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     Grammar Search "avas" has 4 results.
     
avas: neuter nominative singular stem: avas
avas: neuter accusative singular stem: avas
avas: neuter vocative singular stem: avas
avas
     Amarakosha Search  
27 results
     
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
avasānam2.4.38NeuterSingularsātiḥ
avasaraḥ2.4.24MasculineSingularprastāvaḥ
avasitaḥ3.1.98MasculineSingularsitaḥ
avaskaraḥ3.3.175MasculineSingulardvāḥsthaḥ, pratīhārī, dvāram
avasthāFeminineSingularstate
buddham3.1.110MasculineSingularmanitam, viditam, pratipannam, avasitam, avagatam, budhitam
daraḥ3.3.192MasculineSingularvinā, tādarthyam, paridhānam, avasaraḥ, ātmīyaḥ, bhedaḥ, avadhiḥ, antarātmā, bahiḥ, chidram, antardhiḥ, avakāśaḥ, madhyaḥ
gauḥ2.9.67-72FeminineSingularupasaryā, rohiṇī, bahusūtiḥ, kapilā, navasūtikā, ekahāyanī, droṇakṣīrā, bandhyā, saurabheyī, garbhopaghātinī, arjunī, acaṇḍī, dhavalā, vaṣkayiṇī, dvivarṣā, pīnoghnī, tryabdā, samāṃsamīnā, sandhinī, vaśā, praṣṭhauhī, naicikī, pareṣṭukā, pāṭalā, suvratā, caturabdā, droṇadugdhā, avatokā, usrā, kālyā, aghnyā, sukarā, kṛṣṇā, dhenuḥ, ekābdā, pīvarastanī, trihāyaṇī, māheyī, vehad, śṛṅgiṇī, bālagarbhiṇī, śavalī, cirasūtā, dvihāyanī, sukhasaṃdohyā, caturhāyaṇī, dhenuṣyā, sravadgarbhā, mātā(49)cow
gṛham2.2.4-5NeuterSingularagāram, vastyam, sadma, geham, ālayaḥ, gṛhāḥ, bhavanam, niśāntam, veśma, nilayaḥ, mandiram, sadanam, niketanam, udavasitam, nikāyyaḥ
kuśam3.3.224NeuterSingularsāhasikaḥ, kaṭhoraḥ, avasṛṇaḥ
madaḥ3.3.98MasculineSingularsthānam, lakṣma, aṅghri, vastu, vyavasitiḥ, trāṇam
nirṇiktam3.1.55-56MasculineSingularanavaskaram, śodhitam, mṛṣṭam, niḥśodhyam
puṇyam3.3.168MasculineSingularnivahaḥ, avasaraḥ
śakṛt2.6.68NeuterSingularpurīṣam, gūtham, varcaskam, uccāraḥ, viṣṭhā, avaskaraḥ, viṭ, śamalam
śaktiḥ3.3.73FeminineSingulardānam, avasānam
samayaḥ3.3.157MasculineSingularpaścādavasthāyibalam, samavāyaḥ
svaḥ3.3.219MasculineSingulardravyam, asavaḥ, vyavasāyaḥ, jantuḥ
śvaśuryaḥ3.3.154MasculineSingularavasaraḥ, kramaḥ
upavāsaḥ2.7.42MasculineSingularaupavastam
utsāhaḥMasculineSingularadhyavasāyaḥperseverance
vīkāśaḥ3.3.223MasculineSingularekavidhā, avasthānam
virodhanam2.4.21NeuterSingularparyavasthā
viṭapaḥ3.3.138MasculineSingulardivyagāyanaḥ, antarābhavasattvaḥ
vyāḍaḥ3.3.48MasculineSingularninditaḥ, vargaḥ, avasaraḥ, vāri, daṇḍaḥ, bāṇaḥ
jīrṇavastram2.6.116NeuterSingularpaṭaccaram
abhyavaskandanam2.8.112NeuterSingularabhyāsādanam
manojavasaḥ3.1.12MasculineSingularpitṛsannibhaḥ
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1104 results for avas
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
avasn. ( av-), favour, furtherance, protection, assistance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasn. refreshing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasn. enjoyment, pleasure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasn. wish, desire (as of men for the gods etc. ,or of the waters for the sea ) (see -sv-/avas-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasind. (once, before m-, av/ar- ; see ) (fr. 2. /ava-) downwards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasind. (as-a preposition) down from (ablative or instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasind. below (with instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasan. Ved. refreshment, food, provisions, viaticum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasan. (with pad v/at-) "food that has feet" id est cattle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasam. a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāand -sāt/ṛ- See ava-so-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāf. liberation, deliverance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāf. "halt, rest" See an-avas/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasabhaonly in f. (ā-), excluded from a (husband's) company [ ], fallen into wrong (id est into men's) company ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasadP. -sīdati- (rarely A1. exempli gratia, 'for example' Potential -sideta- ; imperfect tense -sīdata- ) to sink (is into water) ; to sink down, faint, grow lean ([ ; ]), become exhausted or disheartened, slacken, come to an end, perish, Causal (parasmE-pada -sādayat-; ind.p. -sādya-) to cause to sink (as, into water) ; to render downhearted, dispirit, ruin etc. ; to frustrate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādam. sinking (as of a chair) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādam. the growing faint (as of a sound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādam. failing exhaustion, fatigue, lassitude View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādam. defeat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādam. want of energy or spirit (especially as proceeding from doubtful or unsuccessful love) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādam. (in law) badness of a cause View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādam. end, termination (see nir-av-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādakamfn. causing to sink, frustrating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādakamfn. exhausting, tiresome, wearisome View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādakamfn. ending, finishing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādanan. oppressing, disheartening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādanan. the state of being disheartened View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādanan. an escharotic, removing proud flesh by escharotic applications View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādanāf. humiliation, discouragement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasādanāvineyamfn. to be taught by discouragement, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāditamfn. made to sink, exhausted, dispirited View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāditamfn. frustrated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaiVed.Inf. See ava-so- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaktamfn. suspended from, attached to (as to the shoulder or to the branch of a tree etc.), bound round etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaktamfn. being in contact with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaktamfn. belonging to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaktamfn. (in Passive voice sense) hung with (as with wreaths) , charged with (a business) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasakthikāf. (equals paryaṅka- q.v) sitting on the hams (or also"the cloth tied round the legs and knees of a person sitting on his hams") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasalaviind. equals apa-s- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāmamfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaṃcakṣyamfn. to be shunned or avoided View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaṃḍīnan. ( ḍī-), the united downward flight of birds (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānamfn. (vas-), not dressed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānan. (see ava-mocana-) "where the horses are unharnessed", stopping, resting-place, residence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānan. a place chosen or selected for being built upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) conclusion, termination, cessation etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānan. death View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānan. boundary, limit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānan. end of a word, last part of a compound or period, end of a phrase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānan. the end of the line of a verse or the line of a verse itself. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānan. Name of a place, (gaRa takṣaśilādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānabhūmif. "place of limit", the highest limit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānadarśamfn. looking at one's place of destination or residence seeing the end of (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānakamf(ikā-)n. attaining an end by (in compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānikamfn. forming the end of (in compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasañj(ind.p. -sajya-, Imper. 3. plural Passive voice -sajyantām-) to suspend, attach to, append , (see ava-sṛj-at end) ; to charge with (a business; accusative) : A1. -sajjate-, to adhere or cleave to, not leave undisturbed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasañjanan. (equals nivīta- q.v) the Brahmanical thread hanging over the shoulder commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasannamfn. sunk down, pressed down (as by a burden )
avasannamfn. sunken (as eyes) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasannamfn. (opposed to ut-sanna-) deep (as a wound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasannamfn. languid, dispirited, distressed, unhappy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasannamfn. ended, terminated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasannamfn. (as the eyesight;said of a blind person) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasannamfn. (in law) beaten in a cause. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasānyamfn. belonging to the line of a verse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaraSee ava-sṛ-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaram. "descent (of water)", rain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaram. occasion, moment, favourable opportunity etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaram. seasonableness, appropriate place for anything (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaram. any one's (genitive case) turn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaram. leisure, advantageous situation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaram. (equals mantra-) consultation in private(?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaram. a year View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarakāle ([ ]) locative case ind. on a favourable opportunity. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāraṇan. moving away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāraṇāf. rehabilitation of a monk, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarapāṭhakam. a bard, panegyrist, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaravelāyām([ ]) locative case ind. on a favourable opportunity. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasareind. at the right moment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasargaSee ava-sṛj-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasargam. (gaRa nyaṅkv-ādi- q.v) letting loose, letting go (an-- negative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasargam. relaxation, laxity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasargam. following one's own inclinations, independence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarjanaSee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarjanan. liberation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarjitamfn. (equals visṛṣṭavat- commentator or commentary) who has abandoned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarpanam. "one who approaches unawares", a spy (see apa-sarpa-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarpaṇan. "descent", the place from which manu- descended after he had left his ark View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarpaṇa(). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarpaṇan. going down to (see rathyāvas-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarpiṇīf. "going or gliding down gradually", a descending period of a long duration and alternating with the"ascending one" (ut-sarpiṇī- q.v;both the ascending[ ut-s-]and descending[ ava-s-]cycle are divided into six stages each: good-good, good, good-bad, bad-good, bad, bad-bad) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasarpitamfn. See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ava-sṛp-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasatham. (for ā-vasatha- q.v) habitation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasatham. a village View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasatham. a college, school View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasathan. a house, dwelling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasathinmfn. having a habitation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasathyamfn. (for āvas- q.v) belonging to a house, domestic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasathyam. a college, school View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasātṛm. a liberator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasaviind. to the left View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasavyamfn. not left, right View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāya ind.p. () See - so-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāyam. ()"taking up one's abode" See yatra-kāmāvasāya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāyam. termination, conclusion, end
avasāyam. remainder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāyam. determination, ascertainment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāyakamfn. (said of an arrow, sāyaka-),"bringing to a close", destructive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāyinmfn. "taking up one's abode, settling" See antāv- and and ante-'v-, yatra-kāmāv-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasāyya ind.p. (fr. Causal) See ava-so-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecanan. sprinkling, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecanan. water used for irrigating (trees) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecanan. bathing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecanan. bleeding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecitamfn. equals -srkta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasekam. sprinkling, irrigating (as the ground) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasekam. syringing, administering a clyster , bleeding (with leeches) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasekimam. a kind of cake (pulse ground and fried with oil or butter) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaseyamfn. to be ascertained, be understood, be made out, be learnt, from commentator or commentary etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaseyamfn. "to be brought to a close", be destroyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasic(parasmE-pada -siñcat-; ind.p. -sicya-) to sprinkle, pour upon (accusative or locative case) ; to pour out : Causal (Potential -secayet-) to sprinkle, bedew View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasidh(imperfect tense avāsedhat- varia lectio apās-) to keep back or off from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasiktamfn. sprinkled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasiñcitamfn. idem or 'mfn. sprinkled ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. one who has put up at any place, who dwells, rests, resides View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. brought to his abode (as agni-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. ended, terminated, finished, completed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. one who has given up anything (ablative ;or in compound ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. determined, fixed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. ascertained View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. known, understood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. one who is determined to (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. being at end of the line of a verse (See ava-s/āna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. stored (as grain etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamfn. gone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitan. "a dwelling-place" See navāvasit/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitakāryamfn. one who has finished what had to be done, satisfied, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitamaṇḍanamfn. entirely adorned or dressed, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitārthamfn. (= ta-- kārya-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasitif. conclusion, end, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskand(ind.p. -skandya-) to jump down from (ablative) ; to approach hastening from (ablative) ; to storm, assault (as a city etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandam. assault, attack, storm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. idem or 'm. assault, attack, storm ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. descending View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. bathing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. (in law) accusation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. (also) attack, onset, rushing on (prati-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandinmfn. "covering (a cow)" See gaurāv- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandinmfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' attacking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskanditamfn. attacked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskanditamfn. gone down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskanditamfn. bathed, bathing , (in law) accused, refuted (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskannamfn. spilt (as semen virile) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskannamfn. "attacked", overpowered (as by love) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaraSee ava-- s-kṝ--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaram. ordure, faeces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaram. the privities View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaram. a place for faeces etc., privy, closet , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaram. a place for sweepings etc. commentator or commentary on (see ava-kara-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskarakam. Name of an insect (originating from faeces) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskaramandiran. water closet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskavam. ( sku-), a kind of worm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskṝ(3. kṝ-) A1. (perf. 3. plural ava-caskarire-)to scrape with the feet , (see apa- s-kṝ- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order apa-k--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasmiA1. (impf, 3. plural -smayanta-) to flash down (said of lightning) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasCaus. -snāpayati-, to wash View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasnātamfn. (water) in which any one has bathed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaso -syati- (Imper. 2. dual number -syatam-; Aorist subjunctive -sāt-) to loosen, deliver from ; (Imper. 2. sg. -sya-; Aorist /avāsāt- etc. Aorist 3. plural /avāsur- ; ind.p. -s/āya- ; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood -sai- ) Vedic or Veda to unharness (horses), put up at any one's house, settle, rest etc. ; to take, one's abode or standing-place in or upon (locative case) ; to finish, terminate (one's work) etc. ; to be finished, be at an end, be exhausted ; to choose or appoint (as a place for dwelling or for a sacrifice) ; (Potential 2. sg. -seyās-; see ) to decide , to obtain : Causal -sāyayati- (ind.p. -s/āyya-) to cause to take up one's abode in or upon (locative case) ; (ind.p. -sāyya-) to complete ; (infinitive mood [in Passive voice sense] -sāyyayitum-) to ascertain, clearly distinguish Passive voice -sīyate- (see ) to be obtained ; to be insisted upon (edition Bombay edition in active sense "to insist upon") ; to be ascertained View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaspartṛ(only voc-. rtar-) m. a preserver, saviour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasphoṭanan. cracking the fingers, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasphur(future -sphuriṣyati-) to cast away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasphūrj(p. -sph/ūjat-) Ved.to thunder, make a noise like a thunder-clap etc. ; to snort (edition Bomb.) ; to fill with noise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasphūrjam. the rolling of thunder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasphūrjathum. rolling of thunder, (varia lectio). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaspṛ(Aorist subjunctive -sp/arat-,2. sg. -spar-,Imper. 2. sg. -spṛdhi-and 2. dual number -spṛtam-) to defend, preserve from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasCaus. to move anything aside or away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasraṃsA1. (parasmE-pada -sraṃsamāna-) falling down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasraṃsanan. falling down, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasrasas Vedic or Veda infinitive mood (ablative) from falling down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasrastamfn. fallen down
avasṛj(subjunctive -sṛjāt-[ ] or -sṛj/at-[ ] or -sṛjat-[ ];Imper. 2. sg. -sṛj/ā-,or -sṛjā-; imperfect tense -/asṛjat-; perf. Potential -sasṛjyā- ; parasmE-pada -sṛj/at- ) to fling, throw (as arrows or the thunderbolt) etc. ; to throw or put into (locative case) , to let off, let loose, let go, send, dismiss, abandon, surrender (as to misfortune, agh/āya- ) etc. ; to give up (as one's anger etc.) , (or one's life, prāṇān-) xii, 88 ; to pardon ; (any one's life, prāṇān-) ; to deliver (a woman) ; to be delivered, bring forth ; to produce, form, shape : A1. (imperfect tense 3. plural /avāsṛjanta-) to relax, lose energy and power. ; (imperfect tense avāsṛjat-for sajat-,fr.- sañj- ) to attach to (locative case)
avasṛp -s/arpati-, (said of the sun) to set ; (parasmE-pada locative case m. -sarpati-) ; to flow back (as the, sea in low tide) (varia lectio ava-sarpita- mfn."caused to flow back") ; to creep to or approach unawares ; to flow over gradually View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasṛṣṭamfn. let loose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasṛṣṭamfn. thrown (as arrows or the thunderbolt) (see rudrāv-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasṛṣṭamfn. made over, dismissed, sent , brought forth (from the womb) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasṛṣṭamfn. fallen down from or upon (in compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasruCaus. (p. -srāvayat-) to cause to flow down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasrutamfn. run or dropped down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastabdhamfn. stiff (with cold etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastāram. ()"a litter, bed", (see nir-av-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastaraṇan. strewing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastaraṇan. a cover for a bed, blanket View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastātind. (av/as--) () below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastātind. before (in time) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastātind. (as a preposition with genitive case) below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastātSee 2. av/as-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastātprapadanamfn. (anything) attained from below (as heaven) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthāP. -tiṣṭhati- (imperfect tense -atiṣṭhat-; Aorist subjunctive -sthāt-; perf. A1.3. sg. -tasthe-; perf. p. P. -tasthiv/as-) to go down into (accusative), reach down to (accusative) ; (Aorist subjunctive 2. plural -sthāta-), to go away from (ablative) ; (Aorist subjunctive 1. sg. -sthām-) to be separated from or deprived of (ablative) : A1. (;rarely P. exempli gratia, 'for example' etc.) to take one's stand, remain standing etc. ; to stay, abide, stop at any place (locative case) etc. ; to abide in a state or condition (instrumental case) etc. ; (with ind.p.) to remain or continue (doing anything) , etc. ; to be found, exist, be present ; (perf. 1. sg. -tasthe-) to fall to, fall into the possession of (dative case) ; to enter, be absorbed in in (locative case) ; to penetrate (as sound or as fame) : Passive voice -sthīyate-, to be settled or fixed or chosen : Causal (generally ind.p. -sthāpya-) to cause to stand or stop (as a carriage or an army etc.), let behind etc. ; to place upon (locative case), fix, set, array etc. ; to cause to enter or be absorbed in (locative case) ; to render solid or firm ; to establish (by arguments) commentator or commentary on : Passive voice Causal -sthāpyate-, to be kept firm ["to be separated" ]
avastham. membrum virile (see up/a-stha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthāf. appearance (in a court of justice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthāf. "stability, consistence" see anavastha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthāf. state, condition, situation (five are distinguished in dramas ), circumstance of age ([ ]) or position, stage, degree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthāf. plural the female organs of generation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthācatuṣṭayan. the four periods or states of human life (viz. childhood, youth, manhood, and old age). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthādvayan. the two states of life (viz. happiness and misery). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthānan. standing, taking up one's place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthānan. situation, condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthānan. residing, abiding, dwelling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthānan. stability (see an-av-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthāpanan. exposing (goods for sale) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthātavyan. (impersonal or used impersonally) it is to be stayed or remained, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthātrayan. the three states (viz. waking, dreaming, and sound sleep) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthāvanmfn. possessed of stability View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthāyinmfn. staying residing in placed (behind, paścā-;as an army), abiding in a particular condition commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthitamfn. standing near (sometimes with accusative, exempli gratia, 'for example' ), placed, having its place or abode , (with a pr. p.) continuing to do anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthitamfn. engaged in, prosecuting, following, practising (with locative case [ si, 1228 etc.] or in compound [ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthitamfn. obeying or following (the words or commands of; locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthitamfn. giving one's self up to (exempli gratia, 'for example' to compassion or pride) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthitamfn. contained in (locative case) : being incumbent upon (locative case) , ready for (dative case) , firm, fixed, determined, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthitamfn. steady, trusty, to be relied on (see an-av-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthitif. residence, abiding, stability, See an-av- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasthitif. following, practising View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastīrṇamfn. strewed, covered with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastṝP. -stṛṇāti- (1. sg. -stṛṇāmi- ind.p. -st/īrya-) to strew, scatter ; (perf. -tastāra-) to scatter over, cover with (instrumental case) : A1. (perf. -tastare-) to penetrate (as a sound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastramfn. without clothes, naked. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastratāf. nakedness, N. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastun. a worthless thing , insubstantiality, the unreality of matter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastutāf. insubstantiality, unreality: View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avastutvan. ([ ]) insubstantiality, unreality: View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasuptamfn. ( svap-), asleep View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasuṣirāf. the neck, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvadvatmfn. united with the desirous one ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvan(Aorist -/asvanīt-) to fly down with noise (see ava-ṣvan-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvanyamfn. roaring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvāpanī f. (the magical art of) lulling to sleep, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvāpanikāf. (the magical art of) lulling to sleep, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvatmfn. desirous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvatSee 1. /avas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasvṛ(subjunctive -svarāti-) to sound (as an instrument) ; (Potential -svaret-) to sustain with gradually lowered voice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyaNom. P. (parasmE-pada dative case sg. m. avasyate-) to seek favour or assistance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyaNom. P. See 1. /avas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyandA1. (parasmE-pada -syandamāna-) to flow or trickle down View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyandanan. (gaRa gahādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyanditan. (in rhetoric) attributing to one's own words a sense not originally meant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyumfn. desiring favour or assistance ( Nominal verb sg. m. sy/ūḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyumfn. (said of indra-) desirous of helping or assisting , (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyum. Name of a ṛṣi- (with the patron. ātreya-, composer of the hymn ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasyuSee 1. /avas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣṭiśavas(abh/iṣṭi--) mfn. rendering powerful assistance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavaskand(ind.p. -skandya-) to jump down or into ; to meet, encounter
abhyavaskandam. impetuous assault View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavaskandajudgment, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavaskandanan. impetuous assault View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavas(ind.p. -sṛtya-) to retire from (ablative) towards (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavasṛj(1. p. -sṛjāmi-) to dismiss towards (accusative) ; to dismiss (as rays) ; to throw, shoot (as arrows) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavasthitamfn. resisting (with accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyavasyandto drive (on a carriage) towards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyudavaso -syati-, to set out or go towards (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācchādanavastran. the lower garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasānan. attempt, effort, exertion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasānan. energy, perseverance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasānan. determining View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasānan. (in rhetoric) concise and forcible language. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasāyam. idem or 'n. (in rhetoric) concise and forcible language.' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasāyam. (in philosophy) mental effort, apprehension. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasāyaclinging to (earthly things), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasāyayuktamfn. resolute. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasāyinmfn. resolute. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasāyitamfn. attempted. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavaseyamfn. only to be conceived in the mind, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasitamfn. ascertained, determined, apprehended. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasitif. exertion, effort. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavasocl.4 P. -syati-, to undertake, attempt, accomplish ; to determine, consider, ascertain.
agniśaucavastran. a fine muslin garment, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agradravasaṃhatif. the thin upper part of milk or curds, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āharavasanā gaRa mayūra-vyaṃsakādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajavasmfn. not quick, inactive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājavasteyam. a descendant of an aja-vasti- man or prince, (gaRa gṛṣṭy-ādi-and śubhrādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājavasteyaetc. See āja-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajavastim. Name of a tribe, (gaRa gṛṣṭy-ādi-and śubhrādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajavastim. plural the members of that tribe, (gaRa yaskādi-, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alavasSee 2. ali-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānaddhavastitāf. suppression of urine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānaddhavastitāf. state of having the bladder obstructed. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anadhyavasitamfn. irresolute, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasamfn. (probably fr. so-with ava-), not making to halt, not stopping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasādya ind.p. (Caus. of ava-sad-), not discouraging, not annoying. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasānamfn. ( so-), having no termination, free from death View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasānamfn. endless. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasaramfn. having no interval of leisure, busy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasaramfn. coming when there is no such interval, inopportune View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasaram. absence of leisure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasaram. unseasonableness. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasitamfn. not set, not terminated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasitāf. Name of a species of the triṣṭubh- metre (consisting of four lines with eleven feet in each). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavaskaramfn. free from dirt, clean, cleansed. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasnātāf. a woman that has not (yet) bathed (id est has not yet had her monthly courses), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthamfn. unsettled, unstable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthāf. unsettled condition or character View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthāf. instability, unsteady or loose conduct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthāmfn. (in philosophy) non-finality (of a proposition), endless series of statements. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthānamfn. unstable, fickle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthānam. wind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthānan. instability, unsteadiness or looseness of conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthāyinmfn. transient. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthitamfn. unsettled, unsteady, loose in conduct. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthitacittamfn. unsteady-minded. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthitacittatvan. unsteadiness of mind. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthitatvan. unsteadiness, instability. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthitif. instability View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthitif. unsteadiness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasthitif. looseness of character. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasyatmfn. unceasing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anavasyatSee an-avasāna-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
annavastran. food and clothing, the necessaries of life. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antarābhavasattvan. the soul in its middle existence between death and regeneration. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anubhavasiddhamfn. established by experience or perception. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anūnavastukamfn. complete in substance or essence, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvyavasoto perceive. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvavasargam. letting down, slackening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvavasargam. permission to do as one likes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvavasāyinmfn. adhering to, depending on (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvavasitamfn. seized by View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvavaso -syati-, to adhere to cling to etc. ; to long for, desire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvavasṛjto let go along or towards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvavasruCaus. -srāvayati-, to cause to flow down upon or along
anvavasthāto descend after another View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apāpavasyasa(/a-pāpa--) n. not a wrong order, no disorder (see pāpa-vasyas/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apavas(subjunctive -ucchat-,Imper. -ucchatu-) to drive off by excessive brightness ; to become extinct View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apavyavasthamfn. unsettled, changing, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratidhṛṣṭaśavasmfn. of irresistible power View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araṇyavastukam. Name of a plant. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhavastrasaṃvītamfn. clothed or enveloped in half-garments. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārdravastratāf. the state of having or standing in wet clothes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇavasaridāsritamfn. living on the bank of the sea and of rivers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asāmiśavas(/asāmi--) mfn. having complete strength View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśravasyaNom. P. (fr. 2. śravas-), to approach with haste, hasten towards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭaśravasm. (equals -karṇa- q.v),"eight-eared", Name of brahman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśuśravasm. Name of a mythical horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atyavasṛjto let loose, let go. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auccaiḥśravasam. (fr. uccaiḥ-śravas-), Name of indra-'s horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auccaiḥśravasam. a horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupavasathikamfn. designed for or belonging to the upa-vasatha- (q.v) ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupavasathikan. Name of a pariśiṣṭa- of the sāma-veda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupavasathyamfn. equals aupavasathika- above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupavastan. (fr. upa-vasta-), fasting, a fast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupavasthan. equals aupavasta- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupavastran. fasting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupavastrakan. food suitable for a fast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avadātavasanamfn. "clothed in white", laical, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasāyinmfn. inactive, negligent, remiss View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasitamfn. idem or 'mfn. inactive, negligent, remiss ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasraṃsam. not falling asunder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavastamfn. (sta-for sita-?, -), not tied or fastened View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasthamfn. irregular, without rule View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasthanot lasting or enduring, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasthāf. irregularity. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasthāf. unsettled state, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasthitamfn. not conformable to law or Practice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasthitamfn. not in due order, unmethodical. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyavasthitaunsettled, uncertain, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayavasn. ([ ]) idem or 'm. ([ ]) ri. ([ ]) idem or 'm. the dark half of the month ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyavasn. equals /āyavan- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyavasam. Name of a king ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baddhavasatimfn. having one's abode fixed, dwelling in (locative case)
bāhyavastun. external wealth or riches View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baṭukabhairavasahasranāmann. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baṭukabhairavasahasranāmastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baṭukabhairavastavarājam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baṭukabhairavastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadraśravasm. Name of a son of dharma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadravasanan. splendid apparel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhairavasahasranāmann. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhairavasaṃhitāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhairavasaparyāvidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhairavasiṃham. Name of a son of narasiṃha- and patron of ruci-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhairavastavam. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhairavastotran. Name of various hymns. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhakṣyavastun. edible matter, victuals, viands View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṅgaśravasm. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṅgyaśravasm. Name of a man (see bhaṅga-śravas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhārgavasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhārgavasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasāgara() m. the ocean of worldly existence. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasaṃkrāntif. Name of a Buddhist sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasaṃśodhanam. a particular samādhi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasaṃtatif. an uninterrupted series of births and transmigrations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasamudra(A.) m. the ocean of worldly existence. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasaṅginmfn. attached to worldly existence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasāra() m. equals -jala-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasāyujyan. union with śiva- (after death) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasindhu() m. equals -jala-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasvāminm. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavasvāminm. of various authors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhītaparitrāṇavastūpālambhapaṇḍitamfn. clever in finding fault with the means of rescuing the terrified View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhogavastun. an object of enjoyment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūgolavyavasthātantroktāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūriśravasm. Name of a son of soma-datta- (king of the bālhika-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūriśravasm. of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūśravasm. an ant or mole hill View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasambhavasmṛtif. Name of his work
bṛhacchravasmfn. (h/ac-+ śra-) loud-sounding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhacchravasmfn. loudly praised, far-famed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhadravas(bṛh/ad--) mfn. loud-sounding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakṣuḥśravasm. "using the eyes for ears", a snake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candravasāf. idem or 'f. Name of a river (varia lectio -vasā-).' , iv, 28, 35 (see -masā-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carmavasanam. (equals k/ṛtti-vāsas-) śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāruśravasm. (equals -yaśas-) Name of a son of kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturvyavasitayamakan. a kind of yamaka- (in which the four quarters of a stanza are homophonous), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cīravasanamfn. equals -bhṛt- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citraśravastama(tr/a--) mfn. (superl.) having most wonderful fame, .
cyavasn. "motion." See tṛṣu-cy/av-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dairghaśravasamf(ī-)n. relating to dīrgha-śravas-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dairghaśravasan. Name of 2 sāman-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dantavastramn. equals -cchada- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśanavasanan. equals -cchada- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśanavasanāṅgarāgam. plural Name of a kalā- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daureśravasam. (fr. dūre-śravas-) patronymic of the serpent-priest pṛthu-śravas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dehacatuṣṭayavyavasthālakṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
deśakālavyavasthitamfn. regulated by place and time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devaśravasm. (v/a--) "having divine renown", Name of a bhārata- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devaśravasm. of a son of yama- and author of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devaśravasm. of a son of viśvā-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devaśravasm. of a son of śūra- and brother of vasu-deva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmādharmavyavasthāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmavasupradamfn. granting virtue and wealth (viṣṇu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmavyavasthām. judicial decision, decisive sentence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhvajinyutsavasaṃketam. Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
digavasthānan. air View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣitavasanan. the garment of an initiated person View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghaśravasmfn. (gh/a--) renowned far and wide View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghaśravasm. Name of men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divyavastram. "divinely dressed", a kind of flower (equals sūryaśobhā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravasvedam. a hot bath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravasyaNom. P. yati- (fr. dravas-[ dru-?] gaRa kaṇḍv-ādi-), to harass one's self, toil, serve. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravavasum. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛkśravasm. (= - karṇa-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duḥkhavasatif. a difficult abode View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duradhyavasāyam. a bad or foolish beginning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūraśravas(r/a-) mfn. far-renowned (see re-śr-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duravasitamfn. difficult to be ascertained, unfathomed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duravasthamfn. badly situated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duravasthāf. a bad situation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duravasthitamfn. not firmly established View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūravastrakamfn. having the clothes removed, naked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūreśravasmfn. far-renowned (see ra-śr-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūreśravasm. Name of a man (See daureśravasa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durvyavasitan. an evil intention View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durvyavasthāpakamfn. deciding or judging badly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvīpavyavasthāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dviśavas(dv/i-.) mfn. having or granting twofold strength View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dyumnaśravas(mn/a--) mfn. producing a strong or clear sound, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekavastramfn. having but a single garment, clothed in only one garment etc.
ekavastrasnānavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekavastratāf. the state of having but a single garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekavyavasāyinmfn. following the same employment. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
etadavasthamfn. of such a state or condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
evamavasthamfn. so situated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhavasatif. "embryo-abode", the womb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāthaśravas(th/a--) mfn. famous through (epic) songs (indra-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gauṇasādhyavasānāf. (scilicet lakṣaṇā-) a kind of ellipse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gauriśravasm. plural Name of a family. (varia lectio ra-ś-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghoṣavasum. Name of a prince of the kāṇva- dynasty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghrāṇaśravasm. "renowned for his nose", Name of one of skanda-'s attendants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhītavasatīvarīkamfn. one who has taken up the waters called vasatī-v/arī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gūḍhavasatif. abode in a secret place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gūrtaśravas(t/a--) mfn. one whose praise, one likes to hear (indra-), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhaktibhāskarasadvaiṣṇavasārasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastidantavastramayamf(ī-)n. made of ivory or cloth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
havasn. an invocation, call View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haviḥśravasm. Name of a son of dhṛta-rāṣṭra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hinānnavastraveṣamfn. (a brahma-cārin-) eating less food (than his preceptor) and wearing an inferior dress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
horāśāstrārṇavasāramn. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īdṛgavasthamfn. being in such a situation, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indravastim. the calf (of the leg) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jāgradavasthāf. a state of wakefulness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janmavasudhāf. equals -bhū-
javasn. idem or 'm. quickness gaRa driḍhādi-.' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
javasn. see makṣ/ū--, man/o--, a--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
javas according to to some,"swift, rapid", . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
javasam. n. equals yav- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīrṇavastran. worn or tattered raiment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīrṇavastramfn. wearing old clothes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmavasatif. an erotic term. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇḍavastran. a curtain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapilavastun. Name of the town in which śākyamuni- or buddha- was born. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇaśravasm. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārṇaśravasan. (fr. karṇa-śravas-), Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāryavastun. anything that has to be done, aim, object View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṣāyavasanan. the yellowish-red garment of Buddhist mendicants (forming with head-shaving their distinctive badge, see kaṣāya- n.above, and kāṣāya-v-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṣāyavasanamf(ā-)n. equals -vāsas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṣāyavasanāf. a widow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṣāyavastran. idem or 'n. the yellowish-red garment of Buddhist mendicants (forming with head-shaving their distinctive badge, see kaṣāya- n.above, and kāṣāya-v-) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāśikavastran. fine cotton from kāśi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavasam. (fr.3. ku- ) armour, mail View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavasam. a prickly shrub (see k/avaca-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavirājavasuṃdharam. Name of a man. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśavasvāminm. Name of a grammarian, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kimavasthamfn. being in what condition (of health)? on Va1rtt. 11. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kośagatavastiguhyatāf. having the pudenda hidden in the abdomen (one of the 32 signs of perfection), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kośakāravasanan. a silken garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇavastramfn. wearing black clothes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtavasatimfn. one who has taken up his abode, dwelling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetravasudhāf. cultivated land View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lekhanavastif. a kind of enema for reducing corpulency View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavasenam. of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavasenārājanm. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavasiṃham. Name of a king and poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavasomayājinm. Name of a man (= mādhavācārya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavastavarājam. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavastutif. Name of two hymns (from the ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhumādhavasahāyam. Name of author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhusravasm. Bassia Latifolia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makṣūjavas(kṣ/ū--) mfn. most rapid or prompt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālavastrīf. a Malwa woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānavasaṃhitāf. Name of chapter of the āditya-purāṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānavasāran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānavasūtran. a sūtra- of manu- (see -gṛhya-and -śrauta-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānavasyaNom. P. (only p. sy/at-), to act like men ("to wish for men") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalyavastun. any auspicious object View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manojavasmfn. (m/ano--) swift as thought View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manojavasmfn. Name of yama- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manojavasamfn. resembling a father, fatherly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manonavasthānan. absence of mind, inattention View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mithyādhyavasiti(mithyādh-) f. a particular figure of speech (in which the impossibility of a thing is expressed by making it depend upon some impossible contingency) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mokṣapraveśavyavasthānam. a particular samādhi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛganirmokavasanamfn. clothed in the cast-off skin of a deer
mṛtavastrabhṛtmfn. wearing a dead man's clothes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukhavastrikāf. a piece of fine muslin or net held before the face while speaking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muktavasanamfn. one who has put off his clothes, going about naked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muktavasanam. a jaina- ascetic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakṣatraśavas(n/akṣ-) mfn. equal to stars in number ("going to the gods") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasāhasāṅkacāritn. "the 9 [or new?] deeds of king sāhasāṅka-", Name of a poem by śrī-harṣa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasāhasramf(ī-)n. consisting of 9000 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasaṃghārāmam. Name of a monastery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasaṃghārāmaSee under 1. nava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasaṃyojanavisaṃyojanakam. Name of buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasaptadaśam. Name of an atirātra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasaptatif. 79 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasaptatitamamf(ī-)n. the 79th View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasaram. or n. a kind of ornament consisting of pearls View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasasyan. the first fruits of the year's harvest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasasyeṣṭif. a sacrifice of first fruits View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasrakti(n/a-) mfn. "9 cornered", consisting of 9 parts (as a hymn) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasthānam. "having (always) a new place (?)", the wind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navastobhan. (with āyus-), Name of a sāman-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasū() f. a cow that has recently calved (the latter also"a woman recently delivered") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasūtikā() f. a cow that has recently calved (the latter also"a woman recently delivered") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasvastaram. a bed or couch of fresh grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navavastran. new cloth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
netravastim. an injection-pipe with a receptacle attached to it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
netravastran. a veil over the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlavasanan. a blue garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlavasanam. the planet Saturn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlavastran. equals prec. n. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlavastram. Name of balarāma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlavastrāf. Name of durgā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niravasādamf(ā-)n. not cast down, cheerful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niravasādamf(ā-)n. anxious, eager View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niravaskṛtamfn. (prob.) clean, pure (see an-avaskara-). = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niravasoCaus. -sāyayati-, to establish, settle, furnish with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niravastāramfn. not strewn or covered, bare View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niravavasitamfn. expelled, rejected View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirūhavastividhim. Name of chapter of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvyavasthamfn. not staying in a certain place, moving hither and thither View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyavasṛjP. -sṛjati-, to pour out, shed forth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyavastusāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcavastun. (?) , Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇḍavasreṣṭam. "best of the sons of pāṇḍu-", Name of yudhi-ṣṭhira- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṅkeruhavasatim. lotus-dweller, Name of brahmā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpavasīyasmfn. "bad-better", inverted, confused View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpavasīyasn. = next. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāpavasīyasa( ) n. inversion, confusion. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paramānandamādhavastavam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paravastum. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paridhānavastran. an upper garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parihāsavastun. an object of jest ( parihāsavastutā stu-- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parihāsavastutāf. parihāsavastu
pārthuśravasam. Name (also title or epithet) of a demon, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasānan. end, termination, conclusion, issue ( paryavasānāt nāt- ind.in consequence of) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasānan. comprehending, including, amounting to (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasānātind. paryavasāna
paryavasānikamfn. coming to a close, tending towards an end (varia lectio pāryavas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāryavasānikamfn. (-avasāna-) verging to the close View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasāyam. equals sāna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasāyamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' equals next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasāyinmfn. ending with, amounting to ( paryavasāyitva yi-tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasāyitvan. paryavasāyin
paryavasitamfn. (pary-/ava--) living farther off (= not quite near) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasitamfn. (with lokāntaram-) departed to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasitamfn. finished, concluded, ended etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasitamfn. amounting to (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasitamfn. resolved, settled, definitive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasitamatimfn. thoroughly acquainted or familiar with (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavaskandam. ( skand-) the act of jumping down (from a carriage) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasoP. -syati-, to result or end in, amount to (locative case or accusative with prati-) ; to finish, complete, conclude, include ; to endeavour ; to perish, be lost, decline View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasṛpP. -sarpati-, to creep up to, approach in a creeping manner View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasthāA1. -tiṣṭhate-, to become firm or steady ; to fill, pervade (accusative) : Causal -sthāpayati-, to comfort, encourage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasthāf. opposition, contradiction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasthānan. opposition, contradiction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasthātṛmfn. opposing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasthātṛmfn. an antagonist, adversary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasthitamfn. standing, stationed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasthitamfn. (with locative case) contained in, devoted or attached to, intent upon, occupied with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryavasthitamfn. merry, content, comfortable, of good cheer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paścādanvavasāyinmfn. following after id est adhering to, dependent upon (dative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭṭavastran. a kind of cloth (trāntarī-kṛ-,to wrap in that cloth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭṭavastramfn. equals next. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paurūravasamfn. belonging or relating to purū-ravas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paurūravasam. patronymic fr. purūravas- (wrong reading pauroravasa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavastan. (apa-and vas-?) a cover or garment (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavastan. dual number heaven and earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
payopavasanan. a kind of fast when milk is the only food Va1rtt.6 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phuṭṭakavastran. phuṭṭaka
piśitavasāmayamf(ī-)n. consisting of flaccid and fat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pīvopavasanamfn. covered with fat (see payāpavasana-and Va1rtt. 6 ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhavasvāminm. (with jaina-s) Name of one of the 6 śruta-kevalin-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhūtayavasendhanamfn. abounding in fresh grass and fuel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāgavasthāf. former state, a former condition of life View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasavasamayam. equals -kāla- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasavasthalīf. "birthplace", a mother View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasavasthānan. a receptacle for young. a nest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasnavasaṃyuktamfn. flowing in streams, gushing forth (tears) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśravasmfn. loud-sounding (said of the marut-s) ( equals prakṛṣṭānna-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśravasSee above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasravasaṃyuktamfn. idem or 'mfn. flowing with milk (breasts) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasravasaṃyuktamfn. flowing in a stream (as tears) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratavasmfn. mighty, powerful, active (said of the marut-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamaśravasmfn. (m/a-śr-;superl. -śravastama-) having a distinguished reputation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathamavasatif. the original home View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratibuddhavastumfn. understanding the real nature of things View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratipraṇavasaṃyuktamfn. accompanied each time with the syllable om- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiśravasm. Name of a son of bhīma-sena- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātiśravasam. patronymic fr. prati-śravas- (wrong reading prati-śravasa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasadP. -sīdati-, to sink down, perish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasānan. consuming, eating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasitamfn. relapsed into the old (bad) way of life (Scholiast or Commentator"one who has given up the life of a religious mendicant") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasitamfn. consumed, eaten (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavaskandam. ( skand-) an attack, surprise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavaskandam. equals next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavaskandavaskandanan. a special plea at law (admitting a fact, but qualifying or explaining it so as not to allow it to be a matter of accusation),
pratyavasoP. -syati-, to come back, return to (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasṛjP. -sṛjati-, to throw on (locative case) ; to relinquish, leave View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasṛpP. -sarpati-, to creep towards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasṛtamfn. ( sṛ-) gone away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasthāA1. -tiṣṭhate-, to return, re-appear (with punar-) ; to resist, oppose, object to ; to stand alone or separately ; to re-attain, recover : Causal -sthāpayati-, to cause to stand firm, encourage (with ātmānam-"to collect one's self, recover") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasthitamfn. standing separately or opposite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavasthitamfn. being in a particular condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavavasthāf. equals pary-avasthā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavavasthānan. objection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavavasthānan. removal, setting aside View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavavasthānan. former state or place, status quo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavavasthānan. opposition, hostility View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavavasthāpanan. (fr. Causal) refreshing, strengthening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyavavasthātṛm. an opponent, adversary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravasA1. -vaste-, to put on (clothes), to dress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravasP. -vasati-, (rarely A1.; exempli gratia, 'for example' perfect tense -vāsāṃ- cakre- ; future -vatsyati- ; ind.p. proṣya- ), to go or sojourn abroad, leave home, depart etc. ; to disappear vanish, cease ; to stop at a place, abide, dwell ; (= Causal) to banish to (locative case) : Causal -vāsayati-, to make to dwell in ; to order to live abroad, turn out, expel, banish etc.: Desiderative -vivatsati-, to intend to set out on a journey ; to be about to depart from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravasanan. setting out on a journey, departing. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravasanan. dying, decease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravasathan. departure, separation from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravasum. Name of a son of īlina- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittavyavasthāsaṃkṣepam. Name of work
prayatavastramfn. clothed in clean garments, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyaśravasmfn. loving glory (said of kṛṣṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyavasantakam. "the desired spring"and"the dear vasantaka-"
priyavastun. a favourite object or topic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuśravasmfn. far-famed, of wide renown View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuśravasm. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuśravasm. of a son of śaśa-bindu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuśravasm. of a son of raghu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuśravasm. of a son of the 9th manu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuśravasm. of a serpent-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuśravasm. of a being attendant upon skanda- (wrong reading -śrava-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthuśravasm. of the elephant of the north quarter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purūravasmfn. crying much or loudly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purūravasm. Name of an ancient king of the lunar race (the lover of urvaśī-[ see and kālidāsa-'s drama vikramorvaśī-] , son of budha- and iḷā-, father of āyus- and ancestor of puru- duṣyanta-, bharata-, kuru-, dhṛta-rāṣṭra- and pāṇḍu-, supposed to have instituted the 3 sacrificial fires[ ];according to he is one of the beings belonging to the middle region of the universe, and is possibly to be connected with the Sun as urvaśī- is with the Dawn; according to others a viśva-deva- or a pārvaṇa-śrāddha-deva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purūravasSee column 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pururavasa wrong reading for purū-r- below View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purūravasam. equals prec. m. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rādhodbhavasaṃvādam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāghavasiṃham. " rāghava-s-lion", Name of rāma--candra View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājaśravasm. Name of a vyāsa- (varia lectio -sravas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājavasatif. dwelling in a kind's court View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājavasatif. a royal residence, palace View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raktavasanam. "clad in reddish garments", a religious mendicant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raktavastrinm. equals yogin- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ramaṇavasatif. the dwelling-place of a lover View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raṅgavastun. any colouring substance, paint, dye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasārṇavasudhākaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ravasSee purū-- and bṛhad-r-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ravasaSee purū-r-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rohitavastuName of a place (also read -vastra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ruddhavasudhamfn. filling the earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ruddhavasudhamfn. covering id est touching the earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudraḍamarūdbhavasūtravivaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudraikādaśavastradānavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabdārṇavasudhānidhim. Name of a grammar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadhavastrīf. a wife whose husband is living View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhyavasānā f. (in rhetoric) an elliptical figure of speech (in which the meaning is left to be implied) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhyavasānikāf. (in rhetoric) an elliptical figure of speech (in which the meaning is left to be implied) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhyavasāyamfn. elliptical View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāhasādhyavasāyinmfn. acting with inconsiderate haste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahavasatif. dwelling together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahavasu(sah/a--) mfn. with wealth or with one's property (according to to "Name of an asura-") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaileśyavasthāf. (with jaina-s) the last stage of an ascetic's life, śil-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saindhavasarpisn. clarified butter with salt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sajjanaikavasatimfn. residing only in the good View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
salilārṇavasāyakamfn. reposing on water (applied to viṣṇu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānavasanamfn. clothed in the same way View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmānyabhāvavyavasthāpanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samaravasudhāf. (equals -bhū-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmaśravasm. Name of a man (pupil of ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmaśravasam. patronymic fr. prec. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samastavastuviṣayamfn. relating to the whole matter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasannamfn. ( sad-) sunk down, depressed, low-spirited
samavasaraṇan. meeting, assembling, an assembly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasaraṇan. descent (of a jina- from heaven to earth) or place of descent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasaraṇan. aim, goal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasarga(of unknown meaning) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasargavasargyamfn. to be let go or abandoned etc. Va1rtt. 2 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavaskandCaus. -skandayati-, to attack, assail ; to seize upon (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavaskandam. a bulwark, rampart etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasoP. -syati-, to decide, be in agreement with another (upon the same place or time) ; to reach, attain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasP. -sarati-, to come down, descend (from heaven to earth; said of a jina-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasravam. flowing off or away, flowing out, effluence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasravavasrāviṇīf. a particular arrangement of 11 sacrificial posts (so that the middlemost is the lowest and the rest become lower and lower from both ends) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasṛjP. -sṛjati-, to let go, cast or hurl down upon (locative case) ; to abandon ; to leave out ; to impose (a burden) upon (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasṛjyamfn. idem or 'mfn. to be let go or abandoned etc. Va1rtt. 2 ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasṛtamfn. descended (from heaven to earth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasṛtavasṛtif. equals sam-avasaraṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasru(only ind.p. -sru-utya-), to flow off or away, flow out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasthāCaus. -sthāpayati-, to cause to stand from or still, stop ; to establish, found View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasthāf. firm or fixed state or condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavasthāf. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) similar condition or state, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavavasthānan. resting or abiding in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavavasthānan. state, condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavavasthāpitamfn. (fr. Causal) made to stand firmly, set up View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavavasthāpitamfn. fully established, founded View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavavasthitamfn. standing or remaining firm, remaining fixed, steady etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavavasthitamfn. being in any place or position View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavavasthitamfn. ready, prepared for (dative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sambandhavyavasthāvikāśam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgrahavastun. an element of popularity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkrāntivyavasthānirṇayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkṣepasiddhivyavasthāf. Name of work on dharma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃśravasn. perfect glory or renown View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃśravasm. Name of a man (having the patronymic sauvarcanasa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃśravasaḥsāman. Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃstavasthiramfn. firm through acquaintance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudravasanamf(ā-)n. sea-clothed, seagirt (the earth) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudravasanāf. the earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudravastramfn. (= vasana-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samupavasP. -vasati-, to abide wholly in, engage in, devote one's self to (See below) ; to abide in a state of abstinence, fast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃvyavasyamfn. ( so-) to be decided upon or decreed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samyagvyavasitamfn. firmly resolved View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃyatavastramfn. having the dress or clothes fastened or tied together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṅkhakumbhaśravasf. Name of one of the mātṛ-s attendant on skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārāgavastramfn. (fr. or for sa-rāga-v-) wearing red garments View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāravastun. a valuable or important thing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvadharmasamavasaraṇasāgaramudram. Name of a samādhi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvajñavyavasthāpakam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasavasSee 1. san-, p. 1140. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sattravasatif. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyaprasavasmfn. () one whose stimulating impulse or inspiration is true or continues true to itself. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyaśavas(saty/a--) mfn. truly vigorous, decidedly impetuous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyasavasmfn. (; saty/a--) one whose orders are true or valid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyaśravasn. (saty/a--) true renown View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyaśravasm. "having true renown" (confer, compare Greek ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyaśravasm. Name of the author of the hymns (having the patronymic ātreya-or vāyya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyaśravasm. of various other men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyasravasm. Name of a teacher (prob. wrong reading for -śravas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyavasum. Name of a class of the viśve- devāḥ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyavyavasthāf. ascertainment of truth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauśravasamfn. (fr. su-śravas-) having a good reputation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauśravasam. patronymic of upagu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauśravasan. high praise or renown, celebrity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauśravasan. a running match, contest (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauśravasan. Name of two sāman-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauyavasan. (fr. su-yavasa-) abundance of grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauyavasan. (said to be fr. su-yavasu-) Name of various sāman-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauyavasim. a patronymic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasn. (originally "swelling, increase") strength, power, might, superiority, prowess, valour, heroism ( śavasā - ind.mightily, with might) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasn. water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasn. a dead body (equals -śava-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasm. Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savasn. idem or 'n. (for 1.See column 1;forSee;for sa-vana-See column 3) instigation, order, command (see saty/a-s-) ' See saty/a-s-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasāind. śavas
śavasādhanan. "corpses-rite", a magical ceremony performed with a corpses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasānamfn. strong, vigorous, powerful, violent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasānam. a road View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasāvatmfn. mighty, powerful View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasīf. "the strong one", Name of indra-'s mother View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasinmfn. idem or 'mfn. mighty, powerful ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavasparśam. touching a corpses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śavaspṛśmfn. one who has touched a corpse (and is consequently defiled) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāyavasam. a patronymic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhavastim. a strong injection (as of oil etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhavastun. (prob.) a spelling-book View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śikyakavastran. a balance made of cloth and suspended by strings
śiśumāravasāf. the marrow or fat of the Delphinus Gangeticus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śithilavasumfn. having diminished wealth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śithilavasumfn. shining with diminished rays View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivānubhavasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivarāghavasaṃvādam. Name of a chapter of the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivatāṇḍavastotran. Name of a stotra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smārtavyavasthārṇavam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisāravyavasthāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtivyavasthāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānavastran. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānīyavastran. a bathing-dress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snātavasyamfn. to be put on after an ablution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snehavastif. an oily injection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somaśravasm. Name of various men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhavasiṣṭhamn. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhavyavasthāsaṃkṣepam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrautapraśnottaravyavasthāf. rules for sacrificial rites in the form of question and answer. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasn. sound, shout, loud praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasn. glory, fame, renown View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasn. the ear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasm. Name of a son of santa- [ confer, compare Greek for ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasn. (equals sravas-) a stream, flow, gush View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasn. swift course, rapid motion, flight (instrumental case plural in flight, while flying) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasn. a channel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasn. equals anna- or dhana- [ confer, compare according to to some, Greek .] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sravasn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') equals srava-, flow of (See madhusravas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravaskāma(śr/avas--) mfn. desirous of praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasyaNom. P. y/ati- (only pr. p. y/at-), to wish to praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasyan. fame, glory, renown View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasyan. a glorious deed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasyaNom. P. y/ati-, to be swift, hasten, fly along ; to snatch up View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasyamfn. swift, rapid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasind. swiftly, rapidly, fast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasyumfn. willing to praise or celebrate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasyumfn. flowing, streaming View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śravasyumfn. swift, nimble View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutaśravasm. Name of various men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutaśravasf. (also -) Name of a daughter of śūra- (mother of śiśu-pāla- and sister of vasu-deva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
subhavas varia lectio for prec. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śubhavastu(?) , Name of a river (equals su-vāstu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuciśravasm. "having bright renown", Name of viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuciśravasm. of a prajā-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhasādhyavasānā f. Name of two kinds of ellipsis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhivyavasthāsaṃkṣepam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sujavasmfn. very quick or swift View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklavastramf(ā-)n. wearing a white robe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suparyavasitamfn. well carried out View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suparyavasitārthamfn. thoroughly acquainted with anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
supratyavasitamfn. (perhaps) safely returned to one's own country View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśravasmfn. abounding in glory, famous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśravasmfn. hearing well or gladly, gracious, kind (superl. -tama-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśravasmfn. Name of a prajā-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśravasmfn. of a serpent-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśravasmfn. of a man () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśravasmfn. of a ṛṣi- (having the patronymic kauṣya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśravas su-śruta- etc. See column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suśravasf. willingness to hear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sutaśravasm. Name of a teacher, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sutavaskarāf. the mother of seven children View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvarṇākarṣaṇabhairavastotran. Name of a stotra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvarṇavastrādin. money and clothes etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvyavasthitamfn. standing quite firmly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suyavasamf(ā-)n. (in for -y-) having good pasturage, abounding in grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suyavasam. Name of a man (see sauyavasi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suyavasan. beautiful grass, good pasturage ( suyavase se- ind."when there is good pasturage") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūyavasaetc. See su-y-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suyavasādmfn. eating good grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suyavaseind. suyavasa
suyavasinmfn. having good pasturage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suyavasodakamfn. abounding in good pasturage and water
suyavasum. Name of a ṛṣi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suyavasyumfn. desirous of good pasturage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svabhavas(sv/a--) mfn. (prob.) being in the Self (said of the breath) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svadhyavasānamf(-)n. good to be striven after View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svapnavasthāf. a state of dreaming (applied to life as an illusion) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svatavasmfn. (sv/a--) (Nominal verb -tavān-) self-strong, inherently powerful, valiant etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svatavasmfn. firmly rooted (said of a mountain) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svatvavyavasthārṇavasetubandham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svavasmfn. (Nominal verb vān-) having or affording good protection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svavasu(sv/a--) varia lectio of the pada-pāṭha- for sv/ā-v- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvetavastrinmfn. white-clad, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tadavasthamfn. so situated, thus circumstanced, in that condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tadavasthamfn. being in the same condition (as before), undamaged, iv, 19. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tādavasthyan. the remaining in the same (avasthā-) condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tauraśravasan. (fr. tura-śravas-) Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tavasmfn. ( tu-) strong, energetic, courageous (Comparative degree v/as-tara-[ see t/avīyas-], superl. v/as-tama-,190, 5; ii, 33, 3) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tavasm. power, strength, courage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tavasm. see pr/a--, sv/a--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tavasvat(t/av-) mfn. strong View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tavasyan. strength, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tīrthaśravasmfn. equals -kīrti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tridamathavastukuśalam. "skilled in the threefold self-control (see -daṇḍa-) ", buddha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triṇavasāhasramf(ī-)n. 27000 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trividhadamathavastukuśalam. equals tri-dam- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
triyavasthamfn. having 3 conditions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛṣucyavasmfn. moving greedily, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
turaśravasm. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tuvīravas Nominal verb vān- (see ) equals vi-ṣvaṇ/as- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tuviśravas(v/i--) mfn. highly renowned (agni-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uccaiḥśravasm. "long-eared or neighing aloud"Name of the horse (of indra- ) produced at the churning of the ocean (regarded as the prototype and king of horses) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uccaiḥśravasam. idem or 'm. "long-eared or neighing aloud"Name of the horse (of indra- ) produced at the churning of the ocean (regarded as the prototype and king of horses) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uccaiḥśravasam. Name of a horse, of the god of the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udavasānan. the act of leaving the place of sacrifice (See above)
udavasānīyamfn. forming the end (of a sacrifice), concluding, final View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udavasānīyāf. the end or conclusion (of a sacrifice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udavasātṛm. one who goes away after concluding (a sacrifice) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udavasāya ind.p. ending, concluding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udavasitan. a house, dwelling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udavasoP. -/ava-syati-, to leave off, go away ; to finish, end ; to go away to (another place, with locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udavasya ind.p. concluding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uddhavasaṃdeśam. Name of two poems. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ugraśravasm. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamaśravasmfn. of highest fame, highly renowned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamaśravasm. Name of a son of kuru-śravaṇa- and grandson of mitrātithi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upamaśravastamamfn. highly renowned, illustrious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasP. -vasati-, to abide or dwell with or at ; to stay, wait, wait for ; to abide in a state of abstinence, abstain from food, fast on ; etc. ; to encamp (with accusative) ; to dwell on, give one's self up to, apply one's self to : Causal to cause to abide or wait ; to cause to fast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasanan. a fast, fasting (See payopavasana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasanan. the state of abiding or being near (See pīvo 'pavasana-;both with irregular Sandhi) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasanīyamfn. belonging to a fast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasatham. a fast-day (especially the day preceding a soma- sacrifice), the period of preparation for the soma- sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasatham. a place of abiding, village View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasathīyamfn. belonging to the upavasatha- day or to the preparation for a soma- sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasathyamfn. idem or 'mfn. belonging to the upavasatha- day or to the preparation for a soma- sacrifice ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavastan. a fast, fasting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavastavyamfn. to be celebrated by fasting (as the end of a fortnight) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasti gaRa vetanādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavasti( reads upasti-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavastṛm. one who fasts on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavastran. upper clothing, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upavastrādim. Name of a gaRa (including besides upavastṛ-, prāśitṛ-)
uruśravasm. "of far-reaching fame", Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsavasaṃketam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uttaravastif. a small syringe, a urethra injection pipe View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uttaravastran. an upper garment. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vācaśravasm. Name of a man (perhaps wrong reading for vāja-ś-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavasadācāranirṇayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavasaṃhitāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavasiddhāntadīpikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavasiddhāntatattvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavasiddhāntavaijayantīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavasthānakan. (in dramatic language) walking about the stage with great strides View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśvāvasavasavya(v/ai-) m. (fr. idem or 'n. (fr. viśvā-vasu-) the vasu-s collectively ') a patronymic (see gaRa gargādi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājaśravasmfn. (v/āja--) famous for wealth or steeds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājaśravasm. (-śr/avas-) Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājasravas() m. Name of vena-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varāhavasāf. hog's grease View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varavastran. a beautiful garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varṇavyavasthā() f. caste-system, institution of caste. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varṇavyavasthiti() f. caste-system, institution of caste. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varṣavasanan. (more correctly varṣā-v-) the dwelling in houses (of the Buddhist monks) during the rainy season View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasuśravasmfn. (v/asu--) (perhaps) famous for wealth (or"flowing-with wealth") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasuśravasmfn. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātavastif. suppression of urine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedaśravasm. Name of a ṛṣi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidyāvyavasāyam. the pursuit of science View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vigalitavasanamfn. destitute of garments, unclothed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vilāsavasatif. a pleasure resort (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinayakṣudrakavastun. Name of a Buddhist work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinayavastun. (with Buddhists) Name of a section of the works which treat of vinaya- (q.v)
vipravasP. -vasati-, to set out on a journey, go or dwell abroad : Causal -vāsayati-, to cause to dwell away, banish, expel from (ablative) ; to take away, remove View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipravasitamfn. withdrawn, departed (n. impersonal or used impersonally) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrarāghavastavam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣavyavasthāf. the state of being poisoned View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśīrṇajīrṇavasanan. plural worn and shattered garments View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visrastavasanamfn. having loosened garments View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśravasn. great fame View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśravasmfn. famous View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśravasm. Name of a ṛṣi- (son of pulastya- and father of kubera-, rāvaṇa-, kumbha-karṇa- and vibhīṣaṇa-) = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṭaraśravasm. "broad-eared"or"far-famed", Name of viṣṇu-kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṭaraśravasm. of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvacyavasm. one of the seven principal rays of the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvavasum. "wealth of all", Name of a son of purū-ravas- (see viśv/ā-vasu-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivādānavasaram. not an occasion for dispute or contest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivādārṇavasetum. Name of a legal digest by bāṇeśvara- and others (compiled by order of Warren Hastings) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vraṇavastun. the place or seat of a wound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vraṇavastun. a part liable to ulcerate (as skin, flesh etc.) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhaśavas(vṛddh/a--) mfn. of great power or strength View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhaśravasmfn. (vṛddh/a--) possessed of great swiftness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhaśravasm. Name of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhaśravasm. of a muni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhavasiṣṭham. the older vasiṣṭha- or an older recension of vṛddha-'s law-book View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasadP. -sīdati-, to sit down, sink or fall down ; to pine or waste away, perish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasargam. setting free, liberation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasargam. distributing, bestowing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasargam. renunciation, resignation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyaSee column 3. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. strenuous effort or exertion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. settled determination, resolve, purpose, intention to (locative case, accusative with prati-,or compound; yamkṛ-to make up one's mind, resolve, determine) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. Resolution (personified) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. trade, business View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. an act, action, performance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. first impression or perception View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. state, condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. artifice, stratagem, trick View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. boasting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. Name of viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyam. of a son of dharma- by vapus- (daughter of dakṣa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyabuddhimfn. having a resolute mind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyadvitīyamfn. doubled or attended by (id est possessing) resolution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyātmakamfn. full of resolve or energy, energetic, laborious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyavartinmfn. acting resolutely, resolute View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyavasāyinmfn. one who acts resolutely or energetically, resolute, energetic, enterprising, industrious etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyavasāyinmfn. engaged in trade or business View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyavasāyinm. a tradesman, handicraftsman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasāyavatmfn. full of resoluteness or perseverance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitamfn. finished, ended, done View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitamfn. decided, determined, resolved, undertaken (also n. impersonal or used impersonally;with dative case or infinitive mood) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitamfn. one who has resolved upon or is determined or willing to (locative case, dative case,or infinitive mood) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitamfn. settled, ascertained, known (n. impersonal or used impersonally), convinced or sure of anything (with samyak-,"one who has ascertained what is right";with accusative,"one who has acknowledged anything as true") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitamfn. deceived, tricked, cheated, disappointed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitamfn. energetic, persevering, making effort or exertion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitan. resolution, determination View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitan. an artifice, contrivance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitavaseyan. (impersonal or used impersonally) it is to be settled or determined View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitavasitif. ascertainment, determination, resolution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasoP. -syati- (Epic also -syate-[with act. and pass. meaning];1. sg. proper -sāmi-; Potential -seyam-, -set-; future -siṣyati-), to settle down or dwell separately ; to differ (in opinion), contest, quarrel ; to separate, divide (opp. to sam-as-) ; to determine, resolve, decide, be willing to (accusative dative case, artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',or infinitive mood) etc. ; to settle, ascertain, be convinced or persuaded of take for (accusative) etc. ; to ponder, reflect, consider ; to make strenuous effort, labour or seek after, make an attempt upon (accusative) : Passive voice -sīyate-, to be settled or ascertained or fixed on or determined or decided (often impersonal or used impersonally) etc.: Causal -sāyayati-, to cause to resolve, encourage to undertake, embolden ; to incite or instigate to (infinitive mood)
vyavasraṃsA1. -sraṃsate-, to fall asunder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasraṃsam. See a-vy-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasṛjP. A1. -sṛjati-, te-, to throw, cast, hurl upon (genitive case) ; to put or lay down ; to dismiss, send away ; to distribute, bestow (See vy-avasarga-), to hang on, fasten to (locative case) (prob. wrong reading for vyava-sañj-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasṛpP. -sarpati-, to creep or steal in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasruP. -sravati-, to flow or trickle asunder, dissolve, fail, come to nothing : Causal -srāvayati-, to cause to flow asunder etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavastamfn. equals vy-avasita-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavastamfn. bound (?) (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāA1. -tiṣṭhate-, to go apart, separate from (ablative) ; to differ respectively ; to halt, stop, stay ; to prepare or make ready for (dative case) ; to be settled, be (logically) true or tenable ; to appear as (Nominal verb) : Causal -sthāpayati-, to put down, place ; to fix on, direct towards (locative case) ; to charge with, appoint to (artham-) ; to stop, hold up, prevent from falling ; to restore, re-establish ; to settle, arrange, establish, determine, prove to be (logically) tenable ; to give a name ; to perform View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. respective difference (āyām- locative case in each single case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. abiding in one place, steadiness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. fixity, perseverance, constancy etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. a fixed limit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. settlement, establishment, decision, statute, law, rule (ayā-, instrumental case according to a fixed rule) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. legal decision or opinion (applied to the written extracts from the codes of law or adjustment of contradictory passages in different codes) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. conviction, persuasion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. fixed relation of time or place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. rate, proportion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. state, condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. case, occasion, opportunity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāf. an engagement, agreement, contract View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthādarpaṇam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāpakamfn. (fr. Causal) settling, arranging, deciding, establishing ( vyavasthāpakatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāpakatvan. vyavasthāpaka
vyavasthāpakavasthāpanan. supporting, encouraging
vyavasthāpakavasthāpanan. fixing, establishing, deciding (also in law) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāpakavasthāpanīyamfn. to be settled or established on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāpakavasthāpitamfn. arranged, settled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāpakavasthāpitamfn. caused to be placed or arranged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāpakavasthāpyamfn. to be established or declared (in each single case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāpakavasthāpyan. the state of being established etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāpattran. a written deed, document View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāprakāśam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāratnamālāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthārṇavam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāsārasaṃcayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāsārasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāsetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthātikramam. transgression or violation of the law or settled rule, breaking an agreement or contract View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthātivartanan. id View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthātivartinmfn. transgressing the law, breaking an agreement or contract View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. placed in order, drawn up (in battle) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. placed, laid, put, stationed situated, standing or being in or on or at (locative case or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. standing on the side of taking part with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. contained in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. used in the meaning of (locative case), signifying (as a word) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. one who has waited or stayed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. based or dependent on (locative case) resolved upon (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. persevering in, sticking or adhering to (locative case or compound;with vākye-,"abiding in what is said","obeying") etc. intent upon, caring for (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. settled, established, fixed, exactly determined, quite peculiar or restricted to (locative case or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. constant, unchanging View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. existing, present View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitamfn. proving, turning out or appearing as (Nominal verb or instrumental case or ind.p. or adverb) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitatvan. continuance, permanence, duration, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitavasthitif. the being placed apart or kept asunder or distinguished, separation, distinction, difference staying, abiding, perseverance in (instrumental case or locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitavasthitif. constancy, steadfastness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitavasthitif. fixity, fixed rule or statute, decision, determination etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitavasthitif. extracting (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitavibhāṣāf. (in law, gram. etc.) an option fixed or determined in each particular case applicable or omitted throughout (the operation being in one case carried out throughout and in the other omitted throughout) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitavikalpam. (in law, gram. etc.) an option fixed or determined in each particular case applicable or omitted throughout (the operation being in one case carried out throughout and in the other omitted throughout) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthitaviṣayamfn. limited in sphere or range View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavastṛto spread out below, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavastubhP. -stobhati-, to interpose certain sounds or interjections in chanting the sāma-veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavavasthānamfn. persistent (applied to viṣṇu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavavasthānan. steadiness, perseverance, continuance in (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavavasthānan. firmness, constancy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavavasthānan. state, condition (plural"circumstances") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavavasthānan. regular arrangement or distribution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavavasthānaprajñaptif. a particular high number View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavavasthātṛmfn. one who settles or determines View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yadavasānamfn. terminating in which View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathāvibhavasambhavātind. idem or 'ind. idem or 'ind. idem or 'ind. idem or 'ind. idem or 'ind. idem or ' in the beginning of a compound () ( ) according to property or resources' ' ' ' ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathāvyavasitamind. as has been determined View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasam. n. grass, fodder, pasturage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasaetc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasādmfn. eating grass, grazing, pasturing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasāhvaSee under yavasa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasāhvam. Ptychotis Ajowan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasaktum. plural barley-groats View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasamuṣṭimf. a handful of grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasānnodakendhanan. grass, corn, water and fuel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasaprathama(y/avasa--) mfn. beginning with or depending on good pasturage, well-nurtured (according to to ,"first or best of all kinds of food") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasinSee -yavas/in-, -yavasy/u-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasodakan. dual number grass and water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasurāf. an intoxicating drink prepared from barley-meal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavasyuSee -yavas/in-, -yavasy/u-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuddhavastun. an implement of war View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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aṅgāraḥ अङ्गारः रम् [अङ्ग्-आरन् Uṇ.3.134.] 1 Charcoal (whether heated or not); घृतकुम्भसमा नारी तप्ताङ्गारसमः पुमान्; उष्णो दहति चाङ्गारः शीतः कृष्णायते करम् H.1.8; नालास्त्रार्थाग्निचूर्णे तु गन्धाङ्गारौ तु पूर्ववत् Śukra.4.135. त्वया स्वहस्तेनाङ्गाराः कर्षिताः Pt.1 you have ruined yourself with your own hands; cf. "to dig a mine under one's feet." कुरुकुलाङ्गार Ve.6 destroyer or pest of the Kuru family. -2 The planet Mars. -3 A plant हितावली, ˚कुष्टकः- हितावली. -4 N. of a prince who fought with king Māndhātr. -र a. Red, of a red colour. -रम् Red colour. -Comp. -अवक्षेपणम् [अङ्गारा अवक्षिप्यन्ते अनेन करणे ल्युट्] also -अवक्षायणम् (Śat. Br.xiv) a vessel or pincers (Mar. चिमटा) to throw or extinguish coals -कर्करिः (री) f. A thick cake baked on burning coals -कारिन् a. [अङ्गारं करोति कृ-णिनि] one who prepares coal for sale, Mb.2; मालाकार इव ग्राह्यो भागो नाङ्गारकारवत् Śukra.4.223. -कुष्ठकः [अङ्गारवर्णं कुष्ठमिव-कन्] N. of a plant हितावली. -धानी [अङ्गारा धीयन्ते अस्याम्; धा- आधारे ल्युट् ङीप्], -धानिका also -धारिका [स्वार्थे कन्] a portable fire-pan, brazier. -परिपाचितम् [तृ. त.] roasted food or meat. -पर्णम् [अङ्गारमिव पर्णं यस्य] N. of a grove or forest. (-र्णः) [अस्त्यर्थे अच्] N. of Chitraratha, king of the Gandharvas. [On one occasion, while he was sporting with his wife, he saw Kuntī with her five sons proceeding to the capital of Pāñchāla in disguise. He accosted them and asked them to tell him where they were going, or to fight. Arjuna accepted the challenge; but Aṅgāraparṇa finding Arjuna to be a very skilful warrior gave him a secret lore called Chākṣuṣī (enabling one to see the smallest things) and took from him in return a lore called Agniśirāstra and became a friend of the Pāṇḍavas.] -पात्री -शकटी a portable fire-pan. -पुष्पः [अङ्गारमिव लोहितवर्णं पुष्पं यस्य सः] the plant इङ्गुदी. -पूरिका (see अङ्गारकर्करिः) -म़ञ्जरी, -मञ्जी [अङ्गारा रक्तवर्णा मञ़्जरी यस्याः] a shrub Cesalpinia Banducella (रक्तकरंजवृक्ष). -वल्लरी, -वल्ली [अङ्गारा इव रक्तफलत्वात् रक्ता] N. of various plants, करंज, भार्गी, गुञ़्जा. also Guilandina Bonducella (Mar. सागरगोटी). -वृक्षः Balanites Aegiptiaca (Mar. हिंगणबेट). -वेणुः [कर्म.] a sort of bamboo. -सदनम् A portable fire-pan.
ajñāta अज्ञात a. Unknown, unexpected, unconscious, unaware; ˚भुक्त, संवत्सरस्यैकमपि चरेत्कृच्छ्रं द्विजोत्तमः । अज्ञातभुक्तशुद्ध्यर्थं ज्ञातस्त तु विशेषतः ॥ Ms.5.21 eaten unconsciously or unawares; ˚कुलशीलस्य whose family and character are unknown; ˚पातं सलिले ममज्ज R.16.72. -Comp. -केत a. [ब.] Ved. of secret designs. अज्ञातकेता वृजिना अभूवन् Rv. 5.3.11. -वस्तुशास्त्रम् Agnoiology. -चर्या, -वासः remaining incognito (said of the Pāṇḍavas); हंसाः संप्रति पाण्डवा इव वनादज्ञातचर्यां गताः Mk.5.6. Mb.3.185.89.
abhimanyuḥ अभिमन्युः 1 N. of a son of Arjuna by his wife Subhadrā, sister of Kṛiṣṇa and Balarāma; also known by the metronymic Saubhadra. [He was called Abhimanyu because at his very birth he appeared to be heroic, long-armed and very fiery (अभिवृद्धः मन्युर्यस्य). When the Kauravas at the advice of Droṇa formed the peculiar battle-array called 'Chakravyuha' hoping that, as Arjuna was away, none of the Paṇḍavas would be able to break through it, Abhimanyu assured his uncles that he was ready to try, if they only assisted him. He accordingly entered the Vyūha, killed many warriors on the Kaurava side, and was for a time more than a match even for such veteran and elderly heroes as Droṇa, Karṇa, Duryodhana &c. He could not, however, hold out long against fearful odds, and was at last overpowered and slain. He was very handsome. He had two wives, Vatsalā daughter of Balarāma and Uttarā daughter of the king of Virāṭa. Uttarā was pregnant when he was slain and gave birth to a son named Parīkṣita who succeeded to the throne of Hastināpura.] -2 Name of a son of Manu Chākṣuṣa. -3 Name of two kings of Kāshmir; Rāj. T. -पुरम् - Name of a town. Raj. T.
abhyavaskanda अभ्यवस्कन्द 1 P. To jump up or upon, attack. अभ्यवस्कन्दः abhyavaskandḥ न्दनम् ndanam अभ्यवस्कन्दः न्दनम् 1 Vigorously encountering an enemy, impetuous attack, marching against an enemy. -2 Striking so as to disable an enemy. -3 A blow in general. -4 Overtaking, reaching up to. -5 A fall.
amāvasuḥ अमावसुः N. of a prince (a descendent of Purūravas); Mb. Hariv. अमावस्या amāvasyā वास्या vāsyā वसी vasī वासी vāsī अमावस्या वास्या वसी वासी (also written अमा- मसी-मासी) [अमावस् -ण्यत्, अमा सह वसतः चन्द्रार्कौ अस्यां सा. अमावस्यर्दन्यतरस्याम् P.III.1.122 Sk.] 1 The day of new moon, when the sun and moon dwell together or are in conjunction; the 15th day of the dark half of every lunar month; सूर्याजन्द्रमसोः यः परः सन्निकर्षः सा$मावस्या Gobhila; अमावास्यायां दीक्षित्वा Ch. Up.5.2.4. -2 A sacrifice offered at that time. -3 The sacrificial oblation.
arjuna अर्जुन a. [अर्ज्-उनन् णिलुक् च Uṇ.3.58] (-ना, -नी f.). 1 White, clear, bright, of the colour of day; अहश्च कृष्णमहरर्जुनं च Rv.6.9.1; पिशङ्गमौञ्जीयुजमर्जुनच्छविम् Śi.1.6. -2 Silvery; यत्र वः प्रेङ्खा हरिता अर्जुना Av.4.37.5. -नः 1 The white colour. -2 A peacock. -3 A sort of cutaneous disease. -4 A tree (Mar. अर्जुनसादडा), with useful rind; Mb.3.64.3. -5 N. of the third Pāṇḍava who was a son of Kuntī by Indra and hence called ऐन्द्रि also. [Arjuna was so called because he was 'white' or 'pure in actions' (पृथिव्यां चतुरन्तायां वर्णो मे दुर्लभः समः । करोमि कर्म शुद्धं च तेन मामर्जनं विदुः). He was taught the use of arms by Droṇa and was his favourite pupil. By his skill in arms he won Draupadī at her Svayaṁvara (see Draupadī). For an involuntary transgression he went into temporary exile and during that time he learnt the science of arms from Paraśurāma. He married Ulūpī, a Nāga Princess, by whom he had a son named Irāvat, and also Chitrāṅgadā, daughter of the king of Maṇipura, who bore him a son named Babhruvāhana. During this exile he visited Dvārakā, and with the help and advice of Kṛiṣṇa succeeded in marrying Subhadrā. By her he had a son named Abhimanyu. Afterwards he obtained the bow (Gāṇḍiva from the god Agni whom he assisted in burning the Khāṇḍva forest. When Dharma, his eldest brother, lost the kingdom by gambling, and the five brothers went into exile, he went to the Himālayas to propitiate the gods and to obtain from them celestial weapons for use in the contemplated war against Kauravas. There he fought with Śiva who appeared in the disguise of a Kirāta; but when he discovered the true character of his adversary he worshipped him and Śiva gave him the Pāśupatāstra. Indra, Varuṇa, Yama and Kubera also presented him with their own weapons. In the 13th year of their exile, the Pāṇḍavas entered the service of the King of Virāṭa and he had to act the part of a eunuch, and music and dancing master. In the great war with the Kauravas Arjuna took a very distinguished part. He secured the assistance of Kṛiṣṇa who acted as his charioteer and related to him the Bhagavadgītā when on the first day of the battle he hesitated to bend his bow against his own kinsmen. In the course of the great struggle he slew or vanquished several redoubtable warriors on the side of the Kauravas, such as Jayadratha, Bhīṣma, Karṇa &c. After Yudhiṣṭhira had been installed sovereign of Hastināpura, he resolved to perform the Aśvamedha sacrifice, and a horse was let loose with Arjuna as its guardian. Arjuna followed it through many cities and Countries and fought with many kings. At the city of Maṇipura he had to fight with his own son Babhruvāhana and was killed; but he was restored to life by a charm supplied by his wife Ulūpī. He traversed the whole of Bharata-khaṇda and returned to Hastināpura, loaded with spoils and tributes, and the great horse-sacrifice was then duly performed. He was afterwards called by Kṛiṣna to Dvārakā amid the internecine struggles of the Yādavas and there he performed the funeral ceremonies of Vasudeva and Kṛiṣṇa. Soon after this the five Pāṅdavas repaired to heaven having installed Parīkṣit -the only surviving son of Abhimanyu- on the throne of Hastināpura. Arjuna was the bravest of the Pāṇdavas, high-minded, generous, upright, handsome and the most prominent figure of all his brothers. He has several appellations, such a Pārtha, Gudākeśa, Savyasāchī, Dhanañjaya, Phālguna, Kirītin, Jīṣṇu, Śvetavāhana, Gāṇḍivin &c.] cf. अर्जनः फाल्गुनो जिष्णुः किरीटी श्वेतवाहनः । बीभत्सुर्विजयः कृष्णः सव्यसाची धनञ्जयः ॥ -6 N. of Kārtavīrya, slain by Parasurāma See कार्तवीर्य. -7 N. of a country Bṛi. S.14. 25. -8 The only son of his mother. -9 N. of Indra. -1 N. of a tree, Jerminalia Arjuna (Mar. अईन). The tree is rarer in south India. The colour of its bark is white. It is a forest-tree bearing fragrant flowers appearing in panicles like those of the Mango-tree. -नी 1 A procuress, bawd. -2 A cow. तथार्जुनीनां कपिला वरिष्ठा Mb.13.73.42. -3 A kind of serpent; अर्जुनि पुनर्वोयन्तु˚ Av.2.24.7. -4 N. of Uṣhā, wife of Aniruddha. -5 N. of a river commonly called करतोया. -6 (न्यौ, -न्यः dual and pl.) N. of the constellation Phalgunī. अघासु हन्यन्ते गावो$र्जुन्योः पर्युह्यते Rv.1.85.13. -नम् 1 Silver. वीरुद्भिष्टे अर्जुनं संविदानम् Av.5.28.5. -2 Gold. -3 Slight inflammation of the white of the eye. -4 Grass. -न (Pl.) The descendants of Arjuna; cf. अर्जुनः ककुभे पार्थे कार्तवीर्यमयूरयोः । मातुरेकसुते वृक्षे धवले नयनामये । तृणभेदे गवि स्त्री स्यात् ...Nm. -Comp. -अभ्रम N. of a medicament. -ईश्वरतीर्थम् N. of a holy place. Siva P. -उपमः the teak tree; also शाकद्रुम and महापत्राख्यवृक्ष. -काण्ड a. having a white stem or appendage. बभ्रोरर्जनकाण्डस्य यवस्य ते Av.2.8.3. -च्छवि a. white, of a white colour. -ध्वजः 'white-bannered', N. of Hanūmat. -पाकी N. of a plant and its fruits. -बदरः The fibre of the Arjuna plant; अर्जुन- बदरा मेखलाः क्रियन्ताभू । ŚB. on MS.9.4.25 -मिश्रः Name of a commentator on the Mb. -सखिः (L.) Kriṣṇa. -सिंहः N. of a prince (Inscriptions).
āḍhakaḥ आढकः कम् A measure of grain, the 4th of a Droṇa = 64 Prasthas = 16 Kuḍavas = (nearly 7 lbs. 11 ozs. avoir.); अष्टमुष्टिर्भवेत् कुञ्चिः कुञ्चयो$ष्टौ तु पुष्कलम् । पुष्कलानि च चत्वारि आढकः परिकीर्तितः ॥ -की 1 A kind of pulse (Mar. तूर). -2 A kind of fragrant earth (Mar. गोपीचंदन).
āyu आयु a. [इ-ठण् Uṇ.1.2] Ved. Living, going, movable. -युः 1 A living being, man. -2 Mankind, human race. -3 Living beings taken collectively. -4 The first man. -5 Life, duration of life. -6 Wind, अहं केशरिणः क्षेत्रे वायुना जगदायुना Mb. -7 A son, descendant, offspring. -8 The son of Purūravas and Urvaśī. -Comp. -षक् a. attached to; joined with men; सोमः पवत आयुषक् Rv.9.25.5.
iḍā इडा ला [इल्-अच्, वा लस्य डत्वम्] 1 The earth; प्रवुध्यते नूनमिडातलस्थः Mb. -2 Speech. -3 An offering, libation (coming between प्रयाज and अनुयाज); अग्निश्चते योनिरिडा च देहः Mb.3.114.28. -4 Refreshing draught. -5 (Hence) Food. -6 (Fig.) Stream or flow of praise or worship personified as the goddess of sacred speech; इडोपहूताः क्रोशन्ति कुञ्जरास्त्वङ्कुशेरिताः Mb.12.98.26. -7 Libation and offering of milk. -8 A cow. इडेरन्ते &c. ŚB. on MS. 1.3.49. -9 N. of a goddess, daughter of Manu. (She is the wife of Budha and mother of Purūravas; she is also called मैत्रावरुणी as the daughter of मित्र and वरुण). -1 N. of Durgā -11 Heaven. -12 A tubular vessel (नाडीभेद), (being in the right side of the body).
indraḥ इन्द्रः [इन्द्-रन्; इन्दतीति इन्द्रः; इदि ऐश्वर्ये Malli.] 1 The lord of gods. -2 The god of rain, rain; cloud; इन्द्रो वरुणः सोमो रुद्रः । शं न इन्द्रो बृहस्पतिः Tait. Vp.1.1.1. Bṛi. Up.1.4.11. -3 A lord or ruler (as of men &c.). इन्द्रो- मायाभिः पुरुरूप ईयते Bṛi. Up.2.5.19. first or best (of any class of objects), always as the last member of comp.; नरेन्द्रः a lord of men i. e. a king; so मृगेन्द्रः a lion; गजेन्द्रः the lord or chief of elephants; so योगीन्द्रः, कपीन्द्रः. -4 A prince, king. -5 The pupil of the right eye. -6 N. of the plant कुटज. -7 Night. -8 One of the divisions of भारतवर्ष. -9 N. of the 26th Yoga. -1 The human or animal soul. -11 A vegetable poison. -12 The Yoga star in the 26th Nakṣatra. -13 Greatness. -14 The five objects of senses. -द्रा 1 The wife of Indra, Indrāṇī. -2 N. of a plant (मरुबक Mar. मरवा) [Indra, the god of the firmament, is the Jupiter Pluvius of the Indian Āryans. In the Vedas he is placed in the first rank among the gods; yet he is not regarded as an uncreated being, being distinctly spoken of in various passages of the Vedas as being born, and as having a father and a mother. He is sometimes represented as having been produced by the gods as a destroyer of enemies, as the son of Ekāṣṭakā, and in Rv.1.9.13 he is said to have sprung from the mouth of Puruṣa. He is of a ruddy or golden colour, and can assume any form at will. He rides in a bright golden chariot drawn by two tawny horses. His most famous weapon is the thunderbolt which he uses with deadly effect in his warfare with the demons of darkness, drought and inclement weather, variously called Ahi, Vṛitra, Śambar, Namuchi &c. He storms and breaks through their castles, and sends down fertilizing showers of rain to the great delight of his worshippers. He is thus the lord of the atmosphere, the dispenser of rain, and governor of the weather. He is represented as being assisted by the Maruts or storm-gods in his warfare. Besides the thunderbolt he uses arrows, a large hook, and a net. The Soma juice is his most favourite food, and under its exhilarating influence he performs great achievements (cf. Rv.1.119), and pleases his devout worshippers, who are said to invite the god to drink the juice. He is their friend and even their brother; a father, and the most fatherly of fathers; the helper of the poor, and the deliverer and comforter of his servants. He is a wall of defence; his friend is never slain or defeated. He richly rewards his adorers, particularly those who bring him libations of Soma, and he is supplicated for all sorts of temporal blessings as cows, horses, chariots, health, intelligence, prosperous days, long life, and victory in war. In the Vedas Indra's wife is Indrānī, who is invoked among the goddesses. Such is the Vedic conception of Indra. But in later mythology he falls in the second rank. He is said to be one of the sons of Kaśyapa and Dākṣāyaṇī or Aditi. He is inferior to the triad Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśa (though in some places Viṣṇu is regarded as his younger brother, cf. R.14.59,15.4), but he is the chief of all the other gods, and is commonly styled Sureśa, Devendra &c. As in the Vedas so in later mythology, he is the regent of the atmosphere, and of the east quarter, and his world is called Svarga. He sends the lightning, uses the thunderbolt and sends down rain. He is frequently at war with Asuras, whom he constantly dreads, and by whom he is sometimes defeated. The Indra of mythology is famous for his incontinence and adultery, one prominent instance of which is his seduction of Ahalyā, the wife of Gautama (see Ahalyā), and for which he is often spoken of as Ahalyā-jāra. The curse of the sage impressed upon him a 1 marks resembling the female organ, and he was therefore called Sayoni; but these marks were afterwards changed into eyes, and he is hence called Netra-yoni and Sahasrākṣa. In the Rāmāyana Indra is represented as having been defeated and carried off to Laṅkā by Ravaṇa's son called Meghanāda, who for this exploit received the title of 'Indrajit'. It was only at the intercession of Brahmā and the gods that Indra was released, and this humiliation was regarded as a punishment for his seduction of Ahalyā. He is also represented as being in constant dread of sages practising potent penances, and as sending down nymphs to beguile their minds (see Apsaras). In the Purāṇas he is said to have destroyed the offspring of Diti in her womb, and to have cut off the wings of mountains when they grew troublesome. Other stories are also told in which Indra was once worsted by Raja, grandson of Purūravas, owing to the curse of Durvāsas, and other accounts show that he and Kṛiṣna were at war with each other for the Pārijāta tree which the latter wanted to remove from Svarga, and which he succeeded in doing in spite of Indra's resistance. His wife is Indrāṇī, the daughter of the demon Puloman, and his son is named Jayanta. He is also said to be father of Arjuna. His epithets are numerous; mostly descriptive of his achievements, e. g. वृत्रहन्, बलभिद्, पाकशासन, गोत्रभिद्, पुरंदर, शतक्रतु, जिष्णु, नमुचिसूदन &c. (see Ak.I.1.44.47). The Heaven of Indra is Svarga; its capital, Amarāvatī; his garden, Nandana; his elephant, Airāvata; his horse, Uchchaiśravas; his bow, the rain-bow, and his sword, Paranja.]. -Comp. -अग्निः the fire produced from the contact of clouds; ˚धूमः frost, snow; ˚देवता the 16th lunar mansion. -अनुजः, -अवरजः an epithet of Viṣṇu and of Nārāyaṇa (उपेन्द्र); तस्थौ भ्रातृसमीपस्थः शक्रस्येन्द्रानुजो यथा Rām.6.91.4. -अरिः an Asura or demon. -अवसानः a desert. -अशनः 1 hemp (dried and chewed). -2 the shrub which bears the seed used in jeweller's weight, (गुंजावृक्ष). -आयुधम् Indra's weapon, the rainbow; इन्द्रा- युधद्योतिततोरणाङ्कम् R.7.4,12.79; K.127. (-ध) 1 N. of the horse in Kādambarī (i. e. Kapiñjala changed into a horse). -2 a horse marked with black about the eyes. -3 a diamond. (-धा) a kind of leech. -आसनम् 1 the throne of Indra. -2 a throne in general. -3 a foot of five short syllables. -इज्यः N. of बृहस्पति the preceptor of gods. -ईश्वरः one of the forms of Śiva-liṅga. -उत्सवः a festival honouring Indra. -ऋषभ a. having Indra as a bull, or impregnated by Indra, an epithet of the earth. इन्द्रऋषभा द्रविणे नो दधातु Av.12.1.6. -कर्मन् m. an epithet of Viṣṇu (performing Indra's deeds). -कान्तः A class of the four-storeyed buildings. (Mānasāra 21.6-68). -कीलः 1 N. of the mountain मन्दर. -2 a rock. (-लम्) 1 the banner of Indra. -2 A pin, nail, bolt फालका भाजनोर्ध्वे तु तदूर्ध्वे चेन्द्रकीलकम् (Mānasāra 12.126). cf. also Kau. A.2.3. -कुञ्जरः Indra's elephant, Airāvata. -कूटः N. of a mountain -कृष्ट a. 'ploughed by Indra', growing exuberantly or in a wild state. (-ष्टः) a kind of corn produced by rain-water. -केतुः Indra's banner. -कोशः, -षः, -षकः, -ष्ठः 1 a couch, sofa, which is generally made up of covering pieces of perforated wooden planks; cf. अट्टालक- प्रतोलीमध्ये त्रिधानुष्काधिष्ठानं-इन्द्रकोशं कारयेत् Kau. A.2.3. -2 a platform. -3 a projection of the roof of a house. -4 A pin or bracket projecting from the wall (नागदन्त). A projection of the roof of a house forming a kind of balcony; Kau. A.24. -गिरिः the महेन्द्र mountain. -गुरुः, -आचार्यः the teacher of Indra; i. e. बृहस्पति. -गोपः, -गोपकः [इन्द्रो गोपो रक्षको$स्य, वर्षाभवत्वात्तस्य] a kind of insect of red or white colour; Śukra.4.157; K.1. -चन्दनम् the white sandal wood. -चापम्, -धनुस् n. 1 a rainbow; विद्युत्वन्तं ललितवनिताः सेन्द्रचापं सचित्राः Me.64; Śi.7.4. -2 the bow of Indra -चिर्भटा A mild variety of Colocynth. The leaf is tripartite, rough and wrinkled. (Mar. कंवडळ, applied often as इन्द्रावण in the sense of vile, malignant, dark and hateful.) -च्छदः A necklace of pearls having 18 strings. -च्छन्दस् n. [इन्द्र इव सहस्रनेत्रेण सहस्रगुच्छेन च्छाद्यते] a necklace consisting of 1 strings. -जः N. of Vālī. -जतु n. Bitumen (Mar. शिलाजित). -जननम् Indra's birth. -जननीय a. treating of Indra's birth (as a work). -जा a. Ved. born or arising from Indra. Av.4.3.7. -जालम् [इन्द्रस्य परमेश्वरस्य जालं मायेव] 1 the net of Indra. तेनाह- मिन्द्रजालेनामूंस्तमसाभि दधामि सर्वान् Av.8.8.8. -2 a weapon used by Arjuna; a stratagem or trick in war. -3 deception, cheating. -4 conjuring, jugglery, magical tricks; इन्द्रजालं च मायां वै कुहका वा$पि भीषणा Mb.5.16.55. स्वप्नेन्द्रजालसदृशः खलु जीवलोकः Śānti.2.2; K.15. -जालिक a. [इन्द्रजाल-ठन्] deceptive, unreal, delusive. (-कः) a juggler, conjurer. -जित् m. 'conqueror of Indra', N. of a son of Rāvaṇa who was killed by Lakṣmaṇa. [Indrajit is another name of Meghanāda a son of Rāvaṇa. When Rāvaṇa warred against Indra in his own heaven, his son Meghanāda was with him, and fought most valiantly. During the combat, Meghanāda, by virtue of the magical power of becoming invisible which he had obtained from Śiva, bound Indra, and bore him off in triumph to Laṅkā. Brahmā and the other gods hurried thither to obtain his release, and gave to Meghanāda the title of Indrajit, 'conqueror of Indra'; but the victor refused to release his prisoners unless he were promised immortality. Brahmā refused to grant this extravagant demand, but he strenuously persisted, and achieved his object. In the Rāmāyaṇa he is represented to have been decapitated by Lakṣmaṇa while he was engaged in a sacrifice]. ˚हन्तृ or विजयिन् m. N. of Lakṣmaṇa. -ज्येष्ठ a. Ved. led by Indra. -तापनः the thundering of clouds. -तूलम्, -तूलकम् a flock of cotton. -दमनः the son of Bāṇāsura. -दारुः the tree Pinus Devadāru. -द्युति Sandal -द्रुः, -द्रुमः 1 the plant Terminalia Arjuna (अर्जुन). -2 The plant कुटज. -द्वीपः, -पम् one of the 9 Dvīpas or Divisions of the continent (of India). -धनुः N. of Indra's bow, the rainbow; स एकव्रा- त्यो$भवत्स धनुरादत्त तदेवेन्द्रधनुः Av.15.1.6. -ध्वजः 1 a flag raised on the 12th day of the bright half of Bhādra. -2 Indra's weapon; विस्रस्ताकल्पकेशस्रगिन्द्रध्वज इवापतत् Bhāg.1.44.22. -नक्षत्रम् Indra's lunar mansion फल्गुनी. -नेत्रम् 1 the eye of Indra. -2 the number one thousand. -नीलः [इन्द्र इव नीलः श्यामः] a sapphire; परीक्षाप्रत्ययैर्यैश्च पद्मरागः परीक्ष्यते । त एव प्रत्यया दृष्टा इन्द्रनीलमणेरपि ॥ Garuḍa. P.; R.13.54;16.69; Me.48,79. -नीलकः an emerald. -पत्नी 1 Indra's wife, शची. -पर्णी, -पुष्पा N. of a medicinal plant (Mar. कळलावी). -पर्वतः 1 the महेन्द्र mountain. -2 a blue mountain. -पुत्रा N. of अदिति. -पुरोगम, -पुरःसर, -श्रेष्ठ a. led or preceded by Indra, having Indra at the head. -पुरोहितः N. of बृहस्पति. (-ता) the asterism Puṣya. -प्रमतिः N. of the pupil of Paila and the author of some ṛiks of the Rv. -प्रस्थम् N. of a city on the Yamunā, the residence of the Paṇḍavas (identified with the modern Delhi); इन्द्रप्रस्थगमस्तावत्कारि मा सन्तु चेदयः Śi.2.63. -प्रहरणम् Indra's weapon, the thunderbolt. -भगिनी N. of Pārvatī. -भेषजम् dried ginger. -मखः a sacrifice in honour of Indra. -महः 1 a festival in honour of Indra. -2 the rainy season; ˚कामुकः a dog. -मादन a. animating or delighting Indra; ये वायव इन्द्रमादनासः Rv.7.92.4. -मेदिन् a. Ved. whose friend or ally is Indra; इन्द्रमेदी सत्वनो नि ह्वयस्व Av.5.2-.8. -यज्ञः (See इन्द्रमह and इन्द्रमख) श्वो$स्माकं घोषस्योचित इन्द्रयज्ञो नामोत्सवः भविष्यति Bālacharita I. -यवः, -वम् seed of the Kutaja tree. -लुप्तः, -प्तम्, -लुप्तकम् 1 excessive baldness of the head. -2 loss of beard. -लोकः Indra's world, Svarga or Paradise. -लोकेशः 1 lord of Indra's world, i. e. Indra. -2 a guest (who, if hospitably received, confers paradise on his host). -वंशा, -वज्रा N. of two metres, see Appendix. -वल्लरी, -वल्ली N. of a plant (पारिजात) or of इन्द्रवारुणी. -वस्तिः [इन्द्रस्य आत्मनः वस्तिरिव] the calf (of the leg). -वाततम a. Ved. desired by Indra. अस्मे ऊतीरिन्द्रवाततमाः Rv.1.6.6. -वानकम् A variety of diamonds. Kau. A.2.11. -वायू (du.) Indra and Vāyu. इन्द्रवायू उभाविह सुहवेह हवामहे Av.3.2.6. -वारुणी, -वारुणिका Colocynth, a wild bitter gourd cucumis colocynthis. (Mar. मोठी कंवडळ) किमिन्द्रवारुणी राम सितया कटुकीयते Laghu Yoga-vāsiṣṭha-sāra X. सौवर्चलं हरिद्रा च पिप्पली चेन्द्रवारुणिः । मूत्र- कृच्छ्रे प्रशंसन्ति पिण्डो$यं वाजिनां हितः ॥ शालिहोत्र of भोज 33. -वाह् a. carrying Indra. -वृक्षः the Devadāru tree. -वृद्धा a kind of abscess. -वैडूर्यम् a kind of precious stone. -व्रतम् Indra's rule of conduct; one of the duties of a king (who is said to follow इन्द्रव्रत when he distributes benefits as Indra pours down rain); वार्षिकांश्चतुरो मासान् यथेन्द्रो$प्यभिवर्षति । तथाभिवर्षेत्स्वं राष्ट्रं कामैरिन्द्रव्रतं चरन् ॥ Ms.9.34. -शक्तिः f. Indrāṇī, the wife of Indra, or his energy personified. -शत्रुः 1 an enemy or destroyer of Indra (when the accent is on the last syllable), an epithet of प्रह्लाद; इन्द्रशत्रो विवर्धस्व मा चिरं जहि विद्विषम् Bhāg.6.9.12. बलिप्रदिष्टां श्रियमाददानं त्रैविक्रमं पादमिवेन्द्रशत्रुः R.7.35. -2 [इन्द्रः शत्रुः यस्य] one whose enemy is Indra, an epithet of वृत्र (when the accent is on the first syllable). (This refers to a legend in the Śat. Br., where it is said that Vṛitra's father intended his son to become the destroyer of Indra, and asked him to say इन्द्रशत्रुर्वधस्व &c. but who, through mistake, accented the word on the first syllable, and was killed by Indra; cf. Śik.52; मन्त्रो हीनः स्वरतो वर्णतो वा मिथ्याप्रयुक्तो न तमर्थमाह । स वाग्वज्रो यजमानं हिनस्ति यथेन्द्रशत्रुः स्वरतो$पराधात् ॥ -शलभः a kind of insect (इन्द्रगोप). -संजयम् N. of a sāman. Arṣeya Br. -संधा connection or alliance with Indra. तयाहमिन्द्रसंधया सर्वान् देवानिह हुव Av.11.1.9. -सारथिः 1 N. of Mātali. -2 an epithet of Vāyu, driving in the same carriage with Indra; Rv.4.46.2. -सावर्णिः N. of the fourteenth Manu. -सुतः, -सूनुः 1 N. of (a) Jayanta; (b) Arjuna; (c) Vāli, the king of monkeys. -2 N. of the अर्जुन tree. -सुरसः, -सुरा a shrub the leaves of which are used in discutient applications (निर्गुंडी). -सेनः N. of several men; of Bali; of a mountain; Bhāg.8.2.23. -सेना 1 Indra's missile or host. -2 Indra's army; Rv.1.12.2. -सेनानीः the leader of Indra's armies, epithet of Kārtikeya. -स्तुत् m. -स्तोमः 1 praise of Indra; N. of a particular hymn addressed to Indra in certain ceremonies. -2 a sacrifice in honour of Indra. -हवः invocation of Indra; भद्रान् कृण्वन्निन्द्रहवान्त्सखिभ्य Rv.9.96.1. -हस्तः a kind of medicament.
ilavilā इलविला N. of the wife of Viśravas and mother of Kubera; (hence the name ऐलविल for Kubera). See under इडबिडा.
uddhavaḥ उद्धवः 1 A sacrificial fire. -2 A festival, holiday. -3 N. of a Yādava, uncle and friend of Kṛiṣṇa. [When Kṛiṣṇa was taken by Akrūra to Maṭhurā, Uddhava was implored by the citizens of Gokula to go and fetch him. He was very much attached to Kṛiṣṇa. On seeing the destruction of the Yādavas to be inevitable, he went to Kṛiṣṇa and asked him what to do; whereupon he was told to go to Badarikāśrama to practise penance and to secure heaven. He is the subject of two short poems, उद्धवदूत and उद्धवसंदेश.
upavasathaḥ उपवसथः [उप-वस्-आधारे अथ] 1 A village. -2 The day preceding a Soma sacrifice; or a day of preparation for this sacrifice; a fast-day. उपवसथीय upavasathīya उपवसथ्य upavasathya उपवसथीय उपवसथ्य a. Selected for an उपवसथ (as a day).
urvaśī उर्वशी [उरून् महतो$पि अश्नुते वशीकरोति, उरु-अश्-क गौरा˚ ङीष् Tv.] 1 N. of a famous Apsaras or nymph of Indra's heaven who became the wife of Purūravas. [Urvaśī is frequently mentioned in the Ṛigveda; at her sight the seed of Mitra and Varuṇa fell down, from which arose Agastya and Va&siṣṭa; (see Agastya). Being cursed by Mitra and Varuṇa she came down to the world of mortals, and became the wife of Purūravas, whom she chanced to see while descending, and who made a very favourable impression upon her mind. She lived with him for some time, and went up to heaven at the expiration of her curse. Purūravas was sorely grieved at her loss, but succeeded in securing her company once more. She bore him a son named Āyus, and then left him forever. The account given in the Vikramorvaśīyam differs in many respects, where Indra is represented to have favoured Purūra-vas with her lifelong company though he had himself cursed her. Mythologically she is said to have sprung from the thigh of the sage Nārāyaṇa, q. v.] उर्वशी वै रुपिण्यप्सरसाम् Mbh.5.2.95; मर्त्तासश्चिदुर्वशीरकृप्रन् Av. 18.3.23; स्त्रीरत्नेषु ममोर्वशी प्रियतमा यूथे तवेयं वशा V.4.47. -2 Wish, ardent desire. -Comp. -तीर्थम् N. of a sacred place referred to in Bhārata. -नाममाला N. of a lexicon. -रमणः, -सहायः, -वल्लभः N. of Purūravas.
aikapadika ऐकपदिक a. (-की f.) 1 Belonging to a simple word. -2 Consisting of single words. -कम् The name given to the Naigama section of Yāska's commentary on the Nighaṇṭavas.
aiḍa ऐड a. Ved. [इडा-अण्] 1 Containing anything refreshing; Vaj.15.7. -2 Containing the word (इडा) (such as a chapter). -3 Belonging to a sheep. -डः N. of Purūravas (इडाया अपत्यम्); cf. Rv.1.95.18 (ऐळ).
ailaḥ ऐलः [इलाया अपत्यं अण्] 1 N. of Purūravas (son of Ilā and Budha). -2 The planet Mars. -लम् 1 Food, a quantity of food. -2 A particular number.
aurva और्व a. (-र्वी f.) [ऊरु-अण्] 1 Relating to Aurva. -2 Produced from the thigh. -3 Relating to the earth. -र्वः 1 N. of a celebrated Ṛiṣi. [He was a descendant of Bhṛigu, (the son of Chyavana by his wife Āruṣī, and grandson of Bhṛigu). The Mahābhārata relates that the sons of Kārtavīrya, with the desire of destroying the descendants of Bhṛigu, killed even the children in the womb. One of the women of the family, in order to preserve her embryo, secreted it in her thigh (ūru), whence the child at its birth was called Aurva. Beholding him, the sons of Kārtavirya were struck with blindness, and his wrath gave rise to a flame which threatened to consume the whole world, had he not, at the desire of his Pitṛis, the Bhārgavas, cast it into the ocean, where it remained concealed with the face of a horse; cf. Vaḍavāgni. Aurva was afterwards preceptor to king Sagara of Ayodhyā]. ऊरोर्यथौर्वस्य पृथोश्च हस्तान् मान्धातुरिन्द्रप्रतिमस्य मूर्ध्नः Bu. ch. 1.29. -2 Submarine fire; त्वयि ज्वलत्यौर्व इवाम्बुराशौ Ś.3.3; Ve.3.7. so ˚अनलः -र्वम् Fossil salt.
auśīnaraḥ औशीनरः [उशीनरस्यापत्यं अङ्] The son of Uśīnara. -री N. of the wife of king Pururavas.
karṇa कर्ण a. Ved. 1 Having long ears. -2 Furnished with chaff (as grain). -र्णः 1 The ear; अहो खलभुजङ्गस्य विपरीतवधक्रमः । कर्णे लगति चान्यस्य प्राणैरन्यो वियुज्यते ॥ Pt.1. 35, 34 also; -कर्णे दा to listen; कर्णमागम् to come to the ear, become known; तद्गुणैः कर्णमागत्य R.1.9; कर्णे कृ to put round the ear; Ch. P.1; कर्णे कथयति whispers in the ear; cf. षट्कर्ण, चतुष्कर्ण &c. also. -2 The handle or ear of a vessel; उभा कर्णा हिरण्यया Rv.8.72.12. -3 The helm or rudder of a ship; सेना भ्रमति संख्येषु हत- कर्णेव नौर्जले Rām.6.48.26. -4 The hypotenuse of a triangle. -5 The diameter of a circle; Sūrya. -6 An intermediate region or quarter (उपदिग्भाग); Mb.6. 6.1. -7 (In prosody) A spondee. -8 N. of a tree (Mar. बाहवा, रुइमांदार) Rām.5.56.34. -2 N. of a celebrated warrior on the side of the Kauravas mentioned in the Mahābhārata. भवान् भीष्मश्च कर्णश्च Bg.1.8;11.34. [He was the son of Kuntī begotten on her by the god Sun while she was yet a virgin residing at her father's house (see Kuntī). When the child was born, Kuntī, afraid of the censure of her relatives and also of public scandal, threw the boy into the river where he was found by Adhiratha, charioteer of Dhṛitrāṣṭra, and given over to his wife Rādhā, who brought him up like her own child; whence Karṇa is often called Sūtaputra, Rādheya &c. Karṇa, when grown up, was made king of Aṇga by Duryodhana, and became by virtue of his many generous acts a type of charity. On one occasion Indra (whose care it was to favour his son Arjuna) disguised himself as a Brāhmaṇa and cajoled him out of his divine armour and ear-rings, and gave him in return a charmed javelin. With a desire to make himself proficient in the science of war, he, calling himself a Brāhmaṇa went to Parasurāma and learnt that art from him. But his secret did not long remain concealed. On one occasion when Parasurāma had fallen asleep with his head resting on Karṇa's lap, a worm (supposed by some to be the form assumed by Indra himself to defeat Karṇa's object) began to eat into his lap and made a deep rent in it; but as Karṇa showed not the least sign of pain, his real character was discovered by his preceptor who cursed him that the art he had learnt would avail him not in times of need. On another occasion he was curse by a Brāhmaṇa (whose cow he had unwittingly slain in chase) that the earth would eat up the wheel of his chariot in the hour of trial. Even with such disadvantages as these, he acquitted himself most valiantly in the great war between the Paṇḍavas and Kauravas, while acting as generalissimo of the Kaurava forces after Bhīṣma and Droṇa had fallen. He maintained the field against the Paṇḍavas for three days, but on the last day he was slain by Arjuna while the wheel of his chariot had sunk down into the earth. Karṇa was the most intimate friend of Duryodhana, and with Śakuni joined him in all the various schemes and plots that were devised from time to time for the destruction of the Paṇ&dvas.] -Comp. -अञ्चलः (लम्) Ear-lobe; (Mātaṅga L.5.12.) -अञ्जलिः 1 The auditory passage of the outer ear. -2 The ears pricked up; आपीय कर्णाञ्जलिभिर्भवापहाम् Bhāg.3.13.5. -अनुजः Yudhiṣṭhira. -अन्तिक a. close to the ear; स्वनसि मृदु कर्णान्तिकचरः Ś.1.23. -अन्दुः, -न्दू f. an ornament for the ear, ear-ring. -अर्पणम् giving ear, listening. -आरा (= -वेधनी). -आस्फालः the flapping of the elephant's ears. -इन्दुः f. a semicircular ear-ring. -उत्तंसः an ear-ornament or merely an ornament (according to some authorities). (Mammaṭa says that here कर्ण means कर्णंस्थितत्व; cf. also his remark ad hoc:- कर्णावतंसादिपदे कर्णादिध्वनिनिर्मितः । सन्निधानार्थबोधार्थं स्थितेष्वेत- त्समर्थनम् ॥ K. P.7). -उपकर्णिका rumour; (lit. 'from ear to ear'). प्रागेव कर्णोपकर्णिकया श्रुतापवादक्षुभितहृदयः Pt. -ऊर्णः a kind of deer; कर्णोर्णैकपदं चास्मै निर्जुष्टं वृकनाभिभिः Bhāg. -कषायः Dirt in the ears; आपीयतां कर्णकषायशोषाननुक्रमिष्ये न इमान्सुपेशान् Bhāg.2.6.46. -कीटा, -टी 1 a worm with many feet and of a reddish colour, -2 a small centipede. -कुमारी N. of Bhavānī. -कूटः The tower at the corner of the roof; Māna.19.54-55. -क्ष्वेडः (in Medic.) a constant noise in the ear. -गूथम् earwax. (-थः) -गूथकः hardening of the wax of the ear. -गोचर a. audible. -ग्राहः a helmsman. -चूलिका f. An ear-ring; उत्कृत्तकर्णचूलिकेन मुखेन ...... Svapna.2. -जप a. (also कर्णेजप) a secret traducer, talebearer, informer. कर्णेजपः सूचकः Mbh. on P.III.2.13. -जपः, -जापः slandering, tale-bearing, calumniating. -जलूका a small centipede. (also -जलौकस्, -जलौका) -जाहम् the root of the ear; cf. तस्य पाकमूले पील्वादिकर्णादिभ्यः कुणब्जाह चौ Pān. V.2.24. अपि कर्णजाहविनिवेशिताननः Māl.5.8. -जित् m. 'conqueror of Karṇa', epithet of Arjuna, the third Pāṇḍava prince. -ज्वरः pain to the ear; U.5.6. -तालः the flapping of the elephant's ears, the noise made by it; विस्तारितः कुञ्जरकर्ण- तालैः R.7.39,9.71; Śi.17.37. -दर्पणः an ear-ring. -दुन्दुभिः = कर्णकीटा. -धारः a helmsman, a pilot; अकर्णधारा जलधौ विप्लवेतेह नौरिव H.3.2; अविनयनदीकर्णधार- कर्ण Ve.4. -धारिणी a female elephant. -पत्रकः The lobe of the ear; Y.3.96. -पथः the range of hearing. -परम्परा from ear to ear, hearsay; इति कर्णपरंपरया श्रुतम् Ratn.1. -पर्वन् n. the eighth (i. e. Karṇa) section of the Mahābhārata. -पाकः inflammation of the outer ear. -पालिः, -ली f. 1 the lobe of the ear. -2 the outer edge of the ear. (-ली) an ornament of the ear. -पाशः a beautiful ear; U.6.27. -पिशाची f. a type of goddess. -पुटम् the auditory passage of the ear. -पूरः 1 an ornament (of flowers &c.) worn round the ear, an ear-ring; इदं च करतलं किमिति कर्णपूरतामारोपितम् K.6. प्रचुरसमरशोभासुभ्रुवः कर्णपूरः Śiva. B.3.46. -2 the Aśoka tree. -3 the Śirīṣa tree. -4 the blue lotus. -पूरकः 1 an ear-ring. -2 the Kadamba tree. -3 the Aṣoka tree. -4 the blue lotus. -प्रणादः, -प्रतिनाहः a disease of the ear. -प्रान्तः the lobe of the ear. -फलः a kind of fish. -भूषणम्, -भूषा an ear-ornament. -मुकुरः an ear-ornament. -मूलम् the root of the ear; तं कर्णमूलमागत्य रामे श्रीर्न्यस्यतामिति R.12.2. -मोटी a form of Durgā. -योनि a. having the ear as a source. तस्य साध्वीरिषवो याभिरस्यति नृचक्षसो दृशये कर्णयोनयः Rv.2.24.8. -लता, -लतिका the lobe of the ear; मन्ये$मुना कर्णलतामयेन N.7.64. -वंशः a raised platform or dais of bamboo. -वर्जित a. earless. (-तः) a snake. -विवरम्, -छिद्रम्, -पुरम्, -रन्ध्रम् the auditory passage of the ear. -विष् f. ear-wax; Ms.5.135. -विषम् 'poisoning the ear', slandering, backbiting. -वेधः piercing the ears to put ear-rings on; a religious ceremony (संस्कार). -वेधनी, -वेधनिका an instrument for piercing the ear. -वेष्टः, -वेष्टनम् an ear-ring; सुकृतौ कर्णवेष्टौ च Rām.5.15.42. -शष्कुली the outer part of the ear (leading to the auditory passage); AV.9.8.1. अवलम्बितकर्णशष्कुलीकलसीकं रचयन्नवोचत N.2.8. -शूलः, -लम् ear-ache. -श्रव a. audible, loud; कर्णश्रवे$- निले Ms.4.12. -श्रावः, -संश्रवः 'running of the ear', discharge of pus or ichorous matter from the ear. -सूः f. Kuntī, mother of Karṇa. -स्रोतस् n. excretion of the ear (कर्णमल) कर्णस्रोतोभवं चापि मधुं नाम महासुरम् Mb.6. 67.14. -हर्म्यम् a tower, a side-tower. -हीन a. earless. (-नः) a snake.
kāla काल a. (-ली f.) 1 Black, of a dark or dark-blue colour; Rām.5.17.9. Mb.8.49.48. -2 Injuring, hurting. -लः 1 The black or dark-blue colour. -2 Time (in general); विलम्बितफलैः कालं निनाय स मनोरथैः R.1.33; तस्मिन्काले at that time; काव्यशास्त्रविनोदेन कालो गच्छति धीमताम् H.1.1 the wise pass their time &c. -3 Fit or opportune time (to do a thing), proper time or occasion; (with gen., loc., dat., or inf.); R.3.12,4.6,12.69; पर्जन्यः कालवर्षी Mk.1.6; काले वर्षतु पर्जन्यः &c. -4 A period or portion of time (as the hours or watches of a day); षष्ठे काले दिवसस्य V.2.1. Ms.5.153. -5 The weather. -6 Time considered as one of the nine dravyas by the Vaiśeṣikas. -7 The Supreme Spirit regarded as the destroyer of the Universe, being a personification of the destructive principle; कालः काल्या भुवनफलके क्रीडति प्राणिशारैः Bh.3.39. -8 (a) Yama, the god of death; कः कालस्य न गोचरान्तरगतः Pt.1.146. (b) Death, time of death; स हि कालो$स्य दुर्मतेः Rām.7.64.1. -9 Fate, destiny. -1 The black part of the eye. -11 The (Indian) cuckoo. -12 The planet Saturn. -13 N. of Śiva; N. of Rudra; उग्ररेता भवः कालो वामदेवो धृतव्रतः Bhāg.3.12.12. -14 A measure of time (in music or prosody). -15 A person who distils and sells spirituous liquor. -16 A section, or part. -17 A red kind of plumbago. -18 Resin, pitch. -19 N. of an enemy of Śiva. -2 (with the Jainas) One of the nine treasures. -21 A mystical name for the letter म्. -22 N. of the one of four contentments mentioned in साङ्ख्यकारिका; प्रकृत्युपादानकालभागाख्याः Śāṅ. K.5. -ला 1 N. of several plants. -2 N. of a daughter of Dakṣa. -3 An epithet of Durgā. -ली 1 Blackness. -2 Ink, black ink. -3 An epithet of Pārvatī, Śiva's wife. -4 A row of black clouds. -5 A woman with a dark complexion. -6 N. of Satyavatī, mother of Vyāsa. जनयामास यं काली शक्तेः पुत्रात्पराशरात् Mb.1.6.2; Bu. ch.4.76. -7 Night. -8 Censure, blame. -9 One of the seven tongues of Fire : काली कराली च मनोजवा च सुलोहिता या च सुधूम्रवर्णा । स्फुलिङ्गिनी विश्वरुची च देवी लेलायमाना इति सप्तजिह्वाः ॥ Muṇḍ.1.2.4. -1 A form of Durgā कालि कालि महा- कालि सीधुमांसपशुंप्रिये Mb.4.6.17. कालीतनयः a buffalo. -11 One of the Mātṛis or divine mothers. -12 N. of a wife of Bhīma. -13 A sister of Yama. -14 A kind of learning (महाविद्या) -15 A small shrub used as a purgative. -16 A kind of insect. -लम् 1 Iron. क्षुरो भूत्वा हरेत्प्राणान्निशितः कालसाधनः Mb.1.14.89. -2 A kind of perfume. -Comp. -अयसम् iron. -अक्षरिकः a scholar, one who can read and decipher. -अगरु n. a kind of sandal tree, black kind of aloe; कालागुरुर्दहनमध्यगतः सम- न्ताल्लोकोत्तरं परिमलं प्रकटीकरोति Bv.1.7, R.4.81. (-n.) the wood of that tree. शिरांसि कालागुरुधूपितानि Ṛs.4.5;5.5. -अग्निः, -अनलः 1 the destructive fire at the end of the world. -2 an epithet of Rudra. -3. a kind of bead (रुद्राक्ष). -अङ्ग a. having a dark-blue body (as a sword with a dark-blue edge) Mb.4.8.1.; -अजिनम् the hide of a black antelope. -अञ्जनम् a sort of collyrium; न चक्षुषोः कान्तिविशेषबुद्ध्या कालाञ्जनं मङ्गलमित्युपात्तम् Ku.7.2,82. (-नी) a small shrub used as a purgative (Mar. काळी कापशी). -अण्डजः the (Indian) cuckoo. -अतिक्रमः, -क्रमणम् delay, being late; कालातिक्रमणं वृत्तेर्यो न कुर्वति भूपतिः Pt.1.154. -अतिपातः, -अतिरेकः loss of time, delay; Māl.2. -अतीत a. elapsed, passed by. -अत्ययः 1 delay, lapse of time. -2 loss by lapse of time. -अध्यक्षः 1 'presiding over time', epithet of the sun. -2 the Supreme Soul. -अनुनादिन् m. 1 a bee. -2 a sparrow. -3 the Chātaka bird. -अनुसारकः 1 Tagara tree. -2 yellow sandal. -अनुसारिः, -अनु- सारिन्, -अनुसारिवा, -अनुसार्यः, -र्यकः benzoin or benjamin. (-र्यम्) 1 a yellow fragrant wood (पीतचन्दन). -2 Sissoo wood. -अन्तकः time, regarded as the god of death, and the destroyer of every thing. -अन्तरम् 1 an interval. -2 a period of time. -3 another time or opportunity. ˚आवृत a. hidden or concealed in the womb of time. ˚क्षम a. able to bear delay; अकालक्षमा देव्याः शरीरावस्था K.263; Ś.4. ˚प्रेक्षिन् Pt.3.172. ˚विषः an animal venomous only when enraged, as a rat. -अभ्रः a dark, watery cloud. -अयनम् See कालचक्र Bhāg.5.22.11. -अवधिः appointed time. -अवबोधः knowledge of time and circumstances; Māl.3.11. -अशुद्धिः f. -अशौचम् period of mourning, ceremonial impurity caused by the birth of a child or death of a relation in the family; see अशौच. -अष्टकम् 1 first to eighth days of the dark half of the month आषाढ (festival period of कालभैरव) -2 a stotra of कालभैरव by Śhaṅkarāchārya. -आकृष्ट a. 1 led to death. -2 produced or brought by time. -आत्मक a. depending on time or destiny. -आत्मन् m. the Supreme Spirit. -आदिकः The month चैत्र. -आम्रः 1 a mango-kind; कालाम्ररसपीतास्ते नित्यं संस्थित- यौवनाः Mb.6.7.18. -2 N. of a Dvīpa; Hariv. -आयसम् iron. -a. made of iron; ततः कालायसं शूलं कण्टकैर्बहुभिश्च तम् Rām.7.8.15. -उप्त a. sown in due season. -कञ्जम् a blue lotus. -कटम्, -कटः an epithet of Śiva; Mb.13. -कण्ठः 1 a peacock. -2 a sparrow. -3 a wagtail. -4 a gallinule. -5 an epithet of Śiva; कालिन्दीकालकण्ठः कलयतु कुशलं को$पि कापालिको नः Udb.; U.6. -कण्ठी Pārvatī, the wife of कालकण्ठ i. e. शिव. नृत्यन्तीमिव रजनी नटीं प्रतीमो गानश्री- र्विलसति नाथ कालकण्ठी Rām Ch.7.23. -कण्टक, -कण्ठकः a gallinule. -कण़्डकः a water-snake. -करणम् appointing or fixing time. -कर्णिका, -कर्णी misfortune. -कर्मन् n. 1 death. -2 destruction; त्रैलोक्यं तु करिष्यामि संयुक्तं काल- कर्मणा Rām.3.64.62. -कलायः dark pulse. -कल्प a fatal, deadly. -कल्लकः A water-snake. -कालः Supreme Being. -कीलः noise. -कुण्ठः Yama. -कुष्ठः a myrrh. -कूटः, -टम् (a) a deadly poison; अहो बकी यं स्तनकाल- कूटं अपाययत् Bhāg.3.2.23; Ś.6. (b) the poison churned out of the ocean and drunk by Śiva; अद्यापि नोज्झति हरः किल कालकूटम् Ch. P.5. कालकूटस्य जननीं तां स्तुवे वामलोचनाम् Vb. -कूटकः a poison; Mb.1. -कृत् m. 1 the sun. -2 a peacock. -3 Supreme Spirit. -कृत 1 produced by time. -2 fixed, appointed. -3 lent or deposited, -4 done for a long time. (-तः) the sun. -क्रमः lapse of time, course of time; कालक्रमेण in course or process of time; Ku.1.19. -क्रिया 1 fixing a time. -2 death. -क्षेपः 1 delay, loss of time; कालक्षेप ककुभसुरभौ पर्वते पर्वते ते (उत्पश्यामि) Me.22; मरणे कालक्षेपं मा कुरु Pt.1. -2 passing the time. -खञ्जम्, -खञ्जनम् -खण्डम् the liver; स्वादुकारं कालखण्डोपदंशम् Śi.18.77. -गङ्गा the river Yamunā. -ग्रन्थिः a year. -घातिन् a. killing by degrees or slowly (as a poison). -चक्रम् 1 the wheel of time (time being represented as a wheel always moving). -2 a cycle. -3 (hence fig.) the wheel of fortune, the vicissitudes of life. (-क्रः) an epithet of the sun. -चिह्नम् a symptom of approaching death. -चोदित a. summoned by the angel of death. -जोषकः One who is satisfied with sparse food at the proper time. -ज्येष्ठः a. senior in years, grown up; U.5.12. -ज्ञ a. knowing the proper time or occasion (of any action); अत्यारूढो हि नारीणामकालज्ञो मनोभवः R.12.33; Śi.2.83. (-ज्ञः) 1 an astrologer. -2 a cock. -ज्ञानिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -तिन्दुकः a kind of ebony. -त्रयम् the three times; the past, the present, and the future; ˚दर्शी K.46. -दण्डः death; श्रेयस्त्रैविक्रमस्ते वितरतु विबुधद्वेषिणां कालदण्डः Dk. -दमनी an epithet of Durgā. -दष्ट a. doomed to death; कालदष्टं नृपं ज्ञात्वा Bm.1.18. -धर्मः, -धर्मन् m. 1 the line of conduct suitable to any particular time. -2 the law or rule of time. -3 effects proper to the time. -4 fated time, death; कालधर्मं गते सगरे Rām.1.42.1. न पुनर्जीवितः कश्चित्कालधर्ममुपागतः Mb.; परीताः काल- धर्मणा &c. -धारणा prolongation of time. -नरः (in astrology) the figure of a man's body. -नाथः; -निधिः Śiva. -नियोगः decree of fate or destiny; लङ्घ्यते न खलु काल- नियोगः Ki.9.13. -निरूपणम् determination of time, chronology. -निर्यासः Bdellium (Mar. गुग्गुळ). -नेमिः 1 the rim of the wheel of time. -2 N. of a demon, uncle of Rāvaṇa, deputed by him to kill Hanūmat. -3 N. of a demon with 1 hands killed by Viṣṇu. ˚अरिः, रिपुः, हरः, हन् m. epithets of Kṛiṣṇa. -पक्व a. ripened by time; i. e. spontaneously; Ms.6.17,21; Y.3.49. -परिवासः standing for a time so as to become stale. -पर्णः the flower plant (Mar. नगर). -पर्ययः a delay (कालातिक्रम); वक्तुमर्हसि सुग्रीवं व्यतीतं कालपर्यये Rām.4.31.8. -पर्यायः the revolution or course of time; मन्ये लोकविनाशो$यं कालपर्यायनोदितः Mb.11.15.41. -पाशः the noose of Yama or death. -पाशिकः a hangman. -पु (पू) रुषः an attendant of Yama. -पृष्ठम् 1 a species of antelope. -2 a heron. (-कम्) 1 N. of the bow of Karṇa; Ve.4. -2 a bow in general. -प्रभातम् autumn or Śarad; (the two months following the rainy season considered as the best time). -बन्धन a. being under control of death (काल); प्रत्यक्षं मन्यसे कालं मर्त्यः सन् कालबन्धनः Mb.3.35.2. -भक्षः an epithet of Śiva. -भृत् m. the sun. -भैरवः an epithet of Śiva. -मल्लिका, -मान (लः) the plant ocimum (Mar. तुळस). -मालम् a measure of time. -मुखः a species of ape; Mb.3.292.12. -मेषी, -मेशिका, -मेषिका f. the Manjiṣṭha plant. -यवनः a kind of yavanas and enemy of Kṛiṣṇa and an invincible foe of the Yādavas. Kṛiṣṇa, finding it impossible to vanquish him on the field of battle, cunningly decoyed him to the cave where Muchakunda was sleeping who burnt him down. -यापः, -यापनम् procrastination, delay, putting off. -योगः fate, destiny. -योगतः according to the requirements of the time; Pt.1.184. -योगिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -रात्रिः, -रात्री f. 1 a dark night. -2 a sister of Yama. -3 the Amāvasyā on which lamps are lighted (in the Divali holidays). -4 the night of destruction at the end of the world (identified with Durgā); कालरात्रीति तां (सीतां) विद्धि सर्वलङ्का- विनाशिनीम् Rām.5.51.34. -5 a particular night in the life of man, on the 7th day of the 7th month of the 77th year. -रुद्रः Rudra regarded as the fire that is to destroy the world. -लवणम् the बिड salt. (Mar. संचळखार) -लोहक्, -लौहम् steel. -वलनम् the armour. -विप्रकर्षः prolongation of time. विषयबाहुल्यं कालविप्रकर्षश्च स्मृतिं प्रमुष्णाति Mv.5.9. -विभक्तिः f. a section or part of time; Ms.1.24. -वृद्धिः f. periodical interest (payable monthly, quarterly, or at stated times); Ms.8.153. -वृन्तः a kind of pulse (कुलत्थ). -वेला the time of Saturn, i. e. a particular time of the day (half a watch every day) at which any religious act is improper. -संकर्षा a girl nine years old personating Durgā at a festival. -संकर्षिन् a. shortening time (as a mantra); कालसंकर्षिणीं विद्यां दीक्षापूर्वमुपादिशत् Ks.68.65. -संगः a. delay; जानामि कार्यस्य च कालसंगम् Rām.4.33.53. -संरोधः 1 keeping back for a long time; Ms.8.143. -2 lapse of a long period of time; Ms.8.143. -सदृश a. opportune, timely. -समन्वित, -समायुक्त a. dead; Rām.2.65.16. -संपन्न a. dated, bearing a date. -सर्पः the black and most poisonous variety of the snake; Gīt.1.12. -सारः the black antelope. (-रम्) a yellow sort of sandal wood. a. having a black centre or pupil; न कालसारं हरिणं तदक्षिद्वयं प्रभुर्बुद्धुमभून्मनोभूः N.6.19. -सूत्रम्, -सूत्रकम् 1 thread of time or death. -2 N. of a particular hell; Y.3.222; Ms.4.88. -स्कन्दः the Tamāla tree. -स्वरूप a. terrible as death, (deathlike in form). -हरः an epithet of Śiva. -हरणम् loss of time, delay; Ś.3; U.5; यात्वन्येन (वरेण) विहाय कालहरणं रामो वनं दण्डकाम् Mv.4.41. -हानिः f. delay; मामक्षमं मण्डनकालहानेर्वेत्तीव बिम्बाधरबद्धतृष्णम् R.13.16.
kīrtiḥ कीर्तिः f. [कॄत्-क्तिन्] 1 Fame, renown, glory; इह कीर्तिमवाप्नोति Ms.2.9; वंशस्य कर्तारमनन्तकीर्तिम् R.2.64; स्रोतोमूर्त्या भुवि परिणतां रन्तिदेवस्य कीर्तिम् Me.47. For an interesting distinction between कीर्तिः and यशस् cf. खङ्गादिप्रभवा कीर्तिर्विद्यादिप्रभवं यशः -2 Favour, approbation. -3 Dirt, mud. -4 Extension, expansion. -5 Light, lustre, splendour. -6 Sound. -7 Mention, speech, report. -Comp. -भाज् a. famous, celebrated, renowned. (-m.) an epithet of Droṇa, the military preceptor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. -शेषः survival or remaining behind only in fame, leaving nothing behind but fame i. e. death; cf. नामशेष, आलेख्यशेष; सरसीव कीर्तिशेषं गतवति भुवि विक्रमादित्ये Vās. -स्तम्भः a column of fame; B. R.
kukurāḥ कुकुराः (pl.) 1 N. of a country; also called दशार्ह. -2 N. of a people, a tribe of the Yādavas; Śi.6.15, 13.6,16.79.
kube कुबे (वे) रः [कुत्सितं बे (वे) रं शरीरं यस्य सः] 1 The god of riches and treasure and the regent of the northern quarter; कुबेरगुप्तां दिशमुष्णरश्मौ गन्तुं प्रवृत्ते समयं विलङ्घ्य Ku.3.25 (vide Malli. thereon). [Kubera is the son of Viśravas by Iḍāviḍā, and thus the half brother of Rāvaṇa. Besides, being the lord of riches and regent of the north, he is the king of the Yakṣas and Kinnaras, and a friend of Rudra. His abode is Kailāsa. He is represented as being deformed in body-having three legs, only eight teeth, and a yellow mark in place of one eye.] -2 N. of a tree. -Comp. -अक्षी N. of a plant (Mar. सागरगोटी). -अद्रिः, -अचलः an epithet of mountain Kailāsa. -दिश् f. the north. -बान्धवः N. of Śiva.
kumbhaḥ कुम्भः [कुं भूमिं कुत्सितं वा उम्भति पूरयति उम्भ्-अच् शकं˚ Tv.] 1 A pitcher, water-pot, jar; इयं सुस्तनी मस्तकन्यस्तकुम्भा Jag.; वर्जयेत्तादृशं मित्रं विषकुम्भं पयोमुखम् H.1.74; R.2.36; so कुच˚, स्तन˚. -2 The frontal globe on the forehead of an elephant; इभकुम्भ Māl.5.32; मत्तेभकुम्भदलने भुवि सन्ति शूराः Bh.1.59. -3 Aquarius, the eleventh sign of the zodiac. -4 A measure of grain equal to 2 droṇas; धान्यं दशभ्यः कुम्भेभ्यो हरतो$भ्यधिकं वधः Ms.8.32. -5 (In Yoga phil.) Closing the nostrils and mouth so as to suspend breathing. -6 The paramour of a harlot. -7 An urn in which the bones of dead bodies are collected. -8 A kind of heart-disease. -9 N. of a plant (and also of its fruit); क्वचिद् बिल्वैः क्वचित्कुम्भैः क्वचिच्चा- मलकमुष्टिभिः Bhāg.1.18.14. -भा A harlot, a whore. -भम् A fragrant resin (गुग्गुल). -Comp. -उदरः one of the attendants of Śiva; अवेहि मां किङ्करमष्टमूर्तेः कुम्भोदरं नाम निकुम्भमित्रम् R.2.35. -उलूकः a kind of owl; हृत्वा पिष्ट- मयं पूपं कुम्भोलूकः प्रजायते Mb.13.111.11. -उलूखकम् a medicinal plant (Mar. गुग्गुळ). -कर्णः 'pitcher-eared', N. of a gigantic Rākṣasa, a brother of Rāvaṇa and slain by Rāma. [He is said to have devoured thousands of beings including sages and heavenly nymphs, and the gods were anxiously waiting for an opportunity to retaliate upon the powerful demon. After Brahmā had inflicted on him a curse for the humiliation to which he subjected Indra and his elephant Airāvata, Kumbhakarṇa began to practise the most rigid austerities. Brahmā was pleased and was about to grant him a boon, when the gods requested Sarasvatī to sit on his tongue and to pervert it. Accordingly when he went to the god, instead of asking Indrapada he asked Nidrāpada which was readily granted. It is said that he slept for six months at a time, and, when roused, was awake for only one day. When Lankā was besieged by the monkey-troops of Rāma, Ravāṇa with great difficulty roused Kumbhakarṇa, desirous of availing himself of his gigantic strength. After having drunk 2 jars of liquor, he took Sugrīva prisoner, besides devouring thousands of monkeys. He was ultimately slain by Rāma.] Rām.6; R.12.8. -2 an epithet of Śiva; Mb.12. -कामला a bilious affection. -कारः 1 a potter; मृद्दण्डचक्रसंयोगात्कुम्भकारो यथा घटम् (करोति) Y.3.146. -2 a mixed tribe (वेश्यायां विप्रतश्चौर्यात् कुम्भकारः स उच्यते Uśanas; or मालाकारात्कर्मकर्यां कुम्भकारो व्यजायत Parāśara). -3 a serpent. -4 a kind of wild fowl. (-री), -कारिका 1 the wife of a potter. -2 a kind of collyrium. -घोणः N. of a town. -जः, -जन्मन् m. -योनिः, m. -संभवः 1 epithets of Agastya; एतदाख्याय रामाय महर्षिः कुम्भसंभवः Rām.7.8.1; प्रससादोदयादम्भः कुम्भयोनेर्महौजसः R.4.21;15.55. -2 an epithet of Droṇa, the military preceptor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. -3 an epithet of Vasiṣṭha. -दासी a bawd, procuress; sometimes used as a term of reproach or abuse. -धरः the sign ef the zodiac called Aquarius. -पञ्जरः a niche in the wall. -राशिः the sign Aquarius. -रेतस् m. a form of Agni. -लग्नम् that time of the day in which Aquarius rises above the horizon. -मण्डूकः 1 (lit.) a frog in a pitcher. -2 (fig.) an inexperienced man; cf. कूपमण्डूक. -शाला pottery. -सन्धिः the hollow on the top of an elephant's head between the frontal globes.
kuruḥ कुरुः (pl.) 1 N. of a country situated in the north of India about the site of the modern Delhi; श्रियः कुरूणा- मधिपस्य पालनीम् Ki.1.1; चिराय तस्मिन् कुरवश्चकासति 1.17. -2 The kings of this country. -रुः 1 A priest. -2 Boiled rice. -Comp. -क्षेत्रम् N. of an extensive plain near Delhi, the scene of the great war between the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas; धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः Bg.1.1; Ms.2.19. -क्षेत्रियोगः a solar day in the course of which three lunar days, three asterisms and three yogas occur. The yoga is indicative of death; पञ्चग्रहयुते मृत्यौ लग्नसंस्थे बृहस्पतौ । सौम्यक्षेत्रगते लग्ने कुरुक्षेत्रे मृति- र्भवेत् ॥ -चिल्लः a crab. -जाङ्गलम् = कुरुक्षेत्र q. v. -नन्दनः epithet of Arjuna; Bg.2.41;6.43. -पञ्चालाः N. of a country; कुरुपञ्चालानां ब्राह्मणाः Bṛi. Up.3.9.19. -बिल्वः a ruby. -राज् m. -राजः 1 an epithet of Duryodhana. स्वस्था भवन्तु कुरुराजसुताः सभृत्याः Ve.1.7. -2 N. of Yudhi-ṣṭhira; कस्यचित्त्वथ कालस्य कुरुराजो युधिष्ठिरः Mb.16.1.7. -विस्तः a weight of gold equal to about 7 Troy grains. -वृद्धः an epithet of Bhīṣma; तस्य संजनयन्हर्षं कुरुवृद्धः पितामहः Bg.1.12.
kṛta कृत p. p. [कृ-क्त] 1 Done, performed, made, effected accomplished, manufactured &c.; (p. p. of कृ 8. U. q. v.) ते करान् संप्रयच्छन्तु सुवर्णं च कृताकृतम् Mb.3.255.17; दिव्याः प्रसन्ना विविधाः सुराः कृतसुरा अपि Rām.5.11.22; natural and manufactured wines. -2 Wounded, hurt; सिद्ध्येत ते कृतमनोभवधर्षितायाः Bhāg.3.23.11. -3 Acquired, bought (a kind of son); Mb.13.49.4. -4 Cultivated; अकृतं च कृतात्क्षेत्राद् गौरजाविकमेव च Ms.1.114. -5 Appointed (as a duty); सो$पि यत्नेन संरक्ष्यो धर्मो राजकृतश्च यः Y.2.186. -6 Relating to, referring to; पतनीयकृते क्षेपे Y.2.21. -तम् 1 Work, deed, action; कृतं न वेत्ति Pt.1.424; ungrateful; Ms.7.197. -2 Service, benefit. -3 Consequence, result. -4 Aim, object. -5 N. of that side of a die which is marked with four points; this is lucky; cf. Vāj.3.18. -6 N. of the first of the four Yugas of the world extending over 1728 years of men (see Ms.1.69 and Kull. thereon). -7 The number '4'. -8 A stake at a game. -9 Prize or booty gained in a battle. -1 An offering. -11 Magic sorcery. -Comp. -अकृत a. done and not done; i. e. done in part but not completed; कृताकृतस्यैव च काञ्चनस्य Bu. Ch.2.2; that which is done and that which is not done (Dvandva Comp.) मा त्वा ताप्तां कृताकृते Mbh. on P.II.2.29; कृताकृतप्रसङ्गि नित्यम्. (-तः) the Supreme Being. -अङ्क a. 1 marked, branded; कठ्यां कृताङ्को निर्वास्यः Ms.8.281. -2 numbered. (ङ्कः) that side of a die which is marked with four points. -अञ्जलि a. folding the hands in supplication; प्रणम्य शिरसा देवं कृताञ्जलिरभाषत Bg.11.14,35; Ms.4.154. -अनुकर a. following another's example, subservient. -अनुसारः custom, usage. -अन्त a. bringing to an end, terminating. (-तः) 1 Yama, the god of death; कृतान्त आसीत्समरो देवानां सह दानवैः Bhāg.9.6.13; द्वितीयं कृतान्त- मिवाटन्तं व्याधमपश्यत् H.1. -2 fate, destiny; कृतान्त एव सौमित्रे द्रष्टव्यो मत्प्रवासने Rām.2.22.15; क्रूरस्तस्मिन्नपि न सहते संगमं नौ कृतान्तः Me.17. -3 a demonstrated conclusion, dogma, a proved doctrine; दैवं पुरुषकारश्च कृतान्ते- नोपपद्यते Mb.12.153.5; यथा लौकिकेषु वैदिकेषु च कृतान्तेषु Mbh. on P.I.1.1,56; साङ्ख्ये कृतान्ते प्रोक्तानि Bg.18.13. -4 a sinful or inauspicious action. -5 an epithet of Saturn. -6 Saturday. -7 the inevitable result of former actions. -8 the second lunar mansion. -9 the number 'two'. ˚कुशल an astrologer; आधिराज्ये$भिषेको मे ब्राह्मणैः पतिना सह । कृतान्त- कुशलैरुक्तं तत्सर्वं वितथीकृतम् Rām.6.48.14. ˚जनकः the sun. -अन्नम् 1 cooked food. कृतान्नमुदकं स्त्रियः Ms.9.219;11.3. -2 digested food. -3 excrement. -अपराध a. guilty, offender, criminal. -अभय a. saved from fear or danger. -अभिषेक a. crowned, inaugurated. (-कः) a prince. -अभ्यास a. practised. -अयः the die called कृत marked with four points. -अर्थ a. 1 having gained one's object, successful; एकः कृतार्थो भवते वीतशोकः Śwet. Up.2.14. -2 satisfied; happy, contented; वयं कृतार्था इत्यभिमन्यन्ति बालाः Muṇḍ.1.2.9; कृतः कृतार्थो$स्मि निबर्हितांहसा Śi.1.29; R.8.3; Ki.4.9; Ś.2.1; Pt.1.194. -3 clever. -4 that which has served its purpose (and hence incapable of yielding any further sense or serving any other purpose); पुरुषे यागं श्रावयित्वा कृतार्थः शब्द एकस्य द्वयोर्बहूनां वा यागं न वारयति । ŚB. on MS.6.2.3. सकृत् कृत्वा कृतार्थः शब्दः न नियमः पौनःपुन्ये । ŚB. on MS.6.2.27; सा चाकाङ्क्षा एकेनापि कृतार्था भवतीत्युक्तम् । ŚB. on MS.11.1.13. (कृतार्थीकृ 1 to render fruitful or successful; कृतार्थीकृत्य तं विप्रम् Ks.74.125. -2 to make good; कान्तं प्रत्युपचारतश्चतुरया कोपः कृतार्थीकृतः Amaru.15; so कृतार्थयति to make fruitful; Māl.3.6.) -अवधान a. careful, attentive. -अवधि a. 1 fixed, appointed. -2 bounded, limited. -अवमर्ष a. 1 effacing from recollection. -2 intolerant. -अवस्थ a. 1 summoned, caused to be present; Ms.8.6. -2 fixed, settled. -अस्त्र a. 1 armed. -2 trained in the science of arms or missiles; पित्रा संवर्धितो नित्यं कृतास्त्रः सांपरा- यिकः R.17.62. -अहक a. having performed the daily ceremonies. -आगम a. advanced, proficient, skilled. (-m.) the Supreme soul. -आगस् a. guilty, offending, criminal, sinful; अध्ने प्र शिरो जहि ब्रह्मजस्य कृतागसः Av.12.5.6; कृतागाः कौटिल्यो मुजग इव निर्याय नगरात् Mu.3.11. -आत्मन् a. 1 having control over oneself, self-possessed, of a selfgoverned spirit; कृतात्मा ब्रह्मलोकमभिसंभवामि Ch. Up.8.13.1; कृतात्मानो वीतरागाः प्रशान्ताः Muṇḍ. Up.3.2.5; Rām.5.61.6; ऐहिष्ट तं कारयितुं कृतात्मा Bk.1.11. -2 purified in mind; magnanimous; तमरिघ्रं कृतात्मानं क्षिप्रं द्रक्ष्यसि राघवम् Rām.5.39.48. -आभरण a. adorned. -आयास a. labouring, suffering. -आलय a. one who has taken up his abode in any place; यत्र ते दयिता भार्या तनयाश्च कृतालयाः Rām. (-यः) a frog; dog ? M. W. -आवास a lodging. -आस्पद a. 1 governed; ruled. -2 supporting, resting on. -3 residing in. -आहार a. having taken one's meals. -आह्वान a. challenged. -उत्साह a. diligent, making effort, striving. -उदक a. one who had performed his ablutions; Mb.3. -उद्वाह a. 1 married. -2 practising penance by standing with up-lifted hands. -उपकार a. 1 favoured, befriended, assisted; अज्ञातभर्तृव्यसना मुहूर्तं कृतोपकारेव रतिर्बभूव Ku.3.73. -2 friendly. -उपभोग a. used, enjoyed. -कर, -कारिन् a. Enjoining what is already known or done; कृतकरो हि विधिरनर्थकः स्यात् ŚB. on MS.1.5.58; कृतकरं शास्त्रमनर्थकं स्यात् ŚB. on MS.1.7.25; कृतकारि खलु शास्त्रं पर्जन्यवत् Mbh. on P.I.2.9. -कर्मन् a. 1 one who has done his work; R.9.3. -2 skilful, clever. (-m.) 1 the Supreme spirit. -2 a Saṁnyāsin. -काम a. one whose desires are fulfilled. -कार्य a. 1 one who has done his work or obtained his object. -2 having no need of another's aid. -काल a. 1 fixed or settled as to time. -2 who has waited a certain time. (-लः) appointed time; कृतशिल्पो$पि निवसेत्कृतकालं गुरोर्गृहे Y.2.184. -कृत्य, -क्रिय a. 1 who has accomplished his object; Bg.15.2. -2 satisfied, contented; Śānti.3.19; Māl.4.3. -3 clever. -4 having done his duty; कृतकृत्यो विधिर्मन्ये न वर्धयति तस्य ताम् Śi.2.32. -क्रयः a purchaser. -क्रियः 1 one who has accomplished any act. -2 one who has fulfilled his duty. -3 one who has performed a religious ceremony; Ms.5.99. -क्षण a. 1 waiting impatiently for the exact moment; कृतक्षणाहं भद्रं ते गमनं प्रति राघव Rām.2.29.15; वयं सर्वे सोत्सुकाः कृतक्षणास्तिष्ठामः Pt.1. -2 one who has got an opportunity. -घ्न a. 1 ungrateful; Ms.4.214;8.89. -2 defeating all previous measures. -चूडः a boy on whom the ceremony of tonsure has been performed; Ms.5.58,67; नृणामकृतचूडानां विशुद्धिर्नौशिकी स्मृता. -जन्मन् a. planted; Ku.5.6. -ज्ञ a. 1 grateful; Ms.7.29,21; Y.1.38. -2 correct in conduct; कृतज्ञतामस्य वदन्ति सम्पदः Ki. (-ज्ञः) 1 a dog. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -तीर्थ a. 1 one who has visited or frequented holy places. -2 one who studies with a professional teacher. -3 fertile in means or expedients. -4 a guide. -5 rendered accessible or easy; Ki.2.3. -दार a. married. -दासः a servant hired for a stated period, a hired servant. -दूषणम् spoiling what is done; उद्धतायाः पुनरुद्धनने न हि किञ्चित्कार्यमस्ति । केवलं कृतदूषणं भवेत् । ृŚB. on MS.12.2.16. (see कृतदूषा) -दूषा f. a blemish or vitiating factor for what is done; अकर्म वा कृतदूषा स्यात् MS.12.1.1. (कृतायाः दूषणम् ŚB). -धी a. 1 prudent, considerate. -2 learned, educated, wise; पुत्रेभ्यः कृतवेदिनां कृतधियां येषां न भिन्ना वयम् Mu.5.2; Bg.2.54; Śi.2.79. -नामधेय a. named, called as; Ś6. -निर्णेजनः a penitent. -a. one who has performed penance; कृतनिर्णेजनांश्चैव न जुगुप्सेत कर्हिचित् Ms.11.189. -निश्चय a. 1 resolute, resolved; युद्धाय कृतनिश्चयः Bg.2.37. -2 confident, sure. -पुङ्ख a. skilled in archery. -पूर्व a. done formerly. -प्रतिकृतम् assault and counter-assault, attack and resistance; R.12.94. -प्रतिज्ञ a. 1 one who has made an agreement or engagement. -2 one who has fulfilled his promise. -प्रयोजन a. one who has attained his object; Ks.13.158. -फल n. successful. (-लम्) result, consequence. -बुद्धि a. 1 learned, educated, wise; विद्वत्सु कृतबुद्धयः (श्रेष्ठाः) Ms.1.97, 7.3. -2 a man of resolute character. -3 informed of one's duty. -ब्रह्मन् a. Ved. one who has performed his devotions; कृतब्रह्मा शूशुवद् रातहव्य इत् Rv.2. 25.1. -मङ्गल a. blessed, consecrated. -मति a. firm, resolute. -मन्यु a. indignant. -मालः, -लकः 1 a kind of cassia. -2 the spotted antelope. -मुख a. learned, clever, wise. -युगम् the first (golden) of the four ages. -रूप one who knows the customary rites (कृतकल्प); Rām.2.1.2. -लक्षण a. 1 stamped, marked. -2 branded; ज्ञातिसम्बन्धिभिस्त्वेतास्त्यक्तव्याः कृत- लक्षणाः Ms.9.239. -3 excellent, amiable. -4 defined, discriminated. -वर्मन् m. N. of a warrior on the side of the Kauravas who with Kṛipa and Aśvatthāman survived the general havoc of the great Bhārata war. He was afterwards slain by Sātyaki. -वापः a penitent who has shaven his head and chin; Ms.11.18. -विद् a. grateful; तस्यापवर्ग्यशरणं तव पादमूलं विस्मर्यते कृतविदा कथमार्तबन्धो Bhāg.4.9.8. -विद्य a. learned, educated; शूरो$सि कृत- विद्यो$सि Pt.4.43; सुवर्णपुष्पितां पृथ्वीं विचिन्वन्ति त्रयो जनाः । शूरश्च कृतविद्यश्च यश्च जानाति सेवितुम् ॥ Pt.1.45. -वीर्य a. being strong or powerful; Av.17.1.27. (-र्यः) N. of the father of Sahasrārjuna. -वेतन a. hired, paid (as a servant); प्रमादमृतनष्टांश्च प्रदाप्यः कृतवेतनः Y.2.164. -वेदिन् a. 1 grateful; न तथा कृतवेदिनां करिष्यन्प्रियतामेति यथा कृता- वदानः Ki.13.32; see कृतज्ञ. -2 observant of propriety. -वेश a. attired, decorated; गतवति कृतवेशे केशवे कुञ्जशय्याम् Gīt.11. -व्यावृत्ति a. dislodged or dismissed from office, set aside; Ku.2.27. -शिल्प a. skilled in art or trade; कृतशिल्पो$पि निवसेत्कृतकालं गुरोर्गृहे Y.2.184. -शोभ a. 1 splendid. -2 beautiful. -3 handy, dexterous. -शौच a. purified; पुण़्डरीकमवाप्नोति कृतशौचो भवेच्च सः Mb.3.83.21. -श्मश्रुः one who is shaven; न हि कृतश्मश्रुः पुनः श्मश्रूणि कार- यति Mbh. on P.I.2.9. -श्रमः, -परिश्रमः one who has studied; कृतपरिश्रमो$स्मि ज्योतिःशास्त्रे Mu.1; I have devoted my time to (spent my labours on) the science of astronomy. -संकल्प a. resolved, determined. -संकेत a. making an appointment; नामसमेतं कृतसंकेतं वादयते मृदु वेणुम् Gīt.5. -संज्ञ a. 1 having presence of mind ... स्थापयेद् दासान् कृत- संज्ञान् समन्ततः Ms. -2 restored to consciousness or senses. -3 aroused. -4 one to whom sign has been given; Rāj. T.4.221. -संनाह a. clad in armour, accoutred. -संस्कार a. 1 one who has performed all purificatory rites, initiated; वैश्यस्तु कृतसंस्कारः Ms.9.326; R.1.78. -2 Prepared, adorned. -सापत्निका, -सापत्नी, सापत्नीका, -सापत्नका, सपत्निका a woman whose husband has married another wife, a married woman having a co-wife or a superseded wife. -हस्त, -हस्तक a. 1 dexterous, clever, skilful, handy. -2 skilled in archery. -हस्तता 1 skill, dexterity; ... संनिपाते । सुमहति कृतहस्ताः सैनिकास्तं ररक्षुः ॥ Śiva. B.13.3.47. -2 skill in archery or generally in handling arms; कौरव्ये कृतहस्तता पुनरियं देवे यथा सीरिणि Ve.6.13; Mv.6.41.
kṛpaḥ कृपः The maternal uncle of अश्वत्थामन्. [He was born of the sage Śaradvat by a nymph called Jānapadī, but along with his sister Kṛipī, also born from the nymph, he was brought up by Śantanu. He was proficient in the science of archery. In the great war he sided with the Kauravas, and after all had been slain he was given an asylum by the Pāṇḍavas. He is one of the seven Chirajīvins.] कृपश्च समितिञ्जयः Bg.1.8.
kṛṣṇa कृष्ण a. [कृष्-नक्] 1 Black, dark, dark-blue. -2 Wicked, evil; मनो गुणान्वै सृजते बलीयस्ततश्च कर्माणि विलक्षणानि । शुक्लानि कृष्णान्यथ लोहितानि तेभ्यः सवर्णाः सृतयो भवन्ति ॥ Bhāg. 11.23.44. -ष्णः 1 The black colour. -2 The black antelope; Bhāg.1.35.19. -3 A crow. -4 The (Indian) cuckoo. -5 The dark half of a lunar month (from full to new moon); Bg.8.25. -6 The Kali age. -7 Viṣṇu in his eighth incarnation, born as the son of Vasudeva and Devakī. [Kṛiṣna is the most celebrated hero of Indian mythology and the most popular of all the deities. Though the real son of Vasudeva and Devakī and thus a cousin of Kaṁsa, he was, for all practical purposes, the son of Nanda and Yaśodā, by whom he was brought up and in whose house he spent his childhood. It was here that his divine character began to be gradually discovered, when he easily crushed the most redoubtable demons, such as Baka, Pūtanā &c., that were sent to kill him by Kaṁsa, and performed many other feats of surprising strength. The chief companions of his youth were the Gopis or wives of the cowherds of Gokula, among whom Rādhā was his special favourite (cf. Jayadeva's Gitagovinda). He killed Kaṁsa, Naraka, Keśin, Ariṣṭa and a host of other powerful demons. He was a particular friend of Arjuna, to whom he acted as charioteer in the great war, and his staunch support of the cause of the Pāṇḍavas was the main cause of the overthrow of the Kauravas. On several critical occasions, it was Kṛiṣṇa's assistance and inventive mind that stood the Pāṇḍavas in good stead. After the general destruction of the Yādavas at Prabhāsa, he was killed unintentionally by a hunter named Jaras who shot him with an arrow mistaking him at a distance for a deer. He had more than 16 wives, but Rukmiṇi and Satyabhāmā, (as also Rādhā) were his favourites. He is said to have been of dark-blue or cloud-like colour; cf. बहिरिव मलिनतरं तव कृष्ण मनो$पि भविष्यति नूनं Gīt.8. His son was Pradyumna]. -8 N. of Vyāsa, the reputed author of the Mahābhārata; कुतः सञ्चोदितः कृष्णः कृतवान्संहितां मुनिः Bhāg.1.4.3. -9 N. of Arjuna. -1 Aloe wood. -11 The Supreme spirit. -12 Black pepper. -13 Iron. -14 A Śūdra; कृष्णस्तु केशवे व्यासे कोकिले$र्जुनकाकयोः । शूद्रे तामिस्रपक्षे$ग्निकलिनीलगुणेषु च ॥ Nm. -15 The marking nut (भल्लातक); विरक्तं शोध्यते वस्त्रं न तु कृष्णोपसंहितम् Mb.12.291.1. -ष्णा 1 N. of Draupadī, wife of the Pāṇḍavas; तेजो हृतं खलु मयाभिहतश्च मत्स्यः सज्जीकृतेन धनुषाधिगता च कृष्णा Bhāg.1.15.7; प्रविश्य कृष्णासदनं महीभुजा Ki.1.26. -2 N. of a river in the Deccan that joins the sea at Machhalipaṭṭaṇa. -3 A kind of poisonous insect. -4 N. of several plants. -5 A grape. -6 A kind of perfume. -7 An epithet of Durgā Bhāg.4.6.7. -8 One of the 7 tongues of fire. -9 N. of the river Yamunā; विलोक्य दूषितां कृष्णां कृष्णः कृष्णाहिना विभुः Bhāg.1.16.1. -ष्णी A dark night; रिणक्ति कृष्णीर- रुषाय पन्थाम् Rv.7.71.1. -ष्णम् 1 Blackness, darkness (moral also); शुक्रा कृष्णादजनिष्ट श्वितीची Rv.1.123.9. -2 Iron. -3 Antimony. -4 The black part of the eye. -5 Black pepper. -6 Lead. -7 An inauspicious act. -8 Money acquired by gambling. -Comp. -अगुरु n. a kind of sandal-wood. -अचलः an epithet of the mountain Raivataka. -अजिनम् the skin of the black antelope. -अध्वन्, -अर्चिस् m. an epithet of fire; cf. कृष्ण- वर्त्मन्. -अयस्, n. -अयसम्, -आमिषम् iron, crude or black iron. -कृष्णायसस्येव च ते संहत्य हृदयं कृतम् Mb.5.135. 1; वाचारम्भणं विकारो नामधेयं कृष्णायसमित्येव सत्यम् Ch. Up. 6.1.6. -अर्जकः N. of a tree. -अष्टमी, -जन्माष्टमी the 8th day of the dark half of Śrāvaṇa when Kṛiṣṇa, was born; also called गोकुलाष्टमी. -आवासः the holy fig-tree. -उदरः a kind of snake. -कञ्चुकः a kind of gram. -कन्दम् a red lotus. -कर्मन् a. of black deeds, criminal, wicked, depraved, guilty, sinful. -काकः a raven. -कायः a buffalo. -काष्ठम् a kind of sandal-wood, agallochum. -कोहलः a gambler. -गङ्गा the river कृष्णावेणी. -गति fire; ववृधे स तदा गर्भः कक्षे कृष्णगतिर्यथा Mb.13.85.56; आयोघने कृष्णगतिं सहायम् R.6.42. -गर्भाः (f. pl.) 1 the pregnant wives of the demon Kṛiṣṇa; यः कृष्णगर्भा निरहन्नृजिश्वना Rv.1.11.1. -2 waters in the interiors of the clouds. -गोधा a kind of poisonous insect. -ग्रीवः N. of Śiva. -चञ्चुकः a kind of pea. -चन्द्रः N. of Vasudeva. -चर a. what formerly belonged to Kṛiṣṇa. -चूर्णम् rust of iron, iron-filings. -च्छविः f. 1 the skin of the black antelope. -2 a black cloud; कृष्णच्छविसमा कृष्णा Mb.4.6.9. -ताम्रम् a kind of sandal wood. -तारः 1 a species of antelope. -2 an antelope (in general) -तालु m. a kind of horse having black palate; cf. शालिहोत्र of भोज, 67. -त्रिवृता N. of a tree. -देहः a large black bee. -धनम् money got by foul means. -द्वादशी the twelfth day in the dark half of Āṣaḍha. -द्वैपायनः N. of Vyāsa; तमहमरागमकृष्णं कृष्णद्वैपायनं वन्दे Ve.1.4. -पक्षः 1 the dark half of a lunar month; रावणेन हृता सीता कृष्णपक्षे$- सिताष्टमी Mahān. -2 an epithet of Arjuna; -पदी a female with black feet, -पविः an epithet of Agni. -पाकः N. of a tree (Mar. करवंद). -पिङ्गल a. dark-brown. (-ला) N. of Durgā. -पिण्डीतकः (-पिण्डीरः) N. of a tree (Mar. काळा गेळा). -पुष्पी N. of a tree (Mar. काळा धोत्रा). -फलः (-ला) N. of a tree (Mar. काळें जिरें). -बीजम् a watermelon. -भस्मन् sulphate of mecury. -मृगः the black antelope; शृङ्गे कृष्णमृगस्य वामनयनं कण्डूयमानां मृगीम् Ś.6.17. -मुखः, -वक्त्रः, -वदनः the black-faced monkey. -मृत्तिका 1 black earth. -2 the gunpowder. -यजुर्वेदः the Taittirīya or black Yajurveda. -यामः an epithet of Agni; वृश्चद्वनं कृष्णयामं रुशन्तम् Rv.6.6.1. -रक्तः dark-red colour. -रूप्य = ˚चर q. v. -लवणम् 1 a kind of black salt. -2 a factitious salt. -लोहः the loadstone. -वर्णः 1 black colour. -2 N. of Rāhu. -3 a Śūdra; विडूरुङ्घ्रिश्रितकृष्णवर्णः Bhāg.2.1.37. -वर्त्मन् m. 1 fire; श्रद्दधे त्रिदशगोपमात्रके दाहशक्तिमिव कृष्णवर्त्मनि R.11.42; Ms.2.94. -2 N. of Rāhu. -3 a low man, profligate, black-guard. -विषाणा Ved. the horns of the black antelope. -वेणी N. of a river. -शकुनिः a crow; Av.19.57.4. -शारः, -सारः, -सारङ्गः the spotted antelope; कृष्णसारे ददच्चक्षुस्त्वयि चाधिज्यकार्मुके Ś.1.6; V.4.31; पीयूषभानाविव कृष्णसारः Rām. Ch.1.3. -शृङ्गः a buffalo. -सखः, -सारथिः an epithet of Arjuna. (-खी) cummin seed (Mar. जिरें). -स्कन्धः N. of a tree (Mar. तमाल).
keśinī केशिनी 1 A woman with a beautiful braid of hair. -2 N. of the wife of Viśravas and mother of Rāvaṇa and Kumbhakarṇa; ततस्तौ राक्षसौ जातौ केशिन्यां विश्रवःसुतौ । रावणः कुम्भकर्णश्च सर्वलोकोपतापनौ ॥ Bhāg.7.1.44. -3 An epithet of Durgā. -4 N. of a plant (जटामांसी).
gāndhārī गान्धारी 1 An [गान्धारस्यापत्यं इञ्] 1 N. of the daughter of Subala, king of the Gāndhāras and wife of Dhṛitarāṣṭra. [She bore to her husband 1 sons-Duryodhana and his 99 brothers. As her husband was blind she always wore a scarf over her face (probably to reduce herself to his state). After the destruction of all the Kauravas, she and her husband lived with their nephew Yudhiṣṭhira]. -2 A kind of intoxicant; L. D. B. -3 A particular vein in the left eye; Gorakṣa Śataka 26. -Comp. -ग्रामः a kind of musical scale.
guru गुरु a. (-रु, -र्वी f.) [ग कु उच्च Uṇ.1.24.] (compar. गरीयस्; superl. गरिष्ठ) 1 Heavy, weighty (opp. लघु); (fig. also); तेन धूर्जगतो गुर्वी सचिवेषु निचिक्षिपे R.1.34;3.35; 12.12; विमुच्य वासांसि गुरूणि साम्प्रतम् Ṛs.1.7. -2 Great, large, long, extended. -3 Long (in duration or length). आरम्भगुर्वी Bh.2.6; गुरुषु दिवसेष्वेषु गच्छत्सु Me.85. -4 Important, momentous, great; विभवगुरुभिः कृत्यैः Ś.4. 19; स्वार्थात्सतां गुरुतरा प्रणयिक्रियैव V.4.31; Ku.3.13; Bh.3.7; R.14.35. -5 Arduous, difficult (to bear); कान्ताविरहगुरुणा शापेन Me.1. -6 Great, excessive, violent, intense; गुरुः प्रहर्षः प्रबभूव नात्मनि R.3.17; गुर्वपि विरहदुःखम् Ś.4.16; Bg.6.22. -7 Venerable, respectable. -8 Heavy, hard of digestion (as food). -9 Best, excellent. -1 Dear, beloved. -11 Haughty, proud (as a speech). -12 (In prosody) Long, as a syllable, either in itself, or being short, followed by a conjunct consonant &c.; e. g. ई in ईड् or त in तस्कर (It is usually represented by ग in works on prosody; मात्तौ गौ चेच्छालिनी वेदलोकैः &c.). -13 Irresistible, unassailable; जागर्ति दंशाय...गुरुर्भुजङ्गी Māl.6.1. -14 Mighty; powerful. -15 Valuable, highly prized; पूर्वं पूर्वं गुरु ज्ञेयम् Y.2.3. -16 Grievous; Me.85. -रुः 1 (a) A father; न केवलं तद्गुरुरेकपार्थिवः क्षितावभूदेकधनुर्धरो$पि सः R.3.31,48;4.1; 8.29. (b) Forefather, ancestor; त्वां मैत्रावरुणो$भिनन्दतु गुरुर्यस्ते गुरूणामपि U.5.27. (c) Father-in-law; त्वं हि मे गुरुः (तद्धर्मतः स्नुषा ते$हम्) Rām.7.26.28-29. -2 Any venerable or respectable person, an elderly personage or relative, the elders (pl.) शुश्रूषस्व गुरून् Ś.4.18; Bg. 2.5; Bv.2.7,18,19,49; आज्ञा गुरूणां ह्यविचारणीया R. 14.46. -3 A teacher, preceptor; गुरुशिष्यौ. -4 Particularly, a religious teacher, spiritual preceptor. तौ गुरुर्गुरुपत्नी च प्रीत्या प्रतिननन्दतुः R.1.57; (technically a Guru is one who performs the purificatory ceremonies over a boy and instructs him in the Vedas; स गुरुर्यः क्रियाः कृत्वा वेदमस्मै प्रयच्छति Y.1.34). -5 A lord, head, superintendent, ruler; सर्वे गुरुहिते स्थिताः Rām.4.4.6; कर्णाश्रमाणां गुरवे स वर्णी R.5.19 the head of the castes or orders; गुरुर्नृपाणां गुरवे निवेद्य 2.68. -6 N. of Bṛihaspati, the preceptor of the gods; गुरुं नेत्रसहस्रेण चोदयामास वासवः Ku.2.29; Pt.1.23. -7 The planet Jupiter; गुरुकाव्यानुगां बिभ्रच्चान्द्रीमभिनभः श्रियम् Śi.2.2. -8 The propounder of a new doctrine. -9 The lunar asterism called पुष्य. -1 N. of Droṇa, teacher of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. -11 N. of Prabhākara, the leader of a school of the Mīmāṁsakas (called after him Prābhākara). -12 The supreme spirit. -Comp. -अक्षरम् a long syllable. -अङ्गना 1 the wife of a Guru. -2 A woman entitled to great respect. -अर्थ a. important; सतीं व्यादाय शृण्वन्तो लघ्वीं गुर्वर्थगह्वराम् Bhāg.3. 16.14. (-र्थः) a preceptor's fee for instructing a pupil; गुर्वर्थमाहर्तुमहं यतिष्ये R.5.17. -उत्तम a. highly revered. (-मः) the Supreme soul. -उपदेशः 1 Consultation of the experts; एषु स्थानेषु गुरूपदेशात् सम्यङ् नाडीं परीक्ष्य शिरामोचनं कुर्यात् Śālihotra of Bhoja, 82. -2 advice by the elders or by the preceptor. -कण्ठः a peacock. -कारः worship, adoration. -कार्यम् 1 a serious or weighty affair. -2 the office of a spiritual teacher. -कुलम् the residence of a Guru (गुरुगृह), academy; वसन् गुरुकुले नित्यं नित्यम- ध्ययने रतः Mb.9.4.3; आवृत्तानां गुरुकुलाद्विप्राणां पूजको भवेत् Ms.7.82. -कृत a. 1 worshipped. -2 made much of; अहो निन्द्यं रूपं कविजनविशेषैर्गुरु कृतम् Bh.3.2. -क्रमः instruction handed down through a series of teachers, traditional instruction. -गृहम् signs (राशिs) Sagittarius (धनु) and Pisces (मीन). -घ्नः white mustard. -चर्या attendance upon a preceptor; Māl.9.51. -जनः any venerable person, an elderly relative, the elders collectively; नापेक्षितो गुरुजनः K.158; Bv.2.7. -तल्पः 1 the bed (wife) of a teacher. -2 violation or violator of a teacher's bed; Mb.12.56.32. -तल्पगः, -तल्पिन् m. 1 one who violates his teacher's bed (wife), (ranked in Hindu law as a sinner of the worst kind, committer of an अतिपातक; cf. Ms.11.13); Mb.3.43.6. -2 one who defiles his step-mother. -दक्षिणा fee given to a spiritual preceptor; उपात्तविद्यो गुरुदक्षिणार्थी R.5.1. -दानम् a Guru's gift. -दैवतम् the constellation पुष्य. -पत्रा the tamarind tree. -त्रम् tin. -पाक a. difficult of digestion. -पूजा 1 the ceremonies in propitiation of Bṛihaspati when a work is to be performed or undertaken. -2 the worship of one's spiritual preceptor. -प्रसादः the product of a Guru's blessing, i. e. learning. -भम् 1 the constellation पुष्य. -2 a bow. -3 the sign Pisces of the zodiac. -भावः importance, weight. -मर्दलः a kind of drum or tabor. -रत्नम् 1 topaz; (Mar. पुष्पराग, गोमेद). -2 a gem brought from the Himālaya and the Indus. -लाघवम् relative importance or value; विरोधिषु महीपाल निश्चित्य गुरु- लाघवम् Mb.3.131.12; Ś.5. -वर्चोघ्नः the lime, citron. -वर्तिन्, -वासिन् m. a student (ब्रह्मचारिन्) who resides at his preceptor's house. -वर्ति, -ता f. respectful behaviour towards Guru (elder or venerable person); निवेद्य गुरवे राज्यं भजिष्ये गुरुवर्तिताम् Rām.2.115.19. -वारः, -वासरः Thursday. -वृत्तिः f. the conduct of a pupil towards his preceptor; Rām.2.9.2. -व्यथ a. greatly distressed, heavy with grief; वचोभिराशाजननैर्भवानिव गुरुव्यथम् V. 3.9. -शिखरिन् m. an epithet of the Himālaya. -श्रुतिः a mantra (especially गायत्री); जपमानो गुरुश्रुतिम् Mb.13. 136.6. -स्वम् (= ष्वम्) the preceptor's wealth or property; गवां क्षीरं गुरुष्वं ते... Bm.1.35.
ghaṭotkacaḥ घटोत्कचः N. of a son of Bhīma by a female demon named हिडिम्बा; Bhāg.9.22.3-31. He was a very powerful person and fought valiantly in the great war between the Pāṇḍavas and Kauravas on the side of the former, but was slain by Karṇa with the Śakti or missile he had received from Indra; cf. Mu.2.15. The derivation of the name is given in the आदिपर्व of महाभारत as follows : घटो हास्योत्कच इति माता तं प्रत्यभाषत । अब्रवीत्तेन नामास्य घटोत्कच इति स्म ह ॥ Mb.1.155.38.
cārvākaḥ चार्वाकः [चारुः लोकसंमतो वाकोवाक्यं यस्य, पृषो˚ Tv.] 1 N. of a sophistical philosopher (said to have been a pupil of Brihaspati), who propounded the grossest form of atheism or materialism (for a summary of the doctrines of Chārvāka; see Sarva. S.1.). -2 A follower of the philosophy of Chārvākā चार्वाकाणामिवैषां हि भयं न परलोकतः Rāj. T.4.345. -3 N. of a Rākṣasa described in the Mahābhārata, as a friend of Duryodhana and an enemy of the Pāndavas. [When Yudhiṣṭhira entered Hastināpura in triumph, he assumed the form of a Brāhmaṇa and reviled him and the assembled Brāhmaṇas, but he was soon detected, and the real Brāhmaṇas, filled with fury, are said to have killed him on the spot. He also tried to deceive Yudhiṣṭhira at the end of the great war by telling him that Bhīma was slain by Duryodhana; see Ve.6]. -Comp. -मतम्.
cekitānaḥ चेकितानः 1 An epithet of Śiva. -2 N. of a Yādava prince, who fought on the side of the Pāṇḍavas in the great war. -a. One who sees; यं चेकितानमनु चित्तय उच्चकन्ति Bhāg.6.16.48.
jatu जतु n. [जन्-ड तो$न्तादेशः Uṇ.1.18] 1 Lac; Pt.1.17. -2 A kind of red dye. -तुः, -तूः f. A bat. -Comp. -अश्मकम् red arsenic. -गृहम् a house made of lac (such as was built by Duryodhana in order to burn up the Pāṇḍavas). -पुत्रकः a man at chess. -मणिः a mole, a natural mark on the body. -रसः lac.
jaraṭha जरठ a. [जॄ बा˚ अठ] 1 Hard, solid. -2 old, aged; अयमतिजरठाः प्रकामगुर्वीः परिणतदिक्करिकास्तटीर्बिभर्ति Śi.4.29 (where जरठ means 'hard' also). -3 Decayed, decrepit, infirm. -4 Bent, bowed down, drooping. -5 Pale, yellowish-white. -6 Full-grown, ripe, matured; जरठ- कमल Śi.11.14. -7 Hard-hearted, cruel. -ठः1 N. of Paṇdu, father of the five Paṇḍavas. -2 Old age.
danuḥ दनुः f. N. of one of the daughters of Dakṣa given in marriage to Kaśyapa and mother of the Dānavas. -m. N. of a monster, son of Śrī, cursed by Indra and killed by Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa. He had a headless trunk, and hence called दनुकबन्ध. -Comp. -जः -पुत्रः, -संभवः, -सूनुः a demon; Bhāg.6.9.4. -अरिः, -द्विष् m. a god.
dāśārhāḥ दाशार्हाः m. (pl.) The descendants of Daśārha, the Yādavas; Śi.2.64. -र्हः An epithet of Kṛiṣṇa.
dur दुर् ind. (A prefix substituted for दुस् before words beginning with vowels or soft consonants in the sense of 'bad'. 'hard' or 'difficult to do a certain thing'; for compounds with दुस् as first member see दुस् s. v.). -Comp. -अक्ष a. 1 weak-eyed. -2 evileyed. (-क्षः) 1 a loaded or false die. -2 dishonest gambling. -अक्षरम् an evil word; श्रुतिं ममाविश्य भवद्दुरक्षरं सृजत्यदः कीटकवदुत्कटा रुजः N.9.63. -अतिक्रम a. difficult to be overcome or conquered, unconquerable; सर्वं तु तपसा साध्यं तपो हि दुरति- क्रमम् Ms.11.2.38; स्वभावो दुरतिक्रमः 'nature cannot be changed'; स्वजातिर्दुरतिक्रमा Pt.1. -2 insurmountable, impassable; B. R.6.18-19. -3 inevitable. (-मः) an epithet of Viṣṇu. -अत्यय a. 1 difficult to be overcome; स्वर्गमार्गपरिघो दुरत्ययः R.11.88. -2 hard to be attained or fathomed; स एष आत्मा स्वपरेत्यबुद्धिभिर्दुरत्यया- नुक्रमणो निरूप्यते Bhāg.7.5.13. -अदृष्टम् ill-luck, misfortune. -अधिग, -अधिगम a. 1 hard to reach or attain, unattainable; Bhāg.3.23.8; दुरधिगमः परभागो यावत्पुरुषेण पौरुषं न कृतम् Pt.1.33. -2 insurmountable. -3 hard to be studied or understood; इह दुरधिगमैः किञ्चि- देवागमैः Ki.5.18. -अधिष्ठित a. badly performed, managed, or executed. (-तम्) improper stay at a place. -अधीत a. badly learnt or read. -अध्यय a. 1 difficult of attainment; सहस्रवर्त्मा चपलैर्दुरध्ययः Śi.12.11. -2 hard to be studied. -अध्यवसायः a foolish undertaking. -अध्वः a bad road; स्वयं दुरध्वार्णवनाविकाः कथं स्पृशन्तु विज्ञाय हृदापि तादृशीम् N.9.33. -अन्त a. 1 whose end is difficult to be reached, endless, infinite; संकर्षणाय सूक्ष्माय दुरन्तायान्तकाय च Bhāg. -2 ending ill or in misery, unhappy; अहो दुरन्ता बलवद्विरोधिता Ki.1.23; नृत्यति युवति- जनेन समं सखि विरहिजनस्य दुरन्ते (वसन्ते) Gīt.1; इयमुदरदरी- दुरन्तधारा यदि न भवेदभिमानभङ्गभूमिः Udb. -3 hard to be understood or known. -4 insurmountable. -अन्तक a. = दुरन्त q. v. (-कः) an epithet of Śiva. -अन्वय a. 1 difficult to be passed along; Mb.14.51.17. -2 hard to be carried out or followed. -3 difficult to be attained. or understood; बुद्धिश्च ते महाप्राज्ञ देवैरपि दुरन्वया Rām.3. 66.18. -4 not suitable, improper; वचो दुरन्वयं विप्रास्तूष्णी- मासन्भ्रमद्धियः Bhāg.1.84.14. (-यः) 1 a wrong conclusion, one wrongly inferred from given premisses. -2 (in gram.) a false agreement. -अपवादः ill report. slander. -अभिग्रह a. difficult to be caught. -अभि- मानिन् a. vain-glorious, disagreeably proud. -अवगम a. incomprehensible; Bhāg.5.13.26. -अवग्रह a. 1 difficult to be restrained or subjugated; भक्ता भजस्व दुरवग्रह मा त्यजास्मान् Bhāg.1.29.31. -2 disagreeable. -अवग्राह a. difficult to be attained; Bhāg.7.1.19. -अवच्छद a. difficult to be hidden; हेतुभिर्लक्षयांचक्रुराप्रीतां दुरवच्छदैः Bhāg.1.62.28. -अवबोध a. unintelligible. Bhāg.1.49.29. -अवसित a. unfathomed, difficult to be ascertained, द्युपतिभिरजशक्रशंकराद्यैर्दुरवसितस्तवमच्युतं नतो$स्मि Bhāg.12.12.67. -अवस्थ a. ill off, badly or poorly circumstanced. -अवस्था, -स्थानम् a wretched or miserable state; Bhāg.5.3.12. -अवाप a. difficult to be gained or fulfilled; Ś.1. -अवेक्षितम् an improper look. -अह्नः a bad day. -आकृति a. ugly, mis-shaped. -आक्रन्द a. crying bitterly or miserably; किं क्रन्दसि दुराक्रन्द स्वपक्ष- क्षयकारक Pt.4.29. -आक्रम a. 1 invincible, unconquerable. -2 difficult to be passed. -आक्रमणम् 1 unfair attack. -2 difficult approach. -आगमः improper or illegal acquisition. -आग्रहः foolish obstinacy, headstrongness, pertinacity; ममाहमित्यूढदुराग्रहाणां पुंसाम् Bhāg.3. 5.43. -आचर a. 1 hard to be performed. -2 incurable (as a disease). -आचार a. 1 ill-conducted, badly behaved. -2 following bad practices, wicked, depraved; अपि चेत्सुदुराचारो भजते मामनन्यभाक् Bg.9.3. (-रः) bad practice, ill-conduct, wikedness. -आढ्य a. not rich, poor. -आत्मता vileness, baseness, wickedness. -आत्मन् a. evil-natured, low, wicked, vile, base, mean; ये च प्राहुर्दुरात्मानो दुराराध्या महीभुजः Pt.1.39. (-m.) a rascal, villain, scoundrel. -आधर a. difficult to be withstood or overpowered, irresistible. -आधर्ष a. hard to be approached or assailed, unassailable जगन्नाथो दुराधर्षो गङ्गां भागीरथीं प्रति Mb. -2 not to be attacked with impunity. -3 haughty. (-र्षः) white mustard. -आधारः an epithet of Śiva. -आधिः (m.) 1 distress or anxiety of mind; निरस्तनारीसमया दुराधयः Ki.1.28. -2 indignation. -आधी a. Ved. malignant, thinking ill of. -आनम a. difficult to bend or draw; स विचिन्त्य धनुर्दुरानमम् R.11.38. -आप a. 1 difficult to be obtained; श्रिया दुरापः कथमीप्सितो भवेत् Ś.3.13; R.1.72;6.62. -2 difficult to be approached; Pt.1.67. -3 hard to be overcome. -आपादन a. difficult to be brought about; किं दुरापादनं तेषाम् Bhāg.3.23.42. -आपूर a. difficult to be filled or satisfied; Bhāg.7.6.8. -आबाध a. hard to be molested. (-धः) N. of Śiva. -आमोदः bad scent, stench; शवधूमदुरामोदः शालिभक्ते$त्र विद्यते Ks.82.22. -आराध्य a. difficult to be propitiated, hard to be won over or conciliated; दुराराध्याः श्रियो राज्ञां दुरापा दुष्परिग्रहाः Pt.1.38. -आरुह a. difficult to be mounted. (-हः) 1 the Bilva tree. -2 the cocoanut tree. -3 the date tree. -आरोप a. difficult to be strung (bow); दुरारोपमैन्दुशेखरं धनुर्दुर्निवारा रावणभुजदण्डाः B. R.1.46-47. -आरोह a. difficult of ascent. (-हः) 1 The cocoanut tree. -2 the palm tree. -3 the date tree. -आलापः 1 a curse, imprecation. -2 foul of abusive language. -आलोक a. 1 difficult to be seen or perceived. -2 painfully bright, dazzling; दुरालोकः स समरे निदाघाम्बररत्नवत् K. P.1. (-कः) dazzling splendour. -आव(वा)र a. 1 difficult to be covered or filled up; दुरावरं त्वदन्येन राज्यखण्डमिदं महत् Rām.2.15.5. -2 difficult to be restrained, shut in, kept back or stopped. -आवर्त a. difficult to be convinced or set up; भवन्ति सुदुरावर्ता हेतुमन्तो$पि पण्डिताः Mb.12.19.23. -आशय a. 1 evil-minded, wicked, malicious, स्फुटनिर्भिन्नो दुराशयो$धमः Śi. उपेयिवान् मूलमशेषमूलं दुराशयः कामदुघाङ्घ्रिपस्य Bhāg.3.21.15. -2 having a bad place or rest. (-m.) the subtle body which is not destroyed by death (लिङ्गदेह); एतन्मे जन्म लोके$स्मिन्मुमुक्षूणां दुराशयात् Bhāg.3.24. 36. -आशा 1 a bad or wicked desire. -2 hoping against hope. -आस a. difficult to be abided or associated with; संघर्षिणा सह गुणाभ्यधिकैर्दुरासम् Śi.5.19. -आसद a. 1 difficult to be approached or overtaken; स सभूव दुरासदः परैः R.3.66; 8.4; Mv.2.5; 4.15. -2 difficult to be found or met with. -3 unequalled, unparalleled. -4 hard to be borne, insupportable. -5 difficult to be conquered, unassailable, unconquerable; जहि शत्रुं महाबाहो कामरूपं दुरासदम् Bg.3.43. (-दः) an epithet of Śiva. -इत a. 1 difficult. -2 sinful. (-तम्) 1 a bad course, evil, sin; दरिद्राणां दैन्यं दुरितमथ दुर्वासनहृदां द्रुतं दूरीकुर्वन् G. L.2; R.8.2; Amaru.2; Mv.3.43. -2 a difficulty, danger. -3 a calamity, evil; अपत्ये यत्तादृग्- दुरितमभवत् U.4.3. -इतिः f. Ved. 1 a bad course. -2 difficulty. -इष्टम् 1 a curse, imprecation. -2 a spell or sacrificial rite performed to injure another person. -ईशः a bad lord or master. -ईषणा, -एषणा 1 a curse, an imprecation. -2 an evil eye. -उक्त a. harshly uttered; Pt.1.89. -उक्तम्, -उक्तिः f. offensive speech, reproach, abuse, censure; लक्ष्मि क्षमस्व वचनीयमिदं दुरुक्तम् Udb. -उच्छेद a. difficult to be destroyed. -उत्तर a. 1 unanswerable. -2 difficult to be crossed; दुरुत्तरे पङ्क इवान्धकारे Bk.11.2; प्राप्तः पङ्को दुरुत्तरः Ki.15.17. -उदय a. appearing with difficulty, not easily manifested; यो$ नात्मनां दुरुदयो भगवान्प्रतीतः Bhāg.3.16.5. -उदर्क a. having bad or no consequences; N.5.41. -उदाहर a. difficult to be pronounced or composed; अनुज्झितार्थसंबन्धः प्रबन्धो दुरुदाहरः Śi.2.73. -उद्वह a. burdensome, unbearable. -उपसद a. difficult of approach; Ki.7.9. -उपसर्पिन् a. approaching incautiously; एकमेव दहत्यग्निर्नरं दुरुपसर्पिणम् Ms.7.9. -ऊह a. abstruse; जानीते जयदेव एव शरणः श्लाघ्ये दुरूहद्रुते Gīt. -एव a. Ved. 1 having evil ways. -2 irresistible, unassailable. (-वः) a wicked person. -ओषस् a. Ved. slow, lazy. -ग 1 difficult of access, inaccessible, impervious, impassable; दुर्गस्त्वेष महापन्थाः Mb.12.3. 5; दुर्गं पथस्तत्कवयो वदन्ति Kaṭh.1.3.14. -2 unattainable. -3 incomprehensible. -4 following wicked path, vicious; Rām.2.39.22. (-गः, -गम्) 1 a difficult or narrow passage through a wood or over a stream, mountain &c., a defile, narrow pass. -2 a citadel. fortress, castle; न दुर्गं दुर्गमित्येव दुर्गमं मन्यते जनः । तस्य दुर्गमता सैव यत्प्रभुस्तस्य दुर्गमः ॥ Śiva. B.16.61. -3 rough ground. -4 difficulty, adversity, calamity, distress, danger; निस्तारयतिं दुर्गाच्च Ms.3.98;11.43; मच्चित्तः सर्व- दुर्गाणि मत्प्रसादात्तरिष्यसि; Bg.18.58. (-गः) 1 bdellium. -2 the Supreme Being. -3 N. of an Asura slain by Durgā (thus receiving her name from him). ˚अध्यक्षः, ˚पतिः, ˚पालः the commandant or governor of a castle. ˚अन्तः The suburb of a fort; दुर्गान्ते सिद्धतापसाः Kau. A. 1.12. ˚कर्मन् n. fortification. ˚कारक a. making difficult. (-कः) the birch tree. ˚घ्नी N. of Durgā. ˚तरणी an epithet of Sāvitrī. सावित्री दुर्गतरणी वीणा सप्तविधा तथा Mb. ˚मार्गः a defile, gorge. ˚लङ्घनम् surmounting difficulties. (-नः) a camel. ˚संचरः 1 a difficult passage as to a fort &c., a bridge &c. over a defile. ˚संस्कारः Repairs to the old forts; अतो दुर्गसंस्कार आरब्धव्ये किं कौमुदीमहोत्सवेन Mu. ˚सिंहः N. of the author of कलापपरिशिष्ट. ˚व्यसनम् a defect or weak point in a fortress. (-र्गा) an epithet of Pārvatī, wife of Śiva. -2 the female cuckoo -3 N. of several plants. ˚नवमी the 9th day of the bright half of कार्तिक. ˚पूजा the chief festival in honour of दुर्गा in Bengal in the month of Āśvina. -गत a. 1 unfortunate, in bad circumstances; समाश्वसिमि केनाहं कथं प्राणिमि दुर्गतः Bk.18.1. -2 indigent, poor. -3 distressed, in trouble. -गतता ill-luck, poverty, misery; तावज्जन्मातिदुःखाय ततो दुर्गतता सदा Pt.1.265. -गतिः f. 1 misfortune, poverty, want, trouble, indigence; न हि कल्याणकृत्कश्चिद् दुर्गतिं तात गच्छति Bg.6.4. -2 a difficult situation or path. -3 hell. -गन्ध a. ill-smelling. (-न्धः) 1 bad odour, stink -2 any ill-smelling substance. -3 an onion. -4 the mango tree. (-न्धम्) sochal salt. -गन्धि, -गन्धिन् a. ill-smelling. -गम a. 1 impassable, inaccessible, impervious; कामिनीकायकान्तारे कुचपर्वतदुर्गमे Bh.1.86; Śi. 12.49. -2 unattainable, difficult of attainment. -3 hard to be understood. (-मम्) a difficult place like hill etc; भ्राम्यन्ते दुर्गमेष्वपि Pt.5.81. -गाढ, -गाध, -गाह्य a. difficult to be fathomed or investigated, unfathomable. -गुणितम् not properly studied; चिराम्यस्तपथं याति शास्त्रं दुर्गुणितं यथा Avimārakam.2.4. -गोष्ठी evil association; conspiracy. वृद्धो रक्कः कम्पनेशो दुर्गोष्ठीमध्यगो$भवत् Rāj. T.6. 17. -ग्रह a. 1 difficult to be gained or accomplished. -2 difficult to be conquered or subjugated; दुर्गाणि दुर्ग्रहाण्यासन् तस्य रोद्धुरपि द्विषाम् R.17.52. -3 hard to be understood. (-हः) 1 a cramp, spasm. -2 obstinacy. -3 whim, monomania; कथं न वा दुर्ग्रहदोष एष ते हितेन सम्य- ग्गुरुणापि शम्यते N.9.41. -घट a. 1 difficult. कार्याणि घटयन्नासीद् दुर्घटान्यपि हेलया Rāj. T.4.364. -2 impossible. -घण a. 1 closely packed together, very compact. -घुरुटः An unbeliever; L. D. B. -घोषः 1 a harsh cry. -2 a bear. -जन a. 1 wicked, bad, vile. -2 slanderous, malicious, mischievous; यथा स्त्रीणां तथा वाचां साधुत्वे दुर्जनो जनः U.1.6. (-नः) a bad or wicked person, a malicious or mischievous man, villain; दुर्जनः प्रियवादी च नैतद्विश्वास- कारणम् Chāṇ.24,25; शाम्येत्प्रत्यपकारेण नोपकारेण दुर्जनः Ku.2.4. (दुर्जनायते Den. Ā. to become wicked; स्वजनो$पि दरिद्राणां तत्क्षणाद् दुर्जनायते Pt.1.5.). (दुर्जनीकृ [च्वि] to make blameworthy; दुर्जनीकृतास्मि अनेन मां चित्रगतां दर्शयता Nāg.2). -जय a. invincible. (-यः) N. of Viṣṇu. -जर a. 1 ever youthful; तस्मिन्स्तनं दुर्जरवीर्यमुल्बणं घोराङ्कमादाय शिशोर्दधावथ Bhāg.1.6.1. -2 hard (as food), indigestible. -3 difficult to be enjoyed; राजश्रीर्दुर्जरा तस्य नवत्वे भूभुजो$भवत् Rāj. T.5.19. -जात a. 1 unhappy, wretched. -2 bad-tempered, bad, wicked; Rāj. T.3. 142. -3 false, not genuine. ˚जीयिन् a. one who is born in vain; यो न यातयते वैरमल्पसत्त्वोद्यमः पुमान् । अफलं जन्म तस्याहं मन्ये दुर्जातजायिनः ॥ Mb. (-तम्) 1 a misfortune, calamity, difficulty; त्वं तावद् दुर्जाते मे$त्यन्तसाहाय्यकारिणी भव M.3; दुर्जातबन्धुः R.13.72. 'a friend in need or adversity.' -2 impropriety. -जाति a. 1 bad natured, vile, wicked; रुदितशरणा दुर्जातीनां सहस्व रुषां फलम् Amaru.96. -2 outcast. (-तिः f.) misfortune, ill condition. -ज्ञान, -ज्ञेय a. difficult to be known, incomprehensible. उच्चावचेषु भुतेषु दुर्ज्ञेयामकृतात्मभिः Ms.6.73. (-यः) N. of Śiva. -णयः, -नयः, -नीतिः 1 bad conduct. -2 impropriety -3 injustice. -णामन्, -नामन् a. having a bad name. -णीत a. 1 ill-behaved. -2 impolitic. -3 forward. (-तम्) misconduct; दुर्णीतं किमिहास्ति किं सुचरितं कः स्थानलाभे गुणः H. -दम, -दमन, -दम्य a. difficult to be subdued, untamable, indomitable. -दर्श a. 1 difficult to be seen. -2 dazzling; सुदुर्दर्शमिदं रूपं दृष्टवानसि यन्मन Bg.11.52. -दर्शन a. ugly, ill-looking; दुर्दर्शनेन घटतामियमप्यनेन Māl.2.8. -दशा a misfortune, calamity. -दान्त a. 1 hard to be tamed or subdued, untamable; Śi.12.22. -2 intractable, proud, insolent; दुर्दान्तानां दमनविधयः क्षत्रियेष्वायतन्ते Mv.3.34. (-तः) 1 a calf. -2 a strife, quarrel. -3 N. of Śiva. -दिन a. cloudy, rainy. (-नम्) 1 a bad day in general; तद्दिनं दुर्दिनं मन्ये यत्र मित्रागमो हि न Subhāṣ. -2 a rainy or cloudy day, stormy or rainy weather; उन्नमत्यकालदुर्दिनम् Mk.5; Ku.6 43; Mv.4.57. -3 a shower (of anything); द्विषां विषह्य काकुत्स्थस्तत्र नाराचदुर्दिनम् ॥ सन्मङ्गलस्नात इव R.4.41,82;5.47; U.5.5. -4 thick darkness; जीमूतैश्च दिशः सर्वाश्चक्रे तिमिरदुर्दिनाः Mb. (दुर्दिनायते Den. Ā. to become cloudy.) -दिवसः a dark or rainy day; Pt.1.173. -दुरूटः, -ढः 1 an unbeliever -2 an abusive word. -दृश a. 1 disagreeable to the sight, disgusting; दुर्दृशं तत्र राक्षसं घोररूपमपश्यत्सः Mb.1.2.298. -2 difficult to be seen; पादचारमिवादित्यं निष्पतन्तं सुदुर्दृशम् Rām.7.33.5. -दृष्ट a. illjudged or seen, wrongly decided; Y.2.35. -दैवम् ill-luck, misfortune. -द्यूतम् an unfair game. -द्रुमः onion (green). -धर a. 1 irresistible, difficult to be stopped. -2 difficult to be borne or suffered; दुर्धरेण मदनेन साद्यते Ghat.11; Ms.7.28. -3 difficult to be accomplished. -4 difficult to be kept in memory. (-रः) quicksilver. -धर्ष a. 1 inviolable, unassailable. -2 inaccessible; संयोजयति विद्यैव नीचगापि नरं सरित् । समुद्रमिव दुर्धर्षं नृपं भाग्य- मतः परम् ॥ H. Pr.5. -3 fearful, dreadful. -4 haughty. -धी a. stupid, silly. -नयः 1 arrogance. -2 immorality. -3 evil strategy; उन्मूलयितुमीशो$हं त्रिवर्गमिव दुर्नयः Mu.5.22. -नामकः piles. ˚अरिः a kind of bulbous root (Mar. सुरण). -नामन् m. f. a cockle. (-n.) piles. -निग्रह a. irrepressible, unruly; मनो दुर्निग्रहं चलम् Bg.6.35. -निमित a. carelessly put or placed on the ground; पदे पदे दुर्निमिते गलन्ती R.7.1. -निमित्तम् 1 a bad omen; R.14.5. -2 a bad pretext. -निवार, -निवार्य a. difficult to be checked or warded off, irresistible, invincible. -नीतम् 1 misconduct, bad policy, demerit, misbehaviour; दुर्णीतं किमि- हास्ति Pt.2.21; H.1.49. -2 ill-luck. -नीतिः f. maladministration; दुर्नीतिं तव वीक्ष्य कोपदहनज्वालाजटालो$पि सन्; Bv.4.36. -नृपः a bad king; आसीत् पितृकुलं तस्य भक्ष्यं दुर्नृप- रक्षसः Rāj. T.5.417. -न्यस्त a. badly arranged; दुर्न्यस्त- पुष्परचितो$पि Māl.9.44. -बल a. 1 weak, feeble. -2 enfeebled, spiritless; दुर्बलान्यङ्गकानि U.1.24. -3 thin, lean, emaciated; U.3. -4 small, scanty, little; स्वार्थोप- पत्तिं प्रति दुर्बलाशः R.5.12. -बाध a. Unrestrained (अनिवार); दुर्बाधो जनिदिवसान्मम प्रवृद्धः (आधिः); Mv.6.28. -बाल a. 1 bald-headed. -2 void of prepuce. -3 having crooked hair. -बुद्धि a. 1 silly, foolish, stupid. -2 perverse, evil-minded, wicked; धार्तराष्ट्रस्य दुर्बुद्धेर्युद्धे प्रियचिकीर्षवः (समा- गताः) Bg.1.23 -बुध a. wicked-minded, silly; Mb. 11.4.18. -बोध a. unintelligible, unfathomable, inscrutable; निसर्गदुर्बोधमबोधविक्लवाः क्व भूपतीनां चरितं क्व जन्तवः Ki. 1.6. -भग a. 1 unfortunate, unlucky; श्रीवल्लभं दुर्भगाः (निन्दन्ति) Pt.1.415. -2 not possessed of good features, ill-looking. -भगा 1 a wife disliked by her husband; दुर्भगाभरणप्रायो ज्ञानं भारः क्रियां विना H.1.17. -2 an ill-tempered woman, a shrew. -3 a widow; -भर a. insupportable, burdensome, heavily laden with (comp.); ततो राजाब्रवीदेतं बहुव्यसनदुर्भरः Ks.112.156. -भाग्य a. unfortunate, unlucky. (ग्यम्) ill-luck. -भावना 1 an evil thought. -2 a bad tendency. -भिक्षम् 1 scarcity of provisions, dearth, famine; Y.2.147; Ms.8.22; उत्सवे व्यसने चैव दुर्भिक्षे... यस्तिष्ठति स बान्धवः H.1.71; Pt.2. -2 want in general. -भिद, -भेद, -भेद्य a. firm; सुजनस्तु कनकघटवद् दुर्भेद्यश्चाशु संध्येयः Subhāṣ. -भृत्यः a bad servant. -भिषज्यम् incurability; Bṛi. Up.4.3.14. -भ्रातृ m. a bad brother. -मङ्कु a. obstinate, disobedient. -मति a. 1 silly, stupid, foolish, ignorant. -2 wicked, evilminded; न सांपरायिकं तस्य दुर्मतेर्विद्यते फलम् Ms.11.3. -मद a. drunken, ferocious, maddened, infatuated; Bhāg.1.15.7. -दः foolish pride, arrogance. -दम् the generative organ; ग्रामकं नाम विषयं दुर्मदेन समन्वितः Bhāg.4.25.52. -मनस् a. troubled in mind, discouraged, disspirited, sad, malancholy; अद्य बार्हस्पतः श्रीमान् युक्तः पुष्येण राघवः । प्रोच्यतै ब्राह्मणैः प्राज्ञैः केन त्वमसि दुर्मनाः ॥ Rām. [दुर्मनायते Den. Ā. to be troubled in mind, be sad, meditate sorrowfully, to be disconsolate, become vexed or fretted; Māl.3]. -मनुष्यः a bad or wicked man. -मन्त्रः, -मन्त्रितम्, -मन्त्रणा evil advice, bad counsel; दुर्मन्त्रान्नृपतिर्विनश्यति; Pt.1.169. -मरम् a hard or difficult death; Mb.14.61.9. -मरी a kind of दूर्वा grass. -मरणम् violent or unnatural death. -मर्ष a. 1 unbearable; Bhāg.6.5.42. -2 obstinate, hostile. -मर्षणः N. of Viṣṇu. -मर्षित a. provocated, encouraged; एवं दुर्मर्षितो राजा स मात्रा बभ्रुवाहनः Mb.14. 79.13, -मर्याद a. immodest, wicked. -मल्लिका, -मल्ली a minor drama, comedy, farce; S. D.553. -मित्रः 1 a bad friend. -2 an enemy. -मुख a. 1 having a bad face, hideous, ugly; Bh.1.9. -2 foul-mouthed, abusive, scurrilous; Bh.2.69. (-खः) 1 a horse. -2 N. of Śiva. -3 N. of a serpent king (Nm.) -4 N. of a monkey (Nm.) -5 N. of a year (29th year out of 6 years cycle). -मूल्य a. highly priced, dear. -मेधस् a. silly, foolish, dull-headed, dull; Pt.1. (-m.) a dunce, dull-headed man, blockhead; ग्रन्थानधीत्य व्याकर्तु- मिति दुर्मेधसो$प्यलम् Śi.2.26. -मैत्र a. unfriendly, hostile; Bhāg.7.5.27. -यशस् n. ill-repute, dishonour. -योगः 1 bad or clumsy contrivance. -2 a bad combination. -योध, -योधन a. invincible, unconquerable. (-नः) the eldest of the 11 sons of Dhṛitarāṣṭra and Gāndhārī. [From his early years he conceived a deep hatred for his cousins the Pāṇḍavas, but particularly Bhīma, and made every effort he could to compass their destruction. When his father proposed to make Yudhiṣṭhira heir-apparent, Duryodhana did not like the idea, as his father was the reigning sovereign, and prevailed upon his blind father to send the Pāṇḍavas away into exile. Vāraṇāvata was fixed upon as their abode, and under pretext of constructing a palatial building for their residence, Duryodhana caused a palace to be built mostly of lac, resin and other combustible materials, thereby hoping to see them all destroyed when they should enter it. But the Paṇḍavas were forewarned and they safely escaped. They then lived at Indraprastha, and Yudhiṣṭhira performed the Rājasuya sacrifice with great pomp and splendour. This event further excited the anger and jealousy of Duryodhana, who was already vexed to find that his plot for burning them up had signally failed, and he induced his father to invite the Pāṇḍavas to Hastināpura to play with dice (of which Yudhiṣṭhira was particularly fond). In that gambling-match, Duryodhana, who was ably assisted by his maternal uncle Śakuni, won from Yudhiṣṭhira everything that he staked, till the infatuated gambler staked himself, his brothers, and Draupadī herself, all of whom shared the same fate. Yudhiṣṭhira, as a condition of the wager, was forced to go to the forest with his wife and brothers, and to remain there for twelve years and to pass one additional year incognito. But even this period, long as it was, expired, and after their return from exile both the Pāṇḍavas and Kauravas made great preparations for the inevitable struggle and the great Bhāratī war commenced. It lasted for eighteen days during which all the Kauravas, with most of their allies, were slain. It was on the last day of the war that Bhīma fought a duel with Duryodhana and smashed his thigh with his club.] मोघं तवेदं भुवि नामधेयं दुर्योधनेतीह कृतं पुरस्तात् न हीह दुर्योधनता तवास्ति पलायमानस्य रणं विहाय Mb.4.65.17. -योनि a. of a low birth, न कथंचन दुर्योनिः प्रकृतिं स्वां नियच्छति Ms.1.59. -लक्ष्य a. difficult to be seen or perceived, hardly visible. -क्ष्यम् bad aim; मनः प्रकृत्यैव चलं दुर्लक्ष्यं च तथापि मे Ratn.3.2. -लभ a. 1 difficult to be attained, or accomplished; R.1.67;17.7; Ku.4.4;5.46,61; दुर्लभं भारते जन्म मानुष्यं तत्र दुर्लभम् Subhāṣ. -2 difficult to be found or met with, scarce, rare; शुद्धान्तदुर्लभम् Ś.1.17. -3 best, excellent, eminent. -ग्रामः a village situated close to a large village and inhabited by the free-holders (अग्र- हारोपजीविनः); Māna.1.79-8. -4 dear, beloved. -5 costly. -ललित a. 1 spoilt by fondling, fondled too much, hard to please; हा मदङ्कदुर्ललित Ve.4; V.2.8; Māl.9. -2 (hence) wayward, naughty, illbred, unruly; स्पृहयामि खलु दुर्ललितायास्मै Ś.7. (-तम्) waywardness, rudeness. -लेख्यम् a forged document. Y.2.91. -वच a. 1 difficult to be described, indescribable. अपि वागधिपस्य दुर्वचं वचनं तद् विदधीत विस्मयम् Ki.2.2. -2 not to be talked about. -3 speaking improperly, abusing. (-चम्) abuse, censure, foul language. -वचस् n. abuse, censure; असह्यं दुर्वचो ज्ञातेर्मेघा- न्तरितरौद्रवत् Udb. -वर्ण a. bad-coloured. -र्णः 1 bad colour. -2 impurity; यथा हेम्नि स्थितो वह्निर्दुवर्णं हन्ति धातु- जम् Bhāg.12.3.47. (-र्णम्) 1 silver. दुर्वर्णभित्तिरिह सान्द्रसुधासुवर्णा Śi.4.28. -2 a kind of leprosy. -वस a. difficult to be resided in. -वसतिः f. painful residence; R.8.94. -वह a. heavy, difficult to be borne; दुर्वहगर्भखिन्नसीता U.2.1; Ku.1.11. -वाच् a. speaking ill. (-f.) 1 evil words, abuse. -2 inelegant language or speech. -वाच्य a. 1 difficult to be spoken or uttered. -2 abusive, scurrilous. -3 harsh, cruel (as words). (-च्यम्) 1 censure, abuse. -2 scandal, ill-repute. -वातः a fart. ˚वातय Den. P. to break wind or fart; इत्येके विहसन्त्येनमेके दुर्वातयन्ति च Bhāg.11.23.4. -वादः slander, defamation, calumny. -वार, -वारण a. irresistible, unbearable; R.14.87; किं चायमरिदुर्वारः पाणौ पाशः प्रचेतसः Ku.2.21. -वासना 1 evil propensity, wicked desire; कः शत्रुर्वद खेददानकुशलो दुर्वासनासंचयः Bv. 1.86. -2 a chimera. -वासस् a. 1 ill-dressed. -2 naked. (-m.) N. of a very irascible saint or Ṛiṣi, son of Atri and Anasūyā. (He was very hard to please, and he cursed many a male and female to suffer misery and degradation. His anger, like that of Jamadagni, has become almost proverbial.) -वाहितम् a heavy burden; उरोजपूर्णकुम्भाङ्का सदुर्वाहितविभ्रमा Rāj. T.4.18. -विगाह, -विगाह्य a. difficult to be penetrated or fathomed, unfathomable. -विचिन्त्य inconceivable, inscrutable -विद a. difficult to be known or discovered; नूनं गतिः कृतान्तस्य प्राज्ञैरपि सुदुर्विदा Mb.7.78. 2. -विदग्ध 1 unskilled, raw, foolish, stupid, silly. -2 wholly ignorant. -3 foolishly puffed up, elated. vainly proud; वृथाशस्त्रग्रहणदुर्विदग्ध Ve.3; ज्ञानलवदुर्विदग्धं ब्रह्मापि नरं न रञ्जयति Bh.2.3. -विद्ध a. Badly perforated (a pearl); Kau. A.2.11. -विद्य a. uneducated; Rāj. T.1.354. -विध a. 1 mean, base, low. -2 wicked, vile. -3 poor, indigent; विदधाते रुचिगर्वदुर्विधम् N.2.23. -4 stupid, foolish, silly; विविनक्ति न बुद्धिदुर्विधः Śi.16.39. -विनयः misconduct, imprudence. -विनीत a. 1 (a) badly educated, ill-mannered; ill-behaved, wicked; शासितरि दुर्विनीतानाम् Ś.1.24. (b) rude, naughty, mischievous. -2 stubborn, obstinate. (-तः) 1 a restive or untrained horse. -2 a wayward person, reprobate. -विपाक a. producing bad fruit; श्रितासि चन्दनभ्रान्त्या दुर्विपाकं विषद्रुमम् U.1.46. (-कः) 1 bad result or consequence; U.1.4; किं नो विधिरिह वचने$प्यक्षमो दुर्विपाकः Mv. 6.7. -2 evil consequences of acts done either in this or in a former birth. -विभाव्य a. inconceivable; also दुर्विभाव; असद्वृत्तेरहो वृत्तं दुर्विभावं विधेरिव Ki.11.56. -विमर्श a. difficult to be tried or examined; यो दुर्विमर्शपथया निजमाययेदं सृष्ट्वा गुणान्विभजते तदनुप्रविष्टः Bhāg.1.49.29. -विलसितम् a wayward act, rudeness, naughtiness; डिम्भस्य दुर्विलसितानि मुदे गुरूणाम् B. R.4.6. -विलासः a bad or evil turn of fate; U.1. -विवाहः a censurable marriage; इतरेषु तु शिष्टेषु नृशंसानृतवादिनः । जायन्ते दुर्विवाहेषु ब्रह्मधर्मद्विषः सुताः ॥ Ms.3.41. -विष a. ill-natured, malignant. (-षः) N. of Śiva. -विषह a. unbearable, intolerable, irresistible. (-हः) N. of Śiva. -वृत्त a. 1 vile, wicked, ill-behaved. -2 roguish. (-त्तम्) misconduct, ill-behaviour. दुर्वृत्तवृत्तशमनं तव देवि शीलम् Devīmāhātmya. -वृत्तिः f. 1 misconduct. -2 misery, want, distress. -3 fraud. -वृष्टिः f. insufficient rain, drought. -वेद a. difficult to be known or ascertained. -व्यवहारः a wrong judgment in law. -व्यवहृतिः f. ill-report or rumour. -व्यसनम् 1 a fond pursuit or resolve; Mu.3. -2 bad propensity, vice; तेन दुर्व्यसनेनासीद्भोजने$पि कदर्थना Ks.73.73. -व्रत a. not conforming to rules, disobedient. -हुतम् a badly offered sacrifice. -हृद् a. wicked-hearted, ill-disposed, inimical; अकुर्वतोर्वां शुश्रूषां क्लिष्टयोर्दुर्हृदा भृशम् Bhāg.1.45.9. (-m.) an enemy. -हृदय a. evil-minded, evil-intentioned, wicked. -हृषीक a. having defective organs of sense.
drupadaḥ द्रुपदः N. of a king of the Pāñchālas [He was a son of Prisata. He and Drona were school-fellows, as they learnt the science of archery from Droṇa's father, Bharadvāja. After Drupada had succeeded to the throne, Droṇa, when in pecuniary difficulties, went to him on the strength of his former friendship; but the proud monarch disrespected and slighted him. For this Droṇa afterwards got him captured by his pupils the Pāṇḍavas, but was kind enough to spare his life, and allowed him to retain half his kingdom. But the defeat sustained by him at Droṇa's hands rankled in his soul, and with the desire of getting a son who would avenge the wrong done to him, he performed a sacrifice, when a son named Dhṛiṣtadyumna (and a daughter called Draupudī) sprang up from the fire. This son afterwards treacherously cut off the head of Droṇa. See Droṇa also.]
droṇaḥ द्रोणः [cf. Un. 3. 1.] 1 A lake 4 poles long. -2 A cloud (or a particular kind of cloud) abounding in water (from which rain streams forth as from a bucket). को$यमेवंविधे काले कालपाशस्थिते मयि । अनावृष्टिहते शस्ये द्रोणमेघ इवोदितः ॥ Mk.1.26. -3 A raven or a carrion crow. -4 A scorpion. -5 A tree (in general). -6 A tree bearing (white) flowers. -7 N. of the preceptor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. [Droṇa was the son of the sage Bharadvāja, and was so called because the seed, which fell at the sight of a nymph called Ghṛitāchī, was preserved by the sage in a droṇa. Though a Brāhmaṇa by birth, he was well-versed in the science of arms which he learnt from Paraśurāma. He afterwards taught the Kauravas and the Pāṇḍavas the science of arms and archery. When, however, the great war commenced, he attached himself to the side of the Kauravas, and after Bhīṣma had been mortally wounded-'lodged in the cage of darts'he assumed the command of the Kaurava forces and maintained the struggle for four successive days, achieving wonderful exploits and killing thousands of warriors on the Pāṇḍava side. On the fifteenth day of the battle the fight continued even during the night, and it was on the morning of the 16th that Bhīma, at the suggestion of Kṛiṣṇa, said within Droṇa's hearing that Aśvatthāman was slain (the fact being that an elephant named Aśvatthaman had fallen on the field). Being at a loss to understand how that could be, he appealed to Yudhiṣṭhira, 'the truthful', who also, at the advice of Kṛiṣṇa, gave an evasive reply--uttered loudly the word Aśvatthāman and added 'Gaja or elephant' in a very low tone; sec Ve.3.9. Sorely grieved at the death of his only son, the kind-hearted old father fell in a swoon, and Dhṛiṣṭadyumna, his avowed enemy, took advantage of this circumstance, and cut off his head.] -णः, -णम् A measure of capacity, either the same as an Āḍhaka or equal to 4 Āḍhakas or 1/16 of a Khāri, or 32 or 64 shers; द्रोणस्तु खार्याः खलु षोडशांशः Lilā (Mar. अदमण). -णम् 1 A wooden vessel or cup, bucket; ततो$स्य रेतश्चस्कन्द तदृषिर्द्रोण आदधे Mb.1.13. 37. -2 A tub. -Comp. -आचार्यः see द्रोण above. -कलशः A kind of sacrificial vessel. -काकः, -काकलः a raven. -क्षीरा, -घा, -दुग्धा, -दुघा a cow yielding a droṇa of milk; सर्वा द्रोणदुघा गावो रामे राज्यं प्रशासति Mb.12.29.58. -गन्धिका a kind of plant (रासना). -मुखम् the capital of 4 villages; चतुःशतग्राम्या द्रोणमुखम् Kau. A.22. -मेघः see द्रोण (2) above. -वृष्टिः rain streaming forth from the द्रोण (cloud); अनावृष्टिहते सस्ये द्रोणवृष्टिरिवागता Mk.1.39.
draupadī द्रौपदी [द्रुपदस्यापत्यं स्त्री-अण् ङीप्] N. of the daughter of Drupada, king of the Pāñchālas. [She was won by Arjuna at her Svayaṁvara ceremony, and when he and his brothers returned home they told their mother that they had that day made a great acquisition. Whereupon the mother said, "Well, then, my dear children, divide it amongst yourselves." As her words once uttered could not be changed, she became the common wife of the five brothers. When Yudhiṣṭhira lost his kingdom and even himself and Draupadī in gambling, she was grossly insulted by Duhśāsana (q. v.) and by Duryodhana's wife. But these and the like insults she bore with uncommon patience and endurance, and on several occasions, when she and her husbands were put to the test, she saved their credit (as on the occasion of Durvāsas begging food at night for his 6, pupils). At last, however, her patience was exhausted, and she taunted her husbands for the very tame way in which they put up with the insults and injuries inflicted upon them by their enemies (see. Ki.1.29-46). It was then that the Pāṇḍavas resolved to enter upon the great Bhāratī war. She is one of the five very chaste women whose names one is recommended to repeat; see अहल्या.)
dharmaḥ धर्मः [ध्रियते लोको$नेन, धरति लोकं वा धृ-मन्; cf. Uṇ 1. 137] 1 Religion; the customary observances of a caste, sect, &c. -2 Law, usage, practice, custom, ordinance, statue. -3 Religious or moral merit, virtue, righteousness, good works (regarded as one of the four ends of human existence); अनेन धर्मः सविशेषमद्य मे त्रिवर्ग- सारः प्रतिभाति भाविनि Ku.5.38, and see त्रिवर्ग also; एक एव सुहृद्धर्मो निधने$प्यनुयाति यः H.1.63. -4 Duty, prescribed course of conduct; षष्ठांशवृत्तेरपि धर्म एषः Ś.5.4; Ms.1.114. -5 Right, justice, equity, impartiality. -6 Piety, propriety, decorum. -7 Morality, ethics -8 Nature. disposition, character; उत्पत्स्यते$स्ति मम को$पि समानधर्मा Māl.1.6; प्राणि˚, जीव˚. -9 An essential quality, peculiarity, characteristic property, (peculiar) attribute; वदन्ति वर्ण्यावर्ण्यानां धर्मैक्यं दीपकं बुधाः Chandr.5.45; Pt.1.34. -1 Manner, resemblance, likeness. -11 A sacrifice. -12 Good company, associating with the virtuous -13> Devotion, religious abstraction. -14 Manner, mode. -15 An Upaniṣad q. v. -16 N. of Yudhiṣṭhira, the eldest Pāṇḍava. -17 N. of Yama, the god of death. -18 A bow. -19 A drinker of Soma juice. -2 (In astrol.) N. of the ninth lunar mansion. -21 An Arhat of the Jainas. -22 The soul. -23 Mastery, great skill; दिव्यास्त्रगुणसंपन्नः परं धर्मं गतो युधि Rām.3.31.15. -र्मम् A virtuous deed. -Comp. -अक्षरम् (pl.) holy mantras; a formula of faith; धर्माक्षराण्युदाहरामि Mk.8.45-46. -अङ्गः (-ङ्गा f.) the Indian crane. -अधर्मौ m. (du.) right and wrong, religion and irreligion; धर्माधर्मौ सपदि गलितौ पुण्यपापे विशीर्णे. ˚विद् m. a Mīmāṁsaka who knows the right and wrong course of action. -अधिकरणम् 1 administration of the laws. 1 a court of justice. (-णः) a judge. -अधिकरणिकः, -अधिकारिन् m. a judge, magistrate, any judicial functionary. -अधिकरणिन् m. a judge, magistrate. -अधिकारः 1 superintendence of religious affairs; Ś1. -2 administration of justice. -3 the office of a judge. -अधि- ष्ठानम् a court of justice. -अध्यक्षः 1 a judge. -2 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -अनुष्ठानम् acting according to religion, virtuous or moral conduct. -अनुसारः conformity to virtue or justice. -अपेत a. deviating from virtue, wicked, immoral, irreligious. (-तम्) vice, immorality, injustice. -अयनम् course of law, law-suit. -अरण्यम् a sacred or penance grove, a wood inhabited by ascetics; धर्मारण्यं प्रविशति गजः Śi.1.32. -अर्थौः religious merit and wealth; धर्मार्थौ यत्र न स्याताम् Ms.2.112. -अर्थम् ind. 1 for religious purposes. -2 justly, according to justice or right. -अलीक a. having a false character. -अस्तिकायः (with Jainas) the category or predicament of virtue; cf. अस्तिकाय. -अहन् Yesterday. -आगमः a religious statute, lawbook. -आचार्यः 1 a religious teacher. -2 a teacher of law or customs. -आत्मजः an epithet of Yudhiṣṭhira q. v. -आत्मता religiousmindedness; justice, virtue. -आत्मन् a. just righteous, pious, virtuous. (-m.) a saint, a pious man. -आश्रय, -आश्रित a. righteous, virtuous; धर्माश्रयं पापिनः (निन्दन्ति) Pt.1.415. -आसनम् the throne of justice, judgmentseat, tribunal; न संभावितमद्य धर्मासनमध्यासितुम् Ś.6; धर्मासनाद्विशति वासगृहं नरेन्द्रः U.1.7. -इन्द्रः, -ईशः an epithet of Yama; पितॄणामिव धर्मेन्द्रः Mb.7.6.6. -ईप्सु a. wishing to gain religious merit; Ms.1.127. -उत्तर a. 'rich in virtue,' chiefly characterized by justice, eminently just and impartial; धर्मोत्तरं मध्यममाश्रयन्ते R.13.7. -उपचायिन् a. religious; यच्च वः प्रेक्षमाणानां सर्व- धर्मोपचायिनाम् Mb.5.137.16. -उपदेशः 1 instruction in law or duty, religious or moral instruction. आर्षं धर्मोपदेशं च वेदशास्त्राविरोधिना । यस्तर्केणानुसंधत्ते स धर्मं वेद नेतरः ॥ Ms.12.16. -2 the collective body of laws. -उपदेशकः 1 a teacher of the law. -2 a spiritual teacher, a Guru. -कथकः an expounder of law. -कर्मन् n., -कार्यम्, -क्रिया 1 any act of duty or religion, any moral or religious observance, a religious act or rite. -2 virtuous conduct. -कथादरिद्रः the Kali age. -काम a. 1 devoted to virtue. -2 observing duty or right. -कायः 1 an epithet of Buddha. -2 a Jaina saint. -कारणम् Cause of virtue. -कीलः 1 a grant, royal edict or decree. -2 husband. -कृत् a. observing duty, acting justly. (-m.) 1 N. of Viṣṇu. -2 a pious man. धर्मा- धर्मविहीनो$पि धर्ममर्यादास्थापनार्थं धर्ममेव करोतीति धर्मकृत् Bhāg. -केतुः an epithet of Buddha. -कोशः, -षः the collective body of laws or duties; धर्मकोषस्य गुप्तये Ms.1.99. -क्रिया, -कृत्यम् any act of religion, any moral or religious rite. -क्षेत्रम् 1 Bhāratavarṣa (the land of religion). -2 N. of a plain near Delhi, the scene of the great battle between the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas; धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः Bg.1.1. (-त्रः) a virtuous or pious man. -गुप्त a. observing and protecting religion. (-प्तः) N. of Viṣṇu. -ग्रन्थः a sacred work or scripture. -घटः a jar of fragrant water offered daily (to a Brāhmaṇa) in the month of Vaiśākha; एष धर्मघटो दत्तो ब्रह्माविष्णुशिवात्मकः । अस्य प्रदानात् सफला मम सन्तु मनोरथाः ॥ -घ्न a. immoral, unlawful. -चक्रः 1 The wheel or range of the law; Bhddh. Jain. -2 a Buddha. ˚मृत् m. a Buddha or Jaina. -चरणम्, -चर्या observance of the law, performance of religious duties; शिवेन भर्त्रा सह धर्मचर्या कार्या त्वया मुक्तविचारयेति Ku.7.83; वयसि प्रथमे, मतौ चलायां बहुदोषां हि वदन्ति धर्मचर्याम् Bu. Ch.5.3. चारिन् a. practising virtue, observing the law, virtuous, righteous; स चेत्स्वयं कर्मसु धर्मचारिणां त्वमन्त- रायो भवसि R.3.45. (-m.) an ascetic. चारिणी 1 a wife. -2 a chaste or virtuous wife. cf. सह˚; इयं चोर्वशी यावदायुस्तव सहधर्मचारिणी भवत्विति V.5.19/2. -चिन्तक a. 1 studying or familiar with duty. -2 reflecting on the law. -चिन्तनम्, चिन्ता study of virtue, consideration of moral duties, moral reflection. -च्छलः fraudulent transgression of law or duty. -जः 1 'duly or lawfully born', a legitimate son; cf. Ms.9.17. -2 N. of युधिष्ठिर; Mb.15.1.44. -जन्मन् m. N. of युधिष्ठिर. -जिज्ञासा inquiry into religion or the proper course of conduct; अथातो धर्मजिज्ञासा Jaimini's Sūtra. -जीवन a. one who acts according to the rules of his caste or fulfils prescribed duties. (-नः) a Brāhmaṇa who maintains himself by assisting other men in the performance of their religious rites; यश्चापि धर्मसमयात्प्रच्युतो धर्मजीवनः Ms.9.273. -ज्ञ a. 1 knowing what is right, conversant with civil or religious law; Ms.7.141;8.179;1.127. -2 just, righteous, pious. -त्यागः abandoning one's religion, apostacy. -दक्षिणा a fee for instruction in the law. -दानम् a charitable gift (made without any self-interest.) पात्रेभ्यो दीयते नित्यमनपेक्ष्य प्रयोजनम् । केवलं धर्मबुद्ध्या यद् धर्मदानं प्रचक्षते ॥ Ms.3.262. -दुघा a cow milked for religious purposes only. -द्रवी N. of the Ganges. -दारा m. (pl.) a lawful wife; स्त्रीणां भर्ता धर्मदाराश्च पुंसाम् Māl. 6.18. -द्रुह् a. voilating the law or right; निसर्गेण स धर्मस्य गोप्ता धर्मद्रुहो वयम् Mv.2.7. -द्रोहिन् m. a demon. -धातुः an epithet of Buddha. -ध्वजः -ध्वजिन् m. a religious hypocrite, an impostor; Bhāg.3.32.39. -नन्दनः an epithet of युधिष्ठिर. -नाथः a legal protector, rightful master. -नाभः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -निबन्धिन् a. pious, holy. -निवेशः religious devotion. -निष्ठ a. devoted to religion or virtue; श्रीमन्तः पान्तु पृथ्वीं प्रशमित- रिपवो धर्मनिष्ठाश्च भूपाः Mk.1.61. -निष्पत्तिः f. 1 discharge or fulfilment of duty. -2 moral or religious observance; -पत्नी a lawful wife; R.2.2,2,72;8.7; Y.2.128. -पथः the way of virtue, a virtuous course of conduct. -पर a. religious-minded, pious, righteous. -परिणामः rise of righteous conduct in the heart (Jainism); cf. also एतेन भूतेन्द्रियेषु धर्मलक्षणावस्थापरिणामा व्याख्याताः Yoga-darśana. -पाठकः a teacher of civil or religious law; Ms.12.111. -पालः 'protector of the law', said metaphorically of (दण्ड) 'punishment or chastisement', or 'sword'. -पाडा transgressing the law, an offence against law. -पुत्रः 1 a lawful son, a son begotten from a sense of duty and not from mere lust or sensual pleasure. -2 an epithet of युधिष्ठिर. -3 any one regarded as a son for religious purposes, a spiritual son. -प्रचारः (fig.) sword. -प्रतिरूपकः a counterfeit of virtue; Ms.11.9. -प्रधान a. eminent in piety; धर्मप्रधानं पुरुषं तपसा हतकिल्बिषम् Ms.4.243. -प्रवक्तृ m. 1 an expounder of the law, a legal adviser. -2 a religious teacher, preacher. -प्रवचनम् 1 the science of duty; U.5.23. -2 expounding the law. (-नः) an epithet of Buddha. -प्रेक्ष्य a. religious or virtuous (धर्मदृष्टि); Rām.2.85.16. -बाणिजिकः, -वाणिजिकः 1 one who tries to make profit out of his virtue like a merchant. -2 one who performs religious rites with a view to reward, like a merchant dealing in transactions for profit. -बाह्यः a. contrary to religion or what is right. -भगिनी 1 a lawful sister. -2 a daughter of the spiritual preceptor. -3 a spiritual sister, any one regarded as a sister or discharging the same religious duties एतस्मिन्विहारे मम धर्मभगिनी तिष्ठति Mk.8.46/47. -भागिनी a virtuous wife. -भाणकः a lecturer or public reader who reads and explains to audiences sacred books like the Bhārata, Bhāgavata, &c. -भिक्षुकः a mendicant from virtuous motives; Ms. 11.2. -भृत् m. 1 'a preserver or defender of justice,' a king. -2 a virtuous person. -भ्रातृ m. 1 a fellow religious student, a spiritual brother. -2 any one regarded as a brother from discharging the same religious duties. वानप्रस्थयतिब्रह्मचारिणां रिक्थभागिनः । क्रमेणाचार्यसच्छिष्य- धर्मभ्रात्रेकतीर्थिनः ॥ Y.2.137. -महामात्रः a minister of religion, a minister in charge of religious affairs. -मूलम् the foundation of civil or religious law, the Vedas. -मेघः a particular Samādhi. -युगम् the Kṛita age; अथ धर्मयुगे तस्मिन्योगधर्ममनुष्ठिता । महीमनुचचारैका सुलभा नाम भिक्षुकी Mb.12.32.7. -यूपः, -योनिः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -रति a. 'delighting in virtue or justice', righteous, pious, just; तस्य धर्मरतेरासीद् वृद्धत्वं जरसा विना R.1.23. -रत्नम् N. of a Jaina स्मृतिग्रन्थ prepared by Jīmūtavāhana. -राज् -m. an epithet of Yama. -राज a. धर्मशील q. v.; धर्मराजेन जनकेन महात्मना (विदेहान् रक्षितान्) Mb.12.325 19. -राजः an epithet of 1 Yama. -2 Jina. -3 युधिष्ठिर. -4 a king. -राजन् m. N. of युधिष्ठिर. -राजिका a monument, a stūpa (Sārnāth Inscrip. of Mahīpāla; Ind. Ant. Vol.14, p.14.) -रोधिन् a. 1 opposed to law, illegal, unlawful. -2 immoral. -लक्षणम् 1 the essential mark of law. -2 the Vedas. (-णा) the Mīmāṁsā philosophy. -लोपः 1 irreligion, immorality. -2 violation of duty; धर्मलोपभयाद्राज्ञीमृतुस्नातामिमां स्मरन् R. 1.76. -वत्सल a. loving piety or duty. -वर्तिन् a. just, virtuous. -वर्धनः an epithet of Śiva. -वादः discussion about law or duty, religious controversy; अनुकल्पः परो धर्मो धर्मवादैस्तु केवलम् Mb.12.165.15. -वासरः 1 the day of full moon. -2 yesterday. -वाहनः 1 an epithet of Śiva. -2 a buffalo (being the vehicle of Yama). -विद् a. familiar with the law (civil or religious). ˚उत्तमः N. of Viṣṇu. -विद्या knowledge of the law or right. -विधिः a legal precept or injunction; एष धर्मविधिः कृत्स्नश्चातुर्वर्ण्यस्य कीर्तितः Ms.1.131. -विप्लवः violation of duty, immorality. -विवेचनम् 1 judicial investigation; यस्य शूद्रस्तु कुरुते राज्ञो धर्मविवेचनम् । तस्य सीदति तद्राष्ट्रं पङ्के गौरिव पश्यतः ॥ Ms.8.21. -2 dissertation on duty. -वीरः (in Rhet.) the sentiment of heroism arising out of virtue or piety, the sentiment of chivalrous piety; the following instance is given in R. G.:-- सपदि विलयमेतु राज्यलक्ष्मीरुपरि पतन्त्वथवा कृपाणधाराः । अपहरतुतरां शिरः कृतान्तो मम तु मतिर्न मनागपैतु धर्मात् ॥ स च दानधर्मयुद्धैर्दयया च समन्वितश्चतुर्धा स्यात् S. D. -वृद्ध a. advanced in virtue or piety; न धर्मवृद्धेषु वयः समीक्ष्यते Ku.5.16. -वैतंसिकः one who gives away money unlawfully acquired in the hope of appearing generous. -व्यवस्था m. judicial decision, decisive sentence. -शाला 1 a court of justice, tribunal. -2 any charitabla institution. -शासनम्, शास्त्रम् a code of laws, jurisprudence; न धर्मशास्त्रं पठतीति कारणम् H.1.17; Y.1.5. [मनुर्यमो वसिष्ठो$त्रिः दक्षो विष्णुस्तथाङ्गिराः । उशना वाक्पतिर्व्यास आपस्तम्बो$ थ गौतमः ॥ कात्यायनो नारदश्च याज्ञवल्क्यः पराशरः । संवर्तश्चैव शङ्खश्च हारीतो लिखितस्तथा ॥ एतैर्यानि प्रणीतानि धर्मशास्त्राणि वै पुरा । तान्येवातिप्रमाणानि न हन्तव्यानि हेतुभिः ॥] -शील a. just, pious, virtuous. -शुद्धिः a correct knowledge of the law; प्रत्यक्षं चानुमानं च शास्त्रं च विविधागमम् । त्रयं सुविदितं कार्यं धर्मशुद्धिमभीप्सता ॥ Ms.12.15. -संहिता a code of laws (especially compiled by sages like Manu, Yājñavalkya, &c.). -संगः 1 attachmet to justice or virtue. -2 hypocrisy. -संगीतिः 1 discussion about law. -2 (with Buddhists) a council. -सभा a court of justice. -समयः a legal obligation; यश्चापि धर्मसमयात्प्रच्युतो धर्मजीवनः Ms.9.273. -सहायः a partner or companion in the discharge of religious duties. -सूः m. the fork-tailed shrike. -सूत्रम् a book on पूर्वमीमांसा written by Jaimini. -सेतुः an epithet of Śiva. -सेवनम् fulfilment of duties. -स्थः a judge; धर्मस्थः कारणैरेतैर्हीनं तमिति निर्दिशेत् Ms.8.57. -स्थीय a. Concerning law; धर्मस्थीयं तृतीयं प्रकरणम् Kau. A.3. -स्वामिन् m. an epithet of Buddha.
dhṛṣṭa धृष्ट p. p. [धृष्-क्त] 1 Bold, courageous, confident. -2 Impudent, rude, shameless, saucy, insolent; स्तुवञ्जिह्रेमि त्वां न खलु ननु धृष्टा मुखरता Mahimna.9; धृष्टः पार्श्वे वसति H.2.26. -3 Forward, presumptuous. -4 Profligate, abandoned. -5 Cruel, unkind. -ष्टः A faithless husband or lover; कृतागा अपि निःशङ्कस्तर्जितो$पि न लज्जितः । दृष्टदोषो$पि मिथ्यावाक् कथितो धृष्टनायकः S. D.72. -ष्टा A disloyal woman. -Comp. -केतुः N. of the son of धृष्टद्युम्न. -द्युम्नः N. of a son of Drupada and brother of Draupadī. [He with his father fought on the side of the Pāṇḍavas, and for some days he acted as commander-in-chief of their forces. When Droṇa had killed Drupada after a hard struggle, Dhṛiṣṭadyumna vowed that he would be revenged for the death of his father. And he was able to fulfil this vow on the morning of the 16th day of the battle, when he unfairly cut off the head of Droṇa (see Droṇa). He was afterwards surprised by Aṣvatthāman while lying asleep in the camp of the Pāṇḍavas, and was stamped to death.]. -धी a. bold, presumptuous. -मानिन् a. having too high an opinion of oneself, presumptuous. -वादिन् a. speaking boldly.
dhaumyaḥ धौम्यः N. of an ancient Ṛiṣi; the family priest of the Pāṇḍavas.
naciketas नचिकेतस् m. 1 An epithet of Agni. -2 N. of the son of Vājaśravas. He secured Brahmavidyā from Yamadharma (see Kaṭhopaniṣat); उशन् ह वै वाजश्रवसः सर्ववेदसं ददौ । तस्य ह नचिकेता नाम पुत्र आस । Kaṭh. Up.
nahuṣaḥ नहुषः N. of a king of the lunar race, son of Āyus and grandson of Purūravas and father of Yayāti. [He was a very wise and powerful king, and when Indra lay concealed under waters to expiate the sin of having killed the demon Vṛitra, a Brāhmaṇa, he was asked to occupy his seat. While there he thought of winning the love of Indrāṇī and caused the seven sages to convey him in a palanquin to her house. On his way he asked each of them to be quick using the words 'sarpa', 'sarpa', (move on, move on), when one of the sages (Agastya ?) cursed him to be a 'sarpa' (serpent). He fell down from the sky, and remained in that wretched state till he was relieved from it by Yudhiṣttod;hira.]
nirjharin निर्झरिन् m. A mountain. निर्झरिणी nirjhariṇī निर्झरी nirjharī निर्झरिणी निर्झरी A river, mountain-torrent; स्खलन- मुखरभूरिस्रोतसो निर्झरिण्यः U.2.2; Mv.5.4; जटाकटाह- संभ्रमन्निलिम्पनिर्झरीविलोलवीचिवल्लरीविराजमानमूर्धनि Śivatāndavastotra. निर्णयः nirṇayḥ निर्णीत nirṇīta निर्णेतृ nirṇētṛ निर्णयः निर्णीत निर्णेतृ &e. See under निर्णी.
paryavasthā पर्यवस्था 1 P. 1 To set out. -2 To be or exist everywhere. -3 To rely upon. -Caus. To compose or collect oneself; न पर्यवस्थापयत्यात्मानम् V.1. पर्यवस्था paryavasthā पर्यवस्थानम् paryavasthānam पर्यवस्था पर्यवस्थानम् 1 Opposition, resistance, obstruction. -2 Contradiction.
pāñcālī पाञ्चाली 1 A woman or princess of the Pañchālas. -2 N. of Draupadī, the wife of the Pāṇḍavas. -3 A doll, puppet. -4 (In Rhet.) One of the four styles of composition. The S. D. thus defines it :-वर्णैः शेषैः (i. e. माधुर्यव्यञ्जकौजःप्रकाशकाभ्यां भिन्नैः) पुनर्द्वयोः समस्तपञ्चषपदो बन्धः पाञ्चालिको मतः ॥ 628.
pāṇḍavīyaḥ पाण्डवीयः a. Belonging to the Pāndavas.
pāṇḍu पाण्डु a. Pale-white, whitish, pale, yellowish; यथा पाण्ड्वाविकम् Bṛi. Up.2.3.6; विकलकरणः पाण्डुच्छायः शुचा परिदुर्बलः U.3.22. -ण्डुः 1 The pale-white or yellowish-white colour. -2 Jaundice. -3 A white elephant. -4 N. of the father of the Pāṇḍavas. [He was begotten by Vyāsa on Ambālikā, one of the widows of Vichitravīrya. He was called Pāṇḍu, because he was born pale (पाण्डु) by reason of his mother having become quite pale with fear when in private with the sage Vyāsa; (यस्मात् पाण्डुत्वमापन्ना विरूपं प्रेक्ष्य मामिह । तस्मादेव सुतस्ते वै पाण्डुरेव भविष्यति Mb.) He was prevented by a curse from having progeny himself; so he allowed his first wife Kuntī to make use of a charm she had acquired from Durvāsas for the birth of sons. She gave birth to Yudhiṣṭhira, Bhīma and Arjuna; and Mādrī, his other wife, by the use of the same charm, gave birth to Nakula and Sahadeva. One day Pāṇdu forgot the curse under which he was labouring, and made bold to embrace Mādrī, but he fell immediately dead in her arms.] -Comp. -आमयः jaundice. -कम्बलः 1 a white blanket. -2 a warm upper garment. -3 the housing of a royal elephant. -4 A kind of stone. -कम्बलिन् m. 1 a carriage covered with a woollen blanket. -2 the housings of a royal elephant. -पुत्रः a son of Pāṇḍu, any one of the five Pāṇḍavas. -पृष्ठ a. 'white-backed', having no auspicious marks on the body, one from whom nothing great is to be expected. -भावः Becoming yellowish white, pale; न कलङ्कानुगमो न पाण्डुभावः Bv.2.1. -भूमः a region full of chalky soil. -मृत्तिका 1 white or pale soil. -2 the opal. -मृद् f. chalk. -रङ्गः N. of a god (at Pandharpur), Viṭṭhala. -रागः whiteness, pallor. -रोगः jaundice. -लेखः a sketch made with chalk; a rough draft or sketch made on the ground, board &c.; पाण्डुलेखेन फलके भूमौ वा प्रथमं लिखेत् । न्यूनाधिकं तु संशोध्य पश्चात् पत्रे निवेशयेत् ॥ Vyāsa. -लोहम् silver; पाण्डुलोहशृङ्खलात्मना मया पादपद्मयोर्युगलं तव निगडयित्वा Dk.1. -वर्ण a. White. -शर्करा light-coloured gravel (प्रमेहभेद). -शर्मिला an epithet of Draupadī. -सोपाकः N. of a mixed tribe; चाण्डालात् पाण्डुसोपाकस्त्वक्सार- व्यवहारवान् Ms.1.37; Mb.13.48.26.
pārthaḥ पार्थः [पृथायाः अपत्यम् अण्] 1 A metronymic of all Pāṇḍavas; सर्वेषामेव पार्थानां फाल्गुनो बलवत्तरः Mb.7.158.8; but especially of Arjuna; उवाच पार्थ पश्यैतान् समवेतान् कुरूनिति Bg.1.25 and several other places. -2 A king. -Comp. -सारथिः 1 an epithet of Kṛiṣṇa. -2 N. of a famous writer on Mīmāṁsā.
puru पुरु a. (-रु -र्वी f.) [पृ-पालनपोषणयोः कु; Uṇ.1.24] Much, abundant, excessive, many; (in classical literature पुरु occurs usually at the beginning of proper names); इन्द्रो मायाभिः पुरुरूप ईयते Bṛi. Up.2.5.19; स्त्रीणां प्रियतमो नित्यं मत्तस्तु पुरुलम्पटः Bhāg.7.15.7. -रुः 1 The pollen of flowers. -2 Heaven, the world of the immortals. -3 N. of a demon killed by Indra. -4 N. of a prince, the sixth monarch of the lunar race. [He was the youngest son of Yayāti and Śarmiṣṭhā. When Yayāti asked his five sons if any one of them would exchange his youth and beauty for his own decrepitude and infirmities, it was Puru alone who consented to make the exchange. After a thousand years Yayāti restored to Puru his youth and beauty and made him successor to the throne. Puru was the ancestor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas.] -ind. 1 Much, exceedingly. -2 Repeatedly, often. -Comp. -कृत, -कृत्वन् a. efficacious. -जित् m. 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -2 N. of king Kuntibhoja of his brother. -दम् gold. -दंशकः a goose. -दंश (-स) -सा, -दत्रः, -द्रुह् m. epithets of Indra (Ved.). -निष्ठ a. excelling among many. -प्रौढ a. possessing much self-confidence. -भोजस् m. a cloud. -लम्पट a. very lustful or lascivious. -ह, -हु much, many. -हूत a. invoked by many; प्रादुश्चकर्थ यदिदं पुरुहूतरूपम् Bhāg.3.15.5. (-तः) an epithet of Indra; पुरुहूतध्वजः R.4.3;16.5; पुरुहूतमुख्याः (लोकपालाः) Ku.7.45. Ms.11.122. ˚द्विष् m. an epithet of Indrajit. -हूतिः m. an epithet of Viṣṇu. -f. manifold invocation.
purūravas पुरूरवस् m. [cf. Uṇ.4.231] The son of Budha and Ilā and founder of the lunar race of kings. [He saw the nymph Urvaśī, while descending upon earth owing to the curse of Mitra and Varuṇa, and fell in love with her. Urvaśī, too, was enamoured of the king who was as renowned for personal beauty as for truthfulness, devotion, and generosity, and became his wife. They lived happily together for many days, and after she had borne him a son, she returned to the heaven. The king heavily mourned her loss, and she was pleased to repeat her visits five successive times and bore him five sons. But the king, who wanted her life-long company, was not evidently satisfied with this; and he obtained his desired object after he had offered oblations as directed by the Gandharvas. The story told in Vikramorvaśīya differs in many respects; so does the account given in the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, based on a passage in the Ṛigveda, where it is said that Urvaśī agreed to live with Purūravas on two conditions:-namely that her two rams which she loved as children must be kept near her bed-side and never suffered to be carried away, and that he must take care never to be seen by her undressed. The Gandharvas, however, carried away the rams, and so Urvaśī disappeared.]
pratyavasita प्रत्यवसित a. 1 Eaten, drunk. -2 Relapsed into the old (bad) way of life; ये प्रत्यवसिताश्चैव ते वै निरयगामिनः Mb.13.23.67. प्रत्यवस्कन्दः pratyavaskandḥ दनम् danam प्रत्यवस्कन्दः दनम् (In law) A special plea; admitting a fact, but qualifying it in such a manner that it may not appear as a count of accusation.
pratyavasthānam प्रत्यवस्थानम् 1 Removal. -2 Hostility, opposition. -3 Status quo. प्रत्यवस्थापनम् pratyavasthāpanam प्रत्यवस्थापनम् Refreshing, strengthening.
babhru बभ्रु a. [भृ-कु द्वित्वम्; बभ्र्-उ वा Uṇ.1.21] 1 Deepbrown, tawny, reddish-brown; ज्वालाबभ्रुशिरोरुहः R.15. 16;19.25; बबन्ध बालारुणबभ्रु वल्कलम् Ku.5.8. -2 Baldheaded through disease. -भ्रुः 1 Fire. -2 An ichneumon; सखिभिर्न्यवसत् सार्धं व्याघ्राखुवृकबभ्रुभिः Mb.1.14.27. -3 The tawny colour. -4 A man with tawny hair. -5 N. of a Yādava; आलप्यालमिदं बभ्रोर्यत् स दारानपाहरत् Śi.2.1. -6 An epithet of Śiva. -7 Of Viṣṇu. -8 The Chātaka bird. -9 A sweeper, cleaner. -1 N. of a country. -n. 1 A tawny or brown colour. -2 Any object of a brown colour. -भ्रूः f. A reddish-brown cow (कपिला); अजानन्नहनद्बभ्रोः शिरः शार्दूलशङ्कया Bhāg.9.2.6. -Comp. -धातुः 1 gold. -2 red chalk (गौरिक), a kind of ochre. -वाहनः N. of a son of Arjuna by Chitrāṅgadā. [The sacrificial horse let loose by king Yudhiṣṭhira and guarded by Arjuna entered, in the course of its wanderings, the country of Maṇipura, which was then ruled by Babhruvāhana, unequalled in prowess. The horse was taken to the king; but when he read the writing on the plate on its head, he knew that it belonged to the Pāṇḍavas, and that his father Arjuna had arrived in the kingdom; and, hastening to him, respectfully offered his kingdom and his treasures along with the horse. Arjuna, in an evil hour, struck the head of Babhruvāhana and upbraided him for his cowardice saying that if he had possessed true valour and had been his true son, he should not have been afraid of his father and submitted to him so meekly. At these words the brave youth was exceedingly irritated and discharged a crescent-shaped arrow at Arjuna which severed his head from his body. He was, however, restored to life by Ulūpī who happened to be then with Chitrāṅgadā; and having acknowledged Babhruvāhana as his true son, he resumed his journey.]
balam बलम् [बल्-अच्] 1 Strength, power, might, vigour; क्षत्त्रियाणां बलं युद्धम् Brav. P. -2 Force, violence; as in बलात् q. v. -3 An army, host, forces, troops; भवेदभीष्म- मद्रोणं धृतराष्ट्रबलं कथम् Ve.3.24,43; बलं भीष्मा(भीमा)भिरक्षितम् Bg.1.1; R.16.37. -4 Bulkiness, stoutness (of the body). -5 Body, figure, shape. -6 Semen virile. -7 Blood, -8 Gum myrrh. -9 A shoot, sprout. -1 Force or power of articulation; वर्णः स्वरः । मात्रा बलम् । साम संतानः । इत्युक्तः शीक्षाध्यायः T. Up.1.2.1. -11 The deity of power (such as Indra); नमो बलप्रमथनाय Mb.12.284. 94. -12 The hand; क्रान्ते विष्णुर्बले शक्रः कोष्ठे$ग्निर्भोक्तुमिच्छति Mb.12.239.8. -13 Effort (यत्न); विधिः शुक्रं बलं चेति त्रय एते गुणाः परे Mb.12.32.11 (com. बलं वासनाविषयप्राप्त्यनु- कूलो यत्नः). (बलेन means 'on the strength of', 'by means or virtue of'; बाहुबलेन जितः, वीर्यबलेन &c.; बलात् 'perforce', 'forcibly', 'violently', 'against one's will'; बलान्निद्रा समायाता Pt.1; हृदयमदये तस्मिन्नेवं पुनर्वलते बलात् Gīt.7.). -लः 1 A crow; Rām.6.54.9. -2 N. of the elder brother of Kṛiṣṇa; see बलराम below. -3 N. of a demon killed by Indra. -Comp. -अग्रम् excessive strength or force. (-ग्रः) the head of an army. -अङ्गकः the spring; 'वसन्त इष्यः सुरभिः पुष्पकालो बलाङ्गकः' H. Ch.156. -अञ्चिता the lute of Balarāma. -अटः a kind of beam. -अधिक a. surpassing in strength, of superior strength or force. -अधिकरणम् the affairs of an army; -अध्यक्षः 1 a general or commander of an army; सेनापतिबलाध्यक्षौ सर्वदिक्षु निवेशयेत् Ms.7.189. -2 a war-minister. -3 An officer in charge of infantry. -अनुजः an epithet of Kṛiṣṇa. -अन्वित a. 1 endowed with strength, mighty, powerful. -2 leading an army. -अबलम् 1 comparative strength and want of strength, relative strength and weakness; परात्मनोः परिच्छिद्य शक्त्या- दीनां बलाबलम् R.17.59. -2 relative significance and insignificance, comparative importance and unimportance; समय एव करोति बलाबलम् Śi.6.44. ˚अधिकरणम् a kind of न्यायभेद according to Jaimini. -अभ्रः an army in the form of a cloud. -अरातिः an epithet of Indra. -अर्थिन् a. desirous of power; राज्ञो बलार्थिनः षष्ठे (वर्षे उपनयनं कार्यम्) Ms.2.37. -अवलेपः pride of strength. -अशः, -असः 1 consumption. -2 the phlegmatic humour (कफ). -3 a swelling in the throat (which stops the passages of food). -आढ्यः a bean. -आत्मिका a kind of sun-flower (हस्तिशुण्डी). -आलयः a military camp; पूज्यमानो हरिगणैराजगाम बलालयम् Rām.6.112.8. -आहः water. -उत्कट a. of mighty strength; न वध्यते ह्यविश्वस्तो दुर्बलो$पि बलोत्कटैः Pt.2.44;3.115. -उपपन्न, -उपेत a. endowed with strength, strong, powerful; एतां रामबलोपेतां रक्षां यः सुकृती पठेत् Rāmarakṣā.1. -उपादानम् Recruitment of the army; Kau. A. -ओघः a multitude of troops, numerous army; लक्ष्मीं दधत् प्रति- गिरेरलघुर्बलौघः Śi.5.2. -कर, -कृत् a. strengthening. -कृत done by force or against free consent; सर्वान् बलकृता- नर्थानकृतान् मनुरब्रवीत् Ms.8.168. -क्षोभः disturbance in the army, mutiny, revolt. -चक्रम् 1 dominion, sovereignty. -2 an army, a host. -ज a. produced by power. (-जम्) 1 a city-gate, gate. -2 a field. -3 grain, a heap of grain; त्वं समीरण इव प्रतीक्षितः कर्षकेण बलजान् पुपूषता Śi.14.7. -4 war, battle -5 marrow, pith. -6 a pretty figure. (-जा) 1 the earth. -2 a handsome woman. -3 a kind of jasmine (Arabian). -4 a rope. -तापनः an epithet of Indra; अफिषिषेच मरन्दरसामृतैर्नवलताबलता- पनरत्नभम् (अलिनम्) Rām. Ch.4.12. -दः an ox, a bullock -दर्पः pride of strength. -देवः 1 air, wind. -2 N. of the elder brother of Kṛiṣṇa; see बलराम below. -बलदेवा (वी) f. N. of a medicinal herb which is also called त्रायमाण. It grows in the forests on the slopes of the Himālayas and in Persia. -द्विष् m., -निषूदनः epithets of Indra; बलनिषूदनमर्थपतिं च तम् R.9.3. -निग्रह a. weakening, enervating. -पतिः 1 a general, commander. -2 an epithet of Indra. -पुच्छकः a crow; Nigh. Ratn. -पृष्ठकः a kind of deer (Mar. रोहें). -प्रद a. giving strength, invigorating. -प्रमथनी N. of a form of Durgā. -प्रसूः N. of Rohinī, mother of Balarāma. -भद्र a. strong, powerful. (-द्रः) 1 a strong or powerful man. -2 a kind of ox. -3 N. of Balarāma, q. v. below. -4 the tree called लोध्र. -5 N. of Ananta. (-द्रा) a maiden. -भिद् m. an epithet of Indra; Ś.2. -भृत् a. strong, powerful. -मुख्यः the chief of an army. -रामः 'the strong Rāma', N. of the elder brother of Kṛiṣṇa. [He was the seventh son of Vasudava and Devakī; but transferred to the womb of Rohiṇī to save him from falling a prey to the cruelty of Kaṁsa. He and his brother Kṛiṣṇa were brought up by Nanda in Gokula. When quite young, he killed the powerful demons Dhenuka and Pralamba, and performed, like his brother, many feats of surprising strength. On one occasion Balarāma under the influence of wine, of which he was very fond, called upon the Yamunā river to come to him that he might bathe; and on his command being unheeded, he plunged his plough-share into the river and dragged the waters after him, until the river assumed a human form and asked his forgivenss. On another occasion he dragged towards himself the whole city of Hastināpura along with its walls. As Kṛiṣṇa was a friend and admirer of the Pāṇḍavas, so Balarāma was of the Kauravas, as was seen in his desire of giving his sister Subhadrā to Duryodhana rather than to Arjuna; yet he declined to take any part in the great Bhāratī war either with the Pāṇḍavas or the Kauravas. He is represented as dressed in blue clothes, and armed with a ploughshare which was his most effective weapon. His wife was Revatī. He is sometimes regarded as an incarnation of the serpent Śeṣa and sometimes as the eighth incarnation of Viṣṇu; see the quotation under हल]. -वर्जित a. infirm, weak. -वर्णिन् a. strong and looking well. -वर्धन a. invigorating, strengthening. -m. N. of स्थण्डिलाग्नि in उत्सर्जन or उपाकर्म. -विन्यासः array or arrangement of troops. -व्यसनम् the defeat of an army. -व्यापद् f. decrease of strength. -शालिन् a. strong; बलशालितया यथा तथा वा धियमुच्छेदपरामयं दधानः Ki.13.12. -समुत्थानम् Recruiting a strong army; Kau. A.1.16; तमभियोक्तुं बलसमुत्थानमकरोत् Dk.2.8. -सूदनः an epithet of Indra. -सेना a strong army, an army, host. -स्थ a. strong, powerful. (-स्थः) a warrior, soldier. -स्थितिः f. 1 a camp; an encampment. -2 a royal camp. -हन्, -हन्तृ m. 1 an epithet of Indra; पाण्डुः स्मरति ते नित्यं बलहन्तुः समीपगः Mb.15.2.17. -2 of Balarāma. -3 phlegm. -हीन a. destitute of strength, weak, feeble.
buddha बुद्ध p. p. [बुध्-क्त] 1 Known, understood, perceived. -2 Awakened, awake. -3 Observed. -4 Enlightened, wise; एवमेव मनुष्येन्द्र धर्मं त्यक्त्वाल्पकं नरः । बृहन्तं धर्ममाप्नोति स बुद्ध इति निश्चितम् ॥ Mb.3.33.67; (see बुध्). -5 Expanded (विकसित); सरःसु बुद्धाम्बुजभूषणेषु विक्षोभ्य विक्षोभ्य जलं पिबन्ति Rām.4.3.41;5.14.24. -द्धः 1 A wise or learned man, a sage. -2 (With Buddhists) A wise or enlightened person who, by perfect knowledge of the truth, is absolved from all existence, and who reveals to the world the method of obtaining the Nirvāṇa or final emancipation before obtaining it himself; -3 'The enlightened', N. of Śākyasimha, the celebrated founder of the Bauddha religion; (he is said to have been born at Kapilavastu and to have died in 543 B. C.; he is sometimes regarded as the ninth incarnation of Viṣṇu; thus Jayadeva says :-- निन्दसि यज्ञविधेरहह श्रुतिजातं सदयहृदय दर्शितपशुघातं केशव धृतबुद्धशरीर जय जगदीश हरे Gīt.1); क्वचिद्बुद्धः कल्किर्विहरसि कुभारापहतये Viṣṇu-mahimna 4; ततः कलौ संप्रवृत्ते संमोहाय सुरद्विषाम् । बुद्धो नाम्नाञ्जनसुतः कीकटेषु भविष्यति Bhāg. -4 The Supreme Soul (परमात्मा); अथ बुद्धमथा- बुद्धमिमं गुणविधिं शृणु Mb.12.38.1. -द्धम् Knowledge. -Comp. -अन्तः waking condition, the being awake; स वा एष एतस्मिन् बुद्धान्ते रत्वा Bṛi. Up.4.3.17. -आगमः the doctrines and tenets of the Bauddha religion. -उपासकः a worshipper of Buddha. -गया N. of a sacred place of pilgrimage. -गुरुः a Buddhist spiritual teacher. -मार्गः the doctrines and tenets of Buddha, Buddhism.
budha बुध a. [बुध्-क] 1 Wise, clever, learned. -2 Intelligent. -3 Waking, awaking. -धः 1 A wise or learned man; निपीय यस्य क्षितिरक्षिणः कथां तथाद्रियन्ते न बुधाः सुधामपि N.1.1. -2 A god; N.1.1. -3 A dog. -4 The planet Mercury; रक्षत्येन तु बुधयोगः Mu.1.6 (where बुध has sense 1 also); R.1.47;13.76. -धा Spikenard. -धे ind. On a Wednesday. -Comp. -अष्टमी N. of a festival. -जनः a wise or learned man. -तातः the moon. -दिनम्, -वारः, -वासरः Wednesday. -रत्नम् an emerald. -सानुः 1 a leaf; L. D. B. -2 the presiding deity in a sacrifice. -सुतः an epithet of Purūravas.
baudhaḥ बौधः [बुध्-अण्] 'Buddha's son', an epithet of Purūravas.
bharataḥ भरतः [भरं तनोति तन्-ड] 1 N. of the son of Duṣyanta and Śakuntalā, who became a universal monarch (चक्रवर्तिन्), India being called Bharatavarṣa after him. He was one of the remote ancestors of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas; cf. Ś.7.33. -2 N. of a brother of Rāma, son of Kaikeyī, the youngest wife of Daśaratha. He was very pious and righteous, and was so much devoted to Rāma that when the latter prepared to go to the forest in accordance with the wicked demand of Kaikeyī, he was very much grieved to find that his own mother had sent his brother into exile, and refusing the sovereignty that was his own, ruled the kingdom in the name of Rāma (by bringing from him his two sandals and making them the 'regents' of the realm) till he returned after his fourteen years' exile. भरतो नाम कैकेय्यां जज्ञे सत्यपराक्रमः । साक्षाद्विष्णोश्चतुर्भागः सर्वैः समुदितो गुणैः ॥ Rām.1.18.13. -3 N. of an ancient sage who is supposed to have been the founder of the science of music and dramaturgy. -4 An actor, a stage-player; तत्किमित्युदासते भरताः Māl.1. -5 A hired soldier, mercenary. -6 A barbarian, mountaineer. -7 An epithet of Agni. -8 A weaver. -9 N. of the sage Jaḍabharata. -Comp. -अग्रजः 'the elder brother of Bharata', an epithet of Rāma; अस्त्येव मन्युर्भरताग्रजे मे R.14.73. -ऋषभः N. of Viśvāmitra. ऋषभः, -शार्दूलः, -श्रेष्ठः the best or most distinguished of the descendants of Bharata. -खण़्डम् N. of a part of India; भरतवर्षे भरतखण्डे जम्बुद्वीपे दण्डकारण्ये. -ज्ञ a. knowing the science of Bharata or the dramatic science. -पुत्रः, -पुत्रकः an actor; a mime. -वर्षः 'the country of Bharata', i. e. India. -वाक्यम् the last verse or verses in a drama, a sort of benediction (said to be in honour of Bharata, the founder of the dramatic science); तथापीदमस्तु भरत- वाक्यम् (occurring in every play); cf. Nāg.5 (end.) -शास्त्रम् = नाट्यशास्त्रम्.
bhāradvājaḥ भारद्वाजः [भरद्वाजस्यापत्यम् अण्] 1 N. of Droṇa, the military preceptor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas; यदाश्रौषं व्यूहमभेद्यमन्यैर्भारद्वाजेनात्तशस्त्रेण गुप्तम् Mb.1.1.19. -2 Of Agastya. -3 The planet Mars. -4 One of the seven Ṛiṣis. -5 A sky-lark. -6 N. of the author on the science of Government mentioned by Kauṭilya; Kau. A.1.15. -जम् A bone. -जी The wild cotton shrub. -जाः One of the अर्थशास्त्र schools mentioned by Kauṭilya in connection with राजपुत्ररक्षण; Kau. A.1.17.
bhīma भीम a. [बिभेत्यस्मात्, भी अपादाने मक] Fearful, terrific, terrible, dreadful, formidable; न भेजिरे भीमविषेण भीतिम् Bh.2.8; R.1.16;3.54. -मः 1 An epithet of Śiva. and Viṣṇu; भीमो भीमपराक्रमः V. Sah. -2 The Supreme Being. -3 The sentiment of terror (= भयानक q. v.). -4 N. of the second Pāṇḍava prince. [He was begotten on Kuntī by the god Wind. From a child he showed that he was possessed of extraordinary strength and hence he was called Bhīma. He had too a most voracious appetite, and was called Vṛikodara, or 'wolf bellied'. His most effective weapon was his mace (गदा). He played a very important part in the great war, and, on the last day of the battle, smashed the thigh of Duryodhana with his unfailing mace, Some of the principal events of his earlier life are his defeat of the demons Hiḍimba and Baka, the overthrow of Jarāsandha, the fearful vow which he uttered against the Kauravas and particularly against Duhśāsana for his insulting conduct towards Draupadī, the fulfilment of that vow by drinking Duhśāsana's blood, the defeat of Jayadratha, his duel with Kīchaka while he was serving as headcook (बल्लव) to king Virāṭa, and several other exploits in which he showed his usual extraordinary strength. His name has become proverbial for one who possesses immense strength and courage]. -मम् Horror, terror. -Comp. -अञ्जस् a. having terrible strength. -उदरी an epithet of Umā. -एकादशी the eleventh day in the light half of Māgha. -कर्मन् a. of terrific prowess; पौण्ड्रं दध्मौ महाशङ्खं भीमकर्मा वृकोदरः Bg.1.15. -तिथिः f. = भीमैकादशी. -दर्शन, -मुख a. frightful in appearance, hideous. -नाद a. sounding dreadfully. (-दः) 1 a loud or dreadful sound; भीमनादमयमाहतोच्चकैः Śi.15.1. -2 a lion. -3 N. of one of the seven clouds that will appear at the destruction of the world. -पराक्रम a. of terrific prowess. (-मः) N. of Viṣṇu. -पुरम् N. of Kuṇḍinapura q. v. -रथः 1 N. of one of the sons of Dhṛitarāṣṭra. -2 N. of one of the kings born in the family of Dhanvantarī and in the family of Daśārha. -3 N. of one of the sons of Śrīkṛiṣṇa. -रथी 1 N. of the 7th night in the 7th month of the 77th year of a man's life (said to be a very dangerous period); (सप्तसप्ततितमे वर्षे सप्तमे मासि सप्तमी । रात्रिर्भीमरथी नाम नराणामतिदुस्तरा). -2 N. of a river in the Himālayas. -रूप a. of terrific form; केनापि भीमरूपेण ब्रह्मराक्षसेनाभिपत्य Dk.2.6. -विक्रम a. of terrific prowess. -विक्रान्त a. fearfully powerful. (-तः) a lion. -विग्रह a. gigantic, of terrific form. -वेग a. terribly swift. -शङ्करम् one of the 12 most sacred Liṅgas (in the Poona District). -शासनः an epithet of Yama. -सेनः 1 N. of the second Pāṇḍava prince. -2 a kind of camphor. -हासम् the flocculent down blown about in the air in summer.
bhīṣma भीष्म a. [भी-णिच्-सुक्-अपादाने मक्] Terrible, dreadful, frightful, fearful; भीष्मो हि देवः सहसः सहीयान् Bhāg. 11.23.48. -ष्मः 1 The sentiment of terror (in rhetoric); see भयानक. -2 A demon, an imp, a fiend, goblin. -3 An epithet of Śiva. -4 N. of the son of Śantanu by Gangā; हृते भीष्मे हते द्रोणे शल्ये च निधनं गते Mb. [He was the youngest of the eight sons of Śantanu by Gangā; but all the others having died, he remained the sole heir to the throne after his father. On one occasion while Śantanu was walking by the side of a river, he beheld a charming young damsel named Satyavatī, the daughter of a fisherman, and, though bowed down with age, conceived a passion for her, and sent his son to negotiate the marriage. But the parents of the girl said that if their daughter bore sons to the king, they would not succeed to the throne, for after his death Śāntanava, being the rightful heir, would be the king. But Śāntanava, to please his father, made a vow to the parents that he would never accept the kingdom or marry a wife or become the father of children by any woman, so that if their daughter bore a son to Śantanu, he would be the king. This dreadful vow soon became known abroad, and thenceforth he was called Bhiṣma. He remained single, and, after the death of his father, he installed Vichitravīrya, the son of Satyavatī, on the throne, got him married to the two daughters of king Kāśirāja (see Ambikā), and became the guardian of his sons and grandsons, the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. In the great war he fought on the side of the Kauravas, but was wounded by Arjuna with the assistance of Śikhanḍin and was lodged in a 'cage of darts'. But having got from his father the power of choosing his own time for death, he waited till the sun had crossed the vernal equinox, and then gave up his soul. He was remarkable for his continence, wisdom, firmness of resolve, and unflinching devotion to God]. -ष्मम् Horror, horribleness. -Comp. -अष्टमी the eighth day in the light half of Māgha (when Bhīṣma died). -जननी an epithet of the Ganges. -पञ्चकम् N. of the five days from the eleventh to the fifteenth of the bright balf of Kārtika (said to be sacred to Bhīṣma). -पर्वन् N. of the 6th Book of the Mahā-Bhārata. -सूः f. an epithet of the river Ganges; हरशिरसि पतन्ती भीष्मसूर्वः पुनातु Udb. -स्तवराजः N. of the 47th Chapter of शान्तिपर्व in Mahābhāraṭa.
madhvaḥ मध्वः N. of a celebrated preceptor and author, the founder of the sect of Vaiṣṇavas, and author of a Bhāṣya on the Vedānta Sūtras. -Comp. -मतम् the doctrine of Madhva.
maya मय a. (-यी f.) An affix used to indicate 'made of', 'consisting or composed of', 'full of'; कनकमय, काष्ठमय, तेजोमय, जलमय &c. -यः 1 N. of a demon, the architect of the demons. (He built the 'three cities' for the demons; cf. त्रिपुर. He is also said to have built a splendid hall for the Pāṇḍavas); सानन्दं देवताभिर्मयपुरदहने धूर्जटिः पातु युष्मान् Ve.1.3. -2 A horse. -3 A camel. -4 A mule. -या Medical treatment. -यी A mare.
mādhava माधव a. (-वी f.) [मधु-अण्] 1 Honey-like, sweet. -2 Made of honey. -3 Vernal, relating to the spring; सावज्ञेव मुखप्रसाधनविधौ श्रीमाधवी योषिताम् M.3.5. -4 Relating to the descendants of Madhu. -वः [माया लक्ष्म्या धवः] 1 N. of Kṛiṣṇa; राधामाधवयोर्जयन्ति यमुनाकूले रहःकेलयः Gīt.1; माधवे मा कुरु मानिनि मानमये 9. -2 The spring season, a friend of Cupid; स्मर पर्युत्सुक एष माधवः Ku. 4.28; स माधवेनाभिमतेन सख्या (अनुप्रयातः) 3.23; माधवप्रथमे मासि बलस्य प्रथमे पुनः Charaka-sūtrasthāna. -3 The month called Vaiśākha; जगाम माधवे मासि रैभ्याश्रमपदं प्रति Mb. 3.136.1; भास्करस्य मधुमाधवाविव R.11.7. -4 N. of Indra. -5 of Paraśurāma. -6 N. of the Yādavas (pl.); प्रहितः प्रधनाय माधवान् Śi.16.52. -7 N. of a celebrated author, son of Māyaṇa and brother of Sāyaṇa and Bhoganātha, and suppossed to have lived in the fifteenth century. He was a very reputed scholar, numerous important works being ascribed to him; he and Sāyaṇa are suppossed to have jointly written the commentary on the Ṛigveda; श्रुतिस्मृतिसदाचारपालको माधवो बुधः । स्मार्तं व्याख्याय सर्वार्थं द्विजार्थं श्रौत उद्यतः ॥ J. N. V. -Comp. -उचितम् a kind of perfume (कक्कोल). -द्रुमः Spondias Mangifera (Mar. अंबाडा). -निदानम् N. of a medical work. -वल्ली = माधवी q. v. -श्री vernal beauty.
mādhuryam माधुर्यम् [मधुरस्य भावः ष्यञ्] 1 Sweetness; माधुर्यमीष्टे हरिणान् ग्रहीतुम् R.18.13; माधुर्यं मधुबिन्दुना रचयितुं क्षाराम्बुधे- रीहते Bh.2.6. -2 Attractive beauty, exquisite beauty; रूपं किमप्यनिर्वाच्यं तनोर्माधुर्यमुच्यते -3 (In Rhet.) Sweetness, one of the three (according to Mammaṭa) chief Guṇas in poeti