f. the vipāśā- or Beas river (one of the 5 rivers of the Panjab, said to be so called as having destroyed the cord with which vasiṣṭha- had tried to hang himself through grief for his son slain by viśvāmitra-;it rises in the Kullu range of the himālaya-, and after a course of 290 miles joins the Sutlej at the southern boundary of Kapurthala;it is considered identical with the of Arrian, the Hyphasis of Pliny, and of Ptolemy)
(‘Fetterless ’) is the name of a river mentioned twice in the Rigveda. It is the modern Beās in the Panjab, the Hyphasis, Hypanis or Bipasis of the Greeks. Its small importance for the Vedic Indians is indicated by the fact that it is never mentioned in the earlier Vedic literature except in two hymns of the Rigveda. The Nirukta preserves the notice that its earlier name was Upuñjirā, while the Gopatha Brāhmaṇa places in the middle of it the Vasistha-śilāk. Pāṇini mentions the name, which otherwise in post-Vedic literature appears as Vipāśā. This river has changed its course considerably since ancient times.
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