अरत्निः (m. or f.) [ऋ-कत्नि रत्निः स नास्ति यत्र] 1 The elbow; sometimes the fist itself. -2 A cubit of the middle length, from the elbow to the tip of the little finger, an ell; अरत्निस्तु निष्कनिष्ठेन मुष्टिना Ak.; मध्याङ्गुलि- कूर्परयोर्मध्ये प्रामाणिकः करः । बद्धमुष्टिकरो रत्निररत्निः स कनिष्ठिकः ॥ Halāy.; A measure 24 Aṅgulas (fingers); एकविंशति- यूपास्ते एकविंशत्यरत्नयः Rām.1.14.25. पञ्चारत्नयो रथपथः Kau. A.2.4. सममरत्नियुगे$युगचक्षुषः Ki.18.6. -3 The arm; अरत्निना चाभिहत्य शिरः कायादपाहरत् Mb.3.157.7.
This word, which primarily means ‘elbow,’ occurs frequently from the Rigveda onwards as denoting a measure of length (‘ ell ’ or ‘ cubit ’), the distance from the elbow to the tip of the hand. The exact length nowhere appears from the early texts.
noun (masculine) a corner (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a cubit of the middle length (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a fist (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a measure of length; less than one hasta
the elbow (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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