मृद् f. [मृद्यते मृद् कर्मणि क्विप्] 1 Clay, earth, loam; आमोदं कुसुमभवं मृदेव धत्ते मृद्गन्धं न हि कुसुमानि धारयन्ति Subhāṣ.; प्रभवति शुचिर्बिम्बोद्ग्राहे मणिर्न मृदां चयः U.2.4. -2 A piece of earth, lump of clay; मृदः शुद्धिमभीप्सता Ms.5.136. -3 A mound of earth. -4 A kind of fragrant earth. -Comp. -कणः a small clod or lump of earth. -करः a potter. -कांस्यम् an earthen vessel. -किरा an earthworm. -क्षारम् a radish. -ग a. growing in clay. (-गः) a kind of fish. -घटः an earthen pot, pitcher. -चयः (मृच्चयः) a heap of earth. -पचः a potter. -पात्रम्, -भाण्डम् earthen-ware, a vessel of clay. -पिण्डः a clod of earth, a lump of clay. ˚बुद्धिः 'clodpated', a blockhead; मया च मृत्पिण्डबुद्धिना तथैव गृहीतम् Ś.6. -प्रक्षेपः scattering earth over (for purification); मृत्प्रक्षेपेण शुध्यति Ms.5.125. -फली Costus Speciosus (कोष्ठ). -लोष्टः a clod of earth. -शकटिका (मृच्छकटिका) a small car of earth, a toy-cart; (it is the name of a celebrated play by Sūdraka). -स्तोमः a heap of earth.
शकारः The brother of a king's concubine, the brother-in-law of a king by a wife not regularly married (अनूढाऊभ्रातृ); (he is usually represented as a strange mixture of pride, folly, and vanity, of low family, and raised to power by reason of his relation to the king. In the Mṛichchhakaṭika of Śūdraka where he plays a prominent part, his characters is well exhibited in his lightness and frivolity of spirit, vain-glory, constant reference to his high connection, his blundering and ludicrous folly, but withal cruelty enough to throttle the heroine when she refused to yield to his desire; S. D. thus defines him:-- मदमूर्खताभिमानी दुष्कुल- तैश्वर्यसंयुक्तः । सो$यमनूढाभ्राता राज्ञः श्यालः शकार इत्युक्तः ॥ 81.
‘poet,’ is a word almost confined to the Rigveda. There is evidence that the poet was regarded as a professional man, just as much as the physician (Bhisaj). The poets, no doubt, mainly lived at the courts of princes amid their retainers, though they would probably also sing the praises of rich merchants. There was probably no essential connexion between the priest and the poet. Though the priest was often a poet, yet poetry can hardly have been restricted to the priestly caste. Indeed, at the horse sacrifice (Aśvamedha) the Satapatha Brāhmana4 expressly requires that one of the singers of panegyrics should be a Rājanya, while the other was a Brāhmana, both singing verses of their own composition. The Anukra- manī (Index) in several cases attributes hymns of the Rigveda to princes; and even though this may often be merely the same sort of procedure6 as has made śūdraka the author of the Mrcchakatikā, or Harsa of the Ratnāvalī, and has given us royal teachers of the Brahman doctrine, still the Indian tradition evidently saw nothing odd in the idea of non- Brāhmanas as poets. Most of the non-sacred poetry has, however, disappeared, for the epic is a product, as it stands, of a later period. See also Rsi.
noun (masculine) a kind of arrow (?)
name of a people living by warfare (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a prince (son of Prasenajit) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the weight called māṣaka
[medic.] a kind of śvāsa Frequency rank 11612/72933
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