or soul"and belonging only to the body, like which it is - except in the nyāya- - considered perishable;as to its position in the various systemsSee for nyāya- and vaiśeṣika- , for sāṃkhya- and vedānta- ;in it is sometimes joined with hṛd-or hṛdaya-,the heart cakṣus-,the eye) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मण्डलn. a division or book of the ṛg-- veda- (of which there are 10, according to the authorship of the hymns;these are divided into 85 anuvāka-s or lessons, and these again into 1017, or with the 11 additional hymns into 1028 kta-s or hymns;the other more mechanical division, is into aṣṭaka-s, adhyāya-s and varga-s q.v) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मन्दनागm. (prob. wrong reading for malla-nāga-) = vātsyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मणिसारm. or n. (?) , Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मञ्जूषाf. receptacle of or for (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',rarely in the beginning of a compound in titles of works;also Name of various works and sometimes abridged for the fuller names, exempli gratia, 'for example' for dhātu-nyāya-m-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मनोभिरामm. or n. (?) Name of the spot where buddha- tamāla-pattra-candana-gandha- (mahā-maudgalyāyana-) will appear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मेधाजित्m. Name of kātyāyana- (varia lectio medha-jit-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मी cl.1.10. P. mayati- or māyayati-, to go, move ; to understand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मिथ्याभिमान(mithyābh-) equals -pratratyaya-, sāṃkhya-s. Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मोक्षधर्मm. Name of a section of the 12th book of the mahābhārata- (from adhyāya- 174 to the end;also mokṣadharmaparvan -parvan- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मुनित्रयn. "triad of muni-s", pāṇini- and kātyāyana- and patañjali- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
मूष्यायणmfn. born of unknown parents (= ajñāta-pitṛka-) (prob. wrong reading for āmuṣyāyaṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नाभागm. of a son of yayāti- (grandson of ambarīṣa-) and father of aja- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नहुषm. of an ancient king (son of āyu- or āyus-[ see ]and father of yayāti-;he took possession of indra-'s throne but was afterwards deposed and changed into a serpent etc.(see );according to he is a son of ambarīṣa- and father of nabhāga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नाहुषm. (fr. n/ahuṣa-) patron. of yayāti- R etc. Name of a serpent-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नहुषात्मजm. Name of king yayāti- (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नाहुषिm. patronymic of yayāti-
नैयायmfn. (fr. ny-āya-) treating of the nyāya- philosophy (q.v), explaining it etc. gaRa ṛgayanādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नैयायिकmfn. knowing the nyāya- philosophy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नैयायिकm. a follower of the nyāya- system of investigation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नलिनीगुल्मn. Name of an adhyayana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नानार्थसंदिग्धार्थविचारm. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नरहरिm. of several authors (also -tīrtha-, -bhaṭṭa-, -śāstrin-, -sūri-; ry-upādhyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नवयोगकल्लोलm. Name of work (-nyāya-ratnākara-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नी (for 1.See) cl.1 P. A1. () nayati- te- (perfect tense P. nināya-,2. sg. ninetha- plural nīnima- ; subjunctive ninīth/as- Potential ninīyāt- ; imperative ninetu- ; A1. ninye- etc.; -nayām āsa- ; -nayāṃ cakre- ; Aorist P.3. dual number anītām- subjunctive n/eṣi-, neth/ā- ; anaiṣīt- subjunctive neṣati-, ṣat-,3. plural A1. aneṣata- ; anayīt- ; future neṣyati- ; te- ; nayiṣyati-, te- ; n/etā-, nayitā- ; ind.p. nītvā- etc.; nayitvā- ; n/īya- etc.; infinitive mood neṣ/aṇi- ; n/etavai-, tos-and nayitum- ; n/etum- etc.), to lead, guide, conduct, direct, govern (also with agram-and genitive case; see agra-ṇī-) etc. ; to lead etc. towards or to (accusative with or without prati- dative case, locative case or artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') ; to lead or keep away, exclude from (ablative) ; (A1.) to carry off for one's self (as a victor, owner etc.) ; (A1.,rarely P.) to lead home id est marry ; to bring into any state or condition (with accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' with vaśam-,to bring into subjection, subdue[A1. ; P. ];with śūdra-tām-,to reduce to a śūdra- ;with sākṣyam-[A1.],to admit as a witness, ;with vyāghra-tām-,to change into a tiger ;with vikrayam-,to sell ;with paritoṣam-,to satisfy ;with duḥkham-,to pain ;rarely, with locative case exempli gratia, 'for example' duhitṛ-tve-,to make a person one's daughter ;or with an adverb in -sāt- exempli gratia, 'for example' bhasmasāt-to reduce to ashes ) ; to draw (a line etc.) ; to pass or spend (time) etc. ; (with daṇḍam-) to bear the rod id est inflict punishment (with vyavahāram-) to conduct a process ; (with kriyām-) to conduct a ceremony, preside over a religious act ; to trace, track, find out, ascertain, settle, decide (with anyathā-,"wrongly") etc. ; (A1.) to be foremost or chief : Causal nāyayati-, te-, to cause to lead etc. ; to cause to be led by (instrumental case) (see Va1rtt. 5 ) : Desiderative n/inīṣati-, te- ( , w. r. nineṣati-), to wish to lead or bring or carry to or into (accusative or dative case) etc. ; to wish to carry away ; to wish to spend or pass (time) ; to wish to exclude from (ablative) ; to wish to find out or ascertain, investigate : Intensive nenīy/ate- to lead as a captive, have in one's power, rule, govern View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नी P. ny-eti- (3. plural ni-yanti-; parasmE-pada -yat-; imperfect tense ny-āyan- ind.p. tya-), to go into (see nyāya-), enter, come or fall into, incur (accusative) ; to undergo the nature of id est to be changed into (bhāvam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निध्यैP. -dhyāyati- (perfect tense -dadhyau-, dhyur-), to observe, perceive ; to meditate, think of, remember (accusative) : Desiderative -didhyāsate-, to wish to meditate on, think of attentively View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निग्रहm. a place or occasion for being caught hold of, (especially in nyāya- philosophy) an occasion for refutation, a weak point in an argument or fault in a syllogism (see -sthāna-)
निकेतm. rarely n. (4. cit-) a mark, sign (tapātyaya-n-,"mark of departure of heat", said of a cloud) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
नीलाम्बरm. Name of a poet and several other authors (also with ācārya-, upādhyāya-, purohita-and miśra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निमित्तज्ञानn. "knowledge of omens or signs", Name of chapter of the kāma-sūtra- by vātsyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निपाP. -pibati-, to drink or suck in, kiss ; to absorb, dry up : Causal -pāyayati-, cause to imbibe or suck in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निरवसोCaus. -sāyayati-, to establish, settle, furnish with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निर्भल्(only pr. p. f. -bhālayantī-in Prakrit varia lectio -dhyāyantī-), to see, perceive, notice = (and perhaps wrong reading for) ni-bh-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निर्ध्यै(present tense p. -dhyāyat- ; ind.p. -dhyāya- ), to think of, reflect upon, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निर्याP. -yāti-, to go out, come forth, go from (ablative) to or into (accusative), set out for (dative case,[ exempli gratia, 'for example' yuddhāya- ; dig-jayāya- ]or artham-[ exempli gratia, 'for example' bhikṣārtham- ]) etc. ; (with mṛgayām-) to go hunting ; to depart from life, die ; to pass away (as time) ; to weed (a field) : Causal -yāpayati-, to cause to go out etc. ; to drive away, expel from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निसार( sṛ-?) equals saṃgha-, sāra-, or nyāya-dātavya-vitta- (prob. wrong reading for ni-kara-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निशीथिकाf. equals svādhyāya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निशोत्सर्गm. equals śātyaya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
निष्ट्यै( styai-) A1. -ṣṭyāyate-, ṣṭyāyatām- ; (ind.p. -ṣṭyāya-), to stick to by coagulation or condensation, to grow or crowd together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
न्यस्तmfn. exposed (krayāya-,for sale) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
न्यायशास्त्रn. the doctrine of the nyāya- school of philosophy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
न्यायसूत्रn. the aphorisms of the nyāya- philosophy by gautama- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
न्यायिन्mfn. equals nyāya-vat- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
न्याय्यmf(ā-)n. regular, customary, usual, correct, right, fit, proper (often with an infin. which then has a pass. sense) ; also wrong reading for nyāya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
न्यूनn. want or omission of one of the 5 members in a nyāya- argument View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पा cl.1 P. () p/ibati- (Ved. and Epic also A1. te-; rarely pipati-, te- ) cl.2. pāti-, pāth/as-, pānti- ; parasmE-pada A1. papān/a- , p/ipāna- (perfect tense P. pap/au-,2. sg. papātha- ; papitha- ; papīyāt- ; p. papiv/as- ; A1. pape-, papire- ; p. papān/a- ; Aorist or imperfect tense apāt- [ confer, compare ] ; 3. plural apuḥ-[?] ; -pāsta- ; preceding 3. sg. peyās- ; future pāsyati-, te- etc.; pātā- grammar; ind.p. pītv/ā- etc., tvī- ; -pāya- etc.; -pīya- ; pāyam- ; infinitive mood p/ibadhyai- ; pātum- etc.; p/ātave- ; p/ātava/ī- ), to drink, quaff, suck, sip, swallow (with accusative,rarely genitive case) etc. ; (met.) to imbibe, draw in, appropriate, enjoy, feast upon (with the eyes, ears etc.) etc. ; to drink up, exhaust, absorb ; to drink intoxicating liquors : Passive voice pīy/ate- etc. etc.: Causal pāyayati-, te- (perfect tense pāyayām āsā- ; Aorist apīpyat- ; ind.p. pāyayitvā- ; infinitive mood p/āyayitav/ai- ), to cause to drink, give to drink, water (horses or cattle) etc. etc.: Desiderative pipāsati- ( also pipīṣati-), to wish to drink, thirst : Desiderative of Causal pipāyayiṣati-, to wish or intend to give to drink : Intensive pepīyate- (parasmE-pada yamāna-also with pass meaning) , to drink greedily or repeatedly [ confer, compare Greek; AEolic = ; Latin pa1-tus,po1tum,biboforpi-bo; Slavonic or Slavonian pi-ja,pi-ti] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पादm. the caesura of a verse , the chapter of a book (originally only of a book or section of a book consisting of 4 parts, as the adhyāya-s of pāṇini-'s grammar). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पक्षिलm. Name of the saint vātsyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पञ्चिकाf. a book consisting of 5 adhyāya-s (as those of the ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परिind. against, opposite to, in the direction of, towards, to (see ;also at the beginning of a compound mfn.; see Va1rtt. 4 and pary-adhyayana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परी( pari-i-) P. pary-eti- (imperative parīhi- ; Potential p/artyām- ; imperfect tense paryait- ; perfect tense p/arīyāya- ; future pary-etā- ; ind.p. parītya- ; pary-āyaṃ- ; infinitive mood p/ary-etave- ), to go about, move in a circle ; (trans.) to go or flow round (accusative), circumambulate, surround, include, grasp, span etc. ; to run against or into, reach, attain ; (with or sc. manasā-) to perceive, ponder : Intensive A1. p/arīyate-, to move round or in a circle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परिचि(2. sg. imperative -cinu-; parasmE-pada -cinvat-; infinitive mood -cetum-), to examine, investigate, search ; to find out, know, learn, exercise, practise, become acquainted with (accusative) : Passive voice -cīyate- : Causal A1. -cāyayate-, to search, seek for View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परिज्ञाP. A1. -jānāti-, nīte- (infinitive mood -jñātum- ind.p. -jñāya-), to notice, observe, perceive, learn, understand, comprehend, ascertain, know or recognise as (2 accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परिख्याP. -khyāti- (subjunctive -khyatam-, -khyan- ), to look round, look at, perceive etc. ; to observe, regard, consider ; to overlook, disregard : Passive voice -khyāyate-, to be perceived View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परिक्रीतmfn. purchased, bought, hired (applied to a son equals reto-mūlya-dānena tasyām eva-[i.e. bhāryāyām-] janitaḥ- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परिणी( -) P. A1. -ṇayati-, te- (perfect tense A1. -ṇinye- ; -ṇayām āsa- ;3. plural Aorist -aneṣata- ; ind.p. -ṇīya- ), to lead or bear or carry about or round etc. etc., (especially) to lead a bride and bridegroom round the sacrificial fire (with 2 accusative) to marry (said of a bridegroom) etc. ; to lead forward to, put or place anywhere (agram-,at the head) , ; to carry away ; to trace out, discover, investigate ; (with anyathā-) to explain otherwise : Causal -ṇāyayati-, to pass or spend (time) ; (also ṇāpayati-), to cause a man to marry a woman (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परिवर्जितmfn. abandoned or left by, deprived or devoid of (instrumental case or compound) etc. (with saṃkhyayā-,countless, innumerable ;with aṣṭabhis-,less by 8, minus 8 ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परिविद्P. -vindati-, to find out, ascertain ; to twine, twist round (See below) ; to marry before an elder brother (only Passive voice yayā-[ ] or -[ ] pari-vidyate-,[the woman] with whom such a marriage is contracted). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
परिव्येP. A1. -vyayati-, te- (Aorist -avyata-, -vyata- ; ind.p. -vyāya-and -vīya- see ), to wrap or tie round ; (A1.) to wrap one's self up View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पौलोमmfn. relating to or treating of pulomā- (Name of the 4th-12th adhyāya-s of ; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पाय् cl.1 A1. pāyayate-, to void excrement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रध्यैP. A1. -dhyāyati-, te-, to meditate upon, think of (accusative with or without prati-) ; to reflect, consider ; to excogitate, devise, hit upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्राग्वृत्तn. (in law) = 1 prā-nyāya- (q.v), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रकरणn. Name of work (see nyāyapr-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रख्याP. -khyāti-, to see (subjunctive -khyat-; infinitive mood -khy/ai-) (ind.p. -khyāya-) ; to announce, proclaim, extol (imperative -khyāhi-): Passive voice -khyāyate-, to be seen or known ; to be visible or public or acknowledged or celebrated etc.: Causal -khyāpayati-, to make generally known, proclaim, announce, publish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रमाणn. a means of acquiring pramā- or certain knowledge (6 in the vedānta-, viz. pratyakṣa-,perception by the senses; anumāna-,inference; upamāna-,analogy or comparison; śabda-or āpta-vacana-,verbal authority, revelation; an-upalabdhi-or abhāva-pratyakṣa-,non-perception or negative proof; arthāpatti-,inference from circumstances;the nyāya- admits only 4, excluding the last two;the sāṃkhya- only 3, viz. pratyakṣa-, anumāna-and śabda-;other schools increase the number to 9 by adding sambhava-,equivalence; aitihya-,tradition or fallible testimony;and ceṣṭā-,gesture ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रप्यैA1. -pyāyate-, to swell out, swell up, be distended or exuberant : Causal -pyāyayati-, to cause to swell out, distend View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रसज्यप्रतिषेधm. the negative form of an applicable (positive) statement (also sajyāyām- pr- ; prasajyapratiṣedhatva dha-tva- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रसङ्गसमm. (in nyāya-) the sophism that the proof too must be proved View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रती( prati-i-) P. praty-eti-, to go towards or against, go to meet (as friend or foe) etc. ; to come back, return ; to resort or apply to ; to fall to a person's (dative case) lot or share ; to receive, accept ; (also Passive voice) to admit, recognize, be certain of, be convinced that (2 accusative) etc. ; to trust, believe (with genitive case) : Passive voice pratīyate-, to be admitted or recognized, follow, result (parasmE-pada yamāna-,known, understood, implicit ) : Causal praty-āyayati- (Passive voice praty-āyyate-), to lead towards id est cause to recognize or acknowledge, convince (any one of the truth of anything) ; to make clear, prove : Desiderative pratīṣiṣati-, to wish or try to understand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रतिज्ञाf. (in logic) a proposition, the assertion or proposition to be proved, the first member or avyaya- of the five-membered nyāya- syllogism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रतिसंख्या(only ind.p. khyāya-), to count or reckon up, number View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रत्यक्षn. ocular evidence, direct perception, apprehension by the senses (in nyāya- one of the 4 pramāṇa-s or modes of proof. see pramāṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रत्ययm. proof, ascertainment etc. (pratyayaṃ-gam-,to acquire confidence, repose confidence in ; asty atra pratyayo mama-,that is my conviction ; kah pratyayo 'tra-,what assurance is there of that? ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रत्ययायNom. P. yati-, to convince (prob. wrong reading for Causal praty-āyayati-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रत्ये( -ā-i-; P. proper 3. plural -ā-yanti-, parasmE-pada -ā-yat-; Potential -eyāt-; perfect tense -eyāya-; ind.p. -etya-), to come back, return to (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रवृत्A1. -vartate-, (Epic also P. ti-), to roll or go onwards (as a carriage), be set in motion or going etc. ; to set out, depart, betake one's self etc. ; to proceed (vartmanā-,or ni-,on a path; apathena-,on a wrong path) ; to come forth, issue, originate, arise, be produced, result, occur, happen, take place etc. ; to commence, begin to (infinitive mood), set about, engage in, be intent upon or occupied with (dative case locative case,or artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') etc. ; to proceed against, do injury to (locative case) ; to debauch (anyo 'nyam-,"one another") ; to act or proceed according to or with (instrumental case or ablative) etc. ; to behave or conduct one's self towards, deal with (locative case) ; to hold good, prevail ; to continue, keep on (pr.p.) ; to be, exist ; to serve for, conduce to (dative case,or artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') ; to mean, be used in the sense of (locative case) ; to let any one (genitive case) have anything (accusative) : Causal -vartayati-, to cause to turn or roll, set in motion etc. ; to throw, hurl, Pour forth ; to send ; to set on foot, circulate, diffuse, divulge etc. ; to introduce, appoint, instal ; to produce, create, accomplish, devise, invent, perform, do, make (with setum-to erect a dam;with vyayakarma-,to effect expenditure;with loka-yātrām-,to transact the business of life;with kathām-,to relate a story) ; to exhibit, show, display ; to undertake, begin etc. ; to use, employ ; to induce any one to do anything, betray into (locative case) ; to proceed against (locative case)
प्रवृत्तिf. activity, exertion, efficacy, function etc. (in the nyāya- one of the 82 prameya-s ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्री cl.9 P. A1. () prīṇ/āti-, prīṇīt/e- ; cl.4 A1. () prīyate- (rather Passive voice; Epic and mc. also ti-and priyate-, ti-; perfect tense pipriy/e-, parasmE-pada yāṇ/a- subjunctive pipr/ayat-; imperative pipr/ayasva-or prīh/i- ; Aorist apraiṣīt- subjunctive pr/eṣat- ; apreṣṭa- grammar; future preṣyati-, te-, pretā- ) P. to please, gladden, delight, gratify, cheer, comfort, soothe, propitiate etc. ; (mostly A1. prīyate-) to be pleased or satisfied with, delight in, enjoy (genitive case instrumental case locative case or ablative) ; (A1.; Epic and mc. also P.and pri-) to like, love, be kind to (accusative) : Causal prīṇayati- (prāpayati- , prāyayati- ), to please, delight gratify, propitiate etc. ; to refresh, comfort : Desiderative p/iprīṣati-, to wish to please or propitiate : Intensive peprīyate-, peprayīti-, pepreti- grammar ([ confer, compare Gothic frijo7n,frijo7nds; German friunt,freund; Anglo-Saxon freo4nd; English friend; Slavonic or Slavonian prijati; Lithuanian pre0teliusetc.])
प्रियायNom. A1. y/ate-, to treat kindly (varia lectio priyam ivācarate- ; see prīyāya-) ; to make friends with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
प्रीयायNom. A1. yate-, to rejoice at (accusative) (see priyāya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पुच्छलक्षणn. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पुनर्वसुm. of kātyāyana- or vararuci- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पुण्यनाथm. (with upādhyāya-) Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पुरुm. (see pūru-) Name of a prince (the son of yayāti- and śarmiṣṭhā- and sixth monarch of the lunar race) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पूरुm. of an ancient prince (the son of yayāti- and śarmiṣṭhā-) (see Va1rtt. 3 )
पूर्ववत्ind. according to something previous (applied in the nyāya- to a kind of inference such as inferring from the previous appearance of a cloud that rain will fall) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पूर्वयायातn. the more ancient form of the legend of yayāti- or that current in the east View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
पुष् cl.1 P. () poṣati- (trans.) , only ; cl.4 P. () p/uṣyati- (trans. and intrans.; mc. also te-) etc. etc.; cl.9 P. () puṣṇāti- (trans.) etc. (perfect tense pup/oṣa-, pupuṣyās- ; Aorist apuṣat-or apoṣīt- grammar; Potential puṣeyam-, ; preceding puṣyāsam-, sma- ; future poṣiṣyati-, pokṣyati-; poṣitā-, poṣṭā- grammar; Passive voice puṣyate- ; Aorist apoṣi- grammar; infinitive mood puṣy/ase- ), to be nourished (with instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' bhāryayā- ), to thrive, flourish, prosper (also with p/oṣam-, puṣṭim-or vṛddhim-) (rarely in later language exempli gratia, 'for example' [see above], and sometimes in , where also 3 sg. puṣyati-tarām-) ; to cause to thrive or prosper, nourish, foster, augment, increase, further, promote, fulfil (exempli gratia, 'for example' a wish) , develop, unfold, display, gain, obtain, enjoy, possess etc. etc.: Causal posk/ayati- (Aorist apūpuṣat- grammar), to rear, nourish, feed, cause to thrive or prosper etc. ; to cause to be reared or fed by (instrumental case) : Desiderative pupoṣiṣati-, pupuṣithati-, pupukṣati- grammar : Intensive popuṣyate-, popoṣṭi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रघुदेवm. Name of various authors (also with bhaṭṭācārya-and nyāyālaṃkārabh-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रघुनाथm. Name of various authors and others (also with dīkṣita-, bhaṭṭa-, ārya-, ācārya-, upādhyāya-, kavi-, yati-, yatīndra-, paṇḍita-, sūri-, cakravartin-, bhūpāla-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रघुपतिm. Name of various authors and teachers (also with upādhyāya-and mahodhyāya-)
राजनारायणm. (with mukhodhyāya-) Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रक्तसूर्यायNom. A1. -sūryāyate-, to represent or be like a red sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रामm. of various authors and teachers (also with ācārya-, upādhyāya-, kavi-, cakra-vartin-, jyotir-vid-, jyau-- tiṣaka-, tarka-vāg-īśa-, dīkṣita-, daiva-jña-, paṇḍita-, bhaṭṭa-, bhaṭṭācārya-, vājapeyin-, śarman-, śāstrin-, saṃyamin-, sūri-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रामचन्द्रm. Name of various kings and authors etc. (also with ācārya-, kavi-, kṣiti-pati-, cakra-vartin-, daṇḍin-, dīkṣīta-, naimiṣa-stha-or vājapeyin-, nyāya-vāg-īśa-, parama-haṃsa-, pāṭhaka-, bhaṭṭa-, bhaṭṭācārya-, bhārgava-, bhiṣaj-, miśra-, yajvan-, yatīśvara-, vācas-pati-, śāstrin-, sārasvatī-, siddha-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रामकिशोरm. (with śarman nyāyālaṃkāra-) Name of an, author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रामरामm. (with nyāyālaṃkāra-) of a Scholiast. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रामरुद्रm. (with bhaṭṭa-and with nyāya-vāgīśa bhaṭṭācārya-) Name of two authors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
राणकm. of a commentator or commentary on the tantra-vārttika- (also called nyāya-sudhā-or vārttika-yojanā-or sarvānavadya-kāriṇī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रात्रिf(i-or ī-). equals rātri-paryāya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रौद्रीf. Name of the Comms. on the tattva-cintāmaṇi-dīdhiti- and the nyāya-siddhānta-muktāvalī- by rudra- bhaṭṭācārya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
रूपहानिf. loss of form (in the nyāya- one of the 7 preventives of classification) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
the actual base for the Nominal verb case of the 3rd Persian pronoun t/ad- q.v (occurring only in the Nominal verb sg. mf.[ s/a-or s/as-, -],and in the Vedic or Veda locative case [ s/asmin- ];the final s-of the Nominal verb m.is dropped before all consonants [except before p-in , and before t-in ] and appears only at the end of a sentence in the form of visarga-; sa-occasionally blends with another vowel [as in saīṣaḥ-];and it is often for emphasis connected with another pronoun as with aham-, tvam-, eṣa-, ayam-etc.[ exempli gratia, 'for example' so 'ham- sa tvam-,"I (or thou) that very person"; confer, compare under t/ad-,p.434] , the verb then following in the 1st and 2nd Persian even if aham-or tvam-be omitted[ exempli gratia, 'for example' sa- tvā pṛcchāmi-"I that very person ask you"; sa- vai no brūhi-"do thou tell us" ];similarly, to denote emphasis, with bhavān-[ exempli gratia, 'for example' sa bhavān vijayāya pratiṣṭhatām-,"let your Highness set out for victory" ];it sometimes [and frequently in the brāhmaṇa-s] stands as the first word of a sentence preceding a rel. pronoun or adverb such as ya-, yad-, yadi-, yathā-, ced-;in this position sa-may be used pleonastically or as a kind of ind.,even where another gender or number is required[ exempli gratia, 'for example' sa yadi- sthāvarā āpo bhananti-,"if those waters are stagnant" ];in the sāṃkhya- sa-,like eṣa-, ka-,and ya-,is used to denote puruṣa-, "the Universal Soul") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शब्दसद्रूपसंग्रहm. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शब्दशक्तिप्रकाशिकाf. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शब्दस्वातन्त्र्यवादm. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शब्दवादार्थm. Name of work on the nyāya- by raghu-nātha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शब्दाय(see śabd-) Nom. A1. yate- (;exceptionally also yati-), to make a sound (accusative), cry, yell, bray etc.: Causal śabdāyayati-, to cause a sound to be made by (instrumental case) Va1rtt. 1 ; to cause any one (accusative) to, cry by (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
षड्गुरुशिष्यm. Name of a Commentator on kātyāyana-'s ṛg-veda-sarvānukramaṇī- (who lived in the 12th century, A.D.)
साधारणm. or n. (?) Name of a nyāya- work by gādadhara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
साधर्म्यसमm. (in nyāya-) a pretended or sham objection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सहind. in common, in company, jointly, conjointly, in concert (often used as a prefix in compound,expressing"community of action", exempli gratia, 'for example' sahādhyayana- q.v;or forming adjectives expressing"the companion of an action", exempli gratia, 'for example' saha-cara- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सैनकn. (fr. senā-; saṃjñāyām-) gaRa kulālādi-.
शैष्योपाध्यायिकाf. (fr. śiṣya-+ upādhyāya-) the relation between pupil and teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शैवकल्पद्रुमm. Name of work by apyaya- dīkṣita-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शक्तिf. the power or signification of a word (defined in the nyāya- as padasya padārthe- sambandhaḥ- id est"the relation of a word to the thing designated") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
समभिध्यैP. -dhyāyati-, or -dhyāti-, to reflect deeply on, meditate on ; to direct all the thoughts upon, long for (accusative)
समभिज्ञा(only ind.p. -jñāya-), to recognize fully, entirely acknowledge or Perceive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
समधिशीCaus. -sāyayati-, to lay or put anything in the place of any other thing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
समाध्यैP. -dhyāyati-, to meditate deeply upon, reflect upon, be lost in thought View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
समानीP. A1. -nayati-, te-, to lead or conduct together, join, unite, collect, assemble etc. ; to lead anyone to another, unite one person (accusative) with another (instrumental case with or without saha-) ; to lead towards, bring near ; to bring home ; to pour together, mingle (liquids) ; to bring or offer (an oblation) : Causal -nāyayati- (ind.p. -nāyya-), to cause to be brought together or near, convoke, assemble
समनुध्यैP. -dhyāyati-, to reflect upon, think of (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सामान्याभावm. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सामान्यलक्षणाf. (in nyāya-) one of the three alaukika- or transcendental perceptions or saṃnikarṣa-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सामान्यतोदृष्टn. (scilicet anumāna-;in logic) a particular kind of induction or inference (exempli gratia, 'for example' generalizing from every day occurrences; according to to the sāṃkhya- and nyāya- it furnishes evidence of what transcends the senses such as the paths of the heavenly bodies, the existence of air ether, soul, space, time etc.) , generalization from particulars View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
समपध्यैP. -dhyāyati- (Epic also A1. te-), to think ill or badly of, meditate evil or injury against, injure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
समाप्तिवादm. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
समाप्यैA1. -pyāyate- (only in perfect tense -pipye-), to grow larger, swell, grow, increase : Causal -pyāyayati-, te-, to cause to increase or grow, refresh, reanimate, enliven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
समासm. (in gram.) composition of words, a compound word (of which there are according to to native grammarians, 6 kinds, viz. dvaṃdva-, bahu-vrīhi-, karma-dhāraya-, tat-puruṣa-, dvigu-, and avyaya- or avyayī-bhāva- [qq. vv.];an improper compound is called asthāna-samāsa-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शम्भुभट्टीयn. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शम्भुराजm. Name of the author of the nyāya-mañjari- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संध्यध्यायm. an adhyāya- or chapter on saṃdhi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संध्यैP. -dhyāyati-, to reflect or meditate on, think about View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संध्यायNom. A1. dhyāyate-, to resemble twilight (yāyita- mfn. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संज्ञाP. A1. -jānāti-, -jānīte-, (A1.) to agree together, be of the same opinion, be in harmony with (locative case; according to to , also instrumental case or accusative) ; (A.) to obey (dative case) ; (A1.) to appoint, assign, intend (for any purpose), destine ; (only ind.p. -jñāya-) to direct, order, command ; to acknowledge, recognize, own ; (P.) to acknowledge or claim as one's own, take possession of ; (P.) to think of. recollect sorrowfully (with accusative or genitive case) ; A1. to know well, understand ; to watch for : Causal -jñāpayati-, te-, to cause to be of the same opinion or agree together ; to cause to acquiesce or agree in (euphemistically said of a sacrificial victim, which ought not to be led forcibly to its death but made to resign itself) ; to appease, satisfy ; to make to be understood or known, cause to understand ; to make signs to (accusative), communicate or make anything known by signs ; to command, enjoin, instruct
संज्ञाf. (in gram.) the name of anything thought of as standing by itself, any noun having a special meaning (saṃjñāyām-therefore denotes"[used] in some peculiar sense rather than in its strictly etymological meaning" exempli gratia, 'for example' as a proper name) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शंकरक्रोडm. Name of a nyāya- Commentary. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शंकरस्तुतिf. Name of the 7th adhyāya- of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संक्षिP. -kṣiṇāti-4. to destroy completely, annihilate : Passive voice -kṣīyate-, to be destroyed or exhausted, waste away, disappear, perish : Causal -kṣapayati-, to cause to, disappear, destroy ; -kṣayayati- See -kṣayita-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संनिकर्षm. connection with, relation to, (in philosophy) the connection of an indriya- or organ of sense with its viṣaya- or object (this according to to the nyāya-, is the source of jñāna-,and is of two kinds, 1. laukika-,which is sixfold, 2. a-laukika-,which is threefold ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सम्पाP. A1. -pibati-, te-, to drink together : Causal -pāyayati-, to cause to drink together, make to drink View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सम्पद्A1. -padyate- (in some forms also P.; ind.p. -pādam- q.v), to fall or happen well, turn out well, succeed, prosper, accrue to (dative case or genitive case) etc. ; to become full or complete (as a number), amount to ; to fall together, meet or unite with, obtain, get into, partake of (instrumental case or accusative) etc. ; to enter into, be absorbed in (accusative or locative case) ; to be produced, be brought forth, be born, arise ; to become, prove, turn into (Nominal verb) etc. ; to be conducive to, produce (dative case) vArttika on ; (with adverb in sāt-) to become thoroughly ; to fall into a Person's, power ; (with adverb in tra-) to fall to a person's share ; to produce a particular sound (as that expressed by an onomatopoetic word in ā-) : Causal -pādayati- (rarely te-), to cause to succeed, cause to arise, bring about, produce, effect, accomplish (with śuśrūṣām-and genitive case,"to obey") etc. ; to make full, complete ; to transform, make or turn into (accusative) ; to provide or furnish with (instrumental case;with kriyayā-,"to charge or entrust a person with a business") ; to afford to, procure for (dative case or genitive case) etc. ; to attain, obtain, acquire etc. ; to ponder on, deliberate ; to consent, agree : Desiderative of Causal -pipādayiṣati- (See sam-pipādayiṣā-etc., col, 2) : Intensive -panīpadyate-, to fit well
सम्प्रती( -prati-- 5 i-) P. -pratyeti-, to go towards, arrive at, come to a firm conviction, believe firmly in, trust in (genitive case) ; Passive voice -pratīyate-, to be meant or understood : Causal -pratyāyayati-, to cause to be meant or understood by View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संसर्गाभावm. (in nyāya-) a particular form of the category of non-existence (said to be of three kinds, prior, incidental, and final, or absence of birth, destruction of present being, and necessary cessation of existence) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संशयm. (in nyāya-) doubt about the point to be discussed (one of the 16 categories) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संशयकारणार्थापत्तिपूर्वपक्षरहस्यn. Name of nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संशयकारणार्थापत्तिरहस्यn. Name of nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संशयसमm. (in nyāya-) one of the 24 jāti-s or self-confuting replies (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संश्यैcl.1 P. A1. -śyāyati-, te-, only in the forms below. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संव्येP. A1. -vyayati-, te- (perfect tense parasmE-pada -vivyāna- q.v), to roll or cover up ; to put on, wrap one's self in (accusative) ; to supply or furnish or provide or equip with : Causal See vāyita-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संयोगm. contact (especially in philosophy "direct material contact", as of sesamum seed with rice-grains [in contradistinction to contact by the fusion of particles, as of water with milk] , enumerated among the 24 guṇa-s of the nyāya- see under sam-bandha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
संयुक्तसमवायm. inherence in the connected (one of the six kinds of perception in nyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
साप्तमिकmfn. taught in the seventh (adhyāya- of pāṇini-'s grammar) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सप्तर्षिचारm. Name of the 13th adhyāya- of and of another astronomy work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सारसायनm. (prob.) a patronymic gaRa ahukāry-ādi- (varia lectio for sāraryāyana-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शरव्ययNom. P. vyayati-, to aim at a mark, take aim at (ati-ś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शरव्यायNom. A1. vyāyate-, to form a mark or object aimed at View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शारिपुत्रm. Name of one of the two chief disciples (agra-śrāvaka-), of gautama- buddha- (the other being maudgalyāyana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शर्मिष्ठाf. "most fortunate", Name of one of the wives of yayāti- (she was the daughter of vṛṣaparvan- and mother of druhyu-, anu-, and puru-; see under yayāti-and deva-yānī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
षाष्ठmfn. taught in the sixth (adhyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
षाष्ठिकmfn. belonging to the sixth, explained in the sixth (adhyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
षष्टिपथm. "60 paths", Name of the first 60 adhyāya-s of the śatapatha-brāhmaṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शतपथब्राह्मणn. "the brāhmaṇa- with a hundred paths or sections"Name of a well-known brāhmaṇa- attached to the vājasaneyi-saṃhitā- or White yajur-veda-, (like the saṃhitā-, this brāhmaṇa- is ascribed to the ṛṣi- yājñavalkya-;it is perhaps the most modern of the brāhmaṇa-s, and is preserved in two śākhā-s or schools, mādhyaṃdina- and kāṇva-;the version belonging to the former is best known, and is divided into fourteen kāṇḍa-s or books which contain one hundred adhyāya-s or lectures [or according to another arrangement into sixty-eight prapāṭhaka-s];the whole work is regarded as the most systematic and interesting of all the brāhmaṇa-s, and though intended mainly for ritual and sacrificial purposes, is full of curious mythological details and legends; see yajur-veda-, vijasaneyisaṃhitā-, brāhmaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शतरुद्रियहोमm. Name of the 16th adhyāya- of the vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
षट्कर्मन्n. the six duties of Brahmans (viz. adhyayana-,"studying or repeating the veda-", adhyāpana-,"teaching the veda-", yajana-"offering sacrifices", yājana-,"conducting them for others", dāna-,"giving", and pratigraha-,"accepting gifts"), etc. (the six daily duties according to to the later law-books, are, snāna-,"religious bathing", saṃdhyājapa-,"repetition of prayers at the three saṃdhyā-s", brahma-yajña-,"worship of the Supreme Being by repeating the first words of sacred books", tarpaṇa-,"daily oblations of water to the gods, sages, and pitṛ-s", homa-,"oblations of fuel, rice etc. to fire", deva-pūjā-,"worship of the secondary gods either in the domestic sanctuary or in temples") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शाट्यायनm. plural "the followers of śāṭyāyana-" etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शाट्यायनmf(ī-)n. of or belonging to śāṭyāyana- or the śāṭyāyana-brāhmaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शाट्यायनब्राह्मणn. the brāhmaṇa- of śāṭyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शाट्यायनगोत्रn. the family of śāṭyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शाट्यायनकn. the brāhmaṇa- of śāṭyāyana- or a passage from it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शाट्यायनस्मृतिf. the law-book of śāṭyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शाट्यायनिन्m. plural the followers of śāṭyāyana- (Name of a śākhā- of the yajur-veda-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सौडलm. (with upādhyāya-) Name of a preceptor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सौमुक्तिवादm. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शौनकm. (patronymic fr. śunaka- gaRa bidādi-) Name of various authors and teachers (also with indrota- and svaidāyana-; especially of the celebrated grammarian, author of the ṛg-veda- prātiśākhya-, the bṛhad-devatā-, and various other works;he is described as the teacher of kātyāyana- and especially of āśvalāyana-;he is said to have united the bāṣkala- and śākala- śākhā-s, and is sometimes identified with the Vedic ṛṣi- gṛtsa-mada-;but according to the viṣṇu-purāṇa-, śaunaka- was a son of gṛtsamada-, and originated the system of four castes;he is quoted in and ;the various legends about him are very confused) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सव्यभिचारm. Name of various nyāya- works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शय्याf. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a bed, couch, sofa (accusative with saṃ-viś-or adhi-ṣṭhā-[ sthā-],"to go to bed or to rest";with Causal of ā-ruh-,"to take [a woman] to bed, have sexual intercourse with"[acc.]; śayyāyām- ā-rūḍha- mfn."gone to bed, lying in bed") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शाय्यिकmfn. equals śayyayā jīvati- gaRa vetanādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शी cl.2 A1. () ś/ete- (with guṇa- throughout the proper stem : thus, ś/aye-[in also 3. sg. ], ś/eṣe-etc., 3. plural ś/erate-[in also ś/ere-and Class. śayire-]; Potential ś/ayīta- etc.; imperative -śetām-and śayām- ; imperfect tense aśeta- etc., 3. plural aśerata-[in also /aśeran-], parasmE-pada ś/ayāna- etc.;Ved. and Epic also cl.1. ś/ayate-, ti-; imperfect tense /aśayat-and aśāyata- ; perfect tense śiśye-, śiśyire- ; parasmE-pada Ved. śaśayān/a-,Class. śiśyāna-; Aorist aśayiṣṭa- subjunctive ś/eṣan- ; future śayitā- sg. t/āse- ; śayiṣyate-, ti- ; śeṣyate-, ti- ; infinitive mood śay/adhyai- ; śayitum- ; ind.p. śayitvā- etc.; -śayya- ), to lie, lie down, recline, rest, repose etc. ; to remain unused (as soma-) ; to lie down to sleep, fall asleep, sleep etc. ; (with patye-) to lie down to a husband (for sexual intercourse) ; (madanena-śī-= "to be impotent") : Passive voice śayyate- grammar (Aorist aśāyi- , pr.p. once in śīyat-): Causal śāyayati-, te- (Aorist aśīśayat-), to cause to lie down, lay down, put, throw, fix on or in (locative case) etc. ; to cause to lie down, allow to rest or sleep : Desiderative śiśayiṣate-, to wish to rest or sleep : Intensive śāśayyate-, śeśayīti-, śeśeti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek ,"to lie";, "a bed."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सि (confer, compare 4. -) cl.5.9. P. A1. () sinoti-, sinute-; sin/āti-, sinite- (really occurring only in present tense sin/āti-, imperfect tense asinot-; perfect tense siṣāya- ; Aorist [?] siṣet- ; asaiṣīt-, aseṣṭa- grammar; future setā- ; siṣyati- ; seṣyati-, te- grammar; infinitive mood s/etave- ; setum- grammar), to bind, tie, fetter : Causal sāyayati- (Aorist asīṣayat-) grammar : Desiderative sisīṣati-, te- : Intensive seṣīyate-, seṣayīti-, seṣeti- [ confer, compare Greek ,; Lettish sinu,"to bind"; Anglo-Saxon sa7l; German Seil.]
सिद्धान्तकारिकाf. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सिद्धान्तशिरोमणिm. Name of an astronomy work by bhāskara- (in 4 divisions called līlāvatī-, bīja-gaṇita-, gaṇitādhyāya-,and golā dhyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शिष्यशिक्षावादm. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शिवादित्यm. (with miśra-) Name of an author (also called nyāyācārya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शिवपञ्चाशिकाf. Name of work by apyaya- dīkṣita- (also called ātmārpaṇa-stuti-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्मि cl.1 A1. () smayate- (mc. also ti-; perfect tense sismiye-,or siṣmiy/e-[ parasmE-pada siṣmiyāṇ/a- confer, compare upa-smi-], Epic also -smayām-āsa-; Aorist asmeṣṭa- ; asmayiṣṭhās- ; future smetā-, smeṣyate- grammar; infinitive mood smetum- ; ind.p. smitvā- ; -smitya-, -smayitya- ), to smile, blush, become red or radiant, shine ; to smile, laugh etc. ; to expand, bloom (as a flower) ; to be proud or arrogant : Passive voice smīyate- (Aorist asmāyi-), grammar : Causal smāyayati-, te- (Aorist asismayat-;also smāpayati-in vi-smi- q.v), to cause to smile or laugh etc. ; (A1.) to laugh at, mock, despise (varia lectio for smiṭ- q.v): Desiderative sismayiṣate- grammar : Intensive seṣmīyate- (parasmE-pada yamāṇa- ), seṣmayīti-, seṣmeti- [ confer, compare Greek for ; , ; Latin mirus,mirari; Slavonic or Slavonian smijati; English smile.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्मृतिf. the whole body of codes of law as handed down memoriter or by tradition (especially the codes of manu- yājñavalkya- and the 16 succeeding inspired lawgivers, viz. atri-, viṣṇu-, hārīta-, uśanas- or śukra-, aṅgiras-, yama-, āpastamba-, saṃvarta-, kātyāyana-, bṛhas-pati-, parāśara-, vyāsa-, śaṅkha-, likhīta-, dakṣa- and gautama-;all these lawgivers being held to be inspired and to have based their precepts on the veda-; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्नानसूत्रn. Name of a sūtra- work ascribed to kātyāyana- (also -pariśiṣṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्नेहm. (or n. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) oiliness, unctuousness, fattiness, greasiness, lubricity, viscidity (also as one of the 24 guṇa-s of the vaiśeṣika- branch of the nyāya- philosophy) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
शो (confer, compare 1. śi-) cl.3 P. A1. śiśāti-, ś/iśīte- (accord to also cl.4 P. śyati- confer, compare ni-śo-; perfect tense śaśau- grammar; parasmE-pada śaśān/a- ; Aorist aśīta- confer, compare saṃ-śo-; aśāt-or aśāsīt- grammar; preceding śāyāt- ; future śātā-, śāśyati- ; indeclinable ś/āya- ), to whet, sharpen (A1."one's own"weapons or horns) : Passive voice śāyate- grammar : Causal śāyayati- ; Desiderative śiśāsati- : Intensive śāśāyate-, śaśeti-, śāśāti- [? confer, compare Greek etc.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सो (usually with prepositions;See ava--, vy-ava--, adhy-ava-so-etc.) cl.4 P. () syati- (perfect tense sasau- Aorist asāt-or asāsīt-etc.) , to destroy, kill, finish : Passive voice sīyate- (Aorist asāyi-), grammar : Causal sāyayati- or sāpayati- : Desiderative siṣāsati- : Intensive seṣīyate-, sāsāti-, sāseti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
षोडशलक्षणn. the sūtra- of jaimini- (consisting of 16 adhyāya-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्पर्शत्वजातिप्रमाणn. Name of a nyāya- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
श्रौतस्मार्तकर्मपद्धतिf. Name of work (equals kātyāyana-sūtra-p-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
श्रौतसूत्रn. Name of particular sūtra-s or sūtra- works based on śruti- or the veda- (ascribed to various authors, such as āpastamba-, āśvalāyana-, kātyāyana-, drāhyāyaṇa- etc.; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
श्रि cl.1 P. A1. () śrayati-, te- (perfect tense śiśr/āya-, śiśriy/e-; Aorist /aśret-, āśriyan- ; aśrait- ; /aśiśriyat- etc.; aśrāyiṣṭa- grammar [Ved. forms belonging either to the perfect tense or Aorist type are also aśiśret-, śrema-, śrayuḥ-, śiśrīt/a-]; future śrayitā- grammar; śrayiṣyati-, te- etc.; infinitive mood śrayitum- ; śrayitav/ai- ; ind.p. śrayitvā- etc., -śr/itya- etc.) P. to cause to lean or rest on, lay on or in, fix on, fasten to, direct or turn towards, (especially) spread or diffuse (light or radiance or beauty) over (locative case) ; (A1.or Passive voice,rarely P.) to lean on, rest on, recline against (accusative), cling to (locative case), be supported or fixed or depend on, abide in or on (accusative locative case or adverb) ; (A1. P.) to go to, approach, resort or have recourse to (for help or refuge) , tend towards (accusative) etc. ; (A1.) to go into, enter, fall to the lot or take possession of (accusative or locative case) ; (A1. P.) to attain, undergo, get into any state or condition (accusative) etc. ; to assume (with śrāvikā-tvam-,"to assume the form of a śrāvikā-", q.v) ; to show, betray (heroism) ; to honour, worship : Passive voice śrīyate- (Aorist /aśrāyi-: confer, compare above) etc. etc.: Causal śrāpayati- (in uc-chr-) ; śrāyayati- (Aorist aśiśrayat-;for aśiśriyat-See above) grammar : Desiderative śiśrayiṣati-, te- or śiśrīṣati-, te- grammar : Intensive śeśrīyate-, śeśrayīti-, śeśreti- [ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin clino,clivus; Lithuanian szly4ti,szle14ti,szlai4tas; Gothic hlains;hlaiw; German hline7n,line7n,lehnen; Anglo-Saxon hlinian; English lean.]
स्तम्भm. Name of a particular adhyāya- on Va1rtt. 1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्तम्भीयmfn. (said of a particular adhyāya-) on Va1rtt. 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्त्रीकर्मन्n. Name of the 2nd part of the 4th adhyāya- of the kauśika-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्त्यै cl.1 P. styāyati-, to be collected into a heap or mass ; to spread about ; to sound ; cl.1 A1. styāyate- (pr. p. styāna- q.v; ind.p. -styāya-;See ni-ṣṭyai-), to stiffen, grow dense, increase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्त्यायSee saṃ-styāya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सुमङ्गलीf. (saṃjñāyām-) gaRa gaurādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सूर्ययमSee sauryayāma-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
सुतेमनस्m. Name of a preceptor (having the patronymic śāṇḍilyāyana-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
श्वचक्रn. "chapter on dogs", Name of the 89th adhyāya- of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्वाधीन svādhyāya- etc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्वाध्यायNom. P. yāyati-, to study, recite, read to (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्वाध्यायिनिकाf. equals svādhyāyanikā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्वाक्षपादm. a follower of the nyāya- philosophy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
स्वामिन्m. of the muni- vātsyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
श्वि (connected with śū-;sometimes written śvā-) cl.1 P. () śv/ayati- (perfect tense śiśvāya-,or śuśāva- grammar; Aorist /aśvat- , aśvayīt- ; preceding śūyāt- grammar; future śvayitā-, śvayiṣyati- ; infinitive mood śv/ayitum- ), to swell, grow, increase etc.: Passive voice śūyate- (Aorist aśvāyi-) idem or ' wrong reading for śvaśurya- ' : Causal śvāyayati- (Aorist aśiśvayat-[ ]or aśūśavat-) idem or ' wrong reading for śvaśurya- ' grammar : Desiderative of Causal śiśvāyayiṣati- or śuśāvayiṣati- : Desiderative śiśvayiṣati- : Intensive śeśvīyate- (), śośūyate- ; śeśvayīti-, śeśveti-, to swell much. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
श्यै cl.1 P. śyāyati-, to cause to congeal or freeze ; (A1.) śyāyate- (grammar also perfect tense śaśye-; Aorist aśyāsta-; future śyātā-, śyāsyate-), to go, move : Passive voice śīyate-, to congeal, freeze, be cold : Causal śyāpayati- grammar : Desiderative śiśyāsate- : Intensive śāśyāyate-, śāśyeti-, śāśyāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तद्धितm. (scilicet pratyaya-) an affix forming nouns from other nouns (opposed to 1. kṛt-), noun formed thus, derivative noun (tad-dhita- mfn."good for that or him", is one of the meanings peculiar to derivative, nouns see maudakika-etc.) (also ataddhita a--t/ad-dhita- negative mfn."having no taddhita- affix") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तद्राजm. (scilicet pratyaya-) an affix added to the Name of a race for forming the Name of its chief View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ताजिकn. equals jaka- (exempli gratia, 'for example' -jyotir-maṇi-, -praśnādhyāya-, -śāstra-, larṃkāra-).
तर्कm. system or doctrine founded on speculation or reasoning, philosophical system (especially the nyāya- system, but applicable also to any of the six darśana- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तर्कभाषाf. Name of a nyāya- manual by keśava-bhaṭṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तर्कचन्द्रिकाf. Name of an elementary exposition of the nyāya- philosophy
तर्कपञ्चाननm. Name of several writers on nyāya- philosophy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तर्कसंग्रहm. Name of a manual of the vaiśeṣika- branch of the nyāya- philosophy by annam-bhaṭṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तर्कवागीशm. Name of several writers on nyāya- philosophy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तार्क्ष्यायणभक्तmfn. inhabited by the tārkṣyāyaṇa-s gaRa aiṣukāry-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तस्याशितीयmfn. beginning with tasyāśita- (an adhyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
त्रैंशn. a brāhmaṇa- containing 30 (triṃś/at-) adhyāya-s () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तृचभागाf. (scilicet ṛc-) verse 1. of the 1st, v. 2. of the 2nd, and v. 3. of the 3rd paryāya- of a tṛca- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
त्रिभानुm. Name of a descendant of yayāti- and father of karaṃ-dhama- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
तुर्वसुm. (later form of śa-) Name of a son of yayāti- by devayānī- and brother of yadu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
उद्देशm. (in nyāya- philosophy) enunciation of a topic (that is to be further discussed and elucidated) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
उपख्या Passive voice -khyāyate-, to be seen or perceived View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
उपाङ्गn. a supplementary or additional work, secondary portion of a science etc. (such as the purāṇa-s, the nyāya-, mīmāṃsā-, and the dharma-śāstra-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
उपनीP. A1. -nayati-, -te- ( Potential -nayīta- ; parasmE-pada -n/ayamāna- ) to lead or drive near, bring near, bring, adduce, offer ; to bring information, communicate ; to lead or bring near to one's self, take possession of ; to lead, guide ; to lead or draw towards one's self (said of the Guru who, in the ceremony of initiation, draws the boy towards himself) ; to initiate into one of the twice-born classes by investing with the sacred thread etc. (only A1. ) etc. etc. ; to bring about, produce, cause ; to bring into any state, reduce to etc. ; to take into one's service (only A1. ) : Causal -nāyayati-, to cause to initiate (a pupil)
उपपाCaus. -pāyayati-, to give to drink and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
उपसंव्येA1. (imperative 2. sg. -s/am-vyayasva-) to wrap up or envelop one's self in (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
उपासनf(ā-)n. homage, adoration, worship (with rāmānuja-s, consisting of five parts, viz. abhigamana- or approach, upādāna- or preparation of offering, ijyā- or oblation, svādhyāya- or recitation, and yoga- or devotion) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
उपस्मृतिf. a minor law-book (the following authors of such books are named jābāli-, nāciketa-, skanda-, laugākṣin-, kaśyapa-, vyāsa-, sanatkumāra-, śatarju-, janaka-, vyāghra-, kātyāyana-, jātūkarṇya-, kapiñjala-, baudhāyana-, kaṇāda-, and viśvāmitra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
उपव्येA1. -vyayate-, to put on or invest one's self with the sacred thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
उत्तरवल्लीf. Name of the second section of the kāṭhakopaniṣad- (when divided into two adhyāya-s). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वाच्यायNom. A1. vācyāyate-, to appear as if really expressed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वैशेषिकn. Name of the later of the two great divisions of the nyāya- school of philosophy (it was founded by kaṇāda-, and differs from the," nyāya- proper" founded by gautama-, in propounding only seven categories or topics instead of sixteen;and more especially in its doctrine of viśeṣa-,or eternally distinct nature of the nine substances, air, fire, water, earth, mind, ether, time, space, and soul, of which the first five, including mind, are held to be atomic)
वैशेषिकसूत्रn. the aphorisms of the vaiśeṣika- (branch of the nyāya- philosophy, which have been commented on by a triple set of commentaries, and expounded in various works, of which the best known are the bhāṣā-pariccheda- with its commentary, called siddhānta-muktāvalī-, and the tarkasaṃgraha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वैयासिकीf. with nyāya-mālā- Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वाजसनेयिसंहिताf. "the saṃhitā- or continuous text of the vājasaneyin-s" (id est of the hymns of the White yajur-veda- ascribed to the ṛṣi- yājñavalkya- and called śukla-,"white", to distinguish it from the Black or Dark yajur-veda-, which was the name given to the taittirīya-saṃhitā- [q.v.] of the yajur-veda-, because in this last, the separation between the mantra- and brāhmaṇa- portion is obscured, and the two are blended together;whereas the White saṃhitā- is clearly distinguished from the brāhmaṇa-;it is divided into 40 adhyāya-s with 303 anuvāka-s, comprising 1975 sections or kaṇḍikā-s: the legend relates that the original yajus- was taught by the ṛṣi- vaiśampāyana- to his pupil yājñavalkya-, but the latter having incurred his teacher's anger was made to disgorge all the texts he had learnt, which were then picked up by vaiśampāyana-'s other disciples in the form of partridges [see taittirīya-saṃhitā-] yājñavalkya- then hymned the Sun, who gratified by his homage, appeared in the form of a vājin-or horse, and consented to give him fresh yajus- texts, which were not known to his former master; see vājin-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वाजसनेयिसंहितोपनिषद्f. Name of an upaniṣad- (forming the 40th adhyāya- of the and also called īśā- or īśā-vāsyopaniṣad- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वल्लभmf(ā-)n. of a grammarian and various other writers and teachers (also with gaṇaka-and nyāyācārya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वामदेवm. of a lawyer, a poet etc. (also with upādhyāya-and bhaṭṭā-cārya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वाप्यायNom. P., yate- (only pr. p. vāpyāyamāna-), to become or resemble a pond View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वररुचिm. Name of a grammarian (also a poet, lexicographer, and writer on medicine, sometimes identified with kātyāyana-, the reputed author of the vārttika-s or supplementary rules of pāṇini-; he is placed by some among the nine gems of the court of vikramāditya-, and by others among the ornaments of the court of bhoja-; he was the author of the Prakrit grammar called prākṛta-prakāśa-, and is said to be the first grammarian who reduced the various dialects of Prakrit to a system) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वरेण्ययNom. yayati- (fr. varenya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वर्गm. a section, chapter, division of a book, (especially) a subdivision of an adhyāya- in the ṛg-- veda- (which according to to the mere mechanical division, contains 8 āṣṭaka-s or 64 adhyāya-s or 2006 varga-s; see maṇḍala-) and a similar subdivision in the bṛhad-devatā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वर्तिन्m. the meaning of an affix (equals pratyayārtha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वार्त्तिकn. an explanatory or supplementary rule, critical gloss or annotation (added to a grammatical or philosophical sūtra- and defined to be"the exposition of the meaning, of that which is said, of that which is left unsaid, and of that which is ill or imperfectly said";the term vārttika- is, however, especially applied to kātyāyana-'s critical annotations on the aphorisms of pāṇini-'s grammar, the object of which is to consider whether pāṇini-'s rules are correct or not, and to improve on them where this may be found to be necessary;and also to similar works on various matters by kumārila-, sureśvara- etc.; see tantra-v-, śloka-v-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वार्त्तिककारm. "composer of vārttika-s", Name of kātyāyana-, kumārila- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वस् cl.1 P. () v/asati- (mc. also te-; perfect tense uvāsa-, ūṣuḥ- etc.; parasmE-pada vāvasāna- ; -vāsāṃ cakre- ; Aorist avātsīt- ; avāksam- [where it is artificially connected with vāc-]; avāstam- ; future vastā- grammar; vatsyati-, te- etc.; vasiṣyati- ; infinitive mood vastum-, vasitum- etc.; ind.p. uṣitv/ā- ; uṣṭvā- ; -/uṣya- etc.), to dwell, live, stop (at a place), stay (especially "overnight" , with or without rātrim-or rātrīs-) etc. ; to remain, abide with or in (with locative case of Persian; locative case or accusative of place, especially with vāsam-or vasatim-) etc. ; to remain or keep on or continue in any condition (with a pp., exempli gratia, 'for example' with channa-,"to continue to be covered" ;or with an accusative,with brahmacaryam-,"to practise chastity" ;or with an adverb exempli gratia, 'for example' with sukham-,"to live pleasantly or at ease";with or without dūratas-,"to keep aloof") etc. ; to have sexual intercourse with (locative case) ; to rest upon (locative case) ; to charge or entrust with (instrumental case) ; cl.10 P. vasayati-, to dwell : Passive voice uṣyate- (Aorist avāsi-), to be dwelt etc. etc.: Causal vās/ayati-, te- (confer, compare ; Aorist avīvasat- : Passive voice vāsy/ate- , ti- ), to cause to halt or stay (overnight), lodge, receive hospitably or as a guest etc. ; to cause to have sexual intercourse with (locative case) ; to let anything stand overnight (with tisro-, scilicet ratrīs-,"three nights") ; to cause to wait, keep in suspense ; to delay, retard ; to cause to exist, preserve ; to cause to be inhabited, populate (a country) ; to put in, place upon (locative case) (anadhyāyam mukhe-,to put restraint on the mouth, refrain from speaking) ; to produce : Desiderative vivatsati-, to wish to dwell : Intensive vāvasyate-, vāvasti-, to remain, be in, be engaged in [ confer, compare Gothic wisan; German wësan,ge-wesen,waretc.; Anglo-Saxon wësan; English was,were.]
वात्सायन wrong reading for vātsyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वात्स्यायनm. Name of various authors (especially of the kāma-- sūtra-s and of the nyāya-bhāṣya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वात्स्यायनmf(ī-)n. relating to or composed by vātsyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वात्स्यायनभाष्यn. Name of vātsyāyana-'s commentator or commentary on the nyāya-- sūtra-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वात्स्यायनीयn. a work composed by vātsyāyana- (especially the kāma-- sūtra-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वे (see ūy-) cl.1 P. A1. () v/ayati-, te- (perfect tense parasmE-pada vavau-or uvāya-;2. sg. uvayitha- grammar;3. plural vavuḥ- ; ūvuḥ- ; ūyuḥ- ; A1. vave-, ūve-, ūye- grammar; Aorist avāsīt-, avāsta- grammar; preceding ūyāt-, vāsīṣṭa- ; future vātā- ; vāsyati-, te- ; vayiṣy/ati- ; infinitive mood /otum-, /otave-, /otav/ai- ; v/ātave- ), to weave, interweave, braid, plait (figuratively to string or join together artificially, make, compose exempli gratia, 'for example' speeches, hymns) etc. ; to make into a cover, into a web or web-like covering, overspread as with a web (said of a cloud-like mass of arrows filling the air) : Passive voice ūyate- (Aorist avāyi-) grammar : Causal vāyayati- : Desiderative vivāsati-, te- : Intensive vāvāyate-, vāveti-, vāvāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वेदार्थप्रदीपिकाf. Name of work (by kātyāyana-- śiṣya-)
वेदव्रतविधिm. (or -vratānāṃ-vidhi-) Name of a pariśiṣṭa- of kātyāyana-.
वी cl.2 P. () veti- (according to to some in the conjug. tenses substituted for aj-;2. sg. v/eṣi-also as imperative ;3. plural vy/anti- ; subjunctive 2. 3. sg. ves- ; imperative h/i-, vītāt- ;3. plural viyantu- ; parasmE-pada A1. vyān/a- ; perfect tense vivāya-, vivye- ; Aorist avaiṣīt- grammar;3. plural aveṣan- subjunctive veṣat- ; future vetā-, veṣyati- infinitive mood vetum- grammar), to go, approach, (either as a friend id est"seek or take eagerly, grasp, seize, accept, enjoy", or as an enemy id est"fall upon, attack, assail, visit, punish, avenge") ; to set in motion, arouse, excite, impel ; to further, promote, lead or bring or help any one to (two accusative) ; to get, procure : Passive voice -vīy/ate- etc. : Causal vāyayati- or vāpayati- (Aorist avīvayat-), to cause to go or approach etc. ; to impregnate : Desiderative vivīṣati- grammar : Intensive , See ā-- and vevī-. ([ confer, compare according to to some, Latin ve-nari; German weida,Weide,weiden.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वी( vi-- 5 i-) P. vy-eti- (3. plural viyanti-; imperfect tense vy-ait-; perfect tense yāya-; infinitive mood vy-etum-;for vyayati-, vyayayati-See vyay-), to go apart or in different directions, diverge, be diffused or scattered or distributed or divided or extended etc. ; to be lost, perish, disappear etc. ; to go through, traverse : Intensive (or cl.4. A1.) yate-, to pass through, traverse
विभागm. disjunction (opp. to saṃ-yoga-and regarded in nyāya- as one of the 24 guṇa-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विच्छद्(1 chad-), Causal -cchādayati-, to uncover, unclothe (only ,as varia lectio for -cchāyayati-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विच्छाययNom. P. yayati-, to free from shadow, deprive of colour or lustre (-cchāyita-,colourless, pale) ; -cchāyī-kṛ- P. -karoti- idem or 'm. a jewel, gem ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विच्छो( cho-), Causal -cchāyayati- to cut about, wound (see vich-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विधाf. form, manner, kind, sort etc. (yayā kayā-cid vidhayā-,in whatsoever way, anyhow;often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'; see asmad-- evaṃ--, nānā-vidha-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विद्याf. knowledge (see kāla-jāta-v-), science, learning, scholarship, philosophy etc. etc. (according to some there are four vidyā-s or sciences, 1. trayī-,the triple veda-;2. ānvīkṣikī-,logic and metaphysics;3. daṇḍa-nīti-,the science of government;4. vārttā-,practical arts, such as agriculture, commerce, medicine etc.;and adds a fifth, viz. ātma-vidyā-,knowledge of soul or of spiritual truth;according to others, vidyā- has fourteen divisions, viz. the four veda-s, the six vedāṅga-s, the purāṇa-s, the mīmāṃsā-. nyāya-, and dharma- or law;or with the four upa-veda-s, eighteen divisions;others reckon 33 and even 64 sciences[ equals kalās-or arts];Knowledge is also personified and identified with durgā-;she is even said to have composed prayers and magical formulas)
विज्ञाP. A1. -jānāti-, -jānīte-, to distinguish, discern, observe, investigate, recognize, ascertain, know, understand etc. etc. (with na-and infinitive mood"to know not how to") ; to have right knowledge, ; to become wise or learned ; to hear or learn from (genitive case) ; to recognize in (locative case) ; to look upon or regard or consider as (two accusative) etc. ; to learn or understand that (two accusative or yat-) etc. ; to explain, declare : Passive voice -jñāyate-, to be distinguished or discerned etc. ; (especially 3. sg.,"it is known or understood";"it is recognized or prescribed", scilicet by authorities ;and in gram. mā vi-jñāyi-with preceding Nominal verb,"let this not be considered as") : Causal -jñapayati-, or -jñāpayati- (rarely te-; Aorist vy-ājijñapat-), to make known, declare, report, communicate etc. ; to ask or request anything ; to declare or tell that (two accusative) ; to apprise, teach, instruct, ask, beg (with accusative of Persian;and dative case of thing, or with artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',or prati-and accusative) etc. ; to inform of or about (two accusative) : Passive voice (only Conditional vy-ajñāpayiṣyata-,with varia lectio ṣyat-), to become manifest, appear : Desiderative of Causal See vi-jijñāpayiṣā- below (see also vi-jñīpsu-): Desiderative -jijñāsati-, te-, to wish to understand or know etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विलीA1. -līyate- (perfect tense -lilyuh- ; future -letā-,or -lātā-; ind.p. -līya-or -lāya- ), to cling or cleave or adhere to ; to hide or conceal one's self, disappear etc. ; to be dissolved, melt etc. etc.: Causal -lāpayati- or -lāyayati- or -lālayati- or -līnayati- (), to cause to disappear, destroy ; to cause to be dissolved or absorbed in (locative case) ; to make liquid, dissolve, melt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विनिर्ज्ञा(only Passive voice -jñāyate-), to distinguish, discern, find out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विपर्यायm. equals vi-paryaya-, reverse, contrariety View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विरुद्धn. Name of work on nyāya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विशेषपदार्थm. (in nyāya-) the category of particularity (see above under viśeṣa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विशेषोद्देशm. (in nyāya-) a particular kind of enunciation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विस्मिA1. -smayate- (mc. also P.), to wonder, be surprised or astonished at (instrumental case locative case,or ablative) etc. ; to be proud of (instrumental case) : Causal -smāyayati-, or -smāpayati-, te- (see ), to astonish, surprise : Desiderative of Causal See vi-sismāpayiṣu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विष्णुगुप्तm. "hidden by viṣṇu-", Name of the muni- vātsyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
विश्वनाथपञ्चाननm. (also with bhaṭṭācārya-) Name of the author of the bhāṣāpariccheda- and of a commentator or commentary on the nyāya-sūtra- of gotama- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वितण्डाf. cavil, captious objection, fallacious controversy, perverse or frivolous argument (especially in nyāya-,"idly carping at the arguments or assertions of another without attempting to prove the opposite side of the question"see ) ( vitaṇḍātva -tva- n. Scholiast or Commentator) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वृद्धmfn. grown up, full-grown, advanced in years, aged, old, senior (often in compound with the names of authors, especially of authors of law-books[ see ] , to denote either an older recension of their works or the work of some older authors of the same name; see vṛddha-kātyāyana-, -garga-etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वृद्धm. and f(ā-). an elder male or female descendant, a patronymic or metron. designating an elder descendant (as opp. to yuvan- q.v; exempli gratia, 'for example' gārgya-is vṛddha-, gārgyāyaṇa-is yuvan-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वृद्धकात्यायनm. the older kātyāyana- or an older recension of kātyāyana-'s law-book View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वृद्धिf. profit from lending money etc., usury, interest (the various kinds of interest recognized by Hindu lawyers are, 1. kāyikā vṛddhi-,"body-interest" id est either the advantage arising from the body of an animal pledged as security for a loan, or interest paid repeatedly without reducing the body or principal;2. kālikā v-,"time-interest" id est payable weekly, monthly, annually, etc., but most usually computed by the month;3. cakrav-,"wheel-interest" id est interest upon interest, compound interest;4. kāritā v-,"stipulated interest", at a rate higher than the usual legal rate;5. śikhā-v-,"interest growing like a lock of hair" id est at a usurious rate payable daily;6. bhoga-lābha-,"advantage [accruing to a creditor] from the use"of objects handed over to him as security exempli gratia, 'for example' of lands, gardens, animals, etc.:"lawful interest"is called dharma-v-,"usurious interest"a-nyāya-v-,"interest at the highest legal rate"parama-v-)
व्री (see vri-and vlī-) cl.9 P. and cl.4 A1. vrīṇāti-, vriṇāti-, or vrīyate-,"to choose"or"to cover" (varaṇe-) Causal vrayayati-, or vrepayati- grammar : Desiderative vivrīṣati-, te-: Intensive vevrīyate-, vevrayīti-, vevreti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
वृत् cl.1 A1. () v/artate- (rarely ti-;in veda- also vavartti-and [once in ] vartti-; subjunctive vav/artat-, vavartati-, vavṛtat-; Potential vavṛtyāt-, vavṛtīya-; imperative vavṛtsva-; imperfect tense /avavṛtran-, tranta-; perfect tense vav/arta-, vavṛt/us-, vavṛt/e- [here also vāvṛt/e-]etc.; Aorist avart-, avṛtran- subjunctive v/artat-, vartta- ; avṛtat- etc.; avartiṣṭa- grammar;3. plural avṛtsata- ;2. sg. vartithās- ; preceding vartiṣīṣṭa- grammar; future vartitā- grammar; vartsy/ati-, te- etc.; vartiṣyati-, te- etc.; Conditional avartsyat- ; avartiṣyata- grammar; infinitive mood -v/ṛte- ; -v/ṛtas- ; vartitum- etc.; ind.p. vartitvā-and vṛttvā- grammar; -v/ṛtya- etc.; -v/artam- etc.), to turn, turn round, revolve, roll (also applied to the rolling down of tears) etc. ; to move or go on, get along, advance, proceed (with instrumental case"in a particular way or manner"), take place, occur, be performed, come off etc. ; to be, live, exist, be found, remain, stay, abide, dwell (with ātmani na-,"to be not in one's right mind";with manasi-or hṛdaye-,"to dwell or be turned or thought over in the mind";with mūrdhni-,"to be at the head of","to be of most importance"; kathaṃ vartate-with Nominal verb or kiṃ vartate-with genitive case,"how is it with?") ; to live on, subsist by (instrumental case or ind.p.), etc. ; to pass away (as time, ciraṃ vartate gatānām-,"it is long since we went") ; to depend on (locative case) ; to be in a particular condition, be engaged in or occupied with (locative case), etc. ; to be intent on, attend to (dative case) ; to stand or be used in the sense of (locative case) ; to act, conduct one's self, behave towards (locative case dative case,or accusative;also with itaretaram-or parasparam-,"mutually") etc. ; to act or deal with, follow a course of conduct (also with vṛttim-), show, display, employ, use, act in any way (instrumental case or accusative) towards (locative case with parājñayā-,"to act under another's command";with prajā-rūpeṇa-,"to assume the form of a son";with priy/am-,"to act kindly";with svāni-,"to mind one's own business"; kim idam vartase-,"what are you doing there?") etc. ; to tend or turn to, prove as (dative case) ; to be or exist or live at a particular time, be alive or present (confer, compare vartamāna-, vartiṣyamāṇa-,and vartsyat-,p.925) etc. ; to continue (with an ind.p., atītya vartante-,"they continue to excel"; iti vartate me buddhiḥ-,"such continues my opinion") etc. ; to hold good, continue in force, be supplied from what precedes ; to originate, arise from (ablative) or in (locative case) ; to become ; to associate with (saha-) ; to have illicit intercourse with (locative case) : Causal vart/ayati- (Aorist avīvṛtat-or avavartat-;in also A1. avavarti-; infinitive mood vartay/adhyai- ; Passive voice vartyate- ), to cause to turn or revolve, whirl, wave, brandish, hurl etc. ; to produce with a turning-lathe, make anything round (as a thunderbolt, a pill etc.) ; to cause to proceed or take place or be or exist, do, perform, accomplish, display, exhibit (feelings), raise or utter (a cry), shed (tears) etc. ; to cause to pass (as time), spend, pass, lead a life, live, subsist on or by (instrumental case), enter upon a course of conduct etc. (also with vṛttim-or vṛttyā-or vṛttena-;with bhaikṣeṇa-,"to live by begging"), conduct one's self, behave etc. ; to set forth, relate, recount, explain, declare ; to begin to instruct (dative case) ; to understand, know, learn ; to treat ; (in law, with śiras-or śīrṣam-) to offer one's self to be punished if another is proved innocent by an ordeal ; "to speak"or"to shine" (bhāṣārthe-or bhāsārthe-) : Desiderative v/ivṛtsati-, te- ( ), vivartiṣate- () , to wish to turn etc.: Intensive (Vedic or Veda , rarely in later language) v/arvartti-, varīvartti-, varīvarty/ate-, varīvartate-, parasmE-pada v/arvṛtat- and v/arvṛtāna- imperfect tense 3. sg. avarīvar-, 3. plural avarīvur- (grammar also varivartti-, varīvṛtīti-, varvṛtīti-, varīvṛtyate-), to turn, roll, revolve, be, exist, prevail [ confer, compare Latin vertere; Slavonic or Slavonian vru8te8ti,vratiti; Lithuanian varty4ti; Gothic wai4rthan; German werden; English -ward.]
व्य(said to be an abbreviated form of a-vyaya-) a technical symbol for indeclinables such as ni-, cit-, svar-, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
व्यपनीP. -nayati- (infinitive mood -netum-,or -nayitum-), to lead or take away ; to drive away, remove, banish etc. ; to pour out or away ; to take off, lay aside, get rid of (accusative) etc.: Causal -nāyayati-, to cause to take away or remove View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
व्यवहारमातृकाf. the material or matter of ordinary judicature, legal process in general, any act or subject relating to the formation of legal courts or the administration of justice (arranged under thirty heads in the beginning of the second book or vyavahārādhyāya- of the mitākṣarā- exempli gratia, 'for example' 1. vyavahāra-darśanani-,2. vyavahāra-lakṣaṇam-,3. sabhā-sadaḥ-,4. prāḍ-vivākādiḥ-,5. vyavahāra-viṣayah-,6. rājñaḥ kāryānutpādakatvam-,7. kāryārthini praśnaḥ-,8. āhvānānāhvāne-,9. āsedhah-,10. pratyarthiny āgatelekhyādi-kartavyatā-,11. pañca-vidho hīnaḥ-,12. kīdṛśaṃ lekhyam-,13. pakṣābhāsāḥ-,14. anadeyāḥ-,15. ādeyaḥ-,and fifteen others) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
व्यवहारमातृकाf. Name of work on dharma- (also called nyāya-m-) by jīmūta-vāhana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
व्यवसोP. -syati- (Epic also -syate-[with act. and pass. meaning];1. sg. proper -sāmi-; Potential -seyam-, -set-; future -siṣyati-), to settle down or dwell separately ; to differ (in opinion), contest, quarrel ; to separate, divide (opp. to sam-as-) ; to determine, resolve, decide, be willing to (accusative dative case, artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',or infinitive mood) etc. ; to settle, ascertain, be convinced or persuaded of take for (accusative) etc. ; to ponder, reflect, consider ; to make strenuous effort, labour or seek after, make an attempt upon (accusative) : Passive voice -sīyate-, to be settled or ascertained or fixed on or determined or decided (often impersonal or used impersonally) etc.: Causal -sāyayati-, to cause to resolve, encourage to undertake, embolden ; to incite or instigate to (infinitive mood)
व्यय् cl.1. P. A1. vyayati-, te- (rather Nom.fr. vyaya-below) , to expend, spend, waste ; cl.10 P. vyayayati- idem or ' vy-amla- See .' ; to go, move View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
व्यय् (varia lectio for vyap-) cl.10 P. vyāyayati-, to throw View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
व्ययmfn. (or vy-aya-,fr. 3. vi-+5. i-) passing away, mutable, liable to change or decay (only as opp. to or connected with a-vyaya-), Mn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
व्ययीin compound for vyaya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
व्ये cl.1 P. A1. () vy/ayati-, te- (perfect tense P. vivyāya-,2. sg. vivyayitha- grammar;2. dual number vivyathus- ; A1. vivy/e- -vyay/āṃ cakāra- ; Aorist avyat-, avyata- ; avyāsīt-, avyāsta- grammar; preceding vīyāt-, vyāsīṣṭa- ; future vyātā- ; vyāsyati-, te- ; vyayiṣye- ; ind.p. -v/īya- etc.; -vāya- grammar), to cover, clothe, wrap, envelop (A1. also,"one's self") : Pass. vīy/ate- (pr. p. vīy/amāna-), to be covered etc. : Causal vyāyayati- grammar : Desiderative vivyāsati-, te- ; Intensive vevīyate-, vāvyeti-, vāvyāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
या (collateral form of5. i-) cl.2 P. () y/āti- (1. plural yāmahe- ; imperfect tense 3. plural ayuḥ- ; ayān- Scholiast or Commentator; perfect tense yay/au-, yay/ātha-, yay/a-, yay/uḥ- etc.; yaye- ; Aorist ayāsam-or ayāsiṣam-; subjunctive y/āsat-, yeṣam-, yāsiṣat- ; preceding yāsiṣīṣṭhās- ; future yātā- etc.; yāsyati- ; te- ; infinitive mood yātum- etc.;Ved. infinitive mood y/ai-, y/ātave-or v/ai-; ind.p. yātv/ā- ; -y/āya-, -yāyam- ), to go, proceed, move, walk, set out, march, advance, travel, journey (often with instrumental case or accusative of the way, especially with gatim-, mārgam-, adhvānam-, panthānam-, padavīm-, yātrām-) etc. ; to go away, withdraw, retire etc. ; (also with palāyya-) to flee, escape (with kṣemeṇa-or svasti-,to escape unscathed ) ; to go towards or against, go or come to, enter, approach, arrive at, reach etc. etc. (with accusative often followed by prati- exempli gratia, 'for example' with gṛham-,to enter a house;with ripum prati-,to march against the enemy;with mṛgayām-,to go out hunting;with śirasāmahīm-,to bow down to the ground with the head;with prakṛtim-,to return to one's natural state;with karṇau-,to come to the ears, be heard;with utsavād utsavam-,to go from one festival to another;with hastam- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',to fall into the hands of;with patham-or gocaram- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',to come within range of; especially with the accusative of an abstract noun = to go to any state or condition, become, be exempli gratia, 'for example' vināśaṃ yāti-,he goes to destruction id est he is destroyed; kāṭhinyaṃ yāti-,it becomes hard; dveṣyatāṃ yāti-,he becomes hated;similarly nidhanaṃ--,to die; nidrāṃ--,to fall asleep; udayaṃ--,to rise, said of stars etc.;sometimes also with locative case exempli gratia, 'for example' yāhi rājñah sakāśe-,go into the presence of the king ;or even with dative case exempli gratia, 'for example' yayatuḥ sva-niveśāya-,both went home ; na cātmane kṛpaṇasya dhanaṃ yāti-,nor does the wealth of the miser go to [i.e. benefit] himself. ; phalebhyo yāti-,he goes to [fetch] fruits Scholiast or Commentator) ; to go to for any request, implore, solicit (with two accusative) ; (with striyam-) to go to a woman for sexual intercourse ; to go to for any purpose (infinitive mood) ; often with adverbs exempli gratia, 'for example' with bahir-, to go out ; with adho-, to go down, sink ; with khaṇḍaśo- or dalaśo-, to fall to pieces ; with śata-dhā-, to fall into a hundred pieces ; to extend to (accusative) ; to last for (accusative) ; to pass away, elapse (said of time) etc. ; to vanish, disappear (as wealth) ; to come to pass, prosper, succeed ; to proceed, behave, act ; to find out, discover ; to receive or learn (a science) from (ablative) ; to undertake, undergo (accusative) ; imperative yātu-, be it as it may : Passive voice yāyate-, to be gone or moved : Causal yāp/ayati- (Aorist ayīyapat-), to cause to depart, cause to go or march, dismiss ; to cause to go towards (accusative) (see yāpita-) ; to direct (the gaze) towards (locative case) (varia lectio pātayati-) ; to drive away remove, cure (a disease) ; to cause to pass or elapse, pass or spend (time) etc. ; to live (pāli- yāpeti-) ; to cause to subsist, support, maintain ; to induce : Desiderative yiyāsati-, to intend or be about to go, desire to proceed etc.: Intensive īyāyate- (?) , to move ; yāyayate-, yāyeti-, yāyāti- grammar
यभ् cl.1 P. () y/abhati- (or A1. te- ; perfect tense yayābha- grammar; Aorist ayāpsīt- ; future -yapsy/ati- ; infinitive mood yabhitum- , -yabdhum- ), to have sexual intercourse, futuere etc. etc.: Desiderative yiyapsati-, te-, to desire sexual intercourse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
याच् cl.1 P. A1. () y/ācati-, te- (usually A1.in sense of"asking for one's self"; perfect tense yayāca- grammar, yayāce- etc.; Aorist ayācīt-, ciṣṭa- subjunctive yāciṣat-, ṣāmahe- ; preceding yācyāt- grammar; future yācitā- ; yāciṣyati-, te- etc.; infinitive mood yācitum- etc.; ind.p. yācitvā-, -y/ācya- etc.), to ask, beg, solicit, entreat, require, implore (with double accusative;or with ablative,rarely genitive case of Persian;the thing asked may also be in accusative with prati-,or in dative case,or in the beginning of a compound with arthe-,or artham-) etc. ; (with p/unar-) to ask anything back ; (with kanyām-) to be a suitor for a girl, to ask a girl in marriage from (ablative,rarely accusative) or for (kṛte-or arthe-;also with vivāhārtham-) etc. ; to offer or tender anything (accusative) to (dative case) ; to promise (?) : Passive voice yācyate-, to be asked ("for", accusative;rarely of things) etc. ; Causal yāc/ayati- (te- ; Aorist ayayācat- ), to cause to ask or woo ; to request anything (accusative) for (arthe-) : Desiderative yiyāciṣate- Va1rtt. 3 : Intensive yāyācyate-, yāyākti- grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
यदुm. Name of an ancient hero (in the veda- often mentioned together with turvaśa- [or turvasu-] q.v,and described as preserved by indra- during an inundation;in epic poetry he is a son of yayāti- and brother of puru- and turvasu-, kṛṣṇa- being descended from yadu-, and bharata- and kuru- from puru-; yadu- is also called a son of vasu-, king of cedi-, or a son of hary-aśva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
यज् cl.1 P. A1. () y/ajati-, te- (1. sg. yajase- ; Vedic or Veda imperative y/akṣi-or ṣva-; perfect tense iyāja- ; īj/e- ; yej/e-[?] confer, compare on ; Vedic or Veda Aorist ayākṣīt-or ayāṭ-; ayaṣṭa-; subjunctive yakṣat-, yakṣati-, te-;3. sg. ayakṣata- ; preceding ijyāt- ; yakṣīya- ; future yaṣṭā- ; yakṣyati-, y/ate- etc.; infinitive mood y/aṣṭum-, ījitum- ; Vedic or Veda ṭave-; y/ajadhyai-or yaj/adhyai-; past participle iṣṭa- ind.p. iṣṭv/ā- ; iṣṭvīnam- ; -ijya- grammar; y/ājam- ), to worship, adore, honour (especially with sacrifice or oblations) ; to consecrate, hallow, offer (with accusative,rarely dative case locative case or prati-,of the deity or person to whom; dative case of the person for whom, or the thing for which;and instrumental case of the means by which the sacrifice is performed;in older language generally P.of agni- or any other mediator, and A1.of one who makes an offering on his own account confer, compare y/aja-māna-;later properly P.when used with reference to the officiating priest, and A1.when referring to the institutor of the sacrifice) etc. ; to offer id est to present, grant, yield, bestow ; (A1.) to sacrifice with a view to (accusative) ; to invite to sacrifice by the yājyā- verses : Passive voice ijyate- (parasmE-pada Vedic or Veda ijyamāna-or yajyamāna- on ; Epic also pr. p. ijyat-), to be sacrificed or worshipped etc.: Causal yāj/ayati- (Epic also te-; Aorist ayīyajat-), to assist any one (accusative) as a priest at a sacrifice (instrumental case) ; to cause any one (accusative) to sacrifice anything (accusative) or by means of any one (instrumental case) : Desiderative y/iyakṣati-, te- (confer, compare /iyakṣati-), to desire to sacrifice or worship : Intensive yāyajyate-, yāyajīti-, yāyaṣṭi- [ confer, compare Zend yaz; Greek ,.]
यज्ञपतिm. of an author (also with upādhyāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
यम् cl.1 P. () y/acchati- (Vedic or Veda also te-,and Vedic or Veda Epic y/amati-, te-; perfect tense yayāma-, yeme-;2. sg. yayantha-,3. plural yem/uḥ-, yemir/e- etc.;3. dual number irreg. -yamatuḥ- ; Aorist /ayān-, /ayamuh-; imperative yaṃsi-, yandh/i-; Potential yamyās-, yamīmahi- ; /ayāṃsam-, ayāṃsi-, /ayaṃsta- subjunctive yaṃsat-, satas-, sate- ;3. sg. -y/amiṣṭa- ; ayaṃsiṣam- grammar; future yantā- ; yaṃsyati-, yamiṣyati- etc. infinitive mood y/antum-, yamitum- ; y/antave-, y/amitav/ai- ; ind.p. yatvā-, yamitvā- etc.; y/atya- ; -yamya- ; -y/amam- ), to sustain, hold, hold up, support (A1."one's self";with locative case"to be founded on") ; to raise, wield (a weapon etc.; A1.with āyudhaih-,"to brandish weapons") ; to raise, extend or hold (as a screen etc.) over (dative case) ; (A1.) to extend one's self before (dative case) ; to raise (the other scale), weigh more ; to stretch out, expand, spread, display, show ; to hold or keep in, hold back, restrain, check, curb, govern, subdue, control etc. ; to offer ; confer, grant, bestow on (dative case or locative case), present with (instrumental case) etc. ; (with mārgam-), to make way for (genitive case) ; (with prati-and ablative), to give anything in exchange for anything on ; (A1.) to give one's self up to, be faithful to, obey (dative case) ; to raise, utter (a sound etc.) ; to fix, establish ; (A1.) to be firm, not budge ; to catch fire (Scholiast or Commentator) : Passive voice yamy/ate- (Aorist /ayā--), to be raised or lifted up or held back or restrained etc. etc.: Causal yāmayati- (), yamayati- ( etc.; te- ; Aorist ayīyamat-), to restrain, hold in, control, keep or put in order: Desiderative yiyaṃsati-, to wish to restrain etc. : Intensive yaṃyamīti- (See ud-yam-) or yaṃyamyate- (, Va1rtt. 2 ) ([ confer, compare Greek ,"restraint, punishment."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
यस् cl.4 P. () syati- (rarely yasati- confer, compare ; imperative -yayastu- ; grammar also perfect tense yayāsa-; Aorist ayasat-; future yasitā-, yasiṣyati-; infinitive mood yasitum-; ind.p. yasitvā-,or yastvā-), to froth up, foam (confer, compare yeṣ-) ; to heat or exert one's self ; to strive after (dative case) (varia lectio): Causal yāsayati- (Aorist ayīyasat-) grammar : Desiderative yiyasiṣati- : Intensive yāyasyate-, yāyasti- [Ct. Greek etc.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
यत् cl.1 A1. (prob. connected with yam-and originally meaning,"to stretch") y/atate- (Vedic or Veda and Epic also P. ti-; parasmE-pada y/atamāna-, y/atāna-and yatān/a- ; perfect tense yete-,3. plural yetire- etc.; Aorist ayatiṣṭa- ; future yatiṣyate- , ti- ; infinitive mood yatitum- ; ind.p. -y/atya- ), (P.) to place in order, marshal, join, connect ; (P.or A1.) to keep pace, be in line, rival or vie with (instrumental case) ; (A1.) to join (instrumental case), associate with (instrumental case), march or fly together or in line ; to conform or comply with (instrumental case) ; to meet, encounter (in battle) ; to seek to join one's self with, make for, tend towards (locative case) ; to endeavour to reach, strive after, be eager or anxious for (with locative case dative case accusative with or without prati-,once with genitive case;also with arthe-, arthāya-, artham-and hetos- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound';or with infinitive mood) etc. ; to exert one's self, take pains, endeavour, make effort, persevere, be cautious or watchful ; to be prepared for (accusative) : Causal (or cl.10. ) yāt/ayati- (or te-; Aorist ayīyatat-; Passive voice yātyate-), to join, unite (A1.intrans.) ; to join or attach to (locative case) P. ; to cause to fight ; to strive to obtain anything (accusative) from (ablative) ; (rarely A1.) to requite, return, reward or punish, reprove (as a fault) etc. ; (A1.) to surrender or yield up anything (acc) to (accusative or genitive case) ; (P. A1.) to distress, torture, vex, annoy ; according to to also nikāre- (others nirākāre-or khede-) and upaskāre-: Desiderative yiyatiṣate- grammar : Intensive yāyatyate- and yāyatti-
यातव्यmfn. to be gone or marched (n. impersonal or used impersonally) ( yātavyāya vyāya- ind.for departure ; yātavyatā -- f.the necessity for setting out on a journey ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
यायातmf(ī-)n. (fr. yayāti-) relating or belonging to yayāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
यायातn. the history of yayāti- (Name of chapter of ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ययातिm. (prob. fr. yat-) Name of a celebrated monarch of the lunar race (son of king nahuṣa- whom he succeeded;from his two wives came the two lines of the lunar race, yadu- being the son of devayānī-, daughter of uśanas- or śukra-, and puru- of śarmiṣṭhā-, daughter of vṛṣa-parvan-; yayāti- nāhuṣa- is also represented as the author of )
ययातिचरितn. "the story of yayāti-", Name of a nāṭaka- (by rudra-deva-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ययातिकm. (mc.) equals yayāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
यायातिकm. one conversant with the history of yayāti- on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ययातिपतनn. "fall of yayāti-", Name of a place of pilgrimage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ययातिवत्ind. like yayāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ययातिविजयm. " yayāti- victory", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ययावर varia lectio for yāyāvar/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
युधिष्ठिरm. (with mahodhyāya-) of a preceptor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
युगव्यावत् wrong reading for -vyāyatā- commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
यूपलक्षणn. Name of the 1st pariśiṣṭa- of kātyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
Apte Search
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atyaya अत्ययः [इ-अच्] 1 (a) passing away, lapse; काल˚ आधिश्चोपनिधिश्चोभौ न कालात्ययमर्हतः Ms.8.145. (b) End, conclusion, termination, absence, disappearance; तपात्यये Ku.4.44.5.23; शिशिरात्ययस्य पुष्पोच्चयः 3.61; आतप˚ R.1.52. -2 Complete disappearance, death, destruction, passing away, perishing; पितुरत्ययात् Dk.64. -3 Danger, risk, harm, injury, evil; जीवितात्ययमापन्नः Ms. 1.14 the life being in danger or jeopardy; प्राणानामेव चात्यये 5.27; प्राणात्यये च संप्राप्ते Y.1.179, Ms.6.68,8:69; पुत्रदारात्ययं प्राप्तः 1.99 (Kull. क्षुदवसन्नपुत्रकलत्रः). -4 Suffering, misery, difficulty, distress. -5 Guilt, fault, offence, transgression; क्षत्रियस्यात्यये दण्डो भागाद्दशगुणो भवेत Ms.8.243; दाप्यो$ष्टगुणमत्ययं 8.4 should be made to pay as a fine for his offence. -6 Attack, assault साहसस्तेयपारुष्यगो$भिशापात्यये Y.2.12. -7 Overcoming, mastering mentally, comprehending; बुद्धिश्च ते लोकैरपि दुरत्यया Rām. -8 Overstepping; क्षुरस्य धारा निशिता दुरत्यया Kena. Up. -9 A class kind. cf. अशुभे चापदि स्मृतः । अत्ययो$ तिक्रमे कृच्छ्रे दोषे दण्डविनाशयोः । Nm.
atyaya अत्यय अत्ययिक &c. See under अती.
adhyaya अध्ययः [इ-भावे अच्] 1 Learning, study; remembrance. -2 = अध्याय, q. v.
adhyayanam अध्ययनम् 1 [इ-ल्युट्] Learning, study, reading (especially the Vedas); one of the six duties of a Brāhmaṇa. The study of the Vedas is allowed to the first 3 classes, but not to a Śūdra Ms.1.88.91. अध्ययनं च अक्षरमात्रपाठ इति वैदिकाः, सार्थाक्षरग्रहणमिति मीमांसकाः; the latter view is obviously correct; cf. यथा पशुर्भारवाही न तस्य भजते फलम् । द्विजस्तथार्थानभिज्ञो न वेदफलमश्रुते ॥ or better still Yāska's Nirukta : स्थाणुरयं भारहारः किलाभूदधीत्य वेदं न विजानाति यो$र्थम् । यो$र्थज्ञ इत् (अर्थविद्) सकलं भद्रमश्रुते नाकमेति ज्ञानविधूतपाप्मा ॥ See also under अनग्नि. -2 Muttering प्रणव mantra; वीतरागा महाप्रज्ञा ध्यानाध्ययनसम्पदा Mb. 12.3.49. (अध्ययनं प्रणवजपः इति टीका) -3 Teaching; कृत्वा चाध्ययनं तेषां शिष्याणां शतमुत्तमम् Mb.12.318.17 see अध्यापनम्.
adhyaya अध्यय अध्ययनम् &c. See under अधी.
anapavyayat अनपव्ययत् a. Ved. Not letting go; able.
anupātyaya अनुपात्ययः 1 Not to violate a turn or succession. -2 To do something by turn. -3 Turn, succession. क्रमप्राप्तस्यानतिपातो$नुपात्ययः, परिपाटी । Kāśi. on P.III.3.38.
apavyaya अपव्ययः [अपकृष्टः मर्यादामुल्लङ्घ्य कृतः व्ययः] Extravagant expenditure, prodigality, lavishness. अपव्ययिन् apavyayin व्ययमान vyayamāna अपव्ययिन् व्ययमान a. 1 Squandering, spending lavishly; prodigal. -2 Denying a debt; अर्थे$पव्ययमानं तु करणेन विभावितम् Ms.8.51.
apyaya अप्ययः 1 Approaching, meeting, joining, juncture. -2 Pouring out (of rivers). -3 Entrance into, vanishing, disappearance; absorption, dissolution into oneself, destruction; सर्गस्थित्यप्ययेशस्य गुणकर्मानुवर्णनम् Bhāg.7.1.44.
apyayanam अप्ययनम् 1 Union, junction. -2 Copulation.
apyaya अप्यय &c. see under अपी.
apratyaya अप्रत्यय a. 1 Diffident, distrustful (with loc.); बलवदपि शिक्षितानामात्मन्यप्रत्ययं चेतः Ś.1.2. -2 Having no knowledge. -3 (In gram.) Having no affix. -यः 1 Diffidence, distrust, disbelief, doubt; क्षेत्रमप्रत्ययानाम् Pt. 1.191. -2 Not being understood. -3 Not an affix; अर्थवदधातुरप्रत्ययः प्रातिपदिकम् ॥ P.I.2.45. -Comp. -स्थ a. (in gram.) not pertaining to an affix.
abhyaya अभ्ययः 1 Going over, approach, arrival. -2 Entering. -3 Setting (of the sun).
abhyaya अभ्यय See under अभी.
upātyaya उपात्ययः 1 Transgression of, deviation from, established customs. -2 Disorderly conduct, rudeness.
gavyaya गव्यय a. Ved. Belonging to or coming from a cow; गव्ययी त्वग्भवति निर्णिगव्ययी Rv.9.7.7.
nyaya न्ययः Loss, destruction; decay.
parivyaya परिव्ययः 1 Cost; क्रयविक्रयमध्वानं भुक्तं च सपरिव्ययम् । योगक्षेमं च संप्रेक्ष्य वणिजो दापयेत् करान् ॥ Ms.7.127. -2 Condiment, spices; ibid.
paryaya पर्ययः 1 Revolution, lapse, expiration; कालपर्ययात् Mb.3.179.19; Y.3.217; Ms.1.3;11.27; युगसाहस्र- पर्ययः (कल्पः) Bhāg.8.13.36. -2 Waste or loss (of time); मा भूत् कालस्य पर्ययः Rām.1.22.12. -3 Change, alteration. -4 Inversion; confusion, irregularity. -5 Deviation from customary observances, neglect of duty. -6 Opposition. -7 Loss, destruction; पक्ष्मणो$पि निपातेन येषां स्यात् स्कन्धपर्ययः Mb.12.15.26.
paryayaṇam पर्ययणम् 1 Walking round, circumambulation. -2 A horse's saddle.
palyayanam पल्ययनम् 1 A saddle. -2 A rein, bridle.
pratyaya प्रत्ययः 1 Conviction, settled belief; मूढः परप्रत्ययनेयबुद्धिः; M.1.2; संजातप्रत्ययः Pt.4. -2 Trust, reliance, faith, confidence; रक्षन् प्रत्ययमात्मनः Rām.3.9.19; बलवदपि शिक्षितानामात्मन्यप्रत्ययं चेतः Ś.1.2; Ku.6.2; Śi.18.63; Bh.3.6; प्रत्ययार्थं हि लोकानामेवमेव मया कृतम् Abhiṣeka. 6.29. -3 Conception, idea, notion, opinion. -4 Surety, certainty; प्रत्ययार्थं ततः सीता विवेश ज्वलनं तदा Rām.7.45. 7. -5 Knowledge, experience, cognition; स्थानप्रत्ययात् Ś.7 'judging by the place'; so आकृतिप्रत्ययात् M.1; Me.8. -6 A cause, ground, means of action; स्वकर्म- प्रत्ययाँल्लोकान् मत्वा$र्जुनमब्रवीत् Mb.13.1.77; अपेक्षते प्रत्ययमुत्तमं त्वाम् Ku.3.18. -7 Celebrity, fame, renown. -8 A termination, an affix or suffix; केवलं दधति कर्तृवाचिनः प्रत्ययानिह न जातु कर्मणि Śi.14.66. -9 An oath. -1 A dependant. -11 A usage, practice. -12 A hole. -13 Intellect, understanding (बुद्धि). -14 An assistant or associate. -15 An epithet of Viṣṇu; नामरूपे भगवती प्रत्यय- स्त्वमपाश्रयः Bhāg.6.19.14. -16 (With Buddhists) A co-operating cause. -17 An instrument, a means of agency. -18 Religious contemplation. -19 A householder who keeps a sacred fire. -2 Function of the organs (इन्द्रियवृत्ति); सर्वेन्द्रियगुणद्रष्ट्रे सर्वप्रत्ययहेतवे Bhāg.8.3. 14. -Comp. -कारकः, -कारिन् a. producing assurance, convincing. (-णी) a seal, signet-ring.
prādhyayanam प्राध्ययनम् Reading, studying.
viparyaya विपर्यय a. Reversed, inverted, perverse; यदा वृश्चिका- दिषु पञ्चसु वर्तते तदाहोरात्राणि विपर्ययाणि भवन्ति Bhāg.5.21.5. -यः 1 Contrariety, reverse, inversion; आहितो जयविपर्ययो$पि मे श्लाध्य एव परमेष्ठिना त्वया R.11.86. स्वशरीरशरीरिणावपि श्रुतसंयोगविपर्ययौ यदा 8.89; नभसः स्फुटतारस्य रात्रेरिव विपर्ययः (न भाजनम्) Ki.11.44; विपर्यये तु Ś.5 'if it be otherwise', if contrary be the case; विपर्यये त्वस्याधिपतेरुल्लङ्घितः क्षात्रधर्मः स्यात् Ve.5. -2 Change (of purpose, dress &c.); कथमेत्य मतिर्विपर्ययं करिणी पङ्कमिवावसीदति Ki.2.6; so वेषविपर्ययः Pt.1. -3 Absence or non-existence; समुद्रगारूपविपर्यये$पि Ku.7.42; त्यागे श्लाघाविपर्ययः R.1.22. -4 Loss; राघवाणा- मयुक्तो$यं कुलस्यास्य विपर्ययैः Rām.1.21.2; निद्रा संज्ञाविपर्ययः Ku.6.44 'loss of consciousness'. -5 Complete destruction, annihilation; दुःशासनवधं श्रुत्वा कर्णस्य च विपर्ययम् Mb. 11.1.16; Rām.7.6.5. -6 Exchange, barter. -7 Error, trespass, mistake, misapprehension. -8 A calamity, misfortune, adverse fate; प्रियं त्वत्कृतमिच्छामि मम गर्भविपर्यये Rām.1.47.3. -9 Hostility, enmity. -1 Perverseness, opposition. -11 The destruction of the world (प्रलय); हरिं विशन्ति स्म शरा लोका इव विपर्यये Rām.7. 7.4. -12 Misapprehension; भयं द्वितीयाभिनिवेशतः स्यादीशा- दपेतस्य विपर्ययो$स्मृतिः Bhāg.11.2.37; Mv.3.35.
vipratyaya विप्रत्ययः Distruct; यदि विप्रत्ययो ह्येष तदिदं दर्शयाम ते Mb.12.111.55.
vyatyaya व्यत्ययः 1 Passing over. -2 Opposition, contrariety. -3 Inverted order, inversion; वेणुसंघर्षजो बह्निर्दग्ध्वा शाम्यति तद्वनम् । एवं गुणव्यत्ययजो देहः शाम्यति तत्क्रियः ॥ Bhāg.11.13.7. -4 Interchange, transmutation. -5 Obstruction, hindrance; अभक्ष्ये बहुदोषः स्यात्तस्मात् कार्यो न व्यत्ययः Pt.4.57. -यम् ind. Alternately.
vyaya व्यय a. Liable to change, mutable, pershable; cf. अव्यय; सूक्ष्माभ्यो मूर्तिमात्राभ्यः संभवत्यव्ययाद् व्ययम् Ms.1.19. -यः 1 (a) Loss, disappearance, destruction; आपाद्यते न व्ययमन्तरायैः कच्चिन्महर्षेस्त्रिविधं तपस्तत् R.5.5;12.23. (b) Cost, sacrifice; प्राणव्ययेनापि मया विधेयः Māl.4.5; Ku.3.23. -2 Hindrance, obstacle; भूयस्तपोव्ययो मा भूत् R.15.37. -3 Decay, decline, overthrow, downfall. -4 Expenditure, expense, outlay, spending, applying to use (opp. आय); आये दुःखं व्यये दुःखं धिगर्थाः कष्टसंश्रयाः Pt.1.163; आया- धिकं व्ययं करोति 'he lives beyond his means'; R.5.12; 15.3; Ms.9.11. -5 Extravagance, prodigality. -6 wealth, money; भक्तावकाशाग्न्युदकमन्त्रोपकरणव्ययान् Y.2.276. -7 (In gram.) Inflection, declension. -Comp. -करणः, -करणकः a paymaster. -गुण a. prodigal, spendthrift. -पर a. lavish in expenditure; राजा व्ययपरो नित्यम् Pt.5.61. -पराङ्मुख a. stingy, niggardly; Y.1.83. -शील a. spendthrift, prodigal. -शुद्धिः f. defraying of expenses. -शेषः net balance that remains after expenditure; बाह्यं चाभ्यन्तरं चायं विद्याद् वर्षशतादपि । यथा पृष्टो न सज्येत व्ययशेषे च दर्शयेत् Kau. A.2.5. -सह a. inexhaustible.
vyayanam व्ययनम् 1 Spending. -2 Wasting, destroying.
saparivyaya सपरिव्यय a. With condiments (as food); Ms.7.127.
sapratyaya सप्रत्यय a. 1 Placing confidence in. -2 Certain, sure.
saṃpratyaya संप्रत्ययः 1 Firm conviction. -2 Agreement; त्रयाणा- मेकवाक्ये संप्रत्ययः Kau. A.1.12; एतस्मिन्नेव काले तु यथासंप्रत्ययं कविः Mb.1.149.1. -3 Notion, idea.
hiraṇyaya हिरण्यय a. (-यी f.) Golden.
Macdonell Vedic Search
1 result
ya Yá, rel. prn. who, which, that: N. yás, i. 35, 6; 154, 12. 3. 4; 160, 4; ii. 12, 1-7. 9-15; 33, 5. 7; iii. 59, 2. 7; iv. 50, 1. 7. 9; vi. 54, 1. 2. 4; vii. 61, 1; 63, 1. 3; vii. 71, 4; 86, 1; viii. 48, 102. 12; x. 14, 5; 34, 12; 129, 7; f. yá̄, iv. 50, 3; n. yád, i. 1, 6; ii. 35, 15; vii. 61, 2; 63, 2; 103, 5. 7; x. 15, 6; 90, 23. 12; 129, 1. 3. 4; 135, 7; with kíṃ ca whatever, v. 83, 9; A. yám, i. 1, 4; ii. 12, 5. 7. 9; 35, 11; viii. 48, 1; x. 135, 3. 4; I. yéna, i. 160, 5; ii. 12, 4; iv. 51, 4; f. yáyā, iv. 51, 6; Ab. yásmād, ii. 12, 9; G. yásya, i. 154, 2; ii. 12, 1. 74. 142; 35, 7; v. 83, 43; vii. 61, 2; x. 34, 4; f. yásyās, x. 127, 4; L. yásmin, iv. 50, 8; x. 135, 1; du. yáu, x. 14, 11; pl. N. yé, i. 35, 11; 85, 1. 4; iv. 50, 2; x. 14, 3. 10; 15, 1-4. 8-10. 132. 142; 90, 7. 8; with ké whatever, x. 90, 10; f. yá̄s, vii. 49, 1. 2. 3; n. yá̄ni, ii. 33, 13; yá̄, i. 85, 12; ii. 33, 183; iv. 50, 9; vii. 86, 5; A. m. yá̄n, x. 14, 3; 15, 132; G. f. yá̄sām, vii. 49, 3; L. f. yá̄su, iv. 51, 7; vii. 49, 44; 61, 5.
Macdonell Search
34 results
ativiparyaya m. great perversity; -vipina, a. very well wooded; -vipra karsha, m. excessive distance; -vimanas, a. greatly discouraged.
ativyaya m. lavish expenditure, extra vagance; -vyasana, n. great calamity; -vyasanin, a. overpowered by vice; -vyut panna, pp. very experienced in (lc.); -vrata, a. excessively pious.
atyaya m. passing away, lapse; end; risk, jeopardy, danger; fault, transgression.
adhyayana n. [going to a teacher], study, reading (esp. of sacred books); learning from (ab.); -sampradâna, n. guidance in study; -½âdâna, n. receiving instruction from (ab.).
anadhyayana n. neglect of study.
apyaya m. entrance, disappearance; end.
apratyaya m. distrust; a. distrust ful of (lc.); inspiring distrust.
aviparyaya m. no transposi tion; no error; -âsa, m. no inversion: in. with out inversion.
aviparyaya den. P. not to fail.
avyaya m. non-expenditure; a. imperishable, immutable; stingy; n. ind