śatapati शतपति

Definition: Occurs in a verse of the Maitrāyaṇī Samhitā and the Taittirīya Brāhmaṇa as an epithet of Indra, who is described as alone the ‘lord of a hundred’ among men. To interpret the expression as ‘lord of a hundred gods,’ as does the commentary on the Taittirīya Brāhmaṇa, is obviously impossible. It seems clear that there is a reference to an analogous human functionary—viz., the lord of a hundred villages, known in the later law—who was probably at once a judicial deputy of the sovereign and a revenue collector, an ancient magistrate and collector.


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