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WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
ajitaḥ3.3.68MasculineSingulardvāḥsthaḥ, kṣattriyāyāṃśūdrajaḥ, sārathiḥ
grahaḥ3.3.244MasculineSingularstriyāḥśroṇiḥ
kṣattriyā2.6.14FeminineSingularkṣatriyāṇī
śarvarīFeminineSingularrajanī, kṣapā, rātriḥ, tamī, tamasvinī, kṣaṇadā, niśīthinī, yāminī, vibhāvarī, triyāmā, niśāthe star spangled night
yatnaḥ3.3.117MasculineSingularmṛgāṅkaḥ, kṣatriyaḥ, nṛpaḥ
kṣattriyā2.6.14FeminineSingularkṣatriyāṇī
kṣatriyī2.6.15FeminineSingular
śrotriyaḥ2.7.6MasculineSingularchāndasaḥ
kṣatriyaḥ2.8.1MasculineSingularvirāṭ, mūrddhābhiṣiktaḥ, rājanyaḥ, bāhujaḥ
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124 results for triy
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
triyfor try-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyadhvann. the 3 times (perfect tense,p. future) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyājñaSee triy-akṣa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyakṣaSee try--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyāmamf(ā-)n. (the night) containing 3 watches (or 9 hours) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyāmāf. night etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyāmāf. turmeric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyāmamf(ā-)n. equals -puṣā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyāmamf(ā-)n. the Indigo plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyāmamf(ā-)n. the river yamunā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyāmakan. sin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyambakaSee try--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyānan. the 3 Vehicles (leading to nirvāṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyaṣṭim. Oldenlandia biflora (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyavamfn. weighing 3 barley-corns View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyavasthamfn. having 3 conditions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyaviSee try--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyojanan. 3 yojana-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyonimfn. (a lawsuit) resulting from 3 reasons (anger, covetousness, or infatuation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyṛcan. equals tṛc/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyugan. (equals -puruṣa-) 3 generations (;"spring, rainy-season, and autumn", ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyugamfn. appearing in the first 3 yuga-s (kṛṣṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyugmamfn. possessing 3 pairs (yaśo-vīrye-, aiśvarya-śriyau-, jñāna-vairāgye-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyūham. a chestnut-coloured horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyūham. see ukanāha-, urāha-, kiyāha-, kokāha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyuktamfn. (a cart) drawn by 3 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyūpamfn. with 3 sacrificial posts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahastriyāman. day and night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahastriyāmaSee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitriyamfn. idem or 'mfn. hostile ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apāmnaptriya([ ]) mfn. relating to agni-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aponaptriya([PBr.]) ([ ]) mfn. relating to agni-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aprāśitriyamfn. not fit for food called prāśitr/a- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aputriyamfn. sonless, childless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśrotriyamfn. not versed in the veda- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśrotriyamfn. performed by Brahmans who are not versed in the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
audbhettriyan. idem or 'n. (fr. ud-bhettṛ-) idem or 'n. forcing one's way to an aim, success, victory ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitriyāyaṇam. (for tryāy-See caitra-) patronymic of yajña-sena- , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāturhotriyamfn. attended by 4 chief priests (agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citriyamfn. visible at a distance (a species of aśvattha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citriyam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsīśrotriyam. equals -brāhmaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durmitriyamfn. unfriendly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāvastotriyāf. (scilicet hotrā-) the praise addressed to the soma- stones View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hotriyan. the office or function of a priest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaitriyan. victory View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭhaśrotriyam. a Brahman who has studied the kaṭha- branch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyamfn. (; gaRa śreṇyādi-) governing, endowed with sovereignty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyam. a member of the military or reigning order (which in later times constituted the second caste) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyam. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyam. Name of a daśa-pūrvin- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyam. a red horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyam. Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyāf. ( Va1rtt. 7) a woman of the military or second caste (exempli gratia, 'for example' kṣ te-,your wife that belongs to the second caste) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyam. Name of durgā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyan. the power or rank of the sovereign View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyabruvamfn. pretending to be a kṣatriya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyadharmam. the duty or occupation of the warrior-tribe, war, government, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyadharmanmfn. having the duties of a soldier or of the second caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyahaṇamfn. one who destroys the military caste
kṣatriyajātif. the military tribe or caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyakāf. a woman belonging to the military or second caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyamardanamfn. destroying the kṣatriya-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyamardanamfn. (sarva-kṣ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyāṇīf. idem or 'f. a woman belonging to the military or second caste ' Va1rtt. 7 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyāṇīf. the wife of a man of the second caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyāntakaram. idem or 'mfn. one who destroys the military caste ' , Name of paraśu-rāma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyaprāyamfn. mostly consisting of the military tribe. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyarājam. the chief of kṣatriya-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyārim. "enemy of the kṣatriya-s", Name of paraśu-rāma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyarṣabha(ṛṣ-) m. the best of kṣatriya-s: (see gaRa vyāghrādi-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyatāf. the order or rank of a kṣatriya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyatvam. idem or 'f. the order or rank of a kṣatriya- ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyavarāf. a wild variety of Curcumis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyayajñam. the sacrifice of a kṣatriya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyayonif. a kṣatriya-'s form of existence, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyayuvanmfn. gaRa yuvādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyīf. the wife of a man of the second caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatriyikāf. equals yakā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetriyamfn. "organic"(as a disease), incurable ("curable in a future body id est incurable in the present life ") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetriyam. one who seduces other men's wives, adulterer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetriyan. () an organic and incurable disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetriyam. meadow grass, herbage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetriyan. plural (/āṇi-) the environs of a place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetriyanāśanamf(ī-)n. removing a chronic disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāśrotriyam. a great theologian View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantriśrotriyam. a minister who is also a śrotriya- (or conversant with the veda-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitriyamfn. friendly, coming from or relating to a friend View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgākṣītriyāmāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakṣatriyamfn. relating to the stars or nakṣatra-s, containing a number equal to that of the nakṣatra-s id est 27 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥkṣatriyamfn. Balar, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nikṣatriyamfn. where the warriors are overthrown View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyamfn. worthy to partake of a meal (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasiddhakṣatriyaprāyamfn. consisting for the most part of renowned kṣatriya-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāśitriyamfn. See a-prāśitriya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
putriyamf(ā-)n. relating to a son (see a-p-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
putriyaNom. P. y/ati-, to wish for a son or children View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyogam. night-fall, the coming on of night View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasrastotriyamfn. consisting of a thousand stotriya-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānastotriyamfn. having the same stotriya-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarattriyāmāf. a night in autumn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvakṣatriyamardanam. the destroyer of all kṣatriya-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sattriyamf(ā-)n. relating to the sattra- sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savitriyamfn. relating or belonging to the sun, solar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrautriyakan. (fr. śrotriya-) conversancy with the veda-s gaRa manojñādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrotriyamfn. learned in the veda-, conversant with sacred knowledge etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrotriyamfn. docile, modest, well-behaved
śrotriyam. a Brahman versed in the veda-, theologian, divine etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrotriyam. a Brahman of the third degree (standing between the brāhmaṇa- and anūcāna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrotriyasātkṛP. -karoti-, to give into the possession of Brahmans versed in the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrotriyasvan. the property of a learned Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrotriyatāf. () conversancy with the veda-, the being a learned Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrotriyatvan. () conversancy with the veda-, the being a learned Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stotriya mfn. relating or belonging or peculiar to a stotra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stotriyam. (scilicet tṛca-or pragātha-) the first part of the bahiṣ-pavamāna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stotriyāf. (scilicet ṛc-) a stotra- verse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
striyammanyamfn. (equals strīm-m-) thinking oneself or passing for a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sugātriyā wrong reading for -gātuy/ā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukṣatriyam. a good kṣatriya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukṣetriyāf. (the same form for instrumental case) desire of good fields View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvidatriyamfn. propitious, gracious, favourable
śvaḥstotriyan. tomorrow's stotriya- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidatriyaSee su-vidatr/iya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathāstotriyamind. according to the order of the stotriya- (or -) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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a अ The first letter of the alphabet; अक्षंराणामकारो$स्मि Bg.10.33. -अः [अवति, अतति सातत्येन तिष्ठतीति वा; अव्-अत् वा, ड Tv.] 1 N. of Viṣṇu, the first of the three sounds constituting the sacred syllable ओम्; अकारो विष्णुरुद्दिष्ट उकारस्तु महेश्वरः । मकारस्तु स्मृतो ब्रह्मा प्रणवस्तु त्रयात्मकः ॥ For more explanations of the three syllables अ, उ, म् see ओम्. -2 N. of Śiva, Brahmā, Vāyu, or Vaiśvānara.-- [अः कृष्णः शंकरो ब्रह्मा शक्रः सोमो$निलो$नलः । सूर्यः प्राणो यमः कालो वसन्तः प्रणवः सुखी ॥ Enm. अः स्याद् ब्रह्मणि विष्ण्वीशकूर्माणङ्करणेषु च। गौरवे$न्तःपुरे हेतौ भूषणे$ङ्घ्रावुमेज्ययोः ॥ Nm. अः शिखायां सिद्धमन्त्रे प्रग्राहे$र्के रथार्वणि । चक्रे कुक्कुटमूर्ध्नीन्दुबिम्बे ब्रह्मेशविष्णुषु ॥ ibid. Thus अः means Kṛiṣṇa, Śiva, Brahmā, Indra, Soma, Vāyu, Agni, the Sun, the life-breath, Yama, Kāla, Vasanta, Praṇava, a happy man, a tortoise, a courtyard, a battle, greatness, a female apartment in a palace, an object or a cause, an ornament, a foot, Umā, sacrifice, a flame, a particularly efficacious mantra, reins, the horse of chariot, a wheel, the head of a cock, the disc of the moon]; ind. 1 A Prefix corresponding to Latin in, Eng. in or un, Gr. a or an, and joined to nouns, adjectives, indeclinables (or rarely even to verbs) as a substitute for the negative particle ऩञ्, and changed to अन् before vowels (except in the word अ-ऋणिन्). The senses of न usually enumerated are six--(a) सादृश्य 'likeness' or 'resemblance', अब्राह्मणः one like a Brāhmaṇa (wearing the sacred thread &c.), but not a Brāhmaṇa; a Kṣatriya, or a Vaiśya; अनिक्षुः a reed appearing like इक्षु, but not a true इक्षु. (b) अभाव 'absence', 'negation', 'want', 'privation'; अज्ञानम् absence of knowledge, ignorance; अक्रोधः, अनङ्गः, अकण्टकः, अघटः &c. (c) अन्यत्व 'difference' or 'distinction'; अपटः not a cloth, something different from, or other than, a cloth. (d) अल्पता 'smallness', 'diminution', used as a diminutive particle; अनुदरा having a slender waist (कृशोदरी or तनुमध्यमा). (e) अप्राशस्त्य 'badness', 'unfitness', having a depreciative sense; अकालः wrong or improper time; अकार्यम् not fit to be done, improper, unworthy, bad act. (f) विरोध 'opposition', 'contrariety'; अनीतिः the opposite of morality; immorality; असित not white, black; असुर not a god, a demon &c. These senses are put together in the following verse :-- तत्सादृश्यमभावश्च तदन्यत्वं तदल्पता । अप्राशस्त्यं विरोधश्च ऩञर्थाः षट् प्रकीर्तिताः ॥ See न also. With verbal derivatives, such as gerunds, infinitives, participles, it has usually the sense of 'not'; अदग्ध्वा not having burnt; अपश्यन् not seeing; so असकृत् not once; अमृषा, अकस्मात् &c. Sometimes in बहुव्रीहि अ does not affect the sense of the second member : अ-पश्चिम that which has no last, i. e. best, topmost; e. g. विपश्चितामपश्चिमः cf. also R.19.1. अनुत्तम having no superior, unsurpassed, most excellent: (for examples see these words). -2 An interjection of (a) Pity (ah !) अ अवद्यं P.I.1.14 Sk. (b) Reproach, censure (fie, shame); अपचसि त्वं जाल्म P.VI.3.73 Vārt. See अकरणि, अजीवनि also. (c) Used in addressing; अ अनन्त. (d) It is also used as a particle of prohibition. -3 The augment prefixed to the root in the formation of the Imperfect, Aorist and Conditional Tenses. N. B.-- The application of this privative prefix is practically unlimited; to give every possible case would almost amount to a dictionary itself. No attempt will, therefore, be made to give every possible combination of this prefix with a following word; only such words as require a special explanation, or such as most frequently occur in literature and enter into compounds with other words, will be given; others will be found self-explaining when the English 'in', 'un', or 'not', is substituted for अ or अन् before the meaning of the second word, or the sense may be expressed by 'less', 'free from', 'devoid or destitute of' &c; अकथ्य unspeakable; अदर्प without pride, or freedom from pride; अप्रगल्भ not bold; अभग unfortunate; अवित्त destitute of wealth &c. In many cases such compounds will be found explained under the second member. Most compounds beginning with अ or अन् are either Tatpuruṣa or Bahuvrīhi (to be determined by the sense) and should be so dissolved.
akṣatra अक्षत्र a. [नास्ति क्षत्रं क्षत्रियत्वं क्षत्रिया जातिर्वा यत्र, न. ब.] Devoid of the Kṣatriya caste; नाब्रह्म क्षत्रमृध्नोति नाक्षत्रं ब्रह्म वर्धते Ms.9.322.
aṅgiraḥ अङ्गिरः अङ्गिरस् m. [अङ्गति-अङ्ग् गतौ असि इरुट्; Uṇ 4. 235; according to Ait. Br. अङ्गिरस् is from अङ्गार; ये अङ्गारा आसंस्ते$ङ्गिरसो$भवन्; so Nir.; अङ्गारेषु यो बभूव सो$ङ्गिराः] N. of a celebrated sage to whom many hymns of the Rigveda (ix) are ascribed. Etymologically Aṅgira is connected with the word Agni and is often regarded as its synonym (शिवो भव प्रजाभ्यो मानुषीभ्यस्त्व- मङ्गिरः; अङ्गिरोभिः ऋषिभिः संपादितत्वात् अङ्गसौष्ठवाद्वा अङ्गिरा अग्निरूपः) According to Bhārata he was son of Agni. When Agni began to practise penance, Aṅgiras himself became Agni and surpassed him in power and lustre, seeing which Agni came to the sage and said:- निक्षिपाम्यहमग्नित्वं त्वमग्निः प्रथमो भव । भविष्यामि द्वितीयो$हं प्राजा- पत्यक एव च ॥ Aṅgiras said :- कुरु पुण्यं प्रजासर्गं भवाग्निस्तिमि- रापहः । मां च देव कुरुष्वाग्ने प्रथमं पुत्रमञ्जसा ॥ तत्श्रुत्वाङ्गिरसो वाक्यं जातवेदास्तथा$करोत्. He was one of the 1 mind-born sons of Brahmā. His wife was Śraddhā, daughter of Kardama and bore him three sons, Bṛhaspati, Utathya and Saṁvarta, and 4 daughters Kuhū, Sinīvālī, Rākā and Anumati. The Matsya Purāṇa says that Aṅgiras was one of the three sages produced from the sacrifice of Varuṇa and that he was adopted by Agni as his son and acted for some time as his regent. Another account, however, makes him father of Agni. He was one of the seven great sages and also one of the 1 Prajāpatis or progenitors of mankind. In latter times Aṅgiras was one of the inspired lawgivers, and also a writer on Astronomy. As an astronomical personification he is Bṛhaspati, regent of Jupiter or Jupiter itself. शिष्यैरुपेता आजग्मु: कश्यपाङ्गिरसादयः (Bhāg. 1.9.8.) He is also regarded as the priest of the gods and the lord of sacrifices. Besides Śraddhā his wives were Smṛti, two daughters of Maitreya, some daughters of Dakṣa, Svadhā and Satī. He is also regarded as teacher of Brahmavidyā. The Vedic hymns are also said to be his daughters. According to the Bhāgavata Purāṇa, Aṅgiras begot sons possessing Brahmanical glory on the wife of Rāthītara, a Kṣatriya who was childless and these persons were afterwards called descendants of Aṅgiras. The principal authors of vedic hymns in the family of Aṅgi-ras were 33. His family has three distinct branches केवलाङ्गिरस, गौतमाङ्गिरस and भारद्वाजाङ्गिरस each branch having a number of subdivisions. - (pl.) 1 Descendants of Aṅgiras, [Aṅgiras being father of Agni they are considered as descendants of Agni himself who is called the first of the Aṅgirasas. Like Aṅgiras they occur in hymns addressed to luminous objects, and at a later period they became for the most part personifications of light, of luminous bodies, of divisions of time, celestial phenomena and fires adapted to peculiar occasions, as the full moon and change of the moon, or to particular rites, as the अश्वमेध, राजसूय &c.] -2 Hymns of the Atharvaveda. -3 Priests, who, by using magical formulas of the Atharvaveda, protect the sacrifice against the effects of inauspicious accidents.
ajīta अजीत a. [न. त.] Not faded or withered, not faint. -Comp. -पुनर्वर्ण्यम् N. of a two-fold rite to be performed by Kṣatriyas (अप्राप्तप्राप्तिकरणार्थो विधिः).
anantara अनन्तर a. [नास्ति अन्तरं व्यवधानं, मध्यः; अवकाशः &c. यस्य] 1 Having no interior or interior space, limitless; तदेतत् ब्रह्म अपूर्वमनन्तरं अवाह्यम् Br. Up.2.5.19. -2 Having no interval or interstice or pause (of space or time); compact, close; हलो$नन्तराः संयोगः P.I.1.7, See संयोग. -3 (a) Contiguous, neighbouring, adjoining; Rām.4.21. 14; अनयत् प्रभुशक्तिसंपदा वशमेको नृपतीननन्तरान् R.8.19; भारतवर्षा- दुत्तरेण अनन्तरे किंपुरुषनाम्नि वर्षे K.136; immediately adjoining; Ki.2.53. R.7.21; not distant from (with abl.); आत्मनो$नन्तरममात्यपदं ग्राहितः Mu.4; ब्रह्मावर्तादनन्तरः Ms.2.19 (Kull. अनन्तरः किंचिदूनः); अरेः अनन्तरं मित्रम् 7.158; or in comp.; विषयानन्तरो राजा शत्रुः Ak. who is an immediate neighbour. -4 Immediately before or after; Rām.4. 29.31. तदिदं क्रियतामनन्तरं भवता बन्धुजनप्रयोजनम् Ku.4.32 soon after, just afterwards; अनन्तरोदीरितलक्ष्मभाजौ पादौ यदीयावुपजातयस्ताः Chānd. M. having characteristics mentioned just before. -5 Following, coming close upon (in comp.); शङ्खस्वनानन्तरपुष्पवृष्टि Ku.1.23;2.53; ˚कर- णीयम् Ś.4 the next duty, what should be done next. -6 Belonging to the caste immediately following; पुत्रा ये$नन्तरस्त्रीजाः Ms.1.14. -7 Uninterrupted, unbroken, continuous. सुखदुःखावृते लोके नेहास्त्येकमनन्तरम् Mb.12.153. 89. -8 Straight, direct (साक्षात्). अथवा$नन्तरकृतं किंचिदेव निदर्शनम् Mb.12.35.9. -रम् [न. त.] 1 Contiguity, proximity; अनन्तरविहिते चास्यासने K.93. -2 Brahman, the supreme soul (as being of one entire essence). -रम् ind. [Strictly it is acc. of time कालात्यन्तसंयोगः; नास्ति अन्तरं यथा स्या तथा] 1 Immediately after, afterwards. -2 (with a prepositional force) After (with abl.); पुराणपत्त्रापग- मादनन्तरम् R.3.7; त्यागाच्छान्तिरनन्तरम् Bg.12.12; गोदानविधे- रनन्तरम् R.3.33,36.;2.71; स्वामिनो$नन्तरं भृत्याः Pt.1; rarely with gen.; अङ्गदं चाधिरूढस्तु लक्ष्मणो$नन्तरं मम Rām.; or in comp.; घनोदयाः प्राक् तदनन्तरं पयः Ś7.3.; R.4. 2.; Ms.3.252, Y.2.41; वचनानन्तरमेव K.78 immediately after those words. -Comp. -जः or जा [अनन्तरस्या अनन्तरवर्णाया मातुः जायते] 1 the child of a Kṣatriyā or Vaiśyā mother, by a father belonging to the caste imme- diately above the mother's, स्त्रीष्वनन्तरजातासु द्विजैरुत्वादिता- न्सुतान् । सदृशानेव तानाहुर्मातृदोषविगर्हितान् ॥ Ms.1.6. -2 born immediately before or after; a younger or elder brother. Legitimate son (औरसः); आत्मा पत्रश्च विज्ञेयस्तस्या- नन्तरजश्च यः Mb.13.49.3. (-जा) a younger or elder sister; अनुष्ठितानन्तरजाविवाहः R.7.32.; so ˚जात.
anumaraṇam अनुमरणम् Following in death; तन्मरणे चानुमरणं करिष्या- मीति मे निश्चयः H.3; post-cremation of a widow (अनुमरणं हि भर्तर्देशान्तरादिमरणे देहाद्यलाभ एव); देशान्तरमृते पत्यौ साध्वी तत्पादुकाद्वयम् । निधायोरसि संशुद्धा प्रविशेज्जातवेदसम् ॥ This is allowed to Kṣatriya, Vaiṣya and other women, but not to Brāhmaṇa women; पृथक् चितां समारुह्य न विप्रा गन्तुमर्हति. Bāṇa severely condemns this practice; see K.173-4.
āśramaḥ आश्रमः मम् [आ-श्रम् आधारे घञ् वृद्धयभावः] 1 A hermitage, hut, cell, dwelling or abode of ascetics; शरणान्यशरण्यानि आश्रमाणि कृतानि नः Rām.7.6.5. -2 A stage, order, or period of the (religious) life of a Brāhmaṇa (These are four:-ब्रह्मचर्य the life of a student; गार्हस्थ्य the life of a house-holder; वानप्रस्थ the life of an anchorite or hermit, and संन्यास the life of a Bhikṣu or beggar. Kṣatriyas (and Vśiyas also) can enter, upon the first three Āśramas; cf. Ś.7.18; V.5; (according to some authorities they can enter the fourth also; cf. स किलाश्रममन्त्यमाश्रितः R.8.14; पूर्वाश्रमः Ku.5.5. -3 A college, school. -4 A wood or thicket (where ascetics practise penance). -5 N. of Viṣṇu. Comp. -उपनिषद् N. of an upaniṣad -गुरुः the head of a religious order, a preceptor, principal, कर्तुमाश्रमगुरुः स चाश्रमत् Śi. -धर्मः 1 the special duties of each order or life. -2 the duties of one leading a hermit's life; य इमामाश्रमधर्मे नियुङ्क्ते Ś.1. -पदम्, -मण्डलम्, -स्थानम् 1 a hermitage (including the surrounding grounds), a penance forest (तपोवनम्); शान्तमिदमाश्रमपदम् Ś.1.16. -2 a period in the religious life of a Brāhmaṇa. -पर्वन् n. The first section of the fifteenth book of the Mahābhārata. i. e. आश्रमवासिक- पर्वन्. -भ्रष्ट a. fallen from any religious order, apostate. -लक्षणम् An indicatory mark of the religious order, cf. मेखलाजिनदण्डेन ब्रह्मचारीति लक्ष्यते । गृहस्थो दानवेदाद्यैर्नखलोम्ना वनाश्रिताः ॥ त्रिदण्डेन यतिश्चैव लक्षणानि पृथक् पृथक् । यस्यैतल्लक्षणं नास्ति प्रायश्चित्ती न चाश्रमी ॥ (दक्षसंहिता.) -वासः residence in a hermitage. -वासिक a. relating to residence in a hermitage; ˚कं पर्व the 15th book of the Mb. -वासिन्, -आलयः, -सद् m. an ascetic, hermit.
ugra उग्र a. [उच्-रन् गश्चान्तादेशः Uṇ.2.28] 1 Fierce, cruel, ferocious, savage (as a look &c.); ˚दर्शनः having a fierce or cruel look. -2 Formidable, terrific, frightful; सिंहनिपातमुग्रम् R.2.5; Bg.11.3; Ms.6.75,12.75; ˚दन्तः, ˚नासिकः &c. -3 Powerful, mighty, strong, violent, intense; उग्रातपां वेलाम् Ś.3 intensely hot. उग्रशोकाम् Me.115 v. l.; निखिलरसायनराजो गन्धेनोग्रेण लशुन इव Bv. Sharp, pungent, hot, -5 High, noble. यत्र भगवानास्ते वाल्मीकिसुग्रधीः Rām.7.49.1. -6 Angry, passionate, wrathful. -7 Ready to do any work, industrious. -ग्रः 1 N. of Śiva or Rudra; जघ्ने$द्भुतैणवपुषा$$श्रमतो$- पकृष्टो मारीचमाशु विशिखेन यथा कमुग्रः Bhāg.9.1.1. -2 N. of a mixed tribe, descendant of a Kṣatriya father and Śūdra mother (his business being to catch or kill animals dwelling in holes, such as snakes; cf. क्षत्रियाच्छूद्रकन्यायां क्रूराचारविहारवान् । क्षत्रशूद्र- वपुर्जन्तुरुग्रो नाम प्रजायते ॥ Ms.1.9,13,15.). -3 N. of a tree शोभाञ्जनवृक्ष (Mar. शेवगा). -4 A group of five asterisms; their names are :- पूर्वाफल्गुनी, पूर्वाषाढा, पूर्वाभाद्रपदा, मघा and भरणी. -5 N. of a country called Kerala (Modern Malabar). -6 The sentiment called रौद्र. -7 Wind. -8 A royal attendant (like उग्र tribe); उग्राः प्रत्येनसः सूतग्रामण्यः Bṛi. Up.4.3.37. -ग्रा 1 N. of different plants; वचा, यवानी, धन्याक. (Mar. वेखंड, ओवा, मेथी). -2 A cruel woman. -ग्री A kind of being belonging to the class of demons; य उग्रीणामुग्रबाहुर्ययुः Av.4.24.2. -ग्रम् 1 A certain deadly poison, the root of Aconitum Ferox (वत्सनाभविषम्; Mar. बचनाग). -2 Wrath, anger. -Comp. -ईशः the mighty or terrible lord, N. of Śiva. -कर्मन् n. fierce in action, cruel. -काण्डः a sort of gourd (कारवेल). -काली form of Durgā. -गन्ध a. strongsmelling. (-न्धः) 1 the Cahmpaka tree. -2 N. of other trees also; कटुफल, अर्जकवृक्ष. -3 garlic. (-न्धा) 1 Orris root. -2 a medicinal plant. -3 N. of various plants; यवानी, वचा, अजमोदा. (-न्धम्) Asafœtida. -गन्धिन् a. strong-smelling. -चयः a strong desire. -चारिणी, -चण्डा N. of Durgā. -जाति a. base-born. -तारा N. of a goddess. -तेजस् a. endowed with powerful or terrible energy. -दंष्ट्र a. having terrific teeth. -दण्ड a. ruling with a rod of iron, stern, cruel, relentless; Pt.3. -ण्डः Stern rule; तस्योग्रदण्डसंविग्नाः सर्वे लोकाः सपालकाः । अन्यत्रालब्धशरणाः शरणं ययुरच्युतम् ॥ Bhāg.7.4.21. -दर्शन, -रूप a. frightful in appearance, fierce-looking, grim, terrible. -दुहितृ f. the daughter of a powerful man. -धन्वन् a. having a powerful bow. (m.) N. of Śiva and Indra; पिङ्गस्तमुग्रधन्वा कृणोतु हृदयाविधम् Av.8.6.18. -नासिक a. large-nosed. -पीठम् A ground plan in which the whole area is divided into 36 equal parts (Mānasāra 7.7). -पुत्र a. born in a mighty family. (-त्रः) N. of Kārttikeya. -पूति a. horribly stinking; Māl.5.16. -रेतस् m. a form of Rudra. -वीर a. having powerful men. -वीर्यः Assafœtida (Mar. हिंग). -शासन a. strict in orders, severe in commands. -शेखरा 'crest of Śiva'. N. of the Ganges. -शोक a. sorely-grieving, deeply afflicted. -श्रवस् (see वृद्धश्रवस्) N. of the son of रोमहर्षण. उग्रश्रवाः पुरा सूतो रोमहर्षणसंभवः Bm.1.2. -श्रवणदर्शन a. terrible to hear and see. -सेनः 1 N. of a son of Dhṛitarāṣṭra. -2 N. of a king of Mathurā and father of Kaṁsa. He was deposed by his son; but Kṛiṣṇa after having slain Kaṁsa restored him to the throne. (-ना) N. of the wife of Akrūra; ˚जः N. of Kaṁsa, the uncle and enemy of Krisna.
kaṅkaḥ कङ्कः 1 A heron; Mb.11.16.7. -2 A variety of mango. -3 N. of Yama. -4 A Kṣatriya. -5 A Vṛiṣṇi. -6 A false or pretended Brāhmaṇa. -7 Name assumed by Yudhiṣṭhira in the palace of Virāṭa. -8 One of the 18 divisions of the continent. -9 N. of a people (pl.); cf. कङ्कस्तरङ्गे गुप्ते च गृध्ने काके युधिष्ठिरे । कूले मधुरिपौ कोके पिके वैवस्वते$प्यथ ॥ Nm. -ङ्का 1 A sort of sandal. -2 Scent of the lotus. -Comp. -त्रोटः, -टिः a kind of fish. -पत्र a. furnished with the feathers of a heron. (-त्रः) an arrow furnished with a heron's feathers; नखप्रभाभूषितकङ्कपत्रे R.2.31; U.4.2; Mv.1.18. (-त्रम्) a heron's feather fixed on an arrow. -पत्रिन् m. = कङ्कपत्रः. -माला 1 a kind of musical instrument. -2 beating time by the clapping of hands. -मुख, -वदन a. shaped like a heron's mouth. (-खः, -खम्), -वदनम् a pair of tongs; शल्यानि व्यपनीयकङ्कवदनैरुन्मोचिते कङ्कटे Ve.5.1. -वासस् m. An arrow (कङ्कपत्र); असंपातं करिष्यन्ति पतन्तः कङ्कवाससः Rām.5.21.26. -शायः a dog (sleeping like a heron).
kacaḥ कचः [कच्यन्ते बध्यन्ते इति कचः, कच्-अच्] 1 Hair (especially of the head); कचेषु च निगृह्यैतान् Mb.; see ˚ग्रह below; अलिनीजिष्णुः कचानां चयः Bh.1.5. -2 A dry or healed sore, scar. -3 A binding, band. -4 The hem of a garment. -5 A cloud. -6 N. of a son of Brihaspati. [In their long warfare with the demons, the gods were often times defeated, and rendered quite helpless. But such of the demons as would be slain in battle were restored to life by Śukrāchārya, their preceptor, by means of a mystic charm which he alone possessed. The gods resolved to secure, if possible, this charm for themselves, and induced Kacha to go to Śukrāchārya and learn it from him by becoming his disciple. So Kacha went to the preceptor, but the demons killed Kacha twice lest he should succeed in mastering the lore; but on both occasions he was restored to life by the sage at the intercession of Devayānī, his daughter, who had fallen in love with the youth. Thus discomfited the Asuras killed him a third time, burnt his body, and mixed his ashes with Śukra's wine; but Devayānī again begged her father to restore to life the youth. Not being able to resist his daughter's importunities, Śukra once more performed the charm, and, to his surprise, heard the voice of Kacha issuing from his own belly. To save his own life the sage taught him the muchcoveted charm, and, on the belly of Śukra being ripped open, Kacha performed the charm and restored his master to life. Devayānī thence forward began to make stronger advances of love to him, but he steadily resisted her proposals, telling her that she was to him as a younger sister. She thereupon cursed him that the great charm he had learnt would be powerless; he, in return, cursed her that she should be sought by no Brāhmaṇa, but would become a Kṣatriya's wife.] -चा 1 A female elephant; करिण्यां तु कचा स्त्रियाम् । मेदिनी. -2 Beauty, splendour. -Comp. -अग्रम् curls, end of hair. -आचित a. having dishevelled hair; कचाचितौ विष्वगिवागजौ गजौ Ki.1.36. -आमोदः a. fragrant ointment of the hair (वाळा). -ग्रहः seizing the hair, seizing (one) by the hair; Mb.5.155.5; R.1.47, पलायनच्छलान्यञ्जसेति रुरुधुः कचग्रहैः R.19.31. -पः 1 'cloud drinker', grass. -2 a leaf. (-पम्) a vessel for vegetables. -पक्षः, -पाशः, -हस्तः thick or ornamented hair; (according to Ak. these three words denote a collection; पाशः, पक्षश्च हस्तश्च कलापार्थाः कचात्परे). -मालः smoke.
kākaḥ काकः [कै शब्दकरणे-कन् Uṇ.3.43] 1 A crow; काको$पि जीवति चिराय बलिं च भुङ्क्ते Pt.1.24. -2 (Fig.) A contemptible fellow, base or impudent person. -3 A lame man. -4 Bathing by dipping the head only into water (as crows do). -5 A sectarial mark (तिलक). -6 A kind of measure. -7 N. of a Dvīpa. -का N. of several plants काकनासा, काकोली &c. -की 1 A female crow. -काकी see Mbh. on IV.1.63. -कम् 1 A multitude of crows. -2 A modus coeundi. -Comp. -अक्षिगोलकन्याय see under न्याय. -अञ्ची = काकजङ्घा q. v. -अदनी The Gunja plant. -अरिः an owl. -इक्षुः A reed. -उडुम्वरः, (-रिका) The fig-tree. -उदरः a snake; काकोदरो येन विनीतदर्पः Kavirāja; काकोदरसोदरः खलो जगति Bv.1.76. -उलूकिका, -उलूकीयम् the natural enmity of the owl and the crow; Mbh. on IV.2.14; Vārt.2. (काकोलूकीयम् is the name of the third Tantra in the Pañchatantra). -कङ्गुः -कङ्गुनी f. A kind of corn. -Comp. -कला N. of a plant. -चिञ्चा, -जङ्घा the Gunja plant. -चरित्रम् A part of the science of Omens based on the sound of crows. -च्छदः, -च्छदिः 1 a wag-tail. -2 a side-lock of hair; see काकपक्ष below. -जम्बुः A kind of rose-apple tree. -जातः the (Indian) cuckoo. -तालीय a. [काकताल-छ Mbh. on V.3.16] (anything) taking place quite unexpectedly and accidentally, an accident; अहो नु खलु भोः तदेतत् काकतालीयं नाम Māl.5; काक- तालीयवत्प्राप्तं दृष्ट्वा$पि निधिमग्रतः H. Pr.3; sometimes used adverbially in the sense of 'accidentally'; फलन्ति काक- तालीयं तेभ्यः प्राज्ञा न बिभ्यति Ve.2.15. ˚न्याय see under न्याय. -तालुकिन a. contemptible, vile. -तिक्रा, -तिन्दुका, -तुण्डिका different kinds of trees. -तुण्डम् A kind of head of an arrow (see फलम्). काकतुण्डेन वेध्यानां वेधं कुर्यात् Dhanur.66. -दन्तः (lit.) the tooth of a crow; (fig.) anything impossible or not existing; ˚गवेषणम् searching after impossibilities (said of any useless and unprofitable task). -ध्वजः the submarine fire; cf. और्व. -नासा, -नासिका, -नासिकी different kinds of trees. -निद्रा a light slumber (easily broken). -पक्षः, -पक्षकः side-locks of hair on the temples of boys and young men (especially of the Kṣatriya caste]; काकपक्षधरमेत्य याचितः R.11.1,31,42;3.28; U.3. -पदम् 1 the sign (^) in Mss. denoting that something has been left out. -2 an incision in the skin. (-दः) a particular mode of sexual intercourse. -पुच्छः, -पुष्टः the [Indian] cuckoo. -पेय a shallow; काकपेया नदी Sk. -भीरुः an owl. -मद्गुः a gallinule water-hen, घृतं हृत्वा तु दुर्बुद्धिः काकमद्गुः प्रजायते Mb.13.111.22. -मर्दः, -मर्दकः a kind of gourd [Mar. कवंडळ]. -माची, -चिका a kind of tree (Mar. कावळी) -मृगगोचरित a. following the manner of the crow in drinking, of the deer in eating and of the cow in making water; एवं गोमृगकाकचर्यया व्रजंस्तिष्ठन्नासीनः शयानः काकमृगगोचरितः पिबति खादत्यवमेहति स्म Bhāg.5.5.34. -यवः barren corn (the ear of which has no grain); यथा काकयवाः प्रोक्ता यथारण्यभवास्तिलाः । नाममात्रा न सिद्धौ हि धनहीनास्तथा नराः ॥ Pt.2.9. तथैव पाण्डवाः सर्वे यथा काकयवा इव Mb; (काकयवाः = निष्फलतृणधान्यम्). -रुतम् the shrill sound of a crow (considered as a sign of future good or evil under different circumstances); -रुहा a. kind of tree (Mar. बांडगूळ). -वन्ध्या a woman that bears only one child. -स्नानम् Bathing like a crow. -स्पर्शः 1 The touching of a crow. -2 A ceremony performed on the tenth day after a death, consisting in the offering of rice to crows. -स्वरः a shrill tone (as that of a crow).
konvaśiraḥ कोन्वशिरः A Kṣatriya cursed by a Brāhmaṇa to be a Śūdra.
kṣattṛ क्षत्तृ m. [क्षद् संज्ञायाम् तृच् Uṇ.2.91.] 1 One who cuts or carves anything; क्षत्ता वामस्य देव भूरेः Rv.6.13.2. -2 An attendant, a door-keeper; यत् क्षत्तारं ह्वयत्या Av. 9.6.1; मुनिः प्रवेशितः क्षत्रा कन्यान्तःपुरमृद्धिमत् Bhāg.9. 6.43; chamberlain; Ks.52.16. -3 A coachman, charioteer; Vāj.16.26. -4 A man born of a Śūdra man and Kṣatriya woman; cf. Ms.1.9. -5 The son of a female slave; (e. g. विदुर); यावतः कृतवान्प्रश्नान्क्षत्ता कौषारवाग्रतः Bhāg.1.13.2. -6 Brahmā. -7 A fish. -8 One who fights from a chariot. -9 The manager of a treasure (कोषाध्यक्ष). -1 A guard (?); Gīrvāṇa; एवमाघोषयत्क्षत्रा नन्दगोपः स्वगोकुले Bhāg.1.39.12.
kṣatraḥ क्षत्रः त्रम् 1 Dominion, power, supremacy, might. -2 A man of the Kṣatriya caste, or the Kṣatriya tribe taken collectively; क्षतात्किल त्रायत इत्युदग्रः क्षत्रस्य शब्दो भुवनेषु रुढः R.2.53;11.69,71; असंशयं क्षत्रपरिग्रहक्षमा Ś.1.22; Ms.9.322; ब्राह्मणेनैधितं क्षत्रं मन्त्रिमन्त्राभिमन्त्रितम् । जयत्यजितमत्यन्तम् ... Kau. A.1.9. -3 A man of the warrior class, a soldier; क्षत्रप्रताप U.6.18; martial or heroic valour; 6.16; -4 Injury, harm (हिंसा); 'क्षत्रं हिंसा तदर्थं जातं क्षत्रजम्' -com. of Nīlakaṇṭha on Mb. 12.189.5; (क्षत्रजं सेवते कर्म वेदाध्ययनसंगतः ।). -त्री 1 A woman of the military caste. -2 The rank of a member of the military caste. -3 Wealth. -4 Water. -5 The body. -Comp. -अन्तकः an epithet of Paraśurāma. -धर्मः 1 bravery, military heroism; क्षत्रधर्महतः Ms.5.98. -2 the duties of a Kṣatriya. -पः a governor, satrap; (a word found on coins and inscriptions.) -पतिः the possessor of dominion; क्षत्राणां क्षत्रपतिः Vāj.1.17; (cf. छत्रपति). -बन्धुः 1 a Kṣatriya by caste; Ms.2.38. -2 a mere Kṣatriya, a vile or wretched Kṣatriya; (as a term of abuse); cf. ब्रह्मबन्धु; Bhāg.4.28.48. -विद्या, -वेदः the science of the warrior class (क्षत्रिय); धनुर्वेद; अध्येमि क्षत्रविद्याम् Ch. Up.7.1.2; क्षत्रवेदविदां श्रेष्ठो ब्रह्म- वेदविदामपि Rām.1.65.23.
kṣatriyaḥ क्षत्रियः [क्षत्रे राष्ट्रे साधु तस्यापत्यं जातौ वा घः Tv.] 1 A member of the military or second caste; धर्म्याद्धि युद्धाच्छ्रेयो$न्यत् क्षत्रियस्य न विद्यते Bg.2.31. ब्राह्मणः क्षत्रियो वैश्यस्त्रयो वर्णा द्विजातयः Ms.1.4. The Mahābhārata (Śāntiparvan) says: ब्राह्मणानां क्षतत्राणात्ततः क्षत्रिय उच्यते । -2 A kind of horse; क्षत्रिया वह्निसंभवाः Śālihotra, Appendix II,14. -यम् The rank or power of the Kṣatriya class; Rv.4.12.3. -Comp. -धर्मः See क्षत्रधमः; Ms.1. 81. -हनः (-णः) an epithet of Paraśurāma; Mb.5. 178.89. क्षत्रियका kṣatriyakā क्षत्रिया kṣatriyā क्षत्रियिका kṣatriyikā क्षत्रियका क्षत्रिया क्षत्रियिका A woman of the Kṣatriya caste; Mb.1.2.318.
kṣatriyāṇī क्षत्रियाणी [P.IV.1.49. Vārt.7] 1 A woman of the Kṣatriya caste. -2 The wife of a Kṣatriya.
kṣatriyī क्षत्रियी The wife of a Kṣatriya.
kṣātra क्षात्र a. (-त्री f.) [क्षत्रस्य कर्म भावो वा अण्] Relating or peculiar to the military tribe; क्षात्रो धर्मः श्रित इव तनुं ब्रह्म- घोषस्य गुप्त्यै U.6.9.; R.1.13. -त्रम् 1 The Kṣatriya tribe. -2 The qualifications of a Kṣatriya; the Gītā thus describes them :-- शौर्यं तेजो धृतिर्दाक्ष्यं युद्धे चाप्यपलायनम् । दानमीश्वरभावश्च क्षात्रं कर्म स्वभावजम् Bg.18.43.
kṣātriḥ क्षात्रिः The son of a Kṣatriya by a woman of another caste; P.IV.1.138 Kāśi.
tīvaraḥ तीवरः 1 The ocean. -2 A hunter. -3 The adulterine offspring of a Rājaputrī by a Kṣatriya (one of the mixed tribes).
devayānī देवयानी N. of the daughter of Śukra, preceptor of the Asuras. [She fell in love with Kacha, her father's pupil, but he rejected her advances. On this she cursed the youth, who in return cursed her that she should become the wife of a Kṣatriya (See कच.) Once upon a time Devayānī and her companion Śarmiṣṭhā, the daughter of Vṛiṣaparvan, the king of the Daityas, went to bathe keeping their clothes on the shore. But the god Wind changed their clothes, and when they were dressed they began to quarrel about the change until Śarmiṣṭhā, so far lost her temper that she, slapped Devayānī's face, and threw her into a well. There she remained until she was seen and rescued by Yayāti, who, with the consent of her father, married her, and Śarmiṣṭhā became her servant as a recompense for her insulting conduct towards her. Devayānī lived happily with Yayāti for some years and bore him two sons, Yadu and Turvasu. Subsequently her husband became enamoured of Śarmiṣṭhā, and Devayānī, feeling herself aggrieved, abruptly left her husband and went home to her father, who at her request condemned Yayāti with the infirmity of old age; see Yayāti also.]
dvi द्वि num. a. (Nom. du. द्वौ m., द्वे f., द्वे n.) Two, both; सद्यः परस्परतुलामधिरोहतां द्वे R.5.68. (N. B. In comp. द्वा is substituted for द्वि necessarily before दशन्, विंशति and त्रिंशत् and optionally before चत्वारिंशत्, पञ्चाशत्, षष्टि, सप्तति and नवति, द्वि remaining unchanged before अशीति.) [cf. L. duo, bis or bi in comp.; Gr. duo, dis; Zend dva; A. S. twi.] -Comp. -अक्ष a. two-eyed, binocular. द्व्यक्षीं त्र्यक्षीं ललाटाक्षीम् Mb. -अक्षर a. dissyllabic. (-रः) a word of two syllables. -अङ्गुल a. two fingers long. (-लम्) two fingers' length. -अणुकम् an aggregate or molecule of two atoms, a diad. विषयो द्व्यणुकादिस्तु ब्रह्माण्डान्त उदाहृतः Bhāṣāparichchheda. -अन्तर a. separated by two intermediate links. -अर्थ a. 1 having two senses. -2 ambiguous, equivocal. -3 having two objects in view. ˚कर a. accomplishing two objects; आम्रश्च सिक्तः पितरश्च तृप्ता एका क्रिया द्व्यर्थकरीह लोके Vāyu P. ˚त्वम् the state of having to convey two senses; द्व्यर्थत्वं विप्रतिषिद्धम् MS.7.1.6. -अर्ध a. 1. -अवर a. at least two; द्व्यवरान् भोजयेद् विप्रान् पायसेन यथोचितम् Bhāg.8.16.43. -अशीत a. eighty-second. -अशीतिः f. eighty-two. -अष्टम् copper. ˚सहस्रम् 16. -अहः a period of two days. -आत्मक a. 1 having a double nature. -2 being two. -आत्मकाः m. (pl.) the signs of the zodiac Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces. -आमुष्यायणः 'a son of two persons or fathers', an adopted son who remains heir to his natural father though adopted by another. -आम्नात a. twice mentioned. -आहिक a. recurring every day (fever). -ऋचम् (द्वृचम् or द्व्यर्चम्) a collection of two verses or riks. -एकान्तर a. separated by two or by one (degree); द्व्येकान्तरासु जातानां धर्म्यं विद्यादिमं विधिम् Ms.1.7. कः, -ककारः 1 crow (there being two 'Ka's in the word काक). -2 the ruddy goose (there being two 'Ka's in the word कोक). -ककुद् m. a camel. -कर a. Yielding two senses, serving two purposes; तत्र द्विकरः शब्दः स्यात् । न च सकृदुच्चरितः शक्तो ŚB. on MS.12.1.4. -कार्षापणिक a. worth two कार्षापणs -कौडविक a. containing or worth two कुडवs. -गत a ambiguous. -गु a. exchanged or bartered for two cows. (-गुः) a subdivision of the Tatpuruṣa compound in which the first member is a numeral; द्वन्द्वो द्विगुरपि चाहम् Udb. -गुण a. double, twofold; पितुर्वधव्यसनमिदं हि येन मे चिरादपि द्विगुणमिवाद्य वर्धते Mu.5.6 (द्रिगुणाकृ to plough twice; द्विगुणीकृ to double, increase; द्विगुणीभूत a. double, augmented). -गुणित a. 1 doubled, multiplied by two; वैरोचनैर्द्विगुणिताः सहसा मयूखैः Ki.5.46. -2 folded double. -3 enveloped. -4 doubly increased, doubled. -चरण a. having two legs, two-legged; द्विचरणपशूनां क्षितिभुजाम् Śānti.4.15. -चत्वारिंश a. (द्वि-द्वा-चत्वारिंश) fortysecond. -चत्वारिंशत् f. (द्वि-द्वा चत्वारिंशत्) forty-two. -चन्द्रधी, -मतिः The illusion of seeing two moons due to an eye disease called Timira; N.13.42. -जः 'twice-born' 1 a man of any of the first three castes of the Hindus (a Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya or Vaiśya); मातुर्यदग्रे जायन्ते द्वितीयं मौञ्जिबन्धनात् । ब्राह्मणक्षत्रियविशस्तस्मादेते द्विजाः स्मृताः Y.1.39. -2 Brāhmaṇa (over whom the Saṁskāras or purificatory rites are performed); जन्मना ब्राह्मणो ज्ञेयः संस्कारै- र्द्विज उच्यते. -3 any oviparous animal, such as a bird, snake, fish &c.; Mb.12.361.5. (द्विजश्रेष्ठ = द्विजाना- मण्डजानां सर्पाणां श्रेष्ठ); स तमानन्दमविन्दत द्विजः N.2.1; Ś.5.22; R.12.22; Mu.1.11; Ms.5.17. -4 a tooth; कीर्णं द्विजानां गणैः Bh.1.13. (where द्विज means 'a Brāhmaṇa' also). -5 A star; L. D. B. -6 A kind of horse; जलोद्भवा द्विजा ज्ञेयाः Aśvachikitsā. -7 A Brahmachārī; Bhāg.11.18.42. ˚अग्ऱ्य a Brāhmaṇa. ˚अयनी the sacred thread worn by the first three castes of the Hindus. ˚आलयः 1 the house of a dvija. -2 a nest. ˚इन्द्रः, ˚ईशः 1 the moon; द्विजेन्द्रकान्तं श्रितवक्षसं श्रिया Śi.12.3. -2 an epithet of Garuḍa. -3 camphor. ˚दासः a Sūdra. ˚देवः 1 a Brāhmaṇa; Bhāg.8.15.37. -2 a sage; Bhāg.3.1.23. -3 N. of Brahmadeva; Bhāg. 5.2.16. ˚पतिः, ˚राजः an epithet of 1 the moon; इत्थं द्विजेन द्विजराजकान्तिः R.5.23. -2 Garuḍa. -3 camphor. ˚प्रपा 1 a trench or basin round the root of a tree for holding water. -2 a trough near a well for watering birds, cattle &c. ˚प्रियः kind of khadira. ˚प्रिया the Soma plant. ˚बन्धुः, ˚ब्रुवः 1 a man who pretends to be a Brāhmaṇa. -2 one who is 'twice-born' or a Brāhmaṇa by name and birth only and not by acts; cf. ब्रह्मबन्धु. ˚मुख्यः a Brāhmaṇa. ˚लिङ्गिन् m. 1 a Kṣatriya. -2 a pseudo-Brāhmaṇa, one disguised as a Brāhmaṇa. ˚वाहनः an epithet of Viṣṇu (having Garuḍa for his vehicle). ˚सेवकः a Sūdra. -जन्मन् a. 1 having two natures. -2 regenerated. -3 oviparous (-m.). -जातिः m. 1 a man of any of the first three castes of the Hindus; एतान् द्विजातयो देशान् संश्रयेरन् प्रयत्नतः Ms.2.24. -2 a Brāhmaṇa. Ki.1.39; Ku.5.4. गुरुरग्निर्द्विजातीनां वर्णानां ब्राह्मणो गुरुः H. -3 a bird. -4 a tooth. -5 A kind of horse; लक्षणद्वयसम्बन्धाद् द्विजातिः स्यात् तुरङ्गमः Yuktikalpataru. -जातीय a. 1 belonging to the first three castes of the Hindus. -2 of a twofold nature. -3 of mixed origin, mongrel. (-यः) a mule. -जानि a having two wives. -जिह्व a. double-tongued (fig. also). -2 insincere. (-ह्वः) 1 a snake; परस्य मर्माविधमुज्झतां निजं द्विजिह्वतादोषमजिह्मगामिभिः Śi.1.63; R.11.64;14.41; Bv.1.2. -2 an informer, a slanderer, tale-bearer. -3 an insincere person -4 a thief. -5 particular disease of the tongue. -ज्या the sine of an arc. -ठः 1 the sign visarga consisting of two dots. -2 N. of Svāhā, wife of Agni. -त्र a. (pl.) two or three; द्वित्राण्यहान्यर्हसि सोढुमर्हन् R.5.25; सूक्ष्मा एव पतन्ति चातकमुखे द्वित्राः पयोबिन्दवः Bh.2.121. -त्रिंश (द्वात्रिंश) a. 1 thirty second. -2 consisting of thirty two. -त्रिंशत् (द्वात्रिंशत्) f. thirty-two. ˚लक्षण a. having thirty-two auspicious marks upon the body. -दण्डि ind. stick against stick. -दत् a. having two teeth (as a mark of age). -दन्तः an elephant. -दल a. having two parts, two-leafed. -दश a. (pl.) twenty. -दश a. (द्वादश) 1 twelfth; गर्भात् तु द्वादशे विशः Ms.2.36. -2 consisting of twelve. -दशन् (द्वादशन्) a. (pl.) twelve. ˚अंशुः, ˚अर्चिस् m. an epithet of 1 the planet Jupiter. -2 Bṛihaspati, the preceptor of the gods. ˚अक्षः, ˚करः, ˚लोचनः epithets of Kārtikeya ˚अक्षरमन्त्रः- विद्या the mantra ऊँ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय; गन्धधूपादिभिश्चार्चेद्वाद- शाक्षरविद्यया Bhāg.8.16.39. ˚अङ्गुल a measure of twelve fingers. ˚अध्यायी N. of Jaimini's Mimāṁsā in twelve Adhyāyas. ˚अन्यिक a. committing twelve mistakes in reading. ˚अस्र a dodecagon. ˚अहः 1 a period of twelve days; शुध्येद् विप्रो दशाहेन द्वादशाहेन भूमिपः Ms.5.83;11.168. -2 a sacrifice lasting for or completed in twelve days. ˚अक्षः, ˚आख्यः a Buddha. ˚आत्मन् m. the sun; N.1.52. ˚आदित्याः (pl.) the twelve suns; see आदित्य. ˚आयुस् m. a dog. ˚लक्षणी f. the मीमांसासूत्र of जैमिनि (so called because it comprises twelve chapters); धर्मो द्वादशलक्षण्या व्युत्पाद्यः ŚB. on MS. ˚वार्षिक a. 1 twelve years old, lasting for twelve years; Pt.1. ˚विध a. twelve-fold. ˚सहस्र a. consisting of 12. -दशी (द्वादशी) the twelfth day of a lunar fortnight. -द्वादशान्यिक (द्वादशापपाठा यस्य जाताः द्वादशान्यिकः). -दशम् (द्वादशम्)) a collection of twelve, ˚आदित्याः Twelve Ādityas:- विवस्वान्, अर्यमा, पूषन्, त्वष्टा, सविता, _x001F_3भग, धाता, विधाता, वरुण, मित्र, रुद्र, विष्णु. ˚पुत्रा Twelve types of sons according to Dharmaśāstra:-- औरस, क्षेत्रज, दत्तक, कृत्रिम, गूढोत्पन्न, अपविद्ध, कानीन, सहोढ, क्रीत, पौनर्भव, स्वयंदत्त, पारशव. -दाम्नी a cow tied with two ropes. -दिवः a ceremony lasting for two days. -देवतम् the constellation विशाखा. -देहः an epithet of Gaṇesa. -धातुः an epithet of Gaṇeśa. -नग्नकः a circumcised man. -नवत (द्वि-द्वा-नवत) a. ninety-second. -नवतिः(द्वि-द्वा-नवतिः) f. ninety-two. -पः an elephant; यदा किञ्चिज्ज्ञो$हं द्विप इव मदान्धः समभवम् Bh.3.31; विपूर्यमाणश्रवणोदरं द्विपाः Śi. ˚अधिपः Indra's elephant. ˚आस्य an epithet of Gaṇesa. -पक्षः 1 a bird. -2 a month. -पञ्चाश (द्वि-द्वा-पञ्चाश) a. fifty-second. -पञ्चाशत् f. (द्वि-द्वा-पञ्चाशत्) fifty-two. -पथम् 1 two ways. -2 a cross-way, a place where two roads meet. -पद् see द्विपाद् below. -पद a. having two feet (as a verse). -पदः a biped man. -पदिका, -पदी a kind of Prākṛita metre. -पाद्, a. two footed; द्विपाद बहुपादानि तिर्यग् गतिमतीनि च Mb.14.37. -पादः 1 a biped, man. -2 a bird. -3 a god. -पाद्यः, -द्यम् a double penalty. -पायिन् m. an elephant. -फालबद्धः hair parted in two; N.1.16. -बाहुः man; Ks.53.94. -बिन्दुः a Visarga (:). -भातम् twilight. -भुजः an angle. -भूम a. having two floors (as a palace). -भौतिकः a horse possessing two elements out of the five; द्वयोर्लक्षणसंबन्धात् तुरगः स्याद् द्विभौतिकः Yuktikalpataru. -मातृ, -मातृजः an epithet of 1 Gaṇesa. -2 king Jarāsandha. -मात्रः a long vowel (having two syllabic instants); एकमात्रो भवेद् ह्रस्वो द्विमात्रो दीर्घ उच्यते Śikṣā. -मार्गी a cross-away. -मुखा 1 a leech. -2 kind of water-vessel; ˚अहिः, ˚उरगः a doublemouthed snake. -रः 1 a bee; cf. द्विरेफ. -2 = बर्बर q. v. -मुनि ind. the two Munis, Pāṇini and Kātyāyana; द्विमुनि व्याकरणस्य, विद्याविद्यावतारभेदाद् द्विमुनिव्याकरणमित्यपि साधु Sk. -मूर्वा N. of a plant, presumably some hemp. Mātaṅga. L.9.2. -यामी Two night-watches = 6 hours. -रदः an elephant; सममेव समाक्रान्तं द्वयं द्विरदगामिना R.4.4; Me.61. ˚अन्तकः, ˚अराति, ˚अशनः 1 a lion. -2 the Śarabha. -रसनः a snake. -रात्रम् two nights. -रूप a. 1 biform. -2 written in two ways. -3 having a different shape. -4 bi-colour, bipartite. (-पः) 1 a variety of interpretation or reading. -2 a word correctly written in two ways. -रेतस् m. a mule. -रेफः a large black bee (there being two 'Ra's in the word भ्रमर); अनन्तपुष्पस्य मधोर्हि चूते द्विरेफमाला सविशेषसङ्गा Ku.1.27;3.27,36. -लयः (in music) double time (?); साम्य of two things (like गीत and वाद्य); द्विलयान्ते चर्चरी V.4.35/36. -वक्त्रः 1 a double-mouthed serpent. -2 a kind of demon; एकवक्त्रो महावक्त्रो द्विवक्त्रो कालसंनिभः Hariv. -वचनम् the dual number in grammar. -वज्रकः a kind of house or structure with 16 angles (sides). -वर्गः The pair of प्रकृति and पुरुष, or of काम and क्रोध; जज्ञे द्विवर्गं प्रजहौ द्विवर्गम् Bu. Ch.2.41. -वाहिका a wing. -विंश (द्वाविंश) a. twenty-second. -विंशतिः f. (द्वाविंशति) twenty-two. -विध a. of two kinds or sorts; द्विविधः संश्रयः स्मृतः Ms.7.162. -वेश(स)रा a kind of light carriage drawn by mules. -व्याम, -व्यायाम a. two fathoms long. -शतम् 1 two hundred. -2 one hundred and two. -शत्य a. worth or bought for two hundred. -शफ a. clovenfooted. (-फः) any cloven-footed animal. -शीर्षः an epithet of Agni; also द्विशीर्षकः; सप्तहस्तः चतुःशृङ्गः सप्तजिह्वो द्विशीर्षकः Vaiśvadeva. -श्रुति a. comprehending two intervals. -षष् a. (pl.) twice six, twelve. -षष्ट (द्विषष्ट, द्वाषष्ट) a. sixty-second. -षष्टिः f. (-द्विषष्टिः, द्वाषष्टिः) sixty-two. -सन्ध्य a. having a morning and evening twi-light. -सप्तत (द्वि-द्वा-सप्तत) a. seventy-second. -सप्ततिः f. (द्वि-द्वा सप्ततिः) seventy two. -सप्ताहः a fortnight. -सम a. having two equal sides. -समत्रिभुजः an isosceles triangle. -सहस्राक्षः the great serpent Śeṣa. -सहस्र, -साहस्र a. consisting of 2. (-स्रम्) 2. -सीत्य, -हल्य a. ploughed in two ways, i. e. first length-wise and then breadth-wise. -सुवर्ण a. worth or bought for two golden coins. -स्थ (ष्ठ) a. conveying two senses; भवन्ति चद्विष्ठानि वाक्यानि यथा श्वेतो धावति अलम्बुसानां यातेति ŚB. on MS.4.3.4. -हन् m. an elephant. -हायन, -वर्ष a. two years old; शुके द्विहायनं कत्सं क्रौञ्चं हत्वा त्रिहायनम् Ms.11.134. -हीन a. of the neuter gender. -हृदया a pregnant woman. -होतृ m. an epithet of Agni.
nakṣatriya नक्षत्रिय a. 1 Belonging to the stars in general. -2 Twenty-seven. -3 Not a Ksatriya.
naṭaḥ नटः [नट्-अच्] 1 A dancer; न नटा न विटा न गायकाः Bh.3.27. -2 An actor; कुर्वन्नयं प्रहसनस्य नटः कृतो$सि Bh. 3.126,112; नटवद् व्यवतिष्ठते लिङ्गम् Sāṅ. K.42. -3 The son of a degraded Kṣatriya; Ms.1.22. -4 The Aśoka tree. -5 A kind of reed. -Comp. -अन्तिका shame, modesty. -ईश्वरः an epithet of Śiva. -चर्या the performance of an actor. -भूषणः, -मण़्डनः (yellow) orpiment. -रङ्गः 1 a theatrical stage. -2 anything illusory. -वरः 'the chief actor', the Sūtradhāra of a drama. -संज्ञकम् yellow orpiment. (-कः) an actor, dancer. -सूत्रम् directions or rules for actors. पाराशर्य- शिलालिभ्यां भिक्षुनटसूत्रयोः P.IV.3.11.
nābhi नाभि भी m., f. [नह्-इञ् भश्चान्तादेशः cf. Uṇ.4.125] 1 The navel; गङ्गावर्तसनाभिर्नाभिः Dk.2. &c.; निम्ननाभिःMe.84,28; R.6.52; अरा इव रथनाभौ प्राणे सर्वं प्रतिष्ठितम् Praśn. Up. -2 Any navel-like cavity. -m. 1 The nave of a wheel; अरैः संधार्यते नाभिर्नाभौ चाराः प्रतिष्ठिताः । स्वामिसेवकयोरेवं वृत्तिचक्रं प्रवर्तते ॥ Pt.1.81. -2 The centre, focus, chief point; समुद्रनाभ्यां शाल्वो$भूत् सौभमास्थाय शत्रुहन् Mb.3.2.17. -3 Chief, leader, head; कृत्स्नस्य नाभिर्नृपमण्डलस्य R.18.2. -4 Near relationship, community (of race &c.); as in सनाभि q. v. -5 A paramount sovereign or lord; उपगतो$पि च मण्डलनाभिताम् R.9.15. -6 A near relation. -7 A Kṣatriya -8 Home. -9 A field; Nm. -भिः f. Musk. (i. e. मृगनाभी). [N. B. नाभि at the end of Bah. comp. becomes नाभ when the comp. is used as epithet; as पद्मनाभः.] -Comp. -आवर्तः the cavity of the navel. -कण्टकः, -कूपिका, -गु (-गो) -लकः ruptured navel. -गन्धः the odour of the musk; नाभिगन्धैर्मृगाणाम् Me.54. -जः, -जन्मन् m., -भूः epithets of Brahmā. -नाडी, -नालम् 1 the umbilical cord; तदङ्कशय्याच्युतनाभिनाला R.5.7. -2 rupture of the navel. -मूलम् the part of the body immediately under the navel. -वर्धनम् 1 cutting or division of the umbilical cord. प्राङ् नाभिवर्धनात् पुंसो जातकर्म विधीयते Ms.2. 29. -2 rupture of the navel. -3 corpulency. -वर्षम् N. of one of the nine वर्षs belonging to Jambudvīpa and named after Nābhi, the son of Agnīdhra. -वीथिः a road proceeding from the central part of a village or town; Kāmikāgama 25.1.
nicchiviḥ निच्छिविः N. of one of the degraded castes (sprung from outcast Kṣatriyas); see Ms.1.22.
nṛ नृ [नी-ऋन् डिच्च; cf. Uṇ.2.11.] (Nom. sing. ना, gen. pl. नृणाम् or नॄणाम्) 1 A man, a person whether male or female; Ms.3.81;4.61;7.61; नॄन् प्रशंसत्यजस्रं यो घण्टाताडोरुणोदये 1.33. -2 Mankind. -3 A piece at chess. -4 The pin of a sun-dial. -5 A masculine word; संधिर्ना विग्रहो यानम् Ak. -6 A leader. -Comp. -अस्थि- मालिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -कपालम् man's skull. -कलेवरः a dead human body. -कारः manly deed, heroism. -केसरिन् m. 'man-lion', Viṣṇu in his Narasimha incarnation; cf. नरसिंह. -चक्षस् a. Ved. 1 seeing or observing men. -2 leading or guiding men; अस्तभ्नात् सिन्धुमर्णवं नृचक्षाः Rv.3.53.9. (-m.) 1 a god. -2 a demon, goblin. -जग्ध a. a man-eater; ......नृजग्धो माल्यधारयः Bk.5.38. -जलम् human urine. -दुर्गः a fort protected by army on all sides; Ms.7.7. -देवः a king. -धर्मन् m. an epithet of Kubera. -नमन a. to be saluted by men (as gods). -पः [नॄन् पाति रक्षति, पा-क] a ruler of men, king, sovereign; चतुर्योजनपर्यन्तमधिकारो नृपस्य च Brav. P. (श्रीकृष्णजन्मखण्डे). ˚अंशः 1 royal portion of revenue, i. e. a sixth, eighth &c. part of grain; काले नृपाशं विहितं ददद्भिः Bk.2.14. -2 a prince. ˚अङ्गनम् (णम्) a royal court. ˚अध्वरः N. of a sacrifice (Rājasūya) performed by an emperor or lord paramount, in which all the offices are performed by tributary princes. ˚आत्मजः a prince, crown-prince. ˚आभीरम्, ˚मानम् music played at the royal meals. ˚आमयः consumption. ˚आसनम् 'royal-seat', a throne, the chair of state. ˚गृहम् a royal palace. ˚द्रुमः N. of some trees (Mār. बाहवा, रांजणी). ˚नीतिः f. politics, royal policy, state-craft; वेश्याङगनेव नृपनीतिरनेकरूपा Bh.2.47. ˚प्रियः the mango tree. ˚लक्ष्मन् n., लिङ्गम् a royal symbol, an emblem of royalty, any one of the royal insignia; particularly, the white umbrella. ˚लिङ्गधर a. 1 assuming the insignia of royalty. -2 assuming the royal insignia (as a disguise). ˚वल्लभः 1 the friend or favourite of a king. -2 a kind of mango. (-भा) a queen. ˚शासनम् a royal grant or edict. ˚संश्रय a. seeking the protection of a king. ˚सुता the musk-rat. ˚सभम्, सभा an assembly of kings. -पः, -पतिः, -पालः 1 a king; जाताभिषङ्गो नृपतिः R.2.3; विद्वत्वं च नृपत्वं च नैव तुल्यं कदाचन Subhāṣ. -2 N. of Kubera. -3 Kṣatriya. ˚पथः a royal or main road. ˚संश्रयः 1 royal support; नृपसंश्रयमिष्यते जनैः Pt. -2 service of princes. -पशुः 1 a beast in the form of a man, a brute of a man; वचस्पस्याकर्ण्य श्रवणसुभगं पण्डितपतेरधुन्वन् मूर्धानं नृपशुरथवायं पशुपतिः Bv.4.38. -2 a man serving as a sacrificial victim. -पाय्यम् a large edifice, hall. -पीतिः f. Ved. protection of men. -मिथुनम् the sign Gemini (twins) of the zodiac. -मेध a human sacrifice. -यज्ञः 'the sacrifice to be offered to men', hospitality, reception of guests (one of the five daily Yajñas; see पञ्चयज्ञ). -युग्मम् = नृमिथुन q. v. -लोकः the world of mortals, the earth. -वराहः Viṣṇu in the boar-incarnation. -वाहनः an epithet of Kubera. -वाह्यम् a palanquin. -वेष्टनः N. of Śiva. -शंस a. A vile and cruel man; इतरेषु तु शिष्टेषु नृशंसानृतवादिनम् Ms. -शृङ्गम् 'man's horn'; i. e. an impossibility. -सदनम् (नृषदनम्) the hall of sacrifice. -सद् (षद्) m. the Supreme Being. -f. intellect (बुद्धि); सुरेतसादः पुनराविश्य चष्टे हंसं गृध्राणं नृषदिं गिरामिमः Bhāg. 5.8.14; -a. sitting or dwelling among men. -सिंहः, हरिः 1 'a lion-like man' a chief among men, an eminent or distinguished man. -2 Viṣṇu in his fourth incarnation; अस्त्राण्यमोघमहिमानि निरूपितानि नो पस्पृशुर्नृहरिदास- मिवासुराणि Bhāg.1.15.16; cf. नरसिंह. -3 a particular mode of sexual enjoyment. ˚चतुर्दशी fourteenth day of the bright half of Vaiśākha. ˚द्वादशी the twelfth day of the light half of Phālguna. ˚पुराणम् N. of an उपपुराण. -सेनम्, -सेना an army of men. -सोमः an illustrious man, great man; सोमोद्भवाया सरितो नृसोमः R.5.59.
paraśuḥ परशुः [परं-शृणाति, शॄ-कु डिच्च; cf. Uṇ.1.34.] 1 An axe, a hatchet, a battle-axe; तर्जितः परशुधारया मम R.11.78. -2 A weapon in general. -3 A thunderbolt. -Comp. -धरः 1 an epithet of Paraśurāma. -2 of Gaṇeśa. -3 a soldier armed with an axe. -मुद्रा a kind of pose in Tantraśāstra. -रामः 'Rāma with the axe', N. of a celebrated Brāhmaṇa warrior, son of Jamadagni and the sixth incarnation of Viṣṇu. [While young he cut off with his axe the head of his mother Reṇukā at the command of his father when none of his other brothers was willing to do so; (see जमदग्नि). Some time after this, king Kārtavīrya went to the hermitage of his father, and carried off his cow. But Paraśurāma, when he returned home, fought with the king and killed him. When his sons heard this they became very angry, and repaired to the hermitage, and on finding Jamadagni alone, they shot him dead. When Paraśurāma, who was not then also at home, returned, he became very much exasperated, and made the dreadful vow of exterminating the whole Kṣatriya race. He succeeded in fulfilling this vow, and is said to have 'rid the earth thrice seven times of the royal race'. He was afterwards, destroyer of the Kśatriyas as he was, defeated by Rāma, son of Daśaratha, though quite a boy of sixteen (see R.11.68- 91). He is said to have at one time pierced through the Krauñcha mountain, being jealous of the might of Kārtikeya; cf. Me.57. He is one of the seven chirajivins and is believed to be still practising penance on the Mahendra mountain; cf. Gīt 1. :-- क्षत्रियरुधिरमये जगदपगतपापं स्नपयसि पयसि शामतभवतापम् । केशव धृतभृगुपतिरूप जय जगदीश हरे ।]. -वनम् N. of a certain part of hell.
putrin पुत्रिन् a. (-णी f.) Having a son or sons; अविघ्नमस्तु ते स्थेयाः पितेव धुरि पुत्रिणाम् R.1.91; V.5.14. -m. The father of a son. -णी 1 The mother of a son. -2 A parasitical plant. पुत्रिय putriya पुत्रीय putrīya पुत्र्य putrya पुत्रिय पुत्रीय पुत्र्य a. Relating to a son, filial.
bāhuḥ बाहुः [बाध् कु धस्य हः Tv.] 1 The arm; शान्तमिदमाश्रम- पदं स्फुरति च बाहुः कुतः फलमिहास्य Ś.1.16; so महाबाहुः &c. -2 The fore-arm. -3 The fore-foot of an animal. -4 A door-post. -5 The base of a right-angled triangle (in geom.). -6 (In medic.) The whole upper extremity of the body (opp. सक्थि). -8 The bar of a chariotpole. -9 The shadow of the gnomon on a sun-dial. -1 The arm as a measure of length (= 12 Aṅgulas). -11 The limb of a bow. -हू (du.) The lunar mansion Ārdrā. -Comp. -अन्तरम् the chest; संवर्त्य मुष्टिं सहसा जघान बाह्वन्तरे शैलनिकाशरूपः Rām.6.7.154. -उत्क्षेपम् ind. having raised or tossed up the arms; बाहूत्क्षेपं क्रन्दितुं च प्रवृत्ता Ś.5.3. -कर a. active with the arms; P.III. 2.21. -कण्टकम् a mode in fighting; 'एकां जङ्घां पदा$$ क्रम्य परामुद्यम्य पाठ्यते । केतकीपत्रवच्छत्रुर्युद्धं तद्बाहुकण्टकम् ॥'; बाहु- कण्टकयुद्धेन तस्य कर्णो$थ युध्यतः Mb.12.5.4. -कुण्ठ, -कुब्ज a. crippled in the arms. -कुन्थः a wing (of a bird). -चापः the distance measured by the extended arms. -जः 1 a man of the Kṣatriya caste; cf. बाहू राजन्यः कृतः Rv.1.9.12; also Ms.1.31; स बाहुजो महाबाहुस्तदु- वाह महाबलम् Śiva B.; N.12.12. -2 a parrot. -3 sesamum growing spontaneously. -ज्या a sine (in math.). -तरणम् crossing a river (with the arms). -त्रः, -त्रम्, -त्राण vantbrass (armour for the arms). -दण्डः 1 a long, staff-like arm. -2 punishment with the arm or fist. -दन्तकम् N. of a Nītiśāstra treatise. -निःसृतम् a mode of fighting (by which a sword is twisted out of a person's hand). -पाशः a particular attitude in fighting. -2 the arm thrown round, as in the act of embracing. -प्रचालकम् ind. shaking the arms. -प्रति- बाहौ the opposite sides of a figure. -प्रसारः, -प्रसारणम् stretching the arms (for embracing &c.) -प्रहरणः a boxer. (-णम्) boxing. -फलम् 1 (in geom.) the result for the base sine. -2 (in astro.) the sine of an arc of a circle of position contained between the sun and the prime verticle. -बन्धनम् 1 encircling arms. (-नः) the shoulder-blade. -बलम् strength of arm, muscular strength. -भङ्गिः f. bending or twisting the arms. -भूषण, -भूषा an ornament worn on the arm, an armlet. -भेदिन् m. an epithet of Viṣṇu. -मूलम् 1 the armpit. -2 the shoulderblade. -युद्धम् a hand-to-hand or close fight, personal or pugilistic encounter, boxing; बाहुयुद्धं हि मल्लानामशास्त्रमृषिभिः स्मृतम् । मृतस्य तत्र न स्वर्गो यशो नेहापि विद्यते ॥ Mallaśāstram. -योधः, -योधिन् m. a pugilist, boxer. -रक्षा armour for the upper arm. -लता an arm-like creeper. ˚अन्तरम् the breast, bosom. -लोहम् bell-metal (कांस्य). -विक्षेपः 1 the act of throwing about the arms, moving the arms. -2 swimming. -विघट्टनम्, -विघट्टितम् a particular attitude in wrestling. -वीर्यम् strength of arms. -व्यायामः athletic exercise. -शालिन् m. 1 an epithet of Śiva. -2 of Bhīma. -शिखरम् the upper part of the arm, the shoulder. -संभवः a man of the Kṣatriya caste. -सहस्रभृत् m. an epithet of king Kārtavīrya (also called सहस्रार्जुन).
bhūmiḥ भूमिः f. [भवन्त्यस्मिन् भूतानि, भू-मि किच्च वा ङीप्] 1 The earth (opp. स्वर्ग, गगन or पाताल); द्यौर्भूमिरापो हृदयं यमश्च Pt. 1.182; R.2.74. -2 Soil, ground; उत्खातिनी भूमिः Ś.1; विदूरभूमिः Ku.1.24. -3 A territory, district, country, land; विदर्भभूमिः. -4 A place, spot, ground, plot of ground; प्रमदवनभूमयः Ś.6; अधित्यकाभूमिः N.22.41; R.1. 52;3.61; Ku.3.58. -5 A site, situation. -6 Land, landed property. -7 A story, the floor of a house; as in सप्तभूमिकः प्रासादः; प्रासादैर्नैकभूमिभिः Rām.4.33.8. -8 Attitude, posture. -9 A character or part (in a play); cf. भूमिका. -1 Subject, object, receptacle; विश्वासभूमि, स्नेहभूमि &c.; मात्राणि कर्माणि पुरं च तासां वदन्ति हैकादशवीर भूमिः Bhāg.5.11.9. -11 Degree, extent, limit; प्रकुपितमभिसारणे- $नुनेतुं प्रियमियती ह्यबलाजनस्य भूमिः Ki.1.58. -12 The tongue. -13 The number 'one'. -14 The area. -15 The base of any geometrical figure. -Comp. -अनन्तरः a king of an adjacent district. -अनृतम् false evidence concerning land; सर्वं भूम्यनृते हन्ति मा स्म भूम्यनृतं वदीः Ms.8.99. -आमलकी, -आली N. of a plant; स्याद् भूम्यामलकी तिक्ता कषाया मधुरा हिमा Bhāva. P. -इच्छा a desire for lying on the ground. -इन्द्रः, -ईश्वरः 1 a king, sovereign; सभा ते भाति भूमिन्द्र सुधर्मातो$धिका क्षितौ Sūktisundara 5.28. -2 a mountain; आस्ते गुरुः प्रायशः सर्वराज्ञां पश्चाच्च भूमीन्द्र इवा- भियाति Mb.6.2.11. -कदम्बः a kind of Kadamba. -कम्पः an earthquake. -कूश्मण्डः liquorice (Mar. ज्येष्ठी- मध). -खर्जूरिका, -खर्जूरी a variety of date tree; 'भूमि- खर्जूरिका ...... दुरारोहा मृदुच्छदा' Bhāva. P. -गत a. fallen to the earth. -गर्तः, -गुहा a hole in the ground. -गृहम् a cellar, an underground chamber. -गोचरः a man. -चलः, -चलनम् an earthquake; दशग्रीवः समाधूतो यथा भूमिचले$चलः Rām.6.59.61. -छत्रम् a mushroom. -ज a. earth-born, born or produced from the earth. (-जः) 1 the planet Mars. -2 an epithet of the demon Naraka. -3 a man. -4 the plant भूनिम्ब. (-जा) an epithet of Sītā. -जीविन् a. living on (the produce of) land; an agriculturist. (-m.) a Vaiśya. -(र्भि)जयः Uttara, the son of Virāṭa; Mb.4. -तनयः the planet Mars. -तलम् the surface of the earth. -दानम् a grant of land. -दुन्दुभिः 'earth-drum', as a pit covered over with skins. -देवः a Brāhmaṇa; शिष्ट्वा वा भूमिदेवानां नरदेवसमागमे Ms.11.82. -धरः 1 a mountain. -2 a king. -3 the number 'seven'. -नाथः, -पः, -पतिः, -पालः, -भुज् m. 1 a king, sovereign; तत्तत् भूमिपतिः पत्न्यै दर्शयन् प्रियदर्शनः R.1.47. -2 a Kṣatriya. -पक्षः a swift or fleet horse. -परिमाणम् square measure. -पिशाचम् the wine-palm. -पुत्रः the planet Mars. -पुरंदरः 1 a king. -2 N. of Dilīpa. -प्रः a. filling the earth; भूमिप्रा$स्य कीर्तिर्भवति Ait. Ār.2.5.3. -बुध्न a. having the earth for a bottom; Ch. Up. -भागः a spot or portion of ground. -भृत् m. 1 a mountain. -2 a king. -मण़्डा a kind of jasmine. -रक्षकः 1 a guardian of a country. -2 a swift or fleet horse. -रथिकः a ground charioteer; तद् यथा भूमिरथिको भूमौ रथमालिख्य योग्यां करोति । सा तस्य योग्या प्रयोगकाले सौकर्यमुत्पादयति ŚB. on MS.7.2.15. -रुहः a tree; A. Rām.7.4.21. -लाभः death (lit. returning to the dust of the earth). -लेपनम् cow-dung. -वर्धनः, -नम् a dead body, corpse; यो न याति प्रसंख्यानमस्पष्टो भूमिवर्धनः Mb.3.35.7. -शय a. sleeping on the ground. (-यः) 1 a wild pigeon. -2 a child, boy. -3 any animal living in the earth. -4 N. of Viṣṇu; भूशयो भूषणो भूतिः V. Sah. -शयनम्, -शय्या sleeping on the ground. -सत्रम् an offering of land; अक्षयान् लभते लोकान् भूमिसत्रं हि तस्य तत् Mb. -समीकृत a. thrown to the ground, floored (Mar. जमीनदोस्त), वानरै राक्षसाश्चापि द्रुमैर्भूमिसमीकृताः Rām.6.52.3. -संनिवेशः the general appearance of a country. -संभवः, -सुतः 1 the planet Mars. -2 an epithet of the demon Naraka. (-वा, -ता) an epithet of Sītā. -स्थ a. being, standing on the ground; भूमिष्ठं नोत्सहे योद्धुं भवन्तं रथमास्थितः Mb.5. 179.1. -स्नुः an earth-worm. -स्पृश् a. 1 blind. -2 lame, cripple. (-m.) 1 a man. -2 mankind. -3 a Vaiśya. -4 a thief. -स्पोटः a mushroom.
malla मल्ल a. [मल्ल्-अच्] 1 Strong, athletic, robust; Ki. 18.8. -2 Good, excellent. -ल्लः 1 A strong man. -2 An athlete, a boxer, wrestler; प्रभुर्मल्लो मल्लाय Mbh. -3 A drinking-vessel, cup. -4 The remnants of an oblation. -5 The cheek and temple. -6 N. of a mixed tribe (wrestlers) born of an outcast Kṣatriya by a Kṣatriya woman; झल्लो मल्लश्च राजन्याद् व्रात्यान्निच्छिविरेव च Ms. 1.22;12.45. -7 N. of a country. -मल्ला 1 A woman. -2 The Arabian jasmine. -3 Ornamenting the person with cosmetics or coloured unguents. -Comp. -अरिः 1 an epithet of Kṛiṣṇa. -2 of Śiva. -क्रीडा 1 boxing or wrestling match. -2 athletic or gymnastic exercise. -घटी a kind of dance. -जम् black pepper. -नालः (in music) a kind of measure. -तूर्यम् a kind of drum. -नागः 1 Indra's elephant. -2 a letter-carrier. -3 N. of वात्स्यायन, the author of कामसूत्र. -भूः, -भूमिः f. 1 a battlefield. -2 an arena, a wrestling ground. -3 N. of a country. -यात्रा 1 a procession of wrestlers. -2 a wrestling contest; L. D. B. -युद्धम् a wrestling or boxing match, pugilistic encounter. -विद्या the art of wrestling. -शाला a gymnasium.
maśakaḥ मशकः [मश्-वुन्] 1 A mosquito, gnat; सर्वं खलस्य चरितं मशकः करोति H.1.78; Ms.1.45. -2 A particular disease of the skin. -3 A leather water-bag. -4 N. of a district in Śākadvīpa inhabited by Kṣatriyas. -5 Gadfly, any fly that stings (दंशमशक); Mb.3.141.27. -की A female mosquito; मद्गेहे मशकीव मूषकवधूः ...... Sūkti.5.19. -Comp. -कुटिः, -टी f., -वरणम् a whisk for scaring away mosquitos. -हरी a mosquito-curtain.
māgadha मागध a. (-धी f.) [मगधदेशे भवः अण्] Relating to or living in the country of Magadha or the people of Magadha. -धः 1 A king of the Magadhas. -2 N. of a mixed tribe, said to have been the offspring of a Vaiśya father and a Kṣatriya mother, (the duty of the members of this caste being that of professional bards); Ms.1.11,17; क्षत्रिया मागधं वैश्यात् Y.1.94; Mb.13.49.1. -3 A bard or panegyrist in general; सूतमागधबन्दिनः Bhāg.1.11.2; परिणतिमिति रात्रेर्मागधा माधवाय Śi.11.1. -धाः (pl.) N. of a people, the Magadhas. -धा 1 A princess of the Magadhas. -2 Long pepper. -धी 1 A princess of the Magadhas; तयोर्जगृहतुः पादान् राजा राज्ञी च मागधी R.1.57. -2 The language of the Magadhas, one of the four principal kinds of Prākṛita. -3 Long pepper. -4 White cumin. -5 Refined sugar. -6 A kind of jasmine. -7 A variety of cardamoms. -8 The daughter of a Kṣatriya mother and a Vaiśya father. -9 Anise. -1 N. of a river (शोणा). -11 A kind of रीति in rhetorics. The अलङ्कारशेखर (7) gives the following illustration:- पाणौ पद्मधिया मधूक- कुसुमभ्रान्त्या पुनर्गण्डयोर्नीलेन्दीवरशङ्कया नयनयोर्बन्धूकबुद्ध्याधरे । लीयन्ते कबरीषु बान्धवजनव्यामोहजातस्पृहा दुर्वारा मधुपाः कियन्ति तरुणि स्थानानि रक्षिष्यसि ॥
māhiṣyaḥ माहिष्यः A mixed caste sprung from a Kṣatriya father and Vaiśya mother.
miṣaḥ मिषः [मिष्-क] 1 Emulation, rivalry. -2 The son of a Kṣatriya and a low woman. -षम् Pretext, disguise, deceit, trick, fraud, false or outward appearance; बालमेनमेकेन मिषेणानीय Dk. (often used like छल q. v., to indicate an उत्प्रेक्षा); न रोमकूपौघमिषाज्जगत्कृता कृताश्च किं दूषणशून्यविन्दवः N.1.21; वदने विनिवेशिता भुजङ्गी पिशुनानां रसनामिषेण धात्रा Bv.1.111; अस्वस्थतामिषेण Dk.
mūrdhan मूर्धन् m. [मुह्यत्यस्मिन्नाहते इति मूर्धा, cf. Uṇ.1.156] 1 The forehead, brow. -2 The head in general; नतेन मूर्ध्ना हरिरग्रहीदपः Śi.1.18; R.16.81; नैसर्गिकी सुरभिणः कुसुमस्य सिद्धा मूर्ध्नि स्थितिर्न चरणैरवताडनानि U.1.14; Ku.3.22. -3 The highest or most prominent part, top, summit, peak, head; अतिष्ठन्मनुजेन्द्राणां मूर्ध्नि देवपतिर्यथा Mb. 'stood at the head of all kings' &c.; उत्तमे शिखरे जाते भूम्यां पर्वतमूर्धनि Sandhyā Mantra; Ś.5.7; Me.17. -4 (Hence) A leader, head, chief, foremost, prominent. -5 Front, van, forepart; स किल संयुगमूर्ध्नि सहायतां मघवतः प्रतिपद्य महारथः R.9.19. -6 (In geom.) The base. -7 (In gram.) The roof of the palate. -Comp. -अन्तः the crown of the head. -अक्षिषिक्त a. 1 consecrated, crowned, inaugurated; मूर्धाभिषिक्तं कुमुदो बभाषे R.16.81. -2 common, stock (as an instance); उत्कृत्योत्कृत्य कृत्तिं इति बीभत्सस्य मूर्धाभिषिक्तमुदाहरणम्. (-क्तः) 1 a consecrated king; पश्य मूर्धाभिषिक्तानामाचार्य कदनं महत् Mb.7.15.12. -2 a man of the Kṣatriya caste. -3 a minister. -4 = मूर्धावसिक्त (1) q. v. -अभिषेकः consecration, inauguration. -अवसिक्तः 1 N. of a particular mixed tribe sprung from a Brāhmaṇa father and Kṣatriya mother. -2 a consecrated king. -कर्णी, कर्परी f. an umbrella. -ग a. sitting down on the head; स्यन्दनैः स्यन्दनगता गजैश्च गजमूर्धगाः Rām.7.7.5. -जः 1 the hair (of the head); पर्याकुला मूर्धजाः Ś.1.3; विललाप विकीर्णमूर्धजा Ku.4.4 'she tore her hair for grief'. -2 the mane. -3 a crown, helmet; विमुक्तमूर्धजा ये च ये चापि हतवाहनाः Mb.1.5.12. -ज्योतिस् n. see ब्रह्मरन्ध्र or मुद्रामार्ग. -पातः splitting of the skull. -पिण्डः a lump upon the head (of an elephant in rut). -पुष्पः the Śirīṣa tree. -रसः the scum of boiled rice. -वेष्टनम् a turban, diadem.
mūrdhvan मूर्ध्वन् See मूर्धन्. मूर्वा mūrvā र्वी rvī मूर्विका mūrvikā मूर्वा र्वी मूर्विका A kind of creeper (from the fibres of which bowstrings and the girdle of Kṣatriyas are made).
modaka मोदक a. (-का, -की f.) [मोदयति-मुद् णिच् ण्वुल्] 1 Pleasing, delighting, gladdening. -2 Glad, delighted. -कः, -कम् 1 A sweetmeat in general; Y.1.289 (com. मोदकाः लड्डुकाः). -2 A kind of pill (in medicine). -कः N. of a mixed tribe (sprung from a Kṣatriya father and a Śūdra mother). -Comp. -कारः a confectioner. -वल्लभः N. of Gaṇeśa.
maurvī मौर्वी [मूर्वालता तत्तन्तुना निर्वृत्ता अण्] 1 A bow-string; मौर्वीकिणाङ्को भुजः Ś.1.13; मौर्वी धनुषि चातता R.1.19;18. 48; Ku.3.55; धनुः पौष्पं मौर्वी मधुकरमयी पञ्च विशिखाः Saundaryalaharī 6. -2 A girdle made of Mūrvā grass (to be worn by a Kṣatriya); क्षत्रियस्य तु मौर्वी ज्या Ms.2.42. -3 (In geom.) The sine of an arc; (also मौर्विका).
yuyudhānaḥ युयुधानः 1 N. of Indra. -2 A Kṣatriya, warrior. -3 N. of Sātyaki; युयुधानो विराटश्च द्रुपदश्च महारथः Bg.1.4.
rājan राजन् m. [राज्-कनिन् रञ्जयति रञ्ज्-कनिन् नि ˚ वा Uṇ.1.145] A king, ruler, prince, chief (changed to राजः at the end of Tat. comp.); वङ्गराजः, महाराजः &c.; तथैव सो$भूदन्वर्थो राजा प्रकृतिरञ्जनात् R.4.12; पित्रा न रञ्जितास्तस्य प्रजास्तेनानु- रञ्जिताः । अनुरागात्ततस्तस्य नाम राजेत्यभाषत ॥ V. P. -2 A man of the military casts; a Kṣatriya; Śi 14.14. -3 N. of Yudhiṣṭhira. -4 N. of Indra. -5 The moon; राजप्रियाः कैरविण्यो रमन्ते मधुपैःसह Bv.1.126. -6 Lord, master. -7 N. of Pṛithu. -8 A Yakṣa; तं राजराजानु- चरो$स्य साक्षात् Ki.3.3. -9 The Soma plant; ऐन्द्रश्च विधिवद्दत्तो राजा चाभिषुतो$नघः Rām.1.14.6; Bṛi. Up.1.3. 24. -Comp. -अग्निः wrath of a king. -अङ्गनम् a royal court, the court-yard of a palace. -अदनः 1 the Piyāla tree. -2 The seed of the tree Chirongia Sapida; राजादनं कन्दरालम् Śiva B.3.15. -अधिकारिन्, -अधिकृतः 1 a government officer or official. -2 a judge. -अधिराजः, -इन्द्रः a king of kings, a supreme king, paramount sovereign, an emperor. -अधिष्ठानम् the capital of a king, metropolis. -अध्वन् m. a principal or royal road, main street, highway. -अनकः 1 an inferior king, a petty prince. -2 a title of respect formerly given to distinguished scholars and poets. -अन्नम् 1 rice grown in Āndhra. -2 food obtained from a king; राजान्नं तेज आदत्ते Ms.4.218. -अपसदः an unworthy or degraded king. -अभिषेकः coronation of a king. -अम्लः a kind of vegetable plant; Rumex Vesicarius (Mar. चुका). -अर्कः Calotropis Gigantea (मन्दार; Mar. रुई). -अर्हम् 1 aloewood, a species of sandal. -2 a kind of rice (राजान्न). -अर्हणम् a royal gift of honour. -अहिः a large snake (having two mouths). -आज्ञा a king's edict, an ordinance, a royal decree. -आभरणम् a king's ornament. -आम्रः a superior kind of mango. -आवर्तः a diamond of an inferior quality. -2 a diamond from Virāṭa country. -आवलिः, -ली a royal dynasty or genealogy. -आसनम् a throne. -आसन्दी Ved. a stand on which the Soma is placed. -इन्दुः an excellent king; दिलीप इति राजेन्दुरिन्दुः क्षीरनिधाविव R.1.12. -इष्टः a kind of onion. (-ष्टम्) = राजान्न q. v. -उपकरणम् (pl.) the paraphernalia of a king, the insignia of royalty. -उपसेवा royal service; Ms.3.64. -ऋषिः (राजऋषिः or राजर्षिः) a royal sage, a saint-like prince, a man of the Kṣatriya caste who, by his pious life and austere devotion, comes to be regarded as a sage or riṣi; e. g. पुरूरवस्, जनक, विश्वामित्र. -कन्या, -कन्यका a princess. -करः a tax or tribute paid to the king. -करणम् a law-court. -कर्णः an elephant's tusk. -कर्तृ m. a person who assists at a coronation; समेत्य राजकर्तारः सभामीयुर्द्विजातयः Rām.2.67.2. -कर्मन् n. 1 the duty of a king. -2 royal service; cf. Ms.7.125. -कला a crescent of the moon (the 16th part of the moon's disc). -कलिः a bad king; cf. अशरण्यः प्रजानां यः स राजा कलिरुच्यते Mb.12.12.29. -कार्यम्, -कृत्यम् 1 state-affairs. -2 royal command. -कुमारः a prince. -कुलम् 1 a royal family, a king's family; अग्निरापः स्त्रियो मूर्खः सर्पो राजकुलानि च H.; नदीनां शस्त्रपाणीनां नखिनां शृङ्गिणां तथा । विश्वासो नैव कर्तव्यः स्त्रीषु राजकुलेषु च ॥ ibid. -2 the court of a king; आ दास्याः पुत्रि राजकुलं ल्येतत् Nāg.3.12/13. -3 a court of justice; (राजकुले कथ् or निविद् caus. means 'to sue one in a court of law, lodge a complaint against). -4 a royal palace. -5 a king, master (as a respectful mode of speaking). -6 a royal servant; बध्नन्ति घ्नन्ति लुम्पन्ति दृप्तं राजकुलानि वै Bhāg. 1.41.36. -कोशनिघण्टुः also -व्यवहारकोशः N. of a dictionary in Shivaji's time compiled by his minister Raghunātha Paṇḍita. -क्षवकः a kind of mustard. -गामिन् 1 a. escheating to the sovereign (as the property of a person having no heir). -2 brought before the king (as slander); Ms.11.55. -गिरिः N. of a mountain in Magadha. -गुरुः a royal counsellor. -गुह्यम् a royal mystery; राजविद्या राजगुह्यं पवित्रमिदमुत्तमम् Bg.9.2. -गृहम् 1 a royal dwelling, royal palace. -2 N. of a chief city in Magadha (about 75 or 8 miles from Pāṭaliputra). -ग्रीवः a kind of fish. -घ a. sharp, hot. (-घः) a king-killer, regicide. -चिह्नम् 1 insignia of royalty, regalia. -2 the stamp on a coin. -चिह्नकम् the organ of generation (उपस्थ). -जक्ष्मन् = राजयक्ष्मन् q. v. -तरङ्गिणी N. of a celebrated historical poem treating of the kings of Kāśmīra by Kalhaṇa. -तरुः the कर्णि- कार tree, -तालः, ताली the betel-nut tree; राजतालीवनध्वनिः R. -दण्डः 1 a king's sceptre. -2 royal authority. -3 punishment inflicted by a king. -4 fine payable to a king. -दन्तः (for दन्तानां राजा) the front tooth; राजौ द्विजानामिह राजदन्ताः N.7.46; 'राजन्ते सुतनोर्मनोरमतमास्ते राज- दन्ताः पुरः' (शृङ्गारधनदशतकम् 67). -दूतः a king's ambassador, an envoy. -दृशद् f. the larger or lower millstone. -देयम्, -भागम् the royal claim, tax; न वृत्त्या परितुष्यन्ति राजदेयं हरन्ति च Mb.12.56.59. -दौवारिकः 1 = राजद्वारिकः q. v. -2 a royal messenger; Hch.4. -द्रोहः high treason, sedition, rebellion. -द्रोहिन् m. a traitor. -द्वार् f., -द्वारम् the gate of royal palace; राजद्वारे श्मशाने च यस्तिष्ठति स बान्धवः Subhāṣ. -द्वारिकः a royal porter. -धर्मः 1 a king's duty. -2 a law or rule relating to kings (oft. in pl.). -धानम्, -धानकम्, -धानिका, -धानी the king's residence, the capital, metropolis, the seat of government; तौ दम्पती स्वां प्रति राजधानीं (प्रस्थापयामास) R.2.7. -धान्यम् Panicum Frumentaceum (Mar. सांवा). -धामन् n. a royal palace. -धुर् f., -धुरा the burden or responsibility of government. -नयः, -नीतिः f. administration of a state, administration of government, politics, statesmanship. -नामन् m. Trichosanthes Dioeca (Mar. पडवळ). -नारायणः (in music) a kind of measure. -निघण्टुः N. of a dictionary of Materia Medica. -नीलम् an emerald. -पट्टः 1 a diamond of inferior quality. -2 a royal fillet. -पट्टिका f. the Chātaka bird. -पदम् royalty, sovereignty. -पथः, -पद्धतिः f. = राजमार्ग q. v. -पिण्डः the maintenance given by a king; अवश्यं राजपिण्डस्तैर्निवेश्य इति मे मतिः Mb.3.36.16. -पिण्डा a species of date. -पुंस् m. a royal servant. -पुत्रः 1 a prince. -2 a Kṣatriya, a man of the military tribe. -3 the planet Mercury. -4 N. of a mixed caste. -5 a Rajpoot. -5 A kind of mango. -पुत्रिका 1 a kind of bird. -2 Princess. -पुत्री 1 a princess. -2 a female of the Rajpoota tribe. -3 N. of several plants:-- जाती, मालती, कटुतुम्बी &c. -4 a kind of perfume (रेणुका). -5 a musk rat. -6 a kind of metal; also राजपत्नी. -पुरम् a royal city. -पुरुषः 1 a king's servant. -2 a minister. -पुष्पः the नागकेसर tree. -पूगः a kind of Areca-nut palm; Bhāg.4.6.17. -पौरुषिकः a royal servant; Mb.13.126.24. -प्रकृतिः a king's minister. -प्रसादः royal favour. -प्रेष्यः a king's servant. (-ष्यम्) royal service (more correctly राजप्रैष्य). -फणिञ्झकः an orange tree. -वदरम् salt. -बीजिन्, -वंश्य a. a scion of royalty, of royal descent. -भट्टिका a species of water-fowl. -भृतः a king's soldier. -भृत्यः 1 a royal servant or minister. -2 any public or government officer. -भोगः a king's meal, royal repast. -भोग्यम् nutmeg. -भौतः a king's fool or jester. -मणिः a royal gem. -मन्त्रधरः, -मन्त्रिन् m. a king's counsellor. -महिषी the chief queen. -मार्गः 1 a highway, high road, a royal or main road, principal street. -2 the way, method or procedure of kings. -मार्तण्डः, -मृगाङ्कः (in music) a kind of measure. -माषः a kind of bean. -मुद्रा the royal seal. -यक्ष्मः, -यक्ष्मन् m. 'consumption of the moon', pulmonary consumption, consumption in general; राजयक्ष्मपरिहानिराययौ कामयानसमवस्थया तुलाम् R.19.5; राजयक्ष्मेव रोगाणां समूहः स महीभृताम् Śi.2.96; (for explanation of the word see Malli. thereon, as well as on Śi. 13.29). -यानम् a royal vehicle, a palanouin. -युध्वन् m. 1 a king's soldier. -2 one who fights with a king; P.III.2.95. -योगः 1 a configuration of planets, asterisms &c. at the birth of a man which indicates that he is destined to be a king. -2 an easy mode of religious meditation (fit for kings to practise), as distinguished form the more rigorous one called हठयोग q. v. -रङ्गम् silver. -राक्षसः a bad king. -राज् m. 1 a supreme king. -2 the moon. -राजः 1 a supreme king, sovereign lord, an emperor. -2 N. of Kubera; अन्तर्बाष्प- श्चिरमनुचरो राजराजस्य दध्यौ Me.3. -3 the moon. -राज्यम् the state or dignity of Kubera; स्वर्लोके राजराज्येन सो$भि- षिच्येत भार्गव Mb.13.85.53. -रीतिः f. bell-metal. -लक्षणम् 1 any mark on a man's body indicating future royalty. royal insignia, regalia. -लक्ष्मन् n. royal insignia. (-m.) N. of Yudhiṣṭhira. -लक्ष्मीः, -श्रीः f. the fortune or prosperity of a king (personified as a goddess), the glory or majesty of a king; स न्यस्तचिह्नामपि राजलक्ष्मीम् R.2.7. -लिङ्गम् a kingly mark. -लेखः a royal edict. -लोकः a. collection of princes or kings. -वंशः a dynasty of kings. -वंशावली genealogy of kings, royal pedigree. -वर्चसम् kingly rank or dignity. -वर्तः cloth of various colours. -वल्लभः 1 a king's favourite. -2 a kind of mango. -3 a kind of Jujube. -वसतिः 1 dwelling in a king's court. -2 a royal palace. -वाहः a horse. -वाह्यः a royal elephant. -विः the bluy jay. -विजयः (in music) a kind of Rāga. -विद्या 'royal policy', kingcraft, state-policy, statesmanship; Bg.9.2; (cf. राजनय); so -राजशास्त्रम्; वीराश्च नियतोत्साहा राजशास्त्रमनुष्ठिताः Rām.1. 7.12. -विहारः a royal convent. -वृक्षः the tree Cassia Fistula; गुच्छैः कृतच्छविरराजत राजवृक्षः Rām. Ch.5.9. -वृत्तम् the conduct or occupation of a king; (कच्चित्) प्रजाः पालयसे राजन् राजवृत्तेन धार्मिक Rām.1.52.7. -वृत्तिः the works of a king; प्रत्यक्षाप्रत्यक्षानुमेया हि राजवृत्तिः Kau. A.1.9. -शफरः a Hilsā fish; L. D. B. -शासनम् a royal edict; दिवा चरेयुः कार्यार्थं चिह्निता राजशासनैः Ms.1.55. -शृङ्गम् a royal umbrella with a golden handle. -शेखरः N. of a poet. -संसद् f., -सभा f. a court of justice. -सदनम् a palace. -सर्पः a kind of snake-devouring snake. -सर्षपः black mustard (the seed used as a weight; त्रसरेणवो$ष्टौ विज्ञेया लिक्षैका परिमाणतः । ता राजसर्षपस्तिस्रस्ते त्रयो गौरसर्षपः ॥ Ms.8.133). -सायुज्यम् sovereignty. -सारसः a peacock. -सूयः, -यम् 1 a great sacrifice performed by a universal monarch (in which the tributary princes also took part) at the time of his coronation as a mark of his undisputed sovereignty; राजा वै राजसूयेनेष्ट्वा भवति Śat Br.; cf. सम्राट् also; राजा तत्र सूयते तस्माद् राजसूयः । राज्ञो वा यज्ञो राजसूयः ŚB. on MS.4.4.1. -2 a lotus. -3 a mountain. - सौधः a king's palace. -स्कन्धः a horse. -स्थानाधिकारः Viceroyalty. -स्थानीयः a viceroy, governor. -स्वम् 1 royal property; राजस्वं श्रोत्रियस्वं च न भोगेन प्रणश्यति Ms.8.149. -2 tribute, revenue. -स्वर्णः a kind of thorn-apple. -स्वामिन् m. N. of Viṣṇu. -हंसः a flamingo (a sort of white goose with red legs and bill); संपत्स्यन्ते नभसि भवतो राजहंसाः सहायाः Me.11; कूजितं राजहंसानां नेदं नूपुरशिञ्जितम् V. -हत्या regicide. -हस्तिन् m. a royal elephant, i. e. a lordly and handsome elephant. -हासकः a kind of fish; L. D. B.
rājanya राजन्य a. [राजन्-यत् नलोपः] Royal, kingly. -न्यः 1 A man of the Kṣatriya caste, royal personage; राजन्यान् स्वपुरनिवृत्तये$नुमेने R.4.87; संप्रति करणीयो राजन्ये$पि प्रश्रयः U.6; R.3.48; Me.5. -3 N. of Agni. -4 A noble or distinguished personage. -न्या A lady of royal rank. -Comp. -बन्धुः Kṣatriya; राजन्यबन्धोर्द्वाविंशे (केशान्तः विधीयते) Ms.2.65.
rājanyakam राजन्यकम् A collection of warriors or Kṣatriyas.
vandin वन्दिन् m. A panegyrist, bard, an encomiast, a herald; धर्मच्छेदात् पटुतरगिरो वन्दिनो नीलकण्ठाः V.4.13; (the bards form a distinct caste sprung from a Kṣatriya father and a Śūdra mother). -2 A captive, prisoner.
varman वर्मन् n. [आवृणोति अङ्गम् वृ-मनिन् Uṇ.4.157] 1 An armour, a coat of mail; स्वहृदयमर्मणि वर्म करोति सजलनलिनी- दलजालम् Gīt.4; R.4.56; Mu.2.8; Śi.15.76. -2 (Hence) Shelter, protection. -3 Bark, rind. -4 N. of preservative mantras (esp. of हुम्). -m. An affix added to the names of Kṣatriyas; as चण्डवर्मन्, प्रहारवर्मन्; cf. दास. -Comp. -हर a. 1 wearing armour. -2 old enough to wear armour (i. e. to take part in battle); सम्यग्वि- नीतमथ वर्महरं कुमारम् R.8.94.
virāj विराज् a. 1 Splendid, excellent; मृत्युर्भोजपतेर्विराडविदुषां तत्त्वं परं योगिनाम् Bhāg.1.43.17. -2 A ruler, chief. -m. 1 Beauty, splendour. -2 A man of the Kṣatriya or warrior tribe; विराडायुषो$र्घमथात्यगात् Bhāg.4.27.6. -3 The first progeny of Brahman; cf. Ms.1.32; तस्मात् विराडजायत Ṛv.1.9.5 (where विराज् is represented as born from Puruṣa.) -4 The body. -5 (In Vedānta phil.) N. of 'intellect' considered as ruling over the aggregate of bodies. -6 The universe (ब्रह्माण्ड); नानावीर्याः पृथग्भूता विराजं जनयन्ति हि Bhāg.1.3.15. f. 1 N. of a Vedic metre. -2 Excellence, dignity. -Comp. -सुतः (विराट्सुतः)) a class of deceased ancestors; विराट्सुताः सोमसदः साध्यानां पितरः स्मृताः Ms. 3.195.
viśvāmitraḥ विश्वामित्रः [विश्वं मित्रं यस्य, विश्वस्य मित्रं वा पूर्वपददीर्घः; P.VI.3.13] N. of a celebrated sage. [He was originally a Kṣatriya, being the king of Kānyakubja and son of Gādhi. One day while out hunting, he went to the hermitage of the great sage Vasiṣṭha, and seeing there the cow of plenty, offered him untold treasures in exchange for it, but being refused he tried to take it by force. A long contest thereupon ensued, in which king Viśvāmitra was signally defeated; and so great was his vexation, and withal so greatly was he impressed with the power inherent in Brāhmanism that he devoted himself to the most rigorous austerities till he successively got the titles Rājarṣi, Riṣi, Maharṣi, and Brahmarṣi, but he was not contented till Vasiṣṭha himself called him by the name Brahmarṣi, which, however, took place after several thousands of years. Viśvāmitra several times tried to excite Vasiṣṭha -for example by killing his one hundred sons--but the great sage was not in the least perturbed. His power, even before he finally became a Brahmarśi, was very great, as was seen in his transporting Triśaṅku to the skies, in saving Sunahśepa from the hands of Indra, in creating things after the style of Brahman &c. &c. He was the companion and counsellor of young Rāma to whom he gave several miraculous missiles.] -Comp. -प्रियः Cocoanut (tree and fruit); L. D. B. -सृष्टिः the thing created by विश्वामित्र (these are several as Palmyra, buffalo, ass &c.).
vṛkaḥ वृकः [Uṇ.3.41] 1 A wolf; पापारम्भकयोर्मृगीव वृकयो- र्भीरुर्गता गोचरम् Māl.5.24. -2 A hyena. -3 A jackal. -4 A crow. -5 An owl. -6 A robber. -7 A Kṣatriya. -8 Turpentine. -9 A compound perfume, a mixture of various fragrant articles. -1 N. of a demon. -11 N. of a tree (बकवृक्ष). -12 N. of a fire in the stomach. -13 A plough. -14 The moon; Nir.5.2. -15 The sun; Nir.5.21. -Comp. -अरातिः, -अरिः a dog. -उदरः 1 an epithet of Brahman. -2 of Bhīma, the second Pāṇḍava prince; पौण्ड्रं दध्मौ महाशङ्खं भामकर्मा वृकोदरः Bg. 1.15; Ki.2.1; Ve.1.26. -कर्मन् a. wolfish. -दंशः a dog. -धूपः 1 turpentine. -2 a compound perfume; वृकधूपं सर्जरसं शिलाजतु च सिक्थकम् Śiva B.3.17. -धूर्तः a jackal. -धूर्तकः 1 a bear. -2 a jackal. -वाला a piece of timber at the side of a door.
vrātyaḥ व्रात्यः [व्रातात् समूहात् च्यवति यत्] 1 A man of the first three classes who has lost his caste owing to the nanperformance of the principal Saṁskāras or purificatory rites (especially investiture with the sacred thread) over him, an outcast; सावित्रीपतिता व्रात्या भवन्त्यार्यविगर्हिताः Ms.2. 39; सौराष्ट्रावन्त्याभीराश्च शूरा अर्बुदमालवाः । व्रात्या द्विजा भविष्यन्ति शूद्रप्राया जनाधिपाः Bhāg.12.1.38; भवत्या हि व्रात्याधमपतित- पाखण्डपरिषत्परित्राणस्नेहः G. L.37. -2 A low or vile person in general; vagrant. -3 A man of a particular inferior tribe (the descendant of a Śūdra father and Kṣatriya mother). -त्या The daughter of an outcast. -Comp. -चर्या the life and practice of a vagrant. -ब्रुवः one who calls himself a Vrātya. -स्तोमः N. of a sacrifice performed to recover the rights forfeited by the nonperformance of the due Saṁskāras.
śalvaḥ शल्वः N. of a country. -शल्वाः The Kṣatriyas; see शाल्व.
śikhaṇḍakaḥ शिखण्डकः [शिखण्ड इव-कन्] 1 A lock of hair left on the crown of the head at tonsure. -2 Locks or tufts of hair left on the sides of the head; (these are three or five in the case of the Kṣatriyas); कुवलयदलश्यामस्निग्धः शिखण्डकमण्डनः U.4.19. -3 A crest, tuft, plume. -4 A peacock's tail. -5 The fleshy part of the body below the buttocks. -6 (With Śaivas) One who attains a particular degree of emancipation; also शिखण्डिक.
śūlika शूलिक a. [शूल-ठन्] 1 Having a pike. -2 Roasted on a spit. -कः A hare. -2 A cock. -3 One who impales criminals. -4 The illegitimate son of a Brāhmaṇa or Kṣatriya and a Śūdra woman. -कम् Roasted meat.
savarṇa सवर्ण a. [समानो वर्णो यस्य] 1 Of the same colour. -2 Of like appearance, like, resembling; दुर्वर्णभित्तिरिह सान्द्र- सुधासवर्णा Śi.4.28; Me.18; R.9.51. -3 Of the same caste or tribe; उद्वहेत द्विजो भार्यां सवर्णां लक्षणान्विताम् Ms.3.4. -4 Of the same kind, similar. -5 Belonging to the same class of letters, requiring the same effort (of the organs of speech) in pronunciation; तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् P.I.1.9. -6 Having the same denominator. -र्णः the son of a Brāhmaṇa and a Kṣatriya woman, a Māhiṣya.
sūta सूत p. p. [सू-क्त] 1 Born, begotten, engendered, produced. -2 Impelled, emitted. -तः 1 A charioteer; सूत, चोदयाश्वान् पुण्याश्रमदर्शनेन तावदात्मानं पुनीमहे Ś.1; पुनः पुनः सूतनिषिद्धचापलं हरन्तमश्वं रथरश्मिसंयतम् R.3.42. -2 The son of a Kṣatriya by a woman of the Brāhmaṇa caste (his business being that of a charioteer); क्षत्रियाद् विप्र- कन्यायां सूतो भवति जातितः Ms.1.11; सूतो वा सूतपुत्रो वा यो वा को वा भवाम्यहम् Ve.3.33. -3 The son of a Vaiśya by a Kṣatriya wife (his business being that of a bard). -4 A bard; पुरःसरैः स्वस्तिकसूतमागधैः Rām.2.17.46; Bhāg.1.11.2. -5 A carpenter. -6 The sun. -7 N. of a pupil of Vyāsa. -8 N. of Sañjaya (a pupil of Vyāsa); समरवृत्तविबोधसमीहया कुरुवरेण मुदा कृतयाचनः। सपदि सूतमदादमलेक्षणं मुनिवरं तमहं सततं भजे ॥ Vedavyāsāṣṭakam 7. -तः, -तम् Quick-silver. -Comp. -जः, -तनयः, -पुत्रः 1 an epithet of Sañjaya; तमेवंवादिनं राजा सूतपुत्रं कृताञ्जलिम् (अब्रवीत्) Mb.8.2.9. -2 an epithet of Karṇa; कथयामास तत् सर्वं यथा शप्तः स सूतजः Mb.12.2.1. -राज् m. quick-silver.
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triyambaka m. (three-eyed), Siva.
triyava a. weighing three barley corns; -yâna, n. the three vehicles (to salva tion) of the Buddhists; -yâma, a. having three watches (nine hours): â, f. night; -ras aka, n. spirituous liquor (having three tastes); -râtrá, n. sg. pl. period of three nights (i. e. days): -m, for three days, in., ab. after three days; a. lasting three days; m. three days' festival: -½avaram, ad. at least three days; (í)-rûpa, a. having three forms orcolours; -li&ndot;ga, a. having the three fundamental qualities; having three genders, adjectival; -loka, n., î, f., sg., m. pl. the three worlds: heaven, sky or lower regions, earth: -nâtha, m. ep. of Indra and of Siva, -½îsa, m. ep. of Vishnu.
aputrin a-putrin, ˚triya -triya, ˚trya a. sonless.
aśrotriya a. at which no trained Brâhman is present.
kṣatriya a. ruling; m. ruler; man, â, f. woman, of the military caste; n. sovereign power, dominion: -½anta-kara, m. ep. of Parasurâma.
citriya a. distinguished; m. N.
niḥkṣatriya a. having no war rior caste; -kshepa, m. sending away, re moval.
mitriya a. derived from or relat ing to a friend, friendly.
śrotriya a. [concerned with hear ing: srotra] versed in sacred lore, conversant with the Vedas; m. Brâhman learned in the Veda, learned theologian (mantri-, minister learned in the scriptures): -sât-kri, present to Brâhmans learned in the Veda.
stotriya a. relating to a Stotra; m. (sc. trika or pragâtha) N. of the first part of the Bahishpavamâna (Br., S.): â, f. (sc. rik) Stotra verse (Br., S.); -îya, a., m., â, f. id.
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triyavi See Tryavi.
triyuga neut., is an expression occurring in the Rigveda where it is said that the plants (osadhi) were born three ages * before the gods (devebhyas triyugam pur a). The commentator on the Nirukta thinks that the ages here meant are the Yugas of the later Indian chronology, the sense of the passage being that the plants were born in the first Yuga. The author of the śatapatha Brāhmana understands three seasons—spring, the rains, and autumn—to be meant in the verse, taking the two words triyugam purā separately as formerly, in the three seasons.’ The vague sense ‘ three ages ’ is quite adequate: the use of ‘ three ’ in such cases is a favourite feature in folklore. Cf. Yuga.
kṣatriya As the origin of caste, the relation of the castes, intermarriage, and cognate matters may most conveniently be discussed under Varna, this article will be confined to deter­mining, as far as possible, the real character of the class called Ksatriyas, or collectively Ksatra. The evidence of the Jātakas points to the word Khattiya denoting the members of the old Aryan nobility who had led the tribes to conquest, as well as those families of the aborigines who had managed to maintain their princely status in spite of the conquest. In the epic also the term Ksatriya seems to include these persons, but it has probably a wider signification than Khattiya, and would cover all the royal military vassals and feudal chiefs, expressing, in fact, pretty much the same as the barones of early English history. Neither in the Jātakas nor in the epic is the term co-extensive with all warriors; the army contains many besides the Ksatriyas, who are the leaders or officers, rather than the rank and file.In the later Samhitās and the Brāhmanas the Ksatriya stands as a definite member of the social body, distinct from the priest, the subject people, and the slaves, Brāhmana, Vaiśya, and Sūdra. It is significant that Rājanya is a variant to Ksatriya, and an earlier one. Hence it is reasonable to suppose that the Ksatriya and Rājanya are both of similar origin, being princely or connected with royalty. Moreover, the early use of Ksatriya in the Rigveda is exclusively con-nected with royal authority or divine authority. It is impossible to say exactly what persons would be in¬cluded in the term Ksatriya. That it covered the royal house and the various branches of the royal family may be regarded as certain. It, no doubt, also included the nobles and their families: this would explain the occasional opposition of Rājanya and Ksatriya, as in the Aitareya Brāhmana,8 where a Rājanya asks a Ksatriya for a place for sacrifice (deυa-yajana). Thus, when strictly applied, Ksatriya would have a wider denotation than Rājanya. As a rule, however, the two expressions are identical, and both are used as evidence in what follows. That Ksatriya ever included the mere fighting man has not been proved: in the Rigveda9 and later10 others than Ksatriyas regularly fought; but possibly if the nobles had retinues as the kings had, Ksatriya would embrace those retainers who had military functions. The term did not apply to all members of the royal entourage; for example, the Grāmanī was usually a Vaiśya. The connexion of the Ksatriyas with the Brahmins was very close. The prosperity of the two is repeatedly asserted to be indissolubly associated, especially in the relation of king (Rājan) and domestic priest (Purohita). Sometimes there was feud between Ksatriya and Brahmin. His management of the sacrifice then gave the Brahmin power to ruin the Ksatriya by embroiling him with the people or with other Ksatriyas. Towards the common people, on the other hand, the Ksa¬triya stood in a relation of well-nigh unquestioned superiority. There are, however, references to occasional feuds between the people and the nobles, in which no doubt the inferior numbers of the latter were compensated by their superior arms and prowess. In the Aitareya Brāhmana the Vaiśya is described as tributary to another (anyasya bali-krt), to be devoured by another (anyasyādya), and to be oppressed at will (yathākāma-jyeya). Probably these epithets apply most strictly to the relation of the king and his people, but the passage shows that the people were greatly at the mercy of the nobles. No doubt the king granted to them the right, which may have been hereditary, to be supported by the common people, whose feudal superiors they thus became. In return for these privileges the Kṣatriyas had probably duties of protection to perform, as well as some judicial functions, to judge from an obscure passage of the Kāthaka Samhitā. The main duty of the Ksatriya in the small states of the Vedic period was readiness for war. The bow is thus his special attribute, just as the goad is that of the agriculturist; for the bow is the main weapon of the Veda. Whether the Ksatriyas paid much attention to mental occupations is uncertain. In the latest stratum of the Brāhmana literature there are references to learned princes like Janaka of Videha, who is said to have become a Brahmin (brahmā), apparently in the sense that he had the full knowledge which a Brahmin possessed. Other learned Ksatriyas of this period were Pravāhana Jaivali, Aśvapati Kaikeya, and Ajātaśatru Garbe, Grierson, and others believe they are justified in holding the view that the Ksatriyas developed a special philosophy of their own as opposed to Brahminism, which appears later as Bhakti, or Faith. On the other hand, there is clear evidence that the opinion of Ksatriyas on such topics were held in little respect, and it must be remembered that to attribute wisdom to a king was a delicate and effective piece of flattery. There are earlier references to royal sages (rājan- yarsi) but it is very doubtful if much stress can be laid on them, and none can be laid on the later tradition of Sāyana. Again, the Nirukta gives a tradition relating how Devāpi, a king’s son, became the Purohita of his younger brother Samtanu; but it is very doubtful if the story can really be traced with Sieg in the Rigveda itself. In any case, the stories refer only to a few selected Ksatriyas of high rank, while there is no evidence that the average Ksatriya was concerned with intellectual pursuits. Nor is there any reference to Ksatriyas engaging in agriculture or in trade or commerce. It may be assumed that the duties of administration and war were adequate to absorb his atten¬tion. On the other hand, we do hear of a Rājanya as a lute player and singer at the Aśvamedha or horse sacrifice. Of the training and education of a Ksatriya we have no record; presumably, as in fact if not in theory later on, he was mainly instructed in the art of war, the science of the bow, and the rudimentary administrative functions which would devolve on him. At this early state of the development of the nobility which appears to be represented in the Rigveda, it was probably not unusual or impossible for a Vaiśya to become a Ksatriya; at least, this assumption best explains the phrase ‘claiming falsely a Ksatriya’s rank ’ (ksatriyam mithuyā dhārayantam). The king and the Ksatriyas must have stood in a particularly close relation. The former being the Ksatriya par excellence, it is to him rather than to the ordinary Ksatriya that we must refer passages like that in the Satapatha Brāhmana, where it is said that the Ksatriya, with the consent of the clansmen, gives a settlement to a man : clearly a parallel to the rule found among many peoples that the chief, but only with the consent of the people, can make a grant of unoccupied land. In the same Brāhmana it is said that a Ksatriya consecrates a Ksatriya, a clear reference, as the commentator explains, to the practice of the old king consecrating the prince (kumāra) who is to succeed him ; and again, the Ksatriya and the Purohita are regarded as alone complete in contrast with other people, the parallel with the Purohita here suggesting that the Ksatriya par excellence is meant. On the other hand, the king is sometimes con¬trasted with the Rājanya. The Sūtra literature contains elaborate rules for the education and occupations of Ksatriyas, but their contents cannot always be traced in the Brāhmana literature, and their value is questionable.
kṣetriya Is a disease which is mentioned several times in the Atharvaveda, and against which three hymns are specially directed. It is also mentioned in the Kāthaka Samhitā and the Taittirīya Brāhmana. The commentators on the Athar­vaveda agree in taking it to be a hereditary disease. The word may mean ‘organic,’ or possibly ‘ produced in the field,’ as a theory of its origin. What disease is really intended is quite uncertain. Weber considered that the aim of the Atharvan hymns was to drive away injury threatening the fields, but this is improbable. Bloomfield suggests ‘ scrofula ’ or ‘ syphilis.’ The remedies mentioned throw no light on the symptoms.
caitriyāyaṇa Is the patronymic or metronymic of the teacher Yajñasena in the Taittirīya Samhitā
śrotriya In the Atharvaveda and later denotes a ‘Brahmin learned in holy lore,’ ‘theologian.’
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triyavir etc., and triyaviś etc. see trya-.
triyāyuṣaṃ etc. see tryāyuṣaṃ etc.
kṣatriyāsi # VS.4.19; TS.1.2.4.2; 6.1.7.5; MS.1.2.4: 13.4; 3.7.5: 81.19; KS.2.5; 24.3.
kṣatriyeṇa samāhitām # AVś.6.76.3b.
kṣatriyo 'jani # AB.8.12.5; 17.5.
kṣatriyo bhavāmi # AB.7.24.3.
kṣetriyaṃ śapathaś ca yaḥ (AVP. śapathāṃś ca mat) # AVś.4.18.7b; AVP.5.24.7b.
kṣetriyaṃ tvā vyānaśe # AVś.3.7.6b; AVP.3.2.5b.
kṣetriyaṃ nāśayāmi tvat (AVP. te) # AVś.3.7.6d; AVP.3.2.5d.
kṣetriyāc chapathād uta # AVP.5.17.1b; 8.3.6b.
kṣetriyāt tvā nirṛtyā jāmiśaṃsāt # AVś.2.10.1a; AVP.2.3.1a. P: kṣetriyāt tvā Kauś.27.7. See next but one.
kṣetriyāyākaraṃ namaḥ # AVP.1.99.3d.
kṣetriyai tvā nirṛtyai tvā # TB.2.5.6.1a; ApMB.2.12.6a (ApG.6.15.4); HG.2.3.10a. See prec. but one, and cf. nirṛtyai tvā.
gāyatriyā chandasendriyam (comm. tejasendriyam) # TB.2.6.20.1c. See gāyatryā etc.
gāyatriyā chandāṃsi # TS.7.3.14.1. See gāyatryā etc.
gāyatriyās triṣṭubho jagatyā abhibhūtyai svāhā # TS.3.1.7.1.
gāyatriyā hriyamāṇasya yat te # TB.1.2.1.5a; Apś.5.2.4a.
gāyatriyai gāyatram # TS.4.3.2.1. See gāyatryai etc.
citriyād aśvatthāt saṃbhṛtā bṛhatyaḥ # TB.1.2.1.7a; Apś.5.6.1a.
nakṣatriyebhyaḥ svāhā # VS.22.28; MS.3.12.7: 162.14.
nāśrotriyo nānavaniktapāṇiḥ # Kauś.73.17c.
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"triy" has 4 results.
     
ñyaṅtaddhita affix. affix in the sense of 'a descendant' added to words beginning with अा, ऐ, ओ or ending with इ, as also to the words कौसल and अजाद् provided they mean a country and a Ksatriya too; exempli gratia, for example सौवीर्यः, आवन्त्यः, कौन्त्यः कौसल्यः, अाजाद्यः; confer, compare P. IV.1.171.
ñyaṭtaddhita affix. affix य .causing वृद्धि to the first vowel of the word to which it is added and the addition of ई ( ङीप् ) in the sense of feminine gender, added to words meaning warrior tribes of the Vahika country but not Brahmanas or Ksatriyas. exempli gratia, for example क्षौद्रक्यः, क्षौद्रक्री et cetera, and others; cf P. V. 3. 114.
ṭeṇyaṇtaddhita affix. affix एण्य added to word वृक meaning 'a warrior tribe not of a Brahmana nor of a Ksatriya caste in the sense of the word ( वृक ) itself; e. g. वार्केण्यः, confer, compare P. V. 3.115
nāgeśathe most reputed modern scholar of Panini's grammar, who was well-versed in other Sastras also, who lived in Benares in the latter half of the seventeenth and the first half of the eighteenth century. He wrote many masterly commentaries known by the words शेखर and उद्द्योत on the authoritative old works in the different Sastras, the total list of his small and big works together well nigh exceeding a hundredition He was a bright pupil of Hari Diksita, the grandson of Bhattoji Diksita. He was a renowned teacher also, and many of the famous scholars of grammar in Benares and outside at present are his spiritual descendants. He was a Maharastriya Brahmana of Tasgaon in Satara District, who received his education in Benares. For some years he stayed under the patronage of Rama, the king of Sringibera at his time. He was very clever in leading debates in the various Sastras and won the title of Sabhapati. Out of his numerous works, the Mahābhāṣya-Pradīpoddyota by Nāgeśa.on Kaiyata's Mahabhasyapradipa, the Laghusabdendusekhara on the Siddhanta Kaumudi and the Paribhasendusekhara are quite wellknown and studied by every one who wishes to get proficiency in Panini's grammar. For details see pp. 21-24 and 401-403, Vol. VII of the Patanjala Mahabhasya edition D. E. Society, Poona.
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triyuga adjective appearing in the first 3 Yugas (Kṛṣṇa) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 53971/72933
triyāmā noun (feminine) night (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the Indigo plant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the river Yamunā (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
turmeric (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 10666/72933
triyāna noun (neuter) the 3 Vehicles (leading to Nirvāṇa) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 53970/72933
triyāyuṣa noun (neuter) threefold age
Frequency rank 28270/72933
akṣatriya noun (masculine) not a Kṣatriya
Frequency rank 22798/72933
aśrotriya adjective not versed in the Veda (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
performed by Brāhmans who are not versed in the Veda (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 9774/72933
kṣatriya noun (masculine) a member of the military or reigning order (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a red horse (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a people (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 546/72933
kṣatriyā noun (feminine) a woman of the military or second caste (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Durgā (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 6778/72933
kṣatriya adjective endowed with sovereignty (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
governing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 50502/72933
kṣatriyabruva adjective pretending to be a Kṣatriya (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 50503/72933
kṣatriyavarā noun (feminine) a wild variety of Curcumis (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 34397/72933
kṣatriyātmajā noun (feminine) a kind of bitter gourd
Frequency rank 50504/72933
kṣatriyāntakara noun (masculine) name of Paraśurāma (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 27710/72933
durmitriya adjective
Frequency rank 54718/72933
niḥkṣatriya adjective without kṣatriyas
Frequency rank 11320/72933
putriya adjective relating to a son (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 58168/72933
potriya adjective belonging to the Potṛ
Frequency rank 58461/72933
śrotriya adjective conversant with sacred knowledge (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
docile (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
learned in the Veda (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
modest (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
well-behaved (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 40227/72933
śrotriya noun (masculine) a Brāhman of the third degree (standing between the Brāhmaṇa and Anūcāna) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a Brāhman versed in the Veda (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
divine (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
theologian (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3078/72933
sumitriya adjective
Frequency rank 71052/72933
hautriya adjective relating/belonging to a Hotra
Frequency rank 72752/72933
     Wordnet Search "triy" has 10 results.
     

triy

rātriḥ, niśā, rajanī, kṣaṇadā, kṣapā, śarvarī, niś, nid, triyāmā, yāninī, yāmavatī, naktam, niśīthinī, tamasvinī, vibhāvarī, tamī, tamā, tamiḥ, jyotaṣmatī, nirātapā, niśīthyā, niśīthaḥ, śamanī, vāsurā, vāśurā, śyāmā, śatākṣī, śatvarī, śaryā, yāmiḥ, yāmī, yāmikā, yāmīrā, yāmyā, doṣā, ghorā, vāsateyī, tuṅgī, kalāpinī, vāyuroṣā, niṣadvarī, śayyā, śārvarī, cakrabhedinī, vasatiḥ, kālī, tārakiṇī, bhūṣā, tārā, niṭ   

dīpāvacchinna-sūryakiraṇānavacchinnakālaḥ।

yadā dikṣu ca aṣṭāsu meror bhūgolakodbhavā। chāyā bhavet tadā rātriḥ syācca tadvirahād dinam।

triy

asādhyaḥ, nirauṣadhaḥ, durdharaḥ, asādhaḥ, avāraṇīyaḥ, nirupakramaḥ, durācaraḥ, kṣetriyaḥ, kriyāpathamatikrāntaḥ, vivarjanīyaḥ   

cikitsātikrāntaḥ।

raktakṣayaḥ asādhyaḥ rogaḥ asti।

triy

durgā, umā, kātyāyanī, gaurī, brahmāṇī, kālī, haimavatī, īśvarā, śivā, bhavānī, rudrāṇī, sarvāṇī, sarvamaṅgalā, aparṇā, pārvatī, mṛḍānī, līlāvatī, caṇaḍikā, ambikā, śāradā, caṇḍī, caṇḍā, caṇḍanāyikā, girijā, maṅgalā, nārāyaṇī, mahāmāyā, vaiṣṇavī, maheśvarī, koṭṭavī, ṣaṣṭhī, mādhavī, naganandinī, jayantī, bhārgavī, rambhā, siṃharathā, satī, bhrāmarī, dakṣakanyā, mahiṣamardinī, herambajananī, sāvitrī, kṛṣṇapiṅgalā, vṛṣākapāyī, lambā, himaśailajā, kārttikeyaprasūḥ, ādyā, nityā, vidyā, śubhahkarī, sāttvikī, rājasī, tāmasī, bhīmā, nandanandinī, mahāmāyī, śūladharā, sunandā, śumyabhaghātinī, hrī, parvatarājatanayā, himālayasutā, maheśvaravanitā, satyā, bhagavatī, īśānā, sanātanī, mahākālī, śivānī, haravallabhā, ugracaṇḍā, cāmuṇḍā, vidhātrī, ānandā, mahāmātrā, mahāmudrā, mākarī, bhaumī, kalyāṇī, kṛṣṇā, mānadātrī, madālasā, māninī, cārvaṅgī, vāṇī, īśā, valeśī, bhramarī, bhūṣyā, phālgunī, yatī, brahmamayī, bhāvinī, devī, acintā, trinetrā, triśūlā, carcikā, tīvrā, nandinī, nandā, dharitriṇī, mātṛkā, cidānandasvarūpiṇī, manasvinī, mahādevī, nidrārūpā, bhavānikā, tārā, nīlasarasvatī, kālikā, ugratārā, kāmeśvarī, sundarī, bhairavī, rājarājeśvarī, bhuvaneśī, tvaritā, mahālakṣmī, rājīvalocanī, dhanadā, vāgīśvarī, tripurā, jvālmukhī, vagalāmukhī, siddhavidyā, annapūrṇā, viśālākṣī, subhagā, saguṇā, nirguṇā, dhavalā, gītiḥ, gītavādyapriyā, aṭṭālavāsinī, aṭṭahāsinī, ghorā, premā, vaṭeśvarī, kīrtidā, buddhidā, avīrā, paṇḍitālayavāsinī, maṇḍitā, saṃvatsarā, kṛṣṇarūpā, balipriyā, tumulā, kāminī, kāmarūpā, puṇyadā, viṣṇucakradharā, pañcamā, vṛndāvanasvarūpiṇī, ayodhyārupiṇī, māyāvatī, jīmūtavasanā, jagannāthasvarūpiṇī, kṛttivasanā, triyāmā, jamalārjunī, yāminī, yaśodā, yādavī, jagatī, kṛṣṇajāyā, satyabhāmā, subhadrikā, lakṣmaṇā, digambarī, pṛthukā, tīkṣṇā, ācārā, akrūrā, jāhnavī, gaṇḍakī, dhyeyā, jṛmbhaṇī, mohinī, vikārā, akṣaravāsinī, aṃśakā, patrikā, pavitrikā, tulasī, atulā, jānakī, vandyā, kāmanā, nārasiṃhī, girīśā, sādhvī, kalyāṇī, kamalā, kāntā, śāntā, kulā, vedamātā, karmadā, sandhyā, tripurasundarī, rāseśī, dakṣayajñavināśinī, anantā, dharmeśvarī, cakreśvarī, khañjanā, vidagdhā, kuñjikā, citrā, sulekhā, caturbhujā, rākā, prajñā, ṛdbhidā, tāpinī, tapā, sumantrā, dūtī, aśanī, karālā, kālakī, kuṣmāṇḍī, kaiṭabhā, kaiṭabhī, kṣatriyā, kṣamā, kṣemā, caṇḍālikā, jayantī, bheruṇḍā   

sā devī yayā naike daityāḥ hatāḥ tathā ca yā ādiśaktiḥ asti iti manyate।

navarātrotsave sthāne sthāne durgāyāḥ pratiṣṭhāpanā kriyate।

triy

kṣatriyaḥ, rājanyaḥ, kṣatraḥ, bāhujaḥ, virāṭ, mūrdhābhiṣiktaḥ, dvijaliṅgī, rājā, nābhiḥ, nṛpaḥ, mūrdhakaḥ, pārthivaḥ, sārvabhaumaḥ   

hindūdharmaśāstrānusāreṇa cāturvarṇyavyavasthāyāṃ dvitīyaḥ varṇaḥ tadvarṇīyānāṃ karma brāhmaṇādīnām anyavarṇīyānāṃ śatroḥ rakṣaṇam iti।

śaraṇāgatasya rakṣā kṣatriyasya dharmaḥ asti।

triy

kṣātram, kṣatriyaḥ   

kṣatriyasambandhī।

agrataḥ caturo vedāḥ pṛṣṭhataḥ saśaraṃ dhanuḥ। idaṃ brāhmam idaṃ kṣātraṃ śāpād api śarād api॥

triy

niṣputratā, putrahīnatā, aputriyatā   

putrasya abhāvasya avasthā।

jamīlā niṣputratāyāḥ duḥkhaṃ soḍhuṃ na aśaknot।

triy

saurya, sūrya, saurīya, savitriya, mārtaṇḍīya   

sūryeṇa sambaddham।

sūryagrahaṇam iti sauryā ghaṭanā asti।

triy

kṣatriyā, kṣatriyāṇī   

kṣatriyastrī।

bhāratīye itihāse naikābhiḥ kṣatriyābhiḥ vīratāpūrṇaṃ kāryaṃ kṛtam।

triy

kṣatriyī, kṣatriyāṇī   

kṣatriyasya patnī।

aitihāsikena pramāṇena naikāḥ kṣatrayyaḥ sahagāminyaḥ āsan iti jñāyate।

triy

kṣatriyaḥ   

ekaḥ daśapūrvī ।

kṣatriyasya ullekhaḥ jainasāhitye vartate









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