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     Grammar Search "sarga" has 1 results.
     
sarga: masculine vocative singular stem: sarga
     Amarakosha Search  
4 results
     
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
ekāgraḥ3.1.79MasculineSingularekatālaḥ, ananyavṛttiḥ, ekāyanaḥ, ekasarga, ekāgryaḥ, ekāyanagataḥ
saṃsiddhiḥ1.7.37FeminineSingularnisarga, prakṛtiḥ, svarūpam, svabhāvaḥthe natural state
sarga3.3.27MasculineSingularśāpaḥ, parābhavaḥ
utpātaḥ2.8.111MasculineSingularupasarga, utpātaḥ
     Monier-Williams
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261 results for sarga
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
sargam. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).;fr. sṛj-) letting go, discharging, voiding (as excrement) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. starting (a race-horse), racing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. a herd let loose from a stable, any troop or host or swarm or multitude View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. a draught of air, gust of wind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. a stream, gush, rush, downpour (of any fluid; accusative with kṛ-,"to cast or strike down" )
sargam. a dart, shot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. emission or creation of matter, primary creation (as opp. to pratisarga-"secondary creation"), creation of the world (as opp. to its pralaya-"dissolution", and sthiti-,"maintenance in existence"; 9 different creations are enumerated in ; ā sargāt-,"from the creation or beginning of the world"; sarge-"in the created world") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. a created being, creature (with daiva-"a divine creation","a god") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. begetting, procreation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. origin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. offspring, a child View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. nature, natural property, disposition, tendency View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. effort, exertion, resolution, resolve, will View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. a section, chapter, book, canto (especially in an epic poem) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. assent, agreement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. fainting (equals moha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. implement of war () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. equals visarga-, the aspiration at the end of a word View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargam. of a son of rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargabandham. "chapter-construction", any poem or composition divided into sections or chapters (especially a mahā-kāvya- or great poem) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargakamfn. producing, effecting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargakālīnamfn. relating to or happening at the time of creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargakartṛm. the creator ( sargakartṛtva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargakartṛtvan. sargakartṛ
sargakramam. the order of creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargakṛtm. equals -kartṛ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargapralayakaṇṭakoddhāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargapratakta(s/arga--) mfn. dashing along in rapid motion, hastening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sargatakta (s/arga--) mfn. dashing along in rapid motion, hastening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisargaetc. See abhi-sṛj-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisargam. creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādisargam. primitive creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādisargam. see View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhatavisargaf. the deadening of a visarga- or its change into o- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anisargamfn. unnatural, unnaturally affected. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aniśitasarga(/ani-śita-) mfn. having an incessant flow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anugrahasargam. (in sāṃkhya- philosophy) creation of the feelings or mental conditions. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupasargam. a word that is not an upasarga- q.v , or destitute of one View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupasargam. that which needs no additions (as a divine being) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusargam. secondary creation, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anūtsargam. non-abandonment, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvavasargam. letting down, slackening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvavasargam. permission to do as one likes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhavisargam. the sound visarga- before k, kh, p, ph (so called because its sign [$] is the half of that of the visarga-[ -]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthotsargam. expenditure of money View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asatsaṃsargam. evil company. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisargam. act of parting with, dismissal, giving away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisargam. granting permission, leave View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisargam. atisarg/am- 1. d/a-, to bid any one farewell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisargaremnant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasargaSee ava-sṛj-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasargam. (gaRa nyaṅkv-ādi- q.v) letting loose, letting go (an-- negative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasargam. relaxation, laxity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasargam. following one's own inclinations, independence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvasargam. the intellectual creation (opp. to bhautika s-,the material creation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtasargam. a creation of beings (exempli gratia, 'for example' of deva-yoni-s or divine beings in 8 classes, of men, and of tiryag-yoni-s in 5 classes, viz. cattle, birds, wild animals, creeping things, and plants) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtasargam. creation of the elements View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtopasargam. possession by an evil spirit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chandogavṛṣotsargatattvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
desopasargam. distress of a country, calamity in a country
ekasargamfn. closely attentive, having the mind intent upon one object View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gosargam. equals -visarga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
govisargam. (equals -sarga-) "time at which cows are let loose", day-break View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛdayasaṃsargam. union of heart View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalasaṃsargam. mixing with water, dilution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalāśayotsargatattvan. Name of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalāśayotsargavidhim. Name of work by kamalākara-bhaṭṭa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvapītasarga(v/a--) mfn. whose rays are drunk by living beings View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvotsargam. equals vatyāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇḍavisargam. the completion of (the study of) a kāṇḍa-, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāyotsargam. a kind of religious austerity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khalasaṃsargam. associating with bad company View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtasaṃsargamfn. brought into contact, united. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokavisargam. the end of the world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokavisargam. the creation of the world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
luptāhatavisargamfn. having visarga- dropped or coalesced (with a preceding a) into o- ( luptāhatavisargatā -- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
luptāhatavisargaf. luptāhatavisarga
luptavisargamfn. dropping the visarga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
luptavisargan. equals next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
luptavisargakan. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
luptavisargaf. () absence of visarga-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhurālāpanisargapaṇḍitamfn. madhurālāpa
mahāsargam. a great or completely new creation (after a complete destruction of the world)
mahiṣotsargavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malavisargam. () () the act of removing dirt, cleansing (of a temple) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malavisargam. evacuation of feces. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malotsargam. evacuation of the feces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātrāsaṃsargam. the mutual connection between the several parts (of a whole) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muṣṭivisargam. the opening of the fist or closed hand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūtrapurīṣosargam. voiding urine and excrement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūtrotsargam. discharging urine
naisargamfn. innate, natural View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
narasaṃsargam. intercourse of men, human society View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlotsargapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nipātāvyayopasargam. plural Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirupasargamfn. free from portents, auspicious, Var View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvisargamfn. without visarga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargam. ( sṛj-) evacuation, voiding excrement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargam. giving away, granting, bestowing, a favour or grant etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargam. relinquishing, abandoning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargam. creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargam. natural state or condition or form or character, nature (nisarga- in the beginning of a compound, nisargeṇa geṇa- ind., nisargāt gāt- ind.,or nisargatas ga-tas- ind.by nature, naturally, spontaneously) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargabhāvam. natural state or condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargabhinnamfn. naturally distinct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargajamfn. innate, inborn, produced at creation, natural View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisarganipuṇamfn. naturally clever View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargapadvamf(ī-)n. naturally inclined to, feeling attracted towards (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargaśālīnamfn. naturally timid or modest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargasauhṛdan. natural friendship, friendship from infancy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargasiddhamfn. effected by nature, natural View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisargatasind. nisarga
nisargavinītamfn. naturally discreet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niśotsargam. equals śātyaya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralayasthitisargam. plural destruction, preservation and creation (of the world). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṇotsargam. giving up the ghost, dying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasarga pra-sarjana- See pra-- sṛj-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasargam. (or s/arga-) pouring or flowing forth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasargam. dismissal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiniḥsargam. giving back, abandonment (wrong reading niḥsaṅga-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃsargam. equals pratisarga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargaSee under prati-sṛj-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargam. secondary or continued creation out of primitive matter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargam. dissolution, destruction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargam. the portion of a purāṇa- which treats of the destruction and renovation of the world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargamind. in every creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyayasargam. (in sāṃkhya-) the creation which proceeds from buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purīṣotsargam. the voiding of excrement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāhūpasargam. "contact of rāhu- ", an eclipse, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasargam. rudra-'s creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasargam. the creation of the 11 rudra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhusaṃsargam. association with the good View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasaṃsargam. carnal contact or intercourse with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmagavṛṣotsargam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasarga(of unknown meaning) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasargavasargyamfn. to be let go or abandoned etc. Va1rtt. 2 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃnisargam. good-naturedness, gentleness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsarga saṃ-sarjana- etc. See saṃ-sṛj-, column 3. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargamfn. commingling, combining (intr.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) mixture or union together, commixture, blending, conjunction, connection, contact, association, society, sexual union, intercourse with (genitive case instrumental case with and without saha- locative case,or compound) etc.
saṃsargam. confusion, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. indulging in, partaking of (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. sensual attachment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. a particular conjunction of celestial bodies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. a particular combination of two humours which produces diseases (see saṃ-nipāta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. community of goods View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. duration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. point of intersection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. acquaintance, familiarity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargam. co-existence (equals samavāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargadoṣam. the fault or evil consequences of association (with bad people) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargajamfn. produced by union or contact View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargaka(in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') equals saṃsarga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargatasind. through union or connection, in consequence of intercourse or familiarity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargavatmfn. being in contact, connected with (compound;also saṃsargavattva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargavattvan. saṃsargavat
saṃsargavidyāf. the art of intercourse with men, social science View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃsargavidyamfn. = saṃsarga-vidyām adhīte veda vā- on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsargayaNom. P. yati-, to gather or assemble (trans.) together or round View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samutsargam. pouring out or shedding forth together (of urine) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samutsargam. emission (of semen; gaṃ-kṛ-with locative case,"to have sexual intercourse with") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sannisargam. good nature, kindness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāpotsargam. the utterance of a curse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasaṃsargalavaṇan. salt soil View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasaṃsargalavaṇan. a particular kind of salt or salt soil (mixing with everything) (varia lectio sārvasam-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvasaṃsargalavaṇan. (varia lectio sarva-s-), salty soil View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satsaṃsargam. association with the good, the society of the good View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sattvasargam. a creation of the quality sattva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopasargamf(ā-)n. having or meeting with difficulties or obstacles View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopasargamf(ā-)n. unbecoming, unpleasant (as speech) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopasargamf(ā-)n. visited by portents or by great afflictions, portentous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopasargamf(ā-)n. possessed by an evil spirit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopasargamf(ā-)n. (in gram.) preceded by a preposition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāvaṇotsargakarmann. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
strīsaṃsargam. female society View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stukāsargamind. after the form of a curl or knot of hair View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taḍāgabhavanotsargam. Name of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tanmātrasargam. (in sāṃkhya- philosophy) creation of the subtle elements, rudimentary creation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
toyotsargam. discharge of water, rain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trisargam. the creation of the 3 guṇa-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasarga upa-sarjana- See column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargam. (gaRa nyaṅkv-ādi- ) addition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargam. misfortune, trouble, a natural phenomenon (considered as boding evil) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargam. an eclipse (of a star) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargaan eclipse of sun or moon, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargam. (in med.) a fit, paroxysm (supposed to be possession by an evil spirit) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargam. a disease superinduced on another View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargam. change occasioned by any disease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargam. indication or symptom of death View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargam. a nipāta- or particle joined to a verb or noun denoting action, a preposition (See also gati-and karma-pravacanīya-;they are enumerated ;in the veda- they are separable from the verb) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargahārastotran. Name of several works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargavādam. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasargayaNom. (fr. the above) P. upasargayati-, to cause trouble, plague. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargaetc. See column 3. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. pouring out, pouring forth, emission, dejection, excretion, voiding by stool etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. Excretion (personified as a son of mitra- and revatī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. laying aside, throwing or casting away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. loosening, setting free, delivering (Name of the verses ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. abandoning, resigning, quitting, retiring from, leaving off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. suspending View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. end, close and etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. handing over, delivering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. granting, gift, donation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. oblation, libation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. presentation (of anything promised to a god or Brahman with suitable ceremonies) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. a particular ceremony on suspending repetition of the veda- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. causation, causing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. (in grammar) any general rule or precept (opposed to apa-vāda-, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargamind. "leaving off (everything else)", at once, immediately, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargamayūkham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsarganirṇayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargasamitif. carefulness in the act of excretion (so that no living creature be hurt ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargatasind. generally (id est without any special limitation) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāgvisargam. the emitting of the voice, breaking of silence, speaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaikṛtasargam. a form of creation (opp. to prākṛtas-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vanotsargam. Name of work (on the dedication of temples, tanks, groves etc.) by viṣṇu-śarman-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāpyutsargam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varātisargam. the granting a boon or request View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varṇasaṃsargam. mixture or confusion of castes, matrimonial connection or marriage with members of other castes
visarga vi-sarjana- See p.1001. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. sending forth, letting go, liberation, emission, discharge etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. voiding, evacuation (of excrement) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. opening (of the closed hand) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. getting rid of, sending away, dismissal, rejection etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. letting loose id est driving out (cows;See go-vis-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. final emancipation, exemption from worldly existence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. cessation, end View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. end of the annual course of the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. destruction of the world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. giving, granting, bestowal etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. scattering, hurling, throwing, shooting, casting (also of glances) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. producing, creating (especially secondary creation or creation in detail by puruṣa-;See under sarga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. creation (in the concrete sense), product, offspring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. "producer", cause View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. membrum virile View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. the sun's southern course View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. separation, parting (see -cumbana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. light, splendour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. Name of a symbol in grammar (equals vi-sarjanīya-,which is the older termSee below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargam. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargacumbanan. a parting kiss View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visargaluptan. elision of the visarga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vratādeśanavisargam. plural the undertaking and concluding of a vow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vratavisargam. conclusion of any vow or observance (see vratādeśana-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣabhotsargam. "letting loose a bull", Name of work (see vṛṣotsarga-).
vṛṣotsargam. letting loose a bull (or according to to some, a bull and four heifers, as a work of merit especially on the occasion of a śrāddha- in honour of deceased ancestors) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣotsargam. giving up virtuous acts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣotsargam. Name of the 18th pariśiṣṭa- of the atharva-- veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣotsargakaumudīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣotsargapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣotsargapariśiṣṭan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣotsargaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣotsargatattvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣotsargavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasargam. setting free, liberation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasargam. distributing, bestowing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasargam. renunciation, resignation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyutsargam. renunciation, resignation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajurvedivṛṣotsargatattvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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sarga सर्गः [सृज्-घञ्] 1 Relinquishment, abandonment. -2 Creation; आराध्य विप्रान् स्मरमादिसर्गे Bhāg.3.1.28; अस्याः सर्गविधौ प्रजापतिरभूच्चन्द्रो नु कान्तिप्रदः V.1.8. -3 The creation of the world; प्रलयस्थितिसर्गाणां कारणतां गतः Ku.2.6; R. 3.27; सर्गो नवविधस्तस्य प्राकृतो वैकृतस्तु यः Bhāg.3.1.13. -4 Nature, the universe; इहैव तैर्जितः सर्गो येषां साभ्ये स्थितं मनः Bg.5.19. -5 Natural property, nature. -6 Determination, resolve; गृहाण शस्त्रं यदि सर्ग एष ते R.3.51;14. 42; Śi.19.38. -7 Assent, agreement. -8 A section, chapter, canto (as of a poem). -9 Rush, onset, advance (of troops). -1 Voiding of excrement; राजमार्गे गवां मध्ये धान्यमध्ये च धर्मिणः । नोपसेवन्ति राजेन्द्र सर्गं मूत्रपुरीषयोः ॥ Mb.13.162.35. -11 N. of Śiva. -12 Fainting, swoon (मोह). -13 Ved. A horse. -14 Production (of the implement of war); सर्गाणां चान्ववेक्षणम् Mb.12.59.44. (com. सर्गाणां रथादिनिर्माणानाम्). -15 Effort, exertion. -16 The aspiration at the end of a word (विसर्ग). -Comp. -क्रमः the order of creation. -बन्धः a great poem having several cantos, a Mahākāvya; सर्गबन्धो महाकाव्यम् S. D.
atisarga अतिसर्गः 1 Granting (of a wish); giving; स्रष्टुर्वरातिसर्गात्तु मया तस्य दुरात्मनः R.1.42. -2 Granting permission (to do what one likes कामचारानुज्ञा) P.III 3.163, one of the senses of the Potential अतिसर्गाच्च पटवो दृष्ट्वा Rām.5.62.7. -3 Dismissal, discharge, parting with; giving away; स्त्रीणां दानविक्रयातिसर्गा विद्यन्ते न पुंसः Nir. -4 Favour; तवातिसर्गाद्देवेश प्रजापत्यमिदं पदम् । Mb.8.34.2. -a. [सर्गं सृष्टिमतिक्रान्तः] Everlasting, permanent (नित्य); emancipated (मुक्त).
anisarga अनिसर्ग a. Unnatural, affected.
anupasarga अनुपसर्गः 1 A word (particle &c.) that is not, or has not the force of, an Upasarga. -2 That which has no Upasarga. -3 That which needs no additions (as) a divine being).
anusarga अनुसर्गः A separate creation.
anvavasarga अन्ववसर्गः [सृज्-घञ्] 1 Slackening, letting loose (opp. आयाम). -2 Permission to do as one likes (काम- चारानुज्ञा), one of the senses of अपि P.I.4.96; see अपि. -3 Following one's own will.
abhisarga अभिसर्गः Creation.
utsarga उत्सर्गः 1 Laying or leaving a side, abandoning, suspension; श्रीलक्षणोत्सर्गविनीतवेवाः Ku.7.45. -2 Pouring out, dropping down, emission; तोयोत्सर्गद्रुततरगतिः Me.19, 39; so शुक्र˚. -3 A gift, donation, giving away; (धनस्य) उत्सर्गेण शुध्यन्ति Ms.11.193. 4 Spending; अर्थ˚ Mu.3. -5 Loosening, letting loose; as in वृषोत्सर्गः -6 An oblation, libation. -7 Excretion, voiding by stool &c.; पुरीष˚, मलमूत्र˚. -8 Completion (as of study or a vow); cf. उत्सृष्टा वै वेदाः (opp. उपाकृता वै वेदाः). -9 A general rule or precept (opp. अपवाद a particular rule or exception); अपवादैरिवो- त्सर्गाः कृतव्यावृत्तयः परैः Ku.2.27, अपवाद इवोत्सर्गं व्यावर्तयितु- मीश्वरः R.15.7. -1 Offering what is promised (to gods, Brāhmaṇas &c.) with due ceremonies. -11 The anus; मित्रमुत्सर्गे Ms.12.121. -12 A heap, mass; अन्नस्य सुबहून् राजन्नुत्सर्गान्पर्वतोपमान् Mb.14.85.38. -13 Dedication, securing the services (of priests). उत्सर्गे तु प्रधानत्वात् etc. MS.3.7.19. (where शबर paraphrases उत्सर्ग by परिक्रय). -Comp. -समितिः carefulness in the act of excretion so that no living creature be hurt (Jaina).
utsargataḥ उत्सर्गतः ind. Generally, without any exception.
upasarga उपसर्गः 1 Sickness, disease, change occasioned by a disease; also a disease superinduced on another; क्षीणं हन्युश्चोपसर्गाः प्रभूताः Suśr. -2 Misfortune, trouble, calamity, injury, harm; प्रशमिताशेषोपसर्गाः प्रजाः Ratn.1.1; सोपसर्गं वो नक्षत्रम् M.4. sorrow; आपेदे उपसर्गस्तं तमः सूर्यमिवासुरम् Rām.2.63.2. -3 Portent, natural phenomenon foreboding evil. -4 An eclipse. -5 An indication or symptom of death. -6 Addition. -7 Possession by an evil spirit. -8 A preposition prefixed to roots; निपाताश्चादयो ज्ञेयाः प्रादयस्तूपसर्गकाः । द्योतकत्वात् क्रियायोगे लोकादवगता इमे ॥ उपसर्गास्तु विज्ञेयाः क्रियायोगेन विंशतिः । विवेचयन्ति ते ह्यर्थं नामाख्यातविभक्तिषु ॥ बृहद्देवता; आख्यातमुपगृह्यार्थविशेषमिमे तस्यैव सृजन्तीत्युपसर्गाः । Durga under Nirukta 1.3. उपेत्य नामाख्यातयोरर्थस्य विशेषं सृजन्त्युत्पादयन्ती- त्युपसर्गाः । Skanda. The नाट्यशास्त्र defines उपसर्ग thus: प्रातिपदिकार्थयुक्तं धात्वर्थमुपसृजन्ति ये स्वार्थैः । उपसर्गा उपदिष्टास्तस्मात् संस्कारशास्त्रे$स्मिन् ॥ A poetaster has framed the following समस्यापूरण stanza with the rule उपसर्गाः क्रियायोगे (Pāṇini I.4.59); उपसर्गाः क्रियायोगे पाणिनेरपि संमयम् । निष्क्रियो$पि तवारातिः सोपसर्गः सदा कथम् ॥ Upasargas are 2 in number:- प्र, परा, अप, सम्, अनु, अव, निस् or निर्, दुस् or दुर्, वि, आ (ङ्), नि, अधि, अपि, अति, सु, उत्, अभि, प्रति, परि, उप; or 22 if निस्-निर् and दुस्-दुर् be taken as separate words. There are two theories as to the character of these prepositions. According to one theory roots have various meanings in themselves (अनेकार्था हि धातवः); when prepositions are prefixed to them they simply bring to light those meanings already existent but hidden in them, but they do not express them, being meaningless themselves; cf. Śi.1.15:- सन्तमेव चिरमप्रकृतत्वादप्रकाशितमदिद्युतदङ्गे । विभ्रमं मधुमदः प्रमदानां धातुलीनमुपसर्ग इवार्थम् ॥ According to the other theory prepositions express their own independent meanings; they modify, intensify, and sometimes entirely alter, the senses of roots; cf. Sk.:- उपसर्गेण धात्वर्थो बलादन्यत्र नीयते । प्रहाराहारसंहारविहारपरिहारवत् ॥ cf. also धात्वर्थं बाधते कश्चित्कश्चित्तमनुवर्तते । तमेव विशिनष्टयन्य उपसर्गगतिस्त्रिधा ॥ (The latter theory appears to be more correct. For a fuller exposition see Nirukta). -9 An obstacle; ते समाधावुपसर्गा व्युत्थाने सिद्धयः । योगसूत्रs 3.39.
nisarga निसर्गः 1 Bestowing, granting, presenting, giving away; न चाधेः कालसंरोधान्निसर्गो$स्ति न विक्रयः Ms.8.143. -2 A grant. -3 Evacuation, voiding excrement. -4 Abandoning, relinquishing. -5 Creation; प्रजा निसर्गाद् विप्रान् वै क्षत्रियाः पूजयन्ति ह Mb.14.58.5. -6 Nature, natural character, natural state or condition; निसर्ग दुर्बोधम् Ki.1.6;18.31; R.3.35; Ku.4.16; निसर्गतः, निसर्गेण 'by nature', or 'naturally'. -7 Exchange, barter. -Comp. -ज, -सिद्ध a. innate, inborn, natural; निसर्गजं तु तत्तस्य कस्तस्मात्तदपोहति Ms.8.414. -निपुण a. naturally clever. -भिन्न a. different by nature; निसर्ग- भिन्नास्पदमेकसंस्थम् R.6.29. -विनीत a. 1 naturally discreet. -2 naturally well-behaved.
pratisarga प्रतिसर्गः 1 Secondary creation (as by the agents of one Supreme Being); संग्रहेण मया ख्यातः प्रतिसर्गस्तबानघ Bhāg.4.8.5; आदिसर्गस्तु यः सूत कथितो विस्तरेण च । प्रति- सर्गश्च ये येषामधिपास्तान् वदस्व नः ॥ Kālikā P. -2 Dissolution. -3 Continued creation out of primitive matter. -4 The portion of a Purāṇa which treats of the destruction and renovation of the world; सर्गश्च प्रतिसर्गश्च वंशो मन्वन्तराणि च । वंशानुचरितं चैव पुराणं पञ्चलक्षणम् ॥
prasarga प्रसर्गः Ved. 1 Pouring or flowing forth. -2 Emission, discharge.
visarga विसर्गः 1 Sending forth, emission. -2 Shedding, pouring down, dropping; पुरं नवीचक्रुरपां विसर्गान् मेघा निदाघ- ग्लपितामिवोर्वीम् R.16.38. -3 Casting, discharge; सरहस्यो धनुर्वेदः सविसर्गोपसंयमः Bhāg.1.7.44. -4 Giving away, a gift, donation; आदानं हि विसर्गाय सतां वारिमुचामिव R.4. 86 (where the word means 'pouring down' also). -5 Sending away, dismissal; हरणं च विसर्गं च शाल्वेन च विसर्जनम् Mb.5.175.37. -6 Creation, creating; नियमे च विसर्गे च भूतात्मा मानसस्तथा Mb.12.239.12; secondary creation; ब्रह्मणो गुणवैषम्याद्विसर्गः पौरुषः स्मृतः Bhāg.2.1.3. -7 Abandonment, relinquishment; न निष्कयविसर्गाभ्यां भर्तुर्भार्या विमुच्यते Ms.9.46. -8 Voiding, evacuation; as in पुरीषविसर्ग. -9 Departure, separation. -1 Final beatitude. -11 Light, splendour. -12 A symbol in writing, representing a distinct hard aspiration and marked by two perpendicular dots (:). -13 The southern course of the sun. -14 The penis. -15 Destruction of the world; कालो वशीकृतविसृज्यविसर्गशक्तिः Bhāg.7.9.22. -16 The function of the world (सृष्टिव्यापार); भूतभावोद्भवकरो विसर्गः कर्मसंज्ञितः Bg.8.3.
vyavasarga व्यवसर्गः Renunciation, resignation.
saṃsarga संसर्गः 1 Commixture, junction, union. -2 Contact, company, association, society; न संसर्गं व्रजेत् सद्भिः प्राय- श्चित्ते$कृते द्विजः Ms.11.47; संसर्गमुक्तिः खलेषु Bh.2.62; Ś.1.3. Proximity, touch. -4 Intercourse, familiarity. -5 Copulation, sexual union; नानागन्धर्वमिथुनैः पानसंसर्गकर्कशैः Rām.4.67.45; प्रत्याहारेण संसर्गान् ध्यानेनानी- श्वरान् गुणान् Ms.6.72. -6 Co-existence, intimate relation. -7 Confusion. -8 A particular conjunction of celestial bodies. -9 A particular combination of two humours which produces diseases. -1 Point of intersection. -11 Duration; Mb.3. -Comp. -अभावः one of the two main kinds of non-existence, relative non-existence, which is of three kinds; प्रागभाव antecedent, प्रध्वंसाभाव emergent, and अन्यन्ताभाव absolute, non-existence. -दोषः the fault or evil consequences resulting from association, especially with bad people. -विद्या 1 learning by social intercourse; Kau. A.1.12. -2 Social science.
saṃnisarga संनिसर्गः Good-naturedness, gentleness.
samutsarga समुत्सर्गः 1 Abandoning, leaving. -2 Shedding or casting forth, giving away. -3 Discharge of feces, voiding of excrement; मूत्रोच्चारसमुत्सर्गं दिवा कुर्यादुदङ्मुखः Ms.4.5. -4 Emission (of semen).
sopasarga सोपसर्ग a. 1 Afflicted or visited by any great calamity or misfortune. -2 Portentous. -3 Possessed by an evil spirit. -4 Preceded by a prepositional prefix (in gram.).
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sarga sárg-a, m. herd, iv. 51, 8 [sṛj let loose].
prasarga pra-sargá, m. discharge, vii. 103, 4 [sṛj emit]
visarga vi-sargá, m. release, vii. 103, 9 [ví + sṛj let go].
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sarga m. [√ srig] RV.; shot; jet, stream; gust (of wind); starting a courser, racing; herd let loose; V., C.: great host; C.: emission, discharge; creation (ord. mg.); creature (w. daiva, divine being, god); innate disposition, nature (rare); resolve, purpose, will (rare); section, canto (in an epic poem): lc. in the world; â sargât, from the beginning of the world; (sárga)-takta, pp. speeding like a missile (waters, RV.); -pratakta, pp. id. (steed; RV.1); -bandha, m. composition in cantos, epic poem.
atisarga m. granting (a wish).
arthotsarga m. expenditure; -½ûshman, m. glow of wealth.
asaṃsarga m. lack of contact or intercourse with (g.); -sârin, a. not subject to mundane existence; -srishta, pp. untouched by, free from (in.); -srishtin, a. not re-united after partition.
utsarga m. emission, discharge; evacuation; throwing away; laying aside; setting free, liberation; donation; abandon ment, relinquishment; cessation; restitution; general rule; (sc. khandasâm)ceremony on suspension of Vedic study; -sargana, a. (î) re jecting; n. letting go, dismissal; cessation; ceremony on suspension of Vedic study.
upasarga m. addition; trouble; ca lamity; eclipse; preposition (gr.); -sargana, n. addition; obscuration, eclipse; secondary thing; subordinate person; representative; dependent (in a compound or as a derivative) word determining another (gr.).
nisarga m. evacuation of excre ment; giving away; bestowal, grant; crea tion; innate disposition, nature: °ree;--, -tas, in., ab. by nature; -ga, a. innate, original, origin ally formed by (--°ree;); -padva,a. (î) naturally inclined towards (lc.).
naisarga a. natural: i-ka, a. id.; original, inherent, innate, constitutional.
pratyayasarga m. intellectual creation.
luptavisarga a. lacking Visarga: -tâ, f. absence of Visarga; -½upama, a. lack ing the comparative particle (iva): â, f. in complete or elliptical simile; -½upamâna, n. incomplete comparison.
varātisarga m. bestowal of a boon; -½ânanâ, a. f. fair-faced.
visarga m. [√ srig] discharge, liber ation (V., C.); cessation, end (V.); diverg ence (of paths: RV.); C.: emission; evacua tion of excrement; dismission of a person; bestowing, giving; casting, throwing, dis charging, scattering; creating; creation, pro duct; final aspiration (gr.): -kumbana, n. parting kiss; -lupta, n. absence of Visarga.
vṛṣotsarga m. liberation or pre sentation of a bull (to be the property of the community); abandonment of good works.
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"sarga" has 54 results.
     
anvavasargarelaxation or wide opening of the sound-producing organs as done for uttering a vowel of grave accent. confer, compare अन्ववसर्गः गात्राणां विस्तृतता Tait. Pr. XXII.10.
abhedasaṃsargaa connection of unity, as noticed between the nominative case affix of the subject and the ending ति of a verb, which produces the sense.
ardhavisargaa term used for the Jihvāmūliya and Upadhmāniya into which a visarga is changed when followed by the letters क्, ख, and the letters प्, फ् respectively.
utsargaa general rule as contrasted with a special rule which is called अपवाद or exception; confer, compare उत्सर्गापवादयोरपवादो बलीयान् Hema. Pari.56; प्रकल्प्य वापवादविषयं तत उत्सर्गोभिनिविशते Par.Śek. Pari.63, Sīra. Pari.97; confer, compare also उत्सर्गसमानदेशा अपवादा;. For the बाध्यबाधकभाव relation between उत्सर्ग and अपवाद and its details see Nāgeśa's Paribhāṣenduśekhara on Paribhāṣās 57 to 65: confer, compare also न्यायैर्मिश्रान् अपवादान्प्रतीयात् explained by the commentator as न्याया उत्सर्गा महाविषया विधयः अपवादा अल्पविषया विधयः । तान् उत्सर्गेण भिश्रानेकीकृतान् जानीयात् । अपवादविषयं मुक्त्वा उत्सर्गाः प्रवर्तन्ते इत्यर्थः R.Pr.I.23.
upasargapreposition, prefix. The word उसपर्ग originally meant only 'a prefixed word': confer, compare सोपसर्गेषु नामसु Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XVI. 38. The word became technically applied by ancient Sanskrit Gratmmarians to the words प्र, परा, अप, सम् et cetera, and others which are always used along with a verb or a verbal derivative or a noun showing a verbal activity; confer, compare उपसर्गाः क्रियायोगे P. I. 4.59. 'These prefixes are necessariiy compounded with the following word unless the latter is a verbal form; confer, compare कुगतिप्रादयः P.II. 2.18. Although they are not compounded with a verbal form, these prepositions are used in juxtaposition with it; sometimes they are found detached from the verbal form even with the intervention of one word or more. The prefixes are instrumental in changing the meaning of the root. Some scholars like Śākaṭāyana hold the view that separated from the roots, prefixes do not express any specific sense as ordinary words express, while scholars like Gārgya hold the view that prefixes do express a sense e. g. प्र means beginning or प्रारम्भ; confer, compare न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुरिति शाकटायनः । नामाख्यातयोस्तु कर्मोपसंयोगद्योतका भवन्ति । उच्चावचाः पदार्था भवन्तीति गार्ग्यः । तद्य एषु पदार्थः प्राहुरिमं तं नामाख्यातयोरर्थविकरणम् Nirukta of Yāska.I. 8. It is doubtful, however, which view Pāṇini himself held. In his Ātmanepada topic, he has mentioned some specific roots as possessing some specific senses when preceded by some specific prefixes (see P. I. 3.20, 24, 25, 40, 4l, 46, 52, 56, et cetera, and others), which implies possibly that roots themselves possess various senses, while prefixes are simply instrumental in indicating or showing them. On the other hand, in the topic of the Karmapravacanīyas,the same words प्र, परा et cetera, and others which, however, are not termed Upasargas for the time being, although they are called Nipātas, are actually assigned some specific senses by Pāṇini. The Vārttikakāra has defined उपसर्ग as क्रियाविशेषक उपसर्गः P. I. 3.I. Vārt 7, leaving it doubtful whether the उपसर्ग or prefix possesses an independent sense which modifies the sense of the root, or without possessing any independent sense, it shows only the modified sense of the root which also is possessed by the root. Bhartṛhari, Kaiyaṭa and their followers including Nāgeśa have emphatically given the view that not only prefixes but Nipātas, which include प्र, परा and others as Upasargas as well as Karmapravacanīyas, do not denote any sense, but they indicate it; they are in fact द्योतक and not वाचक. For details see Nirukta of Yāska.I. 3, Vākyapadīya II. 190, Mahābhāṣya on I. 3.1. Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 7 and Kaiyaṭa's Mahābhāṣyapradīpa.and Mahābhāṣya-Pradīpoddyota by Nāgeśa.thereon. The Ṛk Prātiśākhya has discussed the question in XII. 6-9 where, as explained by the commentator, it is stated that prefixes express a sense along with roots or nouns to which they are attachedition It is not clear whether they convey the sense by denotation or indication, the words वाचक in stanza 6 and विशेषकृत् in stanza 8 being in favour of the former and the latter views respectively; cf उपसर्गा विंशतिरर्थवाचकाः सहेतराभ्यामितरे निपाताः; क्रियावाचकभाख्यातमुपसर्गो विशेषकृत्, सत्त्वाभिधायकं नाम निपातः पादपूरणः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XII. st. 6 and 8. For the list of upasargas see Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XII. 6, Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.I. 15, Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.VI.24, and S. K. on P. I.4.60.
upasargadyotyatāthe view or doctrine that prefixes, by themselves, do not possess any sense, but they indicate the sense of the verb or noun with which they are connectedition For details See Vākyapadīya II.165-206; also vol. VII. pages 370-372 of Vyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya edition by the D. E. Society, Poona.
upasargayogaconnection with a prefix; joining of the prefix. Some scholars of grammar hold the view that the Upasarga is prefixed to the root and then the verbal form is arrived at by placing the desired terminations after the root, while others hold the opposite view: confer, compare पूर्वं धातुः साधनेनोपयुज्यते पश्चादुपसर्गेण । अन्ये तु पूर्वं धातुरुपसर्गेण युज्यते पश्चात्साधनेनेत्याहुः Sīradeva's Paribhāṣāvṛtti Pari. 131, 132; cf also vol. VII. Mahābhāṣya edited by the D. E. Society, Poona, pages 371-372.
upasargavādaa treatise on upasargas, by Harikṛṣna.
vupasargavicāraa treatise on upasargas by Gadādhara Cakravartin.
upasargavivaraṇaa short anonymous work on the nature of upasargas or prepositions explaining their meanings with illustrations.
upasargavṛttia treatise on upasargas by Bharatamalla in the Sixteenth Century A.D.
nipātāvyayopasargavṛttiashort treatise explaining and illustrating the use of indeclinables, written by a grammarian named तिलक who probably lived in Kasmira.
visargaaspiration, leaving of the breath generally at the completion of the utterance of a word when there is a pause; the term विसर्जनीय was in use in ancient times. Although not mentioned in his alphabet by Pāṇini, this Phonetic element, visarga, is looked upon as a letter; it is mentioned as one of the letters in the Śikṣā and the Prātiśākhya works and Patañjali has advised its inclusion in the alphabet. As visarga cannot be found in use independently of another letter (which is any vowel after which it occurs) it is called अयोगवाह.
sopasargatogether with a preposition ( उपसर्ग ) prefixed; the term is used in connection with a root to which a preposition such as प्र, परा et cetera, and others has been prefixed; confer, compare अकर्मका अपि वै सोपसर्गाः सकर्मका भवन्ति Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I. 1,44.
aḥ( : )visarga called visarjanīya in ancient works and shown in writing by two dots, one below the other, exactly of the same size, like the pair of breasts of a maiden as jocularly larly expressed by Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti.. confer, compare अः ( : ) इति विसर्जनीयः । अकार इह उच्चारणार्थः । कुमारीस्तनयुगाकृतिर्वर्णो विसजर्नीयसंज्ञो भवति ( दुर्गसिंह on कातन्त्र I.1.16). विसर्ग is always a dependent letter included among the Ayogavāha letters and it is looked upon as a vowel when it forms a part of the preceding vowel; while it is looked upon as a consonant when it is changed into the Jihvāmūlīya or the Upadhmānīya letter.
akṛtasaṃhitawords ending with a breathing or visarga which are not looked upon as placed immediately before the next word and hence which have no combination with the following vowel e. g. एष देवो अमर्त्यः R. V. 1X.8.1.
aghoṣaunvoiced, merely breathed; a term applied to the surd consonants, ś, ṣ s, and visarga which are uttered by mere breathing and which do not produce any sonant effect. confer, compare T. Pr.I.12; R.Pr.I.11. The term jit ( जित् ) is used for these letters as also for the first two consonants of a class in the Vājasaneyi-prātiśākhya confer, compare द्वौ द्वौ प्रथमौ जित्; ऊष्माणश्च हवर्जम् Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.I.50.51.
anunādaa fore-sound : a preceding additional sound which is looked upon as a fault: e. g. ह्वयामि whom pronounced as अह्वयामि. This sound is uttered before an initial sonant consonant. It is also uttered before initial aspirates or visarga. confer, compare घोषवतामनुनादः पुरस्ताद् आदिस्थानां, क्रियते धारणं वा । सोष्मोष्माणामनुनादोप्यनादः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XIV.18,19.
abhiniṣṭānaResonance (of a visarga utterance).
araṅa Visarga which is not rhotacized; the term अरिफित is used in the same sense.
artha(1)literally signification,conveyed sense or object. The sense is sometimes looked upon as a determinant of the foot of a verse: confer, compare प्रायोर्थो वृत्तमित्येते पादज्ञानस्य हेतवः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XVII 16. It is generally looked upon as the determinant of a word (पद). A unit or element of a word which is possessed of an independent sense is looked upon as a Pada in the old Grammar treatises; confer, compare अर्थः पदमिति ऐन्द्रे; confer, compare also अर्थः पदम् Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.III.2, explained by उव्वट as अर्थाभिधायि पदम् । पद्यते गम्यते ज्ञायतेSर्थोनेनेति पदम् । There is no difference of opinion regarding the fact that, out of the four standard kinds of words नाम, आख्यात, उपसर्ग and निपात, the first two kinds नाम and अाख्यात do possess an independent sense of their own. Regarding possession of sense and the manner in which the sense is conveyed, by the other two viz. the Upasargas (prepositions) and Nipātas (particles) there is a striking difference of opinion among scholars of grammar. Although Pāṇini has given the actual designation पद to words ending with either the case or the conjugational affixes, he has looked upon the different units or elements of a Pada such as the base, the affix, the augment and the like as possessed of individually separate senses. There is practically nothing in Pāṇini's sūtras to prove that Nipātas and Upasargas do not possess an independent sense. Re: Nipātas, the rule चादयोऽसत्वे, which means that च and other indeclinables are called Nipātas when they do not mean सत्त्व, presents a riddle as to the meaning which च and the like should convey if they do not mean सत्त्व or द्रव्य id est, that is a substance. The Nipātas cannot mean भाव or verbal activity and if they do not mean सत्व or द्रव्य, too, they will have to be called अनर्थक (absolutely meaningless) and in that case they would not be termed Prātipadika, and no caseaffix would be applied to them. To avoid this difficulty, the Vārtikakāra had to make an effort and he wrote a Vārtika निपातस्य अनर्थकस्य प्रातिपदिकत्वम् । P. I.2.45 Vār. 12. As a matter of fact the Nipātas च, वा and others do possess a sense as shown by their presence and absence (अन्वय and व्यतिरेक). The sense, however, is conveyed rather in a different manner as the word समूह, or समुदाय, which is the meaning conveyed by च in रामः कृष्णश्च, cannot be substituted for च as its Synonym in the sentence राम: कुष्णश्च. Looking to the different ways in which their sense is conveyed by nouns and verbs on the one hand, and by affixes, prepositions and indeclinables on the other hand, Bhartṛhari, possibly following Yāska and Vyāḍi, has developed the theory of द्योतकत्व as contrasted with वाचकत्व and laid down the dictum that indeclinables, affixes and prepositions (उपसर्गs) do not directly convey any specific sense as their own, but they are mere signs to show some specific property or excellence of the sense conveyed by the word to which they are attached; confer, compare also the statement 'न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुरिति शाकटायनः नामाख्यातयोस्तु कर्मोपसंयेगद्योतका भवन्ति । Nir 1.3. The Grammarians, just like the rhetoricians have stated hat the connection between words and their senses is a permanent one ( नित्य ), the only difference in their views being that the rhetoricians state that words are related; no doubt permanently, to their sense by means of संकेत or convention which solely depends on the will of God, while the Grammarians say that the expression of sense is only a natural function of words; confer, compare 'अभिधानं पुनः स्वाभाविकम्' Vārttika No.33. on P. I.2.64. For द्योतकत्व see Vākyapadīya of Bhartṛhari II. 165-206.
asiddhainvalid; of suspended validity for the time being: not functioning for the time being. The term is frequently used in Pāṇini's system of grammar in connection with rules or operations which are prevented, or held in suspense, in connection with their application in the process of the formation of a word. The term (असिद्ध) is also used in connection with rules that have applied or operations that have taken place, which are, in certain cases, made invalid or invisible as far as their effect is concerned and other rules are applied or other operations are allowed to take place, which ordinarily have been prevented by those rules which are made invalid had they not been invalidatedition Pāṇini has laid down this invalidity on three different occasions (1) invalidity by the rule पूर्वत्रासिद्धम् VIII.2.1. which makes a rule or operation in the second, third and fourth quarters of the eighth chapter of the Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. invalid when any preceding rule is to be applied, (2) invalidity by the rule असिद्धवदत्राभात् which enjoins mutual invalidity in the case of operations prescribed in the Ābhīya section beginning with the rule असिद्धवत्राभात् (VI. 4.22.) and going on upto the end of the Pāda (VI.4.175), (3) invalidity of the single substitute for two letters, that has already taken place, when ष् is to be substituted for स्, or the letter त् is to be prefixed, confer, compare षत्वतुकोरसिद्धः (VI. 1.86). Although Pāṇini laid down the general rule that a subsequent rule or operation, in case of conflict, supersedes the preceding rule, in many cases it became necessary for him to set, that rule aside, which he did by means of the stratagem of invalidity given a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. Subsequent grammarians found out a number of additional cases where it became necessary to supersede the subseguent rule which they did by laying down a dictum of invalidity similar to that of Pāṇini. The author of the Vārttikas, hence, laid down the doctrine that rules which are nitya or antaraṅga or apavāda, are stronger than, and hence supersede, the anitya, bahiraṅga and utsarga rules respectively. Later gram marians have laid down in general, the invalidity of the bahiraṅga rule when the antaraṅga rule occurs along with it or subsequent to it. For details see Vol. 7 of Vvyākaraṇa Mahābhāṣya(D. E. Society's edition) pages 217-220. See also Pari. Śek. Pari. 50.
ā(1)the long form of the vowel अ called दीर्घ,consisting of two mātrās, in contrast with (l) the short अ which consists of one mātrā and the protracted आ३ which consists of three mātrās; (2) substitute अा of two mātrās when prescribed by the word दीर्घ or वृद्धि for the short vowel अ; (3) upasarga अा (अाङ्) in the sense of limit exempli gratia, for example अा कडारादेका संज्ञा (P.I.4.1.) आकुमारं यशः पाणिनेः K. on II.1.13. आ उदकान्तात् (Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.14.) (4) indeclinable आ in the sense of remembrance e. g. आ एवं नु मन्यसे; confer, compare ईषदर्थे क्रियायोगे मर्यादाभिविधौ च यः । एतमातं ङितं विद्याद्वाक्यस्मरणयोरङित् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.14; (5) augment अा ( अाक् ) as seen in चराचर, वदावद et cetera, and others confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). VI.1.12 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 6; (6) augment अा(आट्) prefixed to roots in the tenses लुङ्, लङ् and लृङ् (7) substitute अा prescribed for the last letter of pronouns before the taddhita affix. affixes दृक्,दृश, दृक्ष and वत्, as in तादृक्दृ, तादृश et cetera, and others; (8) feminine affix आ (टाप्, डाप् or चाप् ) added to nouns ending in अा; (9) substitute आ ( आ or अात्, or डा or आल् ) for case affixes in Vedic literature उभा यन्तारौ, नाभा पृथिव्याः et cetera, and others
udgrāhaalleviation, ease, relief; name given to a Saṁdhi in the Prātiśākhya works when a visarga and a short vowel अ preceding it are changed into short अ, (e. g. यः + इन्द्र: = य इन्द्र:), as also when the vowel ए or ओ is changed into अ being followed by a dissimilar vowel; e. g. अग्ने + इन्द्रः = अग्न इन्द्रः; confer, compare R.Pr.II.10.
upadhmānīyaa letter or a phonetic element substituted for a visarga followed by the first or the second letter of the labial class. Visarga is simply letting the breath out of the mouth. Where the visarga is followed by the first or the second letter of the labial class, its pronunciation is coloured by labial utterance. This coloured utterance cannot be made independently; hence this utterance called 'उपध्मानीय' ( similar to a sound blown from the mouth ) is not put in, as an independent letter, in the वर्णसमाम्नाय attributed to महेश्वर. Patañjali, however, has referred to such dependent utterances by the term अयोगवाहवर्ण. See अयेागवाह; confer, compare xक इति जिह्वामूलीयः । जिह्वामूलेन जन्यत्वात् । xप इत्युपध्मानीयः । उपध्मानेन जन्यत्वात्. अयेगवाह is also called अर्धविसर्ग. See अर्धविसर्ग.
upācarita(1)sibilation substitution of a sibilant letter for a visarga: confer, compare प्लुतोपाचरिते च R.Pr. XI.19; (2) name of the saṁdhi in which a visarga is changed into a sibilant letter; confer, compare सर्वत्रैवोपाचरितः स संधिः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.)IV.14 which corresponds to Pāṇini VIII.3.18 and 19.
upācārachange of Visarga into s (स्); sibilation of Visarga, e. g. ब्रह्मणः पतिः = ब्रह्मणस्पतिः. The words उपचार and उपाचरित are found used in the same sense by ancient Grammarians. See उपचार; confer, compare समापाद्यं नाम वदन्ति षत्वं, तथा णत्वं सामवशांश्च सन्धीन् । ...उपाचारं लक्षणतश्च सिद्धम् , आचार्या व्यालिशाकल्यगार्ग्याः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) VIII.12.
ūṣmanaspiration letters, spirants called breathings also: the name is given to letters or sounds produced with unintonated breath through an open posision of the mouth; confer, compare विवृतमूष्मणाम् M. Bh, on P.I.1.10 Vārt, 3. The word refers to the letters श्, ष्, सु, ह्, visarga, jihvāmūlīya, upadhmāniya and anusvāra; confer, compare ऊष्मा वायुस्तत्प्रधाना वर्णा ऊष्माणः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) I.12; confer, compare also Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.I.10.
ūṣmasaṃdhiname of a combination or संधि where a visarga is changed into a breathing ( ऊष्मन् ). It has got two varieties named व्यापन्न where the visarga is charged into a breathing as for instance in यस्ककुभः, while it is called विक्रान्त (passed over) where it remains unchanged as for instance in यः ककुभः, य: पञ्च; confer, compare Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) IV. 1 1.
ᳵjihvāmūlīyaa phonetical element or unit called Jihvāmūlīya, produced at the root of the tongue, which is optionally substituted in the place of the Visarga (left 0ut breath) directly preceding the utterance of the letter क् or ख् and hence shown as ᳵ क्. See अ ᳵ क् a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. on page 2.
ᳶ upadhmānīyaliterally blowing; a term applied to the visarga when followed by the consonant प् or फ्. The upadhmānīya is looked upon as a letter or phonetic element, which is always connected with the preceding vowel. As the upadhmānīya is an optional substitute for the visarga before the letter प् or फ्, when, in writing, it is to be shown instead of the visarga, it is shown as ᳶ, or as w , or even as x just as the Jihvāmūlīya; confer, compare उपध्मायते शब्दायते इति, उप समीपे ध्मायते शब्द्यते इति वा commentary on Kātantra vyākaraṇa Sūtra.I:; : confer, compare also कपाभ्यां प्रागर्धविसर्गसदृशो जिह्वामूलीयोपध्मानीयौः:S.K.on P.VIII.2.1.
kaṇṭhyaproduced at the throat or at the glottis; the vowel अ, visarga and the consonant ह् are called कण्ठ्यं in the Prātiśākhyas, while later grammarians include the guttural consonants क्, ख् ग्, घ् and ङ् among the Kaṇṭhya letters; confer, compare अकुहविसर्जनीयानां कण्ठः Sid. Kau.on तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् P.I.1.9. See कण्ठ.
kaskādia class of compound-words headed by कस्क in which the visarga occurring at the end of the first member is noticed as changed into स् against the usual rules e. g. कस्क:, कौतस्कुतः भ्रातुष्पुत्रः, सद्यस्कालः, धनुष्कपालम् and others; confer, compare P. VIII.3.48. As this कस्कादिगण is said to be अाकृतिगण, similar words can be said to be in the कस्कादिगण although they are not actually mentioned in the गणपाठ.
kāṇḍamāyananame of an ancient writer of a Prātiśākhya work who held that Visarga before the consonant स् is dropped only when स् is followed by a surd consonant; confer, compare Tai.Pr. IX. 1.
kanipkṛt affix वन् in the sense of agent added to (l) a root preceded by an Upasarga or a Subanta Upapada or sometimes even without any preceding word; exempli gratia, for exampleप्रतरित्वा, धीवा, पीवा; (2) to the root दृश्, preceded by an Upapada which is the object of the root दृश्, exempli gratia, for example पारदृश्वा; (3) to roots युध् and कृञ् having राजन् as their object, exempli gratia, for example राजयुध्वा, राजकृत्वा ; confer, compare Pāṇini III.2.94-96.
jihvāmūlasthāna(l)having the root of the tongue as the place of its production;the phonetic element or letter called जिह्वामूलीय; (2) name given to that phonetic element into which a visarga is changed when followed by क् or ख्; cf X क इति जिह्वामूलीयः V.Pr.VIII.19. The जिह्वामूलीय letter is called जिह्व्य also; see Nyasa on I. 1.9. The Rk. Pratisakhya looks upon ऋ, लृ, जिह्वामूलीय, and the guttural letters as जिह्वामूलस्थान.
dyotakaindicative, suggestive; not directly capable of expressing the sense by denotation; the nipatas and upasargas are said to be 'dyotaka' and not 'vacaka' by standard grammarians headed by the Varttikakara; confer, compare निपातस्यानर्थकस्यापि प्रातिपदिकत्वम् P.I.2.45 Varttika 12; confer, compare Kaiyata also on the a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.; cf also निपाता द्योतकाः केचित्पृथगर्थाभिधायिनः Vakyapadiya II.194;, गतिवाचकत्वमपि तस्य ( स्थाधातोः ) व्यवस्थाप्यते, उपसर्गस्तु तद्योतक एव commentary on Vakyapadiya II. 190; confer, compare पश्चाच्छ्रोतुर्बोधाय द्योतकोपसर्गसंबन्ध: Par. Sek. on Pari. 50; cf also इह स्वरादयो वाचकाः चादयो द्योतका इति भेदः Bhasa Vr. om P.I.1.37.The Karmapravacaniyas are definitely laid down as dyotaka, confer, compare क्रियाया द्योतको नायं न संबन्धस्य वाचकः । नापि क्रियापदाक्षेपीं संबन्धस्य तु भेदकः Vakyapadiya II.206; the case affixes are said to be any way, 'vacaka' or 'dyotaka'; confer, compare वाचिका द्योतिका वा स्युर्द्वित्त्वादीनां विभक्तयः Vakyapadiya II. 165.
dvisvarapossessed of two vowels,dissyllabic; confer, compare न पदे द्विस्वरे नित्यम् Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.XVI. 17. द्विस्स्पृष्ट a term used for an upadhmaniya letter or a phonetic element resulting from a visarga followed by the letter प्, or फ़्. See उपध्मांनीय.The word is also used sometimes for the pronunciation ळ् of ड्, and ळ्ह् of ढ्. See दुःस्पृष्ट.
nipātadyotakatvathe view that the nipatas and the upasargas too, as contrasted with nouns,pronouns and other indeclinables, only indicate the sense and do not denote it; this view, as grammarians say, was implied in the Mahabhasya and was prominently given in the Vakyapadiya by Bhartrhari which was followed by almost all later grammarians. See निपात.
niyatasvara(1)an affix whose accent is definitely given by an indicatory mute letter applied to it; confer, compare M.Bh. on I.1.3; (2) the grave accent; a syllable with a grave accent; grave vowel; confer, compare नियतस्वरोदये R.Pr.XI.25; (3) name of a Samdhi when a visarga is changed into रेफ and then omitted and the preceding vowel is lengthened; cf ह्रस्वस्याकामनियता उभाविमौ R.Pr. IV.9; confer, compare also P. VIII.3.14 and VI.3.111.
pañcālapadavṛttithe usage or the method of the Pañcālas; the eastern method of euphonic combinations, viz. the retention of the vowel अ after the preceding vowel ओ which is substituted for the Visarga; e. g. यो अस्मै; confer, compare Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) II. 12; Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.XI. 19. This vowel अ which is retained, is pronounced like a short ओ or अर्धओकार by the followers of the Sātyamugri and Rāņāyaniya branches of the Sāmavedins; confer, compare commentary on Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.XI. 19 as also Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). Āhnika 1.
prādia group of words beginning with प्र, which are all prefixes or upasargas e. g, प्र, परा, अप et cetera, and others cf कुगतिप्रादयः P. II. 2. 18.
bha(1)the letter or sound भ् with the vowel अ added for facility of utterance; (2) a technical term in the Grammar of Panini given to a noun base before such case and taddhita affixes as begin with any vowel or with the consonant य्. The utility of this designation of भ to the base is (l) to prevent the substitutes which are enjoined for the final vowel or consonant of a pada (a word ending with a case-affix or a base before case and taddhita affix. affixes beginning with any consonant excepting य् ) just as the substitution of Visarga, anusvara, the first or third consonant, and others given in P. VIII. 4.37 and the following. For the various changes and operations for a base termed भ see P. VI. 4.129 to 175.
r(1)second letter of the यण् class ( semi-vowels ) which has got the properties नादभागित्व, घोषवत्त्व,' संवृतत्व and अल्पप्राणता i. e. it is a sonant, inaspirate consonant. Regarding its स्थान or place of production, there is a difference of opinion : generally the consonant र् is looked upon as a cerebral or lingual letter (मूर्धन्य); cf ऋटुरषाणां मूर्धा, S.K.also Pāṇini. Siksa; but it is called by some as दन्त्य or दन्तमूलीय: cf रेफस्तु दस्त्ये दन्तमूले वा RT. 8, by others as दन्तमूलीय and and by still others as वर्स्त्य gingival. In the Vajasaneyi-Pratisakhya it is described as दन्तमूलीय: cf रो दन्तमूल I. 68, while in the Taittiriya Pratisakhya it is said to be produced by the touch of the middle part of the tip of the tongue just a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. the root of the teeth;confer, compare रेफे जिह्वाग्रमध्येन प्रत्यग्दन्तमूलेभ्यः Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.II. 41; (2) substitute र् (रेफ ) for the final letter of the word अहन्, as also for the final of अम्रस्, ऊधस्, अवस् and भुवस् optionally with रु, which ( रु) is dropped before vowels, and changed to ओ before अ and soft consonants, while it is changed into visarga before hard consonants and surds.exempli gratia, for example अम्नरेव, अम्र एवः ऊधरेव, ऊधएव: confer, compare Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. VIII, 2-70: (3) the consonants र् (technically) called र् in Panini's grammar ) which is substituted for the consonant स् and for the consonant न् of the word अहन् when the consonant स् or न् stands at the end of a word. This substitute रु, unlike the substitute र् is liable to be changed into visarga, or the consonant य्, or the vowel उ by P. VIII.3.15, 17, VI.1.113, 114.
rit(1)characterized by the mute consonant र् signifying the acute accent for the penultimate vowel;confer, compare उपोत्तमं रिति P. VI. I. 217; ( 2 ) the same as रिफित or रेफि, a visarga which is changeable into र् when euphonically combined; confer, compare विसर्जनीयो रिफितः V.Pr.I.160; confer, compare also भाव्युपधं च रिद्विसर्जनीयान्तानि रेफेण ; V.Pr. VII.9. The terms रिफित, रेफि and रित् are given in the Padapatha to a पद or word which ends in a Visarga which has originated from र् in the Samhitapatha; e. g. the Visarga in कः, प्रात: et cetera, and others; confer, compare R.Pr.I.30 to 32.
riphita(1)a Visarga in the Padapatha which has originated from र् in the Samhita-patha; (2) a word or pada which has got a रिफित at its end; confer, compare क:, स्व: प्रातः et cetera, and others (which in the Samhitapatha are कर् , स्वर् , प्रातर् et cetera, and others;) confer, compare R.Pr. I.30 to 36 V.Pr.IV. 18.192.
laghuprayatnatararequiring still less effort for utterance than that required for the usual utterance; the term is used in connection with the utterance of the consonant य् which is substituted for Visarga following upon long अा and followed by any vowel. In such cases य् is not pronounced at all according to Śākalya, while it is somewhat audibly pronounced according to Śākațāyana; confer, compare व्योर्लघुप्रयत्नतरः शाकटायनस्य P. VIII. 3.18.
varṇasamāmnāyaa collection of letters or alphabet given traditionally. Although the Sanskrit alphabet has got everywhere the same cardinal letters id est, that is vowels अ, इ et cetera, and others, consonants क्, ख् etc : semivowels य्, र्, ल्, व, sibilants श् ष् स् ह् and a few additional phonetic units such as अनुस्वार, विसर्ग and others, still their number and order differ in the different traditional enumerations. Panini has not mentioned them actually but the fourteen Siva Sutras, on which he has based his work, mention only 9 vowels and 34 consonants, the long vowels being looked upon as varieties of the short ones. The Siksa of Panini mentions 63 or 64 letters, adding the letter ळ ( दुःस्पृष्ट ); confer, compare त्रिषष्टि: चतुःषष्टिर्वा वर्णाः शम्भुमते मताः Panini Siksa. St.3. The Rk Pratisakhya adds four (Visarga, Jihvamuliya, Upadhmaniya and Anusvara ) to the forty three given in the Siva Sutras and mentions 47. The Taittiriya Pratisakhya mentions 52 letters viz. 16 vowels, 25class consonants, 4 semivowels,six sibilants (श्, ष् , स्, ह् , क्, प् , ) and anusvara. The Vajasaneyi Pratisakhya mentions 65 letters 3 varieties of अ, इ, उ, ऋ and लृ, two varieties of ए, ऐ, ओ, औ, 25 class-consonants, four semivowels, four sibilants, and जिह्वामूलीय, उपध्मानीय, अनुस्वार, विसर्जनीय, नासिक्य and four यम letters; confer, compare एते पञ्चषष्टिवर्णा ब्रह्मराशिरात्मवाचः Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.VIII. 25. The Rk Tantra gives 57 letters viz. 14 vowels, 25 class consonants, 4 semivowels, 4 sibilants, Visarga,.Jihvamuliya, Upadhmaniya, Anunasika, 4_yamas and two Anusvaras. The Rk Tantra gives two different serial orders, the Uddesa (common) and the Upadesa (traditional). The common order or Uddesa gives the 14 vowels beginning with अ, then the 25 class consonants, then the four semivowels, the four sibilants and lastly the eight ayogavahas, viz. the visarjanya and others. The traditional order gives the diphthongs first, then long vowels ( अा, ऋ, लॄ, ई and ऊ ) then short vowels (ऋ, लृ, इ, उ, and lastly अ ), then semivowels, then the five fifth consonants, the five fourths, the five thirds, the five seconds, the five firsts, then the four sibilants and then the eight ayogavaha letters and two Ausvaras instead of one anuswara. Panini appears to have followed the traditional order with a few changes that are necessary for the technigue of his work.
vikrāntaname given to a samdhi where the visarga remains intact although it can , optionally be changed into a sibilant consonant; exempli gratia, for example यः ककुभ:, यः पञ्च, यो वः शिवतमो रसः। cf विक्रान्तसंधिस्तु प्राकृतेापधो वेदितव्यो यत्र विसर्गः श्रूयेत R.Pr.IV.11.
visṛṣṭathe same as Visarjanīya or Visarga, which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
śvāsaliterally breath; the voiceless breath required for uttering some letters; the term is used in the Pratisakhya and Vyakarana books in the sense of breath which is prominently required in the utterance of the hard consonants, sibilants, visarga and the Jihvamuliya and Upadhmaniya letters; the term is used in connection with these letters also; the usual term in use is, of course, श्वासानुप्रदान, the term श्वास showing the property of the breath, with which these letters are characterizedition
śrvasānupradānacaused by the emission of breath; the term is used in contrast with नादानुप्रदान in connection with hard consonants, surds, visarga,the Jihvamuliya and the Upadhmaniya letters: see श्वास a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
saṃsargeliterally contact, connection; (1) contact of the air passing up through the gullet and striking the several places which produce the sound, which is of three kinds, hard, middling and soft; confer, compare संसर्गो वायुस्थानसंसर्गः अभिवातात्मकः स त्रिविधः । अयःपिण्डवद्दारुपिण्डवदूर्णापिण्डवदिति । तदुवतमापिशलशिक्षायाम् । स्पर्शयमवर्णकरो वायुः अय:पिण्डवत्स्थानमापीडयति | अन्तस्थावर्णकरो दांरुपिण्डवत् | ऊष्मस्थस्वरवर्णकर ऊर्णापिण्डवत् commentary on. T, Pr. XXIII. 1 ; ,(2) syntactical connection between words themselves which exists between pairs of words as between nouns and adjectives as also between verbs and the karakas, which is necessary for understanding the meaning of a sentence. Some Mimamsakas and Logicians hold that samsarga itself is the meaning of a sentence. The syntactical relation between two words is described to be of two kinds अभेद-संसर्ग of the type of आधाराधेयभाव and भेदसंसर्ग of the type of विषयविषयिभाव, समवाय, जन्यजनकभाव and the like.
svaravirāmaa pause between two vowels in one and the same word as in तितउ or पउग or in two different words coming close by the visarga or य् between the two being elided, as for instance in देवा इह.
     Vedabase Search  
205 results
     
sarga at the time of creationSB 1.6.24
sarga creationSB 2.5.18
SB 3.13.17
SB 3.7.28
SB 7.8.40
SB 8.5.22
sarga generatingSB 4.30.39-40
sarga generationSB 3.7.27
sarga in the creationSB 10.71.8
sarga of creationSB 11.22.17
SB 11.3.16
SB 7.10.43-44
sarga the creationSB 10.39.21
sarga which brings forth creationSB 4.17.36
sarga-ādau in creation, maintenance and destructionSB 2.6.31
sarga-ādau in creation, maintenance and destructionSB 2.6.31
sarga-ādau in the creation, etc.SB 6.12.11
sarga-ādau in the creation, etc.SB 6.12.11
sarga-ādeḥ of the creation, maintenance and destructionSB 12.7.18
sarga-ādeḥ of the creation, maintenance and destructionSB 12.7.18
sarga-ādi creation, maintenance and dissolutionSB 4.17.33
sarga-ādi creation, maintenance and dissolutionSB 4.17.33
sarga-ādi the creation and so onSB 3.33.3
sarga-ādi the creation and so onSB 3.33.3
sarga-ādiṣu in the matter of creation and so onSB 3.29.44
sarga-ādiṣu in the matter of creation and so onSB 3.29.44
sarga-ādiṣu of the creation, maintenance and destructionSB 5.19.12
sarga-ādiṣu of the creation, maintenance and destructionSB 5.19.12
sarga-ādyāḥ bringing about creation, maintenance and annihilationCC Madhya 20.113
sarga-ādyāḥ bringing about creation, maintenance and annihilationCC Madhya 20.113
sarga-pralayau birth and deathSB 11.3.7
sarga-pralayau birth and deathSB 11.3.7
sarga-sarga-viṣayāḥ creations of the creationSB 8.7.34
sarga-sarga-viṣayāḥ creations of the creationSB 8.7.34
sarga-sarga-viṣayāḥ creations of the creationSB 8.7.34
sarga-sthiti-apyayān creation, maintenance and annihilationSB 8.7.23
sarga-sthiti-apyayān creation, maintenance and annihilationSB 8.7.23
sarga-sthiti-apyayān creation, maintenance and annihilationSB 8.7.23
sarga birth and deathBG 5.19
sarga creationSB 11.22.29
SB 12.7.11
SB 2.8.22
SB 3.10.14
SB 3.10.15
SB 3.10.16
SB 3.10.17
sarga creationSB 3.10.17
SB 3.10.19
SB 3.10.21
SB 3.11.26
SB 4.1.11
SB 4.11.16
sarga creation, involving the birth of many sons and grandsons from the daughters of ManuSB 8.1.1
sarga manifestationSB 2.10.3
sarga statement of the creation of the universeSB 2.10.1
sarga the creationSB 11.24.20
SB 11.28.22
SB 12.12.11
sarga the creationSB 12.12.11
SB 12.12.9
SB 12.7.9-10
SB 6.4.1-2
sarga the creation of the ingredients of the universeCC Adi 2.91-92
sarga the material creationSB 2.1.31
sarga the process of creationSB 12.12.7
sargaiḥ with their descendantsSB 4.1.46-47
sargam creationSB 1.3.6
SB 3.12.21
SB 3.24.14
SB 3.7.33
sargam creation of progenySB 8.14.9
sargam the creationSB 3.12.50
SB 6.5.9
sargasya of the generativeSB 2.6.8
sargau dispositionsCC Adi 3.91
sva-anusarga creation of material opulencesSB 4.23.1-3
anusargam the subsequent creationSB 6.4.1-2
valgu-smita-apāńga-visarga-vīkṣitaiḥ by her casting her smiling glance on everyone very attractivelySB 10.6.4
ātma-sargam the cause of his creationSB 3.8.20
ātma-sargam source of their existenceSB 3.20.43
bhūta-sargau created living beingsBG 16.6
bhūta-sarga creation of matterSB 3.10.16
bhūta-sarga material creationSB 8.5.32
deva-sarga appearance of the demigodsSB 3.10.27
deva-sarga creation of the demigodsSB 3.10.28-29
prajā-sarga-dhiyaḥ who were under the impression that begetting children was the most important dutySB 6.5.29
saṃsarga-dūṣitaḥ contaminated by the associationSB 6.1.21
guṇa-sarga-sańgrahaḥ combination of different material elementsSB 4.17.30
guṇa-visargasya the creation of the three modes of material natureSB 5.1.7
guṇa-visarga with material affairs (created by the three material modes of nature)SB 5.1.36
guṇa-sarga-mohitaḥ bewildered by the three modes of material natureSB 5.17.24
guṇa-sarga in which there is a creation of material bodiesSB 6.1.2
guṇa-visarga-patitaḥ fallen in a material body impelled by the modes of material natureSB 6.9.35
guṇa-sarga the interaction of the material modes of natureSB 7.6.20-23
guṇa-visargam the material world (wherein the living entity takes birth according to the contamination of the modes of nature)SB 7.9.12
guṇa-visarga of the variegated manifestation of the material modesSB 11.24.20
nisarga-karuṇaḥ by nature very kindSB 9.21.14
loka-visarga creation of the cosmic manifestationSB 3.8.32
guṇa-sarga-mohitaḥ bewildered by the three modes of material natureSB 5.17.24
naisarga by natureSB 10.13.60
naisarga by natureCC Madhya 17.39
nija-sarga Your own creationSB 6.14.55
nisarga-karuṇaḥ by nature very kindSB 9.21.14
nisarga-ujjvalaḥ naturally very advancedCC Antya 1.138
nisarga feature or symptomSB 10.13.2
nisarga the natureSB 10.15.7
nisargataḥ by natureSB 10.27.27
pañca-sahasra-sarga procreation of five thousandSB 9.6.52
guṇa-visarga-patitaḥ fallen in a material body impelled by the modes of material natureSB 6.9.35
prajā-sargam generation of the living entitiesSB 2.9.29
prajā-sarga the mass of citizensSB 4.29.81
prajā-sargam the creation of the living entitiesSB 6.4.20
prajā-sargam creation of living entitiesSB 6.4.52
prajā-sarga-dhiyaḥ who were under the impression that begetting children was the most important dutySB 6.5.29
prajāpati-sarga of the creation of Lord BrahmāSB 5.24.17
pratisarga cause of devastationSB 4.8.5
ṛṣi-sargam the millennium of the ṛṣisSB 1.3.8
sa-visarga releasingSB 1.7.44
sa-utsargam with all dedicationSB 1.15.41
sa-visargam with the visarga (ḥ)SB 6.8.8-10
pañca-sahasra-sarga procreation of five thousandSB 9.6.52
saṃsarga contamination (doṣa) due to his touchingSB 4.7.17
saṃsarga-dūṣitaḥ contaminated by the associationSB 6.1.21
guṇa-sarga-sańgrahaḥ combination of different material elementsSB 4.17.30
guṇa-sarga-sańgrahaḥ combination of different material elementsSB 4.17.30
prajā-sarga the mass of citizensSB 4.29.81
guṇa-sarga-mohitaḥ bewildered by the three modes of material natureSB 5.17.24
prajāpati-sarga of the creation of Lord BrahmāSB 5.24.17
prajā-sarga-dhiyaḥ who were under the impression that begetting children was the most important dutySB 6.5.29
nija-sarga Your own creationSB 6.14.55
tri-sarga three modes of creation, creative facultiesSB 1.1.1
bhūta-sarga creation of matterSB 3.10.16
deva-sarga appearance of the demigodsSB 3.10.27
deva-sarga creation of the demigodsSB 3.10.28-29
guṇa-sarga in which there is a creation of material bodiesSB 6.1.2
bhūta-sarga material creationSB 8.5.32
pañca-sahasra-sarga procreation of five thousandSB 9.6.52
tri-sarga the material creation of three modesCC Madhya 8.266
tri-sarga the material creation of three modesCC Madhya 20.359
tri-sarga the material creation of three modesCC Madhya 25.148
ṛṣi-sargam the millennium of the ṛṣisSB 1.3.8
prajā-sargam generation of the living entitiesSB 2.9.29
ātma-sargam the cause of his creationSB 3.8.20
ātma-sargam source of their existenceSB 3.20.43
prajā-sargam the creation of the living entitiesSB 6.4.20
prajā-sargam creation of living entitiesSB 6.4.52
sva-sargasya of her own childrenSB 3.14.37
bhūta-sargau created living beingsBG 16.6
guṇa-sarga the interaction of the material modes of natureSB 7.6.20-23
valgu-smita-apāńga-visarga-vīkṣitaiḥ by her casting her smiling glance on everyone very attractivelySB 10.6.4
visarga-sṛṣṭāḥ created beings within the material worldSB 9.8.21
sva-sargasya of her own childrenSB 3.14.37
sva-anusarga creation of material opulencesSB 4.23.1-3
tri-sarga three modes of creation, creative facultiesSB 1.1.1
tri-sarga the material creation of three modesCC Madhya 8.266
tri-sarga the material creation of three modesCC Madhya 20.359
tri-sarga the material creation of three modesCC Madhya 25.148
nisarga-ujjvalaḥ naturally very advancedCC Antya 1.138
upasarga at the time of distressSB 4.29.23-25
upasarga by the troubles of material existenceSB 5.14.38
upasarga troublesSB 5.16.25
upasargaiḥ by diseasesSB 5.13.13
upasargaiḥ by disturbancesSB 11.28.38
utsarga evacuationSB 11.16.36
utsarga excretion (by both the genitals and anus)SB 11.22.16
utsarga the substance evacuatedSB 2.10.27
sa-utsargam with all dedicationSB 1.15.41
utsargam UtsargaSB 6.18.6
valgu-smita-apāńga-visarga-vīkṣitaiḥ by her casting her smiling glance on everyone very attractivelySB 10.6.4
valgu-smita-apāńga-visarga-vīkṣitaiḥ by her casting her smiling glance on everyone very attractivelySB 10.6.4
sa-visarga releasingSB 1.7.44
loka-visarga creation of the cosmic manifestationSB 3.8.32
visarga creation after the creation by the LordSB 3.8.33
visarga of birthSB 4.11.24
guṇa-visarga with material affairs (created by the three material modes of nature)SB 5.1.36
visarga evacuatingSB 5.11.10
visarga and the creationSB 6.4.29
guṇa-visarga-patitaḥ fallen in a material body impelled by the modes of material natureSB 6.9.35
visarga and causesSB 7.9.22
visarga-sṛṣṭāḥ created beings within the material worldSB 9.8.21
valgu-smita-apāńga-visarga-vīkṣitaiḥ by her casting her smiling glance on everyone very attractivelySB 10.6.4
visarga birthSB 11.7.48
visarga by the transformationSB 11.13.34
guṇa-visarga of the variegated manifestation of the material modesSB 11.24.20
visarga creationBG 8.3
visarga creationSB 1.5.11
visarga statement of subcreationSB 2.10.1
visarga re-creationSB 2.10.3
visarga vibrationSB 3.9.24
visarga the creationSB 6.17.23
visarga the expansions of family relationshipsSB 7.6.17-18
visarga so many varieties of creationSB 8.7.30
visarga the genitalsSB 10.63.35-36
visarga the functions of the genital and anusSB 11.12.19
visarga the creationSB 12.2.22
visarga the secondary creationSB 12.7.9-10
visarga the secondary creationSB 12.7.12
visarga creationSB 12.12.52
visarga the creations of BrahmāCC Adi 2.91-92
visargam evacuationSB 3.6.20
sa-visargam with the visarga (ḥ)SB 6.8.8-10
guṇa-visargam the material world (wherein the living entity takes birth according to the contamination of the modes of nature)SB 7.9.12
visargam with its activity, evacuationSB 7.12.26-28
guṇa-visargasya the creation of the three modes of material natureSB 5.1.7
visargasya the creationSB 6.9.32
     DCS with thanks   
41 results
     
sarga noun (masculine) a child (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a created being (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a dart (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a draught of air (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a herd let loose from a stable (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a section (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a stream (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
agreement (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
any troop or host or swarm or multitude (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
assent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
begetting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
book (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
canto (esp. in an epic poem) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
chapter (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
creation of the world (as opp. to its pralaya "dissolution") (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
creature (with daiva "a divine creation") (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
discharging (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
disposition (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
downpour (of any fluid) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
effort (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
emission or creation of matter (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
exertion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
fainting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
gush (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
gust of wind (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
implement of war (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
letting go (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a son of Rudra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
natural property (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
nature (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
offspring (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
origin (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
primary creation (as opp. to pratisarga "secondary creation") (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
procreation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
racing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
resolution (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
resolve (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rush (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
shot (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
starting (a race-horse) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
tendency (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the aspiration at the end of a word (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
voiding (as excrement) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
will (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 1088/72933
sargabandha noun (masculine) any poem or composition divided into sections or chapters (esp. a Mahā-kāvya or great poem) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 20243/72933
ativisarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 42223/72933
atisarga noun (masculine) act of parting with (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
dismissal (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
giving away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
granting permission (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
leave (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 20481/72933
atisaṃsarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 31589/72933
atyutsarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 42345/72933
anutsarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 26332/72933
anupasarga noun (masculine) a word that is not an Upasarga (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
that which needs no additions (as a divine being) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 43195/72933
anusarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 43359/72933
anusaṃsarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 43377/72933
anvavasarga noun (masculine) letting down (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
permission to do as one likes (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
slackening (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 43544/72933
abhisarga noun (masculine) creation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 32381/72933
abhisaṃsarga noun (masculine) connection mixture
Frequency rank 44404/72933
amānuṣopasargapratiṣedha noun (masculine) name of Suśrutasaṃhitā, Utt. 60
Frequency rank 44606/72933
avisarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 45487/72933
asarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 32834/72933
asaṃsarga noun (masculine) fehlender Umgang Nicht-Berührung
Frequency rank 16525/72933
ādisarga noun (masculine) primitive creation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 14025/72933
utsarga noun (masculine) (in Gr.) any general rule or precept (opposed to apa-vāda) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a particular ceremony on suspending repetition of the Veda (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
abandoning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
causation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
causing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
close (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
dejection (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
delivering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
delivering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
donation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Excretion (personified as a son of Mitra and Revatī) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
emission (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
end (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
excretion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
gift (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
granting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
handing over (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
laying aside (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
leaving off (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
libation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
loosening (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
oblation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pouring forth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pouring out (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
presentation (of anything promised to a god or Brāhman with suitable ceremonies) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
quitting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
resigning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
retiring from (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
setting free (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
suspending (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
throwing or casting away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
voiding by stool (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3937/72933
upasarga noun (masculine) (in med.) a fit (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a disease superinduced on another (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a Nipāta or particle joined to a verb or noun denoting action (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a natural phenomenon (considered as boding evil) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a preposition (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
addition (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an eclipse (of a star) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
change occasioned by any disease (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
indication or symptom of death (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
misfortune (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
paroxysm (supposed to be possession by an evil spirit) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
trouble (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3880/72933
gosarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 21236/72933
jagatsargavarṇana noun (neuter) name of Agnipurāṇa, 17, 18, and 20
Frequency rank 28045/72933
trisarga noun (masculine) the creation of the 3 Guṇas (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 54017/72933
nisarga noun (masculine) a favour or grant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
abandoning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
bestowing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
creation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
evacuation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
giving away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
granting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
natural state or condition or form or character (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
nature (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
relinquishing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
voiding excrement (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
naisargikadoṣa
Frequency rank 6151/72933
nisargaja adjective inborn (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
innate (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
natural (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
produced at creation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 56504/72933
nisargaśīta adjective svāṅgaśītala
Frequency rank 56505/72933
pratisarga noun (masculine) destruction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
dissolution (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
secondary or continued creation out of primitive matter (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the portion of a Purāṇa which treats of the destruction and renovation of the world (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 9213/72933
pratisargavarṇana noun (neuter) name of Agnipurāṇa, 19
Frequency rank 58971/72933
pratisaṃsarga noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 29182/72933
prasarga noun (masculine) dismissal (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pouring or flowing forth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
[rel.] creation
Frequency rank 59496/72933
mahāsarga noun (masculine) a great or completely new creation (after a complete destruction of the world) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 61905/72933
vāgvisarga noun (masculine) breaking of silence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
speaking (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the emitting of the voice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 65026/72933
visarga noun (masculine) bestowal (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
casting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
cause (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
cessation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
creating (esp. secondary creation or creation in detail by Puruṣa) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
creation (in the concrete sense) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
destruction of the world (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
discharge (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
dismissal (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
emission (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
end (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
end of the annual course of the sun (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
evacuation (of excrement) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
exemption from worldly existence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
final emancipation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
getting rid of (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
giving (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
granting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
hurling (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
letting go (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
letting loose i.e. driving out (cows) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
liberation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
light (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
membrum virile (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a symbol in grammar (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
offspring (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
opening (of the closed hand) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
parting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
producing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
product (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rejection (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
scattering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sending away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sending forth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
separation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
shooting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
splendour (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sun's southern course (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
throwing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
voiding (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 3296/72933
visargaka noun (masculine) visarga
Frequency rank 66277/72933
vṛṣotsarga noun (masculine) giving up virtuous acts (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
letting loose a bull (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the 18th Pariśiṣṭa of the Atharvaveda (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
[rel.] name of a Tīrtha at the Narmadā
Frequency rank 12226/72933
vyutsarga noun (masculine) renunciation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
resignation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 66977/72933
sannisarga noun (masculine) good nature (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
kindness (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 68785/72933
samutsarga noun (masculine) emission (of semen) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pouring out or shedding forth together (of urine) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 30770/72933
saṃnisarga noun (masculine) gentleness (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
good-naturedness (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 69941/72933
saṃsarga noun (masculine) a partic. combination of two humours which produces diseases (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a partic. conjunction of celestial bodies (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
acquaintance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
association (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
blending (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
co-existence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
commixture (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
community of goods (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
confusion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
conjunction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
connection (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
contact (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
duration (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
familiarity (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
indulging in (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
intercourse with (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
mixture or union together (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
partaking of (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
point of intersection (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sensual attachment (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sexual union (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
society (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 2178/72933
sopasarga adjective (in gram.) preceded by a preposition (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
having or meeting with difficulties or obstacles (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
portentous (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
possessed by an evil spirit (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
unbecoming (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
unpleasant (as speech) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
visited by portents or by great afflictions (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 71477/72933
     Wordnet Search "sarga" has 35 results.
     

sarga

nirmāṇam, sarjanam, sṛṣṭiḥ, utpattiḥ, sargaḥ, nisargaḥ, bhāvanam   

utpādanasya kriyā।

asya bhuvanasya nirmāṇaṃ mughalaśailyā kṛtam।

sarga

adhyāyaḥ, paricchedaḥ, adhyayaḥ, sargaḥ, parvaḥ, vicchedaḥ, skandhaḥ, prakaraṇam, prastāvaḥ, aṅkaḥ, vargaḥ, śākhā, ullāsaḥ, ucchvāsaḥ, āśvāsaḥ, udyataḥ   

ekaviṣayapratipādanadṛṣṭyā granthasthitaprakaraṇasya avayavaḥ।

asmin adhyāye prabhurāmacandrasya janmanaḥ adbhutaṃ varṇanam asti।

sarga

prasthānam, prayāṇam, gamanam, apagamaḥ, vyapagamaḥ, vigamaḥ, apāyaḥ, apayānam, samprasthānam, apāsaraṇam, apasaraṇam, apakramaḥ, apakramaṇam, utkramaṇam, atyayaḥ, nirgamaḥ, visargaḥ, viyogaḥ   

ekasmāt sthānāt anyasthāne yānasya kriyā।

rāmasya vanāya prasthānam duḥkhakārakam।

sarga

pralayaḥ, yugāntaḥ, kalpaḥ, kalpāntaḥ, layaḥ, pratisargaḥ, kṣayaḥ, prakṣayaḥ, saṃvartaḥ, saṃkṣayaḥ, vilayaḥ, pratsañcaraḥ   

hindūnāṃ jagadvilayasya avadhāraṇāviśeṣaḥ। yugānām antaḥ yatra yugānām anto vā yasmin jagad pralīyate।

jñānād ātyantikaḥ prokto yoginaḥ paramātmani pralayaḥ pratisargo'yaṃ kāla-cintāparair-dvajaiḥ।

sarga

mṛtyuḥ, maraṇam, nidhanam, pañcattvam, pañcatā, atyayaḥ, antaḥ, antakālaḥ, antakaḥ, apagamaḥ, nāśaḥ, nāśa, vināśaḥ, pralayaḥ, saṃsthānam, saṃsthitiḥ, avasānam, niḥsaraṇam, uparatiḥ, apāyaḥ, prayāṇam, jīvanatyāgaḥ, tanutyāgaḥ, jīvotsargaḥ, dehakṣayaḥ, prāṇaviyogaḥ, mṛtam, mṛtiḥ, marimā, mahānidrā, dīrghanidrā, kālaḥ, kāladharmaḥ, kāladaṇḍaḥ, kālāntakaḥ, narāntakaḥ, diṣṭāntakaḥ, vyāpadaḥ, hāndram, kathāśeṣatā, kīrtiśeṣatā, lokāntaratā   

bhavanasya nāśaḥ- athavā śarīrāt prāṇanirgamanasya kriyā।

dhruvo mṛtyuḥ jīvitasya।

sarga

adhyāyaḥ, pāṭhaḥ, paricchedaḥ, sargaḥ, vargaḥ, udghātaḥ, aṅkaḥ, saṃgrahaḥ, ucchvāsaḥ, parivartaḥ, paṭalaḥ, parvaḥ, āhnikam, prakaraṇam   

granthasandhiḥ।

upādhyāyena pravacane gītāyāḥ pañcamasya adhyāyasya vivaraṇaṃ kṛtam।

sarga

grahapīḍanam, uparāgaḥ, upasargaḥ, upaplavaḥ, grahaṇaḥ, grāsa, aupagrahikaḥ, aupagrastikaḥ, vimarddanam   

grahajanitapīḍā। sūryasya grahapīḍanam amāvasyāyām eva bhavati। /

śaśidivākarayorgrahapīḍanam।

sarga

pravṛttiḥ, caritam, caryā, anuśīlanam, ācāraḥ, vyavahāraḥ, svabhāvaḥ, prakṛttiḥ, śīlaḥ, svarūpam, nisarga   

saṃtatābhyāsād janitam ācaraṇam।

prātarutthānaṃ tasya pravṛttiḥ।

sarga

svābhāvika, svabhāvaja, prākṛtika, autpattika, autsargika, naisarga   

svabhāvasambandhī।

krodhaḥ tasya svābhāvikaḥ guṇaḥ।

sarga

ātmaghātaḥ, ātmavadhaḥ, ātmahananam, ātmavyāpādanam, prāṇatyāgaḥ, dehatyāgaḥ, jīvitatyāgaḥ, jīvotsargaḥ, ātmadrohaḥ, kāmyamaraṇam, ātmahatyā   

svaprāṇanāśanam।

ātmaghātaḥ mahāpāpam।

sarga

anupradānam, aṃhitiḥ, apavargaḥ, apasarjanam, ijyaḥ, utsargaḥ, utsarjanam, udāttaḥ, upasattiḥ, upasadaḥ, dattam, dādaḥ, dānīyam, dāyaḥ, namas, niryātanam, nirvapaṇam, pradānam, vilambhaḥ, viśraṇanam, vihāpitam, sparśanam, apavarjanam   

kasyāpi sāmājike dhārmikādeḥ kāryārthe dānarūpeṇa vibhinnajanāt saṅkalitaṃ dhanādiḥ।

tena mandirārthe saṅkalitena anupradānena svasya gṛhaṃ vinirmitam।

sarga

ātmadānam, ātmatyāgaḥ, ātmotsarga   

anyeṣāṃ kalyāṇāya svahitasya tyāgaḥ।

dadhicinā devānāṃ kalyāṇārthe ātmadānaṃ kṛtvā mṛtyuḥ svīkṛtaḥ।

sarga

apagamaḥ, vigamaḥ, atisarga   

apagamanasya kriyā।

apagamasya kāle netre aśrūṇi āgacchanti।

sarga

parityāgaḥ, tyāgaḥ, utsarga   

svasvāmitvasya niḥśeṣeṇa nivṛtteḥ kriyā।

rājñaḥ padasya parityāgena prajā duḥkhī abhavat।

sarga

bhūtasaṃcāraḥ, bhūtasañcāraḥ, bhūtakrāntiḥ, bhūtavikriyā, bhūtābhiṣaṅgaḥ, bhūtāveśaḥ, bhūtopasargaḥ, piśācabādhā, grahaṇam, abhigharṣaṇam, abhidharṣaṇam, avatāraṇam, āveśanam, grahāgamaḥ   

āyurvedānusāreṇa rogaviśeṣaḥ yatra bhūtapiśāccādibhiḥ bādhanaṃ bhavati।

bhūtasañcāram apākartuṃ śyāmaḥ bhūtavaidyam āhūtavān।

sarga

saṃsargadoṣaḥ   

saṃsargāt utpannaḥ doṣaḥ।

yadi saṃsargadoṣaṃ na icchasi tarhi duṣṭaiḥ saha mitratāṃ mā kuru।

sarga

saṅgatiḥ, saṃsargaḥ, sāhacarya, saṃvāsaḥ   

saha gamanasya kriyā।

durjanasya saṅagatau rāmaḥ durjanaḥ abhavat।

sarga

sambandhaḥ, samparkaḥ, anvayaḥ, sandarbhaḥ, samanvayaḥ, vyāsaṅgaḥ, anubandhaḥ, śleṣaḥ, saṃyogaḥ, anuṣaṅgaḥ, saṃsargaḥ, saṅgaḥ   

dvayoḥ vastunoḥ parasparaṃ vartamānaḥ bhāvaḥ।

parasparaiḥ saha uṣitvā paśubhiḥ saha api sambandhaḥ dṛḍhaḥ bhavati।

sarga

samparkaḥ, pṛktiḥ, saṃsargaḥ, sparśaḥ, spṛṣṭiḥ   

vastunaḥ parasparaparimarśaḥ।

saḥ naikavāraṃ sarpasya sparśaṃ karoti।

sarga

upasarga   

kriyāvācibhiḥ śabdaiḥ saṃyujyamānaḥ saḥ śabdaḥ yena kriyāvācināṃ śabdānām arthabhedaḥ jāyate।

yadā dhātuḥ upasargaiḥ saṃyujyate tadā tasya arthaparivartanaṃ bhavati।

sarga

dānam, utsarjanam, upasattiḥ, upasadaḥ, anupradānam, ijyaḥ, utsargaḥ, aṃhitiḥ, upahārakam, upāyanam, aṃhatiḥ   

kenacit dattam vā kasmādapi prāptaṃ vastu।

jīvanam īśvarāt prāptaṃ dānam iti janāḥ manyante।

sarga

mūtrotsarga   

mūtratyāgaḥ।

chātraḥ śikṣakaṃ mūtrotsargaṃ kartum avakāśam ayācat।

sarga

visarga   

vyākaraṇe vartamānaṃ cihnaṃ yad svarasya agre ārekhanti।

visargasya cihnaṃ dvibinduyuktam asti tathā ca yasya uccāraṇam aghoṣasya havarṇasya sadṛśam asti।

sarga

malotsargaḥ, malavisargaḥ, malavisarjanam, malasrutiḥ   

śarīrāt malasya visarjanam।

grāmeṣu bahavaḥ janāḥ bahiḥstheṣu sthāneṣu eva malotsargaṃ kurvanti।

sarga

kāṇḍaḥ, kāṇḍam, sargaḥ, adhyāyaḥ, ullāsaḥ, parva   

kasyāpi viṣayasya granthasya vā vibhāgaḥ।

rāmāyaṇasya sapta kāṇḍāḥ santi।

sarga

nirgamanam, vimocanam, utsarga   

niḥssaraṇasya kriyā।

nagareṣu jalasya nirgamanasya ucitā vyavasthā bhavitum arhati।

sarga

saṃsargajanya, sañcārin, saṃkrāmaka, saṅkrāmaka   

yasya (rogasya) saṃsargāt saṃkramaṇaṃ bhavati।

visūcikā iti ekaḥ saṃsargajanyaḥ vyādhiḥ asti।

sarga

miśraṇam, saṃmiśraṇam, miśrīkaraṇam, saṃyogaḥ, saṃyojanam, sammelanam, saṃsargaḥ, samparkaḥ, saṃṅkalanam, saṅkiraṇam, ekīkaraṇam   

bhinnavastūnām melanam।

pañjarī iti miśraṇam asti।

sarga

mala, utsargaḥ, utsarjanam   

śarīrasthastrāvaḥ;

vasā śukramasṛṅ majjā mūtraviḍ ghrāṇakarṇaviṭ śleṣmāśrudūṣikā svedo dvādaśaite nṛṇām malāḥ [manu.5.135]

sarga

ākṣepaṇam, ākṣepaḥ, apakṣepaṇam, vikṣepaṇam, prakṣepaṇam, kṣepaṇam, visarjanam, saṃkṣepaṇam, kṣiptiḥ, muktiḥ, saṃkṣiptiḥ, prakṣepaḥ, āvāpaḥ, visargaḥ, saṃrodhaḥ, saṃkṣepaḥ, vinikṣepaḥ, vikṣepaḥ, prāsaḥ, samīraṇam, prathanam, prapātanam, praharaṇam, asra, kirat, kṣipa, nivāpin, tas, kīrṇiḥ, kṣipā, ṭepanam, āvapanam, ākṣepaṇam, asanam, udīraṇam, prāsanam, ḍaṅgaraḥ, kṣepaḥ   

keṣāñcana vastūnāṃ kṣepaṇakriyā।

amīṣāṃ vastūnām ākṣepaṇam āvaśyakam।

sarga

apasarjanam, upekṣā, pratiniḥsargaḥ, vihīnatā, uttyāgaḥ   

uttaradāyitvasya tyāgaḥ।

putrasya vṛddhaṃ pitaraṃ prati apasarjanaṃ dṛṣṭvā duḥkham anubhūyate।

sarga

vṛṣotsarga   

kasyāpi mṛtasya manuṣyasya kṛte śrāddhādisamaye vṛṣaṃ cihnayitvā tasya tyāgasya kriyā।

kecana janāḥ pitṝṇāṃ kṛte vṛṣotsargaṃ kurvanti।

sarga

asatsaṃsargaḥ, khalasaṃsargaḥ, kusaṅgaḥ   

duṣṭānāṃ saṅgatiḥ।

asatsaṃsargaḥ manuṣyasya adhaḥpatanasya kāraṇam asti।

sarga

upasargahārastotram   

kṛtiviśeṣaḥ ।

upasargahārastotram iti nāmakāḥ naikāḥ kṛtayaḥ santi

sarga

jalāśayotsargatattvam   

smṛtitattvasya aparaṃ nāma ।

jalāśayotsargatattvasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti









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