m. a kind of forced yoga- or abstract meditation (forcing the mind to withdraw from external objects;treated of in the haṭha-pradīpikā- by svātmārāma- and performed with much self-torture, such as standing on one leg, holding up the arms, inhaling smoke with the head inverted etc.)
हठः 1 Violence, force. -2 Oppression, rapine. -3 Obstinacy. -4 Absolute necessity. -5 Going in the rear of an enemy. -6 Pistia Stratiotes (आकाशमूली). -7 An unexpected gain; अकस्मादिह यः कश्चिदर्थं प्राप्नोति पूरुषः । तं हठेनेति मन्यन्ते स हि यत्नो न कस्यचित् ॥ Mb.3.32.16 (com. अचिन्तितस्यातर्कितस्य च लाभो हठः). (हठेन and हठात् are used adverbially in the sense of 'forcibly', 'violently', 'suddenly', 'against one's will'; अम्बालिका च चण्डवर्मणा हठात् परिणेतुमात्मभवनमनीयत् Dk.; वानरान् वारयामास हठेन मधुरेण च Rām. -Comp. -आदेशिन् a. prescribing forcible measures against. -आयात a. absolutely necessary, indispensable. -पर्णी moss. -बुद्धिः the belief in the unexpected gain (without doing any effort); तथैव हठदुर्बुद्धिः शक्तः कर्मण्यकर्मकृत् Mb.3.32.15. -योगः a particular mode of Yoga or practising abstract meditation, (so called, as distinguished from राजयोग q.v., because it is very difficult to practise; it may be performed in various ways, such as by standing on one leg, holding up the arms, inhaling smoke with the head inverted &c.). -वादिन् m. one using force obstinately; दुर्ग्राह्यविद्विषद्दुर्गग्राहिणा हठवादिना Śiva B.31.59. -वादिकः a चार्वाक type person; see हठबुद्धिः (प्राग्जन्माभावात् अकृतमेवोप- स्थास्यतीति वदन्); Mb.3.32.13. -विद्या the science of forced meditation.
m. force, violence; obstinacy; absolute necessity (as the cause of all existence); forced meditation (a kind of Yoga attended with great self-torture): in., ab., °ree;--, by force, forcibly; with absolute necessity, inevitably, compulsorily; ab., °ree;--, obstinately, persistently; °ree;-also=a. forcible: -karman, n. act of violence; -sarman, m. N. of a Brâhman; -½âdesin, a. prescribing forcible measures against (g.); -½âslesha, m. forcible embrace.
noun (masculine) jalakumbhikā
absolute or inevitable necessity (as the cause of all existence and activity) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
force (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
obstinacy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pertinacity (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
violence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a kind of bandhana Frequency rank 2909/72933
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