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Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
abhigaram. a calling out in approbation (part of the sacrificial ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhighātan. an irregular combination of consonants id est the combination of the fourth letter of gutturals, cerebrals, etc. with the first or third letter, of the second with the first letter, and of the third with the second letter of those classes of consonants. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhinavacandrārghavidhim. "a ceremony performed at the time of the new moon", Name of the 114th chapter in the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiplavam. Name of a religious ceremony (lasting six days and performed five times during the sacrifice gavām-ayana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ābhiplavikamfn. relating to the religious ceremony called abhi-plava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣecanīyam. Name of a sacrificial ceremony performed at the inauguration of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyārohaṇīyam. Name of a sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyāsaktamfn. ( sañj-), closely linked together (as days by beginning a day with the same ceremony which has been performed at the end of the preceding day) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuddṛṣṭaf. Name of a ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuddṛṣṭeṣṭif. Name of a ceremony (beginning only after the moon has become visible), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyuditāf. Name of the ceremony (to be performed at the abhy/udita-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācamanan. sipping water from the palm of the hand (before religious ceremonies, before meals, etc.) for purification etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācamanan. the water used for that ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācāramayamf(ī-)n. wholly addicted to ceremonial usages, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācāryānīf. (with dental n- vArttika on ) the wife of an ācārya- (with cerebral -) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādhānan. a ceremony performed before coition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādhānikan. a ceremony performed before conception View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiśrayaṇan. the act or ceremony of putting on the fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhivāsanan. the ceremony of touching a vessel containing fragrant objects (that have been presented to an idol) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyāyopākarmann. the opening ceremony of the annual course of Vedic recitation, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adīkṣitamfn. one who has not performed the initiatory ceremony (dīkṣā-) connected with the soma- sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adīkṣitamfn. one who is not concerned in that ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnigodānam. one at whose hair-cutting ceremony agni- is the chief deity, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnihvaramfn.? making a mistake in the fire-ceremonial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnīṣomapraṇayanan. bringing out the fire and the soma-, a ceremony in the jyotiṣṭoma- sacrifice. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnīṣomīyaṣomīyanirvāpam. making libations with the cake sacred to agni- and soma-, a ceremony in the darśapūrṇamāsa- sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agniṣṭomam. "praise of agni-", Name of a protracted ceremony or sacrifice (forming one of the chief modifications,[ saṃsthās-]of the jyotiṣṭoma- offered by one who is desirous of obtaining heaven; the performer is a brahman- who maintains the sacred fire, the offering is the soma-, the deities to whom, the offering is made are indra- etc., the number of priests required is 16, the ceremonies continue for five, days) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgniṣṭomikamf(ī- commentator or commentary)n. studying or knowing the ceremonies of the agniṣṭoma- commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnyādhānan. the ceremony of preparing the three sacred fires āhavanīya- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnyādhānadevatāf. the deity of the agnyādheya- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnyādheyan. the ceremony of preparing the three sacred fires āhavanīya- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhnikan. a religious ceremony to be performed every day at a fixed hour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṣyat ([ ]) mfn. (fut p.) only Nominal verb plural anti- with /ahāni-, certain days for the completion of the ceremony ayana- (performed for the āditya-s and aṅgirasa-s). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpadakṣiṇamfn. defective in presents (as a ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amāyayāind. instrumental case guilelessly, sincerely View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anantavratan. ceremony or festival in honour of ananta- or viṣṇu- (on the day of the full moon in bhādra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavalobhanan. (for lopana-,"cutting off"commentator or commentary), Name of a ceremony observed by a pregnant woman to prevent miscarriage (treated of in an upaniṣad-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgajamfn. produced by a supplementary ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgajātamfn. produced by a supplementary ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅganyāsam. ceremony of touching certain parts of the body. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅkurāropaṇan. "planting a shoot", a kind of nuptial ceremony, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅkurārpaṇa n. "planting a shoot", a kind of nuptial ceremony, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antasatkriyāf. the funeral ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antyeṣṭikriyāf. funeral ceremonies. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukarmann. a subsequent rite or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukarṣam. lagging behind in a ceremony, delayed performance of a duty. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anunirvāpyāf. Name of a ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anustaraṇīf. the cow sacrificed at the funeral ceremony
anuṣṭhānakramam. the order of performing religious ceremonies. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuṣṭhānasmārakamf(ikā-)n. reminding of religious ceremonies. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvacto recite the formulas inviting to the sacrificial ceremony ; to repeat, reiterate, recite ; to communicate ; to study: Caus. -vacayati-, to cause to recite the inviting formulas, to cause to invite for some sacrificial act View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvah perf. -āha-, to pronounce (especially a ceremonial formula ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvāhāryam. a gift, consisting of food prepared with rice, presented to the ṛtvij- priest at the darśapūrṇamāsa- ceremonies etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvārambhaṇīyāf. an initiatory ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvaṣṭakyan. a śrāddha- or funeral ceremony performed on the anvaṣṭakā-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āpasn. (connected with 1. ap-), a religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apehipraghasā(scilicet kriyā-) f. a ceremony from which gluttons are excluded, (gaRa mayūravyaṃsakādi-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apehivāṇijā(scilicet kriyā-) f. a ceremony from which merchants are excluded View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratiṣekyamfn. (a ceremony) at which there is no pouring upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apravargyamfn. without the pravargya- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araṇyadvādasif. with or without -vrata- n. Name of a ceremony performed on this day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārātrikan. Name of this ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārdrapaṭīf. a kind of magic ceremony (performed to destroy an enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārjavamfn. honest, sincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arkam. the plant Calotropis Gigantea (the larger leaves are used for sacrificial ceremonies; see arka-kośī-, -parṇ/a-, palaś/a-,etc. below) etc., a religious ceremony (see arkāśvamedha-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arkāśvamedham. dual number ([ ]) or dh/au- ([ ]), the arka- ceremony and the aśvamedha- sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arkavatmfn. receiving the oblation in the arka- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārkāyaṇam. a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārkāyaṇim. a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārkṣyat([ ]) mfn. (fut p.) only Nominal verb plural anti- with /ahāni-, certain days for the completion of the ceremony ayana- (performed for the āditya-s and aṅgirasa-s). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārogyan. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārogyapratipadvratan. a ceremony for gaining health. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arundhatīf. the little and scarcely visible star Alcor (belonging to the Great Bear, and personified as the wife of one of its seven chief stars, vasiṣṭha-, or of all the seven, the so-called seven ṛṣi-s;at marriage ceremonies arundhatī- is invoked as a pattern of conjugal excellence by the bridegroom) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āryakan. a ceremony performed to the manes, the vessel etc. used in sacrifices made to the manes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsanavidhim. the ceremony of offering a seat to a visitor. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsapiṇḍakriyākarmaind. till the śrāddha- or funeral ceremony of which the sapiṇḍa-s (q.v) partake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśaṭhamf(ā-)n. not false, sincere, honest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśokavratan. Name of a certain ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśrāddhabhojinmfn. one who has taken a vow not to eat during the performance of the śrāddha- ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asthisaṃcayam. the ceremony of collecting the bones (after burning a corpse) commentator or commentary on see etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asthisaṃcayanan. the ceremony of collecting the bones (after burning a corpse) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asthiyajñam. bone-sacrifice (part of a funeral ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśūnyaśayanadvitīyāf. Name of ceremonies on that occasion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśūnyaśayanavratan. Name of ceremonies on that occasion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvahavisn. Name of a sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvamedham. the horse-sacrifice (a celebrated ceremony, the antiquity of which reaches back to the Vedic period; the hymns [= ], referring to it, are however of comparatively late origin; in later times its efficacy was so exaggerated, that a hundred such sacrifices entitled the sacrificer to displace indra- from the dominion of svarga-; kings who engaged in it spent enormous sums in gifts to the Brahmans; it is said that the horse was sometimes not immolated, but kept bound during the ceremony) etc., (see arkāśvamedh/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvatrirātram. (gaRa yuktārohyādi- q.v) Name of a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvattthodyāpanan. the ceremony of raising a bank of earth round a holy fig-tree, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āticchandasan. (fr. /ati-cchandas-), Name of the last of the six days of the pṛṣṭhya- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atimūrtif. "highest shape", Name of a ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atipreṣitan. the time following the praiṣa- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atyagniṣṭomam. the Vedic verse chanted at the close of that ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupākaraṇamfn. (fr. upākaraṇa-), relating to the preparatory ceremony before beginning the study of the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupākaraṇan. (am-) the time of that ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupanāyanikamfn. (fr. upa-nāyana-), relating to or fit for the ceremony called upanayana- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupasadamfn. occupied with or relating to the upa-sad- (q.v) ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupavasathikamfn. designed for or belonging to the upa-vasatha- (q.v) ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aurdhvadehikan. the obsequies of a deceased person, any funeral ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
autsargikamfn. terminating, completing, belonging to a final ceremony by which a rite is terminated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avabhṛthasnapanan. bathing or ablution after a sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaguṇṭhanan. a peculiar intertwining of the fingers in certain religious ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyuḥṣṭomam. a ceremony performed to obtain longevity and forming - together with the go- and jyotis- - part of the abhi-plava- ceremony (see /āyus-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyusn. Name of a particular ceremony (equals āyuḥ-ṣṭoma- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyuṣṭomam. for āyuḥ-ṣṭoma- q.v , a particular ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyuṣyan. "vivifying", Name of a ceremony performed after a child's birth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahiraṅgam. the preliminary part of a religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahiṣkriyāf. an outer act external rite or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahudakṣiṇamfn. marked by many fees or donations (as a religious ceremony), liberal, lavish, bountiful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahvṛcam. (f(ī-).) one conversant with the ṛgveda-, a priest of it or the hotṛ- priest who represents it in the sacrificial ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrāvratan. a particular religious ceremony (also called vithṭi-vrata-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaiṣajyan. a particular ceremony performed as a remedy for sickness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhasmavidhim. any rite or ceremony performed with ashes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaumavratan. Name of a particular observance or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavaruda drum played at funeral ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhojanavidhim. "the ceremony of dining", Name of various works. (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtaśuddhif. "removal of evil demons", Name of a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtikarmann. any auspicious rite or ceremony (performed at a birth, marriage etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilvam. (in later language also vilva-) Aegle Marmelos, the wood-apple tree (commonly called Bel;its delicious fruit when unripe is used medicinally;its leaves, are employed in the ceremonial of the worship of śiva-; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmakarmapustakan. Name of a manual on ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛsayam. (prob.) a sorcerer, conjuror, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitraratham. of a dvyaha- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caityayajñam. a sacrificial ceremony performed at a monument View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakṣurdānan. "gift of sight", the ceremony of anointing the eyes of an image at the time of consecration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
car cl.1. c/arati-, rarely te- (subjunctive c/arat-,3 plural c/arān- ; perf. cac/āra-[ etc.] , 2 sg. cacartha- ; plural cerur-,etc.; ratur- etc.; A1. cere- ; future cariṣyati-, te-; Aorist acārīt-[ ]; infinitive mood c/aritum-[ ]or cartum-[ ] , Vedic or Veda car/adhyai-[ ], c/aritave-[ ], car/ase-[ ], car/āyai-[ ], caritos-[ ]; ind.p. caritv/ā- ; cartvā- ; cīrtvā-, ; parasmE-pada c/arat-) to move one's self, go, walk, move, stir, roam about, wander (said of men, animals, water, ships, stars, etc.) etc. ; to spread, be diffused (as fire) ; to move or travel through, pervade, go along, follow etc. ; to behave, conduct one's self, act, live, treat (with instrumental case or locative case) etc. ; to be engaged in, occupied or busy with (instr exempli gratia, 'for example' yajñ/ena c-,"to be engaged in a sacrifice" ) etc. ; (with[ ]or without[ ] mithun/am-) to have intercourse with, have to do with (instrumental case) ; (with a parasmE-pada or adjective (cf. mfn.) or ind.p. or adverb) to continue performing or being (exempli gratia, 'for example' arcantaś cerur-,"they continued worshipping"; svāminam avajñāya caret-,"he may go on despising his master") etc. ; (in astronomy) to be in any asterism or conjunction ; to undertake, set about, under go, observe, practise, do or act in general, effect, make (exempli gratia, 'for example' vrat/āni-"to observe vows" etc.; vighnaṃ c-,"to put a hindrance"; bhaikṣaṃ c-"to beg"; vivādaṃ c-,"to be engaged in a lawsuit"; mṛgayāṃ c-,"to hunt" ; sambandhāṃś c-,"to enter into connections"; mārgaṃ cacāra bāṇaiḥ-,"he made a way with arrows"; tapasā indriyāṇi c-,to exercise one's organs with penance ) etc. ; to consume, eat (with accusative), graze ; to make or render (with double accusative) exempli gratia, 'for example' nar/endraṃ satya-sthaṃ carāma-,"let us make the king keep his word" : Causal cārayati-, to cause to move or walk about (Aorist /acīcarat-) ; to pasture ; to send, direct, turn, move etc. ; to cause any one (accusative) to walk through (accusative) ; to drive away from (ablative) ; to cause any one (accusative) to practise or perform (with accusative) ; to cause (any animal accusative) to eat ; to cause to copulate ; to ascertain (as through a spy instrumental case) ; to doubt (see vi--) : Desiderative cicariṣati-, to try to go (parasmE-pada cicarṣat-) ; to wish to act or conduct one's self ; to try to have intercourse with (instrumental case), : Intensive carcarīti- A1. or rarely ([ ]) Passive voice cañcūryate- (curīti-and cūrti- ; ind.p. cūrya- ; parasmE-pada once P. cūryat- ) to move quickly or repeatedly, walk about, roam about (in locative case) etc. ; to act wantonly or coquettishly (see ) ; ([ see, etc.])
cārakatrirātram. a particular ceremony lasting three days (prescribed by caraka- or by the caraka-s?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caramam. (Nominal verb plural me-,or mās- )f(ā-)n. (in compound ) last, ultimate, final etc. (mā kriyā-,"the [final id est ]funeral ceremony ") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāritran. a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catūrātram. n. "lasting 4 days", Name of a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturdhāśāntif. a religious ceremony performed at the time of making the stated offerings to deceased ancestors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturthīkarmann. the ceremonies performed on the 4th day of a marriage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuṣpathan. one of the 18 ceremonies performed with kuṇḍa-s, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caulan. (fr. c/ūlā- equals c/ūḍā-) the tonsure ceremony (See cūḍā-karaṇa-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
churikābandhaprayogam. the ceremony of providing a śūdra- with a billhook, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cūḍākaraṇan. "forming the crest", the ceremony of tonsure (equals caula-,one of the 12 purificatory rites[ ] performed on a child in the Ist or 3rd year) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cūlāf. the tonsure ceremony (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'; caula-,S) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍathe 3rd cerebral consonant (pronounced likedindrumby slightly turning the tip of the tongue upwards;and often in Bengal like a hardr).
daivādyantamfn. beginning and ending with a ceremony in honour of the gods (opp. to pitrādy-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇamf(ā-)n. straightforward, candid, sincere, pleasing, compliant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
damanāropaṇan. a particular ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
darśapūrṇamāsam. dual number (the days of) new and full moon, ceremonies on these days (preceding all other ceremonies) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśāham. a ceremony lasting 10 days View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśakarmapaddhatif. Name of work on the 10 ceremonies prescribed to the 3 twice-born classes. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśaman. with /ahan-, the last day of the day of the daśa-rātra- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśapiṇḍaśrāddhan. a funeral ceremony in which one and on each successive day one more piṇḍa- is offered until the number amounts to 10 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśarātram. a 10 days' ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśarātram. Name of a 10 days' ceremony (forming the chief part of the dvādaśāha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāyam. gift at the ceremony of initiation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devatarpaṇan. "refreshing of the gods", offerings of water, part of the sandhyā- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmam. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūpam. one of the 16 acts of homage or offerings in the pañcāyatara- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dikpālastutif. (in dramatic language) praise of the guardians of the world (a kind of introductory ceremony). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣāf. preparation or consecration for a religious ceremony, undertaking religious observances for a particular purpose and the observances themselves etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣitamf(ī- )n. performed (as the dīkṣā- ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dinakartavyan. "day-duty", ceremonies to be performed daily View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durnarendram. a miserable sorcerer or conjurer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvādaśāhamfn. a period or ceremony of 12 days View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvādaśāhika() () mfn. relating to a period or ceremony of 12 days. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvādaśāhiya() mfn. relating to a period or ceremony of 12 days. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvādaśasaṃskāram. plural ,"the 12 ceremonies", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvayavādinmfn. double-tongued, insincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dveṣakalpam. a ceremony intended to cause injury to an enemy, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvidivam. a ceremony of that length View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvirāgamanan. "twice coming", the ceremony of the second entrance of the bride into her husband's, house after a visit to that of her father View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvyaham. such a festival or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekamfn. sincere, truthful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekabhāvamfn. simple, sincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekāham. a ceremony or religious festival lasting one day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekakalpamfn. having the same method of performing ceremonial, observing the same ritual (as priests). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekānudiṣṭan. N. (scilicet śrāddha-) a funeral ceremony having reference to only one ancestor recently dead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekoddiṣṭan. (scilicet śrāddha-) a funeral ceremony having reference to one individual recently dead (not including ancestors generally) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandharvam. a gandharva- [though in later times the gandharva-s are regarded as a class, yet in rarely more than one is mentioned;he is designated as the heavenly gandharva-(divy/a g- ),and is also called viśvā-vasu-()and vāyu-keśa- (in plural );his habitation is the sky, or the region of the air and the heavenly waters( );his especial duty is to guard the heavenly soma-() , which the gods obtain through his intervention( ; see );it is obtained for the human race by indra-, who conquers the gandharva- and takes it by force();the heavenly gandharva- is supposed to be a good physician, because the soma- is considered as the best medicine;possibly, however, the word soma- originally denoted not the beverage so called, but the moon, and the heavenly gandharva- may have been the genius or tutelary deity of the moon;in one passage() the heavenly gandharva- and the soma- are identified;he is also regarded as one of the genii who regulate the course of the Sun's horses (; see );he knows and makes known the secrets of heaven and divine truths generally ( );he is the parent of the first pair of human beings, yama- and yamī-() , and has a peculiar mystical power over women and a right to possess them();for this reason he is invoked in marriage ceremonies();ecstatic states of mind and possession by evil spirits are supposed to be derived from the heavenly gandharva-(see -gṛhīta-, -graha-);the gandharva-s as a class have the same characteristic features as the one gandharva-;they live in the sky( ) , guard the soma-( ),are governed by varuṇa- (just as the āpsarasa-s are governed by soma-) ,know the best medicines( ),regulate the course of the asterisms( ;hence twenty-seven are mentioned ),follow after women and are desirous of intercourse with them( );as soon as a girl becomes marriageable, she belongs to soma-, the gandharva-s, and agni-( );the wives of the gandharva-s are the āpsarasa-s(see gandharvāpsar/as-),and like them the gandharva-s are invoked in gambling with dice();they are also feared as evil beings together with the rākṣasa-s, kimīdin-s, piśāca-s, etc., amulets being worn as a protection against them( );they are said to have revealed the veda-s to vāc-(; see ),and are called the preceptors of the ṛṣi-s(); purūravas- is called among them();in epic poetry the gandharva-s are the celestial musicians or heavenly singers(see )who form the orchestra at the banquets of the gods, and they belong together with the āpsarasa-s to indra-'s heaven, sharing also in his battles( etc.; see );in the more systematic mythology the gandharva-s constitute one of the classes into which the higher creation is divided(id est gods, manes, gandharva-s ;or gods, asura-s, gandharva-s, men ; see ;or gods, men, gandharva-s, āpsarasa-s, sarpa-s, and manes ;for other enumerations see [ ] etc.);divine and human gandharva-s are distinguished(;the divine or deva-gandharva-s are enumerated );another passage names 11 classes of gandharva-s();the chief or leader of the gandharva-s is named citra-ratha-();they are called the creatures of prajāpati-() or of brahmā-() or of kaśyapa- () or of the muni-s( ) or of prādhā-() or of ariṣṭā-( )or of vāc-();with jaina-s the gandharva-s constitute one of the eight classes of the vyantara-s] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandharvavivāham. "the form of marriage peculiar to the gandharva-s", a marriage proceeding entirely from love without ceremonies and without consulting relatives (allowed between persons of the second or military class) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhādhānan. "impregnation-rite", a ceremony performed before conception or after menstruation to ensure conception View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhalambhanan. "facilitation of conception", Name of a ceremony (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbharakṣaṇan. "protecting the foetus", Name of a ceremony performed in the fourth month of gestation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhasaṃskāram. a particular ceremony, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gargatrirātram. (gaRa yuktārohy-ādi-) Name of a ceremony lasting 3 days View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaudānikamfn. (gaRa mahānāmnyādi-) relating to the godāna- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gavāmayam. "going of cows", Name of a ceremony
gāvāmayanikamfn. belonging to the ceremony called gavām-ayana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gavāyusn. sg. and dual number the ekāha- ceremonies called Go and āyus- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghaṇṭāmudrāf. a particular way of intertwining fingers (practised in the pañcāyatana- ceremony before ringing a bell) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gharmocchiṣṭan. Name of a sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghaṭakañcukin. an immoral rite practised by tāntrika-s and śākta-s (in which the bodices of different women are placed in a receptacle and the men present at the ceremony are allowed to take them out one by one and then cohabit with the woman to whom each bodice belongs),
ghaṭasthāpanan. placing a water-pot as a type of durgā- (essential part of various tāntrika- ceremonies), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
godānamaṅgalan. a ceremony performed with the side-hair of a youth of 16 or 18 years (when he has attained puberty and shortly before marriage) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
godānavratan. a vow taken at tbe go-dāna- ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gogrāsam. the ceremony of presenting a mouthful of grass to a cow when performing an expiatory rite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gosavam. Name of an ekāha- ceremony etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
goṣṭhīśrāddhan. a kind of śrāddha- ceremony on ( p.305) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
goṣṭoma(g/o--) m. (st/oma- ) an ekāha- ceremony forming part of the abhiplava- which lasts 6 days (also called g/o- q.v) (see -stoma-.) 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gotroccāram. "recitation of the family pedigree", Name of a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grah ([ in a few passages only etc.]) or grabh- ([ ;rarely ]) cl.9 P. gṛbhṇāti- gṛhṇ/āti- (also A1. gṛhṇīte-,irreg. gṛhṇate- ;3. plural gṛbhṇate- ; imperative 2. sg. gṛhāṇ/a-,[ ṇ/ā-, saṃhitā-pāṭha-, parasmE-pada Passive voice Nominal verb plural n. ] etc.; gṛbhṇān/a-& gṛhṇ-[Ved.]; gṛhṇa- ; -gṛhṇāhi-, -gṛbhṇīhi-See prati-grabh-; A1. gṛbhṇīṣva-[ ] or gṛhṇ-;3. sg. P. gṛhṇītāt-;Ved. imperative gṛbhāy/a-etc.See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ya- confer, compare gṛhaya-; perf. jagrāha- etc.;1. sg. gr/abhā- ; gṛbhm/a- ; A1. gṛhe-, ;3. plural gṛbhr/e-& gṛbhrir/e- ; P. Potential gṛbhyāt-, ; parasmE-pada gṛbhv/as-, ; future 2nd grahīṣyati-, te- etc.[ confer, compare ];sometimes wrongly spelt gṛh- ; grahiṣy- ; Conditional agrahaiṣyat- ; future 1st grahītā- ; Aorist agrabham- ; bhīt- etc.; hīt-[ ] etc.; -/ajagrabhīt-etc.See saṃ-grah-; subjunctive 2. plural grabhīṣṭa- ; A1. agrahīṣṭa- ; aghṛkṣata- [not in ];Ved. 3. plural agṛbhran-[ ] and agṛbhīṣata-; ind.p. gṛbhītv/ā- ; gṛhītv/ā-, ; grahāya- ; infinitive mood grahītum-[ etc.; confer, compare ;wrongly spelt gṛh- ]; Passive voice gṛhyate-[ future 1st grahītā-or grāhitā- future 2nd grahīṣyate-or grāhiṣy- Aorist agrāhi-,3. dual number agrahīṣātām-or agrāhiṣ- ];Ved. subjunctive 3. plural gṛhyāntai- on ;Ved. Passive voice 3. sg. gṛhate-[ ]or gṛhe-[ ] or gṛhaye-[ ; confer, compare gṛhaya-]; subjunctive 1. plural gṛhāmahi- ; Potential gṛhīta- ) to seize, take (by the hand, pāṇau-or kare-,exceptionally pāṇim-(double accusative) ; confer, compare ), grasp, lay hold of (exempli gratia, 'for example' pakṣaṃ-,to take a side, adopt a party ; pāṇim-,"to take by the hand in the marriage ceremony", marry etc.) etc. ; to arrest, stop ; to catch, take captive, take prisoner, capture, imprison etc. ; to take possession of, gain over, captivate ; to seize, overpower (especially said of diseases and demons and the punishments of varuṇa-) etc. ; to eclipse ; to abstract, take away (by robbery) ; to lay the hand on, claim ; to gain, win, obtain, receive, accept (from ablative,rarely genitive case), keep etc. (with double accusative ) ; to acquire by purchase (with instrumental case of the price) etc. ; to choose ; to choose any one (accusative) as a wife ; to take up (a fluid with any small vessel), draw water ; to pluck, pick, gather ; to collect a store of anything ; to use, put on (clothes) i etc. ; to assume (a shape) ; to place upon (instrumental case or locative case) ; to include ; to take on one's self, undertake, undergo, begin etc. ; to receive hospitably (a guest), take back (a divorced wife) ; "to take into the mouth", mention, name etc. ; to perceive (with the organs of sense or with m/anas-), observe, recognise etc. ; (in astronomy) to observe ; to receive into the mind, apprehend, understand, learn ; (in astronomy) to calculate ; to accept, admit, approve ; to obey, follow ; to take for, consider as etc. ; (Passive voice) to be meant by (instrumental case) and Scholiast or Commentator : Causal grāhayati-, to cause to take or seize or lay hold of ; to cause to take (by the hand[ pāṇim-]in the marriage ceremony) ; to cause to marry, give away a girl (accusative) in marriage to any one (accusative) ; to cause any one to be captured ; to cause any one to be seized or overpowered (as by varuṇa-'s punishments or death etc.) ; to cause to be taken away ; to make any one take, deliver anything (accusative) over to any one (accusative; exempli gratia, 'for example' āsanam-with accusative"to cause to take a seat, bid any one to sit down") ; to make any one choose (Aorist ajigrahat-) ; to make any one learn, make acquainted or familiar with (accusative) etc.: Desiderative jighṛkṣati- (confer, compare ), also te-, to be about to seize or take ; to be about to eclipse ; to be about to take away ; to desire to perceive (with the organs of sense), strive to apprehend or recognise : Intensive jarīgṛhyate- ; ([ confer, compare Zend gerep,geurv; Gothic greipa; German greife; Lithuanian gre1bju; Slavonic or Slavonian grablju1; Hibernian or Irish grabaim,"I devour, stop."])
grāmayājakamfn. offering sacrifices or conducting the ceremonies for every member of a community including unworthy persons (doing it out of avarice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
granthibandhanan. tying together the garments of the bride and bridegroom at the marriage ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhapatim. a householder of peculiar merit (giving alms and performing all the prescribed ceremonies), especially one who has the precedence at a grand sacrifice (sattr/a-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhapūjāf. a particular nuptial ceremony, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhaśuddhif. ceremonies for the purification of a house View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhyamfn. (fr. gṛh/a-) belonging to a house, domestic (said of an agni-) etc. (said of a series of ceremonies relating to family or domestic affairs, such as marriages, births etc., and treated of in the gṛhya-- sūtra-s, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhyasūtran. a ritual work containing directions for domestic rites and ceremonies (as etc.; see ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurum. a spiritual parent or preceptor (from whom a youth receives the initiatory mantra- or prayer, who instructs him in the śāstra-s and conducts the necessary ceremonies up to that of investiture which is performed by the ācārya- ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurupūjāf. the ceremonies in propitiation of bṛhaspati- when a work is to be performed or undertaken View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastagraham. the marriage ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hāvakam. a caller, summoner, (in nuptial ceremonies) one who summons the bride, an attendant on the bridegroom. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hemantapratyavarohaṇan. redescending into winter (a kind of ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrajālajñam. knowing the art of magic, a juggler, sorcerer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrajālinm. a juggler, sorcerer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrāṇīgaurīpūjāf. "worship of indrāṇī- and gaurī-", a particular nuptial ceremnny, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrastomam. Name of particular hymns to indra- in certain ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrastutm. Name of particular hymns to indra- in certain ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indriyasparśam. touching parts of the body (in the nyāsa- ceremonial), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣṭāpūrtasyāparijyāni f. Name of a sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣumf. Name of a soma- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janatind. an exclamation used in ceremonies (like om-,etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jarjarapūjāf. (in dramatic language) homage to the banner of indra- (a kind of ceremony). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātakarmann. a birth-ceremony (consisting in touching a newly-born child's tongue thrice with ghee after appropriate prayers) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayanīrājanan. Name of a military ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñānayogam. the yoga- as based on the acquisition of true knowledge (opposed to karma-y-or the yoga- as based on performance of ceremonial rites) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
juhotim. a technical name for those sacrificial ceremonies to which hu- (not yaj-) is applied
jyotiṣṭomam. (fr. tis-stoma- ) Name of a soma- ceremony (typical form of a whole class of ceremonies consisting originally of 3, and later of 4, 5, or 7 subdivisions, viz. agni-ṣṭoma-(q.v), ukthya-, and ati-rātra-, or in addition to these ṣoḍaśin-, aty-agni-ṣṭoma-, vāja-peya-, and aptor-yāma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākasparśam. a ceremony performed on the tenth day after a death consisting in the offering of rice to crows. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalārūpan. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālāśuddhif. a season of ceremonial impurity (as at the birth of a child, the death of a relation, etc., when it is considered unlawful to perform any religious rites). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalātman(kalāt-) f. a particular ceremony of ordination. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalāvatīf. a mystical ceremony (the initiation of the Tantrika student in which the goddess durgā- is supposed to be transferred from the water-jar to the body of the novice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālavratan. Name of a ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālikāvratan. Name of a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpam. the most complete of the six vedāṅga-s (that which prescribes the ritual and gives rules for ceremonial or sacrificial acts) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpakam. a rite, ceremony ([ of doubtful meaning commentator or commentary kaplaka-]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpakāram. an author of rules on ritual or ceremonies. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpanan. Name of a religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpasūtran. Name of various ceremonial guides or manuals containing short aphoristic rules for the performance of Vedic sacrifices View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpavidhim. a rule resembling a ceremonial injunction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmadānan. a kind of ceremony among prostitutes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmyamf(ā-)n. optional (opposed to nitya-or indispensable observance), performed through the desire of some object or personal advantage (as a religious ceremony etc.), done from desire of benefit or from interested motives etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmyakarmann. any act or ceremony done from interested or selfish motives. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇikam. a purificatory ceremony (equals nīrājana- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāntivratan. a kind of ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karagraha(1. kara-graha-;for 2.See) m. taking the hand (of the bride;one part of the ceremony being the placing of the bride's right hand with the palm uppermost in the right hand of the bridegroom), marriage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṭam. a kind of funeral ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārayitṛmfn. performer of a religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmakāṇḍan. that part of the śruti- which relates to ceremonial acts and sacrificial rites View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmatyāgam. abandonment of worldly duties or ceremonial rites View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmavidhim. rule of actions or observances, mode of conducting ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇavedham. "ear-boring"(a religious ceremony sometimes performed as a saṃskāra- or to prevent a woman from dying if the birth of a third son be expected) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kartṛmfn. one who acts in a religious ceremony, a priest etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaukilamf(ī-). Name of a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kausurubindam. Name of a daśa-rātra- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kautukan. festivity, gaiety, festival, show, solemn ceremony (especially the ceremony with the marriage-thread or necklace preceding a marriage) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kautukathe place for a particular nuptial ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kautukāgāram. n. a room for festivity, room in which a marriage ceremony takes place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kautukakriyāf. a marriage ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kautukamaṅgalan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) an auspicious ceremony (especially the ceremony with the marriage-thread preceding a marriage) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśāntam. cutting off the hair finally (as a religious ceremony performed upon Brahmans at 16 years of age, kṣatriya-s at 22, and vaiśya-s at 24) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśāntikamfn. relating to the ceremony of final tonsure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharāsyāf. "donkey-faced", Name of a sorceress, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kḷp cl.1 A1. k/alpate- (; perf. cakḷpe-,3. plural cākḷpr/e- future kalpiṣyate-and kalpsy-[3. dual number kalpsyete- ; vv.ll. kḷps-and klaps-],or kalpsyati-; Conditional akalpiṣyata-,or lpsyat-; 1st future kalpitā-or kalptā-[see ]; Aorist akḷpta-or pat-; proper and perf. only A1. ), to be well ordered or regulated, be well managed, succeed etc. ; to bear suitable relation to anything, correspond, be adapted to, in accordance with, suitable to (instrumental case) etc. ; to be fit for (locative case) ; to accommodate one's self to, be favourable to, subserve, effect (with dative case) etc. ; to partake of (dative case) etc. ; to fall to the share, be shared or partaken by (locative case dative case or genitive case exempli gratia, 'for example' yajñ/o dev/eṣu kalpatām-,"let the sacrifice be shared by the gods") ; to become (with Nominal verb) ; (with dative case [ Va1rtt. 2 ] ) ; to happen, occur ; to prepare, arrange ; to produce, cause, effect, create (with accusative) ; to declare as, consider as (with double accusative) (perf. p. kḷptavat-): Causal P. A1. kalp/ayati-, te-, (Aorist acīkḷpat-or cākḷpat-[ ] subjunctive cīkḷpāti- ), to set in order, arrange, distribute, dispose ; to bring into suitable connection with ; to prepare, arrange etc. ; to fit out, furnish with (instrumental case) ; to help any one in obtaining anything (dative case or locative case or genitive case) ; to fix, settle ; to declare as, consider as (with double accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' mātaram enāṃ kalpayantu-,"let them consider her as their mother" ) etc. ; to make, execute, bring about etc. ; to frame, form, invent, compose (as a poem etc.), imagine ; to perform (as a ceremony etc.) ; to trim, cut ; (in Prakrit) ; to pronounce a formula or verse which contains the kḷp- : Desiderative cikḷpsati- or cikalpiṣate- ; ([ confer, compare Gothic hilpa; English help; German helfe; Lithuanian gelbmi.])
kokilahotran. "relating to the duties or office of the hotṛ- priest at the kaukila- ceremony", Name of a treatise. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kokilamaitrāvaruṇan. "relating to the duties or office of the maitrāvaruṇa- priest at the kaukila- ceremony"Name of a treatise. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛ Ved. (I) cl.2 P. 2. sg. k/arṣi- dual number kṛth/as- plural kṛth/a-; A1. 2. sg. kṛṣ/e-; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /akar-, 3. sg. rarely /akat- () ; 3. dual number /akartām-; plural /akarma-, /akarta- (also ), /akran- (Aorist,according to ); A1. /akri- (), /akṛthās- (), /akṛta- (); akrātām- (), /akrata- ( ) : imperative kṛdh/i- (also ), kṛt/am-, kṛt/a-; A1. kṛṣv/a-, kṛdhv/am-; subjunctive 2. and 3. sg. kar- plural k/arma-, k/arta- and kartana-, kran-; A1. 3. sg. kṛta- () , 3. plural kr/anta- () : Potential kriyāma- (); pr. p. P. (Nominal verb plural) kr/antas- A1. krāṇ/a-. (II) cl.1 P. k/arasi-, k/arati-, k/arathas-, k/aratas-, k/aranti-; A1. k/arase-, k/arate-, k/arāmahe-: imperfect tense /akaram-, /akaras-, /akarat- (Aorist,according to ) : imperative k/ara-, k/aratam-, k/aratām-: subjunctive k/aram-, k/arāṇi-, k/aras-, k/arat-, k/arāma-, k/aran-; A1. karāmahai-; pr. p. f. k/arantī- () (III) cl.5 P. kṛṇ/omi-, ṇ/oṣi-, ṇ/oti-, kṛṇuth/as-, kṛṇm/as- and kṛṇmasi-, kṛṇuth/a-, kṛṇv/anti-; A1. kṛṇv/e-, kṛṇuṣ/e-, kṛṇut/e-, 3. dual number kṛṇv/aite- (); plural kṛṇm/ahe-, kṛṇv/ate-: imperfect tense /akṛṇos-, /akṛṇot-, /akṛṇutam-, /akṛṇuta- and ṇotana- (), /akṛṇvan-; A1. 3. sg. /akṛṇuta- plural /akṛṇudhvam-, /akṛṇvata-: imperative kṛṇ/u- or kṛṇuh/i- or kṛṇut/āt-, kṛṇ/otu-, kṛṇut/am-, kṛṇut/ām-, 2. plural kṛṇut/a- or kṛṇ/ota- or kṛṇ/otana-, 3. plural kṛṇv/antu-; A1. kṛṇuṣv/a-, kṛṇut/ām-, kṛṇv/āthām-, kṛṇudhv/am-: subjunctive kṛṇ/avas-, ṇ/avat- or ṇ/avāt-, kṛṇ/avāva-, ṇ/avāma-, ṇ/avātha-, ṇ/avatha-, ṇ/avan-; A1. kṛṇ/avai- (once ṇavā- ), kṛṇavase- (also varia lectio ṇvase-), kṛṇavate-, kṛṇ/avāvahai-, kṛṇ/avāmahai-, 3. plural kṛṇ/avanta- () or kṛṇavante- or kṛṇvata- () : Potential A1. kṛṇvīt/a-; pr. p. P. kṛṇv/at- (f. vat/ī-) A1. kṛṇvāṇ/a-. (IV) cl.8. (this is the usual formation in the brāhmaṇa-s; sūtra-s, and in classical Sanskrit) P. kar/omi- (Epic kurmi- ); kurv/as-, kuruth/as-, kurut/as-, kurm/as- ([ kulmas-in an interpolation after ]), kuruth/a-, kurv/anti-; A1. kurv/e-, etc., 3. plural kurv/ate- () : imperfect tense akaravam-, akaros-, akarot-, akurva-, etc.; A1. 3. sg. akuruta- plural akurvata-: imperative kuru-, karotu- (in the earlier language 2. and 3. sg. kurutāt-,3. sg. also ), kuruta- or kurutana- (); A1. kuruṣva-, kurudhvam-, kurv/atām-: subjunctive karavāṇi-, karavas-, vāt-, vāva- or vāvas- ( ), vāma- or vāmas- (), vātha-, van-; A1. karavai-, kuruthās-, karavāvahai- (; he- ), karavaithe-, vaite- ( , ), vāmahai-(he- ) : Potential P. kuryām- A1. kurvīya- (); pr. p. P. kurv/at- (f. vat/ī-); A1. kurvāṇ/a-: perf. P. cak/āra-, cak/artha-, cakṛv/a-, cakṛm/a-, cakr/a- (); A1. cakr/e-, cakrir/e-; parasmE-pada cakṛvas- (accusative cakr/uṣam- ); A1. cakrāṇa- () : 2nd future kariṣy/ati-; subjunctive 2. sg. kariṣy/ās- (); 1st future k/artā-: preceding kriyāsam-: Aorist P. Ved. cakaram- (), acakrat- (), /acakriran- (); A1. 1. sg. kṛske- (); Class. akārṣīt- ( ;once akāraṣīt- ); Passive voice Aorist reflex. akāri- and akṛta- ( ) : infinitive mood k/artum-, Ved. k/artave-, k/artav/ai-, k/artos- (See ss.vv.); ind.p. kṛtv/ā-, Ved. kṛtv/ī- ([ ]) and kṛtv/āya- ([ ]) ; to do, make, perform, accomplish, cause, effect, prepare, undertake etc. ; to do anything for the advantage or injury of another (genitive case or locative case) etc. ; to execute, carry out (as an order or command) ; to manufacture, prepare, work at, elaborate, build ; to form or construct one thing out of another (ablative or instrumental case) etc. ; to employ, use, make use of (instrumental case) etc. ; to compose, describe ; to cultivate (confer, compare ) ; to accomplish any period, bring to completion, spend (exempli gratia, 'for example' varṣāṇi daśa cakruḥ-,"they spent ten years"; kṣaṇaṃ kuru-,"wait a moment"; confer, compare kritakṣaṇa-) ; to place, put, lay, bring, lead, take hold of (accusative or locative case or instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' ardh/aṃ-kṛ-,to take to one's own side or party, cause to share in(genitive case;See 2. ardh/a-); haste-or pāṇau-kṛ-,to take by the hand, marry ; hṛdayena-kṛ-,to place in one's heart, love ; hṛdi-kṛ-,to take to heart, mind, think over, consider ; manasi-kṛ- idem or 'f. (equals kuhī-) a fog ' ;to determine, purpose [ ind.p. si-kṛtvā-or si-kṛtya-] ; vaśe-kṛ-,to place in subjection, become master of ) ; to direct the thoughts, mind, etc. (m/anas-[ etc.] or buddhim-[ ] or matim-[ ]or bhāvam-[ ], etc.) towards any object, turn the attention to, resolve upon, determine on (locative case dative case infinitive mood,or a sentence with iti- exempli gratia, 'for example' mā śoke manaḥ kṛthāḥ-,do not turn your mind to grief ; gamanāya matiṃ cakre-,he resolved upon going ; alābuṃ samutsraṣṭuṃ manaś cakre-,he resolved to create a gourd ; draṣṭā tavāsmīti matiṃ cakāra-,he determined to see him ) ; to think of (accusative) ; to make, render (with two accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' ādityaṃ kāṣṭhām akurvata-,they made the sun their goal ) etc. ; to procure for another, bestow, grant (with genitive case or locative case) etc. ; A1. to procure for one's self, appropriate, assume ; to give aid, help any one to get anything (dative case) ; to make liable to (dative case) ; to injure, violate (exempli gratia, 'for example' kanyāṃ-kṛ-,to violate a maiden) ; to appoint, institute ; to give an order, commission ; to cause to get rid of, free from (ablative or -tas-) ; to begin (exempli gratia, 'for example' cakre śobhayitum purīm-,they began to adorn the city) ; to proceed, act, put in practice etc. ; to worship, sacrifice ; to make a sound (svaram-or śabdam-) ( ), utter, pronounce (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with the sounds phaṭ-, phut-, bhāṇ-, v/aṣaṭ-, svadh/ā-, sv/āhā-, hiṃ-), pronounce any formula () ; (with numeral adverbs ending in dhā-) to divide, separate or break up into parts (exempli gratia, 'for example' dvidhā-kṛ-,to divide into two parts, ind.p. dvidhā kṛtvā-or dvidhā-kṛtya-or -kāram- ; sahasradhā-kṛ-,to break into a thousand pieces) ; (with adverbs ending in vat-) to make like or similar, consider equivalent (exempli gratia, 'for example' rājyaṃ tṛṇa-vat kṛtvā-,valuing the kingdom like a straw ) ; (with adverbs ending in sāt-) to reduce anything to, cause to become, make subject (See ātma-sāt-, bhasma-sāt-) The above senses of kṛ- may be variously modified or almost infinitely extended according to the noun with which this root is connected, as in the following examples: sakhyaṃ-kṛ-, to contract friendship with ; pūjāṃ-kṛ-, to honour ; rājyaṃ-kṛ-, to reign ; snehaṃ-kṛ-, to show affection ; ājñāṃ- or nideśaṃ- or śāsanaṃ- or kāmaṃ- or yācanāṃ- or vacaḥ- or vacanaṃ- or vākyaṃ-kṛ-, to perform any one's command or wish or request etc. ; dharmaṃ-kṛ-, to do one's duty ; nakhāni-kṛ-,"to clean one's nails" See kṛta-nakha- ; udakaṃ- ([ ]) or salilaṃ- ([ ]) kṛ-, to offer a libation of Water to the dead ; to perform ablutions ; astrāṇi-kṛ-, to practise the use of weapons ; darduraṃ-kṛ-, to breathe the flute ; daṇḍaṃ-kṛ-, to inflict punishment etc. ; kālaṃ-kṛ-, to bring one's time to an end id est to die ; ciraṃ-kṛ-, to be long in doing anything, delay ; manasā- (for si-See above) kṛ-, to place in one's mind, think of, meditate ; śirasā-kṛ-, to place on one's the head ; mūrdhnā-kṛ-, to place on one's head, obey, honour. Very rarely in veda- () , but commonly in the brāhmaṇa-s, sūtra-s, and especially in classical Sanskrit the perf. forms cakāra-and cakre- auxiliarily used to form the periphrastical perfect of verbs, especially of causatives exempli gratia, 'for example' āsāṃ cakre-,"he sat down" ; gamay/āṃ cakāra-,"he caused to go"[see ;in veda- some other forms of kṛ-are used in a similar way, viz. proper karoti- ; imperfect tense akar- and ;3. plural akran- and ; preceding kriyāt- (See );according to , also karotu-with vid-]. Causal kārayati-, te-, to cause to act or do, cause another to perform, have anything made or done by another (double accusative instrumental case and accusative [see ] exempli gratia, 'for example' sabhāṃ kāritavān-,he caused an assembly to be made ; rāja-darśanaṃ māṃ kāraya-,cause me to have an audience of the king; vāṇijyaṃ kārayed vaiśyam-,he ought to cause the vaiśya- to engage in trade ; na śakṣyāmi kiṃcit kārayituṃ tvayā-,I shall not be able to have anything done by thee ) ; to cause to manufacture or form or cultivate etc. ; to cause to place or put, have anything placed, put upon, etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' taṃ citrapaṭaṃ vāsa-gṛhe bhittāv akārayat-,he had the picture placed on the wall in his house ) . Sometimes the Causal of kṛ- is used for the simple verb or without a causal signification (exempli gratia, 'for example' padaṃ kārayati-,he pronounces a word ; mithyā k-,he pronounces wrongly ; kaikeyīm anu rājānaṃ kāraya-,treat or deal with kaikeyī- as the king does ) : Desiderative c/ikīrṣati- (Aorist 2. sg. acikīrṣīs- ) , Epic also te-, to wish to make or do, intend to do, design, intend, begin, strive after etc. ; to wish to sacrifice or worship : Intensive 3. plural karikrati- (pr. p. k/arikrat-See ), to do repeatedly ; Class. carkarti- or carikarti- or carīkarti- ([ ]) , also carkarīti- or carikarīti- or carīkarīti- or cekrīyate- ([ib. Scholiast or Commentator ]); ([ confer, compare Hibernian or Irish caraim,"I perform, execute";ceard,"an art, trade, business, function";sucridh,"easy"; Old German karawan,"to prepare"; modern German gar,"prepared (as food)"; Latin creo,ceremonia;, .])
krāntan. a step (viṣṇoḥ krānta-,"the step of viṣṇu-", Name of a ceremony ; see viṣṇu-krama-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kratum. a sacrificial rite or ceremony, sacrifice (as the aśva-medha- sacrifice), offering, worship (also personified ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kratukarmann. a sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyāf. a religious rite or ceremony, sacrificial act, sacrifice etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyāf. with caramā-,"the last ceremony", rites performed immediately after death, obsequies, purificatory rites (as ablution etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyākalāpam. the great body of ceremonies enjoined in the Hindu law
kriyālopam. discontinuance or loss of any of the essential ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyāpavargam. liberation from ceremonial acts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyāsamūham. the whole of the ceremonies from impregnation (viṣeka-) to cremation (śmaśāna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyāvatmfn. performing ceremonies in the right manner View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kriyāvatmfn. consisting of or connected with a religious ceremony (as the rite of initiation). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtacūḍam. a boy on whom the ceremony of tonsure has been performed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtāhakamfn. (fr. ahan-), one who has performed the daily ceremonies or devotions. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtakriyamfn. one who has performed a religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtyāf. (especially personified) a kind of female evil spirit or sorceress etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣāmavatīf. (-) (scilicet iṣṭi-) Name of a particular sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatradhṛtif. "support of supreme power", Name of part of the rāja-sūya- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatrasavam. Name of a sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣīṇājyakarmanmfn. "one who has done with sacrificial ceremonies", a Buddhist View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣiprahomam. a speedy sacrifice (in which several ceremonies are omitted) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣipraṃsuvanan. a particular ceremony for causing easy birth, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuhalim. the leaf of the Piper Betel (commonly called Pan) with small pieces of the Areca-nut and Catechu and a little lime (chewed by persons in the East and especially offered to the persons at a matrimonial ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūkudam. one who gives a girl in marriage with due ceremony and suitable decorations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumārīpūjāf. the worship of kumārī- or durgā- (a ceremony performed at the great durgā- festival, when a girl between ten and twelve years old is placed on a pedestal as the representative of the goddess, and fed with offerings made to the idol). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumbhāntamfn. concluding with the (ceremony of interring the) urn, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍapāyinmfn. drinking out of pitchers (yinām ayana- n.a particular religious ceremony) (see kauṇ ḍapāyina-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍapāyyamfn. (scilicet kratu-,etc., a ceremony or sacrifice) at which ewers or pitchers are used for drinking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuśam. the sacred grass used at certain religious ceremonies (Poa cynosuroides, a grass with long pointed stalks) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuśāṅgurīyan. a ring of kuśa- grass (worn at religious ceremonies) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmīpūjanan. the ceremony of worshipping lakṣmī- performed by a bridegroom along with his bride (at the conclusion of the marriage after the bride has been brought to her husband's house) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lalitātṛtīyāvratan. a particular religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
liṅgadvādaśavratan. a particular religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lohābhisāram. Name of a military ceremony performed on the 10th day after the nīrājana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhuparkam. the ceremony of receiving a guest with it etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhuparkikamf(ī-)n. relating to or presented at the madhu-parka- ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maghātrayodaśīśrāddhan. a śrāddha- ceremony on that day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahābrāhmaṇam. a priest who officiates at a śrāddha- or solemn ceremony in honour of deceased ancestors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahācakran. the mystic circle or assembly in the śākta- ceremonial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahaikoddiṣṭan. a kind of funeral ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahānānātvan. Name of certain ceremonial rules View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāpūjāf. "great honour", a particular religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāvratan. Name of a sāman- or stotra- appointed to be sung on the last day but one of the gavām-ayana- (applied also to the day itself or its ceremonies or according to to commentator or commentary to the śastra- following the stotra-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malamāsam. an intercalary month, an intercalated 13th month (in which no religious ceremonies should be performed) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malamāsavratan. Name of a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mañcamaṇḍapam. a sort of temporary open shed, a platform erected for particular ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalan. anything auspicious or tending to a lucky issue (exempli gratia, 'for example' a good omen, a prayer, benediction, auspicious ornament or amulet, a festival or any solemn ceremony on important occasions etc.; see mfn.below) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalācāram. the repeating a prayer for success and observing other auspicious ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalācārayuktamfn. accompanied with a prayer for success, attended with auspicious ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalavidhim. any auspicious ceremony or festive rite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māṅgalyan. any auspicious object or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māntrikam. a reciter of spells, enchanter, sorcerer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manum. the Man par excellence or the representative man and father of the human race (regarded in the as the first to have instituted sacrifices and religious ceremonies, and associated with the ṛṣi-s kaṇva- and atri-;in the described as dividing his possessions among some of his sons to the exclusion of one called nābhā-nediṣṭha- q.v;called sāṃvaraṇa- as author of ; āpsava- as author of ;in he is numbered among the 31 divine beings of the upper sphere, and as father of men even identified with prajā-pati-;but the name manu- is especially applied to 14 successive mythical progenitors and sovereigns of the earth, described and in later works as creating and supporting this world through successive antara-s or long periods of timeSee manv-antara-below;the first is called svāyambhuva- as sprung from svayam-bhū-,the Self-existent, and described in as a sort of secondary creator, who commenced his work by producing 10 prajāpati-s or maharṣi-s, of whom the first was marīci-,Light;to this manu- is ascribed the celebrated"code of manu-"See manu-saṃhitā-,and two ancient sūtra- works on kalpa- and gṛhya- id est sacrificial and domestic rites;he is also called hairaṇyagarbha- as son of hiraṇya-garbha-, and prācetasa-, as son of pra-cetas-;the next 5 manu-s are called svārociṣa-, auttami-, tāmasa-, raivata-, cākṣuṣa- see ;the 7th manu-, called vaivasvata-,Sun-born, or from his piety, satya-vrata-,is regarded as the progenitor of the present race of living beings, and said, like the Noah of the Old Testament, to have been preserved from a great flood by viṣṇu- or brahmā- in the form of a fish: he is also variously described as one of the 12 āditya-s, as the author of ,as the brother of yama-, who as a son of he Sun is also called vaivasvata-, as the founder and first king of ayodhyā-, and as father of ilā- who married budha-, son of the Moon, the two great solar and lunar races being thus nearly related to each otherSee ;the 8th manu- or first of the future manu-s according to to ,will be sāvarṇi-;the 9th dakṣa-sāvarṇi-;the 12th rudra-sāvarṇi-;the 13th raucya- or deva-sāvarṇi-;the 14th bhautya- or indra-- sāvarṇi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māraṇan. a magical ceremony having for its object the destruction of an enemy (also māraṇakarman -karman- n.and māraṇakṛtya -kṛtya- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārjanan. "purifying (one's self with water)", part of a religious ceremony at the morning saṃdhy-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
medhasāti(medh/a--) f. the receiving or offering of the oblation, sacrificial ceremony (;others"the offering of devotion, service or worship of the gods";others "the gaining or deserving of a reward or praise") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghapālitṛtīyāvratan. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekhalāf. investiture with the girdle and the ceremony connected with it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
miśr (also written misr-,properly Nom.fr. miśra-below) cl.10 P. () miśrayati- (or miśrāpayati- ), to mix, mingle, blend, combine ("with", instrumental case) etc. ; to add [ confer, compare Greek , .; Latin miscere; Slavonic or Slavonian me7siti; Lithuanian mi4sti,maisztas; German misken,mischen; Anglo-Saxon miscian; English mix.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
moghakarmanmfn. one whose actions are fruitless, observing useless ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṣādānan. "false gift", feigned or insincere promise of a gift View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtasaṃskāram. funeral rites or ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtyutūryan. a kind of drum beaten at funeral ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mudrāf. parched or fried grain (as used in the śākta- or Tantrik ceremonial) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrdhanyamfn. "formed on the roof or top of the palate", Name of a class of letters (the so-called"cerebrals"or"linguals" , viz. -, -, -, ṭh-, -, ḍh-, -, r-, -) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṇathe cerebral nasal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgabalim. an oblation to the nāga-s (a particular marriage ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nagaran. (m.only ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ;prob. not fr. naga-+ ra-,but see gaRa aśamādi-;the n-cannot be cerebralized gaRa kṣubhnādi-) a town, city, Name of several cities View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naimittikakriyāf. an occasional or periodical ceremony or rite (as observed on the birth of a child etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naiścityam. a fixed ceremony or festival (as a birth, investiture, marriage etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakṣatrapuruṣam. a ceremony in which such a figure is worshipped View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nam cl.1 P. n/amati- (), te- (mostly intrans.; confer, compare ; pr. p. A1. namāna- ; perfect tense P. nāma- etc.;2. sg. nemitha-,or nanantha- ; subjunctive nan/amas- ;3. plural nemur- ; A1. neme- ;3. plural -nanamire- ; Aorist P. anān- ; anaṃsīt- ; A1. anaṃsta- grammar;3. plural anaṃsata- ; subjunctive naṃsai-, naṃsante- ; future naṃsyati- ; namiṣyati- ; nantā- ; infinitive mood -n/amam-, -n/ame- ; nantum-, namitum- ; ind.p. natvā- ; -natya- ; -namya- ) to bend or bow (either trans. or oftener intr.) to bow to, subject or submit, one's self (with genitive case dative case or accusative) etc. ; (with hiruk-) to turn away, keep aside ; to turn towards id est to aim at (genitive case) with (instrumental case) ; to yield or give way, keep quiet or be silent ; (in gram.) to change a dental letter into a cerebral : Passive voice namyate-, to be bent or bowed ; yield or submit to : Causal nam/ayati- etc. (nāmayati- etc.; nāmyati-[!] ; Aorist anīnamat- ; Passive voice nāmyate-, ti- etc.) to cause to bow or sink, incline etc. ; (with cāpam-) to bend a bow etc. ; to turn away or ward off ; to aim at (genitive case), ; (in gram.) to change a dental letter into a cerebral : Desiderative ninaṃsati-, : Intensive n/annamīti- ; nannamyate- (3. sg. n/amnate- imperfect tense anamnata-, parasmE-pada n/amamāna- ) to bow or submit one's self to (dative case). [ confer, compare Zend nam,nemaiti; Greek , ; Latin nemus; Gothic , Old Saxon , Anglo-Saxon niman; HGerm. ne0man,ne0men,nehmen.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmadheyan. the ceremony of giving a name to a child (also nāmadheyakaraṇa -karaṇa- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmadvādaśīf. a ceremony consisting in worshipping durgā- under one of her 12 appellations (gaurī-, kālī-, umā-, bhadrā-, durgā-, kānti-, sarasvatī-, maṅgalā-, vaiṣṇavī-, lakṣmī-, śivā-, nārāyaṇī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmakaraṇan. the ceremony of naming a child after birth etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāminmfn. bending, (especially) changing a dental to a cerebral (said of all vowels except a-and ā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
namyamfn. changeable to a cerebral letter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nandinmfn. (initial n-cannot be cerebralized gaRa kṣubhnādi-) rejoicing, gladdening (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nantṛmfn. changing a dental to a cerebral View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
narasiṃhadvādaśīf. Name of the 12th day in the light half of the month phālguna- ( narasiṃhadvādaśīvrata śī-vrata- n.a ceremony then performed, Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārāyaṇabalim. "oblation to narāyaṇa-", a particular funeral ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārāyaṇāvalīf. Name of work on particular funeral ceremonies. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naś cl.4 P. () n/aśyati- (rarely te-and cl.1.P. n/aśati-, te-; perfect tense nanāśa-,3. plural neśur-; Aorist anaśat- etc.; aneśat-, n/eśat- [ confer, compare on ]; future naśiṣyati- ; naṅkṣyati-, te-[cond. anaṅkṣyata-] ; naśitā- ; naṃṣṭā- ; naṅgdhā- ; infinitive mood naśitum-, naṃṣum- grammar; ind.p. naśitvā-, naṣṭva-, naṃṣṭvā- ) to be lost, perish, disappear, be gone, run away etc. ; to come to nothing, be frustrated or unsuccessful etc.: Causal nāś/ayati-, Epic also te- (Aorist -anīnaśat-; dative case infinitive mood -nāśayadhyai- ) to cause to be lost or disappear, drive away, expel, remove, destroy, efface etc. ; to lose (also from memory), give up ; to violate, deflower (a girl) ; to extinguish (a fire) ; to disappear (in - nīnaśah-and naśuḥ-) : Desiderative ninaśiṣati- or ninaṅkṣati- (confer, compare ninaṅkṣu-) ; Desiderative of Causal nināśayiṣati-, to wish to destroy : Intensive nānaśyate- or nānaṃṣṭi- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek ; Latin nex,nocere]) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
natamfn. cerebralized (as the letter n- see nati-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
natif. the change of a dental letter to a cerebral View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
natyakṣaran. a letter subject to cerebralization (exempli gratia, 'for example' the letter n-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navānnan. a ceremony observed on first eating new rice etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nepathyasavanan. a ceremony performed in full toilet (Bombay edition nepathya-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
(for 1.See) cl.1 P. A1. () nayati- te- (perfect tense P. nināya-,2. sg. ninetha- plural nīnima- ; subjunctive ninīth/as- Potential ninīyāt- ; imperative ninetu- ; A1. ninye- etc.; -nayām āsa- ; -nayāṃ cakre- ; Aorist P.3. dual number anītām- subjunctive n/eṣi-, neth/ā- ; anaiṣīt- subjunctive neṣati-, ṣat-,3. plural A1. aneṣata- ; anayīt- ; future neṣyati- ; te- ; nayiṣyati-, te- ; n/etā-, nayitā- ; ind.p. nītvā- etc.; nayitvā- ; n/īya- etc.; infinitive mood neṣ/aṇi- ; n/etavai-, tos-and nayitum- ; n/etum- etc.), to lead, guide, conduct, direct, govern (also with agram-and genitive case; see agra-ṇī-) etc. ; to lead etc. towards or to (accusative with or without prati- dative case, locative case or artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') ; to lead or keep away, exclude from (ablative) ; (A1.) to carry off for one's self (as a victor, owner etc.) ; (A1.,rarely P.) to lead home id est marry ; to bring into any state or condition (with accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' with vaśam-,to bring into subjection, subdue[A1. ; P. ];with śūdra-tām-,to reduce to a śūdra- ;with sākṣyam-[A1.],to admit as a witness, ;with vyāghra-tām-,to change into a tiger ;with vikrayam-,to sell ;with paritoṣam-,to satisfy ;with duḥkham-,to pain ;rarely, with locative case exempli gratia, 'for example' duhitṛ-tve-,to make a person one's daughter ;or with an adverb in -sāt- exempli gratia, 'for example' bhasmasāt-to reduce to ashes ) ; to draw (a line etc.) ; to pass or spend (time) etc. ; (with daṇḍam-) to bear the rod id est inflict punishment (with vyavahāram-) to conduct a process ; (with kriyām-) to conduct a ceremony, preside over a religious act ; to trace, track, find out, ascertain, settle, decide (with anyathā-,"wrongly") etc. ; (A1.) to be foremost or chief : Causal nāyayati-, te-, to cause to lead etc. ; to cause to be led by (instrumental case) (see Va1rtt. 5 ) : Desiderative n/inīṣati-, te- ( , w. r. nineṣati-), to wish to lead or bring or carry to or into (accusative or dative case) etc. ; to wish to carry away ; to wish to spend or pass (time) ; to wish to exclude from (ablative) ; to wish to find out or ascertain, investigate : Intensive nenīy/ate- to lead as a captive, have in one's power, rule, govern View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nidhanakriyāf. a funeral ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nihnavam. begging pardon, making amends or reparation (a kind of ceremony at which the ṛtvij- lay their hands upon the prastara- and recite ) on (also hnavana- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlavratan. a kind of religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nimbam. the Nimb or Neemb tree, Azadirachta Indica (its fruit is bitter and its leaves are chewed at funeral ceremonies) (also -ka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīrāj( nis-- rāj-), Causal -rājayati-, to cause to shine upon, illuminate, irradiate ; to perform the nīrājana- ceremony on (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīrājanan. lustration of arms (a ceremony performed by kings in the month āśvina- or in kārttika- before taking the field) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīrājanavidhim. the nīrājana- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirmālyan. the remains of an offering to a deity, flowers left at a sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirmañc(ind.p. -mañcya-), to perform the ceremony of lustration with anything (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirmantramfn. (a ceremony) unaccompanied by holy texts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirmitamfn. (ceremony) performed, celebrated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvyājamfn. exact, honest, sincere, pure etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvyalīkamfn. not feeling pain or uneasiness, willing, ready, sincere, undissembling etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvyalīkamind. sincerely, willingly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvyalīkatasind. sincerely, willingly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣekam. seminal infusion, impregnation and the ceremony connected with it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nityakṛtyan. a regular and necessary act or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nityanaimittikan. (with or scilicet karman-) any regularly recurring occasional act or ceremony or any rite constantly performed to accomplish some object (as śrāddha-s at fixed lunar periods) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niveśam. (the initial n-not subject to cerebralisation gaRa kṣubhnādi-) entering, settling in a place, encamping, halting etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paddhatif. Name of a class of writings (described as guide-books or manuals for particular rites and ceremonies and the texts relating to them) and of several works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paiśācīf. a present made at a religious ceremony to secure friendly regard View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pākaśaṃsamfn. speaking sincerely View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pākasutvanmfn. offering soma- with a simple or sincere mind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pālāśakarmann. Name of a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcavarṣikamaham. a kind of festival or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcāyatanan. Name of a particular ceremony (at which 5 symbols are used) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇigrahaṇasaṃskāram. the ceremony of hand-taking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañjaram. a purificatory ceremony performed on cows View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parapākanivṛttam. one who cooks his own food without observing a particular ceremony
parapākaratam. one who lives upon others but observes the due ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parikartṛm. a priest who performs the marriage ceremony for a younger brother whose elder brother is not yet married View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṇayavidhim. marriage-ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paristaraṇikāf. a cow killed at a funeral ceremony (the limbs of the corpse being covered with its limbs) (see anu-st/araṇī-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārthan. Name of 12 sacred texts (ascribed to pṛthi- vainya- and repeated during the ceremony of unction in the rāja-sūya- sacrifice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parvakārinmfn. one who for the sake of gain performs on common days such ceremonies as should be performed only on festivals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārvaṇaśrāddhan. a ceremony in honour of ancestors performed at the conjunction of sun and moon id est at new moon and at other periods of the moon's changes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryagnikaraṇan. the ceremony of carrying fire round the sacrificial animal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryagnikaraṇīyamfn. relating to this ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryāyam. a regularly recurring series or formula (especially in the ati-rātra- ceremony) ( paryāyatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśudevatamf(ā-)n. invoking cattle as a deity (said of a formula or ceremony), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pauṣṭikan. a cloth worn during the ceremony of tonsure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalapradānan. the giving of fruit (a marriage-ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṇḍānvāhārya n. a particular śrāddha- ceremony in which meat is eaten after offering the balls of rice etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṇḍānvāhāryakan. a particular śrāddha- ceremony in which meat is eaten after offering the balls of rice etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṇḍodakakriyāf. the ceremony of offering balls of rice etc. and water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pinvanan. a particular vessel used in religious ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pipītakam. Name of a Brahman who was the first to perform a particular ceremony in honour of viṣṇu- on the day called after him (See f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pīṭhanyāsam. Name of a particular mystical ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pitṛpakṣam. the half month of the pitṛ-s, Name of the dark half in the gauṇa- āśvina- (particularly dedicated to the performance of the śrāddha- ceremonies) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pitryan. (with or sc: karman-) worship of the pitṛ-s, obsequial ceremony etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhātakaraṇīyan. a morning rite or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabrūP. A1. -bravīti-, -brūte-, to exclaim, proclaim, announce, declare, teach, indicate, betray ; to praise, celebrate ; to speak kindly to (dative case) ; to say, tell, relate etc. (with two accusative ;with satyam-,to speak the truth, speak sincerely ) ; to read before (genitive case or dative case) ; to call, name ; to describe as (two accusative) ; to announce id est recommend anything to (dative case), offer, present (see ni--1. vid-, Causal) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prach cl.6 P. (), pṛcchati- (Ved. and Epic also A1. pṛcchate-; perfect tense papraccha- etc., papṛkṣ/e-[?] ; Aorist /aprākṣīt- etc., /aprāṭ- , apraṣṭa- ; future prakṣyati- etc., praṣṭā- grammar; ind.p. pṛṣṭvā-, -pṛcchya- ; infinitive mood pr/aṣṭum- etc., -p/ṛccham-, cche- ), to ask, question, interrogate (accusative) ; to ask after inquire about (accusative) ; to ask or interrogate any one (accusative) about anything (accusative dative case locative case, prati-,or adhikṛtya-with accusative; arthe-or hetoḥ- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') (pr.p. A1. pṛcchamāna-,"asking one's self") etc. etc. ; (in astrology) to consult the future ; (with nāmato mātaram-) to inquire about one's (genitive case) mother's name ; (with na-) not to trouble one's self with ; to seek, wish, long for ; to ask, demand, beg, entreat (accusative) : Passive voice pṛcchy/ate-, to be asked or questioned about (act. dative case etc., as above ) etc. etc.: Causal pracchayati- (Aorist apapracchat-) grammar : Desiderative pipṛcchiṣati- : Intensive parīpṛcchyate- [Orig. pṛk-; confer, compare Latin preces,procus;poscereforporscere; Slavonic or Slavonian prositi; Lithuanian praszy4ti; German fra7he7n,fragen;forsko7n,forschen.]
praiṣam. sending, direction, invitation, summons, order, call (especially upon the assistant priest to commence a ceremony) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakriyāf. a ceremony, observance, formality View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakriyāa ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṇapratiṣṭhāf. the ceremony of putting life into an idol by the recitation of certain mantra-s, consecration of an image or idol, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayavatmfn. possessing candour, unceremonious, frank, open, confident View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāñjalamfn. upright, honest, sincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātaḥkāryan. morning business or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātaḥsavanan. the morning libation of soma- (accompanied with 10 ceremonial observances, viz. the prātar-anuvāka-, abhi-ṣava-, bahiṣ-pāvamāna-stotra-, savanīyāḥ- paśavaḥ-, dhiṣṇyopasthāna-, savanīyāḥ- puroḍāsāḥ-, dvi-devatya-grahāḥ-, dvidevatya-bhakṣa-, ṛtu-yājāḥ-, ājya-or prau0gaśastra-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratipattikarmann. a concluding rite or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃskāramind. at every ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisarabandham. a particular nuptial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiṣṭhāf. the performance of any ceremony or of any solemn act, consecration or dedication (of a monument or of an idol or of a temple etc.; see prāṇa-pr-), settling or endowment of a daughter, completion of a vow, any ceremony for obtaining supernatural and magical powers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratividhānan. a subsidiary or substituted ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravaraṇan. any religious ceremony or observance (equals anu-ṣṭhāna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravargam. a large earthenware pot (used in the pravargya- ceremony) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravargyam. a ceremony introductory to the soma- sacrifice (at which fresh milk is poured into a heated vessel called, mahā-vīra-or gharma-,or into boiling ghee) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravargyavatmfn. (gy/a--.) connected with the pravargya- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravarjanan. performance, of the pravargya- ceremony, placing in or near the fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravṛjP. A1. -vṛṇakti-, -vṛṅkte-, (Ved. infinitive mood -v/ṛje-), to strew (the sacrificial grass) ; to place in or on the fire, heat ; to perform the pravargya- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravṛñjanīyamfn. used at the pravargya- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravṛttapāraṇan. a particular religious observance or ceremony (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayājam. "pre-sacrifice", preliminary offering (see anu-yāja- q.v), Name of particular texts or invocations, and of the ājya- libations at which they are employed (they form part of the prāyaṇīya- or introductory ceremony in a soma- sacrifice and are generally 5, but also 9 and 11 in number) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayājam. a principal ceremony or sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayogam. ceremonial form, course of proceeding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayojakam. a founder or institutor of any ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
preṣ( pra-iṣ-) P. A1. preṣyati-, te- (Ved. infinitive mood preṣe- ; ind.p. pr/aiṣam- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order), to drive on, urge, impel, send forth ; to invite, summon, call upon (another priest to commence a recitation or a ceremony [ accusative ] exempli gratia, 'for example' sāma preṣyati-,"he calls upon to commence the recitation of a sāman-"; especially imperative preṣya-,"call upon to recite or offer [ accusative or genitive case ]to [ dative case ]") (see ) : Causal preṣayati-, to hurl, fling, cast, throw ; to turn or direct the eyes (varia lectio prerayantyā-) ; to send forth, dismiss, dispatch etc. ; to send into exile, banish ; to send word, send a message to a person (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
preṣitavyamfn. to be invited (to commence a ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pretalokam. the world of the dead (in which they remain for one year or until the śrāddha- ceremonies are completed) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pretapātran. a vessel used at a śrāddha- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pretaśrāddhan. the obsequial ceremonies performed for a relative at death and every month for a year and at every anniversary after death. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyakalpam. a ceremony intended to cause blessing to a friend, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛṣātakam. (plural) a kind of ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthisavam. Name of a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthivīsavam. Name of a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṃvadvidhānan. ceremonies as on the birth of a male View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punaḥprāyaṇīyamfn. (a ceremony etc.) at which the prāyaṇīya- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) is repeated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punaḥstutif. repeated praise, a repeated ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇyan. a religious ceremony (especially one performed by a wife in order to retain her husband's affections and to obtain a son;also -ka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇyakan. Name of a particular ceremony performed by a woman (equals puṇya- n. q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇyakan. the present made to a wife on the occasion of the puṇyaka- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrjayanan. "conquest of a fortress", Name of a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇābhiṣekam. a particular ceremony among the śākta-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇadarvan. a ceremony with a full ladle (varia lectio vya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇamāsam. a ceremony on the day of full moon etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purorucf. Name of particular nivid- formularies recited at the morning oblation in the ājya- ceremony before the principal hymn or any part of it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puruṣasaṃskāram. a ceremony performed on a (dead) person View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvāhṇikan. a matutinal ceremony or sacrifice equals p-kriyā- (or -vidhi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvedyusind. during that portion of a day on which religious ceremonies are to be performed equals dharmāhe-, dharma-vāsare- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣṭif. Name of a particular ceremony performed for the attainment of welfare or prosperity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣṭikarmann. a religious ceremony performed for the attainment of prosperity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣṭikarmann. a verse or formula relating to this ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣyasnānan. a particular ceremony of purification performed while the moon is passing through the asterism puṣya-. (varia lectio puṣpa-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
putradharmatasind. according to the ceremonies usual on the birth of a son View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
putrakarmann. a ceremony relating to a son View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
putrapiṇḍapālanam. (with upavāsa-) "cherishing the body of a son", Name of a ceremony (; varia lectio -pāraṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
racitamaṅgalamfn. one who has performed an auspicious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājakarmann. the soma- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasūyamfn. relating etc. to the rāja--sacrifice ceremony (exempli gratia, 'for example' yo mantraḥ-,a mantra- recited at the rāja-'s ceremony) Va1rtt. 5 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rakṣāmaṅgalan. a ceremony performed for protection (against evil spirits etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rakṣaṇan. a ceremony performed for protection or preservation
raktākṣam. Name of a sorcerer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rambhātṛtīyāf. Name of the third day of the first half of the month jyaiṣṭha- (so called because Hindu women on this day imitate rambhā-, who bathed on the same day with particular ceremonies) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rambhāvratan. Name of a particular ceremony (see -tṛtīyā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raṅgamaṅgalan. a festive ceremony on the stage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasakalyāṇīvratan. Name of a particular ceremony and of various works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratnaṣaṣṭhīf. a particular religious ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rātricaryāf. a night ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rātriparyāyam. the three recurring ritual acts in the atirātra- ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rātrisattran. a sacrifice or ceremony at night, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rauhiṇam. Name of particular Purodasas used in the pravargya- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛgvedam. "Hymn - veda-"or" veda- of praise", the ṛg-- veda-, or most ancient sacred book of the Hindus (that is, the collective body of sacred verses called ṛca-s [see below], consisting of 1017 hymns [or with the vālakhilya-s 1028] arranged in eight aṣṭaka-s or in ten maṇḍala-s; maṇḍala-s 2-8 contain groups of hymns, each group ascribed to one author or to the members of one family;the ninth book contains the hymns sung at the soma- ceremonies;the first and tenth contain hymns of a different character, some comparatively modern, composed by a greater variety of individual authors;in its wider sense the term ṛg-- veda- comprehends the brāhmaṇa-s and the sūtra- works on the ritual connected with the hymns) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛjumf(jv/ī-)n. ( arj- ;probably fr.2. ṛñj-, column 3 ), tending in a straight direction, straight (literally and figuratively; opp. to vṛjin/a-), upright, honest, right, sincere etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛjubuddhi mfn. of honest mind, sincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛjumatimfn. of honest mind, sincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtan. truly, sincerely, indeed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtadhīti(ṛt/a-dhīti-) mfn. worshipped with true devotion, praised or adored sincerely View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtuyājam. "offering to the seasons", a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūḍhaparyāyamfn. (a ceremony) in which the regularly returning formulas are constantly increasing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣathe second of the three sibilants (it belongs to the cerebral class, and is sometimes substituted for s-,and more rarely for ś-,and occasionally interchangeable with kh-;in sound it corresponds toshin the English wordshun;many roots which begin with s-are written in the dhātu-pāṭha- with -,prob. to show that their initial s-is liable to be cerebralized after certain prepositions). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sacchūdram. (s-+ śū-) a good śūdra-, a śūdra- who has gone through the ceremonies customary in some places even for men of the lower caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadyaḥkrīm. a particular ekāha- (during which an abridged form of the dīkṣā-, upasad-, and sutyā- ceremonies is performed) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sagaram. Name of a king of the solar race, sovereign of ayodhyā- (son of bāhu-;he is said to have been called sa-gara-, as born together with a poison given to his mother by the other wife of his father;he was father of asamañja- by keśinī- and of sixty thousand sons by su-mati-;the latter were turned into a heap of ashes by the sage kapila- [see bhagīratha-],and their funeral ceremonies could only be performed by the waters of gaṅgā- to be brought from heaven for the purpose of purifying their remains;this was finally accomplished by the devotion of bhagīratha-, who having led the river to the sea, called it sāgara- in honour of his ancestor: sagara- is described as having subdued the śaka-s, yavana-s, and other barbarous tribes; plural"the sons of sagara-") etc. ()
sāgnikavidhim. Name of work (containing rules for the śrāddha- ceremonies of householders who maintain a sacred fire). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahacāravidhim. Name of work on the ceremonies enjoined upon a widow burning herself on the pyre of her husband. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasradakṣiṇam. or n. (?) a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahṛdayamf(ā-)n. hearty, sincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sakalpamfn. having rites or ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sākamprasthāyīya() m. a particular ceremony (also yya-yajña- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sākamprasthāyya() m. a particular ceremony (also yya-yajña- )
śaktiśodhanan. "purification of śakti-", a ceremony performed with the woman representing śakti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākvaran. a kind of observance or ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śalalīf. the quill of a porcupine (used in the ceremony of hair-parting and for applying collyrium) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samācam(only ind.p. -camya-), to sip water (as a religious act in ceremonial observances see ā-cam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samaryamfn. (for sam-ary/a-See sam-ri-) attended by many persons, frequented (as a sacrificial ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāvartanan. returning, (especially) the return home of a Brahman student as above (also"the saṃskāra- ceremony performed on the above occasion"; see saṃskāra-) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāmbarīf. a sorceress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃcāyyamfn. (scilicet kratu-,a ceremony) at which the soma- is accumulated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhyākramapaddhatif. Name of work treating of the saṃdhyā- ceremonial. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhyāpātran. a vessel used for pouring out water in performing the saṃdhyā- ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjñānīf. a ceremony for producing unanimity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkhyāmaṅgalagranthim. the auspicious ceremony of tying knots in a thread corresponding to the number of the past years of one's life View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkhyāparimāṇanibandham. Name of a work on ceremonial law considered by number and measure (by keśava- kavīndra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmparāyikamf(ā-or ī-)n. (gaRa saṃtāpādi-) relating to the future or to the passage into another world, future (with phala- n."reward in the next world"; kaṃ-kṛ-,"to prepare for death"or"to perform funeral ceremonies for [ genitive case ]") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampreṣaṇīf. Name of a funeral ceremony (performed on the twelfth day after death) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. a sacred or sanctifying ceremony, one which purifies from the taint of sin contracted in the, womb and leading to regeneration (12 such ceremonies are enjoined on the first three or twice-born classes in , viz. 1. garbhādhāna-,2. puṃ-savana-,3. sīmantonnayana-,4. jāta-karman-,5. nāmakarman-,6. niṣkramaṇa-,7. anna-prāśana-,8. cūḍā-karman-,9. upanayana-,10. keśānta-,11. samāvartana-,12. vivāha-,qq. vv.; according to to there are 40 saṃskāra-s) etc. (; 192 etc. )
saṃskāram. the ceremony performed on a dead body (id est cremation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāram. any purificatory ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārādhikārinmfn. one who has a right to receive all the purificatory ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārahīnam. a man of one of the three classes who has not been a recipient of initiation with the sacred thread or of the other purificatory ceremonies (and hence becomes an outcaste) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskārakartṛm. (the Brahman) who is called in to perform a saṃskāra- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāranāmann. the name given to a child at the name-giving ceremony (and corresponding to the name given at baptism) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃskārikamfn. (fr. saṃ-skāra-) belonging to or requisite for a funeral ceremony or other rite etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskāryamfn. to be consecrated or hallowed with the necessary ceremonies etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃskriyāf. any purificatory rite or consecration (including funeral ceremonies and burning of the dead etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃvatsarīf. a funeral ceremony performed a year after a person's death View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃvatsarikaśrāddhan. an annual funeral ceremony in honour of deceased ancestors (also Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃyājyāf. Name of the yājyā- and anuvākyā- mantra-s (recited in the sviṣṭa-kṛt- ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣāṇmāsyīf. a six-monthly funeral ceremony (between the 170th and 180th day after a person's death) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptapadmf(adī-)n. (t/a--) making 7 steps (round the sacred fire for the conclusion of the marriage ceremony or for the ratification of a treaty) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāptapadamfn. (fr. sapta-pada-) belonging to seven steps, based or depending on seven steps (="sincere","true") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptapadīf. the 7 steps (round the sacred fire at the marriage ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptatriṃśadrātran. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarabhānanāf. " śarabhāna- faced", Name of a sorceress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saralamf(ā-)n. upright, sincere, candid, honest, artless, simple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatam. a particular ceremonial in the worship of sarasvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatakalpam. the above sarasvatī- ceremonial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarīrasaṃskāram. Purification of the body (by the ceremonies at conception, birth, initiation etc.;See saṃsk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasamopraiṣamfn. with a summons or invitation (to the officiating priest to commence a ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṣṭhījāgara() m. the waking on the sixth day after the birth of a child (Name of a particular ceremony;this is the day on which the creator is supposed to enter the mother's chamber and write the child's destiny on its forehead) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṣṭhījāgarakam. () () the waking on the sixth day after the birth of a child (Name of a particular ceremony;this is the day on which the creator is supposed to enter the mother's chamber and write the child's destiny on its forehead) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṣṭhījāgaraṇamaham. () the waking on the sixth day after the birth of a child (Name of a particular ceremony;this is the day on which the creator is supposed to enter the mother's chamber and write the child's destiny on its forehead) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satānūnaptrin(s/a--) m. a companion in the performance of the (ceremony called) tānūnaptra-
śātarātrikamfn. (fr. śata-rātra-) relating to the ceremony of a hundred nights (or days) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śataudanāf. Name of a particular ceremony and of the cow that gives the milk employed in it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satkriyāf. (sg. or plural) kind or respectful treatment, hospitable reception, hospitality (vivāha-sat-kr-,"the celebration of a wedding"; para-loka-sat-kr-,"honouring in regard to the other world", funeral ceremonies ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satkriyāf. any purificatory ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satkriyāf. funeral ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṭtiladānaa particular ceremony (see next) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyamf(ā-)n. true, real, actual, genuine, sincere, honest, truthful, faithful, pure, virtuous, good. successful, effectual, valid (satyaṃ-kṛ-,"to make true, ratify, realise, fulfil") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyadhṛtimfn. (saty/a--) sincere in purpose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saudāmanīf. of a sorceress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saumikīf. the ceremony of pressing out the soma-juice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauram. a representation of a solar zodiacal sign used at marriage ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvanam. the conclusion of a sacrifice or the ceremonies by which it is terminated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savapati(sav/a--) m. the lord of the sava- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasādhanan. "corpses-rite", a magical ceremony performed with a corpses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitrīmahānāmya(?) , the ceremony of investiture with recital of the sāvitrī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śeṣakriyāf. the remainder of a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhanaram. a sorcerer, fortune-teller View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhayoginīf. a sorceress, witch, fairy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhikarīf. Name of a sorceress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlavratan. (with ) ceremonial practices (one of the ten fetters) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śilpan. ceremonial act, ceremony, rite (also m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sīmantakaraṇan. the act or ceremony of parting the hair View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sinīvālīkuhūśāntif. Name of a religious ceremony (for averting the evil effects of being born on sinīvālī- and kuhū- days) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiraḥsthitamfn. being in the head, cerebral (as a letter or sound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śirasn. of a mountain [ confer, compare śīrṣan-; Greek , etc.; Latin cerebrumforceresrum,cornu; German hirni,Hirn; English horn.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sītāf. (less correctly written śītā-; see sīm/an-, sīra-) a furrow, the track or line of a ploughshare (also personified, and apparently once worshipped as a kind of goddess resembling Pomona;in , sitā- is invoked as presiding over agriculture or the fruits of the earth;in , sitā-"the Furrow"is again personified and addressed, four furrows being required to be drawn at the ceremony when the above stanzas are recited;in she is called sāvitrī-,and in indra-patnī-,"the wife of indra-";in epic poetry sitā- is the wife of rāmacandra- and daughter of janaka-, king of mithilā-, capital of videha-, who was otherwise called sīradhvaja-;she was named sitā- because fabled to have sprung from a furrow made by janaka- while ploughing the ground to prepare it for a sacrifice instituted by him to obtain progeny, whence her epithet ayoni--,"not womb-born";her other common names, maithilī- and vaidehī-, are from the place of her birth;according to one legend she was vedavatī- q.v,in the kṛta- age; according to to others she was an incarnation of lakṣmi- and of umā-;the story of rāma-'s bending the bow, which was to be the condition of the gift of sitā-, is told in ; sītā-'s younger sister urmilā- was at the same time given to lakṣmaṇa-, and two nieces of janaka-, daughters of his brother king kuśa-dhvaja-, to bharata- and śatrughna-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śītalam. a religious ceremony observed on the sun's entering Aries View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivanakṣatrapuruṣavratan. a particular observance or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivarātrif. " śiva-'s night", Name of a popular fast and festival in honour of śiva- (kept on the 14th of the dark half of the month māgha- or January-February with many solemn ceremonies, observed during the day and night see śiva-caturdaśī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ślakṣṇamf(ā-)n. honest, sincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtyarthasāram. "essence of the meaning of smṛti-", Name of work on Hindu ceremonies by śrīdhara-svāmin- (divided into ācāra-, āśauca-, and prāyaścitta-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snā (confer, compare snu-) cl.2 P. () sn/āti- cl.4 P. () snāyati- (Epic also A1. snāyate- Potential snāyāt-; Epic also snāyīta-; perfect tense sasnau-,3. plural sasnuḥ- ; future snātā- grammar; snāsyati-, te- etc.; Aorist asnāsīt- grammar; preceding snāyāt-[ confer, compare above] or sneyāt- ; infinitive mood snātum- etc.; ind.p. snātv/ā-, -sn/āya- etc.;Ved. also snātvī- ), to bathe, perform the ceremony of bathing or certain prescribed oblations (especially on returning home from the house of a religious preceptor, or on concluding certain vows etc., also with avabhṛtham-) etc. ; to smear one's self with (instrumental case) : Passive voice snāyate- (Aorist asnāyi- impersonal or used impersonally) : Causal snāp/ayati- or snap/ayati-, (with preposition only snāp-), to cause to bathe, wash, cleanse etc. ; to wash away ; to steep or soak in (locative case) ; to bathe with tears, weep for(?) : Desiderative sisnāsati- (but confer, compare siṣṇāsu-): Intensive sāsnāyate-, sāsnāti-, sāsneti- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin nare.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) bathing, washing, ablution, religious or ceremonial lustration (as of an idol etc.), bathing in sacred waters (considered as one of the six daily duties[ see ṣaṭ-karman-]or as an essential part of some ceremonial, especially the ablutions performed by a brahma-cārin- on becoming a householder see snātaka-) etc. ( ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānavidhikṣamamfn. fit for ceremonial ablutions (said of water), fit for bathing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snātakam. one who has bathed or performed ablutions (id est a Brahman who, after performing the ceremonial lustrations required on his finishing his studentship as a brahma-cārin- under a religious teacher, returns home and begins the second period of his life as a gṛha-stha-See samāvartana-;three kinds of snātaka-s are named, 1. a vidyā-sn- q.v,2. a vrata-sn-[who has completed the vows, such as fasting, continence etc., without the veda-s], 3. a vidyā-vrata-sn-or ubhaya-sn-[who has completed both veda-s and vows], the last is the highest;in a wider sense there may be 9 snātaka-sSee ) () . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sodakumbham. a particular ceremony in honour of deceased ancestors (also Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣoḍaśinm. a sutyā- day with a 16-partite formula (or such a libation), one of the saṃsthā-s of the soma- ceremony etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣoḍaśipātran. the sacrificial vessel used at the ṣoḍaśi- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣoḍaśiśastran. a hymn or liturgical formula recited during the ṣoḍaśin- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhamf(ī-)n. relating to a śrāddha- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhan. a ceremony in honour and for the benefit of dead relatives observed with great strictness at various fixed periods and on occasions of rejoicing as well as mourning by the surviving relatives (these ceremonies are performed by the daily offering of water and on stated occasions by the offering of piṇḍa-s or balls of rice and meal [see piṇḍa-]to three paternal and three maternal forefathers id est to father, grandfather, and great grandfather;it should be borne in mind that a śrāddha- is not a funeral ceremony[ antyeṣṭi-]but a supplement to such a ceremony;it is an act of reverential homage to a deceased person performed by relatives, and is moreover supposed to supply the dead with strengthening nutriment after the performance of the previous funeral ceremonies has endowed them with ethereal bodies;indeed until those antyeṣṭi-,or"funeral rites"have been performed, and until the succeeding first śrāddha- has been celebrated the deceased relative is a preta-or restless, wandering ghost, and has no real body [only a liṅga-śarīra- q.v ];it is not until the first śrāddha- has taken place that he attains a position among the pitṛ-s or Divine Fathers in their blissful abode called pitṛ-loka-, and the śrāddha- is most desirable and efficacious when performed by a son;for a full description of the śrāddha- ceremoniesSee ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhābhimarśanan. touching in the way prescribed at the śrāddha- ceremony, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhikamfn. relating to a śrāddha- or ceremony in honour of deceased ancestors, the recipient of śrāddha- oblations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravaṇākarmann. the ceremony performed on the day of full moon in śrāvaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śucimfn. pure (in a ceremonial sense) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śucībhūP. -bhavati-, to be pure (in a ceremonial sense) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sudakṣiṇamfn. very sincere or upright, very liberal in sacrificial gifts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śudh or śundh- cl.1 P. A1. () śundhati-, te- (imperative śunddhi- ; perfect tense śuśundha- Aorist aśundhīt- future śundhitā-, śundhiṣyati- grammar), to purify (A1."one's self", become or be pure) ; cl.4 P. A1. () śudhyati- (mc. also te-; perfect tense śuśodha- Aorist aśudhat- future śoddhā-, śotsyati-, infinitive mood śoddhum- grammar), to be cleared or cleansed or purified, become pure (especially in a ceremonial sense) etc. ; to become clear or free from doubts ; to be cleared or excused from blame, to be excusable : Passive voice śudhyate- (Aorist aśodhi-) grammar : Causal śundhayati-, to clear, purify ; śodhayati- (Aorist aśūśudhat-), to purify (especially in a ceremonial sense) etc. ; to correct, improve ; to remove (impurity or anything noxious) etc. ; to clear off, pay (debts) ; to acquit, exculpate, justify ; to put to test ; to try, examine ; to make clear, explain ; to subtract : Desiderative śuśutsati- : Intensive śośudhyate-, śośoddhi- grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrāhnikan. the daily ceremonies of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sujaghanamfn. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sujalpam. good speech, a particular kind of speech (sincere, earnest, full of meaning and vivacity) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sujātamfn. genuine, sincere (as piety) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhaśayāf. Name of a sorceress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūktavākam. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuṅgākarmann. a ceremony connected with the puṃ-savana- (q.v) at which the calyx of a young bud of the Ficus Indica is used View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suparvanm. a special lunar day (in which religious ceremonies are performed, as the full and new moon, and the 8th and 14th days of each fortnight) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
surākarmann. a ceremony performed with surā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūryavilokanan. the ceremony of taking a child out to see the sun when four months old View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūryavratan. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtakāgni(gni-) m. a fire lighted at the ceremony performed after child-birth (see sūtikāgni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtikotthānan. a ceremony performed after the 10th day from delivery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. a short sentence or aphoristic rule, and any work or manual consisting of strings of such rules hanging together like threads (these sūtra- works form manuals of teaching in ritual, philosophy, grammar etc.: exempli gratia, 'for example' in ritual there are first the śrauta-sūtra-s, and among them the kalpa-sūtra-s, founded directly on śruti- q.v; they form a kind of rubric to Vedic ceremonial, giving concise rules for the performance of every kind of sacrifice[ ] ; other kinds of śruti- works are the gṛhya-sūtra-s and sāmayācārika- or dharma-sūtra-s id est"rules for domestic ceremonies and conventional customs", sometimes called collectively smārta-sūtra-s [as founded on smṛti-or"tradition"See smārta-]; these led to the later dharmaśāstra-s or"law-books"[ ] ; in philosophy each system has its regular text-book of aphorisms written in sūtra-s by its supposed founder[ ]; in vyākaraṇa- or grammar there are the celebrated sūtra-s of pāṇini- in eight books, which are the groundwork of a vast grammatical literature; with Buddhists, pāśupata-s etc. the term sūtra- is applied to original text books as opp. to explanatory works; with jaina-s they form part of the dṛṣṭivāda-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svargārohaṇan. ascension to heaven, Name of particular funeral ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svavyājamfn. thoroughly sincere or honest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śyāmavratan. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṭathe 1st cerebral consonant (pronounced liketintrue,but properly by keeping back the tip of the tongue and slightly turning it upwards). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tan cl.8 P. A1. n/oti-, nut/e- (3. plural nv/ate-[ --and vi-tanvat/e- ] ; imperative nu-[ /ava-and v/i-tanuhi- ; see Va1rtt. 1 ] ; nuṣva- ; subjunctive 2. sg. nuthās-, ;1. dual number navāvahai-, ; imperfect tense 3. plural /atanvata-, ; perfect tense P. tat/āna-,once tāt- ;2. sg. tat/antha-[ ],class. tenitha-[ ]; A1.1. 2. 3. sg. [ --] tatane-, [abh/i-]tatniṣe-, [v/i-]tatne- ;3. sg. irregular tate-, ;3. plural tatnir/e-[ v/i-- ] or ten-[ (vi--)etc.; see ]; Aorist P. /atan- ; [/ā-]atān-, ; ;[ p/ari--, v/i--] atanat- ; [anv-/ā]atāṃsīt- ; atānīt- ; tat/anat-, [abh/i-]t/anāma-, t/anan- ;2. plural ataniṣṭa- ;3. dual number atāniṣṭām- ; A1. atata-or ataniṣṭa-, atathās-or ataniṣṭhās- ;3. plural /atnata- ; tat/ananta-, ;1. sg. atasi- plural ataṃsmahi- ; future 2nd taṃsy/ate- ; future 1st [vi-]tāyitā- ; parasmE-pada proper tanv/at-, vān/a-; perfect tense tatanv/as-; ind.p. tatvā-, tv/āya-, -t/atya- ;[ vi--] tāya- ; infinitive mood tantum- ; Passive voice tāy/ate- [ parasmE-pada y/amāna-] etc.; tanyate- ; Aorist atāyi- ) to extend, spread, be diffused (as light) over, shine, extend towards, reach to etc. ; to be protracted, continue, endure ; to stretch (a cord), extend or bend (a bow), spread, spin out, weave etc. ; to emboss ; to prepare (a way for) ; to direct (one's way, gatim-) towards ; to propagate (one's self or one's family, tanūs-, tantum-) ; to (spread id est to) speak (words) ; to protract ; to put forth, show, manifest, display, augment etc. (Passive voice to be put forth or extended, increase ) ; to accomplish, perform (a ceremony) etc. ; to sacrifice ; to compose (a literary work) ; to render (any one thirsty, double accusative) : Desiderative titaniṣati-, taṃsati-, tāṃs- : Intensive tantanyate-, tantanīti-, ; ([ see , etc.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tantratāf. comprehending several rites in one, ceremony in lieu of a number View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tānūnaptran. a ceremony in which tanū-napāt- (-n/aptṛ-) is invoked and the oblation touched by the sacrificer and the priests as a form of adjuration ( tānūnaptratva -tva- n.abstr.) (also -tva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tānūnaptran. used in that ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tānūnaptrapātran. a vessel used in that ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tānūnaptrinm. a coadjutor in the tānūnaptra- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tanupādakṣapāṭanan. Name of one of 18 ceremonies performed with particular kuṇḍa-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tarpaṇan. satiating, refreshing (especially of gods and deceased persons[ see ṛṣi--, pitṛ--]by presenting to them libations of water;a particular ceremony performed with a magical mantra- ; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tatamfn. performed (a ceremony) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tatif. a sacrificial act, ceremony (see punas--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tattvanyāsam. "application of true principles", Name of a ceremony in honour of viṣṇu- (application of mystical letters etc. to parts of the body while prayers are recited), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṭavargam. the cerebral consonants collectively View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṭavargīyamfn. belonging to the cerebral consonants, (m.) a cerebral View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
toyakarmann. "water-ceremony", ablution of the body, oblation of water to the dead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
traidhātavīf. (scilicet iṣṭ/i-) Name of a closing ceremony (fr. tri-dh/ātu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trikakudm. of a daśāha- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trikarmanmfn. performing (a Brahman's) 3 chief duties (viz. performing ceremonies, repeating the veda-, and gifts) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triṃśadrātran. a ceremony lasting 30 days View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tryambakam. sg. the ceremony in which those cakes, are offered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tryanīkāf. Name of a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tryupasatkamfn. containing 3 upas/ad- ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakan. the ceremony of offering water to a dead person View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakan. ablution (as a ceremonySee udakārtha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakapūrvakamind. preceded by the above ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakārtham. a ceremony with water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakārthamind. for the sake of water or of the udaka- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakaśīlamfn. practising the udaka--ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udāramf(ā-and ī-)n. sincere, proper, right View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayanīyamfn. belonging to an end or conclusion, finishing (as a ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udvāhakarmann. the marriage ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udvāhatattvan. Name of work of raghu-nandana- on marriage ceremonies. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ukthyam. (scilicet kratu-) Name of a liturgical ceremony (forming part of the jyotiṣṭoma- etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upacāram. a ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upākṛP. A1. -karoti-, -kurute-, (Ved. imperfect tense 1. sg. -akaram-,3. sg. -akar-) to drive or bring near or towards, fetch ; to commit to, deliver, make over, give, bestow, grant (kāmam-,a wish) ; to procure for one's self, obtain ; to bring or set about, make preparations (for a sacred ceremonial), undertake, begin etc. ; to consecrate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upakramam. a particular ceremony preparatory to reading the veda-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanayanan. that ceremony in which a Guru draws a boy towards himself and initiates him into one of the three twice-born classes (one of the twelve saṃskāra-s or purificatory rites [prescribed in the dharma-- sūtra-s and explained in the gṛhya-- sūtra-s] in which the boy is invested with the sacred thread [different for the three castes] and thus endowed with second or spiritual birth and qualified to learn the veda- by heart;a Brahman is initiated in the eighth year [or seventh according to hiraṇyakeśin-;or eighth from conception, according to śāṅkhāyana- etc.], a kṣatriya- in the eleventh, a vaiśya- in the twelfth;but the term could be delayed) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanīP. A1. -nayati-, -te- ( Potential -nayīta- ; parasmE-pada -n/ayamāna- ) to lead or drive near, bring near, bring, adduce, offer ; to bring information, communicate ; to lead or bring near to one's self, take possession of ; to lead, guide ; to lead or draw towards one's self (said of the Guru who, in the ceremony of initiation, draws the boy towards himself) ; to initiate into one of the twice-born classes by investing with the sacred thread etc. (only A1. ) etc. etc. ; to bring about, produce, cause ; to bring into any state, reduce to etc. ; to take into one's service (only A1. ) : Causal -nāyayati-, to cause to initiate (a pupil)
upanītam. a boy brought near to a Guru and initiated into one of the twice-born classes (by investiture with the sacred thread and other ceremonies). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasadP. -sīdati- (Ved. Potential 1. plural -sadema-; imperfect tense -asadat-) to sit upon (accusative) ; to sit near to, approach (especially respectfully), revere, worship etc. etc. ; to approach (a teacher in order to become his pupil) ; to approach asking, request, crave for ; to approach in a hostile manner ; to possess ; to perform the upasad- ceremony (See below) : Causal -sādayati-, to place or put upon or by the side of ; to cause to approach, lead near (See upa-sādita-).
upasadf. Name of a ceremony or sacrificial festival preceding the sutyā- or pressing of the soma- (it lasts several days, and forms part of the jyotiṣṭoma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasadam. the upasad- ceremony (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasadanan. performing (a ceremony or sacrifice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasaddhomam. (for - homa-) the oblation of the upasad- ceremony, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasadrūpan. (eṇa- instrumental case) in the form of an upasad- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasadvratan. a particular observance prescribed for the upasad- ceremony (consisting principally of drinking milk in certain quantities) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasatpatham. the path or way of the upasad- ceremony (See below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasattvan. the being an upasad- ceremony (See below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasparśam. sipping water (from the palm of the hand and swallowing it as a ceremonial) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upaspṛśP. -spṛśati-, to touch above, reach up to, touch ; to touch softly, caress etc. ; (with or without apaḥ-or jalam-etc.) to touch water (for ablution), wash, bathe (as a religious ceremony) ; to sip water (from the palm of the hand;it is not the custom to spit out the water after sipping it) & etc. ; to touch certain parts of one's body (accusative) with water (instrumental case) ; (also without the instrumental case) ; (or without the accusative) : Causal -sparśayati-, to cause to touch water or wash the hands
utsargam. presentation (of anything promised to a god or Brahman with suitable ceremonies) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsargam. a particular ceremony on suspending repetition of the veda- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsarjanan. (with chandasām-) a ceremony connected with it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uttarasādhakamfn. effective of a result, assisting at a ceremony, befriending View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vadhūgṛhapraveśam. the ceremony of the entrance of a bride into the house of her husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vahatum. the bridal procession (to the husband's house), nuptial ceremony (plural the objects constituting a bride's dowry ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavam. (scilicet yajña-) a particular sacrificial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvadevan. (exceptionally m.) Name of a particular religious ceremony which ought to be performed morning and evening and especially before the midday meal (it consists in homage paid to the viśve- devāḥ- followed by the bali-haraṇa-or offering of small portions of cooked food to all the gods who give the food and especially to the god of fire who cooks the food and bears the offering to heaven) etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvadevabalikarmann. dual number Name of the above two ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvadevāgnim. the fire at the vaiśvadeva--deities ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvadevahomam. the offering made to all the gods and to Fire at the vaiśvadeva- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvadevikamfn. corresponding to the vaiśvadeva--deities ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājinan. the ceremony performed with curds for the vājin-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājinabrāhmaṇam. the priest who performs the vājina- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vajram. a particular soma- ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vākam. ( etc.) or f(-). ( ) a text, recitation or formula (in certain ceremonies), rite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaktṛmfn. honest, sincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaktrapāni(in dramatic language) preparation of mouth and hands (a kind of introductory ceremony) Bhar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vapaṇaprayogam. Name of a treatise on the ceremony of shaving the brahma-cārin- for the first time. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vardhāpakam. (prob.) one who performs the ceremony of cutting the umbilical cord (prob.) the presents distributed at this ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vardhāpanan. (for 2.See column 2) the act of cutting the umbilical cord, (or) the ceremony in commemoration of that act View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vardhāpanan. (prob.) equals vardhāpaka-, presents distributed at the ceremony of cutting the umbilical cord View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vardhāpanan. (for 1.See column 1;possibly 1. and 2. ought not to be separated) a birthday ceremony, festival on a birthday or any festive occasion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vardhāpanakan. the cutting of the umbilical cord, (or) a ceremony commemorating it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vargam. (especially) any series or group of words classified together (as manuṣya-vanas-pati-v-etc.), or a class or series of consonants in the alphabet (seven such classes being given, viz. ka-varga-,"the class of Guttural letters"ca-kāra-v-,or ca-v-,"the Palatals"; ṭa-v-"the Cerebrals"; ta-v-"the Dentals"; pa-v-"the Labials"; ya-v-"the Semivowels"; śa-v-"the Sibilants", and the aspirate h- see varga-dvitīya-and -prathama-)
vāstuśamana(or -saṃśamana- ) n. the purificatory ceremony performed on laying a foundation or on entering a new house View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasurocisn. a religious ceremony in which the vasu-s are especially worshipped View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṭind. an interjection or exclamation used in sacrificial ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṭāśvatthavivāham. the marriage (generally by engrafting) of the Ficus Indica with the Ficus Religiosa (a religious ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātsapran. Name of (= ) and the ceremony connected with it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātsaprīyamfn. (fr. prec.) containing the hymn of vatsa-prī- and the ceremony connected with it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedam. Name of certain celebrated works which constitute the basis of the first period of the Hindu religion (these works were primarily three, viz. 1. the ṛg-veda-, 2. the yajur-veda- [of which there are, however, two divisionsSee taittirīya-saṃhitā-, vājasaneyi-saṃhitā-],3. the sāma-veda-;these three works are sometimes called collectively trayī-,"the triple vidyā-"or"threefold knowledge", but the ṛg-veda- is really the only original work of the three, and much the most ancient [the oldest of its hymns being assigned by some who rely on certain astronomical calculations to a period between 4000 and 2500 B.C., before the settlement of the Aryans in India;and by others who adopt a different reckoning to a period between 1400 and 1000 B.C., when the Aryans had settled down in the Panjab];subsequently a fourth veda- was added, called the atharva-veda-, which was probably not completely accepted till after manu-, as his law-book often speaks of the three veda-s-calling them trayam brahma sanātanam-,"the triple eternal veda-", but only once [ ] mentions the revelation made to atharvan- and aṅgiras-, without, however, calling it by the later name of atharva-veda-;each of the four veda-s has two distinct parts, viz. 1. mantra-, id est words of prayer and adoration often addressed either to fire or to some form of the sun or to some form of the air, sky, wind etc., and praying for health, wealth, long life, cattle, offspring, victory, and even forgiveness of sins, and 2. brāhmaṇa-, consisting of vidhi- and artha-vāda-, i.e. directions for the detail of the ceremonies at which the mantra-s were to be used and explanations of the legends etc. connected with the mantra-s [see brāhmaṇa-, vidhi-],both these portions being termed śruti-,revelation orally communicated by the Deity, and heard but not composed or written down by men[ see ] , although it is certain that both mantra-s and brāhmaṇa-s were compositions spread over a considerable period, much of the latter being comparatively modern;as the veda-s are properly three, so the mantra-s are properly of three forms, 1. ṛc-, which are verses of praise in metre, and intended for loud recitation;2. yajus-, which are in prose, and intended for recitation in a lower tone at sacrifices;3. sāman-, which are in metre, and intended for chanting at the soma- or Moon-plant ceremonies, the mantra-s of the fourth or atharva-veda- having no special name;but it must be borne in mind that the yajur- and sāma-veda- hymns, especially the latter, besides their own mantra-s, borrow largely from the ṛg-veda-;the yajur-veda- and sāma-veda- being in fact not so much collections of prayers and hymns as special prayer- and hymn-books intended as manuals for the adhvaryu- and udgātṛ- priests respectively [see yajur-veda-, sāma-veda-];the atharva-veda-, on the other hand, is, like the ṛg-veda-, a real collection of original hymns mixed up with incantations, borrowing little from the ṛg- and having no direct relation to sacrifices, but supposed by mere recitation to produce long life, to cure diseases, to effect the ruin of enemies etc.;each of the four veda-s seems to have passed through numerous śākhā-s or schools, giving rise to various recensions of the text, though the ṛg-veda- is only preserved in the śākala- recension, while a second recension, that of the bhāṣkala-s, is only known by name;a tradition makes vyāsa- the compiler and arranger of the veda-s in their present form: they each have an Index or anukramaṇī- [ q.v ], the principal work of this kind being the general Index or sarvānukramaṇī- [ q.v ];out of the brāhmaṇa- portion of the veda- grew two other departments of Vedic literature, sometimes included under the general name veda-, viz. the strings of aphoristic rules, called sūtra-s [ q.v ], and the mystical treatises on the nature of God and the relation of soul and matter, called upaniṣad- [ q.v ], which were appended to the āraṇyaka-s [ q.v ], and became the real veda- of thinking Hindus, leading to the darśana-s or systems of philosophy;in the later literature the name of"fifth veda-"is accorded to the itihāsa-s or legendary epic poems and to the purāṇa-s, and certain secondary veda-s or upa-veda-s [ q.v ] are enumerated;the vedāṅga-s or works serving as limbs [for preserving the integrity] of the veda- are explained under vedāṅga-below: the only other works included under the head of veda- being the pariśiṣṭa-s, which supply rules for the ritual omitted in the sūtra-s;in the bṛhad-āraṇyaka- upaniṣad- the veda-s are represented as the breathings of brahmā-, while in some of the purāṇa-s the four veda-s are said to have issued out of the four mouths of the four-faced brahmā- and in the viṣṇu-purāṇa- the veda- and viṣṇu- are identified)
vedanan. the ceremony of holding the ends of a mantle (observed by a śūdra- female on her marriage with a man of a higher caste) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāṅgan. "a limb (for preserving the body) of the veda-", Name of certain works or classes of works regarded as auxiliary to and even in some sense as part of the veda-, (six are usually enumerated [and mostly written in the sūtra- or aphoristic style];1. śikṣā-,"the science of proper articulation and pronunciation", comprising the knowledge of letters, accents, quantity, the use of the organs of pronunciation, and phonetics generally, but especially the laws of euphony peculiar to the veda- [many short treatises and a chapter of the taittirīya-āraṇyaka- are regarded as the representatives of this subject;but other works on Vedic phonetics may be included under itSee prātiśākhya-]:2. chandas-,"metre"[represented by a treatise ascribed to piṅgala-nāga-, which, however, treats of Prakrit as well as Sanskrit metres, and includes only a few of the leading Vedic metres]: 3. vyākaraṇa-,"linguistic analysis or grammar"[represented by pāṇini-'s celebrated sūtra-s]: 4. nirukta-,"explanation of difficult Vedic words"[ see yāska-]:5. jyotiṣa-,"astronomy", or rather the Vedic calendar [represented by a small tract, the object of which is to fix the most auspicious days for sacrifices]: 6. kalpa-,"ceremonial", represented by a large number of sūtra- works[ see sūtra-]:the first and second of these vedāṅga-s are said to be intended to secure the correct reading or recitation of the veda-, the third and fourth the understanding of it, and the fifth and sixth its proper employment at sacrifices: the vedāṅga-s are alluded to by manu-, who calls them, in , pravacana-s, "expositions", a term which is said to be also applied to the brāhmaṇa-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
veṇīdānan. a ceremony performed at prayāga- (cutting off a braid of hair and offering it to the Ganges with gifts to the priests) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
veṭind. an exclamation used in sacrificial, ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhūtigrahaṇan. taking up ashes (at the vaiśvadeva- ceremony) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhim. any prescribed act or rite or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhiyajñam. a ceremonial act of worship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijayadvādaśīvratan. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikāsinmfn. open = candid, sincere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilomavidhim. an inverted rite, reversed ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinamP. A1. -namati-, te-, to bend down, bow down, stoop etc.: Causal -nāmayati-, or -namayati- (ind.p. -nāmya-and -namayya-), to bend down, incline, bend (a bow) ; (in gram.) to cerebralize or change into a cerebral letter (see -nāmita-).
vināmam. conversion into a cerebral letter, the substitution of - for s- and - for n- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinatamfn. (in gram.) changed into a cerebral letter (see -nāma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viniṣkriyamfn. abstaining from ceremonial rites View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvam. plural (v/iśve-,with or scilicet dev/ās- see viśve-deva-,p.995)"all the gods collectively"or the"All-gods"(a particular class of gods, forming one of the 9 gaṇa-s enumerated under gaṇadevatā- q.v; according to to the viṣṇu- and other purāṇa-s they were sons of viśvā-, daughter of dakṣa-, and their names are as follow, 1. vasu-, 2. satya-, 3. kratu-, 4. dakṣa-, 5. kāla-, 6. kāma-, 7. dhṛti-, 8. kuru-, 9. purū-ravas-, 10. mādravas- [?];two others are added by some, viz. 11. rocaka- or locana-, 12. dhvani- [or dhūri-;or this may make 13]: they are particularly worshipped at śrāddha-s and at the vaiśvadeva- ceremony[ ];moreover according to to manu- [ ], offerings should be made to them daily - these privileges having been bestowed on them by brahmā- and the pitṛ-s, as a reward for severe austerities they had performed on the himālaya-: sometimes it is difficult to decide whether the expression viśve devāḥ-refers to all the gods or to the particular troop of deities described above) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vitanP. A1. -tanoti-, -tanute- (future -tāyitā- ), to spread out or through or over, cover, pervade, fill etc. ; to spread, stretch, extend (a net, snare, cord etc.) etc. ; to draw or bend (a bow) ; to spread out id est lay on, impose (a yoke) ; to apply (ointment) ; to extend, make wide (with tanv/as-,the bodies, = to oppose or resist boldly ;with padāni-,steps, = to stride ) ; to unfold, display, exhibit, manifest etc. ; to carry out, perform, accomplish (especially a rite or ceremony) ; to sacrifice ; to cause, effect, produce ; to make, render (two accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivāhadīkṣāf. the marriage rite, marriage ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivāhadīkṣātilakamn. a tilaka- mark made on the forehead during a marriage ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivāhasthānan. the place for a marriage-ceremony (before a house) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivratamfn. performing various actions or ceremonies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivṛtabhāvamfn. open-hearted, candid, sincere, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vratabhikṣāf. soliciting alms (as one of the ceremonies at investiture with the sacred thread) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vratopasadf. plural the vrata--milk and the ceremony upasad- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yāgam. any ceremony in which offerings or oblations are presented etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yāgakarmann. a sacrificial rite or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yājamānan. (fr. yajamāna-) the part of a sacrificial ceremony performed by its institutor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajatim. Name of those sacrificial ceremonies to which the verb yajati- is applied (as opp. to juhoti-) (see on ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñakarmann. sacrificial rite or ceremony etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñakratum. sacrificial rite or ceremony, a complete rite or chief ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñamahotsavam. a great sacrificial feast or ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñapatnīf. the wife of the institutor of a sacrifice (as taking part in the ceremony) ( yajñapatnītva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñavāstun. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñiyadeśam. "sacrificial country", the country of the Hindus (or that region in which sacrificial ceremonies can be duly performed, the country in which the black antelope is indigenous; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñopavītan. the investiture of youths of the three twice-born castes with the sacred thread or (in later times) the thread itself (worn over the left shoulder and hanging down under the right;originally put on only during the performance of sacred ceremonies but its position occasionally changed[ see prācīnāvītin-, nivītin-];in modern times assumed by other castes, as by the vaidya-s or medical caste in Bengal; see upanayana-and ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yājuṣam. an observer of religious ceremonies as prescribed in the yajur-veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajuṣkriyāf. a ceremony connected with a yajus- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajuṣyamfn. relating to ceremonial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yakṣabalim. an oblation to the yakṣa-s (a particular nuptial ceremony) commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamadvitīyāvratan. a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamalajananaśāntif. Name of work on the purificatory ceremonies after the birth of twins. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yamavratan. a particular ceremony of the brahma-cārin- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathākalpamind. in conformity with ritual or ceremonial View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathāpreṣitamind. according to as called upon or invited to take part (in liturgical ceremonies) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yātsattran. "continuous sacrifice", Name of particular solemn ceremonies (which go on for a long period, also called sārasvata-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaunan. the ceremony on conception (equals garbhādhāna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yoginīf. a female demon or any being endowed with magical power, a fairy, witch, sorceress (represented as eight in number and as created by durgā- and attendant on her or on śiva-;sometimes 60, 64 or 65 are enumerated) etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yūpocchrayam. the ceremony of erecting a sacrificial post View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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akṣata अक्षत a. [न. त.] (a) Uninjured, unhurt; त्वमनङ्गः कथमक्षता रतिः Ku.4.9; ˚विग्रहा वाहाः Dk.3; प़ञ्चाक्षतास्ते वयं Ve.6.45.4.4; Mu.6.8; R.2.56; (b) Unbroken, whole; not crushed, undivided; मम नासिकामक्षतां कुर्वन्तु Pt.1, ˚सक्तूनां नवं कलशं पूरयित्वा Āśvalāyana. -तः 1 Śiva. -2 Thrashed and winnowed rice dried in the sun; (pl.) whole grain, entire unhusked and pounded rice washed with water, and used as an article of worship in all religious and sacred ceremonies; अक्षताः पान्तु पान्त्वक्षता इति श्राद्धमन्त्रः; अक्ष- तैर्नार्चयोद्विष्णुं न तुलस्या विनायकम् इति तन्त्रम्; साक्षतपात्रहस्ता R.2.21; आर्द्राक्षतारोपणमन्वभूतां 7.28. -3 Barley (यवाः); अक्षताश्च यवाः प्रोक्ताः sometimes neuter also (दूर्वाक्षतानि). -तम् 1 Corn, grain of any kind. -2 Absence of loss or ruin; good, wellbeing; अक्षतं चारिष्टं चास्तु इति श्राद्धमन्त्रः. -3 Eunuch (also m.). -ता 1 a virgin, a maiden not deflowered, blemished or enjoyed; अक्षता वा क्षता वापि. -2 N. of a plant कर्कटशृङ्गी (Mar. काकडशिंगी). -Comp. -योनिः a virgin, not yet blemished by sexual intercourse; सा चेदक्षतयोनिः स्यात् Ms.9.176; पत्नीष्वक्षतयोनिषु 1.5.
akṣayya अक्षय्य a. [क्षेतुं शक्यम्; क्षि -यत्; न. त.] That which cannot decay, imperishable; तपःषड्भागमक्षय्यं ददत्यारण्यका हि नः Ś.2.13; अस्त्यत्र भोग्यवस्तु वर्षशतेनाप्यक्षय्यम् Dk.19 inexhaustible. -Comp. -उदकम् a libation of water mixed with honey and sesamum, offered in Śrāddha ceremonies after the पिण्डदान (अक्षय्योदकदानं तु अर्घ्यदानव- दिष्यते । षष्ठयैव नित्यं तत्कुर्यान्न चतुर्थ्या कदाचन ॥). -नवमी the 9th day of the bright half of Āśvina. -भुज् m. fire; प्रदहेच्च हि तं राजन् कक्षमक्षय्यभुग्यथा Mb.13.9.21.
agniḥ अग्निः [अङ्गति ऊर्ध्वं गच्छति अङ्ग्-नि,नलोपश्च Uṇ.4.5., or fr. अञ्च् 'to go.'] 1 Fire कोप˚, चिन्ता˚, शोक˚, ज्ञान˚, राज˚, &c. -2 The God of fire. -3 Sacrificial fire of three kinds (गार्हपत्य, आहवनीय and दक्षिण); पिता बै गार्हपत्यो$ ग्निर्माताग्निर्दक्षिणः स्मृतः । गुरुराहवनीयस्तु साग्नित्रेता गरीयसी ॥ Ms. 2.232. -4 The fire of the stomach, digestive faculty, gastric fluid. -5 Bile (नाभेरूर्ध्व हृदयादधस्तादामाशयमाचक्षते तद्गतं सौरं तेजः पित्तम् इत्याचक्षते). -6 Cauterization (अग्नि- कर्मन्). -7 Gold. -8 The number three. शराग्निपरिमाणम् (पञ्चत्रिंशत्) Mb.13.17.26. -9 N. of various plants: (a) चित्रक Plumbago Zeylanica; (b) रक्तचित्रक; (c) भल्लातक Semicarpus Anacardium; (d) निम्बक Citrus Acida. -1 A mystical substitute for the letter र्. In Dvandva comp. as first member with names of deities, and with particular words अग्नि is changed to अग्ना, as ˚विष्णू, ˚मरुतौ, or to अग्नी, ˚पर्जन्यौ, ˚ वरुणौ, ˚षोमौ -11 पिङगला नाडी; यत्र तद् ब्रह्म निर्द्वन्द्वं यत्र सोमः, (इडा) सहाग्निना (अग्निः पिङ्गला) Mb.14.2.1. -12 Sacrificial altar, अग्निकुण्ड cf. Rām. 1.14.28. -13 Sky. अग्निर्मूर्धा Muṇḍ 2.1.4. [cf. L. ignis.] [Agni is the God of Fire, the Ignis of the Latins and Ogni of the Slavonians. He is one of the most prominent deities of the Ṛigveda. He, as an immortal, has taken up his abode among mortals as their guest; he is the domestic priest, the successful accomplisher and protector of all ceremonies; he is also the religious leader and preceptor of the gods, a swift messenger employed to announce to the immortals the hymns and to convey to them the oblations of their worshippers, and to bring them down from the sky to the place of sacrifice. He is sometimes regarded as the mouth and the tongue through which both gods and men participate in the sacrifices. He is the lord, protector and leader of people, monarch of men, the lord of the house, friendly to mankind, and like a father, mother, brother &c. He is represented as being produced by the attrition of two pieces of fuel which are regarded as husband and wife. Sometimes he is considered to have been brought down from heaven or generated by Indra between two clouds or stones, created by Dyau, or fashioned by the gods collectively. In some passages he is represented as having a triple existence, which may mean his three-fold manifestations as the sun in heaven, lightning in the atmosphere, and as ordinary fire on the earth, although the three appearances are also elsewhere otherwise explained. His epithets are numberless and for the most part descriptive of his physical characteristics : धूमकेतु, हुतभुज्, शुचि, रोहिताश्व, सप्तजिह्व, तोमरधर, घृतान्न, चित्रभानु, ऊर्ध्वशोचिस्, शोचिष्केश, हरिकेश, हिरण्यदन्त, अयोदंष्ट्र &c. In a celebrated passage he is said to have 4 horns, 3 feet, 2 heads, and 7 hands. The highest divine functions are ascribed to Agni. He is said to have spread out the two worlds and _x001F_+ produced them, to have supported heaven, formed the mundane regions and luminaries of heaven, to have begotten Mitra and caused the sun to ascend the sky. He is the head and summit of the sky, the centre of the earth. Earth, Heaven and all beings obey his commands. He knows and sees all worlds or creatures and witnesses all their actions. The worshippers of Agni prosper, they are wealthy and live long. He is the protector of that man who takes care to bring him fuel. He gives him riches and no one can overcome him who sacrifices to this god. He confers, and is the guardian of, immortality. He is like a water-trough in a desert and all blessing issue from him. He is therefore constantly supplicated for all kinds of boons, riches, food, deliverance from enemies and demons, poverty, reproach, childlessness, hunger &c. Agni is also associated with Indra in different hymns and the two gods are said to be twin brothers. Such is the Vedic conception of Agni; but in the course of mythological personifications he appears as the eldest son of Brahmā and is called Abhimānī [Viṣṇu Purāṇa]. His wife was Svāhā; by her, he had 3 sons -Pāvaka, Pavamāna and Śuchi; and these had forty-five sons; altogether 49 persons who are considered identical with the 49 fires. He is also represented as a son of Aṅgiras, as a king of the Pitṛs or Manes, as a Marut and as a grandson of Śāṇḍila, and also as a star. The Harivaṁśa describes him as clothed in black, having smoke for his standard and head-piece and carrying a flaming javelin. He is borne in a chariot drawn by red horses and the 7 winds are the wheels of his car. He is accompanied by a ram and sometimes he is represented as riding on that animal. Agni was appointed by Brahamā as the sovereign of the quarter between the south and east, whence the direction is still known as Āgneyī. The Mahābhārata represents Agni as having exhausted his vigour and become dull by devouring many oblations at the several sacrifices made by king Śvetaki, but he recruited his strength by devouring the whole Khāṇḍava forest; for the story see the word खाण्डव]. -Comp. -अ (आ) गारम् -रः, -आलयः, -गृहम् [अग्निकार्याय अगारम् शाक˚ त.] a fire-sanctuary, house or place for keeping the sacred fire; वसंश्चतुर्थो$ग्निरिवाग्न्यगारे R.5.25. रथाग्न्यगारं चापार्चीं शरशक्तिगदे- न्धनम् Mb.11.25.14. -अस्त्रम् fire-missile, a rocket, -आत्मक a. [अग्निरात्मा यस्य] of the nature of fire सोमा- त्मिका स्त्री, ˚कः पुमान्. -आधानम् consecrating the fire; so ˚आहिति. -आधेयः [अग्निराधेयो येन] a Brāhmana who maintains the sacred fire. (-यम्) = ˚आधानम्. -आहितः [अग्निराहितो येन, वा परनिपातः P.II.2.37.] one who maintains the sacred fire; See आहिताग्नि. -इध् m. (अग्नीध्रः) [अग्निम् इन्द्धे स अग्नीध्] the priest who kindles fire (mostly Ved). -इन्धनः [अग्निरिध्यते अनेन] N. of a Mantra. (नम्) kindling the fire; अग्नीन्धनं भैक्षचर्याम् Ms.2.18. -उत्पातः [अग्निना दिव्यानलेन कृतः उत्पातः] a fiery portent, meteor, comet &c. In Bṛ. S.33 it is said to be of five kinds: दिवि भुक्तशुभफलानां पततां रूपाणि यानि तान्युल्काः । धिष्ण्योल्का- शनिविद्युत्तारा इति पञ्चधा भिन्नाः ॥ उल्का पक्षेण फलं तद्वत् धिष्ण्याशनिस्त्रिभिः पक्षैः । विद्युदहोभिः ष़ड्भिस्तद्वत्तारा विपाचयति ॥ Different fruits are said to result from the appearances of these portents, according to the nature of their colour, position &c. -उद्धरणम्, -उद्धारः 1 producing fire by the friction of two araṇis. -2 taking out, before sun-rise, the sacred fire from its cover of ashes previous to a sacrifice. -उपस्थानम् worship of Agni; the Mantra or hymn with which Agni is worshipped (अग्निरुपस्थीयते$नेन) अग्निस्त्रिष्टुभ् उपस्थाने विनियोगः Sandhyā. -एधः [अग्निमेधयति] an incendiary. -कणः; -स्तोकः a spark. -कर्मन् n. [अग्नौ कर्म स. त.] 1 cauterization. -2 action of fire. -3 oblation to Agni, worship of Agni (अग्निहोत्र); so ˚कार्य offering oblations to fire, feeding fire with ghee &c.; निर्वर्तिताग्निकार्यः K.16.; ˚र्यार्धदग्ध 39, Ms.3.69, अग्निकार्यं ततः कुर्यात्सन्ध्ययोरुभयोरपि । Y.1.25. -कला a part (or appearance) of fire; ten varieties are mentioned धूम्रार्चिरुष्मा ज्वलिनी ज्वालिनी विस्फु- लिङ्गिनी । सुश्री: सुरूपा कपिला हव्यकव्यवहे अपि ॥ यादीनां दश- वर्णानां कला धर्मप्रदा अमूः ।). -कारिका [अग्निं करोति आधत्ते करणे कर्तृत्वोपचारात् कर्तरि ण्वुल्] 1 the means of consecrating the sacred fire, the Ṛik called अग्नीध्र which begins with अग्निं दूतं पुरो दधे. 2. = अग्निकार्यम्. -काष्ठम् अग्नेः उद्दीपनं काष्ठं शाक ˚त.] agallochum (अगुरु) -कुक्कुटः [अग्नेः कुक्कुट इव रक्तवर्णस्फुलिङ्गत्वात्] a firebrand, lighted wisp of straw. -कुण्डम [अग्नेराधानार्थं कुण्डम्] an enclosed space for keeping the fire, a fire-vessel. -कुमारः, -तनयः; सुतः 1 N. of Kārttikeya said to be born from fire; Rām.7. See कार्त्तिकेय. -2 a kind of preparation of medicinal drugs. -कृतः Cashew-nut; the plant Anacardium occidentale. [Mar.काजू] -केतुः [अग्नेः केतुरिव] 1 smoke. -2 N. of two Rākṣasas on the side of Rāvaṇa and killed by Rāma. -कोणः -दिक् the south-east corner ruled over by Agni; इन्द्रो वह्निः पितृपतिर्नौर्ऋतो वरुणो मरुत् । कुबेर ईशः पतयः पूर्वादीनां दिशां क्रमात् ॥ -क्रिया [अग्निना निर्वर्तिता क्रिया, शाक. त.] 1 obsequies, funeral ceremonies. -2 branding; भेषजाग्निक्रियासु च Y.3.284. -क्रीडा [तृ. त.] fire-works, illuminations. -गर्भ a. [अग्निर्गर्भे यस्य] pregnant with or containing fire, having fire in the interior; ˚र्भां शमीमिव Ś 4.3. (--र्भः) [अग्निरिव जारको गर्भो यस्य] 1 N. of the plant Agnijāra. -2 the sun stone, name of a crystal supposed to contain and give out fire when touched by the rays of the sun; cf Ś2.7. -3 the sacrificial stick अरणि which when churned, gives out fire. (-र्भा) 1 N. of the Śamī plant as containing fire (the story of how Agni was discovered to exist in the interior of the Śamī plant is told in chap. 35 of अनु- शासनपर्व in Mb.) -2 N. of the earth (अग्नेः सकाशात् गर्भो यस्यां सा; when the Ganges threw the semen of Śiva out on the Meru mountain, whatever on earth &c. was irradiated by its lustre, became gold and the earth was thence called वसुमती) -3 N. of the plant महा- ज्योतिष्मती लता (अग्निरिव गर्भो मध्यभागो यस्याः सा) [Mar. माल- कांगोणी] -ग्रन्थः [अग्निप्रतिपादको ग्रन्थः शाक. त.] the work that treats of the worship of Agni &c. -घृतम् [अग्न्युद्दीपनं घृतं शाक. त.] a kind of medicinal preparation of ghee used to stimulate the digestive power. -चित् m. अग्निं चितवान्; चि-भूतार्थे क्विप् P.III.2.91] one who has kept the sacred fire; यतिभिः सार्धमनग्निमग्निचित् R.8.25; अध्वरे- ष्वग्निचित्वत्सु Bk.5.11. -चयः, -चयनम्, -चित्या. arranging or keeping the sacred fire (अग्न्याधान); चित्याग्निचित्ये च P.III.1.132. -2 (-यः, -यनः) the Mantra used in this operation. -3 a heap of fire -चित्वत् [अग्निचयनम् अस्त्यस्मिन् मतुप्; मस्य वः । तान्तत्वान्न पद- त्वम् Tv.] having अग्निचयन or अग्निचित्. -चूडः A bird having a red tuft. -चर्णम् gunpowder. कार्यासमर्थः कत्यस्ति शस्त्रगोलाग्निचूर्णयुक् Śukranīti 2.93. -ज, -जात a. produced by or from fire, born from fire. (-जः, -जातः) 1 N. of the plant अग्निजार (अग्नये अग्न्युद्दीपनाय जायते सेवनात् प्रभवति). 1 N. of Kārttikeya पराभिनत्क्रौञ्चमिवाद्रिमग्निजः Mb.8.9. 68.3. Viṣṇu. (-जम्, -जातम) gold; so ˚जन्मन्. -जित् m. God; Bhāg.8.14.4. -जिह्व a. 1 having a fiery tongue. -2 one having fire for the tongue, epithet of a God or of Visṇu in the boar incarnation. (-ह्वा) 1 a tongue or flame of fire. -2 one of the 7 tongues of Agni (कराली धूमिनी श्वेता लोहिता नीललोहिता । सुवर्णा पद्मरागा च जिह्वा: सप्त विभावसोः -3 N. of a plant लाङ्गली (अग्नेर्जिह्वेव शिखा यस्याः सा); of another plant (जलपिप्पली) or गजपिप्पली (विषलाङ्गला) (Mar. जल-गज पिंपळी) -ज्वाला 1 the flame or glow of fire. -2 [अग्नेर्ज्वालेव शिखा यस्याः सा] N. of a plant with red blossoms, chiefly used by dyers, Grislea Tomentosa (Mar. धायफूल, धायटी). -तप् a. [अग्निना तप्यते; तप्-क्विप्] having the warmth of fire; practising austerities by means of fire. -तपस् a. [अग्निभिः तप्यते] 1 practising very austere penance, standing in the midst of the five fires. -2 glowing, shining or burning like fire (तपतीति तपाः अग्निरिव तपाः) hot as fire -तेजस् a. having the lustre or power of fire. (अग्नेरिव तेजो यस्य). (-स् n.) the lustre of fire. (-स् m.) N. of one of the 7 Ṛiṣis of the 11th Manvantara. -त्रयम् the three fires, See under अग्नि. -द a. [अग्निं दाहार्थं गृहादौ ददाति; दा. -क.] 1 giving or supplying with fire -2 tonic, stomachic, producing appetite, stimulating digestion. -3 incendiary; अग्निदान् भक्तदांश्चैव Ms.9.278; अग्निदानां च ये लोकाः Y.2.74; so ˚दायक, ˚दायिन्. यदग्निदायके पापं यत्पापं गुरुतल्पगे. Rām.2.75.45. -दग्ध a. 1 burnt on the funeral pile; अग्निदग्धाश्च ये जीवा ये$प्यदग्धाः कुले मम Vāyu. P. -2 burnt with fire. -3 burnt at once without having fire put into the mouth, being destitute of issue (?); (pl.) a class of Manes or Pitṛis who, when alive, kept up the household flame and presented oblations to fire. -दमनी [अग्निर्दम्यते$नया; दम्-णिच् करणे ल्युट] a narcotic plant, Solanum Jacquini. [Mar. रिंगणी] -दातृ [अग्निं विधानेन ददाति] one who performs the last (funeral) ceremonies of a man; यश्चाग्निदाता प्रेतस्य पिण्डं दद्यात्स एव हि. -दीपन a. [अग्निं दीपयति] stimulating digestion, stomachic, tonic. -दीप्त a. [तृ. त्त.] glowing, set on fire, blazing (-प्ता) [अग्निर्जठरानलो दीप्तः सेवनात् यस्याः सा] N. of a plant ज्योतिष्मती लता (Mar. मालकांगोणी), which is said to stimulate digestion. -दीप्तिः f. active state of digestion. -दूत a. अग्निर्दूत इव यस्मिन् यस्य वा] having Agni for a messenger, said of the sacrifice or the deity invoked; यमं ह यज्ञो गच्छत्यग्निदूतो अरंकृतः Rv.1.14.13. -दूषितः a. branded. -देवः [अग्नि- रेव देवः] Agni; a worshipper of Agni. -देवा [अग्निर्देवो यस्याः] the third lunar mansion, the Pleiades (कृत्तिका). -द्वारम् the door on the south-east of a building; पूर्व- द्वारमथैशाने चाग्निद्वारं तु दक्षिणे । Māna.9.294-95. -धानम् [अग्निर्धियते$स्मिन्] the place or receptacle for keeping the sacred fire, the house of अग्निहोतृ; पदं कृणुते अग्निधाने Rv. 1.165.3. -धारणम् maintaining the sacred fire; व्रतिनां ˚णम् K. 55. -नयनम् = ˚प्रणयनम्. -निर्यासः [अग्नेर्ज- ठरानलस्येव दीपको निर्यासो यस्य] N. of the plant अग्निजार. -नेत्र a. [अग्निर्नेता यस्य] having Agni for the leader or conveyer of oblations, an epithet of a god in general. -पदम् 1 the word Agni. -2 fire-place. -3 N. of a plant. -परिक्रि-ष्क्रि-या care of the sacred fire, worship of fire, offering oblations; गृहार्थो$ग्निपरिष्क्रिया Ms.2.67. -परिच्छदः the whole sacrificial apparatus; गृह्यं चाग्निपरिच्छदम् Ms.6. 4. -परिधानम् enclosing the sacrificial fire with a kind of screen. -परीक्षा [तृ. त.] ordeal by fire. -पर्वतः [अग्निसाधनं पर्वतः] a volcano; महता ज्वलता नित्यमग्निमेवाग्नि- पर्वतः Rām.5.35.43. -पुच्छः [अग्नेः अग्न्याधानस्थानस्य पुच्छ इव]. tail or back part of the sacrificial place; the extinction of fire. -पुराणम् [अग्निना प्रोक्तं पुराणम्] one of the 18 Purāṇas ascribed to Vyāsa. It derives its name from its having been communicated originally by Agni to the sage Vasiṣṭha for the purpose of instructing him in the two-fold knowledge of Brahman. Its stanzas are said to be 145. Its contents are varied. It has portions on ritual and mystic worship, cosmical descriptions, chapters on the duties of Kings and the art of war, a chapter on law, some chapters on Medicine and some treatises on Rhetoric, Prosody, Grammar, Yoga, Brahmavidyā &c. &c. -प्रणयनम् bringing out the sacrificial fire and consecrating it according to the proper ritual. -प्रणिधिः Incendiary. Dk.2.8. -प्रतिष्ठा consecration of fire, especially the nuptial fire. -प्रवेशः; -शनम [स. त.] entering the fire, self-immolation of a widow on the funeral pile of her husband. -प्रस्कन्दनम् violation of the duties of a sacrificer (अग्निहोमाकरण); ˚परस्त्वं चाप्येवं भविष्यसि Mb.1.84.26. -प्रस्तरः [अग्निं प्रस्तृणाति अग्नेः प्रस्तरो वा] a flint, a stone producing fire. -बाहुः [अग्ने- र्बाहुरिव दीर्घशिखत्वात्] 1 smoke. -2 N. of a son of the first Manu; Hariv. N. of a son of Priyavrata and Kāmyā. V. P. -बीजम् 1 the seed of Agni; (fig.) gold (रुद्रतेजः समुद्भूतं हेमबीजं विभावसोः) -2 N. of the letter र्. -भम [अग्नि- रिव भाति; भा-क.] 1 'shining like fire,' gold. -2 N. of the constellation कृत्तिका. -भु n. [अग्नेर्भवति; भू-क्विप् ह्रस्वान्तः] 1 water. -2 gold. -भू a. [अग्नेर्भवतिः भू-क्विप्] produced from fire. (भूः) 1 'fire-born,' N. of Kārttikeya. -2 N. of a teacher (काश्यप) who was taught by Agni. -3 (arith.) six. -भूति a. produced from fire. (-तिः) [अग्निरिव भूतिरैश्वर्यं यस्य] N. of a pupil of the last Tīrthaṅkara. (-तिः) f. the lustre or might of fire. -भ्राजस् a. Ved. [अग्निरिव भ्राजते; भ्राज्-असुन्] shining like fire. अग्निभ्राजसो विद्युतः Ṛv.5.54.11. -मणिः [अग्नेरुत्थापको मणिः शाक. त.] the sunstone. -मथ् m. [अग्निं मथ्नाति निष्पादयति; मन्थ्-क्विप्- नलोपः] 1 the sacrificer who churns the fuel-stick. -2 the Mantra used in this operation, on the अरणि itself. -मन्थः, -न्थनम्, producing fire by friction; or the Mantra used in this operation. (-न्थः) [अग्निर्मथ्यते अनेन मन्थ्-करणे घञ्] N. of a tree गणिकारिका (Mar. नरवेल) Premna Spinosa (तत्काष्ठयोर्घर्षणे हि आशु वह्निरुत्पद्यते), -मान्द्यम् slowness of digestion, loss of appetite, dyspepsia. -मारुतिः अग्निश्च मरुच्च तयोरपत्यं इञ् ततो वृद्धिः इत् च; द्विपदवृद्धौ पृषो. पूर्वपदस्य ह्रस्वः Tv.] N. of the sage Agastya. -मित्रः N. of a king of the Śunga dynasty, son of Puṣypamitra who must have flourished before 15 B. C. -the usually accepted date of Patañjali-as the latter mentions पुष्यमित्र by name. -मुखः a. having Agni at the head. (-खः) [अग्निर्मुखमिव यस्य] 1 a deity, god, (for the gods receive oblations through Agni who is, therefore, said to be their mouth; अग्निमुखा वै देवाः; अग्निर्मुखं प्रथमं देवतानाम् &c; or अग्निर्मुखे अग्रे येषाम्, for fire is said to have been created before all other gods.) -2 [अग्निर्मुखं प्रधानमुपास्यो यस्य] one who maintains the sacred fire (अग्निहोतृद्विज) -3 a Brāhmaṇa in general (अग्निर्दाहकत्वात् शापाग्निर्मुखे यस्य for Brāhmaṇas are said to be वाग्वज्राः). -4 N. of two plants चित्रक Plumbago Zeylanica and भल्लातक Semicarpus Anacardium अग्निरिव स्पर्शात् दुःखदायकं मुखमग्रम् यस्य, तन्निर्यासस्पर्शेन हि देहे क्षतोत्पत्तेस्थयोस्तथात्वम्) -5 a sort of powder or चूर्ण prescribed as a tonic by चक्रदत्त -6 'fire-mouthed, sharp-biting, an epithet of a bug. Pt. 1. (-खी) अग्निरिव मुखमग्रं यस्याः; गौरादि-ङीष्] 1 N. of a plant भल्लातक (Mar. बिबवा, भिलावा) and लाङ्गलिका (विषलाङ्गला). -2 N. of the Gāyatri Mantra (अग्निरेव मुखं मुखत्वेन कल्पितं यस्याः सा, or अग्नेरिव मुखं प्रजापतिमुखं उत्पत्ति- द्वारं यस्याः, अग्निना समं प्रजापतिमुखजातत्वात्; कदाचिदपि नो विद्वान् गायत्रीमुदके जपेत् । गायत्र्याग्निमुखी यस्मात्तस्मादुत्थाय तां जपेत् ॥ गोभिल). -3 a kitchen [पाकशाला अग्निरिव उत्तप्तं मुखं यस्याः सा]. -मूढ a. [तृ. त.] Ved. made insane or stupefied by lightning or fire. -यन्त्रम् A gun अग्नियन्त्रधरैश्चक्रधरैश्च पुरुषैर्वृतः Śivabhārata 12.17. -यानम् An aeroplane. व्योमयानं विमानं स्यात् अग्नियानं तदेव हि । अगस्त्यसंहिता. -योगः See पञ्चाग्निसाधन. अग्नियोगवहो ग्रीष्मे विधिदृष्टेन कर्मणा । चीर्त्वा द्वादशवर्षाणि राजा भवति पार्थिवः ॥ Mb.13.14,2.43. -योजनम् causing the sacrificial fire to blaze up. -रक्षणम् 1 con-secrating or preserving the sacred (domestic) fire or अग्निहोत्र. -2 [अग्निः रक्ष्यते अनेन अत्र वा] a Mantra securing for Agni protection from evil spirits &c. -3 the house of an अग्निहोतृ. -रजः, -रजस् m. [अग्निरिव रज्यते दीप्यते; रञ्ज्-असुन् नलोपः] 1 a scarlet insect by name इन्द्रगोप. -2 (अग्नेः रजः) the might or power of Agni. -3 gold. Mb.3. 16.86.7 -रहस्यम् mystery of (worshipping &c.) Agni; N. of the tenth book of Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa. -राशिः a heap of fire, burning pile. -रुहा [अग्निरिव रोहति रुह्-क] N. of the plant मांसादनी or मांसरोहिणी (तदङ्कुरस्य वह्नितुल्य- वर्णतया उत्पन्नत्वात्तथात्वं तस्याः). -रूप a. [अग्नेरिव रूपं वर्णो यस्य] fire-shaped; of the nature of fire. -रूपम् the nature of fire. -रेतस् n. the seed of Agni; (hence) gold. -रोहिणी [अग्निरिव रोहति; रुह्-णिनि] a hard inflammatory swelling in the armpit. -लोकः the world a Agni, which is situated below the summit of Meru; in the Purāṇas it is said to be in the अन्तरिक्ष, while in the Kāśī Khaṇḍa it is said to be to the south of इन्द्रपुरी; एतस्या दक्षिणे भागे येयं पूर्दृश्यते शुभा । इमामर्चिष्मतीं पश्य वीतिहोत्रपुरीं शुभाम् ॥ -वधूः Svāhā, the daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Agni -वर्चस् a. [अग्नेर्वर्च इव वर्चो यस्य] glowing or bright like fire. (n.) the lustre of Agni. (-m.) N. of a teacher of the Purāṇas. -वर्ण a. [अग्नेरिव वर्णो यस्य] of the colour of fire; hot; fiery; सुरां पीत्वा द्विजो मोहादग्निवर्णां सुरां पिबेत् Ms.11.9; गोमूत्रमग्निवर्णं वा पिबेदुदकमेव वा 91. (र्णः) 1 N. of a prince, son of Sudarśana. -2 N. of a King of the solar race, See R.19.1. the colour of fire. (-र्णा) a strong liquor. -वर्धक a. stimulating digestion, tonic. (-कः) 1 a tonic. -2 regimen, diet (पथ्याहार). -वल्लभः [अग्नेर्वल्लभः सुखेन दाह्यत्वात्] 1 the Śāla tree, Shorea Robusta. -2 the resinous juice of it. -वासस् a. [अग्निरिव शुद्धं वासो यस्य] having a red (pure like Agni) garment. (n.) a pure garment. -वाह a. [अग्निं वाहयति अनुमापयति वा] 1 smoke. -2 a goat. -वाहनम् a goat (छाग). -विद् m. 1 one who knows the mystery about Agni. -2 an अग्निहोत्रिन् q. v. -विमोचनम् ceremony of lowering the sacrificial fire. -विसर्पः pain from an inflamed tumour, inflammation. -विहरणम्, -विहारः 1 taking the sacrificial fire from आग्नीध्र to the उत्तरवेदि. -2 offering oblations to fire; प्रत्यासन्ना ˚वेला K.348. -वीर्यम् 1 power or might of Agni. -2 gold. -वेतालः Name of Vetāla (connected with the story of Vikra-māditya). -वेशः [अग्नेर्वेश इव] N. of an ancient medical authority (चरक). -वेश्मन् m. the fourteenth day of the karma-ṃāsa; Sūryaprajñapti. -वेश्यः 1 N. of a teacher, Mbh. -2 Name of the 22nd muhūrta; Sūryapraj-ñapti. धौम्य cf. Mb 14.64.8. -शरणम्, -शाला-लम् a fire-sanctuary; ˚मार्गमादेशय Ś.5; a house or place for keeping the sacred fire; ˚रक्षणाय स्थापितो$हम् V.3. -शर्मन् a. [अग्निरिव शृणाति तीव्रकोपत्वात् शॄ-मनिन्] very passionate. (-m.) N. of a sage. -शिख a. [अग्नेरिव अग्निरिव वा शिखा यस्य] fiery, fire-crested; दहतु ˚खैः सायकैः Rām. (-खः) 1 a lamp. -2 a rocket, fiery arrow. -3 an arrow in general. -4 safflower plant. -5 saffron. -6 जाङ्गलीवृक्ष. (-खम्) 1 saffron. -2 gold. (-खा) 1 a flame; शरैरग्निशिखोपमैः Mb. -2 N. of two plants लाङ्गली (Mar. वागचबका or कळलावी) Gloriosa Superba; of other plants (also Mar. कळलावी) Meni-spermum Cordifolium. -शुश्रूषा careful service or worship of fire. -शेखर a. fire-crested. (-रः) N. of the कुसुम्भ, कुङ्कुम and जाङ्गली trees (-रम्) gold, -शौच a. [अग्नेरिव शौचं यस्य] bright as fire; purified by fire K.252. -श्री a. [अग्नेरिव श्रीर्यस्य] glowing like fire; lighted by Agni -ष्टुत्, -ष्टुभ, -ष्टोम &c. see ˚ स्तुत्, ˚स्तुभ् &c. -ष्ठम् 1 kitchen; अग्निष्ठेष्वग्निशालासु Rām.6.1.16. -2 a fire-pan. -संयोगाः explosives. Kau. A.2.3. -ष्वात्तः see स्वात्तः -संस्कारः 1 consecration of fire. -2 hallowing or con-secrating by means of fire; burning on the funeral pile; यथार्हं ˚रं मालवाय दत्वा Dk.169; नास्य कार्यो$ग्निसंस्कारः Ms.5.69, पितरीवाग्निसंस्कारात्परा ववृतिरे क्रियाः । R.12.56. -सखः; -सहायः 1 the wind. -2 the wild pigeon (smoke-coloured). -3 smoke. -सम्भव a. [प. ब.] sprung or produced from fire. (-वः) 1 wild safflower. -2 lymph, result of digestion. (-वम्) gold. -साक्षिक [अग्निः साक्षी यत्र, कप्] a. or adv. keeping fire for a witness, in the presence of fire; पञ्चबाण˚ M.4.12. ˚मर्यादो भर्ता हि शरणं स्त्रियाः H.1.v. l, R.11.48. -सारम् [अग्नौ सारं यस्य अत्यन्तानलोत्तापनेपि सारांशादहनात् Tv.] रसाञ्जन, a sort of medical preparation for the eyes. (-रः -रम्) power or essence of fire. -सुतः Kārttikeya; त्वामद्य निहनिष्यामि क्रौञ्चमग्निसुतो यथा । Mb.7.156.93. -सूत्रम् a thread of fire. -2 a girdle of sacrificial grass (मौञ्जीमेखला) put upon a young Brāhmaṇa at the time of investiture. -सूनुः (See -सुतः), (सेनानीरग्निभूर्गुहः । Amar.); देव्यङ्कसंविष्ट- मिवाग्निसूनुम् । Bu. ch.1.67. -स्तम्भः 1 stopping the burning power of Agni. -2 N. of a Mantra used in this operation. -3 N. of a medicine so used. -स्तुत् m. (अग्निष्टुत्) [अग्निः स्तूयते$त्र; स्तु-आधारे क्विप् षत्वम्] the first day of the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice; N. of a portion of that sacrifice which extends over one day; यजेत वाश्वमेधेन स्वर्जिता गोसवेन वा । अभिजिद्विश्वजिद्भ्यां वा त्रिवृता- ग्निष्टुतापि वा ॥ Ms.11.74. -स्तुभ् (˚ष्टुभ्) m. [अग्निः स्तुभ्यते$त्र; स्तुभ्-क्विप् षत्वम्] 1 = अग्निष्टोम. -2 N. of a son of the sixth Manu. -रतोमः (˚ष्टोमः) [अग्नेः स्तोमः स्तुतिसाधनं यत्र] 1 N. of a protracted ceremony or sacrificeial rite extending over several days in spring and forming an essential part of the ज्योतिष्टोम. -2 a Mantra or Kalpa with reference to this sacrifice; ˚मे भवो मन्त्रः ˚मः; ˚मस्य व्याख्यानम्, कल्पः ˚मः P.IV.3.66. Vārt. -3 N. of the son of the sixth Manu. -4 a species of the Soma plant; ˚सामन् a part of the Sāma Veda chanted at the conclusion of the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice. -सावर्णिः Name of Manu. -स्थ a. (ष्ठ) [अग्नौ स्थातुमर्हति; स्था-क षत्वम्] placed in, over, or near the fire. (ष्ठः) an iron frying-pan; in the अश्वमेध sacrifice the 11th Yūpa which of all the 21 is nearest the fire. -स्वात्तः (written both as ˚स्वात्त and ˚ष्वात्त) (pl.) [अग्नितः i. e. श्राद्धीयविप्रकर- रूपानलात् सुष्ठु आत्तं ग्रहणं येषां ते] N. of a class of Pitṛs or Manes who, when living on earth, maintained the sacred or domestic fires, but who did not perform the Agniṣṭoma and other sacrifices. They are regarded as Manes of Gods and Brāhmaṇas and also as descendants of Marīchi; Ms.3.195. अग्निष्वात्ताः पितर एह गच्छत Tsy.2.5.12.2. (मनुष्यजन्मन्यग्निष्टोमादियागमकृत्वा स्मार्तकर्मनिष्ठाः सन्तो मृत्वा च पितृत्वं गताः इति सायणः). -हुत्, -होतृ Ved. sacrificing to Agni, having Agni for a priest; Rv.1.66.8. -होत्रम् [अग्नये हूयते$त्र, हु-त्र, च. त.] 1 an oblation to Agni (chiefly of milk, oil and sour gruel.). -2 maintenance of the sacred fire and offering oblation to it; (अग्नये होत्रं होमो$स्मिन् कर्मणीति अग्निहोत्रमिति कर्मनाम); or the sacred fire itself; तपोवनाग्निहोत्रधूमलेखासु K.26. होता स्यात् ˚त्रस्य Ms.11.36. ˚त्रमुपासते 42; स्त्रीं दाहयेत् ˚त्रेण Ms.5.167,6.4, दाहयित्वाग्निहोत्रेण स्त्रियं वृत्तवतीम् Y.1.89. The time of throwing oblations into the fire is, as ordained by the sun himself, evening (अग्नये सायं जुहुयात् सूर्याय प्रातर्जुहुयात्). Agnihotra is of two kinds; नित्य of constant obligation (यावज्जीवमग्निहोत्रं जुहोति) and काम्य occasional or optional (उपसद्भिश्चरित्वा मासमेकमग्निहोत्रं जुहोति). (-त्र) a. Ved. 1 destined for, connected with, Agnihotra. -2 sacrificing to Agni. ˚न्यायः The rule according to which the नित्यकर्मन्s (which are to be performed यावज्जीवम्) are performed at their stipulated or scheduled time only, during one's life time. This is discussed and established by जैमिनि and शबर at Ms.6. 2.23-26. in connection with अग्निहोत्र and other कर्मन्s. ˚हवनी (णी) a ladle used in sacrificial libations, or अग्निहोत्रहविर्ग्रहणी ऋक् Tv.; See हविर्ग्रहणी; ˚हुत् offering the अग्निहोत्र; ˚आहुतिः invocation or oblation connected with अग्निहोत्र. -होत्रिन् a. [अग्निहोत्र-मत्वर्थे इनि] 1 one who practises the Agnihotra, or consecrates and maintains the sacred fire. -2 one who has prepared the sacrificial place. -होत्री Sacrificial cow; तामग्निहोत्रीमृषयो जगृहु- र्ब्रह्मवादिनः Bhāg.8.8.2.
agnīṣoma अग्नीषोम m. (मौ) [अग्निश्च सोमश्च द्वन्द्व ईत् षत्वम्] Agni and Soma; ˚प्रणयनम् bringing out Agni and Soma; a ceremony in the ज्योतिष्टोम sacrifice; (˚नी) the ṛk or vessel used in consecrating them.
agra अग्र a. [अङ्ग्-रन् नलोपः Uṇ.2.28] 1 First, foremost, chief, best, prominent, principal, pre-eminent; ˚महिषी chief queen; ˚वातमासेवमाना M.1. front (and hence, fresh) breeze; ˚आसनम् chief seat, seat of honour; माम- ग्रासनतो$वकृष्टमवशं ये दृष्टवन्तः पुरा Mu.1.12. -2 Excessive, over and above, surplus; supernumerary, projecting (अधिक). -ग्रः Setting mountain; अग्रसानुषु नितान्तपिशङ्गैः Ki.9.7. -ग्रम् 1 (a) The foremost or topmost point, tip, point (opp. मूलम्, मध्यम्); (fig.) sharpness, keenness; धर्मस्य ब्राह्मणो मूलम् मग्रं राजन्य उच्यते Ms.11.83; दर्व्याम् अग्रं मूलम् मध्यम् &c.; नासिका˚ tip of the nose; सूचि˚ &c.; समस्ता एव विद्या जिह्वाग्रे$भवन् K.346 stood on the tip of the tongue; अमुष्य विद्या रसनाग्रनर्तकी N.1.5. (b) Top, summit, surface; कैलास˚, पर्वत˚, &c. -2 Front, van; अग्रे कृ put in the front or at the head; तामग्रे कृत्वा Pt.4. See अग्रे. -3 The best of any kind; स्यन्दनाग्रेण with the best of chariots; प्रासादाग्रैः Rām. -4 Superiority, excellence (उत्कर्ष); अग्रादग्रं रोहति Tāṇḍya. -5 Goal, aim, resting place (आलम्बनम्); मनुमेकाग्रमासीनम् Ms.1.1, See ˚भूमि also. -6 Beginning, See अग्रे. -7 A multitude, assemblage. -8 Overplus, excess, surplus; साग्रं स्त्रीसहस्रम् Rām. 1 women and more; so साग्रकोटी च रक्षसाम्. -9 A weight = पल q. v. -1 A measure of food given as alms (ब्राह्मणभोजनम् occurring in अग्रहार); प्रयतो ब्राह्मणाग्रे यः श्रद्धया परया युतः । Mb.13.65.13. -11 (Astr.) Amplitude of the sun (˚ग्रा, अग्रका also). cf. ...अग्रमालम्बने$धिके । पुरोपरिप्रान्ताद्येषु न पुंसि प्रमिताशने । Nm. -12 Forepart of time; नैवेह किंचनाग्र आसीत् Bṛi. Up.1.2.1. In compounds as first member meaning 'the forepart', 'front', 'tip' &c.; e. g. ˚अक्चयः First procurement (cf. Daṇḍa-viveka G. O. S.52, p.43). ˚पादः -चरणः the forepart of the foot, toe; so ˚हस्तः, ˚करः, ˚पाणिः &c.; ˚सरोरूहम् the topmost lotus. पद्मानि यस्याग्रसरोरुहाणि Ku.1.16. ˚कर्णम् Tip-ear; top of the ear; Mātaṅga L.5.7. ˚कायः forepart of the body; so ˚नखम्, ˚नासिका tip of the nail, nose &c., -adv. In front, before, ahead. -Comp. -अंशुः [अग्रम् अंशोः] the focal point. -अक्षि n. [कर्म.] sharp or pointed vision, side-look (अपाङ्गवीक्षण); अग्राक्ष्णा वीक्षमाणस्तु तिर्यग् भ्रातरमब्रवीत् Rām. -अद्वन् a. having precedence in eating. -अनी (णी) कः (कम्) vanguard; दीर्घाल्लँघूंश्चैव नरानग्रानीकेषु योधयेत् Ms.7.193; [अग्राणीकं रघुव्याघ्रौ राक्षसानां बभञ्जतुः Rām. -अयणीयम [अग्रं श्रेष्टं अयनं ज्ञानं तत्र साधु छ]. 1 N. of a Buddhistic tenet (उत्पादपूर्वमग्रायणीयमथ वीर्यता प्रवादः स्यात् -हेमचन्द्रः). -2 title of the second of the fourteen oldest Jain books (Pūrvas). -अवलेहितम् [अग्रम् अव- लेहितम् आस्वादितं यस्य] food at a Śrāddha ceremony, the chief part of which has been tested. -आसनम् First seat of honour; मामग्रासनतो$वकृष्टमवशम् Mu.1.12. -उत्सर्गः taking a thing by leaving its first portion in conformity with the rule of laying by nothing for the next day (i. e. the rule of non hoarding); cf. Daṇḍaviveka G. O. S.52, pp.43-44. -उपहरणम् first supply. -उपहरणीय a. [अग्रे उपह्रियते कर्मणि अनीयर्] 1 that which is first offered or supplied. -2 [अग्रम् उपह्रियते यस्मै हृ- संप्रदाने अनीयर्] श्राद्धाद्यर्थमुपकल्पितस्य अन्नादेरग्रे दानोद्देश्यः वास्तु- देवादिः Tv. -करः 1 = अग्रहस्तः q. v. -2 the focal point. -केशः front line of hair; ˚शेषु रेणुः अपहरति K.86. -गः [अग्रे गच्छतीति, गम्-ड] a leader, a guide; taking the lead; marching foremost. -गण्य a. [अग्रे गण्यते$सौ] foremost, to be ranked first; शमनभवनयाने यद्भवानग्रगण्यः Mahān. -गामिन् a. [अग्रे गच्छति] a leader; प्रष्ठो$ग्रगामिनि P.VIII.3.92. -ज a. [अग्रे जायते; जन्-ड.] first born or produced; आनन्देनाग्रजेनेव R.1.78. (-जः) 1 the first born, an elder brother; सुमतिं ममाग्रजमवगच्छ M.5; अस्त्येव मन्युर्भरताग्रजे मे R.14.73. -2 a Brāhmaṇa. (-जा) an elder sister; so ˚जात, ˚जातक, ˚जाति. -जङ्घा the forepart of the calf. -जन्मन् m. [अग्रे जन्म यस्य सः] 1 the first-born, an elder brother; जनकाग्रजन्मनोः शासनमतिक्रम्य Dk.2. -2 a Brāhmaṇa (वर्णेषु मध्ये अग्रजातत्वात्, or अग्रात् प्रधानाङ्गात् मुखात् जातत्वात्, ब्राह्मणो$स्य मुखमासीत्, तस्मात् त्रिवृत् स्तोमानां मुखम... अग्निर्देवतानां ब्राह्मणो मनुष्याणाम्; तस्माद् ब्राह्मणो मुखेन वीर्यं करोति मुखतो हि सृष्टः Tāṇḍya); अतिवयसमग्रजन्मानम् K.12; अवो- चत् ˚न्मा Dk.13.3; N. of Brahmā, as he was the first to be born in the waters. cf. अग्रजन्मा द्विजे ज्येष्ठभ्रातरि ब्रह्मणि स्मृतम् Nm. -जिह्वा the tip of the tongue. -ज्या (astr.) the sign of the amplitude. -दानिन् [अग्रे दानम् अस्य; अग्र- दान-इनि] a (degraded) Brāhmaṇa who takes presents offered in honour of the dead (प्रेतोद्देशेन यद्दानं दीयते तत्प्रति- ग्राही); लोभी विप्रश्च शूद्राणामग्रेदानं गृहीतवान् । ग्रहणे मृतदानानां (ग्रहणात्तिलदानानां Tv.) अग्रदानी बभूव सः ॥ -दानीयः [अग्रे दानमर्हति छ] = अग्रदानिन्. -दूतः a harbinger; कृष्णाक्रोधा- ग्रदूतः Ve.1.22; ˚दूतिका Dk.2; महीपतीनां प्रणयाग्रदूत्यः R.6.12; -देवी the chief queen; समग्रदेवीनिवहाग्र- देवी... । Bu.ch.1.15. -धान्यम a cereal grain. (Mar. जोंधळा), Holcus soraghum or Holcus spicatus. (Mar. बाजरी). -निरूपणम् predestination; prophecy, determining beforehand. -नीः (णीः) [अग्रे नीयते असौ नी-क्विप्, णत्वम्] 1 a leader, foremost, first, chief; ˚णी- र्विरागहेतुः K.195; अप्यग्रणीर्मन्त्रकृतामृषीणाम् R.5.4. chief. -2 fire. -पर्णी [अग्रे पर्णं यस्याः सा-ङीप्] cowage, Carpopogon Pruriens (अजलोमन्). [Mar. कुयली]. -पातिन् a. [अग्रे आदौ पतति; पत्-णिनि] happening beforehand, antecedent; [˚तीनि शुभानि निमित्तानि K.65. -पादः the forepart of the foot; toes; नवकिसलयरागेणाग्रपादेन M.3.12; ˚स्थिता standing on tiptoe. Ś.5. -पाणिः = ˚हस्तः q. v. -पूजा the highest or first mark of reverence or respect; ˚जामिह स्थित्वा गृहाणेदं विषं प्रभो Rām. -पेयम् precedence in drinking. -प्रदायिन् a. giving in advance; तेषामग्र- प्रदायी स्याः कल्पोत्थायी प्रियंवदः Mb.5.135.35. -बीज a. [अग्रं शाखाग्रं बीजमुत्पादकं यस्य] growing by means of the tip or end of branches, growing on the stock or stem of another tree, such as 'कलम' in Mar. (-जः) a viviparous plant. -भागः [कर्म.] 1 the first or best part (श्राद्धादौ प्रथममुद्धृत्य देयं द्रव्यम्) -2 remnant, remainder (शेषभाग). -3 fore-part, tip, point. -4 (astr.) a degree of amplitude. -भागिन् a. [अग्र- भागो$स्यास्ति; अस्त्यर्थे इनि] first to take or claim (the remnant); अलङ्क्रियमाणस्य तस्य अनुलेपनमाल्ये ˚गी भवामि V. 5, claiming the first share of the remnant etc. -भावः precedence. उदारसंख्यैः सचिवैरसंख्यैः कृताग्रभावः स उदाग्रभावः Bu.ch.I.15. -भुज् a. 1 having precedence in eating. स तानग्रभुजस्तात धान्येन च धनेन च Mb.1.178.12. -2 gluttonous, voracious (औदरिक). -भूः [अग्रे भवति भू-क्विप्] = ˚ज. -भूमिः f. 1 goal of ambition or object aimed at; ततो$ग्रभूमिं व्यवसायासिद्धेः Ki.17.55; त्वमग्र- भूमिर्निरपायसंश्रया Śi.1.32 (प्राप्यस्थानम्). -2 the topmost part, pinnacle; विमान˚ Me.71. -महिषी the principal queen. -मांसम् [अग्रं भक्ष्यत्वेन प्रधानं मांसम्] flesh in the heart, the heart itself; ˚सं चानीतं Ve.3.2. morbid protuberance of the liver. -यणम् [अग्रम् अयनात् उत्तरायणात् णत्वं शकं˚ तद्विधानकालो$स्य अच् (?) Tv.] a kind of sacrificial ceremony. See आग्रयण. -यान a. [अग्रे यानं यस्य, या-ल्युट्] taking the lead, foremost. (-नम्) an army that stops in front to defy the enemy. मनो$ग्रयानं वचसा निरुक्तं नमामहे Bhāg.8.5.26. -यायिन् a. [अग्रे यास्यति या-णिनि] taking the lead, leading the van; पुत्रस्य ते रणशिरस्ययमग्रयायी Ś.7.26. मान- धनाग्रयायी R.5.3,5.62.18.1. -योधिन् [अग्रे स्थित्वा युध्यते] the principal hero, champion राक्षसानां वधे तेषां ˚धी भविष्यति Rām.; so ˚वीर; कर्मसु चाग्रवीरः. -रन्ध्रम् opening fore-part; त्रासान्नासाग्ररन्ध्रं विशति Māl.1.1. -लोहिता [अग्रं लोहितं यस्याः सा] a kind of pot-herb (चिल्लीशाक). -संख्या the first place or rank; पुत्रः समारोपयदग्रसंख्याम् R.18.3. -वक्त्रम् N. of a surgical instrument, Suśr. -वातः fresh breeze; अग्रवातमासेवमाना M.1. -शोमा towering beauty or the beauty of the peaks; कैलासशैलस्य यदग्रशोभाम् । Bu. ch.1.3. -संधानी [अग्रे फलोत्पत्तेः प्राक् संधी- यते ज्ञायते $नया कार्यम् Tv.] the register of human actions kept by Yama (यत्र हि प्राणिवर्गस्य प्राग्भवीयकर्मानुसारेण शुभा- शुभसूचकं सर्वं लिख्यते सा यमपञ्जिका). -सन्ध्या early dawn; कर्कन्धूनामुपरि तुहिनं रञ़्जयत्यग्रसन्ध्या Ś.4. v.1. -सर = यायिन् taking the lead; आयोधनाग्रसरतां त्वयि वीर याते R.5.71. -सारा [अग्रं शीर्षमात्रं सारो यस्याः सा] 1 a sprout which has tips without fruits. -2 a short method of counting immense numbers. -हर a. [अग्रे ह्रियते दीयते$सौ; हृ-अच्] 1 that which must be given first. -2 = अग्रहारिन्. -हस्त (˚कर; ˚पाणिः,) the forepart of the hand or arm; अग्रहस्तेन गृहीत्वा प्रसादयैनाम् Ratn.3; forepart of the trunk (of an elephant); often used for a finger or fingers taken collectively; शीतलस्ते ˚स्तः Mk.3; अतिसाध्वसेन वेपते मे ˚स्तः Ratn.1; कुसुमित इव ते ˚स्तः प्रतिभाति M.1.; प्रसारिते ˚स्ते M.4; ˚हस्तात्प्रभ्रष्टं पुष्पभाजनम् Ś.4. slipped from the fingers; also the right hand; अथ ˚हस्ते मुकुलीकृताङ्गुलौ Ku.5.63. (अग्रश्चासौ हस्तश्च Malli.). Ki.5.29. -हायनः (णः) [अग्रः श्रेष्ठः हायनो व्रीहिः अत्र, णत्वम्] the beginning of the year; N. of the month मार्गशीर्ष; (मासानां मार्गशीर्षो$हम् Bg. 1.35.); ˚इष्टिः नवशस्येष्टिर्यागभेदः. -हारः 1 a grant of land given by kings (to Brāhmaṇas) for sustenance (अग्रं ब्राह्मणभोजनं, तदर्थं ह्रियन्ते राजधनात् पृथक् क्रियन्ते ते क्षेत्रादयः- नीलकण्ठ; क्षेत्रोत्पन्नशस्यादुद्धृत्य ब्राह्मणोद्देशेन स्थाप्यं धान्यादि, गुरुकुला- दावृत्तब्रह्मचारिणे देयं क्षेत्रादि, ग्रामभेदश्च Tv.); अग्रहारांश्च दास्यामि ग्रामं नगरसंमितम् Mb.3.64.4. कस्मिंश्चिदग्रहारे Dk.8.9. -2 the first offering in वैश्वदेव Mb.3.234.47.
acchandas अच्छन्दस् a. [न. ब.] 1 Not studying the Vedas (as a boy before the मुञ़्ज ceremony), or not entitled to that study (as a Śūdra). -2 Not metrical, not of the nature of metres, i. e. prose. -3 Without fancy or whim.
ajiraḥ अजिरः a. [अज् गतौ किरन् वीभावाभावः Uṇ.1.53.] Quick, swift (शीघ्र) -रः 1 A sort of mouse, hairy mole. -2 A kind of ceremony in pronouncing curses -रम् 1 A court-yard, an enclosed space, arena; उट- जाजिरप्रकीर्ण K.3, आस्थाननिकेतनाजिरम् Ki.1.16; so रण˚ सावित्र इति विख्यातः प्रविवेश रणाजिरम् Rām.7.27.34 गृह˚ &c. -2 The body. -3 Any object of sense. -4 The wind, air. -5 A frog. -रा 1 N. of a river. -2 N. of Durgā. -रः N. of a snake-priest. -Comp. -अधिराज [कर्म˚] Ved. 'a quick emperor', epithet of death. -शोचिस् a. [अजिरं शोचिर्यस्य] glittering, having tremalous or flashing light.
atipreṣitam अतिप्रेषितम् The time after the ceremony in which the प्रैष Mantras are used.
advayat अद्वयत् अद्वयस् a. Ved. Having no second; सखा सुशेवो अद्वयाः Rv.1.187.3 (द्वयरहित); free from duplicity, true, sincere (?).
adhikāraḥ अधिकारः 1 Superintendence, watching over; स्त्रीषु कष्टो$धिकारः V.3.1; यः पौरवेण राज्ञा धर्माधिकारे नियुक्तः Ś.1 superintendence of religious matters. -2 Duty, office, charge; power, post of authority; authority; मन्त्राधि- कारः Kau. A.1 निर्णयाधिकारे ब्रवीमि M.1. I say this in the capacity of a judge; अविश्रमो$यं लोकतन्त्राधिकारः Ś.5; द्वीपिनस्ताम्बूलाधिकारो दत्तः Pt.1, तुल्योद्योगस्तव दिनकृतश्चाधिकारो मतो नः V.2.1.; अर्थ˚ administration of pecuniary matters स्वाधिकारात् प्रमत्तः Me.1; अधिकारे मम पुत्रको नियुक्तः M.5; यः सर्वाधिकारे नियुक्तः प्रधानमन्त्री स करोतु, अनुजीविना पर˚ चर्चा न कर्तव्या H.2; शिल्पाधिकारे योग्येयं दारिका M.1 fit to be initiated in to the fine arts. -3 Sovereignty, government or administration, jurisdiction, rule; स्वाधिकार- भूमौ वर्तिष्यते Ś.7 seat of government or jurisdiction, ˚खेदं निरूप्य Ś.5. -4 Position, dignity, rank; हृताधिकारां मलिनाम् Y.1.7 deprived of the position or rights or privileges of a wife. -5 (a) Right, authority, privilege, claim, title (as to wealth, property &c.); right of ownership or possession; अधिकारः फले स्वाम्यमथिकारी च तत्प्रभुः S. D.296; वत्से$धिकारः स्थितः Mv.4.38 it now belongs to the child. (b) Qualification or authority to perform certain specified duties, civil, sacrificial, religious &c.; as the अधिकार of a king to rule and protect, of a Brāhmaṇa to sacrifice, of a Vaiśya to till or trade &c.; शूद्रो$धिकारहीनो$पि Y.3.262; with loc.; निषेकादिस्मशा- नान्तो मन्त्रैर्यस्योदितो विधिः । तस्य शास्त्रे$धिकारो$स्मिन् ज्ञेयो नान्यस्य कस्यचित् Ms.2.16; श्राद्धाधिकारसम्पदस्तु इति भवन्तो ब्रुवन्तु (repeated in Śrāddha ceremonies). -6 Prerogative of a king. -7 Effort, exertion; कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन Bg.2.47 your business is with action alone &c. -8 Relation, reference; स राघवस्तत्र तदा प्रलापाञ् शुश्राव लोकस्य समागतस्य । आत्माधिकारा विविधाश्च वाचः Rām.2.17.43. कथा विचित्राः पृतनाधिकाराः Mb. -9 Place = अधिकरण; महत्खलु पुरुषाधिकारं ज्योतिः M.1. -1 A topic, paragraph or section; प्रायश्चित्त˚ Mit.; See अधिकरण. -11 Counting, enumeration, occasion for counting; संसत्सु जाते पुरुषाधिकारे Ki. 3.51 (गणनाप्रस्तावे). -12 (In gram.) A head or governing rule, which exerts a directing or governing influence over other rules; e. g. सर्वस्य द्वे P.VIII.1.1; समर्थानां प्रथमाद्वा; प्राग्दीव्यतो$ण् IV.1.82-3; तत्पुरुषः II. 1.22; अधिकारो$यं Sk. (This अधिकार is of three kinds; सिंहावलोकितं चैव मण्डूकप्लुतमेव च । गङ्गाप्रवाहवच्चापि अधिकारस्त्रिधा मतः ॥.) अधिकार also means a word or sūtra extending over in the following सूत्रs up to a particular limit. -Comp. -विधिः determination or statement of qualifications to do particular acts; as राजा राजसूयेन यजेत. -स्थ -आढ्य a. possessed of authority, invested with office. अधिकारिन् adhikārin अधिकारवत् adhikāravat अधिकारिन् अधिकारवत् a. [अस्त्यर्थे इनि मतुप् वा] 1 Possessed of authority, having power; निःस्पृहो नाधिकारी स्यात् Pt.1.164; सन्धिविग्रहकार्य˚, कार्य˚ H.3. -2 Entitled to, having a right to; सर्वे स्युरधिकारिणः; so उत्तराधिकारिन् heir; धनग्रहण˚ &c.; तपस्यनधिकारित्वात् R.15.51 not qualified or authorised. -3 Belonging to, owned by. -4 Fit for. -m. (री-वान्) 1 An official, officer; न निष्प्रयोजनम् अधिकारवन्तः प्रभुभिराहूयन्ते Mu.3; a functionary, superintendent, head, director, governor. -2 A rightful claimant, proprietor, master, owner. -3 One qualified to sacrifice or perform sacred works. -4 Man as the lord of creation. -5 One well versed in the Vedānta.
adhvara अध्वर a. [न ध्वरति कुटिलो न भवति ध्वृ-अच्. न. त.; ध्वरतिर्हिंसाकर्मा तत्प्रतिषेधो निपातः अहिंस्रः Nir.] 1 Not crooked, not broken, uninterrupted; इमं यज्ञमवतामध्वरं नः Yv.27. 17 (अध्वरम् = अकुटिलं शास्त्रोक्तम्). -2 Intent, attentive. -3 Durable, sound. -4 Not injuring; ततो$ध्वरजटः स्थाणु- र्वेदाध्वरपतिः शिवः Mb.12.256.19. -रः [अध्वानं सत्पथं राति ददाति फलत्वेन, रा-क] A sacrifice, a religious ceremony; also a Soma sacrifice; तमध्वरे विश्वजिति R.5.1. -रः -रम् 1 Sky or air (आकाश). -2 The second of the 8 Vasus. -Comp. -कल्पा on optional sacrifice (काम्येष्टि). -काण्डम् [ष. त.] part of the शतपथब्राह्मण which treats of sacrifices. -ग [अध्वरं गच्छति] intended for a sacrifice. -दीक्ष- णीया [ष. त.] consecration connected with an Adhvara; so ˚प्रायश्चित्तिः an expiation &c. -मीमांसा [ष. त.] N. of Jaimini's Pūrvamīmāmṁsā. -श्रीः [ष. त.] glory of the Adhvara. -समिष्टयजुः n. N. of an aggregate of libations connected with a sacrifice. -स्थ a. Engaged in a sacrifice; य उदृचि यज्ञे अध्वरेष्ठाः । Rv.1.77.7. अध्वरीयति adhvarīyati अध्वर्यति adhvaryati अध्वरीयति अध्वर्यति Den. P. To desire to have a sacrifice performed; or to perform one.
anavalobhanam अनवलोभनम् [न अवलुप्यते पुमानन्येन, अवलुप्-ल्युट् पृषो˚ पस्य भः Tv.] A sort of purificatory ceremony to be performed in the case of a pregnant woman in the third month after conception.
anukārin अनुकारिन् a. Imitating, resembling (with gen. or in comp.); प्रियायाः किञ्चिदनुकारिणीषु लतासु दृष्टिं विलोभयामि Ś.6; अनुकारिणि पूर्वेषां युक्तरूपमिदं त्वयि Ś.2.17;1.21; R.1. 43. कपिलानुकारिणा 3.5. अनुकार्य anukārya कारणीय kāraṇīya कर्तव्य kartavya अनुकार्य कारणीय कर्तव्य pot. p. Fit to be imitated. -र्यम्, -अनुक्रिया A subsequent rite or ceremony.
anunirvāpyā अनुनिर्वाप्या A ceremony connected with this libation.
anuyājaḥ अनुयाजः [यज्-घञ्, कुत्वाभावः P.VII.3.62] A part of a sacrificial ceremony (यज्ञाङ्गम्); secondary or supplementary sacrificial rite; usually written अनूयाज q. v. -Comp. -प्रसवः permission to perform an Anuyāja. -प्रैषाः the formulae belonging to the Anuyāja.
anuśucikā अनुशुचिका A ceremony enjoined by the Vedas (?).
anuṣṭhā अनुष्ठा 1 U. (˚स्था) 1 To do, perform or carry out, execute, attend to (order, duty &c.); bring about, effect, accomplish (business); अनुतिष्ठसि धर्मेण ये चान्ये विदितास्त्वया Mb.3.267.11. विवाहदीक्षाविधिमन्वतिष्ठत् Ku.7. 1,1.17; किमनुतिष्ठति भगवान् मारीचः Ś.7; आज्ञापयतु आर्यः को नियोगो$नुष्ठीयतामिति Ś.1; ये मे मतमिदं नित्यमनुतिष्ठन्ति मानवाः Bg.3.31 follow; गुरोर्वचनमनुतिष्ठ V.5 do as your papa orders; अनुतिष्ठस्वात्मनो नियोगम् M.1 look or attend to your own duty, do your business. -2 To follow, practise, observe (धर्म, व्रत &c.); commit (a sin). -3 To rule, govern, superintend; appoint. -4 To stand by or near (with loc.); तिष्ठन्तीष्वनुतिष्ठेत्तु व्रजन्तीष्वप्यनुव्रजेत् Ms.11.112; sit on; occupy; अनुष्ठास्यति रामस्य सीता प्रकृतमासनम् Rām.; -5 To follow, go after (lit.); स्वकान्तामनुतिष्ठति Rām.; नारा- जके पतिं भार्या यथावदनुतिष्ठति Subhāṣ.; follow, obey. -6 To imitate, tread in. पदं चेहानुतिष्ठन्ति पूर्वेषां पूर्वजैः कृतम् Bhāg. -7 (Intrans.) (a) To place or put oneself on, be in a position, present oneself. (b) To remain, continue. (c) To be engaged in religious ceremonies (muttering prayers &c.); अनुतिष्ठतां ब्राह्मणानाम् M.5.
anuṣṭhānam अनुष्ठानम् 1 Doing, performance, practice, execution, accomplishment &c.; obeying, acting in conformity to; उपरुध्यते तपो$नुष्ठानम् Ś.4. practice of religious austerities; को$पि वधोपायश्चिन्त्यो यस्यानुष्ठानेन Pt.1; नानुष्ठानैर्विहीनाः स्युः कुलजा विधवा इव Pt.2.95; धर्मे स्वयमनुष्ठानं कस्यचित्तु महात्मनः H.1.99; शास्त्रानुष्ठानं वा Kau. A.1.6. -2 Commencing, undertaking, engaging in; यदि समुद्रेण सह वैरानुष्ठानं कार्यम् Pt.1. -3 Commencement or course of conduct, procedure, course of action; कथं न्याय्यमनुष्ठानं मादृशः प्रति- षेधतु U.5.21. -4 Practice of religious rites or ceremonies, any religious rite or ceremony; किंत्वनुष्ठाननित्यत्वं स्वातन्त्र्यमपकर्षति U.1.8; Mv.4.33. -नी Performance, doing &c. -Comp. -शरीरम् 'the body of action'; (according to the Sāṅkhya doctrine) the intermediate body between the सूक्ष्म or subtle and the स्थूल or gross body.
anustaraṇam अनुस्तरणम् Strewing or spreading round. -णी [करणे ल्युट्] 1 A cover, (आच्छादनम् such as leather); अनुस्तरण्या वपामुत्खिद्य शिरोमुखं प्रच्छादयेत् Āśval. -2 A cow; (सेयं गौः स्तृतं दीक्षितमनुस्तृतत्वाद्धिंसितत्वाच्चानुस्तरणीत्युच्यते Sāy.); especially the cow sacrificed at the funeral ceremony, which enables the departed spirit to safely cross the river of Hell called वैतरिणी (अनुतीर्यते वैतरिणी नदी अनया तॄ-करणे ल्युट् पृषो-सुट् Tv.).
anta अन्त a. [अम्-तन् Uṇ.3.86] 1 Near. -2 Last. -3 Handsome, lovely; Me.23; दन्तोज्ज्वलासु विमलोपलमे- खलान्ताः Śi.4.4, (where, however, the ordinary sense of 'border' or 'skirt' may do as well, though Malli. renders अन्त by रम्य, quoting the authority of शब्दार्णव - 'मृताववसिते रम्ये समाप्तावन्त इष्यते'). -4 Lowest, worst. -5 Youngest. -तः (n. in some senses) 1 (a) End, limit, boundary (in time or space); final limit, last or extreme point; स सागरान्तां पृथिवीं प्रशास्ति H.4.5 bounded by the ocean, as far as the sea; अपाङ्गौ नेत्रयो- रन्तौ Ak.; उद्युक्तो विद्यान्तमधिगच्छति H.3.114 goes to the end of, masters completely; श्रुतस्य यायादयमन्तमर्भकस्तथा परेषां युधि चेति पार्थिवः (where अन्त also means end or destruction); जीवलोकसुखानामन्तं ययौ K.59 enjoyed all worldly pleasures; आलोकितः खलु रमणीयानामन्तः K.124 end, furthest extremity; दिगन्ते श्रूयन्ते Bv.1.2. -2 Skirt, border, edge, precinct; a place or ground in general; यत्र रम्यो वनान्तः U.2.25 forest ground, skirts of the forest; ओदकान्तात् स्निग्धो जनो$नुगन्तव्यः Ś.4; उपवनान्तलताः R.9.35 as far as the borders or skirts; वृत्तः स नौ संगतयोर्वनान्ते R.2.58,2.19; Me.23. Upper part (शिरोभाग); महा- र्हमुक्तामणिभूषितान्तम् Rām.5.4.3. -3 End of a texture, edge, skirt, fringe or hem of a garment; वस्त्र˚; पवनप्रनर्तितान्तदेशे दुकूले K.9 (by itself in Veda). -4 Vicinity, proximity, neighbourhood, presence; नाधीयीत श्मशानान्ते ग्रामान्ते Ms. 4.116; Y.2.162; जलान्ते छन्दसां कुर्यादुत्सर्गं विधिवद् बहिः 1.143; गङ्गाप्रपातान्तविरूढशष्पम् (गह्वरम्) R.2.26; पुंसो यमान्तं व्रजतः P.2.115 going into the vicinity or presence of Yama; अन्योन्यामन्त्रणं यत्स्याज्जनान्ते तज्जनान्तिकम् S. D.; यां तु कुमारस्यान्ते वाचमभाषथास्तां मे ब्रूहि Śat. Br. (These four senses are allied). -5 End, conclusion, termination (opp. आरम्भ or आदि); सेकान्ते R.1.51; दिनान्ते निहितम् R.4.1; मासान्ते, पक्षान्ते, दशाहान्ते &c.; एकस्य दुःखस्य न यावदन्तं गच्छाम्यहं पारमिवार्णवस्य Pt.2.175; व्यसनानि दुरन्तानि Ms.7.45; दशान्तमुपेयिवान् R.12.1 going to the end of the period of life (end of the wick); व्यसनं वर्धयत्येव तस्यान्तं नाधिगच्छति Pt.2.18; oft. in comp. in this sense, and meaning 'ending in or with', 'ceasing to exist with', 'reaching to the end'; तदन्तं तस्य जीवितम् H.1.91 ends in it; कलहान्तानि हर्म्याणि कुवाक्यान्तं च सौहृदम् । कुराजान्तानि राष्ट्राणि कुकर्मान्तं यशो नृणाम् ॥ Pt.5.76; विशाखान्ता गता मेघा प्रसूत्यन्तं च यौवनम् । प्रणामान्तः सतां कोपो याचनान्तंहि गौरवम् ॥ Subhā. फलोदयान्ताय तपःसमाधये Ku.5.6 ending with (lasting till) the attainment of fruit; यौवनान्तं वयो यस्मिन् Ku.6.44; R.11.62,14.41; विपदन्ता ह्यविनीतसंपदः Ki.2.52; युगसहस्रान्तं ब्राह्मं पुण्यमहर्विदुः Ms.1.73 at the end of 1 Yugas; प्राणान्तं दण़्डम् Ms.8.359 capital punishment (such as would put an end to life). -6 Death, destruction; end or close of life; धरा गच्छत्यन्तं Bh.3.71 goes down to destruction; योगेनान्ते तनुत्यजाम् R.1.8; एका भवेत्स्वस्तिमती त्वदन्ते 2.48;12.75; ममाप्यन्ते Ś.6; अद्य कान्तः कृतान्तो वा दुःखस्यान्तं करिष्यति Udb.; औषध्यः फलपाकान्ताः Ms.1.46; अन्तं या To be destroyed, perish, be ruined. -7 (In gram.) A final syllable or letter of a word; अजन्त ending in a vowel; so हलन्त, सुबन्त, तिडन्त &c. -8 The last word in a compound. -9 Ascertainment, or settlement (of a question); definite or final settlement; pause, final determination, as in सिद्धान्त; न चैव रावणस्यान्तो दृश्यते जीवितक्षये Rām.6.17.58 उभयोरपि दृष्टोन्तस्त्वनयोस्तत्त्वदर्शिभिः Bg.2.16 (सदसतोः इत्यर्थः). -1 The last portion or the remainder (n. also); निशान्तः; वेदान्तः &c. वेदांश्चैव तु वेदाङ्गान् वेदान्तानि तथा स्मृतीः । अधीत्य ब्राह्मणः पूर्वं शक्तितो$न्यांश्च संपठेत् ॥ Bṛihadyogi- yājñavalkya Smṛiti 12.34. -11 Underneath, inside, inner part; युष्मदीयं च जलान्ते गृहम् Pt.4 in water, underneath water; सुप्रयुक्तस्य दम्भस्य ब्रह्माप्यन्तं न गच्छति Pt.1.22 does not penetrate or dive into, sound, fathom; आशङ्कितस्यान्तं गच्छामि M.3 shall dive deep into, fully satisfy, my doubts. -12 Total amount, whole number or quantity. -13 A large number. -14 Nature, condition; sort, species; मम मोक्षस्य को$न्तो वै ब्रह्मन्ध्यायस्व वै प्रभो Mb.12.282.32. एतदन्तास्तु गतयो ब्रह्माद्याः समुदाहृताः Ms.1.5. -15 Disposition; essence; शुद्धान्तः -16 Division (विभाग); ते$नया कात्यायन्या$न्तं करवाणीति Bri. Up.2.4.1. [cf. Goth. andeis, and; Germ. ende and ent; also Gr. anti; L. ante]. cf. अन्तस्तु भागे$- वसिते रचनायां च तत्परे । मृतौ निषेवणे रम्ये समाप्तावग्रमध्ययोः ॥ स्वरूपे च समीपे च पुंलिङ्गे$पि प्रकीर्तितः । Nm. -Comp. -अवशा- यिन् m. [अन्ते पर्यन्तदेशे अवशेते] a chāṇḍāla. -अवसायिन् [नखकेशानामन्तं अवसातुं छेत्तुं शीलमस्य, सो-णिनि] 1 a barber. -2 a chāṇḍāla, low caste. -3 N. of a sage, see अन्त्याव- सायिन् (अन्ते पश्चिमे वयसि अवस्यति तत्त्वं निश्चिनोति). -उदात्त a. having the acute accent on the last syllable. (-त्तः) the acute accent on the last syllable; P.VI,1.199. -ओष्ठः The lower lip (अधरोष्ठ); रुधिरं न व्यतिक्रामदन्तोष्ठादम्ब मा शुचः Mb.11.15.16. -कर, -करण,-कारिन् a. causing death or destruction, fatal, mortal, destructive; क्षत्रिया- न्तकरणो$पि विक्रमः R.11.75 causing the destruction of; राज्यान्तकरणावेतौ द्वौ दोषौ पृथिवीक्षिताम् Ms.9.221; अहमन्तकरो नूनं ध्वान्तस्येव दिवाकरः Bk. -कर्मन् n. death, destruction; षो अन्तकर्मणि Dhātupāṭha. -कालः, -वेला time or hour of death; स्थित्वा स्यामन्तकाले$पि ब्रह्मनिर्वाणमृच्छति Bg.2.72. -कृत् m. death; वर्जयेदन्तकृन्मर्त्यं वर्जयेदनिलो$नलम् Rām. -कृद्दशाः N. of the eighth of the twelve sacred Aṅga texts of the Jainas (containing ten chapters). -ग a. having gone to the end of, thoroughly conversant or familiar with, (in comp.); शाखान्तगमथाध्वर्युम् Ms.3.145. -गति, -गामिन् a. perishing. प्राप्तो$न्तगामी विपरीतबुद्धिः Rām.6.59.94. -गमनम् 1 going to the end, finishing, completing; प्रारब्धस्य ˚नं द्वितीयं बुद्धिलक्षणम् -2 death, perishing, dying. -चक्रम् Reading of omens and augury; Kau. A. -चर a. 1 walking about, going to the borders or frontiers. -2 completing or finishing (as a business &c.). -ज a. last born. -दीपकम् a figure of speech (in Rhetoric). -परिच्छदः a. cover, covering utensil. राजतान्तपरिच्छदां दिव्यपायससंपूर्णां पात्रीम् Rām.1.16.14. -पालः 1 a frontier-guard, guarding the frontiers; विनीतैरन्तपालैश्च रक्षोभिश्च सुरक्षितम् Rām.5.6.9. ˚दुर्गे M.1; त्वदीयेनान्तपाले- नावस्कन्द्य गृहीतः ibid. -2 a door-keeper (rare). सुद्युम्न- स्त्वन्तपालेभ्यः श्रुत्वा लिखितमागतम् Mb.12.23.29. -भव, -भाज् a. being at the end, last. -लीन a. hidden, con- cealed. -लोपः dropping of the final of a word. (न्ते˚) -वासिन् a. dwelling near the frontiers, dwelling close by. -m. [अन्ते गुरुसमीपे वस्तुं शीलं यस्य] 1 a pupil (who always dwells near his master to receive instruction); P.IV.3.14;VI.2.36.; Ms.4.33. -2 a chāṇḍāla (who dwells at the extremity of a village). -वेला = ˚कालः q. v. -व्यापत्तिः f. change of the final syllable, as in मेघ from मिह् Nir. -शय्या 1 a bed on the ground. -2 the last bed, death-bed; hence death itself. -3 a place for burial or burning. -4 a bier or funeral pile. -संश्लेषः union (सन्धि), joint; सुखदुःखान्तसंश्लेषम् (काल- चक्रम्) Mb.14.45.3. -सत्क्रिया last rites, funeral ceremonies, obsequies. -सढ् m. pupil; तमुपासते गुरुमिवा- न्तसदः Ki.6.34. -स्वरितः the svarita accent on the last syllable of a word.
annam अन्नम् [अद्-क्त; अनित्यनेन, अन्-नन्; according to Yāska from अद्, अद्यते अत्ति च भूतानि; or from आ-नम्, आ आभि मुख्येन ह्येतन्नतं प्रह्वीभूतं भवति भोजनाय भूतानाम्] 1 Food (in general); अद्यते$त्ति च भूतानि तस्मादन्नं तदुच्यते Tait. Up.; मदो$सृङ्मांसमज्जास्थि वदन्त्यन्नं मनीषिणः Ms.3.8.182; अहमन्नं भवान् भोक्ता H.1.51. I am your prey &c.; चराणामन्नमचराः Ms.5.29. -2 Food as representing the lowest form in which the Supreme Soul is manifested, being the coarsest and last of the 5 vestures (कोश) in which the soul is clothed and passes from body to body in the long process of metempsychosis - "the nutrimentitious vesture or visible body in the world of sense" (स्थूल- शरीर called अन्नमयकोश). -3 Boiled rice; अन्नेन व्यञ्जनम् P. II.1.34. -4 Corn (bread corn); ता (आपः) अन्नम- सृजन्त तस्माद्यत्र क्व च वर्षति तदेव भूयिष्ठमन्नं भवति Ch. Up. 6.2.4.; आदित्याज्जायते वृष्टिर्वृष्टेरन्नं ततः प्रजाः Ms.3.76; कृत˚ 9.219;1.86,12.65. -5 Water. -6 Earth (पृथिव्या अन्नहेतुत्वादन्नशब्दवाच्यता). -7 N. of Viṣṇu. -न्नः The sun (स हि अन्नहेतुवृष्टिहेतुः). -Comp. -अकालः = अनाकाल q. v. -अत्तृ, -आदिन्, -आहारिन् eating food. -अद a. eating food. -2 having a good appetite (दीप्ताग्नि). (-दः) N. of Viṣṇu. -अद्यम् proper food, food in general; कुर्यादहरहः श्राद्धमन्नाद्येनोदकेन वा Ms.3.82,4.112, 11.144. अन्नाद्येन प्रजापतिः (तृप्तः) Mb.3.2.68. -आच्छा- दनम्, -वस्त्रम् food and clothing, food and raiment, the bare necessaries of life. -आयुः (अन्नायु) consisting of, living by, food; desirous of food (अन्नबन्धनः, अन्नजीवनः). -काम a. desirous of food; स इद्भोजो यो गृहवे ददात्यन्नकामाय Rv.1.117.3. -कालः hour of dinner; meal-time. -किट्टः = ˚मल q. v. -कूटः a large heap of boiled rice. -कोष्ठकः 1 a cupboard; granary. -2 Viṣṇu. -3 the sun. -गतिः f. the passage of food, gullet (cf. बहिः- स्रोतस्). -गन्धिः dysentery, diarrhoea. -ज, जात a. produced from food as the primitive substance. -जम् rice-gruel of three days. -जा f. a hickup. -जलम् food and water, bare subsistence. -तेजस् a. having the vigour caused by food. -द, -दातृ, -दायिन्, -प्रद a. 1 giving food. वारिदस्तृप्तिमाप्नोति सुखमक्षय्यमन्नदः Ms.4.229. -2 epithet of Śiva. -दा N. of Durgā or Annapūrṇā. -दासः [अन्नेन पालितो दासः शाक. त.] a servant who works for food only, one who becomes a servant or slave by getting food only. -देवता the deity supposed to preside over articles of food. -दोषः 1 sin arising from eating prohibited food; Ms.5.4. -2 a defect in the food eaten; derangement of food or the humours of the body; आलस्यादन्नदोषाच्च मृत्युर्विप्राञ् जिघांसति Ms.5.4. -द्वेषः dislike of food, loss of appetite. -पतिः lord or possessor of food, epithet of Savitṛ, Agni, and Śiva. अन्नपते$न्नस्य नो देहि Tait. Saṁ.11.83;34.58. -पाकः cooking of food; digestion of food; (by the fire in the stomach). -पू a. purifying food, epithet of the Sun. -पूर्ण a. filled with, possessed of, food. (-र्णा) a form of Durgā (the goddess of plenty); ˚ईश्वरी N. of Durgā or a form of Bhairavī. -पेयम् = वाज- पेयम् q. v. -प्रलय a. being dissolved into food after death. -प्राशः, प्राशनम् the ceremony of giving a new-born child food to eat for the first time, one of the 16 Saṁskāras performed between the 5th and 8th month (usually in the sixth, Ms.2.34) with preliminary oblations to fire (Mar.उष्टावण); षष्ठे$न्नप्राशन मासि Ms.2.34; Y.1.12. -ब्रह्मन्, -आत्मन् m. Brahman as represented by food. -भक्त a. [अन्नार्थं भक्तः दासः] = अन्नदास q. v. -भुज् a. eating food, epithet of Śiva. -मय a. see below. -मलम् 1 excrement, faeces; P.VI.1.148 Sk. -2 spirituous liquor; सुरा वै मलमन्नानाम् Ms.11.93. -रक्षा precautions as to eating food. -रसः essence of food, chyle; food and drink, nutriment; नानाविधानन्नरसान् वन्यमूलफलाश्रयान् । तेभ्यो ददौ Rām. -वत् a. possessed of food; अन्नवान्त्सन् रफितायोपज- ग्मुषे Rv.1.117.2. -वस्त्रम् = ˚आच्छादनम् q. v. -विकारः. 1 transformation of food, assimilation. -2 disorder of the stomach caused by indigestion. -3 seminal discharge (of man); semen itself; cf. अन्नाद्रेतः संभवति. -विद् a. acquiring food; कार्षीवणा अन्नविदो न विद्यया Av.6.116.1. -व्यवहारः the law or custom relating to food; i. e. the custom of eating together or not with other persons. -शेषः leavings of food, offal. -संस्कारः consecration of food. -होमः a sacrifice (with 1 materials) connected with the Aśvamedha sacrifice.
anvaṣṭakyam अन्वष्टक्यम् A Śrāddha or any such ceremony performed on the अन्वष्टका days.
anvārambhaṇīyā अन्वारम्भणीया 1 An initiatory or preliminary ceremony. -2 A sacrificial rite to be performed before दर्शपूर्णमास.
anvās अन्वास् 2 A. 1 To be seated near or round; सखायम- न्वास्ते Mb.; to wait upon, serve, attend upon; सखीभ्याम- न्वास्यते Ś.3; अन्वासितमरुन्धत्या स्वाहयेव हविर्भुजम् R.1.56; to sit after one (acc. of person); तां अन्वास्य R.2.24. -2 To perform, as a religious ceremony; सन्ध्यामन्वास्य पश्चिमाम् Rām.
apara अपर a. (treated as a pronoun in some senses) 1 Having nothing higher or superior, unrivalled. matchless; without rival or second (नास्ति परो यस्मात्); स्त्रीरत्नसृष्टिर- परा प्रतिभाति सा मे Ś.2.1; cf. अनुत्तम, अनुत्तर. -2 [न पृणाति संतोषयति पृ अच्] (a) Another, other (used as adj. or subst.). वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय नवानि गृह्णाति नरो$पराणि Bg.2.22. (b) More, additional; कृतदारो$परान् दारान् Ms.11.5. (c) Second, another Pt.4.37; स्वं केशवो$पर इवाक्रमितुं प्रवृत्तः Mk.5.2 like another (rival) Keśava. (d) Different; other; अन्ये कृतयुगे धर्मास्त्रेतायां द्वापरे$परे Ms. 1.85; Ks.26.235; Pt.4.6 (with gen.). (e) Ordinary, of the middle sort (मध्यम); परितप्तो$प्यपरः सुसंवृतिः Śi. 16.23. -3 Belonging to another, not one's own (opp. स्व); यदि स्वाश्चापराश्चैव विन्देरन् योषितो द्विजाः Ms.9.85 of another caste. -4 Hinder, posterior, latter, later, (in time space) (opp. पूर्व); the last; पूर्वां सन्ध्यां जपंस्तिष्ठेत्स्वकाले चापरां चिरम् Ms.4.93; रात्रेरपरः कालः Nir.; oft. used as first member of a genitive Tatpuruṣa comp. meaning 'the hind part,' 'latter part or half'; ˚पक्षः the latter half of a month; ˚हेमन्तः latter half of a winter; ˚कायः hind part of the body &c.; ˚वर्षा, ˚शरद् latter part of the rains, autumn &c. -5 Following, the next. -6 Western; पयसि प्रतित्सुरपराम्बुनिधेः Śi.9.1. पूर्वापरौ तोयनिधी वगाह्य Ku. 1.1; Mu.4.21 -7 Inferior, lower (निकृष्टः); अपरेयमि- तस्त्वन्यां प्रकृतिं विद्धि मे पराम् Bg.7.5. -8 (In Nyāya) Non-extensive, not covering too much, one of the two kinds of सामान्य, see Bhāṣā P.8. (परं = अधिकवृत्ति higher अपरम् = न्यूनवृत्ति lower or अधिकदेशवृत्तित्वं परं, अल्पदेशवृत्तित्वं अपरम् Muktā.) -9 Distant; opposite. When अपर is used in the singular as a correlative to एक the one, former, it means the other, the latter; एको ययौ चैत्ररथप्रदेशान् सौराज्य- रम्यानपरो विदर्भान् R.5.6; when used in pl. it means 'others', 'and others', and the words generally used as its correlatives are एके, केचित्-काश्चित् &c., अपरे, अन्ये; केचिद् रक्तपटीकृताश्च जटिलाः कापालिकाश्चापरे Pt.4.34; एके समूहुर्बलरेणुसंहतिं शिरोभिराज्ञामपरे महीभृतः Śi.12.45 some-others; शाखिनः केचिदध्यष्ठुर्न्यमाङ्क्षुरपरे$म्बुधौ । अन्ये त्वलङ्घिषुः शैलान् गुहास्त्वन्ये न्यलेषत ॥ केचिदासिषत स्तब्धा भयात्केचिदघूर्णिषुः । उदतारिषुरम्भोधिं वानराः सेतुनापरे Bk. 15.31.33. -रः 1 the hind foot of an elephant; बद्धापराणि परितो निगडान्यलावीत् Śi.5.48 (Malli. चरमपादाग्राणि). -2 An enemy (न पृणाति सन्तोषयति). -रा 1 Western direction, the west अपरां च दिशं प्राप्तो वालिना समभिद्रुतः Rām.4.46.18. -2 The hind part of an elephant. -3 Sacred learning, learning the four Vedas with the 6 Aṅgas. -4 The womb; the outer skin of the embryo. -5 Suppressed menstruation in pregnancy. -री Ved. The future, future times; उतापरीभ्यो मघवा विजिग्ये Rv.1.32.13. -रम् 1 The future, any thing to be done in future (कार्य); तदेतद्ब्रह्मापूर्वमपरमनन्तम् Bṛi. Ār. Up. (नास्ति अपरं कार्यं यस्य). -2 The hind quarter of an elephant. -रम् adv. Again, moreover, in future, for the future; अपरं च moreover; अपरेण behind, west of, to the west of (with gen. or acc.). [cf. Goth. afar; Germ. aber, as in aberglauben]. -Comp. -अग्नि (अग्नी dual) 1 the southern and western fires (दक्षिण and गार्हपत्य). -2 the last fire i. e. used at the funeral ceremony (˚ग्निः). -अङ्गम् one of the 8 divisions of गुणीभूतव्यङ्ग्य (the second kind of काव्य) mentioned in K. P.5. In this the व्यङ्ग्य or suggested sense is subordinate to something else; अगूढमपरस्याङ्गम्; अपरस्य रसादेर्वाच्यस्य वा (वाक्यार्थीभूतस्य) अङ्गं रसादि अनुरणनरूपं वा; e. g. अयं स रसनोत्कर्षी पीनस्तनविमर्दनः । नाभ्यूरुजघनस्पर्शी नीवीविस्रंसनः करः ॥ where शृङ्गार is subordinate to करुण. -अन्त a. living at the western borders. (-न्तः) 1 the western border or extremity, the extreme end or term. the western shore. -2 (pl.) the country or inhabitants of the western borders near the Sahya mountain; अपरान्तजयोद्यतैः (अनीकैः) R.4.53 Western people. दशार्णाश्चापरान्ताश्च द्विपानां मध्यमा मताः Kau.A.1.2. -3 the kings of this country. -4 death, Pātañjala Yogadarśana 3.22. ˚ज्ञानम् anticipation of one's end. -5 the hind foot of an elephant; मृदुचलदपरान्तोदीरितान्दूनिनादम् Śi.11.7;18.32. -6 Islander, inhabitant of an island (द्वीपवासिन्) कोट्यापरान्ताः सामुद्रा रत्नान्युपहरन्तु ते Rām.2.82.8. -अन्तकः 1. = ˚अन्तः pl. -2 N. of a song; अपरान्तकमुल्लोप्यं मद्रकं प्रकरीं तथा । औवेणकं सरोबिन्दुमुत्तरं गीतकानि च ॥ Y3.113; ˚अन्तिका N. of a metre consisting of 64 mātrās. -अपराः, -रे, -राणि another and another, several, various. -अपरम् ind. Further and further (उत्तरोत्तरम्); अहं हि वचनं त्वत्तः शुश्रूषुरपरापरम् Mb.5.136.14. -अर्धम् the latter or second half. -अह्न [fr.अहन् changed to अह्न P.II. 4.29, V.4.88.] the latter part of the day, the afternoon, closing or last watch of the day; Ms.3.278; अपराह्णशीतलतरेण शनैरनिलेन Śi.9.4; ˚तन, ˚ह्णेतन belonging to this time; ˚कृतं P.II.1.45. -इतरा the east. -कान्य- कुब्ज a. situated in or belonging to the western part of Kānyakubja. -कालः later period. -गात्रम् a minor limb (hand, foot etc.); कोपप्रसादापरगात्रहस्तः (सुप्तः क्षितौ) रावणगन्धहस्ती) Rām.6.19.1. -गोदानम् (also गोडनि or गोडानि) N. of a country to the west of Mahāmeru (according to Buddhistic ideas). -ज a. born later or at the end of the world. (-जः) the destroying fire. -जनः an inhaditant of the west, the western people. -दक्षिणम् ind. in the south-west (belonging to the तिष्ठद्गु class). -पक्षः 1 the second or dark half of the month. -2 the other or opposite side; a defendant (in law). -पञ्चालाः the western Pañchālas. -पर a. one and the other, several, various; अपरपराः सार्थाः गच्छन्ति P.VI.1.144. Sk. several caravans go; (अपरे च परे च सकृदेव गच्छन्ति). -पाणिनीयाः the pupils of Pāṇini living in the west. -प्रणेय a. easily led or influenced by others, docile, tractable. -भावः 1 being another or different, difference. -2 succession, continuation. -रात्रः [अपरं रात्रेः] the latter or closing part of night, the last watch of night (P.V.4.87); उत्थायापररात्रान्ते प्रयताः सुसमाहिताः Bhāg.8.4.24. ˚कृतम् P.II.1.45. -लोकः the other world, the next world. Paradise. -वक्त्रा, -क्त्रम् N. of a metre. -वैराग्यम् a kind of Vairāgya mentioned by Patañjali (दुष्टानुश्राविकविषयवितृष्णस्य वशीकारसंज्ञं वैराग्यम्). -सक्थम् the hind thigh. -स्वस्तिकम् the western point in the horizon. -हैमन a. belonging to the latter helf of winter (P.VII.3.11).
aparijyāniḥ अपरिज्यानिः f. Not losing; not growing old or decaying; इष्टापूर्तस्य˚ N. of a ceremony.
apasalavi अपसलवि ind. [अप-सल् बा˚ अविं] 1 To the left (opp. प्रसलवि; ˚वि सृष्टया रज्ज्वा Kāty. (अप्रादक्षिण्येन). -2 (The space) Between the thumb and the forefinger, supposed to be sacred to the Manes, as water &c. in ceremonies like तर्पण is offered to them being poured down through that space; प्रदेशिन्यङ्गुष्ठयोरन्तरा अपसलवि अपसव्यं वा तेन पितृभ्यो निदधाति Śabdak.
apasavya अपसव्य सव्यक a. 1 Not on the left, right; मण्डलान्य- पसव्यानि खगाश्चक्रू रथं प्रति Rām.6.57.34 अपसव्येन हस्तेन Ms. 3.214. -2 Contrary, opposite यद्येतदपसव्यं ते वचो मम भविष्यति Mb.5.138.27. -व्यम् ind. To the right, making the sacred thread hang down towards the left part of the body over the right shoulder (opp. सव्यम् when it hangs over the left); a position of the thread in Śrāddha or other religious ceremonies at particular times of those ceremonies (the three positions being सव्य, निवीत & अपसव्य); प्राचीनावीतिना सम्यगपसव्यमतन्द्रिणा । पित्र्यमानिधनात्कार्यं विधिवद्दर्भपाणिना ॥ Ms.3.279; ˚व्यं कृ to go round one so as to keep the right side towards him; to make the sacred thread hang over the right shoulder.
apasnāta अपस्नात a. [अपकृष्टं स्नातः] One who has bathed after death or mourning or upon the death of a relation, preparatory to other ceremonies; अपस्नात इवारिष्टं प्रविवेश गृहोत्तमम् Rām.2.42.22.
apuruṣa अपुरुष a. Not manlike, unmanly. -Comp. -अर्थ 1 a rite or ceremony which is not in the interests of the doer. -2 not the principal object of the soul.
apehi अपेहि (Imper. 2nd sing.) Used as the first member of some compounds (belonging to the class मयूर- व्यंसकादि P.II.1.72); ˚करा, ˚द्वितीया, ˚प्रकसा, ˚वाणिजा, ˚स्वागता where it has the sense of 'excluding', 'expelling', 'refusing admission to'; e. g. ˚वाणिजा a ceremony where merchants are excluded; so ˚द्वितीया &c. -Comp. -वाता N. of a plant which expels wind. अपोगण्डः apōgaṇḍḥ अपौगण्ड apaugaṇḍa अपोगण्डः अपौगण्ड [अ-पोगण्डः, or अपसि (बैध) कर्मणि गण्डः त्याज्यः Tv.] 1 Having a limb too many or too few (redundant or deficient). -2 Not under 16 years of age; बाल आषोडशाद्वर्षात्पोगण़्डश्चापि संज्ञितः । Nārada; अजडश्चेदपौगण्डो विषये चास्य भुज्यते । Ms.8.148; पोगण्डः पञ्चमा- दब्दादर्वाक् च दशमाब्दतः । -3 A child or infant (किशोर, शिशु). -4 Very timid; -5 Wrinkled, flaccid. -6 One past 16.
abhijāta अभिजात p. p. 1 (a) Born to or for; भवन्ति संपदं दैवीमभिजातस्य भारत Bg.16.3,4,5. (b) Produced all around. (c) Born in consequence of. -2 Inbred, inborn. -3 Born, produced; अजातपक्षामभिजातकण्ठीम् Rām. सर्वे तुल्याभिजातीया यथा देवास्तथा वयम् Mb.12.166.29. -4 Noble, nobly or well born, of noble decsent; ते$भिजाता महेष्वासाः Mb.6.77.62; जात्यस्तेनाभिजातेन शूरः शौर्यवता कुशः R.17.4; Māl.4; courteous, polite; अभिजातं खल्वस्य वचनम् V.1; K.12, M.3. Māl.7; अनभिजाते Mu.2. -5 Fit, proper, worthy. -6 Sweet, agreeable; प्रजल्पितायामभिजा- तवाचि Ku.1.45. -7 Handsome, beautiful. -8 Learned, wise; distinguished; संकीर्णं नाभिजातेषु नाप्रबुद्धेषु संस्कृतम् (वदेत्); अभिजातः कुलजे बुधे Nm. -तम् 1 Nobility, noble birth. -2 Birth ceremony (जातकर्मन्); यथा हि सूत्यामभिजात- कोविदाः Bhāg.1.6.1. adv. Nobly, politely, courteously; ˚तं खलु एष वारितः Ś.6.
abhijit अभिजित् a. [अभि-जि-क्विप्] 1 Victorious, conquering completely. पराभिजिद्गन्धनगन्धवाहः Rām.6.19.12. -2 Helping in conquering completely. -3 Born under the constellation अभिजित् P.IV.3.36, see अभिजित. m. 1 N. of Viṣṇu. -2 N. of a sacrifice, part of the great sacrifice called गवामयन; (यजेत) अभिजिद्विश्वजिद्भ्यां वा Ms. 11.75, also used for अतिरात्र q. v. -3 N. of a star; N. of one of the lunar mansions. -4 Name of a son (Hariv.) or the father (V. P.) of Punarvasu. n. 1 The 8th Muhūrta of the day, mid-day (fit for a Śrāddha ceremony). -2 N. of a लग्न favourable to setting out. -Comp. -मुहूर्तः The 8th Muhūrta or period comprising 24 minutes before and 24 minutes after noon. -विश्वजितौ the two Soma-sacrifices Abhijit and Viśvajit.
abhinava अभिनव a. [आधिक्येन नवः, भृशार्थे अभिरत्र] 1 (a) Quite new or fresh (in all senses); पदपङ्क्तिर्दृश्यते$भिनवा Ś3.7;5.1; ˚कण्ठशोणित 6.27; Me.1; R.9.29; ˚वा वधूः K.2 newly married. (b) Quite young or fresh, blooming, youthful (as body, age &c.); वपुर- भिनवमस्याः पुष्यति स्वां न शोभाम् Ś.1.19; U.5.12; the younger; ˚शाकटायनः; ˚भोजः &c. (c) Fresh, recent. -2 Very young, not having experience. -वः [अभिनु अप्] Praise to win over, flattery. -Comp. -उद्भिद् -दः a new shoot or bud. -कालिदासः The modern Kālidāsa, i. e. Mādhavāchārya. -गुप्तः N. of a well-known author. -चन्द्रार्घविधिः 1 a ceremony performed at the time of the new moon. -2 N. of the 114th chapter in the Bhaviṣya Purāṇa. -तामरसम् 1 a fresh-blown lotus. -2 a kind of metre. -यौवन, -वयस्क a. youthful, very young. -वैयाकरणः one who has newly begun his study of grammar.
abhiplavaḥ अभिप्लवः 1 Affliction, disturbance. -2 Inundation, overflowing. -3 N. of a religious ceremony performed as part of the sacrifice गवामयन. -4 N. of the Prājāpatya Āditya.
abhiṣecanam अभिषेचनम् 1 Sprinkling. -2 Coronation, inauguration; अनुभूय वशिष्ठसंभृतैः सलिलैस्तेन सहाभिषेचनम् R.8.3. -3 Equipment, paraphernalia of coronation; भरतश्चाभि- षिच्येत यदेतदभिषेचनम् । त्वदर्थे विहितं राज्ञा तेन सर्वेण राघव ॥ Rām.2.18.36. अभिषेचनीय abhiṣēcanīya षेच्य ṣēcya षेक्य ṣēkya अभिषेचनीय षेच्य षेक्य 1 Worthy of inauguration, fit to be crowned. -2 Belonging to coronation. -यः N. of a sacrificial ceremony performed at the coronation of a king.
abhyārohaṇīyaḥ अभ्यारोहणीयः N. of a religious ceremony.
abhyudaya अभ्युदय a. Rising. -यः 1 Rise (of heavenly bodies); sunrise. -2 Rise, prosperity, good fortune, elevation, success; स्पृशन्ति नः स्वामिनमभ्युदयाः Ratn.1 success; भवो हि लोकाभ्युदयाय तादृशाम् R.3.14; Ms.3.254; Bh. 2.63; R.12.3, V.5. -3 A festival; any religious or festive celebration, festive occasion; ˚कालः joyous or festive occasion; Ś.7; प्रतिषिद्धा पिवेद्या तु मद्यमभ्युदयेष्वपि Ms.9.84. -4 Beginning, commencement. -5 Occurrence, happening. -6 Accomplishment of a desired object (which is the cause of festivity). -7 The tonsure ceremony. -8 A Śrāddha performed on account of child-birth (वृद्धिश्राद्धम्) -Comp. -अर्थकम् Śrāddha for prosperity or elevation. -इष्टिः f. N. of a particular expiatory sacrifice.
abhyudita अभ्युदित p. p. 1 Risen; occurred. -2 Elevated, risen to prosperity. -3 Asleep at sunrise, over whom the sun has risen; सूर्येण ह्यभिनिर्मुक्तः शयानो$भ्युदितश्च यः Ms.2.221. -4 Celebrated as a festival. -ता N. of a religious ceremony. -तम् Rising, sunrise.
abhyuddṛṣṭam अभ्युद्दृष्टम् Becoming visible (of a star). -ष्टा N. of a ceremony.
abhyupākṛta अभ्युपाकृत a. Asked to take part in a ceremony.
amantra अमन्त्र न्त्रक a. 1 Not accompanied by Vedic verses, not requiring the repetition of Vedic texts, as a ceremony &c.; सायं त्वन्नस्य सिद्धस्य पत्न्यमन्त्रं बलिं हरेत् Ms.3. 121,2.66. -2 Not entitled to Vedic verses, such as a Śūdra, a female &c.; निरिन्द्रिया ह्यमन्त्राश्च स्त्रियो$नृतमिति स्थितिः Ms.9.18. -3 Not knowing Vedic texts; अव्रतानाममन्त्राणाम् Ms.12.114. -4 Not accompanied by the use of spells or incantations, as a cure &c.; अनया कथमन्यथावलीढा न हि जीवन्ति जना मनागमन्त्राः Bv.1.111. -Comp. -ज्ञ a. Not knowing Vedic texts or hymns; Ms.3.129. -तन्त्र a. Without the use of spells or the magical feats attendant on them, without the use of magical arts; अमन्त्रतन्त्रं वशी- करणम् Pt.1.7. -विद् a. Not knowing Vedic hymns.
amala अमल a. [न. ब.] 1 Free from dirt or impurities, pure, undefiled, stainless, spotless; कपालमेवामलशेखरश्रीः । (बभूव) Ku.7.32,33; लोकानमलान् प्रतिपद्यते Bg.14.14. अमलाः सुहृदः Pt.2.171 pure, sincere. -2 White, bright, shining; कर्णावसक्तामलदन्तपत्रम् Ku.7.23; R.6.8. -ला 1 N. of the goddess Lakṣmī. -2 The navel cord. -3 N. of a tree (Mar. आंवळा) Emblica Officinalis Gaertn; also of a plant (सातलावृक्ष) also n. in this sense. यथा वै द्वे वामलके Ch. Up.7.3.1. -लम् 1 Purity. -2 Talc. -3 The Supreme Spirit. -Comp. -आत्मन् a. Of pure or undefiled mind. -गर्भः N. of a Bodhisattva. -पतत्रिन् m. (त्री) the wild goose; माधुर्यादमलपतत्रिणां कुलानि Śi.8. 12. -रत्नम्, -मणिः a crystal.
amāya अमाय a. 1 Not cunning or sagacious, guileless, sincere, honest. -2 Immeasurable. -या 1 Absence of fraud or deceit, honesty, sincerity. -2 (In Vedānta Phil.) Absence of delusion or error, knowledge of the supreme truth. -यम् The Supreme Spirit (ब्रह्म).
amāyika अमायिक मायिन् a. Guileless; honest, sincere, true.
ayava अयव a. 1 Deficient. -2 Having worthless or no barley, such as a religious ceremony (also अयवक in this sense). -वः 1 Name of a worm bred in excrement -2 (अयवन् m., अयवस् n. also). The dark half of the month; पूर्वपक्षा वै यवा अपरपक्षा वा अयवास्ते हीदं सर्वं युवते चायुवते च Śat. Br. -3 An incongruous enemy.
ayājya अयाज्य a. 1 (A person) for whom one must not perform sacrifices, not competent to offer sacrifices (as a Śūdra &c.). -2 (Hence), Out-cast; degraded, not admissible to or incapable of religious ceremonies. -3 Not fit for sacrificial offerings. -Comp. याजनम्, -संयाज्यम् sacrificing for a person for whom one must not perform sacrifices; अयाज्ययाजनैश्चैव नास्तिक्येन च कर्मणाम् Ms.3.65; गोवधो$याज्यसंयाज्यपारदार्यात्मविक्रयाः Ms.11.59.
araṇyam अरण्यम् (sometimes) m. also, [अर्यते गम्यते शेषे वयसि ऋ-अर्तेर्निच्च Uṇ.3.12] A land neither cultivated nor grazed, a wilderness, forest, desert; प्रियानाशे कृत्स्नं किल जगदरण्यं हि भवति U.6.3; माता यस्य गृहे नास्ति भार्या चाप्रियवादिनी । अरण्यं तेन गन्तव्यं यथारण्यं तथा गृहम् ॥ Chāṇ. 44; तपःश्रद्धे ये ह्युपवसन्त्यरण्ये Muṇd.1.2.11. oft. used at first member of comp. in the sense of 'wild', 'grown or produced in forest'; ˚बीजम् wild seed; ˚कार्पासि, ˚कुलत्थिका; ˚कुसुम्भः &c; so ˚मार्जारः, ˚मूषकः. -2 A foreign or distant land; अरण्येषु जर्भुराणा चरन्ति Rv.1.163.11. -ण्यः N. of a plant कट्फल (Mar. कायफळ) -Comp. -अध्यक्षः headman or superintendent of a forest district; forest keeper or ranger. -अयनम्, -यानम् going into the forest, becoming a hermit; अथ यदरण्यायनमित्या- चक्षते ब्रह्मचर्यमेव तद् Ch. Up.8.5.3. -ओकस्, -सद् a. 1 dwelling in woods, being in a forest; किंतु ˚सदोवयं अनभ्यस्त रथचर्याः U.5; वैक्लव्यं मम तावदीदृशमपि स्नेहादरण्यौकसः Ś. 4.6. -2 especially, one who has left his family and become an anchorite, forest-dweller. -कणा wild cumin seed (Mar. जिरें) -कदली wild plantain. -काण्डम् N. of the third book of the Rāmāyaṇa which embodies Rāmā's exploits in the course of his journey through the forests in company with Viśvāmitra. -गजः a wild elephant (not tamed). -गानम् N. of one of the four hymn-books of the Sāmaveda (to be chanted in the forest). -चटकः a wild sparrow. -चन्द्रिका (lit.) moonlight in a forest; (fig.) an ornament or decoration which is useless, or does not serve its purpose; just as moonlight in a forest is useless there being no human beings to view, enjoy and appreciate it, so is decoration when not viewed and appreciated by those for whom it is intended; thus Malli. on स्त्रीणां प्रियालोक- फलो हि वेषः Ku.7.22 remarks अन्यथा$रण्यचन्द्रिका स्यादिति भावः. -चर (˚ण्येचर also), -जीव a. wild, living in woods. -ज a. wild; ˚आर्द्रका wild ginger. -जीरम् wild cumin. (Mar. कडू जिरें). -दमनः N. of a plant. -द्वादशी, -व्रतम् N. of a ceremony performed on the 12th day of Mārgaśīrṣa. -धर्मः 1 wild state or usage, wild nature; तथारण्यधर्माद्वियोज्य ग्राम्यधर्मे नियोजितः Pt.1 -2 the duties of a Vānaprastha or anchorite. -धान्यम्, -शालिः wild rice (नीवार). -नृपतिः, -राज् (ट्), -राजः 'lord of the woods', epithet of a lion or a tiger; so अरण्यानां पतिः. -पण्डितः [अरण्ये एव पण्डितः, न तु नगरादिषु जनसमाजेषु] 'wise in a forest'; (fig.) a foolish person (who can display his learning only in a forest where no one will hear him and correct his errors). -पर्वन् N. of the first section of the Mb. -भव a. growing in a forest, wild; यथा˚ वास्तिलाः Pt.2.86. -मक्षिका a gadfly (Mar. घोडमाशी) -मुद्रकः a kind of wild bean. -यानम् retiring to the woods. -रक्षकः conservator of forests, forest-keeper. -राज्यम् sovereignty of the woods. -रुदितम् (˚ण्ये˚) 'weeping in a forest', a cry in the wilderness; (fig.) a vain or useless speech, or a cry with no one to heed it, or anything done to no purpose; अरण्ये मया रुदितम् Ś.2; प्रोक्तं श्रद्धाविहीनस्य अरण्यरुदितोपमम् Pt.1.393; तदलमधुनारण्यरुदितैः Amaru.76. -वायसः a wild crow, raven. -वासः, -समाश्रयः 1 retiring into woods, residence in a forest; ˚योन्मुखं पितरम् R.12.8. -2 a hermitage, forest habitation. -वासिन् a. living in a forest, wild; m. a forest-dweller, an anchorite. (-नी) N. of a plant अत्यम्लपर्णी. -वास्तु (-स्तू)कः N. of a plant वनवेतः. -विलपितम्, -विलापः (˚ण्ये) = ˚रुदितम् above. -श्वन् m. 'a wild hound', wolf. -षष्ठी N. of a festival celebrated on the 6th day of the bright half of Jyeṣṭha. -सभा a forest-court.
arundhatī अरुन्धती [न रुन्धती प्रतिरोधकारिणी] 1 A medicinal climbing plant. -2 N. of the wife of Vasiṣṭha; अन्वासितमरुन्धत्या स्वाहयेव हविर्भुजम् R.1.56. -3 The morning star personified as the wife of Vasiṣṭha; one of the Pleiades. -4 N. of the daughter of प्राचेतसदक्ष, one of the 1 wives of Dharma. [In mythology Arundhatī is represented as the wife of the sage Vasiṣṭha, one of the 7 sages. She was one of the 9 daughters of Kardama Prajāpati by Devahūti. She is regarded as the highest pattern of conjugal excellence and wifely devotion and is so invoked by the bridegroom at nuptial ceremonies. Though a woman she was regarded with the same, even more, veneration as the Saptarṣis; cf. Ku.6.12; तामगौरवभेदेन मुनींश्चापश्यदीश्वरः । स्त्री पुमानि- त्यनास्थैषा वृत्तं हि महितं सताम् ॥ cf. also Janaka's remarks in U.4.1. She, like her husband, was the guide and controller of Raghu's line in her own department and acted as guardian angel to Sitā after she had been abandoned by Rāma. It is said that Arundhatī (the star) is not seen by persons whose end has approached. cf. Suśruta. न पश्यति सनक्षत्रां यस्तु देवीमरुन्धतीम् । ध्रुवमाकाशगङ्गां च तं वदन्ति गतायुषम् ॥; See H.1.66. also]. -5 The tongue (personified). -Comp. -जानिः, -नाथः -पतिः N. of Vasiṣṭha one of the seven Ṛiṣis or stars in the Ursa Major. -दर्शनन्यायः see under न्याय.
arka अर्क a. [अर्च्-घञ्-कुत्वम् Uṇ.3.4.]. Fit to be worshipped (अर्चनीय). -र्कः 1 A ray of light, a flash of lightning (Ved.). -2 The sun; आविष्कृतारुणपुरःसर एकतो$र्कः Ś.4.2. -3 Fire. य एवमेतदर्कस्यार्कत्वं वेद Bṛi. Up. 1.2.1. -4 A crystal; पुष्पार्ककेतकाभाश्च Rām.2.94.6. -5 Copper. -6 Sunday. -7 Membrum virile. एवा ते शेपः सहसायमर्को$ङ्गेनाङ्गं संसमकं कृणोतु Av.6.72.1. -8 N. of the sun-plant, Calatropis Gigantea (Mar. रुई), a small tree with medicinal sap and rind; अर्कस्योपरि शिथिलं च्युतमिव नवमल्लिकाकुसुमम् Ś.2.9; यमाश्रित्य न विश्रामं क्षुधार्ता यान्ति सेवकाः । सो$र्कवन्नृपतिस्त्याज्यः सदापुष्पफलो$पि सन् Pt.1.51. अर्के चेन्मधु विन्देत ŚB. on MS. -9 N. of Indra. -1 A sort of religious ceremony. -11 Praise, hymn; praising, extolling, song of praise. -12 A singer (Ved. in these two senses). -13 A learned man. -14 An elder brother. -15 Food (अर्कम् also). -16 N. of Viṣṇu. -17 A kind of decoction. -18 The seventh day of a month. -19 The उत्तरा- फल्गुनी asterism. -2 The number 12. -21 The sunstone (सूर्यकान्त); मसारगल्वर्कमयैर्विभङ्गैर्विभूषितं हेमनिबद्धचक्रम् Mb.12.46.33. cf. अर्को$र्कपर्णे स्फटिके ताम्रे सूर्ये दिवस्पतौ । ज्येष्ठभ्रातरि शुक्ले$र्कपादपे च पुमान् भवेत् ॥ Nm. -Comp. -अंशः, -कला a digit or 12th part of the sun's disc. -अश्मन् m. -उपलः 1 the sun-stone, heliotrope, girasol. -2 a sort of crystal or ruby. -आह्वः the swallow wort. -इन्दुसंगमः the time of conjunction of the sun and moon (दर्श or अमावास्या). -कान्तः A class of eleven storeyed buildings; Māna.29.25-34. -कान्ता 1 N. of a plant commonly called हुड्हुडिया. -2 sun's wife. -3 sun's shadow. -कुण्डतीर्थम् N. of a Tīrtha; Skanda P. -क्षेत्रम् 1 the field of the sun; the sign Leo, presided over by the sun. -2 N. of a holy place in Orissa. -ग्रहः The eclipse of the sun; Bṛi. S. -ग्रीवः N. of the Sāman. -चन्दनः a kind of red sandal (रक्तचन्दन). -चिकित्सा Arka's work on medical science. -जः epithet of Karṇa, Yama, Sugrīva. (-जौ) the two Aśvins regarded as the physicians of Heaven. -तनयः 'a son of the sun', an epithet of Karṇa, Yama, Manu Vaivasvata, Manu Sāvarṇi and Saturn; see अरुणात्मज. (-या) N. of the rivers Yamunā and Tāpti. -त्विष् f. light of the sun. -दिनम्, -वासरः Sunday. -दुग्धम् milky sap or exudation of Arka. -नन्दनः, -पुत्रः, -सुतः, -सूनुः N. of Saturn, Karṇa or Yama. -नयन a. one whose eyes are difficult to be gazed at. (-नः) an epithet of Virat Puruṣa. -नामन् m. the red arka tree. -पत्रः, -पर्णः N. of the plant अर्क. (-त्रा) a kind of birthwort (सुनन्दा, अर्कमूला) with wedge-shaped leaves. (-त्रम्, -र्णम्) the leaf of the अर्क plant. -पादपः N. of a plant (निम्ब); another tree (आकन्द). -पुष्पम् a flower of arka -पुष्पाद्यम् N. of a Sāman. (-ष्पी), -पुष्पिका N. of a plant (कुटुम्बिनी) -पुष्पोत्तरम् N. of a Sāman. -प्रकाश a. Bright like the sun; Mb. -प्रिया N. of a plant (जव). -बन्धुः, -बान्धवः 1 N. of Buddha Śākyamuni, meaning सूर्यवंश्यः, cf. शुद्धोदनो नाम नृपो$र्कबन्धुः Bu. Ch.9.9. -2 a lotus (the sun-lotus). -भम् 1 an asterism influenced by the sun. -2 the sign Leo. -3 उत्तराफल्गुनीनक्षत्र. -भक्ता = ˚कान्ता q. v. -मण्डलम् disc of the sun. -मूलः, -ला = ˚पत्रा; विलिखति वसुधामर्कमूलस्य हेतोः Bh.2.1. -रेतोजः Revanta, the son of Sūrya. -लपणम् Saltpetre. -वर्षः a solar year. -वल्लभः 1 N. of a plant (बन्धूक; Mar. दुपारी). -2 a lotus. -विवाहः marriage with the arka plant (enjoined to be performed before a man marries a third wife, who thus becomes his fourth); चतुर्थादिविवाहार्थं तृतीयो$र्कं समुद्वहेत् Kāśyapa. -वेधः N. of a tree (तालीशपत्र). -व्रतः, -तम् 1 a vow performed on माघशुक्लसप्तमी. -2 the law or manner of the sun; when a king exacts taxes from his subjects only to add to their material comforts and happiness, just as the sun draws up water during 8 months of the year, only to give it back increased a thousandfold, he is said to follow अर्कव्रत, अष्टौ मासान् यथादित्यस्तोयं हरति रश्मिभिः । तथा हरेत्करं राष्ट्रान्नित्यमर्कव्रतं हि तत् ॥ Ms.9.35; cf. R.1.18 (the point of comparison may also be the imperceptible way in which the sun absorbs water, see Pt.1.221). -शोकः Ved. brilliancy of rays. -सातिः f. 1 finding of rays. -2 poetical inspiration; finding out hymns; रपत् कविरिन्द्रार्कसातौ Rv.1. 174.7. -सोदरः 'brother of the sun', an epithet of Airāvata. -हिता = ˚कान्ता q. v.
arghya अर्घ्य a. [अर्घ-यत् अर्घमर्हति] 1 Valuable; अनर्घ्य invaluable; अनर्घ्यमपि माणिक्यम् see s. v. -2 Venerable, deserving respectful offering; तानर्घ्यानर्घ्यमादाय दूरात्प्रत्युद्ययौ गिरिः Ku.6.5; Śi.1.14; Y.1.11. -र्घ्यम् 1 A respectful offering or oblation to a god or venerable person (see अर्घ); अर्घः पूजाविधिः तदर्थं द्रव्यम् अर्घ्यम् Sk.; अर्घ्यमस्मै V.5.; ददतु तरवः पुष्पैरर्घ्यं फलैश्च मधुश्चुतः U.3.24; अर्घ्यंमर्घ्यमिति वादिनं नृपम् R.11.69;1.44; Ku.1.58,6. 5; (it often consists only of water given in a droṇa and forms part of the Madhuparka ceremony). -2 A kind of honey.
arjuna अर्जुन a. [अर्ज्-उनन् णिलुक् च Uṇ.3.58] (-ना, -नी f.). 1 White, clear, bright, of the colour of day; अहश्च कृष्णमहरर्जुनं च Rv.6.9.1; पिशङ्गमौञ्जीयुजमर्जुनच्छविम् Śi.1.6. -2 Silvery; यत्र वः प्रेङ्खा हरिता अर्जुना Av.4.37.5. -नः 1 The white colour. -2 A peacock. -3 A sort of cutaneous disease. -4 A tree (Mar. अर्जुनसादडा), with useful rind; Mb.3.64.3. -5 N. of the third Pāṇḍava who was a son of Kuntī by Indra and hence called ऐन्द्रि also. [Arjuna was so called because he was 'white' or 'pure in actions' (पृथिव्यां चतुरन्तायां वर्णो मे दुर्लभः समः । करोमि कर्म शुद्धं च तेन मामर्जनं विदुः). He was taught the use of arms by Droṇa and was his favourite pupil. By his skill in arms he won Draupadī at her Svayaṁvara (see Draupadī). For an involuntary transgression he went into temporary exile and during that time he learnt the science of arms from Paraśurāma. He married Ulūpī, a Nāga Princess, by whom he had a son named Irāvat, and also Chitrāṅgadā, daughter of the king of Maṇipura, who bore him a son named Babhruvāhana. During this exile he visited Dvārakā, and with the help and advice of Kṛiṣṇa succeeded in marrying Subhadrā. By her he had a son named Abhimanyu. Afterwards he obtained the bow (Gāṇḍiva from the god Agni whom he assisted in burning the Khāṇḍva forest. When Dharma, his eldest brother, lost the kingdom by gambling, and the five brothers went into exile, he went to the Himālayas to propitiate the gods and to obtain from them celestial weapons for use in the contemplated war against Kauravas. There he fought with Śiva who appeared in the disguise of a Kirāta; but when he discovered the true character of his adversary he worshipped him and Śiva gave him the Pāśupatāstra. Indra, Varuṇa, Yama and Kubera also presented him with their own weapons. In the 13th year of their exile, the Pāṇḍavas entered the service of the King of Virāṭa and he had to act the part of a eunuch, and music and dancing master. In the great war with the Kauravas Arjuna took a very distinguished part. He secured the assistance of Kṛiṣṇa who acted as his charioteer and related to him the Bhagavadgītā when on the first day of the battle he hesitated to bend his bow against his own kinsmen. In the course of the great struggle he slew or vanquished several redoubtable warriors on the side of the Kauravas, such as Jayadratha, Bhīṣma, Karṇa &c. After Yudhiṣṭhira had been installed sovereign of Hastināpura, he resolved to perform the Aśvamedha sacrifice, and a horse was let loose with Arjuna as its guardian. Arjuna followed it through many cities and Countries and fought with many kings. At the city of Maṇipura he had to fight with his own son Babhruvāhana and was killed; but he was restored to life by a charm supplied by his wife Ulūpī. He traversed the whole of Bharata-khaṇda and returned to Hastināpura, loaded with spoils and tributes, and the great horse-sacrifice was then duly performed. He was afterwards called by Kṛiṣna to Dvārakā amid the internecine struggles of the Yādavas and there he performed the funeral ceremonies of Vasudeva and Kṛiṣṇa. Soon after this the five Pāṅdavas repaired to heaven having installed Parīkṣit -the only surviving son of Abhimanyu- on the throne of Hastināpura. Arjuna was the bravest of the Pāṇdavas, high-minded, generous, upright, handsome and the most prominent figure of all his brothers. He has several appellations, such a Pārtha, Gudākeśa, Savyasāchī, Dhanañjaya, Phālguna, Kirītin, Jīṣṇu, Śvetavāhana, Gāṇḍivin &c.] cf. अर्जनः फाल्गुनो जिष्णुः किरीटी श्वेतवाहनः । बीभत्सुर्विजयः कृष्णः सव्यसाची धनञ्जयः ॥ -6 N. of Kārtavīrya, slain by Parasurāma See कार्तवीर्य. -7 N. of a country Bṛi. S.14. 25. -8 The only son of his mother. -9 N. of Indra. -1 N. of a tree, Jerminalia Arjuna (Mar. अईन). The tree is rarer in south India. The colour of its bark is white. It is a forest-tree bearing fragrant flowers appearing in panicles like those of the Mango-tree. -नी 1 A procuress, bawd. -2 A cow. तथार्जुनीनां कपिला वरिष्ठा Mb.13.73.42. -3 A kind of serpent; अर्जुनि पुनर्वोयन्तु˚ Av.2.24.7. -4 N. of Uṣhā, wife of Aniruddha. -5 N. of a river commonly called करतोया. -6 (न्यौ, -न्यः dual and pl.) N. of the constellation Phalgunī. अघासु हन्यन्ते गावो$र्जुन्योः पर्युह्यते Rv.1.85.13. -नम् 1 Silver. वीरुद्भिष्टे अर्जुनं संविदानम् Av.5.28.5. -2 Gold. -3 Slight inflammation of the white of the eye. -4 Grass. -न (Pl.) The descendants of Arjuna; cf. अर्जुनः ककुभे पार्थे कार्तवीर्यमयूरयोः । मातुरेकसुते वृक्षे धवले नयनामये । तृणभेदे गवि स्त्री स्यात् ...Nm. -Comp. -अभ्रम N. of a medicament. -ईश्वरतीर्थम् N. of a holy place. Siva P. -उपमः the teak tree; also शाकद्रुम and महापत्राख्यवृक्ष. -काण्ड a. having a white stem or appendage. बभ्रोरर्जनकाण्डस्य यवस्य ते Av.2.8.3. -च्छवि a. white, of a white colour. -ध्वजः 'white-bannered', N. of Hanūmat. -पाकी N. of a plant and its fruits. -बदरः The fibre of the Arjuna plant; अर्जुन- बदरा मेखलाः क्रियन्ताभू । ŚB. on MS.9.4.25 -मिश्रः Name of a commentator on the Mb. -सखिः (L.) Kriṣṇa. -सिंहः N. of a prince (Inscriptions).
ādya आद्य a. [आदौ भवः यत्] 1 First, primitive, being at the beginning. -2 Being at the head, excellent, unparalleled, pre-eminent, foremost; योगी परं स्थानमुपैति चाद्यम् Bg.8.28;11.31;11.47;15.4. आसीन्महीक्षितामाद्यः प्रणवश्छन्दसामिव R.1.11. -3 (At the end of comp.) Beginning with, and so on; see आदि. -4 Immediately preceding; एकादशाद्यम् Śrut.27 immediately before the 11th, i. e. 1th; so संयुक्ताद्यम् 2. -5 Eatable (अद्ण्यत्); वयमाद्यस्य दातारः Praṣna Up.2.11; हितं च परिणामे यत्तदाद्यं भूतिमिच्छता Pt.4.22. -द्याः m. (pl.) A class of deities. -द्या 1 An epithet of Durgā. -2 The first day (तिथि) of a month. -द्यम् 1 The beginning. -2 Grain, food. -3 A kind of funeral obsequial ceremony (पितृश्राद्धभेद). -Comp. -कविः 'the first poet,' an epithet of Brahmā or Vālmīki; see आदिकवि. -कालिक a. Seeing only the present (वर्तमान- मात्रदर्शिन्); आद्यकालिकया बुद्ध्द्ध्या दूरे श्व इति निर्भयाः Mb.12. 321.14. -बीजम् the primary or material cause of the universe, which, according to the Sāṅkhyas, is प्रधान or the inanimate principle. -माषकः a measure of five guñjas (about. 17 1/2 grains Troy).
ādhānam आधानम् 1 Placing, putting upon; समिदाधानं, तुलाधानम् &c. -2 (a) Taking, having. (b) Receiving, recovering. (c) Containing or being in possession of anything or consecrating. -3 Keeping the sacred fire (अग्न्याधान), a ceremony performed with the sacred fire; पुनर्दारक्रियां कुर्यात् पुनराधानमेव च Ms.5.168. -4 Doing, executing, performing; आज्ञापयामास नरेन्द्रसूनुः स्वर्गीयमाधानमदीनसत्त्वः Rām. 6.19.24. (स्वर्गीयमाधानम् = प्रेतकृत्यम्) -5 Infusing, putting in, inspiring, imparting; गुणो विशेषाधानहेतुः सिद्धो वस्तुधर्मः S. D.2; निश्चयाधानम् K.262; प्रजानां विनयाधानाद्रक्षणाद् भरणादपि R.1.24 imparting or providing moral instruction. -6 (a) Engendering, producing, कौतुकाधानहेतोः Me.3; गर्भाधान- क्षणपरिचयात् 9. (b) Assigning, attributing, employing. -7 Effort, exertion, application; Mv.3.13. -8 A pledge, deposit; Y.2.238,247. विक्रयाधानवर्ज्यम् Kau. A.2.1. -9 A place where anything is deposited, a receptacle, as in पक्वाधानम्, पुरुषाधानम्, अयं मध्यमः प्राणः तस्येद- मेवाधानम् Bṛi. Up.2.2.1. -1 A surety. -11 Enclosure, circuit. -12 A ceremony performed previous to conception; see गर्भाधान. -13 cohabitation (मैथुन) तवापि मृत्युराधानादकृतप्रज्ञ दर्शितः Bhāg.9.9.36.
ādhānikaḥ आधानिकः [आधान-ठञ्] A ceremony performed after cohabitation to cause or favour conception.
āpas आपस् n. [आप्-असुन्] Water; आपोभिर्मार्जनं कृत्वा. -2 Sin. -3 A religious ceremony.
ābhiplavika आभिप्लविक a. (-की f.) [अभिप्लव-ढक्] Relating to the religious ceremony called अभिप्लव q. v.
āyus आयुस् n. [इ-असि-णिच्च Uṇ.2.117] 1 Life, duration of life; दीर्घमायुः R.9.62,12.48; तक्षकेणापि दष्टस्य आयुर्मर्माणि रक्षति H.2.16; आयुर्वर्षशतं नृणां परिमितम् Bh.3.17, शतायुर्वै पुरुषः Ait. Br.; प्राणो हि भूतानामायुः । तस्मात्सर्वायुषमुच्यते सर्वमेव त आयुर्यान्ति Tait. Up.2.3.1 -2 Vital power. -3 Food. -4 N. of a ceremony called आयुष्टोम performed to secure long life, together with the गो and ज्योतिस् part of the अभिप्लव ceremony. (In comp. the final स् of this word is changed to ष् before hard consonants, and to र् before soft ones). -Comp. -कर a. (-री f.) promoting long life; K.351. -काम a. wishing for long life or health. -कृत् a. giving or producing life. -द्रव्यम् 1 a medicament. -2 ghee. -योगः N. of a योग in astronomy. -वृद्धिः f. long life, longevity. -वेदः [आयुरस्मिन् विद्यते$नेन वा आयुर्विंदतीत्यायुर्वेदः Suśr.] the science of health or medicine, counted as a sacred science, and regarded as a supplement to the Atharvaveda; (it comprises 8 different departments; (1) शल्यम् surgery; (2) शालाक्यम् diagnosis of diseases belonging to the head and its organs; (3) कायचिकित्सा treatment of diseases of the whole body; (4) भूतविद्या treatment of diseases of the mind supposed to be caused by the influence of evil spirits; (5) कौमारभृत्यम् treatment of children; (6) अगदतन्त्रम् doctrine of antidotes; (7) रसायनतन्त्रम् doctrine of elixirs; and (8) वाजीकरणतन्त्रम् treatment of remedies to increase generative power); Śukra.4.277. -वेददृश्, -वेदमय, -वेदिक, -वेदिन् a. 1 belonging to medicine. -2 acquainted with medical science, medical. m. a physician. -शेषः 1 remainder of life; ˚शेषतया Pt.1; ˚जीवित Pt.4 being destined to live longer. -2 end or decline of life. -स्तोमः (आयुष्ठोमः) a sacrifice performed to obtain long life.
āyuṣya आयुष्य a. [आयुः प्रयोजनमस्य, यत्] Promoting long life, vital, preservative of life; इदं यशस्यमायुष्यमिदं निःश्रेयसं परम् Ms.1.16,3.16,4.13; M.4.4 v. l.; Dk.158. -ष्यम् 1 Vital power, abundance of life or vigour. -2 N. of a ceremony performed after the birth of a child.
ārogyam आरोग्यम् (अरोगस्य भावः ष्यञ्] Freedom from disease, good health; लघुत्वमारोग्यमलोलुपत्वम् Śvet.2.13. -Comp. -अम्बु n. Healthful water. -चिन्तामणिः N. of a work. -प्रतिपद्व्रतम् A ceremony for gaining health. -शाला a hospital.
āryakaḥ आर्यकः [आर्य-स्वार्थे-कन्] 1 An honourable or respectable man. -2 A grandfather; बलेन गुप्तो भरतो महात्मा सहार्यकस्यात्मसमैरमात्यैः Rām.2.7.3. -3 N. of a cowherd who became a king; cf. Mk.7. -क्रम् A ceremony performed to the Manes or the vessel used in sacrifices to the Manes.
āli आलि a. Useless, idle, unmeaning. -2 Honest, sincere (विशदाशय). -लिः 1 A scorpion. -2 A bee. -लिः, -ली f. 1 A female companion or friend (of a woman); निवार्यतामालि किमप्ययं बटुः Ku.5.83,7.68; Amaru.28. -2 A row, range, continuous line; (cf. आवलि); तोयान्त- र्भास्करालीव रेजे मुनिपरम्परा Ku.6.49; रथ्यालि Amaru.89; खद्योतालि Me.83. -3 A line, streak. -4 A bridge. -5 A dike. -6 A line, race, family. -Comp. -क्रमः A kind of musical composition. -जनः A lady's female friends.
āśrāvaṇam आश्रावणम् 1 Calling out so as to make one listen. -2 N. of certain short words uttered at ceremonies; ओं स्वधेत्याश्रावणमस्तु स्वधेति प्रत्याश्रावणम् Āśval.
indraḥ इन्द्रः [इन्द्-रन्; इन्दतीति इन्द्रः; इदि ऐश्वर्ये Malli.] 1 The lord of gods. -2 The god of rain, rain; cloud; इन्द्रो वरुणः सोमो रुद्रः । शं न इन्द्रो बृहस्पतिः Tait. Vp.1.1.1. Bṛi. Up.1.4.11. -3 A lord or ruler (as of men &c.). इन्द्रो- मायाभिः पुरुरूप ईयते Bṛi. Up.2.5.19. first or best (of any class of objects), always as the last member of com