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visarga: masculine vocative singular stem: visarga
Monier-Williams Search 42 results for visarga
visarga vi- sarjana- See p.1001. visarga sending forth, letting go, liberation, emission, discharge m. etc. visarga voiding, evacuation (of excrement) m. visarga opening (of the closed hand) m. visarga getting rid of, sending away, dismissal, rejection m. etc. visarga letting loose m. id est driving out (cows; See ) go- vis- visarga final emancipation, exemption from worldly existence m. visarga cessation, end m. visarga end of the annual course of the sun m. visarga destruction of the world m. visarga giving, granting, bestowal m. etc. visarga scattering, hurling, throwing, shooting, casting (also of glances) m. visarga producing, creating ( m. especially secondary creation or creation in detail by ; puruṣa- See under ) sarga- visarga creation (in the concrete sense), product, offspring m. visarga "producer", cause m. visarga membrum virile m. visarga the sun's southern course m. visarga separation, parting m. ( see ) - cumbana- visarga light, splendour m. visarga m. Name of a symbol in grammar ( equals ,which is the older term vi- sarjanīya- See below) visarga m. Name of śiva- visargacumbana a parting kiss n. visargalupta elision of the n. visarga- āhata visargatā the deadening of a f. or its change into visarga- o- ardha visarga the sound m. before k, kh, p, ph (so called because its sign [$] is the half of that of the visarga- [ visarga- ]). ḥ- go visarga ( m. equals ) "time at which cows are let loose", day-break - sarga- kāṇḍa visarga the completion of (the study of) a m. , kāṇḍa- ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding loka visarga the end of the world m. loka visarga the creation of the world m. luptāhata visarga having mfn. dropped or coalesced (with a preceding a) into visarga- ( o- luptāhatavisargatā - tā- ) f. luptāhata visargatā f. luptāhatavisarga lupta visarga dropping the mfn. visarga- lupta visarga n. equals next lupta visargaka ( n. ) lupta visargatā ( f. ) absence of . visarga- mala visarga ( m. ) ( ) the act of removing dirt, cleansing (of a temple) mala visarga evacuation of feces. m. muṣṭi visarga the opening of the fist or closed hand m. nir visarga without mfn. visarga- vāg visarga the emitting of the voice, breaking of silence, speaking m. vratādeśana visarga the undertaking and concluding of a vow m. plural vrata visarga conclusion of any vow or observance m. ( see ). vratā- deśana
Apte Search 1 result
visargaḥ विसर्गः 1 Sending forth, emission. -2 Shedding, pouring down, dropping; पुरं नवीचक्रुरपां विसर्गान् मेघा निदाघ- ग्लपितामिवोर्वीम् R.16.38. -3 Casting, discharge; सरहस्यो धनुर्वेदः सविसर्गोपसंयमः Bhāg.1.7.44. -4 Giving away, a gift, donation; आदानं हि विसर्गाय सतां वारिमुचामिव R.4. 86 (where the word means 'pouring down' also). -5 Sending away, dismissal; हरणं च विसर्गं च शाल्वेन च विसर्जनम् Mb.5.175.37. -6 Creation, creating; नियमे च विसर्गे च भूतात्मा मानसस्तथा Mb.12.239.12; secondary creation; ब्रह्मणो गुणवैषम्याद्विसर्गः पौरुषः स्मृतः Bhāg.2.1.3. -7 Abandonment, relinquishment; न निष्कयविसर्गाभ्यां भर्तुर्भार्या विमुच्यते Ms.9.46. -8 Voiding, evacuation; as in पुरीषविसर्ग. -9 Departure, separation. -1 Final beatitude. -11 Light, splendour. -12 A symbol in writing, representing a distinct hard aspiration and marked by two perpendicular dots (:). -13 The southern course of the sun. -14 The penis. -15 Destruction of the world; कालो वशीकृतविसृज्यविसर्गशक्तिः Bhāg.7.9.22. -16 The function of the world (सृष्टिव्यापार); भूतभावोद्भवकरो विसर्गः कर्मसंज्ञितः Bg.8.3.
Macdonell Vedic Search 1 result
visarga vi-sargá, m. release, vii. 103, 9 [ví + sṛj let go].
Macdonell Search 2 results
visarga m. [√ srig] discharge, liber ation (V., C.); cessation, end (V.); diverg ence (of paths: RV.); C.: emission; evacua tion of excrement; dismission of a person; bestowing, giving; casting, throwing, dis charging, scattering; creating; creation, pro duct; final aspiration (gr.): -kumbana, n. parting kiss; -lupta, n. absence of Visarga. lupta visarga a. lacking Visarga: -tâ, f. absence of Visarga; -½upama, a. lack ing the comparative particle (iva): â, f. in complete or elliptical simile; -½upamâna, n. incomplete comparison. Dictionary of Sanskrit Grammar KV Abhyankar
"visarga" has 24 results.
visarga aspiration, leaving of the breath generally at the completion of the utterance of a word when there is a pause; the term विसर्जनीय was in use in ancient times. Although not mentioned in his alphabet by Pāṇini, this Phonetic element, visarga, is looked upon as a letter; it is mentioned as one of the letters in the Śikṣā and the Prātiśākhya works and Patañjali has advised its inclusion in the alphabet. As visarga cannot be found in use independently of another letter (which is any vowel after which it occurs) it is called अयोगवाह. ardha visarga a term used for the Jihvāmūliya and Upadhmāniya into which a visarga is changed when followed by the letters क्, ख, and the letters प्, फ् respectively. aḥ ( : ) visarga called visarjanīya in ancient works and shown in writing by two dots, one below the other, exactly of the same size, like the pair of breasts of a maiden as jocularly larly expressed by . Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti. अः ( : ) इति विसर्जनीयः । अकार इह उच्चारणार्थः । कुमारीस्तनयुगाकृतिर्वर्णो विसजर्नीयसंज्ञो भवति ( दुर्गसिंह on कातन्त्र I.1.16). विसर्ग is always a dependent letter included among the Ayogavāha letters and it is looked upon as a vowel when it forms a part of the preceding vowel; while it is looked upon as a consonant when it is changed into the Jihvāmūlīya or the Upadhmānīya letter. confer, compare akṛtasaṃhita words ending with a breathing or visarga which are not looked upon as placed immediately before the next word and hence which have no combination with the following vowel e. g. एष देवो अमर्त्यः R. V. 1X.8.1. aghoṣa unvoiced, merely breathed; a term applied to the surd consonants, ś, ṣ s, and visarga which are uttered by mere breathing and which do not produce any sonant effect. T. Pr.I.12; R.Pr.I.11. The term jit ( जित् ) is used for these letters as also for the first two consonants of a class in the Vājasaneyi-prātiśākhya confer, compare द्वौ द्वौ प्रथमौ जित्; ऊष्माणश्च हवर्जम् confer, compare I.50.51. Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya. anunāda a fore-sound : a preceding additional sound which is looked upon as a fault: e. g. ह्वयामि whom pronounced as अह्वयामि. This sound is uttered before an initial sonant consonant. It is also uttered before initial aspirates or visarga. घोषवतामनुनादः पुरस्ताद् आदिस्थानां, क्रियते धारणं वा । सोष्मोष्माणामनुनादोप्यनादः confer, compare XIV.18,19. Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) abhiniṣṭāna Resonance (of a visarga utterance). udgrāha alleviation, ease, relief; name given to a Saṁdhi in the Prātiśākhya works when a visarga and a short vowel अ preceding it are changed into short अ, (e. g. यः + इन्द्र: = य इन्द्र:), as also when the vowel ए or ओ is changed into अ being followed by a dissimilar vowel; e. g. अग्ने + इन्द्रः = अग्न इन्द्रः; R.Pr.II.10. confer, compare upadhmānīya a letter or a phonetic element substituted for a visarga followed by the first or the second letter of the labial class. Visarga is simply letting the breath out of the mouth. Where the visarga is followed by the first or the second letter of the labial class, its pronunciation is coloured by labial utterance. This coloured utterance cannot be made independently; hence this utterance called 'उपध्मानीय' ( similar to a sound blown from the mouth ) is not put in, as an independent letter, in the वर्णसमाम्नाय attributed to महेश्वर. Patañjali, however, has referred to such dependent utterances by the term अयोगवाहवर्ण. See अयेागवाह; xक इति जिह्वामूलीयः । जिह्वामूलेन जन्यत्वात् । xप इत्युपध्मानीयः । उपध्मानेन जन्यत्वात्. अयेगवाह is also called अर्धविसर्ग. See अर्धविसर्ग. confer, compare upācarita (1) sibilation substitution of a sibilant letter for a visarga: प्लुतोपाचरिते च R.Pr. XI.19; (2) name of the saṁdhi in which a visarga is changed into a sibilant letter; confer, compare सर्वत्रैवोपाचरितः स संधिः confer, compare IV.14 which corresponds to Pāṇini VIII.3.18 and 19. Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) ūṣman aspiration letters, spirants called breathings also: the name is given to letters or sounds produced with unintonated breath through an open posision of the mouth; विवृतमूष्मणाम् M. Bh, on P.I.1.10 Vārt, 3. The word refers to the letters श्, ष्, सु, ह्, visarga, jihvāmūlīya, upadhmāniya and anusvāra; confer, compare ऊष्मा वायुस्तत्प्रधाना वर्णा ऊष्माणः confer, compare I.12; Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) also confer, compare I.10. Taittirīya Prātiśākhya. ūṣmasaṃdhi name of a combination or संधि where a visarga is changed into a breathing ( ऊष्मन् ). It has got two varieties named व्यापन्न where the visarga is charged into a breathing as for instance in यस्ककुभः, while it is called विक्रान्त (passed over) where it remains unchanged as for instance in यः ककुभः, य: पञ्च; confer, compare IV. 1 1. Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) ᳶ upadhmānīya blowing; a term applied to the visarga when followed by the consonant प् or फ्. The upadhmānīya is looked upon as a letter or phonetic element, which is always connected with the preceding vowel. As the upadhmānīya is an optional substitute for the visarga before the letter प् or फ्, when, in writing, it is to be shown instead of the visarga, it is shown as ᳶ, or as w , or even as x just as the Jihvāmūlīya; literally उपध्मायते शब्दायते इति, उप समीपे ध्मायते शब्द्यते इति वा confer, compare on commentary I:; : Kātantra vyākaraṇa Sūtra. also कपाभ्यां प्रागर्धविसर्गसदृशो जिह्वामूलीयोपध्मानीयौः:S.K.on P.VIII.2.1. confer, compare kaṇṭhya produced at the throat or at the glottis; the vowel अ, visarga and the consonant ह् are called कण्ठ्यं in the Prātiśākhyas, while later grammarians include the guttural consonants क्, ख् ग्, घ् and ङ् among the Kaṇṭhya letters; अकुहविसर्जनीयानां कण्ठः Sid. Kau.on तुल्यास्यप्रयत्नं सवर्णम् P.I.1.9. See कण्ठ. confer, compare kaskādi a class of compound-words headed by कस्क in which the visarga occurring at the end of the first member is noticed as changed into स् against the usual rules e. g. कस्क:, कौतस्कुतः भ्रातुष्पुत्रः, सद्यस्कालः, धनुष्कपालम् and others; P. VIII.3.48. As this कस्कादिगण is said to be अाकृतिगण, similar words can be said to be in the कस्कादिगण although they are not actually mentioned in the गणपाठ. confer, compare jihvāmūlasthāna (l) having the root of the tongue as the place of its production;the phonetic element or letter called जिह्वामूलीय; (2) name given to that phonetic element into which a visarga is changed when followed by क् or ख्; cf X क इति जिह्वामूलीयः V.Pr.VIII.19. The जिह्वामूलीय letter is called जिह्व्य also; see Nyasa on I. 1.9. The Rk. Pratisakhya looks upon ऋ, लृ, जिह्वामूलीय, and the guttural letters as जिह्वामूलस्थान. dvisvara possessed of two vowels,dissyllabic; न पदे द्विस्वरे नित्यम् confer, compare XVI. 17. द्विस्स्पृष्ट a term used for an upadhmaniya letter or a phonetic element resulting from a visarga followed by the letter प्， or फ़्. See उपध्मांनीय.The word is also used sometimes for the pronunciation ळ् of ड्, and ळ्ह् of ढ्. See दुःस्पृष्ट. Taittirīya Prātiśākhya. niyatasvara (1) an affix whose accent is definitely given by an indicatory mute letter applied to it; M.Bh. on I.1.3; (2) the grave accent; a syllable with a grave accent; grave vowel; confer, compare नियतस्वरोदये R.Pr.XI.25; (3) name of a Samdhi when a visarga is changed into रेफ and then omitted and the preceding vowel is lengthened; cf ह्रस्वस्याकामनियता उभाविमौ R.Pr. IV.9; confer, compare also P. VIII.3.14 and VI.3.111. confer, compare r (1) second letter of the यण् class ( semi-vowels ) which has got the properties नादभागित्व, घोषवत्त्व,' संवृतत्व and अल्पप्राणता i. e. it is a sonant, inaspirate consonant. Regarding its स्थान or place of production, there is a difference of opinion : generally the consonant र् is looked upon as a cerebral or lingual letter (मूर्धन्य); cf ऋटुरषाणां मूर्धा， S.K.also Siksa; but it is called by some as दन्त्य or दन्तमूलीय: cf रेफस्तु दस्त्ये दन्तमूले वा RT. 8, by others as दन्तमूलीय and and by still others as वर्स्त्य gingival. In the Vajasaneyi-Pratisakhya it is described as दन्तमूलीय: cf रो दन्तमूल I. 68, while in the Taittiriya Pratisakhya it is said to be produced by the touch of the middle part of the tip of the tongue just Pāṇini. the root of the teeth; a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. रेफे जिह्वाग्रमध्येन प्रत्यग्दन्तमूलेभ्यः confer, compare II. 41; (2) substitute र् (रेफ ) for the final letter of the word अहन्, as also for the final of अम्रस्, ऊधस्, अवस् and भुवस् optionally with रु, which ( रु) is dropped before vowels, and changed to ओ before अ and soft consonants, while it is changed into visarga before hard consonants and surds. Taittirīya Prātiśākhya. अम्नरेव, अम्र एवः ऊधरेव, ऊधएव: exempli gratia, for example confer, compare on P. VIII, 2-70: (3) the consonants र् (technically) called र् in Panini's grammar ) which is substituted for the consonant स् and for the consonant न् of the word अहन् when the consonant स् or न् stands at the end of a word. This substitute रु, unlike the substitute र् is liable to be changed into visarga, or the consonant य्, or the vowel उ by P. VIII.3.15, 17, VI.1.113, 114. Kāśikā of Jayāditya and Vāmana. rit (1) characterized by the mute consonant र् signifying the acute accent for the penultimate vowel; उपोत्तमं रिति P. VI. I. 217; ( 2 ) the same as रिफित or रेफि, a visarga which is changeable into र् when euphonically combined; confer, compare विसर्जनीयो रिफितः V.Pr.I.160; confer, compare also भाव्युपधं च रिद्विसर्जनीयान्तानि रेफेण ; V.Pr. VII.9. The terms रिफित, रेफि and रित् are given in the Padapatha to a पद or word which ends in a Visarga which has originated from र् in the Samhitapatha; e. g. the Visarga in कः, प्रात: confer, compare ; et cetera, and others R.Pr.I.30 to 32. confer, compare vikrānta name given to a samdhi where the visarga remains intact although it can , optionally be changed into a sibilant consonant; यः ककुभ:, यः पञ्च, यो वः शिवतमो रसः। cf विक्रान्तसंधिस्तु प्राकृतेापधो वेदितव्यो यत्र विसर्गः श्रूयेत R.Pr.IV.11. exempli gratia, for example śvāsa breath; the voiceless breath required for uttering some letters; the term is used in the Pratisakhya and Vyakarana books in the sense of breath which is prominently required in the utterance of the hard consonants, sibilants, visarga and the Jihvamuliya and Upadhmaniya letters; the term is used in connection with these letters also; the usual term in use is, of course, श्वासानुप्रदान, the term श्वास showing the property of the breath, with which these letters are characteriz literally edition śrvasānupradāna caused by the emission of breath; the term is used in contrast with नादानुप्रदान in connection with hard consonants, surds, visarga,the Jihvamuliya and the Upadhmaniya letters: see श्वास . a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. svaravirāma a pause between two vowels in one and the same word as in तितउ or पउग or in two different words coming close by the visarga or य् between the two being elided, as for instance in देवा इह.
Vedabase Search 49 results
DCS with thanks 5 results
visarga noun (masculine) bestowal (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
casting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
cause (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
cessation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
creating (esp. secondary creation or creation in detail by Puruṣa) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
creation (in the concrete sense) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
destruction of the world (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
discharge (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
dismissal (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
emission (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
end (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
end of the annual course of the sun (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
evacuation (of excrement) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
exemption from worldly existence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
final emancipation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
getting rid of (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
giving (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
granting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
hurling (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
letting go (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
letting loose i.e. driving out (cows) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
liberation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
light (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
membrum virile (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a symbol in grammar (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
offspring (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
opening (of the closed hand) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
parting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
producing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
product (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rejection (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
scattering (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sending away (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
sending forth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
separation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
shooting (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
splendour (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sun's southern course (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
throwing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
voiding (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988)) Frequency rank 3296/72933 visargaka noun (masculine) visarga Frequency rank 66277/72933 ati visarga noun (masculine) Frequency rank 42223/72933 a visarga noun (masculine) Frequency rank 45487/72933 vāg visarga noun (masculine) breaking of silence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
speaking (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the emitting of the voice (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988)) Frequency rank 65026/72933
Ayurvedic Medical Dr. Potturu with thanks Dictionary
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second part of the year (seasons incl. varsha ṛtu (monsoon), ṣarad ṛtu (mid Septembermid November) and hemant ṛtu (winter).
"visarga" has 4 results.
visarga prasthānam, prayāṇam, gamanam, apagamaḥ, vyapagamaḥ, vigamaḥ, apāyaḥ, apayānam, samprasthānam, apāsaraṇam, apasaraṇam, apakramaḥ, apakramaṇam, utkramaṇam, atyayaḥ, nirgamaḥ, visargaḥ, viyogaḥ
ekasmāt sthānāt anyasthāne yānasya kriyā।
rāmasya vanāya prasthānam duḥkhakārakam।
vyākaraṇe vartamānaṃ cihnaṃ yad svarasya agre ārekhanti।
visargasya cihnaṃ dvibinduyuktam asti tathā ca yasya uccāraṇam aghoṣasya havarṇasya sadṛśam asti।
visarga malotsargaḥ, mala visargaḥ, malavisarjanam, malasrutiḥ
śarīrāt malasya visarjanam।
grāmeṣu bahavaḥ janāḥ bahiḥstheṣu sthāneṣu eva malotsargaṃ kurvanti।
visarga ākṣepaṇam, ākṣepaḥ, apakṣepaṇam, vikṣepaṇam, prakṣepaṇam, kṣepaṇam, visarjanam, saṃkṣepaṇam, kṣiptiḥ, muktiḥ, saṃkṣiptiḥ, prakṣepaḥ, āvāpaḥ, visargaḥ, saṃrodhaḥ, saṃkṣepaḥ, vinikṣepaḥ, vikṣepaḥ, prāsaḥ, samīraṇam, prathanam, prapātanam, praharaṇam, asra, kirat, kṣipa, nivāpin, tas, kīrṇiḥ, kṣipā, ṭepanam, āvapanam, ākṣepaṇam, asanam, udīraṇam, prāsanam, ḍaṅgaraḥ, kṣepaḥ
keṣāñcana vastūnāṃ kṣepaṇakriyā।
amīṣāṃ vastūnām ākṣepaṇam āvaśyakam।
Sanskrit Dictionary understands and transcodes देवनागर्-ई IAST, Harvard-Kyoto, SLP1, ITRANS. You can type in any of the Sanskrit transliteration systems you are familiar with and we will detect and convert it to IAST for the purpose of searching.
Using the Devanagari and IAST Keyboards
icon to enable a popup keybord and you can toggle between देवनागरी and IAST characters. If you want a system software for typing easily in देवनागरी or IAST you can download our software called SanskritWriter
Wildcard Searches and Exact Matching
To replace many characters us * example śakt* will give all words starting with śakt. To replace an individual character use ? for example śakt?m will give all words that have something in place of the ?. By default our search system looks for words “containing” the search keyword. To do an exact match use “” example “śaktimat” will search for this exact phrase.
Type sandhi: and a phrase to search for the sandhi of the two words example.
sandhi:sam yoga will search for saṃyoga
Type root: and a word to do a root search only for the word. You can also use the √ symbol, this is easily typed by typing \/ in SanskritWriter software.