ओषधिः धी f. [ओषः पाको धीयते अत्र-धा-कि Tv.] 1 A herb, plant (in general); ओषध्यः फलपाकान्ताः Ms.1.46; cf. संजीवन˚. -2 A medicinal plant or drug. -3 An annual plant or herb which dies after becoming ripe. -Comp. -ईशः, -गर्भः, -नाथः the moon (as presiding over and feeding plants); cf. पुष्णामि चौषधीः सर्वाः सोमो भूत्वा रसात्मकः Bg.15.13; R.2.73; Ku.7.1; Ś.4.2. -ज a. produced from plants. (-जः) fire; ज्वलयतौषधिजेन कृशानना Ki.5.14. -धरः, -पतिः 1 a dealer in medicinal drugs. -2 a physician. -3 the moon; अमृतद्रवैर्विदधदब्ज- दृशामपमार्गमोषधिपतिः स्म करैः Śi.9.36 (where it means 'physician' also). -4 The Soma plant. -5 Camphor. -प्रस्थः the capital of Himālaya; तत्प्रयातौषधिप्रस्थं स्थितये हिमवत्पुरम् Ku.6.33,36. -वनस्पतिम् Herbs and trees.
Roughly speaking, the vegetable world is divided in Vedic literature between Osadhi or Vīrudh ‘plants’ and Vana or Vrksa ‘trees.’ Osadhi is employed in opposition to Vīrudh to denote plants as possessing a healing power or some other quality useful to men, while Vīrudh is rather a generic term for minor vegetable growths, but sometimes, when occurring beside Osadhi, signifies those plants which do not possess medicinal properties. A list of the minor parts of which a plant is made up is given in the later Samhitās. It comprises the root 0mfdd), the panicle (tfda), the stem (kāηda), the twig (valśa), the flower (puspa), and the fruit (phala), while trees have, in addition, a corona (skaηdha), branches [śākhā), and leaves (parηa). The Atharvaveda gives an elaborate, though not very intelligible, division of plants into those which expand (pra-strηatīh), are bushy (stambiηīh), have only one sheath (eka-śtmgāh), are creepers (pra-taηvatīh), have many stalks (amśumatīh), arejointed (kāndinīh), or have spreading branches (vi-śākhāh). In the Rigveda plants are termed ‘ fruitful ’ (phalinīh), blossom¬ing ’ (puspavatīh), and ‘ having flowers ’ (pra-sūvarīh).
noun (masculine feminine) a herb (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a remedy in general (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an annual plant or herb (which dies after becoming ripe) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
any medicinal herb (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
plant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
simple (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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