n. a particular measure of surface (a place large enough for the range of 100 cows, one bull, and their calves ;or a place ten times as large ;a place 300 feet long by 10 broad ;or a place 30 daṇḍa-s long by 1 daṇḍa- and 7 hasta-s broad, [ ];it is also defined as an extent of land sufficient to support a man for a year ;originally probably a piece of land large enough to be encompassed by straps of leather from a cow's hide see)
चर्मन् n. [चर्-मनिन् Uṇ.4.144] Skin (of the body). -2 Leather, hide; Ms.2.41,174. -3 The sense of touch. -4 A shield; Śi.18.21. -Comp. -अन्तः a piece or strap of leather. -अम्भस् n. lymph. -अवकर्तन working in leather. -अवकर्तिन्, अवकर्तृ m. a shoe-maker; तक्ष्णश्चर्मावकर्तुश्च Mb.12.36.29; आयुः सुवर्णकाराणां यशश्चर्माव- कर्तिना Ms.4.218 -कषा N. of a plant, Mimosa abstergens (Mar. शिकेकाई). -कारः, -कारिन्, -कृत् m. 1 a shoe-maker, currier; वंशचर्मकृतस्तथा Rām. -2 a mixed caste (from a Chāṇḍāla woman and fisherman). -कारकः a worker in leather. -कलिः, -लम् a wart. -चटकः, -का, -चटिका, -चटी a bat. -चित्रकम् white leprosy. -जम् 1 hair. -2 blood. -तरङ्गः a wrinkle. -तिल a. covered with pimples. -दण्डः, -नालिका, -नासिका a whip. -दलम्, -दूषिका a kind of leprosy, cutaneous disease. -द्रुमः, -वृक्षः the Bhūrja tree. -पट्टिका a flat piece of leather for playing upon with dice. -पत्रा a bat, the small house-bat. -पादुका a leather shoe. -पुटः, -पुटकः A leather bag for carrying water. L. D. B. -प्रभेदिका a shoe maker's awl. -प्रसेवकः, -प्रसेविका a bellows. -बन्धः a leather band or strap. -मुण्डा an epithet of Durgā. -म्नः A warrior using leather-armour; चर्मम्णा अभितो जनाः Rv.8.5.38. -यष्टिः f. a whip. -रङ्गाः m. (pl.) N. of a people in the north-west of Madhyadeśa; मरुकुत्सचर्मरङ्गाख्याः Bṛi. S.14. 23. -वसनः 'clad in skin', N. of Śiva. -वाद्यम् a drum tabor &c. -संभवा large cardamoms. -सारः lymph, serum.
Denoting hide ’ in general, is a common expression from the Rigveda onwards. The oxhide was turned to many uses, such as the manufacture of bowstrings, slings, and reins (see Go). It was especially often employed to place above the boards on which the Soma was pressed with the stones. It was possibly also used for making skin bags. Carmanya denotes leather-work generally in the Aitareya Brāhmana. The art of tanning hides (mlā) was known as early as the Rigveda, where also the word for ‘ tanner ’ (carmamηa) occurs. Details of the process are lacking, but the śatapatha Brāhmana refers to stretching out a hide with pegs (śaηkubhih), and the Rigveda mentions the wetting of the hide.
noun (neuter) carmākhya (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a shield (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
bark (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
hide (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
parchment (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
skin (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
[medic.] a kind of kuṣṭha Frequency rank 1297/72933
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