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upaskaraḥ2.9.35MasculineSingularvesavāraḥ
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Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
veśSee ves-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ā(as a prefix to verbs, especially of motion, and their derivatives) near, near to, towards (See ā-kram-etc.;in the veda-, of course, the prefix is separable from the verb;in a few cases ,a verb in the imperative is to be supplied;with roots like gam-, -,and i-,"to go", and 1. -,"to give", it reverses the action; exempli gratia, 'for example' ā-gacchati-,"he comes"; ā-datte-,"he takes"). (As a preposition with a preceding accusative) near to, towards, to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhidhānacintāmaṇim. "the jewel that gives every word", Name of hemacandra-'s vocabulary of synonyms. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikṛto do with reference to or in behalf of ; (perf. 2. plural -cakr/a-) to procure, effect ; (with niveśaṃ-) to settle. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhikṣattṛm. ( kṣad-),"one who carves and distributes (food)"an host View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiniviś -viśate-, to enter (with accusative) ; to disembogue (as a river) into (accusative) ; to devote one's self entirely to (accusative) etc.: Caus. -veśayati-, to cause to enter, lead into (accusative) ; to cause to sit down upon (locative case) ; to cause any one to devote himself entirely to etc., (with manas-,or ātmānam-) to devote one's attention to (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhirakṣitṛmfn. one who preserves, a protector of (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiṣecanīyamfn. belonging to inauguration (as vessels, etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhivij(Aorist subjunctive A1. -vikta-) to tip over (a vessel) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiviśCaus., perf. Pass. p. -veśita-,"caused to enter upon", directed towards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhiyuktam. plural Name (also title or epithet) of the vaiśya-s of kuśa-dvīpa-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhujiṣyātvan. the state of a woman who lives independently (see a-bh/aujiṣya-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyamitrīṇa([ ]) mfn. ([apparently derivatives fr. abhy-amitram-(See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order),but probably originally derived from the root, which is also indicated by the parallel form abhy-amin-(See below)]) advancing against or attacking (the enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyamitrīya ([ ]) mfn. ([apparently derivatives fr. abhy-amitram-(See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order),but probably originally derived from the root, which is also indicated by the parallel form abhy-amin-(See below)]) advancing against or attacking (the enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyamitrya([ ]) mfn. ([apparently derivatives fr. abhy-amitram-(See below sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order),but probably originally derived from the root, which is also indicated by the parallel form abhy-amin-(See below)]) advancing against or attacking (the enemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyanusṛ(ind.p. -sṛtya- varia lectio -sṛjya-) to learn by investigating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abjādam. "eating lotus-leaves", a swan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācamanakan. a vessel for ā-camana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācamanīyam. a vessel used for ā-camana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācāryam. "knowing or teaching the ācāra- or rules ", a spiritual guide or teacher (especially one who invests the student with the sacrificial thread, and instructs him in the veda-s, in the law of sacrifice and religious mysteries[ ]) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ācāryam. (also) the son of an outcast vaiśya- and a vaiśyā- who was before a Brahman's wife, (according to to some, read cārya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
accha(so at the end of a pāda-) , or usually /acchā- ind., Vedic or Veda to, towards (governing accusative and rarely the locative). It is a kind of separable preposition or prefix to verbs and verbal derivatives, as in the following. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
acchinnaparṇamfn. having uninjured leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
acchinnapattramf(ā-)n. having uninjured leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādhāram. that which contains (a fluid etc.), a vessel, receptacle etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādhavanīyam. a vessel in which the soma- plant is stirred and cleansed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikārāḍhyamfn. invested with rights or privileges. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇan. relationship of words in a sentence (which agree together, either as adjective and substantive, or as subject and predicate, or as two substantives in apposition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikaraṇasiddhāntam. a syllogism or conclusion which involves others, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhipatim. (in med.) a particular part of the head (where a wound proves instantly fatal) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhipūtabhṛtamind. over the (vessel) full of purified soma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiṣṭhānadeha n. the intermediate body which serves to clothe and support the departed spirit during its several residences in the pitṛ-loka- or world of spirits (also called the preta-śarīra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiṣṭhānaśarīran. the intermediate body which serves to clothe and support the departed spirit during its several residences in the pitṛ-loka- or world of spirits (also called the preta-śarīra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhivāsanan. the ceremony of touching a vessel containing fragrant objects (that have been presented to an idol) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhiviśCaus. -veśayati-, to cause to sit down, to place upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhvaryum. a priest of a particular class (as distinguished from the hotṛ-,the udgātṛ-,and the brahman-classes. The adhvaryu- priests"had to measure the ground, to build the altar, to prepare the sacrificial vessels, to fetch wood and water, to light the fire, to bring the animal and immolate it";whilst engaged in these duties, they had to repeat the hymns of the yajur-veda-, hence that veda- itself is also called adhvaryu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhvaryupātran. the vessel of the adhvaryu- priest, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyāvāhanikan. that part of a wife's property which, she receives when led in procession from her father's to her husband's house. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyuddhif. ( dha-) ([ ]), a tubular vessel above the udder, or above the scrotum. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyūdhnīf. (fr. ūdhan-) ([ ]) a tubular vessel above the udder, or above the scrotum. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādiṣṭinm. one who receives (religious) instruction, a student, Brahman in the first order of his life View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādiṣṭinm. one who gives instruction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādityapātran. a vessel for drawing off the āditya-grah/a- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agastim. (according to fr.2. a-ga-,a mountain, and asti-,thrower,2. as-). Name of a ṛṣi- (author of several Vedic hymns;said to have been the son of both mitra- and varuṇa- by urvaśī-;to have been born in a water-jar;to have been of short stature;to have swallowed the ocean, and compelled the vindhya- mountains to prostrate themselves before him;to have conquered and civilized the South;to have written on medicine, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnibhāṇḍan. the vessel for the aupāsana- fire, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnipraṇayanan. vessels for conveying the sacrificial fire, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnisākṣikamaryādamfn. one who taking agni- for a witness gives a solemn promise of conjugal fidelity. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnisūtran. a girdle of sacrificial grass put upon a young Brahman at his investiture View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgniveśim. a descendant of agniveśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgniveśyamfn. (gaRa gargādi- q.v) belonging or referring to agniveśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgniveśyam. Name of a teacher (descendant of agniveśa-) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgniveśyāyanamfn. descending from agniveśya- (as a family) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agradāninm. a degraded Brahman who receives presents from śūdra-s, or takes things previously offered to the dead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgrayaṇapātran. the vessel used for the āgrayaṇa- libation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āgrayaṇeṣṭif. oblation of the first-fruits (in harvest) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhartṛm. one who takes away or removes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhāryan. a vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āhāvam. a trough, pail, vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahirbudhnyas Nominal verb sg. m. (instrumental case /ahinā budhny/ena- ) = , the serpent of the deep (enumerated in among the divinities of the middle region, the abyss in which he lives being that of the region of mist) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ahivratinmfn. one who lives like a snake (only on air), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajagāvan. Name of the sacrificial vessel also called ajakāv/a- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajahatsvārthāf. a rhetorical figure (using a word which involves the meaning of another word previously used, as"white ones"for"white horses","lances"for"men with lances"). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajājīvam. "who lives by goats", a goat-herd. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajajīvana m. "who lives by goats", a goat-herd. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajajīvikam. "who lives by goats", a goat-herd. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajakāvamfn. Name of a sacrificial vessel dedicated to mitra- and varuṇa- and (according to the commentator or commentary) having an ornament similar to the fleshy protuberance called ajā-gala-stana- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājanmasurabhipattram. Name of a plant (the leaves of which are fragrant from their first appearance) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājijñāsenyāf. plural (fr. Desiderative) scilicet ṛcas-,"liable to investigation", Name of some of the kuntāpa- hymns (of the ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ajinan. the hairy skin of an antelope, especially a black antelope (which serves the religious student for a couch seat, covering etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājyagraham. a vessel of clarified butter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājyapam. plural a class of Manes (who are the sons of pulastya-[ ] or of kardama-[ ]and the ancestors of the vaiśya- order). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājyapātran. a vessel for clarified butter. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājyavilāpanīf. the vessel containing the clarified butter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākāśacamasam. "a cup or vessel with ether", the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākhanikabakam. "a stork in relation to a mouse", (metaphorically) a man who behaves as an oppressor towards a weak person, (gaRa pātresamitādi-and yuktārohy-ādi- q.v)
ākṣapaṭalikam. (fr. akṣa-paṭala- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order 3. akṣa-) a keeper of archives or records. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣarajīvaka m. "one who lives by writing", a scribe. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣarajīvika m. "one who lives by writing", a scribe. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣarajīvinm. "one who lives by writing", a scribe. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣayatṛtīyāf. Name of a festival (the third day of the bright half of vaiśākha-, which is the first day of the satya-yuga-, and secures permanency to actions then performed). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣayyan. "may thy prosperity be undecaying!"(a form of blessing addressed to a vaiśya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣayyamind. "may thy prosperity be undecaying!"(a form of blessing addressed to a vaiśya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alābumn. a vessel made of the bottle-gourd etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālambāf. a species of plant with poisonous leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālambim. Name of a pupil of vaiśampāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alpapattram. "having little leaves", Name of a plant (a species of the tulasi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmapātran. an unannealed vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amaradvijam. a Brahman who lives by attending a temple or idol, by superintending a temple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amatran. a large drinking vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amatrakan. a drinking vessel, vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amatrinmfn. having the large drinking vessel called /amatra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambarayugan. "pair of vestments", the two principal female garments (upper and lower). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambaṣṭham. the offspring of a man of the Brahman and a woman of the vaiśya- caste (a man of the medical caste ;an elephant-driver ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambhṛṇam. a vessel (used in preparing the soma- juice) and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambikāf. a N. applied to the harvest (as the most productive season) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambuprasādam. the clearing nut tree, Strychnos Potatorum (the nuts of this plant are generally used in India for purifying water[ see ];they are rubbed upon the inner surface of a vessel, and so precipitate the impurities of the fluid it contains). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambuprasādanan. the clearing nut tree, Strychnos Potatorum (the nuts of this plant are generally used in India for purifying water[ see ];they are rubbed upon the inner surface of a vessel, and so precipitate the impurities of the fluid it contains). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambūrmigatamfn. gooe to (id est reflected by) waves of water (as the moon), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambusecanīf. (-vāhinī-) a wooden baling vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambuvāhinīf. a wooden baling vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amīmāṃsāf. ( man-), absence of reasoning or investigation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amlavargam. a class of plants with acid leaves or fruits (as the lime, orange, pomegranate, tamarind, sorrel, and others) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amlavetasam. a kind of dock or sorrel, Rumex Vesicarius View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmlavetasam. the plant Rumex Vesicarius (= amla-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amṛtakuṇḍan. the vessel containing the amṛta- or nectar. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amṛtalatā f. a creeping plant that gives nectar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amṛtalatikāf. a creeping plant that gives nectar
amṛtataraṅgiṇīf. "having nectar-waves", moon-light View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amṛtpātrapamfn. not drinking from a clay vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃsadhrīf. a cooking vessel applied to the Vedi View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anaikāntikan. (in vaiśeṣika- philosophy) the fallacy of undistributed middle. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anantarajam. "next-born", the son of a kṣatriyā- or vaiśyā- mother by a father belonging to the caste immediately above the mother's View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anantarajātam. also the son of a śūdrā- mother by a vaiśya- father. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāprītauntouched by water, id est not used before (as a water-vessel), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anaśanan. abstinence from food, fasting (especially as a form of suicide adopted from vindictive motives)
anāśraminm. one who does not belong to or follow any of the four āśrama-s or religious orders to which Brahmans at different periods of life are bound to attach themselves. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anaṣṭan. "I hope you have not lost anything"(used in greeting a vaiśya-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāśumfn. not having quick horses ( derives the word in the last sense from2. naś-,or1. -: a-naś/u-or an-āś/u-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānāyainvestiture (= upanaya-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
añcitapattram. a kind of lotus with curved leaves. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
andhram. a man of a low caste (the offspring of a vaideha- father and kārāvara- mother, who lives by killing game) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āndolanan. investigation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anekabhāryamfn. having more wives than one. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anekāśraya mfn. (in vaiśeṣika- philosophy) dwelling or abiding in more than one. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anekāśritamfn. (in vaiśeṣika- philosophy) dwelling or abiding in more than one. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anirveśa(equals akṛta-nirveśa-) mfn. not having expiated one's sins View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antaḥkhyāto inquire into, investigate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antaḥpātran. the interior of a vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antaḥpavitrathe soma- when in the straining-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antarā antarā- ca- - antarā- ca-, (with two accusatives of places) between - and - View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āntarāgārikam. the keeper of a king's wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āntarveśmikamf(ī-)n. (fr. antar-veśma-), produced or occurring within a house View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukarṣaṇaa drinking vessel, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anukḷptif. (in vaiśeṣika- philosophy) agreement. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuparāsru(said of a leaky vessel) to flow with water subsequently View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupavītinm. one uninvested with the sacred thread. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupraviś(Causal - veśayati-), to send home, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupūrvavatsā(anupūrv/a--) f. a cow which calves regularly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusaṃdhānan. investigation, inquiry, searching into, close inspection, setting in order, arranging, planning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusaṃdhānan. (in the vaiśeṣika- philosophy) the fourth step in a syllogism (id est the application) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusaṃdhāninmfn. investigating, searching, skilful at concerting or carrying out schemes. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusaṃdhātavyamfn. to be explored, to be investigated, to be looked after, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusaṃdheyamfn. to be investigated, worthy of inquiry or scrutiny, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusārakamfn. penetrating, scrutinizing, investigating. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusārinmfn. penetrating, scrutinizing, investigating. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuśatikādia gaRa of , containing the compounds the derivatives of which have vṛddhi- in both parts, as ānuśātika-, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anutarṣam. thirst, wish, desire , a drinking vessel (used for drinking spirituous liquors) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anutarṣaṇan. a vessel from which spirituous liquor is drunk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṇuvādinmfn. one who believes in and teaches atomism. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ānuveśyamfn. (fr. anu-veśa- ), a neighbour living on the same side View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anuvrajyamfn. to be followed (as by the relatives of a dead person to the cemetery) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anveṣam. ([ ]) seeking for, searching, investigating. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anveṣaṇaf(ā-)n. seeking for, searching, investigating. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anveṣṭavya mfn. to be searched, to be investigated. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anveṣyamfn. to be searched, to be investigated. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apādyamf(ā-)n. (or /apādya-?), Name of certain iṣṭi-s (performed with the cavana vaiśvasṛja-)
āpaṇam. waves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apapātramfn. "not allowed to use vessels (for food)", people of low caste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aparṇāf. "not having even leaves (for food during her religious austerities)", Name of durgā- or pārvatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apasadam. the children of six degrading marriages (of a Brahman with the women of the three lower classes, of a kṣatriya- with women of the two lower, and of a vaiśya- with one of the śūdra- ,but see and apadhvaṃsa-ja-), an outcast (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound';See brāhmaṇāpasada-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apastambam. a vessel inside or on one side of the chest containing vital air View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apatyavikrayinm. "seller of his offspring", a father who receives a gratuity from his son-in-law. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apaviśCaus. (Imper. 2. sg. -veśayā-) to send away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apekṣābuddhif. (in vaiśeṣika- philosophy) a mental process, the faculty of arranging and methodizing, clearness of understanding. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āprīf. plural (-pr/iyas-[ ] and -pryas-[ nārāyaṇa-]) Name of particular invocations spoken previous to the offering of oblations (according to they are different in different schools; exempli gratia, 'for example' s/amiddho agn/ir- ,in the school of śunaka-; juṣ/asva naḥ- ,in that of vasiṣṭha-; s/amiddho ady/a- ,in that of others; nārāyaṇa- on this passage gives ten hymns belonging to different schools;See also on [ s/usamiddho na /ā vaha-,the āprī--hymn of the school of kaṇva-] , who enumerates twelve āprī-s and explains that twelve deities are propitiated;those deities are personified objects belonging to the fire-sacrifice, viz. the fuel, the sacred grass, the enclosure, etc., all regarded as different forms of agni-;hence the objects are also called āprī-s, or, according to others, the objects are the real āprī-s, whence the hymns received their names) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apsaras ās- ([ etc.]) , or ap-sar/ā- ([AV. etc.]), f. (fr. 2. /ap-+ sṛ-),"going in the waters or between the waters of the clouds", a class of female divinities (sometimes called"nymphs";they inhabit the sky, but often visit the earth;they are the wives of the gandharva-s(q.v)and have the faculty of changing their shapes at will;they are fond of the water;one of their number, rambhā-, is said to have been produced at the churning of the ocean). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārāmaśītalāf. Name of a plant with fragrant leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ararindan. a vessel or a utensil used in preparing the soma- juice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārātrikan. the light (or the vessel containing it) which is waved at night before an idol View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arāyakṣayaṇan. anything that serves to destroy evil spirits View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārcābhinm. plural Name of a school founded by ṛcābha- (a pupil of vaiśampāyana-), (gaRa kārtakaujapādi- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhaśasind. by halves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhāvabhedamfn. dividing into halves. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhāvabhedakamfn. dividing into halves. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardhīkṛtamfn. divided into halves. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
argalamfn. a wooden bolt or pin for fastening a door or the cover of a vessel etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arghapātran. (for arghya-pātra-) the small vessel in which water is offered to the guest on his arrival View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ariṣṭam. Name of a daughter of dakṣa- and one of the wives of kaśyapa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārjīkam. a particular soma- vessel ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārjīkīyam. a soma- vessel ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arkam. the plant Calotropis Gigantea (the larger leaves are used for sacrificial ceremonies; see arka-kośī-, -parṇ/a-, palaś/a-,etc. below) etc., a religious ceremony (see arkāśvamedha-below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇasamfn. (fr. /arṇa-) full of waves, (gaRa tṛṇādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇasvatmfn. containing many waves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arṇonidhim. "receptacle of the waves", the ocean (see arṇava-pat-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthopakṣepakamfn. "indicating or suggesting a matter (so as to facilitate the understanding of the plot)", a N. applied to the parts of a drama called viṣkambha-, cūlikā-, aṅkāsya-, aṅkāvatāra-, and praveśaka-, qq.vv. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇam. (/aruṇa-) Name of a pupil of upaveśi- (see aruṇ/a-m.above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āruṇim. (fr. aruṇa-), Name of uddālaka- (a renowned brāhmaṇa- teacher, son of aruṇa- aupaveśi- and father of śveta-ketu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āruṇinm. plural Name of a school derived from vaiśampāyana- āruṇi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryam. (= 1. aiy/a-) "master, lord", a vaiśya- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryāf. a woman of the third caste, the wife of a vaiśya- etc. commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āryam. a vaiśya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āryam. (with Buddhists[ pāli- ayyo-,or ariyo-]) a man who has thought on the four chief truths of Buddhism (See next column) and lives accordingly, a Buddhist priest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryajārā(/arya--) f. the mistress of a vaiśya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āryakan. a ceremony performed to the manes, the vessel etc. used in sacrifices made to the manes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryāṇīf. a woman of the third or vaiśya- caste commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryavaryam. a vaiśya- of rank View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aryīf. the wife of any particular vaiśya- (see aryāṇī-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṅgamfn. moving without obstacle (as a cart, a vessel, a flag, etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśāpurāf. Name (also title or epithet) of one of the 139 mothers of Gujarat (who satisfies the hopes of wives by giving children), . 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśayam. any vessel of the body (exempli gratia, 'for example' raktāśaya-,"the receptacle of blood" id est the heart; āmāśaya-,the stomach etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsecanan. a reservoir or vessel for fluids View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsecanīf. a small vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asihatyan. fighting with swords (or knives), (gaRa anuśatikādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asimatmfn. furnished with knives or daggers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asipattram. "having sword-shaped leaves", the sugar-cane (Scirpus Kysoor Roxb.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āspātran. a vessel fit for the mouth, a drinking vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asṛgvahāf. a blood-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭadalamfn. having a flower of eight leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭadalan. a lotus flower with eight leaves. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭāparṇamfn. having eight leaves, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āstikamf(ī-)n. (fr. asti-,"there is or exists"), one who believes in the existence (of God, of another world, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
astraiṇamfn. without wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvakarṇam. the tree Vatica Robusta (so called from the shape of its leaves) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvapaṇyam. a horse-dealer (in the caste system the son of a kṣatriya- and an unmarried vaiśyā-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvattham. a vessel made of its wood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āśvinapātran. the vessel belonging to the aśvin-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātapatran. "heat-protector" (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ), a large umbrella (of silk or leaves) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātatāyinmfn. "one whose bow is drawn to take another's life", endeavouring to kill some one, a murderer (in later texts also incendiaries, ravishers, thieves etc. are reckoned among ātatāyinas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiAs a prefix to verbs and their derivatives, expresses beyond, over, and, if not standing by itself, leaves the accent on the verb or its derivative; as, ati-kram- ( kram-), to overstep, Vedic or Veda infinitive mood ati-kr/ame-, (fit) to be walked on, to be passed , ati-kr/amaṇa- n. See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order When prefixed to nouns, not derived from verbs, it expresses beyond, surpassing, as, ati-kaśa-, past the whip, ati-mānuṣa-, superhuman, etc. See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atiis often prefixed to nouns and adjectives, and rarely to verbs, in the sense excessive, extraordinary, Intensive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātmopajīvinmfn. living by one's own labour (["one who lives by his wife"commentator or commentary ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atsarukamfn. (a vessel) having no handle, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atyamlaparṇīf. "having very acid leaves", Name of a medicinal plant. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atyāyun. Name of a sacrificial vessel
audārikam. (fr. udāra-), (with jaina-s) the gross body which invests the soul View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aulūkyam. a follower of the vaiśeṣika- doctrine (see ulūka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aulūkyadarśanan. Name of the vaiśeṣika- system (erroneously printed aulukya-d-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupasthānikamf(ī-)n. one who lives by waiting on or worshipping gaRa vetanādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupaveśim. a descendant of upa-veśa-, Name of aruṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aupavītikan. (fr. upa-vīta-), investiture with the sacred thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auṣadhan. a vessel for herbs. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
auśīramn. the stick which serves as a handle to the cow's tail used as a fan or chowri View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avabhṛtham. (once -bh/ṛtha- ) "carrying off, removing", purification or ablution of the sacrificer and sacrificial vessels after a sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaktramf(ā-)n. having no mouth (as a vessel) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakuṇṭhanan. (equals ava-guṇṭhana- q.v) investing, surrounding, covering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakuṇṭhitamfn. invested, surrounded View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avalkam. Gymnema Sylvestre, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvāpam. setting out or arranging vessels, jars, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvāpam. a vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvapanan. a vessel, jar, ewer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvapanīf. a vessel, jar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avapātanan. (in dramatical language) a scene during which a person enters the stage in terror but leaves it at the end in good humour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avapātritamfn. a person not allowed by his kindred to eat or drink from the same vessel (see apa-pātrita-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avarodham. plural the women's apartments, the wives of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avavaditṛm. one who speaks finally, who gives the definitive opinion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvayam. one who arrives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āviśP. A1. -viśati-, -te- (infinitive mood ā-v/iśam- ) to go or drive in or towards ; to approach, enter ; to take possession of etc. ; to sit down, settle ; to get or fall into ; to reach, obtain ; to become etc.: Causal -veśayati-, to cause to enter or approach ; to cause to reach or obtain ; to deliver, offer, present ; to make known View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvītamfn. covered, invested (especially with the sacred thread). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aviviktamfn. undiscriminated, uninvestigated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvṛtamfn. invested, involved View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyasīf. (also) an iron vessel, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayaspātram. an iron vessel (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayathātathāind. given by on as the base of āyathātathya- (whereas derives it from a-yathā-tatham- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayogavam. the offspring of a śūdra- man and vaiśya- woman (whose business is carpentry) , (since the word occurs only the locative case ayogave-and is by both commentaries said to imply the female of this mixed tribe, the original reading is probably, as suggested by ayoguvi- locative case fr. ayogū- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āyogavam. (equals ayogava- q.v), a man of mixed tribe (sprung from a śūdra- man and vaiśya- woman;his business is carpentry etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayukchadam. "having odd (id est :seven see sapta-parṇa-) leaves ", the plant Alstonia Scholaris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahudāsapuruṣamfn. having many slaves and servants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahukṣīrāf. a cow which gives much milk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahupatnīkamfn. having many wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahupatnīkamfn. performed by many wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahupatnīkṛtm. one who takes many wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahusūtigof. a cow that calves often View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahuvrīhim. a relative or adjective compound (in which, as in the word bahu-vrīhi-itself[ see tat-puruṣa-],the last member loses its character of a substantive and together with the first member serves to qualify a noun) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahvavarodhamfn. having many wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhyakāf. Name of sṛñjarī- and one of the two wives of bhajamāna- (an older sister of upabāhyakā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhyakasṛñjarī f. Name of sṛñjarī- and one of the two wives of bhajamāna- (an older sister of upabāhyakā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāhyāyāmam. a particular disease of the nerves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhanāgāran. equals na-veśman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bandhanālayam. equals na-veśman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bāndhavajanam. relatives, kinsmen (collectively) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadram. of the wife of vaiśravaṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadranidhim. "treasure of fortune", Name of a costly vessel offered to viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagīnaSee viśo-- and veśa-bhag/īna-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaimapravīṇam. the bravest or chief of the bhīma-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhājanan. "partaker of", a recipient, receptacle, (especially) a vessel, pot, plate, cup, etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhājanatāf. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') the being a vessel for, possession of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhājanatvan. the being a fit vessel for (genitive case), merit, worthiness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhājanavārikam. a vessel-keeper (see -cārikā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhājanībhūtamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') one who has become a vessel for or who has obtained View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhakṣakamfn. one who eats, an eater, enjoyer, one who feeds or lives upon (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhakṣaṇan. (bh/a-) a drinking vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhakṣapattrīf. betel-pepper (the leaf of which serves for food) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktan. a vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktadāsam. "food-slave", a slave who serves for his daily food View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhām cl.1 A1. () bhāmate- cl.10 P. () bhāmayati- (occurs only in derivatives, but the grammarians give also perfect tense babhāme- Aorist abhāmiṣṭa- future bhāmiṣyate-, mitā-; Causal bhāmayati-; Intensive bābhāmyate-), to be angry or impatient. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāmāf. Name of one of the wives of kṛṣṇa- (equals satya-bhāmā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) any vessel, pot, dish, pail, vat, box, case etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍabhajakam. the distributer of vessels or utensils (in a temple) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍabharakam. the contents of any vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍagopakam. the keeper of vessels or utensils (in a temple) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍakamn. (m. ) a small vessel, cup, plate, box, chest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍānusārinmfn. hanging to a pot or vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍapūrṇamfn. (a cart) laden with vessels or with merchandise , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍāvakāśadam. one who grants (thieves) room for (concealing their) implements View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṇḍodaran. the cavity or interior of a vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṅgavatmfn. "having folds"and"having waves", View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaṅgībhaktif. division or separation into (a series of) waves or wave-like steps View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāruṣam. the son of a vaiśya- vrātya- and an unmarried vaiśyā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāryādhikārika(ryādh-) mfn. relating to the chapter on wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskaran. a kind of breach (made by thieves in a wall) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhasmālābukan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') a gourd or vessel for preserving ashes
bhastrāf. a leathern bottle or vessel (used for carrying or holding water) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhastrāf. a bellows or a large hide with valves and a clay nozzle so used View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhedanam. Rumex Vesicarius View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhedinm. Rumex Vesicarius View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmam. Rumex Vesicarius View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinnabhājana n. a broken pot or vessel, potsherd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinnabhāṇḍan. a broken pot or vessel, potsherd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhogavatmfn. (for 2.See column 3) furnished with windings or curves or rings, ringed, coiled (as a serpent) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhoginmfn. (for 2.See column 3) furnished with windings or curves or rings, curved, ringed (as a serpent) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bholam. the son of a vaiśya- and of a naṭī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhramarakaraṇḍakam. a small box containing bees (which are let out by thieves to extinguish lights in houses) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhramarakīṭam. Vespa Solitaria View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhraṣam. the son of a vaiśya- and a vindakī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhrātṛbhāryāf. plural the wives of brothers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛṅgāran. cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛtamfn. hired, paid (as a servant) etc. (bhakta-venayor bhṛtaḥ-,"one who receives board and wages"; see kṣīra-bh-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūdharaguhāntaratasind. from within the caves of the mountains View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhujagam. (fr. bhuja-+ ga-) "going in curves", a snake, serpent, serpent-demon (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) etc. ( bhujagatva -tva- n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhujyumfn. a pot, vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmijīvinm. "living by the soil", a vaiśya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmikapāla(bh/ūmi--) mfn. having the earth for a vessel or receptacle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmispṛśm. a vaiśya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūspṛśm. a vaiśya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtacintāf. Investigation into the elements View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bidalasaṃhitamfn. composed or made up of halves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bījakośam. = f(ī-). a seed-vessel (especially of the lotus) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bījamātṛkāf. the seed-vessel of the lotus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilaśāyinm. any animal that lives in holes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilavāsam. an animal that lives in holes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilavāsinm. an animal that lives in holes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilavatn. a hollow vessel, (Scholiast or Commentator). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilvam. (in later language also vilva-) Aegle Marmelos, the wood-apple tree (commonly called Bel;its delicious fruit when unripe is used medicinally;its leaves, are employed in the ceremonial of the worship of śiva-; see ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bilvapattramayamf(ī-)n. made or consisting of bilva- leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
boddhṛm. one who perceives or comprehends View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmain compound for brahman-. - Observe that in the following derivatives the Nominal verb n. (brahma-) is used for the impersonal Spirit and the Nominal verb m. (brahmā-) for the personal god. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmacārinm. a woman who observes the vow of chastity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmajanmann. "spiritual birth", investiture with the sacred thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmamīmāṃsāf. "investigation into brahma- or the spiritual doctrine of the veda-", Name of the vedānta- philosophy treating of the one self-existent Spirit (see -sūtra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmaṇan. the soma- vessel of the brahman- priest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmaṇaśramaṇanyāyātind. according to the phrase "a brāhmaṇa- śramaṇa-"(which involves a contradiction as it expresses a brāhmaṇa- Buddhist; see śramaṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmāṇḍabhāṇḍodaran. the interior of the vessel-like egg of brahmā-
brahmasūtrinmfn. invested with the Brahmanical cord View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmavaivarta n. "metamorphoses of brahmā-"(who is identified with kṛṣṇa-), Name of a purāṇa- (one of the most modern of the 18, containing prayers and invocations addressed to kṛṣṇa- with narratives about his loves for the gopī-s and rādhā- etc.) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmavaivartakan. "metamorphoses of brahmā-"(who is identified with kṛṣṇa-), Name of a purāṇa- (one of the most modern of the 18, containing prayers and invocations addressed to kṛṣṇa- with narratives about his loves for the gopī-s and rādhā- etc.) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhadguha m. ("having large caves") Name of a people (dwelling in a country lying behind the vindhya- mountains near Malwa, and perhaps comprising Bandelkhand) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhadratham. a sacrificial vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatikam. (fr. ti-datta-) familiar diminutives on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatilam. (fr. ti-datta-) familiar diminutives on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatiya m. (fr. ti-datta-) familiar diminutives on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatpalāśamf(ā-)n. having great leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatpattram. "having large leaves", Symplocos Racemosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caind. and, both, also, moreover, as well as (= , Latin que,placed like these particles as an enclitic after the word which it connects with what precedes;when used with a personal pronoun this must appear in its fuller accented form(exempli gratia, 'for example' t/ava ca m/ama ca-[not te ca me ca-],"both of thee and me") , when used after verbs the first of them is accented ;it connects whole sentences as well as parts of sentences;in the double ca-occurs more frequently than the single(exempli gratia, 'for example' ah/aṃ ca tv/aṃ ca-,"I and thou", );the double ca-may also be used somewhat redundantly in class. Sanskrit(exempli gratia, 'for example' kva hariṇakānāṃ jīvitaṃ cātilolaṃ kva ca vajra-sārāḥ śarās te-,"where is the frail existence, of fawns and where are thy adamantine arrows?");in later literature, however, the first ca-is more usually omitted(exempli gratia, 'for example' ahaṃ tvaṃ ca-),and when more than two things are enumerated only one ca-is often found(exempli gratia, 'for example' tejasā yaśasā lakṣmyā sthityā ca parayā-,"in glory, in fame, in beauty, and in high position");elsewhere, when more than two things are enumerated, ca-is placed after some and omitted after others(exempli gratia, 'for example' ṛṇa-dātā ca vaidyaś ca śrotriyo nadī-,"the payer of a debt and a physician [and] a Brahman [and] a river");in Vedic or Veda and even in class. Sanskrit[ ] , when the double ca-would generally be used, the second may occasionally be omitted(exempli gratia, 'for example' indraś ca soma-,"both indra- [and thou] soma-"; durbhedyaś cāśusaṃdheyaḥ-,"both difficult to be divided [and] quickly united");with lexicographers ca-may imply a reference to certain other words which are not expressed(exempli gratia, 'for example' kamaṇḍalau ca karakaḥ-,"the word karaka-has the meaning "pitcher"and other meanings");sometimes ca-is equals eva-,even, indeed, certainly, just(exempli gratia, 'for example' su-cintitaṃ cauṣadhaṃ na nāma-mātreṇa karoty arogam-,"even a well-devised remedy does not cure a disease by its mere name"; yāvanta eva te tāvāṃśca saḥ-,"as great as they [were] just so great was he");occasionally ca-is disjunctive,"but","on the contrary","on the other hand","yet","nevertheless"(varam ādyau na cāntimaḥ-,"better the two first but not the last"; śāntam idam āśrama-padaṃ sphurati ca bāhuḥ-,"this hermitage is tranquil yet my arm throbs"); ca-ca-,though-yet ; ca-na ca-,though - yet not ; ca-- na tu-(varia lectio nanu-) idem or 'm. the letter or sound ca-.', ; na ca-- ca-,though not - yet ; ca-may be used for -,"either","or"(exempli gratia, 'for example' iha cāmutra vā-,"either here or hereafter"; strī vā pumān vā yac cānyat sattvam-,"either a woman or a man or any other being") , and when a negative particle is joined with ca-the two may then be translated by"neither","nor";occasionally one ca-or one na-is omitted(exempli gratia, 'for example' na ca paribhoktuṃ naiva śaknomi hātum-,"I am able neither to enjoy nor to abandon"; na pūrvāhṇe nā ca parāhṇe-,"neither in the forenoon nor in the afternoon"); ca-ca-may express immediate connection between two acts or their simultaneous occurrence(exempli gratia, 'for example' mama ca muktaṃ tamasā mano manasijena dhanuṣi śaraś ca niveśitaḥ-,"no sooner is my mind freed from darkness than a shaft is fixed on his bow by the heart-born god", ); ca-is sometimes equals ced-,"if"(confer, compare ;the verb is accented) ; ca-may be used as an expletive(exempli gratia, 'for example' anyaiś ca kratubhiś ca-,"and with other sacrifices"); ca-is often joined to an adverb like eva-, api-, tathā-, tathaiva-,etc., either with or without a negative particle(exempli gratia, 'for example' vairiṇaṃ nopaseveta sahāyaṃ caiva vairiṇaḥ-,"one ought not to serve either an enemy or the ally of an enemy");(See eva-, api-,etc.) For the meaning of ca-after an interrogativeSee 2. k/a-,2. kath/ā-, k/im-, kv/a-); ([ confer, compare , Latin que,pe(innempeetc.); Gothic uh; Zend ca; Old Persian ca1.])
cakracaram. "circle-goer", one who goes by turns (to the houses of Brahmans, kṣatriya-s and vaiśya-s, scilicet for alms), (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cākrikam. a secretly born son of a śūdra- and a vaiśyā-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
calormimfn. having agitated waves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camasam. (n. gaRa ardharcādi-;f(ī-). ;fr. cam-) a vessel used at sacrifices for drinking the soma-, kind of flat dish or cup or ladle (generally of a square shape, made of wood and furnished with a handle) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camasādhvaryum. the priest who manages the drinking-vessels etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camūf. (Ved. locative case m/ū- six times;once mv/i-, ; Nominal verb dual number mv/ā-,iii, 55, 20; genitive case locative case mv/os-; Nominal verb plural mv/as-,viii, 2, 8; locative case plural m/ūṣu-) a vessel or part (two or more in number) of the reservoir into which the soma- is poured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camūṣadmfn. lying on the camū- vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
canaind. (ca n/a- ) and not, also not, even not, not even (this particle is placed after the word to which it gives force;a preceding verb is accentuated[ ];in Vedic language it is generally, but not always, found without any other negative particle, whereas in the later language another negative is usually added exempli gratia, 'for example' /āpaś can/apr/a minanti vrat/aṃ vāṃ-,"not even the waters violate your ordinance" ; n/āha vivyāca pṛthiv/ī can/āinaṃ-,"the earth even does not contain him", iii, 36, 4;in class. Sanskrit it is only used after the interrogatives k/a-, katar/a-, katam/a-, katham-, k/ad-, kad/ā-, kim-, k/utas-, kva-,making them indefinite) etc. also View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṇakāmlavārn. acid water drops on cicer leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candanapuṣpan. cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candanapuṣpakan. cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāndrabhāgim. (fr. candra-bhāga-) a patronymic of agni-veśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candradāram. plural "moon-wives", the 27 lunar mansions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candramaulif. a particular blood-vessel in the vulva View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candramukhīf. a particular blood-vessel in the vulva View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
capyan. a kind of sacrificial vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carakam. Name of a muni- and physician (the Serpent-king śeṣa-, who was the recipient of the āyur-veda-;once on visiting the earth and finding it full of sickness he became moved with pity and determined to become incarnate as the son of a muni- for alleviating disease;he was called caraka- because he had visited the earth as a kind of spy or cara-;he then composed a new book on medicine, based on older works of agni-veśa- and other pupils of ātreya- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāraṇadāram. plural wandering actors' wives, female dancers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carcitamfn. investigated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carum. (gaRa bhīmādi-) a kind of vessel (in which a particular oblation is prepared), saucepan, pot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cārupattramayamfn. made of beautiful leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carusthālīf. the vessel in which the caru- oblation is prepared (made either of clay or udumbara-wood ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāryam. the son of an outcaste vaiśya- (varia lectio for ac- or ācārya-), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṭakam. plural "sparrows", a nickname of vaiśampāyana-'s school (varia lectio for caraka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṭukaa wooden vessel for taking up any fluid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāturmāsyan. plural Name of the 3 sacrifices performed at the beginning of the 3 seasons of 4 months (viz. vaiśvadev/am-, varuṇa-praghās/āḥ-, sākam-edh/āḥ-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuṣkan. equals -veśman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
catuṣkikāf. equals ṣka-veśman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caurasyakulan. a gang of thieves , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caurībhūtamfn. set on by thieves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cāyitṛmfn. one who observes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chadinmfn. "having leaves" See daśa-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chinnapattrīf. "having divided leaves", Hibiscus cannabinus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ci Ved. cl.3. (ciketi-,fr. ki- ; imperative ciketu- ; subjunctive A1. c/iketa-; imperfect tense aciket- ; Aorist 2. plural A1. /acidhvam- ;3. sg. acait-; cikayām akaḥ-[fr.4. cit- ], ) to observe, perceive (with accusative or genitive case) ; to fix the gaze upon, be intent upon ; to seek for : Class. cl.5. cinoti- (parasmE-pada nvat-, A1. nvāna-) to seek for, investigate, search through, make inquiries (confer, compare 1. ci-) : Intensive cekite- See 4. cit-; ([ confer, compare Latin scio.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ciñcāmla(m-) n. Rumex vesicatorius (or equals sāra- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cintanīyamfn. to be thought of or investigated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cintitamfn. found out, investigated (su--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cīrṇaparṇam. Phoenix sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
culukam. a small vessel (gallipot, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadhidhānīf. a vessel for holding d/adhi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dadhigrahapātran. the vessel used for taking up d/adhi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣam. Name of one of the prajā-pati-s ( etc. ;born from brahmā-'s right thumb etc.;or from a-ja-,"the unborn";or son of pra-cetas- or of the of 10 pra-cetasa-s, whence called prācetasa- ;father of 24 daughters by pra-sūti- etc.;of 50 [or 60 ;or 44 ] daughters of whom 27 become the Moon's wives, forming the lunar asterisms, and 13 [or 17 ;or 8 ]those of kaśyapa-, becoming by this latter the mothers of gods, demons, men, and animals, while 10 are married to dharma- etc.;celebrating a great sacrifice [hence dakṣa sy/ayana-,"Name of a sacrifice" ] to obtain a son, he omitted, with the disapproval of dadhīca-,to invite śiva-, who ordered vīra-bhadra- to spoil the sacrifice [identified with viṣṇu-] ,= ;named among the viśve-devā-s ; . [ ] etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣajāf. plural the Moon's wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣasutaf. plural the Moon's wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dākṣāyaṇīf. Name of any daughter of dakṣa- (aditi-, diti-, kadrū- etc.) etc. (plural the 27 lunar mansions considered as daughters of dakṣa- and wives of the Moon, among whom rohiṇī- is the favourite ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāmanīf. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also nīka-) a long rope to which calves are tied by means of shorter ropes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dānavajram. "whose weapon is liberality"(said of vaiśya-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍam. (= -v, hence cognate with d/āru-and dṝ-) (n.[ see ikṣu--] gaRa ardharcādi-) a stick, staff, rod, pole, cudgel, club etc. (staff given at investiture with the sacred thread etc.;"penis [with vaitas/a-]", ;"trunk"See śuṇḍā--;"arm"or"leg"See dor--, bāhu--;"tusk"See daṃṣṭrā--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍapradānan. donation of a staff (at investiture with the thread) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dantalekhakam. one who lives by painting the teeth on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāram. plural (probably not connected with s. dāra-and dṝ-,but see Va1rtt. 4) a wife (wives) etc. (ān- kṛ-or pra-kṛ-,take to wife, marry ; see kṛta--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dardaram. "having caves", a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
darībhṛtm. "having caves", a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
darīmatmfn. abounding with caves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dārinm. "having a wife or wives", a husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dārupātran. a wooden vessel, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsabhārya sg. servants and wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsamithunan. a couple of slaves, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsavargam. the whole collection of slaves or servants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśerakam. see agniveśa-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsīdāsan. sg. (gaRa gavāśvādi-) female and male slaves, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsīmāṇavakam. female slaves and boys gaRa gavāśvādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāsīsabhan. a company of female slaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dātṛm. one who gives a daughter (genitive case) in marriage (see kanyā--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dātṛm. a father or brother who gives a daughter or sister in marriage ; ; View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dattam. a short form ([ ]) of names so terminating (yajña--, deva--, jaya-etc.) which chiefly are given to vaiśya- men,
dattātmanmfn. (with putra-,a son deserted by his parents) who gives himself (For adoption as a child) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dattātreyam. Name of a sage (son of atri- by anasūyā- who favoured arjuna- kārtavīrya-). (brahmā-, viṣṇu-, and śiva- propitiated by his penance became in portions of themselves severally his sons soma-, datta-, and dur-vāsas-;hence worshipped as representing the Triad) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dayormimfn. having compassion for (its) waves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devadattam. of a son of uru-śravas- and father of agni-veśya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devakusuman. "divine flower", cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devapuṣpan. "divine flower", cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devarakṣitāf. of a daughter of devaka- and one of the wives of vasu-deva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devatīrthasvāminm. the ascetic Name of viśveśvara-datta-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhamanif. (also -) a pipe or tube, (especially) a canal of the human body, any tubular vessel, as a vein, nerve etc. etc. (24 tubular vessels starting from the heart or from the navel are supposed to carry the raca-or chyle through the body) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāmanīf. any tubular vessel of the body (equals dhamani-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanurguṇāf. Sanseviera Zeylanica (from the leaves of which a tough thread is extracted of which bow-strings were made) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanyam. of the vaiśya-s in krauñca-dvīpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhānyapātran. a vessel for corn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharam. a vein or tubular vessel of the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharam. Name of one of the wives of kaśyapa- (mother of the land and water-birds, prob. = the Earth) (varia lectio irā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhārakam. a receptacle or vessel for anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāraṇapātran. a kind of vessel or receptacle
dharaṇīf. a vein or tubular vessel of the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhāraṇīf. any tubular vessel of the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhārinm. plural a collect. Name of the 74 wives of the gods View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmabhikṣukam. a mendicant from virtuous motives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmadroṇam. or n. "law-vessel", Name of the law-books of and on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmaghaṭam. a jar of fragrant water offered daily in the month vaiśākha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmajīvanam. a Brahman who lives according to rule View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmavaitaṃsikam. "merit-catcher", one who gives away money unlawfully acquired in the hope of acquiring merit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmavivecanan. judicial investigation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhātran. receptacle, vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhenuf. any offering or present to Brahmans instead or in the shape of a cow (mostly in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' [ see ghṛta--, jala--, tila--etc.] , where it also forms diminutives; see asi--, khaḍga--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhiṣaṇāf. a sort of soma--vessel, a cup, goblet, bowl figuratively the soma- juice itself and its effects (dual number the two bowls or worlds id est heaven and earth; plural heaven, earth and the intermediate atmosphere ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhrājam. one who glides or moves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛṣṭamfn. profligate, abandoned (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' it gives a bad sense to the first member of the compound ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhruvasthālīf. the vessel for the graha- called dhruva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ḍhuṇḍhanan. searching, investigating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūpam. ig. plural (fr. dhū-as puṣpa-fr. puṣ-, stūpa-fr. stu-) incense, perfume, aromatic vapour or smoke proceeding from gum or resin, the gum and resin themselves etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhūpapātran. a vessel for incense, a perfume box View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣāf. preparation or consecration for a religious ceremony, undertaking religious observances for a particular purpose and the observances themselves etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīpadamfn. one who gives a lamp View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divyan. oath, solemn promise cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divyagandhan. cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dohyan. an animal that gives milk (see duhya-. duḥkha-dohya-, sukha-dohā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
doṣam. alteration, affection, morbid element, disease (especially of the 3 humours of the body, viz. pitta-, vāyu-,and śleṣman-,1[ see tridoṣa-and dhātu-],applied also to the humours themselves) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
draṣṭavyamfn. to be examined or investigated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dravādhāram. "fluid-holder", a small vessel or receiver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛḍhakaṇṭakāf. Phoenix Sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
droṇan. (fr. 4. dru-) a wooden vessel, bucket, trough etc.; a soma- vessel ([ confer, compare Zend draona]) etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
droṇakalaśam. a large wooden vessel for the soma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
droṇīf. any vessel or implement made of wood, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drupadan. a wooden pillar, a post (to which captives are tied), any pillar or column View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
druvayam. a wooden vessel or dish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dugdhapācanan. a vessel for boiling milk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duḥkhapātran. a vessel or receptacle (= object) for sorrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durantadevam. the god who removes difficulties (gaṇeśa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durāruhāf. Phoenix Sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durgāvarodham. investing or besieging a fortress View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dūrśan. a kind of woven cloth or vesture (see dūśya-,2. dūṣya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṣparīkṣyamfn. difficult to be investigated or examined View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duṣpradharṣāf. Alhagi Maurorum or Phoenix Sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvibhāryam. having 2 wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvidaṇḍinm. "carrying 2 staves", a kind of mendicant () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvijam. a man of any one of the first 3 classes, any Aryan, (especially) a Brahman (re-born through investiture with the sacred thread see upa-nayana-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvijānimfn. having 2 wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvikarmakamfn. having 2 objects or accusatives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvinārāśaṃsamf(ī-)n. twice furnished with the vessels called nārāśaṃsa-} View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvipatnīkam. having 2 wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvipātran. sg. a couple of vessels View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvisraktin. a vessel so shaped for making libations to the aśvin-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvyāyuṣan. a double life, 2 lives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dyūtasamāhvayaprakaraṇan. "a treatise on the law-suits arising from gambling", Name of chapter of viśveśvara-'s su-bodhinī-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekadhanan. (/eka-dhana-),"put down in an odd number", Name of particular water-vessels by means of which water is taken up at certain sacrificial observances etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekadhanaf. plural (scilicet āpas-) the water taken up by means of those vessels etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekadhaninmfn. carrying the above water-vessels View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekapātramfn. being in one and the same vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekaśarīrinmfn. standing alone, id est having no relatives, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekatomukha(a vessel) having a spout only on one side, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
eṣitṛmfn. one who seeks or strives after, desiring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
evamind. (fr. pronominal base e- ;probably connected with 1. ev/a-), thus, in this way, in such a manner, such, (it is not found in the oldest hymns of the veda-, where its place is taken by 1. ev/a-,but occurs in later hymns ind. in the brāhmaṇa-s, especially in connection with vid-,"to know", and its derivatives[ exempli gratia, 'for example' ya evaṃ veda-,he who knows so; see evaṃ-v/id-, column 3];in classical Sanskrit evam-occurs very frequently, especially in connection with the roots vac-,"to speak", and śru-,"to hear", and refers to what precedes as well as to what follows[ exempli gratia, 'for example' evam uktvā-,having so said; evam evaitat-,this is so; evam astu-or evam bhavatu-,be it so, I assent; asty evam-,it is so; yady evam-,if this be so; kim evam-,how so? what is the meaning of it? what does this refer to? maivam-,not so! evam-- yathā-or yathā-- evam-,so - as]) etc.
gabhīramf(-)n. not to be penetrated or investigated or explored, inscrutable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaḍḍukam. a vessel used for boiled rice, bhagavatī- Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gālif. plural reviling speech, invectives, execrations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāloḍaya P. ḍayati- equals ḍitam ācaṣṭe- : A1. ḍayate-, to examine, investigate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāloḍitan. examination, investigation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
galvarkam. a small crystalline vessel for drinking spirituous liquor, (in Prakritgallakka ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandharvam. a gandharva- [though in later times the gandharva-s are regarded as a class, yet in rarely more than one is mentioned;he is designated as the heavenly gandharva-(divy/a g- ),and is also called viśvā-vasu-()and vāyu-keśa- (in plural );his habitation is the sky, or the region of the air and the heavenly waters( );his especial duty is to guard the heavenly soma-() , which the gods obtain through his intervention( ; see );it is obtained for the human race by indra-, who conquers the gandharva- and takes it by force();the heavenly gandharva- is supposed to be a good physician, because the soma- is considered as the best medicine;possibly, however, the word soma- originally denoted not the beverage so called, but the moon, and the heavenly gandharva- may have been the genius or tutelary deity of the moon;in one passage() the heavenly gandharva- and the soma- are identified;he is also regarded as one of the genii who regulate the course of the Sun's horses (; see );he knows and makes known the secrets of heaven and divine truths generally ( );he is the parent of the first pair of human beings, yama- and yamī-() , and has a peculiar mystical power over women and a right to possess them();for this reason he is invoked in marriage ceremonies();ecstatic states of mind and possession by evil spirits are supposed to be derived from the heavenly gandharva-(see -gṛhīta-, -graha-);the gandharva-s as a class have the same characteristic features as the one gandharva-;they live in the sky( ) , guard the soma-( ),are governed by varuṇa- (just as the āpsarasa-s are governed by soma-) ,know the best medicines( ),regulate the course of the asterisms( ;hence twenty-seven are mentioned ),follow after women and are desirous of intercourse with them( );as soon as a girl becomes marriageable, she belongs to soma-, the gandharva-s, and agni-( );the wives of the gandharva-s are the āpsarasa-s(see gandharvāpsar/as-),and like them the gandharva-s are invoked in gambling with dice();they are also feared as evil beings together with the rākṣasa-s, kimīdin-s, piśāca-s, etc., amulets being worn as a protection against them( );they are said to have revealed the veda-s to vāc-(; see ),and are called the preceptors of the ṛṣi-s(); purūravas- is called among them();in epic poetry the gandharva-s are the celestial musicians or heavenly singers(see )who form the orchestra at the banquets of the gods, and they belong together with the āpsarasa-s to indra-'s heaven, sharing also in his battles( etc.; see );in the more systematic mythology the gandharva-s constitute one of the classes into which the higher creation is divided(id est gods, manes, gandharva-s ;or gods, asura-s, gandharva-s, men ; see ;or gods, men, gandharva-s, āpsarasa-s, sarpa-s, and manes ;for other enumerations see [ ] etc.);divine and human gandharva-s are distinguished(;the divine or deva-gandharva-s are enumerated );another passage names 11 classes of gandharva-s();the chief or leader of the gandharva-s is named citra-ratha-();they are called the creatures of prajāpati-() or of brahmā-() or of kaśyapa- () or of the muni-s( ) or of prādhā-() or of ariṣṭā-( )or of vāc-();with jaina-s the gandharva-s constitute one of the eight classes of the vyantara-s] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandharvahastam. " gandharva--handed (the form of the leaves resembling that of a hand)", the castor-oil tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandharvavivāham. "the form of marriage peculiar to the gandharva-s", a marriage proceeding entirely from love without ceremonies and without consulting relatives (allowed between persons of the second or military class) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇeśam. (equals ṇa-nātha-) Name of the god of wisdom and of obstacles (son of śiva- and pārvatī-, or according to one legend of pārvatī- alone;though gaṇeśa- causes obstacles he also removes them;hence he is invoked at the commencement of all undertakings and at the opening of all compositions with the words namo gaṇeśāya vighneśvarāya-;he is represented as a short fat man with a protuberant belly, frequently riding on a rat or attended by one, and to denote his sagacity has the head of an elephant, which however has only one tusk;the appellation gaṇeśa-, with other similar compounds, alludes to his office as chief of the various classes of subordinate gods, who are regarded as śiva-'s attendants; see ;he is said to have written down the as dictated by vyāsa- ;persons possessed, by gaṇeśa- are referred to ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṅgāf. ( gam- ) "swift-goer", the river Ganges (personified and considered as the eldest daughter of himavat- and menā- ;as the wife of śāntanu- and mother of bhīṣma- ;or as one of the wives of dharma- ;there is also a gaṅgā- in the sky[ ākāśa--or vyoma-g-,qq. vv.; see khāpagā-, gaganāpagā-etc.] and one below the earth ; bhagī-ratha- is said to have conducted the heavenly gaṅgā- down to the earth, )
gaṅgāsaptamīthe 7th day in the light half of month vaiśākha-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gañjāf. a drinking-vessel (especially one for intoxicating liquors) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gantṛmfn. one who or anything that goes or moves, going, coming, approaching, arriving at (accusative or locative case or[ ] dative case) etc. (f(trī-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gatif. (in gram.) a term for prepositions and some other adverbial prefixes (such as alam-etc.) when immediately connected with the tenses of a verb or with verbal derivatives (see karmapravacanīya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gautamanyagrodham. " gautama-'s nyagrodha-"Name of a fig-tree near vaiśālī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaviputram. "cow-son", Name of vaiśravaṇa-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghaṇṭāmaṇḍapam. "bell-vestibule", Name of one of the 3 vestibules in the Tinnevelly śaiva- temple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gharmam. a cauldron, boiler, especially the vessel in which the milk-offering to the aśvin-s is boiled View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gharmyan. a vessel in which the gharma- offering is prepared View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghaṭṭajīvinm. "living on a landing-place", a ferryman (commonly Patuni, son of a washerman by a vaiśya- woman;"an attendant at a landing-place, taking care of the clothes of the bathers etc." ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtapātrastanavatīf. (a cow) whose nipples are represented by vessels filled with ghee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtodaṅkam. a leather vessel for holding ghee View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
girikarṇikāf. "having mountains for seed-vessels", the earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gīrvāṇakusuman. "flower of the gods", cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gītagovindan. " govinda- (id est kṛṣṇa-) celebrated in song", Name of a lyrical drama by jayadeva- (probably written in the beginning of the twelfth century;it is a mystical erotic poem describing the loves of kṛṣṇa- and the gopī-s, especially of kṛṣṇa- and rādhā-, who is supposed to typify the human soul). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
glaum. plural (āvas-) lumps or parts of flesh of the sacrificial victim (certain arteries or vessels of the heart Scholiast or Commentator) = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gleṣ cl.1 A1. ṣate-, to seek, investigate, (varia lectio) (see geṣ-, gav-eṣ-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gluñc cl.1 P. cati- (Aorist aglucat-,or agluñcīt-, ;in derivatives k-for c-,vii, 3, 59 ), to go, move (see gluc-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gocarmann. a particular measure of surface (a place large enough for the range of 100 cows, one bull, and their calves ;or a place ten times as large ;a place 300 feet long by 10 broad ;or a place 30 daṇḍa-s long by 1 daṇḍa- and 7 hasta-s broad, [ ];it is also defined as an extent of land sufficient to support a man for a year ;originally probably a piece of land large enough to be encompassed by straps of leather from a cow's hide see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gojīf. Name of a plant with sharp leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gokulikamfn. one who gives help (or gives no help ) to a cow in the mud View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gomukham. a hole in a wall of a peculiar shape made by thieves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
goṇikāputram. Name of the author of a work on the relations towards the wives of others View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopāf. Name of one of the wives of śākya-muni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopāṣṭamīf. the 8th day in the light half of month kārttika- (on which kṛṣṇa- who had formerly been a keeper of calves became a cowherd;cows are especially to be worshipped on this day) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gopilamfn. (gaRa sakhy-ādi- varia lectio) one who preserves or protects View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
goptṛmf(tr/ī- )n. (gaRa yājakādi- ) one who preserves or protects or defends or cherishes (superl. g/opiṣṭha-. ) etc. (n(ptṛ-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gorakṣakamfn. tending or keeping or breeding cattle (one of the vṛtti-s of a vaiśya- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
goṣṭham. ap/āṃ g-, a water-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gotran. (in grammar) the grandson and his descendants if no older offspring of the same ancestor than this grandson lives (if the son lives the grandson is called yuvan-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grah ([ in a few passages only etc.]) or grabh- ([ ;rarely ]) cl.9 P. gṛbhṇāti- gṛhṇ/āti- (also A1. gṛhṇīte-,irreg. gṛhṇate- ;3. plural gṛbhṇate- ; imperative 2. sg. gṛhāṇ/a-,[ ṇ/ā-, saṃhitā-pāṭha-, parasmE-pada Passive voice Nominal verb plural n. ] etc.; gṛbhṇān/a-& gṛhṇ-[Ved.]; gṛhṇa- ; -gṛhṇāhi-, -gṛbhṇīhi-See prati-grabh-; A1. gṛbhṇīṣva-[ ] or gṛhṇ-;3. sg. P. gṛhṇītāt-;Ved. imperative gṛbhāy/a-etc.See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ya- confer, compare gṛhaya-; perf. jagrāha- etc.;1. sg. gr/abhā- ; gṛbhm/a- ; A1. gṛhe-, ;3. plural gṛbhr/e-& gṛbhrir/e- ; P. Potential gṛbhyāt-, ; parasmE-pada gṛbhv/as-, ; future 2nd grahīṣyati-, te- etc.[ confer, compare ];sometimes wrongly spelt gṛh- ; grahiṣy- ; Conditional agrahaiṣyat- ; future 1st grahītā- ; Aorist agrabham- ; bhīt- etc.; hīt-[ ] etc.; -/ajagrabhīt-etc.See saṃ-grah-; subjunctive 2. plural grabhīṣṭa- ; A1. agrahīṣṭa- ; aghṛkṣata- [not in ];Ved. 3. plural agṛbhran-[ ] and agṛbhīṣata-; ind.p. gṛbhītv/ā- ; gṛhītv/ā-, ; grahāya- ; infinitive mood grahītum-[ etc.; confer, compare ;wrongly spelt gṛh- ]; Passive voice gṛhyate-[ future 1st grahītā-or grāhitā- future 2nd grahīṣyate-or grāhiṣy- Aorist agrāhi-,3. dual number agrahīṣātām-or agrāhiṣ- ];Ved. subjunctive 3. plural gṛhyāntai- on ;Ved. Passive voice 3. sg. gṛhate-[ ]or gṛhe-[ ] or gṛhaye-[ ; confer, compare gṛhaya-]; subjunctive 1. plural gṛhāmahi- ; Potential gṛhīta- ) to seize, take (by the hand, pāṇau-or kare-,exceptionally pāṇim-(double accusative) ; confer, compare ), grasp, lay hold of (exempli gratia, 'for example' pakṣaṃ-,to take a side, adopt a party ; pāṇim-,"to take by the hand in the marriage ceremony", marry etc.) etc. ; to arrest, stop ; to catch, take captive, take prisoner, capture, imprison etc. ; to take possession of, gain over, captivate ; to seize, overpower (especially said of diseases and demons and the punishments of varuṇa-) etc. ; to eclipse ; to abstract, take away (by robbery) ; to lay the hand on, claim ; to gain, win, obtain, receive, accept (from ablative,rarely genitive case), keep etc. (with double accusative ) ; to acquire by purchase (with instrumental case of the price) etc. ; to choose ; to choose any one (accusative) as a wife ; to take up (a fluid with any small vessel), draw water ; to pluck, pick, gather ; to collect a store of anything ; to use, put on (clothes) i etc. ; to assume (a shape) ; to place upon (instrumental case or locative case) ; to include ; to take on one's self, undertake, undergo, begin etc. ; to receive hospitably (a guest), take back (a divorced wife) ; "to take into the mouth", mention, name etc. ; to perceive (with the organs of sense or with m/anas-), observe, recognise etc. ; (in astronomy) to observe ; to receive into the mind, apprehend, understand, learn ; (in astronomy) to calculate ; to accept, admit, approve ; to obey, follow ; to take for, consider as etc. ; (Passive voice) to be meant by (instrumental case) and Scholiast or Commentator : Causal grāhayati-, to cause to take or seize or lay hold of ; to cause to take (by the hand[ pāṇim-]in the marriage ceremony) ; to cause to marry, give away a girl (accusative) in marriage to any one (accusative) ; to cause any one to be captured ; to cause any one to be seized or overpowered (as by varuṇa-'s punishments or death etc.) ; to cause to be taken away ; to make any one take, deliver anything (accusative) over to any one (accusative; exempli gratia, 'for example' āsanam-with accusative"to cause to take a seat, bid any one to sit down") ; to make any one choose (Aorist ajigrahat-) ; to make any one learn, make acquainted or familiar with (accusative) etc.: Desiderative jighṛkṣati- (confer, compare ), also te-, to be about to seize or take ; to be about to eclipse ; to be about to take away ; to desire to perceive (with the organs of sense), strive to apprehend or recognise : Intensive jarīgṛhyate- ; ([ confer, compare Zend gerep,geurv; Gothic greipa; German greife; Lithuanian gre1bju; Slavonic or Slavonian grablju1; Hibernian or Irish grabaim,"I devour, stop."])
graham. any ladle or vessel employed for taking up a portion of fluid (especially of soma-) out of a larger vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
graham. as much as can be taken with a ladle or spoon out of a larger vessel, ladleful, spoonful (especially of soma-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grāhakamf(ikā-)n. one who receives or accepts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grahaṇīharan. "removing dysentery", cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grahītṛmfn. one who receives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
grahītṛmfn. one who perceives or observes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
granthim. a complaint, (knotting id est) swelling and hardening of the vessels (as in varicocele) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhastham. a householder, Brahman in the 2nd period of his religious life (performing the duties of the master of a house and father of a family after having finished his studies and after investiture with the sacred thread; see pp. 138; 150; 362 & 386) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhum. one who receives alms, beggar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gruc (= gluc-) cl.1 P. grocati- (Aorist agrucat-,or agrocīt- ;in derivatives k-for c-, ) to steal ; to go View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gucchapattram. "having bunches of leaves", the palm tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guhyadīpakam. a flying insect which gives out light, fire-fly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guhyapattram. "having concealed leaves or blossoms", Ficus religiosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇadoṣaparīkṣaṇan. test or investigation of merits and defects View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇḍakam. an oil vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guṇībhūtamfn. invested with attributes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guptam. ( ) Name of several men belonging to the vaiśya- caste (; see p.358) , especially of the founder of the renowned gupta- dynasty in which the names of the sovereigns generally end in gupta- (see candra--, samudra--, skanda--; gupta-is also often found in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' in names of the vaiśya- class) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurum. a spiritual parent or preceptor (from whom a youth receives the initiatory mantra- or prayer, who instructs him in the śāstra-s and conducts the necessary ceremonies up to that of investiture which is performed by the ācārya- ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haind. (prob. originally identical with 2. gha-,and used as a particle for emphasizing a preceding word, especially if it begins a sentence closely connected with another;very frequent in the brāhmaṇa-s and sūtra-s, and often translatable by) indeed, assuredly, verily, of course, then etc. (often with other particles exempli gratia, 'for example' with tv eva-, u-, sma-, vai-etc.; na ha-,"not indeed";also with interrogatives and relatives exempli gratia, 'for example' yad dha-,"when indeed"; kad dha-,"what then?"sometimes with imperfect tense or perfect tense [ see ];in later language very commonly used as a mere expletive, especially at the end of a verse) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haitukyan. causality, causativeness ( ahaitukya a-haitukya- n."absence of interested motives") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haridvāran. " viṣṇu-'s gate", Name of a celebrated town and sacred bathing-place (commonly called Hardvar, where the Ganges finally leaves the mountains for the plains of Hindustan, whence it is sometimes called Gangadvara;it is called " hari-'s gate", as leading to vaikuṇṭha- or viṣṇu-'s heaven) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haritacchadamf(ā-)n. having green leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haritapattramayamf(ī-)n. formed of green leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hasantīf. a portable fire-vessel, small furnace, chafing-dish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hasantikāf. a portable fire-vessel, small fireplace View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
havirnirvapaṇan. (with pātra-) the vessel in which an oblation is offered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haviṣpātan. a vessel for the oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hayapriyāf. Physalis Flexuosa or Phoenix Sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hayaśirasf. of a daughter of vaiśvānara- (also -śirā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
heṣ(prob. connected with1. hi-), to be quick or strong or fiery (in the following derivatives): View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hetūpanyāsam. the assignment of reasons or motives, statement of an argument View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyan. any vessel or ornament made of gold (as"a golden spoon") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyagarbham. (in philosophy) the soul invested with the sūkṣma-śarīra- or subtle body (equals sūtrātman-, prāṇātman-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyapātran. a golden vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hleṣ= hreṣ-, in the following derivatives: View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hlī= hrī-, in the following derivatives: View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hotrācamasam. the ladle or other vessel used by the hotraka-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hotṛcamasam. the ladle or other vessel used by the hotṛ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hrasvapattrakam. "having short leaves", a kind of Bassia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛdayagranthim. "heart-knot", anything which binds the soul or grieves the heart View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
huḍam. a bar or iron rod for keeping out thieves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hutāśaveśam. Name of a medicine authority (equals agni-veśa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍāf. offering, libation (especially a holy libation, offered between the pra-yāga- and anu-yāga-, and consisting of four preparations of milk, poured into a vessel containing water, and then partially drunk by the priest and sacrificers;personified in the cow, the symbol of feeding, and nourishment) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍāf. a tubular vessel (one of the principal channels of the vital spirit, that which is on the right side of the body) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍācamasam. a vessel for the iḍā- oblation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍāpātran. a vessel for the iḍā- oblation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḍāpātrīf. a vessel for the iḍā- oblation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḷāf. offering, libation (especially a holy libation, offered between the pra-yāga- and anu-yāga-, and consisting of four preparations of milk, poured into a vessel containing water, and then partially drunk by the priest and sacrificers;personified in the cow, the symbol of feeding, and nourishment) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iḷāf. a tubular vessel (one of the principal channels of the vital spirit, that which is on the right side of the body) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrapālitam. also of a vaiśya- commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasurasam. a shrub (the leaves of which are used in discutient applications), Vitex Negundo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣkṛtāhāvamfn. one whose soma- vessel is prepared or ready View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
itiind. (fr. pronominal base 3. i-), in this manner, thus (in its original signification /iti-refers to something that has been said or thought, or lays stress on what precedes;in the brāhmaṇa-s it is often equivalent to "as you know", reminding the hearer or reader of certain customs, conditions, etc. supposed to be known to him). In quotations of every kind /iti- means that the preceding words are the very words which some person has or might have spoken, and placed thus at the end of a speech it serves the purpose of inverted commas (/ity uktvā-,having so said; /iti kṛtvā-,having so considered, having so decided) . It may often have reference merely to what is passing in the mind exempli gratia, 'for example' vamantavyo manuṣya /iti bhūmipaḥ&iencoding=&lang=en'>bālo 'pi nāvamantavyo manuṣya /iti bhūmipaḥ-, a king, though a child, is not to be despised, saying to one's self,"he is a mortal", () In dramatic language /iti tathā karoti- means"after these words he acts thus."Sometimes /iti- is used to include under one head a number of separate objects aggregated together (exempli gratia, 'for example' ijyādhyayanadānāni tapaḥ satyaṃ kṣamā damaḥ- alobha /iti mārgo 'yam-,"sacrificing, studying, liberality, penance, truth, patience, self-restraint, absence of desire", this course of conduct, etc.) /iti- is sometimes followed by evam-, iva-, or a demonstrative pronoun pleonastically (exempli gratia, 'for example' tām brūyād bhavatīty evam-,her he may call "lady", thus) . /iti- may form an adverbial compound with the name of an author (exempli gratia, 'for example' /iti-pāṇini-,thus according to pāṇini-). It may also express the act of calling attention (lo! behold!) It may have some other significations exempli gratia, 'for example' something additional (as in /ityādi-,et caetera), order, arrangement specific or distinctive, and identity. It is used by native commentators after quoting a rule to express"according to such a rule" (exempli gratia, 'for example' anudāttaṅita /ity ātmanepadam bhavati-,according to the rule of pāṇini- , the ātmane-pada- takes place) . kim /iti- equals kim-, wherefore, why? (In the śatapatha-brāhmaṇa- ti-occurs for /iti-; see Prakrittiand tti-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jagatn. that which moves or is alive, men and animals, animals as opposed to men, men () etc. (to madhye-,"within everybody's sight") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jahnusaptamīf. the 7th day in the light half of vaiśākha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jālagoṇikāf. a kind of churning-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalakriyāf. presenting water to deceased relatives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalapātran. a vessel for water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jāmadagnyadvādaśīf. the 12th day in the light (?) half of vaiśākha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jambūlan. "jests addressed to the bridegroom by his female relatives", See -mālikā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jambūlamālikāf. " jambūla- garland", jesting compliments addressed to the bridegroom by his female relatives (Scholiast or Commentator;"brightness of countenance in a bride and bridegroom", ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janamejayam. ()"causing men to tremble" , Name of a celebrated king to whom vaiśampāyana- recited the (great-grandson to arjuna-, as being son and, successor to parikṣit- who was the son of arjuna-'s son abhimanyu-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janimatmfn. having a wife or wives (soma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
janitran. plural parents, relatives sg. generative or procreative matter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jāṅmāyanaa kind of water vessel (varia lectio jāgm-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jarāsaṃdham. "(born in halves, but) united by (the rākṣasī-) jarā-", Name of a king of magadha- and cedi- (son of bṛhad-ratha-, father-in-law to kaṃsa-, and enemy of kṛṣṇa-;slain in single combat by bhīma-;identified with the dānava- vipracitti- ) ; View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaraṭhamfn. yellowish (old leaves' colour) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātimātrajīvinmfn. (a Brahman) who lives only by his caste (without sacerdotal acts) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātūkarṇam. (= agni-veśya-) ix, 2, 21 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jijñāsanan. desire of knowing, investigation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jijñāsitamfn. investigated, inquired View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jijñāsitavyamfn. to be investigated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñā cl.9 P.A1. jān/āti-, nit/e- (see ; subjunctive nat-; imperative nītat-,2. sg. nīh/i-,once irregular jña- ;[fr. cl.3.] jijāhi- ;2. plural irregular nata-. ;2. sg. A1. irregular nase- ; parasmE-pada n/at-, nān/a- irregular namāna-[ ]; perfect tense jajñau-, jñe-[ Passive voice ] , 3. plural jñ/ur- ; parasmE-pada jñān/a- ; future jñāsyati-, te-; Aorist ajñāsīt-, sta- Passive voice /ajñāyi-, ; Potential jñāyāt-or jñey- ;2. sg. jñeyas- equals ; infinitive mood jñātum-) to know, have knowledge, become acquainted with (accusative;rarely genitive case ), perceive, apprehend, understand (also with infinitive mood [ ] ) , experience, recognise, ascertain, investigate etc. ; to know as, know or perceive that, regard or consider as (with double accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' tasya māṃ tanayāṃ jānīta-,"know me to be his daughter" ;with mṛṣā-,"to consider as untrue" ) etc. ; to acknowledge, approve, allow ; to recognise as one's own, take possession of ; to visit as a friend ; to remember (with genitive case) ; A1. to engage in (genitive case exempli gratia, 'for example' sarpiṣo-,"to make an oblation with clarified butter") : Causal jñapayati-, to teach any one (accusative) ; jñāp- (Passive voice jñāpyate-) to make known, announce, teach anything and ; to inform any one (genitive case) that (double accusative) ; A1. to request, ask (jñap-) (jñāp-): Desiderative jijñāsate- (; Epic also P.) to wish to know or become acquainted with or learn, investigate, examine etc. ; to wish for information about (accusative) ; to conjecture : Causal Desiderative jijñapayiṣati- (also jñāp- ) and jñīpsati- (see psyamāna-), to wish to make known or inform ; ([ see etc.])
jñānapātran. "knowledge-vessel", a man famous through knowledge, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñātavyamfn. to be known or understood or investigated or inquired after View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñātibhedam. dissension among relatives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jñeyamfn. to be learnt or understood or ascertained or investigated or perceived or inquired about
ka(exempli gratia, 'for example' kiṃ vilambena-,what is gained by delay? kim bahunā-,what is the use of more words? dhanena kiṃ yo na dadāti-,what is the use of wealth to him who does not give? with inst. and genitive case, nīrujaḥ kim auṣadhaiḥ-,what is the use of medicine to the healthy?) ka- is often followed by the particles iva-, u-, nāma-, nu-, -, svid-, some of which serve merely to generalize the interrogation (exempli gratia, 'for example' kim iva etad-,what can this be? ka u śravat-,who can possibly hear? ko nāma jānāti-,who indeed knows? ko nv ayam-,who, pray, is this? kiṃ nu kāryam-,what is to be done? ko vā devād anyaḥ-,who possibly other than a god? kasya svid hṛdayaṃ nāsti-,of what person is there no heart?) ka- is occasionally used alone as an indefinite pronoun, especially in negative sentences (exempli gratia, 'for example' na kasya ko vallabhaḥ-,no one is a favourite of any one; nyo jānāti kaḥ-,no one else knows; kathaṃ sa ghātayati kam-,how does he kill any one?) Generally, however, ka- is only made indefinite when connected with the particles ca-, can/a-, cid-, -,and /api-, in which case ka- may sometimes be preceded by the relative ya- (exempli gratia, 'for example' ye ke ca-,any persons whatsoever; yasyai kasyai ca devatāyai-,to any deity whatsoever; yāni kāni ca mitrāṇi-,any friends whatsoever; yat kiṃca-,whatever) . The particle cana-, being composed of ca-and na-, properly gives a negative force to the pronoun (exempli gratia, 'for example' yasmād indrād ṛte kiṃcana-,without which indra- there is nothing) , but the negative sense is generally dropped (exempli gratia, 'for example' kaścana-,any one; na kaścana-,no one) , and a relative is sometimes connected with it (exempli gratia, 'for example' yat kiṃcana-,anything whatsoever) . Examples of cid- with the interrogative are common View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaa taddhita- affix (much used in forming adjectives;it may also be added to nouns to express diminution, deterioration, or similarity exempli gratia, 'for example' putraka-,a little son; aśvaka-,a bad horse or like a horse). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kabandhamn. (sometimes written k/avandha-) a big barrel or cask, a large-bellied vessel (metaphorically applied to a cloud) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kabandhinmfn. "bearing huge vessels of water or clouds"("endowed with water"), Name of the marut-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kācabhājanan. a vessel of glass or crystal, cup, goblet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kācana n. a string or tape or wrapper which ties or keeps together a parcel or bundle of papers or leaves of a manuscript etc. (see kacela-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kācanakan. a string or tape or wrapper which ties or keeps together a parcel or bundle of papers or leaves of a manuscript etc. (see kacela-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kacapan. a vessel for vegetables View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kacelan. a string or cover containing and keeping together the leaves of a manuscript (see kācana-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaḍatran. a kind of vessel
kadrūf(ūs-). a brown soma--vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaikeyīf. the daughter of a prince of the kekaya-s (one of the wives of daśa-ratha- and mother of bharata- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākākṣin. the eye of a crow (crows are supposed to have but one visual orb which, as occasion requires, moves from the cavity on one side into that on the other) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kakṣyāf. a shrub yielding the black and red berry (that serves as a jeweller's weight), the Retti or guñja-, Abrus Precatorius View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kakubham. a part of the Indian lute called the belly (a wooden vessel covered with leather placed under its neck to render the sound deeper, or a crooked piece of wood at the end of the lute) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālaguptam. Name of a vaiśya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālakam. (gaRa sthūlādi-) Name of a female evil spirit (mother of the kālakeya-s;daughter of dakṣa- ;also of vaiśvānara- & ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālakam. a particular blood-vessel in the ear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalandakam. a particular vessel used by śramaṇa-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālindīf. a sort of vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālindīsūf. (ūs-) "giving birth to kālindī-", Name of one of sūrya-'s wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpam. the most complete of the six vedāṅga-s (that which prescribes the ritual and gives rules for ceremonial or sacrificial acts) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpam. investigation, research commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kamind. a particle placed after the word to which it belongs with an affirmative sense,"yes","well"(but this sense is generally so weak that Indian grammarians are perhaps right in enumerating kam-among the expletives ;it is often found attached to a dative case case, giving to that case a stronger meaning, and is generally placed at the end of the pāda-, exempli gratia, 'for example' /ajījana /oṣadhīr bh/ojanāya k/am-,thou didst create the plants for actual food ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmadevam. Name of viṣṇu- (as the god who creates, preserves, or destroys at will) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kamalam. of a pupil of vaiśampāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kamalapattrākṣamfn. having eyes like leaves of the lotus-flower View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmalim. a descendant of kamala-, Name of a pupil of vaiśampāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kamaṇḍalumn. (in the veda- f(ūs-).according to ) a gourd or vessel made of wood or earth used for water (by ascetics and religious students), a water-jar etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kambum. a vein or tubular vessel of the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṃsamn. ( kam- ), a vessel made of metal, drinking vessel, cup, goblet etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṃsam. Name of a king of mathurā- (son of ugra-sena- and cousin of the devakī- who was mother of kṛṣṇa- [ ugra-sena- being brother of devaka-, who was father of devakī-] ; he is usually called the uncle, but was really a cousin of kṛṣṇa-, and became his implacable enemy because it had been prophesied to kaṃsa- that he would be killed by a child of devakī-; as the foe of the deity he is identified with the asura- kālanemi-; and, as he was ultimately slain by kṛṣṇa-, the latter receives epithets like kaṃsa-jit-,conqueror of kaṃsa-, etc.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṃsakam. a vessel made of metal, goblet, cup View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṃsasthālan. a vessel made of metal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṃsavaṇijm. a brazier or seller of brass vessels. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṃsikāf. a metal vessel (others,"a particular musical instrument"), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṃsyan. a drinking vessel of brass, goblet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṃsyapātrīf. a copper or brazen vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmyamf(ā-)n. optional (opposed to nitya-or indispensable observance), performed through the desire of some object or personal advantage (as a religious ceremony etc.), done from desire of benefit or from interested motives etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmyakarmann. any act or ceremony done from interested or selfish motives. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmyatvan. the state of being done from desire or from interested motives, selfishness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇādam. "atom-eater", N. given to the author of the vaiśeṣika- branch of the nyāya- philosophy (as teaching that the world was formed by an aggregation of atoms;he is also called kāśyapa-, and considered as a devarṣi-;See also ulūka-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇḍapṛṣṭham. "arrow-backed", a Brahman who lives by making arrows and other weapons (see kāṇḍa-spṛṣṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇḍarāf. a principal vessel of the body, a large artery, vein etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kandaravatmfn. containing caves or valleys View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇḍaspṛṣṭam. a Brahman who lives by making weapons (see -pṛṣṭha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kandumf. an oven, or vessel serving for one View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kānīnam. of agniveśya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭakoddharaṇan. removing annoyances, extirpating thieves or rogues or any national and public nuisance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhālam. a churning-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhālāf. a churning-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhīlamf(ī-). a churning-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kanyādātṛm. (a father) who gives a girl in marriage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapāṭasaṃdhim. the junction of the leaves of a door View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kapotapeṭakan. a flight of doves, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karada(1. kara-da-;for 2.See) mfn. one who gives his hand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karakam. (for 2.See column 3) a water-vessel (especially one used by students or ascetics) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karakamn. a cocoa-nut shell hollowed to form a vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karakapātrikāf. a leather vessel for holding water. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karambhabhāgamfn. one who receives gruel for his part View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇam. a man of a mixed class (the son of an outcast kṣatriya- ;or the son of a śūdra- woman by a vaiśya- ;or the son of a vaiśya- woman by a kṣatriya- ;the occupation of this class is writing, accounts etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāraṇaśarīran. "causal body", the original embryo or source of the body existing with the Universal impersonal Spirit and equivalent to a-vidyā- (equivalent also to māyā-, and when investing the impersonal Spirit causing it to become the Personal God or īśvara- ),
kāraṇikamfn. (gaRa kāśy-ādi-) "investigating, ascertaining the cause", a judge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṅkam. a cocoa-nut hollowed to form a cup or vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karapattravatm. Borassus Flabelliformis (the leaves being compared to a saw) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmamārgam. the way of work (a term used by thieves for a breach in walls etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmann. (in grammar) the object (it stands either in the accusative [in active construction], or in the Nominal verb [in passive construction], or in the genitive case [in connection with a noun of action];opposed to kartṛ-the subject) (it is of four kinds, viz. a. nirvartya-,when anything new is produced exempli gratia, 'for example' kaṭaṃ karoti-,"he makes a mat"; putraṃ prasūte-,"she bears a son";b. vikārya-,when change is implied either of the substance and form exempli gratia, 'for example' kāṣṭhaṃ bhasma karoti-,"he reduces fuel to ashes";or of the form only exempli gratia, 'for example' suvarṇaṃ kuṇḍalaṃ karoti-,"he fashions gold into an ear-ring"; Calcutta edition prāpya-,when any desired object is attained exempli gratia, 'for example' grāmaṃ gacchati-,"he goes to the village"; candraṃ paśyati-,"he sees the moon";d. anīpsita-,when an undesired object is abandoned exempli gratia, 'for example' pāpaṃ tyajati-,"he leaves the wicked")
karmopakaraṇamfn. one who gives aid by work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇam. the handle or ear of a vessel etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇam. Name of a king of aṅga- (and elder brother by the mother's side of the pāṇḍu- princes, being the son of the god sūrya- by pṛthā- or kuntī-, before her marriage with pāṇḍu-;afraid of the censure of her relatives, kuntī- deserted the child and exposed it in the river, where it was found by a charioteer named adhi-- ratha- and nurtured by his wife rādhā-;hence karṇa- is sometimes called sūta-putra- or sūta-ja-, sometimes rādheya-, though named by his foster-parents vasu-ṣeṇa-) etc.
karṇakam. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a prominence or handle or projection on the side or sides (of a vessel etc.), a tendril View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇakharakam. Name of a vaiśya- commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇakharikam. Name of a vaiśya- commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṇīsutam. of the author of a thieves' manual View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārotaram. a filtering vessel or a cloth used to purify the liquor called surā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karṣakamfn. ploughing, one who ploughs or lives by tillage, a husbandman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārttikaśālim. rice ripening in the month kārttika- (forming the principal harvest in India) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārttikeyam. Name of a son of śiva- and pārvatī- (popularly regarded as god of war, because he leads the gaṇa-s or hosts of śiva- against the demon hostsSee p.213; according to to one legend he was son of śiva- without the intervention of pārvatī-, the generative energy of śiva- being cast into the fire and then received by the Ganges, whence he is sometimes described as son of agni- and gaṅgā-;when born he was fostered by the six kṛttikā-s q.v,and these offering their six breasts to the child he became six-headed;he is also called kumāra-, skanda-, and subrahmaṇya-;his N. kārttikeya- may be derived from his foster mothers or from the month kārttika- as the best for warfare: in the and elsewhere he is regarded as presiding over thieves) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṣṭhāmbuvāhinīf. a wooden bucket or baling vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṣṭhapattropajīvinmfn. living by working on wood and leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaśyapam. of an ancient sage etc., (a descendant of marīci- and author of several hymns of the ṛg-- veda- ;he was husband of aditi- and twelve other daughters of dakṣa- ;by aditi- he was father of the āditya-s[ see kāśyapeya-] ;and of vivasvat- ;and of viṣṇu- in his vāmana avatāra- ;by his other twelve wives he was father of demons, nāga-s, reptiles, birds, and all kinds of living things;from the prominent part ascribed to him in creation he is sometimes called prajā-pati-;he is one of the seven great ṛṣi-s and priest of paraśu-rāma- and rāma-candra-;he is supposed by some to be a personification of races inhabiting the Caucasus, the Caspian, Kasmir, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭakara- karman-, m. a straw-mat maker (the son of a vaiśya- and a śūdra-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭakhādakam. a glass vessel, tumbler, bowl View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṭākṣamn. (?) (see kāṭ/a-), a sort of vessel for holding liquid, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭham. Name of a sage (a pupil of vaiśampāyana- and founder of a branch of the yajur-veda-, called after him) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kathamind. with nu- it is sometimes equals kimu-, or kutas- (exempli gratia, 'for example' katkaṃ nu-,how much more! na kathaṃ nu-,how much less!) katham- is often connected, like kim-, with the particles cana-, cid-, and api-, which give an indefinite sense to the interrogative (exempli gratia, 'for example' kathaṃ cana-,in any way, some how;scarcely, with difficulty; na kathaṃ cana-,in no way at all; kathaṃcit-,some how or other, by some means or other, in any way, with some difficulty, scarcely, in a moderate degree, a little; na kathaṃcit-,not at all, in no way whatever; na kathaṃcid na-,in no way not id est most decidedly; yathā kathaṃcit-,in any way whatsoever; kathaṃcid yadi jīvati-,it is with difficulty that he lives; katham api-,some how or other, with some difficulty, scarcely a little; katham api na-,by no means, not at all) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭhinan. an earthen vessel for cooking View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭoramf(ā-) a kind of cup or vessel. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭucāturjātakan. an aggregate of four acid substances (cardamoms, the bark and leaves of Laurus Cassia, and black pepper) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kātyāyanīf. Name of one of the two wives of yājñavalkya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kausalāf. Name of one of kṛṣṇa-'s wives, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kausalīf. Name of one of vasu-deva-'s wives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kauśikāf. a drinking-vessel (varia lectio kośikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kauṭakikamfn. one whose occupation is to catch animals in traps or caves etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavaṣmfn. (according to mahīdhara- fr.3. ku-) "emitting sound","creaking"(said of the leaves of a door), open, yawning (faulty ?) = (Instead of kav/aṣas-the (see kav/i-)and the have kav/ayas-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśāntam. cutting off the hair finally (as a religious ceremony performed upon Brahmans at 16 years of age, kṣatriya-s at 22, and vaiśya-s at 24) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśarācalam. plural "the filament mountains", Name of the mountains situated round meru- (which is called"the seed-vessel of the earth";See karṇikācala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
keśarikāf. a clout for cleaning vessels View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khacamasam. "the drinking-vessel in the sky", Name of the moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaḍgapātran. a vessel (formed of buffalo's horns) being a large salver or charger on which the sacrificial knife is laid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaḍgapattravanan. "a forest having swords for leaves", Name of a hell (edition Bomb.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaḍgāriṭam. one who moves the feet back wards and forwards on the edge of a red-hot sword (as a penance) (varia lectio khañjar-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khalekapotanyāyam. the rule of the doves alighting upon a threshing-floor, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khalekapotikā f. the rule of the doves alighting upon a threshing-floor, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khallam. (equals khalva-) a mill, stone or vessel for grinding drugs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍapattran. a bundle of various leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharam. a quadrangular mound of earth for receiving the sacrificial vessels (see) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharapālam. a wooden vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharaprāṇaa particular vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharaskandhāf. Phoenix sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharasonim. an iron vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khāriṃpacamfn. "cooking a khāri- by measure", (a vessel) in which a khāri- may be cooked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharjūram. Phoenix sylvestris etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharjūran. the fruit of Phoenix sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khārjūramfn. (fr. kharj-), coming from or made of Phoenix sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharjūrīf. Phoenix sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharvapattrāf. "having imperfect leaves", a kind of low shrub View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khasāf. Name of a daughter of dakṣa- (one of the wives of kaśyapa- and mother of the yakṣa-s and rākṣasa-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṭakhādakam. a glass vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṭṭikam. a butcher, hunter, fowler, one who lives by killing and selling game View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khesarafor vesara- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khilan. "a space not filled up, gap", that which serves to fill up a gap, supplement (of a book etc.), additional hymn appended to the regular collection etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kīlakam. (equals śivaka-) a kind of pillar for cows etc. to rub themselves against, or one to which they are tied View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kisalayan. [ as- m. ] a sprout or shoot, the extremity of a branch bearing new leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kiṭathe son of a vaiśya- and a kīluṣī- (confer, compare kīluṣa- below), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kīṭakam. a kind of bard, panegyrist (descended from a kṣatriya- father and vaiśya- mother) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kiṭṭālam. a copper vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kośam. (n. ;in class. literature kośa-,or koṣa-;fr. kuś-or kuṣ-?,related to kukṣ/i-and koṣṭha-?), a cask, vessel for holding liquids, (metaphorically) cloud View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kośam. a drinking-vessel, cup View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kośam. a bud, flower-cup, seed-vessel (see bīja--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kośīf. a seed-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kośikāf. a drinking-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
koṣṭhikāf. a kind of vessel, pan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
koṭidvayan. "the two ends" id est two alternatives commentator or commentary on and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛ Ved. (I) cl.2 P. 2. sg. k/arṣi- dual number kṛth/as- plural kṛth/a-; A1. 2. sg. kṛṣ/e-; imperfect tense 2. and 3. sg. /akar-, 3. sg. rarely /akat- () ; 3. dual number /akartām-; plural /akarma-, /akarta- (also ), /akran- (Aorist,according to ); A1. /akri- (), /akṛthās- (), /akṛta- (); akrātām- (), /akrata- ( ) : imperative kṛdh/i- (also ), kṛt/am-, kṛt/a-; A1. kṛṣv/a-, kṛdhv/am-; subjunctive 2. and 3. sg. kar- plural k/arma-, k/arta- and kartana-, kran-; A1. 3. sg. kṛta- () , 3. plural kr/anta- () : Potential kriyāma- (); pr. p. P. (Nominal verb plural) kr/antas- A1. krāṇ/a-. (II) cl.1 P. k/arasi-, k/arati-, k/arathas-, k/aratas-, k/aranti-; A1. k/arase-, k/arate-, k/arāmahe-: imperfect tense /akaram-, /akaras-, /akarat- (Aorist,according to ) : imperative k/ara-, k/aratam-, k/aratām-: subjunctive k/aram-, k/arāṇi-, k/aras-, k/arat-, k/arāma-, k/aran-; A1. karāmahai-; pr. p. f. k/arantī- () (III) cl.5 P. kṛṇ/omi-, ṇ/oṣi-, ṇ/oti-, kṛṇuth/as-, kṛṇm/as- and kṛṇmasi-, kṛṇuth/a-, kṛṇv/anti-; A1. kṛṇv/e-, kṛṇuṣ/e-, kṛṇut/e-, 3. dual number kṛṇv/aite- (); plural kṛṇm/ahe-, kṛṇv/ate-: imperfect tense /akṛṇos-, /akṛṇot-, /akṛṇutam-, /akṛṇuta- and ṇotana- (), /akṛṇvan-; A1. 3. sg. /akṛṇuta- plural /akṛṇudhvam-, /akṛṇvata-: imperative kṛṇ/u- or kṛṇuh/i- or kṛṇut/āt-, kṛṇ/otu-, kṛṇut/am-, kṛṇut/ām-, 2. plural kṛṇut/a- or kṛṇ/ota- or kṛṇ/otana-, 3. plural kṛṇv/antu-; A1. kṛṇuṣv/a-, kṛṇut/ām-, kṛṇv/āthām-, kṛṇudhv/am-: subjunctive kṛṇ/avas-, ṇ/avat- or ṇ/avāt-, kṛṇ/avāva-, ṇ/avāma-, ṇ/avātha-, ṇ/avatha-, ṇ/avan-; A1. kṛṇ/avai- (once ṇavā- ), kṛṇavase- (also varia lectio ṇvase-), kṛṇavate-, kṛṇ/avāvahai-, kṛṇ/avāmahai-, 3. plural kṛṇ/avanta- () or kṛṇavante- or kṛṇvata- () : Potential A1. kṛṇvīt/a-; pr. p. P. kṛṇv/at- (f. vat/ī-) A1. kṛṇvāṇ/a-. (IV) cl.8. (this is the usual formation in the brāhmaṇa-s; sūtra-s, and in classical Sanskrit) P. kar/omi- (Epic kurmi- ); kurv/as-, kuruth/as-, kurut/as-, kurm/as- ([ kulmas-in an interpolation after ]), kuruth/a-, kurv/anti-; A1. kurv/e-, etc., 3. plural kurv/ate- () : imperfect tense akaravam-, akaros-, akarot-, akurva-, etc.; A1. 3. sg. akuruta- plural akurvata-: imperative kuru-, karotu- (in the earlier language 2. and 3. sg. kurutāt-,3. sg. also ), kuruta- or kurutana- (); A1. kuruṣva-, kurudhvam-, kurv/atām-: subjunctive karavāṇi-, karavas-, vāt-, vāva- or vāvas- ( ), vāma- or vāmas- (), vātha-, van-; A1. karavai-, kuruthās-, karavāvahai- (; he- ), karavaithe-, vaite- ( , ), vāmahai-(he- ) : Potential P. kuryām- A1. kurvīya- (); pr. p. P. kurv/at- (f. vat/ī-); A1. kurvāṇ/a-: perf. P. cak/āra-, cak/artha-, cakṛv/a-, cakṛm/a-, cakr/a- (); A1. cakr/e-, cakrir/e-; parasmE-pada cakṛvas- (accusative cakr/uṣam- ); A1. cakrāṇa- () : 2nd future kariṣy/ati-; subjunctive 2. sg. kariṣy/ās- (); 1st future k/artā-: preceding kriyāsam-: Aorist P. Ved. cakaram- (), acakrat- (), /acakriran- (); A1. 1. sg. kṛske- (); Class. akārṣīt- ( ;once akāraṣīt- ); Passive voice Aorist reflex. akāri- and akṛta- ( ) : infinitive mood k/artum-, Ved. k/artave-, k/artav/ai-, k/artos- (See ss.vv.); ind.p. kṛtv/ā-, Ved. kṛtv/ī- ([ ]) and kṛtv/āya- ([ ]) ; to do, make, perform, accomplish, cause, effect, prepare, undertake etc. ; to do anything for the advantage or injury of another (genitive case or locative case) etc. ; to execute, carry out (as an order or command) ; to manufacture, prepare, work at, elaborate, build ; to form or construct one thing out of another (ablative or instrumental case) etc. ; to employ, use, make use of (instrumental case) etc. ; to compose, describe ; to cultivate (confer, compare ) ; to accomplish any period, bring to completion, spend (exempli gratia, 'for example' varṣāṇi daśa cakruḥ-,"they spent ten years"; kṣaṇaṃ kuru-,"wait a moment"; confer, compare kritakṣaṇa-) ; to place, put, lay, bring, lead, take hold of (accusative or locative case or instrumental case exempli gratia, 'for example' ardh/aṃ-kṛ-,to take to one's own side or party, cause to share in(genitive case;See 2. ardh/a-); haste-or pāṇau-kṛ-,to take by the hand, marry ; hṛdayena-kṛ-,to place in one's heart, love ; hṛdi-kṛ-,to take to heart, mind, think over, consider ; manasi-kṛ- idem or 'f. (equals kuhī-) a fog ' ;to determine, purpose [ ind.p. si-kṛtvā-or si-kṛtya-] ; vaśe-kṛ-,to place in subjection, become master of ) ; to direct the thoughts, mind, etc. (m/anas-[ etc.] or buddhim-[ ] or matim-[ ]or bhāvam-[ ], etc.) towards any object, turn the attention to, resolve upon, determine on (locative case dative case infinitive mood,or a sentence with iti- exempli gratia, 'for example' mā śoke manaḥ kṛthāḥ-,do not turn your mind to grief ; gamanāya matiṃ cakre-,he resolved upon going ; alābuṃ samutsraṣṭuṃ manaś cakre-,he resolved to create a gourd ; draṣṭā tavāsmīti matiṃ cakāra-,he determined to see him ) ; to think of (accusative) ; to make, render (with two accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' ādityaṃ kāṣṭhām akurvata-,they made the sun their goal ) etc. ; to procure for another, bestow, grant (with genitive case or locative case) etc. ; A1. to procure for one's self, appropriate, assume ; to give aid, help any one to get anything (dative case) ; to make liable to (dative case) ; to injure, violate (exempli gratia, 'for example' kanyāṃ-kṛ-,to violate a maiden) ; to appoint, institute ; to give an order, commission ; to cause to get rid of, free from (ablative or -tas-) ; to begin (exempli gratia, 'for example' cakre śobhayitum purīm-,they began to adorn the city) ; to proceed, act, put in practice etc. ; to worship, sacrifice ; to make a sound (svaram-or śabdam-) ( ), utter, pronounce (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with the sounds phaṭ-, phut-, bhāṇ-, v/aṣaṭ-, svadh/ā-, sv/āhā-, hiṃ-), pronounce any formula () ; (with numeral adverbs ending in dhā-) to divide, separate or break up into parts (exempli gratia, 'for example' dvidhā-kṛ-,to divide into two parts, ind.p. dvidhā kṛtvā-or dvidhā-kṛtya-or -kāram- ; sahasradhā-kṛ-,to break into a thousand pieces) ; (with adverbs ending in vat-) to make like or similar, consider equivalent (exempli gratia, 'for example' rājyaṃ tṛṇa-vat kṛtvā-,valuing the kingdom like a straw ) ; (with adverbs ending in sāt-) to reduce anything to, cause to become, make subject (See ātma-sāt-, bhasma-sāt-) The above senses of kṛ- may be variously modified or almost infinitely extended according to the noun with which this root is connected, as in the following examples: sakhyaṃ-kṛ-, to contract friendship with ; pūjāṃ-kṛ-, to honour ; rājyaṃ-kṛ-, to reign ; snehaṃ-kṛ-, to show affection ; ājñāṃ- or nideśaṃ- or śāsanaṃ- or kāmaṃ- or yācanāṃ- or vacaḥ- or vacanaṃ- or vākyaṃ-kṛ-, to perform any one's command or wish or request etc. ; dharmaṃ-kṛ-, to do one's duty ; nakhāni-kṛ-,"to clean one's nails" See kṛta-nakha- ; udakaṃ- ([ ]) or salilaṃ- ([ ]) kṛ-, to offer a libation of Water to the dead ; to perform ablutions ; astrāṇi-kṛ-, to practise the use of weapons ; darduraṃ-kṛ-, to breathe the flute ; daṇḍaṃ-kṛ-, to inflict punishment etc. ; kālaṃ-kṛ-, to bring one's time to an end id est to die ; ciraṃ-kṛ-, to be long in doing anything, delay ; manasā- (for si-See above) kṛ-, to place in one's mind, think of, meditate ; śirasā-kṛ-, to place on one's the head ; mūrdhnā-kṛ-, to place on one's head, obey, honour. Very rarely in veda- () , but commonly in the brāhmaṇa-s, sūtra-s, and especially in classical Sanskrit the perf. forms cakāra-and cakre- auxiliarily used to form the periphrastical perfect of verbs, especially of causatives exempli gratia, 'for example' āsāṃ cakre-,"he sat down" ; gamay/āṃ cakāra-,"he caused to go"[see ;in veda- some other forms of kṛ-are used in a similar way, viz. proper karoti- ; imperfect tense akar- and ;3. plural akran- and ; preceding kriyāt- (See );according to , also karotu-with vid-]. Causal kārayati-, te-, to cause to act or do, cause another to perform, have anything made or done by another (double accusative instrumental case and accusative [see ] exempli gratia, 'for example' sabhāṃ kāritavān-,he caused an assembly to be made ; rāja-darśanaṃ māṃ kāraya-,cause me to have an audience of the king; vāṇijyaṃ kārayed vaiśyam-,he ought to cause the vaiśya- to engage in trade ; na śakṣyāmi kiṃcit kārayituṃ tvayā-,I shall not be able to have anything done by thee ) ; to cause to manufacture or form or cultivate etc. ; to cause to place or put, have anything placed, put upon, etc. (exempli gratia, 'for example' taṃ citrapaṭaṃ vāsa-gṛhe bhittāv akārayat-,he had the picture placed on the wall in his house ) . Sometimes the Causal of kṛ- is used for the simple verb or without a causal signification (exempli gratia, 'for example' padaṃ kārayati-,he pronounces a word ; mithyā k-,he pronounces wrongly ; kaikeyīm anu rājānaṃ kāraya-,treat or deal with kaikeyī- as the king does ) : Desiderative c/ikīrṣati- (Aorist 2. sg. acikīrṣīs- ) , Epic also te-, to wish to make or do, intend to do, design, intend, begin, strive after etc. ; to wish to sacrifice or worship : Intensive 3. plural karikrati- (pr. p. k/arikrat-See ), to do repeatedly ; Class. carkarti- or carikarti- or carīkarti- ([ ]) , also carkarīti- or carikarīti- or carīkarīti- or cekrīyate- ([ib. Scholiast or Commentator ]); ([ confer, compare Hibernian or Irish caraim,"I perform, execute";ceard,"an art, trade, business, function";sucridh,"easy"; Old German karawan,"to prepare"; modern German gar,"prepared (as food)"; Latin creo,ceremonia;, .])
kramam. the words or letters themselves when combined or arranged in the said manner View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krauśaśatikamfn. one who deserves to be approached from a distance of 100 leagues (a teacher) Va1rtt. 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krīḍ cl.1 P. kr/īḍati- (or kr/īḷati- ; Epic also A1.; perf. cikrīḍa- ; future parasmE-pada krīḍiṣyat- ; Aorist akrīḍīt- ), to play, sport, amuse one's self, frolic, gambol, dally (used of men, animals, the wind and waves, etc.) etc. ; to jest, joke with (instrumental case or instrumental case with saha-or rdham-;once accusative ) etc.: Causal krīḍayati-, to cause to play, allow to play
kriyāf. judicial investigation (by human means, as by witnesses, documents, etc., or by superhuman means, as by various ordeals) commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣif. (exceptionally plural ) ploughing, cultivation of the soil, agriculture (one of the vṛtti-s of a vaiśya- ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣif. the harvest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣiphalan. harvest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇam. Name of a celebrated Avatar of the god viṣṇu-, or sometimes identified with viṣṇu- himself ([ ]) as distinct from his ten Avata1rsAvatars or incarnations (in the earlier legends he appears as a great hero and teacher[ ];in the more recent he is deified, and is often represented as a young and amorous shepherd with flowing hair and a flute in his hand;the following are a few particulars of his birth and history as related in and in the purāṇa-s etc.: vasu-deva-, who was a descendant of yadu- and yayāti-, had two wives, rohiṇī- and devakī-;the latter had eight sons of whom the eighth was kṛṣṇa-; kaṃsa-, king of mathurā- and cousin of devakī-, was informed by a prediction that one of these sons would kill him;he therefore kept vasu-deva- and his wife in confinement, and slew their first six children;the seventh was balarāma- who was saved by being abstracted from the womb of devakī- and transferred to that of rohiṇī-;the eighth was kṛṣṇa- who was born with black skin and a peculiar mark on his breast;his father vasu-deva- managed to escape from mathurā- with the child, and favoured by the gods found a herdsman named nanda- whose wife yaśo-- had just been delivered of a son which vasu-deva- conveyed to devakī- after substituting his own in its place. nanda- with his wife yaśo-- took the infant kṛṣṇa- and settled first in gokula- or vraja-, and afterwards in vṛndāvana-, where kṛṣṇa- and bala-rāma- grew up together, roaming in the woods and joining in the sports of the herdsmen's sons; kṛṣṇa- as a youth contested the sovereignty of indra-, and was victorious over that god, who descended from heaven to praise kṛṣṇa-, and made him lord over the cattle[ ]; kṛṣṇa- is described as sporting constantly with the gopī-s or shepherdesses[ ]of whom a thousand became his wives, though only eight are specified, rādhā- being the favourite[ ]; kṛṣṇa- built and fortified a city called dvārakā- in Gujarat, and thither transported the inhabitants of mathurā- after killing kaṃsa-; kṛṣṇa- had various wives besides the gopī-s, and by rukmiṇī- had a son pradyumna- who is usually identified with kāma-deva-;with Jains, kṛṣṇa- is one of the nine black vasu-deva-s;with Buddhists he is the chief of the black demons, who are the enemies of buddha- and the white demons)
kṛṣṇagarbhāf. plural the waters contained in the black cavities of the clouds [Comm. on ;"the pregnant wives of the asura- kṛṣṇa-" ] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṭaphalan. the product of a harvest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṭif. "harvest", the consequences (karma-k-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtavetanamfn. one who receives wages (as a hired servant or labourer) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtopanayanam. one who has been invested with the sacrificial cord View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krūradṛkpatham. "one whose path gives an inauspicious aspect" the planet Saturn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krūrakoṣṭham. costive bowels unaffected by strong purgatives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣattṛm. ( Va1rtt. 6; vi, 4, 11) one who cuts or carves or distributes anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣattṛm. the son of a śūdra- man and a kṣatriya- woman (or the son of a kṣatriya- man and a śūdra- woman [called ugra- ] ;or the son of a śūdra- man and a vaiśya- woman [called āyogava- ] ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣemamn. (Ved. only m.; gaRa ardharcādi-), safety, tranquillity, peace, rest, security, any secure or easy or comfortable state, weal, happiness etc. (kṣ/ema-& y/oga-[or pra-y/uj-],rest and exertion, enjoying and acquiring ; see kṣema-yoga-and yoga-kṣ-; kṣemaṃ te-,"peace or security may be to thee"[this is also the polite address to a vaiśya-, asking him whether his property is secure ], ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣetriyam. one who seduces other men's wives, adulterer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣipraniścayamfn. one who decides or resolves quickly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣīracchadam. Calotropis gigantea (the leaves of which yield a milky juice). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣīrapāṇamf(ī-)n. (any vessel) out of which milk is drunk (also -pāna- idem or 'm. preparing of medicinal drugs by cooking them in milk ') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣititalāpsarasf. an apsaras- who walks or lives on the earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣobhayitṛmfn. one who gives the first impulse for anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣudrapattrāf. "having small leaves", Oxalis pusilla View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣullakavaiśvadevam. a small cup for the vaiśvadeva-s, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣurikāf. a sort of earthen vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuberam. or in later Sanskrit kuvera- (originally) Name of a chief of the evil beings or spirits or darkness having the N. vaiśravaṇa- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuberavallabham. " kubera-'s favourite", Name of a vaiśya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kucaharāf. Name of an evil spirit who deprives women of their breasts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kucāṅgerīf. a kind of wood sorrel (Rumex vesicarius, equals cukrikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuḍavamn. a measure of grain or of wood or of iron etc. (4th part of a prastha-, described by some as a vessel four fingers wide and as many deep and containing 12 prakṛti-s or handfuls;also said to contain 13 1/2 cubic aṅgula-s, or to contain 64 cubic aṅgula-s[ ],or to be a finger and a half deep and three fingers each in length and breadth;it med. it is equal to two prakṛti-s or thirty-two tolaka-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuhakajīvakam. one who lives by slight-of-hand, juggler, cheat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuhanan. a small earthen vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuhanan. a glass vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kukkuṭamardakam. Name of a plant (with fragrant leaves) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūkudam. one who gives a girl in marriage with due ceremony and suitable decorations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' with a genitive case sg.) a lot, gang (exempli gratia, 'for example' caurasya-k-,a gang of thieves) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulāyan. (in later language also as- m. etc.) a woven texture, web, nest (of a bird) , case or investing integument, receptacle, home etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulijan. a particular vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumāradeṣṇa(r/a--) mfn. whose gifts are like those of children, id est "who gives and takes back" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumbhīf. a small jar or pot, earthen cooking vessel etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumbhīpākam. the contents of a cooking vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumbhīpākam. sg. or plural a hell in which the wicked are baked like potter's vessels or cooked like the contents of a cooking vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumbhīramakṣikāf. a sort of fly (Vespa solitaria) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kumudapattrābhamfn. resembling the leaves of the white water-lily. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇālam. Name of a son of aśoka- (whose eyes were put out in consequence of a rivalry between aśoka-'s wives) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍan. [ as- m. ] , a bowl-shaped vessel, basin, bowl, pitcher, pot, water-pot etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍan. a vessel for coals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍinm. a kind of vessel (varia lectio kuṇḍinī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍinīf. a kind of vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuntīf. Name of pṛthā- (daughter of a yādava- prince named śūra- [or vasu- ] , who gave her to his childless cousin kunti- or kuntibhoja-, by whom she was adopted;she afterwards became one of the wives of pāṇḍu-;on one occasion before her marriage she paid such respect to the powerful sage durvāsas- that he taught her an incantation or charm, by virtue of which she was to have a child by any god she liked to invoke;out of curiosity she invoked the Sun, by whom she had a child see karṇa-;but the Sun afterwards restored to her her maidenhood; soon after his marriage pāṇḍu- retired to the woods to indulge his passion for hunting;there he killed a male and female deer, who turned out to be a ṛṣi- and his wife in the form of these animals;the sage cursed pāṇḍu- and predicted that he would die in the embrace of one of his wives;hence pāṇḍu- lived apart from kuntī-, but with his approval she made use of her charm and had three sons, yudhiṣṭhira-, bhīma-, and arjuna-, by the three deities dharma-, vāyu-, and indra- respectively; see mādrī-) etc.
kūpam. a leather oil vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūpakam. the mast of a vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūpakam. a leather oil vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kupātrakan. a bad vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kupyaśālāf. a braziery, place where metallic vessels etc. are made or sold or kept
kūrcaparṇīf. "beard-leaved", the plant Gymnema sylvestre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūrpāsakam. a bodice, jacket (with short sleeves worn next the body, especially by women), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuśapam. a drinking vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kusuman. Name of the shorter sections of deveśvara-'s kavi-kalpa-latā- (the longer chapters being called stabaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kūṭan. a kind of vessel or implement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṭīcakam. "delighting in staying in the house", a kind of religious mendicant (who lives at his son's expense) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuyavamfn. (k/u--) causing a bad harvest (Name of a demon slain by indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuyavan. a bad harvest(?) See k/ū-y-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
labdhṛmfn. one who obtains or receives, a receiver, gainer, recipient View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣaṇalakṣaṇāf. Name of a particular figure of speech (in which the proper meaning of a word gives place to the figurative one see lakṣaṇā-below, and jahal-l-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lambakam. a particular implement or vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
latāf. a creeper, any creeping or winding plant or twining tendril etc. (the brows, arms, curls, a slender body, a sword-blade, lightning etc. are often compared to the form of a creeper, to express their graceful curves and slimness of outline; see bhrū-l-, bāhu-l-, taḍil-l-etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lauhabhāṇḍan. an iron vessel, metal mortar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lavan. cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lavaṃgan. cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lavaṃgakan. cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lavaṃgakalikāf. cloves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lāvaṇikan. a vessel holding salt, salt-cellar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lekhārha m. "fit for writing", a kind of palm-tree (the leaves of which are used for writing on) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lekhārhyam. "fit for writing", a kind of palm-tree (the leaves of which are used for writing on) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lepam. spot, stain, impurity (literally and figuratively), any grease or dirt sticking to vessels, (especially) particles or remnants wiped from the hand after offering oblations to three ancestors (these remnants being considered as an oblation to paternal ancestors in the 4th, 5th and 6th degrees) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
liṅ(in gram.) Name of the terminations of the Potential and Precative Moods or Name of those Moods themselves (the Precative being usually distinguished by the fuller term liṅ āśiṣi-,or āśir-lin-; see under 1. la-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
liṅgan. (in logic) equals vyāpya-, the invariable mark which proves the existence of anything in an object (as in the proposition"there is fire because there is smoke" , smoke is the liṅga-; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
liṅgan. (in rhetoric) an indication (word that serves to fix the meaning of another word; exempli gratia, 'for example' in the passage kupito makara-dhvajaḥ-the word kupita-restricts the meaning of makara-dhvaja-to " kāma-") equals liṅga-purāṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
liṅgapurāṇan. Name of one of the 18 purāṇa-s (in which śiva-, supposed to be present in the agniliṅga- or great fiery liṅga-, gives an account of the creation etc. as well as of his own incarnations in opposition to those of viṣṇu-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lohan. any object or vessel made of iron View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lohikāf. an iron pot or vessel (being a sort of large shallow bowl, usually of wood and bound with iron, used for washing rice etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lohitapātramfn. having a red vessel in one's hand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lokam. the wide space or world (either"the universe"or,"any division of it", especially "the sky or heaven" ; 3 loka-s are commonly enumerated, viz. heaven, earth, and the atmosphere or lower regions; sometimes only the first two; but a fuller classification gives 7 worlds, viz. bhū-loka-, the earth; bhuvar-loka-, the space between the earth and sun inhabited by muni-s, siddha-s etc.; svarloka-, indra-'s heaven above the sun or between it and the polar star; maharloka-, a region above the polar star and inhabited by bhṛgu- and other saints who survive the destruction of the 3 lower worlds; janarloka-, inhabited by brahmā-'s son sanat-kumāra- etc.; tapar-loka-, inhabited by deified vairāgin-s; satya-loka- or brahma-- loka-, abode of brahmā-, translation to which exempts from rebirth; elsewhere these 7 worlds are described as earth, sky, heaven, middle region, place of re-births, mansion of the blest, and abode of truth; sometimes 14 worlds are mentioned, viz. the 7 above, and 7 lower regions called in the order of their descent below the earth --- a-tala-, vi-tala-, su-tala-, rasā-tala-, talā-tala-, mahā-tala-, and pātāla-; see ) etc.
lokam. a company, community (of ten in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' to form collectives) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lūnayavamind. after the barley has been cut, after barley-harvest gaRa tiṣṭhad-gu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ind. or with a participle (exempli gratia, 'for example' mājīvanyo duḥkhadagdho jīvati-,he ought not to live who lives consumed by pain ; gataḥ sa mā-,he cannot have gone ; maīvamprārthyam-,it must not be so requested ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cl.3 P. m/imāti- (according to to A1. mimīte- mimeti-; Potential mimīyat- ; perfect tense, mimāya-; Aorist /amīmet- subjunctive mīmayat-; infinitive mood m/ātav/ai-), to sound, bellow, roar, bleat (especially said of cows, calves, goats etc.) : Intensive , only pr. p. m/emyat-, bleating (as a goat) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madgum. a kind of galley or vessel of war View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavam. Name of the second month of spring (more usually called vaiśākha-, = April-May) etc. etc. spring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhudhānan. a vessel for holding honey, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhukṣīra() (A.) m. Phoenix Silvestris. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhukṣīraka(A.) m. Phoenix Silvestris. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhupātran. a drinking vessel for intoxicating drinks View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madirāf. of one of the wives of vasu-deva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madyakumbham. a vessel for intoxicating liquors, brandy-jar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māgadham. Name of a mixed caste etc. etc. (accord to the son of a kṣatriya- mother and a vaiśya- father;he is the professional bard or panegyrist of a king, often associated with suta-and bandin- etc.; according to to others one who informs a rāja- of what occurs in bazaars;also an unmarried woman's son who lives by running messages or who cleans wells or dirty clothes etc.;also opprobrious Name of a tribe still numerous in Gujarat, and called the Bhats ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māgadham. the daughter of a kṣatriya- mother and a vaiśya- father View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māghapākṣikamf(ī-)n. belonging to one of the two halves of the month māgha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahābhāṇḍan. a great vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahākṣapaṭalikam. a chief keeper of archives View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāmaṇḍapan. Name of a vestibule in a celebrated śaiva- temple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahānāḍīf. a great tubular vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāpatham. the mountain-precipices from which devotees throw themselves to obtain a speedier entrance into śiva-'s heaven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāpattram. "having large leaves", a kind of pot-herb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāprāṇam. the aspirated letters themselves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahārasam. Phoenix Sylvestris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāvīram. a sacrificial vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māhiṣikam. the paramour of an unchaste woman (others"one who lives by the prostitution of his wife") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māhiṣyam. a particular mixed caste (the son of a kṣatriya- and a vaiśyā- mother whose business is attendance on cattle) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahormimatmfn. forming great waves, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahorminmfn. having great waves, very billowy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitram. a particular mixed caste or degraded tribe (the offspring of an out-caste vaiśya-; see maitreyaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
makam. m. the son of a vaiśya- and a mālukī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālāguṇaparikṣiptāf. "invested with the marriage-thread", a marriageable woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malavaiśamyan. a kind of dysentery (correctly -vaiśadya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallam. a vessel, boiler (alsof(ī-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. a vessel made out of a cocoa-nut shell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakam. any vessel, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallakasampuṭam. or n. (prob.) a vessel consisting of two halves (a cup and a cover)
mallikāf. an earthenware vessel of a peculiar form View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallikāf. any vessel made out of a cocoa-nut shell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālyajīvaka() m. one who lives by making or selling garlands. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mālyajīvin() m. one who lives by making or selling garlands. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māṃsadrāvinm. Rumex Vesicarius View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māṃsapacanan. a vessel for cooking flesh View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
man cl.8.4. A1. () manut/e-, m/anyate- (Epic also ti-;3. plural manvat/e- ; perfect tense mene- etc.; mamn/āthe-, n/āts- ; Aorist /amata-, /amanmahi- subjunctive manāmahe-, mananta-, parasmE-pada manān/a- q.v ; maṃsi-, amaṃsta- subjunctive maṃsate- preceding maṃsīṣṭa-,1. Persian mc. masīya- ; māṃsta- , stādm- ; mandhvam- ; amaniṣṭa- grammar; future maṃsyate- , ti- ; manta-, manitā- grammar; maniṣyate- ; infinitive mood mantum- etc., m/antave-, tavai- , m/antos- ; ind.p. matv/ā- etc.; manitvā- grammar; -matya- etc.; -manya- etc.) , to think, believe, imagine, suppose, conjecture etc. (manye-,I think, methinks, is in later language often inserted in a sentence without affecting the construction; confer, compare gaRa di-and ) ; to regard or consider any one or anything (accusative) as (accusative with or without iva-,or adverb,often in -vat-;in later language also dative case,to express contempt[ confer, compare ], exempli gratia, 'for example' gaRa rājyaṃ tṛṇaya- manye-,"I value empire at a straw" id est I make light of it equals laghu- man-,and opp. to bahu-,or sādhu- man-,to think much or well of, praise, approve) ; to think one's self or be thought to be, appear as, pass for (Nominal verb;also with iva-) ; to be of opinion, think fit or right etc. ; to agree or be of the same opinion with (accusative) ; to set the heart or mind on, honour, esteem (with nau-,disdain) , hope or wish for (accusative or genitive case) etc. ; to think of (in prayer etc., either"to remember, meditate on", or"mention, declare", or"excogitate, invent") ; to perceive, observe, learn, know, understand, comprehend (accusative,Ved. also genitive case). etc. ; to offer, present : Causal () mānayati- (Epic also te-; Aorist amīmanat-; Passive voice mānyate-), to honour, esteem, value highly (also with uru-, bahu-and sādhu-) etc. ; (A1.) stambhe- ; garvake- : Desiderative () mīmāṃsate- (rarely ti-; amīmāṃsiṣṭhās- ; mīmāṃsy/ate- ; mimaṃsate-, mimaniṣate- grammar), to reflect upon, consider, examine, investigate etc. ; to call in question, doubt ("with regard to" locative case) : Desiderative of Desiderative mimāmiṣate- grammar : Intensive manmanyate-, manmanti- [ confer, compare Zend man; Greek ,, Latin meminisse,monere; Slavonic or Slavonian and Lithuanian mine4ti; Gothic ga-munan; Germ,meinen; English mean.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānampacamfn. (a vessel) cooking a particular quantity of anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manasn. mind (in its widest sense as applied to all the mental powers), intellect, intelligence, understanding, perception, sense, conscience, will etc. etc. (in philosophy the internal organ or antaḥ-karaṇa-of perception and cognition, the faculty or instrument through which thoughts enter or by which objects of sense affect the soul ;in this sense manas-is always regarded as distinct from ātman-and puruṣa-,"spirit or soul"and belonging only to the body, like which it is - except in the nyāya- - considered perishable;as to its position in the various systemsSee for nyāya- and vaiśeṣika- , for sāṃkhya- and vedānta- ;in it is sometimes joined with hṛd-or hṛdaya-,the heart cakṣus-,the eye) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānasam. Name of the vaiśya-s in śākadvīpa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandāf. a pot, vessel, inkstand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māndhātṛm. of another prince (son of madana-pāla-, patron of viśveśvara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalaghaṭam. "auspicious jar", a vessel full of water offered to the gods on festivals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalakalaśam. equals ghaṭa-, a vessel used at festivals View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalakalaśamayamfn. consisting of vessels of this kind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalapātran. an auspicious vessel, a vessel containing auspicious objects View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalasūtran. "lucky thread", the marriage-thread (tied by the bridegroom round the bride's neck, and worn as long as the husband lives) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇikāram. the adulterous off spring of vaiśya- parents whose mother's husband is still alive View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅkṣaṇan. armour for the legs or thighs, greaves, (see maṅkhuṇa-, matkuṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅktṛmfn. one who dives or plunges etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manthanīf. a vessel for butter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manthapātran. a churning-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantharam. of the month vaiśākha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārgaṇamfn. seeking, investigating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārgaṇan. the act of seeking or searching for, investigation, research, inquiry commentator or commentary etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mārjālīyam. (scilicet dhiṣṇya-) a heap of earth to the right of the vedi- 09 which the sacrificial vessels are cleansed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
markarāf. a vessel, pot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
markaṭahradam. "ape's pool", Name of a pool in the neighbourhood of vaiśāli- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marmaramfn. (onomatopoetic (i.e. formed from imitation of sounds)) rustling (as leaves or garments), murmuring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marmarapattramokṣamfn. having leaves falling with a rustling sound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marudbaddham. (only ) a kind of sacrificial vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maryādācala(c-) m. a mountain which serves as a frontier View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maryādāgiri (c-) m. a mountain which serves as a frontier View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mastakam. the tuft of leaves which grows at the top of various species of palm trees View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṭam. (Prakritfor mṛta-) the son of a vaiśya- and a kuṭi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matkuṇan. armour for the thighs or legs, greaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātṛf. (plural) the divine mothers or personified energies of the principal deities (sometimes reckoned as 7 in number, viz. brāhmī- or brahmāṇī-, māheśvarī-, kaumārī-, vaiṣṇavī-, vārāhī-, indrāṇī- or aindrī- or māhendrī-, cāmuṇḍā-;sometimes 8, viz. brāhmi-, māheśvarī-, kaumārī-, vaiṣṇavī-, vārāhī-, raudrī-, carma-muṇḍā-, kāla-saṃkarṣiṇī-;sometimes 9, viz. brahmāṇī-, vaiṣṇavī-, raudrī-, vārāhī-, nārasiṃhikā-, kaumārī-, māhendrī-, cāmuṇḍā-, caṇḍikā-;sometimes 16, viz. gaurī-, padmā-, śacī-, medhā-, sāvitrī-, vijayā-, jayā-, deva-senā-, sva-dhā-, svāhā-, śānti-, puṣṭi-, dhṛti-, tuṣṭi-, ātma-devatā- and kula-devatā-;they are closely connected with the worship of śiva- and are described as attending on his son skanda- or kārttikeya-, to whom at first only 7 mātṛ-s were assigned, but later an innumerable number;also the 13 wives of kaśyapa- are called, lokānām mātaraḥ-) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātṛf. (plural) the 8 classes of female ancestors (viz. mothers, grandmothers, great-grandmothers, paternal and maternal aunts etc. ;but the word "mother"is also applied to other female relatives and in familiar speech to elderly women generally) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsyadvādaśīf. Name of the 12th day in one of the halves of the month mārgaśīrṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsyadvādaśikā f. Name of the 12th day in one of the halves of the month mārgaśīrṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsyavratinmfn. one who lives in water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
medam. a particular mixed caste (the son of a vaideha- and a kārāvara- or a niṣāda- female according to to some "any person who lives by degrading occupations") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
medovahan. a vessel conveying fat, a lymphatic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekhalāf. a girdle, belt, zone (as worm by men or women, but especially that worn by the men of the first three classes; according to to that of a Brahman ought to be of muñja-[accord. to equals yajñopavīta- q.v ];that of a kṣatriya-, of mūrvā-;that of a vaiśya-, of śaṇa-or hemp, ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekhalāf. investiture with the girdle and the ceremony connected with it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mekhalābandham. investiture with the girdle and the rites connected with it View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
merum. () Name of a fabulous mountain (regarded as the Olympus of Hindu mythology and said to form the central point of jambu-dvīpa-;all the planets revolve round it and it is compared to the cup or seed-vessel of a lotus, the leaves of which are formed by the different dvi1pa-s q.v;the river Ganges falls from heaven on its summit, and flows thence to the surrounding worlds in four streams;the regents of the four quarters of the compass occupy the corresponding faces of the mountain, the whole of which consists of gold and gems;its summit is the residence of brahmā-, and a place of meeting for the gods, ṛṣi-s, gandharva-s etc., when not regarded as a fabulous mountain, it appears to mean the highland of Tartary north of the himālaya-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
merum. Name of the palace of gāndhāri- (one of the wives of kṛṣṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mervadrikarṇikāf. "having mount meru- for a seed-vessel", the earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meṣaśriṅgīf. Odina Pinnata or Gymnema Sylvestre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsāf. profound thought or reflection or Consideration, investigation, examination, discussion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsakam. (fr. Desiderative of man-) as examiner, investigator, prover (see kāvya-m-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsitavyamfn. to be examined or investigated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
miśravyavahāram. (in arithmetic) investigation of mixed or combined quantities, ascertainment of anything combined (as of principal and interest, etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitamfn. measured id est investigated, known (See loka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mleccham. a person who lives by agriculture or by making weapons View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
modakikāf. a sweetmeat (only in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' after numerals, exempli gratia, 'for example' dvi-modakikāṃ dadāti-,he gives always two sweetmeats) Va1rtt. 1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛdbhāṇḍan. a vessel of clay, earthenware View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛdbhāṇḍāvaśeṣamind. (to steal) so that only an earthen vessel is left View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛg (rather Nom.fr. mṛga-; see mārg-, mṛj-) cl.4 P., 10 A1. (; ) mṛgyati-, mṛg/ayate- (mc. also P. ti-; pr. p. mṛgayāṇa- ), to chase, hunt, pursue etc. ; to seek, search for or through, investigate, examine etc. ; to visit, frequent ; to seek or strive after, aim at, endeavour to obtain (accusative) etc. ; to desire or request or ask anything (accusative) from (ablative, -tas-, genitive case with or without sakāśāt-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgam. of the district in śāka-dvīpa- inhabited principally by Brahmans (B. maṅga-); of the Brahmans themselves (varia lectio maga-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgajīvanam. one who lives by hunting, a hunter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgavadhājīva m. "one who lives by killing wild animals", a huntsman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgavadhājīvinm. "one who lives by killing wild animals", a huntsman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgyamfn. to be investigated, questionable, uncertain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mrigervārukam. a species of animal dwelling in holes or caves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṇālapattran. sg. lotus -fibre and leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛnmayamf(ī-)n. made of earth or clay, earthen (with gṛh/a- n.the grave;with or scilicet pātra-,an earthenware vessel). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtkāṃsyan. an earthen vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtpātran. an earthen vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtsnābhāṇḍakan. a particular earthenware vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mugdhaprabodham. instruction of the ignorant (only in dhe- gṛha-praveśa-vidhi- m.Name of work ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukhan. the mouth or spout of a vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukhaśālāf. entrance-hall, waiting room, vestibule View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlapraṇihitamfn. (perhaps) known of old by means of spies (thieves) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlotpātanajīvim. one who lives by digging for roots View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mumukṣum. a sage who strives after emancipation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muṇḍamf(ā-)n. stripped of top leaves or branches, lopped (as a tree) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
munipiṣṭakinmf(ī-)n. one who lives every day on 8 wild-rice cakes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muñjabandhanan. investiture with the Brahmanical girdle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrdhadharāf. (with sirā-) a vessel or vein which terminates in the head View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muṣkābarham. one who removes the testicles or gelds or castrates View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nagnajitm. Name of a prince of the gandhāra-s (father of one of kṛṣṇa-'s wives) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgnajitīf. a daughter of nagna-jit- (Name of one of the wives of kṛṣṇa-) (w. r. nagnājitī-) (where metri causa jiti-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nairvāṇikamārgāvataraṇan. entering the path of nirvāṇa- (one of the 4 vaiśāradyani-or subjects of confidence of a buddha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naiścityam. a fixed ceremony or festival (as a birth, investiture, marriage etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naiṣṭhikam. a perpetual religious student or Brahman who observes the vow of chastity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naiveśikan. any vessel or implement belonging to the furniture of a house View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naiyāyikam. a follower of the nyāya- system of investigation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakṣatran. an asterism or constellation through which the moon passes, a lunar mansion etc. etc. (27, later 28, viz. śraviṣṭhā- or dhaniṣṭhā-, śata-bhiṣaj-, pūrva-bhadrapadā-, uttara-- bhadrapadā-, revatī-, aśvinī-, bharaṇī-, kṛttikā-, rohiṇī- or brāhmī-, mṛga-śiras- or āgrahāyaṇī-, ārdrā-, punarvasū- or yāmakau-, puṣya- or sidhya-, āśleṣā-, maghā-, pūrva-phalgunī-, uttara-- phalgunī-, hasta-, citrā-, svātī-, viśākhā- or rādhā-, anurādhā-, jyeṣṭha-, mūla-, pūrvāṣāḍhā-, uttarāṣāḍhā-, abhijit-, śravaṇa-;according to revatī-, uttara-phalgunī-, uttara-bhādrapadā- and uttarāṣāḍhā- are called dhruvāṇi-,fixed;in the veda-p the nakṣatra-s are considered as abodes of the gods or of pious persons after death on ;later as wives of the moon and daughters of dakṣa- etc.;according to jaina-s the sun, moon, graha-s, nakṣatra-s and tārā-s form the jyotiṣka-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nakulam. of a Vedic poet with the patronymic vāma-deva- (vya-) or vaiśvāmitra- (lasya- vāmadevasya preṅkha- m.Name of a sāman-)
nālam. any tube or tubular vessel or vein etc. of the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nālī nāli f. equals nāḍī-, any tubular vessel or vein etc. of the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāli nālī f. equals nāḍī-, any tubular vessel or vein etc. of the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nalinīdalamayamf(ī-)n. consisting of lotus leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāndībhājanan. a particular water-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nandyāvartam. anything so formed (exempli gratia, 'for example' a dish or vessel) (),a palace or temple (also n. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārāśaṃsam. (also) a soma- vessel. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naravīralokam. the bravest of men or mankind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naṣṭacandram. "moonless", Name of the 4th day in both halves of bhādra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nauf. a ship, boat, vessel etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nauf. equals vāc- (either because prayer is a vessel leading to heaven or fr. nu-4,"to praise") . ([ confer, compare 2. nāva-and 7. nu-; Greek , , etc.; Latin na1vis,nau-ta,nau-fragusetc.; Icelandic no4r; (?) German Nachen.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navaparṇādibhakṣaṇan. "eating of new leaves, etc.", Name of chapter of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navasasyan. the first fruits of the year's harvest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navayajñam. an offering of the first-fruits of the harvest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāvayajñikamfn. (fr. nava-yajña-), with kāla- m. the time of offering the first fruits etc. of the harvest Va1rtt. 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāvikanāyaka m. "sailor-chief."the captain of a vessel, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāvikapatim. "sailor-chief."the captain of a vessel, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāyikāf. a class of female personifications representing illegitimate sexual love (they are called balinī-, kāmeśvarī-, vimalā-, aruṇā-, medinī-, jayinī-, sarveśvarī-, kauleśī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
neṣṭran. the soma- vessel of the neṣṭṛ- (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
(for 1.See) cl.1 P. A1. () nayati- te- (perfect tense P. nināya-,2. sg. ninetha- plural nīnima- ; subjunctive ninīth/as- Potential ninīyāt- ; imperative ninetu- ; A1. ninye- etc.; -nayām āsa- ; -nayāṃ cakre- ; Aorist P.3. dual number anītām- subjunctive n/eṣi-, neth/ā- ; anaiṣīt- subjunctive neṣati-, ṣat-,3. plural A1. aneṣata- ; anayīt- ; future neṣyati- ; te- ; nayiṣyati-, te- ; n/etā-, nayitā- ; ind.p. nītvā- etc.; nayitvā- ; n/īya- etc.; infinitive mood neṣ/aṇi- ; n/etavai-, tos-and nayitum- ; n/etum- etc.), to lead, guide, conduct, direct, govern (also with agram-and genitive case; see agra-ṇī-) etc. ; to lead etc. towards or to (accusative with or without prati- dative case, locative case or artham- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') ; to lead or keep away, exclude from (ablative) ; (A1.) to carry off for one's self (as a victor, owner etc.) ; (A1.,rarely P.) to lead home id est marry ; to bring into any state or condition (with accusative exempli gratia, 'for example' with vaśam-,to bring into subjection, subdue[A1. ; P. ];with śūdra-tām-,to reduce to a śūdra- ;with sākṣyam-[A1.],to admit as a witness, ;with vyāghra-tām-,to change into a tiger ;with vikrayam-,to sell ;with paritoṣam-,to satisfy ;with duḥkham-,to pain ;rarely, with locative case exempli gratia, 'for example' duhitṛ-tve-,to make a person one's daughter ;or with an adverb in -sāt- exempli gratia, 'for example' bhasmasāt-to reduce to ashes ) ; to draw (a line etc.) ; to pass or spend (time) etc. ; (with daṇḍam-) to bear the rod id est inflict punishment (with vyavahāram-) to conduct a process ; (with kriyām-) to conduct a ceremony, preside over a religious act ; to trace, track, find out, ascertain, settle, decide (with anyathā-,"wrongly")