उपमानम् 1 Comparison, resemblance; जातास्तदूर्वो- रुपमानबाह्याः Ku.1.36. -2 The standard of comparison, that with which anything is compared; one of the four requisites of an उपमा; उपमानममूद्विलासिनां Ku.4.5; उपमानस्यापि सखे प्रत्युपमानं वपुस्तस्याः V.2.3; Śi.2.49. -3 (In Nyāya Phil.) Analogy, recognition of likeness, considered as one of the four kinds of pramāṇas or means of arriving at correct knowledge. It is defined as प्रसिद्धसाधर्म्यात् साध्यसाधनम्; or उपमितिकरण- मुपमानं तच्च सादृश्यज्ञानात्मकम् Tarka. K. तन्न विश्वसनीयं वो राक्षसानां रणाजिरे । एतेनैवोपमानेन नित्यं जिह्मा हि राक्षसाः ॥ Rām.6. 5.54. -4 A particle of comparison. -Comp. -उपमेयभावः relation between the subject of comparison and the standard of comparison. -चिन्तामणिः m. N. of a philosophical work.
noun (neuter) (in log.) recognition of likeness (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a particle of comparison (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
analogy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
comparison (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
comparison (the third of the four Pramāṇas or means of correct knowledge) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
resemblance (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
simile (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the object with which anything is compared (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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