(seeā-jaras/am-, ā-vyuṣ/am-, ā-saptama-, otsūy/am-.) Prefixed to adjective (cf. mfn.) ([rarely to substantive; seeā-kopa-]) it implies diminution commentator or commentary "a little" exempli gratia, 'for example'ā-piñjara-mfn. a little red, reddish
mfn. (c/at-)(Nominal verbsg.-pād-; plural-pādas-,irreg. -padas-; locative case-pātsu-; ablative-pādbhyas-) f. (-padī-) n. (Nominal verb-pad- 4 times,or -pād- twice) . () quadruped, m. a quadruped, n. quadrupeds (collectively) , animals etc.
or 2. chand-cl.10.chad/ayati- (also te-=arc- [ varia lectio, ti-]; subjunctiveyat-;2. pluralyātha-, ), chandayati- (twice cl.1.ch/andati-[ equalsarcati- ] ; A1.[ subjunctiveyāte-] ; Aoristacacchadat-; acchān-;2. pluralnta-, ;3. pluralntsur-, ; subjunctivechantsat-[ ] ;2. sg.tsi-, ; perf.cacchanda-, ; Potentialcacchadyāt-, ) to seem, appear, be considered as ; to seem good, please (with dative case) ; (with acc,) (see) ; A1. to be pleased with, delight in (accusative or locative case) ; chandayati-, to gratify any one (accusative;exceptionally genitive case) with anything (instrumental case, especiallyvareṇa-,"with a boon") ; to try to seduce any one (accusative)
cl.1 P.kṣ/odati-, to strike against, shake () ; A1. to move, be agitated or shaken : cl.7 P. A1.kṣuṇatti-, kṣuntte- (imperfect tenseakṣuṇat-; Aorist 3. pluralakṣautsur-; futurekṣotsyati-), to stamp or trample upon : Causalkṣodayati- (imperfect tense/akṣodayat-), to shake or agitate by stamping ; to crush, pound, pulverise ; (Nom. P.fr. kṣudr/a-) to reduce, diminish ; ([ confer, compareGreek , for, ; Lithuanian skausti ?])
(confer, comparemand-) cl.4 P. () m/ādyati- (Epic also te-; Vedic or Veda alsocl.1. P. A1.madati-, te-;cl.3. P.mam/atti-, ttu-, mam/adat-, /amamaduḥ-; Vedic or Vedaimperativem/atsi-, sva-; perfect tensemam/āda-; Aoristamādiṣuḥ-, amatsuḥ-, amatta-; subjunctivem/atsati-, sat-; futuremaditā-, madiṣyati-grammar; Vedic or Vedainfinitive moodmaditos-), to rejoice, be glad, exult, delight or revel in (instrumental casegenitive caselocative case,rarely accusative), be drunk (also figuratively) with (instrumental case) etc. ; to enjoy heavenly bliss (said of gods and deceased ancestors) ; to boil, bubble (as water) ; to gladden, exhilarate, intoxicate, animate, inspire : Causalmād/ayati-, te- (; Aorist/amīmadat-or amamadat-; Vedic or Vedainfinitive moodmaday/adhyai-), to gladden, delight, satisfy, exhilarate, intoxicate, inflame, inspire etc. ; (A1.) to be glad, rejoice, be pleased or happy or at ease ; (A1.) to enjoy heavenly bliss : Desiderativemimadiṣati-grammar : Intensivemāmadyate-, māmatti- ([Perhaps originally "to be moist"; confer, compareGreek ; Latin madere.])
mfn. plural (prob. for originallyṣakṣ-; Nominal verbaccusativeṣ/aṭ-instrumental caseṣaḍbh/is-dative caseablativeṣaḍbhy/as-, genitive caseṣaṇṇ/ām-locative caseṣaṭs/u-;in compoundṣaṣ-becomes ṣaṭ-before hard letters, ṣaḍ-before soft, ṣo-before d-,which is changed into ḍ-,and ṇ-before nasals) six (with the counted object in apposition or exceptionally in genitive case or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'exempli gratia, 'for example'ṣaḍ ṛtavah-,or ṣaḍ ṛtunām-,"the six seasons", ṣaṭsu-ṣatsu māseṣu-,"at periods of six months" at the end of a bahuvrīhi- compound it is declined like other words ending in ṣ-,e. gaRapriya-ṣaṣas-Nominal verbplural;among the words used as expressions for the number six (especially in giving dates) are aṅga-, darśana-, tarka-, rasa-, ṛtu-vajrakoṇa-kārttikeya-mukha-) etc. etc.
m. (prob.)"friend of all", Name of a celebrated ṛṣi- or Sage (having the patronymicgāthina-, gādheya-, and jāhnava-;he was at first a functionary, together with vasiṣṭha-, of su-dās-, king of the tṛtsu-s;seeing vasiṣṭha- preferred by the king, he went over to the bharata-s, but could not prevent their being defeated by su-dās-, although he caused the waters of the rivers vipāś- and śutudrī- to retire and so give the bharata-s free passage ;he was born as a kṣatriya-, deriving his lineage from an ancestor of kuśika-, named purū-ravas-, of the lunar race of kings, and himself sovereign of kanyā-kubja- or Kanoj;his fame rests chiefly on his contests with the great Brahman vasiṣṭha-, and his success in elevating himself. though a kṣatriya-, to the rank of a BrahmanSee : the rāmāyaṇa-, which makes him a companion and counsellor of the young rāma-candra-, records [ ] how viśvāmitra-, on his accession to the throne, visited vasiṣṭha-'s hermitage, and seeing there the cow of plenty [probably typical of go-,"the earth"], offered him untold treasures in exchange for it, but being refused, prepared to take it by force;a long contest ensued between the king and the saint [symbolical of the struggles between the kṣatriya- and Brahmanical classes], which ended in the defeat of viśvāmitra-, whose vexation was such that, in order to become a Brahman and thus conquer his rival, he devoted himself to intense austerities [during which he was seduced by the nymph menakā- and had by her a daughter, śakuntalā-], gradually increasing the rigour of his mortification through thousands of years, till he successively earned the titles of rājarṣi-, ṛṣi-, maharṣi-, and finally brahmarṣi-;he is supposed to be the author of nearly the whole of ;moreover, a law-book, a dhanurveda-, and a medical work are attributed to him) etc.
A1.-padyate- (Aoristvyud-apādi-), to proceed from, arise, originate, have origin or derivation (especially in gram.), be derived (from a root etc.) ; (P.) to come back (from sea seevy-utthā-) ; to resist (?) : Causal-pādayati-, to cause to arise or come forth, produce, cause ; (in gram.) to derive, trace back to a root etc., ; to discuss in detail : DesiderativeSeevy-utpitsu-, column 2.
a. (without a highest), highest, most excellent; mightiest; -uttara, a. not answering; unanswerable; n. unsatis factory answer in court: -tva, n. abst. n.; -uttara&ndot;ga, a. not billowy; -utthâna, n. lack of energy; -utpatti, f. non-production; -utpâda, m. id.; non-appearance; -utsâha, m. absence of energy; -utsâhin, a. weak willed; -utsuka-tâ, f. unassumingness, mo desty; -utsûtra-pada-nyâsa, a.without a step against the rules of policy; without a word against grammatical rules; -utseka, m. lack of presumption, modesty; -utsekin, a. unassuming, modest, humble.
m. tumult; -pitsu, des. a. wishing to rise; -pîda, m. pressure; torrent (of tears): -na, n. pressing; -prabandha, a. uninterrupted; -pravâla, a. having sprouting foliage; -prâsa, m., -na, n.derision, mockery.
pp. √ vak; n. explanation; etymological interpretation; esp. T. of Yâs ka's commentary on the Nighantus; -ukti, f. etymological explanation; -uñkhana, n. = nî-râgana; -uttara, a.having no superior; unable to give an answer; -utsava, a. devoid of festivals; -utsâha, a. destitute of energy, unenterprising, spiritless: -tâ, f. cowardice; -utsuka, a. unconcerned; having no desire for (prati); -utseka, m.modesty; a. unpre tentious, modest; -udara, a. trunkless; -ud desam, ad. without making any statement; -udyama, a. avoiding exertion, indolent; -udyoga, a. id.; -udvigna, pp. untroubled, unagitated: -manas, a. havingone's mind undisturbed; -udvega, a. free from agitation, calm; -unmâda, a. free from arrogance; -upakârin, a. unable to render a service; -upakriya, a. rendering no service; -upa-drava, a. unassailed by mischances orcalami ties, prosperous, faring well; free from danger, safe: -tâ, f. security; -upadhi, a. free from guile, honest; blameless; -upapatti, a. un suitable; -upapada, a. unaccompanied by a secondary word; -upaplava, a.undisturbed, uninterrupted; -upabhoga, a. not enjoying; -upama, a. having no equal; -upayoga, a. useless; -upâkhya, a. indescribable: -tva, n. abst. n.; -upâya, a. futile; -ushna-tâ, f. coldness: -m nî, make cold, kill; -ushnîsha, a. turbanless, bareheaded.
m. N.; -½ukshana, n. sprinkling; -½utsuka, a. very restless or agitated; very me lancholy; vehemently longing for (d.): -tva, n. longing desire, î-bhû, become very melan choly; -½ud-asta, pp.excepting; -½udâsa, m. exclusion, negation; -½upâsaka, a. honour ing, respecting; -½upâsana, n. sitting round (Pr.); courtesy, affability; -½ushita, pp. (√ vas, dwell) stale; not punctually kept (word); -½ushta, pp. id.
f. desire to obtain, striving after; -pitsu, des. a. desiring to obtain, striving after (ac. or --°ree;); wishing to learn (ac.); -pipâdayishâ, f. desire to pro pound or discuss (ac.); -pipâdayishu, des. a. being about to propound, discuss, or ex plain; -pîdana, n. devastation, of (--°ree;).
m. sunny spot; -½âtma, °ree;-or -m, ad. for or in every soul; singly; -½âtmaka, -½âtmika, a. belonging to oneself, severally one's own; -½âtmya, n. likeness to oneself: in. after his own image; -½âdarsa, m. incorrect for pratyâdesa; -½âdâna, n. re covery, re-acquisition; reiteration, repetition; -½âditya, 1. m. mock sun; 2. ad, towards the sun (°ree;--); -½âditsu, des. a. desirous of gaining or regaining; -½âdeya, fp. to be received; -½âdesa, m. injunction, order; repudiation, rejection; refusal; prevention, determent, (deterrent) example; casting into the shade, eclipsing.
m. great grandfather; also designation of Brahman and Krishna: pl. great-grandfathers, ances tors: î, f. paternal great-grandmother; -pi trivya, m. paternal grand-uncle; -pitvá, (V.) n. going away; flight, retreat; retired spot; evening; -pitsu, des. a. desirous of plunging into (lc.); wishing to enter upon a path (ac.); -pîdana, n. pressing, squeezing; means of squeezing tumours; -purâna, a.long kept, old; -pushpita, pp. covered with blossoms, flowering; -pûraka, a. (ikâ) fulfilling, satis fying; -pûrana, a. (î) filling up (oil) and increasing (love for anything); insertion in (lc. or --°ree;); drawing of a bow;embellishment of Indra's banner; -pûrya, ps. base of √ 1. pri, be thoroughly filled or satiated; be filled to the brim.
a. discouraged, despondent; -½udaka, a. deficient in water; -½udarî, f. N. of the eldest wife of Râvana; -½ushman, a. slightly warm, cool; -½autsuk ya, a. having but slight eagerness, disin clined for (prati).
f. appellation, name; -gñâna, n. recognition as (--°ree;); -dâna, n. taking upon oneself, incurring, contracting; -deya, fp. to be received; -desa, m. direction, instruction; command, order; -dhâtavya, fp. to be set to rights, repaired, or adjusted; -dhâna, n. adjustment, settlement; recon cilement; justification of a statement, de monstration; mental concentration, atten tion; deep contemplation or devotion:-m kri, attend; -dhi, m. putting together, join ing, with (in.); joint (of the neck); union, combination; performance; adjustment, set tlement; justification of a statement, proof; attention (to, lc.), intentness on (--°ree;); deep meditation on the supreme soul, profound devotion (ord. mg.); N. of various figures of speech: -m kri, direct one's attention, to (lc.); -dhi-ta, den. pp. reconciled; -dhitsu, des. a. (√ dhâ) wishing to prove.
a. performing mighty deeds (RV.); -dáksha, a. very expert or wise (V.); -dákshina, a. (E.) very dexterous; very courteous; having an excellent right hand (RV.): â, f. N. of Dilîpa's wife; -dá tra, a. giving good gifts (V.); -dant, a. (-dat-î) having beautiful teeth; -darpana, a. having a beautiful mirror, reflecting beauti fully; -dársana, a. easily seen, by (in.); good-looking, handsome, beautiful, lovely; m. N. of various men; m. n. Vishnu's discus (disc of the sun): â, f. night of the bright half of the month (V.); N. of a princess (C.); -dasâ½arha-kula, a. belonging to a family worthy of a happy lot and sprung from the noble race of the Dasârhas; -dâna, n. boun teous gift; -d&asharp;nu, a. (f. id.) dripping or be stowing abundantly, bounteous (of various gods; V.); -dâman, a. bestowing abundantly, bountiful (Indra; RV.2); m. N.; -dâminî, f. N.; -dâru, n. good wood; -dâruna, a. very dreadful; -d&asharp;s, m. [√ dâs=√ dâs] faithful worshipper (of the gods; RV.) or a. bountiful √ dâ]; m. N. of a king of the Tritsus (V., C.).
a. full of longing, °ree;--, ad.; -½ukantha, a. eager or yearning for (prati); regretting, grieving at (--°ree;): -m, ad. long ingly; regretfully; -½utkampa, a. trembling, tremulous; -½utkarsha, a.excellent; -½ut prâsa, a. ironical, mocking: -m, ad. -ly; -½utpreksham, ad. with indifference; -½ut sava, a. festal (day); festive, overjoyed; -½utsâha, a. resolute, energetic, courageous; threatening (clouds); overjoyed: -m, ad. energetically, emphatically; with great joy: -tâ, f. alacrity, vigour; -½utsuka, a. longing, yearning, anxious, for (lc., prati, --°ree;); -½utse ka, a. arrogant, haughty; -½utsedha, a. high, lofty: -m, ad. with a jerk.
te rājan varuṇa dvipātsu catuṣpātsu paśuṣu pāśas taṃ ta etenāvayaje # MS.2.3.1: 28.4. P: yas te rājan varuṇa dvipātsu catuṣpātsu paśuṣu Mś.220.127.116.11. See next but one, and cf. yo vām indrāvaruṇā dvipātsu.
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