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Amarakosha Search
4 results
aryaḥ3.3.154MasculineSingularasākalyam, gajānāṃmadhyamaṃgatam
svarāḥ1.7.1MasculinePluralṣaḍjaḥ, madhyama, dhaivataḥ, niṣādaḥ, pañcamaḥ, ṛṣabhaḥ, gāndhāraḥa note of the musical scale or gamut
madhyamam2.6.80NeuterSingularmadhyaḥ, avalagnam
Monier-Williams Search
3 results for dhyama
mūlaprakṛtif. plural the 4 principal kings to be considered in time of war (viz. the vijigīṣu-, ari-, madhyama- and udāsīna-; see prakṛti-and śākhā-p-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍjam. "six-born", Name of the first or (according to to some) of the fourth of the 7 svaras- or primary notes of music (so called because it is supposed to be produced by six organs, viz. tongue, teeth, palate, nose, throat, and chest;the other six svaras- are ṛṣabha-, gāndhāra-, madhyama-, pañcama-, dhaivata-, and niṣāda-, of which niṣāda- and gāndhāra- are referred to the udātta-, ṛṣabha- and dhaivata- to the an-udātta-, while ṣaḍ-ja- and the other two are referred to the svarita- accent;the sound of the ṣaḍ-ja- is said to resemble the note of peacocks) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāhasam. n. punishment, fine (regarded as of three kinds, the highest being called uttama-;half of that, madhyama-;and half of that, adhama-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
Apte Search
4 results
madhyama मध्यम a. [मध्ये भवः म] 1 Being or standing in the middle, middle, central; पितुः पदं मध्यममुत्पतन्ती V.1.19; मध्यमोपलम् Ki.9.2; so मध्यमलोकपालः, मध्यमपदम्, मध्यमरेखा q. q. v. v. -2 Intermediate, intervening; नाप्नोद्यो$यं मध्यमः प्राणस्तानि ज्ञातुं दध्रिरे Bṛi. Up.1.5.21. -3 Middling condition or quality, mediocre; as in उत्तमाधममध्यम. -4 Middling, moderate; तेन मध्यमशक्तीनि मित्राणि स्थापितान्यतः R.17.58. -5 Middle-sized. -6 Neither youngest nor oldest, the middleborn (as a brother); प्रणमति पितरौ वां मध्यमः पाण्डवो$यम् Ve.5.26; ततो$र्धं मध्यमस्य स्यात् तुरीयं तु यवीयसः Ms.9.112. -7 Impartial, neutral. -8 Mean (in astr.). -9 Belonging to the meridian. -मः 1 The fifth note in music. -2 A particular musical mode. -3 The mid-land country; see मध्यदेश. -4 The second person (in grammar). -5 A neutral sovereign; धर्मोत्तरं मध्यममाश्रयन्ते R.13.7. -6 the middle-most prince; मध्यमस्य प्रचारं च विजिगीषोश्च चेष्टितम् Ms.7.155. -7 the middle character in plays. -8 The governor of a province. -9 An epithet of Bhīma; (cf. मध्वमव्यायोग). -मा 1 The middle finger. -2 A marriageable girl, one arrived at the age of puberty. -3 The pericarp of a lotus. -4 One of the classes of heroines (Nāyikās) in poetic compositions, a woman in the middle of her youth; cf. S. D. 1. -5 A central blossom. -मम् 1 The middle. -2 The waist; तदैव यन्न दग्धस्त्वं धर्षयंस्तनुमध्यमाम् Rām.6.111.24. -3 The defectiveness. -4 (In astr.) The meridian ecliptic point. -Comp. -अङ्गुलिः the middle finger. -आगमः one of the four Āgamas; Buddh. -आहरणम् (in alg.) elimination of the middle term in an equation. -उत्खातः a particular division of time. -उपलः = मध्यमणिः q. v.; मध्यमोपलनिभे लसदंशौ Ki.9.2. -कक्षा the middle courtyard. -खण्डम् the middle term of an equation. -गतिः (in astr.) the mean motion of a planet. -ग्रामः (in music) the middle scale. -जात a. middle-born. -पदम् the middle member (of a compound). ˚लेपिन् m. a subdivision of the Tatpuruṣa compound in which the middle word is omitted in composition; the usual instance given is शाकपार्थिवः which is dissolved as शाकप्रियः पार्थिवः; here the middle word प्रिय is omitted; so छायातरु, गुडधानाः &c. -पाण्डवः an epithet of Arjuna. -पुरुषः the second person (in grammar). -पूरुषः a mediocre person. -भृतकः a husbandman or cultivator (who works both for himself and his master or landlord). -यानम् the middle way to salvation. -रात्रः midnight. -राष्ट्रकम् a variety of diamonds; Kau. A.2.11.29. -रेखा the central meridian of the earth. -लोकः the middle world, the earth. ˚पालः a king; तां ...... अन्वग्ययौ मध्यमलोकपालः R.2.16. -वयस् n. middle age. -वयस्क a. middle-aged. -संग्रहः intrigue of a middling character, such as sending presents of flowers &c. to another's wife; it is thus defined by Vyāsa :-प्रेषणं गन्धमाल्यानां धूपभूषणवाससाम् । प्रलोभनं चान्नपानैर्मध्यमः संग्रहः स्मृतः ॥ -साहसः the second of the three penalties or modes of punishment; see Ms.8. 138. (-सः, -सम्) an outrage or offence of the middle class. -स्थ a. being in the middle.
madhyamaka मध्यमक a. (-मिका f.) 1 Middle, middle-most. -2 Common (property &c.). -कम् The interior of anything.
dhyama माध्यम a. (-मी f.) [मध्यम-अण्] Belonging to the middle portion, central, middle, middlemost.
dhyamaka माध्यमक a. (-मिका f.) माध्यमिक a. (-की f.) Middle, central. -काः (m. pl.) 1 N. of a people or their country in the central part of India. -2 N. of a Buddhist school; भगवत्पूज्यपादाश्च शुष्कतर्कपटूनमून् । आहुर्माध्यमिकान् भ्रान्तानचिन्त्ये$स्मिन् सदात्मनि ॥ Pañchadaśī 2.3.
Macdonell Vedic Search
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pratibudhyamāna prati-búdhyamāna, pr. pt. awaking towards (acc.), iv. 51, 10.
Macdonell Search
5 results
madhyamandira n. female or gan; anus.
madhyamaka a. (ikâ) common to (g.); n. interior: -m pra-vis, enter; -ka kshâ, f. middle of the courtyard; -gâta, pp. born in the middle (son).
madhyama spv. middlemost, situ ated between; being in the middle, central; of medium kind or strength, middle-sized, middling, mediocre, moderate; neutral; m. =Madhya-desa; middle=fourth orfifth note in the scale; one of the three musical scales; second person (gr.); m. n. middle of the body, waist; n. middle; meridian.
madhyamapadalopin a. in which the middle word is dropped (com pound: e. g. sâka-pârthiva=vegetable, sc. loving, king); -purusha, m. kind of personi fication; second person (gr.); -pûrusha, m. mediocre person; -bhâva, m. moderate dis tance; -râtra, m. midnight; -loka, m. mid dle world=earth: -pâla, m. protector of earth, king, -½indu, m. moon of earth, king; -vayas-á, n. middle age; -½ashtakâ,f. eighth day in the dark fortnight of Mâgha.
dhyama a. belonging to the middle, central, inhabiting the middle of the country; m. pl. composers of the middle of the Rig-veda (books II to VII): -ka, a. (i-kâ) relating or belonging to the middle region (the atmosphere); i-ka, a. id.; m. pl. N. of a people in Midland (Madhya-desa).
Bloomfield Vedic
5 results0 results44 results
agnaye devebhyaḥ pitṛbhyaḥ samidhyamānāyānubrūhi # TB.; Apś.8.14.17 (cf. 8.13.7, comm.).
agnaye samidhyamānāya hotar anubrūhi # śB.; Kś.3.1.2.
agnaye samidhyamānāyānubrūhi # TS.; MS.1.4.11: 59.9; śB.,3;; 6.1.21;; TB.; Kś.3.1.1; Apś.2.12.1; Mś.; N.1.15. P: agnaye samidhyamānāya śś.1.4.4.
agne deva paṇibhir guhyamānaḥ (TSṭB. vīyamāṇaḥ; MSṃś. vīyamānaḥ; KS. idhyamānaḥ) # VS.2.17b; TS.; MS.4.1.14b: 20.5; KS.1.12b; 31.11; TB.; śB.; Mś.
atho saṃ dyāmi madhyamān # AVś.6.103.2b.
anuprāsyemāni pṛthumadhyamāni # AVP.15.12.11c.
anu vīrair anu puṣyāsma (TB.Apś. rādhyāma) gobhiḥ # VS.26.19a; TB.; Apś.9.14.1a.
antarikṣe madhyato madhyamasya # AVś.4.14.8e.
amanyamānāñ charvā jaghāna # RV.2.12.10b; AVś.20.34.10b. See abudhyamānān sarvā.
avamaṃ madhyamaṃ catum # TA.1.8.4b.
avādhamaṃ vi madhyamaṃ śrathāya # RV.1.24.15b; AVś.7.83.3b; 18.4.69b; ArS.1.4b; VS.12.12b; TS.;; MS.1.2.18b: 28.8; 4.14.17b: 246.5; KS.3.8b; 16.8b; śB.; SMB.1.7.10b. P: avādhamam ... vi madhyamam HG.1.9.10.
asthur in madhyamā imāḥ # AVś.1.17.3c.
asyāṃ tvā dhruvāyāṃ madhyamāyāṃ pratiṣṭhāyāṃ diśi sādhyāś cāptyāś ca devāḥ ṣaḍbhiś caiva pañcaviṃśair ahobhir abhiṣiñcantv etena ca tṛcenaitena ca yajuṣaitābhiś ca vyāhṛtibhī rājyāya māhārājyādhipatyāya svāvaśyāyādhiṣṭhāya # AB.8.19.1.
ā paramābhir uta madhyamābhiḥ # RV.6.62.11a.
indraṃ kṣiyanta uta yudhyamānāḥ # RV.4.25.8c.
indraṃ pare 'vare madhyamāsaḥ # RV.3.25.8a.
indrāgnibhyāṃ tvā sayujā yujā yunajmy āghārābhyāṃ tejasā varcasokthebhi stomebhiś chandobhī rayyai poṣāya sajātānāṃ madhyamastheyāya # TS. P: indrāgnibhyāṃ tvā sayujā yujā yunajmi Apś.17.5.2. See prec.
indrāṇīva subudhā budhyamānā # AVś.14.2.31c.
īrmāntāsaḥ silikamadhyamāsaḥ # RV.1.163.10a; VS.29.21a; TS.; KSA.6.3a; N.4.13a. Cf. BṛhD.4.27.
ugro madhyamaśīr iva # RV.10.97.12d; AVś.4.9.4d; AVP.8.3.11d; 9.8.10d; 9.9.1d; 11.7.2d; VS.12.86d; TS.; MS.2.7.13d: 94.6; KS.16.13d.
un madhyamāḥ pitaraḥ somyāsaḥ # RV.10.15.1b; AVś.18.1.44b; VS.19.49b; TS.; MS.4.10.6b: 157.4; AB.3.37.13; N.11.18b.
un madhyamān madhyame tat # AVP.3.15.5c.
etāvatī madhyamā devamātrā # GB.1.5.23d; JB.2.72d.
kaniṣṭha uta madhyamaḥ # AVP.4.16.5b.
gṛhṇāmi te madhyamam uttamaṃ rasam # AVś.5.13.2c. See next but one.
tato madhyamam āyanti # TA.1.8.5a.
taṃ tvā sīsena vidhyāmaḥ # AVś.1.16.4c. See sīsena vidhyāmas.
tīvrāntasya bahulamadhyamasya # AVP.7.6.7b.
tvaṃ puṣyasi madhyamam # RV.7.32.16b; SV.1.270b.
dīrghaṃ na āyuḥ pratibudhyamānā # AVś.12.1.62c.
devo martair vasubhir idhyamānaḥ # RV.5.3.8d.
namaḥ puruṣāya supuruṣāya mahāpuruṣāya madhyamapuruṣāyottamapuruṣāya brahmacāriṇe namo-namaḥ # Svidh.1.2.5. See namaḥ sobhyāya supuruṣāya.
namaḥ sobhyāya supuruṣāya mahāpuruṣāya madhyamapuruṣāyottamapuruṣāya brahmacāriṇe namaḥ # GDh.26.12. See namaḥ puruṣāya.
namo madhyamāya cāpagalbhāya ca # VS.16.32; TS. MS.2.9.6: 125.4; KS.17.14.
ni yudhyāmadhim aśiśād abhīke # RV.7.18.24d.
pavamānaṃ tu madhyamam # TA.1.8.4b.
pīlumatīti madhyamā # AVś.18.2.48b.
pra budhyasva subudhā budhyamānā # AVś.14.2.75a. P: pra budhyasva Kauś.77.13.
pra madhyamāsu mātṛṣu prame sacā # RV.9.70.4b.
bhagaṃ purastāt pratibudhyamānāḥ # AVP.10.6.2a.
vo ratho madhyamavāḍ ṛte bhūt # RV.2.29.4c.
yaṃ yudhyamānā avase havante # RV.2.12.9b; AVś.20.34.9b; AVP.12.14.9b.
yat paramam avamaṃ yac ca madhyamam # AVś.10.7.8a.
madhyamā viśvakarmann utemā # RV.10.81.5b; VS.17.21b; TS.; MS.2.10.2b: 133.10; KS.18.2b.
Dictionary of Sanskrit Search
"dhyama" has 4 results
madhyama(1)the middle person ( मध्यमपुरुष ), confer, compare युष्मद्युपपदे...मध्यम: P. I. 4.105; confer, compare also Nirukta of Yāska.VII. 7; (2) middling tone or effort confer, compare मध्यमेन स वाक्ययोग: Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.XVIII. 4, where the commentator explains the word as उच्चनीचसमाहारविलक्षण: वाक्प्रयोगः | the word मध्यमा is used in this sense as qualifying a mode of utterance. वृत्ति; confer, compare अभ्यासार्थे द्रुतां वृत्तिं प्रयोगार्थे तु मध्यमाम् ! Ṟ. Pr. XIII. 19; cf also चतुष्कला मध्यमायार्म् Ṛktantra Prātiśākhya. 32; (3) one of the seven modes of speech or tones. cf सप्त वाचः स्थानानि भवन्ति | उपांशुध्वाननिमदेापव्दिमन्मन्द्रमध्यमताराणि Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.XXIII.4 and 5 and also कण्ठे मध्यमम् XVIII.11 where the commentatator explains मध्यम as यत्र कण्ठे स्थाने प्रयोग उपलभ्यते तन्मध्यमं नाम षष्ठं वाचस्स्थानम् | (4) one of the seven musical notes originating or proceeding from the Svarita accent confer, compare, स्वारतप्रभवा ह्येते षड्जमध्यमपञ्चमाः Pāṇ Śikṣā.
madhyamakaumudī(1)name of a treatise on grammar by Rāmaśarman; (2) the same as मध्यकौमुदी.
madhyamapadalopaliterally the dropping of the middle word or member ( of a compound generally) as for instance in शाकपार्थिक for शाकप्रियपार्थिव; the word मध्यमपदलोप is also used in the sense of a compound. The compounds which have the middle word dropped are enumerated by the Vārttikakāra under the Vārttika शाकपार्थिवादीनां मध्यमपदलेापश्च Bh. Vṛ. II.1.60 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).; cf also Kātantra vyākaraṇa Sūtra.II.6.30.
drutāone of the three Vrttis or styles of utterance mentioned in the Pratisakhya works and quoted in the Mahabhasya; confer, compareतित्रो वृत्तीरुपदिशन्ति वाचो विलम्बितां मध्यमां च दुतां च । अभ्यासार्थे दुतां वृत्तिं प्रयोगार्थे तु मध्यमाम् । शिष्याणामुपदेशार्थे कुर्याद् वृत्ति विलम्बिताम् । Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XIII. 18, 19; confer, compare ये हि द्रुतायां वृत्तौ वर्णास्त्रिभागाधिकास्ते मध्यमायां, ये मध्यमायां वर्णास्त्रिभागाधिकास्ते विलाम्बितायाम् । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I.1.70, Vart. 4. The utterance of a letter takes ,1/3 rd time more in the मध्यमवृत्ति than in the द्रुतवृत्ति, while in the विलम्बितवृत्ति it takes 1/3 rd more than in the मध्यमवृत्ति. In short, the utterance of the same letter takes in the three vrttis, Druta, Vilambita and Madhyama the quantity of time in the proportion of 9:12:16 respectively.


(madhyama.panca.mūla) country mallow balā, hogweed punrṇava, castor eranḍa, Uraria picta and Desmodium gangeticum śūrṇaparṇidvayam.


(panca.panca.mūla) the roots mentioned in bṛhatpañcamūla, madhyamapañcamūla, jīvanīyapañcamūla, tṛṇapañcamūla together with the roots of svādamṣṭa, śaireya and karamardika.

Wordnet Search
"dhyama" has 15 results.


madhyamakoṣṭakam, madhyamakoṣṭakaḥ   

tat koṣṭakaṃ yat vartulākārakoṣṭakāt bahiḥ sthāpyate।

koṣṭakasya praśne madhyamakoṣṭakaṃ niṣkāsya vartulākārakoṣṭakaṃ niṣkāsyate।



vyākaraṇe saḥ puruṣaḥ yena saha vārtālāpaḥ jāyate।

tvam yuvāṃ yūyam iti madhyamapuruṣasya nirdeśakāḥ।


arjunaḥ, dhanañjayaḥ, pārthaḥ, śakranandanaḥ, gāṇḍivī, madhyamapāṇḍavaḥ, śvetavājī, kapidhvajaḥ, rādhābhedī, subhadreśaḥ, guḍākeśaḥ, bṛhannalaḥ, aindriḥ, phālgunaḥ, jiṣṇuḥ, kirīṭī, śvetavāhanaḥ, bībhatsuḥ, vijayaḥ, kṛṣṇaḥ, savyasācī, kṛṣṇaḥ, jiṣṇuḥ   

kunteḥ tṛtīyaḥ putraḥ।

arjunaḥ mahān dhanurdharaḥ āsīt।


madhye, madhyamasthāne   


grāmasya madhye śivasya mandiram asti।



saṅgītasya saptasvareṣu caturthaḥ svaraḥ।

sā madhyamasvare gāyati। /madhyamasvaraḥ krauñcasvaratulyaḥ asti।


madhyasthaḥ, madhyamapuruṣaḥ, madhyasthitaḥ, carapuṣṭaḥ   

yaḥ dvayoḥ pakṣayoḥ madhye bhūtvā tayoḥ vyavahāre sulabhatām ānayati svasya kṛte lābhañca sampādayati।

rāmaśyāmayoḥ kalahe sohanaḥ madhyasthaḥ āsīt।



yaḥ ākāreṇa bṛhat laghuḥ vā nāsti।

asya vṛkṣasya phalāni ākṛtyā madhyamāni santi।


pṛthivī, bhūḥ, bhūmiḥ, acalā, anantā, rasā, viśvambharā, sthirā, dharā, dharitrī, dharaṇī, kṣauṇī, jyā, kāśyapī, kṣitiḥ, sarvasahā, vasumatī, vasudhā, urvī, vasundharā, gotrā, kuḥ, pṛthvī, kṣmā, avaniḥ, medinī, mahī, dharaṇī, kṣoṇiḥ, kṣauṇiḥ, kṣamā, avanī, mahiḥ, ratnagarbhā, sāgarāmbarā, abdhimekhalā, bhūtadhātrī, ratnāvatī, dehinī, pārā, vipulā, madhyamalokavartmā, dhāraṇī, gandhavatī, mahākāntā, khaṇḍanī, girikarṇikā, dhārayitrī, dhātrī, acalakīlā, gauḥ, abdhidvīpā, iḍā, iḍikā, ilā, ilikā, irā, ādimā, īlā, varā, ādyā, jagatī, pṛthuḥ, bhuvanamātā, niścalā, śyāmā   


pṛthivī pañcamam bhūtam



yat mahat nāsti laghu api nāsti।

asmin vane ākāreṇa madhyamāḥ vanaspatayaḥ santi।



kṛśayā kaṭyā yuktaḥ।

alpamadhyamaḥ nartakaḥ sarveṣāṃ manāṃsi ākarṣati।



ārthikastaraṃ sāmājikastaraṃ vā anusṛtya kṛte vibhāge uttamādhamayoḥ antarā sthitasya vargasya ghaṭakaḥ tadvargasambandhī ca।

na kadāpi svīkurmaḥ vayaṃ madhyamavargīyāṃ kanyāṃ vivāhārtham।



uccanimnayoḥ madhyastarīyaḥ vargaḥ।

vastūnāṃ mūlyavardhanena nimnavargeṇa saha madhyamavargaḥ api trastaḥ asti।



janatāyai vārtāṃ preṣayituṃ prayuktaṃ sādhanam।

dūradarśanam ākāśavāṇī ityādīni prasāramādhyamāni santi।



vārtāpatrasya lekhakānāṃ vṛttāntalekhakānāṃ vā samūhaḥ।

mantrimahodayena pracāramādhyame svasya aparādhaḥ svīkṛtaḥ।



yaḥ prasāramādhyame kāryaṃ karoti।

ārakṣakāḥ prasāramādhyamakarmiṇaḥ prāharan।

Parse Time: 1.611s Search Word: dhyama Input Encoding: IAST: dhyama