f. knowledge (seekāla-jāta-v-), science, learning, scholarship, philosophy etc. etc. (according to some there are four vidyā-s or sciences, 1. trayī-,the triple veda-;2. ānvīkṣikī-,logic and metaphysics;3. daṇḍa-nīti-,the science of government;4. vārttā-,practical arts, such as agriculture, commerce, medicine etc.;and adds a fifth, viz. ātma-vidyā-,knowledge of soul or of spiritual truth;according to others, vidyā- has fourteen divisions, viz. the four veda-s, the six vedāṅga-s, the purāṇa-s, the mīmāṃsā-. nyāya-, and dharma- or law;or with the four upa-veda-s, eighteen divisions;others reckon 33 and even 64 sciences[ equalskalās-or arts];Knowledge is also personified and identified with durgā-;she is even said to have composed prayers and magical formulas)
विद्या [विद्-क्यप्] 1 Knowledge, learning, lore, sci- ence; (तां) विद्यामभ्यसनेनेव प्रसादयितुमर्हसि R.1.88; विद्या नाम नरस्य रूपमधिकं प्रच्छन्नगुप्तं धनम् &c. Bh.2.2. (According to some Vidyās are four :-- आन्वीक्षिकी त्रयी वार्ता दण्डनीतिश्च शीश्वती Kāmandaka); चतसृष्वपि ते विवेकिनी नृप विद्यासु निरूढिमागता Ki.2.6; to these four Manu adds a fifth आत्मविद्या; त्रैविद्येभ्यस्त्रयीं विद्यां दण्डनीतिं च शाश्वतीम् । आन्वीक्षिकीं चात्मविद्यां वार्तारम्भांश्च लोकतः ॥ Ms.7.43. But the usual number of Vidyās is stated to be fourteen, i. e. the four Vedas, the six Aṅgas, Dharma, Mimāṁsā, Tarka or Nyāya and the Purāṇas; see चतुर्दशविद्या under चतुर्; and N.1.4. In N.1.5 the number is spoken of as being eighteen by including Medicine, Military Art, Music and Polity; अगाहताष्टादशतां जिगीषया.) -2 Right knowledge, spiritual knowledge; विद्याकल्पेन मरुता मेघानां भूयसामपि (क्वापि प्रविलयः कृतः) U.6.6; cf. अविद्या. -3 A spell, an incantation; गन्धधूपादिभिश्चार्चेद् द्वादशाक्षर- विद्यया Bhāg.8.16.39. -4 A mystical name of the letter इ. -5 A small bell. -6 The goddess Durgā. -7 Magical skill. -Comp. -अनुपालिन्, -अनुसेविन् a. acquiring knowledge; भागो यवीयसां तत्र यदि विद्यानुपालिनः Ms.9.24. -अभ्यासः, -अर्जनम्, -आगमः acquisition of knowledege, pursuit of learning, study. -अर्थः seeking for knowledge. -अर्थिन् m. a student, scholar, pupil. -आधारः a receptacle of learning; असौ विद्याधारः शिशुरपि विनिर्गत्य भवनात् Māl.2.11. -आरम्भः introduction of a boy to learning. -आलयः a school, college, any place of learning. -ईशः, -ईश्वरः N. of Śiva. -उपार्ज- नम् = विद्यार्जनम् q. v. -करः a learned man. -कोशगृहम्, -कोशसमाश्रयः library. -गुरुः an instructor in (sacred) science. -चण, -चञ्चु a. famous for one's learning. -जम्भक, -वार्त्तिक a. exercising magic of various kinds. -दलः the Bhūrja tree. -दातृ m. a teacher, an instructor. -दानम् teaching, imparting instruction. -दायदः the inheritor of a science. -देवी the goddess of learning. -धनम् 1 wealth in the form of learning; -2 wealth acquired by learning; विद्याधनं तु यद्यस्य तत्तस्यवै धनं भवेत् Ms.9.26. -धरः, (-री f.) a class of demigods or semi-divine beings; विद्याधराध्युषितचारुशिलातलानि स्थानानि Bh.3.7. ˚यन्त्रम् an apparatus for sublimating quicksilver. -प्राप्तिः = विद्यार्जन q. v. -बलम् the power or magic. -भाज् a. learned. -मण्डलकम् a library. -लाभः 1 acquisition of learning. -2 wealth or any other acquisition made by learning. -वंशः a chronological list of teachers in any branch of science. -विशिष्ट a. distinguished by learning. -विहीन a. illiterate, ignorant; विद्या- विहीनः पशुः Bh.2.2; आसन्नमेव नृपतिर्भजते मनुष्यं विद्या- विहीनमकुलीनमसंस्कृतं वा Pt.1.35. -वृद्ध a. old in knowledge, advanced in learning; अस्य नित्यश्च विद्यावृद्धसंयोगः विनय- वृद्ध्यर्थम् Kau. A.1.5. -व्यसनम्, -व्यवसायः pursuit of knowledge. -व्रतस्नातकः, -स्नातकः a Brāhmaṇa who has finished his course of religious studentship (ब्रह्मचारिव्रत); वेदविद्याव्रतस्नाताञ्श्रोत्रियान् गृहमेधिनः (पूजयेद्धव्य- कव्येन) Ms.4.31.
f. knowledge, learning, science (esp. the threefold knowledge of the Vedas: 4, 14, 18, and 64 sciences are spoken of); magic; spell: (â)-kosa-griha, n. library; -½âgama, m. acquisition of knowledge; -guru, m. instructor in science (esp. sacred); -grah ana, n. acquisition of sciences; -tîrtha, n. bathing-place of knowledge; -tva, n. the notion &open;knowledge&close;; -dâna, n. imparting of (sacred) knowledge, instruction in science; -dhana, n. the treasure of knowledge.
a. possessed of science or spells; m. kind of (aerial) genius dwell ing in the Himâlaya, attendant on Siva, and possessed of magical power, fairy; N. of various scholars: -kakravartin,m. supreme lord of the fairies; -tva, n. condition of a fairy; -mahâ-kakravartin, m. para mount lord of all fairies; -½adhîsa, m. id.: -tâ, f. abst. n.
f. female fairy, sylph; -dharî-bhû, become a fairy; -dha ra½indra, m. prince of the fairies: -tâ, f., -tva, n. abst. n.; -dhâra, m. receptacle of knowledge, great scholar; -½adhidevatâ, f.tutelary deity of the sciences, Sarasvatî; -½ânanda, m. delight in knowledge; -½anu pâlin, a. faithfully preserving (traditional) learning; -½anta, m. end of apprenticeship; -pati, m. chief scholar at a court: -tva, n. abst.n.; -phala, n. fruit of learning; -bala, n. power of enchantment; -matha, m. mon astic school, college; -mada, m. pride of learning; -mandira, n. school-house, college; -maya, a. consisting or absorbed in know ledge; -½aranya, m. N. of various scholars, esp. of Mâdhavâkârya; -ratna, n. jewel of knowledge; -½ârambha, m. beginning of study; -½artha, a. desirous of knowledge; -½arthin, a. id.; -vamsa, m. chronological list of teachers; -vat, a. learned; -½ava tamsa, m. N. of a fairy; -vadhû, f. muse; -vayo-vriddha, pp. old in learning and years; -vikraya, m. instruction for pay; -vid, a. learned; -viruddha, pp. conflicting with science; -vriddha,pp. old in know ledge; -vesman, n. school-house, college; -vrata-snâta: -ka, a. having concluded Vedic study and his vows; -sampradâna, n. imparting of knowledge; -sâgara, m. ocean of knowledge, ep. of a great scholar; -sthâ na, n. branch of knowledge; -snâta: -ka, a. having finished Vedic study; -hîna, pp. destitute of knowledge, unlearned, illiterate.
In the Atharvaveda and later denotes ‘knowledge,’ especially that of the three Vedas, which are called the trayī vidyā, ‘the threefold knowledge,’ as early as the Taittirīya Brāhmaṇa. In a more special sense Vidyā occurs in lists of objects of study in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa. What exactly the expression here means is uncertain : Sāyaṇa suggests the philosophic systems; Geldner the first Brāhmaṇas; and Eggeling, more probably, special sciences like the Sarpavidyā or the Visavidyā.
the science of the Asuras,’ the term used in the śānkhāyana and Aávalāyana śrauta Sūtras as the equivalent of the term māyā employed in the śatapatha Brāhmana, clearly means ‘ magic,’ as it is rendered by Professor Eggeling.
The ‘science of snakes,’ is enumerated in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa among branches of learning. It must have been reduced to fixed rules, since a section (parvan) of it is referred to as studied. The Gopatha Brāhmaṇa has the form Sarpa-veda.
noun (feminine) (Trika:) eines der kañcukas
a kind of magical pill (which placed in the mouth is supposed to give the power of ascending to heaven) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a mystical name of the letter i (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a small bell (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a spell (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
incantation (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
knowledge (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
learning (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
magical skill (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Premna Spinosa (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
philosophy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
scholarship (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
science (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine) (in music) a kind of measure (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a kind of metre (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a kind of supernatural being (dwelling in the Himālaya) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
fairy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of various scholars (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a kind of alchemical preparation Frequency rank 2846/72933
noun (feminine) a female of the above class of supernatural beings (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
fairy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a daughter of Śūrasena (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the Gaṅgā
sylph (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (neuter) knowledge compared to a sacred bathing-place (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a place (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of an author (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (feminine) (in Vedānta phil.) illusion (personified as Māyā) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
ignorance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
ignorance together with non-existence (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
spiritual ignorance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (feminine) name of a class of personifications of the śakti of Shiva (10 in number) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Mantra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Durgā (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Lakṣmī (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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