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Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
a see also /a-tūrta- and a-t/ūrta-, /a-bhinna- and a-bhinn/a-, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiśastamfn. See also sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhivṛṣṭaalso (am-) n. impersonal or used impersonally it has been raining (see yathābhivṛṣṭam-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aghosind. vocative case of agha-vat-, O sinner! See also View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āghuṣP. (subjunctive 3. plural -gh/oṣān-; parasmE-pada -ghoṣat-) to listen to (accusative or genitive case) ; (subjunctive -ghoṣāt-) to make one's self audible ; to cry aloud, proclaim (also A1. -ghoṣate-, ) : Causal -ghoṣayati-, to proclaim aloud ; to complain continually ; See also ā-ghoṣ/ayat-, etc.
ahan. See also ahna- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akharvamfn. also a-kharvan- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣinikāṇamind. also nikāṇam-akṣi- idem or 'ind. with half-closed eyes ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alim. also al/avas- is mentioned as a corrupt pronunciation for /aryas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgulīyan. also aṅgulīka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgulīyakan. also aṅgulīka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antasthamfn. See also antaḥ-sth/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anudāttetm. also anudāttopadeśa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anūditamfn. ( vad-), spoken after, spoken according to. See also anu-vad-. 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apiind. (As a separable adverb) and, also, moreover, besides, assuredly, surely View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apiis often used to express emphasis, in the sense of even, also, very View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātind. then, further, also, and It is sometimes used after an interrogative pronoun (like u-, n/u-, aṅg/a-) to give emphasis to the pronoun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikathaf. See also sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atinidramind. beyond sleeping time See also ati-nidra- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ati-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmam. also in the beginning of a compound in the next words. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛh or bṛṃh- (also written vṛh-or vṛṃh-). cl.1 P. () bṛnhati- (or barhati-;3. plural perfect tense A1. babṛiṃhire- ), to roar, bellow, trumpet (said of an elephant) etc. ; also cl.10 P. () to speak ; to shine. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caind. and, both, also, moreover, as well as (= , Latin que,placed like these particles as an enclitic after the word which it connects with what precedes;when used with a personal pronoun this must appear in its fuller accented form(exempli gratia, 'for example' t/ava ca m/ama ca-[not te ca me ca-],"both of thee and me") , when used after verbs the first of them is accented ;it connects whole sentences as well as parts of sentences;in the double ca-occurs more frequently than the single(exempli gratia, 'for example' ah/aṃ ca tv/aṃ ca-,"I and thou", );the double ca-may also be used somewhat redundantly in class. Sanskrit(exempli gratia, 'for example' kva hariṇakānāṃ jīvitaṃ cātilolaṃ kva ca vajra-sārāḥ śarās te-,"where is the frail existence, of fawns and where are thy adamantine arrows?");in later literature, however, the first ca-is more usually omitted(exempli gratia, 'for example' ahaṃ tvaṃ ca-),and when more than two things are enumerated only one ca-is often found(exempli gratia, 'for example' tejasā yaśasā lakṣmyā sthityā ca parayā-,"in glory, in fame, in beauty, and in high position");elsewhere, when more than two things are enumerated, ca-is placed after some and omitted after others(exempli gratia, 'for example' ṛṇa-dātā ca vaidyaś ca śrotriyo nadī-,"the payer of a debt and a physician [and] a Brahman [and] a river");in Vedic or Veda and even in class. Sanskrit[ ] , when the double ca-would generally be used, the second may occasionally be omitted(exempli gratia, 'for example' indraś ca soma-,"both indra- [and thou] soma-"; durbhedyaś cāśusaṃdheyaḥ-,"both difficult to be divided [and] quickly united");with lexicographers ca-may imply a reference to certain other words which are not expressed(exempli gratia, 'for example' kamaṇḍalau ca karakaḥ-,"the word karaka-has the meaning "pitcher"and other meanings");sometimes ca-is equals eva-,even, indeed, certainly, just(exempli gratia, 'for example' su-cintitaṃ cauṣadhaṃ na nāma-mātreṇa karoty arogam-,"even a well-devised remedy does not cure a disease by its mere name"; yāvanta eva te tāvāṃśca saḥ-,"as great as they [were] just so great was he");occasionally ca-is disjunctive,"but","on the contrary","on the other hand","yet","nevertheless"(varam ādyau na cāntimaḥ-,"better the two first but not the last"; śāntam idam āśrama-padaṃ sphurati ca bāhuḥ-,"this hermitage is tranquil yet my arm throbs"); ca-ca-,though-yet ; ca-na ca-,though - yet not ; ca-- na tu-(varia lectio nanu-) idem or 'm. the letter or sound ca-.', ; na ca-- ca-,though not - yet ; ca-may be used for -,"either","or"(exempli gratia, 'for example' iha cāmutra vā-,"either here or hereafter"; strī vā pumān vā yac cānyat sattvam-,"either a woman or a man or any other being") , and when a negative particle is joined with ca-the two may then be translated by"neither","nor";occasionally one ca-or one na-is omitted(exempli gratia, 'for example' na ca paribhoktuṃ naiva śaknomi hātum-,"I am able neither to enjoy nor to abandon"; na pūrvāhṇe nā ca parāhṇe-,"neither in the forenoon nor in the afternoon"); ca-ca-may express immediate connection between two acts or their simultaneous occurrence(exempli gratia, 'for example' mama ca muktaṃ tamasā mano manasijena dhanuṣi śaraś ca niveśitaḥ-,"no sooner is my mind freed from darkness than a shaft is fixed on his bow by the heart-born god", ); ca-is sometimes equals ced-,"if"(confer, compare ;the verb is accented) ; ca-may be used as an expletive(exempli gratia, 'for example' anyaiś ca kratubhiś ca-,"and with other sacrifices"); ca-is often joined to an adverb like eva-, api-, tathā-, tathaiva-,etc., either with or without a negative particle(exempli gratia, 'for example' vairiṇaṃ nopaseveta sahāyaṃ caiva vairiṇaḥ-,"one ought not to serve either an enemy or the ally of an enemy");(See eva-, api-,etc.) For the meaning of ca-after an interrogativeSee 2. k/a-,2. kath/ā-, k/im-, kv/a-); ([ confer, compare , Latin que,pe(innempeetc.); Gothic uh; Zend ca; Old Persian ca1.])
canaind. (ca n/a- ) and not, also not, even not, not even (this particle is placed after the word to which it gives force;a preceding verb is accentuated[ ];in Vedic language it is generally, but not always, found without any other negative particle, whereas in the later language another negative is usually added exempli gratia, 'for example' /āpaś can/apr/a minanti vrat/aṃ vāṃ-,"not even the waters violate your ordinance" ; n/āha vivyāca pṛthiv/ī can/āinaṃ-,"the earth even does not contain him", iii, 36, 4;in class. Sanskrit it is only used after the interrogatives k/a-, katar/a-, katam/a-, katham-, k/ad-, kad/ā-, kim-, k/utas-, kva-,making them indefinite) etc. also View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caran. also in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' See anu-- and sahacarī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cidind. even, indeed, also (often merely laying stress on a preceding word;requiring a preceding simple verb to be accentuated[ ] as well as a verb following, if cid-is preceded by an interrogative pronoun [48];in Class. only used after interrogative pronouns and adverbs to render them indefinite, and after jātu- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cilicīmam. id. See also cilamīlikā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cilicīmim. id. See also cilamīlikā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citmfn. see also apa-cit- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dham or dhmā- cl.1 P. dh/amati- (A1. te- ; parasmE-pada dhmāntas- equals dhamantas- ; perf. dadhmau-,3. plural A1. mire- ; Aorist adhmāsīt- ; preceding dhmāyāt-or dhmeyāt- grammar; future dhamāṣyati- ; dhmāsyati-, dhmātā- grammar; ind.p. -dhm/āya- ) to blow (either intrans. as wind [applied also to the bubbling soma- ]or trans. as,to blow a conch-shell or any wind instrument) etc. ; to blow into (locative case) ; to breathe out, exhale ; to kindle a fire by blowing ; to melt or manufacture (metal) by blowing etc. ; to blow or cast away : Passive voice dhamyate-, Epic also ti-, dhmāy/ate-, ti- ( ) to be blown etc.: Causal dhmāpayati- (Aorist adidhmapat- grammar; Passive voice dhmāpyate- ) to cause to blow or melt ; to consume by fire, reduce to cinder : Desiderative didhnāsati- grammar : Intensive dedhmīyate- ; dādhmāyate-, parasmE-pada yamāna- being violently blown (conch-shell) [ confer, compare Slavonic or Slavonian dumo"smoke"] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaudāyanam. also godāyani- plural iv, 8. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gavyāf. See also gavy/ā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṝ cl.6 P. girati- or (confer, compare ) gilati- ( ) , Epic also A1. girate- (1. sg. g/irāmi- ; perf. jagāra- ; Aorist subjunctive 3. plural garan- ), to swallow, devour, eat etc. ; to emit or eject from the mouth : Causal (Aorist 2. sg. ajīgar-) to swallow : Intensive jegilyate- : Desiderative jigariṣati-, ; ([ confer, compare 2. gal-,2 gir-, gila-,2. gīrṇ/a-; Lithuanian gerru,"to drink"; Latin glu-tio,gula; Slavonic or Slavonian gr-lo; Russian z8ora.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janasthamfn. See also sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order janas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kallamfn. also varia lectio for kanna- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāpāṭikamfn. also varia lectio for kārpaṭika- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kauṣeyam. also varia lectio for kauśeya- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
koṭapālam. See also koṭṭa-p-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛ Ved. (I) cl.2 P. 2. sg. k/arṣi- dual number kṛth/as- plural kṛth/a-; A1. 2. sg. kṛṣ/e-; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /akar-, 3. sg. rarely /akat- () ; 3. dual number /akartām-; plural /akarma-, /akarta- (also ), /akran- (Aorist,according to ); A1. /akri- (), /akṛthās- (), /akṛta- (); akrātām- (), /akrata- ( ) : imperative kṛdh/i- (also ), kṛt/am-, kṛt/a-; A1. kṛṣv/a-, kṛdhv/am-; subjunctive 2. and 3. sg. kar- plural k/arma-, k/arta- and kartana-, kran-; A1. 3. sg. kṛta- () , 3. plural kr/anta- () : Potential kriyāma- (); pr. p. P. (Nominal verb plural) kr/antas- A1. krāṇ/a-. (II) cl.1 P. k/arasi-, k/arati-, k/arathas-, k/aratas-, k/aranti-; A1. k/arase-, k/arate-, k/arāmahe-: imperfect tense /akaram-, /akaras-, /akarat- (Aorist,according to ) : imperative k/ara-, k/aratam-, k/aratām-: subjunctive k/aram-, k/arāṇi-, k/aras-, k/arat-, k/arāma-, k/aran-; A1. karāmahai-; pr. p. f. k/arantī- () (III) cl.5 P. kṛṇ/omi-, ṇ/oṣi-, ṇ/oti-, kṛṇuth/as-, kṛṇm/as- and kṛṇmasi-, kṛṇuth/a-, kṛṇv/anti-; A1. kṛṇv/e-, kṛṇuṣ/e-, kṛṇut/e-, 3. dual number kṛṇv/aite- (); plural kṛṇm/ahe-, kṛṇv/ate-: imperfect tense /akṛṇos-, /akṛṇot-, /akṛṇutam-, /akṛṇuta- and ṇotana- (), /akṛṇvan-; A1. 3. sg. /akṛṇuta- plural /akṛṇudhvam-, /akṛṇvata-: imperative kṛṇ/u- or kṛṇuh/i- or kṛṇut/āt-, kṛṇ/otu-, kṛṇut/am-, kṛṇut/ām-, 2. plural kṛṇut/a- or kṛṇ/ota- or kṛṇ/otana-, 3. plural kṛṇv/antu-; A1. kṛṇuṣv/a-, kṛṇut/ām-, kṛṇv/āthām-, kṛṇudhv/am-: subjunctive kṛṇ/avas-, ṇ/avat- or ṇ/avāt-, kṛṇ/avāva-, ṇ/avāma-, ṇ/avātha-, ṇ/avatha-, ṇ/avan-; A1. kṛṇ/avai- (once ṇavā- ), kṛṇavase- (also varia lectio ṇvase-), kṛṇavate-, kṛṇ/avāvahai-, kṛṇ/avāmahai-, 3. plural kṛṇ/avanta- () or kṛṇavante- or kṛṇvata- () : Potential A1. kṛṇvīt/a-; pr. p. P. kṛṇv/at- (f. vat/ī-) A1. kṛṇvāṇ/a-. (IV) cl.8. (this is the usual formation in the brāhmaṇa-s; sūtra-s, and in classical Sanskrit) P. kar/omi- (Epic kurmi- ); kurv/as-, kuruth/as-, kurut/as-, kurm/as- ([ kulmas-in an interpolation after ]), kuruth/a-, kurv/anti-; A1. kurv/e-, etc., 3. plural kurv/ate- () : imperfect tense akaravam-, akaros-, akarot-, akurva-, etc.; A1. 3. sg. akuruta- plural akurvata-: imperative kuru-, karotu- (in the earlier language 2. and 3. sg. kurutāt-,3. sg. also ), kuruta- or kurutana- (); A1. kuruṣva-, kurudhvam-, kurv/atām-: subjunctive karavāṇi-, karavas-, vāt-, vāva- or vāvas- ( ), vāma- or vāmas- (), vātha-, van-; A1. karavai-, kuruthās-, karavāvahai- (; he- ), karavaithe-, vaite- ( , ), vāmahai-(he- ) : Potential P. kuryām- A1. kurvīya- (); pr. p. P. kurv/at- (f. vat/ī-); A1. kurvāṇ/a-: perf. P. cak/āra-, cak/artha-, cakṛv/a-, cakṛm/a-, cakr/a- (); A1. cakr/e-, cakrir/e-; parasmE-pada cakṛvas- (accusative cakr/uṣam- ); A1. cakrāṇa- () : 2nd future kariṣy/ati-; subjunctive 2. sg. kariṣy/ās- (); 1st future k/artā-: preceding kriyāsam-: Aorist P. Ved. cakaram- (), acakrat- (), /acakriran- (); A1. 1. sg. kṛske- (); Class. akārṣīt- ( ;once akāraṣīt- ); Passive voice Aorist reflex. akāri- and akṛta- ( ) : infinitive mood k/artum-, Ved. k/artave-, k/artav/ai-, k/artos- (See ss.vv.); ind.p. kṛtv/ā-, Ved. kṛtv/ī- ([ ]) and kṛtv/āya- ([ ]) ; to do, make, perform, accomplish, cause, effect, prepare, undertake etc. ; to do anything for the advantage or injury of another (genitive case or locative case) etc. ; to execute, carry out (as an order or command) ; to manufacture, prepare, work at, elaborate, build ; to form or construct one thing out of another (ablative or instrumental case) etc. ; to employ, use, make use of (instrumental case) etc. ; to compose, describe ; to cultivate (confer, compare ) ; to accomplish any period, bring to completion, spend (exempli gratia, 'for example' varṣāṇi daśa cakruḥ-,"they spent ten years"; kṣaṇaṃ kuru-,"wait a moment"; confer, compare kritakṣaṇa-) ; to place, put, lay, bring, lead, take hold of (accusative or locative case or instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' ardh/aṃ-kṛ-,to take to one's own side or party, cause to share in(genitive case;See 2. ardh/a-); haste-or pāṇau-kṛ-,to take by the hand, marry ; hṛdayena-kṛ-,to place in one's heart, love ; hṛdi-kṛ-,to take to heart, mind, think over, consider ; manasi-kṛ- idem or 'f. (equals kuhī-) a fog ' ;to determine, purpose [ ind.p. si-kṛtvā-or si-kṛtya-] ; vaśe-kṛ-,to place in subjection, become master of ) ; to direct the thoughts, mind, etc. (m/anas-[ etc.] or buddhim-[ ] or matim-[ ]or bhāvam-[ ], etc.) towards any object, turn the attention to, resolve upon, determine on (locative case dative case infinitive mood,or a sentence with iti- exempli gratia, 'for example' mā śoke manaḥ kṛthāḥ-,do not turn your mind to grief ; gamanāya matiṃ cakre-,he resolved upon going ; alābuṃ samutsraṣṭuṃ manaś cakre-,he resolved to create a gourd ; draṣṭā tavāsmīti matiṃ cakāra-,he determined to see him ) ; to think of (accusative) ; to make, render (with two accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' ādityaṃ kāṣṭhām akurvata-,they made the sun their goal ) etc. ; to procure for another, bestow, grant (with genitive case or locative case) etc. ; A1. to procure for one's self, appropriate, assume ; to give aid, help any one to get anything (dative case) ; to make liable to (dative case) ; to injure, violate (exempli gratia, 'for example' kanyāṃ-kṛ-,to violate a maiden) ; to appoint, institute ; to give an order, commission ; to cause to get rid of, free from (ablative or -tas-) ; to begin (exempli gratia, 'for example' cakre śobhayitum purīm-,they began to adorn the city) ; to proceed, act, put in practice etc. ; to worship, sacrifice ; to make a sound (svaram-or śabdam-) ( ), utter, pronounce (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with the sounds phaṭ-, phut-, bhāṇ-, v/aṣaṭ-, svadh/ā-, sv/āhā-, hiṃ-), pronounce any formula () ; (with numeral adverbs ending in dhā-) to divide, separate or break up into parts (exempli gratia, 'for example' dvidhā-kṛ-,to divide into two parts, ind.p. dvidhā kṛtvā-or dvidhā-kṛtya-or -kāram- ; sahasradhā-kṛ-,to break into a thousand pieces) ; (with adverbs ending in vat-) to make like or similar, consider equivalent (exempli gratia, 'for example' rājyaṃ tṛṇa-vat kṛtvā-,valuing the kingdom like a straw ) ; (with adverbs ending in sāt-) to reduce anything to, cause to become, make subject (See ātma-sāt-, bhasma-sāt-) The above senses of kṛ- may be variously modified or almost infinitely extended according to the noun with which this root is connected, as in the following examples: sakhyaṃ-kṛ-, to contract friendship with ; pūjāṃ-kṛ-, to honour ; rājyaṃ-kṛ-, to reign ; snehaṃ-kṛ-, to show affection ; ājñāṃ- or nideśaṃ- or śāsanaṃ- or kāmaṃ- or yācanāṃ- or vacaḥ- or vacanaṃ- or vākyaṃ-kṛ-, to perform any one's command or wish or request etc. ; dharmaṃ-kṛ-, to do one's duty ; nakhāni-kṛ-,"to clean one's nails" See kṛta-nakha- ; udakaṃ- ([ ]) or salilaṃ- ([ ]) kṛ-, to offer a libation of Water to the dead ; to perform ablutions ; astrāṇi-kṛ-, to practise the use of weapons ; darduraṃ-kṛ-, to breathe the flute ; daṇḍaṃ-kṛ-, to inflict punishment etc. ; kālaṃ-kṛ-, to bring one's time to an end id est to die ; ciraṃ-kṛ-, to be long in doing anything, delay ; manasā- (for si-See above) kṛ-, to place in one's mind, think of, meditate ; śirasā-kṛ-, to place on one's the head ; mūrdhnā-kṛ-, to place on one's head, obey, honour. Very rarely in veda- () , but commonly in the brāhmaṇa-s, sūtra-s, and especially in classical Sanskrit the perf. forms cakāra-and cakre- auxiliarily used to form the periphrastical perfect of verbs, especially of causatives exempli gratia, 'for example' āsāṃ cakre-,"he sat down" ; gamay/āṃ cakāra-,"he caused to go"[see ;in veda- some other forms of kṛ-are used in a similar way, viz. proper karoti- ; imperfect tense akar- and ;3. plural akran- and ; preceding kriyāt- (See );according to , also karotu-with vid-]. Causal kārayati-, te-, to cause to act or do, cause another to perform, have anything made or done by another (double accusative instrumental case and accusative [see ] exempli gratia, 'for example' sabhāṃ kāritavān-,he caused an assembly to be made ; rāja-darśanaṃ māṃ kāraya-,cause me to have an audience of the king; vāṇijyaṃ kārayed vaiśyam-,he ought to cause the vaiśya- to engage in trade ; na śakṣyāmi kiṃcit kārayituṃ tvayā-,I shall not be able to have anything done by thee ) ; to cause to manufacture or form or cultivate etc. ; to cause to place or put, have anything placed, put upon, etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' taṃ citrapaṭaṃ vāsa-gṛhe bhittāv akārayat-,he had the picture placed on the wall in his house ) . Sometimes the Causal of kṛ- is used for the simple verb or without a causal signification (exempli gratia, 'for example' padaṃ kārayati-,he pronounces a word ; mithyā k-,he pronounces wrongly ; kaikeyīm anu rājānaṃ kāraya-,treat or deal with kaikeyī- as the king does ) : Desiderative c/ikīrṣati- (Aorist 2. sg. acikīrṣīs- ) , Epic also te-, to wish to make or do, intend to do, design, intend, begin, strive after etc. ; to wish to sacrifice or worship : Intensive 3. plural karikrati- (pr. p. k/arikrat-See ), to do repeatedly ; Class. carkarti- or carikarti- or carīkarti- ([ ]) , also carkarīti- or carikarīti- or carīkarīti- or cekrīyate- ([ib. Scholiast or Commentator ]); ([ confer, compare Hibernian or Irish caraim,"I perform, execute";ceard,"an art, trade, business, function";sucridh,"easy"; Old German karawan,"to prepare"; modern German gar,"prepared (as food)"; Latin creo,ceremonia;, .])
kṛt cl.6 P. kṛnt/ati-, Epic also A1. te- and cl.1 P. kartati- (perf. cakarta-,2nd future kartsyati-or kartiṣyati-,1st future kartitā- ; subjunctive kṛnt/at-; Aorist akartīt-,Ved. 2. sg. akṛtas-), to cut, cut in pieces, cut off, divide, tear asunder, destroy etc.: Causal kartayati- idem or 'f. plural idem or 'f. plural Name of the verses ' commentator or commentary ' : Desiderative cikartiṣati- or cikṛtsati- ; ([ confer, compare , ; Lithuanian kertu infinitive mood kirsti,"to cut"; Slavonic or Slavonian korju1,"to split"; Latin curtus,culter; Hibernian or Irish ceartaighim,"I prune, trim, cut";cuirc,"a knife."])
kṣayyamfn. See also a-kṣayy/a-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlan. also m. and f(ā-). Name of the 17th (or 19th) lunar mansion etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muniveṣam. also equals -dhara- mfn. wearing a muni-'s garment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nālāyanam. patronymic , also plural View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nand cl.1 P. () n/andati-, Epic also te- (perfect tense nananda- ; future nandiṣyate- , diṣyati-and ditā- grammar; Aorist anandīt-; infinitive mood nanditum- ) to rejoice, delight, to be pleased or satisfied with, be glad of (instrumental case,rarely ablative) etc. etc.: Passive voice nandyate- etc.: Causal nandayati-, te- Aorist ananandat-, to make glad, gladden etc.: Desiderative ninandiṣati- grammar : Intensive nānandyate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naś cl.4 P. () n/aśyati- (rarely te-and cl.1.P. n/aśati-, te-; perfect tense nanāśa-,3. plural neśur-; Aorist anaśat- etc.; aneśat-, n/eśat- [ confer, compare on ]; future naśiṣyati- ; naṅkṣyati-, te-[cond. anaṅkṣyata-] ; naśitā- ; naṃṣṭā- ; naṅgdhā- ; infinitive mood naśitum-, naṃṣum- grammar; ind.p. naśitvā-, naṣṭva-, naṃṣṭvā- ) to be lost, perish, disappear, be gone, run away etc. ; to come to nothing, be frustrated or unsuccessful etc.: Causal nāś/ayati-, Epic also te- (Aorist -anīnaśat-; dative case infinitive mood -nāśayadhyai- ) to cause to be lost or disappear, drive away, expel, remove, destroy, efface etc. ; to lose (also from memory), give up ; to violate, deflower (a girl) ; to extinguish (a fire) ; to disappear (in - nīnaśah-and naśuḥ-) : Desiderative ninaśiṣati- or ninaṅkṣati- (confer, compare ninaṅkṣu-) ; Desiderative of Causal nināśayiṣati-, to wish to destroy : Intensive nānaśyate- or nānaṃṣṭi- grammar ([ confer, compare Greek ; Latin nex,nocere]) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nind or nid- cl.1 P. n/indati-, Epic also te- (the form nid-only in 3. plural perfect tense ninid/us-,in the Desiderative and in some deriv.See under 1. nid-and ninits/u-below; perfect tense nininda- ; Aorist /anindiṣur- ; n/indiṣat- ; Potential nindyāt- ; future nindiṣyati- ; ninditā- ; ind.p. -nindya- ), to blame, censure, revile, despise, ridicule etc. etc.: Desiderative n/initsati-, te-, to wish to blame etc. [ confer, compare Greek .] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nispandaalso wrong reading for ni-syanda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niśvasP. -śvasiti-, Epic also sati- (perfect tense -śaśvāsa- Aorist or imperfect tense ny-aśvasat- ; śvasīt- ; ind.p. -śvasya-), to draw in the breath, inspire ; to hiss, snort etc. (often varia lectio nih-śv-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādalso in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' (See tri-p-, dvi-p-, su.p-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭīyasmfn. also equals prec. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praghanam. also varia lectio for prathana-, Phaseolus Mungo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasthānikamfn. also wrong reading for prāsthānika- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prathīyasmfn. also equals prec. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rih (Vedic. form of lih-) cl.6. 2. P. rih/ati- r/eḍhi- (or r/eḷhi-;3. plural A1. rihat/e-; pr. p. rihāṇ/a-or r/ihāṇa-), to lick, kiss, caress ; (rihati-) to praise, worship ; (Imp. ririḍḍhi-, rirīhi-) to ask, implore ; also varia lectio for riph- : Intensive rerihy/ate- (r/erihat-, hāṇa-See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order), to lick or, kiss again and again, caress repeatedly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudrārum. also equals setubandha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣoḍaśikamfn. See also sa-ṣoḍ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śraddhādeyan. also wrong reading for next. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tadguṇam. also a-- negative "a figure of speech in which a quality expected in any object is denied", 52 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tadvatind. in like manner, likewise, also, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
takṣakam. See also kṣa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāmaf. See also mi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tantīf. See also vatsa--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tarif. See also - sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tarīṣam. See also tavīṣa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejanīf. See also jo-'hvā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tmanāind. instrumental case and (at the end of a pāda-) tm/an- locative case used as an emphatic particle (like and )"yet, really, indeed, even, at least, certainly, also" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
toṭakan. See also troṭ-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tūl cl.1.10. lati-, layati- equals niṣkṛṣ- ; See also tūṇ- ; see anu-tūlaya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uind. (as a particle implying restriction and antithesis, generally after pronominals, prepositions, particles, and before nu-and su-,equivalent to) and, also, further View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udhann. See also try-udhan-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uḍumbarāvatīf. See also udumbara- and udumbala-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utaind. and, also, even, or etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vad cl.1 P. A1. () v/adati-, te- (Epic mc. also vādati-; Potential udeyam- ; perfect tense uvāda- plural ūdim/a- ; ūde-etc. ; veditha-, dailuḥ-, duḥ- ; Aorist avādīt-, diṣuḥ- etc.; subjunctive vādiṣaḥ- ; avādiran- ; vadiṣma-, ṣihāḥ- ; preceding udyāt- ; future vadiṣy/ati-, te- etc.; infinitive mood v/aditos- ; vaditum- etc.; ind.p. uditvā- ; -udya- ), to speak, say, utter, tell, report, speak to, talk with, address (P.or A1.;with accusative of the thing said, and accusative [with or without abhi-]or genitive case,or locative case of the person addressed;also followed by yad-,"that", or by yadi-,"whether") etc. ; (P.) to praise, recommend ; to adjudge, adjudicate ; to indicate, designate ; to proclaim, announce, foretell, bespeak etc. ; to allege, affirm ; to declare (any one or anything) to be, call (two accusative or accusative and Nominal verb with iti-) etc. ; (with or scilicet vācam-) to raise the voice, sing, utter a cry (said of birds and 9.) etc. ; (A1.) to say, tell, speak to (accusative) etc. ; to mention, state, communicate, name ; to confer or dispute about ; to contend, quarrel ; to lay claim to (locative case) ; to be an authority, be eminent in (locative case) ; to triumph, exult : Passive voice udy/ate- (Aorist avādi-), to be said or spoken etc. : Causal vād/ayati- m.c. also te- (see ; Aorist avīvadat-; Passive voice vādyate-, Epic also ti-), to cause to speak or say ; to cause to sound, strike, play (with instrumental case,rarely locative case of the instrument) etc. ; to play music ; (with bahu-) to make much ado about one's self. ; to cause a musical instrument (accusative) to be played by (instrumental case) Va1rtt. 2 ; to speak, recite, rehearse : Desiderative vivadiṣati-, te-, to desire to speak, : Intensive v/āvadīti- ( ), vāvady/ate-, (), vāvatti- (grammar), to speak or sound aloud. [ confer, compare Lit.vadi4nti.]
vīcif. also m. () and f(ī-). (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ci-,or cika-) a wave, ripple etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yat cl.1 A1. (prob. connected with yam-and originally meaning,"to stretch") y/atate- (Vedic or Veda and Epic also P. ti-; parasmE-pada y/atamāna-, y/atāna-and yatān/a- ; perfect tense yete-,3. plural yetire- etc.; Aorist ayatiṣṭa- ; future yatiṣyate- , ti- ; infinitive mood yatitum- ; ind.p. -y/atya- ), (P.) to place in order, marshal, join, connect ; (P.or A1.) to keep pace, be in line, rival or vie with (instrumental case) ; (A1.) to join (instrumental case), associate with (instrumental case), march or fly together or in line ; to conform or comply with (instrumental case) ; to meet, encounter (in battle) ; to seek to join one's self with, make for, tend towards (locative case) ; to endeavour to reach, strive after, be eager or anxious for (with locative case dative case accusative with or without prati-,once with genitive case;also with arthe-, arthāya-, artham-and hetos- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound';or with infinitive mood) etc. ; to exert one's self, take pains, endeavour, make effort, persevere, be cautious or watchful ; to be prepared for (accusative) : Causal (or cl.10. ) yāt/ayati- (or te-; Aorist ayīyatat-; Passive voice yātyate-), to join, unite (A1.intrans.) ; to join or attach to (locative case) P. ; to cause to fight ; to strive to obtain anything (accusative) from (ablative) ; (rarely A1.) to requite, return, reward or punish, reprove (as a fault) etc. ; (A1.) to surrender or yield up anything (acc) to (accusative or genitive case) ; (P. A1.) to distress, torture, vex, annoy ; according to to also nikāre- (others nirākāre-or khede-) and upaskāre-: Desiderative yiyatiṣate- grammar : Intensive yāyatyate- and yāyatti-
āind. also of compassion or pain [more correctly written 1. ās- q.v ], and of assent ([This particle remains unaltered in orthography even before vowels (which causes it to be sometimes confounded with 1. ās-) ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ā(as a conjunctive particle) moreover, further, and (it is placed either between the two words connected [rarely after the second ,or after both ]or,if there are more, after the last[ ];See also ātaś ca- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) In classical Sanskrit it may denote the limit "to","until","as far as","from", either not including the object named or including it (sometimes with accusative or ablative or forming an adverb) exempli gratia, 'for example' ā-maraṇam- or ā-maraṇāt-,"till death" (see ā-maraṇānta-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ā(See also ā-pakva-, oṣṇa-,etc.) Some commentaries (exempli gratia, 'for example' commentator or commentary on ) occasionally give to ā- in this application the meaning samantāt-,"all through, completely", as ā-nīla-,"blue all round." View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhastrakā f. a badly made or inferior pair of bellows (id est small), said to mean also (a woman) who has no bellows View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhastrikāf. a badly made or inferior pair of bellows (id est small), said to mean also (a woman) who has no bellows View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhī( i-), abhy-/eti- (Imper. 2. sg. abh/īhi-; imperfect tense 3. plural -āyan-,3. sg. A1. -āyata-; ind.p. abh/ītya-) to come near, approach, go up to or towards (accusative) etc. ; (with sakāśam-or samīpam-or pārśve-) idem or '([ ]) or a-bhīr/uṇa- ([ ]), mfn. not terrific.' ; to go along or after (accusative) etc. ; to enter, join, go over to ; (with a pr. p.) to begin to, (perf. 3. plural abhīy/uḥ-) ; to reach, obtain etc. ; to get or fall into (accusative) etc. ; to come to, fall to one's share (with accusative) ; (said of the sun) to rise (as if he came nearer;also with abhitarām-[ q.v ] instead of abhi-) (with astam-) to set (see abhy-aya-): Passive voice abhīyate- to be perceived, known : Intensive (1. plural -īmahe-) to ask, request View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhimanāyaNom. (also) to recover consciousness or calmness, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhimukhayaNom. (also) to conciliate(?), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhinardP. (Epic also A1.) to roar towards ; to roar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhinihitamfn. touched with (instrumental case;also /an-- negative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhipravṛtA1. to advance up to (accusative) ; to disembogue into (accusative) ; to go forth, advance ; (See also abhi-pra-vṛtta-): Causal -vartayati-, to cause to advance against, throw against (accusative) ; (dative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣṭu( stu-), -ṣṭauti- (imperfect tense -aṣṭaut- ,or also -astaut- ; subjunctive 1. plural -ṣṭavāma- ; Imper. 2. sg. -ṣṭuhi- ) to praise, extol etc.: A1. (3. sg.) -ṣṭuvate- idem or '(abh/iṣṭi--) mfn. rendering powerful assistance ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣyand( syand-), -syandate- (or also -ṣyandate-,if said intransitively of lifeless objects ) to run towards or along (generally said of liquids) (perf. -siṣyade-,said of a plant growing or running along the stem and branches of a tree), etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhivānyā([ ]) f. cow who suckles an adopted calf (see also ni-vāny/ā-,etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhivānyavatsā([ ]) ([ ]) f. cow who suckles an adopted calf (see also ni-vāny/ā-,etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ābhogin1 (also) of great extent, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyāgāramind. (1. gṝ-), so as to call or shout to each other (at the different steps of a dance) id est repeating separately, (See also abhi-ni-nartam-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyam abhy-/amīti- ( [quoted in ; see also ];2. sg. -/amīṣi-;3. plural subjunctive -am/anti-and imperfect tense A1. -/amanta-) to advance violently against, pain, hurt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyamitrīṇa([ ]) mfn. ([apparently derivatives fr. abhy-amitram-(See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order),but probably originally derived from the root, which is also indicated by the parallel form abhy-amin-(See below)]) advancing against or attacking (the enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyamitrīya ([ ]) mfn. ([apparently derivatives fr. abhy-amitram-(See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order),but probably originally derived from the root, which is also indicated by the parallel form abhy-amin-(See below)]) advancing against or attacking (the enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyamitrya([ ]) mfn. ([apparently derivatives fr. abhy-amitram-(See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order),but probably originally derived from the root, which is also indicated by the parallel form abhy-amin-(See below)]) advancing against or attacking (the enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyarthA1. (Opt. 2. sg. -arthayethās-;rarely P. exempli gratia, 'for example' future -arthayiṣyati- ) to request, ask for (accusative or dative case or locative case or in compound with artham-) ; (See also abhy-art-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyas(ind.p. -asya-) to throw towards or upon ; (parasmE-pada genitive case sg. -asyatas-) to throw (as arrows) ; to add, : P. (rarely A1.) -asyati- (but also Potential -aset- ; parasmE-pada -asat- : A1. -asate- ) to concentrate one's attention upon (accusative), practise, exercise, study etc. ; to repeat, double ; to multiply etc.: Causal to cause to practise or study, teach commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyāśam. (also written 1. abhy-āsa-) reaching to, pervading View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyupagamto go near to, approach, arrive at (accusative) etc. ; to obtain ; to assent, agree to etc.: Caus. (ind.p. -gamayya-) to prevail on any one to assent (See also abhy-upagamita-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyupāhṛ(imperfect tense -upāharat-,which might also be -upāharat-fr. abhy-upa-hṛ-) to bring near, offer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyupapattif. (also) confession of faith, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyupāvṛt -up/ā-vartate- (also P. Aorist subjunctive 1. and 3. sg. -up/ā-vṛtam-, -up/ā-vṛtat-) to turn one's self or go towards (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ac1. (also) to adorn, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
acaladhṛtif. a metre of four lines, of sixteen short syllables each, also called gītyāryā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācāryam. (also) the son of an outcast vaiśya- and a vaiśyā- who was before a Brahman's wife, (according to to some, read cārya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācitikamf(ī-)n. (also in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with numerals exempli gratia, 'for example' dvy-ācitika-) 54. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācūṣaṇan. suction, sucking out (also said of the application of cupping-glasses to the skin) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādāA1. -datte-, () , Epic also rarely P. (exempli gratia, 'for example' 1. sg. -dadmi-,or -dadāmi-), Ved. generally A1. ([Pot. 1. plural -dadīmahi-; imperfect tense 3. sg. ādatta-; perf. 1. and 3. sg. -dade-; perf. p. -dadān/a- -d/adāna- ]) , but also P. (imperfect tense sg. ādam-, ādas-, ādat-,and 1. plural ādāma- Aorist 3. dual number āttām- ) "to give to one's self", take, accept, receive from (locative case instrumental case or ablative) etc. ; to seize, take away, carry off, rob ; to take back, reclaim ; to take off or out from (ablative), separate from (ablative) ; to take or carry away with one's self, (Potential P.1. sg. -dadīyam -!) ; to seize, grasp, take or catch hold of etc. ; to put on (clothes) ; to take as food or drink (with genitive case) (perf. Passive voice 3. sg. -dade-) ; (with accusative) ; to undertake, begin etc. ; to choose (a path) ; (with vacanam-etc.) to begin to speak etc. ; to begin to speak or to recite (see punar-ādāyam-) ; to offer (as oblations) (irreg. pr. p. -dadāyat-) ; to perceive, notice, feel ; to keep in mind ; to accept, approve of : Causal (ind.p. -dāpya-) to cause one to take : Desiderative A1. (imperfect tense 3. plural ditsanta-) to be on the point of taking or carrying away from (genitive case) ; to be on the point of taking (the hand of) ; to be about to take to one's self
aḍakavatīf. also of a city. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādāna1 (also) resumption of the object of action (one of the 13 members of the vimarśa-, quod vide), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhasind. also applied to the lower region and to the pudendum muliebre ([ confer, compare Latin infra]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikṛA1. - kurute-, (also) to define, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhimuktamfn. also"intent on", View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhirūḍhāf. (also) a woman from her 33rd to her 50th year, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiṣṭhānadeha n. the intermediate body which serves to clothe and support the departed spirit during its several residences in the pitṛ-loka- or world of spirits (also called the preta-śarīra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiṣṭhānaśarīran. the intermediate body which serves to clothe and support the departed spirit during its several residences in the pitṛ-loka- or world of spirits (also called the preta-śarīra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhvaryum. a priest of a particular class (as distinguished from the hotṛ-,the udgātṛ-,and the brahman-classes. The adhvaryu- priests"had to measure the ground, to build the altar, to prepare the sacrificial vessels, to fetch wood and water, to light the fire, to bring the animal and immolate it";whilst engaged in these duties, they had to repeat the hymns of the yajur-veda-, hence that veda- itself is also called adhvaryu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyayanaalso going over, recitation, repetition (of the veda- etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adīnam. Name of a prince (also called ahīna-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādiśūram. Name (also title or epithet) of a king of Bengal (also called A1di7s3vara), n. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādurim. "destroyer (of enemies)", Name of indra- ([ ;See also under ā-dṛ-above]) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
advaitavadinm. (also) Name (also title or epithet) of śaṃkara-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgaram. ? equals prati-kroś/a- q.v (see also amā-vāsy/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agastim. Agasti Grandiflora ([also agastidru -dru- f. ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āghrātamfn. smelled at (also an-- negative) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgneyamfn. (also) inflammable, combustible, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agni(also) = next, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnibhūtim. Name of one of the eleven chief pupils (gaṇadhara-s) of the last tīrthakara-. (see also Va1rtt. 2, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agniveśam. also of other persons. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agran. (also) rest, remainder, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agrahamfn. (also) where no ladleful is drawn, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agrūf. and also of the seven rivers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aha1 (also) a particle answering to ha- in a preceding sentence (ha-- aha- = $), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahan Nominal verb dual number /ahanī- (See also sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order /ahar-) and plural /ahāni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aharn. (the weak cases come fr. /ahan- q.v,the middle ones fr. /ahas-[see below] or in also fr. /ahan-, q.v) a day etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahiṃsāf. not injuring anything, harmlessness (one of the cardinal virtues of most Hindu sects, but particularly of the Buddhists and Jains;also personified as the wife of dharma- ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahitan. Name of certain veins (see also hit/ā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahobalam. Name (also title or epithet) of various authors (also with śāstrin- or sūri-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhveP. -hvayati- (but also Potential 1. sg. ā-huvema- ) A1. -hvayate- (but also 1. sg. -huve- ; Aorist 3. plural hūṣata- ; infinitive mood -huv/adhyai- -hvayitav/ai- ) to call near, invoke invite, summon, cite etc. ; to provoke, challenge, emulate (in this sense only A1. ) etc. ; to call to (especially in rites said of the hotṛ-, who addresses the adhvaryu- by the ā-hāva- or ā-hvāna-;See below) and ; to proclaim : Causal -hvāyayati-, to cause to call near, send for ; to cause to summon or challenge or invite : Desiderative -juhūṣati-, to wish to call near, to be about to call near: Intensive -johavīti- , to call near zealously. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
airāvatam. "produced from the ocean", Name of indra-'s elephant (considered as the prototype of the elephant race and the supporter of the east quarter; see nāga-,which means also elephant and serpent) etc.
ajāf. Name of prakṛti-, māyā- or Illusion (See also 1. aj/a-and 1. ajana-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajagāvan. Name of the sacrificial vessel also called ajakāv/a- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akāla(also) night, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākāśānantyāyatanam. plural Name (also title or epithet) of a class of gods, (also tano- paga-, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākheṭikam. (also akh- q.v) a hound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākiṃcanyāyatanam. plural Name (also title or epithet) of a class of gods, (also tano- paga-, ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṛ(Causal - kārayati-, also) to imply by signs, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akra2 (according to to some also) a horse, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṛṣṭif. (in Tantric texts) attracting of an absent person into one's presence (by a magic formula) , also the formula (mantra-) used for this purpose. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣ akṣṇute-, akṣṇuyāt-, (also) to mark (especially cattle on the ear) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣam. an axle, axis (in this sense also n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣa1 (also) a chariot, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣara(also) m. Name (also title or epithet) of a sāman-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣāralavaṇamfn. or, according to and , better"(food) not containing acrid substances nor salt"; therefore also akṣārālavaṇa- in the same sense see kṣāra-lavaṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣarapaṅktif. also called paṅkti- or haṃsa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣatamfn. (also) unthrashed, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣatam. n. (also) a boil or sore not produced by cutting, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣoṭam. the tree Aleurites Triloba. Also spelt akṣoḍa- (), akṣoḍaka-, ākṣoṭa-, ākṣoḍaka-, ākhoṭa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alakam. Name of the capital of kubera- (situated on a peak of the himālaya- inhabited also by śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālambanan. (with Buddhists) the five attributes of things (apprehended by or connected with the five senses, viz. form, sound, smell, taste, and touch;also dharma-or law belonging to manas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkāra Name (also title or epithet) of a minister of jaya-siṃha- of Kashmir (1129-1150 D.; he is also called laṅkaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alaṃkariṣṇumfn. (with accusative) decorating , (an-. negative See also sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alolāf. (also lolā- q.v), Name of a metre (containing four lines, each of fourteen syllables). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alomaka([ ]) or a-l/amaka- ([ ]) mf(Ved. makā-,class. mikā-[ ;but also ] commentator or commentary) n. hairless. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpakātind. (also) nearly, almost, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālukam. (also) mixture of 5 of the 6 flavours (see rasa-) excepting sour, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amamfn. (pronoun; see amu-) this (quoted in and ) ([The word is also explained by prāṇa-,"soul"see commentator or commentary on ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amararatnan. "jewel of the gods", crystal (also amalaratna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amārgam. a bad road, (also figuratively) an evil path View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambupriyam. a kind of ratan (also called vidula-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃhatif. a gift (also f(aṃhatī-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amṛtan. world of immortality, heaven, eternity (also āni- n. plural ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃś cl.10 P. aṃśayati-, to divide, distribute ; also occasionally A1. aṃśayate- ; also aṃśāpayati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anākālabhṛtam. a slave who became so voluntarily to avoid starvation in a time of scarcity (also spelt annākāla-bhṛta-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anantaram. (also) the next (younger) brother after (ablative), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anantarajātam. also the son of a śūdrā- mother by a vaiśya- father. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
añcalam. (perhaps also am-) n. the border or end of a garment, especially of a woman's garment, of a veil, shawl. (in Bengali, a strip of country, district.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṇḍan. (also m. ) ([ am-. ]), an egg, a testicle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgamardam. also rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgamardinm. aṅgamarda- also rheumatism View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgāram. plural Name of a people and country ([ confer, compare Lithuanian angli-s; Russian u1golj; also German Kohle; Old German colandcolo; English coal]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgūṣam. (also) a kind of bird, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aniruddham. (also) Name (also title or epithet) of various writers (especially of the author of a commentator or commentary on the Sa1m2khya-su1tras, about 1500 D.). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anirvartin(also) unalterable, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
annabhujm. (also) fire (of digestion), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antamfn. near, handsome, agreeable ([ confer, compare Gothic andeis,Themeandja; German Ende; English end:with anta-are also compared the Greek , ; Latin ante; the Gothic andainanda-vaurd,etc.; and the German ent exempli gratia, 'for example' inentsagen]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṇum. (also) the soul, life (= ātman-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anudāttamfn. accentless, having the neutral general tone neither high nor low (id est both the grave or non-elevated accent explained by pāṇini- as sannatara- q.v - which immediately precedes the udātta-, and also the general accentless, neutral tone, neither high nor low, explained as eka-śruti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anūdhas(also, according to to some) having no breasts, a young girl, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anudṛś(ind.p. -d/ṛśya- ) to survey, behold ; to keep in view or in mind, to foresee: Causal P. -darśayati-, to show, tell, teach: Passive voice -dṛśyate- (also perf. A1. -dadṛśe- ), to become or be visible. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anugītamfn. (also) sung after, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukampyam. (also) a relative, friend, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anulāf. also of a queen of Ceylon.
anumatif. also personified as a goddess , oblation made to this goddess. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupūrvadaṃṣṭramfn. having regular hair, regularly shaped limbs, regular teeth, a regularly shaped navel, regular lines in the hands (all these are epithets given to buddha-, some of them also to mahāvīra-) and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupūrvagātramfn. having regular hair, regularly shaped limbs, regular teeth, a regularly shaped navel, regular lines in the hands (all these are epithets given to buddha-, some of them also to mahāvīra-) and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupūrvakeśamfn. having regular hair, regularly shaped limbs, regular teeth, a regularly shaped navel, regular lines in the hands (all these are epithets given to buddha-, some of them also to mahāvīra-) and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupūrvanābhimfn. having regular hair, regularly shaped limbs, regular teeth, a regularly shaped navel, regular lines in the hands (all these are epithets given to buddha-, some of them also to mahāvīra-) and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupūrvapāṇilekhamfn. having regular hair, regularly shaped limbs, regular teeth, a regularly shaped navel, regular lines in the hands (all these are epithets given to buddha-, some of them also to mahāvīra-) and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusaṃsṛ(Causal, also) to make progress through, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvadP. (with accusative) to repeat the words of ; to imitate (in speaking) ; to resound ; to repeat, insist upon ; (according to ,also A1.if without object or followed by a Gen.) Passive voice (anūdyate-) to be expressed correspondingly ; see anudita- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānvīkṣikī(also, with buddhi-) an argumentative mind, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anya anyac ca-, and another, besides, moreover ([ confer, compare Zend anya; Armenian ail; Latin alius; Gothic aljis,Themealja; Greek for; confer, compare also ]) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyārthahaving another sense or meaning (also - vat-), , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apf. the Waters considered as divinities. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ap- may become apa- or īpa-, ūpa- after i-- and u-- stems respectively. [ confer, compare Latin agua; Gothic ahva,"a river"; Old German aha,andaffaat the end of compounds; Lithuanian uppe7,"a river"; perhaps Latin amnis,"a river", forapnis confer, compare also ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āp cl.5 P. āpn/oti- ([ ,etc.]), (perf. āpa- Aorist āpat- future āpsyati- infinitive mood āptum-) A1. (perf. 3. plural āpir/e- , parasmE-pada perfect tense āpān/a- ,but also present tense parasmE-pada /āpnāna- ) to reach, overtake, meet with, fall upon etc. ; to obtain, gain, take possession of etc. etc. ; to undergo, suffer ; to fall, come to any one ; to enter, pervade, occupy ; to equal: Passive voice āpyate-, to be reached or found or met with or obtained ; to arrive at one's aim or end, become filled etc.: Causal P. āpayati-, to cause to reach or obtain or gain etc. ; to cause any one to suffer ; to hit : Desiderative P. and A1. īpsati- and īpsate- ([ ]) to strive to reach or obtain etc.: Desiderative of the Causal āpipayiṣati-, to strive to reach ; ([probably connected with 1. ap-; confer, compare apna-; Greek , ; Latin apiscor, aptus-, ops-; Old German uoban; modern German üben.])
apahasitan. (also) smiling in tears, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apānam. the anus (in this sense also(am-) n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apāpapurīf. also written pāpa-purī- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apapare( i-), (perf. 1. sg. /apa p/areto asmi-; /apa asmi-may also be taken by itself as fr. 1. apās-) to go off View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apapitvan. (probably for -pittv/a-fr.2. pat-; see abhi-pitv/a-, ā-pitv/a-, pra-pitv/a-;but see also api-tv/a- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order /api-), turning away, separation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aparaalso (e-), m. plural others (= anye-, used to indicate a various reading), hāla-, Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apavādam. (also) the withdrawal of the adhyāropa- or superimposed attribute (in the vedānta-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apetarākṣasīf. the plant Ocimum Sanctum (also apreta-r-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
api exempli gratia, 'for example' anyad api-, also another, something more View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apī( i-), (Ved.) /apy-eti- to go in or near ; to enter into or upon ; to come near, approach (also in copulation ind.p. ap/ītyā-) ; to partake, have a share in ; to join to pour out (as a river). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apivānyavatsā([ ]) f. cow who suckles an adopted calf (see also ni-vāny/ā-,etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apretarākṣasīf. a plant (also called preta-rākṣasī-,or apeta-rākṣasī- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āprīf. plural (-pr/iyas-[ ] and -pryas-[ nārāyaṇa-]) Name of particular invocations spoken previous to the offering of oblations (according to they are different in different schools; exempli gratia, 'for example' s/amiddho agn/ir- ,in the school of śunaka-; juṣ/asva naḥ- ,in that of vasiṣṭha-; s/amiddho ady/a- ,in that of others; nārāyaṇa- on this passage gives ten hymns belonging to different schools;See also on [ s/usamiddho na /ā vaha-,the āprī--hymn of the school of kaṇva-] , who enumerates twelve āprī-s and explains that twelve deities are propitiated;those deities are personified objects belonging to the fire-sacrifice, viz. the fuel, the sacred grass, the enclosure, etc., all regarded as different forms of agni-;hence the objects are also called āprī-s, or, according to others, the objects are the real āprī-s, whence the hymns received their names) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aptumfn. small, tender [Comm.;but perhaps connected with apt/ur-above, because also, applied to the soma-] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āpya1. (also) mfn. friendly, kind, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apyayadīkṣitam. Name of a drāviḍa- saint and writer (of the sixteenth century, author of various works, celebrated as a śaiva-, and thought to be an incarnation of śiva-;also apyāya-or apyai-,etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ār( ā--) P. (subjunctive 2. sg. -ṛṇ/os- ; -ṛṇvati- ;but also imperative 2. plural /iyarta- ; Aorist ratām-,etc.) A1. (3. sg. -ṛṇve- ) to insert, place in ; to excite ; to bring near, fetch ; to come ; to reach, obtain, fall into (misfortune) etc. ; to inflict : Causal ārpayati-, to cause to partake of ; to fix, settle, annex ; to inflict, injure. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araṇif. "being fitted into"or"turning round", the piece of wood (taken from the Ficus Religiosa or Premna Spinosa) used for kindling fire by attrition etc. (generally distinction is made between the lower one and the upper one, adharāraṇ/i-and uttarāraṇi-,the former may also be meant by araṇi-alone without adhara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
araṇyam. the tree also called kaṭphala- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arbudan. (/arbuda-), (also m. ) ten millions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arc cl.1. P. /arcats- (subjunctive /arcāt- imperfect tense /ārcat-; Aorist ārcīt- , perf. ānarca-3. plural ānarcuḥ-[ ] , but Vedic or Veda ānṛc/uḥ-[ ]; perf. A1.(Passive voice) ānarce-[ ],but Vedic or Veda s/am ānṛce-[ ]; future parasmE-pada arciṣyat-[ ] . ind.p., arcya-[ etc.; see Scholiast or Commentator ]or arcitvā-[ ] , Vedic or Veda infinitive mood ṛc/ase-[ ]) to shine, brilliant ; to praise, sing (also used of the roaring of the marut-s, and of a bull[ ]) , to praise anything to another (dative case), recommend ; to honour or treat with respect etc. ; to adorn : exceptionally A1. (1. plural arcāmahe-) to honour : Causal (2. sg. arcayas-) to cause to shine P. A1. to honour or treat with respect etc.: Desiderative arciciṣati-, to wish to honour Ved. Passive voice ṛcyate- (parasmE-pada ṛcy/amāna-) to be praised View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardheind. in the middle, (ardha-in compound with a substantive means"the half part of anything"[ see ],with an adjective (cf. mfn.) or past Passive voice p.[ see ]"half";also with an adjective (cf. mfn.) indicating measure[ see ];a peculiar kind of compound is formed with ordinals[ see commentator or commentary ] exempli gratia, 'for example' ardha-tṛtīya-,containing a half for its third, id est two and a half; ardha-caturtha-,having a half for its fourth, three and a half.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhendum. the constellation also called ardhacandra- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ariṣṭarogam. a particular disease, , Sch (also ṭy-- āmaya-, ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arkam. praise hymn, song (also said of the roaring of the marut-s and of indra-'s thunder) and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārtamfn. (optionally also written ārtta-,whence erroneously derived fr. ṛt-or even regarded as irreg. formation fr. ard-;See also Weber in ) fallen into (misfortune) , struck by calamity, afflicted, pained, disturbed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arundhatīf. Name of a kind of super natural faculty (also called kuṇḍalinī-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āruṇyopanīṣadf. Name (also title or epithet) of an upaniṣad- (also called āruṇiko- p- or āruṇeyo- p- or āruṇy-- upani-- ṣad-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āryāf. (also) Name (also title or epithet) of a stotra- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryamanm. Name of an āditya- (who is commonly invoked together with varuṇa- and mitra-, also with bhaga-, bṛhaspati-, and others;he is supposed to be the chief of the Manes etc., the milky way is called his path[ aryamṇ/aḥ p/anthāḥ- ];he presides over the nakṣatra- uttaraphalgunī- ;his name is used to form different male names ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
as cl.2 P. /asti- (2. sg. /asi-,1. sg. /asmi-; plural sm/asi-or sm/as-, sth/a-, s/anti-;(rarely A1. exempli gratia, 'for example' 1.pl. smahe- ); subjunctive /asat-;Imper. astu-,2. sg. edhi-(fr. as-dhi- confer, compare ); Potential sy/āt-; imperfect tense /āsīt-,rarely ās-[only in ; confer, compare ]; perf. 1. and 3.sg, /āsa-,2. sg. /āsitha-,3. plural ās/uḥ-; parasmE-pada m. s/at- f. sat/ī-) to be, live, exist, be present ; to take place, happen ; to abide, dwell, stay ; to belong to (genitive case or dative case) ; to fall to the share of. happen to any one (genitive case) ; to be equal to (dative case) ; to turn out, tend towards any result, prove (with dative case) ; to become etc., (confer, compare ) ; to be (id est used as copula, but not only with adjective (cf. mfn.),but also with adverb [ exempli gratia, 'for example' tūṣṇīm āsīt- ],and often with participle,[ exempli gratia, 'for example' perf. Passive voice parasmE-pada prasthitāḥ sma- ; future past participle hantavyo 'smi- ; fut.p. especially with Potential,and only in y/adi dāsy/an-t-sy/āt-,"if he should intend to give"];the perfect tense āsa-helps to form the periphrastic perf. , and asmi-etc. the future); ([ confer, compare Greek Latin es-t; Gothic is-t; Lithuanian es-ti.])
as cl.4 P. /asyati- (parasmE-pada /asyat-; imperfect tense /āsyat-,A.V.[ see parās-and vy-as-]; future parasmE-pada asiṣy/at-; Aorist āsthat-[ ; see vy-as-]; perf. P. āsa-[ see parās-] A1. āse-[ see vy-as-]; Vedic or Veda infinitive mood /astave- ) to throw, cast, shoot at (locative case dative case,or gen) etc. ; to drive or frighten away ; See also 1. ast/a- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsadP. -sīdati- (Ved. also -sadati-; infinitive mood -s/adam-and -s/ade- ; perfect tense -sasāda-; future -satsyati-) A1. (Ved. Aorist 1. sg. -satsi-and 3. sg. -sādi-) to sit, sit down, sit near ; to preside over ; to lie in wait for ; to go to, go towards, approach ; to meet with, reach, find ; to encounter, attack ; to commence, undertake etc.: Causal -sādayati-, to cause to sit down ; to set down, put down, place etc. ; to cause, effect ; to approach, meet with, find, reach, obtain
asāramfn. (also) faithless, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsaṭam. Name (also title or epithet) of a king (also - deva-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asecanamfn. (also ā-sec- q.v) charming, lovely View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asim. (also) a shark, alligator, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśiśumf(/a-śiśvī-,but according to ,also Vedic or Veda a-śiśu-)n. childless, without young ones View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asitam. of a descendant of kaśyapa- (composer of ), named also devala- ([ ]) or asita- devala- ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asita2 m. (also) the dark half of a lunar month, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśliṣ(see ā-śr/eṣa-above) P. -śliṣyati- (but also -śliṣati- ) and A1. -śliṣyate- () to adhere or cling to ; to embrace etc.: Causal -śleṣayati-, to affix, stick on ; to embrace (See ā-śleṣita-).
asmaalso the base of the first person plural accusative asm/ān- ([= ]), instrumental case asm/ābhis- dative case asm/abhyam- ablative asm/at-, in later, language also asmat-tas- ([ etc.]) genitive case asm/ākam- ([exceptionally asm/āka- ]) locative case asm/āsu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asmadalso by native grammarians considered to be the base of the cases asm/ān- etc. (See above) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asṛjm. N. of the 16th of the astrological yoga-s, also called siddhi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
astam. astam-i-, astaṃ-gam- (also Causal See astaṃ-gamita-below) , or prāp- ([ ]), to go to one's eternal home, cease, vanish, perish, die etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭādhyāyīf. also of pāṇini-'s grammar. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭakāf. the eighth day after full moon (especially that in the months hemanta- and śiśira-, on which the progenitors or manes are worshipped etc.; aṣṭakā-is therefore also a Name of the worship itself or the oblations offered on those days etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭāpadmfn. (in ritual language) a pregnant animal (also negative /an-aṣṭāpadi-,"not a pregnant animal") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asthanthe base of the weak cases of /asthi- q.v , exempli gratia, 'for example' instrumental case asthnā-, etc. (Ved. also instrumental case plural asth/abhis- ;and n. plural asthāni- ): View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsvādam. eating with a relish, tasting, enjoying (also metaphorically) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvattham. Name of a nakṣatra- (also called śroṇā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśvinan. (also) a cup of soma- consecrated to the aśvin-s, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātatāyinmfn. "one whose bow is drawn to take another's life", endeavouring to kill some one, a murderer (in later texts also incendiaries, ravishers, thieves etc. are reckoned among ātatāyinas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atikathamfn. transgressing tradition or law deviating from the rules of caste (See also sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ati-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atimuktif. (also) a particular class of oblations, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiprasaṅgam. (also) too much diffuseness, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atirājanm. one who surpasses a king ([ see also sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ])
atiśayanīf. Name of a metre of four lines, also called citralekhā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisundaramf. a metre belonging to the class aṣṭi- (also called citra-or cañcalā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atithinm. Name of a king (also suhotra- and atithi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātithyam. the rite also called ātithyā- (See before) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atka according to to some also = tejas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātmanm. the individual soul, self, abstract individual [ exempli gratia, 'for example' ātm/an- (Ved. locative case) dhatte-, or karoti-,"he places in himself", makes his own ; ātmanā akarot-,"he did it himself" ; ātmanā vi-yuj-,"to lose one's life" ; ātman- in the sg. is used as reflexive pronoun for all three persons and all three genders exempli gratia, 'for example' ātmānaṃ sā hanti-,"she strikes herself"; putram ātmanaḥ spṛṣṭvā nipetatuḥ-,"they two having touched their son fell down" ; see also below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ātmanā- ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātmeyam. plural a class of divinities also called ātmy/a- (and named together with the āpya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āṭopam. (also) haste, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atyayam. (also) confession of sins, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atyūham. (also) the penis of an elephant, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aurabhrikam. (also) a sheep butcher, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auśīran. a bed (used also as a seat) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ava(only genitive case dual number av/or-with vām-,"of you both", corresponding to s/a tv/am-,"thou", etc.) , this (-for vām-) [ Zend pronoun ava-; Slavonic or Slavonian ovo; confer, compare also the syllable, in, , etc.; Latin au-t, autem-,etc.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āva Inst. dative case . ablative āvābhyām- (Vedic or Veda ablative also āv/at-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avagrāham. (; see also ava-graha-) drought View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakṝ -kirati- (imperfect tense avākirat-; ind.p. -kīrya-) to pour out or down, spread, scatter, etc. ; (Potential -k/iret-) to spill one's semen virile (see /ava-kīrṇa-and rṇin-below) ; to shake off, throw off, leave ; to bestrew, pour upon, cover with, fill etc.: Passive voice -kīryate- (perf. -cakre- ,according to commentator or commentary also A1. -kirate- Aorist avākirṣṭa-) to extend in different directions, disperse, pass away ; A1. (Aorist 3. plural avākīrṣata-) to fall off, become faithless, , (see ava-s-kṝ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakrīonly A1. -kriṇīte- (;but also P. Potential -krīṇīyāt- ,[ apa-krīṇīyāt- ]; ind.p. -krīya- ) to purchase for one's self hire, bribe. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avalamb -lambate- (ind.p. -lambya-,exceptionally P. exempli gratia, 'for example' Potential -lambet- ) to hang down, glide or slip down, descend etc. ; (pr. p. P. -lambat-) to set (as the sun) ; to catch hold of. cling to, hang to, hold on or support one's self by, rest upon as a support, depend upon (generally accusative;but also locative case [ ] or instrumental case [ ]), to hold up anything (to prevent its falling down) ; to enter a state or condition (as māyām-, mānuṣyatvam-, dhairyam-,etc.) ; to devote one's self to (accusative) ; "to incline towards", choose as a direction : Causal (ind.p. -lambya-) to hang up ; to grasp (for support) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avalokitam. (also) Name (also title or epithet) of a poet, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avamanA1. (Potential -manyeta- Aorist subjunctive 2. sg. maṃsthāḥ-,2.pl. -madhvam- ; Epic also P. -manyati- future -maṃsyati- ) to despise, treat contemptuously etc. ; to repudiate refuse : Passive voice -manyate- to be treated contemptuously: Causal (Potential -mānayet-) to despise, treat contemptuously View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avamocanan. (also) putting on (?), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avāñc(more correctly avā- ñc-, also) southern, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvaraṇan. (also) envelopment (in philosophy), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaruhP. (parasmE-pada -r/ohat-; ind.p. -ruhya-;also A1. exempli gratia, 'for example' ) to descend, alight, dismount ; "to descend from" id est to be deprived of (one's dominion, aiśvaryāt-) : Causal (imperfect tense avāropayat-[ varia lectio rohayat-] ;Imper. 2. sg. -ropaya- plural A1. -rohayadhvam- ) to cause to descend, take down from (ablative): Passive voice -ropyate-, to be lowered or lessened View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasakthikāf. (equals paryaṅka- q.v) sitting on the hams (or also"the cloth tied round the legs and knees of a person sitting on his hams") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaskandanan. (also) attack, onset, rushing on (prati-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avif. an ewe , (= a-- q.v; confer, compare also adhi-) a woman in her courses ([ confer, compare Lithuanian awi-s; Slavonic or Slavonian ovjza, Latin ovi-s; Greek -s; Gothic avistr]). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvīP. -v/eti- (but also -v/ayati- ; perfect tense -vivāya-,etc.) to undertake ; to hasten near, approach ; to grasp, seize ; to drive on or near : Intensive (Potential 3. plural -vavīran- ) to tremble, be agitated ; (for the noun āvī-See āvi-,and for āvī- f.See āvya-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avidaind. an exclamation of surprise and grief (also repeated and with bho-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvilamfn. (also written ā-bila- q.v) turbid (as a fluid), foul, not clear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avimocanan. (also) insolubleness, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvṛjA1. -vṛṅkte- (subjunctive -v/arjate- ; Aorist vṛkta- ;also P. Aorist 1. sg. vṛkṣam- ) to turn or bring into the possession of, procure for, bestow, give ; to turn or bring into one's own possession ; to appropriate ; to be propitiated, favour : Causal P. -varjayati-, to turn over, incline, bend etc. ; to pour out ; to deliver etc. ; to cause to yield, overcome ; to gain one's favour, propitiate, attract View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avyaktam. (also) a young monk who has not finished his studies, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyasīf. (also) an iron vessel, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bābhravyam. Name of various authors and teachers (also with kauśika-and pañcāla-,and śāṇḍil/a- plural) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
babhrum. of a descendant of atri- (author of ) (also with the patronymic daivāvṛdha- and kaumbhya- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
babhrum. of a son of viśvā-mitra- (also plural ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
badaran. the edible fruit of the jujube (also used as a weight) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
badarīf. the jujube tree (also wrongly for its berry) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bādh cl.1 A1. () bādhat/e-, Epic and mc. also P. ti- (perfect tense babādh/e- ; Aorist bādhiṣṭa- , bādhiṣṭām- ; future bādhiṣyate-, ti- etc., bādhitā- grammar; infinitive mood b/ādhe- , bādhitum- ; ind.p. bādhitvā-See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order, b/ādhya- ), to press, force, drive away, repel, remove etc. ; (with v/arīyas-) to force asunder ; to harass, pain, trouble, grieve, vex etc. ; to resist, oppose, check, stop, prevent etc. ; to set aside (as a rule), annul, invalidate etc. ; to suffer annoyance or oppression : Passive voice bādhyate-, to be pressed etc. ; to be acted upon, suffer : Causal bādhayati- (Aorist ababādhat- ), to oppress, harass, attack, trouble, vex : Desiderative bibādhiṣate-, to wish to remove or chase away ; bhatsate-, to feel an aversion for, loathe, shrink from (ablative) etc. (see ) Intensive bābadhe- (See pra-bādh-) ; badbodh/e-, to press hard, hem in, confine ; pr. p. badbadhān/a-, striking, knocking against (accusative) ; hemmed in, pent up, [Cf. vadh-,also for kindred words.]
bādham. (also ā-,f.; see ) injury, detriment, hurt, damage etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bādhanan. opposition, resistance, oppression, molestation, affliction (also plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baḍiśamf(ā-or ī-)n. (also written vaḍiśa-and valiśa-; see also bariśī-) a hook, fish-hook View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāham. the arm = 1. bāhu- (alsof(ā-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhavam. ( Va1rtt. 1 ) = bāhu- 1, the arm (also n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhīkamfn. (fr. bahis-;but also written vāhīka-) being outside, external, exterior Va1rtt. 5 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahīnaram. (also written vah-) Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahirgirim. plural the inhabitants of that country (also girya- plural ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahirmukhamf(ī-)n. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') one who turn his face away, indifferent to (khī-bhū-,to turn away from) (also with locative case ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahisind. (the final s-is changed before k-and p-into -; see ) out, forth, outwards, outside (a house, village, city, kingdom etc.;also with ablative or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' = out of, apart from, except, beside) (with kṛ-,to place outside, expel, banish, exclude;with bhū-,to come forth;with gam-,or -,to go out etc.; see compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhlīkīf. a princess or any woman of the bālhika-s (also Name of mādrī- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahumf(v/ī-or u-)n. much, many, frequent, abundant, numerous, great or considerable in quantity (n. also as substantive with genitive case) (rarely in maṇḍ-. i-ix) etc. (tadbahu-yad-,"it is a great matter that"; tvayā me bahu kṛtaṃ-yad-,"you have done me a great service by -- or that --"; kim bahunā-,"what occasion is there for much talk?" id est"in short" ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahuind. much, very, abundantly, greatly, in a high degree, frequently, often, mostly etc. etc. (often in the beginning of a compound,where also = nearly, almost, rather, somewhat; see bahu-tṛṇa-, bahu-trivarṣa-and ; bahu-man-= to think much of esteem highly, prize, value)
bāhumf. (also dual number) the constellation ārdrā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahudugdhāf. (a cow) giving much milk (also -vatī- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhukam. (also written vāh-) N. assumed by nala- upon his becoming charioteer to king ṛtu-parṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhulatāf. an arm (lithe as a) creeper (also bāhulatikā tikā- f. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahuprajamf(ā-)n. having a numerous progeny (also j/as- ) see View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahusūtif. a female who has borne many children (also tikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahuvistaramf(ā-)n. of wide extent, widely spread (also tāra- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhyamf(ā-)n. (fr. bahis-;in later language also written vāhya- q.v; m. Nominal verb plural b/āhye- ) being outside (a door, house, etc.), situated without (ablative or compound), outer, exterior (accusative with kṛ-,to turn out, expel) etc., etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baidam. (also vaida-) patronymic fr. bida (f(ī-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baihīnarim. (also written vaih-) patronymic fr. bahīnara- Va1rtt. 6 (others fr. vih-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baijavāpam. (also written vaij-) patronymic fr. bijavāpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bailamf(ī-)n. (fr. bila-, also written vaila- q.v) living in holes (m.an animal living in holes) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baimbakim. (also written vai-) patronymic fr. bimba- vArttika View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baindavam. (also written vai-) patronymic fr. bindu- gaRa bidādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bakam. (also written vaka-) a kind of heron or crane, Ardea Nivea (often figuratively = a hypocrite, cheat, rogue, the crane being regarded as a bird of great cunning and deceit as well as circumspection) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bākāyanam. patronymic fr. baka- (also plural) (see gaRa naḍādi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bakulam. (also written vakula-) a kind of tree, Mimusops Elengi (said to put forth blossoms when sprinkled with nectar from the mouth of lovely women) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balan. (or m. gaRa ardharcādi-) power, strength, might, vigour, force, validity etc. (balāt-,"forcibly, against one's will, without being able to help it";also equals bala- in the beginning of a compound,or balena-, bala-tas-,with genitive case or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',"by force, by the power or on the strength or in virtue or by means of, by") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balan. (also plural; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) military force, troops, an army etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balam. of an elder brother of kṛṣṇa- (also called bala-deva-, balabhadra-, bala-rāma- etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balam. of a lexicographer (also written vala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balabhadramfn. of a descendant of bharata-, of various men (especially teachers and authors, also with also, ācārya-, kāyastha-, pancānana-, bhaṭṭa-, mitra-, śukla-, sūri-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālacandram. the young or waxing moon (also dra-mas-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baladevam. of several authors (also with vidyābhūṣaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālagopālam. Name of an author (also lendra- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balākam. (also written valāka-) a kind of crane (the flesh of which is eaten) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālakṛṣṇam. Name of a man also called gaṅgā-dhara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālakṛṣṇam. of various authors (also -dāsa-, -dīkṣita-, -bhaṭṭa-and -miśra--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balakṣamf(ī-)n. (also written valakṣa-) white etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balarāmam. Name of the elder brother of kṛṣṇa- and third of the rāma-s (regarded as the 8th avatāra- of viṣṇu-, sometimes as an incarnation of the great serpent śeṣa- or an-anta-;he is also called bala-, bala-deva-, bala-bhadra-, and halāyudha-, see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balāsam. (also written balāśa-) a particular disease, consumption or phthisis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balāśvam. Name of a king (called also karaṃ-dhama-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālātapam. early heat of the sun, heat of the morning sun (also plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālāvabodham. instruction of the young (also bālāvabodhana dhana- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balavatmfn. preponderating, prevailing (also with ablative,"over") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balh (also written valh-; see barh-) cl.1 A1. valhate- to be excellent ; to speak ; to kill ; to hurt ; "to give"or"to cover" (dāna- varia lectio chādana-) ; cl.10 P. valhayati-,"to speak"or"to shine" (bhāṣārthe-,or bhāsārthe-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālhīkīf. a princess or any woman of the bālhika-s (also Name of mādrī- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balim. any offering or propitiatory oblation (especially an offering of portions of food, such as grain, rice etc., to certain gods, semi-divine beings, household divinities, spirits, men, birds, other animals and all creatures including even lifeless objects; it is made before the daily meal by arranging portions of food in a circle or by throwing them into the air outside the house or into the sacred fire; it is also called bhūta-yajña-and was one of the 5 mahā-yajñas-,or great devotional acts; see ) etc. (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with the object, the receiver, the time, or the place of the offering) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baliśanf(i-or śī-). (also written val-) a hook, fish-hook (see baḍiśa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balivardam. a bull or ox etc. etc. (also balīv-; wrong reading vardha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ballavam. (also written vallava-) a cowherd (see go-b-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālopacaraṇan. medical treatment of children (also cāra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balvan. (also written valva-,or valava-) Name of the second karaṇa- or astrological division of the day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bambaviśvavayas() and bamb/ā-viśv/avayas- (; see gaRa vanaspaty-ādi- ) m. dual number Name of 2 men (also bambhār-viśvavayas- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baṇ (also written vaṇ-) cl.1 P. vaṇati- (perfect tense vavāṇa-etc.; Causal Aorist avīvaṇat-,or avavāṇat-), to sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāṇam. (also -bhaṭṭa-) of a poet (the author of the kādambarī-, of the harṣa-carita-, and perhaps of the ratnāvalī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baṇḍamf(ā-)n. (also written vaṇḍa-) maimed, defective, crippled (especially in the hands or feet or tail) (Scholiast or Commentator also = impotent, emasculated; see paṇḍa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandh cl.9 P. () badhn/āti- (rarely A1. badhnīt/e-; cl.1 P. A1. bandhati-, te- ; cl.4 P. badhyati- ; imperative badhāna- , bandhāna- , -badhnīhi- , bandha- ; perfect tense P. bab/andha-,3. plural bedh/us- , babandhus- ; A1. bedh/e-, dhir/e- , babandhe- grammar; future bhantsyati- etc., bandhiṣyati-, te- ; banddhā- grammar; Aorist abhāntsīt- grammar; preceding badhyāt- ; infinitive mood banddhum-,or bandhitum- , b/adhe- ind.p. baddhv/ā- , dhv/āya- , -badhya- ; -bandham- ), to bind, tie, fix, fasten, chain, fetter etc. ; to bind round, put on (;later also P."on one's self") etc. ; to catch, take or hold captive, met. = to attach to world or to sin ; to fix, direct, fasten, rivet (eyes, ears or mind) on (locative case or infinitive mood) ; to arrest, hold back, restrain, suppress, stop, shut, close ; to bind a sacrificial victim, offer, sacrifice (with dative case of the deity to whom it is presented) : ; to punish, chastise ; to join, unite, put together or produce anything in this way, exempli gratia, 'for example' fold (the hands), clench (the fist), knit or bend (the eyebrows), arrange, assume (a posture), set up (a limit), construct (a dam or a bridge), span, bridge over (a river), conceive or contract (friendship or enmity), compose, construct (a poem or verse) etc. ; to form or produce in any way, cause, effect, do, make, bear (fruit), strike (roots), take up (one's abode) ; to entertain, cherish, show, exhibit, betray (joy, resolution etc.) : Passive voice badhy/ate- (ti- ), to be bound etc. etc. ; (especially) to be bound by the fetters of existence or evil, sin again ; to be affected by id est experience, suffer (instrumental case) : Causal bandhayati- (Aorist ababandhat-), to cause to bind or catch or capture, imprison etc. ; to cause to be built or constructed ; to cause to be embanked or dammed up ; to bind together (also bādhayati-) : Desiderative bibhantsati- grammar : Intensive bābanddhi-, bābadhyate- [ confer, compare Zend band; Greek , ; Latin foedus,fides; Lit.be4ndras; Gothic Anglo-Saxon bindan; German binden; English bind.]
bandhakaraṇan. binding, fettering, holding back (also by magic) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhanan. (alsof(ī-). ) a bond, tie (also figuratively), rope, cord, tether etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with f(ā-). = bound to or fettered by) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandinm. (also written vandin- q.v,and metri causa di-) a praiser, bard, herald (who sings the praises of a prince in his presence or accompanies an army to chant martial songs;these bards are regarded as the descendants of a kṣatriya- by a śūdra- female) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandinm. (also written vandin-) a prisoner, captive, slave View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāpubhaṭṭam. Name of an author (also called ananta-bhaṭṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
barāsīf. a particular article of clothing or kind of woven cloth (also spelt varāsi-and varāśi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
barbaramfn. (also written varvara-) stammering (See --) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
barham. n. (also written varha-;1. bṛh-,"to pluck out") a tail-feather, the tail of a bird (especially of a peacock) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bārhadīṣava(mc.) m. patronymic fr. bṛhad-iṣu- (also plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
barhiin compound for his- (mc. also n. equals barhis- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
barhiṣadm. (plural) the pitṛ-s or deceased ancestors (also a particular class of pitṛ-s) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bārhiṣadaor bārhiḥṣada- m. patronymic fr. barhi-ṣad- or barhiḥ-ṣad- (also plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bariśīf. (also written var-) a fishhook View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
barīvardam. (also written var-) equals balīvarda-, a bull View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
barkaram. (also written varkara-) a kid, lamb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāṣpam. (also written vāṣpa- see ) a tear, tears etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bastam. (also written vasta-) a goat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
baṭum. (also written vaṭu-) a boy, lad, stripling, youth (especially a young Brahman, but also contemptuously applied to adult persons) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bavan. (also written vava-) Name of the first karaṇa- or astrological division of the day View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bedarakaram. (prob.) an inhabitant of the city Bedar or Bidar (also proper N.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
beh (also written veh-) cl.1 A1. vehate-, to strive, make effort ; cl.1 P. vehati- equals vehāya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhan. a star, planet, asterism, lunar asterism or mansion (and so also the number 27; see nakṣatra-), sign of the zodiac View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadram. a particular kind of elephant (also Name of a world elephant ) a bullock View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadram. of the 7th movable karaṇa- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order; see also 2. bhadrā-karaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadran. prosperity, happiness, health, welfare, good fortune (also plural) etc. (bhadraṃ tasya-or tasmai-,prosperity to him! ; bhadraṃ te-or vaḥ-often used parenthetically in a sentence ="if you please", or to fill up a verse; bhadram upalāh-,happiness to you, O stones! ; bhadram-with kṛ-and dative case,to grant welfare to, bless ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhādram. (fr. bhadra-,of which it is also the vṛddhi- form in compound) the month bhādra- (equals -pada-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrabāhum. (also -svāmin-) Name of a celebrated jaina- author (one of the 6 śruta-kevalin-s; bhadrabāhucaritra -caritra- n. bhadrabāhuśāstra -śāstra- n. bhadrabāhusaṃhitā -saṃhitā- f.Name of works.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadramandam. a particular kind of elephant (also dra-and dra-mṛga-) (Bombay edition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrapadāf. Name of the 3rd and 4th lunar asterisms etc. (also n.; bhadrapadāyoga -yoga- m.Name of chapter of bhaṭṭotpala-'s commentator or commentary on ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrasenam. of a son of mahiṣmat- (also naka-)
bhadrāśvam. of a king also called śveta-vāhana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrāśvam. of a son of āgnīdhra- and (also n.) a dvīpa- or varṣa- called after him (the eastern division) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadratāf. prosperity, good fortune (also bhadratātva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrāvratan. a particular religious ceremony (also called vithṭi-vrata-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadreśvaram. of an author (also -sūri-and cārya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagam. (also n. ) love, affection, sexual passion, amorous pleasure, dalliance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgam. ( bhaj-) a part, portion, share, allotment, inheritance (in Vedic or Veda also = lot, especially fortunate lot, good fortune, luck, destiny) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgam. part id est place, spot, region, side (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' taking the place of, representing) etc. (in this sense also n.;See bhūmi-bh-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgam. Name of a king (also bhāgavata-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgalam. patronymic fr. bhagala- (also plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgavṛttif. Name of a gram. work (also ttikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgineya m. (fr. bhaginī-) a sister's son etc. (also in friendly address to any younger person ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāgineyakam. (fr. bhaginī-) a sister's son etc. (also in friendly address to any younger person ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaginīf. a sister ("the happy or fortunate one", as having a brother) etc. (in familiar speech, also for -bhrātṛ-,"brother" ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagīratham. Name of several authors (also with ṭhakkura-and megha-; see bhagin-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagnamfn. broken (literally and figuratively), shattered, split, torn, defeated, checked, frustrated, disturbed, disappointed etc. (sometimes forming the first instead of the second part of a compound exempli gratia, 'for example' grīvā-bhagna-, dharma-bh-for bhagna-grīva-, -dharma-;also"one who has broken a limb" ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagnaprakraman. "broken arrangement", (in rhetoric) the use of a word which does not correspond to one used before (also bhagnaprakramatā -- f. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaimamf(ī-)n. (fr. bhīma-,of which it is also the vṛddhi- form in compound) relating or belonging to bhīma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhairavam. of 2 kings and various teachers and authors (also with tripāṭhin-, daivajña-, tilaka-, dīkṣita-, ācārya-, bhaṭṭa-and miśra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaj cl.1 P. A1. () bh/ajati-, te- (2. sg. as imperative bhakṣi- ; perfect tense P. babh/āja- A1. bhej/e- etc.;2. sg. babhaktha- ; bhejitha- ; Aorist P.2. 3. sg. abhāk- ; abhākṣīt-, kṣus- ; subjunctive bhakṣat- ; A1. /abhakṣi-, kta- etc.; preceding A1. bhakṣīy/a- ;3. sg. kṣīṣṭa- ; kṣīta- ; future bhakṣyati-, te- etc.; bhajiṣyati-, te- etc.; bhaktā- grammar; infinitive mood bhaktum- etc.; bhajitum- ; ind.p. bhaktvā- etc., tvāya- ; -bhajya-and -bh/ājam- ), to divide, distribute, allot or apportion to (dative case or genitive case), share with (instrumental case) etc. ; (A1.) to grant, bestow, furnish, supply ; A1. (rarely P.) to obtain as one's share, receive as (two accusative), partake of, enjoy (also carnally) , possess, have (accusative,Ved. also genitive case) ; (A1.,rarely P.) to turn or resort to, engage in, assume (as a form) , put on (garments) , experience, incur, undergo, feel, go or fall into (with accusative, especially of abstract noun exempli gratia, 'for example' bhītim-,to feel terror; nidrām-,to fall asleep; maunam-,to become silent) etc. ; to pursue, practise, cultivate ; to fall to the lot or share of (accusative) etc. ; to declare for, prefer, choose (exempli gratia, 'for example' as a servant) ; to serve, honour, revere, love, adore etc.: Causal bhāj/ayati-, te- (Aorist abībhajuḥ- , ababhājat- grammar), to divide ; to deal out, distribute ; to cause any one (accusative) to partake of or enjoy (accusative or genitive case) ; to put to flight, pursue, chase, drive into (accusative) ; to cook, dress (food) : Desiderative bibhakṣati-, te- (confer, compare bhikṣ-): Intensive bābhajyate-, bābhakti-, [ confer, compare Greek , ; Latin fa1gus; Gothic Old S.bo1k; German Buch,Buchstabe; English buck-,beech.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhajanan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') reverence, worship, adoration (also bhajanatā -- f.with locative case ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhajim. Name of a prince (also jin-and jina-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhakṣ (prob. a secondary form fr. bhaj-,or Nom.fr. bhakṣ/a-; see also bhikṣ-and bhañj-) cl.10 P. () bhakṣ/ayati- (rarely A1. te-), and in later language also cl.1 P. A1. () bhakṣati-, te- (perfect tense bhakṣayām āsa- etc. future bhakṣayiṣyati-, te- ; Aorist ababhakṣat- ; Passive voice abhakṣi- ; infinitive mood bhakṣayitum- , kṣitum- ; ind.p. bhakṣayitvā- ; -bhakṣya- ; -bhakṣam- ), to eat or drink, devour, partake of (with accusative,in Vedic or Veda also with genitive case;in the older language usually of fluids, in the later only exceptionally so) etc. ; to sting, bite ; to consume, use up, waste, destroy etc. ; to drain the resources of, impoverish : Causal bhakṣ/ayati- See above ; to cause anything (accusative) to be eaten by (accusative or instrumental case) Va1rtt. 7 : Desiderative bibhakṣiṣati- or kṣayiṣati-, to wish to eat or devour (see bibhakṣayiṣu-).
bhaktif. a division of a sāman- (also called vidhi-,of which 7 or 5 are enumerated)
bhāktikamfn. = bhākta-1, regularly fed by another, a dependent, retainer (also nitya-bh- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhākūṭam. "having a bright point", a species of fish (also bhā-kuṭa- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhālan. ( also m.;fr. bhā-?) the forehead, brow etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhallam. a kind of arrow or missile with a point of a particular shape etc. (alsof(ī-).and n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāllavim. plural Name of a school (also vin- plural ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhālukinm. (also written vālukin-) Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhām cl.1 A1. () bhāmate- cl.10 P. () bhāmayati- (occurs only in derivatives, but the grammarians give also perfect tense babhāme- Aorist abhāmiṣṭa- future bhāmiṣyate-, mitā-; Causal bhāmayati-; Intensive bābhāmyate-), to be angry or impatient. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāmatīf. (fr. bhā-mat-) Name of a commentator or commentary by vācaspati-miśra- on śaṃkarācārya-'s commentator or commentary on the brahma-sūtra-s (also -nibandha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhand cl.1 A1. () bh/andate-, to be greeted with praise, receive applause ( also = to be or make fortunate or excellent;to be or make glad;to shine;to honour or worship) : Causal bhandayati-, to cause to prosper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṇḍam. a jester, buffoon, mime (also as Name of a particular mixed caste) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍan. goods, wares, merchandise (also m. plural) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhandanāf. (also plural) acclamation, applause, praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṅgam. overthrow, rout, defeat (also in a lawsuit) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṅgīnamf(ī-)n. equals bhāṅga- (also n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṇitan. (also plural) speech, talk, relation, description View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhañj cl.7 P. () bhanakti- (perfect tense babh/añja- etc., 3. plural A1. babhañjire- ; Aorist abhāṅkṣīt- ; future bhaṅkṣyati-, ktā- ; ind.p. bhaṅktvā-, bhaktvā-or -bhajya- ), to break, shatter, split etc. ; to break into, make a breach in (a fortress, with accusative) ; to rout, put to flight, defeat (an army) ; to dissolve (an assembly) ; to break up id est divide (a sūtra-) ; to bend ; to check, arrest, suspend, frustrate, disappoint etc.: Passive voice bhajy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist abhāji-or abhañji- ), to be broken or break (intr.) etc. etc. etc.: Causal bhañjayati- (Aorist ababhañjat-) grammar : Desiderative bibhaṅkṣati- : Intensive bambhajyate- or jīti- [Perhaps for originally bhrañj-; confer, compare bhraj-; Latin frangere,nau-fraga; German brechen; English break.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhañjanam. falling to pieces or decay of the teeth (also naka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhānum. of various authors (also with dīkṣita-, paṇḍita-, bhaṭṭa-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhānudattam. Name of various authors (also with miśra-) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhānuji(also with dīkṣita-) m. Name of authors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharam. a burden, load, weight (also a particular measure of weight equals bhāra- q.v ) etc. (accusative with kṛ-,to place one's weight, support one's self ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharadvājam. Name of a ṛṣi- (with the patronymic bārhaspatya-, supposed author of , and purohita- of diva-dāsa-, with whom he is perhaps identical; bharad- is also considered as one of the 7 sages and the author of a law-book) etc. (jasya a-dāra-sṛt-and a-dāra-sṛtau-, arkau-, upahavau-, gādham-, nakāni-, priśninī-, prāsāham-, bṛhat-, maukṣe-, yajñāyajñīyam-, lomanī-, vāja-karmīyam-, vāja-bhṛt-, viṣamāṇi-, vratam-, sundhyuḥ-and saindhukṣitāni-Name of sāman-s ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāradvājam. Name of various men (especially of supposed authors of hymns, viz. of ṛjiśvan-, garga-, nara-, pāyu-, vasu-, śāsa-, śirimbiṭha-, śuṇahotra-, sapratha-, su-hotra- q.v;but also of others exempli gratia, 'for example' of droṇa-, of agastya-, of śaunya-, of sukeśan-, of satya-vāha-, of śūṣa- vāhneya-, of one of the 7 ṛṣi-s, of a son of bṛhas-pati- etc., and of many writers and teachers plural of a Vedic school) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāradvājīf. a female descendant of bharad-vāja- (with rātri-Name of the author of ; see also bh/āradvājī-p/utra-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharaṇan. the act of bearing (also in the womb) carrying, bringing, procuring etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharaṇīf. (also plural) Name of the 7th nakṣatra- (containing 3 stars and figured by the pudendum muliebre) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharaṇyan. wages, hire (alsof(ā-).) : cherishing, maintaining View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāratam. a descendant of bharata- (also in plural for bharatās-) etc.
bharaṭakam. a particular class of mendicants (also ḍaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharatasūtran. Name of a rhetoric work by śārṅgadhara- (also bharatasūtravṛtti -vṛtti- f.by vidyā-bhūṣaṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāravaham. a horse's canter (also n.andf(ā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhārgam. of a king also called bharga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhārgavamf(ī-)n. of various men (especially supposed authors of hymns, viz. of iṭa-, kali-, kṛtnu-, gṛtsamada-, cyavana-, jamad-agni-, nema-, prayoga-, vena-, somāhuti- and syūma-raśmi- q.v;but also of many other writers or mythological personages exempli gratia, 'for example' of iṭala-, of ṛcīka-, of dvi-gat-, of dṛśāna-, of mārkaṇḍeya-, of pramati- etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhārmyam. Name of a prince (also plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhartṛharim. Name of a well-known poet and grammarian (of the 7th century A.D.;author of 300 moral, political, and religious maxims comprised in 3 śataka-s, and of the vākyapadīya- and other gram. works., and according to some also of the bhaṭṭi-kāvya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṣ cl.1 P. () bhaṣati- (Epic also A1. te-; infinitive mood bhaṣitum-), to bark, growl (also figuratively = rail against, reproach, revile, with accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṣ cl.1 A1. () bh/āṣate- (Epic also P. ti-; perfect tense babhāṣe- etc.; future bhāṣiṣyate-or bhāṣitā- grammar : Aorist abhāṣiṣi-, ṣṭhāḥ-, ṣata- ; infinitive mood bhāṣitum- ; bhāṣṭum- ; ind.p. bhāṣitvā-, -bhāṣya- ), to speak, talk, say, tell (with acc, of thing or person, sometimes also with accusative of thing and person) etc. ; to speak of or about or on (accusative) ; to announce, declare ; to call, name, describe as (with two accusative) ; to use or employ in speaking ; Passive voice bhāṣyate- (Aorist abhāṣi-), to be spoken, be addressed or spoken to etc.: Causal bhāṣayati-, te- (Aorist ababhāṣat-or abībhaṣat- ) , to cause to speak or talk ; to cause to speak id est to think, agitate, disquiet ; to say, speak : Desiderative , bibhāṣiṣate- grammar : Intensive babhāṣyate-, bābhāṣṭi- (sometimes confounded with bhaṣ-; see bhaṇ-and bhās-).
bhās cl.1 A1. () bhāsate- (in older language also P. bh/āsati- etc.; parasmE-pada bh/āsat- ; perfect tense babhāse- ; Aorist abhāsiṣṭa- grammar; future bhāsiṣyate-, bhāsitā- ), to shine, be bright etc. ; to appear ("as"or"like" Nominal verb or instrumental case of an abstract noun), occur to the mind, be conceived or imagined, become clear or evident etc.: Causal bhāsayati-, te- (Aorist ababhāsat-and abībhasat- ), to make shine, illuminate etc. ; to show, make evident, cause to appear ("by way of." instrumental case of an abstract noun) Desiderative bibhāsiṣate- grammar : Intensive bābhāsyate-, bābhāsti- (see bhā-,of which bhās-is a secondary form) .
bhāṣāf. any Prakrit dialect or a particular group of 5 of them (viz. māhārāṣṭrī-, śaurasenī-, māgadha-, prācyā-, and avanti-, also called pañca-vidhā- bhāṣā-; see under prākṛta-,p.703) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāsam. of a dramatic poet (also called bhāsaka-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhasadf. (with ā-), down the region of the hips ( also "flesh; a piece of wood; a float, raft; a sort of duck; the sun; a mouth; time") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṣāpādam. the plaint or charge (the first of the 4 stages of a lawsuit;also Name of work ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaramfn. (also bhāḥ-kara- ) "making light", shining, glittering, bright (varia lectio bhāsura-and svara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaram. (also with dikṣita-, paṇḍita-, bhaṭṭa-, miśra-, śāstrin-, ācārya-etc.) Name of various authors (especially of a celebrated astronomer, commonly called bhāskarācārya- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhasmann. (also plural) "what is pulverized a or calcined by fire", ashes etc. (yuṣmābhir bhasma bhakṣayitavyam-,"you shall have ashes to eat" id est"you shall get nothing"; bhasmanihuta mani-huta-. mfn."sacrificed in ashes" id est"useless") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāsurakam. (also -siṃha-), Name of a lion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṭṭam. (fr. bhartṛ-) lord, my lord (also plural and bhaṭṭapāda -pāda- m. plural;according to ,a title of respect used by humble persons addressing a prince;but also affixed or prefixed to the names of learned Brahmans, exempli gratia, 'for example' kedāra--, govinda-bh-etc., or bhaṭṭa-kedāra-etc., below, the proper name being sometimes omitted exempli gratia, 'for example' bhaṭṭa-= kumārila-bh-;also any learned man = doctor or philosopher) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṭṭabhāskaram. Name of an author (also -miśra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṭṭācāryam. a title given to a learned Brahman or any great teacher or doctor (especially to kumārila-bhaṭṭa-, but also to various other scholars and authors) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṭṭim. Name of a poet (also called bhartṛsvāmin- or -hari, or bhaṭṭa-svāmin- or svāmi-bhaṭṭa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāulācāryam. Name of an author (also written bhāḍalācārya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhautamf(ī-)n. (also ta-ka-) relating to or possessed by evil spirits or demons, crazy, mad, an idiot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavadevam. Name of various authors (also with paṇḍita kavi-, bāla-valabhī-bhujaṃga-, bhaṭṭa-and miśra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavānandam. Name of various authors (also with śarman-and siddhānta-vāg-īśa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavanātham. Name of an author (also with ṭhakkura-, mahā-mahodhyāya-and miśra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavānīdāsam. Name of a king (also with cakra-vartin-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavānīdāsam. of various authors (also with kavi-raja-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvasiṃham. Name of a king (also -deva-; see -vilāsa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvavṛttamfn. relating to creation or cosmogony (as a hymn;also ttīya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavitavyan. impersonal or used impersonally also with two instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' mayā tavānucareṇa bhavitavyam-,"I must become thy companion" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavitṛmf(trī-)n. what is or ought to become or be, future, imminent (t/ā-,also used as future tense with or without as- ;with bhūta-and bhavyam- ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavyamfn. to be about to be or become, future (equals bhāvin-) (also for the future tense of bhū- varia lectio bhāvya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhayam. Fear personified (as a vasu-, a son of nir-ṛti- or ni-kṛti-, a prince of the yavana-s and husband of the daughter of Time) (also n.;andf(ā-).as a daughter of kāla- or vaivasvata-, and wife of the rākṣasa- heti-) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhedam. ( bhid-) breaking, splitting, cleaving, rending, tearing, piercing (also pass. the being broken etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhelamfn. (also laka-) equals laghiṣṭha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhelam. (also bhelaka laka- mn.) a raft, boat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bheṇḍāf. Abelmoschus Esculentus (bheṇḍā-also"lotus-seed") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bheruṇḍam. (also ḍaka-) a beast of prey (wolf, jackal, fox, or hyena) (see pheru-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhī cl.3 P. () bibh/eti- (dual number bibhītas-or bibhitas- Potential bibhīyāt-or bibhiyāt- ; Potential 3. plural bibhyeyuḥ- ; imperfect tense 3. plural abibhayuḥ- ; Epic also A1.1. sg. bibhye-and and P.3. sg. bibhyati- plural bibhyanti-;Ved. also cl.1 A1. bh/ayate-,and accord, to ,cl.10. P. bhāyayati-; perfect tense bibhāya-,3. plural bibhyuḥ- etc.; bībhāya- ; bibhay/āṃ cakara- confer, compare ; Aorist abhaiṣīt-, ṣma-, ṣuḥ- etc., 2. sg. bhaiṣīs- , bhais- etc., especially in mābhais-,"do not be afraid";once for plural equals mā bhaiṣṭa- ; bhes- ; bhema- , parasmE-pada A1. bhiyān/a- ,; future bhetā- grammar;cond, abheṣyat- ; infinitive mood bhiy/ase- ; bhetum- etc.) , to fear, be afraid of (ablative or genitive case,rarely instr, or accusative) etc. ; to fear for, be anxious about (ablative) : Passive voice bhīyate-, Aorist , abhāyi- grammar : Causal bhīṣ/ayate- ( etc.; confer, compare ), bhīṣayati- (;once mc. bhiṣ- ; parasmE-pada bhīṣayāṇa- ; Aorist bībhiṣaḥ- , ṣathāḥ- ), bhāyayati-, te- (; Potential bhāyayes- ; varia lectio bhīṣayes-; Aorist bībhayat-, /abībhayanta- ; ind.p. -bhāyya- ), bhāpayate- (), to terrify, put in a fright, intimidate etc. etc.: Desiderative bibhīṣati- grammar : Intensive bebhīyate-, bebhayīti-, bebheti- [ confer, compare bhyas-; Lithuanian bijo4tis; Slavonic or Slavonian bojati; German biben,beben.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhid cl.7.P. A1. () bhin/atti-, bhintte- (imperfect tense 2. 3. sg. /abhinat- ; subjunctive bhin/aadaḥ- ; imperative bindh/i- ; binddhi- [ confer, compare binddhi-lavaṇā-];cl.1. P. bh/edati- ; Potential bhideyam- ; perfect tense bibh/eda- ; Aorist , 2. 3. sg. bh/et- abhaitsīt- ; bhitthās- ; preceding bhitsīṣṭa- grammar; future bhetsy/ati-, te- etc.; Conditional abhetsyat- ; future bhettā- grammar; infinitive mood bh/ettav/ai- ; bhettum- etc.; ind.p. bhittv/ā-, -bhidya- etc.) , to split, cleave, break, cut or rend asunder, pierce, destroy etc.,; to pass through (as a planet or, comet) ; to disperse (darkness) ; to transgress, violate, (a compact or alliance) etc. ; to open, expand ; to loosen, disentangle, dissolve etc. ; to disturb, interrupt, stop ; to disclose, betray etc. ; to disunite, set at variance ; to distinguish, discriminate : Passive voice bhidy/ate- (Epic also ti- Aorist abhedi- etc.; perfect tense bibhide- ), to be split or broken, burst (intrans.) etc. ; to be opened (as a closed hand, eyes etc.) ; to overflow (as water) ; to be loosened, become loose ; to be stopped or interrupted ; to be disclosed or betrayed ; to be changed or altered (in mind), be won over ; to be disunited ; to keep aloof from (instrumental case) ; to be distinguished, differ from (ablative) etc.: Causal bhedayati-, te- (Aorist abībhidat-; confer, compare also bhidāpana-), to cause to split or break etc. ; to split, break, shatter, crush, destroy ; to separate, divide (See bhedita-) ; to disunite, set at variance, perplex, unsettle (in opinion), seduce, win over : Desiderative b/ibhitsati-, te-, to wish to break through or disperse or defeat (confer, compare, bibhitsā-): Desiderative of Causal See bibhedayiṣu-: Intensive bebhidīti- or bebhetti-, to cleave repeatedly [ confer, compare Latin findo; German beissen; English bite.]
bhikṣ (fr. Desiderative of bhaj- literally"to wish to, share or partake"), cl.1. A1. () bh/ikṣate- (Epic also P. ti-; perfect tense bibh/ikṣe- etc.; Aorist, abhikṣiṣṭa- grammar; future bhikṣiṣyate- ; infinitive mood bhikṣitum- ), to wish for, desire (accusative or genitive case) etc. ; to beg anything (especially alms) from (two accusative or accusative of thing and ablative of Persian) etc. ; to be weary or distressed (?) : Causal bhikṣayati-, to cause to beg View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhikṣāf. any boon obtained by begging (alms, food etc.) etc. etc. (also in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' exempli gratia, 'for example' putra-bhikṣāṃ deh/i-,"grant the boon of a son" ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhikṣācaram. Name of a son of bhoja- (also called, bhikṣu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmam. of the second son of pāṇḍu- (also called bhīma-sena- and vṛkodara-;he was only the reputed son of pāṇḍu-, being really the son of his wife pṛthā- or kuntī- by the wind-god vāyu-, and was noted for his size, strength and appetite) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinnavarcasmfn. voiding excrement (also ska-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhirum. Name of a man (also ruka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhogavatīf. the city of the serpent-demons in the subterranean regions (also -vatī- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhoktṛm. (f(trī-)) one who enjoys or eats, enjoyer, eater, experiencer, feeler, sufferer etc. (also as future of3. bhuj- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhos(fr. bhavas- vocative case of bhavat- q.v;before vowels and soft consonants bho-;before hard consonants bhos-and bhoḥ-;the latter form also in pause see ;but there is occasional confusion of these forms, especially in later literature;often also bhobhoḥ-.), an interjection or vocative case particle commonly used in addressing another person or several persons = O! Ho! Hallo l, in soliloquies = alas! etc. etc. (according to a particle of sorrow and of interrogation). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛ cl.1 P. A1. () bh/arati-, te- ; cl.3 P. A1. () b/ibharti- (bibh/arti-only ), bibhṛte- ; cl.2 P. bh/arti- (parasmE-pada P. b/ibhrat-, q.v; A1. bibhrāṇa-with act. meaning , bibhramāṇa-with pass. meaning ; perfect tense jabh/āra-, jabh/arat-; jabhre-, ajabhartana- ; babhāra-, babhṛma- etc.; parasmE-pada babhrāṇ/a-with pass. meaning ; bibharāmbabhūva- , rām-āsa- ; Aorist abhār- ; bhart/am-, bhṛt/am- ; abhṛta- grammar; abhārṣam- subjunctive bharṣat- ; abhāriṣam- ; preceding bhriyāsam-, yāt- ; future bhariṣyati- Conditional /abhariṣyat- ; bhart/ā- ; infinitive mood bh/artum-, bh/artave-, bh/artav/ai-,Ved.; bh/aradhyai- ; ind.p. -bh/ṛtya- etc.) , to bear, carry, convey, hold ("on"or"in" locative case) etc. ; to wear id est let grow (hair, beard, nails) etc. ; to balance, hold in equipoise (as a pair of scales) ; to bear id est contain, possess, have, keep (also"keep in mind") etc. ; to support, maintain, cherish, foster ; to hire, pay ; to carry off or along (A1. bharate-,"for one's self" id est gain, obtain, or =ferri"to be borne along") ; to bring, offer, procure, grant, bestow etc. ; to endure, experience, suffer, undergo ; to lift up, raise (the voice or a sound; A1. bharate-,also "to rise, be heard") ; to fill (the stomach) ; (with garbham-) to conceive, become pregnant (confer, compare under dhṛ-) ; (with kṣitim-) to take care of, rule, govern ; (with, ājñām-) to submit to, obey ; (with ūrjām-) to exert, employ : Passive voice bhriy/ate- (Epic also ti-; Aorist abhāri-), to be borne etc. etc. etc.: Causal bhārayati- (Aorist abībharat-), to cause to bear etc. ; to engage for hire : Desiderative b/ubhūrṣati- ( ), bibhariṣati- () , to wish to bear or support or maintain: Intensive b/aribharti- (3. plural bhrati- , where also 2. dual number jarbhṛt/aḥ-), barībharti- (), to bear repeatedly or continually, carry hither and thither. [ confer, compare Zend bar; Greek ; Latin fero; Slavonic or Slavonian brati; Gothic bai4ran; German beran,ge-ba0ren; English bear.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrājam. (plural) Name of work ascribed to kātyāyana- (also -ślokāḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrajj cl.6 P. A1. (; confer, compare bhṛj-) bhṛjj/ati-, te- (in only forms of the proper P.,and perfect tense babhrajja-; grammar also perfect tense babhrajye-and babharja-, je-; Aorist abhrākṣīt-, abhārkṣīt-; abhārkṣīt-, abhaṣṭa-; abharṣṭa-; future bhrakṣyati-, te-, bharkṣyati-, te-; bhraṣṭā-, bharṣṭā-; infinitive mood bhraṣṭum-and bharṣṭum-; ind.p. bhṛṣṭvā-), to fry, parch, roast (especially grain) etc.: Passive voice bhṛjjyate- (Epic also ti-; parasmE-pada bhṛjjyamāna- ) : Causal bharjayati- (confer, compare bhṛj-; grammar also bhrajjayati-; Aorist ababharjat-or ababhrajjat-), to fry, roast : Desiderative bibhrakṣati-, bibharkṣati- ; bibhrajjiṣati-, bibharjiṣati- grammar : Intensive barībhṛjjyate-, bābhraṣṭi-, bābharṣṭi- [ confer, compare bhrāj-; Greek ; Latin frigere.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhram cl.1 P. () bhramati- (Epic also te-) and cl.4 P. (), bhrāmyati- (Potential bhramyāt- ; perfect tense babhrāma-,3. plural babhramuḥ-or bhremuḥ- etc.; future bhramitā- grammar; bhramiṣyati- ; Aorist abhramīt- ; infinitive mood bhramitum-or bhrāntum- etc.; ind.p. bhramitvā-, bhrāntvā-, -bhrāmya- ), to wander or roam about, rove, ramble (with deśam-,to wander through or over a country;with bhikṣām-,go about begging) etc. ; to fly about (as bees) ; to roll about (as the eyes) ; to wag (as the tongue) ; to quiver (as the fetus in the womb) ; to move to and fro or unsteadily, flicker, flutter, reel, totter ; to move round, circulate, revolve (as stars) ; to spread, be current (as news) ; to waver, be perplexed, doubt, err : Passive voice Aorist abhrāmi- (impersonal or used impersonally,with te-,"you have wandered or roamed about") : Causal bhrāmayati- (mc. also te-; Aorist abibhramat-: Passive voice bhrāmyate-), to cause to wander or roam, drive or move about, agitate etc. ; (with paṭaham-or ha-ghoṣaṇām-), to move a drum about, proclaim by beat of drum ; to cause to move or turn round or revolve, swing, brandish etc. ; to drive through (accusative) in a chariot ; to disarrange ; to cause to err, confuse ; to move or roam about (Aorist abibhramat-; Bombay edition ababhramat-) : Desiderative bibhramiṣati- grammar : Intensive bambhramīti-, bambhramyate- (also with pass. meaning) and bambhrānti- (only grammar), to roam about repeatedly or frequently, wander through, circumambulate [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin fremere; German bre0men,brimmen,brummen; English brim,brim-stone.]
bhrāmakamn. "causing (scilicet iron) to turn round", a magnet (also bhrāmakādri dri-,m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhramif. ( also -) the act of turning round View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhraṃś or bhraś- (sometimes written bhraṃs-; see bhṛś-) cl.1 A1. () bhraṃśate- (once in P. ti-) cl.4 P. (;cf. bhṛś-) bhraśyati- (Epic also A1. te- perfect tense babhraṃśa- śe- grammar; Aorist subjunctive bhraśat- ; abhraṃśiṣṭa- grammar; future bhraṃśiṣyati-, te-; bhraṃśitā- ; ind.p. bhraṃśitvā-and bhraṣṭvā- ), to fall, drop, fall down or out or in pieces etc. ; to strike against (locative case) ; to rebound from (ablative) ; to fall (figuratively), decline, decay, fail, disappear, vanish, be ruined or lost etc. ; to be separated from or deprived of, lose (ablative) etc. ; to slip or escape from (genitive case) ; to swerve or deviate from, abandon (ablative) : Causal bhraṃśayati- (or bhrāśayati-; see bhr/āśya-and ni-bhraṃś-; Aorist ababhraṃśat-; Passive voice bhraṃśyate-), to cause to fall (literally and figuratively), throw down, overthrow etc. ; to cause to disappear or be lost destroy ; to cause to escape from (ablative) ; to cause to deviate from (ablative) ; to deprive any one (accusative) of (ablative; exempli gratia, 'for example' upavāsāt-or vratāt-,"of the reward for fasting or performing any observance") etc.: Desiderative bibhraṃśiṣati-, te- grammar : Intensive bābhraśyate-, bhraṣṭi- ; banībhraśyate- or bhraṃśyate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrātṛjāyāf. a brother's wife, sister-in-law (also tur-j- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrātṛputram. a brother's son, nephew (also tuṣ-p- gaRa kaskādi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛgum. plural ( bhrāj-) Name of a mythical race of beings (closely connected with fire, which they find[ ] and bring to men [ ] or enclose in wood [ ] or put in the navel of the world [ ];or which is brought to them and first kindled by mātari-śvan- [ ];they are also said to fabricate chariots [ ] and are mentioned together with the aṅgirasa-s, atharvan-s, ṛbhu-s, marut-s, druhyu-s etc.[ confer, compare ];in 12 bhṛgu-s are enumerated among gods; confer, compare Greek ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛgutuṅgam. " bhṛgu-'s peak", Name of a sacred mountain in the himālaya- (or in the vindhya-;also called bhṛgos t- )
bhrī cl.9 P. () bhrī ṇāti- or bhriṇāti- (only proper 3. plural bhrīṇ/anti- ; grammar also perfect tense bibhrāya-; future bhretā-, bhreṣyati- Aorist abhraiṣīt-), to injure, hurt ( - hiṃs- "to be angry"see bhṛṇīya-; grammar"to fear"or"to bear") : Causal bhrāyayati- grammar : Desiderative bibhrīṣati- : Intensive bebhrīyate-, bebhrayīti-, bebhreti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛkuṭi f. equals bhrū-kuṭi- (also ti-kutilānana-, ṭi-bandha-, ṭī-mukha-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛkuṭīf. equals bhrū-kuṭi- (also ti-kutilānana-, ṭi-bandha-, ṭī-mukha-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛtif. ( also bh/ṛti-) bearing, carrying, bringing, fetching (See idhm/a-bh-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛtyam. one who is to be maintained, a dependent, servant (also the servant of a king, a minister) etc.
bhrūf. (according to to bhram-) an eyebrow, the brow (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' m.(u-or ū-)n(u-).; also -bhrūka-). ([Cf Greek ; Slavonic or Slavonian bru8vi8; Anglo-Saxon bru-; English brow.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrūkṣepam. equals -kuṭī- (also bhrūkṣepaṇa paṇa- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrūkuṭīf. contraction of the brows, a frown (also -kuṭi- Va1rtt. 3 bhrūkuṭīkuṭika -kuṭika- mfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrukuṭi f. equals bhrū-kuṭi- (also ti-bandha-, ṭi-racanā-etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrukuṭim. (also) a kind of snake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrukuṭīf. equals bhrū-kuṭi- (also ti-bandha-, ṭi-racanā-etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrukuṭīmukham. (also) a kind of snake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhū cl.1 P. () bh/avati- (rarely A1. te-; perfect tense babh/ūva-,2. Persian /ūtha-or ūvitha- confer, compare ; babhūyās-, y/ār-, babhūtu- ; A1. babhūve-or bubhūve- ; confer, compare below; Aorist /abhūt-, ūvan-; imperative bodh/i-[ confer, compare budh-], bhūtu- ; Aorist or imperfect tense /abhuvat-, bh/uvat-, bhuvāni- ; preceding bhūyāsam-,2. 3. sg. yās- ; bhūyāt- ; bhūyiṣṭhās- ; bhaviṣāt-[?] ; abhaviṣṭa-, bhaviṣīṣta-. grammar; future bhaviṣy/ati-, Epic also te-and 2. plural ṣyadhvam-; bhavitā- etc.; infinitive mood bhuv/e-, -bhv/e-, bhūṣ/aṇi- ; bhavitum-, tos- ; ind.p. bhūtv/ā-; bhūtv/ī- ; -bh/ūya- etc.; -bh/ūyam-, -bh/avam- ), to become, be (with nom, or adverb or indeclineable words ending in ī-or ū- confer, compare kṛṣṇī-bhū-etc.) , arise, come into being, exist, be found, live, stay, abide, happen, occur etc. (often used with participles and other verbal nouns to make periphrastical verbal forms;with a fut.p. =to be going or about to exempli gratia, 'for example' anuvakṣyan bhavati-,he is going to recite ;the future of bhū-with a perfect tense parasmE-pada =a future perfect tense exempli gratia, 'for example' kṛtavān bhaviṣyasi-,you will have done ;the perfect tense P. babhūva-after the syllable ām-is put for the perfect tense of verbs of the 10th classetc.[ confer, compare 1. as-and1. kṛ-];the A1.appears in this meaning ;observe also bhavati-with a future tense, it is possible that, exempli gratia, 'for example' bhavati bhavān yājayiṣyati-,it is possible that you will cause a sacrifice to be performed ; bhavet-,may be, granted, admitted on ; bhavatu- idem or ' bhusukha-or bhusura- m. Name of a yogin- ',well, good, enough of this ; iticed bhavet-,if this question should be asked ; kva tad bhavati-,what is to become of this, it is quite useless ;with na-= to cease to exist, perish, die etc.;with iha na-,not to be born on earth ;with śata-dhā-,to fall into a hundred pieces ;with dūrataḥ-,to keep aloof. ;with manasi-or cetasi-and genitive case,to occur to the mind of any one ; idem or ' bhusukha-or bhusura- m. Name of a yogin- ' with genitive case alone ) ; to fall to the share or become the property of, belong to (confer, compare"esse alicujus";with genitive case,rarely dative case or locative case according to to also with pari-or prati-and preceding accusative) etc. ; to be on the side of, assist (with genitive case or -tas-) (confer, compare ) ; to serve for, tend or conduce to (with dative case of thing) etc. (with phalāya-.to bear fruit ) ; to be occupied with or engaged in, devote one's self to (with locative case) ; to thrive or prosper in (instrumental case), turn out well, succeed ; to be of consequence or useful ; (also A1. ) to fall, or get into, attain to, obtain ; (with id/am-) to obtain it id est be successful or fortunate : Passive voice bhūyate- (or ti- ; Aorist abhāvi-) sometimes used impersonal or used impersonally exempli gratia, 'for example' yair bhaviṣyate-, by whom it will be existed id est who will be : Causal bhāvayati- (rarely te-; Aorist abībhavat- grammar; infinitive mood bhāvitum- ; Passive voice bhāvyate-etc. ), to cause to be or become, call into existence or life, originate, produce, cause, create ; to cherish, foster, animate, enliven, refresh, encourage, promote, further etc. ; to addict or devote one's self to, practise (accusative) ; to subdue, control ; (also A1. ) to obtain ; to manifest, exhibit, show, betray ; to purify ; to present to the mind, think about, consider, know, recognize as or take for (two accusative) etc. ; to mingle, mix, saturate, soak, perfume (confer, compare bhāvita-,): Desiderative of Causal bibhāvayiṣati- (), to wish to cause to be etc. : Desiderative b/ubhūṣati- (te-), to wish or strive to become or be etc. ; (with kṣipram-), to strive to be quickly possessed ; to want to get on, strive to prosper or succeed ; to want to have, care for, strive after, esteem, honour ; to want to take revenge : Intens, b/obhavīti-, bobhavati-, bobhoti-, bobhūyate-, to be frequently, to be in the habit of ; to be transformed into (accusative) ; (with tiraḥ-), to keep anything (instrumental case) secret [ confer, compare Zend bu1; Greek , ; Latin fuit,fuatetc.; Slavonic or Slavonian byti; Lithuanian bu4ti; German bim,bim; Anglo-Saxon beo4; English be.]
bhūf. the place of being, space, world or universe (also plural)
bhūf. (also) a particular land-measure, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūcaramf(ā-)n. going on the earth, inhabiting the earth (also m.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuj cl.6 P. () bhuj/ati- (perfect tense bubhoja- Aorist abhaukṣīt- future bhokṣyati-and ktā- grammar;really only proper stem Aorist -/abubhojīs-and ind.p. -bhujya-after nir-and, pari-; confer, compare also bhujam-in bhujaṃ-ga-and bhujaṃgama-), to bend, curve ; (?) to sweep (confer, compare 1. bhuj/i-) : Passive voice bhujyate-, to be bent down or disheartened [ confer, compare Greek ; Latin fugio; Gothic biugan,baugjan(?); German biogan,biegen; Anglo-Saxon bu4gan; English bow.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhujf. enjoyment, profit, advantage, possession or use of (genitive case) (bhuj/e-,also as infin.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhujmfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') enjoying (also carnally), eating, consuming, partaking of, possessing, ruling and o. (with words meaning"earth"-"king"; see kṣitibh-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhujmanmfn. abounding in windings or valleys, fertile (;read bhujmā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuktaśeṣan. the remnants of a meal, leavings (also ṣaka- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmif. (Ved. also Nominal verb bh/ūmī- genitive case ablative myās- locative case myām-) the earth, soil, ground etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmif. (also)= bhū- (above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmibhāgam. (also n. ) a portion or plot of land, place, spot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmitalan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) the surface of the earth, the ground (also plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūṣ cl.1 P. bh/ūṣati- (perfect tense bubhūṣa- grammar; Aorist abhūṣīt- ; future bhūṣiṣyati-, bhūṣitā- ; infinitive mood bhūṣitum- ), to strive after, use efforts for, be intent upon (dative case) ; to seek to procure (accusative) for (dative case) ; to adorn : Causal bhūṣayati- (, Epic also te-;aor abubhūṣat-; infinitive mood bhūṣayitum-), to adorn, embellish, attire (A1.also,"one's self" Va1rtt. 18 ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūṣaṇasāram. Name of work (also -darpaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuśuṇḍif. a kind of weapon (perhaps fire-arms;also written bhuṣuṇḍi-, ḍī-,and bhūśuṇḍi-, ḍī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuśuṇḍīf. a kind of weapon (perhaps fire-arms;also written bhuṣuṇḍi-, ḍī-,and bhūśuṇḍi-, ḍī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtamf(ā-)n. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') being or being like anything, consisting of, mixed or joined with etc. (also to form adjective (cf. mfn.) out of adverb, exempli gratia, 'for example' ittham--, evam--, tathā-bh-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtam. (f(ā-).) the 14th day of the dark half of the lunar month ( also m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtan. (see above) that which is or exists, any living being (divine, human, animal, and even vegetable), the world (in these senses also m.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtan. a spirit (good or evil), the ghost of a deceased person, a demon, imp, goblin (also m.) etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtan. an element, one of the 5 elements (especially a gross element equals mahā-bh- q.v;but also a subtle element equals tan-mātra- q.v;with Buddhists there are only 4 element) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtakeśam. Corydalis Goveniana (also n.andf(ī-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtapūrvamf(ā-)n. who or what has been before, prior, former, ancient, old (also vaka-) etc. ( bhūtapūrvam vam- ind.formerly) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtif. (also -), of the wife of ruci- or kavi- and the mother of manu- bhautya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuvanan. (rarely m.) the world, earth (generally 3 worlds are reckoned [see tri-bhuvana-and bhuvana-traya-],but also 2 [see bhuva na-dvaya-],or 7[ ] or 14[ ]; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuvanapati(bh/uv-) m. the lord of beings or of the world (also wrong reading for bhavana-p-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūyasmfn. "becoming in a greater degree"(in this meaning according to to Comparative degree of bahu-) id est more, more numerous or abundant, greater, larger, mightier (also"much or many, very numerous or abundant"etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūyasmfn. still more, moreover, besides, further on etc. (also bhūyasyā mātrayā- ; pūrvam-bhūyaḥ-,first-next ; ādau-paścāt-bhūyaḥ-,first-then-next ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūyasmfn. once more, again, anew etc. (also bhūyo 'pi-, bhūyaś cāpi-, bhūyo bhūyaḥ-and punar bhūyaḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhyas cl.1 A1. () bhy/asate- (only imperfect tense /abhyasetām- ; subjunctive bhy/asāt- ; grammar also perfect tense babhyase- future bhyasiṣyati-etc.: Causal bhyāsayati-: Desiderative bibhyasiṣate-: Intensive bābhyasyate-, bābhyasti-), to fear, be afraid, tremble (see bhī-,of which this is a secondary form, prob. through bhiyas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bibbokam. (also written vivvoka-,or vibboka-) haughty indifference View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bidam. (also written vida-) Name of a man plural his family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
biḍālam. (also written viḍāla-of doubtful origin; see ) a cat etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
biḍālāf. a female cat (also f(ī-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bījan. (also written vīja-,of doubtful origin; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) seed (of plants), semen (of men and animals), seed-corn, grain etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bījavivṛtif. Name of commentator or commentary on (also bījavivṛtikalpalatāvatāra ti-kalpalatāvatāra-,m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilan. (also written vila-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a cave, hole, pit, opening, aperture etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bileśayam. also Name of a teacher of the haṭha-vidyā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilhaṇam. of other authors (also -deva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
billan. (also written villa-) a pit, hole, reservoir (= talla-or ālavāla-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilvam. (in later language also vilva-) Aegle Marmelos, the wood-apple tree (commonly called Bel;its delicious fruit when unripe is used medicinally;its leaves, are employed in the ceremonial of the worship of śiva-; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilvamāhātmyan. Name of work (also bilva-vṛkṣa--, bilvātavī--,and bilvādri-m-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilvamaṅgalam. Name of a poet (also called līlā-śuka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bimbamn. (also written vimba-,or vimva-,of doubtful origin, but see ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) the disk of the sun or moon etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bimbakan. the disk of the sun or moon (also f(ikā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bimbakan. the fruit of Momordica Monadelpha (also f(ikā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bimboṣṭhamf(ī-)n. having lips like the bimba- fruit, red-lipped etc. (f. also bauṣṭhā- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindum. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also -ka-) the dot over a letter representing the anusvāra- (supposed to be connected with śiva- and of great mystical importance) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindum. (in dramatic language) the sudden development of a secondary incident (which, like a drop of oil in water, expands and furnishes an important element in the plot) (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also -ka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindukam. Name of a tīrtha- (See also under bindu-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bisan. (m.only ;also written vīsa-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a shoot or sucker, the film or fibre of the water-lily or lotus, also the stalk itself or that part of it which is underground (eaten as a delicacy) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bodhāyanam. Name of a teacher and author of the brahma-sūtra-vṛtti- (said to have commented also on the bhagavad-gītā- and 10 upaniṣad-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bradhnamfn. (of doubtful origin ) pale red, ruddy, yellowish, bay (especially as the colour of a horse, but also applied to soma- and the puroḍāśa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmamf(ī-)n. (fr. brahman-,for which it is also the vṛddhi- form in compound) relating to brahma- or brahmā-, holy, sacred, divine etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmacārinm. a young Brahman who is a student of the veda- (under a preceptor) or who practises chastity, a young Brahman before marriage (in the first period of his life) etc. (see āśrama-and ;the N. brahma-cārin- is also given to older unmarried Brahmans, especially if versed in the veda-, and by the tantra-s to any person whose chief virtue is continence) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmacaryan. study of the veda-, the state of an unmarried religious student, a state of continence and chastity (alsof(ā-). ) etc. (accusative with grah-, car-, vas-, ā-gam-, upa-i-,to practise chastity; see -cārin-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmadevam. (also with paṇḍita-) Name of various authors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmādhigamam. devotion to sacred study or the veda- (also brahmādhigamana mana- n.W) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmādityam. Name of an author (also called brahmārka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaghoṣam. murmur (arising from the recital) of prayers (also plural) (also brahmaghoṣarava ṣa-rava- m. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmajñamfn. possessing sacred knowledge, knowing the sacred text, spiritually wise, holy (said also of gods exempli gratia, 'for example' of viṣṇu-, kārttikeya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmajyotisn. the splendour of brahma- or of the Supreme Being (also written brahma-jy-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmakṛtmfn. making or offering prayers (also applied to indra-, viṣṇu-, the marut-s etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmalokam. (also plural) the world or heaven of brahmā- (a division of the universe and one of the supposed residences of pious spirits) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmann. (exceptionally treated as m.) the brahma- or one self-existent impersonal Spirit, the one universal Soul (or one divine essence and source from which all created things emanate or with which they are identified and to which they return), the Self-existent, the Absolute, the Eternal (not generally an object of worship but rather of meditation and-knowledge;also with jy/eṣṭha-, prathama-j/a-, svay/om-bhu-, a-mūrta-, para-, paratara-, parama-, mahat-, sanātana-, śāśvata-;and equals paramātman-, ātman-, adhyātma-, pradhāna-, kṣetra-jña-, tattva-) etc. ()
brahmānandam. Name of various men and authors (also brahmānandagiri -giri-m., brahmānandaparamahaṃsa -parama-haṃsa-m., brahmānandabhāratī -bhāratī-m., brahmānandayogin -yogin-m., brahmānandayogīndra -yogīndra-m., brahmānandasārasvatī -sārasvatī-m.,and brahmānandin din-,m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmāṇḍan. " brahmā-'s egg", the universe, world (also plural) (also brahmāṇḍakaṭāha -kaṭāha- m. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmapalāśam. plural Name of a school (also read brahma-p- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmapurāṇan. Name of one of the 18 purāṇa-s (also called ādi-p-;it is supposed to have been revealed by brahmā- to dakṣa-, and its main object appears to be the promotion of the worship of kṛṣṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmapuruṣam. a minister of brahmā- (also said of the 5 vital airs) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasaṃhitāf. Name of several works. (also brahmasaṃhitāvyākhyā -vyākhyā- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasāvarṇam. Name of the 10th manu- (also ṇi- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasiddhāntam. Name of various astronomy works. (also brahmasiddhāntapaddhati -paddhati- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaśirasn. " brahmā-'s head", Name of a mythical weapon (also -śīrṣan- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasphuṭasiddhāntam. Name of an astronomy work by brahma-gupta- (also called brahma-siddhānta-): View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmastutif. Name of a hymn of praise (also ti-stotra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtran. a sūtra- work treating of the knowledge of brahma- (especially the aphorisms of the vedānta- philosophy ascribed to bādarāyaṇa- or vyāsa-, also called bādarāyaṇa--or vedānta--or vyāsa--or śārīraka-sūtra-,and uttara--or brahma-mīmāṃsā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmāvabodham. Name of work (also brahmāvabodhavivekasindhu -viveka-sindhu-,m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmavādam. Name of a nyāya- work (also brahmavādārtha rtha-,m.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmāvartam. of a tīrtha- (also brahmāvartatīrtha -tīrtha- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmavidmfn. knowing the one brahma-, a Vedic philosopher etc. etc. (also -vida-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmayonif. Name of a place of pilgrimage (also -) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmottaran. of chapter of (also called brahmottarakhaṇḍa -khaṇḍa- n.or laghuśivapurāṇa laghu-śiva-purāṇa- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmottaran. (also, probably) the sanctuary of a temple, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛh or bṛṃh- cl.1 P. () bṛṃhati- (also te- and bṛhati- ; perfect tense babarha- ; parasmE-pada babṛhāṇ/a- ), to be thick, grow great or strong, increase (the finite verb only with a preposition): Causal bṛṃhayati-, te- (also written vṛ-), to make big or fat or strong, increase, expand, further, promote ; barhayati- See sam-bṛh-: Intensive barbṛhat-, barbṛhi- See upa-bṛh-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhadāraṇyaka(also bṛhadāraṇya āraṇya- n. bṛhadāraṇyakopaniṣad k/opaniṣad- f.) n. Name of a celebrated upaniṣad- forming the last 5 prapāṭhaka-s or last 6 adhyāya-s of the śatapatha- brāhmaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaddivamfn. "belonging to the lofty sky", heavenly, celestial (also -div/ā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhadgaurīvratan. Name of work (also bṛhadgaurīvratakathā ta-kathā- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatim. (also written vṛh-p-;fr. 3. bṛk pati-; see brahmaṇas-pati-) "lord of prayer or devotion"Name of a deity (in whom Piety and Religion are personified;he is the chief offerer of prayers and sacrifices, and therefore represented as the type of the priestly order, and the purohita- of the gods with whom he intercedes for men;in later times he is the god of wisdom and eloquence, to whom various works are ascribed;he is also regarded as son of aṅgiras-, husband of tārā- and father of kaca-, and sometimes identified with vyāsa-;in astronomy he is the regent of Jupiter and often identified with that planet) etc., etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatim. of other authors (also with miśra-and ācārya- see above ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatn. height (also = heaven, sky) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatn. Name of various sāman-s composed in the metrical form bṛhatī- (also with āneyam-, bharad-vājasya-. bhāradvājam-, vāmadevyam-, sauram-)
bṛhatn. aloud (also at/ā- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛsīf. (also written briṣī-, vṛsī-,or vṛṣī-) a roll of twisted grass, pad, cushion, (especially) the seat of a religious student or of an ascetic, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brū cl.2 P. A1. () br/avīti-, brūt/e- (only proper stem;the other forms are supplied by vac- confer, compare ; brūmi-for bravīmi- ; subjunctive br/avas-, vat- ; imperative brūhi-, Epic also bravīhi-, bruvadhvam-; brūtāt- ; imperfect tense abruvam-for abravam- ; pr.p. A1. Epic bruvamāṇa-for bruvāṇa-; preceding 2. plural brūyāsta- wrong reading for brūyās tat-), to speak, say, tell (either intrans.;or with accusative of Persian or thing;or with accusative of thing and accusative dative case genitive case or locative case of person = to tell or relate anything to;with two accusative also = declare or pronounce to be, call) etc. ; to speak about any person or thing (accusative with or without prati-,or adhikṛtya-) etc. ; to proclaim, predict ; to answer (either intrans. with punar-or trans. with praśnam-,"a question") ; (with anyathā-) to speak or decide or judge wrongly ; (A1.,rarely P.) to call or profess one's self to be (Nominal verb,rarely with iti-) ; (A1.) to designate for one's self, choose ; (A1.) to be told by itself, tell itself (tell its tale) Va1rtt. 1 [ confer, compare Zend mru1.]
buddhamfn. learnt, known, understood ("by" , usually instrumental case,but also genitive case according to ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
buddhabhūmim. Name of a Buddhist sūtra- work (also buddhabhūmisūtra -sūtra- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
budh cl.1 P. A1. () bodhati-, te- ; cl.4 A1. b/udhyate- (Epic also P. ti-; perfect tense P. bubodha- ; subjunctive b/ubodhati- ; A1. bubudh/e-, parasmE-pada bubudhān/a- ; Aorist P. subjunctive bodhiṣat- ; imperative bodhi- ; A1.3 plural abudhram-, ran-; parasmE-pada budhān/a- subjunctive budh/anta- ; abhutsi- ; preceding A1. bhutsīṣṭa- ; future bhotsyati-, te- etc.; boddhā- grammar; ind.p. buddhvā- ; -budhya- etc.; infinitive mood b/udhe- ; budh/i- ; boddhum- etc.) , to wake, wake up, be awake etc. ; to recover consciousness (after a swoon) (Aorist Passive voice abodhi-) ; to observe, heed, attend to (with accusative or genitive case) ; to perceive, notice, learn, understand, become or be aware of or acquainted with etc. ; to think of id est present a person ("with" instrumental case) ; to know to be, recognize as (with two accusative) etc. ; to deem, consider or regard as (with two accusative) : Passive voice budhyate- (Aorist abodhi-), to be awakened or restored to consciousness ; See above: Causal bodh/ayati-, te- (Aorist abūbudhat-; Passive voice bodhyate-), to wake up, arouse, restore to life or consciousness etc. ; to revive the scent (of a perfume) ; to cause (a flower) to expand ; to cause to observe or attend, admonish, advise etc. ; to make a person acquainted with, remind or inform of. impart or communicate anything to (with two accusative) etc.: Desiderative bubhutsati-, te- (grammar also bubodhiṣati-, te-,and bubudhiṣati-, te-), to wish to observe, desire to become acquainted with : Desiderative of Causal See bibodhayiṣu- and bubodhayiṣu-: Intensive bobudhīti- (grammar also bobudhyate-, boboddhi-), to have an insight into, understand thoroughly (with accusative) [ confer, compare Zend bud; Greek for () in, Slavonic or Slavonian bu8de8ti,bu8dru8; Lithuanian bude4ti,budru4s; Gothic biudan; German biotan,bieten; Anglo-Saxon be4odan; English bid.]
budham. Name of a descendant of soma- (and hence also called saumya-, saumāyana-,author of , and father of purū-ravas-;identified with the planet Mercury) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
budhaguptam. Name of a prince (also written buddha-g-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bukam. (also written vuka-) Agati Grandiflora View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bukk cl.1.10. P. bukkati-, bukkayati-, to bark, yelp, sound, talk ( also"to give pain"). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bukkam. Name of a prince (who reigned at vidyā-nagara- 1359-79 and was the patron of sāyaṇa-;he is also called bukka-bhūpati-, -mahīpati-, -rāja-, -rāya-,and bukkaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakran. (also m. ) a troop, multitude (krāvalī-, q.v) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakrakam. (also) the ring on an umbrella, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakravyūham. any circular array of troops (see also 3108) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakṣuṣyam. also Name of other plants (puṇḍarīka-, kanaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cal (confer, compare car-and also caṭ-) cl.1. lati- (metrically also A1. te-; perf. cacāla- plural celur-; future caliṣyati-; Aorist acālīt-), to be moved, stir, tremble, shake, quiver, be agitated, palpitate etc. ; to move on or forward, proceed, go away, start off, depart (āsanebhyo 'calan-,"they rose from their seat", ) etc. ; to set (said of the day) ; to be moved from one's usual course, be disturbed, become confused or disordered, go astray etc. ; to turn away from, swerve, deviate from (ablative exempli gratia, 'for example' dharmāt-,to swerve from virtue ), fall off (with ablative) etc. ; to sport about, frolic, play () : Causal calayati- () , to cause to move, move, shake, jog, push, agitate, disturb ; to cause to deviate, turn off from (ablative) : Causal cālay- (Passive voice cālyate-) to cause to move, shake, jog, push, agitate etc. ; to drive, drive away, remove or expel from (ablative) ; to disturb, make confused or disordered ; to cause to deviate from (ablative) ; to cherish, foster (varia lectio for bal-): Intensive cañcalyate- (confer, compare cañcala-) or cāc- (confer, compare /a-vicācala-ff.) ; ([ confer, compare, ; Latin celer,pro-cello,ex-.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cañcalam. (also) a wagtail, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṇḍāśokam. "impetuous aśoka-", Name of a prince (also called kāmāśoka-, and as protector of Buddhism dharmāśoka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candram. the moon (also personified as a deity etc.) etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candran. (;also m. ) gold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candragominm. Name of a grammarian (also called candra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candralekhāf. of a princess (whose teacher was bilhaṇa-;also called śaśi-kalā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candramālāf. the metre also called candra- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carc cl.1. cati-, to abuse, censure, menace ; to injure, : cl.10. cayati-, to repeat a word (in reciting the veda-, especially while adding iti-) to talk over, discuss ; (also A1. ) to study View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cat cl.1. c/atati-,"to hide one's self." See c/atat- and c/atta- ; to go ; P. and A1. to ask, beg (= cad-) : Causal cāt/ayati-, te- (Aorist acīcattam-, acīcate- ),"to cause to hide", scare, frighten away (see niś--, pra--, vi--; see also cātaka-, cātana-, cāttra-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catur tv/āras- m. plural , tv/āri- n. plural , 4 (accusative m. t/uras- instrumental case t/urbhis-[for f. ] genitive case turṇ/ām- ablative t/urbhyas-;class. instrumental case dative case ablative,and locative case also oxyt. ; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' and on ;for f.See c/atasṛ-); [ confer, compare, AEolic ; Gothic fidvor; Latin quatuor; Cambro-Brit. pedwar,pedair; Hibernian or Irish ceatkair; Lithuanian keturi; Slavonic or Slavonian cetyrje.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturdaṃṣṭram. (also) Name (also title or epithet) of airāvata-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturhāyaṇamf(ī-)n. 4 years old (said of living beings) (also ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cauramfn. a dishonest or unfair dealer, usurper (also in compound translatable as adjective (cf. mfn.)) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cedind. na ced- (gaRa di-,also separated by the verb[ ]or the verb preceded by na-placed at the end of the sentence[ ] , rarely cen na-in reversed order beginning the apodosis ) "if not" (equals no ced-forming a sentence by itself. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cedind. yadi ced- (also separated by the verb) equals ced-,"if"(with proper Potential future) (see ned-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
celan. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "the mere outward appearance of", a bad representative of (exempli gratia, 'for example' bhāryācela bhāryā-cela- n."a bad wife" and ;also mf(ī-)n. exempli gratia, 'for example' brāhmaṇicelī brāhmaṇicelī- f."a bad wife of a brahman-", brāhmaṇacela brāhmaṇa-cela- m."a bad brahman-" ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cettṛmfn. attentive, guardian, (See also sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order 4. cit-) (cett/ṛ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chad cl.1. dati-, to cover (varia lectio): Causal (or cl.10) chād/ayati- (once ch/ad- ; chand-[fr.1. chand-] ; Epic also A1. perfect tense chādayāṃ- cakre- ; parasmE-pada yāna- ), to cover, cover over, clothe, veil etc. ; to spread as a cover ; to cover one's self. ; to hide, conceal, keep secret ; to protect () : Causal Desiderative cicchādayiṣati- Va1rtt. 2 ; ([ see Gothscadus.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chad or 2. chand- cl.10. chad/ayati- (also te-= arc- [ varia lectio, ti-]; subjunctive yat- ;2. plural yātha-, ), chandayati- (twice cl.1. ch/andati-[ equals arcati- ] ; A1.[ subjunctive yāte-] ; Aorist acacchadat- ; acchān- ;2. plural nta-, ;3. plural ntsur-, ; subjunctive chantsat-[ ] ;2. sg. tsi-, ; perf. cacchanda-, ; Potential cacchadyāt-, ) to seem, appear, be considered as ; to seem good, please (with dative case) ; (with acc,) (see ) ; A1. to be pleased with, delight in (accusative or locative case) ; chandayati-, to gratify any one (accusative;exceptionally genitive case ) with anything (instrumental case, especially vareṇa-,"with a boon" ) ; to try to seduce any one (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chandenaind. instrumental case ([also with svena-, ;or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with sva--() or ātma-- ]) according to one's own wish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chaṭāf. Name of a commentator or commentary on (also chāṭā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ci cl.5. cin/oti-, nute- (1. plural cinumas-and nmas- ; perf. cikāya-and cicāya-, ;2. cicetha-, ;3. plural ciky/ur- ; parasmE-pada cikivas- ; A1. cikye-and cicye- ; parasmE-pada cikyān/a- v; 2nd future parasmE-pada ceṣyat- ; 1st future cetā- ; Aorist acaiṣīt- on ;Ved. cikayām akar-, ;1. sg. acaiṣam-,2. sg. acais- ;3. plural acaiṣur- ; A1. aceṣṭa- ; preceding ceṣīṣṭa- , or cīyāt-, ; ind.p. citv/ā- etc.; Passive voice cīyate- etc.; future cāyiṣyate-& ceṣy- Conditional acāyiṣyata-& aceṣy- ) to arrange in order, heap up, pile up, construct (a sacrificial altar; P.,if the priests construct the altar for another; A1.,if the sacrificer builds it for himself) ; to collect, gather together, accumulate, acquire for one's self ; to search through (for collecting; see 2. ci-) () ; to cover, inlay, set with ; Passive voice cīyate-, to become covered with ; to increase, thrive () : Causal cayayati- and capay-, to heap up, gather ; cāyayati- and cāpay- : Desiderative cikīṣate- (also ti-, ) to wish to pile up ; cicīṣati- ( [ed. vivīṣ-] ) to wish to accumulate or collect : Desiderative Causal (parasmE-pada cicīṣayat-) to cause any one to wish to arrange in order : Intensive cecīyate- on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cikuram. the hair of the head (also cihura cihura- m. plural ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cīnam. plural the Chinese (also cīṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cīnam. Panicum miliaceum (also cinna- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cīnakarkaṭikāf. a kind of gourd (also cīṇa-- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cint (see 4. cit-) cl.10. tayati- (cl.1. tati- ;metrically also tayate-See also tayāna-) to think, have a thought or idea, reflect, consider etc. ; to think about, reflect upon, direct the thoughts towards, care for (accusative;exceptionally dative case or locative case or prati-) etc. ; to find out ; to take into consideration, treat of. ; to consider as or that, tax (with double accusative or accusative and iti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cintāmaṇim. Name of various treatises (exempli gratia, 'for example' one on astrology by daśa-bala-) and commentaries (especially also in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cipyan. a disease of the finger-nail, whitlow (also cippa-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cirātind. for a long time (also rāt-prabhṛti- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cirbhaṭam. (see carbh-) Cucumis utilissimus (also its fruit) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cireṇaind. for a long time (See also k/iyat-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cūcukan. equals gra- (also cucuka cucuka- mn. and cucūka cucūka- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cūḍam. (see k/ūṭa-) a sort of protuberance on a sacrificial brick (also in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cūlikāf. Name of a metre (also cūḍikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
culukinm. a porpoise, sea-hog (also ulupin-, culumpin-, cullakī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cyu cl.1. cy/avate- (Epic also ti-; subjunctive 1. sg. cy/avam- ;3. plural cyavanta-, future cyoṣyate- ; Aorist 2. plural acyoḍ