n.Name of the later of the two great divisions of the nyāya- school of philosophy (it was founded by kaṇāda-, and differs from the," nyāya- proper" founded by gautama-, in propounding only seven categories or topics instead of sixteen;and more especially in its doctrine of viśeṣa-,or eternally distinct nature of the nine substances, air, fire, water, earth, mind, ether, time, space, and soul, of which the first five, including mind, are held to be atomic)
वैशेषिक a. (-की f.) 1 Characteristic, special; विषये वर्तमानानां यं तं वैशेषिकैर्गुणैः (प्राहुर्विषयगोप्तारम्) Mb.12.47.7; 7.5.15. -2 Belonging to the Vaiśeṣika doctrine. -कः A follower of the Vaiśeṣika doctrine. -कम् [विशेषं पदार्थ- भेदमधिकृत्य कृतो ग्रन्थः ठञ्] One of the six principal Darśanas or systems of Hindu philosophy founded by Kaṇāda; it differs from the Nyāya philosophy of Gautama in that it recognizes only seven instead of sixteen categories or heads of predicables (the earlier writers e. g. Kaṇāda recognizing only six), and lays particular stress upon Viśeṣa.
a. (î) [visesha] special, peculiar, specific; distinguished, pre-eminent; relating to, based on, or treating of the Vaise shika doctrine; m. follower of the Vaiseshika system; n. peculiarity; Vaiseshika system of Kanâda; -ya, n. peculiarity, distinction; pre-eminence, superiority, importance.
adjective characteristic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
distinguished (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
excellent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
peculiar (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
pre-eminent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
relating or belonging to or based on or dealing with the Vaiśeshika doctrine (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
special (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
specific (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (neuter) distinction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the later of the two great divisions of the Nyāya school of philosophy (it was founded by Kaṇāda) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
peculiarity (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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