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Grammar Search
"prayatna" has 1 results
prayatna: neuter vocative singular stem: prayatna
Monier-Williams Search
30 results for prayatna
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
prayatnam. persevering effort, continued exertion or endeavour, exertion bestowed on (locative case or compound), activity, action, act etc. (instrumental case sg. and plural ablative and prayatnatas -tas- ind.with special effort, zealously, diligently, carefully; tna- in the beginning of a compound and prayatnāt tnāt- ind.also = hardly, scarcely) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatnam. great care, caution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatnam. (in philosophy) active efforts (of 3 kinds, viz. engaging in any act, prosecuting it, and completing it) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatnam. plural volitions (one of the 17 qualities of the vaiśeṣika-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatnam. (in gram.) effort in uttering, mode of articulation (also āsya-pray-,distinguished into ābhyantara-p-and bāhya-p-,internal and external effort) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatnacchidmfn. frustrating a person's (genitive case) efforts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatnamuktāsanamfn. rising with difficulty from a seat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatnaprekṣaṇīyamfn. hardly visible View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayatnatasind. prayatna
prayatnavatmfn. assiduous, diligent, persevering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ābhyantaraprayatnam. internal effort (of the mouth in producing articulate utterance) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aprayatnam. absence of effort, indifference View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aprayatnamfn. indifferent, apathetic in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsyaprayatnasee pra-- yatna-, parasmE-pada 687 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhyaprayatnam. (in gram.) the external effort in the production of articulate sounds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagīrathaprayatna() m. " bhagī-ratha-'s path or labour", Name of any Herculean effort or exertion. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghaprayatnam. persevering effort View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekaprayatnam. one effort (of the voice). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtaprayatnamfn. one who makes effort, active, persevering (= ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuprayatnamfn. using little effort, indolent, impotent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuprayatnamfn. pronounced with slight articulation ( laghuprayatnatara -tara- mfn.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghuprayatnataramfn. laghuprayatna
mṛduprayatnamfn. (to be pronounced) with a slight effort, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niprayatna wrong reading for niṣ-pr- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣprayatnamfn. abstaining from exertion, inactive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānāsyaprayatnamfn. being pronounced with the same effort of the organs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvaprayatnam. every effort View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śithilaprayatnamfn. one whose efforts are relaxed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svārthaprayatnam. a self-interested project View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vitathaprayatnamfn. one whose efforts are futile or in vain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
Apte Search
3 results
prayatna प्रयत्नः 1 Effort, exertion, endeavour; तस्येदं विपुलं विधेर्विलसितं पुसां प्रयत्नच्छिदः Mu.5.2. -2 Persevering or continued effort; perseverence. -3 Labour, difficulty; प्रयत्नप्रेक्षणीयः संवृत्तः Ś.1 'hardly visible', 'seen with difficulty'. -4 Great care, caution; कृतप्रयत्नो$पि गृहे विनश्यति Pt.1.2. -5 (In gram.) Effort in uttering, effort of the mouth in the production of articulate sounds; see Sk. on P.VIII.2.1. -6 (In phil.) Active effort of three kinds; प्रवृत्तिश्च निवृत्तिश्च तथा जीवनकारणम् । एवं प्रयत्न- त्र्यैविध्यं तान्त्रिकैः परिदर्शितम् ॥ -7 Activity, action in general. -Comp. -गौरवम् Elaborateness of effort; इतरथा वेद- वाक्यानि व्याख्येयानि स्वपदार्थाश्च व्याख्येया इति प्रयत्नगौरवं प्रसज्येत ŚB. on MS.1.1.1. (प्रयत्नतः, प्रयत्नेन, त्नात् &c. ind. 1 With great effort, diligently. -2 Assiduously. -3 Hardly, scarcely. -4 Particularly, specially.)
prayatnavat प्रयत्नवत् a. Assiduous, diligent, persevering.
aprayatna अप्रयत्न a. Not energetic or diligent, indifferent, apathetic, not zealously devoted to (with loc.); ˚त्नः सुखार्थेषु Ms.6.26. -त्नः Absence of effort or exertion, indifference, apathy, laziness.
Macdonell Search
2 results
mṛduka a. soft: -m, ad. gently, softly; -kopa, a. slow to anger; -gir, a. soft voiced; -tâ, f. softness; gentleness; weak ness; mollification; -tîkshna, a. gentle and harsh at the same time: -tara, cpv.; -tva,n. softness, gentleness, tenderness; -pûrva, a. soft, bland (speech): -m, ad. gently, coax ingly; -prayatna, a. pronounced with gentle effort; -bhâva, m. gentleness; -bhâsh-in, a. speaking gently: (-i)-tâ, f. gentle speech.
svārtha m. own affair or cause, per sonal matter or advantage, one's own aim or object; own=original meaning (of a word; gr.): -m or e, on one's own account, for oneself; a. directed to oneself, egoistical; adapted to its purpose: -para, a. intent on one's own interests; -prayatna, m. self-in terested project; -sâdhaka, a. promoting one's own objects; -sâdhana, n. furtherance of one's own objects.
Dictionary of Sanskrit Search
"prayatna" has 6 results
prayatna(1)effort; the word is used in connection with the effort made for producing sound; confer, compare तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् P.1.1.9 these efforts are described to be of two kinds बाह्य and आभ्यन्तर of which the latter are considered in determining the cognate nature of letters ( सावर्ण्य ); confer, compareअाभ्यन्तरप्रयत्नाः सवर्णसंज्ञायामाश्रीयन्ते;Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. I. 1.9; (2) specific measure taken for a particular purpose such as marking a letter with a particular tone or accent or dividing a rule, or laying down a modificatory rule or the like; confer, compare सैवाननुवृत्तिः शब्देनाख्यायते प्रयत्नाधिक्येन पूर्वसूत्रेपि संबन्धार्थम् Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on P. IV. 3.22.
atiprayatnaintense effort; characteristic effort as required for uttering a vowel with विक्रमस्वरित.
aābhyantaraprayatnainternal effort made in producing a sound, as contrasted with the external One called बाह्यप्रयत्न. There are four kinds of internal efforts described in the Kāsikāvrtti.; confer, compare चत्वार आभ्यन्तरप्रयत्नाः सवर्णसंज्ञायामाश्रीयन्ते स्पृष्टता, ईषत्स्पृष्टता, संवृतता, विवृतता चेति । Kās. on P. 1.1.9. See also यत्नो द्विधा । आभ्यन्तरो बाह्यश्च et cetera, and others Si. Kau. on I.1.9.
laghuprayatnatararequiring still less effort for utterance than that required for the usual utterance; the term is used in connection with the utterance of the consonant य् which is substituted for Visarga following upon long अा and followed by any vowel. In such cases य् is not pronounced at all according to Śākalya, while it is somewhat audibly pronounced according to Śākațāyana; confer, compare व्योर्लघुप्रयत्नतरः शाकटायनस्य P. VIII. 3.18.
anudāttanon-udatta, absence of the acute accent;one of the Bāhyaprayatnas or external efforts to produce sound. This sense possibly refers to a stage or a time when only one accent, the acute or उदात्त was recognized just as in English and other languages at present, This udatta was given to only one vowel in a single word (simple or compound) and all the other vowels were uttered accentless.id est, that is अनुदात्त. Possibly with this idea.in view, the standard rule 'अनुदात्तं पदमेकवर्जम्'* was laid down by Panini. P.VI.1.158. As, however, the syllable, just preceding the accented ( उदात्त ) syllable, was uttered with a very low tone, it was called अनुदात्ततर, while if the syllables succeeding the accented syllable showed a gradual fall in case they happened to be consecutive and more than two, the syllable succeeding the उदात्त was given a mid-way tone, called स्वरितः confer, compare उदात्तादनुदात्तस्य स्वरितः. Thus, in the utterance of Vedic hymns the practice of three tones उदात्त, अनुदात्त and स्वरित came in vogue and accordingly they are found defined in all the Prātiśākhya and grammar works;confer, compare उच्चैरुदात्तः,नीचैरनुदात्तः समाहारः स्वरितः P.I.2.29-31, T.Pr.I.38-40, V.Pr.I.108-110, Anudātta is defined by the author of the Kāśikāvṛtti as यस्मिन्नुच्चार्यमाणे गात्राणामन्ववसर्गो नाम शिथिलीभवनं भवति, स्वरस्य मृदुता, कण्ठविवरस्य उरुता च स: अनुदात्तः confer, compare अन्ववसर्गो मार्दवमुरुता स्वस्येति नीचैःकराणि शब्दस्य Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.2.29,30. Cfeminine. also उदात्तश्चानुदात्तश्च स्वरितश्च त्रयः स्वराः । अायामविश्रम्भोक्षपैस्त उच्यन्तेSक्षराश्रयाः ॥ Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) III.1. The term anudātta is translated by the word 'grave' as opposed to acute' (udātta,) and 'circumflex' (svarita); (2) a term applied to such roots as have their vowel अनुदात्त or grave, the chief characteristic of such roots being the non-admission of the augment इ before an ārdhadhātuka affix placed after them. ( See अनिट्, ).
anupradānaan effort outside the mouth in the production of sound at the different vocal organs such as कण्ठ, तालु et cetera, and others which is looked upon as an external effort or bāhyaprayatna. अनुप्रदान is one of the three main factors in the production of sound which are ( 1 ) स्थान, ( 2 ) करण or आभ्यन्तरप्रयत्न and ( 3 ) अनुप्रदान or बाह्यप्रयत्न; confer, compare स्थाकरणप्रयत्नेभ्यो वर्णा जायन्ते Cān. The commentator on Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.describes अनुप्रदान as the मूलकारण or उपादानकारण, the main cause in the production of articulate sound confer, compare अनुप्रदीयते अनेन वर्णः इति अनुप्रदानम्: cf also अनुप्रदीयते इत्यनुप्रदानं प्रयत्न इत्यर्थः; Uvvaṭa's Bhāṣya on the Prātiśākhya works.on Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XIII. I. Generally two main varieties of बाह्यप्रयत्न are termed अनुप्रदान which are mentioned as (i) श्वासानुप्रदान (emission of breath) and नादानुप्रदान (resonance), the other varieties of it such as विवार, संवार, घोष, अघोष, अल्पप्राण, मह्मप्राण, उदात्त, अनुदात्त and स्वरित being called merely as बाह्यप्रयत्न.
9 results
prayatna noun (masculine) (in gram.) effort in uttering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
(in phil.) active efforts (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
action (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
activity (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
caution (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
continued exertion or endeavour (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
exertion bestowed on (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
great care (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
mode of articulation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
persevering effort (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
volitions (one of the 17 qualities of the Vaiśeshikas) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 667/72933
prayatnavant adjective
Frequency rank 17020/72933
atiprayatna noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 42130/72933
anatiprayatna noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 42587/72933
aprayatna noun (masculine) absence of effort (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
indifference (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 11517/72933
aprayatna adjective apathetic in (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
indifferent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 43951/72933
niṣprayatna adjective abstaining from exertion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
inactive (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 36432/72933
śithilaprayatna noun (feminine)
Frequency rank 67592/72933
samprayatna noun (masculine) prayatna
Frequency rank 69281/72933
 

prayatna

effort, attempt, action, volition, will; perseverance.

Wordnet Search
"prayatna" has 8 results.

prayatna

aprayatnataḥ, prayatnahīnataḥ   

prayatnaiḥ vinā।

kimapi kāryaṃ aprayatnataḥ na bhavati।

prayatna

prayatnataḥ, sāyāsaḥ, prayatnapūrvakaḥ   

prayatnaiḥ saha।

kāryaṃ prayatnataḥ sampadyatām।

prayatna

udyogin, prayatnavat, udyukta, karmodyukta, analasa, sayatna, vyavasāyin, karmin, sodyoga, karmaniṣṭha   

yaḥ kārye ramate।

mama mātā udyoginī asti।

prayatna

udyogin, udyamin, udyamaśīla, prayatnaśīla   

yaḥ prayatati।

udyoginaḥ puruṣasya kṛte kimapi asambhavaṃ nāsti। / udyoginaṃ puruṣasiṃhamupaiti lakṣmīrdaivena deyamiti kāpuruṣā vadanti।, daivaṃ nihatyakuru pauruṣamātmaśaktyā yatne kṛte yadi na siddhyati ko'tra doṣaḥ।।(nītisāra 13)

prayatna

sotsāham, sayatnam, mahāyatnena, prayatnataḥ, savīryam, vīryataḥ, sārataḥ   

utsāhena saha।

svasya kalā tena sotsāhaṃ pradarśitā।

prayatna

yatnaḥ, prayatnaḥ, ceṣṭā, ceṣṭitam, viceṣṭitam, ceṣṭanam, udyamaḥ, udyogaḥ, vyavasāyaḥ, adhyavasāyaḥ, adhyavasānam, pravṛttiḥ, vyāpāraḥ, āyāsaḥ, ghaṭanam, ghaṭanā, ghaṭā, grahaḥ, guraṇam, gūraṇam, goraṇam, upakramaḥ, karmayogaḥ, prayogaḥ, vyāyāmaḥ, utsāhaḥ   

īpsitasiddhyarthaṃ kriyamāṇaṃ kāryam।

udyoginaṃ puruṣasiṃham upaiti lakṣmīr daivena deyam iti kāpuruṣā vadanti। daivaṃ nihatya kuru pauruṣam ātmaśaktyā yatne kṛte yadi na sidhyati ko'tra doṣaḥ॥

prayatna

aprayatnaḥ, aprayāsaḥ, ayatnaḥ, nirīhā   

prayatnasya abhāvaḥ।

aprayatne api saḥ bhāgyavaśāt naikāni vastūni prāptavān।

prayatna

anadhyavasāyin, aprayatnaśīla, alpaceṣṭita, anudyamin, anudyogin, alasa, gehemehin, jihma, nirūdyama, niryatna, niṣkriyātman   

yaḥ prayatitum anutsukaḥ asti।

anadhyavasāyī manuṣyaḥ kadāpi yaśaḥ na prāpnoti।

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