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     Grammar Search "ayana" has 1 results.
     
ayana: neuter vocative singular stem: ayana
     Amarakosha Search  
10 results
     
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
ayanam2.1.15NeuterSingularpadavī, mārgaḥ, vartanī, saraṇiḥ, panthāḥ, vartma, padyā, sṛtiḥ, adhvā, ekapadī, paddhatiḥ
ayanamNeuterSingulara year
brahmavarcasam2.7.42NeuterSingularvṛttādhyayanardhiḥ
jayaḥ3.4.12MasculineSingularjayanam
karṇīrathaḥ2.8.52MasculineSingularayanam, pravahaṇam
locanam2.6.94NeuterSingulardṛṣṭiḥ, netram, īkṣaṇam, cakṣuḥ, akṣiḥ, dṛk, nayanam
nidrā1.7.36FeminineSingularśayanam, svāpaḥ, svapnaḥ, saṃveśaḥsleep
puram3.3.191NeuterSingularcāmaraḥdaṇḍaḥ, śayanam, āsanam
saṃvīkṣaṇam2.4.30NeuterSingularmṛgaṇā, mṛgaḥ, vicayanam, mārgaṇam
śayyā1.2.138FeminineSingularśayanīyam, śayanam
     Monier-Williams
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438 results for ayana
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
ayanamfn. going View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanan. walking a road a path (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' see naimiṣāyana-, puruṣāyana-, prasamāyana-, samudrāyaṇa-, svedāyana-), (in astronomy) advancing, precession View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanan. (with gen[ exempli gratia, 'for example' /angirasām-, ādity/ānam-, gavām-,etc.] or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') "course, circulation", Name of various periodical sacrificial rites etc. the sun's road north and south of the equator, the half year etc., the equinoctial and solstitial points etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanan. way, progress, manner View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanan. place of refuge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanan. a treatise (śāstra- see jyotiṣām-ayana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanabhagam. (in astronomy) the amount of precession View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanadṛkkarmann. calculation for ecliptic deviation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanagraham. a planet's longitude as corrected for ecliptic deviation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanakalāf. plural the correction (in minutes) for ecliptic deviation, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanavṛttan. the ecliptic. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abdhiśayanam. "sleeping on the ocean (at the periods of the destruction and renovation of the world)", Name of viṣṇu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyadhyayanan. studying (the veda- etc.) at any place (compound), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abjanayanamfn. lotus-eyed, having large fine eyes. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiśayanamfn. lying on, sleeping on. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyayanan. reading, studying, especially the veda-s (one of the six duties of a Brahman), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyayanaetc. See adhī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyayanaalso going over, recitation, repetition (of the veda- etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyayanapuṇyan. religious merit acquired by studying. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyayanasaṃvṛttif. community of occupation in reciting (the veda- etc.), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyayanatapasīn. dual number study and penance. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādityaśayanan. the sun's sleep View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādityaśayanavratan. a particular vow or religious observance. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnicayanan. arranging to preparing the sacred or sacrificial fire-place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agninayanan. the act of bringing out the sacrificial fire. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnipraṇayanan. equals -nayana- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnipraṇayanan. vessels for conveying the sacrificial fire, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnīṣomapraṇayanan. bringing out the fire and the soma-, a ceremony in the jyotiṣṭoma- sacrifice. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhvayanan. appellation, name View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājayanaSee 2. ā-ji-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājayanan. (only for the etymology of 1. āj/i-) "conquering" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākāśaśayanan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) sleeping in open air View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anadhyayanan. not reading or studying, intermission of study View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anālayanamfn. abodeless, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anantaśayanan. Travancore. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānayanan. bringing, leading near View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānayanan. producing, working View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānayanan. calculating. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgirasāmayanan. a sattra- sacrifice. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anilayanan. no home or refuge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antarayanam. Name of a country View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyonyapakṣanayanan. transposing (of numbers) from one side to another. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apanayanan. taking away, withdrawing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apanayanan. destroying, healing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apanayanan. acquittance of a debt. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apariṇayanan. ( -), non-marriage, celibacy. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apyayanan. union, copulating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arālapakṣmanayanamfn. whose eyelashes are curved View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araṇyādhyayanan. reading or study in a forest on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārdranayanamfn. moist-eyed, weeping, suffused with tears. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārgayana(fr. ṛgayana- ) or ārgayaṇa- (gaRa girinady-ādi- on ) contained in or explanatory of the book ṛgayana-
arkanayanan. Name of an asura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asitanayanamfn. black-eyed. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
astamayanan. setting of the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asthisaṃcayanan. the ceremony of collecting the bones (after burning a corpse) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśūnyaśayanan. the day on which viśvakarman- rests View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśūnyaśayanadvitīyāf. Name of ceremonies on that occasion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśūnyaśayanavratan. Name of ceremonies on that occasion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiśayanamf(ī-)n. eminent, abundant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiśayanamind. excessively View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
audayanamfn. relating to or coming from (the teacher) udayana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aujjayanakamfn. relating to or coming from the town ujjayanī- gaRa dhūmādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avajayanan. means of subduing or healing a disease, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avanayanan. equals ava-nāya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avanayanan. pouring down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahvadhyayana() mfn. consisting of many chapters gaRa guṇādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baijavāpayanam. patronymic fr. prec. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baijavāpayanam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagavadupanayanan. "initiation of bhagavat-", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhālanayana m. "having an eye in the forehead"Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhayanan. fear, alarm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛtakādhyayanan. learning from a hired teacher, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmiśayanan. () () the act of sleeping on the (bare) ground. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūyaḥpalayanan. fleeing once more View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bījopanayanan. Name of work on algebra View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cayanan. piling up (wood etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cayanan. stacked wood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cayanan. collecting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cayanakārikāf. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cayanapaddhatif. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cayanaprayogam. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cayanasūtran. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cūḍopanayanan. plural tonsure and initiation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇātinayana(ṇāt-) m. the mantra- with which the dakṣiṇā- cows are driven southwards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍapraṇayanan. "infliction of punishment"Name of a chapter of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśaśatanayanam. "thousand-eyed", indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanaSee ḍī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanan. a bird's flight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayanan. a palanquin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
deśāntarabhāṇḍānayanan. importing wares from foreign countries View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanasaṃcayanan. () collection of money, riches. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāraṇādhyayanan. the conservative method of reading (id est the rehearsing of a work to keep it in memory, as opp. to grahaṇādh-,the acquisitive method) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīptanayanam. "having glittering eyes", Name of an owl View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duradhyayayanamfn. equals adhīyāna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvijanayanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekanayanam. the planet Venus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eṇīnayanamf(ā-)n. idem or 'mfn. deer-eyed ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
galitanayanamfn. one who has lost his eyes, blind, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gavāmayanan. idem or 'm. "going of cows", Name of a ceremony ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāmādhyayanan. study in a village View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hariśayanan. viṣṇu-'s sleep View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hayanam. a year (see hāyana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hayanan. a covered carriage or palanquin (also read ḍayana-;See under ḍī-)
hayanaetc. See p.1288, columns 2, 3. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛdayanarapatim. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hvayanaSee ā-hv-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣṭyayanan. a sacrifice lasting a long time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalaśayanam. "reposing on water (id est on his serpent-couch above the waters, during the 4 months of the periodical rains and during the intervals of the submersion of the world)", viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayanamf(ī-)n. victorious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayanan. conquering, subduing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayanan. armour for cavalry or elephants etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayanayujmfn. caparisoned (a war horse) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jvalitanayanamfn. idem or 'mfn. fiery-eyed, looking angrily or fiercely ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālānayanan. calculation of time commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kamalanayanam. "lotus-eyed", Name of a king. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keliśayanan. a pleasure-couch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kokilanayanam. "having eyes like those of the Koil", a plant bearing a dark black flower (Capparis spinosa or Asteracantha longifolia or Barleria longifolia) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kramādhyayanan. reciting or reading according to the krama- method View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krodhavinayanan. appeasing anger, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇanayanamfn. black-eyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtasvastyayanamf(ā-)n. blessed or commended to the protection of gods previous to any journey or undertaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtopanayanam. one who has been invested with the sacrificial cord View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣmāśayanan. lying or being buried in the earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kusmayanan. smiling improperly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kusumaśayanan. a couch of flowers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuvalayanayanāf. idem or 'f. "lotus-eyed", a handsome woman ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
layanan. the act of clinging, adhering, lying etc., rest, repose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
layanan. a place of rest, house, cell etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lohaśayanan. an iron bed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lohitanayanamfn. red-eyed, having eyes reddened with anger or passion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lolanayanamfn. having rolling eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
loṣṭacayanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madiranayanamf(ā-)n. idem or 'f. a fascinating woman ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāgnicayanan. Name of work (and mahāgnicayanakārikā na-kārikā- f. mahāgnicayanaprayoga na-prayoga- m. mahāgnicayanavyākhyā na-vyākhyā- f. mahāgnicayanasūtra na-sūtra- n.)
mahāgnicayanakārikāf. mahāgnicayana
mahāgnicayanaprayogam. mahāgnicayana
mahāgnicayanasūtran. mahāgnicayana
mahāgnicayanavyākhyāf. mahāgnicayana
mahāhiśayanan. the sleeping (of viṣṇu-) on the great serpent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāśayanan. a great or lofty bed or couch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānasanayanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānasanayanaprasādinīf. Name of commentator or commentary on it. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍūkayogaśayanamfn. lying on the ground in the frog-meditation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manoramāpariṇayanacaritan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manovinayanan. mental discipline View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māsapraveśānayanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māyābhyudayana(māyābh-) m. Name of a kāyastha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghānayanan. Name of certain works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukulitanayanamf(ā-)n. having half-closed eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muñjavivayanamf(ā-)n. matted or twisted out of Munja-grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
munyayanan. Name of a particular iṣṭi-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navagrahānayanakoṣṭhakan. plural Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navapāṣāṇadarbhaśayanasaṃkalpam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanan. leading, directing, managing, conducting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanan. carrying, bringing etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanan. (kālasya-) fixing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanan. drawing, moving (a man or piece in a game see naya-and naya-pīṭhī-) ; (plural) prudent, conduct, polity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanan. "the leading organ", the eye (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-or ī-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanabhūṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanabudbudan. eyeball View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanacandrikāf. moonshine, anything looking bright to the eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanacandrikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanacaritan. play of the eyes, ogling, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanacchadam. eye-covering, an eyelid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanagocaramfn. being within the eye's range, visible (-tva- ; -kṛ-,to perceive or behold ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanajalan. "eye-water", tears View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanapadavīf. () range or field of sight. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanapatham. () range or field of sight. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanaplavam. swimming of the eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanaprabandham. the outer corner of the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanaprasādinīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanaprītif. "eye-delight", lovely sight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanapuṭam. or n. the eyelid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanasalilan. equals -jala- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanaśāṇam. a particular ointment for the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanasukham. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanatvan. condition of the eyes, sight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanauṣadhaa particular ointment for the eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanavārin. equals -jala- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanavatmfn. having eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanaviṣayam. "range of sight", the horizon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nayanaviṣayībhāvam. the being within sight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nihitanayanamf(ā-)n. having the eyes fixed or directed upon (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nilayanan. the act of going out (prob. identical with 2. ni-l-below) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nilayanan. settling down, alighting in or on (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nilayanan. hiding-place etc. equals prec. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ninayana yanīya- See ni-- below. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ninayanan. pouring down or out (see svadhā-n-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ninayanan. carrying out, performance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirṇayanan. equals -ṇaya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyayanan. entry, entrance- or gathering-place, receptacle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padādhyayanan. the recitation of the veda- according to the pada-pāṭha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
palyayanan. a saddle (equals paryāṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
palyayanan. a rein, bridle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcakāṣṭakacayanasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcāṅgānayanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasvastyayanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pariṇayanan. the act of leading round (see prec.) , marrying, marriage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryadhyayanamfn. averse from study Va1rtt. 4 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryāptanayanamfn. having a sufficient number of eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryāyaśayanan. alternate sleeping and watching View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśvayanan. a festival attended with animal sacrifices View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātracayanan. () the act of putting the sacrificial utensils on the pyre by the side of the deceased View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalapracayanan. gathering fruits
phullanayana mfn. having eyes dilated (with joy), smiling, happy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracayanan. gathering, collecting (See phala--). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prādhyayanan. commencement of recitation or study View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakaṭaraktāntanayanamfn. having the eye-corners visibly red View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralayanan. a place of repose, a bed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramuditapralambasunayanam. Name of a gandharva- prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. bringing forwards, conducting, conveying, fetching etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. means or vessel for bringing or fetching (see agni--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. showing, betraying (see śraddhā--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. (with daṇḍasya-or daṇḍa-.), applying (the rod), infliction of (punishment) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. establishing, founding (of a school) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. execution, performance, practice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. bringing forward, adducing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. composing, writing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇayanan. satisfying, satiating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praṇītāpraṇayanan. the vessel in which holy water is fetched View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṅnayanan. moving eastward View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praphullanayana() mfn. having fully opened or sparkling eyes, having eyes expanded with joy. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasayanaSee pra-- 1, si-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasayanan. used to explain pra-siti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratinayana(in the beginning of a compound), into the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃlayanan. ( -) retirement into a lonely place, privacy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃlayanan. complete absorption View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyānayanan. leading or bringing back, recovery, restoration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyayanamind. every half year View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyayanastvan. obtaining again, recovery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravātaśayanan. a bed placed in the middle of a current of air View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravilayanan. complete dissolution or absorption View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
protphullanayanamfn. having the eyes wide open View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punarānayanan. leading back View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punarupanayanan. a second initiation of a Brahman (when the first has been vitiated by partaking of forbidden food; see punaḥ-saṃskāra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punarupanayanaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punarupanayanavidhānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
punarupanayanavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇḍarīkanayanamfn. lotus-eyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇḍarīkanayanam. Name of viṣṇu- or kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇḍarīkanayanam. a species of bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrjayanan. "conquest of a fortress", Name of a particular ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrjayana pūr-dvār- etc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājaśayana n. () a king's couch, royal seat or throne. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raktanayanamfn. red-eyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raktanayanam. Perdix Rufa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathāṅgāhvayanamfn. having the name"wheel" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathāṅgāhvayanam. (with dvija-) the ruddy goose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathāṅgatulyāhvayanam. "having the same name as a chariot's-wheel", the above bird View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛgayanan. (not -ayaṇa- on ) going through the veda-, study of the complete veda-, a book treating on the study of the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛṇāpanayanan. discharge or payment of debt. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rohiṇīcandraśayanan. Name of two religious observances View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpanayanam. Name of a commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sabhāsaṃnayanan. on Va1rtt. 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sābhāsaṃnayanamfn. (fr. sabhā-s-) on Va1rtt. 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍunnayanamahātantran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahādhyayanan. studying together, companionship in study View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasranayanamfn. thousand-eyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasranayanam. Name of indra- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasranayanam. of viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sajalanayanamfn. watery-eyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samācayanao. Putting or heaping together, accumulation, aggregation on Va1rtt. 3 ,
samadhyayanan. going over or studying together, (or) that which is gone over or repeated together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānayanan. bringing together or near View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānayanan. pouring together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samayanayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃcayanan. the act of piling or heaping together, heaping up, gathering, collecting (especially the ashes or bones of a body lately burntSee asthi-s-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdaṣṭakusumaśayanamfn. indenting (by pressure of the limbs) a couch of flowers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃhitādhyayana(dh-) n. the repeating of the saṃhitā- of a veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samīpanayanan. leading near to, bringing to (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃlayanan. sitting or lying down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃlayanan. the act of clinging or adhering to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃlayanan. dissolution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sammayana(s/am--) n. erection of a sacrificial post View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃnayanan. leading or bringing together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃraktanayanamfn. having the eyes reddened (with passion or fury). () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samuccayanan. collecting or heaping together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudānayanan. bringing near View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samunnayanan. raising up, arching (as the brows) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samupanayanan. the act of leading near to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samupānayanan. bringing near, procuring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvādābhijayanan. obtaining the victory in disputes, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samyaktvādhyayanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaraśayanan. () or View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saśayanamf(ī-)n. lying or standing together, contiguous, neighbouring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saśayanamf(ī-)n. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāśrunayana mfn. having tearful eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saubhāgyaśayanavratan. idem or 'n. a particular religious observance ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saubhāgyaśayanavratakathāf. Name of chapter of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavaśayanan. place (prepared) for (the cremation of) corpses (according to to Scholiast or Commentator also"a lotus-flower") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitracayanan. "arranging or preparing the agni- called sāvitra-", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitracayanapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitracayanaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitrādikāṭhakacayanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanamfn. lying down, resting, sleeping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanan. the act of lying down or sleeping, rest, repose, sleep etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a bed, couch, sleeping-place (accusative with bhaj-, ā-- ruh-, saṃ-viś-etc.,"to go to bed or to rest";with Causal of ā-ruh-,"to take to bed, have sexual intercourse with [acc.]"; śayanaṃ- śṛta-or ne sthita- mfn.gone to bed, being in bed) etc.
śayanan. copulation, sexual intercourse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanan. Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanaetc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sayanan. binding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sayanam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (Bombay edition seyana-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanabhūmif. "sleeping-place", a bed-chamber View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanagṛhan. "sleeping-house", a bed-chamber (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanaikadaśīf. the 11sth day of the light half of the month āṣāḍha- (on which viṣṇu-'s sleep begins) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanapālikāf. the (female) keeper of a (royal) couch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanaracanan. the preparation of a bed or couch (one of the 64 arts) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanasakhīf. the female bed-fellow (of a woman) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanasthamfn. being or reclining on a couch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanasthānan. equals -bhūmi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanatalagatamfn. gone to bed, lying in bed, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanavāsasn. a sleeping-garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanavidhamfn. having the form of a bedstead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śeṣāvacayanan. gathering up remnants, collecting what remains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sīmantonnayanan. "the parting or dividing of the hair", Name of one of the 12 saṃskāra-s (observed by women in the fourth, sixth or eighth month of pregnancy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sīmantonnayanamantram. plural Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sīmantonnayanaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sindhuśayanam. "ocean-reclining", Name of viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sitāsitakamaladalanayanaf. having eyes like the petals of a dark and white lotus (one of the 80 minor marks of a buddha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ślokābhinayanan. a dramatic performance accompanied by recitation of śloka-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śmaśayanan. (a compound artificially formed to explain śmaśāna-) place of repose for dead bodies or the bones of burnt corpses, cemetery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smayanan. a smile, gentle laughter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sodayanamfn. together with udayana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphoṭitanayanamfn. having the eyes put out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śramāpanayanan. dispelling fatigue (in ati-śr-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śramavinayanamfn. dispelling fatigue (in adhva-śr-v-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutādhyayanasampannamfn. conversant with repetition or recitation of the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stabdhanayanamfn. idem or 'mfn. having motionless (id est unwinking) eyes ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthaṇḍileśayanan. equals sthaṇḍila-śayyā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stimitanayanamfn. having the eyes intently fixed (see stabdhadṛṣṭi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrāpariṇayanan. the marrying a śūdra- female View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūkaranayanan. "hog's eye", Name of a hole of a particular form in timber View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhaśayanan. placid rest or sleep View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sunayanamf(ā-)n. having beautiful eyes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sunayanam. a deer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūryodayanan. sunrise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svadhāninayanan. performance of a śrāddha- rite with sva-dhā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svapnānayanamantram. Name of works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarnayanamfn. leading to heaven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastyayanan. sg. and plural (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) auspicious progress, success View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastyayanan. blessing, benediction, congratulation (with Causal of vac-,"to ask for a blessing") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastyayanan. a mantra- recited for good luck or the recitation of such a mantra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastyayanan. a means of attaining prosperity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastyayanan. a vessel full of water borne in front of a procession View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastyayanamf(ī-)n. bringing or causing good fortune, auspicious (tama-,superl.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svastyayanagaṇam. a collection of mantra-s recited for good luck View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvāvillomāpanayanan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvayanan. swelling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tapaścitāmayanan. equals ta-paścit/a- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
timiranayanamfn. suffering from partial blindness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiryagayanan. "horizontal course", the sun's annual revolution (opposed to its diurnal revolution in which it rises and sets vertically) See tairyagayanika-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trinayanam. equals -dṛś- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trinayanan. Name of a town, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ucchvayanan. swelling, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udagayanan. the sun's progress north of the equator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udagayanan. the half year from the winter to the summer solstice etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udagayanamfn. being on the path of the sun at its progress north of the equator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayanan. rise, rising (of the sun etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayanan. way out, outlet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayanan. exit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayanan. outcome, result, conclusion, end View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayanan. means of redemption View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayanam. Name of several kings and authors. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayanacaritan. Name of a drama. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udayanatasind. finally View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uḍḍayanaSee uḍ-ḍī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uḍḍayanan. flying up, flying, soaring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ujjayanaetc. See uj-ji-, column 3. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ujjayanam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
umāpariṇayanan. " umā-'s wedding", Name of a work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnayana(ud-na-;for 2.See column 2) mfn. having upraised eyes. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnayanan. (for 1.See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order column 1) the act of raising, elevating, lifting, up View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnayanan. taking out of, drawing out (a fluid) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnayanan. the vessel out of which a fluid is taken View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnayanan. making a straight line, or parting the hair (of a pregnant woman) upwards (See sīmantonnayana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnayanan. conclusion, induction, inference. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unnayanapaṅktimfn. having the line of the eyes upraised View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanayanan. the act of leading to or near, bringing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanayanan. employment, application View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanayanan. introduction (into any science) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanayanan. leading or drawing towards one's self View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanayanan. that ceremony in which a Guru draws a boy towards himself and initiates him into one of the three twice-born classes (one of the twelve saṃskāra-s or purificatory rites [prescribed in the dharma-- sūtra-s and explained in the gṛhya-- sūtra-s] in which the boy is invested with the sacred thread [different for the three castes] and thus endowed with second or spiritual birth and qualified to learn the veda- by heart;a Brahman is initiated in the eighth year [or seventh according to hiraṇyakeśin-;or eighth from conception, according to śāṅkhāyana- etc.], a kṣatriya- in the eleventh, a vaiśya- in the twelfth;but the term could be delayed) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanayanan. See p.201 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upānayanan. the act of leading near or home (a wife) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanayanacintāmaṇim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upanayanalakṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upariśayanan. an elevated resting-place
ūrdhvanayanamfn. having eyes turned upwards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrdhvanayanamfn. Name of the fabulous animal śarabha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vadhūṭīśayanan. "resting-place of women", a lattice, window View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvasṛjacayanaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāryayanan. a reservoir of water, pond etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāryayanaetc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantādhyayanan. studying in spring on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vayanan. the act of weaving etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedādhyayanan. the repetition or recitation of the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedānadhyayanan. remissness in repeating the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntanayanabhūṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedaśākhāpraṇayanan. establishing or founding a Vedic school View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhrāntanayanamfn. one who rolls the eyes or casts side glances View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vicayanan. idem or 'm. search, investigation, examination ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīcayanan. equals vi-c- (See vi--2. ci-), research, inquiry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vigatanayanamfn. eyeless, blind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihāraśayanan. a pleasure-couch View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijayanagaran. Name of a town in karṇāṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijayanandanam. Name of a cakra-vartin- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijayanandinm. Name of authors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikasitanayanavadanakamalamfn. opening (her) lotus-like eyes and mouth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilayanamfn. dissolving, liquefying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilayanan. dissolution, liquefaction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilayanan. melting (intrans.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilayanan. a particular product of milk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilayanan. corroding, eating away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilayanan. removing, taking away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilayanan. attenuating or, an attenuant, escharotic (in medicine) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinayanamfn. taking away, removing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinayanan. the act of taming or training, education, instruction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinayanandinm. Name of the leader of a jaina- sect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinirbhagnanayanamfn. one who has his eyes dashed out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
virahaśayanan. a solitary couch or bed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīraśayanan. () the couch of a dead or wounded hero (formed of arrows). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśālanayanaf. having large eyes (one of the minor marks of a buddha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣamanayanamfn. "having an odd number of eyes","three-eyed", Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vismayanan. astonishment, wonder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vismayotphullanayanamfn. (or -locana-) having eyes wide open or staring with astonishment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṇuśayanabodhadinan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') the day of viṣṇu-'s lying down and of his awaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivayanaSee under vi-ve-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivayanan. plaited work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivṛtasmayanan. an open smile (id est one in which the mouth is sufficiently open to show the teeth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vratopanayanan. initiation into a religious vow etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛttādhyayanan. moral conduct and repetition (of veda-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛttādhyayanarddhif. (for ṛddhi-) welfare resulting from the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛttādhyayanasampattif. welfare resulting from the above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyapanayapanayanan. tearing off, removing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyayanan. going apart, separation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajanādhyayanan. dual number sacrificing and studying the veda- (the duties incumbent on all twice-born) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yāvadadhyayanamind. during the recitation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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ayana अयन a. [अय्-ल्युट्] Going (at the end of comp.); यथेमा नद्यः स्यन्दमानाः समुद्रायणाः Praśn. Up. 1 Going, moving, walking; as in रामायणम्. -2 A walk, path, way, road; आयन्नापो$यनमिच्छमानाः Rv.3.33.7. अगस्त्य- चिह्नादयनात् R.16.44. -3 A place, site, abode, place of resort; Bṛi. Up.2.4.11. ता यदस्यायनं पूर्वम् Ms. 1.1 (occurring in the derivation of the word नारायण). -4 A way of entrance, an entrance (to an array of troops or व्यूह); अयनेषु च सर्वेषु यथाभागमव- स्थिताः Bg.1.11. -5 Rotation, circulation period; अङ्गिरसां अयनम्; इष्टि˚, पशु˚. -6 A particular period in the year for the performance of particular sacrificial or other religious works; N. of certain sacrificial performances; as गवामयनम्. -7 The sun's passage, north and south of the equator. -8 (Hence) The period of this passage, half year, the time from one solstice to another; see उत्तरायण and दक्षिणायन; cf. also सायन and निरयण. -9 the equinoctial and solstitial points; दक्षिणम् अयनम् winter solstice; उत्तरम् अयनम् summer solstice; -1 Method, manner, way. -11 A Śāstra, scripture or inspired writing. -12 Final emancipation; नान्यः पन्था विद्यते$यनाय Śvet. Up. -13 A commentary; treatise. -14 The deities presiding over the ayanas. -Comp. -अंशः, -भागः the arc between the vernal equinoctial point and beginning of the fixed zodiac or first point of Aries. -कलाः The correction (in minutes) for ecliptic deviation. Sūryasiddhānta. -कालः the interval between the solstices. -ग्रहः A planet's longitude as corrected for ecliptic deviation; ibid. -जः a month caused by ayanāṁśa. -परिवृत्तिः Change of the अयन; sun's passage from one side of the equator to the other; अयनपरिवृत्ति- र्व्यस्तशब्देनोच्यते । ŚB. on MS.6.5.37. -संक्रमः, -संक्रान्तिः f. passage through the zodiac. -वृत्तम् the ecliptic.
aṅgirasāmayanam अङ्गिरसामयनम् [अलुक् स.] A Sattra sacrifice.
atiśayana अतिशयन a. [शी-भावे-ल्युट] Surpassing, (in comp.); great, eminent, abundant. -नम् Excess, abundance, superfluity. -नी N. of a metre of four lines, also called चित्रलेखा.
adhyayanam अध्ययनम् 1 [इ-ल्युट्] Learning, study, reading (especially the Vedas); one of the six duties of a Brāhmaṇa. The study of the Vedas is allowed to the first 3 classes, but not to a Śūdra Ms.1.88.91. अध्ययनं च अक्षरमात्रपाठ इति वैदिकाः, सार्थाक्षरग्रहणमिति मीमांसकाः; the latter view is obviously correct; cf. यथा पशुर्भारवाही न तस्य भजते फलम् । द्विजस्तथार्थानभिज्ञो न वेदफलमश्रुते ॥ or better still Yāska's Nirukta : स्थाणुरयं भारहारः किलाभूदधीत्य वेदं न विजानाति यो$र्थम् । यो$र्थज्ञ इत् (अर्थविद्) सकलं भद्रमश्रुते नाकमेति ज्ञानविधूतपाप्मा ॥ See also under अनग्नि. -2 Muttering प्रणव mantra; वीतरागा महाप्रज्ञा ध्यानाध्ययनसम्पदा Mb. 12.3.49. (अध्ययनं प्रणवजपः इति टीका) -3 Teaching; कृत्वा चाध्ययनं तेषां शिष्याणां शतमुत्तमम् Mb.12.318.17 see अध्यापनम्.
apanayanam अपनयनम् 1 Taking away, removing, extracting &c. गण्डस्वेद˚ Me.26; नीतिश्रमापनयनाय Ś.5.6. -2 Healing, destroying, curing (disease &c.); रोगाच्चापनयने P.V. 4.49. -3 Discharge or acquittance of a debt or obligation. -4 Subtraction, deduction. -5 Injustice; शृणु राजन् स्थिरो भूत्वा तवापनयनो महान् Mb.6.49.22.
apyayanam अप्ययनम् 1 Union, junction. -2 Copulation.
abhipraṇayanam अभिप्रणयनम् Consecrating by sacred hymns.
āhvayana आह्वयन a. Taking one's name. -नम् Name, appellation.
uḍḍayanam उड्डयनम् Flying up, soaring; गतो विरुत्योड्डयने निराशताम् N.1.125.
udayanam उदयनम् 1 Rising, ascending, going up; सूर्यस्योदयना- दधि Rv.1.48.7. -2 Result, consequence. -3 End, conclusion. -नः 1 N. of Agastya. -2 N. of the king Vatsa; प्राप्यावन्तीनुदयनकथाकोविदग्रामवृद्धान् Me.3. [A celebrated Prince of the lunar race, who is usually styled Vatsarāja. He reigned at Kauśambī. Vāsavadattā, Princess of Ujjayinī, saw him in a dream and fell in love with him. He was decoyed to that city and there kept in prison by Chaṇḍamahāsena, the king. But on being released by the minister, he carried off Vāsava-dattā from her father and a rival suitor. Udayana is the hero of the play called Ratnāvalī and his life has been made the subject of several other minor compositions. See Vatsa also]. -Comp. -आचार्यः N. of a philosopher and author of several works.
unnayana उन्नयन a. With the eyes raised upwards; पुरुहूतध्वज- स्येव तस्योन्नयनपङ्क्तयः R.4.3. -नम् 1 Raising, elevating, lifting up. -2 Drawing up water. -3 The vessel out of which a fluid is taken. -4 Leading away, extracting. -5 Making straight, smoothing; सीमन्त˚. -6 Deliberation, discussion. -7 inference; श्रवणादनु पश्चादीक्षा अन्वीक्षा उन्नयनम्.
upanayanam उपनयनम् 1 Leading to or near. -2 Presenting, offering; धारासारोपनयनपरा नैगमाः सानुमन्तः V.4.13. -3 Investiture with the acred thread; गर्भाष्टमे ब्राह्मण उपनेय इत्युपनयनं संस्कारार्थम् Mbh.6.6.84. आसमावर्तनात्कुर्यात् कृतोपनयनो द्विजः Ms.2.18,173. -4 Employment, application. -5 Introduction (into any science).
upānayanam उपानयनम् The act of leading near or home (a wife); Bhāg.
cayanam चयनम् [चि भावे-ल्युट्] 1 The act of collecting (especially flowers &c.). -2 Piling, heaping. -3 Keeping the sacred fire. -4 Stacking wood.
jayanam जयनम् [जि करणे ल्युट्] Conquering, subduing. -2 Armour for cavalry, elephants &c. -Comp. -युज् 1 caparisoned. -2 victorious.
ayanam डयनम् 1 Flight. -2 A litter carried upon men's shoulders, palanquin.
nayanam नयनम् [नी-करणे ल्युट्] 1 Leading, guiding, conducting managing. -2 Taking, bringing to or near, drawing; पापापहं स्वर्नयनं दुस्तरं पार्थिवर्षभैः Rām.1.14.58. -3 Ruling, governing, polity; वाक्यैः पवित्रार्थपदैर्नयनैः प्राकृतैरपि Bhāg. 1.5.34. -4 Obtaining. -5 The eye. -6 Passing, spending (as time). -ना, -नी The pupil of the eye. -Comp. -अञ्चलः, -अन्तः 1 the eye-corner. -2 a side-glance. -अभिराम a. gladdening the sight, lovely to behold. (-मः) the moon. -आमोषिन् a. blinding the sight, obscuring. -उत्सवः 1 a lamp. -2 delight of the eyes. -3 any lovely object. -उपान्तः the corner of the eye; नयनोपान्तविलोकितं च यत् (स्मरामि) Ku.4.23. -गोचर a. visible, within the range of sight. -चरितम् the play of the eyes, ogling. -छदः an eyelid. -जम्, -जलम्, -वारि n. tears; देव त्वद्वैरिनारीनयननयनजैर्निर्ममे नीरधिर्न Sūkti.5.117. -पथः the range of sight. -पुटम् the cavity of the eye, eye-lid. -प्रबन्धः the outer corner of the eye. -प्रीतिः lovely sight. -प्लवः the swimming of the eyes. -बुद्बुदम् an eye-ball. -विषयः 1 any visible object; नयनविषयं जन्मन्येकः स एव महोत्सवः Māl.1.36. -2 the horizon. -3 the range of sight. -सलिलम् tears; तस्मिन् काले नयनसलिलं योषितां खण्डितानाम् (शान्तिं नेयम्) Me.41.
nayanatvam नयनत्वम् The condition of the eyes; बाष्पजलान्तरित- नयनत्वान्न पश्यामि ते मुखचन्द्रम् Ve.6.39/4.
ninayanam निनयनम् See under निनी.
ninayanam निनयनम् 1 Performance. -2 Performing, accomplishing. -3 Pouring out.
nilayanam निलयनम् 1 Setting in a place, alighting. -2 A place of refuge; निलयनं चानिलयनं च Tait. Up.2.6; Bhāg. 5.19.2. -3 A house, dwelling, habitation; नदीनिलयनाः सर्पा नदीकुटिलगामिनः । तिष्ठन्त्यावृत्य पन्थानमतो दुःखतरं वनम् ॥ Rām.2.28.2; Ki.7.2. -4 The act of going out.
palyayanam पल्ययनम् 1 A saddle. -2 A rein, bridle.
pracayanam प्रचयनम् Collecting, gathering.
praṇayanam प्रणयनम् 1 Bringing, fetching. -2 Conducting, conveying. -3 Carrying out, executing, performing; सर्गशेष- प्रणयनाद्विश्वयोनेरनन्तरम् Ku.6.9. -4 Writing, composing. -5 Decreeing, sentencing, awarding; as दण्डस्य प्रणयनम्. -6 Bringing forward, adducing. -7 Distributing. -8 Infliction of (punishment). -9 Founding (of a school).
pratiśayanam प्रतिशयनम् The act of lying down without food before a deity to secure some desired object.
pratyānayanam प्रत्यानयनम् Bringing back, recovery.
prasayanam प्रसयनम् 1 Binding, fastening. -2 A Net; प्रसितिः प्रसयनात् तन्तुर्वा जालं वा Nir.
prādhyayanam प्राध्ययनम् Reading, studying.
bhayanam भयनम् Fear, alarm.
layanam लयनम् [ली-ल्युट्] 1 Adhering, clinging, sticking. -2 Rest, repose. -3 A place of rest, house.
vadhūṭaśayana वधूटशयनः A lattice, window.
vayanam वयनम् Weaving.
vicayanam विचयनम् Searching, seeking &c.
vinayanam विनयनम् 1 Removing, taking away; वक्ष्यस्यध्वश्रम- विनयने तस्य शृङ्गे निषण्णः Me.54. -2 Education, instruction, training, discipline.
vilayanam विलयनम् 1 Dissolving, liquefying, dissolution. -2 Corroding. -3 Removing, taking away. -4 Attenuating. -5 An attenuant.
vismayanam विस्मयनम् Astonishment, wonder.
vyayanam व्ययनम् 1 Spending. -2 Wasting, destroying.
śayanam शयनम् [शी-ल्युट्] 1 Sleeping, sleep, lying down. -2 A bed, couch; शयनस्थो न भुञ्जीत Ms.4.74; R.1.95; V.3.1. -3 Copulation, sexual union. -Comp. -अ (आ)गारः, -रम्, -गृहम् a bed-chamber, sleeping apartments. -एकादशी the eleventh day of the bright half of Āṣāḍha when Viṣṇu lies down to enjoy his four months' repose. -तलगत a. gone to bed, lying in bed. -पालिका the (female) keeper of a (royal) bed. -भूमिः a bed-chamber. -रचनम् the preparation of a bed (one of the 64 arts). -वासस् n. sleeping garment. -सखी a bed-fellow. -स्थ a. being on a couch; शयनस्थो न भुञ्जीत Ms.4.74. -स्थानम् a sleeping apartment, bed-chamber.
saṃlayanam संलयनम् 1 Adhering or clinging to. -2 Dissolution. -3 Lying down, sleep.
saṃcayanam संचयनम् 1 Gathering, collecting. -2 Collecting the ashes and bones of a body after it has been burnt.
saṃnayanam संनयनम् 1 Bringing together or near. -2 Connecting, uniting.
samācayanam समाचयनम् Accumulation.
samānayanam समानयनम् Bringing together, collecting, conducting.
smayanam स्मयनम् A smile.
hayana हयनः A year. -नम् A covered carriage.
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ayana a. going, coming; n. going; way; course; certain Soma sacrifice lasting a year; sun's course from one solstice to an other; half-year; solstice; resting-place.
adhyayana n. [going to a teacher], study, reading (esp. of sacred books); learning from (ab.); -sampradâna, n. guidance in study; -½âdâna, n. receiving instruction from (ab.).
anadhyayana n. neglect of study.
ānayana n. bringing near or back; procuring; producing; -itavya, fp. to be brought near.
uḍḍayana n. flying up, flight; -dâ mara, a. extraordinary; -dîna, n. flying up, flight; -dîyana, n. id.
udagayana n. sun's northern course; half year from winter to summer solstice; -âvritti, f. sun's turn to the north; -dasa, a. having the seam turned upward or northward; -dvâra, a. having a northern entrance.
udayana n. rise; end; m. N. of a king: &isharp;-ya, a. concluding.
unnayana n. raising; parting; in ference: -pa&ndot;kti, a. the rows of whose eyes are directed upwards.
gavāmayana n. N. of a sattra lasting a whole year; (m)-pati, m. bull (lord of cows); lord of rays, ep. of the sun or Agni.
cayana n. heaping up; layer of fuel; heap.
jayana a. (î) omnipotent.
nayanagocara a. being with in range of the eye; -gokarî-kri, behold; -kandrikâ, f. moonlight to the eyes; -kar ita, n. play of the eyes; -gala, n. tears; -patha, m. range of the eye; -padavî, f. id.; -payas, n. tears; -vat, a. having eyes; -vâ ri, n. tears; -vishaya, m. range of the eye; -salila, n. tears; -subhaga, a. pleasing to the eye.
nayana n. bringing, conducting, leading to (--°ree;); eye (guiding organ): -tva, n. abst. n.
nyayana n. entry, gathering-place.
pratyayanam ad. every year.
layana n. rest, repose; place of rest.
vyayana n. departure (RV.1); ex penditure, waste (C.).
śayana a. resting, sleeping (very rare); n. bed, couch; recumbency, sleep, re pose: -griha, n., -bhûmi, f. sleeping cham ber; -vâsas, n. sleeping garment; -sakhî, f. female bedfellow (of a woman); -½âvâsa, m. sleeping chamber.
śaraśayana n. couch formed of arrows for wounded warriors; -sayyâ, f. id.
sīmantonnayana n. parting the hair (of a pregnant woman).
svastyayana n. sg. pl. auspicious progress, success, good luck; blessing, bene diction, congratulation: ac. w. vâkaya, ask for a blessing.
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ayana mā vivadhīr (Tā. -badhīr) vikramasva TA.3.15.1d; Tā.10.49d.
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"ayana" has 58 results.
     
abhayanandina reputed jain Grammarian of the eighth century who wrote an extensive gloss on the जैनेन्द्रव्याकरण. The gloss is known as जैनेन्द्रव्याकरणमहावृत्ति of which वृहज्जैनेन्द्रव्याकरण appears to be another name.
vyākaraṇādhyayanaprayojanathe purpose of the study of Grammar which is beautifully summed up and discussed in the first Ahnika by Patanjali in his Mahabhasya.
karman(1)object of a transitive verb, defined as something which the agent or the doer of an action wants primarily to achieve. The main feature of कर्मन् is that it is put in the accusative case; confer, compare कर्तुरीप्सिततमं कर्म, कर्मणि द्वितीया; P. I.4.49; II.3.2. Pāṇini has made कर्म a technical term and called all such words 'karman' as are connected with a verbal activity and used in the accusative case; confer, compare कर्तुरीप्सिततमं कर्म; तथायुक्तं चानीप्सितम् ; अकथितं च and गतिबुद्धिप्रत्यवसानार्थशब्दकर्माकर्मकाणामणि कर्ता स णौ P.I.4.49-52;cf also यत् क्रियते तत् कर्म Kātantra vyākaraṇa Sūtra.II.4.13, कर्त्राप्यम् Jain I. 2. 120 and कर्तुर्व्याप्यं कर्म Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana. II. 2. 3. Sometimes a kāraka, related to the activity ( क्रिया) as saṁpradāna, apādāna or adhikaraṇa is also treated as karma, if it is not meant or desired as apādāna,saṁpradāna et cetera, and others It is termed अकथितकर्म in such cases; confer, compare अपादानादिविशेषकथाभिरविवक्षितमकथितम् Kāś. on I.4.51. See the word अकथित a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. Karman or object is to be achieved by an activity or क्रिया; it is always syntactically connected with a verb or a verbal derivative.When connected with verbs or verbal derivatives indeclinables or words ending with the affixes उक, क्त, क्तवतु, तृन् , etc, it is put in the accusative case. It is put in the genitive case when it is connected with affixes other than those mentioned a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.; confer, compare P, II.3.65, 69. When, however, the karman is expressed ( अभिहित ) by a verbal termination ( तिङ् ), or a verbal noun termination (कृत्), or a nounaffix ( तद्धित ), or a compound, it is put in the nominative case. exempli gratia, for example कटः क्रियते, कटः कृतः, शत्यः, प्राप्तोदकः ग्रामः et cetera, and others It is called अभिहित in such cases;confer, compare P.II.3.1.Sec the word अनभिहित a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..The object or Karman which is ईप्सिततम is described to be of three kinds with reference to the way in which it is obtained from the activity. It is called विकार्य when a transformation or a change is noticed in the object as a result of the verbal activity, e. g. काष्ठानि भस्मीकरोति, घटं भिनत्ति et cetera, and others It is called प्राप्य when no change is seen to result from the action, the object only coming into contact with the subject, e. g. ग्रामं गच्छति, आदित्यं पश्यति et cetera, and others It is called निर्वर्त्य when the object is brought into being under a specific name; exempli gratia, for example घटं करोति, ओदनं पचति; confer, compare निर्वर्त्ये च विकार्यं च प्राप्यं चेति त्रिधा मतम् । तत्रेप्सिततमम् Padamañjarī, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Haradatta. on I.4.49: confer, compare also Vākyapadīya III.7.45 as also Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. on 1.4.49. The object which is not ईप्सिततम is also subdivided into four kinds e. g. (a) अनीप्सित (ग्रामं गच्छन् ) व्याघ्रं पश्यति, (b) औदासीन्येन प्राप्य or इतरत् or अनुभय exempli gratia, for example (ग्रामं गच्छन्) वृक्षमूलानि उपसर्पति, (c) अनाख्यात or अकथित exempli gratia, for example बलिं in बलिं याचते वसुधाम् (d) अन्यपूर्वक e.g अक्षान् दीव्यति, ग्राममभिनिविशते; confer, compare Padamañjarī, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Haradatta. on I.4 49, The commentator Abhayanandin on Jainendra Vyākaraṇa mentions seven kinds प्राप्य, विषयभूत, निर्वर्त्य, विक्रियात्मक, ईप्सित, अनीप्सित and इतरत्, defining कर्म as कर्त्रा क्रियया यद् आप्यं तत् कारकं कर्म; confer, compare कर्त्राप्यम् Jain. Vy. I.2.120 and commentary thereon. जेनेन्द्रमधीते is given therein as an instance of विषयभूत. (2) The word कर्मन् is also used in the sense of क्रिया or verbal activity; confer, compare उदेनूर्ध्वकर्मणि P.I.3.24; आदिकर्मणि क्तः कर्तरि च P.III.4.71, कर्तरि कर्मव्यतिहारे P.I.3.14. (3) It is also used in the sense of activity in general, as for instance,the sense of a word; e. g. नामाख्यातयोस्तु कर्मोपसंयोगद्योतका भवन्ति Nirukta of Yāska.I. 3.4, where Durgācārya's commentary on the Nirukta.explains karman as 'sense' ( अर्थ ).
goṣṭhaca taddhita affix.affix applied to words like गो and others in the sense of 'a place'; confer, compare गेष्ठजादयः स्थानादिषु पशुनाम। पशुनामादिभ्य उपसंख्यानम् | गवां स्थानं गोगोष्ठम्, अश्वगोष्ठम्: महिषीगोष्ठम् Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana.on P.1. varia lectio, another reading,2.29 It is very likely that words like गोष्ठ, दघ्न and others were treated as pratyayas by Panini and katyayana who followed Panini, because they were found always associated with a noun preceding them and never independently.
cintāmaṇiname of a commentary on the Sutras of the Sakatayana Vyakarana written by यक्षवर्मन्, It is also called लधुवृत्ति.
jātipakṣathe view that जाति, or genus only, is the denotation of every word. The view was first advocated by Vajapyayana which was later on held by many, the Mimamsakas being the chief supporters of the view. See Mahabhasya on P. I. 2.64. See Par. Sek. Pari. 40.
jainendravyākaraṇaname of a grammar work written by Pujyapada Devanandin, also called Siddhanandin, in the fifth century A.D. The grammar is based on the Astadhyay of Panini,the section on Vedic accent and the rules of Panini explaining Vedic forms being,of course, neglectedition The grammar is called Jainendra Vyakarana or Jainendra Sabdanusasana. The work is available in two versions, one consisting of 3000 sutras and the other of 3700 sutras. it has got many commentaries, of which the Mahavrtti written by Abhayanandin is the principal one. For details see Jainendra Vyakarana, introduction published by the Bharatiya Jnanapitha Varadasi.
jainendravyākaraṇamahāvṛttiname of a commentary on the Jainendra Vyakarana, written by Abhayanandin in the ninth century A. D. see जैनेन्द्रव्याकरण a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
tīvrataraextreme sharpness of the nasalization at the time of pronouncing the anusvara and the fifth letters recommended by Saityayana.e. g. अग्नीररप्सुषदः, वञ्चते परिवञ्चते. confer, compare Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.XVII. 1.
trimuni(1)the famous three ancient grammarians Panini (the author of the Sutras), Katyayana (the author of the Varttikas), and Patanjali (the author of the Mahabhasya;) (2) the grammar of Panini, called so, being the contribution of the reputed triad of Grammarians.
dvisdouble reduplicated; the word is frequently used in connection with doubling of consonants or words in the PratiSakhya Literature as also in the Katantra, Sakatayana and Haima grammars confer, compare Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) VI. 1, XV. 5, Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.IV. 101, R, T. 264; confer, compare also Kat. III. 8.10, Sak. IV. 1.43; Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana. IV. 1.1.
dhātua root; the basic word of a verbal form,defined by the Bhasyakara as क्रियावचनो धातुः or even as भाववचने धातु:, a word denoting a verbal activity. Panini has not defined the term as such, but he has given a long list of roots under ten groups, named dasagani, which includes about 2200 roots which can be called primary roots as contrasted with secondary roots. The secondary roots can be divided into two main groups ( l ) roots derived from roots ( धातुजधातवः ) and (2) roots derived from nouns ( नामधातवः ). The roots derived from roots can further be classified into three main subdivisions : (a) causative roots or णिजन्त, (b) desiderative roots or सन्नन्त, (c) intensive roots or यङन्त and यङ्लुगन्त: while roots derived from nouns or denominative roots can further be divided into क्यजन्त, काम्यजन्त, क्यङन्त, क्यषन्त, णिङन्त, क्विबन्त and the miscellaneous ones ( प्रकीर्ण ) as derived from nouns like कण्डू( कण्ड्वादि ) by the application of the affix यक् or from nouns like सत्य,वेद, पाश, मुण्ड,मिश्र, et cetera, and others by the application of the affix णिच्. Besides these, there are a few roots formed by the application of the affix अाय and ईय (ईयङ्). All these roots can further be classified into Parasmaipadin or Parasmaibhasa, Atmanepadin or Atmanebhasa and Ubhayapadin. Roots possessed of a mute grave ( अनुदात्त ) vowel or of the mute consonant ङ् added to the root in the Dhatupatha or ending in the affixes यड्, क्यङ् et cetera, and others as also roots in the passive voice are termed Atmanepadin: while roots ending with the affix णिच् as also roots possessed of a mute circumflex vowel or a mute consonant ञ़़् applied to them are termed Ubhayapadin. All the rest are termed Parasmaipadin. There are some other mute letters or syllables applied by Panini to the roots in his Dhatupatha for specific purposes; exempli gratia, for example ए at the end to signify prohibition of vrddhi to the penultimate अ in the aorist, exempli gratia, for example अकखीत् confer, compare P. VII.2.5; इर् to signify the optional substitution of अ or अङ् for the affix च्लि of the aorist, exempli gratia, for example अभिदत्, अभैत्सीत् ; confer, compare P.III. 1.57; उ to signify the optional application of the augment इ ( इट् ) before क्त्वा exempli gratia, for example शमित्वा, शान्त्वा; confer, compare P.VII. 2. 56; ऊ to signify the optional application of the augment इ ( इट् ) exempli gratia, for example गोप्ता, गेीपिता, confer, compare P.VII.2.44; अा to signify the prohibition of the augment इट् in the case of the past passive voice. participle. exempli gratia, for example क्ष्विण्णः, स्विन्नः, confer, compare P. VII.2.16; इ to signify the addition of a nasal after the last vowel e. g. निन्दति from निदि, confer, compare P. VII.1.58: ऋ to signify the prohibition of ह्रस्व to the penultimate long vowel before णिच्, e. g. अशशासत्, confer, compare P.VII. 4.2;लृ to signify the substitution of अङ् for च्लि in the aorist, exempli gratia, for example अगमत् confer, compare P. III.1.55: ओ to signify the substitution of न् for त् of the past passive voice.participle. exempli gratia, for example लग्नः, अापीनः, सूनः, दून: et cetera, and others; confer, compare P. VIII. 2.45. Besides these,the mute syllables ञि, टु and डु are prefixed for specific purposes; confer, compare P. III.2.187, III.3.89 and III. 3.88. The term धातु is a sufficiently old one which is taken by Panini from ancient grammarians and which is found used in the Nirukta and the Pratisakhya works, signifying the 'elemental (radical)base' for nouns which are all derivable from roots according to the writers of the Nirukta works and the grammarian Siktaayana; confer, compare नाम च धातुजमाह निरुक्ते व्याकरणे शकटस्य च तोकम् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. III.3.1. Some scholars have divided roots into six categories; confer, compare तत्र धातवः षोढा (a) परिपठिताः भूवादयः, (b) अपरिपठता अान्दोलयत्यादयः, (c) परिपठितापरिपठिताः ( सूत्रपठिताः ) स्कुस्कम्भस्तम्भेत्यादयः, (d) प्रत्ययधातवः सनाद्यन्ताः, (e) नामघातवः कण्ड्वादयः, (f) प्रत्ययनामधातवः होडगल्भक्ली. बप्रभृतयः; cf Sringara Prak. I. For details see M.Bh. on P.I.3.I as also pp 255, 256 Vol. VII Vyakarana-Mahabhasya published by the D.E. Society, Poona.
dhātupāṭha(1)name given in general to the several collections of roots given generally with their meanings by grammarians belonging to the various different schools of grammar. These collections are given as necessary appendices named खिल to their grammars by the well known grammarians of Sanskrit such as Panini, Sakatayana, and others; (2) a small treatise on roots written by Bhimasena of the 14th century.
dhāturatnākaraa work dealing with roots believed to have been written by Narayana who was given the title वन्द्य. He lived in the seventeenth century; a work named सारावलि व्याक्ररण is also believed to have been written by him.
dhātuvṛttia general term applied to a treatise discussing roots, but specifically used in connection with the scholarly commentary written by Madhavacārya, the reputed scholar and politician at the court of the Vijayanagara kings in the fourteenth century, on the Dhatupatha ot Panini. The work is generally referred to as माधवीया-धातुवृति to distinguish it from ordinary commentary works called also धातुवृत्ति written by grammarians like Wijayananda and others.
nārāyaṇavandyaa grammarian of the seventeenth century who wrote a treatise on grammar named Saravali, and a treatise on roots named Dhatuparayana.
niruktaname of a class of works which were composed to explain the collections of Vedic words by means of proposing derivations of those words from roots as would suit the sense. The Nirukta works are looked upon as supplementary to grammar works and there must have been a good many works of this kind in ancient times as shown by references to the writers of these viz. Upamanyu, Sakatayana,Sakapuni,Sakapurti and others, but, out of them only one work composed by Yaska has survived; the word, hence has been applied by scholars to the Nirukta of Yaska which is believed to have been written in the seventh or the eighth century B. C. i. e. a century or two before Panini. The Nirukta works were looked upon as subsidiary to the study of the Vedas along with works on phonetics ( शिक्षा ), rituals ( कल्प ), grammar (व्याकरण) prosody (छन्दस्) and astronomy(ज्योतिष)and a mention of them is found made in the Chandogyopanisad. As many of the derivations in the Nirukta appear to be forced and fanciful, it is doubtful whether the Nirukta works could be called scientific treatises. The work of Yaska, however, has got its own importance and place among works subsidiary to the Veda, being a very old work of that kind and quoted by later commentators. There were some glosses and commentary works written upon Yaska's Nirukta out of which the one by Durgacarya is a scholarly one.It is doubtful whether Durgacarya is the same as Durgasimha, who wrote a Vrtti or gloss on the Katantra Vyakarana. The word निरुक्त is found in the Pratisakhya works in the sense of 'explained' and not in the sense of derived; confer, compare Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XV 6; V.Pr. IV. 19, 195.
paribhāṣāan authoritative statement or dictum, helping (1) the correct interpretation of the rules (sūtras) of grammar, or (2) the removal of conflict between two rules which occur simultaneously in the process of the formation of words, (पदसिद्धि), or (3) the formation of correct words. Various definitions of the word परिभाषा are given by commentators, the prominent ones beingपरितो व्यापृतां भाषां परिभाषां प्रचक्षते(न्यास);or, परितो भाष्यते या सा परिभाषा प्रकीर्तिता. The word is also defined as विधौ नियामकरिणी परिभाषा ( दुर्गसिंहवृत्ति ). परिभाषा can also be briefiy defined as the convention of a standard author. Purusottamadeva applies the word परिभाषा to the maxims of standard writers, confer, compare परिभाषा हिं न पाणिनीयानि वचनानि; Puru. Pari. 119; while Haribhaskara at the end of his treatise परिभाषाभास्कर, states that Vyaadi was the first writer on Paribhaasas. The rules तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य, तस्मादित्युत्तरस्य and others are in fact Paribhaasa rules laid down by Panini. For the difference between परिभाषा and अधिकार, see Mahabhasya on II.1.1. Many times the writers of Sutras lay down certain conventions for the proper interpretation of their rules, to which additions are made in course of time according to necessities that arise, by commentators. In the different systems of grammar there are different collections of Paribhasas. In Panini's system, apart from commentaries thereon, there are independent collections of Paribhasas by Vyadi, Bhojadeva, Purusottamadeva, Siradeva, Nilakantha, Haribhaskara, Nagesa and a few others. There are independent collections of Paribhasas in the Katantra, Candra, Sakatayana,Jainendra and Hemacandra systems of grammar. It is a noticeable fact that many Paribhasas are common, with their wordings quite similar or sometimes identical in the different systemanuscript. Generally the collections of Paribhasas have got scholiums or commentaries by recognised grammarians, which in their turn have sometimes other glosses or commentaries upon them. The Paribhaasendusekhara of Nagesa is an authoritative work of an outstanding merit in the system of Paninis Grammar, which is commented upon by more than twenty five scholars during the last two or three centuries. The total number of Paribhasas in the diferent systems of grammar may wellnigh exceed 500. See परिभाषासंग्रह.
paribhāṣāsegraha'a work containing a collection of independent works on Paribhasas in the several systems of Sanskrit Grammar, compiled by M. M. K. V. Abhyankar. The collectlon consists of the following works (i) परिभाषासूचन containing 93 Paribhasas with a commentary by Vyadi, an ancient grammarian who lived before Patanjali; ( ii ) ब्याडीयपरिभाषापाठ, a bare text of 140 Paribhaasaas belonging to the school of Vyadi (iii) शाकटायनपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 98 Paribhasa aphorisms, attributed to the ancient grammarian Saka-tayana, or belonging to that school; [iv) चान्द्रपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 86 Paribhasa aphorisms given at the end of his grammar work by Candragomin; (v) कातन्त्रपरिभाषासूत्रवृत्ति a gloss on 65 Paribhas aphorisms of the Katantra school by Durgasimha; (vi) कातन्त्रपारभाषासूत्रवृत्ति a short gloss on 62 Paribhasa aphorisms of the Katantra school by Bhavamisra; (vii) कातन्त्रपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 96 Paribhasa rules belonging to the Katantra school without any author's name associated with it; (viii) कालापपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 118 Paribhasa rules belonging to the Kalapa school without any author's name associated with it; (ix) जैनेन्द्रपरिभाषावृत्ति a gloss written by M. M. K. V. Abhyankar ( the compiler of the collection), on 108 Paribhasas or maxims noticeable in the Mahavrtti of Abhayanandin on the Jainendra Vyakarana of Pujyapada Devanandin; (x) भोजदेवकृतपरि-भाषासूत्र a text of 118 Paribhasa rules given by Bhoja in the second pada of the first adhyaaya of his grammar work named Sarasvatikanthabharana; (xi) न्यायसंग्रह a bare text of 140 paribhasas(which are called by the name nyaya) given by Hema-hamsagani in his paribhasa.work named न्यायसंग्रह; (xii) लधुपरिभाषावृत्ति a gloss on 120 Paribhasas of the Panini school written by Puruso-ttamadeva; (xiii) वृहत्परिभाषावृत्ति con-taining 130 Paribhasas with a commentary by Siradeva and a very short,gloss on the commentary by Srimanasarman ( xiv ) परिभाषावृत्ति a short gloss on 140 Paribhasas of the Panini school written by Nilakantha; (xv) परिभाषाभास्कर a collection of 132 Paribhasas with a commentary by Haribhaskara Agnihotri; (xvi) bare text of Paribhasa given and explained by Nagesabhatta in his Paribhasendusekhara. The total number of Paribhasas mentioned and treated in the whole collection exceeds five hundredition
paribhāṣāsūcanaan old work on the Paribhasas in the system of Panini's Grammar, believed to have been written by Vyaadi, who lived after Kaatyayana and before Patanjali. The work is written in the old style of the MahabhaSya and consists of a short commentary on 93 Paribhasas.
paribhāṣenduśekharathe reputed authoritative work on the Paribhasas in the system of Paanini's grammar written by Nagesabhatta in the beginning of the 18th century A.D. at Benares. The work is studied very widely and has got more than 25 commentaries written by pupils in the spiritual line of Nagesa. Well-known among these commentaries are those written by Vaidyanatha Payagunde ( called गदा ), by BhairavamiSra ( called मिश्री), by Raghavendraacaarya Gajendragadakara ( called त्रिपथगा ), by Govindacarya Astaputre of Poona in the beginning of the nineteenth century (called भावार्थदीपिका), by BhaskaraSastri Abhyankar of Satara (called भास्करी ), and by M. M. Vaasudevasaastri Abhyankar of Poona (called तत्त्वादर्श ). Besides these, there are commentaries written by Taatya Sastri Patawardhana,Ganapati Sastri Mokaate, Jayadeva Misra, VisnuSastri Bhat, Vishwanatha Dandibhatta, Harinaatha Dwiwedi Gopaalacarya Karhaadkar, Harishastri Bhagawata, Govinda Shastri Bharadwaja, Naarayana Shastri Galagali, Venumaadhava Shukla, Brahmaananda Saraswati, ManisiSeSaSarma,Manyudeva, Samkarabhatta, Indirapati, Bhimacarya Galagali, Madhavacarya Waikaar, Cidrupasraya, Bhimabhatta, LakSminrsimha and a few others. Some of these works are named by their authors as Tikaas, others as Vyaakhyaas and still others as Tippanis or Vivrtis.
parisaṃkhyānaliterally enumeration; enunciation;mention ; the word is found generally used by Katyayana and other Varttikakaras at the end of their Varttikas. The words वक्तव्यम्, वाच्यम् , and the like, are similarly usedition
pāṇinithe illustrious ancient grammarian of India who is wellknown by his magnum opus, the Astaka or Astaadhyaayi which has maintained its position as a unique work on Sanskrit grammar unparalleled upto the present day by any other work on grammar, not only of the Sanskrit language, but ofany other language, classical as well as spoken. His mighty intelligence grasped, studied and digested not only the niceties of accentuation and formation of Vedic words, scattered in the vast Vedic Literature of his time, but those of classical words in the classical literature and the spoken Sanskrit language of his time in all its different aspects and shades, noticeable in the various provinces and districts of the vast country. The result of his careful study of the Vedic Literature and close observation ofeminine.the classical Sanskrit, which was a spoken language in his days, was the production of the wonderful and monumental work, the Astaadhyaayi,which gives an authoritative description of the Sanskrit language, to have a complete exposition of which,several life times have to be spent,in spite of several commentaries upon it, written from time to time by several distinguished scholars. The work is a linguist's and not a language teacher's. Some Western scholars have described it as a wonderful specimen of human intelligence,or as a notable manifestation of human intelligence. Very little is known unfortunately about his native place,parentage or personal history. The account given about these in the Kathaasaritsaagara and other books is only legendary and hence, it has very little historical value. The internal evidence, supplied by his work shows that he lived in the sixth or the seventh century B. C., if not earlier, in the north western province of India of those days. Jinendrabuddhi, the author of the Kaasikavivaranapanjikaa or Nyasa, has stated that the word शलातुर् mentioned by him in his sUtra ( IV. 3.94 ) refers to his native place and the word शालातुरीय derived by him from the word शलातुर by that sUtra was, in fact his own name, based upon the name of the town which formed his native placcusative case. Paanini has shown in his work his close knowledge of, and familiarity with, the names of towns, villages, districts, rivers and mountains in and near Vaahika, the north-western Punjab of the present day, and it is very likely that he was educated at the ancient University of Taksasilaa. Apart from the authors of the Pratisaakhya works, which in a way could be styled as grammar works, there were scholars of grammar as such, who preceded him and out of whom he has mentioned ten viz., Apisali, Saakataayana, Gaargya, Saakalya, Kaasyapa, Bharadwaja, Gaalava, Caakravarmana Senaka and Sphotaayana. The grammarian Indra has not been mentioned by Paanini, although tradition says that he was the first grammarian of the Sanskrit language. It is very likely that Paanini had no grammar work of Indra before him, but at the same time it can be said that the works of some grammarians , mentioned by Panini such as Saakaatyana, Apisali, Gaargya and others had been based on the work of Indra. The mention of several ganas as also the exhaustive enumeration of all the two thousand and two hundred roots in the Dhaatupaatha can very well testify to the existence of systematic grammatical works before Paarnini of which he has made a thorough study and a careful use in the composition of his Ganapaatha and Dhaatupatha. His exhaustive grammar of a rich language like Sanskrit has not only remained superb in spite of several other grammars of the language written subsequently, but its careful study is felt as a supreme necessity by scholars of philology and linguistics of the present day for doing any real work in the vast field of linguistic research. For details see pp.151154 Vol. VII of Paatanjala Mahaabhsya, D. E. Society's Edition.
pāṇinisūtravārtikaname given to the collection of explanatory pithy notes of the type of SUtras written. mainly by Kaatyaayana. The Varttikas are generally written in the style of the SUtras, but sometimes they are written in Verse also. The total number of Varttikas is well-nigh a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. 5000, including Varttikas in Verse.There are three kinds of Varttikas; confer, compareउक्तानुक्तदुरुक्तानां चिन्ता यत्र प्रवर्तते । तं ग्रन्थं वार्तिकं प्राहुर्वार्तिकज्ञा मनीषिणः । Naagesa appears to have divided Varttikas into two classes as shown by his definition 'सूत्रेऽ नुक्तदुरुक्तचिन्ताकरत्वं वार्तिकत्वम् '. If this definition be followed, many of the Vaarttikas given in the Maahibhaasya as explaining and commenting upon the Sutras will not strictly be termed as Vaarttikaas, and their total number which is given as exceeding 5000, will be reduced to about 1400 or so. There are some manuscript copies which give this reduced number, and it may be said that only these Vārttikas were written by Kātyāyana while the others were added by learned grammarians after Kātyāyana. In the Mahābhāșya there are seen more than 5000 statements of the type of Vārttikas out of which Dr. Kielhorn has marked about 4200 as Vārttikas. At some places the Mahābhāșyakāra has quoted the names of the authors of some Vārttikas or their schools, in words such as क्रोष्ट्रीयाः पठन्ति, भारद्वाजीयाः पठन्ति, सौनागाः पठन्ति. et cetera, and others Many of the Vārttikas given in the Mahābhāșya are not seen in the Kāśikāvŗtti, while some more are seen in the Kāśikā-vŗtti, which, evidently are composed by scholars who flourished after Patańjali, as they have not been noticed by the Mahābhāșyakāra. It is very difficult to show separately the statements of the Bhāșyakāra popularly named 'ișțis' from the Vārttikas of Kātyāyana and others. For details see Vol. VII Mahābhāșya, D.E. Society's edition pp. 193-224.
prakriyāsaṃgrahaa work on grammar by Abhayacandra in which the Sutras of Sakatayana's Sabdanusasana are arranged in the form of different sections dealing with the different topics of grammar.
prāgdeśadistricts of the east especially districts to the east of Ayodhya and Pataliputra, such as Magadha, Vanga and others; nothing can definitely be said as to which districts were called Eastern by Panini and his followers Katyayana and Patanjali. A Varttika given in the Kasika but not traceable in the Mahabhasya defines Pragdesa as districts situated to the east of शरावती (probably the modern river Ravi or a river near that river ): confer, compare प्रागुदञ्चौ विभजते हंसः क्षीरोदके यथा । विदुषां शब्दसिद्ध्यर्थे सा नः पातु शरावती ॥ Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. on एङ् प्राचां देशे P. I. 1.75. There is a reading सरस्वती in some manuscript copies and सरस्वती is a wellknown river in the Punjab near Kuruksetra, which disappears in the sandy desert to the south: a reading इरावती is also found and इरावती may stand for the river Ravi. शरावती in Burma is simply out of consideration. For details see Vyakarana Mahabhasya Vol. VII. pp. 202-204 and 141-142 D. E. Society's Edition.
prātiśākhyaa work on Vedic grammar of a specific nature, which is concerned mainly with the changes, euphonic and others, in the Pada text of the Samhita as compared with the running text, the Samhita itselfeminine. The Pratisakhya works are neither concerned with the sense of words, nor with their division into bases and affixes, nor with their etymology. They contain, more or less,Vedic passages arranged from the point of view of Samdhi. In the Rk Pratisakhya, available to-day, topics of metre, recital, phonetics and the like are introduced, but it appears that originally the Rk Pratisakhya, just like the Atharva Pratisakhya, was concerned with euphonic changes, the other subjects being introduced later on. The word प्रातिशाख्य shows that there were such treatises for everyone of the several Sakhas or branches of each Veda many of which later on disappeared as the number of the followers of those branches dwindledition Out of the remaining ones also, many were combined with others of the same Veda. At present, only five or six Pratisakhyas are available which are the surviving representatives of the ancient ones - the Rk Pratisakhya by Saunaka, the Taittiriya Pratisakhya, the Vajasaneyi PratiSakhya by Katyayana, the Atharva Pratisakhya and the Rk Tantra by Sakatayana, which is practically a Pratisakhya of the Sama Veda. The word पार्षद or पारिषद was also used for the Pratisakhyas as they were the outcome of the discussions of learned scholars in Vedic assemblies; cf परिषदि भवं पार्षदम्. Although the Pratisakhya works in nature, are preliminary to works on grammar, it appears that the existing Pratisakhyas, which are the revised and enlarged editions of the old ones, are written after Panini's grammar, each one of the present Prtisakhyas representing, of course, several ancient Pratisakhyas, which were written before Panini. Uvvata, a learned scholar of the twelfth century has written a brief commentary on the Rk Pratisakhya and another one on the Vajasaneyi Pratisakhya. The Taittiriya PratiSakhya has got two commentaries -one by Somayarya, called Tribhasyaratna and the other called Vaidikabharana written by Gopalayajvan. There is a commentary by Ananta bhatta on the Vajasaneyi Pratisakhya. These commentaries are called Bhasyas also.
mahābhāṣyaliterally the great commentary. The word is uniformly used by commentators and classical Sanskrit writers for the reputed commentary on Pāṇini's Sūtras and the Vārttikas thereon by Patañjali in the 2nd century B. C. The commentary is very scholarly yet very simple in style, and exhaustive although omitting a number of Pāṇini's rules. It is the first and oldest existing commentary on the Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. of Pāṇini, and, in spite of some other commentaries and glosses and other compendia, written later on to explain the Sutras of Panini, it has remained supremely authoritative and furnishes the last and final word in all places of doubt: confer, compare the remarks इति भाष्ये स्थितम्, इत्युक्तं भाष्ये, इत्युक्तमाकरे et cetera, and others scattered here and there in several Vyaakarana treatises forming in fact, the patent words used by commentators when they finish any chain of arguments. Besides commenting on the Sutras of Paanini, Patanjali, the author, has raised many other grammatical issues and after discussing them fully and thoroughly, given his conclusions which have become the final dicta in those matters. The work, in short, has become an encyclopedic one and hence aptly called खनि or अकर. The work is spread over such a wide field of grammatical studies that not a single grammatical issue appears to have been left out. The author appears to have made a close study of the method and explanations of the SUtras of Paanini given at various academies all over the country and incorporated the gist of those studies given in the form of Varttikas at the various places, in his great work He has thoroughly scrutinized and commented upon the Vaarttikas many of which he has approved, some of which he has rejected, and a few of which he has supplementedition Besides the Vaarttikas which are referred to a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page., he has quoted stanzas which verily sum up the arguments in explanation of the difficult sUtras, composed by his predecessors. There is a good reason to believe that there were small glosses or commentaries on the SUtras of Paanini, written by learned teachers at the various academies, and the Vaarttikas formed in a way, a short pithy summary of those glosses or Vrttis. . The explanation of the word वृत्तौ साधु वार्तिकम् given by Kaiyata may be quoted in support of this point. Kaiyata has at one place even stated that the argument of the Bhaasyakaara is in consonance with that of Kuni, his predecessor. The work is divided into eighty five sections which are given the name of lesson or आह्लिक by the author, probably because they form the subject matter of one day's study each, if the student has already made a thorough study of the subject and is very sharp in intelligence. confer, compare अह्ला निर्वृत्तम् आह्लिकम्, (the explanation given by the commentatiors).Many commentary works were written on this magnum opus of Patanjali during the long period of twenty centuries upto this time under the names टीका, टिप्पणी, दीपिका, प्रकाशिका, व्याख्या, रत्नावली, स्पूर्ति, वृत्ति, प्रदीप, व्याख्यानं and the like, but only one of them the 'Pradipa' of कैयटीपाध्याय, is found complete. The learned commentary by Bhartrhari, written a few centuries before the Pradipa, is available only in a fragment and that too, in a manuscript form copied down from the original one from time to time by the scribes very carelessly. Two other commentaries which are comparatively modern, written by Naarayanasesa and Nilakantha are available but they are also incomplete and in a manuscript form. Possibly Kaiyatabhatta's Pradipa threw into the background the commentaries of his predecessors and no grammarian after Kaiyata dared write a commentary superior to Kaiyata's Pradipa or, if he began, he had to abandon his work in the middle. The commentary of Kaiyata is such a scholarly one and so written to the point that later commentators have almost identified the original Bhasya with the commentary Pradipa and many a time expressed the two words Bhasya and Kaiyata in the same breath as भाष्यकैयटयोः ( एतदुक्तम् or स्पष्टमेतत् ).
mahābhāṣyavyākhyāname given to each of the explanatory glosses on the Mahabhasya written by grammarians prominent of whom were Purusottamadeva, Narayana Sesa, Visnu, Nilakantha and others whose fragmentary works exist in a manuscript form. महामिश्र name of a grammarian who wrote a commentary on Jinendrabuddhi's Nyasa. The commentary is known by the name Vyakaranaprakasa. महाविभाषा a rule laying down an option for several rules in a topic by being present in every rule: confer, compare महाविभाषया वाक्यमपि. विभाषा (P.II.1.11) and समर्थानां प्रथमाद्वा (P. IV.1.82) are some of the rules of this kindeclinable
mitavṛtyarthasaṃgrahaname ofa grammatical work on the SUtras of Paanini by Udayana.
yakṣavarmanaauthor of the commentary called चिन्तामणि on the SabdaanuSaasana of Sakataayana.
rāmasiṃhṛvarmāpossibly the same king of Sringaberapura who patronised Nagesabhatta. He is said to have written some Small comments on " the Ramayana and a small grammar work named धातुरत्नमञ्जरी.
vararuci(1)a reputed ancient grammarian who is identified with Katyayana, the prominent author of the Varttikas on the Sutras of Panini. Both the names वररुचि and कात्यायन are mentioned in commentary works in connection with the Varttikas on the Sutras of Panini, and it is very likely that Vararuci was the individual name of the scholar, and Katyayana his family name. The words कात्य and कात्यायन are found used in Slokavarttikas in the Mahabhasya on P.III.2.3 and III.2.118 where references made are actually found in the prose Varttikas (see कविधेो सर्वत्र प्रसारणिभ्यो ड: P.III. 2. 3 Vart and स्मपुरा भूतमात्रे न स्मपुराद्यतने P.III.2.118 Vart. 1)indicating that the Slokavarttikakara believed that the Varttikas were composed by Katyayana. There is no reference at all in the Mahabhasya to Vararuci as a writer of the Varttikas; there is only one reference which shows that there was a scholar by name Vararuci known to Patanjali, but he was a poet; confer, compare वाररुचं काव्यं in the sense of 'composed' ( कृत and not प्रोक्त ) by वररुचि M.Bh. on P. IV. 2.4. ( 2 ) वररुचि is also mentioned as the author of the Prakrta Grammar known by the name प्राकृतप्रकाश or प्राकृतमञ्जरी, This वररुचि, who also was कात्यायन by Gotra name, was a grammarian later than Patanjali, who has been associated with Sarvvarman, (the author of the first three Adhyayas of the Katantra Sutras), as the author of the fourth Adhyaya. Patanjali does not associate वररुचि with Kityayana at alI. His mention of वररुचि as a writer of a Kavya is a sufficient testimony for that. Hence, it appears probable that Katyayana, to whom the authorship of the Vajasaneyi Pratisakhya and many other works allied with Veda has been attributed, was not associated with Vararuci by Patanjali, and it is only the later writers who identified the grammarian Vararuci,who composed the fourth Adhyaya of the Katantra Grammar and wrote a Prakrit Grammar and some other grammar' works, with the ancient revered Katyayana, the author of Varttikas, the Vijasaneyi Pratisakhya and the Puspasutra; (3) There was a comparatively modern grammariannamed वररुचि who wrote a small treatise on genders of words consisting of about 125 stanzas with a commentary named Lingavrtti, possibly written by the author himselfeminine. (4) There was also another modern grammarian by name वररुचि who wrote a work on syntax named प्रयोगमुखमण्डन discuss^ ing the four topics कारक, समास, तद्धित and कृदन्त.
varṣaname of an ancient scholar of grammar and Mimamsa, cited by some as the preceptor of कात्यायन and Panini. If not of Panini, he may have been a preceptor of Katyayana
vākyakāraa term used for a writer who composes a work in pithy, brief assertions in the manner of sutras, such as the Varttikas. The term is found used in Bhartrhari's Mahabhasyadipika where by contrast with the term Bhasyakara it possibly refers to the varttikakara Katyayana; confer, compare एषा भाष्यकारस्य कल्पना न वाक्यकारस्य Bhartrhari Mahabhasyadipika. confer, compare also Nagesa's statement वाक्यकारो वार्तिकरमारभते: confer, compare also चुलुम्पादयो वाक्यकारीया ; Madhaviya Dhatuvrtti.
vājasaneyeiprātiśākhyathe Pratisakhya work belonging to the Vajasaneyi branch of the White Yajurveda, which is the only Pratisakhya existing to-day representing all the branches of the Sukla Yajurveda. Its authorship is attributed to Katyayana, and on account of its striking resemblance with Panini's sutras at various places, its author Katyayana is likely to be the same as the Varttikakara Katyayana. It is quite reasonable to expect that the subject matter in this Pratisakhya is based on that in the ancient Prtisakhya works of the same White school of the Yajurveda.The work has a lucid commentary called Bhasya written by Uvvata.
vārarucaa work attributed to वररुचि: confer, compare वाररुचे काव्यम् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ).on P. IV.3.101 cf also वाररुनो ग्रन्थ: S.K.on P.IV.3. 101 This work possibly was not a grammar work and its author also was not the same as the Varttikakara Katyayana. See वरुरुचि a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. The name वाररुचव्याकरण was given possibly to Katyayana's Prakrit Grammar, the author of which was वररुचि surnamed Katyayana. For details see p.395 Vyakarana Mahabhasya Vol. VII. D. E. Society's Edition.
vārarucakārikāan ancient grammarwork in verse believed to have been written by an ancient scholar of grammar, who, if not the same as Katyayana who wrote the Varttikas, was his contemporary and to whom the authorship of the Unadi Sutras is ascribed by some scholars. See वररुचि.
vārttikaa statement which is as much authoritative as the original statement to which it is given as an addition for purposes of correction, completion or explanation. The word is defined by old writers in an often-guoted verseउक्तानुक्तदुरुक्तनां चिन्ता यत्र प्रवर्तते | तं ग्रन्थं वार्तिकं प्राहुर्वार्तिकज्ञा मनीषिण:|This definition fully applies to the varttikas on the Sutras of Panini. The word is explained by Kaiyata as वृत्तौ साधु वार्त्तिकम् which gives strength to the supposition that there were glosses on the Sutras of Panini of which the Varttikas formed a faithful pithy summary of the topics discussedition The word varttika is used in the Mahabhasya at two places only हन्तेः पूर्वविप्रविषेधो वार्तिकेनैव ज्ञापित: M.Bh. on P.III. 4.37 and अपर आह् यद्वार्त्तिक इति M.Bh. on P. II.2.24 Vart. 18. In अपर अहृ यद्वार्त्तिक इति the word is contrasted with the word वृत्तिसूत्र which means the original Sutra (of Panini ) which has been actuaIly quoted, viz. संख्ययाव्ययासन्नाo II.2. 25. Nagesa gives ' सूत्रे अनुक्तदुरुक्तचिन्ताकरत्वं वार्तिक्रत्वम् as the definition of a Varttika which refers only to two out of the three features of the Varttikas stated a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. If the word उक्त has been omitted with a purpose by Nagesa, the definition may well-nigh lead to support the view that the genuine Varttikapatha of Katyayana consisted of a smaller number of Varttikas which along with a large number of Varttikas of other writers are quoted in the Mahabhasya, without specific names of writers, For details see pages 193-223 Vol. VII Patanjala Mahabhasya, D.E, Society's Edition.
vārttikakārabelieved to be Katyayana to whom the whole bulk of the Varttikas quoted in the Mahabhasya is attributed by later grammarians. Patafijali gives the word वार्तिककार in four places only (in the Mahabhasya on P.I.1.34, III.1.44: III.2.118 and VII.1.1) out of which his statement स्यादिविधिः पुरान्तः यद्यविशेषणं भवति किं वार्तिककारः प्रातिषेधेनं करोति in explanation of the Slokavarttika स्यादिविधिः...इति हुवता कात्यायनेनेहृ, shows that Patanjali gives कात्यायन as the Varttikakara (of Varttikas in small prose statements) and the Slokavarttika is not composed by Katyayana. As assertions similar to those made by other writers are quoted with the names of their authors ( भारद्वाजीयाः, सौनागाः, कोष्ट्रियाः et cetera, and others) in the Mahabhasya, it is evident that the Varttikas quoted in the Mahabhasya(even excluding the Slokavarttikas) did not all belong to Katyayana. For details see pp. 193-200, Vol. VII, Vyakarana Mahabhasya, D. E. Society's Edition.
vārtikapāṭhathe text of the Varttikas as traditionally handed over in the oral recital or in manuscripts As observed a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.(see वार्त्तिक),although a large number of Varttikas quoted in the Mahabhasya are ascribed to Katyayana, the genuine Varttikapatha giving such Varttikas only, as were definitely composed by him, has not been preserved and Nagesa has actually gone to the length of making a statement like " वार्तिकपाठ: भ्रष्टः" ; confer, compare . Mahābhāṣya-Pradīpoddyota by Nāgeśa.on P.I.l.I2 Varttika 6.
vijayāname of a commentary on the Laghusabdendusekhara by Sivanarayana.
vyutpattipakṣathe view that every word is derived from a suitable root as contrasted with the other view viz. the अव्युत्पत्तिपक्ष. The grammarians hold that Panini held the अव्युत्पत्तिपक्ष,id est, that is the view that not all words in a language can be derived but only some of them can be so done, and contrast him (id est, that isPanini) with an equally great grammarian Sakatayana who stated that every word has to be derived: confer, compare न्यग्रोधयतीति न्यग्रोध इति व्युत्पत्तिपक्षे नियमार्थम् ! अव्युत्पत्तिपक्ष विध्यर्थम् Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana.on P.VII.3.6.
śabdabhūṣaṇaname of a short gloss on the Sutras of Panini, written by Narayana Pandita.
śabdamañjarīname of a short grammar work written by Narayana Pandita.
śabdānuśāsanaliterally science of grammar dealing with the formation of words, their accents, and use in a sentence. The word is used in connection with standard works on grammar which are complete and self-sufficient in all the a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.mentioned features. Patanjali has begun his Mahabhasya with the words अथ शब्दानुशासनम् referring possibly to the vast number of Varttikas on the Sutras of Panini, and hence the term शब्दानुशासन according to him means a treatise on the science of grammar made up of the rules of Panini with the explanatory and critical varttikas written by Katyayana and other Varttikakaras.The word शब्दानुशासन later on, became synonymons with Vyakarana and it was given as a title to their treatises by later grammarians, or was applied to the authoritative treatise which introduced a system of grammar, similar to that of Panini. Hemacandra's famous treatise, named सिद्धहैमचन्द्र by the author,came to be known as हैमशब्दानुशासन. Similarly the works on grammar written by पाल्यकीर्तिशाकटायन and देवनन्दिन् were called शाकटायनशब्दानुशासन and जैनेन्द्र' शब्दानुशासन respectively.
śākaṭāyana(1)name of an ancient reputed scholar of Grammar and Pratisakhyas who is quoted by Panini. He is despisingly referred to by Patanjali as a traitor grammarian sympathizing with the Nairuktas or etymologists in holding the view that all substantives are derivable and can be derived from roots; cf तत्र नामान्याख्यातजानीति शाकटायनो नैरुक्तसमयश्च Nir.I.12: cf also नाम च धातुजमाह निरुक्ते व्याकरणे शकटस्य च तोकम् M. Bh on P.III.3.1. Sakatayana is believed to have been the author of the Unadisutrapatha as also of the RkTantra Pratisakhya of the Samaveda ; (2) name of a Jain grammarian named पाल्यकीर्ति शाकटायन who lived in the ninth century during the reign of the Rastrakuta king Amoghavarsa and wrote the Sabdanusana which is much similar to the Sutrapatha of Panini and introduced a new System of Grammar. His work named the Sabdanusasana consists of four chapters which are arranged in the form of topics, which are named सिद्धि. The grammar work is called शब्दानुशासन.
śākaṭāyanataraṅgiṇīa commentary on Sakatayana's Sabdanusana.
śākaṭāyanavyākaraṇathe treatise on grammar written by sakatayana। See शाकटायन.
śuklayajuḥprātiśākhyaname of the Pratisakhya treatise pertaining to the White Yajurveda which is also called the Vajasaneyi-Pratisakhya. This work appears to be a later one as compared with the other PratiSakhya works and bears much similarity with some of the Sutras of Panini. It is divided into eight chapters by the author and it deals with letters, their origin and their classification, the euphonic and other changes when the Samhita text is rendered into the Pada text, and accents. The work appears to be a common work for all the different branches of the White Yajurveda, being probably based on the individually different Pratisakhya works of the different branches of the Shukla Yajurveda composed in ancient times. Katyayana is traditionally believed to be the author of the work and very likely he was the same Katyayana who wrote the Varttikas on the Sutras of Panini.
śrutakevalina term of a very great honour given to such Jain monks as have almost attained perfection; the term is used in connection with Palyakirti Sakatayana, the Jain grammarian शाकटायन, whose works शाकटायनशब्दानुशासन and its presentation in a topical form named शाकटायनप्रक्रिया are studied at the present day in some parts of India. See शाकटायन a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
sāpyafurnished with अाप्य or object; a transitive root;the term is used in the Sakatayana, Haimacandra and Candra grammars; confer, compare Candra I.4.100, Hema. III.3.21, Sakat. IV. 3.55.
sāyaṇa,sāyaṇācāryathe celebrated Vedic scholar and grammarian of Vijayanagar who flourished in the 14th century and wrote, besides the monumental commentary works on the Vedas, a grammatical work on roots and their forms known by the name माधवीया धातुवृत्ति. As the colophon of the work shows, the Dhatuvrtti was written by Sayanacarya, but published under the name of Madhava, the brother of Sayanacarya: confer, compare इति महामन्त्रिणा मायणसुतेन माधवसहोदरेण सायणाचार्येण विरचितायां माधवीयायां धातुवृत्तौ...Madhaviya Dha tuvrtti at the end; cf also तेन मायणपुत्रेण सायणेन मनीषिणा । व्याख्येया माधवी चेयं धातुवृत्तिर्विरच्यते । Mad. Dhatuvrtti at the beginning.
sārasvataṭīkāname in general given to commentary works on the Sarasvata Vyakarana out of which those written by Ramanarayana, Satyaprabodha, Ksemamkara, Jagannatha and Mahidhara are known to scholars.
sūtrakārathe original writer of the sutras; e. g. पाणिनि, शाकटायन, शर्ववर्मन् , हेमचन्द्र and others. In Panini's system, Panini is called Sutrakara, as contrasted with Katyayana,who is called the Varttikakara and Patanjali, who is called the Bhasyakara;confer, compare पाणिने: सूत्रकारस्य M.Bh. on P.II 2.1.1.
spardhaa word used in the sense of 'a conflict of two rules' ( विप्रतिषेध ) in some grammars such as those of Jainendra, Sakatayana and Hemacandra; cf Jain. I.2.39,Sak. I.1.46 and Hema. VII.4. l l9.
sva(1)personal-ending of the second person singular. Atmanepada in the imperative mood; cf थास: से | सवाभ्यां वामौ | P.III.4.80, 91 ; (2) a term used in the sense of स्ववर्गीय (belonging to the same class or category) in the Pratisakhya works; cf स्पर्श: स्वे R.T.25; confer, compare also कान्त् स्वे Ṛktantra Prātiśākhya. 1. 55;confer, comparealso R, Pr.IV.1 ; and VI.1 ;(3) cognate, the same as सवर्ण defined by Panini in तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् P. P.I.1.9; the term is found used in the Jain grammar works of Jainendra, Sakatayana and Hemacanda cf ]ain. I.1.2 SikI. 1.2; Hema. I.1.17.
haimaliṅānuśāsanavyākhyāa commentary named उद्धार also, written by Jayananda on the हैमलिङ्गानुशासन.
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ayana the sheltersCC Adi 2.42
ayana-śabdete by the word ayanaCC Adi 2.38
ayana-śabdete by the word ayanaCC Adi 2.38
ayana bringingSB 10.84.37
ayanaiḥ whose place of residenceSB 10.68.49
ayanam a reservoirSB 12.2.6
ayanam ayanaSB 5.22.6
ayanam lying in placeSB 2.10.10
ayanam movementSB 3.7.16
ayanam shelterSB 10.42.12
SB 10.42.24
SB 11.26.32
ayanam the demigod in charge of the passing of the sunSB 7.15.50-51
ayanam the movement of the sun in six monthsSB 3.11.11
ayanam the movements of the stars and planets in relationship to human societySB 10.8.5
ayanam the shelterSB 5.6.16
he nayana-abhirāma O most beautiful to My eyesCC Madhya 2.65
nayana-abhirāmam very pleasing to the eyesSB 3.2.20
nayana-abjayoḥ from the lotuslike eyesSB 1.14.23
adhyayana studyingSB 5.9.1-2
adhyayana study of Vedic literatureSB 5.9.6
adhyayana study of scriptureSB 7.9.46
adhyayana studies of the VedasSB 7.11.13
adhyayana-ādīni reading the Vedas, etcSB 7.11.14
adhyayana study of scriptureSB 10.84.39
adhyayana study of various śāstrasSB 11.6.9
adhyayana Vedic studySB 11.17.40
adhyayana studyingCC Adi 15.3
adhyayana-līlā pastimes of studyingCC Adi 15.7
adhyayana studyCC Madhya 6.126
adhyayana studyCC Madhya 11.191
chāḍi' adhyayana giving up so-called studies of VedāntaCC Madhya 25.22
karena adhyayana was engaged in studyCC Antya 3.169
kara adhyayana studyCC Antya 13.113
nāhi adhyayana without educationCC Antya 16.75
adhyayanaiḥ or Vedic studyBG 11.48
ānayana-ādi of the bringing and other such tasksSB 5.10.21
upanayana-ādi beginning with offering the sacred thread or training the conditioned soul to qualify as a bona fide brāhmaṇaSB 5.14.30
adhyayana-ādīni reading the Vedas, etcSB 7.11.14
nayana-amburuham the lotus eyesSB 3.9.25
amṛta-ayanam the reservoir of nectarSB 12.10.26
manaḥ-nayana-amṛtam nectar for the mind and eyesCC Madhya 2.74
manaḥ-nayana-ānandana pleasing to the mind and eyesSB 5.3.2
ānayana-ādi of the bringing and other such tasksSB 5.10.21
ānayana-kāmyayā with a desire to bring the Ganges to this material world to deliver his forefathersSB 9.9.1
ānayanam bringing himSB 1.7.43
ānayanam the bringing backSB 12.12.35
caraṇa-anuśayana surrendering unto the lotus feetSB 5.1.36
anuśayanam the lying down of the puruṣa incarnation Mahā-Viṣṇu in mystic slumberSB 2.10.6
aravinda-nayanasya of the lotus-eyed LordSB 3.15.43
aravinda-nayanasya of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose eyes are like the petals of a lotusCC Madhya 17.142
aravinda-nayanasya of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose eyes are like the petals of a lotusCC Madhya 24.45
aravinda-nayanasya of the lotus-eyed LordCC Madhya 24.115
aravinda-nayanasya of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose eyes are like the petals of a lotus flowerCC Madhya 25.158
rādhā-āsya-nayana the face and eyes of Śrīmatī RādhārāṇīCC Madhya 14.179
praṇaya-bāṣpa-niruddha-avaloka-nayana awakening of tears of love in the eyes, obstructing the visionSB 5.7.12
prāṇa-ayana of the movement of the life airSB 4.29.71
dakṣiṇa-ayana of passing to the southern side of the equatorSB 5.21.3
indriya-ayana by the resting place of the senses (the mind)SB 11.22.42
karṇa-rasa-ayana most pleasing to the earCC Madhya 8.255
mahā-rasa-ayana the complete abode of transcendental mellowsCC Madhya 24.38
eka-ayana the body of an ordinary living being is fully dependent on the material elementsSB 10.2.27
naimiṣa-ayanaiḥ who were assembled in the forest of NaimiṣaSB 3.20.7
gīta-ayanaiḥ accompanied with musicSB 4.4.5
uttara-ayanam when the sun passes on the northern sideBG 8.24
dakṣiṇa-ayanam when the sun passes on the southern sideBG 8.25
svasti-ayanam all-blissfulSB 1.3.40
svasti-ayanam perception of all happinessSB 2.6.36
kṛta-svasti-ayanam decorated with auspicious marksSB 3.23.30
dhyāna-ayanam easily meditated uponSB 3.28.33
svasti-ayanam creating auspiciousnessSB 4.12.45
guṇa-ayanam one who has acquired all the good qualitiesSB 4.21.44
svasti-ayanam auspiciousnessSB 4.23.34
svasti-ayanam the abode of auspiciousnessSB 5.14.46
dakṣiṇa-ayanam the sun passes to the southern sideSB 5.21.6
bila-ayanam the subterranean planetsSB 5.24.16
svasti-ayanam the means of liberationSB 6.2.7
svasti-ayanam brings good fortune for allSB 6.13.22-23
svasti-ayanam Vedic mantras (by the brāhmaṇas)SB summary
svasti-ayanam auspicious hymnsSB 10.7.13-15
svasti-ayanam the auspicious chantsSB 10.24.32-33
para-ayanam the ultimate shelterSB 11.13.39
mańgala-ayanam which brings good fortuneSB 11.30.9
amṛta-ayanam the reservoir of nectarSB 12.10.26
rasa-ayanam mellowCC Madhya 1.211
rasa-ayanam the elixirMM 37
mānasa-ayanau together in the Mānasa LakeSB 4.28.54
praṇaya-bāṣpa-niruddha-avaloka-nayana awakening of tears of love in the eyes, obstructing the visionSB 5.7.12
nayana-bhańge by activities of the eyesCC Madhya 8.194
bharila nayana eyes become filledCC Madhya 15.57
nayana bhariyā to the fulfillment of the eyesCC Madhya 12.21
sa-bhaya-nayana just now sitting there with fearful eyesSB 10.8.31
kṛṣṇera bhojana-śayana in this way offering eatables to Kṛṣṇa and laying Him down to restCC Madhya 24.334
bhūmite śayana lying on the floorCC Antya 13.15
bila-ayanam the subterranean planetsSB 5.24.16
nayana-cakora eyes that are like cakora birdsCC Antya 19.36
caraṇa-anuśayana surrendering unto the lotus feetSB 5.1.36
chāḍi' adhyayana giving up so-called studies of VedāntaCC Madhya 25.22
dakṣiṇa-ayanam when the sun passes on the southern sideBG 8.25
dakṣiṇa-ayana of passing to the southern side of the equatorSB 5.21.3
dakṣiṇa-ayanam the sun passes to the southern sideSB 5.21.6
dhyāna-ayanam easily meditated uponSB 3.28.33
dvi-nayana two eyesCC Madhya 21.134
eka-ayana the body of an ordinary living being is fully dependent on the material elementsSB 10.2.27
gīta-ayanaiḥ accompanied with musicSB 4.4.5
guṇa-ayanam one who has acquired all the good qualitiesSB 4.21.44
he nayana-abhirāma O most beautiful to My eyesCC Madhya 2.65
nayana-hṛdaya the eyes and mindCC Madhya 13.117
indriya-ayana by the resting place of the senses (the mind)SB 11.22.42
śayana kailā lay downCC Antya 18.108
kamala-nayana Kamala-nayanaCC Adi 10.111
kamala-nayana lotus-eyedCC Madhya 5.137
kamala-nayana the lotus eyesCC Madhya 8.270
kamala-nayana the lotus-eyed Lord JagannāthaCC Madhya 11.35
kamala-nayana lotus eyesCC Madhya 12.58
kamala-nayana eyes like the petals of a lotus flowerCC Madhya 17.108
ānayana-kāmyayā with a desire to bring the Ganges to this material world to deliver his forefathersSB 9.9.1
kara adhyayana studyCC Antya 13.113
śayana karāi' making Him lie downCC Antya 17.8
karāiha śayana cause to lie downCC Antya 13.9
karāilā śayana they made to lie downCC Antya 14.57
karāilā śayana made to lie downCC Antya 15.94
karena śayana lies downCC Adi 5.55
karena śayana lies downCC Madhya 20.268
karena adhyayana was engaged in studyCC Antya 3.169
karena śayana he sleepsCC Antya 6.155
karena śayana lies downCC Antya 10.83-84
śayana karena lies downCC Antya 13.20
karena śayana lies downCC Antya 19.68
karena śayana he lies downCC Antya 19.71
karila śayana lay downCC Adi 5.100-101
karilā śayana took restCC Adi 14.76
karila śayana lay downCC Madhya 14.89
karilā śayana took restCC Madhya 14.94
karilā śayana took restCC Madhya 17.90
śayana karila lay downCC Madhya 20.286
karila śayana went to sleepCC Antya 12.151
śayana karilā He lay downCC Antya 13.12
karilā śayana lay downCC Antya 17.9
karite śayana to take restCC Madhya 11.240
karite śayana to take restCC Antya 10.81
kariyāche śayana was lying downCC Madhya 17.28
kariyāche śayana was lying downCC Antya 11.17
kariyāchena śayana was lying downCC Antya 10.85
kariyāchena śayana was taking restCC Antya 14.17
karṇa-rasa-ayana most pleasing to the earCC Madhya 8.255
kṛṣṇera bhojana-śayana in this way offering eatables to Kṛṣṇa and laying Him down to restCC Madhya 24.334
kṛta-svasti-ayanam decorated with auspicious marksSB 3.23.30
kṛta-svastyayanam engaging them in chanting auspicious Vedic hymnsSB 10.7.5
kṛta-svastyayanam immediately performed a ritualistic ceremony for good fortuneSB 10.7.11
adhyayana-līlā pastimes of studyingCC Adi 15.7
mahā-rasa-ayana the complete abode of transcendental mellowsCC Madhya 24.38
manaḥ-nayana-vardhanam very pleasing to the eyes and the mindSB 4.8.49
manaḥ-unnayanau very agitating to the mindSB 5.2.12
manaḥ-nayana-ānandana pleasing to the mind and eyesSB 5.3.2
manaḥ-nayana-amṛtam nectar for the mind and eyesCC Madhya 2.74
manaḥ-nayana mind and eyesCC Madhya 6.145-146
manaḥ-nayana to the mind and eyesCC Antya 17.51
mānasa-ayanau together in the Mānasa LakeSB 4.28.54
mańgala-ayanam which brings good fortuneSB 11.30.9
miśra-nayana Nayana MiśraCC Adi 12.81
nayana-mūlam face to faceSB 3.15.46
nāga-śayana O You who sleep on the serpent bed (of Ananta Śeṣa)MM 1
nāhi adhyayana without educationCC Antya 16.75
naimiṣa-ayanaiḥ who were assembled in the forest of NaimiṣaSB 3.20.7
nalina-nayana of the lotus-eyed LordCC Madhya 23.65
nayana-abjayoḥ from the lotuslike eyesSB 1.14.23
nayana-abhirāmam very pleasing to the eyesSB 3.2.20
nayana-amburuham the lotus eyesSB 3.9.25
nayana eyesSB 3.15.45
nayana-mūlam face to faceSB 3.15.46
nayana of the eyesSB 3.16.27
nayana eyesSB 3.28.16
nayana to the eyesSB 3.28.26
manaḥ-nayana-vardhanam very pleasing to the eyes and the mindSB 4.8.49
nayana of his eyesSB 4.9.44
nayana eyesSB 5.2.5
nayana for the eyesSB 5.2.6
manaḥ-nayana-ānandana pleasing to the mind and eyesSB 5.3.2
nayana with eyesSB 5.5.31
nayana eyesSB 5.25.5
tri-nayana O maintainer and seer of the three worldsSB 6.9.40
nayana eyesSB 7.9.36
sa-bhaya-nayana just now sitting there with fearful eyesSB 10.8.31
nayana for the eyesSB 10.36.15
nayana for the eyesSB 10.58.12
nayana whose eyesSB 10.90.15
nayana of the two eyesCC Adi 4.196
nayana eyesCC Adi 4.242-243
nayana eyesCC Adi 4.250
sahasra-nayana thousands of eyesCC Adi 5.100-101
nayana eyesCC Adi 5.165
nayana our eyesCC Adi 7.104
kamala-nayana Kamala-nayanaCC Adi 10.111
miśra-nayana Nayana MiśraCC Adi 12.81
nayana eyesCC Madhya 2.29
he nayana-abhirāma O most beautiful to My eyesCC Madhya 2.65
manaḥ-nayana-amṛtam nectar for the mind and eyesCC Madhya 2.74
nayana the eyesCC Madhya 3.142
kamala-nayana lotus-eyedCC Madhya 5.137
manaḥ-nayana mind and eyesCC Madhya 6.145-146
nayana-bhańge by activities of the eyesCC Madhya 8.194
kamala-nayana the lotus eyesCC Madhya 8.270
nayana my eyesCC Madhya 10.18
kamala-nayana the lotus-eyed Lord JagannāthaCC Madhya 11.35
nayana bhariyā to the fulfillment of the eyesCC Madhya 12.21
kamala-nayana lotus eyesCC Madhya 12.58
nayana-yugala two eyesCC Madhya 12.212
nayana-hṛdaya the eyes and mindCC Madhya 13.117
nayana-yugala a pair of eyesCC Madhya 13.168
nayana the eyesCC Madhya 14.36
rādhā-āsya-nayana the face and eyes of Śrīmatī RādhārāṇīCC Madhya 14.179
nayana-yugam the pair of eyesCC Madhya 14.189
bharila nayana eyes become filledCC Madhya 15.57
nayana the eyesCC Madhya 15.91
kamala-nayana eyes like the petals of a lotus flowerCC Madhya 17.108
nayana eyesCC Madhya 21.68
nayana eyesCC Madhya 21.131
dvi-nayana two eyesCC Madhya 21.134
nalina-nayana of the lotus-eyed LordCC Madhya 23.65
nayana by whose beautiful eyesCC Antya 1.165
nayana your eyesCC Antya 3.33
nayana My eyesCC Antya 15.61
manaḥ-nayana to the mind and eyesCC Antya 17.51
uttāna-nayana with open eyesCC Antya 18.54
nayana the eyesCC Antya 18.86
nayana-cakora eyes that are like cakora birdsCC Antya 19.36
nayana from the eyesCC Antya 20.40
nayana from the eyeMM 22
praṇaya-bāṣpa-niruddha-avaloka-nayana awakening of tears of love in the eyes, obstructing the visionSB 5.7.12
sa-tri-nayana with Lord Śiva, who has three eyesSB 10.1.19
nayanaiḥ with their eyesSB 10.43.20
nayanaiḥ with reasoningSB 10.50.32-33
nayanaiḥ from their eyesSB 10.82.14
nayanam eyesBG 11.10-11
nayanam their eyesSB 11.30.3
nayanam the eyesCC Antya 20.36
nayanam of Him whose eyesMM 34
aravinda-nayanasya of the lotus-eyed LordSB 3.15.43
aravinda-nayanasya of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose eyes are like the petals of a lotusCC Madhya 17.142
aravinda-nayanasya of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose eyes are like the petals of a lotusCC Madhya 24.45
aravinda-nayanasya of the lotus-eyed LordCC Madhya 24.115
aravinda-nayanasya of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, whose eyes are like the petals of a lotus flowerCC Madhya 25.158
nayanayoḥ in the eyesMM 35
nilayanam the abode, SatyalokaSB 6.7.23
praṇaya-bāṣpa-niruddha-avaloka-nayana awakening of tears of love in the eyes, obstructing the visionSB 5.7.12
para-ayanam the ultimate shelterSB 11.13.39
prāṇa-ayana of the movement of the life airSB 4.29.71
praṇaya-bāṣpa-niruddha-avaloka-nayana awakening of tears of love in the eyes, obstructing the visionSB 5.7.12
śākhā-praṇayanam the expansion of the branchesSB 12.7.25
praṇayanam the disseminationSB 12.12.45
rādhā-āsya-nayana the face and eyes of Śrīmatī RādhārāṇīCC Madhya 14.179
rasa-ayanam mellowCC Madhya 1.211
karṇa-rasa-ayana most pleasing to the earCC Madhya 8.255
mahā-rasa-ayana the complete abode of transcendental mellowsCC Madhya 24.38
rasa-ayanam the elixirMM 37
sa-tri-nayana with Lord Śiva, who has three eyesSB 10.1.19
sa-bhaya-nayana just now sitting there with fearful eyesSB 10.8.31
sahasra-nayana thousands of eyesCC Adi 5.100-101
śākhā-praṇayanam the expansion of the branchesSB 12.7.25
sañcayana accumulationCC Antya 10.111
śava-śayana dead bodiesSB 4.7.33
śayana sleepingSB 1.10.11-12
śayana lying downSB 1.11.16-17
śava-śayana dead bodiesSB 4.7.33
śayana lying downSB 5.8.11
śayana lying downSB 7.5.38
śayana bedsSB 10.48.2
śayana putting to bedSB 10.59.45
śayana arranging His bedSB 10.61.6
śayana in taking restSB 11.5.47
śayana in the activities of lying downSB 11.5.48
śayana restSB 12.3.39-40
karena śayana lies downCC Adi 5.55
śayana on the bedCC Adi 5.99
karila śayana lay downCC Adi 5.100-101
śayana lying downCC Adi 14.6
karilā śayana took restCC Adi 14.76
śayana lying down to restCC Madhya 3.59
śayana lying downCC Madhya 3.102
śayana lying downCC Madhya 3.135
śayana lying down for restCC Madhya 4.91
śayana lying downCC Madhya 4.125
śayana restCC Madhya 4.126
śayana sleepingCC Madhya 4.157
śayana lying downCC Madhya 4.205
śayana lying downCC Madhya 7.23
śayana lying downCC Madhya 8.299
śayana lie down to restCC Madhya 9.353
karite śayana to take restCC Madhya 11.240
karila śayana lay downCC Madhya 14.89
karilā śayana took restCC Madhya 14.94
kariyāche śayana was lying downCC Madhya 17.28
karilā śayana took restCC Madhya 17.90
śayana restingCC Madhya 19.90
śayana lying down to sleepCC Madhya 19.127
karena śayana lies downCC Madhya 20.268
śayana karila lay downCC Madhya 20.286
kṛṣṇera bhojana-śayana in this way offering eatables to Kṛṣṇa and laying Him down to restCC Madhya 24.334
karena śayana he sleepsCC Antya 6.155
śayana sleepingCC Antya 8.42
karite śayana to take restCC Antya 10.81
śayana lying downCC Antya 10.82
karena śayana lies downCC Antya 10.83-84
kariyāchena śayana was lying downCC Antya 10.85
kariyāche śayana was lying downCC Antya 11.17
karila śayana went to sleepCC Antya 12.151
śayana lying downCC Antya 13.5
karāiha śayana cause to lie downCC Antya 13.9
śayana karilā He lay downCC Antya 13.12
bhūmite śayana lying on the floorCC Antya 13.15
śayana karena lies downCC Antya 13.20
kariyāchena śayana was taking restCC Antya 14.17
karāilā śayana they made to lie downCC Antya 14.57
karāilā śayana made to lie downCC Antya 15.94
śayana karāi' making Him lie downCC Antya 17.8
karilā śayana lay downCC Antya 17.9
śayana lying downCC Antya 18.107
śayana kailā lay downCC Antya 18.108
karena śayana lies downCC Antya 19.68
karena śayana he lies downCC Antya 19.71
nāga-śayana O You who sleep on the serpent bed (of Ananta Śeṣa)MM 1
śayana lyingSB 3.1.19
śayanam a bedSB 10.48.4
śayanam lying downCC Madhya 24.135
svasti-ayanam all-blissfulSB 1.3.40
svasti-ayanam perception of all happinessSB 2.6.36
kṛta-svasti-ayanam decorated with auspicious marksSB 3.23.30
svasti-ayanam creating auspiciousnessSB 4.12.45
svasti-ayanam auspiciousnessSB 4.23.34
svasti-ayanam the abode of auspiciousnessSB 5.14.46
svasti-ayanam the means of liberationSB 6.2.7
svasti-ayanam brings good fortune for allSB 6.13.22-23
svasti-ayanam Vedic mantras (by the brāhmaṇas)SB summary
svasti-ayanam auspicious hymnsSB 10.7.13-15
svasti-ayanam the auspicious chantsSB 10.24.32-33
svastyayana ritualistic performanceSB 8.15.7
svastyayanam good fortuneSB 1.15.51
svastyayanam pleasingSB 3.2.13
svastyayanam auspiciousSB 8.1.32
kṛta-svastyayanam engaging them in chanting auspicious Vedic hymnsSB 10.7.5
kṛta-svastyayanam immediately performed a ritualistic ceremony for good fortuneSB 10.7.11
tri-nayana O maintainer and seer of the three worldsSB 6.9.40
sa-tri-nayana with Lord Śiva, who has three eyesSB 10.1.19
udagayana of passing to the northern side of the equatorSB 5.21.3
udagayanam the sun passes to the northern sideSB 5.21.6
unnayanaiḥ carryingSB 10.44.5
manaḥ-unnayanau very agitating to the mindSB 5.2.12
upanayana-ādi beginning with offering the sacred thread or training the conditioned soul to qualify as a bona fide brāhmaṇaSB 5.14.30
upanayanaiḥ and bringing homeSB 10.69.33
upanayanam His marriageSB 10.53.30
upanayanam Gāyatrī initiationSB 11.17.22
uttāna-nayana with open eyesCC Antya 18.54
uttara-ayanam when the sun passes on the northern sideBG 8.24
manaḥ-nayana-vardhanam very pleasing to the eyes and the mindSB 4.8.49
nayana-yugala two eyesCC Madhya 12.212
nayana-yugala a pair of eyesCC Madhya 13.168
nayana-yugam the pair of eyesCC Madhya 14.189
     DCS with thanks   
74 results
     
ayana noun (neuter) (in astron.) advancing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a path (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a road (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a treatise (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
manner (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
precession (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
progress (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
walking (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
way (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 2894/72933
ayana adjective going (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 26621/72933
adhyayana noun (neuter) reading (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
studying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 1992/72933
adhyayanasaṃpradānīya noun (masculine) name of ch. Suśr., Sū. 3
Frequency rank 42540/72933
anadhyayana noun (neuter) intermission of study (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
not reading or studying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 26263/72933
anuḍḍayana noun (neuter) non-flying non-motion
Frequency rank 43104/72933
apanayana adjective removing
Frequency rank 43615/72933
apanayana noun (neuter) acquittance of a debt (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
atonement destroying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
healing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
taking away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
withdrawing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 8390/72933
abhinayana noun (neuter) [dram.] representation
Frequency rank 44168/72933
abhyadhyayana noun (neuter) study
Frequency rank 44455/72933
aśūnyaśayana noun (neuter) the day on which Viśvakarman rests (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 26790/72933
asthisaṃcayana noun (neuter) the ceremony of collecting the bones (after burning a corpse) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 26861/72933
ādityaśayana noun (neuter) the sun's sleep (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 33047/72933
ānayana noun (neuter) bringing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
calculating (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
leading near (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
producing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
working (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 9131/72933
āhvayana noun (neuter) appellation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 46846/72933
ujjayanaka noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 47077/72933
uḍḍayana noun (neuter) flying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
flying up (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
soaring (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 47095/72933
udagayana noun (neuter) the half year from the winter to the summer solstice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sun's progress north of the equator (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 16575/72933
udayana noun (masculine) name of several kings and authors (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 15551/72933
udayana noun (neuter) conclusion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
end (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
exit (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
means of redemption (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
outcome (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
outlet (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
result (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rise (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rising (of the sun etc.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
way out (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 11965/72933
unnayana noun (neuter) conclusion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
drawing out (a fluid) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
elevating (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
induction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
inference (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
lifting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
making a straight line (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
parting the hair (of a pregnant woman) upwards (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
taking out of (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of raising (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the vessel out of which a fluid is taken (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
up (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 27161/72933
upanayana noun (neuter) application (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
bringing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
employment (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
introduction (into any science) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
leading or drawing towards one's self (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
that ceremony in which a Guru draws a boy towards himself and initiates him into one of the three twice-born classes; one of the twelve Saṃskāras (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of leading to or near (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 7076/72933
upādhyayana noun (neuter) recitation (of the Veda) (?)
Frequency rank 47727/72933
aujjayanaka adjective relating to or coming from the town Ujjayanī (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 48164/72933
candraśayana noun (neuter) name of a vrata
Frequency rank 52070/72933
cayana noun (neuter) collecting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
piling up (wood etc.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
stacked wood (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 23954/72933
jayana noun (neuter) armour for cavalry or elephants (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
conquering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
subduing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 52718/72933
jhaṣanayana noun (masculine) mīnākṣī
Frequency rank 53133/72933
trinayana noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 16832/72933
dhayana noun (neuter) drinking sucking
Frequency rank 55326/72933
nayana noun (neuter) (kālasya) fixing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
bringing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
carrying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
conducting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
directing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
drawing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
leading (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
managing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
moving (a man or piece in a game) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
polity (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
prudent conduct (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the eye (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 1150/72933
nayana noun (masculine) a leader name of a man (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 55699/72933
nayanajala noun (neuter) tears (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 55700/72933
nayanaviṣaya noun (masculine) the horizon (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 55701/72933
nayanauṣadha noun (neuter) a kind of plant; paṭṭikārodhra (Aruṇadatta (0), 677)
Frequency rank 55703/72933
ninayana noun (neuter) carrying out (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
performance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pouring down or out (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 28649/72933
nilayana noun (neuter) alighting in or on (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
hiding-place (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
settling down (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 28723/72933
niścayana noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 56402/72933
pariṇayana noun (neuter) marriage (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
marrying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of leading round (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 36654/72933
praṇayana noun (neuter) adducing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
applying (the rod) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
betraying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
bringing forward (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
bringing forwards (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
composing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
conducting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
conveying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
establishing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
execution (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
fetching (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
founding (of a school) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
infliction of (punishment) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
means or vessel for bringing or fetching (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
performance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
practice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
satiating (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
satisfying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
showing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
writing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 10147/72933
pratinayana noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 58785/72933
pratyayanam indeclinable every half year (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 29192/72933
pratyānayana noun (neuter) a means to restore (ifc.) Gegenmittel (gegen Zauber) leading or bringing back (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
recovery (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
restoration (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 13651/72933
pravilayana noun (neuter) complete dissolution or absorption (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 59411/72933
prādhyayana noun (neuter) commencement of recitation or study (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 59654/72933
phaṇinayana noun (neuter) sarpākṣī
Frequency rank 59863/72933
rohiṇīcandraśayana noun (neuter) name of two religious observances (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 63874/72933
ūrdhvanayana noun (masculine) name of the fabulous animal Śarabha (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 63926/72933
layana noun (neuter) a place of rest (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
adhering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
cell (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
house (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
lying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
repose (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rest (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of clinging (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 38881/72933
lohitanayana adjective having eyes reddened with anger or passion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
red-eyed (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 64364/72933
vinayana noun (neuter) education (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
instruction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of taming or training (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 39359/72933
virūpanayana noun (masculine) name of a Dānava dying during the destruction of Tripura (?)
Frequency rank 66018/72933
vilayana noun (neuter) a particular product of milk (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an attenuant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
attenuating (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
corroding (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
dissolution (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
eating away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
escharotic (in medicine) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
liquefaction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
melting (intrans.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
removing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
taking away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 18471/72933
vilayana adjective dissolving (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
liquefying (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 66025/72933
vismayana noun (neuter) astonishment (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
wonder (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 39595/72933
śayana noun (neuter) a bed (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
copulation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
couch (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Sāman (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
repose (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rest (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sexual intercourse (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sleep (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sleeping-place (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of lying down or sleeping (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 1141/72933
śayana adjective lying down (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
resting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sleeping (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 67244/72933
śayanaracana noun (neuter) the preparation of a bed or couch (one of the 64 arts) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 67245/72933
śaraśayana noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 67276/72933
śvānalomāpanayana noun (neuter) name of a Tīrtha (?); Śvānalohmāpaha?
Frequency rank 68354/72933
samupānayana noun (neuter) bringing near (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
procuring (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 69206/72933
sahasranayana noun (masculine) name of Indra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Vishnu (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 14534/72933
sahādhyayana noun (neuter) companionship in study (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
studying together (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 40592/72933
saṃcayana noun (neuter) collecting (esp. the ashes or bones of a body lately burnt) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
gathering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
heaping up (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of piling or heaping together (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 22579/72933
saṃnayana noun (neuter) leading or bringing together (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 69908/72933
saṃlayana noun (neuter) sitting or lying down (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of clinging or adhering to (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 40713/72933
sābhāsaṃnayana adjective
Frequency rank 70318/72933
sīmantonnayana noun (neuter) name of one of the 12 Saṃskāras (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 11850/72933
sunayana adjective having beautiful eyes (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 70892/72933
saubhāgyaśayanavrata noun (neuter) a particular religious observance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 41129/72933
svarnayana adjective leading to heaven (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72185/72933
svastyayana noun (neuter) auspicious progress (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
benediction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
blessing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
bringing or causing good fortune (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
success (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 5801/72933
haranayanaphalā noun (feminine) name of a plant (?)
Frequency rank 72336/72933
hiraṇyanayana noun (masculine) hiraṇyākṣa
Frequency rank 31284/72933
Ayurvedic Medical
Dictionary
     Dr. Potturu with thanks
     
     Purchase Kindle edition

ayana

path; half of the year.

lohita

blood; lohitakṣaya a condition resulting in amenorrhoea; lohitanayana a kind of fish.

śayana

scholar of Hampi, the capital of Viajayanagara empire (14th – 15th Century ), author of Ayurveda sudhanidhi, the manuscript is not available.

vaidyarājavallabha

a treatise of āyurveda authored by Laxmanapandita in Hampi, Vijayanagara empire in 14th Century

yogaratnākara

a treatise of āyurveda authored by Nayanasekhara (17th Century ).

     Wordnet Search "ayana" has 73 results.
     

ayana

paryyaṅkaḥ, palyaṅkaḥ, śayyā, śayanam, talpaḥ, khaṭvā, saṃstaraḥ, starimā, śayanīyam, mañcaḥ, mañcakaḥ, prastaraḥ, āstaraṇam   

kāṣṭhādiracitaśayyādhāraḥ।

mātā bālakaṃ paryaṅke śāyayati।

ayana

sīmantonnayanam   

hindūdharmānusāreṇa garbhadhāraṇasamaye uttamāpatyasya kāṅkṣayā caturthe ṣaṣṭe aṣṭame vā māse kṛtaḥ tṛtīyaḥ saṃskāraḥ।

sīmaṃtonnayanena bālakasya ujjvalabhaviṣyena sahitaṃ dīrghāyuḥ kāmyate।

ayana

upanayanam   

hindūdharmānusāreṇa ṣoḍaśasaṃskāreṣu ekaḥ yasmin bālakaḥ yajñopavītaṃ dhārayati।

mama upanayanam navame varṣe abhavat।

ayana

vidyālayaḥ, śālā, pāṭhaśālā, vidyālayam, vidyāveśma, vidyāgṛham, vidyābhyāsagṛham, vidyābhyāsaśālā, śikṣāgṛham, śikṣālayam, śikṣālayaḥ, adhyayanaśālā, adhyayanagṛham, maṭhaḥ, āśramaḥ, avasathaḥ, avasathyaḥ   

vidyāyāḥ ālayaḥ।

asmākaṃ vidyālaye ekādaśa prakoṣṭhāḥ santi/prātaḥ sarve chātrāḥ vidyālayaṃ gacchanti।

ayana

akṣayanavamī   

kārtikamāsasya śuklapakṣasya navamī tithiḥ।

saḥ akṣayanavamyāṃ jātaḥ।

ayana

śayanāgāraḥ, śayanagṛhaḥ, svapnaniketanam, nidrāśālā, viśrāmaśālā, vāsagṛham, vāsāgāram, svapnagṛham   

śayanasya kṛte kakṣaḥ।

kaḥ asti śayanāgāre।

ayana

viṣṇuḥ, nārāyaṇaḥ, kṛṣṇaḥ, vaikuṇṭhaḥ, viṣṭaraśravāḥ, dāmodaraḥ, hṛṣīkeśaḥ, keśavaḥ, mādhavaḥ, svabhūḥ, daityāriḥ, puṇḍarīkākṣaḥ, govindaḥ, garuḍadhvajaḥ, pītāmbaraḥ, acyutaḥ, śārṅgī, viṣvaksenaḥ, janārdanaḥ, upendraḥ, indrāvarajaḥ, cakrapāṇiḥ, caturbhujaḥ, padmanābhaḥ, madhuripuḥ, vāsudevaḥ, trivikramaḥ, daivakīnandanaḥ, śauriḥ, śrīpatiḥ, puruṣottamaḥ, vanamālī, balidhvaṃsī, kaṃsārātiḥ, adhokṣajaḥ, viśvambharaḥ, kaiṭabhajit, vidhuḥ, śrīvatsalāñachanaḥ, purāṇapuruṣaḥ, vṛṣṇiḥ, śatadhāmā, gadāgrajaḥ, ekaśṛṅgaḥ, jagannāthaḥ, viśvarūpaḥ, sanātanaḥ, mukundaḥ, rāhubhedī, vāmanaḥ, śivakīrtanaḥ, śrīnivāsaḥ, ajaḥ, vāsuḥ, śrīhariḥ, kaṃsāriḥ, nṛhariḥ, vibhuḥ, madhujit, madhusūdanaḥ, kāntaḥ, puruṣaḥ, śrīgarbhaḥ, śrīkaraḥ, śrīmān, śrīdharaḥ, śrīniketanaḥ, śrīkāntaḥ, śrīśaḥ, prabhuḥ, jagadīśaḥ, gadādharaḥ, ajitaḥ, jitāmitraḥ, ṛtadhāmā, śaśabinduḥ, punarvasuḥ, ādidevaḥ, śrīvarāhaḥ, sahasravadanaḥ, tripāt, ūrdhvadevaḥ, gṛdhnuḥ, hariḥ, yādavaḥ, cāṇūrasūdanaḥ, sadāyogī, dhruvaḥ, hemaśaṅkhaḥ, śatāvarttī, kālanemiripuḥ, somasindhuḥ, viriñciḥ, dharaṇīdharaḥ, bahumūrddhā, vardhamānaḥ, śatānandaḥ, vṛṣāntakaḥ, rantidevaḥ, vṛṣākapiḥ, jiṣṇuḥ, dāśārhaḥ, abdhiśayanaḥ, indrānujaḥ, jalaśayaḥ, yajñapuruṣaḥ, tārkṣadhvajaḥ, ṣaḍbinduḥ, padmeśaḥ, mārjaḥ, jinaḥ, kumodakaḥ, jahnuḥ, vasuḥ, śatāvartaḥ, muñjakeśī, babhruḥ, vedhāḥ, prasniśṛṅgaḥ, ātmabhūḥ, suvarṇabinduḥ, śrīvatsaḥ, gadābhṛt, śārṅgabhṛt, cakrabhṛt, śrīvatsabhṛt, śaṅkhabhṛt, jalaśāyī, muramardanaḥ, lakṣmīpatiḥ, murāriḥ, amṛtaḥ, ariṣṭanemaḥ, kapiḥ, keśaḥ, jagadīśaḥ, janārdanaḥ, jinaḥ, jiṣṇuḥ, vikramaḥ, śarvaḥ   

devatāviśeṣaḥ hindudharmānusāraṃ jagataḥ pālanakartā।

ekādaśastathā tvaṣṭā dvādaśo viṣṇurucyate jaghanyajastu sarveṣāmādityānāṃ guṇādhikaḥ।

ayana

cakṣuḥ, locanam, nayanam, netram, īkṣaṇam, akṣi, dṛk, dṛṣṭiḥ, ambakam, darśanam, tapanam, vilocanam, dṛśā, vīkṣaṇam, prekṣaṇaṃ, daivadīpaḥ, devadīpaḥ, dṛśiḥ, dśī   

avayavaviśeṣaḥ-darśanendriyam।

tasyāḥ cakṣuṃṣī mṛgīvat staḥ।

ayana

adhyayanam, paṭhanam, adhigamanam, jñānārjanam   

kasyāpi viṣayasya jñānaprāptyarthaṃ kṛtā kriyā।

saḥ saṃskṛtasya adhyayanārthe kāśīnagaraṃ gatavān।

ayana

unnatiḥ, pragatiḥ, vikāsaḥ, abhyudayaḥ, unnayanam   

vartamānāvasthāyāḥ apekṣayā unnatāvasthāṃ prati gamanam।

bhāratadeśasya unnatiṃ bhāratīyāḥ eva kurvanti।

ayana

praśikṣaṇam, vinītiḥ, vinayanam   

kasyāpi vyavasāyasya kauśalyasya vā kriyātmakaṃ śikṣaṇam।

sītā grāme grāme gatvā yantradvārā sīvanasya praśikṣaṇaṃ dadāti।

ayana

gavākṣaḥ, vātāyanam, badhūdṛgayanam, jālam, jālakam   

vātasya gamanāgamanamārgaḥ।

asmin koṣṭhe ekaḥ gavākṣaḥ asti।

ayana

spardhāvayanam   

sā pratiyogitā yasyāṃ pratiyoginaḥ sammelanānantaraṃ tatkāle eva svecchayā pratiyogī vicinute।

asmākaṃ grāme prativarṣe nāgapañcamyāṃ spardhāvayanasya āyojanaṃ kriyate।

ayana

vayanavṛttiḥ   

vayanasya vṛttiḥ।

pārvatī pañcāśat rupyakāṇi iti yāvat ekasya patalacchandasya vayanavṛttiṃ gṛhṇāti।

ayana

vivāhaḥ, upayamaḥ, pariṇayaḥ, udvāhaḥ, upayāmaḥ, pāṇipīḍanam, dārakarmaḥ, karagrahaḥ, pāṇigrahaṇam, niveśaḥ, pāṇikaraṇam, saṃbandhaḥ, pāṇigrahaḥ, dārasambandhaḥ, udvahaḥ, dāropasaṃgrahaḥ, pāṇigrāhaḥ, parigrahaḥ, prodvāhaḥ, saṃgrahaḥ, samudvāhaḥ, pariṇītam, adhigamanam, udvahanam, udvāhanam, karārpaṇam, dārādhigamanam, niveśanam, patitvam, patitvanam, parigrahatvam, pariṇayanam, bāndhukyam, maithunam   

saḥ dhārmikaḥ sāmājikaḥ vā saṃskāraḥ yena strīpuruṣau parasparaṃ patipatnīrūpeṇa svīkurutaḥ।

sohanasya vivāhaḥ rādhayā saha jātaḥ।

ayana

paryāṇam, aśvasajjā, palyayanam   

aśvādīn āruhya gamanārthaṃ kṛtaṃ pīṭham।

tena paryāṇam aśvāt avatīrya adhaḥ sthāpitam।

ayana

virāmaḥ, anujñā, avasānam, anadhyayanam   

kāryāt anujñāpūrvako virāmaḥ।

adhunā virāmasya avasaro nāsti।

ayana

mārgaḥ, pathaḥ, panthāḥ, adhvā, vartma, vartmanī, vartmaniḥ, ayanam, varttanam, varttanī, varttaniḥ, saraṇī, saraṇiḥ, padavī, paddhatiḥ, paddhatī, padyā, padvā, padaviḥ, sṛtiḥ, sañcaraḥ, padvaḥ, upaniṣkramaṇam, ekapadī, ekapād, taraḥ, vīthiḥ, śaraṇiḥ, ekapadī, ekapād, taraḥ, vīthiḥ, mācaḥ, māṭhaḥ, māṭhyaḥ, prapāthaḥ, pitsalam, khullamaḥ   

ekasthānād anyasthānaṃ gantum upayujyamānaḥ bhūbhāgaḥ yaḥ gamanasya ādhāro bhavati।

mama gṛham asmin eva mārgasya vāmataḥ vartate।

ayana

nidrā, śayaḥ, śayanam, suptam, suptiḥ, suptakaḥ, svāpaḥ, prasvāpam, svapnaḥ, saṃveśaḥ, mandasānaḥ, mandasānuḥ, nandīmukhī, tāmasam, lañjā, ṣaḥ, saṃlayaḥ   

prāṇināṃ sā avasthā yasyāṃ teṣāṃ medhyāmanaḥsaṃyogaḥ bhavati tathā ca yena teṣāṃ manaḥ śarīraṃ ca viśramataḥ।

alpīyasī nidrā parikleśaṃ janayati।

ayana

akṣigolaḥ, nayanabudbudaḥ   

akṣiṇi vartamānaḥ śvetaḥ bhāgaḥ yasyopari kṛṣṇasāraḥ asti।

netre gatena rāsāyanikepadārthena akṣigolaḥ śvayati।

ayana

apaharaṇam, haraṇam, apanayanam   

kasyacit janasya kutaścit balapūrvakaṃ nayanam।

vīrappanaḥ nityameva kasyacit viśeṣajanasya apaharaṇaṃ karoti sma।

ayana

nidrā, svapnaḥ, svāpaḥ, suptiḥ, śayanam, saṃveśaḥ, svapanam, mandasānaḥ   

śayanāvasthāviśeṣaḥ।

rātriḥ śayanārthameva nirmitā।

ayana

uḍḍayanapathaḥ, dhāvanavīthiḥ, dhāvanapaṭṭikā   

vimānam avataritum uḍḍayituṃ ca nirmitaḥ dīrghaḥ mārgaḥ।

vimānam uḍḍayanāt pūrvaṃ uḍḍayanapathe dhāvati।

ayana

adhyayanakakṣaḥ   

adhyayanārthe kakṣaḥ।

sudhīraḥ adhyayanakakṣe adhyayanaṃ karoti।

ayana

grathanam, vayanam   

grathanakriyā।

mālatī svedakanirmāṇāya grathanaṃ karoti।

ayana

smitam, utsmayaḥ, utsmitam, smitiḥ, smeraḥ, smeratā, smayanam   

smayanakriyā।

bālakasya smitaṃ sarveṣāṃ manāṃsi haranti।

ayana

vilayanam, dravīkaraṇam, saṃlayanam   

dravye kasyāpi vastunaḥ ekatrībhavanam।

śarkarāyāḥ jale vilayanena pānakaṃ bhavati।

ayana

haraṇam, apaharaṇam, apanayanam   

anucitarūpeṇa balapūrvakaṃ nayanam।

rāvaṇena sītāyāḥ haraṇaṃ kṛtam।

ayana

krāntivalayaḥ, krāntivalayam, krāntimaṇḍalam, krāntivṛttam ayanavṛttam   

karkamakararekhayoḥ vartamānaḥ pṛthivyāḥ bhāgaḥ।

krāntivalayasya pradeśeṣu adhikā uṣṇatā bhavati।

ayana

bhṛśam, atīvam, atitarām, ativelam, atiśayanam, udgāḍham, uccakaiḥ, atyantam, nikāmam, param, paramataḥ   

atyadhikamātrayā।

śarīravedanā rugṇaṃ bhṛśam apīḍayat।

ayana

saṅgrahaṇam, sañcayanam   

ekatrīkaraṇasya kriyā।

idaṃ mandiraṃ nirmātuṃ bhikṣāyāḥ saṅgrahaṇaṃ kṛtam।

ayana

sunayana, cārulocana, lalitalocana, sunetra   

yasya netrau śobhanīyau staḥ।

gītāyāḥ putraḥ sunayanaḥ asti।

ayana

bhūśayanam   

bhūmyām śayanam।

kecana janāḥ navarātri-utsave bhūśayanam kurvanti।

ayana

adhyayanam   

gurumukhādānupūrvīśravaṇam;

devadattaḥ adhyayanam karoti

ayana

anadhyayanam   

adhyayanasya abhāvaḥ।

anadhyayanāt uttīrṇatā na sambhavati।

ayana

śayanabodhinī-ekādaśī   

mārgaśīrṣamāsasya kṛṣṇapakṣasya ekādaśī।

śyāmaḥ śayanabodhinī-ekādaśyāṃ jātaḥ।

ayana

śayanaikādaśī   

āṣāḍhamāsasya śuklapakṣasya ekādaśī।

śayanaikādaśī viṣṇoḥ śayanasya dinam asti iti manyate।

ayana

vedādhyayanam   

vedasya adhyayanam।

saṃśodhakaḥ vedādhyayane līnaḥ।

ayana

dravaṇam, vilayanam, galanam, kṣaraṇam   

drāvaṇasya kriyā।

himasya dravaṇasya nirodhāya tāṃ goṇīm ācchādaya।

ayana

uḍḍayanam   

ḍayanakriyā।

keṣāñcana pakṣiṇām uḍḍayanam atīva dīrghaṃ bhavati।

ayana

uḍḍayanam   

anyena kṛtā vimānautpātanasya kriyā।

vāyugaṇasya pratikūlatāyāḥ kāraṇāt uḍḍayanāni vinivartitāni ।

ayana

apanayanam, utsāraṇam, dūrīkaraṇam   

apasaraṇasya pṛthakkaraṇasya vā kriyā।

asya apanayanam āvaśyakam।

ayana

apanayanam, apākaraṇam, dūrīkaraṇam   

sthānatyāgapreraṇāyuktā kriyā।

tasya apanayanena na prayojanam।

ayana

ārdranayana, udaśru, udasra, upaplutekṣaṇa, prarudita, sāsra, sāśra   

yaṃ dṛṣṭvā ayam idānīṃ rodiṣyati iti bhāti।

tasya vacanaṃ śrutvā śyāmasya mukham ārdranayanaṃ jātam।

ayana

vayanam, syūtiḥ, veṇiḥ, tasarikā, vāṇiḥ, vāyanakriyā, sūtravāpaḥ, paṭṭakarma, tantuvānam, tāntavam, āvapanam   

tantuvāyasya kāryam।

sañjayaḥ vayanaṃ kṛtvā uttamaṃ dhanam arjayati।

ayana

mārgaḥ, panthāḥ, ayanam, vartma, sṛtiḥ, padyā, vartaniḥ, śaraṇiḥ, paddhatī, vartaniḥ, adhvā, vīthiḥ, saraṇiḥ, paddhatiḥ, padaviḥ, padavī, padvā, pitsalam, pracaraḥ, prapathaḥ, mācaḥ, māthaḥ, māruṇḍaḥ, rantuḥ, vahaḥ, prapātha peṇḍaḥ, amaniḥ, itam, emā, evā, gantuḥ   

yena gatvā gantavyaṃ prāpyate।

vimānasyāpi viśiṣṭaḥ mārgaḥ asti।

ayana

cayanam, varaṇam, varaḥ, saṃvaraḥ, vṛtiḥ   

cayanitaṃ dravyam।

imaṃ padaṃ vibhūṣayituṃ bhavatāṃ cayanaṃ praśaṃsanīyam asti।

ayana

vilayanam   

saḥ padārthaḥ yaḥ dvayoḥ padārthayoḥ anuvilayanena prāpyate।

saḥ jalalavaṇayoḥ vilayanam akṣipat।

ayana

ayanam   

saḥ samayaḥ yadā sūryaḥ uttarasyāṃ dakṣiṇasyāṃ vā diśi bhavati।

dvābhyām ayanābhyāṃ varṣaḥ bhavati।

ayana

nayanaramya, nayanābhirāma, netrasukha   

yad nayanebhyaḥ kṛte ramyam asti।

pathi naikāni nayanaramyāṇi dṛśyāni āsīt।

ayana

unnayanam, tulanam, samuddharaṇam   

udvahanasya kriyā।

udvahanyā kānicana vastūni unnayanena upari ānetuṃ śakyante।

ayana

vijayanandanaḥ   

ikṣvākuvaṃśīyaḥ rājā।

vijayanandanasya varṇanaṃ purāṇeṣu prāpyate।

ayana

samāharaṇam, saṅgrahaṇam, cayanam, avacayaḥ   

ekatrīkaraṇasya kriyā।

vaṇik ājīvanaṃ dhanasya samāharaṇe eva vyastaḥ bhavati।

ayana

cayanam   

puṣpādīnāṃ grahaṇasya kriyā।

mātā pūjāyai puṣpāṇāṃ cayanaṃ karoti।

ayana

aśūnyaśayanavratam   

śrāvaṇamāsasya kṛṣṇapakṣasya dvitīyāyāṃ kriyamāṇaṃ vratam।

bhagavataḥ viṣṇoḥ pūjanārtham aśūnyaśayanavrataṃ kriyate।

ayana

ākāśaśayanam   

anācchāditāyāṃ bhūmau śayanasya kriyā।

grīṣme ṛtau ākāśaśayanaṃ sukhadāyakaṃ bhavati।

ayana

vilayanam, saṃlayanam   

kasyāpi ghanapadārthasya dravapadārthena ekībhavanasya kriyā।

śītalasya jalasya apekṣayā uṣṇe jale śarkarāyāḥ vilayanaṃ śīghraṃ bhavati।

ayana

ānayanam   

kasyāpi vastunaḥ manuṣyādīnāṃ vā sthānāntaranayanam।

āpaṇāt dugdhasya ānayanāya vilambaḥ jātaḥ।

ayana

avāropaṇam, avāharaṇam, avacayanam   

anyasmāt saṅgaṇakāt dattāṃśam āhatya svasaṅgaṇake sthāpanam।

idānīṃtane kāle dūradarśane api avāropaṇasya suvidhā vartate।

ayana

pracālayanam, vidhūnanam   

vāyau calituṃ preraṇasya kriyā।

tiraṅgādhvajasya pracālayanasya anantaraṃ pradhānamantriṇā deśaḥ sambodhitaḥ।

ayana

uḍḍayanamantrālayaḥ   

ekaḥ śāsanavibhāgaḥ yaḥ kasyāpi mantriṇaḥ adhikāre vartate।

pitṛvyaḥ uḍḍayanamantrālaye sacivaḥ asti।

ayana

adhyayanaśīla   

yaḥ adhyayane viśeṣaṃ prayatnaṃ karoti।

adhyayanaśīlaḥ rameśaḥ kakṣāyāṃ sarvadā agrasthāne bhavati।

ayana

adhyayanapūrṇa   

adhyayanena sahitam।

bhavān asya pustakasya adhyayanapūrṇaṃ vivecanaṃ karotu।

ayana

nayana   

ekaḥ puruṣaḥ ।

nayanasya ullekhaḥ rājataraṅgiṇyāṃ vartate

ayana

baijavāpayana   

ekaḥ lekhakaḥ ।

kośeṣu baijavāpayanaḥ samullikhitaḥ āsīt

ayana

baijavāpayana   

ekaḥ lekhakaḥ ।

kośeṣu baijavāpayanaḥ samullikhitaḥ āsīt

ayana

svapnānayanamantraḥ   

kṛtiviśeṣaḥ ।

svapnānayanamantraḥ iti nāmakāḥ naikāḥ kṛtayaḥ santi

ayana

hṛdayanagarapatiḥ   

ekaḥ rājā ।

hṛdayanagarapateḥ ullekhaḥ praśastyām asti

ayana

udayanacaritam   

ekaṃ nāṭakam ।

udayanacaritasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

ayana

udayana   

rājñaḥ nāmaviśeṣaḥ ।

udayanaḥ iti nāmakānāṃ naikeṣāṃ rājñām ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

ayana

udayana   

lekhakanāmaviśeṣaḥ ।

udayanaḥ iti nāmakānāṃ naikeṣāṃ lekhakānām ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

ayana

ujjayana   

ekaḥ puruṣaḥ ।

ujjayanasya ullekhaḥ mahābhārate asti

ayana

nayanasukhaḥ   

ekaḥ lekhakaḥ ।

nayanasukhasya ullekhaḥ vivaraṇapustikāyām asti









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