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WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
āranālaḥ2.9.38NeuterSingularabhiṣutam, avantisomam, dhānyāmlam, kuñjalam, sauvīram, kāñjikam, kulmāṣam
asuraḥ1.1.12MasculineSingularditisutaḥ, indrāriḥ, daityaḥ, suradviṣ, śukraśiṣyaḥ, danujaḥ, pūrvadevaḥ, dānavaḥ, daiteyaḥgiant
durodaraḥ3.3.179NeuterSingularcamūjaghanam, hastasūtram, pratisaraḥ
pādātam2.8.68NeuterSingularpa‍ttisaṃhatiḥ
pragāḍham3.3.50NeuterSingularatisūkṣmam, dhānyaṃśam
rajatam3.3.86MasculineSingularyuktaḥ, atisaṃskṛtaḥ, marṣī
tisāraḥ2.6.60MasculineSingularatisārakaḥ
tindukaḥ2.4.38MasculineSingularkālaskandhaḥ, śitisārakaḥ, sphūrjakaḥ
ucchritaḥ3.3.91MasculineSingularsambaddhārthaḥ, hitam, śaktisthaḥ
vilambhaḥ2.4.28MasculineSingularatisarjanam
tisāraḥ2.6.60MasculineSingularatisārakaḥ
pratisīrā2.6.121FeminineSingularjavanikā, tiraskariṇī
pratisaraḥ3.3.182MasculineSingular
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Results for tiḥ752 results for tiḥ
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
tisf. plural of tr/i- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tismfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' See priya--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisf. Andropogon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisraskāramind. so as to change into 3 (ṛc- verses) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisṛdhanvan. a bow with 3 arrows View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisṛkāf. Name of a village Va1rtt. 1. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyatisṛj(1. plural -/ati-sṛjāmas-) to let pass
ādityajyotis(ādity/a--) mfn. having the light of the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnijyotismfn. flaming, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amatismfn. poor, indigent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmātisāram. dysentery or diarrhoea produced by vitiated mucus in the abdomen (the excretion being mixed with hard and fetid matter) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āmātisārinmfn. afflicted with the above disease. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anatisṛṣṭamfn. not allowed, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antarjyotis(ant/ar--) mfn. having the soul enlightened, illuminated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antisumna(/anti--) mfn. at hand with kindness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anubhūtisvarūpācāryam. Name of the author of the grammar sārasvatī-prakriyā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anutpattisamamf(ā-) (in nyāya- philosophy) arguing against a thing by trying to show that nothing exists from which it could spring. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvatisicto pour out over or along View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anyatojyotismfn. having light or a jyotis- day only on one side, ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratisādhyamfn. incurable, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratisaṃkhyāf. "not observing", in compound with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratisaṃkhyāinconsiderateness, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratisaṃkhyānirodham. the unobserved annihilation of an object View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratisaṃkramamfn. having no intermixture. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
apratistabdhamfn. unrestrained (see a-pratiṣṭabdha-above.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
argalāstutistotran. a hymn introductory to the devīmāhātmya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arthāpattisamafn. an inference by which the quality of any object is attributed to another object because of their sharing some other quality in common View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aruṇajyotism. Name of śiva-: View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisādhvasan. excessive fear. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaktif. excessive attachment. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaktimatmfn. excessively attached. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisamarthamfn. very competent. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaṃcayam. excessive accumulation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaṃdhāto overreach, deceive ; to wrong or injure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaṃdhānan. overreaching, cheating. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaṃdheyamfn. easy to be settled or conciliated. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaṃdheyamfn. easy to be conciliated, easy to be settled. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisamīpamfn. very near. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisamparkam. excessive (sexual) intercourse. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaṃskṛtamfn. highly finished. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaṃtaptamfn. greatly afflicted. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisāṃvatsaramfn. extending over more than a year View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisāmyāf. the sweet juice of the Bengal Madder, Rubia Manjith. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisandhamind. so as to violate an agreement or any fixed order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisandhitamfn. overreached, cheated. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisāntapanan. a kind of severe penance (inflicted especially for eating unclean animal food). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaram. effort, exertion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisāra m. purging, dysentery. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisāratransgression (in - ti-- s-), ibidem or 'in the same place or book or text' as the preceding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisārakin mfn. afflicted with purging or dysentery. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarasvatīf. a particular personification, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisargam. act of parting with, dismissal, giving away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisargam. granting permission, leave View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisargam. atisarg/am- 1. d/a-, to bid any one farewell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisargaremnant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātisārikamf(ī-)n. like diarrhoea, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisārin mfn. afflicted with purging or dysentery. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisārinmfn. afflicted with purging or dysentery. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarjanan. the act of giving away, granting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarjanan. liberality View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarjanan. a gift View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarjanan. sending out of the world, killing. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarvamfn. too complete View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarvamfn. superior to all See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarvamfn. superior to all View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisarvam. the Supreme. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisauhityan. excessive satiety exempli gratia, 'for example' being spoiled, stuffed with food, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisauparṇamfn. superior to (the powers of) suparṇa- or garuḍa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaurabhamfn. very fragrant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisaurabhan. extraordinary fragrance. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisāyamind. very late in the evening. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisenam. Name of a prince. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisevto use or enjoy immoderately, to practise excessively ; see ati-sevā- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ati-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisevāf. excessive addiction (to a habit). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisiddhif. great perfection. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisitāṅgavihaṃgam. a swan, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisnigdhamfn. very smooth, very nice, very affectionate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisparśam. too marked contact (of the tongue and palate) in pronunciation. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisphiramfn. very tremulous. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisCaus. to cause to pass through: Passive voice -sāryate- ; to be purged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisraṃsto drop or turn away from, to escape View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisrāvitamfn. caused to flow excessively (as a wound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisṛjto glide over or along ; to send away dismiss, abandon ; to leave as a remnant, to remit, forgive ; to give away, present, to create in a higher degree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisṛjyamfn. to be dismissed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisṛjyamfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisṛpto glide or creep over, get over View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisṛṣṭi(/ati--) f. an extraordinary or excellent creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisṛṣṭif. a higher creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisruto flow over or flow excessively. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisrutamfn. that which has been flowing over (Name of soma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisthiramfn. very stable. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisthūlamfn. (/ati-.) excessively big or clumsy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisthūlamfn. excessively stupid. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atistrimf(is-,or ī-)n. surpassing a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atistrimf(is-,or ī-)n. See Gram. 123. b-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atistutif. excessive praise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisuhitamfn. excessively kind, over-kind. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisuhitamfn. perfectly satiated, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisujanamfn. very moral, very friendly. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisulabhamfn. very easily obtainable. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisundaramfn. very handsome View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisundaramf. a metre belonging to the class aṣṭi- (also called citra-or cañcalā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisvapnam. excessive sleep View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisvapnan. excessive tendency to dreaming. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisvāryamfn. the last of the seven notes
atisvasthamfn. enjoying excellent health. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātisvāyanamfn. (fr. ati-svan-), (gaRa pakṣādi-, q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisvinnamfn. caused to perspire abundantly, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisvṛto hold or sustain a note View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātmajyotisn. the light of the soul or supreme spirit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ātmajyotismfn. receiving light from one's self View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avantisenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avantisomam. sour gruel (prepared from the fermentation of, rice-water) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avantisvāminm. Name of a sanctuary built by avantivarman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahiṣṭājjyotisn. Name of a triṣṭubh- the last pāda- of which contains 8 syllables View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
barhirjyotism. fire or the god of fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagavadbhaktisādhanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagavadbhaktisārasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagavadbhaktistotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisāgaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisāmānyanirūpaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisaṃdarbham. (and bhaktisaṃdarbhapadyāvalī bha-padyāvalī- f.) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisaṃdarbhapadyāvalīf. bhaktisaṃdarbha
bhaktisaṃnyāsanirṇayavivaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisaṃvardhanaśatakan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisāram. (and bhaktisārasaṃgraha ra-saṃgraha-,m.) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisārasaṃgraham. bhaktisāra
bhaktisiddhāntam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisudhodayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisūtran. Name of work () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavapratisaṃdhim. entering into existence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhuktisaptaśatīf. Name of a poem. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūpatistutif. Name of a hymn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtajyotism. "light of living beings", Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtisita() mfn. white with ashes (said of śiva-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūtisṛjmfn. creating welfare View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bodhisattvabuddhānusmṛtisamādhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmajyotisn. the splendour of brahma- or of the Supreme Being (also written brahma-jy-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmajyotismfn. having the splendour of brahmā- (Scholiast or Commentator"of the presiding priest") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmajyotism. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmaṇaspatisūktan. brahmaṇaspati
brāhmīśāntisaṃkalpam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhacchāntistava(hac+śā-) m. the larger śānti-stava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhajjyotismfn. (h/aj--) bright-shining View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhajjyotism. Name of a grandson of brahmā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisamamfn. equal to bṛhaspati-, like bṛhaspati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisaṃhitāf. Name of two works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisavam. Name of a festival lasting one day (said to confer the rank, of a purohita- on those observing it) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisavahautraprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisavakḷptif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisavaprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisiddhāntam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatismṛtif. bṛhaspati-'s law-book. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatistomam. Name of an ekāha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatistotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisuratāf. a proper N. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisuta(b/ṛhas-p/ati--) mfn. pressed out (as soma- juice) by bṛhas-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhaspatisutran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturaśītisāhasramfn. numbering 84000 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturthamandrātisvāryamfn. "to be lengthened in a particular way", said of a kind of recitation of the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturviṃśatisāhasramf(ī-)n. consisting of 24000 (G) i, 4, 147 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caturviṃśatismṛtif. equals -mata- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cintisurāṣṭram. plural the cinti-s and the inhabitants of su-rāṣṭra- gaRa kārta-kaujapādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇājyotis(d/akṣ-) mfn. brilliant by the sacrificial gift View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇāmūrtisaṃhitāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇāmūrtistava m. 10 verses ascribed to śaṃkara- (explained by viśva-rūpa- or sureśvara- in a commentary with gloss by rāma-tīrtha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dakṣiṇāmūrtistotran. 10 verses ascribed to śaṃkara- (explained by viśva-rūpa- or sureśvara- in a commentary with gloss by rāma-tīrtha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dantisthamfn. seated on an elephant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daśajyotism. Name of a son of su-bhrāj- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛtisiṃham. (varia lectio ta-s-) Name of an author (said to have assisted puruṣottama- in composing the hārāvalī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dinajyotisn. daylight, sunshine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ditisutam. idem or 'm. equals -ja- ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ditisutagurum. the planet Venus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvijātisātind. for or to Brahmans View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dyotisn. light, brightness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dyotisn. a star View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekajyotisn. "the only light", Name of śiva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekākṣaragaṇapatistotran. a hymn in honour of gaṇeśa- (a portion of the rudrayāmala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇapatistavarājam. Name of a hymn in praise of gaṇeśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gaṇapatistotran. prayers addressed to gaṇeśa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisūtran. a sūtra- composed in the gīti- metre (on ) Introd. 43. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhaktisamāgamam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhaktisāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhaktisudhārasam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haribhaktisudhodayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastisenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastisnānan. the washing of an elephants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastisomāf. Name of a river View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastisūtran. a sūtra-. treating of elephants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
himajyotismfn. cold-rayed (as the moon) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyajyotisn. splendour of golden View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyajyotismfn. having golden splendour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisāṃkaryan. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisampannamfn. belonging to a noble family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisāran. idem or 'n. Name (also title or epithet) of work ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisasyan. equals -kośa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tismaramf(ā-)n. recollecting a former existence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tismaran. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tismarahradam. Name of a pond View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tismaraṇan. equals ra-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tismaratāf. recollection of a former existence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tismaratvan. idem or 'f. recollection of a former existence ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisvabhāvam. specific or generic character or nature, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. light (of the sun, dawn, fire, lightning, etc.;also plural), brightness (of the sky) etc. (tr/īṇi jy/otīṃṣi-,light appearing in the 3 worlds, viz. on earth, in the intermediate region, and in the sky or heaven [the last being called uttam/a- ;or /uttara-, ;or tṛt/īya- ] ;also personified as"fire"on earth,"ether or air"in the intermediate region, and"sun"in the sky ;"fire, sun and moon") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. fire, flash of lightning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. moonlight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. (plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. eye-light View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. the eye View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. dual number sun and moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. plural the heavenly bodies, planets and stars etc. (tiṣām ayana- n. course or movements of the heavenly bodies, science of those movements ([ equals tiṣa-]) ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. sg. the light of heaven, celestial world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. light as the divine principle of life or source of intelligence, intelligence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. (pauruṣaj-"human intelligence") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. (para jyotis-,"highest light or truth") and View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. light as the type of freedom or bliss or victory (confer, compare , and Latin lux) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. Name of several ekāha-s etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. of certain formularies containing the word jyotis- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. a metre of 32 short and 16 long syllables View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. equals tiṣa-, science of the movements of the heavenly bodies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotisn. a mystical N. for the letter r- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotism. fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotism. the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotism. Trigonella foenum graecum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotism. Name of a marut- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotism. of a son of manu- svārociṣa-, 429 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotism. of a prajā-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotism. see d/akṣiṇā--, śukr/a--, sa--, h/iraṇya--, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotissātkṛ equals tiṣ-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jyotistattvan. equals tiṣa-t- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārtisiṃhadevam. Name of a man. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
katisaṃkhyamfn. how many in number? View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khajyotism. a shining flying insect, fire-fly etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍasphuṭapratisaṃskaraṇan. repairing of dilapidations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍasphuṭapratisaṃskaraṇan. (pāli- ṇḍa-phulla--.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kiṃjyotis(k/iṃ--) mfn. having which light? View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kīrtisāram. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kīrtisenam. Name of a nephew of the serpent-king vāsuki- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kīrtisiṃhadevam. Name of a man. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kīrtisomam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kīrtistambham. a column of fame View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛtisādhyatvan. the state of being accomplished by exertion. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣitispṛśm. an inhabitant of the earth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣitisuram. equals -deva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣitisutam. (equals -ja-) the planet Mars View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣitisutam. Name of the demon naraka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuntisurāṣṭram. plural the kunti-s and the inhabitants of surāṣṭra- gaRa kārtakaujapādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyejyotisf. a kind of Vedic metre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāgaṇapatisahasranāmastotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāgaṇapatistavarājam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāgaṇapatistotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahājyotism. "having great splendour", Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalapratisaram. equals -sūtra-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalapratisaram. the cord of an amulet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manojyotis(m/ano--) mfn. one whose light is the intellect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantrajyotisn. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matisacivam. a wise counsellor, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghajyotisn. "drink-light", lightning, a flash of lightning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtisādhanamfn. causing death View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muhūrtakalpadrumīyasaṃkrāntisaṃjñākusuman. muhūrtakalpadruma
muktisaptaśatīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muktisāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muktisenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muktisopānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrdhajyotisn. equals brahma-randhra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrtisaṃcaramfn. going about with a body, embodied, incarnate, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrtisaṃcāramfn. equals -dhara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrtisanāthamfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') possessing an idol of. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrtisevanan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') worship of the idol of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naṣṭāptisūtran. "line or series of lost property", booty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisamañjasamf(ā-or ī-)n. not quite right or proper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisāndramfn. not too tough View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisvalpamfn. not too short View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisvasthamfn. not very well View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niratisayatvan. niratiśaya
nirjyotismfn. lightless, dark View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvṛtisthānan. place of eternal bliss (wrong reading nir-vṛtti-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣpatisutāf. having no husband and no sons View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisaṃdhim. essence of all policy (Bombay edition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisaṃhitāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisaṃkalanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisamuccayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisāramn. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisārasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisumāvalif. (!) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisumāvalif. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padajyotisn. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paddhatisāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paktisthānan. place of digestion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcagatisamatikrāntam. "having passed through the 5 forms of existence", Name of gautama- buddha- (some reckon 6 formsSee ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcaviṃśatisāhasrikāf. Name of a prajñāpāramitā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paramārthasaṃvṛtisatyanirdeśam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāśarasmṛtisaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patisahagamananiṣedhanirāsaprakāśam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patisevāf. devotion to a husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pattisainyan. () a body or troop of infantry. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pattisaṃhatif. () a body or troop of infantry. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pitāsumatisaṃvādam. Name of chapter of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajāpatismṛtif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajāpatisṛṣṭa(j/ā-p-) mfn. created by prajā-pati- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtisampannamfn. endowed with a noble nature
prakṛtisiddhamfn. effected by nature, natural View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtisiddhan. true or real nature View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtisthamfn. being in the original or natural state, genuine, unaltered, unimpaired, normal, well, healthy (also -sthita- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtisthamfn. inherent, innate, incidental to nature View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtisthamfn. bare, stripped of everything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtisthadarśanamfn. one who has recovered the faculty of sight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtisthitamfn. See -stha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtisubhagamfn. naturally pleasant or agreeable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakṛtivikṛtisvabhāvam. the relation of (a word in its) radical form to (itself under the) mutations (of inflection etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pralayasthitisargam. plural destruction, preservation and creation (of the world). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāptisamam. a particular jāti- (q.v) in logic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praśamaratisūsran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisacA1. -sacate-, to pursue with vengeance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisadP. -sīdati- () , to start back, abhor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisadanamind. every one to his dwelling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisadmaind. at or in every house View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisadṛkṣa (pr/ati--) mfn. similar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisadṛś(pr/ati--) mfn. similar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisahA1. -sahate-, to be a match for, overcome (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamamfn. equal to, a match for View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāmamfn. (prob.) unkind, unfriendly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamādhāP. -dadhāti-, to put back again, replace, re-arrange, restore ; to redress, correct (an error) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamādhānan. collecting one's self again, composure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamādhānan. cure, remedy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamādiśP. -diśati-, to answer, reply ; to order, command View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamādiṣṭamfn. bidden, directed, ordered, commanded View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamāhitamfn. fitted to the bowstring (as an arrow) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāmantam. "a hostile neighbour", enemy, adversary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamantam(pr/ati--) ind. on every side, everywhere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamāpanan. ( āp-) the going against, attacking (with genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāmarthyan. relative suitableness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamasP. -asyati- (ind.p. -āsam-), to put back again to its place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamāsA1. -āste-, to be a match for, cope with, resist (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamāsanan. the being a match for, with standing, resisting (with genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamāsitamfn. equalled, opposed, fought View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamāśritamfn. ( śri-) depending on (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamayyaind. having arranged (prob. wrong reading for -śamayya-;See prati-śam-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisambandhiind. according to the respective connection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisambhūP. -bhavati-, to apply or give one's self to (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisambuddhamfn. ( budh-) restored to consciousness. recovered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃcarP. -carati-, to meet, come together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃcaram. going or moving backwards (a-pr-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃcaram. re-absorption or resolution (back again into prakṛti-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃcaram. that into which anything is re-absorbed or resolved View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃcaram. a place of resort, haunt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdeśam. a message in return, answer to a message View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdeṣṭavyamfn. (an answer) to be given in reply to a message View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhāP. A1. -dadhāti-, -dhatte-, (P.) to put together again, re-arrange ; (A1.) to put on, adjust (an arrow) ; (A.) to return, reply ; (P. A1.) to remember, recollect ; (A1.) to comprehend, understand View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhānan. putting together again, joining together etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhānan. a juncture, the period of transition between two ages View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhānan. memory, recollection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhānan. praise, panegyric View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhānan. self-command, suppression of feeling for a time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhānan. a remedy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāṃdhānikam. (fr. saṃdhāna-) a bard, panegyrist View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhātṛm. one who recollects or remembers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdheyamfn. to be opposed (apr-,"irresistible") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhim. reunion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhim. re-entry into (compound) or into the womb View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhim. re-birth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhim. the period of transition between two ages View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhim. resistance, adverseness (of fate) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhijñānan. recognition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdhitamfn. (see saṃdhaya-) fastened, strengthened, confirmed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃdiśP. -diśati-, to give a person (accusative or haste with genitive case) a message or commission in return ; to send back a message to (genitive case) ; to order, command View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃgrahP. A1. -grihṇāti-, ṇīte-, to receive, accept ; to meet with, find
pratisaṃhāram. drawing in, withdrawing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhāram. giving up, resigning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhāram. keeping away, abstention from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhāram. compression, diminution View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhāram. comprehension View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃharaṇīyan. (sc. karman-) a particular punishment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhitaSee column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhitamfn. aimed at, directed against View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhṛP. A1. -harati-, te-, to draw together, contract (with ātmānam-,"one's self" id est to shrink, return to its usual bed, said of the sea) ; to draw or keep back, withdraw (as a weapon, the eye etc.) ; to take away, put off ; to absorb, annihilate, destroy ; to check, stop, repress etc. ; to change : Causal -hārayati-, to retract View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhṛṣP. -harṣati-, to rejoice again, be glad View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhṛṣṭamfn. glad, merry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhṛtamfn. kept back, checked, restrained View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhṛtamfn. comprehended, included View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃhṛtamfn. compressed, reduced in bulk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamīkṣA1. -īkṣate-, to hold out, persevere (Scholiast or Commentator equals jīv-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamīkṣaṇan. looking at again, returning a glance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisamindhA1. -inddhe-, to kindle again, rekindle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃjātamfn. ( jan-) born, sprung up, arisen View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃjihīrṣumfn. (fr. Desiderative) wishing to withdraw or to be freed from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃjñāA1. -jānīte-, to be kindly disposed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkāśam. ( kāś-) a similar appearance, resemblance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkhyā(only ind.p. khyāya-), to count or reckon up, number View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkhyāf. consciousness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkhyānan. the tranquil consideration of a matter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkhyānirodham. (with ) the conscious annihilation of an object (?) (see a-prati-nirodha-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkramA1. -kramate-, to go back again, come to an end : Causal -krāmayati-, to cause to go back or return View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkramam. re-absorption, dissolution (m. Calcutta edition also krāma-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkramāf. impression View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkruddhamfn. ( krudh-) angry with, wroth against (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃkucitamfn. closed, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃlayanan. ( -) retirement into a lonely place, privacy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃlayanan. complete absorption View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃlīnamfn. retired, in privacy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃlīnamfn. complete retirement for the sake of meditation
pratisammodanan. greeting, salutation (alsof(ā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisammodanakathāf. friendly address as a salutation
pratisammudCaus. -modayati-, to give friendly greeting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃrabdhamfn. (plural) holding one another by the hands View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃrabdhamfn. excited, furious View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃrabhA1. -rabhate-, to seize, take hold of (Bombay edition -saṃ-carate-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃruddhamfn. ( rudh-) contracted into itself shrunk View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃsargam. equals pratisarga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃskāram. restoration (raṃ-kṛ-,to restore) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃskāraṇāf. idem or 'm. restoration (raṃ-kṛ-,to restore) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃskṛtamfn. joined or united with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃsṛṣṭamfn. mingled with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsaṃsṛṣṭabhaktamfn. one who is temperate in eating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃskāramind. at every ceremony. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃskṛ( skṛ- equals kṛ-;only Potential -kuryāt-), to repair, restore View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsmṛP. -smarati-, to remember View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃśriP. -śrayati-, to seek refuge or protection in reply View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsṛjP. -sṛjati-, to mingle with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃśru(only ind.p. -śrutya-), to Promise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃstambh(only ind.p. -stabhya-), to strengthen, encourage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃstaran. ( stṛ-) friendly reception View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃsthānan. ( sthā-) settling in, entering into (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvadA1. -vadate-, to agree with any one (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvādin(?), m. an adversary (probably for prati-- vādin-), . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvatsaramind. at every year, yearly commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvedakamfn. giving detailed information View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvedanan. experiment, enjoyment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvedinmfn. feeling, experiencing, being conscious of anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃveṣṭA1. -veṣṭate-, to shrivel, shrink up, contract View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvid Causal -vedayati-, to recognize (?) (A1. parasmE-pada -vedayamāna-,feeling ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvidf. analytical science (4 with Buddhists) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvidhānan. (1. dhā-) a counter action, stroke in return View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvinniścayāvatārāf. Name of a particular dhāraṇī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃvitprāptam. Name of a bodhi-sattva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃyatA1. -yatate-, to fight against View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃyātamfn. ( -) going against, assailing (with accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃyattamfn. completely prepared or armed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃyoddhṛm. an adversary in war View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃyoddhṛm. an adversary in war View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃyudh(only perfect tense -yuyudhuḥ-), to resist an attack together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṃyuktamfn. ( yuj-) bound or attached to something else (Bombay edition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṅgakṣikāf. a cloak to keep off the dust (worn by Buddhist mendicants) (prob. wrong reading for -saṃkakṣikā-).
pratisaṅginmfn. ( sañj-) cleaving or clinging to, adhering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaṅginmfn. (a-pr-) not meeting with any obstacle, irresistible View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a cord or ribbon used as an amulet worn round the neck or wrist at nuptials etc. etc. etc. (alsof(ā-).[ ];and n.[ gaRa ardharcādi-]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. a bracelet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. a line returning into itself. circle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. assailing, an attack (a-pr-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. a wreath, garland View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. a follower, servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. the rear of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. dressing or anointing a wound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. day-break View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisarabandham. a particular nuptial ceremony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisarabandham. plural Name of particular magical verses or formulas protecting from demons View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisarabandham. n. a watch, guard View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisarabandhāf. (see above) a female servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisarabandhāf. (with ) one of the 5 protectors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaraṇamfn. leaning or resting upon (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound'; pratisaraṇatā -- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaraṇan. streaming back (of rivers) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaraṇan. leaning or resting on (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāraṇan. (fr. Causal) dressing and anointing the edges of a wound (or an instrument for doing so) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāraṇan. Name of a particular process to which minerals (especially quicksilver) are subjected View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaraṇatāf. pratisaraṇa
pratisāraṇīyamfn. to be dressed or anointed (as a wound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāraṇīyamfn. to be applied for dressing a wound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargaSee under prati-sṛj-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargam. secondary or continued creation out of primitive matter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargam. dissolution, destruction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargam. the portion of a purāṇa- which treats of the destruction and renovation of the world View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisargamind. in every creation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisārinmfn. going round or from one to the other View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāritamfn. (fr. Causal) repelled, removed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāritamfn. dressed (as a wound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaryamfn. present in an amulet or at an incantation ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisatkṛtamfn. honoured in return, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātisatvanamind. in the direction of the satvan- (sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) (-sutvan/am- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisavyamfn. in inverted order, inverted, reverse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisāyamind. towards evening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisenāf. an opposing or hostile army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisevA1. -sevate-, to pursue, follow (pleasure) ; to be kind towards (accusative), serve, honour (equals prati-juṣ-) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātisīmam. (fr. -sīman-) a neighbour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisiṃham. a hostile lion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisīrāf. a curtain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisīrāf. a screen or wall of cloth, an outer tent View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskandham. every shoulder (instrumental case"each on his shoulder") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskandham. Name of an attendant of skanda- (varia lectio kapi-sk-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskandhamind. upon the shoulders View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskandhamm. in every section of a book View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskhalitamfn. ( skhal-) warded off (equals prati-ṣkuta- ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskīrṇan. the being hurt or injured (see prati-kṝ-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiskṝP. -kirati- (perfect tense -caskare-), to hurt, injure, to tear to pieces View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratismṛP. A1. -smarati-, te-, to remember, recollect (accusative) : Causal -smārayati-, to remind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratismṛtif. "recollection", Name of a particular kind of magic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisnātamfn. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisnātamfn. ( snā-) bathed, washed (see prati-ṣṇāta-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisneham. (prob.) wrong reading for pati-s- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisomāf. a kind of plant (equals mahiṣa-vallī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisomodakadvijamind. against the moon or water or a Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratispandanan. ( spand-) throbbing, vibration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratispardhA1. -spardhate-, to emulate, compete, rival View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratispardhāf. emulation, rivalry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratispardhinmfn. emulous, coping with (genitive case), a rival View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratispardhinmfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') resembling, like View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratispaśa () mfn. ( spaś-) spying, watching, lying in wait. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratispāśana() mfn. ( spaś-) spying, watching, lying in wait. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisphurP. -sphurati-, to push away, remove View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisP. -sarati- (ind.p. -sāram- ), to go against, rush upon, attack, assail (accusative) ; to return, go home ; to go round or from place to place (not only on the main road) : Causal -sārayati-, to cause to go back ; to put back again, restore to its place ; to spread over, tip or touch with (instrumental case) ; to put asunder, sever, separate : Passive voice to void or emit per anum (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisṛjP. -sṛjati-, to hurl or utter in reply (a curse) ; to send away, despatch (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisrotamf(ā-)n. equals next (mandākinīm pratisrotām anuvraja-,go up the anda1kini1 id est up or against the stream) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisrotamind. () against the stream, up the stream View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisrotamind. (wrong reading śrotas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisrotasind. ( ) against the stream, up the stream View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisrotasind. (wrong reading śrotas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisṛpP. -sarpati-, to creep back ; to creep into, enter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisṛṣṭamfn. (varia lectio śiṣṭa-,only ) despatched, despised, celebrated, given. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisṛtamfn. met, encountered, pushed back, removed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratistabdhamfn. leaned against, pressed, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratistabdhamfn. stopped, checked View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratistabdhamfn. obstructed, constipated (see prati-ṣṭabdha-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratistambhP. A1. -stabhnāti-, -sṭabhate-, to lean or press (A1."one's self") against View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisthānamind. in every place, everywhere View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratistrīmfn. lying on a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisundarīf. equals -yuvati- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisuptamfn. ( svap-) fallen asleep, sleeping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisūrya(or yaka-) m. a mock sun, parhelion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisūrya(or yaka-) m.a kind of lizard, a chameleon (which lies or basks in the sun) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisūryamind. opposite to the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisūryamatsyam. a particular appearance in the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisūryamatsyam. (according to to commentator or commentary) a mock sun and a comet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisūryaśayānakam. "lying or basking in the sun", a kind of lizard, a chameleon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisvāhākāramind. at every exclamation svāhā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisvamind. "each for itself."one by one, singly commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisvanP. -svanati-, to resound : Causal -svānayati-, to make resound
pratisvanam. (also plural) echo, reverberation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisvaram. ( svar-) a rever berated sound, echo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisvaram. a focus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātisvikamf(ī-)n. (fr. -sva-) own, not common to others View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prātisvikamf(ī-)n. granting to every one his own due View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyagjyotisn. the inward light View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
premabhaktistotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prītisambodhyaṅgan. (with Buddhists) joyfulness (one of the 7 requisites for attaining supreme knowledge) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prītisaṃdarbham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prītisaṃgatif. a covenant of friendship, friendly alliance with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prītisaṃyogam. relation of friendship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prītisnigdhamfn. moist through love or charming through affection (said of the eyes) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purajyotisn. Name of the region or the world of agni- (wrong reading for puro-j-?) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purastājjyotis(RPrst.) n. Name of a metre. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purojyotismfn. preceded by light or radiance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvapadaprakṛtisvaramfn. having the original accent of the first member of a compound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raktātisāra m. flow of blood, dysentery, bloody flux View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisahacaram. " rati-'s consort", Name of kāma-deva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisaṃgrahavyākhyāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisaṃhitamfn. accompanied with love, abounding in affection View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisaṃyogam. sexual union View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisāram. or n. Name of work
ratisarvasvan. the whole essence of love View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisatvarāf. Trigonella Corniculata View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisenam. Name of a king of the cola-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisenam. of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisundaram. a kind of coitus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadācārastutistotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍviṃśatisūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasrajyotism. Name of a son of su-bhrāj- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sajyotismfn. having the same or a common light View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sajyotisind. according to the light (id est either by day from the disappearance of the stars till sunset, or by night from sunset till the appearance of the stars) (tiṣi- idem or 'mfn. having the same or a common light ' ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sajyotisind. as long as the sun is in the sky View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakalajyotism. a kind of venomless snake View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sakalaśāntisaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śakanṛpatisaṃvatsaram. a year of the śaka- era View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktisaṃgamāmṛtan. Name of Tantric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktisaṃgamatantran. Name of Tantric work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktisenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktisiddhantam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktisiṃham. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktistotran. Name of a stotra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktisvāminm. Name of a minister of muktāpīḍa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāptisādhanan. means of accomplishment or completion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samatisṛṣṭamfn. ( sṛj-) one who has taken leave, allowed to go View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samatisrutamfn. ( sru-) entirely flowed asunder, become thoroughly liquid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samavṛttisāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sambhūtabhūrigajavijipadātisainyamfn. possessed of an army (consisting) of numerous elephants and horses and foot-soldiers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkaṣṭanāśanagaṇapatistotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃkhyavṛttisāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃkhyavṛttisāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampratisaṃcaram. re-absorption or resolution (brāhmaḥsam-pratisaṃcara-,"re-absorption into brahma-") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntisadmann. a room for performing any propitiatory rite for averting evil (equals -gṛha-)
śāntisalilan. propitiatory water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntisāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntisārabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntisomam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntistavam. Name of several works (see bṛhac-chānti-st-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntisūktan. Name of a hymn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntisūrim. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptarṣismṛtisaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptaśaktistotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptatisambandham. a collection of 70 tales View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptatisaṃkhyākamfn. amounting to 70 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptaviṃśatisādhulakṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śārīrakasambandhoktisaṃkṣepam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvadevatāpratisthṭhāsārasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvajyotism. Name of an ekāha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasmṛtisaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvātisārinmfn. suffering from diarrhoea caused by all the humours View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvavyūharatisvabhāvanayasaṃdarśanam. Name of a king of the gandharva-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatajyotism. Name of a son of su-bhrāj- (according to to "the moon") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisāramfn. suffering from diarrhoea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tisāramfn. sinful, guilty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyajyotis(saty/a--) mfn. having real splendour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śekharajyotism. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śitisārakam. "having a dark essence", Diospyros Embryopteris View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivabhaktisudhānidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivabhaktisudhārṇavam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivabhaktisudhodayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivapāramparyapratipādikaśrutismṛtyudāharaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivaśaktisiddhif. Name of work by harṣa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śleṣmātisāram. dysentery or diarrhoea produced by vitiated phlegm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisādhyamfn. capable of being proved by law View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisāgaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisāgarasaṃgraha m. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisāgarasāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisaṃgraham. Name of an ancient law-book (often quoted) and of other compilations View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisaṃgraharatnavyākhyānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisaṃgrahasāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisaṃhitāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisammatamfn. approved by law View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisaṃskāram. impression (caused) by memory (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisaṃskārakaustubham. Name of work
smṛtisaṃskārarahasyan. Name of work
smṛtisaṃskāravādam. Name of work
smṛtisaṃskāravicāram. Name of work
smṛtisamuccayam. "law-collection", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisārasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisārasamuccayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisārasarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisārāvalīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisāravyavasthāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisarojasundaramn. (?) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisiddhamfn. established by law View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisiddhāntasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisindhum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smṛtisudhākaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śokātisāram. diarrhoea produced by sorrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somārkapratisaṃkāśamfn. resembling the sun and moon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīpatisaṃhitāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisāgaram. the ocean (id est the whole substance or essence) of sacred knowledge (viṣṇu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisaṃgraham. Name of two vedānta- works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisaṃkṣiptavarṇanan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisāram. Name of two works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisārapañcaratnan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisārasamuccayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisārasamuddharaṇaprakaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutismṛtif. dual number the veda- and human tradition or law View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutismṛtivihitamfn. enjoined by the veda- and human tradition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutismṛtiviruddhamfn. opposed to the veda- and human tradition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutismṛtyāaitātparyan. Name of a vedānta- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutismṛtyuditamfn. declared or enjoined by the veda- and human law View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisphoṭāf. Gynandropsis Pentaphylla View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutistutif. (equals veda-stuti-) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisukhamfn. pleasant to the ear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisukhadamfn. giving pleasure to the ear, pleasant to hear. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisukhāvahamfn. giving pleasure to the ear, pleasant to hear. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisūktimālāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisūtratātparyāmṛtan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthitisthāpakamfn. restoring anything to its original state or condition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthitisthāpakam. the capability of restoration to an original state or position, elasticity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stutisāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stutisūktimālāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śucinetraratisambhavam. Name of a king of the gandharva-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sugatisopānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sujyotis(or -jyot/is-) mfn. shining very brightly, radiant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śukasuktisudhākaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śukrajyotis(śukr/a-) mfn. having bright splendour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūktisādhutvamālikāf. Name of a poem (perhaps identical with kti-mālikā-).
sūktisahasran. Name of a collection of a thousand beautiful verses. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuktisāhvayāf. Name of a city (equals śukti-matī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūktisaṃgraham. Name of a kāvya- by kṛṣṇa-dāsa- kāyastha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuktisparśam. a dark spot or flaw on a pearl View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumatisvāminm. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūryajyotismfn. having the sun's light View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvarṇajyotismfn. having a golden lustre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarjyotismfn. (sv^ar--) shining with heaven's light View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svarjyotisn. Name of two sāman-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svayaṃjyotis(svay/aṃ--) mfn. self-shining View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamojyotism. "light in darkness", a fire-fly View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛṇajyotisn. Name of a shining grass View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayatojyotismfn. having light on both sides View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ubhayatojyotismfn. "having a jyotiḥ-ṣṭoma-, sacrifice on both sides", being between two jyotiḥ-ṣṭoma- sacrifices View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
umāpatisevinmfn. worshipping śiva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upapattisamam. (in logic) a kind of contradiction in which both the contradicting assertions are supposed to be demonstrable (exempli gratia, 'for example' sound is uneternal, because it is produced;it is eternal, because it is not tangible) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upariṣṭājjyotisn. idem or 'f. Name of a variety of the jyotiṣmatī- (q.v) metre (having twelve instants in the last line, and eight instants in each of the three preceding lines).' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrdhvajyotismfn. one whose light tends upwards View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāgjyotis(v/āg--) mfn. receiving light or enlightenment by speech View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiśampāyananītisaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vanaspatisavam. Name of particular sacrificial rite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varadagaṇapatistotran. Name of stotra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varātisargam. the granting a boon or request View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vartisn. circuit, orbit View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vartisn. lodging, abode (equals mārga- ; equals gṛha- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāstoṣpatisūktan. Name of a hymn (prob. ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāsudevajyotism. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātātisāram. dysentery produced by vitiated wind View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntaśrutisārasaṃgrahaName of work m. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntasūtravṛttisaṃkṣiptāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vimatisamudghātinm. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṃśatisāhasramf(ā-)n. 20, 000 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṃśatismṛtif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṃśatistotran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinayajyotism. (?) Name of a muni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vināyakaśāntisaṃgraham. Name of work or chapter from work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipratisāran. ( m.fr. sṛ-) repentance
vipratisāran. evil, wickedness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipratisāran. anger, wrath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipratisāravatmfn. equals next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipratisārinmfn. full of repentance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vipratisārinmfn. afflicted, dejected View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṇubhaktistutif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvagjyotism. Name of the eldest of the 100 sons of śata-jit-,
viśvajyotismfn. (viśv/a--) all-brilliant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvajyotism. Name of an ekāha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvajyotism. of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvajyotisf. Name of particular bricks (supposed to represent fire, the wind, and the sun) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvajyotisn. Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vithūtistotra(?) n. Name of a stotra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛttisaṃgraham. Name of a concise commentator or commentary on pāṇini-'s sūtra-s (by rāma-candra-, a pupil of nāgoji-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛttisthamfn. being in any state or condition or employment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛttistham. a lizard, chameleon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyatisaṃdahP. -dahati-, to burn up entirely View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyatisev Passive voice -sevyate-, to be well furnished or provided with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyatisonly ind.p. -sṛtya-, prob."in each case","on every occasion" (gurum anu-sṛtya- ) : Caus. -sārayati- (with kathām-), to converse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyatisṛpP. -sarpati- (), to move to and fro, fly in every direction (as arrows) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavahārāṅgasmṛtisarvasvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavahārārthasmṛtisārasamuccayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajatisthānan. the place or position of the vedi- or sacrificial altar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisamārādhanavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisaṃskāram. Name of chapter of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisaṃskāraprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisaṃskāravidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisaṃskāravidhinirṇayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisāṃtapanan. Name of a particular kind of penance (a pañca-gavya-lasting for three days), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatisvadharmabhikṣāvidhim. Name of a work (containing rules for the regulation of life on the part of religious mendicants, attributed to śaṃkarācārya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatyācārasaṃgrahīyayatisaṃskāraprayogam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yeyajñenetisūktaName of the hymn (beginning with ye yajñena-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogavṛttisaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuktisnehaprapūraṇīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yūthapatisakāśamind. into the presence of the chief of the herd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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akṛta अकृत a. [कृ-कर्मणि क्तः, न. त.] 1 Not done, undone, unperformed; सर्वान् बलकृतानर्थानकृतान् मनुरब्रवीत् Ms.8.168; कृतं चाप्यकृतं भवेत् 8.117. -2 Wrongly or differently done; कृताकृतावेक्षणादौ ब्रह्मा ऋत्विङ् नियुज्यते इति याज्ञिकाः. -3 Incomplete, not _x001F_/ready (as food); अकृतं च कृतात्क्षेत्रात् (अदोषवत्) Ms.1.144. not cultivated (अनुप्तशस्यम् Kull.); कृतान्नं चाकृता- न्नेन (निर्मातव्यम्) 1.94 (सिद्धान्नं चामान्नेन Kull.) -4 Uncreated. -5 One who has done no work. -6 Not developed or perfected, unripe, immature. -ता One not legally regarded as a daughter and placed on a level with sons, (पुत्रिकात्वेन अकल्पिता); अकृता वा कृता वापि यं विन्देत्सदृशात्सुतम् Ms.9.136; according to some, a daughter who is not by a formal declaration but only mentally appointed to supply an heir for her father (अभिसंधिमात्रकृता वाग्व्यवहारेण कृता; कृता = यदपत्यं भवेदस्यां तन्मम स्यात्स्वधाकरम् इत्यभिधाय कन्यादानकाले वरानुमत्या या क्रियते Kull.). -तम् An unperformed act; non-performance of an act; an unheard-of deed; अकृतं वै प्रजापतिः करोति Ait. Br. -Comp. -अर्थ a.. unsuccessful. -अस्त्र a. unpractised in arms. -आत्मन् a. 1 ignorant, foolish, having an uncontrolled mind. -2 not identified with Brahma or the Supreme Spirit. -उद्वाह a. unmarried. -एनस् a. not sinful or guilty, innocent. -कारम् adv. as has not been done before; ˚रं करोति Kāś.III.4.36. -ज्ञ a. ungrateful. -धी, --बुद्धि a. ignorant; पश्यत्यकृतबुद्धित्वान्न स पश्यति दुर्मतिः Bg.18.16 through unrefined understanding. -व्रणः -1 N.of a commentator on the Purāṇas; V. P.; of a companion of Rāma Jāmadagnya; Mb. -2 not wounded.
akṣuṇṇa अक्षुण्ण a. [न. त.] 1 Unbroken, uncurtailed. -2 Not conquered or defeated, successful; अक्षुण्णो$नुनयः Ve.1.2. -3 Not trodden or beaten, unusual, strange; अभीक्ष्णम- क्षुण्णतयातिदुर्गमम् Śi.1.32 being not practised or experienced. -4 Inexperienced, not expert.
agamyā अगम्या A woman not deserving to be approached (for cohabitation), one of the low castes; ˚म्यां च स्त्रियं गत्वा, ˚गमनं चैव जातिभ्रंशकराणि वा &c. -Comp. -गमनम् illicit intercourse. -गामिन् a. practising illicit intercourse. -गमनीय a. relating to illicit intercourse; ˚नीये तु (पापम्) व्रतैरेभिरपानुदेत् Ms.11.169.
agniḥ अग्निः [अङ्गति ऊर्ध्वं गच्छति अङ्ग्-नि,नलोपश्च Uṇ.4.5., or fr. अञ्च् 'to go.'] 1 Fire कोप˚, चिन्ता˚, शोक˚, ज्ञान˚, राज˚, &c. -2 The God of fire. -3 Sacrificial fire of three kinds (गार्हपत्य, आहवनीय and दक्षिण); पिता बै गार्हपत्यो$ ग्निर्माताग्निर्दक्षिणः स्मृतः । गुरुराहवनीयस्तु साग्नित्रेता गरीयसी ॥ Ms. 2.232. -4 The fire of the stomach, digestive faculty, gastric fluid. -5 Bile (नाभेरूर्ध्व हृदयादधस्तादामाशयमाचक्षते तद्गतं सौरं तेजः पित्तम् इत्याचक्षते). -6 Cauterization (अग्नि- कर्मन्). -7 Gold. -8 The number three. शराग्निपरिमाणम् (पञ्चत्रिंशत्) Mb.13.17.26. -9 N. of various plants: (a) चित्रक Plumbago Zeylanica; (b) रक्तचित्रक; (c) भल्लातक Semicarpus Anacardium; (d) निम्बक Citrus Acida. -1 A mystical substitute for the letter र्. In Dvandva comp. as first member with names of deities, and with particular words अग्नि is changed to अग्ना, as ˚विष्णू, ˚मरुतौ, or to अग्नी, ˚पर्जन्यौ, ˚ वरुणौ, ˚षोमौ -11 पिङगला नाडी; यत्र तद् ब्रह्म निर्द्वन्द्वं यत्र सोमः, (इडा) सहाग्निना (अग्निः पिङ्गला) Mb.14.2.1. -12 Sacrificial altar, अग्निकुण्ड cf. Rām. 1.14.28. -13 Sky. अग्निर्मूर्धा Muṇḍ 2.1.4. [cf. L. ignis.] [Agni is the God of Fire, the Ignis of the Latins and Ogni of the Slavonians. He is one of the most prominent deities of the Ṛigveda. He, as an immortal, has taken up his abode among mortals as their guest; he is the domestic priest, the successful accomplisher and protector of all ceremonies; he is also the religious leader and preceptor of the gods, a swift messenger employed to announce to the immortals the hymns and to convey to them the oblations of their worshippers, and to bring them down from the sky to the place of sacrifice. He is sometimes regarded as the mouth and the tongue through which both gods and men participate in the sacrifices. He is the lord, protector and leader of people, monarch of men, the lord of the house, friendly to mankind, and like a father, mother, brother &c. He is represented as being produced by the attrition of two pieces of fuel which are regarded as husband and wife. Sometimes he is considered to have been brought down from heaven or generated by Indra between two clouds or stones, created by Dyau, or fashioned by the gods collectively. In some passages he is represented as having a triple existence, which may mean his three-fold manifestations as the sun in heaven, lightning in the atmosphere, and as ordinary fire on the earth, although the three appearances are also elsewhere otherwise explained. His epithets are numberless and for the most part descriptive of his physical characteristics : धूमकेतु, हुतभुज्, शुचि, रोहिताश्व, सप्तजिह्व, तोमरधर, घृतान्न, चित्रभानु, ऊर्ध्वशोचिस्, शोचिष्केश, हरिकेश, हिरण्यदन्त, अयोदंष्ट्र &c. In a celebrated passage he is said to have 4 horns, 3 feet, 2 heads, and 7 hands. The highest divine functions are ascribed to Agni. He is said to have spread out the two worlds and _x001F_+ produced them, to have supported heaven, formed the mundane regions and luminaries of heaven, to have begotten Mitra and caused the sun to ascend the sky. He is the head and summit of the sky, the centre of the earth. Earth, Heaven and all beings obey his commands. He knows and sees all worlds or creatures and witnesses all their actions. The worshippers of Agni prosper, they are wealthy and live long. He is the protector of that man who takes care to bring him fuel. He gives him riches and no one can overcome him who sacrifices to this god. He confers, and is the guardian of, immortality. He is like a water-trough in a desert and all blessing issue from him. He is therefore constantly supplicated for all kinds of boons, riches, food, deliverance from enemies and demons, poverty, reproach, childlessness, hunger &c. Agni is also associated with Indra in different hymns and the two gods are said to be twin brothers. Such is the Vedic conception of Agni; but in the course of mythological personifications he appears as the eldest son of Brahmā and is called Abhimānī [Viṣṇu Purāṇa]. His wife was Svāhā; by her, he had 3 sons -Pāvaka, Pavamāna and Śuchi; and these had forty-five sons; altogether 49 persons who are considered identical with the 49 fires. He is also represented as a son of Aṅgiras, as a king of the Pitṛs or Manes, as a Marut and as a grandson of Śāṇḍila, and also as a star. The Harivaṁśa describes him as clothed in black, having smoke for his standard and head-piece and carrying a flaming javelin. He is borne in a chariot drawn by red horses and the 7 winds are the wheels of his car. He is accompanied by a ram and sometimes he is represented as riding on that animal. Agni was appointed by Brahamā as the sovereign of the quarter between the south and east, whence the direction is still known as Āgneyī. The Mahābhārata represents Agni as having exhausted his vigour and become dull by devouring many oblations at the several sacrifices made by king Śvetaki, but he recruited his strength by devouring the whole Khāṇḍava forest; for the story see the word खाण्डव]. -Comp. -अ (आ) गारम् -रः, -आलयः, -गृहम् [अग्निकार्याय अगारम् शाक˚ त.] a fire-sanctuary, house or place for keeping the sacred fire; वसंश्चतुर्थो$ग्निरिवाग्न्यगारे R.5.25. रथाग्न्यगारं चापार्चीं शरशक्तिगदे- न्धनम् Mb.11.25.14. -अस्त्रम् fire-missile, a rocket, -आत्मक a. [अग्निरात्मा यस्य] of the nature of fire सोमा- त्मिका स्त्री, ˚कः पुमान्. -आधानम् consecrating the fire; so ˚आहिति. -आधेयः [अग्निराधेयो येन] a Brāhmana who maintains the sacred fire. (-यम्) = ˚आधानम्. -आहितः [अग्निराहितो येन, वा परनिपातः P.II.2.37.] one who maintains the sacred fire; See आहिताग्नि. -इध् m. (अग्नीध्रः) [अग्निम् इन्द्धे स अग्नीध्] the priest who kindles fire (mostly Ved). -इन्धनः [अग्निरिध्यते अनेन] N. of a Mantra. (नम्) kindling the fire; अग्नीन्धनं भैक्षचर्याम् Ms.2.18. -उत्पातः [अग्निना दिव्यानलेन कृतः उत्पातः] a fiery portent, meteor, comet &c. In Bṛ. S.33 it is said to be of five kinds: दिवि भुक्तशुभफलानां पततां रूपाणि यानि तान्युल्काः । धिष्ण्योल्का- शनिविद्युत्तारा इति पञ्चधा भिन्नाः ॥ उल्का पक्षेण फलं तद्वत् धिष्ण्याशनिस्त्रिभिः पक्षैः । विद्युदहोभिः ष़ड्भिस्तद्वत्तारा विपाचयति ॥ Different fruits are said to result from the appearances of these portents, according to the nature of their colour, position &c. -उद्धरणम्, -उद्धारः 1 producing fire by the friction of two araṇis. -2 taking out, before sun-rise, the sacred fire from its cover of ashes previous to a sacrifice. -उपस्थानम् worship of Agni; the Mantra or hymn with which Agni is worshipped (अग्निरुपस्थीयते$नेन) अग्निस्त्रिष्टुभ् उपस्थाने विनियोगः Sandhyā. -एधः [अग्निमेधयति] an incendiary. -कणः; -स्तोकः a spark. -कर्मन् n. [अग्नौ कर्म स. त.] 1 cauterization. -2 action of fire. -3 oblation to Agni, worship of Agni (अग्निहोत्र); so ˚कार्य offering oblations to fire, feeding fire with ghee &c.; निर्वर्तिताग्निकार्यः K.16.; ˚र्यार्धदग्ध 39, Ms.3.69, अग्निकार्यं ततः कुर्यात्सन्ध्ययोरुभयोरपि । Y.1.25. -कला a part (or appearance) of fire; ten varieties are mentioned धूम्रार्चिरुष्मा ज्वलिनी ज्वालिनी विस्फु- लिङ्गिनी । सुश्री: सुरूपा कपिला हव्यकव्यवहे अपि ॥ यादीनां दश- वर्णानां कला धर्मप्रदा अमूः ।). -कारिका [अग्निं करोति आधत्ते करणे कर्तृत्वोपचारात् कर्तरि ण्वुल्] 1 the means of consecrating the sacred fire, the Ṛik called अग्नीध्र which begins with अग्निं दूतं पुरो दधे. 2. = अग्निकार्यम्. -काष्ठम् अग्नेः उद्दीपनं काष्ठं शाक ˚त.] agallochum (अगुरु) -कुक्कुटः [अग्नेः कुक्कुट इव रक्तवर्णस्फुलिङ्गत्वात्] a firebrand, lighted wisp of straw. -कुण्डम [अग्नेराधानार्थं कुण्डम्] an enclosed space for keeping the fire, a fire-vessel. -कुमारः, -तनयः; सुतः 1 N. of Kārttikeya said to be born from fire; Rām.7. See कार्त्तिकेय. -2 a kind of preparation of medicinal drugs. -कृतः Cashew-nut; the plant Anacardium occidentale. [Mar.काजू] -केतुः [अग्नेः केतुरिव] 1 smoke. -2 N. of two Rākṣasas on the side of Rāvaṇa and killed by Rāma. -कोणः -दिक् the south-east corner ruled over by Agni; इन्द्रो वह्निः पितृपतिर्नौर्ऋतो वरुणो मरुत् । कुबेर ईशः पतयः पूर्वादीनां दिशां क्रमात् ॥ -क्रिया [अग्निना निर्वर्तिता क्रिया, शाक. त.] 1 obsequies, funeral ceremonies. -2 branding; भेषजाग्निक्रियासु च Y.3.284. -क्रीडा [तृ. त.] fire-works, illuminations. -गर्भ a. [अग्निर्गर्भे यस्य] pregnant with or containing fire, having fire in the interior; ˚र्भां शमीमिव Ś 4.3. (--र्भः) [अग्निरिव जारको गर्भो यस्य] 1 N. of the plant Agnijāra. -2 the sun stone, name of a crystal supposed to contain and give out fire when touched by the rays of the sun; cf Ś2.7. -3 the sacrificial stick अरणि which when churned, gives out fire. (-र्भा) 1 N. of the Śamī plant as containing fire (the story of how Agni was discovered to exist in the interior of the Śamī plant is told in chap. 35 of अनु- शासनपर्व in Mb.) -2 N. of the earth (अग्नेः सकाशात् गर्भो यस्यां सा; when the Ganges threw the semen of Śiva out on the Meru mountain, whatever on earth &c. was irradiated by its lustre, became gold and the earth was thence called वसुमती) -3 N. of the plant महा- ज्योतिष्मती लता (अग्निरिव गर्भो मध्यभागो यस्याः सा) [Mar. माल- कांगोणी] -ग्रन्थः [अग्निप्रतिपादको ग्रन्थः शाक. त.] the work that treats of the worship of Agni &c. -घृतम् [अग्न्युद्दीपनं घृतं शाक. त.] a kind of medicinal preparation of ghee used to stimulate the digestive power. -चित् m. अग्निं चितवान्; चि-भूतार्थे क्विप् P.III.2.91] one who has kept the sacred fire; यतिभिः सार्धमनग्निमग्निचित् R.8.25; अध्वरे- ष्वग्निचित्वत्सु Bk.5.11. -चयः, -चयनम्, -चित्या. arranging or keeping the sacred fire (अग्न्याधान); चित्याग्निचित्ये च P.III.1.132. -2 (-यः, -यनः) the Mantra used in this operation. -3 a heap of fire -चित्वत् [अग्निचयनम् अस्त्यस्मिन् मतुप्; मस्य वः । तान्तत्वान्न पद- त्वम् Tv.] having अग्निचयन or अग्निचित्. -चूडः A bird having a red tuft. -चर्णम् gunpowder. कार्यासमर्थः कत्यस्ति शस्त्रगोलाग्निचूर्णयुक् Śukranīti 2.93. -ज, -जात a. produced by or from fire, born from fire. (-जः, -जातः) 1 N. of the plant अग्निजार (अग्नये अग्न्युद्दीपनाय जायते सेवनात् प्रभवति). 1 N. of Kārttikeya पराभिनत्क्रौञ्चमिवाद्रिमग्निजः Mb.8.9. 68.3. Viṣṇu. (-जम्, -जातम) gold; so ˚जन्मन्. -जित् m. God; Bhāg.8.14.4. -जिह्व a. 1 having a fiery tongue. -2 one having fire for the tongue, epithet of a God or of Visṇu in the boar incarnation. (-ह्वा) 1 a tongue or flame of fire. -2 one of the 7 tongues of Agni (कराली धूमिनी श्वेता लोहिता नीललोहिता । सुवर्णा पद्मरागा च जिह्वा: सप्त विभावसोः -3 N. of a plant लाङ्गली (अग्नेर्जिह्वेव शिखा यस्याः सा); of another plant (जलपिप्पली) or गजपिप्पली (विषलाङ्गला) (Mar. जल-गज पिंपळी) -ज्वाला 1 the flame or glow of fire. -2 [अग्नेर्ज्वालेव शिखा यस्याः सा] N. of a plant with red blossoms, chiefly used by dyers, Grislea Tomentosa (Mar. धायफूल, धायटी). -तप् a. [अग्निना तप्यते; तप्-क्विप्] having the warmth of fire; practising austerities by means of fire. -तपस् a. [अग्निभिः तप्यते] 1 practising very austere penance, standing in the midst of the five fires. -2 glowing, shining or burning like fire (तपतीति तपाः अग्निरिव तपाः) hot as fire -तेजस् a. having the lustre or power of fire. (अग्नेरिव तेजो यस्य). (-स् n.) the lustre of fire. (-स् m.) N. of one of the 7 Ṛiṣis of the 11th Manvantara. -त्रयम् the three fires, See under अग्नि. -द a. [अग्निं दाहार्थं गृहादौ ददाति; दा. -क.] 1 giving or supplying with fire -2 tonic, stomachic, producing appetite, stimulating digestion. -3 incendiary; अग्निदान् भक्तदांश्चैव Ms.9.278; अग्निदानां च ये लोकाः Y.2.74; so ˚दायक, ˚दायिन्. यदग्निदायके पापं यत्पापं गुरुतल्पगे. Rām.2.75.45. -दग्ध a. 1 burnt on the funeral pile; अग्निदग्धाश्च ये जीवा ये$प्यदग्धाः कुले मम Vāyu. P. -2 burnt with fire. -3 burnt at once without having fire put into the mouth, being destitute of issue (?); (pl.) a class of Manes or Pitṛis who, when alive, kept up the household flame and presented oblations to fire. -दमनी [अग्निर्दम्यते$नया; दम्-णिच् करणे ल्युट] a narcotic plant, Solanum Jacquini. [Mar. रिंगणी] -दातृ [अग्निं विधानेन ददाति] one who performs the last (funeral) ceremonies of a man; यश्चाग्निदाता प्रेतस्य पिण्डं दद्यात्स एव हि. -दीपन a. [अग्निं दीपयति] stimulating digestion, stomachic, tonic. -दीप्त a. [तृ. त्त.] glowing, set on fire, blazing (-प्ता) [अग्निर्जठरानलो दीप्तः सेवनात् यस्याः सा] N. of a plant ज्योतिष्मती लता (Mar. मालकांगोणी), which is said to stimulate digestion. -दीप्तिः f. active state of digestion. -दूत a. अग्निर्दूत इव यस्मिन् यस्य वा] having Agni for a messenger, said of the sacrifice or the deity invoked; यमं ह यज्ञो गच्छत्यग्निदूतो अरंकृतः Rv.1.14.13. -दूषितः a. branded. -देवः [अग्नि- रेव देवः] Agni; a worshipper of Agni. -देवा [अग्निर्देवो यस्याः] the third lunar mansion, the Pleiades (कृत्तिका). -द्वारम् the door on the south-east of a building; पूर्व- द्वारमथैशाने चाग्निद्वारं तु दक्षिणे । Māna.9.294-95. -धानम् [अग्निर्धियते$स्मिन्] the place or receptacle for keeping the sacred fire, the house of अग्निहोतृ; पदं कृणुते अग्निधाने Rv. 1.165.3. -धारणम् maintaining the sacred fire; व्रतिनां ˚णम् K. 55. -नयनम् = ˚प्रणयनम्. -निर्यासः [अग्नेर्ज- ठरानलस्येव दीपको निर्यासो यस्य] N. of the plant अग्निजार. -नेत्र a. [अग्निर्नेता यस्य] having Agni for the leader or conveyer of oblations, an epithet of a god in general. -पदम् 1 the word Agni. -2 fire-place. -3 N. of a plant. -परिक्रि-ष्क्रि-या care of the sacred fire, worship of fire, offering oblations; गृहार्थो$ग्निपरिष्क्रिया Ms.2.67. -परिच्छदः the whole sacrificial apparatus; गृह्यं चाग्निपरिच्छदम् Ms.6. 4. -परिधानम् enclosing the sacrificial fire with a kind of screen. -परीक्षा [तृ. त.] ordeal by fire. -पर्वतः [अग्निसाधनं पर्वतः] a volcano; महता ज्वलता नित्यमग्निमेवाग्नि- पर्वतः Rām.5.35.43. -पुच्छः [अग्नेः अग्न्याधानस्थानस्य पुच्छ इव]. tail or back part of the sacrificial place; the extinction of fire. -पुराणम् [अग्निना प्रोक्तं पुराणम्] one of the 18 Purāṇas ascribed to Vyāsa. It derives its name from its having been communicated originally by Agni to the sage Vasiṣṭha for the purpose of instructing him in the two-fold knowledge of Brahman. Its stanzas are said to be 145. Its contents are varied. It has portions on ritual and mystic worship, cosmical descriptions, chapters on the duties of Kings and the art of war, a chapter on law, some chapters on Medicine and some treatises on Rhetoric, Prosody, Grammar, Yoga, Brahmavidyā &c. &c. -प्रणयनम् bringing out the sacrificial fire and consecrating it according to the proper ritual. -प्रणिधिः Incendiary. Dk.2.8. -प्रतिष्ठा consecration of fire, especially the nuptial fire. -प्रवेशः; -शनम [स. त.] entering the fire, self-immolation of a widow on the funeral pile of her husband. -प्रस्कन्दनम् violation of the duties of a sacrificer (अग्निहोमाकरण); ˚परस्त्वं चाप्येवं भविष्यसि Mb.1.84.26. -प्रस्तरः [अग्निं प्रस्तृणाति अग्नेः प्रस्तरो वा] a flint, a stone producing fire. -बाहुः [अग्ने- र्बाहुरिव दीर्घशिखत्वात्] 1 smoke. -2 N. of a son of the first Manu; Hariv. N. of a son of Priyavrata and Kāmyā. V. P. -बीजम् 1 the seed of Agni; (fig.) gold (रुद्रतेजः समुद्भूतं हेमबीजं विभावसोः) -2 N. of the letter र्. -भम [अग्नि- रिव भाति; भा-क.] 1 'shining like fire,' gold. -2 N. of the constellation कृत्तिका. -भु n. [अग्नेर्भवति; भू-क्विप् ह्रस्वान्तः] 1 water. -2 gold. -भू a. [अग्नेर्भवतिः भू-क्विप्] produced from fire. (भूः) 1 'fire-born,' N. of Kārttikeya. -2 N. of a teacher (काश्यप) who was taught by Agni. -3 (arith.) six. -भूति a. produced from fire. (-तिः) [अग्निरिव भूतिरैश्वर्यं यस्य] N. of a pupil of the last Tīrthaṅkara. (-तिः) f. the lustre or might of fire. -भ्राजस् a. Ved. [अग्निरिव भ्राजते; भ्राज्-असुन्] shining like fire. अग्निभ्राजसो विद्युतः Ṛv.5.54.11. -मणिः [अग्नेरुत्थापको मणिः शाक. त.] the sunstone. -मथ् m. [अग्निं मथ्नाति निष्पादयति; मन्थ्-क्विप्- नलोपः] 1 the sacrificer who churns the fuel-stick. -2 the Mantra used in this operation, on the अरणि itself. -मन्थः, -न्थनम्, producing fire by friction; or the Mantra used in this operation. (-न्थः) [अग्निर्मथ्यते अनेन मन्थ्-करणे घञ्] N. of a tree गणिकारिका (Mar. नरवेल) Premna Spinosa (तत्काष्ठयोर्घर्षणे हि आशु वह्निरुत्पद्यते), -मान्द्यम् slowness of digestion, loss of appetite, dyspepsia. -मारुतिः अग्निश्च मरुच्च तयोरपत्यं इञ् ततो वृद्धिः इत् च; द्विपदवृद्धौ पृषो. पूर्वपदस्य ह्रस्वः Tv.] N. of the sage Agastya. -मित्रः N. of a king of the Śunga dynasty, son of Puṣypamitra who must have flourished before 15 B. C. -the usually accepted date of Patañjali-as the latter mentions पुष्यमित्र by name. -मुखः a. having Agni at the head. (-खः) [अग्निर्मुखमिव यस्य] 1 a deity, god, (for the gods receive oblations through Agni who is, therefore, said to be their mouth; अग्निमुखा वै देवाः; अग्निर्मुखं प्रथमं देवतानाम् &c; or अग्निर्मुखे अग्रे येषाम्, for fire is said to have been created before all other gods.) -2 [अग्निर्मुखं प्रधानमुपास्यो यस्य] one who maintains the sacred fire (अग्निहोतृद्विज) -3 a Brāhmaṇa in general (अग्निर्दाहकत्वात् शापाग्निर्मुखे यस्य for Brāhmaṇas are said to be वाग्वज्राः). -4 N. of two plants चित्रक Plumbago Zeylanica and भल्लातक Semicarpus Anacardium अग्निरिव स्पर्शात् दुःखदायकं मुखमग्रम् यस्य, तन्निर्यासस्पर्शेन हि देहे क्षतोत्पत्तेस्थयोस्तथात्वम्) -5 a sort of powder or चूर्ण prescribed as a tonic by चक्रदत्त -6 'fire-mouthed, sharp-biting, an epithet of a bug. Pt. 1. (-खी) अग्निरिव मुखमग्रं यस्याः; गौरादि-ङीष्] 1 N. of a plant भल्लातक (Mar. बिबवा, भिलावा) and लाङ्गलिका (विषलाङ्गला). -2 N. of the Gāyatri Mantra (अग्निरेव मुखं मुखत्वेन कल्पितं यस्याः सा, or अग्नेरिव मुखं प्रजापतिमुखं उत्पत्ति- द्वारं यस्याः, अग्निना समं प्रजापतिमुखजातत्वात्; कदाचिदपि नो विद्वान् गायत्रीमुदके जपेत् । गायत्र्याग्निमुखी यस्मात्तस्मादुत्थाय तां जपेत् ॥ गोभिल). -3 a kitchen [पाकशाला अग्निरिव उत्तप्तं मुखं यस्याः सा]. -मूढ a. [तृ. त.] Ved. made insane or stupefied by lightning or fire. -यन्त्रम् A gun अग्नियन्त्रधरैश्चक्रधरैश्च पुरुषैर्वृतः Śivabhārata 12.17. -यानम् An aeroplane. व्योमयानं विमानं स्यात् अग्नियानं तदेव हि । अगस्त्यसंहिता. -योगः See पञ्चाग्निसाधन. अग्नियोगवहो ग्रीष्मे विधिदृष्टेन कर्मणा । चीर्त्वा द्वादशवर्षाणि राजा भवति पार्थिवः ॥ Mb.13.14,2.43. -योजनम् causing the sacrificial fire to blaze up. -रक्षणम् 1 con-secrating or preserving the sacred (domestic) fire or अग्निहोत्र. -2 [अग्निः रक्ष्यते अनेन अत्र वा] a Mantra securing for Agni protection from evil spirits &c. -3 the house of an अग्निहोतृ. -रजः, -रजस् m. [अग्निरिव रज्यते दीप्यते; रञ्ज्-असुन् नलोपः] 1 a scarlet insect by name इन्द्रगोप. -2 (अग्नेः रजः) the might or power of Agni. -3 gold. Mb.3. 16.86.7 -रहस्यम् mystery of (worshipping &c.) Agni; N. of the tenth book of Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa. -राशिः a heap of fire, burning pile. -रुहा [अग्निरिव रोहति रुह्-क] N. of the plant मांसादनी or मांसरोहिणी (तदङ्कुरस्य वह्नितुल्य- वर्णतया उत्पन्नत्वात्तथात्वं तस्याः). -रूप a. [अग्नेरिव रूपं वर्णो यस्य] fire-shaped; of the nature of fire. -रूपम् the nature of fire. -रेतस् n. the seed of Agni; (hence) gold. -रोहिणी [अग्निरिव रोहति; रुह्-णिनि] a hard inflammatory swelling in the armpit. -लोकः the world a Agni, which is situated below the summit of Meru; in the Purāṇas it is said to be in the अन्तरिक्ष, while in the Kāśī Khaṇḍa it is said to be to the south of इन्द्रपुरी; एतस्या दक्षिणे भागे येयं पूर्दृश्यते शुभा । इमामर्चिष्मतीं पश्य वीतिहोत्रपुरीं शुभाम् ॥ -वधूः Svāhā, the daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Agni -वर्चस् a. [अग्नेर्वर्च इव वर्चो यस्य] glowing or bright like fire. (n.) the lustre of Agni. (-m.) N. of a teacher of the Purāṇas. -वर्ण a. [अग्नेरिव वर्णो यस्य] of the colour of fire; hot; fiery; सुरां पीत्वा द्विजो मोहादग्निवर्णां सुरां पिबेत् Ms.11.9; गोमूत्रमग्निवर्णं वा पिबेदुदकमेव वा 91. (र्णः) 1 N. of a prince, son of Sudarśana. -2 N. of a King of the solar race, See R.19.1. the colour of fire. (-र्णा) a strong liquor. -वर्धक a. stimulating digestion, tonic. (-कः) 1 a tonic. -2 regimen, diet (पथ्याहार). -वल्लभः [अग्नेर्वल्लभः सुखेन दाह्यत्वात्] 1 the Śāla tree, Shorea Robusta. -2 the resinous juice of it. -वासस् a. [अग्निरिव शुद्धं वासो यस्य] having a red (pure like Agni) garment. (n.) a pure garment. -वाह a. [अग्निं वाहयति अनुमापयति वा] 1 smoke. -2 a goat. -वाहनम् a goat (छाग). -विद् m. 1 one who knows the mystery about Agni. -2 an अग्निहोत्रिन् q. v. -विमोचनम् ceremony of lowering the sacrificial fire. -विसर्पः pain from an inflamed tumour, inflammation. -विहरणम्, -विहारः 1 taking the sacrificial fire from आग्नीध्र to the उत्तरवेदि. -2 offering oblations to fire; प्रत्यासन्ना ˚वेला K.348. -वीर्यम् 1 power or might of Agni. -2 gold. -वेतालः Name of Vetāla (connected with the story of Vikra-māditya). -वेशः [अग्नेर्वेश इव] N. of an ancient medical authority (चरक). -वेश्मन् m. the fourteenth day of the karma-ṃāsa; Sūryaprajñapti. -वेश्यः 1 N. of a teacher, Mbh. -2 Name of the 22nd muhūrta; Sūryapraj-ñapti. धौम्य cf. Mb 14.64.8. -शरणम्, -शाला-लम् a fire-sanctuary; ˚मार्गमादेशय Ś.5; a house or place for keeping the sacred fire; ˚रक्षणाय स्थापितो$हम् V.3. -शर्मन् a. [अग्निरिव शृणाति तीव्रकोपत्वात् शॄ-मनिन्] very passionate. (-m.) N. of a sage. -शिख a. [अग्नेरिव अग्निरिव वा शिखा यस्य] fiery, fire-crested; दहतु ˚खैः सायकैः Rām. (-खः) 1 a lamp. -2 a rocket, fiery arrow. -3 an arrow in general. -4 safflower plant. -5 saffron. -6 जाङ्गलीवृक्ष. (-खम्) 1 saffron. -2 gold. (-खा) 1 a flame; शरैरग्निशिखोपमैः Mb. -2 N. of two plants लाङ्गली (Mar. वागचबका or कळलावी) Gloriosa Superba; of other plants (also Mar. कळलावी) Meni-spermum Cordifolium. -शुश्रूषा careful service or worship of fire. -शेखर a. fire-crested. (-रः) N. of the कुसुम्भ, कुङ्कुम and जाङ्गली trees (-रम्) gold, -शौच a. [अग्नेरिव शौचं यस्य] bright as fire; purified by fire K.252. -श्री a. [अग्नेरिव श्रीर्यस्य] glowing like fire; lighted by Agni -ष्टुत्, -ष्टुभ, -ष्टोम &c. see ˚ स्तुत्, ˚स्तुभ् &c. -ष्ठम् 1 kitchen; अग्निष्ठेष्वग्निशालासु Rām.6.1.16. -2 a fire-pan. -संयोगाः explosives. Kau. A.2.3. -ष्वात्तः see स्वात्तः -संस्कारः 1 consecration of fire. -2 hallowing or con-secrating by means of fire; burning on the funeral pile; यथार्हं ˚रं मालवाय दत्वा Dk.169; नास्य कार्यो$ग्निसंस्कारः Ms.5.69, पितरीवाग्निसंस्कारात्परा ववृतिरे क्रियाः । R.12.56. -सखः; -सहायः 1 the wind. -2 the wild pigeon (smoke-coloured). -3 smoke. -सम्भव a. [प. ब.] sprung or produced from fire. (-वः) 1 wild safflower. -2 lymph, result of digestion. (-वम्) gold. -साक्षिक [अग्निः साक्षी यत्र, कप्] a. or adv. keeping fire for a witness, in the presence of fire; पञ्चबाण˚ M.4.12. ˚मर्यादो भर्ता हि शरणं स्त्रियाः H.1.v. l, R.11.48. -सारम् [अग्नौ सारं यस्य अत्यन्तानलोत्तापनेपि सारांशादहनात् Tv.] रसाञ्जन, a sort of medical preparation for the eyes. (-रः -रम्) power or essence of fire. -सुतः Kārttikeya; त्वामद्य निहनिष्यामि क्रौञ्चमग्निसुतो यथा । Mb.7.156.93. -सूत्रम् a thread of fire. -2 a girdle of sacrificial grass (मौञ्जीमेखला) put upon a young Brāhmaṇa at the time of investiture. -सूनुः (See -सुतः), (सेनानीरग्निभूर्गुहः । Amar.); देव्यङ्कसंविष्ट- मिवाग्निसूनुम् । Bu. ch.1.67. -स्तम्भः 1 stopping the burning power of Agni. -2 N. of a Mantra used in this operation. -3 N. of a medicine so used. -स्तुत् m. (अग्निष्टुत्) [अग्निः स्तूयते$त्र; स्तु-आधारे क्विप् षत्वम्] the first day of the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice; N. of a portion of that sacrifice which extends over one day; यजेत वाश्वमेधेन स्वर्जिता गोसवेन वा । अभिजिद्विश्वजिद्भ्यां वा त्रिवृता- ग्निष्टुतापि वा ॥ Ms.11.74. -स्तुभ् (˚ष्टुभ्) m. [अग्निः स्तुभ्यते$त्र; स्तुभ्-क्विप् षत्वम्] 1 = अग्निष्टोम. -2 N. of a son of the sixth Manu. -रतोमः (˚ष्टोमः) [अग्नेः स्तोमः स्तुतिसाधनं यत्र] 1 N. of a protracted ceremony or sacrificeial rite extending over several days in spring and forming an essential part of the ज्योतिष्टोम. -2 a Mantra or Kalpa with reference to this sacrifice; ˚मे भवो मन्त्रः ˚मः; ˚मस्य व्याख्यानम्, कल्पः ˚मः P.IV.3.66. Vārt. -3 N. of the son of the sixth Manu. -4 a species of the Soma plant; ˚सामन् a part of the Sāma Veda chanted at the conclusion of the Agniṣṭoma sacrifice. -सावर्णिः Name of Manu. -स्थ a. (ष्ठ) [अग्नौ स्थातुमर्हति; स्था-क षत्वम्] placed in, over, or near the fire. (ष्ठः) an iron frying-pan; in the अश्वमेध sacrifice the 11th Yūpa which of all the 21 is nearest the fire. -स्वात्तः (written both as ˚स्वात्त and ˚ष्वात्त) (pl.) [अग्नितः i. e. श्राद्धीयविप्रकर- रूपानलात् सुष्ठु आत्तं ग्रहणं येषां ते] N. of a class of Pitṛs or Manes who, when living on earth, maintained the sacred or domestic fires, but who did not perform the Agniṣṭoma and other sacrifices. They are regarded as Manes of Gods and Brāhmaṇas and also as descendants of Marīchi; Ms.3.195. अग्निष्वात्ताः पितर एह गच्छत Tsy.2.5.12.2. (मनुष्यजन्मन्यग्निष्टोमादियागमकृत्वा स्मार्तकर्मनिष्ठाः सन्तो मृत्वा च पितृत्वं गताः इति सायणः). -हुत्, -होतृ Ved. sacrificing to Agni, having Agni for a priest; Rv.1.66.8. -होत्रम् [अग्नये हूयते$त्र, हु-त्र, च. त.] 1 an oblation to Agni (chiefly of milk, oil and sour gruel.). -2 maintenance of the sacred fire and offering oblation to it; (अग्नये होत्रं होमो$स्मिन् कर्मणीति अग्निहोत्रमिति कर्मनाम); or the sacred fire itself; तपोवनाग्निहोत्रधूमलेखासु K.26. होता स्यात् ˚त्रस्य Ms.11.36. ˚त्रमुपासते 42; स्त्रीं दाहयेत् ˚त्रेण Ms.5.167,6.4, दाहयित्वाग्निहोत्रेण स्त्रियं वृत्तवतीम् Y.1.89. The time of throwing oblations into the fire is, as ordained by the sun himself, evening (अग्नये सायं जुहुयात् सूर्याय प्रातर्जुहुयात्). Agnihotra is of two kinds; नित्य of constant obligation (यावज्जीवमग्निहोत्रं जुहोति) and काम्य occasional or optional (उपसद्भिश्चरित्वा मासमेकमग्निहोत्रं जुहोति). (-त्र) a. Ved. 1 destined for, connected with, Agnihotra. -2 sacrificing to Agni. ˚न्यायः The rule according to which the नित्यकर्मन्s (which are to be performed यावज्जीवम्) are performed at their stipulated or scheduled time only, during one's life time. This is discussed and established by जैमिनि and शबर at Ms.6. 2.23-26. in connection with अग्निहोत्र and other कर्मन्s. ˚हवनी (णी) a ladle used in sacrificial libations, or अग्निहोत्रहविर्ग्रहणी ऋक् Tv.; See हविर्ग्रहणी; ˚हुत् offering the अग्निहोत्र; ˚आहुतिः invocation or oblation connected with अग्निहोत्र. -होत्रिन् a. [अग्निहोत्र-मत्वर्थे इनि] 1 one who practises the Agnihotra, or consecrates and maintains the sacred fire. -2 one who has prepared the sacrificial place. -होत्री Sacrificial cow; तामग्निहोत्रीमृषयो जगृहु- र्ब्रह्मवादिनः Bhāg.8.8.2.
aṅgam अङ्गम् [अम् गत्यादौ बा˚ -गन्; according to Nir. अङ्ग, अङ्ग- नात् अञ्चनात् वा] 1 The body. -2 A limb or member of the body; शेषाङ्गनिर्माणविधौ विधातुः Ku.1.33; क्लेशस्याङ्गमदत्वा Pt.5. 32 without undergoing troubles; इति स्वप्नोपमान्मत्वा कामान्मा गास्तदङ्गताम् । Ki.11.34 do not be influenced or swayed by them (do not be subject to them) -3 (a.) A division or department (of anything), a part or portion, as of a whole; as सप्ताङ्गम् राज्यम्, चतुरङ्गम् बलम्, चतुःषष्ट्ष्ट्यङ्गम् ज्योतिः- शास्त्रम् see the words; गीताङ्गानाम् Pt.5.56; यज्ञश्चेत्प्रतिरुद्धःस्या- देकेनाङ्गेन यज्वनः Ms.11.11. (Hence) (b.) A supplementary or auxiliary portion, supplement; षडङ्ग or साङ्ग वेदः A peculiar use of the word अङ्ग in masculine gender may here be noted वेदांश्चैव तु वेदाङ्गान् वेदान्तानि तथा स्मृतीः । अधीत्य ब्राह्मणः पूर्वं शक्तितो$न्यांश्च संपठेत् Bṛhadyogiyājñaval-kya Smṛiti 12.34. (c.) A constituent part, essential requisite or component; सर्वैर्बलाङ्गैः R.7.59; तदङ्गमग्ऱ्यं मघवन् महाक्रतो R.3.46. (d.) An attributive or secondary part; secondary, auxiliary or dependent member (serving to help the principal one) (opp. प्रधान or अङ्गिन्); अङ्गी रौद्र- रसस्तत्र सर्वे$ङ्गानि रसाः पुनः S. D.517; अत्र स्वभावोक्तिरुत्प्रेक्षाङ्गम् Malli. on Ki 8.26. (e.) An auxiliary means or expedient (प्रधानोपयोगी उपायः or उपकरणम्); सर्वकार्यशरीरेषु मुक्त्वा- ङ्गस्कन्धपञ्चकम् । मन्त्रो योध इवाधीर सर्वाङ्गैः संवृतैरपि ॥ Śi.2.28-29; See अङ्गाङ्गि, पञ्चाङ्ग also (the angas of the several sciences or departments of knowledge will be given under those words). -4 (Gram.) A name for the base of a word; यस्मात्प्रत्ययविधिस्तदादिप्रत्यये अङ्गम् P.I.4.13; यः प्रत्ययो यस्मात्क्रियते तदादिशब्दस्वरूपं तस्मिन्प्रत्यये परे अङ्गसंज्ञं स्यात् Sk. The अङ्ग terminations are those of the nominative, and accusative singular and dual. -5 (Drama) (a.) One of the sub-divisions of the five joints or sandhis in dramas; the मुख has 12, प्रतिमुख 13, गर्भ 12, विमर्ष 13 and उपसंहार 14, the total number of the angas being thus 64; for details see the words. (b.) The whole body of subordinate characters. -6 (astr.) A name for the position of stars (लग्न), See अङ्गाधीश. -7 A symbolical expression for the number six (derived from the six Vedāngas). -8 The mind; हिरण्यगर्भाङ्गभुवं मुनिं हरिः Śi.1.1, See अङ्गज also. -9 N. of the chief sacred texts of the jainas. -ङ्गः (pl.) N. of a country and the people inhabiting it, the country about the modern Bhāgalpur in Bengal. [It lay on the south of Kauśikī Kachchha and on the right bank of the Ganges. Its capital was Champā, sometimes called Aṅgapurī Lomapādapurī, Karṇapurī or Mālinī. According to Daṇḍin (अङ्गेषु गङ्गातटे बहिश्चम्पायाः) and Hiouen Thsang it stood on the Ganges about 24 miles west of a rocky island. General Cunningham has shown that this description applies to the hill opposite Pātharghāṭā, that it is 24 miles east of Bhāgalpur, and that there are villages called Champanagar and Champapura adjoininng the last. According to Sanskrit poets the country of the Aṅgas lay to the east of Girivraja, the capital of Magadha and to the north-east or south-east of Mithilā. The country was in ancient times ruled by Karṇa] cf. अङ्गं गात्रा- न्तिकोपाय प्रतीकेष्वप्रधानके । देशभेदे तु पुंसि स्यात्...॥ Nm. -a. 1 Contiguous. -2 Having members or divisions. -Comp. -अङ्गि, [अङ्गीभावः -अङगस्य अङ्गिनो भावः] the relation of a limb to the body, of the subordinate to the principal, or of that which is helped or fed to the helper or feeder (गौणमुख्यभावः, उपकार्येपकारकभावश्च); e. g. प्रयाज and other rites are to दर्श as its angas, while दर्श is to them the aṅgi; अङ्गाङ्गिभावमज्ञात्वा कथं सामर्थ्यनिर्णयः । पश्य टिट्टिभमात्रेण समुद्रो व्याकुलीकृतः ॥ H.2.138; अत्र वाक्ये समास- गतयोरुपमयोः साध्यसाधनभावात् ˚वेन सम्बन्धः Malli. on Ki.6.2; अविश्रान्तिजुषामात्मन्यङ्गाङ्गित्वं तु संकरः K.P.1. (अनुग्राह्यानुग्राह- कत्वम्). -अधिपः, -अधीशः 1 lord of the Aṅgas, N. of Karṇa (cf. ˚राजः, ˚पतिः, ˚ईश्वरः, ˚अधीश्वरः). -2 'lord of a लग्न', the planet presiding over it; (अङ्गाधिपे बलिनि सर्वविभूतिसम्पत्; अङ्गाधीशः स्वगेहे बुधगुरुकविभिः संयुतो वीक्षितो वा Jyotiṣa). -अपूर्वम् effect of a secondary sacrificial act. -कर्मन् n. -क्रिया 1 besmearing the body with fragrant cosmetics, rubbing it &c. Dk.39. -2 a supplementary sacrificial act. -क्रमः the order of the performance with reference to the अङ्गs. The rule in this connection is that the अङ्गक्रम must conform to the मुख्यक्रम. cf. MS. 5.1.14. -ग्रहः spasm; seizure of the body with some illness. -ज-जात a. [अङ्गात् जायते जन्-ड] 1 produced from or on the body, being in or on the body, bodily; ˚जं रजः, ˚जाः अलङ्काराः &c. -2 produced by a supplementary rite. -3 beautiful, ornamental. (-जः) -जनुस् also 1 a son. -2 hair of the body (n. also); तवोत्तरीयं करिचर्म साङ्गजम् Ki.18.32. -3 love, cupid (अङ्गं मनः तस्मा- ज्जातः); intoxicating passion; अङ्गजरागदीपनात् Dk.161. -4 drunkenness, intoxication. -5 a disease. (-जा) a daughter. (-जम्) blood, अङ्गजं रुधिरे$नङ्गे केशे पुत्रे मदे पुमान् । नागरे नखरे$पि स्यात्... । Nm. -ज्वरः [अङ्गमङ्गम् अधिकृत्य ज्वरः] the disease called राजयक्ष्मा, a sort of consumption. -दूष- णम् 1 the defects of the limbs; the penalties of a defective construction; Māna. -2 name of the 79th chapter. -द्वीपः one of the six minor Dvīpas. -न्यासः [अङ्गेषु मन्त्र- भेदस्य न्यासः] touching the limbs of the body with the hand accompanied by appropriate Mantras. -पालिः f. [अङ्गं पाल्यते सम्बध्यते$त्र, अङ्ग-पाल्-इ] an embrace (probably a corruption of अङ्कपालि). -पालिका = अङ्कपालि q. v. -प्रत्यङ्गम् [समा. द्वन्द्व] every limb, large and small; ˚गानि पाणिना स्पृष्ट्वा K.167,72. -प्रायश्चित्तम् [अङ्गस्य शुद्ध्यर्थं प्राय- श्चित्तम्] expiation of bodily impurity, such as that caused by the death of a relative, consisting in making presents (पञ्चसूनाजन्यदुरितक्षयार्थं कार्यं दानरूपं प्रायश्चित्तम् Tv.). -भूः a. [अङ्गात् मनसो वा भवति; भू-क्विप्] born from the body or mind. (-भूः) 1 a son. -2 Cupid. -3 [अङ्गानाम् अङ्गमन्त्राणां भूः स्थानम्] one who has touched and purified, and then restrained, his limbs by repeating the Mantras pertaining to those limbs; ब्रह्माङ्गभूर्ब्रह्मणि योजितात्मा Ku.3.15 (सद्योजातादिमन्त्राणाम् अङ्गानां हृदयादिमन्त्राणां भूः स्थानं, कृतमन्त्रन्यासः Malli.). -भङ्गः 1 palsy or paralysis of limbs; ˚विकल इव भूत्वा स्थास्यामि Ś.2. -2 twisting or stretching out of the limbs (as is done by a man just after he rises from sleep); साङ्गभङ्गमुत्थाय Vb.; जृम्भितैः साङ्गभङ्गैः Mu.3.21, K.85. -3 The middle part of the anus and testicles. -मन्त्रः N. of a Mantra. -मर्दः [अङ्ग मर्दयति; मृद्-णिच्] 1 one who shampoos his master's body. -2 [भावे घञ्] act of shampooing; so ˚मर्दका or ˚मर्दिन्, मृद्- णिच् ण्वुल् or णिनि) one who shampoos. -मर्षः [ष. त.] rheumatism; ˚प्रशमनम् the curing of this disease. ˚मेजयत्वम् subtle throbbing of the body; Pātañjala 1.31. -यज्ञः, -यागः [अङ्गीभूतः यज्ञः] a subordinate sacrificial act which is of 5 sorts; समिधो यजति, तनूनपातं यजति, इडो यजति, बर्हिर्यजति, स्वाहाकारं यजति इति पञ्चविधाः । एतेषां सकृदनुष्ठा- नेनैव तन्त्रन्यायेन प्रधानयागानामाग्नेयादीनामुपकारितेति मीमांसा Tv. -रक्तः, -क्तम् [अङ्गे अवयवे रक्तः] N. of a plant गुडारोचनी found in काम्पिल्य country and having red powder (रक्ताङ्गलोचनी). -रक्षकः [अङ्गं रक्षति; रक्ष्-ण्वुल्] a bodyguard, personal attendant Pt.3. -रक्षणी [अङ्ग रक्ष्यते अनया] a coat of mail, or a garment. (-णम्) protection of person. -रागः [अङ्गं रज्यते अनेन करणे घञ्] 1 a scented cosmetic, application of perfumed unguents to the body, fragrant unguent; पुष्पगन्धेन अङ्गरागेण R.12.27, 6.6, स्तनाङ्गरागात् Ku.5.11. -2 [भावे ल्युट्] act of anointing the body with unguents. -रुहम् [अङ्गे रोहति; रुह्-क स. त. P.III.9.135.] hair; मम वर्णो मणिनिभो मृदून्य- ङ्गरुहाणि च Rām.6.48.12. विहङ्गराजाङ्गरुहैरिवायतैः Śi.1.7. -लिपिः f. written character of the Aṅgas. -लेपः [अङ्गं लिप्यते अनेन; लिप्-करणे घञ्] 1 a scented cosmetic. -2 [भावे घञ्] act of anointing. -लोड्यः (लोड ण्यत्) a kind of grass, ginger or its root, Amomum Zingiber. -वस्त्रोत्था f. A louse. -विकल a. [तृ. त.] 1 maimed, paralysed. -2 fainting, swooning. -विकृतिः f. 1 change _x001F_2of bodily appearance; collapse. -2 [अङ्गस्य विकृतिश्चालनादिर्यस्मात् प. ब.] an apoplectic fit, swooning, apoplexy (अपस्मार). -विकारः a bodily defect. -विक्षेपः 1 movement of the limbs; gesticulation. -2 a kind of dance. -विद्या [अङ्गरूपा व्याकरणादिशास्त्ररूपा विद्या ज्ञानसाधनम्] 1 the science of grammar &c. contributing to knowledge. -2 the science of foretelling good or evil by the movements of limbs. Kau. A.1.12; N. of chapter 51 of Bṛhat Saṁhitā which gives full details of this science; न नक्षत्राङ्गविद्यया...भिक्षां लिप्सेत कर्हिचित् Ms.6.5. -विधिः [अङ्गस्य प्रधानोपकारिणः विधिः विधानम् [a subordinate or subsidiary act subservient to a knowledge of the principal one (प्रधान- विधिविधेयकर्मणो$ङ्गबोधकतया अङ्गविधिः). -वीरः chief or principal hero. -वैकृतम् [अङ्गेन अङ्गचेष्टया वैकृतं हृदयभावो ज्ञाप्यते यत्र बहु.] 1 a sign, gesture or expression of the face leading to a knowledge of internal thoughts (आकार) -2 a nod, wink. -3 changed bodily appearance. -वैगुण्यम् a defect or flaw in the performance of some subordinate or subsidiary act which may be expiated by thinking of Viṣṇu); श्राद्धादिपद्धतौ कर्मान्ते यत्किञ्चिदङ्गवैगुण्यं जातं तद्दोषप्रशमनाय विष्णुस्मरणमहं करिष्ये इत्यभिलापवाक्यम् Tv.). -संस्कारः, -संस्क्रिया [अङ्गं संस्क्रियते अनेन; कृ-करणे or भावे- घञ्) 1 embellishment of person, personal decoration, doing whatever secures a fine personal appearance, such as bathing, rubbing the body, perfuming it with cosmetic &c. -2 [कर्त्रर्थे अण्] one who decorates or embellishes the person. -संहतिः f. compactness, symmetry; body; स्थेयसीं दधतमङ्गसंहतिम् Ki.13.5; or strength of the body. -संहिता The phonetic relation between consonants and vowels in the body of a word Ts. Prāt. -सङ्गः bodily contact, union; coition. -सुप्तिः f. Benumbing of the body. -सेवकः a personal attendant, body-guard. -स्कन्धः [कर्मधा.] a subdivision of a science. -स्पर्शः fitness or qualification for bodily contact or being touched by others. -हानिः f. 1. a defect or flaw in the performance of a secondary or subsidiary act (= ˚वैगुण्यम्); दैवाद् भ्रमात् प्रमादाच्चेदङ्गहानिः प्रजायते । स्मरणादेव तद्विष्णोः संपूर्णं स्यादिति श्रुतिः ॥ -हारः [अङ्गं ह्रियते इतस्ततः चाल्यते यत्र, हृ-आधारे or भावे घञ्] gesticulation, movements of the limbs, a dance; अङ्गहारैस्तथैवान्या कोमलै- र्नृत्यशालिनी Rām.5.1.36. संसक्तैरगुरुवनेषु साङ्गहारम् Ki.7.37. Ku.7.91. -हारिः [अङ्गं ह्रियते$त्र; हृ-बा˚णि] 1 gesticulation. -2 stage; dancing hall. -हीन a. [तृ. त.] 1 mutilated, deprived of some defective limb (अङ्गं हीनं यथो- चितप्रमाणात् अल्पं यस्य) according to Suśruta a man is so born, if the mother's दोहद has not been duly fulfilled (सा प्राप्तदौर्हृदा पुत्रं जनयेत गुणान्वितम् । अलब्धदौर्हृदा गर्भे लभेता- त्मनि वा भयम् ॥ येषु येष्विन्द्रियार्थेषु दौर्हृदे वै विमानना । जायते तत्सुतस्यार्तिस्तस्मिंस्तस्मिंस्तथेन्द्रिये ॥).
aṅgiraḥ अङ्गिरः अङ्गिरस् m. [अङ्गति-अङ्ग् गतौ असि इरुट्; Uṇ 4. 235; according to Ait. Br. अङ्गिरस् is from अङ्गार; ये अङ्गारा आसंस्ते$ङ्गिरसो$भवन्; so Nir.; अङ्गारेषु यो बभूव सो$ङ्गिराः] N. of a celebrated sage to whom many hymns of the Rigveda (ix) are ascribed. Etymologically Aṅgira is connected with the word Agni and is often regarded as its synonym (शिवो भव प्रजाभ्यो मानुषीभ्यस्त्व- मङ्गिरः; अङ्गिरोभिः ऋषिभिः संपादितत्वात् अङ्गसौष्ठवाद्वा अङ्गिरा अग्निरूपः) According to Bhārata he was son of Agni. When Agni began to practise penance, Aṅgiras himself became Agni and surpassed him in power and lustre, seeing which Agni came to the sage and said:- निक्षिपाम्यहमग्नित्वं त्वमग्निः प्रथमो भव । भविष्यामि द्वितीयो$हं प्राजा- पत्यक एव च ॥ Aṅgiras said :- कुरु पुण्यं प्रजासर्गं भवाग्निस्तिमि- रापहः । मां च देव कुरुष्वाग्ने प्रथमं पुत्रमञ्जसा ॥ तत्श्रुत्वाङ्गिरसो वाक्यं जातवेदास्तथा$करोत्. He was one of the 1 mind-born sons of Brahmā. His wife was Śraddhā, daughter of Kardama and bore him three sons, Bṛhaspati, Utathya and Saṁvarta, and 4 daughters Kuhū, Sinīvālī, Rākā and Anumati. The Matsya Purāṇa says that Aṅgiras was one of the three sages produced from the sacrifice of Varuṇa and that he was adopted by Agni as his son and acted for some time as his regent. Another account, however, makes him father of Agni. He was one of the seven great sages and also one of the 1 Prajāpatis or progenitors of mankind. In latter times Aṅgiras was one of the inspired lawgivers, and also a writer on Astronomy. As an astronomical personification he is Bṛhaspati, regent of Jupiter or Jupiter itself. शिष्यैरुपेता आजग्मु: कश्यपाङ्गिरसादयः (Bhāg. 1.9.8.) He is also regarded as the priest of the gods and the lord of sacrifices. Besides Śraddhā his wives were Smṛti, two daughters of Maitreya, some daughters of Dakṣa, Svadhā and Satī. He is also regarded as teacher of Brahmavidyā. The Vedic hymns are also said to be his daughters. According to the Bhāgavata Purāṇa, Aṅgiras begot sons possessing Brahmanical glory on the wife of Rāthītara, a Kṣatriya who was childless and these persons were afterwards called descendants of Aṅgiras. The principal authors of vedic hymns in the family of Aṅgi-ras were 33. His family has three distinct branches केवलाङ्गिरस, गौतमाङ्गिरस and भारद्वाजाङ्गिरस each branch having a number of subdivisions. - (pl.) 1 Descendants of Aṅgiras, [Aṅgiras being father of Agni they are considered as descendants of Agni himself who is called the first of the Aṅgirasas. Like Aṅgiras they occur in hymns addressed to luminous objects, and at a later period they became for the most part personifications of light, of luminous bodies, of divisions of time, celestial phenomena and fires adapted to peculiar occasions, as the full moon and change of the moon, or to particular rites, as the अश्वमेध, राजसूय &c.] -2 Hymns of the Atharvaveda. -3 Priests, who, by using magical formulas of the Atharvaveda, protect the sacrifice against the effects of inauspicious accidents.
ajuṣṭi अजुष्टि f. Non-enjoyment; feeling of dissatisfaction or disappointment.
ajoṣa अजोष a. [न. त.] Not gratified or satisfied.
atitṝ अतितॄ 1 P. To cross, pass or get over, surmount, overcome; दुर्गाण्यतितरन्ति ते H.4. v. l.; तयोरात्मनश्च क्षुधम- त्यतार्षम् Dk.165 satisfied or appeased hunger; तेपि चाति- तरन्त्येव मृत्युं श्रुतिपरायणाः Bg.13.25 cross beyond death.
atipraśnaḥ अतिप्रश्नः [अतिक्रम्य मर्यादां प्रश्नः] A question about transcendental truths; a vexatious or extravagant question that is asked, though a satisfactory reply has already been given; e. g. Vālāki's question to Yājñavalkya about Brahman in बृहदारण्यकोपनिषद्. अतिप्रसङ्गः atiprasaṅgḥ प्रसक्तिः prasaktiḥ अतिप्रसङ्गः प्रसक्तिः f. 1 Excessive attachment; नातिप्रसङ्गः प्रमदासु कार्यः Pt.1.187; स्त्रीष्वतिप्रसङ्गात् Dk.11. -2 Over-rudeness, impertinence; तद्विरमातिप्रसङ्गात् U.5; मा भूत्पुनर्बत कथंचिदतिप्रसङ्गः Mv.3.16 indiscretion or imprudence; यदेतावतः परिभवातिप्रसङ्गस्य तुल्यं स्यात् Mv.5 an insult. -3 Extraordinary or unwarrantable stretch of a (grammatical) rule, or principle; also = अतिव्याप्ति q. v. -4 A very close contact; अतिप्रसङ्गाद्वि- हितागसो मुहुः Ki.8.33 (अविच्छेदसङ्गः). -5 Prolixity; अलमतिप्रसङ्गेन Mu.1.
atyūhaḥ अत्यूहः [अतिशयेन ऊहः तर्कः] 1 Close or deep meditation or thinking; earnest reasoning. -2 [अतिशयेन ऊहते शब्दायते; अति-ऊह्-अच्] A gallinule (दात्यूह. -हा A plant (नीलिका) Nyctanthes Tristis, or Jasminum Villosum. (Mar. निर्गुडी).
atri अत्रि a. [properly अ, Uṇ.4.68, अदेस्त्रिनिश्च, अद्-त्रिन्] Devourer; अत्रिमनु स्वराज्यमग्निभ् Rv.2.8.5. -त्रिः N. of a celebrated sage and author of many Vedic hymns. [He appears in the Vedas in hymns addressed to Agni, Indra, the Aśvins and the Viśve-devas. In the Svāyambhuva Manvantara, he appears as one of the ten Prajāpatis or mind-born sons of Brahmā, being born from his eye. These sons having died by the curse of Śiva, Brahmā performed a sacrifice, at the beginning of the present Vaivasvata Manvantara, and Atri was born from the flames of Agni. Anasūyā was his wife in both lives. In the first, she bore him three sons, Datta, Durvāsas and Soma; in the second, she had two additional children, a son by name Aryaman and a daughter called Amalā. In the Rāmāyaṇa an account is given of the visit paid by Rāma and Sītā to Atri and Anasūyā in their hermitage, when they both received them most kindly. (See Anasūyā.) As a Riṣi or sage he is one of the seven sages who were all sons of Brahmā, and represents in Astronomy one of the stars of the Great Bear situated in the north. He is also the author of a code of laws known as अत्रिस्मृति or अत्रिसंहिता. In the Purāṇas he is said to have produced the moon from his eye, while he was practising austere penance, the moon being in consequence called अत्रिज, -जात, -दृग्ज, अत्रिनेत्रप्रसूत, -˚प्रभव, ˚भव &c.; cf. also अथ नयनसमुत्थं ज्योतिरत्रेरिव द्यौः R.2.75. and अत्रेरिवेन्दुः V.5.21] - (pl.) descendants of Atri. -अत्री wife of अत्रि; अत्रिरञ्य नमस्कर्ता Mb.13.17.38. -Comp. -चतुरहः N. of a Sacrifice. -जातः 1 The moon. -2 Datta. -3 Durvāsas. -भारद्वाजिका Marriage of descendants of Atri with those of Bhāradvāja.
ad अद् 2 P. [अत्ति, आद, -जघास, अघसत्, अत्स्यति, अत्तुम्, अन्न-जग्ध, जग्ध्वा] 1 To eat, devour. -2 To destroy. -3 = अन्द्, q. v. -Caus.. to feed with, cause to eat; आदयत्यन्नं बटुना Sk. -Desid. जिघत्सति To wish to eat. [cf. L. edo, Gr. edo, Germ. essen, Eng. eat; Lith. edmi, Sans. admi, _x001F_3Goth. at, Zend ad] With अव to satisfy by food, get rid of with feeding; (fig.) stop the mouth of. -आ to eat &c. -प्र-सम् to use up, consume, devour; समदन्त्यामिषं खगाः Bk.18.12. -वि to gnaw.
adeśaḥ अदेशः [न. त.] 1 A wrong place, not one's proper place or strong position; ˚स्थो हि रिपुणा स्वल्पकेनापि हन्यते H.4.45; स्त्रियं स्पृशेददेशे यः Ms.8.358; नादेशे तर्पणं कुर्यात् &c. -2 A bad country; The Smṛitis mention several places of this description : म्लेच्छ, आनर्तक, अङ्ग, मगध, सुराष्ट्र, दक्षिणापथ, वङ्ग, कलिङ्ग &c. -Comp. -कालः wrong place and time; अदेशकाले यद्दानमपात्रेभ्यश्च दीयते । Bg.17.22. -स्थ a. [स. त.] in the wrong place, out of place; absent from one's country.
adhijihvaḥ अधिजिह्वः [अधिका जिह्वा यस्य] A serpent (who has a forked tongue). This arose from the attempt of the serpents to lick the nectar placed on a bed of Kuśa grass, the sharp points of which pricked the tongue and split it into two. -ह्वा-जिह्विका [अधिरूढा जिह्वा, स्वार्थे कन् 1 The uvula. -2 A sort of swelling of the tongue or epiglottis.
adhiṣṭhā अधिष्ठा 1 P. (used with acc. P.I.4.46.) 1 (a) To stand on or upon, to sit in or upon, occupy (as a seat &c.), resort to; अर्धासनं गोत्रभिदो$धितष्ठौ R.6.73; शाखिनः केचिदध्यष्ठुः Bk.15.31; प्रतनुबलान्यधितिष्ठतस्तपांसि Ki.1.16 practising; मामधिष्ठाय Rām. depending on me. (b) To stand, be; अध्यतिष्ठदङ्गुष्ठेन शतं समाः Mb. (c) To stand over, mount. (d) To stand by, be near; आश्रमबहिर्वृक्षमू- लमधितिष्ठति U.4. -2 To be in, dwell in, inhabit, reside, stay; भुजङ्गपिहितद्वारं पातालमधितिष्ठति R.1.8; माधिष्ठा निर्जनं वनम् Bk.8.79; श्रीजयदेवभणितमधितिष्ठतु कण्ठतटीमविरतम् Git.11. -3 To make oneself master of, seize, take possession of, overpower, conquer; संग्रामे तानधिष्ठास्यन् Bk.9.72; त्वमधिष्ठास्यसि द्विषः 16.4; स सदा फलशालिनीं क्रियां शरदं लोक इवाधितिष्ठति Ki.2.31 obtains; अधितिष्ठति लोकमोजसा स विवस्वानिव मेदिनी- पतिः 2.38; यक्षः कुतश्चिदधिष्ठाय बालचन्द्रिकां निवसति Dk.18. -4 (a) To lead, conduct as head or chief; महाराज- दशरथस्य दारानधिष्ठाय वसिष्ठः प्राप्तः U.4, See अधिष्ठित also. (b) To be at the head of, govern, direct, preside over, rule, superintend; प्रकृतिं स्वामधिष्ठाय Bg.4.6 governing, controlling; श्रोत्रं चक्षुः स्पर्शनं च रसनं घ्राणमेव च । अधिष्ठाय मनश्चायं विषयानुपसेवते 15.9 presiding over and thus turning to use. -5 To use, employ.
adhyātma अध्यात्म a. [आत्मन. संबद्धं, आत्मनि अधिकृतं वा] Belonging to self or person; concerning an individual. -त्मम् ind. [आत्मानमधिकृत्य] Concerning self. -त्मम् The supreme spirit (manifested as the individual self) or the relation between the supreme and the individual soul; अक्षरं ब्रह्म परमं स्वभावो$ध्यात्ममुच्यते Bg.8.3 (स्वस्यैव ब्रह्मण एवांशतया जीवस्वरूपेण भावो भवनं स एव आत्मानं देहमधिकृत्य भोक्तृ- त्वेन वर्तमानो$ध्यात्मशब्देनोच्यते Śrīdhara) 'Brahman is the supreme, the indestructible; its manifestation (as an individual self) is अध्यात्म' -Telang's Bhagavadgītā; -त्मन् 1 Egotism; कर्माण्यध्यात्मना रुद्रे यदहं ममता क्रिया Bhāg. 7.12.29. -2 Wind; स्पर्शमध्यात्मनि त्वचम् Bhāg.7.12.27. ˚चेतसा Bg.3.3. -Comp. -ज्ञानम्-विद्या knowledge of the supreme spirit or आत्मन्, theosophical or metaphysical knowledge (the doctrines taught by the Upaniṣads &c.); ˚विद्या विद्यानां वादः प्रवदतामहम् Bg.1.32 (अध्यात्मविद्या न्यायवैशेषिकमते देहभिन्नत्वेन, सांख्यादिमते प्रकृतिभिन्नत्वेन आत्मनः स्वरूपादिप्रतिपादिका, वेदान्तिमते तु ब्रह्माभिन्नत्वेन इति भेदः; सर्वेषां मते$पि आत्मतत्त्वज्ञानरूपत्वात्तस्या अध्यात्मविद्यात्वम्.). त्रयी विग्रह- वत्येव सममध्यात्मविद्यया M.1.14; -वृश्-विद् n. [अध्यात्मं पश्यति वेत्ति वा] one proficient in this knowledge; न ह्यन- ध्यात्मवित्कश्चित् क्रियाफलमुपाश्रुते Ms.6.82. -योगः [आत्मानं क्षेत्रज्ञमधिकृत्य योगः] concentration of the mind on the Ātman drawing it off from all objects of sense. -रति a. [स. ब.] one who delights in the contemplation of the supreme spirit; अध्यात्मरतिरासीनो निरपेक्षो निरामिषः । आत्मनैव सहायेन सुखार्थी विचरेदिह ॥ Ms.6.49. -रामायणम् N. of a Rāmāyaṇa which treats of the relation between the supreme and the individual soul, while it narrates Rāma's story. It forms part of the Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa.
anavakāśikaḥ अनवकाशिकः Practising penance of standing on one leg; गात्रशय्या अशभ्याश्च तथैवानवकाशिका Rām.3.6.3.
anārya अनार्य a. Not respectable (not deserving to be styled आर्य), not polite or decent; vulgar; not belonging to an Arya, unworthy, vile, base, mean, wretched; अनार्यानार्यलिङ्गिनः Ms.9.26; अनार्यायां समुत्पन्नो ब्राह्मणात् 1. 66; H.4.22; कीकटा नाम देशो$नार्यनिवासः Nir. void of Āryas; शकुन्तलायामनार्यमाचरितं तेन राज्ञा Ś.4 the king has behaved basely or unworthily towards Śakuntalā; कदाचिदस्मिन्नप्यनार्यो$नार्यमाचरिष्यति Ve.4. न मां कामेष्वनार्येषु प्रचारयितुमर्हसि । Bu. ch.4.96. -र्यः 1 One who is not an Ārya. -2 A country not inhabited by the Āryas. -3 A Śūdra. -4 A Mlechchha. -5 An ignoble person. -Comp. -कर्मिन् a. doing work unbecoming an Ārya or becoming only a non-Ārya. -ज a. of vile or base origin. (-जम्) [अनार्यदेशे जातम्] agallochum (being produced in the country of the Mlechchhas &c.). -जुष्ट a. discarded by the good, not practised or observed by the Āryas or respectable people. -ता Vilenes, unworthiness; अनार्यता निष्ठुरता क्रूरता निष्क्रियात्मता । पुरुषं व्यञ्जयन्तीह लोके कलुषयोनिजम् ॥ Ms.1.58. -तिक्तः [अनार्यप्रियः तिक्तः शाक. त.] N. of the plant Gentiana Cherayta Rox. (Mar. किराईत). -समाचारः bad conduct; न चानार्यसमाचारः कश्चित् तत्र भविष्यति । Mb.3.239.21.
anilaḥ अनिलः [अनिति जीवति अनेन, अन् इलच् Uṇ.1.54] 1 Wind; वायुरनिलममृतमथेदम् Īśop.17. प्राणानामनिलेन वृत्तिरुचिता Ś.7.12; स सखा दीप इवानिलाहतः Ku.4.3. (The number of winds is 7:- आवहो निवहश्चैव उद्वहः संवहस्तथा । विवहः प्रवहश्चैव परिवाहस्तथैव च ॥ and these are again subdivided into 7 divisions, the total number being 49). -2 The god of wind. -3 One of the subordinate deities, 49 of whom form the class of winds. -4 N. of one of the 8 Vasus, i. e. the fifth. -5 The wind in the body, one of the humours; ˚हन्, ˚हृत्, ˚घ्न. -6 Rheumatism or any disease referred to disorder of the wind. -7 The letter य्. -8 Symbolical expression for the number 49. -9 N. of the lunar asterism स्वाति. -1 N. of Viṣṇu (तस्य प्राणात्मना सर्वदेहधारणात् तथात्वम्). -Comp. -अयनम् way or course of the wind. -अशन, -आशिन् a. [अनिलमश्नातीति] 1 feeding on the wind, fasting. -2 a serpent. आर्जवेन विजानामि नासौ देवो$निलाशन Mb.12.36.5. -अन्तकः (wind-destroying) N. of a plant (Iṅgudī) or अङ्गारपुष्प. -आत्मजः son of the wind, epithet of Bhīma and Hanūmat. -आमयः [अनिलकृतः आमयः शाक. त.] 1 flatulence. -2 rheumatism (वातरोग). -घ्न, -हन्, -हृत् a. curing disorders from wind. -घ्नकः a large tree (बिभीतक) Terminalia Belerica. (Mar. बेहडा). -पर्यायः pain and swelling of the eyelids and outer parts of the eye. -प्रकृति a. of a windy nature. (-तिः) N. of the planet Saturn. -भद्रकः a. kind of chariot. With regard to shape the chariots are divided into seven classes - नभस्वद्भद्रक, प्रभञ्जनभद्रक, निवातभद्रक, पवनभद्रक, परिषद्भद्रक, इन्द्रकभद्रक, and अनिलभद्रक Māna.43.112-115. -व्याधिः derangement of the bodily (internal) wind. -सखः, -सारथिः fire (the friend of wind); जनमेजयस्य वो यज्ञे धक्ष्यत्यनिलसारथिः Mb.1.15.1. so ˚बन्धुः.
anugam अनुगम् 1 P. 1 To go after, follow, attend, accompany; अनिभिज्ञो गुणानां यो न भृत्यैरनुगम्यते Pt.1.73; ओदकान्तात्स्निग्धो जनो$नुगन्तव्यः Ś.4; केकासवैरनुगम्यमानो भूषणनिनादः K.84; मार्गं मनुष्येश्वरधर्मपत्नी श्रुतेरिवार्थं स्मृतिरन्वगच्छत् R.2.2; छायेव तां भूपति- रन्वगच्छत् 6, Ms.12.115; -2 To follow, practise, observe, obey, act up to; प्रतिशब्दक इव राजवचनमनुगच्छति जनो भयात् K.14; पूर्वैरयमभिप्रेतो गतो मार्गो$नुगम्यते Rām.; विपत्तौ च महाँल्लोके धीरतामनुगच्छति H.3.37. -3 To seek, wander through; काननं वापि शैलं वा यं रामो$नुगमिष्यति Rām.; कृत्स्नां पृथ्वीमनुगच्छत ibid. go in quest of. -4 To come, arrive, approach, present oneself (as time); काले त्वनुगते Bhāg. -5 To answer or respond to; correspond with, be suitable to; imitate, resemble; धनुःश्रियं गोत्रभिदो$नुगच्छति Ki.4.326; आस्फालितं यत्प्रमदाकराग्रैर्मृदङ्गधीरध्वनिमन्वगच्छत् R. 16.13; न चापि कादम्बरीं लक्ष्मीरनुगन्तुमलम् K.23. -6 To go or die out, be extinguished; यद्येष उख्यो$ग्निरनुगच्छेत् Śat. Br. -7 To enter into. -Caus. [गमयति] To cause to follow, follow; उद्ग्रीवैरनुगमितस्य पुष्करस्य M.1.21 followed or accompanied in sound.
anurañj अनुरञ्ज् 4 U. 1 To be red; भृशमन्वरज्यदतुषारकरः Śi.9.7. (became red or attached). -2 To be delighted, find pleasure; तव प्रकीर्त्या जगत्प्रहृष्यत्यनुरज्यते च Bg.11.36. -3 To be attached or devoted to, be fond of, love, like (with acc. or loc.); समस्थमनुरज्यन्ति विषमस्थं त्यजन्ति च Rām.; अशुद्धप्रकृतौ राज्ञि जनता नानुरज्यते Pt.1.31; भ्रातुर्मृतस्य भार्यायां यो$नुरज्येत कामतः Ms.3.173. -Caus. 1 To make red, redden, dye, colour; सरसकिसलयानुरञ्जितैर्वा Śi.7.64, 8.17,12.68; Dk.168; Ki.4.27,12.23. -2 To attach oneself to, please, gratify, conciliate, keep contented or satisfied; अनुरक्तः प्रजाभिश्च प्रजाश्चाप्यन्वरञ्जयत् Rām.; कष्टं जनः कुलधनैरनुरञ्जनीयः U.1.14; शिष्यगुणानुरञ्जितमनसम् Pt.1 pleased, gratified.
anurañjanam अनुरञ्जनम् Conciliating, satisfying, gratifying, pleasing, keeping contented; युक्तः प्रजानामनुरञ्जने स्याः U.1.11.
anurasaḥ अनुरसः [अनुगतो रसम्] 1 A secondary feeling (in Rhet.). -2 A secondary flavour; लवण˚ saltish taste; मधुरानुरसं रूक्षं लवणानुरसं लघु । नार्यास्तु मधुरं स्तन्यं कषायानुरसं हिमम् Suśr.
anurudh अनुरुध् 7 U. 1 To obstruct, block up; शिलाभिर्ये मार्गमनुरुन्धन्ति Mb.; to surround, hem in; रुद्रानुचरैर्मखो महान् ... अन्वरुध्यत Bhāg. -2 To bind, fasten. -3 To stick or adhere to, follow closely, observe, practise; अनुरुध्या- दघं त्र्यहम् Ms.5.63 should observe impurity (be in mourning); पुमांसमनुरुध्य जाता पुमनुजा P.III.2.1 Sk. born immediately after a male. -4 To love, be fond of, or devoted to, attach oneself to. समस्थमनुरुध्यन्ते विषमस्थं त्यजन्ति च Rām.; सद्वृत्तिमनुरुध्यन्तां भवन्तः Mv.2 follow or adopt; स्वधर्ममनुरुन्धन्ते नातिक्रमम् Ki.11.78; नानुरोत्स्ये जगल्लक्ष्मीम् Bk.16.23 love, like. -5 To conform to, obey, follow, adapt oneself to, act up to; नियतिं लोक इवानुरुध्यते Ki.2.12: हन्त तिर्यञ्चो$पि परिचयमनुरुध्यन्ते U.3 remember or cherish (act up to it); मद्वचनमनुरुध्यते वा भवान् K.181,298; वात्सल्यमनुरुध्यन्ते महात्मनः Mv.6 feel the force of compassion; तेनापि रावणे मैत्रीमनुरुध्य व्यपेक्ष्यते Mv.5.34 following up; यदि गुरुष्वनुरुध्यसे Mv.3 regard with respect, obey; अनुरुध्यस्व भगवतो वसिष्ठस्यादेशम् U.4; चन्द्रकेतोर्वचनम् U.5. -6 To coax, gratify, flatter, soothe; इत्यादिभिः प्रियशतरैनुरुध्य मुग्धाम् U.3.26; अभिनवसेवकजने$पि एकमनुरुध्यते K.27 please by carefully attending to &c., show regard for; 248. -7 To urge, press, entreat, request; आगमनाय अनुरुध्यमानः K.277; तया चाहमनुरुध्य- मानस्तां बकुलमालां दत्तवान् Māl.1; सा च भीमधन्वना बलवदनुरुद्धा Dk.122 courted, wooed. -8 To assent or agree to, approve; like, comply with; प्रकृतयो न मे व्यसनमनुरुध्यन्ते Dk.16; यदि भगवाननुरुध्यते Mv.4 agree with me.
anurūpa अनुरूप a. [रूपस्य सदृशः योग्यो वा] 1 Like, resembling, corresponding to; शब्दानुरूपेण पराक्रमेण भवितव्यम् Pt.1; worthy of; आत्मानुरूपं वरम् Ś.1; रूपानुरूप K.192,23. -2 Suitable or fit, adapted to, according to, with gen. or in comp.; नैतदनुरूपं भवतः K.146,158; भव पितुरनुरूपस्त्वं गुणैर्लोककान्तैः V.5.21; काममननुरूपमस्या वपुषो वल्कलम् Ś.1; स्वप्रमाणानुरूपैः सेचनघटैः ibid.; सत्त्वानुरूपा सर्वस्य श्रद्धा भवति भारत Bg.17.3; R.1.33; Me.13 -पम् 1 Resemblance, likeness, conformity. -2 Suitability, fitness; अपि जनकसुताया- स्तच्च तच्चानुरूपम् U.6.26. -पः The antistrophe, having the same metre as the स्तोत्रिय or strophe; the second of the three verses (तृ) recited together, the other two being स्तोत्रिय and पर्यास, एकस्तोत्रियेष्वहस्सु यो$न्यो$नन्तरः सो$नुरूपः Āśval. अनुरूपतः anurūpatḥ पेण pēṇa पशः paśḥ अनुरूपतः पेण पशः adv. Conformably or agreeably to.
anuvādaḥ अनुवादः 1 Repetition (in general); गुण˚ K.26. -2 Repetition by way of explanation, illustration or corroboration; अनुवादे चरणानाम् P.II.4.3. (सिद्धस्योपन्यासे Sk.) -3 Explanatory repetition or reference to what is already mentioned, such as paraphrase or free translation; particularly, any portion of the Brāhmaṇas which comments on, illustrates, or explains a Vidhi or direction previously laid down and which does not itself lay down any directions; a supplementary repetition, opp. to विधि 'authoritative or direct injunction'; विधिविहितस्य अनुवचनमनुवादः । नानुवादपुनरुक्तयोः विशेषः शब्दाभ्या- सोपपत्तेः Nyāya sūtra; cf. also विध्यनुवादयोर्विधिर्ज्यायान्, अपू- र्वार्थप्रकल्पत्वादिति ŚB. on MS.1.6.3. It is of 3 kinds:- भूतार्थ˚ (सदेव सौम्येदमग्र आसीत्); स्तुत्यर्थ˚ (वायुर्वै क्षेपिष्ठा देवता) and गुण˚ (अग्निहोत्रं जुहोति इत्युक्ते दध्ना जुहोति इति गुणविधानात्); see अर्थवाद also. -4 Corroboration, confirmation. -5 Slander, abuse, reviling. -6 Advertisement, notice; report, rumour. -7 Commencement of speech (वाचारम्भणमात्रम्).
anuśās अनुशास् 2 P. 1 (a) To advise, persuade, prevail upon, address; इति ध्रुवेच्छामनुशासती सुतां शशाक मेना न नियन्तुमुद्यमात् Ku.5.5; पूर्वानुशिष्टां निजगाद भोज्याम् R.6.59. (b) To direct, tell, order, enjoin, to teach, instruct (how to act); दशरथप्रभवानुशिष्टः R.13.75; वत्से त्वमधुना$नुशासनी- यासि Ś.4; राजपत्नीनियोगस्थमनुशाधि पुरीजनम् Bk.2.17; को नु खलु मामेवमनुशास्ति V.4 tells, directs; मघवा वनगमनाय कृतबुद्धिं भवन्तमनुशास्ति V.5 tells, directs; माणवकं धर्ममनुशा- स्ति Sk.; Ms.6.86. -2 To rule, govern. -3 To chastise, punish, correct; इयमेव तावत्प्रथममनुशासनीया Ve.2; अरिकुल- मनुशासनीयम् 3; स्वकर्म ख्यापयन्ब्रूयान्मां भवाननुशास्त्विति Ms.11. 99,9.233. -4 To praise, extol. -5 To accomplish, perform, execute. अनुशासक, -शासिन्, _x001F_6-शास्तृ or शासितृ a. One who directs, instructs, governs or punishes; कवि पुराणमनु- शासितारम् Bg.8.9 ruler; एष चोरानुशासी राजेति भया- दुत्पतितः
anuśikṣin अनुशिक्षिन् a. Practising, learning.
anuśīlita अनुशीलित a. Assiduously practised, repeatedly done, carefully attended to or studied.
anuṣṭhā अनुष्ठा 1 U. (˚स्था) 1 To do, perform or carry out, execute, attend to (order, duty &c.); bring about, effect, accomplish (business); अनुतिष्ठसि धर्मेण ये चान्ये विदितास्त्वया Mb.3.267.11. विवाहदीक्षाविधिमन्वतिष्ठत् Ku.7. 1,1.17; किमनुतिष्ठति भगवान् मारीचः Ś.7; आज्ञापयतु आर्यः को नियोगो$नुष्ठीयतामिति Ś.1; ये मे मतमिदं नित्यमनुतिष्ठन्ति मानवाः Bg.3.31 follow; गुरोर्वचनमनुतिष्ठ V.5 do as your papa orders; अनुतिष्ठस्वात्मनो नियोगम् M.1 look or attend to your own duty, do your business. -2 To follow, practise, observe (धर्म, व्रत &c.); commit (a sin). -3 To rule, govern, superintend; appoint. -4 To stand by or near (with loc.); तिष्ठन्तीष्वनुतिष्ठेत्तु व्रजन्तीष्वप्यनुव्रजेत् Ms.11.112; sit on; occupy; अनुष्ठास्यति रामस्य सीता प्रकृतमासनम् Rām.; -5 To follow, go after (lit.); स्वकान्तामनुतिष्ठति Rām.; नारा- जके पतिं भार्या यथावदनुतिष्ठति Subhāṣ.; follow, obey. -6 To imitate, tread in. पदं चेहानुतिष्ठन्ति पूर्वेषां पूर्वजैः कृतम् Bhāg. -7 (Intrans.) (a) To place or put oneself on, be in a position, present oneself. (b) To remain, continue. (c) To be engaged in religious ceremonies (muttering prayers &c.); अनुतिष्ठतां ब्राह्मणानाम् M.5.
anuṣṭhita अनुष्ठित p. p. Done, performed, accomplished &c.; practised, followed, &c.; वीराश्च नियतोत्साहा राजशास्त्रमनुष्ठिताः Rām.1.7.12. विक्रियायै न कल्पन्ते संबन्धाः सदनुष्ठिताः Ku.6.29 brought about; तथानुष्ठिते that being done, thereupon; begun, undertaken; न युक्तं हि त्यक्तुं कार्यमनुष्ठितम् Rām. (used actively) following, practising; Ms.1.127.
anusṛ अनुसृ 1 P. 1 To follow (in all senses); go after, attend, pursue; to practise, observe; betake oneself to; पूर्वोद्दिष्टामनुसर पुरीम् Me.3 go to; उदीचिं दिशं अनुसरेस्तिर्यगाया- मशोभी 59. -2 To go over or through. -Caus. 1 To lead forward; वायुरनुसारयतीव माम् Rām. -2 To cause to pursue, follow.
anusevin अनुसेविन् a. Practising, observing, habitually addicted to.
anta अन्त a. [अम्-तन् Uṇ.3.86] 1 Near. -2 Last. -3 Handsome, lovely; Me.23; दन्तोज्ज्वलासु विमलोपलमे- खलान्ताः Śi.4.4, (where, however, the ordinary sense of 'border' or 'skirt' may do as well, though Malli. renders अन्त by रम्य, quoting the authority of शब्दार्णव - 'मृताववसिते रम्ये समाप्तावन्त इष्यते'). -4 Lowest, worst. -5 Youngest. -तः (n. in some senses) 1 (a) End, limit, boundary (in time or space); final limit, last or extreme point; स सागरान्तां पृथिवीं प्रशास्ति H.4.5 bounded by the ocean, as far as the sea; अपाङ्गौ नेत्रयो- रन्तौ Ak.; उद्युक्तो विद्यान्तमधिगच्छति H.3.114 goes to the end of, masters completely; श्रुतस्य यायादयमन्तमर्भकस्तथा परेषां युधि चेति पार्थिवः (where अन्त also means end or destruction); जीवलोकसुखानामन्तं ययौ K.59 enjoyed all worldly pleasures; आलोकितः खलु रमणीयानामन्तः K.124 end, furthest extremity; दिगन्ते श्रूयन्ते Bv.1.2. -2 Skirt, border, edge, precinct; a place or ground in general; यत्र रम्यो वनान्तः U.2.25 forest ground, skirts of the forest; ओदकान्तात् स्निग्धो जनो$नुगन्तव्यः Ś.4; उपवनान्तलताः R.9.35 as far as the borders or skirts; वृत्तः स नौ संगतयोर्वनान्ते R.2.58,2.19; Me.23. Upper part (शिरोभाग); महा- र्हमुक्तामणिभूषितान्तम् Rām.5.4.3. -3 End of a texture, edge, skirt, fringe or hem of a garment; वस्त्र˚; पवनप्रनर्तितान्तदेशे दुकूले K.9 (by itself in Veda). -4 Vicinity, proximity, neighbourhood, presence; नाधीयीत श्मशानान्ते ग्रामान्ते Ms. 4.116; Y.2.162; जलान्ते छन्दसां कुर्यादुत्सर्गं विधिवद् बहिः 1.143; गङ्गाप्रपातान्तविरूढशष्पम् (गह्वरम्) R.2.26; पुंसो यमान्तं व्रजतः P.2.115 going into the vicinity or presence of Yama; अन्योन्यामन्त्रणं यत्स्याज्जनान्ते तज्जनान्तिकम् S. D.; यां तु कुमारस्यान्ते वाचमभाषथास्तां मे ब्रूहि Śat. Br. (These four senses are allied). -5 End, conclusion, termination (opp. आरम्भ or आदि); सेकान्ते R.1.51; दिनान्ते निहितम् R.4.1; मासान्ते, पक्षान्ते, दशाहान्ते &c.; एकस्य दुःखस्य न यावदन्तं गच्छाम्यहं पारमिवार्णवस्य Pt.2.175; व्यसनानि दुरन्तानि Ms.7.45; दशान्तमुपेयिवान् R.12.1 going to the end of the period of life (end of the wick); व्यसनं वर्धयत्येव तस्यान्तं नाधिगच्छति Pt.2.18; oft. in comp. in this sense, and meaning 'ending in or with', 'ceasing to exist with', 'reaching to the end'; तदन्तं तस्य जीवितम् H.1.91 ends in it; कलहान्तानि हर्म्याणि कुवाक्यान्तं च सौहृदम् । कुराजान्तानि राष्ट्राणि कुकर्मान्तं यशो नृणाम् ॥ Pt.5.76; विशाखान्ता गता मेघा प्रसूत्यन्तं च यौवनम् । प्रणामान्तः सतां कोपो याचनान्तंहि गौरवम् ॥ Subhā. फलोदयान्ताय तपःसमाधये Ku.5.6 ending with (lasting till) the attainment of fruit; यौवनान्तं वयो यस्मिन् Ku.6.44; R.11.62,14.41; विपदन्ता ह्यविनीतसंपदः Ki.2.52; युगसहस्रान्तं ब्राह्मं पुण्यमहर्विदुः Ms.1.73 at the end of 1 Yugas; प्राणान्तं दण़्डम् Ms.8.359 capital punishment (such as would put an end to life). -6 Death, destruction; end or close of life; धरा गच्छत्यन्तं Bh.3.71 goes down to destruction; योगेनान्ते तनुत्यजाम् R.1.8; एका भवेत्स्वस्तिमती त्वदन्ते 2.48;12.75; ममाप्यन्ते Ś.6; अद्य कान्तः कृतान्तो वा दुःखस्यान्तं करिष्यति Udb.; औषध्यः फलपाकान्ताः Ms.1.46; अन्तं या To be destroyed, perish, be ruined. -7 (In gram.) A final syllable or letter of a word; अजन्त ending in a vowel; so हलन्त, सुबन्त, तिडन्त &c. -8 The last word in a compound. -9 Ascertainment, or settlement (of a question); definite or final settlement; pause, final determination, as in सिद्धान्त; न चैव रावणस्यान्तो दृश्यते जीवितक्षये Rām.6.17.58 उभयोरपि दृष्टोन्तस्त्वनयोस्तत्त्वदर्शिभिः Bg.2.16 (सदसतोः इत्यर्थः). -1 The last portion or the remainder (n. also); निशान्तः; वेदान्तः &c. वेदांश्चैव तु वेदाङ्गान् वेदान्तानि तथा स्मृतीः । अधीत्य ब्राह्मणः पूर्वं शक्तितो$न्यांश्च संपठेत् ॥ Bṛihadyogi- yājñavalkya Smṛiti 12.34. -11 Underneath, inside, inner part; युष्मदीयं च जलान्ते गृहम् Pt.4 in water, underneath water; सुप्रयुक्तस्य दम्भस्य ब्रह्माप्यन्तं न गच्छति Pt.1.22 does not penetrate or dive into, sound, fathom; आशङ्कितस्यान्तं गच्छामि M.3 shall dive deep into, fully satisfy, my doubts. -12 Total amount, whole number or quantity. -13 A large number. -14 Nature, condition; sort, species; मम मोक्षस्य को$न्तो वै ब्रह्मन्ध्यायस्व वै प्रभो Mb.12.282.32. एतदन्तास्तु गतयो ब्रह्माद्याः समुदाहृताः Ms.1.5. -15 Disposition; essence; शुद्धान्तः -16 Division (विभाग); ते$नया कात्यायन्या$न्तं करवाणीति Bri. Up.2.4.1. [cf. Goth. andeis, and; Germ. ende and ent; also Gr. anti; L. ante]. cf. अन्तस्तु भागे$- वसिते रचनायां च तत्परे । मृतौ निषेवणे रम्ये समाप्तावग्रमध्ययोः ॥ स्वरूपे च समीपे च पुंलिङ्गे$पि प्रकीर्तितः । Nm. -Comp. -अवशा- यिन् m. [अन्ते पर्यन्तदेशे अवशेते] a chāṇḍāla. -अवसायिन् [नखकेशानामन्तं अवसातुं छेत्तुं शीलमस्य, सो-णिनि] 1 a barber. -2 a chāṇḍāla, low caste. -3 N. of a sage, see अन्त्याव- सायिन् (अन्ते पश्चिमे वयसि अवस्यति तत्त्वं निश्चिनोति). -उदात्त a. having the acute accent on the last syllable. (-त्तः) the acute accent on the last syllable; P.VI,1.199. -ओष्ठः The lower lip (अधरोष्ठ); रुधिरं न व्यतिक्रामदन्तोष्ठादम्ब मा शुचः Mb.11.15.16. -कर, -करण,-कारिन् a. causing death or destruction, fatal, mortal, destructive; क्षत्रिया- न्तकरणो$पि विक्रमः R.11.75 causing the destruction of; राज्यान्तकरणावेतौ द्वौ दोषौ पृथिवीक्षिताम् Ms.9.221; अहमन्तकरो नूनं ध्वान्तस्येव दिवाकरः Bk. -कर्मन् n. death, destruction; षो अन्तकर्मणि Dhātupāṭha. -कालः, -वेला time or hour of death; स्थित्वा स्यामन्तकाले$पि ब्रह्मनिर्वाणमृच्छति Bg.2.72. -कृत् m. death; वर्जयेदन्तकृन्मर्त्यं वर्जयेदनिलो$नलम् Rām. -कृद्दशाः N. of the eighth of the twelve sacred Aṅga texts of the Jainas (containing ten chapters). -ग a. having gone to the end of, thoroughly conversant or familiar with, (in comp.); शाखान्तगमथाध्वर्युम् Ms.3.145. -गति, -गामिन् a. perishing. प्राप्तो$न्तगामी विपरीतबुद्धिः Rām.6.59.94. -गमनम् 1 going to the end, finishing, completing; प्रारब्धस्य ˚नं द्वितीयं बुद्धिलक्षणम् -2 death, perishing, dying. -चक्रम् Reading of omens and augury; Kau. A. -चर a. 1 walking about, going to the borders or frontiers. -2 completing or finishing (as a business &c.). -ज a. last born. -दीपकम् a figure of speech (in Rhetoric). -परिच्छदः a. cover, covering utensil. राजतान्तपरिच्छदां दिव्यपायससंपूर्णां पात्रीम् Rām.1.16.14. -पालः 1 a frontier-guard, guarding the frontiers; विनीतैरन्तपालैश्च रक्षोभिश्च सुरक्षितम् Rām.5.6.9. ˚दुर्गे M.1; त्वदीयेनान्तपाले- नावस्कन्द्य गृहीतः ibid. -2 a door-keeper (rare). सुद्युम्न- स्त्वन्तपालेभ्यः श्रुत्वा लिखितमागतम् Mb.12.23.29. -भव, -भाज् a. being at the end, last. -लीन a. hidden, con- cealed. -लोपः dropping of the final of a word. (न्ते˚) -वासिन् a. dwelling near the frontiers, dwelling close by. -m. [अन्ते गुरुसमीपे वस्तुं शीलं यस्य] 1 a pupil (who always dwells near his master to receive instruction); P.IV.3.14;VI.2.36.; Ms.4.33. -2 a chāṇḍāla (who dwells at the extremity of a village). -वेला = ˚कालः q. v. -व्यापत्तिः f. change of the final syllable, as in मेघ from मिह् Nir. -शय्या 1 a bed on the ground. -2 the last bed, death-bed; hence death itself. -3 a place for burial or burning. -4 a bier or funeral pile. -संश्लेषः union (सन्धि), joint; सुखदुःखान्तसंश्लेषम् (काल- चक्रम्) Mb.14.45.3. -सत्क्रिया last rites, funeral ceremonies, obsequies. -सढ् m. pupil; तमुपासते गुरुमिवा- न्तसदः Ki.6.34. -स्वरितः the svarita accent on the last syllable of a word.
anyataḥ अन्यतः adv. 1 From another; न चान्यतस्तस्य शरीररक्षा R.2.4; तीर्थोदकं च वह्निश्च नान्यतः शुद्धिमर्हतः U.1.13. -2 On one side; अन्यतः-अन्यतः, एकतः-अन्यतः on the one side, on the other side; तपनमण्डल- दीपितमेकतः सततनैशतमोवृतमन्यतः Ki.5.2; एकवस्तु सकलानि निमित्तान्यन्यतो हि मनसः प्रतिपत्तिः Nīti. -3 To another place, towards some other person or direction; गन्तव्यं वा ततो$न्यतः Ms.2.2; अन्यतो$पि नयने प्रेरयन्त्या Ś.2.2; आर्ये व्रजामो$न्यतः R.6.82. -4 From another ground or motive. -5 On the other side; on the contrary. -6 Otherwise; in another place, elsewhere. -Comp. -अरण्यम् Ved. a land which is woody here and there. Vāj.3.19. -एत, -एतस्, -एनी Ved. variegated or spotted on one side. -घातिन् a. striking in one direction. -वात a. suffering occasional wind (rheumatism). (-तः) a sort of eye-disease.
apakṛta अपकृत p. p. 1 Injured, wronged, wickedly or maliciously committed &c. निरीक्ष्य कृष्णा$पकृतं गुरोः सुतम् Bhāg.1.7.42. -2 Done or practised as a degrading or impure act, as funeral rites. -तम् An injury, harm, offence. कर्मणः फलनिर्वृत्तिं स्वयमश्नाति कारकः । प्रत्यक्षं दृश्यते लोके कृतस्यापकृतस्य च ॥ Mb.13.6.9.
apaṇya अपण्य a. Not saleable (the Smrtod;itis name several things which ought not to be sold by particular persons and on particular occasions); जीविकार्थे चापण्ये P.V.3.99.
apatarpaṇam अपतर्पणम् 1 Fasting (in sickness). -2 Absence of satisfaction.
aparakta अपरक्त a. 1 Colourless, bloodless, pale; श्वासापरक्ताधरः Ś.6.6. -2 Discontented, dissatisfied, disaffected; चन्द्रगुप्तादपरक्ताः Mu.1.
aparāgaḥ अपरागः Discontent, dissatisfaction, disaffection; ˚हेतून् ज्ञातुमिच्छामि Mu.3; अपरागसमीरणेरितः Ki.2.5; K.329. -2 Apathy, enmity. यथा त्वं गुणविद्वेषादपरागं चिकीर्षसि Mb.5.168.15.
aparatiḥ अपरतिः f. 1 Cessation (= अपरति q. v.); -2 Dissatisfaction.
apahnavaḥ अपह्नवः 1 Concealment, hiding; concealment of one's knowledge, feelings &c. स कदाचिदुपासीन आत्मापह्नवमात्मनः Bhāg.9.6.49. -2 Denial or disowning of the truth, dissimulation; ˚वे ज्ञः P.I.3.44; ज्ञातं मया ते हृदयं सखे मा$पह्नवं कृथाः Ks.1.92. -3 Appeasing, satisfying. -4 Love, affection.
apāra अपार a. 1 Shoreless. -2 Boundless, unbounded, unlimited; अपारस्याप्रमेयस्य परं पारमुपाश्रिते Rām. unfathomable, of great length -3 Inexhaustible, immense, great (अधिक); अपारो वो महिमा Rv.5.87.6. -4 Out of reach. -5 Difficult to be crossed; difficult to be surmounted or overcome (as an enemy); रावणश्च महाशत्रुर- पारः प्रतिभाति मे । Rām. -रः An ocean; कर्णधार इवापारे भगवान्पारदर्शकः Bhāg.1.13.39. -रम् 1 A kind of mental satisfaction or acquiescence; or, reverse of mental acquiescence, non-acquiescence. -2 The opposite bank of a river. -रा the earth. -पार a. Carrying over the boundless sea.
apāśri अपाश्रि 1 U. 1 To resort to, betake oneself to; परस्परं केचिदपाश्रयन्ते Rām. -2 To use, practise, employ; आहार- मनपाश्रित्य शरीरस्येव धारणम् Mb. -3 To rest on, lie on (intrans.).
apidhiḥ अपिधिः f. Concealment, covering; -धिः What is given to another's entire satisfaction तृप्तिपर्यन्तदत्त. प्रियाँ अपि धीर्वनिषीष्ट मेधिर Rv.1.127.7.
abhitṛp अभितृप् 1 P. 1 To satiate, satisfy. -2 To refresh; उर्वीं पयसाभितर्पयद्भिः Bṛi.S.19.15.
abhinand अभिनन्द् 1 P. (rarely A.) 1 (a) To rejoice at or in, exult over, be glad or satisfied; आत्मविडम्बनामभि- नन्दन्ति K.18; Dk.75. (b) To celebrate (with rejocings &c.); महोत्सवेन मज्जन्माभिनन्दितवान् K.137; नाभिनन्दति न द्वेष्टि Bg.2.57. -2 To congratulate, hail with joy, welcome; greet; एनां परिष्वज्य तातकाश्यपेनैवं अभिनन्दितम् Ś.4; तापसीभिरभि- नन्द्यमाना शकुन्तला तिष्ठति ibid 5,6,7; अभिनन्दितागमनेषु समीरेषु K.49,63; अभिनन्द्य ब्रवीति Mv.2 says (writes) after compliments; प्रविश्य पौरैरभिनन्द्यमानः R.2.74,3.68,7.69, 71;11.3;16.64;17.15,6; आशीर्भिरभिनन्दितः Y.1.332. -3 To rejoice at, approve, praise, applaud, commend; यो रत्नराशीनपि विहाय अभिनन्द्यते Ś.2; अतस्ते वचो नाभिनन्दामि ibid. do not approve; तद्युक्तमस्या अभिलाषो$भिनन्दितुम् Ś.3; श्रूयन्ते परिणीतास्ताः (कन्यकाः) पितृभिश्चाभिनन्दिताः 3.22; नाम यस्याभिनन्दन्ति द्विषो$पि स पुमान्पुमान् Ki.11.73;4.4; with न reject; R.12.35. -4 To care for, like, desire or wish for, respect, delight in (usually with न in this sense); नाभिनन्दन्ति केलिकलाः Māl.3; नाहारमभिनन्दति K.61.; Dk. 159; आर्यपुत्रस्यैव मनोरथसंपत्तिमभिनन्दामि Ve.2 wish or desire नाभिनन्देत मरणं नाभिनन्देत जीवितम् Ms.6.45, H.4.4. -5 To bless, grant success to, त्वां मैत्रावरुणो$भिनन्दतु U.5.27. -Caus. To gladden, delight.
abhimānaḥ अभिमानः 1 Pride (in a good sense), self-respect, honourable or worthy feeling; सदाभिमानैकधना हि मानिनः Śi.1.67; त्यक्त्वा जातिकुलाभिमानमुचितम् Bh.3.5. अभिमानधनस्य गत्वरैः Ki.2.19; संकल्पयोनेरभिमानभूतम् Ku.3.24. -2 Self-conceit, pride, arrogance, haughtiness, egotism, highopinion of oneself; शिथिल˚ नाः संवृत्ताः M.2, Bh.3.46, Bg.16.4.; (अतिमानः is another reading) ˚वत् proud, conceited. -3 Referring all objects to self, the act of अहंकार, personality, misconception (मित्याज्ञानम्), see अहंकार. -4 Conceit, conception; supposition, belief, opinion; मुनिरस्मि निरागसः कुतो मे भयमित्येष न भूतये$भिमानः Ki.13.7. -5 Knowledge, consciousness (बुद्धि, ज्ञान); साधारण्याभिमानतः S. D. -6 Affection, love. -7 Desire, wishing for. -8 Laying claim to. -9 Injury, Killing, seeking to injure. -1 A sort of state occasioned by love. -नम् Authority (प्रमाण); ये चरन्त्यभिमानानि सृष्टार्थ- मनुषङ्गिणः Mb.12.168.23. -Comp. -शालिन् a. proud. -शून्य a. void of pride or arrogance, humble.
abhimānitam अभिमानितम् 1 Egotism. -2 Love; copulation, sexual union.
abhirata अभिरत p. p. 1 Glad, delighted, satisfied, (विप्रविसर्जने) अभिरम्यतामिति वदेद् ब्रूयुस्तेभिरताः स्म ह Y.1.252; रेचितं परिजनेन महीयः केवलाभिरतदम्पति धाम Śi.1.55,89. -2 Engaged in, devoted or attached to; performing, practising; स्वे स्वे कर्मण्यभिरतः संसिद्धिं लभते नरः Bg.18.45. -3 Attentive to.
abhiratiḥ अभिरतिः f. 1 Pleasure, delight, satisfaction; attachment or devotion to; न मृगयाभिरतिर्न दुरोदरम् (तमपाहरत्) R.9.7; Ki.6.44. -2 Practice, occupation.
abhisevanam अभिसेवनम् 1 Practising, observing. -2 Cultivating. -3 Fondness of, indulgence in.
abhyas अभ्यस् 4 P. 1 To practise, exercise; धन्यो वन्यमतङ्गजः परिचयप्रागल्भ्यमभ्यस्यति Māl.9.32; अभ्यस्यतीव व्रतमासिधारम् R.13.67; Ms.11.16. -2 To repeat, perform repeatedly; मृगकुलं रोमन्थमभ्यस्यतु Ś.2.6; अभ्यस्यन्ति तटाघातम् Ku.2.5; K.183. -3 To learn, study, acquire or learn by practice, recite, read; वेदमेव सदाभ्यस्येत् Ms.2. 166; 4.147,149; Y.3.24; K.79. -4 To throw down upon, heap one upon another, accumulate, lay on (Ved.). -5 To throw or fling at, shoot or aim at (as arrows).
abhyasta अभ्यस्त p. p. 1 Repeated, frequently practised, exercised; नयनयोरभ्यस्तमामीलनम् Amaru.97; used or accustomed to; अनभ्यस्तरथचर्याः U.5; not accustomed to the use of the chariot; ˚गुणा च वाणी Māl.3.11. -2 Learnt, studied; शैशवे$भ्यस्तविद्यानाम् R.1.8; Bh.3. 89. -3 (In Math.) Multiplied; अयुतं दशकृत्वो$भ्यस्तं नियुतमुच्यते Nir. -4 (In gram.) Reduplicated. -स्तम् Reduplicated base of a root.
abhyāsin अभ्यासिन् a. Practising, exercising.
abhyācar अभ्याचर् 1 P. 1 To approach. विशो अदेवीरभ्याचरन्ती Rv.8.96.15. -2 To use, practise, perform.
abhram अभ्रम् [अभ्र्-अच्; but more correctly अप्-भृ; अपो बिभर्ति भृ-क; अभ्रम् अब्भरणात् Nir. being filled with water] 1 A cloud; अग्निर्वै धूमो जायते धूमादभ्रमभ्राद् वृष्टिः Śat. Br.; अभ्रं वा अपां भस्म; धूमो भूत्वा अभ्रं भवति अभ्रं भूत्वा मेघो भवति मेघो भूत्वा प्रवर्षति Ch. Up.V.1.5.6. (these quotations show the conception of the ancient Ṛiṣis about the formation of clouds). -2 Atmosphere, sky; परितो विपाण्डु दधदभ्रशिरः Śi.9.3. See अभ्रंलिह &c. -3 Talc, mica. (Mar. अभ्रक) -4 Gold. -5 Camphor. 6- A kind of reed; Calamus Rotang (वेतस्, वेत्र). -7 Cyperus Rotundus (मुरता). (Mar. नागरमोथा) -8 (In arith.) A zero or cypher. [cf. L. imber, Gr. ombros, appros; Zend awra, Pers. abr] -Comp. -अवकाशः clouds as the only shelter; fall of rain. -अवकाशिक, -काशिन् a. exposed to the rain (and so practising penance), not seeking shelter from the rain; अभ्रावकाशा वर्षासु हेमन्ते जलसंश्रयाः Mb.12. 244.1; ग्रीष्मे पञ्चतपास्तु स्याद्वर्षास्वभ्रावकाशिकः Ms.6.23. -उत्थः 'sky born', the thunderbolt of Indra. -कूटम् a peak of a (mountain-like) cloud. -गङ्गा the heavenly river; K.5. -घनः a mass of clouds; वर्षात्ययेन रुचमभ्र- घनादिवेन्दोः R.13.77. -जा a. Ved. born from clouds, caused by vapours, यो अभ्रजा वातजा यश्च शुष्मो वनस्पतीन्त्सचतां पर्वतांश्च Av.1.12.3. -नागः one of the elephants supporting the globe; N. of Airāvata. -पथः 1 atmosphere. -2 balloon. -पिशाचः, -चकः 'sky-demon', epithet of Rāhu. -पुष्पः N. of a cane (Mar. वेत) Calamus Rotang. See अभ्र (6). (-ष्पम्) 1 water. -2 'a sky flower', anything impossible, a castle in the air. -प्रुष् (ट्) f. sprinkling of clouds, rain. -अभ्रप्रुषो न वाचा प्रुषा वसु Rv.1.77.1. -मांसी N. of a plant (जटामांसी). -मातङ्गः Indra's elephant, Airāvata. -माला, -वृन्दम् a line, succession, or mass of clouds; मयूरकेकाभिरिवाभ्रवृन्दम् R.7.69.13.76,16.25; मुक्ताजालग्रथितमलकं कामिनीवाभ्रवृन्दम् Me.65. -रोहम् the lapis lazuli (लाजवर्त, आकाशमणि) -लिप्ती 1 sky covered with a few clouds. -2 a woman smeared with mustā grass. -वर्ष a. Ved. rained upon, sprinkled with water. (-र्षः) down-pour of rain. -वाटिकः, -का N. of a tree (आभ्रातक; Mar. अंबाडा). -विलायम् ind. just as clouds melt away; विच्छिन्नाभ्रविलायं वा विलीये नगमूर्धनि Ki.11.79.
amama अमम a. Without egotism, without any selfish or worldly attachment, devoid of personal ties or desires; शरणेष्वममश्चैव वृक्षमूलनिकेतनः Ms.6.26 -मः The twelfth Jaina saint of a future उत्सर्पिणी.
ambā अम्बा [अम्ब्-घञ्] (Voc. अम्बे Ved.; अम्ब in later Sanskṛit) 1 A mother; also used as an affectionate or respectful mode of address; 'good woman', 'good mother'; किमम्बाभिः प्रेषितः; अम्बानां कार्यं निर्वर्तय Ś.2; कृताञ्जलिस्तत्र यदम्ब सत्यात् R.14.16. -2 N. of a plant (अम्बष्ठा d.). -3 N. of Durgā, wife of Śiva. -4 N. of an Apsaras; of a sister of Pāṇḍu's mother, a daughter of Kāśīrāja. [She and her two sisters were carried off by Bhīṣma to be the wives of Vichitravīrya who had no issue. Ambā, however, had been previously betrothed to a king of Śālva and Bhīṣma sent her to him; but the latter rejected her because she had been in another man's house. So she came back to Bhīṣma and prayed him to accept her; but he could not break his vow of life-long celibacy, and being enraged she returned to the forest and practised austere penance to revenge herself on Bhīṣma. Śiva favoured her and promised her the desired vengeance in another birth. Afterwards she was born as Śikhaṇḍinī, daughter of Drupada, who came to be called Śikhaḍin and became the cause of Bhīṣma's death.] -5 A term in astrology to denote the fourth condition. [cf. Dravid Amma; Germ. Amme; old Germ. Amma].
ayana अयन a. [अय्-ल्युट्] Going (at the end of comp.); यथेमा नद्यः स्यन्दमानाः समुद्रायणाः Praśn. Up. 1 Going, moving, walking; as in रामायणम्. -2 A walk, path, way, road; आयन्नापो$यनमिच्छमानाः Rv.3.33.7. अगस्त्य- चिह्नादयनात् R.16.44. -3 A place, site, abode, place of resort; Bṛi. Up.2.4.11. ता यदस्यायनं पूर्वम् Ms. 1.1 (occurring in the derivation of the word नारायण). -4 A way of entrance, an entrance (to an array of troops or व्यूह); अयनेषु च सर्वेषु यथाभागमव- स्थिताः Bg.1.11. -5 Rotation, circulation period; अङ्गिरसां अयनम्; इष्टि˚, पशु˚. -6 A particular period in the year for the performance of particular sacrificial or other religious works; N. of certain sacrificial performances; as गवामयनम्. -7 The sun's passage, north and south of the equator. -8 (Hence) The period of this passage, half year, the time from one solstice to another; see उत्तरायण and दक्षिणायन; cf. also सायन and निरयण. -9 the equinoctial and solstitial points; दक्षिणम् अयनम् winter solstice; उत्तरम् अयनम् summer solstice; -1 Method, manner, way. -11 A Śāstra, scripture or inspired writing. -12 Final emancipation; नान्यः पन्था विद्यते$यनाय Śvet. Up. -13 A commentary; treatise. -14 The deities presiding over the ayanas. -Comp. -अंशः, -भागः the arc between the vernal equinoctial point and beginning of the fixed zodiac or first point of Aries. -कलाः The correction (in minutes) for ecliptic deviation. Sūryasiddhānta. -कालः the interval between the solstices. -ग्रहः A planet's longitude as corrected for ecliptic deviation; ibid. -जः a month caused by ayanāṁśa. -परिवृत्तिः Change of the अयन; sun's passage from one side of the equator to the other; अयनपरिवृत्ति- र्व्यस्तशब्देनोच्यते । ŚB. on MS.6.5.37. -संक्रमः, -संक्रान्तिः f. passage through the zodiac. -वृत्तम् the ecliptic.
ayukta अयुक्त a. 1 Not yoked or harnessed; अरश्मानो ये$रथा अयुक्ता Rv.9.97.2. -2 Not joined, united or connected. -3 Not devout or pious, inattentive, negligent. नास्तिबुद्धिरयुक्तस्य Bg.2.66; अयुक्तासो अब्रह्मता यदसन् Rv.5.33.3. -4 Unpractised, unused, unemployed; ˚बुद्धि, ˚चार. -5 Unfit, improper, unsuitable; अयुक्तो$यं निर्देशः P.IV.2.64 Mbh. -6 Untrue, wrong. -7 Unmarried. -8 Opening externally. -9 Reduced to straits, miserable. -Comp. -कर्मन् m. an official (perhaps for आयुक्त˚). -कृत् a. doing improper or wrong acts. -पदार्थः the sense of a word to be supplied, as the sense of अपि q. v. -रूप a. incongruous, unsuitable; ˚पं किमतःपरं वद Ku.5.69.
arata अरत a. 1 Dull, languid, apathetic. -2 Dissatisfied, discontented, averse to. -तम् Non-copulation. -Comp. -त्रप a. not ashamed of copulation. (-प) a dog (as copulating even in the streets without shame.
arati अरति a. 1 Dissatisfied, discontented. -2 Dull, languid, restless. -तिः f. 1 Absence of pleasure or amusement; अरतिर्जनसंसदि Bg.13.1. regarded as arising from the longings of love, स्वाभीष्टवस्त्वलाभेन चेतसो या$नवस्थितिः । अरतिः सा S. D.; one of the ten states of love-lorn persons (अनङ्गदशा); Mb.12.3.48. -2 Pain, distress; भृशमरतिमवाप्य तत्र Ki.1.49. -3 Anxiety, regret, uneasiness, agitation; संधत्ते भृशमरतिं हि सद्वियोगः Ki.5.51. -4 Dissatisfaction, discontent. -5 Languor, dullness. -6 A bilious disease. -तिः [ऋ-अति] 1 Anger, passion. -2 Ved. Going, moving quickly. -3 Moving flame. -4 Occupying, attacking. -5 Servant, manager, assistant. -6 A master. -7 An intelligent being.
aruciḥ अरुचिः f. 1 Aversion, dislike in general; क्व सा भोगानामुपर्यरुचिः K.146. -2 Want of appetite, disrelish, disgust; सन्निपातक्षयश्वासकासहिक्कारुचिप्रणुत् Suśr. -3 Absence of a satisfactory explanation.
arthaḥ अर्थः [In some of its senses from अर्थ्; in others from ऋ-थन् Uṇ.2.4; अर्थते ह्यसौ अर्थिभिः Nir.] 1 Object, purpose, end and aim; wish, desire; ज्ञातार्थो ज्ञातसंबन्धः श्रोतुं श्रोता प्रवर्तते, सिद्ध˚, ˚परिपन्थी Mu.5; ˚वशात् 5.8; स्मर्तव्यो$स्मि सत्यर्थे Dk.117 if it be necessary; Y.2.46; M.4.6; oft. used in this sense as the last member of compounds and translated by 'for', 'intended for', 'for the sake of', 'on account of', 'on behalf of', and used like an adj. to qualify nouns; अर्थेन तु नित्य- समासो विशेष्यनिघ्रता च Vārt.; सन्तानार्थाय विधये R.1.34; तां देवतापित्रतिथिक्रियार्थाम् (धेनुम्) 2.16; द्विजार्था यवागूः Sk.; यज्ञार्थात्कर्मणो$न्यत्र Bg.3.9. It mostly occurs in this sense as अर्थम्, अर्थे or अर्थाय and has an adverbial force; (a) किमर्थम् for what purpose, why; यदर्थम् for whom or which; वेलोपलक्षणार्थम् Ś.4; तद्दर्शनादभूच्छम्भोर्भूयान्दारार्थ- मादरः Ku.6.13; (b) परार्थे प्राज्ञ उत्सृजेत् H.1.41; गवार्थे ब्राह्मणार्थे च Pt.1.42; मदर्थे त्यक्तजीविताः Bg.1.9; (c) सुखार्थाय Pt.4.18; प्रत्याख्याता मया तत्र नलस्यार्थाय देवताः Nala.13.19; ऋतुपर्णस्य चार्थाय 23.9. -2 Cause, motive, reason, ground, means; अलुप्तश्च मुनेः क्रियार्थः R. 2.55 means or cause; अतो$र्थात् Ms.2.213. -3 Meaning, sense, signification, import; अर्थ is of 3 kinds:-- वाच्य or expressed, लक्ष्य or indicated (secondary), and व्यङ्ग्य or suggested; तददोषौ शब्दार्थौ K. P.1; अर्थो वाच्यश्च लक्ष्यश्च व्यङ्ग्यश्चेति त्रिधा मतः S. D.2; वागर्थाविव R.1.1; अवेक्ष्य धातोर्गमनार्थमर्थवित् 3.21. -4 A thing, object, substance; लक्ष्मणो$र्थं ततः श्रुत्वा Rām.7.46.18; अर्थो हि कन्या परकीय एव Ś.4.22; that which can be perceived by the senses, an object of sense; इन्द्रिय˚ H.1.146; Ku.7.71; R.2.51; न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुः Nir.; इन्द्रियेभ्यः परा ह्यर्था अर्थेभ्यश्च परं मनः Kaṭh. (the objects of sense are five : रूप, रस, गन्ध, स्पर्श and शब्द); शब्दः स्पर्शो रसो गन्धो रूपं चेत्यर्थजातयः Bhāg.11.22.16. -5 (a) An affair, business, matter, work; प्राक् प्रतिपन्नो$यमर्थो$- ङ्गराजाय Ve.3; अर्थो$यमर्थान्तरभाव्य एव Ku.3.18; अर्थो$र्था- नुबन्धी Dk.67; सङ्गीतार्थः Me.66 business of singing i. e. musical concert (apparatus of singing); सन्देशार्थाः Me. 5 matters of message, i. e. messages; (b) Interest, object; स्वार्थसाधनतत्परः Ms.4.196; द्वयमेवार्थसाधनम् R.1. 19;2.21; दुरापे$र्थे 1.72; सर्वार्थचिन्तकः Ms.7.121; माल- विकायां न मे कश्चिदर्थः M.3 I have no interest in M. (c) Subject-matter, contents (as of letters &c.); त्वामव- गतार्थं करिष्यति Mu.1 will acquaint you with the matter; उत्तरो$यं लेखार्थः ibid.; तेन हि अस्य गृहीतार्था भवामि V.2 if so I should know its contents; ननु परिगृहीतार्थो$- स्मि कृतो भवता V.5; तया भवतो$विनयमन्तरेण परिगृहीतार्था कृता देवी M.4 made acquainted with; त्वया गृहीतार्थया अत्रभवती कथं न वारिता 3; अगृहीतार्थे आवाम् Ś.6; इति पौरान् गृहीतार्थान् कृत्वा ibid. -6 Wealth, riches, property, money (said to be of 3 kinds : शुक्ल honestly got; शबल got by more or less doubtful means, and कृष्ण dishonestly got;) त्यागाय संभृतार्थानाम् R.1.7; धिगर्थाः कष्टसंश्रयाः Pt.1.163; अर्थानामर्जने दुःखम् ibid.; सस्यार्थास्तस्य मित्राणि1.3; तेषामर्थे नियुञ्जीत शूरान् दक्षान् कुलोद्गतान् Ms.7.62. -7 Attainment of riches or worldly prosperity, regarded as one of the four ends of human existence, the other three being धर्म, काम and मोक्ष; with अर्थ and काम, धर्म forms the well-known triad; cf. Ku.5.38; अप्यर्थकामौ तस्यास्तां धर्म एव मनीषिणः R.1.25. -8 (a) Use, advantage, profit, good; तथा हि सर्वे तस्यासन् परार्थैकफला गुणाः R.1.29 for the good of others; अर्थान- र्थावुभौ बुद्ध्वा Ms.8.24 good and evil; क्षेत्रिणामर्थः 9.52; यावानर्थ उदपाने सर्वतः सांप्लुतोदके Bg.2.46; also व्यर्थ, निरर्थक q. v. (b) Use, want, need, concern, with instr.; को$र्थः पुत्रेण जातेन Pt.1 what is the use of a son being born; कश्च तेनार्थः Dk.59; को$र्थस्तिरश्चां गुणैः Pt.2.33 what do brutes care for merits; Bh.2.48; योग्येनार्थः कस्य न स्याज्ज- नेन Ś.18.66; नैव तस्य कृतेनार्थो नाकृतेनेह कश्चन Bg.3.18; यदि प्राणैरिहार्थो वो निवर्तध्वम् Rām. को नु मे जीवितेनार्थः Nala.12. 65. -9 Asking, begging; request, suit, petition. -1 Action, plaint (in law); अर्थ विरागाः पश्यन्ति Rām.2.1. 58; असाक्षिकेषु त्वर्थेषु Ms.8.19. -11 The actual state, fact of the matter; as in यथार्थ, अर्थतः, ˚तत्वविद्, यदर्थेन विनामुष्य पुंस आत्मविपर्ययः Bhāg.3.7.1. -12 Manner, kind, sort. -13 Prevention, warding off; मशकार्थो धूमः; prohibition, abolition (this meaning may also be derived from 1 above). -14 Price (perhaps an incorrect form for अर्घ). -15 Fruit, result (फलम्). तस्य नानुभवेदर्थं यस्य हेतोः स रोपितः Rām.6.128.7; Mb.12.175.5. -16 N. of a son of धर्म. -17 The second place from the लग्न (in astr.). -18 N. of Viṣṇu. -19 The category called अपूर्व (in पूर्वमीमांसा); अर्थ इति अपूर्वं ब्रूमः । ŚB. on MS.7.1.2. -2 Force (of a statement or an expression); अर्थाच्च सामर्थ्याच्च क्रमो विधीयते । ŚB. on MS.5.1.2. [अर्थात् = by implication]. -21 The need, purpose, sense; व्यवधानादर्थो बलीयान् । ŚB. on MS.6.4.23. -22 Capacity, power; अर्थाद्वा कल्पनैकदेशत्वात् । Ms.1.4.3 (where Śabara paraphrases अर्थात् by सामर्थ्यात् and states the rule: आख्यातानामर्थं ब्रुवतां शक्तिः सहकारिणी ।), cf. अर्थो$भिधेयरैवस्तुप्रयोजननिवृत्तिषु । मोक्षकारणयोश्च...... Nm. -Comp. -अतिदेशः Extension (of gender, number &e.) to the objects (as against words), i. e. to treat a single object as though it were many, a female as though it were male. (तन्त्रवार्त्तिक 1.2.58.3;6.3.34.7). -अधिकारः charge of money, office of treasurer ˚रे न नियोक्तव्यौ H.2. -अधिकारिन् m. a treasurer, one charged with financial duties, finance minister. -अनुपपत्तिः f. The difficulty of accounting for or explaining satisfactorily a particular meaning; incongruity of a particular meaning (तन्त्रवार्त्तिक 4.3.42.2). -अनुयायिन् a. Following the rules (शास्त्र); तत्त्रिकालहितं वाक्यं धर्म्यमर्थानुयायि च Rām.5.51.21. -अन्वेषणम् inquiry after a matter. -अन्तरम् 1 another or different meaning. -2 another cause or motive; अर्थो$यम- र्थान्तरभाव्य एव Ku.3.18. -3 A new matter or circumstance, new affair. -4 opposite or antithetical meaning, difference of meaning. ˚न्यासः a figure of speech in which a general proposition is adduced to support a particular instance, or a particular instance, to support a general proposition; it is an inference from particular to general and vice versa; उक्तिरर्थान्तरन्यासः स्यात् सामान्यविशेषयोः । (1) हनूमानब्धिमतरद् दुष्करं किं महात्मनाम् ॥ (2) गुणवद्वस्तुसंसर्गाद्याति नीचो$पि गौरवम् । पुष्पमालानुषङ्गेण सूत्रं शिरसि धार्यते Kuval.; cf. also K. P.1 and S. D.79. (Instances of this figure abound in Sanskrit literature, especially in the works of Kālidāsa, Māgha and Bhāravi). -अन्वित a. 1 rich, wealthy. -2 significant. -अभिधान a. 1 That whose name is connected with the purpose to be served by it; अर्थाभिधानं प्रयोजनसम्बद्धमभिधानं यस्य, यथा पुरोडाश- कपालमिति पुरोडाशार्थं कपालं पुरोडाशकपालम् । ŚB. on MS.4.1. 26. -2 Expression or denotation of the desired meaning (वार्त्तिक 3.1.2.5.). -अर्थिन् a. one who longs for or strives to get wealth or gain any object. अर्थार्थी जीवलोको$यम् । आर्तो जिज्ञासुरर्थार्थी Bg.7.16. -अलंकरः a figure of speech determined by and dependent on the sense, and not on sound (opp. शब्दालंकार). अलंकारशेखर of केशवमिश्र mentions (verse 29) fourteen types of अर्थालंकारs as follows:- उपमारूपकोत्प्रेक्षाः समासोक्तिरपह्नुतिः । समाहितं स्वभावश्च विरोधः सारदीपकौ ॥ सहोक्तिरन्यदेशत्वं विशेषोक्तिर्विभावना । एवं स्युरर्थालकारा- श्चतुर्दश न चापरे ॥ -आगमः 1 acquisition of wealth, income; ˚गमाय स्यात् Pt.1. cf. also अर्थागमो नित्यमरोगिता च H. -2 collection of property. -3 conveying of sense; S. D.737. -आपत्तिः f. [अर्थस्य अनुक्तार्थस्य आपत्तिः सिद्धिः] 1 an inference from circumstances, presumption, implication, one of the five sources of knowledge or modes of proof, according to the Mīmāṁsakas. It is 'deduction of a matter from that which could not else be'; it is 'assumption of a thing, not itself perceived but necessarily implied by another which is seen, heard, or proved'; it is an inference used to account for an apparent inconsistency; as in the familiar instance पीनो देवदत्तो दिवा न भुङ्क्ते the apparent inconsistency between 'fatness' and 'not eating by day' is accounted for by the inference of his 'eating by night'. पीनत्वविशि- ष्टस्य देवदत्तस्य रात्रिभोजित्वरूपार्थस्य शब्दानुक्तस्यापि आपत्तिः. It is defined by Śabara as दृष्टः श्रुतो वार्थो$न्यथा नोपपद्यते इत्यर्थ- कल्पना । यथा जीवति देवदत्ते गृहाभावदर्शनेन बहिर्भावस्यादृष्टस्य कल्पना ॥ Ms.1.1.5. It may be seen from the words दृष्टः and श्रुतः in the above definition, that Śabara has suggested two varieties of अर्थापत्ति viz. दृष्टार्थापत्ति and श्रुता- र्थापत्ति. The illustration given by him, however, is of दृष्टार्थापत्ति only. The former i. e. दृष्टार्थापत्ति consists in the presumption of some अदृष्ट अर्थ to account for some दृष्ट अर्थ (or अर्थs) which otherwise becomes inexplicable. The latter, on the other hand, consists in the presumption of some अर्थ through अश्रुत शब्द to account for some श्रुत अर्थ (i. e. some statement). This peculiarity of श्रुतार्थापत्ति is clearly stated in the following couplet; यत्र त्वपरिपूर्णस्य वाक्यस्यान्वयसिद्धये । शब्दो$ध्याह्रियते तत्र श्रुतार्थापत्ति- रिष्यते ॥ Mānameyodaya p.129 (ed. by K. Raja, Adyar, 1933). Strictly speaking it is no separate mode of proof; it is only a case of अनुमान and can be proved by a व्यतिरेकव्याप्ति; cf. Tarka. K.17 and S. D.46. -2 a figure of speech (according to some rhetoricians) in which a relevant assertion suggests an inference not actually connected with the the subject in hand, or vice versa; it corresponds to what is popularly called कैमुतिकन्याय or दण्डापूपन्याय; e. g. हारो$यं हरिणाक्षीणां लुण्ठति स्तनमण्डले । मुक्तानामप्यवस्थेयं के वयं स्मरकिङ्कराः Amaru.1; अभितप्तमयो$पि मार्दवं भजते कैव कथा शरीरिषु R.8.43.; S. D. thus defines the figure:- दण्डापूपिकन्यायार्थागमो$र्थापत्तिरिष्यते. -उत्पत्तिः f. acquisition of wealth; so ˚उपार्जनम्. -उपक्षेपकः an introductory scene (in dramas); अर्थोपक्षेपकाः पञ्च S. D.38. They are विष्कम्भ, चूलिका, अङ्कास्य, अङ्कावतार, प्रवेशक. -उपमा a simile dependent on sense and not on sound; see under उपमा. -उपार्जनम् Acquiring wealth. -उष्मन् m. the glow or warmth of wealth; अर्थोष्मणा विरहितः पुरुषः स एव Bh.2.4. -ओघः, -राशिः treasure, hoard of money. -कर (-री f.), -कृत a. 1 bringing in wealth, enriching; अर्थकरी च विद्या H. Pr.3. -2 useful, advantageous. -कर्मन् n. 1 a principal action (opp. गुणकर्मन्). -2 (as opposed to प्रतिपत्तिकर्मन्), A fruitful act (as opposed to mere disposal or प्रतिपत्ति); अर्थकर्म वा कर्तृ- संयोगात् स्रग्वत् । MS.4.2.17. -काम a. desirous of wealth. (-˚मौ dual), wealth and (sensual) desire or pleasure; अप्यर्थकामौ तस्यास्तां धर्म एव मनीषिणः R.1.25. ह्रत्वार्थकामास्तु गुरूनिहैव Bg.2.5. -कार्ष्यम् Poverty. निर्बन्धसंजातरुषार्थकार्घ्यमचिन्तयित्वा गुरुणाहमुक्तः R.5.21. -काशिन् a. Only apparently of utility (not really). -किल्बिषिन् a. dishonest in money-matters. -कृच्छ्रम् 1 a difficult matter. -2 pecuniary difficulty; व्यसनं वार्थकृच्छ्रे वा Rām.4.7.9; Mb.3.2.19; cf. also Kau. A.1.15 न मुह्येदर्थकृच्छ्रेषु Nīti. -कृत्यम् doing or execution of a business; अभ्युपेतार्थकृत्याः Me.4. -कोविद a. Expert in a matter, experienced. उवाच रामो धर्मात्मा पुनरप्यर्थकोविदः Rām.6.4.8. -क्रमः due order or sequence of purpose. -क्रिया (a) An implied act, an act which is to be performed as a matter of course (as opposed to शब्दोक्तक्रिया); असति शब्दोक्ते अर्थक्रिया भवति ŚB. on MS.12.1.12. (b) A purposeful action. (see अर्थकर्मन्). -गत a. 1 based on the sense (as a दोष). -2 devoid of sense. -गतिः understanding the sense. -गुणाः cf. भाविकत्वं सुशब्दत्वं पर्यायोक्तिः सुधर्मिता । चत्वारो$र्थगुणाः प्रोक्ताः परे त्वत्रैव संगताः ॥ अलंकारशेखर 21. -गृहम् A treasury. Hariv. -गौरवम् depth of meaning; भारवेरर्थगौरवम् Udb., Ki.2.27. -घ्न a. (घ्नी f.) extravagant, wasteful, prodigal; सुरापी व्याधिता धूर्ता वन्ध्यार्थघ्न्य- प्रियंवदा Y.1.73; व्याधिता वाधिवेत्तव्या हिंस्रार्थघ्नी च सर्वदा Ms.9.8. -चित्रम् 'variety in sense', a pun, Kāvya-prakāśa. -चिन्तक a. 1 thinking of profit. -2 having charge of affairs; सर्वार्थचिन्तकः Ms.7.121. -चिन्ता, -चिन्तनम् charge or administration of (royal) affairs; मन्त्री स्यादर्थचिन्तायाम् S. D. -जात a. 1 full of meaning. -2 wealthy (जातधन). (-तम्) 1 a collection of things. -2 large amount of wealth, considerable property; Dk.63, Ś.6; ददाति च नित्यमर्थजातम् Mk.2.7. -3 all matters; कवय इव महीपाश्चिन्तयन्त्यर्थजातम् Śi.11.6. -4 its own meaning; वहन्द्वयीं यद्यफले$र्थजाते Ki.3.48. -ज्ञ a. knowing the sense or purpose; अर्थज्ञ इत्सकलं भद्रमश्नुते Nir. -तत्त्वम् 1 the real truth, the fact of the matter; यो$र्थतत्त्वमविज्ञाय क्रोधस्यैव वशं गतः H.4.94. -2 the real nature or cause of anything. -द a. 1 yielding wealth; Dk.41. -2 advantageous, productive of good, useful. -3 liberal, munificent Ms.2.19. -4 favourable, compliant. (-दः) N. of Kubera. -दर्शकः 'one who sees law-suits'; a judge. -दर्शनम् perception of objects; कुरुते दीप इवार्थदर्शनम् Ki.2.33; Dk.155. -दूषणम् 1 extravagance, waste; H.3.18; Ms.7.48. -2 unjust seizure of property or withholding what is due. -3 finding fault with the meaning. -4 spoiling of another's property. -दृश् f. Consideration of truth; क्षेमं त्रिलोकगुरुरर्थदृशं च यच्छन् Bhāg.1.86.21. -दृष्टिः Seeing profit; Bhāg. -दोषः a literary fault or blemish with regard to the sense, one of the four doṣas or blemishes of literary composition, the other three being परदोष, पदांशदोष, वाक्यदोष; for definitions &c. see K. P.7. अलंकारशेखर of केशवमिश्र who mentions eight types of doṣas as follows: अष्टार्थदोषाः विरस, -ग्राम्य, -व्याहत, -खिन्नताः । -हीना, -धिका, सदृक्साम्यं देशादीनां विरोधि च ॥ 17 -द्वयविधानम् Injunction of two ideas or senses; विधाने चार्थद्वयविधानं दोषः ŚB. on MS.1.8.7. -नित्य a. = अर्थ- प्रधान Nir. -निबन्धन a. dependent on wealth. -निश्चयः determination, decision. -प्रतिः 1 'the lord of riches', a a king; किंचिद् विहस्यार्थपतिं बभाषे R.2.46;1.59;9.3;18.1; Pt.1.74. -2 an epithet of Kubera. -पदम् N. of the Vārt. on Pāṇini; ससूत्रवृत्त्यर्थपदं महार्थं ससंग्रहं सिद्ध्यति वै कपीन्द्रः Rām.7.36.45. -पर, -लुब्ध a. 1 intent on gaining wealth, greedy of wealth, covetous. -2 niggardly, parsimonious; हिंस्रा दयालुरपि चार्थपरा वदान्या Bh.2.47; Pt.1.425. -प्रकृतिः f. the leading source or occasion of the grand object in a drama; (the number of these 'sources' is five :-- बीजं बिन्दुः पताका च प्रकरी कार्यमेव च । अर्थप्रकृतयः पञ्च ज्ञात्वा योज्या यथाविधि S. D.317.) -प्रयोगः 1 usury. -2 administration of the affairs (of a state) -प्राप्त a. derived or understood from the sense included as a matter of course, implied; परिसमाप्तिः शब्दार्थः । परिसमाप्त्यामर्थप्राप्तत्वादारम्भस्य । ŚB. on MS.6.2.13. -˚त्वम् Inplication. -बन्धः 1 arrangement of words, composition, text; stanza, verse; संचिन्त्य गीतक्षममर्थबन्धम् Ś.7.5; ललितार्थबन्धम् V.2.14 put or expressed in elegant words. -2. connection (of the soul) with the objects of sense. -बुद्धि a. selfish. -बोधः indication of the (real) import. -भाज् a. entitled to a share in the division of property. -भावनम् Deliberation over a subject (Pātañjala Yogadarśana 1.28). -भृत् a. receiving high wages (as a servant). -भेदः distinction or difference of meaning; अर्थभेदेन शब्दभेदः. -मात्रम्, -त्रा 1 property, wealth; Pt.2. -2 the whole sense or object. -युक्त a. significant, full of यस्यार्थयुक्तं meaning; गिरिराजशब्दं कुर्वन्ति Ku.1.13. -लक्षण a. As determined by the purpose or need (as opposed to शब्दलक्षण); लोके कर्मार्थलक्षणम् Ms.11.1.26. -लाभः acquisition of wealth. -लोभः avarice. -वशः power in the form of discrimination and knowledge. अर्थवशात् सप्तरूपविनिवृत्ताम् Sāvk.65. -वादः 1 declaration of any purpose. -2 affirmation, declaratory assertion, an explanatory remark, exegesis; speech or assertion having a certain object; a sentence. (It usually recommends a विधि or precept by stating the good arising from its proper observance, and the evils arising from its omission, and also by adducing historical instances in its support; स्तुतिर्निन्दा परकृतिः पुराकल्प इत्यर्थवादः Gaut. Sūt.; said by Laugākṣi to be of 3 kinds :- गुणवादो विरोधे स्यादनु वादो$वधारिते । भूतार्थवादस्तद्धानादर्थ- वादस्त्रिधा मतः; the last kind includes many varieties.) -3 one of the six means of finding out the tātparya (real aim and object) of any work. -4 praise, eulogy; अर्थवाद एषः । दोषं तु मे कंचित्कथय U.1. -विकरणम् = अर्थ- विक्रिया change of meaning. -विकल्पः 1 deviation from truth, perversion of fact. -2 prevarication; also ˚वैकल्प्यम् -विज्ञानम् comprehending the sense, one of the six exercises of the understanding (धीगुण). -विद् a. sensible, wise, sagacious. भुङ्क्ते तदपि तच्चान्यो मधुहेवार्थविन्मधु Bhāg.11.18.15. विवक्षतामर्थविदस्तत्क्षणप्रतिसंहृताम् Śi. -विद्या knowledge of practical life; Mb.7. -विपत्तिः Failing of an aim; समीक्ष्यतां चार्थविपत्तिमार्गताम् Rām.2.19.4. -विभावक a. money-giver; विप्रेभ्यो$र्थविभावकः Mb.3.33. 84. -विप्रकर्षः difficulty in the comprehension of the sense. -विशेषणम् a reprehensive repetition of something uttered by another; S. D.49. -वृद्धिः f. accumulation of wealth. -व्ययः expenditure; ˚ज्ञ a. conversant with money-matters. -शब्दौ Word and sense. -शालिन् a. Wealthy. -शास्त्रम् 1 the science of wealth (political economy). -2 science of polity, political science, politics; अर्थशास्त्रविशारदं सुधन्वानमुपाध्यायम् Rām.2.1.14. Dk.12; इह खलु अर्थशास्त्रकारास्त्रिविधां सिद्धिमुपवर्णयन्ति Mu.3; ˚व्यवहारिन् one dealing with politics, a politician; Mu.5. -3 science giving precepts on general conduct, the science of practical life; Pt.1. -शौचम् purity or honesty in money-matters; सर्वेषां चैव शौचानामर्थशौचं परं स्मृतं Ms. 5.16. -श्री Great wealth. -संस्थानम् 1 accumulation of wealth. -2 treasury. -संग्रहः, -संचयः accumulation or acquisition of wealth, treasure, property. कोशेनाश्रयणी- यत्वमिति तस्यार्थसंग्रहः R.17.6. कुदेशमासाद्य कुतो$र्थसंचयः H. -संग्रहः a book on Mīmāṁsā by Laugākṣi Bhāskara. -सतत्त्वम् truth; किं पुनरत्रार्थसतत्त्वम् । देवा ज्ञातुमर्हन्ति MBh. or P.VIII.3.72. -समाजः aggregate of causes. -समाहारः 1 treasure. -2 acquisition of wealth. -संपद् f. accomplishment of a desired object; उपेत्य संघर्ष- मिवार्थसंपदः Ki.1.15. -संपादनम् Carrying out of an affair; Ms.7.168. -संबन्धः connection of the sense with the word or sentence. -संबन्धिन् a. Concerned or interested in an affair; Ms.8.64. -साधक a. 1 accomplishing any object. -2 bringing any matter to a conclusion. -सारः considerable wealth; Pt.2.42. -सिद्ध a. understood from the very context (though not expressed in words), inferable from the connection of words. -सिद्धिः f. fulfilment of a desired object, success. द्वारमिवार्थसिद्धेः R.2.21. -हानिः Loss of wealth -हारिन् a. stealing money Ks. -हर a. inheriting wealth. -हीन a. 1 deprived of wealth, poor. -2 unmeaning, nonsensical. -3 failing.
āḍhya आढ्य a. [आ-ध्यै-क पृषो˚ Tv.] 1 Rich, wealthy; आढ्यो$भिजनवानस्मि को$न्यो$स्ति सदृशो मया Bg.16.15; Pt.5. 8; Ms.8.169. -2 (a) Rich in, abounding in, possessing abundantly, with instr. or as the last member of comp.; सत्य˚ Pt.3.9 very truthful; वंशसंपल्लावण्याढ्याय Dk.18; एवमादिगुणैराढ्यः Vet.; समुद्रमिव रत्नाढ्यम् Rām. (b) Mixed with, watered with; गन्धाढ्य, स्रज उत्तमगन्धाढ्याः Mb.; मूत्राढ्यैः करञ्जफलसर्षपैः Suśr. -3 Abundant, copious. -Comp. -आडु a. striving to get wealth. -कुलीन a. [आढ्यकुले भवः ] Descended from a rich family. -चर a. (-री f.) [भूतपूर्व आढ्यः चरट्] once opulent. -रोगः Rheumatism, gout. -वातः [आढ्यो वातो यत्र] a convulsive or rheumatic palsy of the loins.
ātañcanam आतञ्चनम् 1 Causing to coagulate or curdle, casting butter-milk into heated milk to turn it. -2 Causing to contract in general. -3 Curdled milk. -4 That which causes coagulation, a runnet. -5 A sort of whey. -6 Conveying. -7 Gratifying, satisfying. -8 Casting away, destroying. -9 Danger, calamity. -1 Speed, velocity. -11 Calcining, adding flux to metals in fusion. -12 The flux so used. -13 Making fat; cf. आतञ्चनं प्रतीवापे जवनाप्यायनार्थयोः Nm.
ātṛp आतृप् 4,5,6 P. To be satisfied; आ यत् तृपन्मरुतो वाब- शानाः Rv.7.56.1. -Caus. To satisfy; अनुकामं तर्पयेथा- मिन्द्रावरुण राय आ Rv.1.17.3.
ātarpaṇam आतर्पणम् 1 Satisfaction, gratification. -2 Pleasing, satisfying. -3 White-washing the wall, floor or seat (on festive occasions) (मङ्गलालेपनम्). -4 The pigment used for the above purpose; आतर्पणं प्रीणने स्यान्मङ्गलालेपने$पि च Medinī.
ātman आत्मन् m. [अत्-मनिण् Uṇ 4.152 said to be from अन् to breathe also] 'आत्मा यत्नो धृतिर्बुद्धिः स्वभावो ब्रह्मवर्ष्म च' इत्यमरः 1 The soul, the individual soul, the breath, the principle of life and sensation; किमात्मना यो न जितेन्द्रियो भवेत् H.1; आत्मानं रथिनं विद्धि शरीरं रथमेव तु Kaṭh.3.3. (In आत्मा नदी संयमपुण्यतीर्था H.4.87 आत्मन् is compared to a river). -2 Self, oneself; in this sense mostly used reflexively for all three persons and in the singular number, masculine gender, whatever be the gender or number of the noun to which it refers; अनया चिन्तयात्मापि मे न प्रतिभाति Ratn.1; आश्रमदर्श- नेन आत्मानं पुनीमहे Ś.1; गुप्तं ददृशुरात्मानं सर्वाः स्वप्नेषु वामनैः R.1.6,4.35,14.57; Ku.6.2; देवी... प्राप्तप्रसवमात्मानं गङ्गादेव्यां विमुञ्चति U.7.2; गोपायन्ति कुलस्त्रिय आत्मानमात्मना Mb.; K.17; sometimes used in pl. also; आत्मनः स्तुवन्ति Śi.17.19; Māl.8. -3 Supreme deity and soul of the universe, Supreme Soul, Brahman; तस्माद्वा एतस्मादात्मन आकाशः संभूतः T. Up.2.1.1; Ms.1.15,12.24. -4 Essence, nature; काव्यस्यात्मा ध्वनिः S. D., see आत्मक below. -5 Character, peculiarity; आत्मा यक्ष्मस्य नश्यति Rv.1. 97.11. -6 The natural temperament or disposition; Bhāg.11.22.2. -7 The person or whole body (considered as one and opposed to the separate members of it); स्थितः सर्वोन्नतेनोर्वीं क्रान्त्वा मेरुरिवात्मना R.1.14; योस्या- त्मनः कारयिता Ms.12.12; Ki.9.66. -8 Mind, intellect; मन्दात्मन्, नष्टात्मन्, महात्मन् &c. अथ रामः प्रसन्नात्मा श्रुत्वा वायु- सुतस्य ह Rām.6.18.1. -9 The understanding; cf. आत्म- संपन्न, आत्मवत् &c. -1 Thinking faculty, the faculty of thought and reason. -11 Spirit, vitality, courage; त्यक्त्वा$$त्मानमथाब्रवीत् Mb.12.18.6. -12 Form, image; आत्मानमाधाय Ku.3.24 assuming his own form; 2.61; संरोपिते$प्यात्मनि Ś.6.24 myself being implanted in her. -13 A son; 'आत्मा वै पुत्रनामासि' इति श्रुतेः । तस्यात्मा शितिकण्ठस्य Śi.2.61. -14 Care, efforts, pain. -15 The sun. -16 Fire. -17 Wind, air. -18 Mental quality; बाहुश्रुत्यं तपस्त्यागः श्रद्धा यज्ञक्रिया क्षमा । भावशुद्धिर्दया सत्यं संयमश्चात्मसंपदः ॥ Mb.12.167.5. आत्मन् is used as the last member of comp. in the sense of 'made or consisting of'; see आत्मक. The form त्मन् is also found to be used; कृतार्थं मन्यते त्मानं Mb. [cf. Gr. atmos, aitmen] -Comp. -अधीन a. 1 dependent on oneself, independent. -2 sentient, existing. (-नः) 1 a son. -2 a wife's brother. -3 the jester or विदूषक (in dramatic literature). -अनुरूप a. worthy of oneself; तस्यामात्मानुरूपायामात्मजन्मसमुत्सुकः Ku. 1.18; R.1.33. -अनुगमनम् peronal attendance; शश्वदा- त्मानुगमनेन गाम् R.1.88. -अपहारः concealing oneself; कथं वा आत्मापहारं करोमि Ś.1. -अपहारकः one who pretends to belong to a higher class than his own, an impostor, a pretender; यो$न्यथा सन्तमात्मानमन्यथा सत्सु भाषते । स पापकृत्तमो लोके स्तेन आत्मापहारकः ॥ Ms.4.255. -आदिष्ट a. self-counselled. (-ष्टः) a treaty dictated by the party wishing it himself; स्वसैन्येन तु संघानमात्मादिष्ट उदाहृतः H.4.121. -आनन्द a. Rejoicing in the soul or Supreme Spirit; आत्ममिथुनः आत्मानन्दः Ch. Up.7.25.2. -आराम a. 1 striving to get knowledge; (as an ascetic or योगिन्), seeking spiritual knowledge; आत्मारामा विहितरतयो निर्विकल्पे समाधौ Ve.1.23. -2 selfpleased, delighted in self; आत्मारामः फलाशी. see आत्मानन्द Bh.3.93; cf. Bg.5.24. -आशिन् m. a fish supposed to feed on its young, or on the weakest of its species; cf. मत्स्या इव जना नित्यं भक्षयन्ति परस्परम् Rām. -आश्रय a. 1 dependent on oneself or on his own mind. -2 About or relating to oneself; कौलीनमात्माश्रयमाचचक्षे R.14.36. (-यः) 1 self dependence. -2 innate idea, abstract knowledge independent of the thing to be known. -ईश्वर a. Self-possessed, master of self; आत्मेश्वराणां न हि जातु विघ्नाः समाधिभेदप्रभवो भवन्ति Ku.3.4. -उदयः self-exaltation or elevation; आत्मोदयः परज्यानिर्द्वयं नीतिरितीयति Śi.2.3 -उद्भव a. born or produced from oneself. (-वः) 1 a son; आत्मोद्भवे वर्णचतुष्टयस्य R.18.12. -2 Cupid. -3 sorrow, pain. (-वा) 1 daughter. -2 intellect. -3 N. of a plant (माषपर्णी; Mar. रानउडीद). -उपजीविन् m. 1 one who lives by his own labour; Ms.7.138. -2 a day-labourer. -3 one who lives by his wife (Kull. on Ms.8.362). -4 an actor, public performer. -उपनिषद् f. N. of an उपनिषद् which treats of the Supreme Spirit. -उपम a. like oneself. (-मः) a son. -औपम्यम् Likeness to self. आत्मौपम्येन सर्वत्र Bg.6.32. -कर्मन् One's own duty; आत्मौपकर्मक्षमं देहं क्षात्रो धर्म इवाश्रितः R. -काम a. 1 loving oneself, possessed of self-conceit, proud; आत्मकामा सदा चण्डी Rām.2.7.1. -2 loving Brahman or the Supreme Spirit only; भगवन् वयमात्मकामाः Maitr. Up.7.1. -कार्यम् one's own business, private affair. -कृत a. 1 self-executed, done by oneself; पौरा ह्यात्मकृताद्दुःखाद्विप्रमोच्या नृपात्मजैः Rām.2.46.23. -2 done against one's own self; Vāj.8.13. -गत a. produced in one's mind; ˚तो मनोरथः Ś.1. (-तम्) ind. aside (to oneself) being considered to be spoken privately (opp. प्रकाशम् aloud); frequently used as a stage-direction in dramas; it is the same as स्वगतम् which is thus defined; अश्राव्यं खलु यद्वस्तु तदिह स्वगतं मतम् S. D.6. -गतिः f. 1 course of the soul's existence. -2 one's own course; Bhāg.5.17.3. ˚गत्या by one's own act. -गुप्ता The plant Mucuna Pruritus Hook (Mar. कुयली). -गुप्तिः f. a cave, the hiding place of an animal, lair. -ग्राहिन् a. selfish, greedy. -घातः 1 suicide. -2 heresy. -घातकः, -घातिन् 1 a suicide, a self-destroyer; K.174; व्यापादयेद् वृथात्मानं स्वयं यो$गन्युदका- दिभिः । अवैधेनैव मार्गेण आत्मघाती स उच्यते ॥ -2 a heretic. -घोषः 1 a cock (calling out to himself). -2 a crow. -3 One who flatters himself. cf. आत्मघोषो वायसे स्यादात्म- स्तुतिपरे$पि च Nm. -जः, -जन्मन् m. -जातः, -प्रभवः, -संभवः, -समुद्भवः 1 a son; यः स वासवनिर्जेता रावणस्यात्म- संभवः Rām.6.86.33; हतान्निहन्मेह नरर्षभेण वयं सुरेशात्मसमु- द्भवेन Mb.7.118.2; तमात्मजन्मानमजं चकार R.5.36; तस्यामात्मानुरूपायामात्मजन्मसमुत्सुकः R.1.33; Māl.1; Ku.6.28. -2 Cupid; ममायमात्मप्रभवो भूयस्त्वमुपयास्यति Rām.4.1.34. -3 a descendant; मृगयां विरन्काश्चिद्विजने जनकात्मजः Mb.12.39.1. -जा 1 a daughter; वन्द्यं युगं चरणयोर्जनकात्मजायाः R.13.78; cf. नगात्मजा &c. -2 the reasoning faculty, understanding. -जयः 1 one's own victory. -2 victory over oneself, self-denial or abnegation. -ज्योतिस् n. The light of the soul or Supreme Spirit (चैतन्य); कौस्तुभव्यपदेशेन स्वात्मज्योतिर्बिभर्त्यजः Bhāg. 12.11.1. -ज्ञः, -विद् m. a sage, one who knows himself; तस्मादात्मज्ञं ह्यर्चयेद्भूतिकामः Muṇḍ.3.1.1. -ज्ञानम् 1 self-knowledge. -2 spiritual knowledge, knowledge of the soul or the Supreme Spirit; सर्वेषामपि चैतेषामात्मज्ञानं परं स्मृतम् Ms.12.85,92. -3 true wisdom. -तत्त्वम् 1 the true nature of the soul or the supreme spirit; यदात्म- तत्त्वेन तु ब्रह्मतत्त्वं प्रपश्येत Śvet.2.15. -2 the highest thing. ˚ज्ञः a sage versed in the Vedānta doctrines. -तृप्त a. Self-satisfied; आत्मतृप्तश्च मानवः Bg.3.17. -तुष्टि a. self-satisfied. (-ष्टिः f.) self-satisfaction. -त्यागः 1 self-sacrifice. -2 suicide. -त्यागिन् m. a. 1 suicide; आत्मत्यागिन्यो नाशौचोदकभाजनाः Y.3.6. -2 a heretic, an unbeliever. -त्राणम् 1 self-preservation. -2 a body-guard; Rām.5. -दर्शः a mirror; प्रसादमात्मीयमिवात्म- दर्शः R.7.68. -दर्शनम् 1 seeing oneself. -2 spiritual knowledge, true wisdom; सर्वभूतात्मदर्शनम् Y.3.157; cf. Ms.12.91. see आत्मयाजिन. -दा a. Ved. granting one's existence or life; य आत्मदा बलदा यस्य विश्व Rv.1.121.2. -दानम् self-sacrifice, resigning oneself. -दूषि a. Ved. corrupting the soul; self-destroying; Av.16.1.3. -देवता a tutelary deity. -द्रोहिन् a. 1 self-tormenting, fretful. -2 suicide. -नित्य a. being constantly in the heart, greatly endeared to oneself. -निन्दा self-reproach. -निवेदनम् offering oneself (as a living sacrifice to the deity). -निष्ठ a. one who constantly seeks for spiritual knowledge. -पराजित a. one who has lost himself (Ved.) Av.5.18.2. -पुराणम् N. of a work elucidating the Upaniṣads (consisting of 18 chapters). -प्रत्ययिक a. knowing from one's experience; आत्मप्रत्ययिकं शास्त्रमिदम् Mb.12.246.13. -प्रबोधः 1 cognition of the soul; self-consciousness. -2 title of an उपनिषद्. -प्रभ a. self-illuminated. -प्रवादः 1 conversation about the Supreme Spirit. -2 N. of the seventh of the fourteen Pūrvas of the Jainas. -प्रशंसा self-praise. -बन्धुः, -बान्धवः 1 one's own kinsman; आत्ममातुः स्वसुः पुत्रा आत्मपितुः स्वसुः सुताः । आत्ममातुलपुत्राश्च विज्ञेया ह्यात्मबान्धवाः Śabdak. i. e. mother's sister's son, father's sister's son, and mother's brother's son. -2 the soul, the self. -बोधः 1 spiritual knowledge. -2 knowledge of self. -3 N. of a work of Śaṅkarāchārya. -भावः 1 existence of the soul; संयोग एषां न तु आत्मभावात् Śvet.1.2. -2 the self proper, peculiar nature. -3 the body. -भू a. self-born, self-existent. (-भूः) वचस्यवसिते तस्मिन् ससर्ज गिरमात्मभूः Ku.2.53,3.16,5.81. -योनिः 1 N. of Brahmā; -2 N. of Viṣṇu. -3 N. of Śiva; Ś.7.35. -4 Cupid, god of love. -5 a son. (-भूः f.) 1 a daughter. -2 talent, understanding. -भूत a. 1 self-produced; peculiar, belonging to. -2 attached, devoted, faithful; तत्रात्मभूतैः कालज्ञैरहार्यैः परिचारकैः Ms.7.217 (Kull. = आत्मतुल्य). (-तः) 1 a son. -2 Cupid. (-ता) 1 a daughter. -2 talent. -भूयम् 1 peculiarity, own nature. -2 Brahman. -मात्रा a portion of the Supreme Spirit. -मानिन् a. self-respecting, respectable. -2 arrogant, proud; विवेकशून्यः प्रभुरात्ममानी, महाननर्थः सुहृदां बतायम् Bk.12.83. -मूर्तिः 1 a brother; भ्राता स्वमूर्तिरात्मनः -2 soul, Supreme Spirit. -मूल a. self-luminous, shining (God); स आत्ममूलो$वतु मां परात्परः Bhāg.8.3.4. -मूलि n. the universe. -मूली N. of a plant (दूरालभा; Mar. धमासा). -याजिन् 1 sacrificing for oneself or himself. m. a learned man who studies his own nature and that of the soul (of others) to secure eternal felicity, one who looks upon all beings as self; सर्व- भूतेषु चात्मानं सर्वभूतानि चात्मनि । समं पश्यन्नात्मयाजी स्वाराज्यम- धिगच्छति ॥ Ms.12.91. -योनिः = ˚भू m. a. v. ददर्श चक्रीकृतचारुचापं प्रहर्तुमभ्युद्यतमात्मयोनिम् Ku.3.7. -रक्षा 1 N. of a plant (इन्द्रवारुणीवृक्ष). -2 self protection. -लाभः birth, production, origin; यैरात्मलाभस्त्वया लब्धः Mu.3.1, 5.23; Ki.3.32,17.19,18.34; K.239. -लोमन् 1 the hair of the body. -2 the beard. -वञ्चक a. self-deceiver. -वञ्चना self-delusion; self-deception. -वधः, -वध्या, -हत्या suicide. -वर्ग्य a. of one's party or class; उद्बाहुना जुहुविरे मुहुरात्मवर्ग्याः Śi.5.15. -वश a. depending on one's own will; यद्यत्परवशं कर्म तत्तद्यत्नेन वर्जयेत् । यद्यदात्मवशं तु स्यात्तत्तत्सेवेत यत्नतः ॥ Ms.4.159, सर्वमात्मवशं सुखम् 16. (-शः) 1 self-control, self-government. -2 one's control, subjection; ˚शं नी, ˚वशीकृ to reduce to subjection, win over. -वश्य a. having control over self, self-possessed, self-restrained; आत्मवश्यैर्विधेयात्मा Bg.2.64. -विक्रयः sale of oneself or one's own liberty; Ms.11.59. -विद् m. 1 a wise man, sage; as in तरति शोकमात्मवित्; सो$हं भगवो मन्त्रविदेवास्मि नात्मविच्छ्रुतह्येव Ch. Up.7.1.3. -2 knowing one's own self (family &c.); य इहात्मविदो विपक्षमध्ये Śi.2.116. -3 N. of Śiva. -विद्या knowledge of the soul, spiritual knowledge; आन्वीक्षिकीं चात्मविद्याम् Ms.7.43. -विवृद्धिः, -वृद्धिः f. self-exaltation. -वीर a. 1 mighty, powerful, strong. -2 appropriate, suitable, good for oneself (as diet &c.). -3 existent, sentient. (-रः) 1 a son. -2 wife's brother. -3 a jester (in dramas); आत्मवीरः प्राणवति श्यालके च विदूषके. -वृत्तम्, -वृत्तान्तः account of one's own self, autobiography. -वृत्ति a. dwelling in Atman or soul. (-त्तिः f.) 1 state of the heart; किमेभिराशोपहतात्मवृत्तिभिः Ku.5.76. -2 action as regards oneself, one's own state or circumstance; विस्माययन् विस्मितमात्मवृत्तौ R.2.33. -3 practising one's own duties or occupation. -शक्तिः f. one's own power or ability, inherent power or effort; दैवं निहत्य कुरु पौरुषमात्मशक्त्या Pt.1.361 to the best of one's power. -2 illusion. -शल्या N. of a plant (शतावरी). -शुद्धिः f. self-purification; Ms.11.164; योगिनः कर्म कुर्वन्ति संगं त्यक्त्वा$त्मशुद्धये Bg.5.11. -श्लाघा, -स्तुतिः f. self-praise, boasting, bragging. -संयमः self-restraint; आत्मसंयमयो- गाग्नौ जुह्वति ज्ञानदीपिते Bg.4.27. -संस्थ a. Based upon or connected with the person; आत्मसंस्थं मनःकृत्वा Bg.6.25. -सतत्त्वम् See आत्मतत्त्वम्; आत्मसतत्त्वं विगणयतः Bhāg.5.13.24. -सद् a. Ved. dwelling in oneself; आत्मसदौ स्तं मा मा हिंसिष्टम् Av.5.9.8. -संतुष्ट a. self-sufficient. -सनि a. Ved. granting the breath of life. -सम a. worthy of oneself, equal to oneself; कार्ये गुरुण्यात्मसमं नियोक्ष्ये Ku.3.13. -संदेहः 1 internal or personal doubt. -2 risk of life, personal risk. -संभवः, -समुद्भवः 1 a son; चकार नाम्ना रघुमात्मसंभवम् R.3.21,11.57,17.8. -2 Cupid, god of love. -3 epithet of Brahmā, Viṣṇu, or Śiva. -4 the Supreme Being (परमात्मन्). (-वा) 1 a daughter. -2 understanding, intellect. -संपन्न a. 1 self-possessed; Pt.1.49. -2 talented, intelligent; तमात्मसंपन्नमनिन्दितात्मा कृत्वा युवानं युवराजमेव R.18.18. -संभावना self-conceit; K. -सिद्धिः f. self-aggrandizement, attainment of object or purpose; आगच्छदात्मसिद्ध्यर्थं गोकर्णस्याश्रमं शुभम् Rām.7.9.47. -सुख a. self-delighted. (-खम्) the highest bliss. -स्थ a. At one's own disposal (स्वाधीन); तावदेव मया सार्धमात्मस्थं कुरु शासनम् Rām.2.21.8. -हन् a. 1 one who kills his own soul (neglects its welfare &c.); ये के चात्महनो जनाः Śvet.3. -2 a suicide, self-destroyer. -3 a heretic, unbeliever. -4 a priest in a temple, a servant or attendant upon an idol. -हननम्, -हत्या suicide. -हित a. beneficial to oneself. (-तम्) one's own good or welfare.
ādhā आधा 3 U. 1 To put, place, deposit, implant, lodge; ब्रह्मण्याधाय कर्माणि Bg.5.1;8.12. जनपदे न गदः पदमादधौ R.9.4; Bg.5.1; दुष्यन्तेनाहितं तेजः Ś.4.4; आहितो जयविपर्ययो$पि मे R.11.86 inflicted on me 19.26; संभृते शिखिनि गूढमादधुः 19.54 consigned to the flames, burnt; धैर्यं चा$$धिषताधिकम् Bk.7.12 plucked up greater courage. -2 To apply, propose, fix upon, direct towards; प्रतिपात्रमाधीयतां यत्नः Ś.1; मय्येव मन आधत्स्व Bg.12.8; गमने मतिमाधत्त Rām.; Ś.2.3; आधीयतां धैर्ये धर्मे च धीः K.63 direct; सर्वकार्येष्वाहितमतिः K.56. -3 To appropriate to oneself, hold, possess, take, carry, have, bear; भूयो बभौ दर्पणमादधानाम् Ku.7.26; आधत्ते कनकमयातपत्रलक्ष्मीम् Ki.5.39. takes or assumes; गर्भमाधत्त राज्ञी R.2.75,5.57; आहितक्रोधा Amaru.21. -4 To bear up, uphold, support; शेषः सदैवाहितभूमिभारः Ś.5.4. -5 To cause, produce, create, rouse, excite (fear, wonder &c.); छायाश्चरन्ति बहुधा भयमादधानाः Ś.3.26; Ki.4.12,6.19,8.46,57; Ku.6.2; Bk.2.8; विस्मयमादधाति M.5.17; K.246; नवरसरुचिरां निर्मितिमादधती भारती K. P.1; to put in, infuse; Śi.2.76. -6 To supply, give, impart (with dat., gen. or loc.); शुद्धिमादधाना R.1.85; इन्द्रं त्रैलोक्यमाधाय Mb. -8 To appoint; तमेव चाधाय विवाहसाक्ष्ये R.7.2. -8 To consecrate (as fire); तत्राग्निमाधाय समित्समिद्धम् Ku.1.57. -9 To perform, practise (as a vow &c.).
ānatiḥ आनतिः f. 1 Bending, bowing, stooping (fig. also); गुणवन्मित्रमिवानतिं प्रपेदे Ki.13.15; चरणानतिव्यतिकरे Amaru. 49; किं वक्षश्चरणानतिव्यतिकरव्याजेन गोपाय्यते 26. -2 A bow or salutation, obeisance; आत्मजातिसदृशीं किलानतिम् Ki. 13.36; Śi.1.11. -3 Homage, reverence, -4 Delight, satisfaction, pleasure; भृतिश्च कर्मकरेभ्य आनत्यर्थं यद्दीयते । ŚB. on MS.1.2.27. -Comp. -करः A present, a reward.
āpta आप्त p. p. [आप्-क्त] 1 Got, obtained, gained; ˚कामः, शापः &c. -2 Reached, overtaken, equalled, engrossed; यदिदं सर्वं मृत्युनाप्तं सर्वं मृत्युनाभिपन्नं केन यजमानो मृत्योराप्तिमतिमुच्यते Bṛi. Up.3.1.3. -3 Reaching to, extending as far as. -4 Trustworthy, reliable, credible (as news &c.). -5 Trusty, confidential, faithful (person); कुमारभृत्याकुशलैरनुष्ठिते भिषग्भिराप्तैः R.3.12;5.39; आप्ताः सर्वेषु वर्णेषु Ms.8.63. -6 (a) Clever, skilful; प्राजकश्चेद्भवेदाप्तः Ms.8.294. (b) Apt, fit. -7 Full, complete, abundant; न सत्यं दानमानौ वा यज्ञो वाप्याप्तदक्षिणः Rām.2.3.35. यजेत राजा क्रतुभिर्विविधैराप्त- दक्षिणैः Ms.7.79. -8 True, exact. -9 Intimate, closely related, acquainted; कन्यायाः किल पूजयन्ति पितरो जामातुराप्तं जनम् U.4.17 relatives; Ms.5.11. -1 Appointed. -11 Generally received, commonly used; authentic. -12 Accused, prosecuted. -13 Reasonable, sensible. -14 Beneficial, useful; अधिष्ठितं हयज्ञेन सूतेनाप्तोपदेशिना Rām.6.9.1. -प्तः 1 A trustworthy, reliable, or fit person; credible person or source, guarantee; आप्तः यथार्थवक्ता T. S. -2 A relative, friend; निग्रहात्स्वसुराप्तानां वधाच्च धनदानुजः R.12.52; कथमाप्तवर्गो$यं भवत्याः M.5; Y.1.28, 2.71; Ms.2.19;8.64. -3 An Arhat. -प्ता A twisted lock of hair (जटा). -प्तम् 1 A quotient. -2 (In Math.) Equation of a degree. -Comp. -आगमः Proper knowledge परोक्षमाप्तागमात् सिद्धम् Sāṅ. K.6. -आधीन a. Dependent on trustworthy person. -उक्तिः f. 1 an augment. -2 an affix. -3 a word of received acceptation and established by usage only; see आप्तवाच् also. -काम a. 1 one who has obtained his desire; येनाक्रमन्त्यृषयो ह्याप्रकामाः Muṇḍa.3.1.6. -2 one who has renounced all worldly desires and attachments. (-मः) the Supreme Soul. -कारिन् a. doing things in a fit or confidential manner; अरक्षिता गृहे रुद्धाः पुरुषैराप्तकारिभिः Ms.9.12. m. a trusty, agent or confidential servant; तस्माद्गच्छन्तु पुरुषाः स्मारणायाप्तकारिणः Mb.3.239.17. -गर्भा a pregnant woman. -दक्षिण a. having proper or abundant gifts. -वचनम् 1 received text or authority, revelation. -2 the words of a credible or trustworthy person; R.11.42, इत्याप्तवचनाद्रामो विनेष्यन्वर्णविक्रियाम् 15.48. -वाक्यम् a true or correct sentence; आप्तवाक्यं शब्दः T. S. -वचनम् above. cf. आप्तश्रुतिराप्तवचनम् तु Sāṅ. K.5. -वाच् a. worthy of belief, regarded as authority, one whose words are credible and authoritative; पराति- संधानमधीयते यैर्विद्येति ते सन्तु किलाप्तवाचः Ś.5.25. f. 1 the advice of a friend or credible person. -2 the Vedas or Śruti; a word of authority (said to apply to Smṛitis, Ithihāsas and Purāṇas also, which are considered as authoritative evidence); आप्तवागनुमानाभ्यां साध्यं त्वा प्रति का कथा R.1.28. -श्रुतिः f. 1 the Vedas. -2 Smṛitis &c. आप्तश्रुतिराप्तवचनम् तु । Sāṅ. K.5.
āpūrtiḥ आपूर्तिः f. 1 Filling. -2 Fulness, satisfaction, satiety.
āpyai आप्यै 1 A. 1 To grow fat, stout, or full, become full, increase; आहुत्याप्यायते सूर्यः Y.3.71. -2 To make full, strengthen, enlarge. -Caus. (प्याययति) 1 To make fat, full, or comfortable, increase, enlarge; तेजसा तव तेजश्च विष्णुराप्याययिष्यति Mb.; सैव कान्तिर्मन्मथाप्यायिता द्युतिः S. D.; वायुभिराप्यायितशरीरः Pt.1; Me.44; क्षयी चाप्यायतिः सोमः Ms.9.314. -2 To gratify, regale, satisfy, please; आप्यायितो वचनामृतेन H.1; K.124; Mv.1,2.
āpyāna आप्यान p. p. 1 Fat, stout, robust, strong; आप्यान- श्चन्द्रमाः Mbh. on P.VI.1.28. आप्यानस्कन्धकण्ठां$सम् Bk.5.56,9.2. -2 Pleased, satisfied. -नम् 1 Love. -2 Growth, increase.
āpyāyana आप्यायन a. Causing fulness or stoutness, promoting welfare. -नम्, -ना [प्याय्-ल्युट्] 1 The act of making full or fat; क्लेदनं पिण्डनं तृप्तिः प्राणनाप्यायनोन्दनम् Bhāg. 3.26.43. -2 Satisfying, refreshing, pleasing. -3 Satisfaction, satiety; देवस्याप्यायना भवति Pt.1. Ms.3.211. -4 Advancing, promoting. -5 Corpulency, growing fat or stout. -6 Anything which causes corpulency or good condition. -7 A strengthening medicine. -8 Pouring water on Soma and thus causing it to swell. -Comp. -शील a. satisfying.
āpyāyita आप्यायित a. 1 Satisfied, pleased. -2 Improved; grown, increased. -3 Stout, fat, robust.
āpyāyya आप्याय्य a. To be satisfied or pleased.
ābhyāsika आभ्यासिक a. (-की f.) [अभ्यास-ठक्] 1 Resulting from practice; तल्पैश्चाभ्यासिकैर्युक्तं शुशुभे योधरक्षितम् Mb.1. 27.34. -2 Practising, repeating. -3 Being near, neighbouring, adjoining (आभ्याशिक).
ārādhanam आराधनम् 1 Pleasing, satisfaction, entertainment, gratification; येषामाराधनाय U.1; यदि वा जानकीमपि, आरा- धनाय लोकानां मुञ्चतो नास्ति मे व्यथा 1.12.41. -2 Serving, worshipping, adoration, propitiation (as of a deity); आराधनायास्य सखीसमेताम् Ku.1.58; Bg.7.22; कृतमाराधनं रवेः Mb. -3 A means of pleasing; इदं तु ते भक्तिनम्रं सता- माराधनं वपुः Ku.6.73. -4 Honouring, respecting; सम्बन्धे विपरीतमेव तदभूदाराधनं ते मयि U.4.17. -5 Cooking. -6 Accomplishment, undertaking. -7 Acouirement, attainment; मन्त्राराधनतत्परेण मनसा नीताः श्मशाने निशाः Bh.3.4. -ना Service. -नी Worship, adoration, propitiation (of a deity). आराधनीय ārādhanīya आराध्य ārādhya आराधनीय आराध्य pot. p. 1 Fit to be worshipped or propitiated; सो$हं कथं नाम तवाचरेयमाराधनीयस्य ऋषेर्विधानम् R.16.82. -2 To become accomplished.
ārdha आर्ध a. (Only used at the beginning of comp.) Half. -Comp. -धातुक a. (-की f.) (In gram.) applicable to half the root or to the shorter form of the verbal base. (-कम्) a name given to those terminations and affixes which belong to the six non-conjugational or general tenses (opp. सार्व. धातुक); cf. P.III.4.114,I.1.4; II.4,35;VII.2.35 &c. -नारीश्वरम् The story of the lord Śiva in his form as अर्धनारीश्वर. -प्रस्थिक, -कंसिक a. (-की f.) bought with half a Prastha or Kaṁsa. -मासिक a. (-की f.) lasting for half a month, observing or practising (penance &c.) for a fortnight. -रात्रिकाः (pl.) N. of an astronomical school who reckoned the beginning of the motions of the planets from midnight.
ālambanam आलम्बनम् 1 Depending on or from, hanging from. -2 Support, prop, stay; एतदालम्बनं श्रेष्ठमेतदालम्बनं परम् Kaṭh. Up.2.17. Ki.2.13; जातस्य नदीतीरे तस्यापि तृणस्य जन्मसाफल्यम् । यत्सलिलमज्जनाकुलजनहस्तावलम्बनं भवति ॥ Pt.1.28.; sustaining, supporting; Me.4. -3 Receptacle, abode; U.6.1 (v. l.). -4 Reason, cause. -5 Base. -6 (In Rhet.) That on which a रस or sentiment, as it were, hangs, person or thing with reference to which a sentiment arises, the natural and necessary connection of sentiment with the cause which excites it. The causes (विभाव) giving rise to a Rasa are classified as two :-- आलम्बन and उद्दीपन; e. g. in the Bībhatsa sentiment stinking flesh &c. is the आलम्बन of the Rasa, and the attendant circumstances which enhance the feeling of loathing (the worms &c. in the flesh) are its उद्दीपनानि (exciters); for the other Rasas see S. D.21-238. -8 The mental exercise practised by the Yogin in endeavouring to bring before his thoughts the gross form of the Eternal. -9 Silent repetition of a prayer. -1 (With Buddhists) The five attributes of things corresponding to five senses, i. e. रूप, रस, गन्ध, स्पर्श and शब्द. 11 Dharma or law corresponding to manas.
āvartana आवर्तन a. 1 Turning round or towards. -2 Revolving. -नम् 1 Turning round; returning, revolution. -2 Circular motion, gyration. -3 Churning or stirring up anything in fusion. -4 Melting together, fusion, alligation (said of metals). -5 Mid-day, the time when shadows are cast in an opposite direction. -6 Repeating, doing over and over again. -7 Study, practising. -8 A year; आवर्तनानि चत्वारि Mb.13.17.25. -नः 1 Viṣṇu. -2 N. of an उपद्वीप in the जन्बुद्वीप. -नी 1 a crucible. -2 a spoon, ladle. -3 magic art; विद्यामावर्तनीं पुण्यामावर्तयति स द्विजः Rām.7.88.2. (सांग्रहणी विद्या.)
āśita आशित a. 1 Eaten, given to eat. -2 Satisfied by eating; अद्य दीर्घस्य कालस्य भविष्याम्यहमाशिता Rām.5.1.174. -3 Voracious, gluttonous. -तम 1 Eating. -2 Giving food (in charity); Bṛi. Up.4.1.2.
āśitaṃbhava आशितंभव a. [आशितो$शनेन तृप्तो भवत्यनेन P.III.2.45] Satiating, satisfying (as food). -वम् 1 Food which produces satisfaction when eaten or enjoyed; आशितंभवं यद् द्रव्यं सा भूतिः सा दक्षिणा । ŚB. on MS.1.3.45, victuals. -2 Satisfaction, satiety (m. also); फलैर्येष्वाशितंभवम् Bk. 4.11; also आशितंभवमुत्कृष्टं वल्गितं शयितं स्थितम् Bk.6.16.
āśu आशु a. [अश्-व्याप्तौ उण्] Fast, quick -शुः Ved. 1 'The quick one', a horse. -2 Rice (ripening quickly in the rainy season). -शु ind. Fast, quickly, immediately, directly; Bg.2.65; वर्त्म भानोस्त्यजाशु Me.41,22. [cf. L. acu; Gr. okus.] -Comp. -आपस् a. obtaining quickly. -कारिन्, -कृत् a. 1 doing anything quickly, smart, active. -2 operating quickly (as a medicine). -कोपिन् a. irascible, irritable. -क्रिया quick operation of a medicine. -ग a. swift, quick. (-गः) 1 the wind. -2 the sun. -3 an arrow; पपावनास्वादितपूर्वमा- शुगः R.3.54,11.83,12.91 -गामिन् a. going quickly. m. the sun. -तोष a. easily appeased or pleased. (--षः) an epithet of Śiva. -पत्री a tree which yields frankincense (शल्लकीलता). -पत्वन् a. flying quickly. -फलः A kind of weapon. -बोध a. teaching quickly, N. of a treatise of grammar. -या a. going quickly. -ind. quickly. -व्रीहिः rice ripening in the rainy season. -षेण a. Ved. having swift arrows. नम आशुषेणाय चाशुरथाय च Rudra. -संधेय a. Easy to be joined together or reconciled. -हेमन् a. running on quickly, urging the horses. -हेषस् a. Ved. quickly neighing; having quick horses, quickly praised; (शीघ्रशब्दायमान) N. of the Aśvins.
āśramaḥ आश्रमः मम् [आ-श्रम् आधारे घञ् वृद्धयभावः] 1 A hermitage, hut, cell, dwelling or abode of ascetics; शरणान्यशरण्यानि आश्रमाणि कृतानि नः Rām.7.6.5. -2 A stage, order, or period of the (religious) life of a Brāhmaṇa (These are four:-ब्रह्मचर्य the life of a student; गार्हस्थ्य the life of a house-holder; वानप्रस्थ the life of an anchorite or hermit, and संन्यास the life of a Bhikṣu or beggar. Kṣatriyas (and Vśiyas also) can enter, upon the first three Āśramas; cf. Ś.7.18; V.5; (according to some authorities they can enter the fourth also; cf. स किलाश्रममन्त्यमाश्रितः R.8.14; पूर्वाश्रमः Ku.5.5. -3 A college, school. -4 A wood or thicket (where ascetics practise penance). -5 N. of Viṣṇu. Comp. -उपनिषद् N. of an upaniṣad -गुरुः the head of a religious order, a preceptor, principal, कर्तुमाश्रमगुरुः स चाश्रमत् Śi. -धर्मः 1 the special duties of each order or life. -2 the duties of one leading a hermit's life; य इमामाश्रमधर्मे नियुङ्क्ते Ś.1. -पदम्, -मण्डलम्, -स्थानम् 1 a hermitage (including the surrounding grounds), a penance forest (तपोवनम्); शान्तमिदमाश्रमपदम् Ś.1.16. -2 a period in the religious life of a Brāhmaṇa. -पर्वन् n. The first section of the fifteenth book of the Mahābhārata. i. e. आश्रमवासिक- पर्वन्. -भ्रष्ट a. fallen from any religious order, apostate. -लक्षणम् An indicatory mark of the religious order, cf. मेखलाजिनदण्डेन ब्रह्मचारीति लक्ष्यते । गृहस्थो दानवेदाद्यैर्नखलोम्ना वनाश्रिताः ॥ त्रिदण्डेन यतिश्चैव लक्षणानि पृथक् पृथक् । यस्यैतल्लक्षणं नास्ति प्रायश्चित्ती न चाश्रमी ॥ (दक्षसंहिता.) -वासः residence in a hermitage. -वासिक a. relating to residence in a hermitage; ˚कं पर्व the 15th book of the Mb. -वासिन्, -आलयः, -सद् m. an ascetic, hermit.
āśrayaḥ आश्रयः [आश्रि-अच्] 1 A resting-place, seat, substratum; सौहृदादपृथगाश्रयामिमाम् U.1.45. so आश्रयासिद्ध q. v. below. -2 That on which anything depends or rests or with which it is closely connected. -3 Recipient, receptacle, a person or thing in which any quality is present or retained &c.; तमाश्रयं दुष्प्रसहस्य तेजसः R.3.58. -4 (a) A place of refuge, asylum; shelter; भर्ता वै ह्याश्रयः स्त्रीणाम् Vet.; तदहमाश्रयोन्मूलनेनैव त्वामकामां करोमि Mu.2. (b) A dwelling, house. -5 Having recourse or resort to, resort; oft. in comp. साभूद्रामाश्रया भूयः R.12.35; नानाश्रया प्रकृतिः &c. -6 Following, practising; यो$वमन्येत ते मूले हेतुशास्त्राश्रयाद् द्विजः Ms.2.11. -7 Choosing, taking, attaching oneself to. -8 Dependence on; oft. in comp.; मम सर्वे विषयास्त्वदाश्रयाः R.8.69. -9 Patron, supporter; विनाश्रयं न तिष्ठन्ति पण्डिता वनिता लताः Udb. -1 A prop, support; वृक्षेषु विद्धमिषुभिर्जघनाश्रयेषु R.9.6. -11 Help, assistance, protection. -12 A quiver; बाणमाश्रयमुखात् समुद्धरन् R.11.26. -13 Authority, sanction, warrant. -14 Connection, relation, association. राघवाश्रयसत्कथाः Rām. 6.9.93. -15 Union, attachment. -16 A plea, an excuse. -17 Contiguity, vicinity. -18 Seeking shelter or protection with another (= संश्रय), one of the six guṇas, q. v. -19 An appropriate act, or one consistent with character. -2 Source, origin. -21 (In gram.) The subject, or that to which the predicate is attached. -22 (With Buddhists) The five organs of sense with Manas or mind. -Comp. -असिद्धः, -द्धिः f. a kind of fallacy, one of the three sub-divisions of असिद्ध; (that whose substratum is false or fictitious); e. g. गगनारविन्दं सुरभि अरविन्दत्वात्सरोजारविन्दवत्, -आशः, -भुज् a. consuming everything with which it comes in contact. (-आशः, -क) 1 fire; दुर्वृत्तः क्रियते धूर्तैः श्रीमानात्म- विवृद्धये । किं नाम खलसंसर्गः कुरुते नाश्रयाशवत् ॥ Udb. -2 a. forfeiter of asylum. -3 the constellation कृत्तिका. -भूत a. one who is the refuge or support (of another person). -लिङ्गम् an adjective (a word which must agree in gender with the word which it qualifies or refers to).
āśrayaṇīya आश्रयणीय pot. p. 1 To be had recourse to; कोशेनाश्रयणीयत्वमिति तस्यार्थसंग्रहः R.17.6. -2 To be practised or followed &c.
āśrita आश्रित p. p. (Used actively) (with an acc.) 1 Resorting to, having recourse to; स किलाश्रममन्त्यमाश्रितः R.8.14; कृष्णाश्रितः = कृष्णमाश्रितः Sk.; मानुषीं तनुमाश्रितम् Bg.9.11; R.1.13. -2 Dwelling in, inhabiting, seated or resting on, stationing oneself at or on; इदं स्फटिकतल- माश्रितो भवामि M.4; so वातायनमाश्रितः पश्यति; द्रव्याश्रितो गुणः Ak.; R.12.21,1.75; हार˚, दुर्ग˚ &c. -3 Using, employing. -4 Following, practising, observing; माध्यस्थ्यम्, धर्मम्, प्रवज्याम्; कल्पवृक्षा इवाश्रिताः Ku.6.6; Bk.7. 42. -5 Receiving anything as an inherent or integral part. -6 Dependent on; राष्ट्रं बाहुबलाश्रितम् Ms.9.255. -7 Referring to, regarding; भीष्माश्रिताः कथाः Mb.; उवाच धर्मसंयुक्तमश्वमेधाश्रितं वचः Rām.7.91.6. -8 (Passively used) Resorted to, inhabited &c.; चटकाश्रिता शाखा Pt.1; R.3.11. -तः A dependent servent, follower; अस्मदाश्रितानाम् H.1; प्रभूणां प्रायश्चलं गौरवमाश्रितेषु Ku.3.1. -तम् (pl.) The objects perceived by the senses and mind.
āsev आसेव् 1 Ā. To carry out, practise, perform zealously; धर्मम्, व्रतम् &c. -2 To indulge in, enjoy; अग्रवात- मासेवमाना M.1; V.4; Ku.1.15. -3 To accomplish, attend to.
āsthā आस्था 1 P. 1 To stand or remain on or by, to occupy. Śvet.2.5. -2 To ascend, mount; रथम्, स्यन्दनम् &c. -3 To use, have recourse to, resort to, practise, take, assume, follow; यथा यथा हि सद्वृत्तमातिष्ठन्त्यनसूयकाः Ms.1.128, 2.133,1.11; समाधिमास्थाय Ku.5.2 practising concentration of mind; स्वरूपम् Ku.5.84. assuming his own form; तनुम् Mu.7.19; R.6.72; कूर्मसंकोचमास्थाय प्रहारानपि मर्षयेत् Pt.3.21 contracting himself like a tortoise; पदमातस्थुषा Ku.6.72 taking a place among; व्रतम् Ve.3.21; so स्त्रीरूपम् Pt.3.31; आस्थितबिषादधियः Ki.6.29 gloomy; तं तं नियममास्थाय Bg.7.2,8.12; K.165; आस्थितविष्टरः R.15.79; सुहृदास्थितायां सभायाम् Ku.7.29; विषमग्निं जलं रज्जुमास्थास्ये तव कारणात् Mb. use; चिन्तामौनमि- वास्थिता V.4.67 lost in moody abstraction. -4 To do, perform, carry out. -5 To recognise, acknowledge, own. -6 To exhibit, aim at. -7 To undertake, promise, agree. -8 To behave. -Caus. 1 To cause to stand. -2 To hold fast, cling to. -3 To collect, obtain. -4 To place in, infix. -5 To show, represent, introduce; प्रविश्य स्थापकस्तद्वत्काव्यमास्थापयेत्ततः S. D.283; Mv.1.13. -6 To step.
āsthita आस्थित p. p. (Used actively) 1 Dwelt, abiding; यत्नम् Pt.1.22 using efforts carefully; उपायमास्थितस्यापि Śi.2.8,9.84; so नियमम्, ध्यानम्, धर्मम् &c. -2 Having recourse to, resorting to, using, practising, betaking oneself to; इत्येवं सा समाभाष्य भूयः संदेष्टुमास्थिता Rām.5. 67.4. सलिलाशयम् Pt.2. -3 Having obtained or got, having reached to; ऐश्वर्यम्, कामवशम् &c. आस्थितः स हि युक्तात्मा मामेवानुत्तमां गतिम् Bg.7.18. -4 Occupied; enclosed (as a hunting ground); श्वगणिवागुरिकैः प्रथमास्थितम् R.9.53; दानवास्थितः शैलः Rām. -5 Engrossed, engaged. -6 Covered (व्याप्त; Ki.9.9; spread, overspread. -7 Got, obtained; कर्मणैवहि संसिद्धिमास्थिता जनकादयः Bg.3.2.
indraḥ इन्द्रः [इन्द्-रन्; इन्दतीति इन्द्रः; इदि ऐश्वर्ये Malli.] 1 The lord of gods. -2 The god of rain, rain; cloud; इन्द्रो वरुणः सोमो रुद्रः । शं न इन्द्रो बृहस्पतिः Tait. Vp.1.1.1. Bṛi. Up.1.4.11. -3 A lord or ruler (as of men &c.). इन्द्रो- मायाभिः पुरुरूप ईयते Bṛi. Up.2.5.19. first or best (of any class of objects), always as the last member of comp.; नरेन्द्रः a lord of men i. e. a king; so मृगेन्द्रः a lion; गजेन्द्रः the lord or chief of elephants; so योगीन्द्रः, कपीन्द्रः. -4 A prince, king. -5 The pupil of the right eye. -6 N. of the plant कुटज. -7 Night. -8 One of the divisions of भारतवर्ष. -9 N. of the 26th Yoga. -1 The human or animal soul. -11 A vegetable poison. -12 The Yoga star in the 26th Nakṣatra. -13 Greatness. -14 The five objects of senses. -द्रा 1 The wife of Indra, Indrāṇī. -2 N. of a plant (मरुबक Mar. मरवा) [Indra, the god of the firmament, is the Jupiter Pluvius of the Indian Āryans. In the Vedas he is placed in the first rank among the gods; yet he is not regarded as an uncreated being, being distinctly spoken of in various passages of the Vedas as being born, and as having a father and a mother. He is sometimes represented as having been produced by the gods as a destroyer of enemies, as the son of Ekāṣṭakā, and in Rv.1.9.13 he is said to have sprung from the mouth of Puruṣa. He is of a ruddy or golden colour, and can assume any form at will. He rides in a bright golden chariot drawn by two tawny horses. His most famous weapon is the thunderbolt which he uses with deadly effect in his warfare with the demons of darkness, drought and inclement weather, variously called Ahi, Vṛitra, Śambar, Namuchi &c. He storms and breaks through their castles, and sends down fertilizing showers of rain to the great delight of his worshippers. He is thus the lord of the atmosphere, the dispenser of rain, and governor of the weather. He is represented as being assisted by the Maruts or storm-gods in his warfare. Besides the thunderbolt he uses arrows, a large hook, and a net. The Soma juice is his most favourite food, and under its exhilarating influence he performs great achievements (cf. Rv.1.119), and pleases his devout worshippers, who are said to invite the god to drink the juice. He is their friend and even their brother; a father, and the most fatherly of fathers; the helper of the poor, and the deliverer and comforter of his servants. He is a wall of defence; his friend is never slain or defeated. He richly rewards his adorers, particularly those who bring him libations of Soma, and he is supplicated for all sorts of temporal blessings as cows, horses, chariots, health, intelligence, prosperous days, long life, and victory in war. In the Vedas Indra's wife is Indrānī, who is invoked among the goddesses. Such is the Vedic conception of Indra. But in later mythology he falls in the second rank. He is said to be one of the sons of Kaśyapa and Dākṣāyaṇī or Aditi. He is inferior to the triad Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Maheśa (though in some places Viṣṇu is regarded as his younger brother, cf. R.14.59,15.4), but he is the chief of all the other gods, and is commonly styled Sureśa, Devendra &c. As in the Vedas so in later mythology, he is the regent of the atmosphere, and of the east quarter, and his world is called Svarga. He sends the lightning, uses the thunderbolt and sends down rain. He is frequently at war with Asuras, whom he constantly dreads, and by whom he is sometimes defeated. The Indra of mythology is famous for his incontinence and adultery, one prominent instance of which is his seduction of Ahalyā, the wife of Gautama (see Ahalyā), and for which he is often spoken of as Ahalyā-jāra. The curse of the sage impressed upon him a 1 marks resembling the female organ, and he was therefore called Sayoni; but these marks were afterwards changed into eyes, and he is hence called Netra-yoni and Sahasrākṣa. In the Rāmāyana Indra is represented as having been defeated and carried off to Laṅkā by Ravaṇa's son called Meghanāda, who for this exploit received the title of 'Indrajit'. It was only at the intercession of Brahmā and the gods that Indra was released, and this humiliation was regarded as a punishment for his seduction of Ahalyā. He is also represented as being in constant dread of sages practising potent penances, and as sending down nymphs to beguile their minds (see Apsaras). In the Purāṇas he is said to have destroyed the offspring of Diti in her womb, and to have cut off the wings of mountains when they grew troublesome. Other stories are also told in which Indra was once worsted by Raja, grandson of Purūravas, owing to the curse of Durvāsas, and other accounts show that he and Kṛiṣna were at war with each other for the Pārijāta tree which the latter wanted to remove from Svarga, and which he succeeded in doing in spite of Indra's resistance. His wife is Indrāṇī, the daughter of the demon Puloman, and his son is named Jayanta. He is also said to be father of Arjuna. His epithets are numerous; mostly descriptive of his achievements, e. g. वृत्रहन्, बलभिद्, पाकशासन, गोत्रभिद्, पुरंदर, शतक्रतु, जिष्णु, नमुचिसूदन &c. (see Ak.I.1.44.47). The Heaven of Indra is Svarga; its capital, Amarāvatī; his garden, Nandana; his elephant, Airāvata; his horse, Uchchaiśravas; his bow, the rain-bow, and his sword, Paranja.]. -Comp. -अग्निः the fire produced from the contact of clouds; ˚धूमः frost, snow; ˚देवता the 16th lunar mansion. -अनुजः, -अवरजः an epithet of Viṣṇu and of Nārāyaṇa (उपेन्द्र); तस्थौ भ्रातृसमीपस्थः शक्रस्येन्द्रानुजो यथा Rām.6.91.4. -अरिः an Asura or demon. -अवसानः a desert. -अशनः 1 hemp (dried and chewed). -2 the shrub which bears the seed used in jeweller's weight, (गुंजावृक्ष). -आयुधम् Indra's weapon, the rainbow; इन्द्रा- युधद्योतिततोरणाङ्कम् R.7.4,12.79; K.127. (-ध) 1 N. of the horse in Kādambarī (i. e. Kapiñjala changed into a horse). -2 a horse marked with black about the eyes. -3 a diamond. (-धा) a kind of leech. -आसनम् 1 the throne of Indra. -2 a throne in general. -3 a foot of five short syllables. -इज्यः N. of बृहस्पति the preceptor of gods. -ईश्वरः one of the forms of Śiva-liṅga. -उत्सवः a festival honouring Indra. -ऋषभ a. having Indra as a bull, or impregnated by Indra, an epithet of the earth. इन्द्रऋषभा द्रविणे नो दधातु Av.12.1.6. -कर्मन् m. an epithet of Viṣṇu (performing Indra's deeds). -कान्तः A class of the four-storeyed buildings. (Mānasāra 21.6-68). -कीलः 1 N. of the mountain मन्दर. -2 a rock. (-लम्) 1 the banner of Indra. -2 A pin, nail, bolt फालका भाजनोर्ध्वे तु तदूर्ध्वे चेन्द्रकीलकम् (Mānasāra 12.126). cf. also Kau. A.2.3. -कुञ्जरः Indra's elephant, Airāvata. -कूटः N. of a mountain -कृष्ट a. 'ploughed by Indra', growing exuberantly or in a wild state. (-ष्टः) a kind of corn produced by rain-water. -केतुः Indra's banner. -कोशः, -षः, -षकः, -ष्ठः 1 a couch, sofa, which is generally made up of covering pieces of perforated wooden planks; cf. अट्टालक- प्रतोलीमध्ये त्रिधानुष्काधिष्ठानं-इन्द्रकोशं कारयेत् Kau. A.2.3. -2 a platform. -3 a projection of the roof of a house. -4 A pin or bracket projecting from the wall (नागदन्त). A projection of the roof of a house forming a kind of balcony; Kau. A.24. -गिरिः the महेन्द्र mountain. -गुरुः, -आचार्यः the teacher of Indra; i. e. बृहस्पति. -गोपः, -गोपकः [इन्द्रो गोपो रक्षको$स्य, वर्षाभवत्वात्तस्य] a kind of insect of red or white colour; Śukra.4.157; K.1. -चन्दनम् the white sandal wood. -चापम्, -धनुस् n. 1 a rainbow; विद्युत्वन्तं ललितवनिताः सेन्द्रचापं सचित्राः Me.64; Śi.7.4. -2 the bow of Indra -चिर्भटा A mild variety of Colocynth. The leaf is tripartite, rough and wrinkled. (Mar. कंवडळ, applied often as इन्द्रावण in the sense of vile, malignant, dark and hateful.) -च्छदः A necklace of pearls having 18 strings. -च्छन्दस् n. [इन्द्र इव सहस्रनेत्रेण सहस्रगुच्छेन च्छाद्यते] a necklace consisting of 1 strings. -जः N. of Vālī. -जतु n. Bitumen (Mar. शिलाजित). -जननम् Indra's birth. -जननीय a. treating of Indra's birth (as a work). -जा a. Ved. born or arising from Indra. Av.4.3.7. -जालम् [इन्द्रस्य परमेश्वरस्य जालं मायेव] 1 the net of Indra. तेनाह- मिन्द्रजालेनामूंस्तमसाभि दधामि सर्वान् Av.8.8.8. -2 a weapon used by Arjuna; a stratagem or trick in war. -3 deception, cheating. -4 conjuring, jugglery, magical tricks; इन्द्रजालं च मायां वै कुहका वा$पि भीषणा Mb.5.16.55. स्वप्नेन्द्रजालसदृशः खलु जीवलोकः Śānti.2.2; K.15. -जालिक a. [इन्द्रजाल-ठन्] deceptive, unreal, delusive. (-कः) a juggler, conjurer. -जित् m. 'conqueror of Indra', N. of a son of Rāvaṇa who was killed by Lakṣmaṇa. [Indrajit is another name of Meghanāda a son of Rāvaṇa. When Rāvaṇa warred against Indra in his own heaven, his son Meghanāda was with him, and fought most valiantly. During the combat, Meghanāda, by virtue of the magical power of becoming invisible which he had obtained from Śiva, bound Indra, and bore him off in triumph to Laṅkā. Brahmā and the other gods hurried thither to obtain his release, and gave to Meghanāda the title of Indrajit, 'conqueror of Indra'; but the victor refused to release his prisoners unless he were promised immortality. Brahmā refused to grant this extravagant demand, but he strenuously persisted, and achieved his object. In the Rāmāyaṇa he is represented to have been decapitated by Lakṣmaṇa while he was engaged in a sacrifice]. ˚हन्तृ or विजयिन् m. N. of Lakṣmaṇa. -ज्येष्ठ a. Ved. led by Indra. -तापनः the thundering of clouds. -तूलम्, -तूलकम् a flock of cotton. -दमनः the son of Bāṇāsura. -दारुः the tree Pinus Devadāru. -द्युति Sandal -द्रुः, -द्रुमः 1 the plant Terminalia Arjuna (अर्जुन). -2 The plant कुटज. -द्वीपः, -पम् one of the 9 Dvīpas or Divisions of the continent (of India). -धनुः N. of Indra's bow, the rainbow; स एकव्रा- त्यो$भवत्स धनुरादत्त तदेवेन्द्रधनुः Av.15.1.6. -ध्वजः 1 a flag raised on the 12th day of the bright half of Bhādra. -2 Indra's weapon; विस्रस्ताकल्पकेशस्रगिन्द्रध्वज इवापतत् Bhāg.1.44.22. -नक्षत्रम् Indra's lunar mansion फल्गुनी. -नेत्रम् 1 the eye of Indra. -2 the number one thousand. -नीलः [इन्द्र इव नीलः श्यामः] a sapphire; परीक्षाप्रत्ययैर्यैश्च पद्मरागः परीक्ष्यते । त एव प्रत्यया दृष्टा इन्द्रनीलमणेरपि ॥ Garuḍa. P.; R.13.54;16.69; Me.48,79. -नीलकः an emerald. -पत्नी 1 Indra's wife, शची. -पर्णी, -पुष्पा N. of a medicinal plant (Mar. कळलावी). -पर्वतः 1 the महेन्द्र mountain. -2 a blue mountain. -पुत्रा N. of अदिति. -पुरोगम, -पुरःसर, -श्रेष्ठ a. led or preceded by Indra, having Indra at the head. -पुरोहितः N. of बृहस्पति. (-ता) the asterism Puṣya. -प्रमतिः N. of the pupil of Paila and the author of some ṛiks of the Rv. -प्रस्थम् N. of a city on the Yamunā, the residence of the Paṇḍavas (identified with the modern Delhi); इन्द्रप्रस्थगमस्तावत्कारि मा सन्तु चेदयः Śi.2.63. -प्रहरणम् Indra's weapon, the thunderbolt. -भगिनी N. of Pārvatī. -भेषजम् dried ginger. -मखः a sacrifice in honour of Indra. -महः 1 a festival in honour of Indra. -2 the rainy season; ˚कामुकः a dog. -मादन a. animating or delighting Indra; ये वायव इन्द्रमादनासः Rv.7.92.4. -मेदिन् a. Ved. whose friend or ally is Indra; इन्द्रमेदी सत्वनो नि ह्वयस्व Av.5.2-.8. -यज्ञः (See इन्द्रमह and इन्द्रमख) श्वो$स्माकं घोषस्योचित इन्द्रयज्ञो नामोत्सवः भविष्यति Bālacharita I. -यवः, -वम् seed of the Kutaja tree. -लुप्तः, -प्तम्, -लुप्तकम् 1 excessive baldness of the head. -2 loss of beard. -लोकः Indra's world, Svarga or Paradise. -लोकेशः 1 lord of Indra's world, i. e. Indra. -2 a guest (who, if hospitably received, confers paradise on his host). -वंशा, -वज्रा N. of two metres, see Appendix. -वल्लरी, -वल्ली N. of a plant (पारिजात) or of इन्द्रवारुणी. -वस्तिः [इन्द्रस्य आत्मनः वस्तिरिव] the calf (of the leg). -वाततम a. Ved. desired by Indra. अस्मे ऊतीरिन्द्रवाततमाः Rv.1.6.6. -वानकम् A variety of diamonds. Kau. A.2.11. -वायू (du.) Indra and Vāyu. इन्द्रवायू उभाविह सुहवेह हवामहे Av.3.2.6. -वारुणी, -वारुणिका Colocynth, a wild bitter gourd cucumis colocynthis. (Mar. मोठी कंवडळ) किमिन्द्रवारुणी राम सितया कटुकीयते Laghu Yoga-vāsiṣṭha-sāra X. सौवर्चलं हरिद्रा च पिप्पली चेन्द्रवारुणिः । मूत्र- कृच्छ्रे प्रशंसन्ति पिण्डो$यं वाजिनां हितः ॥ शालिहोत्र of भोज 33. -वाह् a. carrying Indra. -वृक्षः the Devadāru tree. -वृद्धा a kind of abscess. -वैडूर्यम् a kind of precious stone. -व्रतम् Indra's rule of conduct; one of the duties of a king (who is said to follow इन्द्रव्रत when he distributes benefits as Indra pours down rain); वार्षिकांश्चतुरो मासान् यथेन्द्रो$प्यभिवर्षति । तथाभिवर्षेत्स्वं राष्ट्रं कामैरिन्द्रव्रतं चरन् ॥ Ms.9.34. -शक्तिः f. Indrāṇī, the wife of Indra, or his energy personified. -शत्रुः 1 an enemy or destroyer of Indra (when the accent is on the last syllable), an epithet of प्रह्लाद; इन्द्रशत्रो विवर्धस्व मा चिरं जहि विद्विषम् Bhāg.6.9.12. बलिप्रदिष्टां श्रियमाददानं त्रैविक्रमं पादमिवेन्द्रशत्रुः R.7.35. -2 [इन्द्रः शत्रुः यस्य] one whose enemy is Indra, an epithet of वृत्र (when the accent is on the first syllable). (This refers to a legend in the Śat. Br., where it is said that Vṛitra's father intended his son to become the destroyer of Indra, and asked him to say इन्द्रशत्रुर्वधस्व &c. but who, through mistake, accented the word on the first syllable, and was killed by Indra; cf. Śik.52; मन्त्रो हीनः स्वरतो वर्णतो वा मिथ्याप्रयुक्तो न तमर्थमाह । स वाग्वज्रो यजमानं हिनस्ति यथेन्द्रशत्रुः स्वरतो$पराधात् ॥ -शलभः a kind of insect (इन्द्रगोप). -संजयम् N. of a sāman. Arṣeya Br. -संधा connection or alliance with Indra. तयाहमिन्द्रसंधया सर्वान् देवानिह हुव Av.11.1.9. -सारथिः 1 N. of Mātali. -2 an epithet of Vāyu, driving in the same carriage with Indra; Rv.4.46.2. -सावर्णिः N. of the fourteenth Manu. -सुतः, -सूनुः 1 N. of (a) Jayanta; (b) Arjuna; (c) Vāli, the king of monkeys. -2 N. of the अर्जुन tree. -सुरसः, -सुरा a shrub the leaves of which are used in discutient applications (निर्गुंडी). -सेनः N. of several men; of Bali; of a mountain; Bhāg.8.2.23. -सेना 1 Indra's missile or host. -2 Indra's army; Rv.1.12.2. -सेनानीः the leader of Indra's armies, epithet of Kārtikeya. -स्तुत् m. -स्तोमः 1 praise of Indra; N. of a particular hymn addressed to Indra in certain ceremonies. -2 a sacrifice in honour of Indra. -हवः invocation of Indra; भद्रान् कृण्वन्निन्द्रहवान्त्सखिभ्य Rv.9.96.1. -हस्तः a kind of medicament.
īti ईति a. [ई-क्तिच्] 1 Produced, effected. -तिः f. Plague, distress, a calamity of the season. The itis are usually said to be six :- (1) excessive rain; (2) drought; (3) locusts; (4) rats; (5) parrots; and (6) foreign invasions; अतिवृष्टिरनाव्रष्टिः शलभा मूषकाः शुकाः । प्रत्यासन्नाश्च राजानः षडेता ईतयः स्मृताः ॥ (some read for the second line स्वचक्रं परचक्रं च सप्तैता ईतयः स्मृताः ॥ making the total number seven); आशास्यमीतिविगमप्रभृति प्रजानाम् M.5.2; Mv.7.42; निरातङ्का निरीतयः R.1.63. -2 An infectious disease. -3 Travelling (in a foreign country), sojourning (प्रवास). -4 An affray.
īśvara ईश्वर a. (-रा, -री f.) [ईश्-वरच् P.III.2.175] 1 Powerful, able, capable of (with inf.); वसतिं प्रिय कामिनां प्रिया- स्त्वदृते प्रापयितुं क ईश्वरः Ku.4.11; R.15.7. -2 Rich, wealthy Pt.2.67. -रः 1 A lord, master; ईश्वरं लोको$र्थतः सेवते Mu.1.14; so कपीश्वरः, कोशलेश्वरः, हृदयेश्वरः &c. -2 A king, prince, ruler; राज्यमस्तमितेश्वरम् R.12.11; Ms.4.153, 9.278. -3 A rich or great man; तृणेन कार्यं भवतीश्वराणाम् Pt.1.71; R.3.46; Bh.3.59; मा प्रयच्छेश्वरे धनम् H.1.14; cf. "To carry coals to Newcastle." -4 A husband; नेश्वरे परुषता सखि साध्वी Ki.9.39. -5 The Supreme God (परमेश्वर); ईश एवाहमत्यर्थं न च मामीशते परे । ददामि च सदैश्वर्य- मीश्वरस्तेन कीर्तितः ॥ Skanda P.; cf. also ईश्वरस्तु पर्जन्यवद् द्रष्टव्यः Brahmasūtra-Śāṅkarabhāṣya. -6 N. of Śiva; यस्मिन्नीश्वर इत्यनन्यविषयः शब्दो यथार्थाक्षरः V.1.1. -7 The god of love, cupid. -8 The Supreme Soul; the soul. -9 The eleventh year (संवत्सर) of the Śālivāhana era. -रा, -री N. of Durgā; of Lakṣmī; or of one of the śaktis; ईश्वरीं सर्वभूतानां त्वामिहोपह्वये श्रियम् (श्रीसूक्तम्); -री 1 N. of several plants and trees; लिङ्गिनीलता, वन्ध्या- कर्कटी, क्षुद्रजटा and नाकुलीवृक्ष. -2 A rich woman. -Comp. -अधीन a. subject to a lord or king, dependent on a a lord or god. -कान्तम् 1 A class of buildings. -2 A ground plan in which the whole area is divided into 961 equal squares (एकषष्टिसमाधिक्यं पदं नवशतायुतम् । एव- मीश्वरकान्तं स्यात् ...... Mānasāra 7.46-48. -कृष्णः N. of the author of Sāṅkhya Kārikā. -निषेधः denial of the existence of god, atheism. -निष्ठ a. trusting in god. -पूजक a. pious, devout. -पूजा worship of god. -प्रसादः divine favour. -भावः royal or imperial state; दानमीश्वर- भावाय Bg.18.43. -विभूतिः f. the several forms of the Supreme god; for a full enumeration see Bg.1.19-42. -सद्मन् n. a temple. -सभम् a royal court or assembly. सभा राजामनुष्यपूर्वा P.II.4.23. -सेवा worship of god.
īṣat ईषत् ind. [ईष्-अति] 1 Slightly, to some extent, a little; ईषत् चुम्बितानि Ś.1.4; ईषच्च कुरुते सेवाम् Pt.1.141. Easily done, with very little exertion; ईषत्कार्यमिदं कार्यं कृतमासीन्न संशयः Rām.5.55.1. -Comp. -उष्ण a. tepid, slightly warm. -ऊन a. not quite complete, a little less than; ईषदूनार्धे कल्पप्. -कर a. 1 doing little. -2 easy to be accomplished; Mv.4. (-रम्) very little. -कार्य a. very easy, connected with slight effort; ईषत्कार्यो वधस्तस्य Mb.5.74.26. -गुण a. of little merit. -जलम् shallow water, a little water. -दर्शनम् a glance, sight, view, glimpse. -दीर्घः An almond. -नाद a. slightly sounding (a term applied to unaspirated soft consonants). -निमय a. exchanged for a little. -पाण्डु a. a little white or pale, whitish. (-ण्डुः) a pale or light-brown colour. -पान a. that of which a little is drunk. ईषत्पानः सोमो भवता Sk. आनोयुच् P.III.3.128. (-नम्) a small draught. -पुरुषः a mean or contemptible person. -बीजा Quince-seed, Dyrus Cydonia (Mar. वेदाणा). -रक्त a. pale red. (-क्तः) 1 pale-red colour. -2 undistinguishable colour. -लभ, -प्रलम्भ a. to be got for little. -विवृत a. slightly open. -वीर्यः Almond tree. -श्वास a. slightly resounding. -स्पृष्ट a. slightly touched (applied to the semivowels) ईषत्स्पृष्टमन्तस्थानम् Sk. -हासः slight laughter, a smile.
uttama उत्तम a. [उद्-तमप्] 1 Best, excellent (oft. in comp.); उत्तमे शिखरे देवी Mahānār. Up.15.5. स उत्तमः पुरुषः Ch. Up.8.12.3. उत्तमः पुरुषस्त्वन्यः Bg.15.17. द्विजोत्तमः the best of Brāhmaṇas; so सुर˚, नर˚ &c.; प्रायेणाधममध्यमोत्तमगुणः संसर्गतो जायते Bh.2.67. -2 Foremost, uppermost, highest (opp. हीन, जघन्य). -3 Most elevated, chief, principal. -4 Greatest, first; स गच्छत्युत्तमस्थानम् Ms.2.249. -मः 1 N. of Viṣṇu. -2 The third person (= first person according to English phraseology). (pl.) N. of a people; Mb. -मा 1 An excellent woman. -2 A kind of pustule or pimple. -3 The plant Asclepias Rosea Roxb. (दुग्धिका; Mar. भुई- आंवळी, अळिता). -Comp. -उङ्गम् 'the best limb of the body', the head; कश्चिद् द्विषत्खङ्गहृतोत्तमाङ्गः R.7.51; Ms.1.93,8.3; Ku.7.41; Bg.11.27. the back; तान् क्षिप्रं व्रज सतताग्निहोत्रयाजिन् । मत्तुल्यो भव गरुडोत्तमाङ्गयानः ॥ Mb.7.143.48. -अधम a. high and low; ˚मध्यम good, middling, and bad; high, low, and middling; (the order is often reversed); cf. भक्षयित्वा बहून्मत्स्यानुत्तमाधम- मध्यमान् Pt.1.21. -अम्भस् n. a sort of satisfaction (acquiescence) one of the nine kinds of तुष्टि in Sāṅ. Phil. -अरणी the plant Asparagus Racemosus (इन्दीवरी शतावरी). -अर्धः 1 the best half. -2 the last half or part. -अर्ध्य a. pertaining to the best half. -अहः the last or latest day; a fine or lucky day. -उपपद a. one to whom the best term is applicable, best, excellent. ऋणः, ऋणिकः (उत्तमर्णः) a creditor (opp. अधमर्णः) धारेरुत्तमर्णः P.I.4.35; अधमर्णार्थसिद्धयर्थमुत्तमर्णेन चोदितः Ms.8.47,5; Y.2.42. Śukra.4.831. (pl.) N. of a people; V. P., Mārk. P. -ओजस् a. of excellent valour, N. of one of the warriors of the Mahābhārata; उत्तमौजाश्च वीर्यवान् Bg.1.6. -गन्धाढ्य a. possessing copiously the most delicious fragrance. -गुण a. of the best qualities, best, highest; विघ्नैः पुनः पुनरपि प्रतिहन्यमानाः प्रारब्धमुत्तमगुणा न परित्यजन्ति Mu.2.17. (v. l.) -दशतालम् A sculptural measurement in which the whole height of an image is generally divided into 12 equal parts. The same measurement in 112 equal parts is called उत्तमनवताल. -पदम् a high office. -पु (पू)- रुषः 1 the third person in verbal conjugation; (= first person according to English phraseology; in Sanskrit, verbs are conjugated by putting the English I st person last and 3 rd person first). -2 the Supreme Spirit. -3 an excellent man. -फलिनी f. The plant Oxystelma Esculentum (Mar. दुधी, दुधाणी). -लाभः an excellent profit. -वयसम् The last period of life; Śat. Br.12.9.1.8. -व्रता A wife devoted to the husband; हृदयस्येव शोकाग्निसंतप्तस्योत्तमव्रताम् Bk.9.87. -वेशः N. of Śiva. -शाखः 1 a tree having excellent branches. -2 N. of a region. -श्रुत a. Possessing the utmost learning. Rām. -श्लोक a. of excellent fame, illustrious, glorious, well-known, famous. -कः N. of Vi&stoa;ṇu, क उत्तमश्लोक- गुणानुवादात् पुमान् विरज्येत विना पशुघ्नात् Bhāg.1.1.4. -संग्रहः (˚स्त्री˚) intriguing with another man's wife, i. e. speaking with her privately, looking amorously at her &c. -साहसः, -सम् 1 the highest (of the fixed) pecuniary punishments; a fine of 1 (or according to some 8,) paṇas; Ms.9.24; Y.1.366; पणानां द्वे शते सार्धे प्रथमः साहसः स्मृतः । मध्यमः पञ्च विज्ञेयः सहस्रं त्वेष चोत्तमः ॥ Capital punishment, banishment, confiscation, and mutilation are also regarded as forms of this punishment.
utsāhaḥ उत्साहः [उद्-सह्-घञ्] 1 Effort, exertion; धृत्युत्साह- समन्वितः Bg.18.26. -2 Energy, inclination, desire; त्वद्दर्शनकृतोत्साहौ Rām.5.67.28. मन्दोत्साहः कृतो$स्मि मृगया- पवादिना माठव्येन Ś.2; ममोत्साहभङ्गं मा कृथाः H.3. do not damp my energy. -3 Perseverance, strenuous effort, energy, one of the three Śaktis or powers of a ruler (the other two being मन्त्र and प्रभाव); नीताविवोत्साहगुणेन सम्पद् Ku.1.22. -4 Determination, resolution; हसितेन भाविमरणोत्साहस्तया सूचितः Amaru.1. -5 Power, ability; सौरान्मन्त्रान् यथोत्साहम् (जपेत्) Ms.5.86. -6 Firmness, fortitude, strength. -7 (In Rhet.) Firmness or fortitude, regarded as the feeling which gives rise to the वीर or heroic sentiment; कार्यारम्भेषु संरम्भः स्थेयानुत्साह उच्यते S. D.3; परपराक्रमदानादिस्मृतिजन्मा औन्नत्याख्य उत्साहः R. G. -8 Happiness. -9 A thread. -1 Rudeness. -Comp. -योगः Bestowing one's energy, exercising one's strength; चारेणोत्साहयोगेन (विद्यान्महीपतिः) Ms.9.298. -वर्धनः the heroic sentiment (वीररस). (-नम्) increase of energy, heroism. -वृत्तान्तः plan or scheme of encouraging or exciting; Ś.2. -शक्तिः f. firmness, energy; see (3) above. -सम्पन्न a. active, energetic, persevering. -हेतुक a. one who encourages or excites to exertion; अपेहि रे उत्साहहेतुक Ś.2.
udakam उदकम् [उन्द्-ण्वुल् नि ˚नलोपश्च Uṇ.2.39] Water; अनीत्वा पङ्कतां धूलिमुदकं नावतिष्ठते Śi.2.34. उदकं दा, -प्रदा or कृ To offer a libation of water to a dead person; इत्येवमुक्तो मारीचः कृत्वोदकमथात्मनः Mb.3.278.14. उदकं उपस्पृश् to touch certain parts of the body with water, bathe; [cf. Gr. hudor; L. unda 'a wave']. -Comp. -अञ्जलिः 1 A handful water. -2 See उदककर्मन्. -अन्तः margin of water, bank, shore; ओदकान्तात्स्निग्धो जनो$- नुगन्तव्य इति श्रूयते Ś.4. -अर्थिन् a. desirous of water, thirsty. -आत्मन् a. chiefly consisting of water; अव- कोल्बा उदकात्मान ओषधयः Av.8.7.9. -आधारः a reservoir, a cistern, well. -उदञ्जनः a water-jar. -उदरम् dropsy. -उदरिन् a. dropsical. -ओदनः rice boiled with water. -कर्मन्, -कार्यम्, -क्रिया, -दानम् presentation of (a libation of) water to dead ancestors or the manes; लुप्तपिण्डोदकक्रियाः Bg.1.42. वृकोदरस्योदकक्रियां कुरु Ve.6; Y.3.4. -कार्यम् Ablution of the body; Rām. -कुम्भः a water-jar. -कृच्छ्रः a kind of vow. -क्ष्वेडिका f. sprinkling water on each other, a kind of amorous play; Vātsyāyana. -गाहः entering water, bathing; P.VI.3.6. -गिरिः, -पर्वतः mountain abounding in streams of water. -ग्रहणम् drinking water; Pt.1. -चन्द्रः a kind of magic. -द, -दातृ, -दायिन्, -दानिक a. giver of water; (विशुध्यन्ति) त्र्यहादुदकदायिनः Ms.5.64. (-दः) 1 a giver of water to the manes. -2 an heir, near kinsman. -दानम् = ˚कर्मन् q. v. -धरः a cloud. -परीक्षा a kind of ordeal. -पूर्वकम् ind. preceded by the pouring of water, by pouring water on the hand as preparatory to or confirmatory of a gift or promise. -प्रतीकाश a. watery, like water. -प्रवेशः A water burial (जलसमाधि); Mb.3. -भारः, -वीवधः a. yoke for carrying water. -भूमः water or moist soil. -मञ्जरी N. of a work on medicine. ˚रसः A particular decoction used as a febrifuge. -मण्डलुः a water-pitcher (Ved.) -मन्थः a kind of peeled grain. -मेहः a sort of diabetes (passing watery urine). -मेहिन् a. suffering from this disease. -वज्रः 1 a thunder-shower. -2 thunderbolt in the form of shower; see उदवज्रः. -वाद्यम् 'water music' (performed by striking cups filled with water; cf. जलतरङ्ग), one of the 64 Kalās; Vātsyāyana. -शाकम् any aquatic herb. -शान्तिः f. sprinkling holy or consecrated water over a sick person to allay fever; cf. शान्त्युदकम्. -शील a. Practising the उदक ceremony; जपेदुदकशीलः स्यात् Mb.12.123.22. -शुद्ध a. bathed, purified by ablutions. -सक्तुः ground rice moistened with water. -स्पर्शः 1 touching different parts of the body with water. -2 touching water preparatory to or in confirmation of an oath, gift, or promise. -हारः a water-carrier.
udantikā उदन्तिका Satisfaction, satiety.
uddhavaḥ उद्धवः 1 A sacrificial fire. -2 A festival, holiday. -3 N. of a Yādava, uncle and friend of Kṛiṣṇa. [When Kṛiṣṇa was taken by Akrūra to Maṭhurā, Uddhava was implored by the citizens of Gokula to go and fetch him. He was very much attached to Kṛiṣṇa. On seeing the destruction of the Yādavas to be inevitable, he went to Kṛiṣṇa and asked him what to do; whereupon he was told to go to Badarikāśrama to practise penance and to secure heaven. He is the subject of two short poems, उद्धवदूत and उद्धवसंदेश.
udvāhaḥ उद्वाहः 1 Bearing up, supporting. -2 Marriage, wedding; असवर्णास्वयं ज्ञेयो विधिरुद्वाहकर्मणि Ms.3.43. उद्वाहस्नानवेलां कथयति भवतः सिद्धये सिद्धलोकः Nāg.2.13. (The Smṛitis mention 8 forms of marriage :- ब्राह्मो दैवस्तथा चार्षः प्राजापत्यस्तथासुरः । गान्धर्वो राक्षसश्चैव पैशाचश्चाष्टमः स्मृतः ॥ -Comp. -ऋक्षम् A Nakṣatra auspicious for a marriage. उद्वाहर्क्षं च विज्ञाय रुक्मिण्या मधुसूदनः Bhāg.1.53. 4. -तत्त्वम् N. of a work of Raghunandana on marriage ceremonies.
upajihvā उपजिह्वा ह्विका 1 The uvula or soft palate; epiglottis; Y.3.97. -2 Enlargement of the under side of the tongue. -3 A kind of ant; यदत्त्युपजिह्विका यद्वम्रो अतिसर्पति । सर्वं तदस्तु ते घृतम् Rv.8.12.21.
upajīv उपजीव् 1 P. 1 To live upon, subsist by, derive livelihood from, be supported by; उपजीव्यमानपादच्छायः K.5; कां वृत्तिमार्य उपजीवति Mk.2; संवाहकस्य वृत्तिम् ibid.; शेषास्तमुपजीवेयुर्यथैव पितरं तथा Ms.9.15; Y.2.31. -2 To live under, be dependent on, serve; अम्भसामुपचयाय उपजीवति स्म Śi.9.32. -3 To make use of, derive materials (for writing from); तदेतद्भारतं नाम कविभिस्तूप- जीव्यते Mb. -4 To practise; ते (ब्राह्मणाः) सम्यगुपजीवेयुः षट्- कर्माणि यथाक्रमम् Ms.1.74. -Caus. To use, to make the most of; Ks.
upatap उपतप् 1 P. 1 To make warm, heat; उपतप्तोदका नद्यः Rām.; Śi.9.65 (where it means to pain also). -2 To feel pain, become sick; आहिताग्निश्चेदुपतपेत् Āśval. -3 To afflict, befall (as a sickness); sometimes used impersonally. pass. 1 To be pained, become ill, be afflicted with; इत्यपूर्वमुपतप्यते$स्माभिः Mv.2; so दुःखेनोपतप्यते &c. -2 To be emaciated with penance, practise penance; उपतप्यामहे तपः Av. -Caus. 1 To kindle, ignite, burn; न नो गृहणामुप तीतपासि Av.6.32.1. -2 To torment, hurt, pain. -3 To offend, oppress. -4 To mortify the body by penance.
upaviś उपविश् 6 P. 1 To sit down, take a seat; एवमुक्त्वा$- र्जुनः संख्ये रथोपस्थ उपाविशत् Bg.1.47. -2 To sit near to, wait upon. -3 To pitch a camp, encamp. -4 To go down, set (as the sun). -5 To enter upon, practise; as प्रायम् उपविशति; so अनशनोपविष्ट. -6 To abstain from food, fast; सो$प्युक्त्वैवमुपाविशत् Bk.7.75. -7 To seize, take possession of. -Caus. To cause to sit down, place or set down.
upaviṣaḥ उपविषः षम् 1 An artificial poison. -2 A narcotic, any poisonous drug; अर्कक्षीरं स्नुहीक्षीरं तथैव कलिहारिका । धत्तूरः करवीरश्च पञ्च चोपविषाः स्मृताः ॥ -षा N. of a plant (अतिविषा) It is a plant used in medicine. The bark is employed in dying. It is white, red and black (Atis or Betula). It is also referred to as उपविषाणिका.
upaśamaḥ उपशमः 1 Becoming quiet, assuagement, pacification; कुतो$स्या उपशमः Ve.3; मन्युर्दुःसह एष यात्युपशमं नो सान्त्ववादैः स्फुटम् Amaru.6; cessation, stopping, extinction. -2 Relaxation, intermission. -3 Tranquility, calmness, patience; उपशमशीलाः परमर्षयः Bhāg.5.4.27. उपशमायनेषु स्वतनयेषु Bhāg.5.1.29. ज्ञानस्योपशमः Bh.2.82. -4 Control or restraint of the senses. -5 (in Astrono.) N. of the twentieth Muhūrta. -Comp. -क्षयः (with Jainas) the destruction of activity &c. through quietism.
upaśāntiḥ उपशान्तिः f. 1 Cessation, allaying, quieting, alleviation; आर्तमयोपशान्तये R.8.31; Amaru.65. -2 Appeasing, assuaging, pacification, satisfaction (of desires); स्त्रीषु कामोपशान्तिः (केन दृष्टं श्रुतं वा) Pt.1.147.
upaśāstram उपशास्त्रम् A minor science or treatise. (medicine, music &c.)
upabhogaḥ उपभोगः 1 (a) Enjoyment, eating, tasting; न जातु कामः कामानामुपभोगेन शाम्यति Ms.2.94,8.285; Y.2.171. कामोपभोगपरमाः Bg.16.11; प्रियोपभोग R.12.22. (b) Use, application; चरणोपभोगसुलभः Ś.4.4. -2 Enjoyment (of a woman), cohabitation; उपस्थितश्चारु वपुस्तदीयं कृत्वोप- भोगोत्सुकयेव लक्ष्म्या R.14.24. -3 Usufruct. -4 Pleasure, satisfaction.
upasev उपसेव् 1 Ā. 1 To serve, worship, honour; वैरिणं नोप- सेवते Ms.4.133. -2 To practise, follow, pursue, cultivate; as a vow; तान् सर्वानेवोपसेवेत Ch. Up.2.22.1. -3 To make use of. -4 To be addicted to, enjoy; अधिष्ठाय मनश्चायं विषयानुपसेवते Bg.15.9; so सुखम्, संधिम्, विग्रहम् &c. -5 To frequent, inhabit. -6 To rub or anoint with (sandal &c.). -7 To have sexual intercourse with.
upasevaka उपसेवक a. 1 Worshipping, serving. -2 Following, practising. -3 Enjoying (carnally); परदारोपसेवकः Y.3.136.
upasevin उपसेविन् a. Serving, practising; Rām.5.29.1.
upās उपास् 2 Ā. 1 To sit near to (with acc.), sit at the side of (as a mark of submission and respect); wait upon, serve, worship; ओमित्येतदक्षरमुद्गीथमुपासीत Ch. Up.1.1.1 &c. मां ध्यायन्त उपासते Bg.12.6; 9.14,15. उद्यानपालसामान्यमृतवस्तमुपासते Ku.2.36; अम्बा- मुपास्व सदयाम् Aśvad.13; Śi.16.47; Ms.3.189. -2 To use, occupy, abide in, reside; ऐन्द्रं स्थानमुपासीना ब्रह्मभूता हि ते सदा Rām.1.35.1. Ms.5.93. -3 To pass (as time); उपास्य रात्रिशेषं तु Rām. -4 To approach, go to or towards; उपासाञ्चक्रिरे द्रष्टुं देवगन्धर्वकिन्नराः Bk.5. 17; परलोकमुपास्महे 7.89. -5 To invest or blockade (as an enemy's town). -6 To be intent upon, be engaged in, take part in, (perform as a sacred rite); उपास्य पश्चिमां सन्ध्याम् K.176,179; तेप्युपासन्तु मे मखम् Mb.; Ms.2. 222,3.14,7.223, 11.42. -7 To undergo, suffer; अलं ते पाण्डुपुत्राणां भक्त्या क्लेशमुपासितुम् Mb.; Ms.11.184. -8 To remain or continue in any state or action; oft. with a pres. p.; अनन्येनैव योगेन मां ध्यायन्त उपासते Bg.12.6. -9 To expect, wait for; दिष्टमुपासीनः Mb. -1 To attach oneself to, practise; उपासते द्विजाः सत्यम् Y.3.192. -11 To resort to, employ, apply, use; लक्षणोपास्यते यस्य कृते S. D.2; बस्तिरुपास्यमानः Suśr. -12 To respect, recognize, acknowledge. -13 To practise archery.
upāsthita उपास्थित a. 1 Mounting, standing. -2 Devoted to oneself. -3 Satisfying; Mb.4.
upe उपे 2 P. [उप-इ] 1 To approach, come near, arrive at, reach (a place, person &c.); परमं साम्यमुपैति Muṇḍ. Up.3.1.3. लतामुपेत्य Ś.1; so राजानम्, दुर्गम् &c. योगी परं स्थानमुपैति चाद्यम् Bg.8.28,1.15,9.28. -2 To go to (a master), become a pupil. उपेत्य पप्रच्छ Praśna. Up.1.2; 6.1. -3 To have intercourse with (a woman), cohabit; वाच्यश्चानुपयन् पतिः Ms.9.4. -4 To under go, perform, undertake, practise; तपः, सत्रम् &c. -5 To go to or pass into any state; योगम् R.16.84; भेदम् Ku.2.4; to fall into (misfortune &c.); क्षयम्, मत्युम्, सुखम्, दुःखम्, निद्राम् &c. -6 To obtain, attain to; तस्य प्रिया ज्ञातयः सुकृतमुपयन्ति Kauṣ. Up.1.1; उपैति शस्यं परिणामरम्यताम् Ki.4.22. -7 To incur, be present at. -8 To fall to one's lot or share, befall; उद्योगिनं पुरुषसिंहमुपैति लक्ष्मीः Pt.1.361; Bg.6.27. -9 To consider as, admit, acknowledge.
umā उमा [ओः शिवस्य मा लक्ष्मीरिव, उं शिवं माति मन्यते पतित्वेन मा-क वा Tv.] 1 N. of the daughter of Himavat and Menā, and wife of Śiva; Kālidāsa thus derives the name :- उ मेति (oh do not, scil. practise penance) मात्रा तपसो निषिद्धा पश्चादुमाख्यां सुमुखी जगाम Ku.1.26; उमावृषाङ्कौ R.3.23. -2 Light, splendour. -3 Fame, reputation. -4 Tranquility, calmness. -5 Night. -6 Turmeric (हरिद्रा). -7 Flax (अतसी). -Comp. कटः, -टम् उमा + कटच् P. V.2.29 Vārt. 1 the pollen of flax. -कान्तः N. of Śiva; Mb.13. -गुरुः, -जनकः N. of the Himālaya (as the father of उमा). -चतुर्थी f. The fourth day in the light half of the month of Jyeṣṭha. -पतिः N. of Śiva; मुहु- रनुस्मरयन्तमनुक्षपं त्रिपुरदाहमुमापतिसेविनः Ki.5.14; so ˚ईशः, ˚वल्लभः, ˚सहायः &c. -महेश्वरव्रतम् N.of a particular observance. -वनम् N. of the town Vanapura or Devi-koṭa (शोणितपुर). -सुतः N. of Kārttikeya or of Gaṇesa.
uṣ उष् 1 P. (ओषति, उवोष, ओषाञ्चकार, ओषित-उषित-उष्ट) 1 To burn, consume; ओषाञ्चकार कामाग्निर्दशवक्त्रमहर्निशम् Bk.6.1,14.62; Ms.4.189. -2 To punish, chastise; दण्डेनैव तमप्योषेत् Ms.9.273. -3 To kill, injure.
ūtiḥ ऊतिः f. [अव्-क्तिन् P.III.3.97] 1 Weaving, sewing (fr. वे). -2 Protection; मघवञ्छग्धि तव तन्न ऊतिभिः Mahānār. Up.2.4. -3 Enjoyment. -4 Sport, play अवैति जन्तुः कुमनीष ऊतीः Bhāg.1.3.37;8.5.44. -5 Favour, kindness. -6 Aid, assistance, help. -7 The money given to a tailor for sewing. -8 Wish, desire; मन्वन्तराणि सद्धर्मऊतयः कर्मवासनाः Bhāg.2.1.4. -9 Red texture; tissue; अत्र सर्गो विसर्गश्च स्थानं पोषणमूतयः Bhāg 2.1.1.
ūruḥ ऊरुः m. [ऊर्णु-कर्मणि कु नुलोपश्च Uṇ.1.3] 1 The thigh; ऊरू तदस्य यद्वैश्यः Rv.1.9.12; Ms.1.31,87; R. 12.88; (at the end of fem. compounds the form is ˚रुः or ˚रूः, but more usually the latter; रम्भोरूः, वामोरूः करभोरु Voc.). -Comp. -अङ्गम् Fungus, mushroom. -अष्ठीवम [ऊरू च अष्ठीवन्तौ च P.V.4.77] thigh and knee. -उद्भव a. born or sprung from the thigh; ऊरूद्भवा नरसखस्य मुनेः सुरस्त्री V.1.4. -ग्लानिः f. weakness of the thigh. -ग्रहः, -ग्राहः = ˚स्तम्भः q. v. -ज, -जन्मन्, -संभव a. sprung from the thigh. -m. a Vaiśya. -दध्न, -द्वयस, -मात्र a. as high as or reaching the thighs, knee-deep; P.5.2.37. -पर्वन् m., n. the knee. -फलकम् the thigh-bone, hip-bone; Y.3.87. -भिन्न a. having a rent in the thigh; see -न्नी f. P.IV.1.52. -स्कम्भः, -स्तम्भः paralysis of the lower extremities, rheumatism of the thigh. करिणीवोरुस्तम्भविधृता K. (-म्भा) the plantain tree.
ṛdh ऋध् 4, 5 P. (ऋध्यति, ऋध्नोति, आनर्ध, आर्धीत् अर्धितुम्, ऋद्ध); sometimes 7 P. (ऋणाद्धि) 1 To prosper, flourish, thrive, succeed; नाब्रह्म ऋत्रमृध्नोति Ms.9.322. -2 To grow, increase (fig. also). -3 To cause to succeed, make prosperous. -4 To satisfy, gratify, please, propitiate; सो$हं प्राग्भवतैव भूतजननीमृध्नोमि Māl.5.29. -5 To accomplish. -Desid. ईर्त्सति or अर्दिधिषति.
ṛbhu ऋभु a. Ved. 1 Skilful, clever, prudent (as an epithet of Indra, Agni, Ādityas, property and wealth) ऋभुमृभुक्षणो रयिम् Rv.4.37.5. -2 Handly (as a weapon). -3 Shining far. -भुः 1 A deity, divinity; a god (dwelling in heaven). -2 The god who is worshipped by the gods; ऋभवो नाम तत्रान्ये देवानामपि देवताः Mb.3.261.19. -3 A class of the attendants of gods. -4 An artist, smith, especially a coach-builder (रथकार). -5 N. of three semi-divine beings called Ṛibhu, Vibhvan and Vāja, sons of Sudhanvan, a descendant of Aṅgiras, who were so called from the name of the eldest son. [Through their performance of good works they obtained divinity, exercised superhuman powers, and became entitled to worship. They are supposed to dwell in the Solar sphere, and are the artists who formed the horses of Indra, the carriage of the Aśvins, and the miraculous cow of Bṛihaspati. They made their aged parents young, and constructed four cups at a sacrifice from the one cup of Tvaṣṭṛi, who as the proper artificer of the gods, was in this respect their rival. They appear generally as accompanying Indra at the evening sacrifices. M. W.].
ṛṣiḥ ऋषिः [cf. Uṇ.4.119] 1 An inspired poet or sage, a singer of sacred hymns, (e. g कुत्स, वसिष्ठ, अत्रि, अगस्त्य &c.). (These Ṛiṣis form a class of beings distinct from gods, men, Asuras &c. (Av.1.1.26). They are the authors or seers of the Vedic hymns; ऋषयो मन्त्रद्रष्टारो वसिष्ठादयः; or, according to Yāska, यस्य वाक्यं स ऋषिः, i. e. they are the persons to whom the Vedic hymns were revealed. In every Sūkta the ऋषि is mentioned along with the देवता, छन्दस् and विनियोग. The later works mention seven Ṛiṣis or saptarṣis whose names, according to Śat. Br., are गौतम, भरद्वाज, विश्वामित्र, जमदग्नि, वसिष्ठ, कश्यप and अत्रि; according to Mahābhārata, मरीचि, अत्रि, अङ्गिरस्, पुलह, क्रतु, पुलस्त्य and वसिष्ठ; Manu calls these sages Prajāpatis or progenitors of mankind, and gives ten names, three more being added to the latter list, i. e. दक्ष or प्रचेतस्, भृगु and नारद. In astronomy the seven Ṛiṣis form the constellation of "the Great Bear"); यत्रा सप्त ऋषीन् पर एकमाहुः Rv.1.82.2. -2 A sanctified sage, saint, an ascetic, anchorite; (there are usually three classes of these saints; देवर्षि, ब्रह्मर्षि and राजर्षि; sometimes four more are added; महर्षि, परमर्षि, श्रुतर्षि and काण्डर्षि. -3 A ray of light. -4 An imaginary circle. -5 A hymn (मन्त्र) composed by a Ṛiṣi; एतद्वो$स्तु तपोयुक्तं ददामीत्यृषि- चोदितम् Mb.12.11.18; -6 The Veda; P.III.2.186. -7 A symbolical expression for number seven. -8 Life; Bhāg.1.87.5. -9 The moon. -Comp. -ऋणम् A debt due to Ṛiṣis. -कुल्या 1 a sacred river. -2 N. of महानदी, N. of सरस्वती; अथ तस्योशतीं देवीमृषिकुल्यां सरस्वतीम् Bhāg. 3.16.13. -कृत् a. making one's appearance; Rv.1.31. 16. -गिरिः N. of a mountain in Magadha. -चान्द्रायणम् N. of a particular observance. -च्छन्दस् n. the metre of a Ṛiṣi, -जाङ्गलः, -जाङ्गलिका the plant ऋक्षगन्धा, (Mar. म्हैसवेल). -तर्पणम् libation offered to the Ṛiṣis. -धान्यम् The grain Coix barbata (Mar. वरी). -पञ्चमी N. of a festival or ceremony on the fifth day in the first half of Bhādrapada (observed by women). -पुत्रकः Southern wood, Artemisia abrotanum (Mar. दवणा). -प्रोक्ता the plant माषपर्णी (Mar. रानउडीद). -बन्धु a. connected or related to the Ṛiṣi; Rv.8.1.6. -मनस् a. inspired; far-seeing, enlightened; Rv.9.96.18. -मुखम् the beginning of a Maṇḍala composed by a Ṛiṣi. -यज्ञः a sacrifice offered to a Ṛiṣi (consisting of a prayer in low voice). Ms.4.21. -लोकः the world of the Ṛiṣis. -श्राद्धम् Funeral oblations for the Ṛiṣis. a figurative expression for insignificant acts which are preceded by great preparation. -श्रेष्ठः (ष्ठम्) The pod of Helicteres isora : also the shrub of tree (Mar. मुरुड- शेंग). -स्तोमः 1 praise of the Ṛiṣis. -2 a particular sacrifice completed in one day.
lṝ लॄ f. A mother, a divine female. -m. Śiva. -f. = लृ. cf. लॄर्महात्मा सुरो बालो भूपः स्तोमः कथानकः (वक्ता) । मूर्खो शिश्नो गुदः कक्षा केशः पापरतो नरः ॥ Enm. एकान्वयो मम Ś.7; मनस्येकं वचस्येकं कर्मण्येकं महात्मनाम् H.1.197. -4 Firm, unchanged; एको ग्रहस्तु Pt.1.26. -5 Single of its kind, unique, singular. -6 Chief, supreme, prominent, sole; ब्राह्मण्यास्तद्धरेत्पुत्र एकांशं वै पितुर्धनात् Mb.13.47.11. ˚पार्थिव, ˚धनुर्धरः, ˚ऐश्वर्य M.1.1 sole sovereignty; एको रागिषु राजते Bh.3.121. -7 Peerless, matchless. -8 One of two or many; Me.3. एकः सख्यास्तव सह मया वामपादाभिलाषी Me.8. -9 Oft. used like the English indefinite article 'a', or 'an'; ज्योतिरेकम् Ś.5.3. -1 True. -11 Little. Oft. used in the middle of comp. in the sense of 'only', with an adjectival or adverbial force; दोषैकदृक् looking only to faults; त्वदेकेषु Ku.3.15 your arrow only; so भोगैकबद्धस्पृहः. एकः-अन्यः, or अपरः the onethe other; अजामेकां लोहित ... नमामः । अजो ह्येको ... अजोन्यः Śvet. Up.4.5; it is used in the plural in the sense of some, its correlative being अन्ये or अपरे (others); एके समूहुर्बलरेणुसंहतिं शिरोभिराज्ञामपरे महीभृतः ॥ Śi.12.45; see अन्य, अपर also. -कः N. of Viṣṇu. the ऴSupreme Being or Prajāpati; एक इति च प्रजापतेरभिधानमिति । ŚB. on MS. 1.3.13. (-कम्) 1 The mind; एकं विनिन्ये स जुगोप सप्त सप्तैव तत्याज ररक्ष पञ्च Bu. Ch.2.41. -2 unity, a unit; Hch. -का N. of Durgā. [cf. Persian yak; L. aequus]. -Comp. -अंशः a separate part, part in general. विष्टभ्याह- मिदं कृत्स्नमेकांशेन स्थितो जगत् Bg.1.42. एकांशश्च प्रधानतः Ms. 9.15. -अक्ष a. 1 having only one axle. द्विचक्रमेकाक्षम् (रथम्) Bhāg.4.26.1. -2 having one eye. -3 having an excellent eye. (-क्षः) 1 a crow. -2 N. of Śiva. -अक्षर a. monosyllabic. ओमित्येकाक्षरं ब्रह्म Bg.8.13. (-रम्) 1 a monosyllable. -2 the sacred syllable; ओम्; एकाक्षरं परं ब्रह्म Ms.2.83. -3 The sole imperishable thing; एका- क्षरमभिसंभूय Av.5.28.8. -4 N. of an Upaniṣad. ˚कोशः a vocabulary of monosyllabic words by Puruṣottama-deva. ˚रीभावः the production of only one syllable, contraction. -अग्नि a. Keeping only one fire; Āpastamba Dharma Sūtra 2.21.21. (-कः) One and the same fire. -अग्र a. 1 fixed on one object or point only. -2 closely attentive, concentrated, intent; तद्गीतश्रवणैकाग्रा R.15.66; K.49; कच्चिदेतच्छ्रुतं पार्थ त्वयैकाग्रेण चेतसा Bg.18.72; मनुमे- काग्रमासीनम् Ms.1.1. -3 unperplexed. -4 known, celebrated. -5 single-pointed. (-ग्रः) (in Math.) the whole of the long side of a figure which is subdivided. ˚चित्त, ˚मनस् a. with a concentrated mind, with undivided attention. ˚चित्तम्, ˚चित्तता intentness of purpose, concentration of mind; तत्रैकाग्रं मनःकृत्वा Bg.6.12;18.72. °reeदृष्टि a. fixing one's eye on one spot. -अग्ऱ्य = ˚अग्र. (-ग्ऱ्यम्) concentration. -अङ्गः 1 a body-guard. -2 the planet Mercury or Mars. -3 N. of Viṣṇu. ˚वधः Mutilation of a limb; Kau. A.4. -4 Having a unique or beautiful shape. (-अङ्गम्) 1 a single member or part. -2 sandal wood. -3 the head. (-ङ्गौ) a married couple. (-ङ्गी) Incomplete; ˚रूपक incomplete, simile. -अञ्जलिः A handful. -अङ्गिका preparation made with sandal-wood. -अण्डः a kind of horse. -अधिपतिः a sole monarch or sovereign. -अनंशा the only (day) receiving no part of the moon, an epithet of Kuhū or day of new moon (born together with Kṛiṣṇa and worshipped with Kṛiṣ&na and Bala-deva and identified with Durgā). -अनुदिष्ट a. 1 left as a funeral feast or one who has recently partaken in it. (-ष्टम्) a funeral ceremony performed for only one ancestor (recently dead); see एकोद्दिष्ट; यावदेकानुदिष्टस्य गन्धो लेपश्च तिष्ठति Ms.4.111. -अन्त a. 1 solitary, retired. -2 aside, apart. -3 directed towards one point or object only. -4 excessive, great; ˚शैत्यात्- कदलीविशेषाः Ku.1.36. -5 worshipping only one; devoted to only one (एकनिष्ठ); एकान्तजनप्रियः Bhāg.8.24.31. -6 absolute, invariable, perpetual; स्वायत्तमेकान्तगुणम् Bh.2.7; कस्यैकान्तं सुखमुपगतम् Me.111. (-तः) 1 a lonely or retired place, solitude; तासामेकान्तविन्यस्ते शयानां शयने द्युमे Rām.5.1.5. व्योम˚ विहारिणः Pt.2.2; H.1.49. -2 exclusiveness. -3 an invariable rule or course of conduct or action; तस्मादेकान्तमासाद्य Pt.3.7. -4 exclusive aim or boundary. (-तम्) an exclusive recourse, a settled rule or principle; तेजः क्षमा वा नैकान्तं काल- ज्ञस्य महीपतेः Śi.2.83. (-तम्, -तेन, -ततः, -ते) ind. 1 solely, exclusively, invariably, always, absolutely, युद्धे नैकान्तेन भवेज्जयः Mb.5.64.27. -2 exceeding, quite, wholly, very much; वयमप्येकान्ततो निःस्पृहाः Bh.3.24; दुःखमेकान्ततो वा Me.111; oft. in comp.; ˚विध्वंसिन् sure or destined to perish; R.2.57; ˚भीरु Mu. 3.5 always timid; so एकान्तकरुण very weak &c. -3 alone, apart, privately. ˚भूत being alone or solitary; विलोक्यैकान्तभूतानि भूतान्यादौ प्रजापतिः Bhāg.6.18.3. ˚मति a. devoted to one object only. ˚विहारिन् a. a solitary wanderer. ˚सुषमा 'containing exclusively good years', a division of time with Jainas. ˚स्थित a. staying or remaining apart. -अन्तर a. next but one, separated by one remove; द्वन्द्वं दक्षमरीचिसंभवमिदं तत्स्रष्टुरेकान्तरम् Ś.7.27; V.1. (-रः) a kind of fever. -अन्तिक a. final, conclusive. -अन्तित्वम् devotion to one object. -अन्तिन् a. devoted to one object only; अहो अत्यद्भुतं ह्येतद् दुर्लभैकान्ति- नामपि Bhāg.7.1.15. -m. a worshipper of Viṣṇu. -अन्नम् one and the same food. (-न्नः), -˚आदिन् 1 a mess-mate. -2 One who lives on the alms from only one house; नैकान्नादी भवेद् व्रती Ms.2.188. -अपचयः, अपायः Diminution by one. -अब्दा a heifer one year old. -अयन a. 1 passable for only one (as a foot-path) Mb.3. -2 fixing one's thoughts on one object, closely attentive, intent; see एकाग्र. (-नम्) 1 a lonely or retired place; एकायनगतः पथि Mb.1.176.5; Rām. 3.67.23. -2 a meeting-place, rendezvous. सर्वासामपां समुद्र एकायनम् Bṛi. Up.2.4.11. -3 union of thoughts. -4 monotheism. -5 the sole object; सा स्नेहस्य एकायनीभूता M.2.14; एकायनीभूय Mv.4 with one accord, unanimously. -6 One and the same way, similarity; एकमेवायनगताः प्लवमाना गिरेर्गिरम् Rām.4.2.9. -7 Worldly wisdom (नीतिशास्त्र); नाम वै एकायनम् Ch. Up.7.1.2. ˚गत = एकायन q. v. तरुणः सुकृतैर्युक्त एकायनगतश्च ह Mb.7.12.22. ˚स्थः With only one resource open, driven to extremity; शूरश्चैकायनस्थश्च किमन्यत्प्रतिपद्यते Pratijñā.1.7. -अर्णवः general flood, universal deluge; अयं ह्युत्सहते क्रुद्धः कर्तुमे- कार्णवं जगत् Rām.5.49.2. -अर्थ a. 1 having one and the same meaning, having the same object in view; राजन्यकान्युपायज्ञैरेकार्थानि चरैस्तव Śi.2.114. -2 (Rhet.) Tautological (as a sentence); Kāvyālaṅkāravṛitti. 2.1.11. (-र्थः) 1 the same thing, object, or intention. -2 the same meaning. -3 N. of a glossary (of synonymous words); cf. एकार्थनाममाला. -अवम a. inferior or less by one. -अवयव a. made up of the same components. -अशीत or ˚तितम a. eighty-first. -अशीतिः f. eighty-one. -अष्टका 1 the first or chief Aṣṭakā after the full moon; एकाष्टके सुप्रजसः सुवीरा Av.3.1.5. -2 the eighth day of the dark fortnight in the month of Māgha (on which a श्राद्ध is to be performed). -अष्ठीका (ला) The root of the trumpet-flower (Mar. पहाडमूळ). -अष्ठील a. having one kernel. (-लः) N. of a plant (बकवृक्ष); A white variety of Gigantic swallowwort (Mar. रुईमांदार). -अहन् (ह) 1 the period of one day. -2 a sacrifice lasting for one day. ˚गमः, ˚अध्वा a day's journey. -आतपत्र a. characterized by only one umbrella (showing universal sovereignty); एकातपत्रं जगतः प्रभुत्वम् R.2.47. ˚त्रां भुवम् 18.4; K.26; Śi.12. 33; V.3.19. -आत्मन् a. depending solely on one-self, solitary. -आदेशः cf. Sk. on P.VI.1.11. one substitute for two or more letters (got by either dropping one vowel, or by the blending of both); as the आ in एकायन. -आयु a. 1 providing the most excellent food. -2 the first living being. एकायुरग्रे विश आविवाससि Rv.1.31.5. -आवलिः, -ली f. 1 a single string of pearls, beads &c.; सूत्रमेकावली शुद्धा Kau. A.2.11. एका- वली कण्ठविभूषणं वः Vikr.1.3; लताविटपे एकावली लग्ना V.1. -2 (in Rhetoric) Necklace-a series of statements in which there is a regular transition from a predicate to a subject, or from a subject to a predicate; स्थाप्यते$पोह्यते वापि यथापूर्वं परस्परम् । विशेषणतया यत्र वस्तु सैकावली द्विधा ॥ K. P.1; cf. Chandr.5.13-4; नेत्रे कर्णान्तविश्रान्ते कर्णो दोःस्तम्भदोलितौ &c. and Bk.2.19. -आहार्य a. having the same food; making no difference between allowed and forbidden food; एकहार्यं युगं सर्वम् Mb.3.19.41. -उक्तिः f. a single expression or word. -उत्तर a. greater or increasing by one. -उदकः (a relative) connected by the offering of funeral libations of water to the same deceased ancestor; जन्मन्येकोदकानां तु त्रिरात्राच्छुद्धिरिष्यते Ms.5.71. -उदरः, -रा uterine, (brother or sister). -उदात्त a. having one Udātta accent. -उद्दिष्टम् a Śrāddha or funeral rite performed for one definite individual deceased, not including other ancestors; see एकानुदिष्ट. -ऊन a. less by one, minus one. -ऋच् a. consisting of one verse (ऋच्). (-चम्) A Sūkta of one verse only; Av.19.23.2. -एक a. one by one, one taken singly, a single one; एकैकमप्यनर्थाय किमु यत्र चतुष्टयम् H. Pr.11; R.17.43. (-कम्), -एकैकशः, ind. one by one, singly, severally एकैकमत्र दिवसे दिवसे Ś.6.11; ˚कं निर्दिशन् Ś.7 pointing to each severally. -श्यम् (एककश्यम्) Single state, severally एकैकश्येनानुपूर्वं भूत्वा भूत्वेह जायते Bhāg.7.15.51. -˚श्येन (instrumental used as an adv.) individually, singly, one by one. ते यदि एकैकश्येनापि कुर्वन्ति तथापि सत्रक्रियामभिसमीक्ष्य बहव एव कुर्वन्तीति बहुवचनं भविष्यति । ŚB on MS.1.6.45. -ओघः 1 a continuous current. -2 A single flight (of arrows); एकौघेन स्वर्णपुङ्खैर्द्विषन्तः (आकिरन्ति स्म) Śi. 18.55. -कपाल a. consisting of or contained in one cup. -कर a. (-री f.) 1 doing only one thing. -2 (-रा) one-handed. -3 one-rayed. -कार्य a. 1 acting in concert with, co-operating, having made common cause with; co-worker; अस्माभिः सहैककार्याणाम् Mu.2; R.1.4. -2 answering the same end. -3 having the same occupation. (-र्यम्) sole or same business. -कालः 1 one time. -2 the same time, (-लम्, -ले) ind. at one time, at one and the same time; एककालं चरेद्भैक्षम् Ms.6.55. ˚भोजनम् eating but one meal in any given time. -कालिकम् Once a day; तेभ्यो लब्धेन भैक्ष्येण वर्तयन्नेककालिकम् Ms.11.123. -कालीन a. 1 happening once only; -2 Contemporary, coeval. -कुण्डलः (लिन्) N. of Kubera; of Balabhadra and Śeṣa; गर्गस्रोतो महातीर्थमाजगामैककुण्डली Mb.9.37.14. cf. एककुण्डल आख्यातो बलरामे धनाधिपे Medini. -कुष्ठम् a kind of leprosy; कृष्णारुणं येन भवे- च्छरीरं तदेककुष्ठं प्रवदन्त्यसाध्यम् Suśr. -क्षीरम् the milk of one (nurse &c.). -गम्यः the supreme spirit. -गुरु, गुरुक a. having the same preceptor. (-रुः, -रुकः) a spiritual brother (pupil of the same preceptor). -ग्राम a. living in the same village. (-मः) the same village. -ग्रामीण a. Inhabiting the same village; नैकग्रामीणमतिथिम् Ms.3.13. -चक्र a. 1 having only one wheel. (said of the sun's chariot); सप्त युञ्जन्ति रथमेक- चक्रम् Rv.1.164.2. -2 governed by one king only. (-क्रः) the chariot of the sun. ˚वर्तिन् m. sole master of the whole universe, universal monarch. (-क्रा) N. of the town Kīchakas. -चत्वारिंशत् f. forty-one. -चर a. 1 wandering or living alone, alone; अयमेकचरो$ भिवर्तते माम् Ki.13.3;3.53. Kau. A.1.18. स्वच्छन्दमेकचरं Mudrā. -2 having one attendant. -3 living unassisted. -4 going together or at the same time. -5 gregarious. -6 (Said of certain animals); न भक्षयेदेकचरान् Ms.5.17; Bhāg.5.8.18. (-रः) 1 a rhinoceros. -2 An ascetic (यति); नाराजके जनपदे चरत्येकचरो वशी Rām.2.67.23. -चरण a. having only one foot. -चारिन् a. 1 living alone, solitary. -2 going alone or with one follower only. -3 An attendant of Buddha. (-णी) a loyal wife. -चित्त a. thinking of one thing only, absorbed in one object. (-त्तम्) 1 fixedness of thought upon one object. -2 unanimity एकचित्तीभूय H.1 unanimously; ˚ता fixedness of mind, agreement, unanimity. -चिन्तनम् thinking of only one object. -चिन्मय a. Consisting of intelligence; Rāmt. Up. -चेतस्, -मनस् a. unanimous; see ˚चित्त. -चोदन a. Resting upon one rule. (-नम्) referring to in the singular number. -च्छत्र a. Ruled by one king solely. -च्छायाश्रित a. Involved in similarity (of debt) with one debtor (said of a surety); Y.2.56. -ज a. 1 born alone or single. -2 growing alone (a tree); महानप्येकजो वृक्षो बलवान्सुप्रतिष्ठितः Pt.3.54. -3 alone of its kind. -4 uniform, unchanging. -जः, -जा a brother or sister of the same parents. -जटा N. of a goddess उग्रतारा. -जन्मन् m. 1 a king. -2 a Śūdra; see ˚जाति below. -जात a. born of the same parents; Ms.9.148. -जाति a. 1 once born. -2 belonging to the same family or caste. (-तिः) a Śūdra (opp. द्विजन्मन्); ब्राह्मणः क्षत्रियो वैश्यस्त्रयो वर्णा द्विजातयः । चतुर्थ एकजातिस्तु शूद्रो नास्ति तु पञ्चमः ॥ Ms.1.4;8.27. -जातीय a. of the same kind, species or family. ˚अनुसमयः performance of one detail with reference to all things or persons, then doing the second, then the third and so on (see पदार्थानुसमय) Ms.5.2.1-2. -जीववादः (in phil.) the assertion of a living soul only. -ज्या the chord of an arc; sine of 3˚. -ज्योतिस् m. N. of Śiva. -तान a. concentrated or fixed on one object only, closely attentive; ब्रह्मैकतानमनसो हि वसिष्ठमिश्राः Mv.3.11. (-नः) 1 attention fixed on one object only; A. Rām.6.2.2. -2 musical harmony, = ˚तालः -ताल a. Having a single palm tree; एकताल एवोत्पातपवनप्रेरितो गिरिः R.15.23. -तालः harmony, accurate adjustment of song, dance, and instrumental music (cf. तौर्यत्रिकम्). -लम् A kind of sculptural measurement. (-ली) an instrument for beating time, any instrument having but one note. -तीर्थिन् a. 1 bathing in the same holy water. -2 belonging to the same religious order; क्रमेणाचार्यसच्छिष्य- धर्मभ्रात्रेकतीर्थिनः Y.2.137. -m. a fellow student, spiritual brother. -तेजन a. Ved. having only one shaft (an arrow). -त्रिंशत् f. thirty-one; ˚त्रिंश 31st. -त्रिकः a kind of sacrifice performed in or lasting for a day. -दंष्ट्रः, -दन्तः "one-tusked", epithets of Gaṇeśa (एकदंष्ट्रः) A kind of fever. -दण्डिन् m. 1 N. of a class of Sannyāsins or beggars (otherwise called हंस). They are divided into four orders :-कुटीचको बहूदको हंसश्चैव तृतीयकः । चतुर्थः परहंसश्च यो यः पश्चात्स उत्तमः ॥ Hārita. -2 N. of a Vedantic school. -दलः, -पत्रः N. of a plant (चन्डालकन्द). -दिश् a. living in the same region or quarter. -दुःखसुख a. sympathising, having the same joys and sorrows. -दृश्, -दृष्टि a. one-eyed. -m. 1 a crow. -2 N. of Śiva. -3 a philosopher. -दृश्य a. the sole object of vision, alone being worthy of being seen. तमेकदृश्यं नयनैः पिबन्त्यो Ku.7.64. -दृष्टिः f. fixed or steady look. -देवः the Supreme god. -देवत, -दे(दै)वत्य a. devoted, directed or offered to one deity. -देश a. occupying the same place. (-शः) 1 one spot or place. -2 a part or portion (of the whole), one side; ˚अवतीर्णा K.22; तस्यैकदेशः U.4; Mv.2; विभावितैकदेशेन देयं यदभियुज्यते V.4.33 'what is claimed should be given by one who is proved to have got a part of it'; (this is sometimes called एकदेशविभावितन्याय) ˚क्षाण a. partly burnt. एकदेशक्षाणमपि क्षाणमेव । ŚB. on MS.6.4.18. -देशिन् a. consisting of parts or portions divided into parts. -m. A disputant knowing only part of the true state of the case. -देह, -देहिन् a. 1 having only one body. -2 elegantly formed. (-हः) 1 the planet Mercury. -2 (du.) Husband and wife. -धनः a kind of jug with which water is taken up at certain religious ceremonies. (-नम्) 1 an excellent gift. -2 honorific offering. -धनिन् a. obtaining an honorific offering, -धर्मन्, -धर्मिन् a. 1 possessing the same properties of the same kind. -2 professing the same religion. -धुर, -धुरावह, -धुरीण a. 1 fit for but one kind of labour. -2 fit for but one yoke (as cattle for special burden; P.IV.4.79). -धुरा a particular load or conveyance. -नक्षत्रम् a lunar mansion consisting of only one star. -नटः the principal actor in a drama, the manager (सूत्रधार) who recites the prologue. -नयनः The planet Venus. -नवतः ninety-first. -नवतिः f. ninety-one. -नाथ a. having one master. (-थः) 1 sole master or lord. -2 N. of an author. -नायकः N. of Śiva. -निश्चय a. come to the same conclusion or resolution, having the same aim. (-यः) general agreement or conclusion, unanimity. -निपातः A particle which is a single word. -निष्ठ a. 1 intently devoted or loyal (to one thing). -2 intently fixed on one object. -नेत्रः 1 N. of Śiva; (one-eyed). -2 (With Śaivas) One of the eight forms of Vidyeśvara. -पक्ष a. 1 of the same side or party, an associate. -2 partial. (-क्षः) one side or party; ˚आश्रयविक्लवत्वात् R.14.34; ˚क्षे in one point of view, in one case. -पक्षीभावः The state of being the one alternative. -पञ्चाशत् f. fifty-one. -पतिक a. having the same husband. -पत्नी 1 a faithful wife (perfectly chaste); तां चावश्यं दिवसगणनातत्परामेकपत्नीम् Me.1. -2 the wife of a man who has no other wives; यो धर्म एकपत्नीनां काङ्क्षन्ती तमनुत्तमम् Ms.5.158. -3 the wife of the same man; a co-wife; सर्वासामेकपत्नीनामेका चेत्पुत्रिणी भवेत् Ms.9. 183. ˚व्रतम् a vow of perfect chastity; कामेकपत्नीव्रतदुःख- शीलाम् Ku.3.7. -पत्रिका the plant Ocimum Gratissimum (गन्धपत्रा; Mar. नागदवणी) -पद्, -पाद् a. 1 one-footed, limping, lame. -2 incomplete. (-पाद्) m. N. of Śiva or Viṣṇu. (-पदी) a foot-path (for a single man to walk on). एकपद्या तया यान्ती नलिकायन्त्रतुल्यया Śiva. B.28.66 -पद a. 1 one-footed. -2 consisting of or named in one word. (-दम्) 1 a single step. -2 single or simple word. -3 the time required to pronounce a single word. -4 present time, same time; (-दः) 1 a man having one foot. -2 a kind of coitus (रतिबन्ध). (-दे) ind. suddenly, all at once, abruptly; निहन्त्यरीनेकपदे य उदात्तः स्वरानिव Śi.2.95; R.8.48; K.45; V.4.3. (-दा) a verse consisting of only one Pāda or quarter stanza. (-दी) 1 a woman having one foot. -2 a Gāyatrī consisting of one Pāda. गायत्र्यस्येकपदी Bṛi. Up.5.14.7. -3 Foot-path (Mar. पाऊलवाट); इयमेकपदी राजन्यतो मे पितुराश्रमः Rām. 2.63.44. -पर a. Ved. an epithet of the dice in which one is decisive or of pre-eminent importance. -परि ind. one over or under, (a term at dice; cf. अक्षपरि). अक्षस्याह- मेकहरस्य हेतोः Rv.1.34.2. -पर्णा 1 N. of a younger sister of Durgā. -2 N. of Durgā. -3 a plant having one leaf only. -पलाशः a. a single Butea Frondosa. -पाटला N. of a younger sister of Durgā; N. of Durgā. -पाणः a single wager. -पात a. happening at once, sudden. -तः The first word of a Mantra (प्रतीक). -पतिन् a. 1 sudden. -2 standing alone or solitary. (-नी) i. e. ऋक् a verse to be taken by itself or independently of the hymn to which it belongs. -पाद a. 1 having only one foot; तत्र शिश्रिये$ज एकपादः Av.13.1.6. -2 using only one foot. (-दः) 1 one or single foot. -2 one and the same Pāda. -3 N. of Viṣṇu and Śiva. -पादिका a kind of posture of birds. -पार्थिवः Sole ruler or king; न केवलं तद्गुरुरेक- पार्थिवः R.3.31. -पिङ्गः, -पिङ्गलः N. of Kubera; having a yellow mark in place of one eye; (his eye was so made on account of a curse uttered by Pārvatī when he cast an evil eye at her;) Dk.2.4. -पिण्ड a. united by the offering of the funeral rice-ball; ˚ता, -त्वम् consanguinity. -पुत्र a. having only one son. -पुरुषः 1 the Supreme Being; वेदान्तेषु यमाहुरेकपुरुषम् V.1.1; -2 the chief person. a. Consisting of only one man. तथैकपुरुषं राष्ट्रम् Bhāg.6.5.7. -पुष्कलः (रः) N. of a musical instrument (Mar. काहल); ततः प्रयाते दाशार्हे प्रावाद्यन्तैकपुष्कराः Mb.5.94.21. -प्रकार a. of the same kind. -प्रख्य a. singularly like. -प्रभुत्वम् sole sovereignty. -प्रयत्नः one effort (of the voice). -प्रस्थः a measure. -प्रहारिक a. killed by one blow. Mk.8. -प्राणयोगः union in one breath. -बुद्धि a. having only one thought. -भक्त a. 1 serving one master only. -2 worshipping one deity. -3 eating together. (-भूक्तम्) N. of a religious ceremony; eating but one meal (a day) Mb.3; Y.3.318. ˚व्रतम् eating but once a day as a religious observance. -भक्ति a. 1 believing in one deity. -2 firmly devoted; तेषां ज्ञानी नित्ययुक्त एकभक्तिर्विशिष्यते Bg.7. 17. -f. eating but one meal a day. -भार्या a faithful or chaste wife. तामेकभार्यां परिवादभीरोः R.14.86 (-र्यः) one having one wife only. -भाव a. of the same or one nature. -2 sincerely devoted. -3 honest, sincerely disposed. (-वः) 1 one feeling, the same or unchanged devotion; दुर्ग्राह्यत्वान्नृपतिमनसां नैकभावाश्रयाणां सेवाधर्मः परमगहनः Pt.1.285;3.65. स्वतेजसा सत्त्वगुणप्रवाहमात्मैकभावेन भजध्वमद्धा Bhāg. -2 oneness, agreement. cf. एको भावः सदा शस्तो यतीनां भवितात्मनाम् -भूत a. 1 being one, undivided -2 concentrated, closely attentive. -भूमः a palace having one floor. -भोजन, -भुक्त a. 1 eating but one meal. -2 eating in common. -मति a. 1 fixed on one object. -2 unanimous, thinking in the same way. -मनस् a. thinking with another, of one thought; ते निर्यान्तु मया सहैकमनसो येषामभीष्टं यशः Mu.2.13. -2 fixing the mind upon one object, closely attentive; गच्छन्तमेकमनसम् Mb.1.42.36. एकमनाः श्रोतुमर्हति देवः M.2. -मात्र a. of one syllable. -मुख a. 1 having the face directed towards one place, direction of object; सहस्रं स एकमुखो ददाति Av.9.4.9. -2 having the same aim. -3 having one chief or head; द्यूतमेकमुखं कार्यम् Y.2.23. -4 having one door or entrance (as a मण्डप). (-खम्) 1 gambling. -2 a kind of fruit (रुद्राक्षफल). -मूर्धन् = ˚मुख q. v. Av.8.9.15. -मूला = अतसी q. v. -यष्टिः, -यष्टिका a single string of pearls. -योनि a. 1 uterine. -2 of the same family or caste; एतद्विधानं विज्ञेयं विभाग- स्यैकयोनिषु Ms.9.148. -रजः the plant भृङ्गराज (Mar. माका). -रथः An eminent warrior; Mb.3. -रश्मि a. Lustrous Mb.4. -रस a. 1 finding pleasure only in one thing, of one flavour; रसान्तराण्येकरसं यथा दिव्यं पयो$श्नुते R.1.17. -2 of one feeling or sentiment only; साहस˚ U.5.21 influenced only by rashness; विक्रम˚ K.7; भावैकरसं मनः Ku.5.82; M.3.1; Bv.2.155; Śi.6.26; V.1.9. -3 of one tenor, stable, equable; Māl.4.7; U.4.15. -4 solely or exclusively devoted (to one); अबलैकरसाः R.9.43,8.65. (-सः) 1 oneness of aim or feeling. -2 the only flavour or pleasure. (-सम्) a drama of one sentiment. -राज्, -राजः m. an absolute king; प्राङ् विशाम्पतिरेकराट् त्वं वि राज Av.3.4.1. a. Shining alone, alone visible; स वा एष तदा द्रष्टा नाप- श्यद् दृश्यमेकराट् Bhāg.3.5.24. -रात्रः a ceremony lasting one night. (-त्रम्) one night; एकरात्रं तु निवसन्नतिथिर्ब्राह्मणः स्मृतः Ms.3.12. -रात्रिक a. lasting or sufficient for one night only. -राशिः 1 a heap, crowd. -2 a sign of the zodiac. ˚भूत a. collected or heaped together. -रिक्थिन् m. a coheir; यद्येकरिक्थिनौ स्यातामौरसक्षेत्रजौ सुतौ Ms.9.162. -रूप a. 1 of one form or kind, like, similar; आसवः प्रतिपदं प्रमदानां नैकरूपरसतामिव भेजे Ki.9.55. -2 uniform, one-coloured; Rv.1.169.2. (-पम्) 1 one form or kind; -2 The knowledge of reality. विमोचयत्येकरूपेण Sāṅ. K.63. ˚ता uniformity, invariableness; क्षणद्युतीनां दधुरेकरूपताम् Ki.8.2. -रूप्य a. formed or arising from one. -लिङ्गः 1 a word having one gender only. -2 N. of Kubera. (-ङ्गम्) a place in which for five krośas there is but one लिङ्ग (Phallus); पञ्चक्रोशान्तरे यत्र न लिङ्गान्तरमीक्ष्यते । तदेकलिङ्गमाख्यातं तत्र सिद्धिरनुत्तमा ॥ Śabdak. -वचनम् the singular number. -वर्ण a. 1 of one colour. -2 identical, same. -3 of one tribe or caste. -4 involving the use of one letter (˚समीकरण). (-र्णः) 1 one form. -2 a Brāhmaṇa. -3 a word of one syllable. -4 a superior caste. (-र्णी) beating time, the instrument (castanet); ˚समीकरणम् an equation involving one unknown quantity. -वर्णिक a. 1 of one colour. -2 of one caste. -वर्षिका a heifer one year old. -वस्त्र, -वसन a. having only one garment, in one dress (without उत्तरीय). (-स्त्रम्) a single garment. -वाक्यम् one or unanimous opinion; एकवाक्यं विवव्रः R.6.85 raised a unanimous cry; ˚ता consistency in meaning, unanimity, reconciling different statements, syntactical unity; प्रकरणाच्च ज्योतिष्टोमेनैकवाक्यता स्यात् । ŚB. on MS.1. 5.37. -वाक्यकृ 8 U. To effect syntactical unity, to construe as one sentence. तस्मात् प्रकृतानां ... देवतानामन्यतमया देवतया प्रकृतत्वादेकवाक्यतां कृत्वा देवतामवगमिष्यामः । ŚB. on MS.1. 8.5. -वाक्यया 2 P. (with instrumental) To form one sentence with, to be syntactically connected with; न वै कृतं कर्म प्राकृतैरङ्गपदार्थैः सहैकवाक्यतां याति । ŚB. on MS.1. 1.2. ˚त्वम् syntactical unity. The state of forming or being one sentence; एकवाक्यत्वाच्च । Ms.1.1.8. -वाचक a. Synonymous. -वादः 1 a kind of drum or tabor (Mar. डफ). -2 the unitarian doctrine, monotheism. -वारम्, -वारे ind. 1 only once. -2 at once, suddenly. -3 at one time. -वासस् a. Clothed in only one garment. -वासा A woman; Nigh. -विंश a. twenty-first; consisting of twentyone. (-शः) the Ekaviṁśa-ṣ&tod;oma; Av.8.9.2. -विंशक a. The twentyfirst; दश पूर्वान्परान् वंश्यानात्मानं चैकविंशकम् । ब्राह्मीपुत्रः सुकृतकृन्मोचयेदेनसः पितॄन् ॥ Ms.3.37. -कम् The number twentyone; Y.3.224. -विंशतिः f. twentyone. -विजयः Complete victory; Kau. A.12. -विध a. of one kind; simple. -विलोचन a. one-eyed; see एकदृष्टि. -विषयिन् m. a rival (having a common object or end in view). -वीरः a pre-eminent warrior or hero; धर्म˚ Mv.5.48. -रा N. of a daughter of Śiva, a deity. -वृक्षः 1 one tree. -2 a district in which but one tree is seen for 4 Krośas. -वृत f. heaven. -वृन्दम 1 a peculiar disease of the throat. -2 one heap or collection. -वृषः Ved. the chief bull; the best or most excellent of a number. -वेणिः, -णी f. a single braid of hair (worn by a woman as a mark of her separation from her husband &c.); गण्डाभोगात्कठिनविषमामेकवेणीं करेण Me.93; ˚धरा Ś.7; धृत˚ Ś.7.21. -वेश्मन् n. a solitary house or room; विप्रदुष्टां स्त्रियं भर्ता निरुन्ध्यादेकवेश्मनि Ms.11.176. -व्यवसायिन् a. following the same profession. -व्याव- हारिकाः N. of a Buddhist school. -शत a. 11 st. (-तम्) 11; अत्रैतदेकशतं नाडीनां Prasna. Up.3.6. -शक a. whole-hoofed. (-फः) an animal whose hoof is not cloven (as a horse, ass &c.); अजाविकं सैकशफं न जातु विषमं भजेत् Ms.9.119. -शरणम् the sole recourse or refuge (especially applied to a deity). -शरीर a. of one body or blood, consanguineous. ˚अन्वयः consanguineous descent. ˚अवयवः a descendant in a right line, blood-kinsman. ˚आरम्भः commencement of consanguinity by the union of father and mother. -शल्यः A kind of fish; Rām.5.11.17. -शाख a. having one branch. (-खः) a Brāhmaṇa of the same branch or school. -शायिन् a. Sleeping alone, chaste; Mb.13. -शाला A single hall or room; (-लम् A house consisting of one hall; Matsya P. -शीर्षन् = ˚मुख q. v. Av.13.4.6. -शुङ्ग a. having one sheath. (-ङ्गा) N. of a medicinal plant. -शुल्कम् One and the same purchase money (given to the parents of a bride); अन्यां चेद्दर्शयित्वा$न्या वोढुः कन्या प्रदीयते । उभे ते एकशुल्केन वहेदित्यब्रवीन्मनुः ॥ Ms.8.24. -शृङ्ग a. having only one horn. (-ङ्गः) 1 a unicorn; rhinoceros. -2 N. of Viṣṇu. -3 a class of Pitṛis. -4 a mountain having one top. -शेपः a tree having one root. -शेषः 'the remainder of one', a species of Dvandva compound in which one of two or more words only is retained; e. g. पितरौ father and mother, parents, (= मातापितरौ); so श्वशुरौः, भ्रातरः &c. -श्रुत a. once heard. ˚धर a. keeping in mind what one has heard once. -श्रुतिः f. 1 monotony. -2 the neutral accentless tone. (-ति) ind. in a monotonous manner. -श्रुष्टि a. Ved. obedient to one command. -षष्ट a. sixty-first. -षष्टिः f. sixty-one. ˚तम a. sixty first. -संस्थ a. dwelling in one place; R.6.29. -सप्तत, ˚तितम् a. seventy-first. -सप्ततिः f. seventy-one. -सभम् a common place of meeting. -सर्ग a. closely attentive. (-र्गः) concentration. -सहस्रम् 11 or one thousand; वृषभैकसहस्रा गा दद्यात्सुचरितव्रतः Ms.11.127. -साक्षिक a. witnessed by one. -सार्थम् ind. together, in one company. -सूत्रम् N. of a small double drum played by a string and ball attached to the body of it (Mar. डमरू). -स्तोमः N. of Soma ceremony. -स्थ a. 1 being or centred in one place; in one man; ज्ञानमेकस्थमाचार्ये ...... शौर्यमेकस्थमाचार्ये Mb.7.188.45. Ku. 1.49; हन्तैकस्थं क्वचिदपि न ते चण्डि सादृश्यमस्ति Me.16. -2 close-standing, standing side by side. -3 collected, combined. -स्थानम् one or the same place; एकस्थाने प्रसूते वाक् Pt.4.5. -2 Standing closely; विपक्षेणापि मरुता यथैकस्थानवीरुधः Pt.3.53. -हंसः the chief or highest Haṁsa (an allegorical designation of the soul). हिरण्मयः पुरुष एकहंसः Bṛi. Up.4.3.11. -हायन a. one year old; त्रस्तैकहायनकुरङ्गविलोलदृष्टिः Māl.4.8; U.3.28. (-नी) a heifer one year old. (-नम्) the period of one year.
ekīya एकीय a. Belonging to, or proceeding form, one. -यः A partisan, an associate.
auśana औशन औशनस a. (-नी, -सी f.) [उशनस्-अण्] Belonging or peculiar to Uśanas; originating from Uśanas, or taught by him; पितामहाद्वरं लेभे सर्वमौशनसं धनम् Rām.4.51.13. -सम् 1 The law-book of उशनस् (a treatise on civil polity). -2 N. of an Upapurāṇa. -साः N. of a school of writers on the science of government mentioned by Kauṭilya; Kau. A.1.15. -सी N. of Devayanī; तं वीरमाहौशनसी प्रेमनिर्भरया गिरा Bhāg.9.18.2.
kakubh ककुभ् f. 1 A direction, quarter of the compass; वियुक्ताः कान्तेन स्त्रिय इव न राजन्ति ककुभः Mk.5.26; Śi.9.25, 3.33. -2 Splendour, beauty. -3 A wreath of Champaka flowers. -4 A sacred treatise or Śāstra. -5 A peak, summit. -6 A Rāgiṇī or personified mode of music. -7 The personified quarter of the sky. -8 Breath, animation. -9 Unornamented hair; or hair hanging down as a tail.
kaṇe कणे ind. A particle expressing the satisfaction of a desire (श्रद्धाप्रतीघात); कणेहत्य पयः पिबति Sk. P.I.4.66. 'he drinks milk to his heart's content or till he is satisfied.'
kaṇḍ कण्ड् I. 1 U. (कण्डति-ते, कण्डित) 1 To be glad or satisfied. -2 To be proud. -3 To unhusk. -II. 1 U. (कण्डयति-ते, कण्डित) 1 To thresh (corn, grain &c.), unhusk. -2 To protect, defend.
kan कन् 1 P. Ved. (कनति, कन्तुम्) 1 To be satisfied or contented; भूयसा वस्तमचरत् कनीयो Rv.4.24.9. -2 To love, wish. -3 To shine. -4 To go.
kanthā कन्था 1 A patched garment, wallet (worn by ascetics); जीर्णा कन्था ततः किम् Bh.3.74,19,86; Śānti. 4.4,19. -2 A wall. -3 A town. -Comp. -धारणम् wearing a patched garment, as practised by some Yogins. -धारिन् m. a religious mendicant, Yogin; क्वचित् कन्थाधारी क्वचिदपि च दिव्याम्बरधरः Bh.
karaṇa करण a. [कृ-ल्युट्] 1 Making, doing, effecting, producing. -2 (Ved.) Clever, skilled; रथं न दस्रा करणा समिन्वथः Rv.1.119.7. -णः 1 (Ved.) An assistant. यमस्य करणः Av.6.46.2. -2 A man of a mixed tribe. -3 A writer, जज्ञे धीमांस्ततस्तस्यां युयुत्सुः करणो नृप Mb.1.115. 43; Ms.1.22. -4 A child. cf. ...... करणः शिशौ । शूद्राविशोः सुते$पि स्यात् Nm. -णम् 1 Doing, performing, accomplishing, effecting; परहित˚, संध्या˚, प्रिय˚ &c. -2 Act, action. -3 Religious action; Y.1.251. -4 Business, trade. -5 An organ of sense; वपुषा करणोज्झि- तेन सा निपतन्ती पतिमप्यपातयत् R.8.38,42; पटुकरणैः प्राणिभिः Me.5; R.14.5. -6 The body; उपमानमभूद्विलासिनां करणं यत्तव कान्तिमत्तया Ku.4.5. -7 An instrument or means of an action, न तस्य कार्यं करणं न विद्यते Śvet.6.8; करणं च पृथग्विधम् Bg.18.14.18. उपमितिकरणमुपमानम् T. S.; तस्य भोगाधिकरणे करणानि निबोध मे Mb.3.181.19. -8 (In Logic) The instrumental cause which is thus defined :- व्यापारवद- साधारणं कारणं करणम्. -9 A cause or motive (in general). -1 The sense expressed by the instrumental case (in gram.); साधकतमं करणम् P.1.4.42; or क्रियायाः परिनिष्पत्तिर्यद्- व्यापारादनन्तरम् । विवक्ष्यते यदा यत्र करणं तत्तदा स्मृतम् ॥ -11 (In law) A document, a bond, documentary proof; Ms.8.15,52,154. -12 A kind of rhythmical pause, beat of the hand to keep time; अनुगर्जितसंधिग्धाः करणै- र्मुरजस्वनाः Ku.6.4. -13 (In Astrol.) A Division of the day; (these Karaṇas are eleven). -बव, बालव, कौलव, तैतिल, गर, वणिज, विष्टि, शकुनि, चतुष्पाद, नाग and र्किस्तुघ्न. -14 The Supreme Being. -15 Pronunciation. -16 The posture of an ascetic. -17 A posture in sexual enjoyment. बोभुज्यते स्म करणेन नरेन्द्रपुत्री Bil. ch.42. वात्स्यायनोक्तकरणैर्निखिलैर्मनोज्ञै । संभुज्यते कविवरेण नरेन्द्रपुत्री ॥ Ibid.45. -18 A field. -19 Plastering with the hand. -2 The usage of the writer caste. -21 The Principle of intelligence; दृष्टाः करणाश्रयिणः Sāṅ. K.43. -22 (In Astron.) N. of a treatise of Varāhamihira on the motion of planets. -णी 1 A woman of a mixed caste. माहिष्येण करण्यां तु रथकारः प्रजायते Y.1.95. -2 Absurd or irrational number. -सुता f. An adopted daughter. -Comp. -अधिपः the soul, स कारणं करणाधिपाधिपः Śvet. 6.9. -कुतूहलम् N. of a work on practical astronomy by Bhāskara. -ग्रामः the organs of sense taken collectively. -त्राणम् the head. -विभक्तिः f. The instrumental case; सूक्तवाकेनेति करणविभक्तिसंयोगात् । ŚB. on यMS.3.2.12. -विन्ययः manner of pronunciation.
karcarikā कर्चरिका A sort of wheat cake stuffed with pulsepaste. (a sanskritisation of कचोरी).
karbu कर्बु a. Variegated, spotted; कर्बुरूपाः (नीलाः) Y.3.166. कर्बु (-र्वु) र a. 1 Variegated, or spotted; क्वचिल्लसद्- घननिकुरम्बकबुरः Śi.17.56. -2 Of the colour of pigeons, whitish, grey; पवनैर्भस्म कपोतकर्बुरम् Ku.4.27. -रः 1 The variegated colour. -2 Sin. -3 An evil spirit, demon. -4 The Dhattūra plant. -5 Rice growing amidst inundation. -रा N. of a plant (वर्वरी). -री An epithet of Durgā. -रम् 1 Gold. -2 Water. -3 The Dhattūra plant. कर्बु (-र्वु) रित a. 1 Variegated, अवदग्धकर्बुरितकेतुचामरैः U.6.4; Śi.5.68.
karman कर्मन् -m. Viśvakarmā; शक्रस्य नु सभा दिव्या भास्वरा कर्मनिर्मिता Mb.2.7.1. -n. [कृ-मनिन् Uṇ.4.144] 1 Action, work, deed. -2 Execution, performance; प्रीतो$स्मि सो$हं यद् भुक्तं वनं तैः कृतकर्मभिः Rām.5.63.3. -3 Business, office, duty; संप्रति विषवैद्यानां कर्म M.4. -4 A religious rite (it may be either नित्य, नैमित्तिक or काम्य). -5 A specific action, moral duty. -6 (a) Performance of religious rites as opposed to speculative religion or knowledge of Brahman (opp. ज्ञान); अपरो दहृने स्वकर्मणां ववृते R.8.2. (b) Labour, work. -7 Product, result. -8 A natural or active property (as support of the earth). -9 Fate, the certain consequence of acts done in a former life; कर्मायत्तं फलं पुंसां बुद्धिः कर्मानुसारिणी Bh.2.89,94. -1 (In gram.) The object of of an action; कर्तुरीप्सिततमं कर्म P.I.4.49. -11 (In Vaiś. Phil.) Motion considered as one of the seven categories of things; (thus defined:-- एकद्रव्यमगुणं संयोगविभागेष्वनपेक्षकारणं कर्म Vaiś. Sūtra. (It is five-fold:-- उत्क्षेपणं ततो$वक्षेपणमाकुञ्चनं तथा । प्रसारणं च गमनं कर्माण्येतानि पञ्च च ॥ Bhāṣā P.6.) -12 Organ of sense. प्रजापतिर्ह कर्माणि ससृजे Bṛi. Up.1.5.21. -13 Organ of action; कर्माणि कर्मभिः कुर्वन् Bhāg.11.3.6. -14 (In Astr.) The tenth lunar mansion. -15 Practice, training; सर्वेषां कर्मणा वीर्यं जवस्तेजश्च वर्धते Kau. A.2.2. -Comp. -अक्षम a. incapable of doing anything. -अङ्गम् part of any act; part of a sacrificial rite (as प्रयाज of the Darśa sacrifice). -अधिकारः the right of performing religious rites. -अनुरूप a. 1 according to action or any particular office. -2 according to actions done in a previous existence. -अनुष्ठानम् practising one's duties. -अनुसारः consequence of, or conformity to, acts. -अन्तः 1 the end of any business or task. -2 a work, business, execution of business. -3 a barn, a store of grain &c. Ms.7.62 (कर्मान्तः इक्षुधान्यादिसंग्रहस्थानम् Kull.) -4 cultivated ground. -5 a worker; कच्चिन्न सर्वे कर्मान्ताः Rām.2.1.52. -अन्तरम् 1 difference or contrariety of action. -2 penance, expiation. -3 suspension of a religious action. -4 another work or action; कर्मान्तर- नियुक्तासु निर्ममन्थ स्वयं दधि Bhāg.1.9.1. -अन्तिक a. final. (-कः) a servant, workman, Rām.1.13.7. -अपनुत्तिः f. removing, sending away of कर्म; जन्मकर्माप- नुत्तये Bhāg.12.2.17. -अर्ह a. fit or suitable to an act or the rite. (-र्हः) a man. -आख्या f. Name received from the act performed; तस्मात् छिन्नगमनो$श्वो$पि छाग इति कर्माख्या भविष्यति । ŚB. on MS.6.8.37. -आजीवः one who maintains himself by some profession (as that of an artisan &c.) -आत्मन् a. endowed with the principles of action, active; कर्मात्मनां च देवानां सो$सृजत्प्राणिनां प्रभुः Ms.1.22. (-m.) the soul. -आयतनम् see कर्मेन्द्रियम्; शव्दः स्पर्शो रसो गन्धो रूपं चेत्यर्थजातयः । गत्युक्त्युत्सर्गशिल्पानि कर्मायतनसिद्धयः Bhāg.11.22.16. -आशयः receptacle or accumulation of (good and evil) acts; निर्हृत्य कर्माशयमाशु याति परां गतिम् Bhāg.1.46.32. -इन्द्रियम् an organ of action, as distinguished from ज्ञानेन्द्रिय; (they are :- वाक्पाणिपादपायूपस्थानि; Ms.2.99; see under इन्द्रिय also) कर्मेन्द्रियाणि संयम्य Bg.3.6,7. -उदारम् any valiant or noble act, magnanimity, prowess. -उद्युक्त a. busy, engaged, active, zealous. -करः 1 a hired labourer (a servant who is not a slave); आ तस्य गोः प्रतिदानात् कर्मकारी आगबीनः कर्मकरः Mbh. on P.V.2.14. कर्मकराः स्थपत्यादयः Pt.1; Śi.14.16. -2 Yama. -कर्तृ m. (in gram.) an agent who is at the same time the object of the action; e. g. पच्यते ओदनः, it is thus defined:- क्रियमाणं तु यत्कर्म स्वयमेव प्रसिध्यति । सुकरैः स्वैर्गुणैः कर्तुः कर्मकर्तेति तद्विदुः ॥ न चान्तरेण कर्मकर्तारं सकर्मका अकर्मका भवन्ति Mbh. on P.I.3.27 -काण्डः, -ण्डम् that department of the Veda which relates to ceremonial acts and sacrificial rites and the merit arising from a due performance thereof. -कारः 1 one who does any business, a mechanic, artisan (technically a worker not hired). -2 any labourer in general (whether hired or not). -3 a black-smith; हरिणाक्षि कटाक्षेण आत्मानमवलोकय । न हि खङ्गो विजानाति कर्मकारं स्वकारणम् ॥ Udb. -4 a bull. -कारिन् m. a labourer, artisan, workman. -कार्मुकः, -कम् a strong bow. -कीलकः a washerman. -कृत्यम् activity, the state of active exertion; यः प्रथमः कर्मकृत्याय जज्ञे Av.4.24.6. -क्षम a. able to perform any work or duty; आत्मकर्मक्षमं देहं क्षात्रो धर्म इवाश्रितः R.1.13. -क्षेत्रम् the land of religious acts, i. e. भरतवर्ष; Bhāg.5.17.11. cf. कर्मभूमि. -गतिः f. the course of fate; अथ कर्मगतिं चित्रां दृष्ट्वा$स्य हसितं मया Ks.59.159. -गृहीत a. caught in the very act (as a thief.). -ग्रन्थिः f. a term in Jaina metaphysics connoting 'weakness in the form of वासनाs produced by अज्ञान'. -घातः leaving off or suspending work. -च(चा)ण्डालः 1 'base in deed', a man of very low acts or deeds; Vasiṣṭha mentions these kinds :-- असूयकः पिशुनश्च कृतघ्नो दीर्घरोषकः । चत्वारः कर्मचाण्डाला जन्मतश्चापि पञ्चमः ॥ -2 one who commits an atrocious deed; अपूर्वकर्मचण्डालमयि मुग्धे विमुच्च माम् U.1.46. -3 N. of Rāhu. -चेष्टा active exertion, action. कर्मचेष्टास्वहः Ms.1.66. -चोदना 1 The motive impelling one to ritual acts. ज्ञानं ज्ञेयं परिज्ञाता त्रिविधा कर्मचोदना Bg.18.18. -2 any positive rule enjoining a religious act. -च्छेदः The loss caused by absence on duty; Kau. A.2.7. -जः a. resulting from an act; सिद्धिर्भवति कर्मजा Bg.4.12. कर्मजा गतयो नॄणामुत्तमाधममध्यमाः Ms.12.3. (-जः) 1 the holy fig-tree. -2 the Kali age. -3 the banian tree. -4 the effect arising from human acts :-- संयोग, विभाग &c. -5 heaven. -6 hell. -ज्ञ a. one acquainted with religious rites. -त्यागः renunciation of worldly duties or ceremonial acts. -दुष्ट a. corrupt in action, wicked, immoral, disrespectable. -देवः a god through religious action; ये शतं गन्धर्वलोक आनन्दाः स एकः कर्मदेवानामानन्दः Bṛi. Up.4.3.33. -दोषः 1 sin, vice; अवेक्षेत गतीर्नॄणां कर्मदोष- समुद्भवाः Ms.6.61,95. -2 an error, defect, or blunder (in doing an act); कर्मदोषैर्न लिप्यते Ms.1,14. -3 evil consequence of human acts. -4 discreditable conduct. -धारयः N. of a compound, a subdivision of Tatpuruṣa, (in which the members of the compound are in apposition) तत्पुरुषः समानाधिकरणः कर्मधारयः P.I. 2.42. तत्पुरुष कर्म धारय येनाहं स्यां बहुव्रीहिः Udb. -ध्वंसः 1 loss of fruit arising from religious acts. -2 disappointment. -नामन् (in gram.) a participal noun. -नामधेयम् N. of an act or sacrifice. These names are not arbitrary or technical such as गुण and वृद्धि but are always significant; सर्वेष्वेव कर्मनामधेयेषु अर्थसमन्वयेनानुवाद- भूतो नामशद्बो वर्तते, न लौकिकार्थतिरस्कारेण परिभाषामात्रेण वृद्धिगुणवत् ŚB. on MS.1.6.41. -नाशा N. of a river between Kaśi and Bihar. -निश्चयः a decision of action; न लेमे कर्मनिश्चयम् Bm.1.648. -निषद्या a manufactory; Kau. A.2.4. -निष्ठ a. devoted to the performance of religious acts; अग्निर्वीरं श्रुत्यं कर्मनिष्ठाम् Rv.1.8.1; Ms.3.134. -न्यासः renunciation of the result of religious acts. -पथः 1 the direction or source of an action. -2 the path of religious rites (opp. ज्ञानमार्ग). -पाकः ripening of actions, reward of actions done in a former life; Pt.1.372. -प्रवचनीयः a term for certain prepositions, particles, or adverbs when they are not connected with verbs and govern a noun in some case; literally-the term means, 'Concerned with the setting forth of an action'. According to Indian grammarians it means 'that which spoke of an action (क्रियां प्रोक्तवन्तः)' e. g. आ in आ मुक्तेः संसारः is a कर्मप्रवचनीय; so अनु in जपमनु प्रावर्षत् &c; कर्म प्रोक्तवन्तः कर्मप्रवचनीया इति Mbh. on P.I.4.83. cf. उपसर्ग, गति and निपात also. -फलम् 1 fruit or reward of actions done in a former life; (pain, pleasure); न मे कर्मफले स्पृहा Bg.4.14;5.12;6.1; ˚फलत्याग Bg.12.11,18.2; ˚फलत्यागिन् Bg.18.11; ˚फलप्रेप्सुः Bg.18.27; ˚फलसंयोग Bg.5.14; ˚फलहेतु Bg.2.47. एवं संचिन्त्य मनसा प्रेत्य कर्मफलोदयम् Ms.11.231. -2 the fruit of Averrhoa Carambola (Mar. कर्मर); also कर्मरङ्ग. -बन्धः, -बन्धनम् confinement to repeated birth, as the consequence of religious acts, good or bad (by which the soul is attached to worldly pleasures &c.); बुद्ध्या युक्तो यथा पार्थ कर्मबन्धं प्रहास्यति Bg.2.39. -भूः, -भूमिः f. 1 the land of religious rites, i. e. भरतवर्ष, this world (a place for man's probation); प्राप्येमां कर्मभूमिम् Bh.2.1; K.174,319. -2 ploughed ground. -मासः the Calendar month of thirty days. -मीमांसा the Mīmāṁsā of ceremonial acts; see मीमांसा. -मूलम् a kind of sacred grass called कुश. -युगम् the fourth (the present) age of the world, i. e. the Kaliyuga. -योगः 1 performance of actions, worldly and religious rites; कर्मयोगेन योगिनाम् Bg.3.3;3.7;5.2;13.24. -2 active exertion, industry; Ms.1.115. -वचनम् (with Buddhists) the ritual. -वज्रः an epithet of a Śūdra. -वशः fate considered as the inevitable result of actions done in a former life. -वाटी a lunar day (तिथि). -विपाक = कर्मपाक. -शाला a work-shop. -शील, -शूर a. assiduous, active, laborious; cf. कर्म- शीलस्तु कर्मठे । Nm. -शौचम् humility. -श्रुतिः f. The word expressive of the act; कर्मश्रुतेः परार्थत्वात् MS.11. 2.6. (read या अत्र कर्मश्रुतिः दर्शपूर्णमासाभ्यामिति सा परार्था तृतीया-योगात् &c. शबर). -सङ्गः attachment to worldly duties and their results. तन्निबध्नाति ... कर्मसङ्गेन Bg.14.7. -सचिवः a minister. -संन्यासिकः, -संन्यासिन् m. 1 a religious person who has withdrawn from every kind of worldly act. -2 an ascetic who performs religious deeds without looking to their reward. -साक्षिन् m. 1 an eyewitness; वह्निर्विवाहं प्रति कर्मसाक्षी Ku.7.83. -2 one who witnesses the good or bad actions of man; आदित्य भो लोककृताकृतज्ञ लोकस्य सत्यानृप- कर्मसाक्षिन् Rām.3.63.16. (There are nine divinities which are said to witness and watch over all human actions; सूर्यः सोमो यमः कालो महाभूतानि पञ्च च । एते शुभाशुभ- स्येह कर्मणो नव साक्षिणः ॥) -सिद्धिः f. accomplishment of any business or desired object; success. स्वकर्मसिद्धिं पुनरा- शशंसे Ku. -स्थानम् a public office, a place of business.
karmin कर्मिन् a. 1 Working, active, busy. -2 Engaged in any work or business. -3 One who performs religious deeds with the expectation of reward or recompense; यत् कर्मिणो न प्रवेदयन्ति रागात् Muṇḍ. Up.1.2.9. कर्मिभ्यश्चा- धिको योगी तस्माद्योगी भवार्जुन Bg.6.46. -m. A mechanic, artisan; अनेन विधिराख्यात ऋत्विक्कर्षककर्मिणाम् Y.2.265.
kalaviṅkaḥ कलविङ्कः गः 1 A sparrow; Ms.5.12; Y.1.174. कलविङ्कस्वर उत्तरं बभाषे Bu. Ch.5.34. -2 A spot, stain. कलशः, -सः (-शम्, -सम्) [केन जलेन लश-स-ति Tv.] 1 A pitcher, water-pot, a jar, dish; हिरण्मयं कलशं विभर्षि Mbh. on P.VI.4.174; Śi.11; स्तनौ मांसग्रन्थी कनककलशा- वित्युपमितौ Bh.3.2,1.97; Amaru 54. ˚जन्मन्, ˚उद्भवः N. of Agastya. -2 A churn. -3 A kind of measure. -4 A rounded pinnacle on the top of a temple -5 The ocean; क्षोभ्यतां कलशः सर्वैर्मन्दरः परिवर्त्यताम् Mb.1.18.32. -Comp. (स) -अम्भोधिः, -अर्णवः, -उदधि 1 the ocean. -2 Kṣīrasāgara (Note on शाहेन्द्रविलास 2.68.). ककुस्थकुल- पर्यायकलशार्णवकौस्तुभः Viś. Guṇā.5. कलशी, -शिः (-सी, -सिः f.) 1 A pitcher, a jar. -2 A churn; कलशिमुदधिगुर्वीं बल्लवा लोडयन्ति; Śi.11.8. -3 Hemionitis Cordifolia (Mar. रिंगणी); -Comp. -सुतः N. of Agastya.
kalā कला [कल्-कच्] A small part of anything; स एष संवत्सरः प्रजापतिः षोडशकलास्तस्य Bṛi. Up.1.5.14; विन्देम देवतां वाचममृतामात्मनः कलाम् U.1.1; a bit, jot; कलामप्यकृतपरि- लम्बः K.34; सर्वे ते मित्रगात्रस्य कलां नार्हन्ति षोडशीम् Pt.2. 59; Ms.2.86,8.36; a sixteenth part; यथा कलं यथा शफं यथा ऋणं संनयामसि Rv.8.47,17; a symbolic expression of the number sixteen; Hch. -2 A digit of the moon (these are sixteen); जगति जयिनस्ते ते भावा नवेन्दु- कलादयः Māl.1.36; Ku.5.71; Me.91. -3 Interest on capital (consideration paid for the use of money); घनवीथिवीथिमवतीर्णवतो निधिरम्भसामुपचयाय कलाः Śi.9.32. (where कला means 'digits' also). -4 A division of time variously computed; one minute, 48 seconds, or 8 seconds. Mb.1.25.14;12.137.21. -5 The 6th part of one thirtieth part of a zodiacal sign, a minute of a degree. -6 Any practical art (mechanical or fine); there are 64 such arts, as music, dancing &c. मातृवदस्याः कलाः Mbh. on P.IV.1.9. (See कामधेनु टीका on काव्यालङ्कारसूत्र 7.) -7 Skill, ingenuity. -8 Fraud, deceit. -9 (In Prosody) A syllabic instant. -1 A boat. -11 The menstrual discharge. -12 A term for the seven substrata of the elements of the human body; (they are :- आद्या मांसधरा प्रोक्ता द्वितीया रक्तधारिणी । मेदोधरा तृतीया तु चतुर्थीं श्लेष्मधारिणी ॥ पञ्चमी च मलं धत्ते षष्टी पित्तधरा मता । रेतोधरा सप्तमी स्यात् इति सप्त कलाः स्मृताः ॥ -13 An atom. -14 A term for the embryo. -15 A fleshy part near the tail of the elephant (also कलाभागः); Mātaṅga L.3.2. -16 Enumeration. -17 A form (स्वरूप); लीलया दधतः कलाः Bhāg. 1.1.17. -18 Prowess (शक्ति); संहृत्य कालकलया कल्पान्त इदमीश्वरः Bhāg.11.9.16. -Comp. -अन्तरम् 1 another digit. -2 interest, profit; मासे शतस्य यदि पञ्च कलान्तरं स्यात् Līlā. -अयनः a tumbler, a dancer (as on the sharp edge of a sword). -आकुलम् deadly poison. -केलि a. gay, wanton. (-लिः) an epithet of Kāma. -क्षयः waning (of the moon); R.5.16. -धरः, -निधिः, -पूर्णः the moon; अहो महत्त्वं महतामपूर्वं विपत्तिकाले$पि परो- पकारः । यथास्यमध्ये पतितो$पि राहोः कलानिधिः पुण्यचयं ददाति ॥ Udb. -न्यासः a tattooing person's body with particular mystical marks. -भृत् m. 1 the moon. कला च सा कान्तिमती कलाभृतः Ku.5.71. -2 an artist &c.
kaṣṭa कष्ट a. [कष्-क्त] 1 Bad, evil, ill, wrong; रामहस्तमनुप्राप्य कष्टात् कष्टतरं गता R.15.43. 'gone from bad to worse', (reduced to a wretched condition). -2 Painful, grievous; मोहादभूत्कष्टतरः प्रबोधः R.14.56; कष्टो$यं खलु भृत्य- भावः Ratn.1. full of cares; Ms.7.5; Māl.9.37; Y.3.29; कण्टा वृत्तिः पराधीना कष्टो वासो निराश्रयः । निर्धनो व्यवसायश्च सर्वकष्टा दरिद्रता ॥ Chān.59 -3 Difficult; स्त्रीषु कष्टो$धिकारः V.3.1; U.7. -4 Hard to subdue (as an enemy); स हि कष्टतरो रिपुः Ms.7.186; कष्टमाहुररिं बुधाः 21. -5 Mischievous, hurtful, injurious; कष्टो$निलो हरति लम्पट एष नीवीम् Bhāg.5.2.14. -6 Boding evil. -7 Sorrowful, miserable. -ष्टम् 1 Evil, difficulty, misery, suffering, hardship, pain; कष्टं खल्वनपत्यता Ś.6; धिगर्थाः कष्टसंश्रयाः Pt.1.163 v. l. -2 Sin, wickedness. -3 Difficulty, effort; कष्टेन somehow or other. -ष्टम् ind. Alas ! Ah ! हा धिक् कष्टम्; हा कष्टं जरयाभिभूतपुरुषः पुत्रैरवज्ञा- यते Pt.4.78. -Comp. -आगत a. arrived or got with difficulty. -कर a. giving pain, troublesome. -कारः -कारकः the world (as the scene of miseries). -तपस् a. one who practises hard penance; Ś.7. -भागिनेयः a wife's sister's son. -मातुलः a brother of a stepmother. -संश्रय a. attended with troubles; आये दुःखं व्यये दुःखं धिगर्थाः कष्टसंश्रयाः Pt.1.163;2.121. -साध्य a. to be accomplished with difficulty. -स्थानम् a bad station, a difficult or disagreeable place.
kāmaḥ कामः [कम्-घञ्] 1 Wish, desire; संतानकामाय R.2.65, 3.67; oft. used with the inf. form; गन्तुकामः desirous to go; संगात्संजायते कामः Bg.2.62; Ms.2.94. -2 Object of desire; सर्वान् कामान् समश्नुते Ms.2.5; Bṛi. Up.1.3.28. Kaṭh. Up.1.25. -3 Affection, love. -4 Love or desire of sensual enjoyments, considered as one of the ends of life (पुरुषार्थ); cf. अर्थ and अर्थकाम. -5 Desire of carnal gratification, lust; Ms.2.214; न मय्यावेशितधियां कामः कामाय कल्पते Bhāg.1.22.26. -6 The god of love. -7 N. of Pradyumna. -8 N. of Balarāma. -9 A kind of mango tree. -1 The Supreme Being. -मा Desire, wish; उवाच च महासर्पं कामया ब्रूहि पन्नग Mb.3.179.2. -मम् 1 Object of desire. -2 Semen virile. [Kāma is the Cupid of the Hindu mythology the son of Kṛiṣṇa and Rukmiṇī. His wife is Rati. When the gods wanted a commander for their forces in their war with Tāraka, they sought the aid of Kāma in drawing the mind of Śiva towards Pārvatī, whose issue alone could vanquish the demon. Kāma undertook the mission; but Śiva, being offended at the disturbance of his penance, burnt him down with the fire of his third eye. Subsequently he was allowed by Śiva to be born again in the form of Pradyumna at the request of Rati. His intimate friend is Vasanta or the spring; and his son is Aniruddha. He is armed with a bow and arrows--the bow-string being a line of bees, and arrows of flowers of five different plants]. -Comp. -अग्निः 1 a fire of love, violent or ardent love. -2 violent desire, fire of passion. ˚संदीपनम् 1 inflaming fire of love. -2 an aphrodisiac. -अङ्कुशः 1 a fingernail (which plays an important part in erotic acts). -2 the male organ of generation. -अङ्गः the mango tree. -अधिकारः the influence of love or desire. -अधिष्ठित a. overcome by love. -अनलः see कामाग्नि. -अन्ध a. blinded by love or passion. (-न्धः) the (Indian) cuckoo. -अन्धा musk. -अन्निन् a. getting food at will. -अभिकाम a. libidinous, lustful. -अरण्यम् a pleasant grove. -अरिः 1 an epithet of Śiva; ते समेत्य तु कामारिं त्रिपुरारिं त्रिलोचनम् Rām.7.6.3. -2 a mineral substance. -अर्थिन् a. amorous, lustful, lascivious. -अवतारः N. of Pradyumna. -अवशा(सा)यिता f. 1 Self-control. -2 a kind of Yogic power. -अवसायः suppression of passion or desire, stoicism. -अशनम् 1 eating at will. -2 unrestrained enjoyment. -आख्या, -अक्षी N. of Durgā. -आतुर a. love-sick, affected by love; कामातुराणां न भयं न लज्जा Subhāṣ. -आत्मजः an epithet of Aniruddha, son of Pradyumna. -आत्मन् a. lustful, libidinous, enamoured. कामात्मानः स्वर्गफलाः Bg.2.43. Mb.1.119.3-4. Ms.7.27. -आयुधम् 1 arrow of the god of love. -2 membrum virile. (-धः) the mango-tree. -आयुस् m. 1 a vulture. -2 Garuḍa. -आर्त a. love-stricken, affected by love; कामार्ता हि प्रकृतिकृपणाश्चेतनाचेतनेषु Me.5. -आश्रमः the hermitage of the god of love; Rām.1. -आसक्त a. overcome with love or desire, impassioned, lustful. -इष्टः the mango tree. -ईप्सु a. striving to obtain a desired object, यत्तु कामेप्सुना कर्म Bg.18.24. -ईशः, -ईश्वरः 1 an epithet of Kubera; -2 the Supreme soul. -3 a person possessing all wealth. अपास्य कामा- न्कामेशो वसेत्तत्राविचारयन् Mb.12.287.56. -उदकम् 1 voluntary libation of water. -2 a voluntary libation of water to deceased friends exclusive of those who are entitled to it by law; कामोदकं सखिप्रत्तास्वस्रीयश्वशुर- र्त्विजाम् Y.3.4. -उपहत a. affected by or overcome with passion. -कला N. of Rati, the wife of Kāma. -काम, -कामिन् a. following the dictates of love or passion, गतागतं कामकामा लभन्ते Bg.9.21; स शान्तिमाप्नोति न कामकामी Bg.2.7. -कार a. acting at will, indulging one's desires. (-रः) 1 voluntary action, spontaneous deed; Rām.2.11.18; Ms.11.41,45. -2 desire, influence of desire; अयुक्तः कामकारेण फले सक्तो निबध्यते Bg.5. 12. -कूटः 1 the paramour of a harlot. -2 harlotry. -कृत् a. 1 acting at will, acting as one likes. -2 granting or fulfilling a desire. (-m.) the Supreme soul. -केलि a. lustful. (-लिः) 1 a paramour. -2 amorous sport. -3 copulation. -क्रीडा 1 dalliance of love, amorous sport. -2 copulation. -ग a. going of one's own accord, able to act or move as one likes. (-गा) 1 an unchaste or libidinous woman; Y.3.6. -2 a female Kokila. -गति a. able to go to any desired place; अध्यास्त कामगति सावरजो विमानम् R.13.76. -गुणः 1 the quality of passion, affection. -2 satiety, perfect enjoyment. -3 an object of sense. -चर, -चार a. moving freely or unrestrained, wandering at will; सर्वेषु लोकेष्वकामचारो भवति Bṛi. Up.7.25.2; नारदः कामचरः Ku.1.5. -चार a. unchecked, unrestrained. (-रः) 1 unrestrained motion. -2 independent or wilful action, wantonness; न कामचारो मयि शङ्कनीयः R.14.62. -3 one's will or pleasure, free will; अव्यपवृक्ते कामचारः Mbh. on Śiva Sūtra 3.4. कामचारानुज्ञा Sk.; Ms.2.22. -4 sensuality. -5 selfishness. -चारिन् a. 1 moving unrestrained; Me.65. -2 libidinous, lustful. -3 self-willed. (-m.) 1 Garuḍa. -2 a sparrow. -ज a. produced by passion or desire; Ms.7.46,47,5. -जः anger; रथो वेदी कामजो युद्धमग्निः Mb.12.24.27. -जननी betel-pepper (नागवेली). -जानः, -निः See कामतालः. -जित् a. conquering love or passion; R.9.33. (-m.) 1 an epithet of Skanda. -2 of Śiva. -तन्त्रम् N. of a work. -तालः the (Indian) cuckoo. -द a. fulfilling a desire, granting a request or desire. (-दः) an epithet of Skanda and of Śiva. -दहनम् a particular festival on the day of full moon in the month फाल्गुन (Mar. होलिकोत्सव). -दा = कामधेनु q. v. -दर्शन a. looking lovely. -दानम् 1 a gift to one's satisfaction. -2 a kind of ceremony among prostitutes; B. P. -दुघ a. 'milking one's desires', granting every desired object; प्रीता कामदुघा हि सा R.1.81,2.63; Māl.3.11. -दुघा, -दुह् f. a fabulous cow yielding all desires; आयुधानामहं वज्रं धेनूनामस्मि कामधुक् Bg.1.28. स्वर्गे लोके कामधुग्भवति Mbh. on P.VI.1.84. -दूती the female cuckoo. -दृश् f. a woman; विमोचितुं कामदृशां विहारक्रीडामृगो यन्निगडो विसर्गः Bhāg.7.6.17. -देव 1 the god of love. -2 N. of Śiva. -3 N. of Viṣṇu. -दोहिन् a. granting desires. -धर्मः amorous behaviour. -धेनुः f. the cow of plenty, a heavenly cow yielding all desires; कलतिवलती कामधेनू; or कलिवली कामधेनू Vyākraṇa Subhāṣita. -ध्वंसिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -पति, -पत्नी f. Rati, wife of Cupid. -पालः N. of Balarāma; also of Śiva. -प्रद a. granting desires. (-दः) 1 a kind of coitus. -2 the Supreme Being. -प्रवेदनम् expressing one's desire, wish or hope; कच्चित् कामप्रवेदने Ak. -प्रश्नः an unrestrained or free question; स ह कामप्रश्नमेव वव्रे Bṛi. Up.4.3.1. -फलः a species of the mango tree. -ला the plantain tree. -भाज् a. partaking of sensual enjoyment; कामानां त्वा कामभाजं करोमि Kaṭh.1.24. -भोगाः (pl.) sensual gratifications; प्रसक्ताः कामभोगेषु Bg.16.16. -महः a festival of the god of love celebrated on the full-moon day in the month of Chaitra. -मालिन् m. N. of Gaṇeśa. -मूढ, -मोहित a. influenced or infatuated by love; यत्क्रौञ्च- मिथुनादेकमवधीः काममोहितम् U.2.5. -रसः 1 seminal discharge. -2 the spling -रसिक a. lustful, libidinous; क्षणमपि युवा कामरसिकः Bh.3.112. -रूप a. 1 taking any form at will; जानामि त्वां प्रकृतिपुरुषं कामरूपं मघोनः Me.6. -2 beautiful, pleasing. (-पाः) (pl.) a district lying in the east of Bengal (the western portion of Assam); तमीशः कामरूपाणाम् R.4.83,84. -रूपिन् a. 1 taking any form at will; कामान्नी कामरूपी Tait. Up.3.1.5. -2 beautiful. -m. 1 a pole-cat. -2 a boar. -3 a Vidyādhara. -रेखा, -लेखा a harlot, courtezan. -लता membrum virile. -लोल a. overcome with passion, love-stricken. -वरः a gift chosen at will. -वल्लभः 1 the spring. -2 the moon. -3 the mango tree. (-भा) moonlight. -वश a. influenced by love. (-शः) subjection to love. -वश्य n. subject to love. -वाद a. saying anything at will. -विहन्तृ a. disappointing desires. -वीर्य a. 'showing heroism at will,' an epithet of Garuḍa. -वृक्षम् a. paracitical plant. -वृत्त a. addicted to sensual gratification, licentious, dissipated; विशीलः कामवृत्तो वा गुणैर्वा परिवर्जितः । उपचर्यः स्त्रिया साध्व्या सततं देववत्पतिः ॥ Ms. 5.154. -वृत्ति a. acting according to will, self-willed, independent; न कामवृत्तिर्वचनीयमीक्षते Ku.5.82. (-त्तिः) f. 1 free and unrestrained action. -2 freedom of will. -वृद्धिः f. increase of passion. -वृन्तम् the trumpet flower. -शर 1 a love shaft. -2 the mango tree. -शास्त्रम् the science of love, erotic science. -संयोगः attainment of desired objects. -सखः 1 the spring. -2 the month of Chaitra. -3 the mango tree. -सू a. fulfilling any desire. किमत्र चित्रं यदि कामसूर्भूः R.5.33. -m. N. of Vāsudeva. -f. N. of Rukmiṇi; -सूत्रम् 1 N. of an erotic work by Vātsyāyana. -2 'thread of love', love-incident' औद्धत्यमायोजितकामसूत्रम् Māl.1.4. -हैतुक a. produced by mere desire without any real cause; Bg.16.8.
kāriḥ कारिः f. Action, act, work; यां कारिं राजपुत्रो$यमनु- तिष्ठति ... Bk.7.75. -m. An artist, a mechanic.
kārin कारिन् a. Making, doing, causing, bringing about (at the end of comp.). -m. A mechanic, artist preparer न कारिसोमं प्रपपौ अग्ने Mbh. on III.2.115. कारण्डः kāraṇḍḥ कारण्डवः kāraṇḍavḥ कारण्डः कारण्डवः A sort of duck; Rām.7.31.21. Bhāg.8.2.16; तप्तं वारि विहाय तीरनलिनीं कारण्डवः सेवते V.2.23.
kāru कारु a. (-रू f.) [कृ-उण् Uṇ.1.1] 1 A maker, doer, an agent, servant; राघवस्य ततः कार्यं कारुर्वानरपुङ्गवः Bk.7.28. -2 An artisan, mechanic, artist; कारुभिः कारितं तेन कृत्रिमं स्वप्नहेतवे Vb.1.13; इति स्म सा कारुतरेण लेखितं नलस्य च स्वस्य च सख्यमीक्षते N.1.38; Y.2.249,1.187; Ms.5.129;1.12. (They are :-- तक्षा च तन्त्रवायश्च नापितो रजकस्तथा । पञ्चमश्चर्मकारश्च कारवः शिल्पिनो मताः ॥) -3 Terrible, horrible; जरेति क्षयमाहुर्वै दारुणं कारुसंज्ञितम् Mb.1.4.3. -रुः 1 An epithet of विश्वकर्मन् the architect of the gods. -2 An art, a science. -Comp. -चौरः one who commits burglary, a dacoit. -जः1 a piece of mechanism, any product of manufacture. -2 a young elephant. -3 a hillock, an ant-hill. -4 froth. -5 sesamum growing spontaneously. -6 red orpiment. -शिल्पिगणः a. corporation of artisens and handicraftsmen; Kau. A.2.6. -हस्तः the hand of an artisan; नित्यं शुद्धः कारुहस्तः Ms.5.129.
kāru कारु (रू) कः का An artisan; कारुकान् शिल्पिनश्चैव Ms.7.138. कारुकान्तं च शोणितम् Mb.13.135.14. ...... कारूकाश्च कुशीलवाः Śiva. B.31.18.
kārmāraḥ कार्मारः An artist, mechanic, smith; Rv.9.112.2.
kāla काल a. (-ली f.) 1 Black, of a dark or dark-blue colour; Rām.5.17.9. Mb.8.49.48. -2 Injuring, hurting. -लः 1 The black or dark-blue colour. -2 Time (in general); विलम्बितफलैः कालं निनाय स मनोरथैः R.1.33; तस्मिन्काले at that time; काव्यशास्त्रविनोदेन कालो गच्छति धीमताम् H.1.1 the wise pass their time &c. -3 Fit or opportune time (to do a thing), proper time or occasion; (with gen., loc., dat., or inf.); R.3.12,4.6,12.69; पर्जन्यः कालवर्षी Mk.1.6; काले वर्षतु पर्जन्यः &c. -4 A period or portion of time (as the hours or watches of a day); षष्ठे काले दिवसस्य V.2.1. Ms.5.153. -5 The weather. -6 Time considered as one of the nine dravyas by the Vaiśeṣikas. -7 The Supreme Spirit regarded as the destroyer of the Universe, being a personification of the destructive principle; कालः काल्या भुवनफलके क्रीडति प्राणिशारैः Bh.3.39. -8 (a) Yama, the god of death; कः कालस्य न गोचरान्तरगतः Pt.1.146. (b) Death, time of death; स हि कालो$स्य दुर्मतेः Rām.7.64.1. -9 Fate, destiny. -1 The black part of the eye. -11 The (Indian) cuckoo. -12 The planet Saturn. -13 N. of Śiva; N. of Rudra; उग्ररेता भवः कालो वामदेवो धृतव्रतः Bhāg.3.12.12. -14 A measure of time (in music or prosody). -15 A person who distils and sells spirituous liquor. -16 A section, or part. -17 A red kind of plumbago. -18 Resin, pitch. -19 N. of an enemy of Śiva. -2 (with the Jainas) One of the nine treasures. -21 A mystical name for the letter म्. -22 N. of the one of four contentments mentioned in साङ्ख्यकारिका; प्रकृत्युपादानकालभागाख्याः Śāṅ. K.5. -ला 1 N. of several plants. -2 N. of a daughter of Dakṣa. -3 An epithet of Durgā. -ली 1 Blackness. -2 Ink, black ink. -3 An epithet of Pārvatī, Śiva's wife. -4 A row of black clouds. -5 A woman with a dark complexion. -6 N. of Satyavatī, mother of Vyāsa. जनयामास यं काली शक्तेः पुत्रात्पराशरात् Mb.1.6.2; Bu. ch.4.76. -7 Night. -8 Censure, blame. -9 One of the seven tongues of Fire : काली कराली च मनोजवा च सुलोहिता या च सुधूम्रवर्णा । स्फुलिङ्गिनी विश्वरुची च देवी लेलायमाना इति सप्तजिह्वाः ॥ Muṇḍ.1.2.4. -1 A form of Durgā कालि कालि महा- कालि सीधुमांसपशुंप्रिये Mb.4.6.17. कालीतनयः a buffalo. -11 One of the Mātṛis or divine mothers. -12 N. of a wife of Bhīma. -13 A sister of Yama. -14 A kind of learning (महाविद्या) -15 A small shrub used as a purgative. -16 A kind of insect. -लम् 1 Iron. क्षुरो भूत्वा हरेत्प्राणान्निशितः कालसाधनः Mb.1.14.89. -2 A kind of perfume. -Comp. -अयसम् iron. -अक्षरिकः a scholar, one who can read and decipher. -अगरु n. a kind of sandal tree, black kind of aloe; कालागुरुर्दहनमध्यगतः सम- न्ताल्लोकोत्तरं परिमलं प्रकटीकरोति Bv.1.7, R.4.81. (-n.) the wood of that tree. शिरांसि कालागुरुधूपितानि Ṛs.4.5;5.5. -अग्निः, -अनलः 1 the destructive fire at the end of the world. -2 an epithet of Rudra. -3. a kind of bead (रुद्राक्ष). -अङ्ग a. having a dark-blue body (as a sword with a dark-blue edge) Mb.4.8.1.; -अजिनम् the hide of a black antelope. -अञ्जनम् a sort of collyrium; न चक्षुषोः कान्तिविशेषबुद्ध्या कालाञ्जनं मङ्गलमित्युपात्तम् Ku.7.2,82. (-नी) a small shrub used as a purgative (Mar. काळी कापशी). -अण्डजः the (Indian) cuckoo. -अतिक्रमः, -क्रमणम् delay, being late; कालातिक्रमणं वृत्तेर्यो न कुर्वति भूपतिः Pt.1.154. -अतिपातः, -अतिरेकः loss of time, delay; Māl.2. -अतीत a. elapsed, passed by. -अत्ययः 1 delay, lapse of time. -2 loss by lapse of time. -अध्यक्षः 1 'presiding over time', epithet of the sun. -2 the Supreme Soul. -अनुनादिन् m. 1 a bee. -2 a sparrow. -3 the Chātaka bird. -अनुसारकः 1 Tagara tree. -2 yellow sandal. -अनुसारिः, -अनु- सारिन्, -अनुसारिवा, -अनुसार्यः, -र्यकः benzoin or benjamin. (-र्यम्) 1 a yellow fragrant wood (पीतचन्दन). -2 Sissoo wood. -अन्तकः time, regarded as the god of death, and the destroyer of every thing. -अन्तरम् 1 an interval. -2 a period of time. -3 another time or opportunity. ˚आवृत a. hidden or concealed in the womb of time. ˚क्षम a. able to bear delay; अकालक्षमा देव्याः शरीरावस्था K.263; Ś.4. ˚प्रेक्षिन् Pt.3.172. ˚विषः an animal venomous only when enraged, as a rat. -अभ्रः a dark, watery cloud. -अयनम् See कालचक्र Bhāg.5.22.11. -अवधिः appointed time. -अवबोधः knowledge of time and circumstances; Māl.3.11. -अशुद्धिः f. -अशौचम् period of mourning, ceremonial impurity caused by the birth of a child or death of a relation in the family; see अशौच. -अष्टकम् 1 first to eighth days of the dark half of the month आषाढ (festival period of कालभैरव) -2 a stotra of कालभैरव by Śhaṅkarāchārya. -आकृष्ट a. 1 led to death. -2 produced or brought by time. -आत्मक a. depending on time or destiny. -आत्मन् m. the Supreme Spirit. -आदिकः The month चैत्र. -आम्रः 1 a mango-kind; कालाम्ररसपीतास्ते नित्यं संस्थित- यौवनाः Mb.6.7.18. -2 N. of a Dvīpa; Hariv. -आयसम् iron. -a. made of iron; ततः कालायसं शूलं कण्टकैर्बहुभिश्च तम् Rām.7.8.15. -उप्त a. sown in due season. -कञ्जम् a blue lotus. -कटम्, -कटः an epithet of Śiva; Mb.13. -कण्ठः 1 a peacock. -2 a sparrow. -3 a wagtail. -4 a gallinule. -5 an epithet of Śiva; कालिन्दीकालकण्ठः कलयतु कुशलं को$पि कापालिको नः Udb.; U.6. -कण्ठी Pārvatī, the wife of कालकण्ठ i. e. शिव. नृत्यन्तीमिव रजनी नटीं प्रतीमो गानश्री- र्विलसति नाथ कालकण्ठी Rām Ch.7.23. -कण्टक, -कण्ठकः a gallinule. -कण़्डकः a water-snake. -करणम् appointing or fixing time. -कर्णिका, -कर्णी misfortune. -कर्मन् n. 1 death. -2 destruction; त्रैलोक्यं तु करिष्यामि संयुक्तं काल- कर्मणा Rām.3.64.62. -कलायः dark pulse. -कल्प a fatal, deadly. -कल्लकः A water-snake. -कालः Supreme Being. -कीलः noise. -कुण्ठः Yama. -कुष्ठः a myrrh. -कूटः, -टम् (a) a deadly poison; अहो बकी यं स्तनकाल- कूटं अपाययत् Bhāg.3.2.23; Ś.6. (b) the poison churned out of the ocean and drunk by Śiva; अद्यापि नोज्झति हरः किल कालकूटम् Ch. P.5. कालकूटस्य जननीं तां स्तुवे वामलोचनाम् Vb. -कूटकः a poison; Mb.1. -कृत् m. 1 the sun. -2 a peacock. -3 Supreme Spirit. -कृत 1 produced by time. -2 fixed, appointed. -3 lent or deposited, -4 done for a long time. (-तः) the sun. -क्रमः lapse of time, course of time; कालक्रमेण in course or process of time; Ku.1.19. -क्रिया 1 fixing a time. -2 death. -क्षेपः 1 delay, loss of time; कालक्षेप ककुभसुरभौ पर्वते पर्वते ते (उत्पश्यामि) Me.22; मरणे कालक्षेपं मा कुरु Pt.1. -2 passing the time. -खञ्जम्, -खञ्जनम् -खण्डम् the liver; स्वादुकारं कालखण्डोपदंशम् Śi.18.77. -गङ्गा the river Yamunā. -ग्रन्थिः a year. -घातिन् a. killing by degrees or slowly (as a poison). -चक्रम् 1 the wheel of time (time being represented as a wheel always moving). -2 a cycle. -3 (hence fig.) the wheel of fortune, the vicissitudes of life. (-क्रः) an epithet of the sun. -चिह्नम् a symptom of approaching death. -चोदित a. summoned by the angel of death. -जोषकः One who is satisfied with sparse food at the proper time. -ज्येष्ठः a. senior in years, grown up; U.5.12. -ज्ञ a. knowing the proper time or occasion (of any action); अत्यारूढो हि नारीणामकालज्ञो मनोभवः R.12.33; Śi.2.83. (-ज्ञः) 1 an astrologer. -2 a cock. -ज्ञानिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -तिन्दुकः a kind of ebony. -त्रयम् the three times; the past, the present, and the future; ˚दर्शी K.46. -दण्डः death; श्रेयस्त्रैविक्रमस्ते वितरतु विबुधद्वेषिणां कालदण्डः Dk. -दमनी an epithet of Durgā. -दष्ट a. doomed to death; कालदष्टं नृपं ज्ञात्वा Bm.1.18. -धर्मः, -धर्मन् m. 1 the line of conduct suitable to any particular time. -2 the law or rule of time. -3 effects proper to the time. -4 fated time, death; कालधर्मं गते सगरे Rām.1.42.1. न पुनर्जीवितः कश्चित्कालधर्ममुपागतः Mb.; परीताः काल- धर्मणा &c. -धारणा prolongation of time. -नरः (in astrology) the figure of a man's body. -नाथः; -निधिः Śiva. -नियोगः decree of fate or destiny; लङ्घ्यते न खलु काल- नियोगः Ki.9.13. -निरूपणम् determination of time, chronology. -निर्यासः Bdellium (Mar. गुग्गुळ). -नेमिः 1 the rim of the wheel of time. -2 N. of a demon, uncle of Rāvaṇa, deputed by him to kill Hanūmat. -3 N. of a demon with 1 hands killed by Viṣṇu. ˚अरिः, रिपुः, हरः, हन् m. epithets of Kṛiṣṇa. -पक्व a. ripened by time; i. e. spontaneously; Ms.6.17,21; Y.3.49. -परिवासः standing for a time so as to become stale. -पर्णः the flower plant (Mar. नगर). -पर्ययः a delay (कालातिक्रम); वक्तुमर्हसि सुग्रीवं व्यतीतं कालपर्यये Rām.4.31.8. -पर्यायः the revolution or course of time; मन्ये लोकविनाशो$यं कालपर्यायनोदितः Mb.11.15.41. -पाशः the noose of Yama or death. -पाशिकः a hangman. -पु (पू) रुषः an attendant of Yama. -पृष्ठम् 1 a species of antelope. -2 a heron. (-कम्) 1 N. of the bow of Karṇa; Ve.4. -2 a bow in general. -प्रभातम् autumn or Śarad; (the two months following the rainy season considered as the best time). -बन्धन a. being under control of death (काल); प्रत्यक्षं मन्यसे कालं मर्त्यः सन् कालबन्धनः Mb.3.35.2. -भक्षः an epithet of Śiva. -भृत् m. the sun. -भैरवः an epithet of Śiva. -मल्लिका, -मान (लः) the plant ocimum (Mar. तुळस). -मालम् a measure of time. -मुखः a species of ape; Mb.3.292.12. -मेषी, -मेशिका, -मेषिका f. the Manjiṣṭha plant. -यवनः a kind of yavanas and enemy of Kṛiṣṇa and an invincible foe of the Yādavas. Kṛiṣṇa, finding it impossible to vanquish him on the field of battle, cunningly decoyed him to the cave where Muchakunda was sleeping who burnt him down. -यापः, -यापनम् procrastination, delay, putting off. -योगः fate, destiny. -योगतः according to the requirements of the time; Pt.1.184. -योगिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -रात्रिः, -रात्री f. 1 a dark night. -2 a sister of Yama. -3 the Amāvasyā on which lamps are lighted (in the Divali holidays). -4 the night of destruction at the end of the world (identified with Durgā); कालरात्रीति तां (सीतां) विद्धि सर्वलङ्का- विनाशिनीम् Rām.5.51.34. -5 a particular night in the life of man, on the 7th day of the 7th month of the 77th year. -रुद्रः Rudra regarded as the fire that is to destroy the world. -लवणम् the बिड salt. (Mar. संचळखार) -लोहक्, -लौहम् steel. -वलनम् the armour. -विप्रकर्षः prolongation of time. विषयबाहुल्यं कालविप्रकर्षश्च स्मृतिं प्रमुष्णाति Mv.5.9. -विभक्तिः f. a section or part of time; Ms.1.24. -वृद्धिः f. periodical interest (payable monthly, quarterly, or at stated times); Ms.8.153. -वृन्तः a kind of pulse (कुलत्थ). -वेला the time of Saturn, i. e. a particular time of the day (half a watch every day) at which any religious act is improper. -संकर्षा a girl nine years old personating Durgā at a festival. -संकर्षिन् a. shortening time (as a mantra); कालसंकर्षिणीं विद्यां दीक्षापूर्वमुपादिशत् Ks.68.65. -संगः a. delay; जानामि कार्यस्य च कालसंगम् Rām.4.33.53. -संरोधः 1 keeping back for a long time; Ms.8.143. -2 lapse of a long period of time; Ms.8.143. -सदृश a. opportune, timely. -समन्वित, -समायुक्त a. dead; Rām.2.65.16. -संपन्न a. dated, bearing a date. -सर्पः the black and most poisonous variety of the snake; Gīt.1.12. -सारः the black antelope. (-रम्) a yellow sort of sandal wood. a. having a black centre or pupil; न कालसारं हरिणं तदक्षिद्वयं प्रभुर्बुद्धुमभून्मनोभूः N.6.19. -सूत्रम्, -सूत्रकम् 1 thread of time or death. -2 N. of a particular hell; Y.3.222; Ms.4.88. -स्कन्दः the Tamāla tree. -स्वरूप a. terrible as death, (deathlike in form). -हरः an epithet of Śiva. -हरणम् loss of time, delay; Ś.3; U.5; यात्वन्येन (वरेण) विहाय कालहरणं रामो वनं दण्डकाम् Mv.4.41. -हानिः f. delay; मामक्षमं मण्डनकालहानेर्वेत्तीव बिम्बाधरबद्धतृष्णम् R.13.16.
kinnara किन्नर See under किम्. 1 किम् ind. Used for कु only at the beginning of comp. to convey the senses of 'badness', 'deterioration', 'defect', 'blame' or 'censure'; e. g. किंसखा a bad friend; किन्नरः a bad or deformed man &c.; see comp. below. -Comp. -ज a. born somewhere (not in a noble family) मन्ये किंजमहं घ्नन्तं त्वामक्षत्रियजे रणे Bk.6.133. -दासः a bad slave, or servant. -नरः a bad or deformed man; a mythical being with a human figure and the head of a horse (अश्वमुख); चयोदाहरणं बाह्वोर्गापयामास किन्नरान् R.4.78; उद्गास्य- तामिच्छति किन्नराणां तानप्रदायित्वमिवोपगन्तुम् Ku.1.8. ˚ईशः, ˚ईश्वरः 1 an epithet of Kubera. -2 a kind of musical instrument. (-री f.) 1 a female Kinnara; Me.58. -2 a kind of lute. -पुरुषः 'a low or despicable man', a mythical being with a human head and the form of a horse; Ku.1.14; किंपुरुषाणां हनुमान् Bhāg.11.16.29. ˚ईश्वरः an epithet of Kubera. -प्रभुः a bad master or king; हितान्न यः संशृणुते स किंप्रभुः Ki.1.5. -राजन् a. having a bad king. (-m.) a bad king. -विवक्षा Slandering; Rām.5. -सखि m. (nom. sing. किंसखा) a bad friend; स किंसखा साधु न शास्ति यो$धिपम् Ki.1.5. 2 किम् pron. a. (nom. sing. कः m., का f., किम् n.) 1 Who, what, which used interrogatively); प्रजासु कः केन पथा प्रयातीत्यशेषतो वेदितुमस्ति शक्तिः Ś.6.26; करुणाविमुखेन मृत्युना हरता त्वां वद किं न मे हृतम् R.8.67; का खल्वनेन प्रार्थ्यमानात्मना विकत्थते V.2; कः को$त्र भोः. कः कौ के कं कौ कान् हसति च हसतो हसन्ति हरणाक्ष्यः Udb. The pronoun is often used to imply 'power or authority to do a thing'; i. e. के आवां परित्रातुं दुष्यन्तमाक्रन्द Ś.1; 'who are we &c.', i. e. what power have we &c.; नृपसद्मनि नाम के वयम् Bh.3.27; who are we, i. e. what position have we &c. Sometimes किम् means 'long' as applied to time especially in combination with खलु or अपि or इव; का खलु वेला पत्रभवत्याः प्राप्तायाः Ve.1; 'what a time' i. e. a long time has elapsed, &c.; so को$पि कालस्तस्या आगत्य गतायाः Ratn 3; or क इव कालः Māl.3. -2 The neuter (किम्) is frequently used with instr. of nouns in the sense of 'what is the use of'; किं स्वामिचेष्टानिरूपणेन H.1; लोभश्चेदगुणेन किम् &c. Bh.2.55; किं तया दृष्ट्या Ś.3; किं कुलेनोपदिष्टेन शीलमेवात्र कारणम् Mk.9.7. अपि, चित्, चन, चिदपि or स्वित् are often added to किम् to give it an indefinite sense; विवेश कश्चिज्जटिलस्तपोवनम् Ku.5.3. a certain ascetic; दमघोषसुतेन कश्चन प्रतिशिष्टः प्रतिभानवानथ Śi.16.1; कश्चित्कान्ताविरहगुरुणा स्वाधिकारात्प्रमत्तः Me.1. &c.; का$पि तत एवागतवती Māl.1; a certain lady; कस्या$पि को$पिति निवेदितं च 1.33; किमपि, किमपि ... जल्पतोरक्रमेण U.1.27; कस्मिंश्चिदपि महाभागधेयजन्मनि मन्मथ- विकारमुपलक्षितवानस्मि Māl.1; किमपि, किंचित् 'a little', वस्तु- सिद्धिर्विचारेण न किंचित् कर्मकोटिभिः Vivekachūdamaṇi; 'somewhat' Y.2.116; U.6.35. किमपि also means 'indeseribable'; see अपि. इव is sometimes added to किम् in the sense of 'possibly', 'I should like to know'; (mostly adding force and elegance to the period); विना सीतादेव्या किमिव हि न दुःखं रघुपतेः U.6.3; किमिच हि मधुराणां मण्डनं नाकृतीनाम् Ś.1.2; see इव also. -ind. 1 A particle of interrogation; जातिमात्रेण किं कश्चिद्धन्यते पूज्यते क्वचित् H.1.55 'is any one killed or worshipped' &c.; ततः किम् what then. -2 A particle meaning 'why', 'wherefore'; किमकारणमेव दर्शनं बिलपन्त्यै रतये न दीयते Ku.4.7. -3 Whether (its correlatives in the sense of 'or' being किं, उत, उताहो, आहोस्वित्, वा, किंवा, अथवा; see these words). -Comp. -अपि ind. 1 to some extent, somewhat, to a considerable extent. -2 inexpressibly, indescribably (as to quality, quantity, nature &c.). -3 very much, by far; किमपि कमनीयं वपुरिदम् Ś.3; किमपि भीषणम्, किमपि करालम् &c. -अर्थ a. having what motive or aim; किमर्थोयं यत्नः. -अर्थम् ind. why, wherefore. -आख्य a. having what name; किमाख्यस्य राजर्षेः सा पत्नी. Ś.7. -इति ind. why, indeed, why to be sure, for what purpose (emphasizing the question); तत्किमित्युदासते भरताः Māl.1; किमित्यपास्याभरणानि यौवने धृतं त्वया वार्धकशोभि वल्कलम् Ku.5.44. -उ, -उत 1 whether-or (showing doubt or uncertainty); किमु विष- विसर्पः किमु मदः U.1.35; Amaru.12. -2 why (indeed) कं च ते परमं कामं करोमि किमु हर्षितः Rām.1.18.52. प्रियसुहृ- त्सार्थः किमु त्यज्यते. -3 how much more, how much less; यौवनं धनसंपत्तिः प्रभुत्वमविवेकिता । एकैकम यनर्थाय किमु यत्र चतुष्टयम् ॥ .II Pr.11; सर्वाविनयानामेकैकमप्येषामायतनं किमुत समवायः K.13; R.14.35; Ku.7.65. -कथिका f. A doubt or hesitation; यत्र कर्मणि क्रियमाणे किंकथिका न भवति तत्कर्तव्यम् । यत्र तु हृदयं न तुष्यति तद्वर्जनीयम् ॥ Medhātithi's gloss on Ms.4.161. -करः a servant, slave; अवेहि मां किंकरमष्टमूर्तेः R.2.35. (-रा) a female servant. (-री) the wife of a servant. -कर्तव्यता, -कार्यता any situation in which one asks oneself what should be done; यथा किंकार्यतामूढा वयस्यास्तस्य जज्ञिरे Ks.1.11. किंकर्तव्यतामूढः 'being at a loss or perplexed what to do'. -कारण a. having what reason or cause, -किल ind. what a pity (expressing displeasure or dissatisfaction न संभावयामि न मर्षयामि तत्रभवान् किंकिल वृषलं याजयिष्यति Kāshika on P.III.3.146. -कृते ind. what for ? कामस्य किंकृते पुष्पकार्मुकारोपणग्रहः Ks.71.79. -क्षण a. one who says 'what is a moment', a lazy fellow who does not value moments; H.2.89. -गोत्र a. belonging to what family; किंगोत्रो नु सोम्यासि Ch. Up.4.4.4. -च ind. moreover, and again, further. -चन ind. to a certain degree, a little; -चित् ind. to a certain degree, somewhat, a little; किंचिदुत्क्रान्तशैशवौ R.15.33, 2.46,12.21. ˚ज्ञ a. 'knowing little', a smatterer. ˚कर a. doing something useful. ˚कालः sometime, a little time. ˚प्राण a. having a little life. ˚मात्र a. only a little. -छन्दस् a. conversant with which Veda. -स्तनुः a species of spider. -तर्हि ind. how then, but, however. -तु ind. but, yet, however, nevertheless; अवैमि चैनामनघेति किंतु लोकापवादो बलवान्मतो मे R.14.43,1.65. -तुघ्नः one of the eleven periods called Karaṇa. -दवः an inferior god, demi-god; किंदेवाः किन्नराः नागाः किम्पुरुषादयः Bhāg.11.14.6. -देवत a. having what deity. -नामधेय, -नामन् a. having what name. -निमित्त a. having what cause or reason, for what purpose. -निमित्तम् ind. why, wherefore, -नु ind. 1 whether; किं नु मे मरणं श्रेयो परित्यागो जनस्य वा Nala.1.1. -2 much more, much less; अपि त्रैलोक्यराज्यस्य हेतोः किं नु महीकृते Bg.1.35. -3 what indeed; किं नु मे राज्येनार्थः -4 but, however; किं नु चित्तं मनुष्याणामनित्यमिति मे मतम् Rām.2.4.27. -नु खलु ind. 1 how possibly, how is it that, why indeed, why to be sure; किं नु खलु गीतार्थमाकर्ण्य इष्टजनविरहा- दृते$पि बलवदुत्कण्ठितो$स्मि Ś.5. -2 may it be that; किं नु खलु यथा वयमस्यामेवमियमप्यस्मान् प्रति स्यात् Ś.1. -पच, -पचान a. miserly, niggardly. -पराक्रम a. of what power or energy. -पाक a. not mature, ignorant, stupid. -कः a. medical plant, Strychnos nux vomica (Mar. कुचला); न लुब्धो बुध्यते दोषान्किंपाकमिव भक्षयन् Rām.2.66.6. -पुनर् ind. how much more, how much less; स्वयं रोपितेषु तरुषूत्पद्यते स्नेहः किं पुनरङ्गसंभवेष्वपत्येषु K.291; Me.3.17; Ve.3. -पुरुषः an inferior man, Bhāg.11.14.6. -प्रकारम् ind. in what manner. -प्रभाव a. possessing what power. -भूत a. of what sort of nature. -रूप a. of what form or shape. -वदन्ति, -न्ती f. rumour, report; स किंवदन्तीं वदतां पुरोगः (पप्रच्छ) R.14.31. मत्संबन्धात्कश्मला किंवदन्ती U.1.42; U.1.4. -वराटकः an extravagant man. -वा ind. 1 a particle of interrogation; किं वा शकुन्तलेत्यस्य मातुराख्या Ś.7. -2 or (corr. of किं 'whether'); राजपुत्रि सुप्ता किं वा जागर्षि Pt.1; तत्किं मारयामि किं वा विषं प्रयच्छामि किं वा पशुधर्मेण व्यापादयामि ibid.; Ś. Til.7. -विद a. knowing what. -व्यापार a. following what occupation. -शील a. of what habits, -स्वित् ind. whether, how; अद्रेः शृङ्गं हरति पवनः किंस्विदित्युन्मुखीभिः Me.14.
kirmīrita किर्मीरित a. 1 Variegated, spotted. शर्मोर्मिकिर्मीरितधर्म- लिप्सुः N.6.97. -2 Mingled with; तत्रास्मि पत्युर्वरिवस्ययेह शर्मोर्मिकिर्मीरितधर्मलिप्सुः Hch.6.97; cf. also क्षुत्क्षामार्भक- संभ्रमोक्तिनिगडैः किर्मीरिताः ... Sūktisundara 5.1.
kila किल ind. 1 Verily, indeed, assuredly, certainly; अर्हति किल कितव उपद्रवम् M.4; इदं किलाव्याजमनोहरं वपुः Ś.1. 18. -2 As they say, as is reported (showing report or tradition ऐतिह्य); बभूव योगी किल कार्तवीर्यः R.6.38,13. 51; जघान कंसं किल वासुदेवः Mbh. -3 A feigned action (अलीक); प्रसह्य सिंहः किल तां चकर्ष R.2.27; Mu. 7.9; पयस्यगाधे किल जातसंभ्रमा Ki.8.48,11.2. -4 Hope, expectation or probability; पार्थः किल विजेष्यते कुरून् G. M. -5 Dissatisfaction, dislike; एवं किल केचिद्वदन्ति G. M. -6 Contempt; त्वं किल योत्स्यसे G. M. -7 Cause, reason (हेतु); (very rare) स किलैवमुक्तवान् G. M. 'for he said so'.
kumbhaḥ कुम्भः [कुं भूमिं कुत्सितं वा उम्भति पूरयति उम्भ्-अच् शकं˚ Tv.] 1 A pitcher, water-pot, jar; इयं सुस्तनी मस्तकन्यस्तकुम्भा Jag.; वर्जयेत्तादृशं मित्रं विषकुम्भं पयोमुखम् H.1.74; R.2.36; so कुच˚, स्तन˚. -2 The frontal globe on the forehead of an elephant; इभकुम्भ Māl.5.32; मत्तेभकुम्भदलने भुवि सन्ति शूराः Bh.1.59. -3 Aquarius, the eleventh sign of the zodiac. -4 A measure of grain equal to 2 droṇas; धान्यं दशभ्यः कुम्भेभ्यो हरतो$भ्यधिकं वधः Ms.8.32. -5 (In Yoga phil.) Closing the nostrils and mouth so as to suspend breathing. -6 The paramour of a harlot. -7 An urn in which the bones of dead bodies are collected. -8 A kind of heart-disease. -9 N. of a plant (and also of its fruit); क्वचिद् बिल्वैः क्वचित्कुम्भैः क्वचिच्चा- मलकमुष्टिभिः Bhāg.1.18.14. -भा A harlot, a whore. -भम् A fragrant resin (गुग्गुल). -Comp. -उदरः one of the attendants of Śiva; अवेहि मां किङ्करमष्टमूर्तेः कुम्भोदरं नाम निकुम्भमित्रम् R.2.35. -उलूकः a kind of owl; हृत्वा पिष्ट- मयं पूपं कुम्भोलूकः प्रजायते Mb.13.111.11. -उलूखकम् a medicinal plant (Mar. गुग्गुळ). -कर्णः 'pitcher-eared', N. of a gigantic Rākṣasa, a brother of Rāvaṇa and slain by Rāma. [He is said to have devoured thousands of beings including sages and heavenly nymphs, and the gods were anxiously waiting for an opportunity to retaliate upon the powerful demon. After Brahmā had inflicted on him a curse for the humiliation to which he subjected Indra and his elephant Airāvata, Kumbhakarṇa began to practise the most rigid austerities. Brahmā was pleased and was about to grant him a boon, when the gods requested Sarasvatī to sit on his tongue and to pervert it. Accordingly when he went to the god, instead of asking Indrapada he asked Nidrāpada which was readily granted. It is said that he slept for six months at a time, and, when roused, was awake for only one day. When Lankā was besieged by the monkey-troops of Rāma, Ravāṇa with great difficulty roused Kumbhakarṇa, desirous of availing himself of his gigantic strength. After having drunk 2 jars of liquor, he took Sugrīva prisoner, besides devouring thousands of monkeys. He was ultimately slain by Rāma.] Rām.6; R.12.8. -2 an epithet of Śiva; Mb.12. -कामला a bilious affection. -कारः 1 a potter; मृद्दण्डचक्रसंयोगात्कुम्भकारो यथा घटम् (करोति) Y.3.146. -2 a mixed tribe (वेश्यायां विप्रतश्चौर्यात् कुम्भकारः स उच्यते Uśanas; or मालाकारात्कर्मकर्यां कुम्भकारो व्यजायत Parāśara). -3 a serpent. -4 a kind of wild fowl. (-री), -कारिका 1 the wife of a potter. -2 a kind of collyrium. -घोणः N. of a town. -जः, -जन्मन् m. -योनिः, m. -संभवः 1 epithets of Agastya; एतदाख्याय रामाय महर्षिः कुम्भसंभवः Rām.7.8.1; प्रससादोदयादम्भः कुम्भयोनेर्महौजसः R.4.21;15.55. -2 an epithet of Droṇa, the military preceptor of the Kauravas and Pāṇḍavas. -3 an epithet of Vasiṣṭha. -दासी a bawd, procuress; sometimes used as a term of reproach or abuse. -धरः the sign ef the zodiac called Aquarius. -पञ्जरः a niche in the wall. -राशिः the sign Aquarius. -रेतस् m. a form of Agni. -लग्नम् that time of the day in which Aquarius rises above the horizon. -मण्डूकः 1 (lit.) a frog in a pitcher. -2 (fig.) an inexperienced man; cf. कूपमण्डूक. -शाला pottery. -सन्धिः the hollow on the top of an elephant's head between the frontal globes.
kuralaḥ कुरलः 1 An osprey. -2 A curl, a lock of hair. कुरवः (बः), कुरव (ब) कः A species of amaranth; [Barlaria Prionitis Linn] It is a handsome shrub. Kālidāsa describes the plant as कान्तामुखद्युति (cf. Ṛs. 6.18). Modern scientists describe it as a lipped flower referring to the form of its petals. कुरवका रवकारणतां ययुः R.9.29; Me.8; Ṛs.6.18. -वम् (बम्), -व(ब) कम् The flower of this tree; चूडापाशे नवकुरवकम् Me.67; प्रत्याख्यातविशेषकं कुरवकं श्यामावदातारुणम् M.3.5.
kulam कुलम् 1 A race, family; निदानमिक्ष्वाकुकुलस्य संततेः R.3.1. -2 The residence of a family, a seat, house, an abode; ददर्श धीमान्स कपिः कुलानि Rām.5.5.1; वसन्नृषि- कुलेषु सः R.12.25. -3 A high or noble family, noble descent; कुले जन्म Pt.5.2; कुलशीलसमन्वितः Ms.7.54,62; so कुलजा, कुलकन्यका &c. -4 A herd, troop, flock; collection, multitude; मृगकुलं रोमन्थमभ्यस्यतु Ś.2.6; U.2.9; अलिकुलसंकुल Gīt.1; Śi.9.71; so गो˚, कृमि˚, महिषी˚ &c. -5 A lot, gang. band (in a bad sense). -6 A country. -7 The body. -8 The front or fore part. -9 A tribe, caste, community. -1 A blue stone. -लः The head of a guild or corporation. -ला See कुलतिथि. -Comp. -अकुल a. 1 of a mixed character or origin. -2 middling. ˚तिथिः m., f. the second, sixth, and the tenth lunar days of a fort-night in a month. ˚नक्षत्रम् N. of the lunar mansions आर्द्रा, मूला, अभिजित् and शतभिषा. ˚वारः Wednesday. -अङ्कुरः the scion of a family; अनेन कस्यापि कुला- ङ्कुरेण स्पृष्टस्य गात्रेषु सुखं ममैवम् Ś.7.19. -अङ्गना a respectable or high born (chaste) woman. -अङ्गारः a man who ruins his family; Pt.4. -अचलः, -अद्रिः, -पर्वतः, -शैलः a principal mountain, one of a class of seven mountains which are supposed to exist in each division of the continent; their names are :-- महेन्द्रो मलयः सह्यः शुक्तिमान् ऋक्षपर्वतः । विन्ध्यश्च पारियात्रश्च सप्तैते कुलपर्वताः ॥ -अन्वित a. born in a noble family. -अभिमानः family pride. -अभिमानिन् a. proud of birth or family descent; कुलाभिमानी कुलजां नराधिपः Ki.1.31. -आख्या family-name, surname; कुलाख्या लोके गोत्रावयवा इत्युच्यन्ते Mbh. on P.IV. 1.79. -आचारः, -कर्मन् n., -धर्मः a duty or custom peculiar to a family or caste. -आचार्यः, -गुरुः 1 a family priest or teacher. -2 a geneologist. -आधारकः a son. -आपीडः, -शेखरः the glory of a family; तस्मिन्कुलापीडनिभे निपीडं सम्यग्महीं शासति शासनाङ्काम् R.18. 29. -आलम्बिन् a. maintaining a family. वरमेकः कुलालम्बी यत्र विश्रूयते पिता H. -ईश्वरः 1 the chief of a family. -2 N. of Śiva. (-रा) N. of Durgā. -उत्कट, a. high born. (-टः) a horse of a good breed. -उत्पन्न, उद्गत, -उद्भव a. sprung from a noble family, highborn; आमात्यमुख्यं धर्मज्ञं प्राज्ञं दान्तं कुलोद्भवम् Ms.7.141. -उद्वहः the head or perpetuator of a family; see उद्वह. -उपदेशः a family name. -कज्जलः one who is a disgrace to his family. -कण्टकः one who is a thorn or trouble to his family. -कन्यका, -कन्या a girl of high birth; विशुद्धमुग्धः कुलकन्यकाजनः Māl.7.1; गृहे गृहे पुरुषाः कुलकन्यकाः समुद्वहन्ति Māl.7. -करः, -कर्तृ m. the founder of a family. -करणिः A hereditary clerk or officer; E.I.XV.91. -कलङ्कः one who is a disgrace to his family. -कलङ्कितः a. causing disgrace to a family; न चाप्यहं गमिष्यामि कथां कुलकलङ्किताम् Ks.22.216. -क्षयः 1 ruin of a family. -2 extinction of a family; कुलक्षयकृतं दोषं मित्रद्रोहे च पातकम् Bg.1.39,4. -गरिमा m. family pride or dignity. -गिरिः, -भूभृत् m., -पर्वतः, -शैलः see कुलाचल above. -गृहम् a noble house; पर्याकुलं कुलगृहे$पि कृतं वधूनाम् Ṛs.6.21. -घ्न a. ruining a family; दोषैरेतैः कुलघ्नानाम् Bg.1.43. -ज, -जात a. 1 well-born, of high brith; प्रदाने हि मुनिश्रेष्ठ कुलं निरवशेषतः । वक्तव्यं कुलजातेन तन्नि- बोध महामते ॥ Rām.1.71.2. -2 ancestral, hereditary; Ki.1.31 (used in both senses). -जनः a high-born or distinguished person. -जाया a. high-born lady; कुलजाया सा जाया केवलजाया तु केवलं माया Udb. -तन्तुः one who continues or perpetuates a family. -तिथिः m., f. an important lunar day, viz:-- the 4th, 8th, 12th or 14th of a lunar fort-night. -तिलकः the glory of a family, one who does honour to his family. -दीपः, -दीपकः the glory of a family. -दुहितृ f. also कुलपुत्री; cf. P.VI. 3.7, Vārt.9; see कुलकन्या. -दूषण a. disgracing one's family; Mk. -देवता a tutelary deity; the guardian deity of a family; तामर्चिताभ्यः कुलदेवताभ्यः कुलप्रतिष्ठां प्रणमय्य माता Ku.7.27. -धन a. one whose wealth is the preservation of the good name of the family; कष्टो जनः कुलधनैरनुर- ञ्जनीयः U.1.14. (-नम्) the dearest and most valued treasure of the family; इक्ष्वाकूणां कुलधनमिदं यत्समाराधनीयः U.7.6. -धर्मः a family custom, a duty or custom peculiar to a family; उत्सन्नकुलधर्माणां मनुष्याणां जनार्दन Bg. 1.44; Ms.1.118;8.14. -धारकः a son. -धुर्यः (a son) able to support a family, a grown-up son; न हि सति कुलधुर्ये सूर्यवंश्या गृहाय R.7.71. -नन्दन a. gladdening or doing honour to a family. -नायिका a girl worshipped at the celebration of the orgies of the lefthand Śāktas. -नारी a high bred and virtuous woman. -नाशः 1 ruin or extinction of a family. -2 an apostate, reprobate, outcast. -3 a camel. -नाशनम् conducive to the extinction of the family; मुसलं कुलनाशनम् Mb. -परंपरा the series of generations comprising a race. -पतिः 1 the head or chief of a family. -2 a sage who feeds and teaches 1, pupils; thus defined:- मुनीनां दशसाहस्रं यो$न्नदानादिपोषणात् । अध्यापयति विप्रर्षिरसौ कुलपतिः स्मृतः ॥ अपि नाम कुलपतेरियमसवर्णक्षेत्रसंभवा स्यात् Ś.1; R.1.95; U.3.48. -3 The head-servant (Gīrvāṇa); Bhāg.5.18.1. -4 N. of Kṛiṣṇa; कुन्दस्रजः कुलपतेरिह वाति गन्धः Bhāg.1.3.11. -पांसन a. one who disgraces one's family; इत्युक्तः स खलः पापो भोजानां कुलपांसनः Bhāg.19.1.35. -पांसुका a woman disgracing her family, an unchaste woman. -पालकम् an orange. -पालिः, -पालिका, -पाली f. a chaste or high-born woman. -पुत्रः a nobly-born youth; इह सर्वस्वफलिनः कुलपुत्रमहाद्रुमाः Mk.4.1. -पुत्री (See -दुहितृ). -पुरुषः 1 a respectable or high-born man; कुश्चुम्बति कुलपुरुषो वेश्याधरपल्लवं मनोज्ञमपि Bh.1.59. -2 an ancestor. -पूर्वगः (कः) an ancestor. तवापि सुमहाभागे जनेन्द्रकुलपूर्वकम् (v. l. जनेन्द्राः कुलपूर्वगाः) Rām.2.73.24. -भरः (कुलंभरः) 1 One who maintains the family. -बीजः the head or chief of a guild. -भार्या a virtuous wife. -भृत्या the nursing of a pregnant woman. -मर्यादा family honour or respectability. -मार्गः 1 a family custom, the best way or the way of honesty. -2 the doctrine of the Kaulas (कौलमार्ग). -योषित्, -वधू f. a woman of good family and character. त्यागिनां कुलयोषिताम् Ms.3.245; ब्रूते ब्रूते व्रजकुलवधूः कापि साध्वी ममाग्रे Udb. -लक्षणम् The characteristics of a noble family; आचारो विनयो विद्या प्रतिष्ठा तीर्थदर्शनम् । निष्ठा वृत्तिस्तपो दानं नवधा कुललक्षणम् ॥ -वारः a principal day; (i. e. Tuesday and Friday). -विद्या 1 knowledge handed down in a family, traditional knowledge. -2 one of the three आन्वीक्षिकी lores. -विप्रः a family-priest. -वृद्धः an old and experienced member of a family. -व्रतः, -तम् a family vow; गलितवयसामिक्ष्वाकूणामिदं हि कुलव्रतम् R.3.7; विश्वस्मिन्नधुना$न्यः कुलव्रतं पालयिष्यति कः Bv.1.13. -शीलम् character or conduct honourable to a family. -श्रेष्ठिन् a. well-born, of a good family. (-m.) 1 the chief of a family or a guild. -2 an artisan of noble birth. -संख्या 1 family-respectability. -2 inclusion among respectable families; कुलसंख्यां च गच्छन्ति कर्षन्ति च महायशः Ms.3.66. -संततिः f. posterity, descendants, continuation of a lineage; दिवं गतानि विप्राणामकृत्वा कुलसंततिम् Ms.5.159. -सन्निधिः m. the presence of witnesses; Ms.8.194,21. -संभवः a. of a respectable family. -सेवकः an excellent servant. -स्त्री a woman of good family, a noble woman; अधर्माभिभवात् कृष्ण प्रदुष्यन्ति कुलस्त्रियः Bg.1.41. -स्थितिः f. 1 antiquity or prosperity of a family -2 family observance or custom; U.5.23.
kulaka कुलक a. Of good family, of good birth. -कः 1 The chief of a guild. -2 Any artisan of eminent birth. -3 An ant-hill. -कम् 1 A collection, multitude. रोमपुलककुलकः Bhāg.5.7.12. -2 A number of verses in grammatical connection; (the number of verses ranging from 5 to 15 and the whole forming one sentence); e. g. see Śi.1.4-1, R.1.5-9; so Ku.1.1-16. -3 A kind of prose composition with few compounds.
kulika कुलिक a. Of a good family, well-born. -कः 1 A kinsman; Y.2.233. -2 The chief or head of a guild. -3 An artist of high birth. -4 A hunter; कुलिकरुतमि- वाज्ञाः कृष्णवध्वो हरिण्यः Bhāg.1.47.19. -Comp. -वेला certain portions of time on each day on which it is improper to begin any good business.
kuhuḥ कुहुः कुहूः f. 1 New moon day i. e. the last day of a lunar month when the moon is invisible; Mb.8.34.32; करगतैव गता यदियं कुहूः N.4.57. -2 The deity that presides over this day; Ms.3.86. -3 The cry of the (Indian) cuckoo; पिकेन रोषारुणचक्षुषा मुहुःकुहूरुताहूयत चन्द्र- वैरिणी N.1.1; उन्मीलन्ति कुहूः कुहूरिति कलोत्तालाः पिकानां गिरः Gīt.1; पिकविधुस्तव हन्ति समन्तमस्त्वमपि चन्द्रविरोधि-कुहूरवः Udb. -4 The first day of the first quarter on which the moon rises. -Comp. -कण्ठः, -मुखः, -रवः, -शब्दः the (Indian) cuckoo. -कालः The last day of the lunar month when the moon is invisible; न च कुहूकाले$पि संक्षीयते ...... त्वत्कीर्तिचन्द्रः सदा Sūktisundar 5.83. -पालः the king of turtles. -मुखः 1 The Indian cuckoo. -2 a calamity. -मुखम् new moon.
kūrmaḥ कूर्मः [कौ जले ऊर्मिर्वेगो$स्य पृषो˚ Tv.] 1 A tortoise; गूहे- त्कूर्म इवाङ्गानि रक्षेद्विवरमात्मनः Ms.7.15; Bg.2.58; कूर्मः पादो$त्र यष्टिर्भुजगपतिरसौ भाजनं भूतधात्री Udb. -2 Viṣṇu in his second or Kūrma incarnation. -3 One of the outer winds of the body. -4 A particular gesticulation with the fingers. -र्मी A female tortoise. -Comp. -अवतारः the Kūrma incarnation of Viṣṇu; cf. Gīt.1 :-- क्षिति- रतिविपुलतरे तव तिष्ठति पृष्ठे धरणिधरणकिणचक्रगरिष्ठे । केशवधृत- कच्छरूप जय जगदीश हरे ॥ -आसनम् a particular posture in sitting (practised by ascetics). -द्वादशी the twelvth day in the light (or dark ?) half of पौष month. -पुराणम् one of the eighteen Purāṇas. -पृष्ठम्, -पृष्ठकम् 1 the back or shell of a tortoise. -2 a lid or cover of a dish. -राजः Viṣṇu in the shape of tortoise in his second incarnation; पृथ्वि स्थिरा भव भुजङ्गम धारयैनाम् । त्वं कूर्मराज तदिदं द्वितयं दधीथाः ॥ Mahān.
kṛ कृ I. 5 U. (कृणोति-कृणुते) To hurt, injure, kill. -II. 8 U. (करोति-कुरुते, चकार-चक्रे, अकार्षीत्-अकृत; कर्तुम्, करिष्यति-ते कृत) 1 To do (in general); तात किं करवाण्यहम् -2 To make; गणिकामवरोधमकरोत् Dk; नृपेण चक्रे युवराजशब्दभाक् R.3.35; युवराजः कृतः &c. -3 To manufacture, shape, prepare; कुम्भकारो घटं करोति; कटं करोति &c. -4 To build, create; गृहं कुरु; सभां कुरु मदर्थे भोः. -5 To produce, cause, engender; रतिमुभयप्रार्थना कुरुते Ś.2.1. -6 To form, arrange; अञ्जलिं करोति; कपोतहस्तकं कृत्वा. -7 To write, compose; चकार सुमनोहरं शास्त्रम् Pt.1. -8 To perform, be engaged in; पूजां करोति. -9 To tell, narrate; इति बहुविधाः कथाः कुर्वन् &c. -1 To carry out, execute, obey; एवं क्रियते युष्मदादेशः Māl.1; or करिष्यामि वचस्तव or शासनं मे कुरुष्व &c. -11 To bring about, accomplish, effect; सत्सं- गतिः कथय किं न करोति पुंसाम् Bh.2.23. -12 To throw or let out, discharge, emit; मूत्रं कृ to discharge urine, make water; so पुरीषं कृ to void excrement. -13 To assume, put on, take; स्त्रीरूपं कृत्वा; नानारूपाणि कुर्वाणः Y.3. 162. -14 To send forth, utter; मानुषीं गिरं कृत्वा, कलरवं कृत्वा &c. -15 To place or put on (with loc.); कण्ठे हारम- करोत् K.212; पाणिमुरसि कृत्वा &c. -16 To entrust (with some duty), appoint; अध्यक्षान् विविधान्कुर्यात्तत्र तत्र विपश्चितः Ms.7.81. -17 To cook (as food) as in कृतान्नम्. -18 To think, regard, consider; दृष्टिस्तृणीकृतजगत्त्रयसत्त्वसारा U.6. 19. -19 To take (as in the hand); कुरु करे गुरुमेकमयोघनं N.4.59. -2 To make a sound, as in खात्कृत्य, फूत्कृत्य भुङ्क्ते; so वषट्कृ, स्वाहाकृ &c. -21 To pass, spend (time); वर्षाणि दश चक्रुः spent; क्षणं कुरु wait a moment. -22 To direct towards, turn the attention to, resolve on; (with loc. or dat.); नाधर्मे कुरुते मनः Ms.12.118; नगरगमनाय मतिं न करोति Ś.2. -23 To do a thing for another (either for his advantage or injury); प्राप्ताग्निनिर्वापणगर्वमम्बु रत्नाङ्- कुरज्योतिषि किं करोति Vikr.1.18; यदनेन कृतं मयि, असौ किं मे करिष्यति &c. -24 To use, employ, make use of; किं तया क्रियते धेन्वा Pt.1. -25 To divide, break into parts (with adverbs ending in धा); द्विधा कृ to divide into two parts; शतधा कृ, सहस्रधा कृ &c. -26 To cause to become subject to, reduce completely to (a particular condition, with adverbs ending in सात्); आत्मसात् कृ to subject or appropriate to oneself; दुरितैरपि कर्तुमात्मसात्प्रयतन्ते नृपसूनवो हि यत् R.8.2; भस्मसात् कृ to reduce to ashes. -27 To appropriate, secure for oneself. -28 To help, give aid. -29 To make liable. -3 To violate or outrage (as a girl). -31 To begin. -32 To order. -33 To free from. -34 To proceed with, put in practice. -35 To worship, sacrifice. -36 To make like, consider equal to, cf. तृणीकृ (said to be Ātm. only in the last 1 senses). -37 To take up, gather; आदाने करोतिशब्दः Ms.4.2.6; यथा काष्ठानि करोति गोमयानि करोति इति आदाने करोतिशब्दो भवति एवमिहापि द्रष्टव्यम् ŚB. on MS.4.2.6. This root is often used with nouns, adjectives, and indeclinables to form verbs from them, somewhat like the English affixes 'en' or '(i) fy', in the sense of 'making a person or thing to be what it previously is not'; e. g. कृष्णीकृ to make that which is not already black, black, i. e. blacken; so श्वेतीकृ to whiten; घनीकृ to solidify; विरलीकृ to rarefy &c. &c. Sometimes these formations take place in other senses also; e. g. क्रोडीकृ 'to clasp to the bosom', embrace; भस्मीकृ to reduce to ashes; प्रवणीकृ to incline, bend; तृणीकृ to value as little as straw; मन्दीकृ to slacken, make slow; so शूलीकृ to roast on the end of pointed lances; सुखीकृ to please' समयाकृ to spend time &c. N. B.- This root by itself admits of either Pada; but it is Ātm. generally with prepositions in the following senses :--(1) doing injury to; (2) censure, blame; (3) serving; (4) outraging, acting violently or rashly; (5) preparing, changing the condition of, turning into; (6) reciting; (7) employing, using; see P.I.3.32 and गन्धनावक्षेपणसेवनसाहसिक्यप्रतियत्नप्रकथनोपयोगेषु कृञः ''Students' Guide to Sanskrit Composition" 338. Note. The root कृ is of the most frequent application in Sanskrit literature, and its senses are variously modified, or almost infinitely extended, according to the noun with which the root is connected; e. g. पदं कृ to set foot (fig. also); आश्रमे पदं करिष्यसि Ś.4.19; क्रमेण कृतं मम वपुषि नव- यौवनेन पदम् K.141; मनसा कृ to think of, meditate; मनसि कृ to think; दृष्ट्वा मनस्येवमकरोत् K.136; or to resolve or determine; सख्यम्, मैत्रीं कृ to form friendship with; अस्त्राणि कृ to practise the use of weapons; दण्डं कृ to inflict punishment; हृदये कृ to pay heed to; कालं कृ to die; मतिं-बुद्धिं कृ to think of, intend, mean; उदकं कृ to offer libations of water to manes; चिरं कृ to delay; दर्दुरं कृ to play on the lute; नखानि कृ to clean the nails; कन्यां कृ to outrage or violate a maiden; विना कृ to separate from, to be abandoned by, as in मदनेन विनाकृता रतिः Ku.4.21; मध्ये कृ to place in the middle, to have reference to; मध्येकृत्य स्थितं क्रथकौशिकान् M.5.2; वेशे कृ to win over, place in subjection, subdue; चमत्कृ to cause surprise; make an exhibition or a show; सत्कृ to honour, treat with respect; तिर्यक्कृ to place aside. -Caus. (कारयति-ते) To cause to do, perform, make, execute &c.; आज्ञां कारय रक्षोभिः Bk.8.84; भृत्यं भृत्येन वा कटं कारयति Sk. -Desid. (चिकीर्षति- ते) To wish to do &c.; Śi.14.41.
kṛta कृत p. p. [कृ-क्त] 1 Done, performed, made, effected accomplished, manufactured &c.; (p. p. of कृ 8. U. q. v.) ते करान् संप्रयच्छन्तु सुवर्णं च कृताकृतम् Mb.3.255.17; दिव्याः प्रसन्ना विविधाः सुराः कृतसुरा अपि Rām.5.11.22; natural and manufactured wines. -2 Wounded, hurt; सिद्ध्येत ते कृतमनोभवधर्षितायाः Bhāg.3.23.11. -3 Acquired, bought (a kind of son); Mb.13.49.4. -4 Cultivated; अकृतं च कृतात्क्षेत्राद् गौरजाविकमेव च Ms.1.114. -5 Appointed (as a duty); सो$पि यत्नेन संरक्ष्यो धर्मो राजकृतश्च यः Y.2.186. -6 Relating to, referring to; पतनीयकृते क्षेपे Y.2.21. -तम् 1 Work, deed, action; कृतं न वेत्ति Pt.1.424; ungrateful; Ms.7.197. -2 Service, benefit. -3 Consequence, result. -4 Aim, object. -5 N. of that side of a die which is marked with four points; this is lucky; cf. Vāj.3.18. -6 N. of the first of the four Yugas of the world extending over 1728 years of men (see Ms.1.69 and Kull. thereon). -7 The number '4'. -8 A stake at a game. -9 Prize or booty gained in a battle. -1 An offering. -11 Magic sorcery. -Comp. -अकृत a. done and not done; i. e. done in part but not completed; कृताकृतस्यैव च काञ्चनस्य Bu. Ch.2.2; that which is done and that which is not done (Dvandva Comp.) मा त्वा ताप्तां कृताकृते Mbh. on P.II.2.29; कृताकृतप्रसङ्गि नित्यम्. (-तः) the Supreme Being. -अङ्क a. 1 marked, branded; कठ्यां कृताङ्को निर्वास्यः Ms.8.281. -2 numbered. (ङ्कः) that side of a die which is marked with four points. -अञ्जलि a. folding the hands in supplication; प्रणम्य शिरसा देवं कृताञ्जलिरभाषत Bg.11.14,35; Ms.4.154. -अनुकर a. following another's example, subservient. -अनुसारः custom, usage. -अन्त a. bringing to an end, terminating. (-तः) 1 Yama, the god of death; कृतान्त आसीत्समरो देवानां सह दानवैः Bhāg.9.6.13; द्वितीयं कृतान्त- मिवाटन्तं व्याधमपश्यत् H.1. -2 fate, destiny; कृतान्त एव सौमित्रे द्रष्टव्यो मत्प्रवासने Rām.2.22.15; क्रूरस्तस्मिन्नपि न सहते संगमं नौ कृतान्तः Me.17. -3 a demonstrated conclusion, dogma, a proved doctrine; दैवं पुरुषकारश्च कृतान्ते- नोपपद्यते Mb.12.153.5; यथा लौकिकेषु वैदिकेषु च कृतान्तेषु Mbh. on P.I.1.1,56; साङ्ख्ये कृतान्ते प्रोक्तानि Bg.18.13. -4 a sinful or inauspicious action. -5 an epithet of Saturn. -6 Saturday. -7 the inevitable result of former actions. -8 the second lunar mansion. -9 the number 'two'. ˚कुशल an astrologer; आधिराज्ये$भिषेको मे ब्राह्मणैः पतिना सह । कृतान्त- कुशलैरुक्तं तत्सर्वं वितथीकृतम् Rām.6.48.14. ˚जनकः the sun. -अन्नम् 1 cooked food. कृतान्नमुदकं स्त्रियः Ms.9.219;11.3. -2 digested food. -3 excrement. -अपराध a. guilty, offender, criminal. -अभय a. saved from fear or danger. -अभिषेक a. crowned, inaugurated. (-कः) a prince. -अभ्यास a. practised. -अयः the die called कृत marked with four points. -अर्थ a. 1 having gained one's object, successful; एकः कृतार्थो भवते वीतशोकः Śwet. Up.2.14. -2 satisfied; happy, contented; वयं कृतार्था इत्यभिमन्यन्ति बालाः Muṇḍ.1.2.9; कृतः कृतार्थो$स्मि निबर्हितांहसा Śi.1.29; R.8.3; Ki.4.9; Ś.2.1; Pt.1.194. -3 clever. -4 that which has served its purpose (and hence incapable of yielding any further sense or serving any other purpose); पुरुषे यागं श्रावयित्वा कृतार्थः शब्द एकस्य द्वयोर्बहूनां वा यागं न वारयति । ŚB. on MS.6.2.3. सकृत् कृत्वा कृतार्थः शब्दः न नियमः पौनःपुन्ये । ŚB. on MS.6.2.27; सा चाकाङ्क्षा एकेनापि कृतार्था भवतीत्युक्तम् । ŚB. on MS.11.1.13. (कृतार्थीकृ 1 to render fruitful or successful; कृतार्थीकृत्य तं विप्रम् Ks.74.125. -2 to make good; कान्तं प्रत्युपचारतश्चतुरया कोपः कृतार्थीकृतः Amaru.15; so कृतार्थयति to make fruitful; Māl.3.6.) -अवधान a. careful, attentive. -अवधि a. 1 fixed, appointed. -2 bounded, limited. -अवमर्ष a. 1 effacing from recollection. -2 intolerant. -अवस्थ a. 1 summoned, caused to be present; Ms.8.6. -2 fixed, settled. -अस्त्र a. 1 armed. -2 trained in the science of arms or missiles; पित्रा संवर्धितो नित्यं कृतास्त्रः सांपरा- यिकः R.17.62. -अहक a. having performed the daily ceremonies. -आगम a. advanced, proficient, skilled. (-m.) the Supreme soul. -आगस् a. guilty, offending, criminal, sinful; अध्ने प्र शिरो जहि ब्रह्मजस्य कृतागसः Av.12.5.6; कृतागाः कौटिल्यो मुजग इव निर्याय नगरात् Mu.3.11. -आत्मन् a. 1 having control over oneself, self-possessed, of a selfgoverned spirit; कृतात्मा ब्रह्मलोकमभिसंभवामि Ch. Up.8.13.1; कृतात्मानो वीतरागाः प्रशान्ताः Muṇḍ. Up.3.2.5; Rām.5.61.6; ऐहिष्ट तं कारयितुं कृतात्मा Bk.1.11. -2 purified in mind; magnanimous; तमरिघ्रं कृतात्मानं क्षिप्रं द्रक्ष्यसि राघवम् Rām.5.39.48. -आभरण a. adorned. -आयास a. labouring, suffering. -आलय a. one who has taken up his abode in any place; यत्र ते दयिता भार्या तनयाश्च कृतालयाः Rām. (-यः) a frog; dog ? M. W. -आवास a lodging. -आस्पद a. 1 governed; ruled. -2 supporting, resting on. -3 residing in. -आहार a. having taken one's meals. -आह्वान a. challenged. -उत्साह a. diligent, making effort, striving. -उदक a. one who had performed his ablutions; Mb.3. -उद्वाह a. 1 married. -2 practising penance by standing with up-lifted hands. -उपकार a. 1 favoured, befriended, assisted; अज्ञातभर्तृव्यसना मुहूर्तं कृतोपकारेव रतिर्बभूव Ku.3.73. -2 friendly. -उपभोग a. used, enjoyed. -कर, -कारिन् a. Enjoining what is already known or done; कृतकरो हि विधिरनर्थकः स्यात् ŚB. on MS.1.5.58; कृतकरं शास्त्रमनर्थकं स्यात् ŚB. on MS.1.7.25; कृतकारि खलु शास्त्रं पर्जन्यवत् Mbh. on P.I.2.9. -कर्मन् a. 1 one who has done his work; R.9.3. -2 skilful, clever. (-m.) 1 the Supreme spirit. -2 a Saṁnyāsin. -काम a. one whose desires are fulfilled. -कार्य a. 1 one who has done his work or obtained his object. -2 having no need of another's aid. -काल a. 1 fixed or settled as to time. -2 who has waited a certain time. (-लः) appointed time; कृतशिल्पो$पि निवसेत्कृतकालं गुरोर्गृहे Y.2.184. -कृत्य, -क्रिय a. 1 who has accomplished his object; Bg.15.2. -2 satisfied, contented; Śānti.3.19; Māl.4.3. -3 clever. -4 having done his duty; कृतकृत्यो विधिर्मन्ये न वर्धयति तस्य ताम् Śi.2.32. -क्रयः a purchaser. -क्रियः 1 one who has accomplished any act. -2 one who has fulfilled his duty. -3 one who has performed a religious ceremony; Ms.5.99. -क्षण a. 1 waiting impatiently for the exact moment; कृतक्षणाहं भद्रं ते गमनं प्रति राघव Rām.2.29.15; वयं सर्वे सोत्सुकाः कृतक्षणास्तिष्ठामः Pt.1. -2 one who has got an opportunity. -घ्न a. 1 ungrateful; Ms.4.214;8.89. -2 defeating all previous measures. -चूडः a boy on whom the ceremony of tonsure has been performed; Ms.5.58,67; नृणामकृतचूडानां विशुद्धिर्नौशिकी स्मृता. -जन्मन् a. planted; Ku.5.6. -ज्ञ a. 1 grateful; Ms.7.29,21; Y.1.38. -2 correct in conduct; कृतज्ञतामस्य वदन्ति सम्पदः Ki. (-ज्ञः) 1 a dog. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -तीर्थ a. 1 one who has visited or frequented holy places. -2 one who studies with a professional teacher. -3 fertile in means or expedients. -4 a guide. -5 rendered accessible or easy; Ki.2.3. -दार a. married. -दासः a servant hired for a stated period, a hired servant. -दूषणम् spoiling what is done; उद्धतायाः पुनरुद्धनने न हि किञ्चित्कार्यमस्ति । केवलं कृतदूषणं भवेत् । ृŚB. on MS.12.2.16. (see कृतदूषा) -दूषा f. a blemish or vitiating factor for what is done; अकर्म वा कृतदूषा स्यात् MS.12.1.1. (कृतायाः दूषणम् ŚB). -धी a. 1 prudent, considerate. -2 learned, educated, wise; पुत्रेभ्यः कृतवेदिनां कृतधियां येषां न भिन्ना वयम् Mu.5.2; Bg.2.54; Śi.2.79. -नामधेय a. named, called as; Ś6. -निर्णेजनः a penitent. -a. one who has performed penance; कृतनिर्णेजनांश्चैव न जुगुप्सेत कर्हिचित् Ms.11.189. -निश्चय a. 1 resolute, resolved; युद्धाय कृतनिश्चयः Bg.2.37. -2 confident, sure. -पुङ्ख a. skilled in archery. -पूर्व a. done formerly. -प्रतिकृतम् assault and counter-assault, attack and resistance; R.12.94. -प्रतिज्ञ a. 1 one who has made an agreement or engagement. -2 one who has fulfilled his promise. -प्रयोजन a. one who has attained his object; Ks.13.158. -फल n. successful. (-लम्) result, consequence. -बुद्धि a. 1 learned, educated, wise; विद्वत्सु कृतबुद्धयः (श्रेष्ठाः) Ms.1.97, 7.3. -2 a man of resolute character. -3 informed of one's duty. -ब्रह्मन् a. Ved. one who has performed his devotions; कृतब्रह्मा शूशुवद् रातहव्य इत् Rv.2. 25.1. -मङ्गल a. blessed, consecrated. -मति a. firm, resolute. -मन्यु a. indignant. -मालः, -लकः 1 a kind of cassia. -2 the spotted antelope. -मुख a. learned, clever, wise. -युगम् the first (golden) of the four ages. -रूप one who knows the customary rites (कृतकल्प); Rām.2.1.2. -लक्षण a. 1 stamped, marked. -2 branded; ज्ञातिसम्बन्धिभिस्त्वेतास्त्यक्तव्याः कृत- लक्षणाः Ms.9.239. -3 excellent, amiable. -4 defined, discriminated. -वर्मन् m. N. of a warrior on the side of the Kauravas who with Kṛipa and Aśvatthāman survived the general havoc of the great Bhārata war. He was afterwards slain by Sātyaki. -वापः a penitent who has shaven his head and chin; Ms.11.18. -विद् a. grateful; तस्यापवर्ग्यशरणं तव पादमूलं विस्मर्यते कृतविदा कथमार्तबन्धो Bhāg.4.9.8. -विद्य a. learned, educated; शूरो$सि कृत- विद्यो$सि Pt.4.43; सुवर्णपुष्पितां पृथ्वीं विचिन्वन्ति त्रयो जनाः । शूरश्च कृतविद्यश्च यश्च जानाति सेवितुम् ॥ Pt.1.45. -वीर्य a. being strong or powerful; Av.17.1.27. (-र्यः) N. of the father of Sahasrārjuna. -वेतन a. hired, paid (as a servant); प्रमादमृतनष्टांश्च प्रदाप्यः कृतवेतनः Y.2.164. -वेदिन् a. 1 grateful; न तथा कृतवेदिनां करिष्यन्प्रियतामेति यथा कृता- वदानः Ki.13.32; see कृतज्ञ. -2 observant of propriety. -वेश a. attired, decorated; गतवति कृतवेशे केशवे कुञ्जशय्याम् Gīt.11. -व्यावृत्ति a. dislodged or dismissed from office, set aside; Ku.2.27. -शिल्प a. skilled in art or trade; कृतशिल्पो$पि निवसेत्कृतकालं गुरोर्गृहे Y.2.184. -शोभ a. 1 splendid. -2 beautiful. -3 handy, dexterous. -शौच a. purified; पुण़्डरीकमवाप्नोति कृतशौचो भवेच्च सः Mb.3.83.21. -श्मश्रुः one who is shaven; न हि कृतश्मश्रुः पुनः श्मश्रूणि कार- यति Mbh. on P.I.2.9. -श्रमः, -परिश्रमः one who has studied; कृतपरिश्रमो$स्मि ज्योतिःशास्त्रे Mu.1; I have devoted my time to (spent my labours on) the science of astronomy. -संकल्प a. resolved, determined. -संकेत a. making an appointment; नामसमेतं कृतसंकेतं वादयते मृदु वेणुम् Gīt.5. -संज्ञ a. 1 having presence of mind ... स्थापयेद् दासान् कृत- संज्ञान् समन्ततः Ms. -2 restored to consciousness or senses. -3 aroused. -4 one to whom sign has been given; Rāj. T.4.221. -संनाह a. clad in armour, accoutred. -संस्कार a. 1 one who has performed all purificatory rites, initiated; वैश्यस्तु कृतसंस्कारः Ms.9.326; R.1.78. -2 Prepared, adorned. -सापत्निका, -सापत्नी, सापत्नीका, -सापत्नका, सपत्निका a woman whose husband has married another wife, a married woman having a co-wife or a superseded wife. -हस्त, -हस्तक a. 1 dexterous, clever, skilful, handy. -2 skilled in archery. -हस्तता 1 skill, dexterity; ... संनिपाते । सुमहति कृतहस्ताः सैनिकास्तं ररक्षुः ॥ Śiva. B.13.3.47. -2 skill in archery or generally in handling arms; कौरव्ये कृतहस्तता पुनरियं देवे यथा सीरिणि Ve.6.13; Mv.6.41.
kṛtiḥ कृतिः f. [कृ-क्तिन्] 1 Doing, manufacturing, making, performing. -2 Action, deed. -3 Creation, literary work, composition; (तौ) स्वकृतिं गापयामास कविप्रथमपद्धतिम् R.15.33,64,69; N.22.155. -4 Magic, enchantment. -5 Injuring, killing; स कृत्या चकितो गत्वा मुनिं वव्रे पुरोहितम् Bm.1.27. -6 The number '2'. -7 An enchantress, a witch. -8 A knife. -9 Way-laying; hurting, injuring (Ved.). -1 A square number. -11 (in drama) Confirmation of any obtainment. -Comp. -करः 1 an epithet of Rāvaṇa. -2 one practising magic, a witch. -साध्यत्वम् the state of being accomplished by exertion.
kṛtin कृतिन् a. [कृतमनेन, कृत-इनि] 1 One who has done his work or gained his end, satisfied, contented, happy, successful; यस्य वीर्येण कृतिनो वयं च भुवनानि च U.1.32; न खल्वनिर्जित्य रघुं कृती भवान् R.3.51;12,64. -2 (Hence) Lucky, fortunate, blessed; Ś.1.23;7.19. -3 Clever, competent, able, expert, skilful, wise, learned; तं क्षुरप्र- शकलीकृतं कृती R.11.29,19.14; Ku.2.1; Ki.2.9; Śi.2.25,3; H.3.89; Ve.4.12. -4 Good, virtuous, pure, pious; तावदेव कृतिनामपि स्फुरत्येष निर्मलविवेकदीपकः Bh. 1.56. -5 Following, obeying, doing what is enjoined.
kṛtnu कृत्नु a. [कृ-क्त्नु; Uṇ.3.3] 1 Working well, able to work, powerful. -2 Clever, skilful. -त्नुः A mechanic, an artist.
kṛtvan कृत्वन् a Ved. 1 Causing, effecting &c. -2 Active, diligent, busy; येना दंसिष्ठ कृत्वेन Rv.8.24.25. -3 Practising magic.
kṛṣiḥ कृषिः f. [कृष्-इक्; cf. P.III.3.18 Vārt.8] 1 Ploughing. -2 Agriculture, husbandry; चीयते बालिशस्यापि सत्क्षेत्रपतिता कृषिः Mu.1.3; कृषिः क्लिष्टा$वृष्ट्या Pt.1.11; Ms.1.9,3.64,1.79; Bg.18.44. -3 The harvest (कृषिफल); Y.1.276. -4 The earth; Mb.5. -Comp. -कर्मन् n. agriculture. -जीविन् a. living by husbandry. -द्विष्टः a kind of sparrow. -पराशरः, -संग्रहः N. of a treatise on agriculture (see Annals of the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute Vol.XXXVI Nos. 1-2.) -फलम् agricultural produce or profit; Me.16. -सेवा agriculture, husbandry.
kokaḥ कोकः [कुक्-आदाने अच् Tv.] 1 A wolf; वने यूथपरिभ्रष्टा मृगी कोकैरिवार्दिता Rām.5.25.5. -2 The ruddy goose (चक्रवाक); कोकानां करुणस्वरेण सदृशी दीर्घा मदभ्यर्थना Gīt.5. -3 A cuckoo जनितकोकनदानि जलाशये, शरदि कोकनदानि चका- शिरे Rām. Ch.4.62; हिरण्मया हस्तिमृगाश्च कोकाः Bu. Ch.2.22. -4 A frog. -5 N. of Viṣṇu. -6 A wild lizard. -7 A wild date tree. -Comp. -देवः a pigeon. -बन्धुः an epithet of the sun. -शास्त्रम् N. of a treatise on the art of love (ascribed to a pandit named कोक).
kauṅkuma कौङ्कुम a. of saffron. ... दवदहनः कौंङ्कुमो दिग्वधूनां ...... अङ्गरागः Sūktisundara 5.119.
kratuḥ क्रतुः [कृ-कतु Uṇ.1.77] 1 A sacrifice; क्रतोरशेषेण फलेन युज्यताम् R.3.65; शतं क्रतूनामपविघ्नमाप सः 3.38; M.1.4; Ms.7.79. -2 An epithet of Viṣṇu. -3 One of the ten Prajāpatis; क्रतुं प्रजापतिमब्रुवन् Maitrī. Up.2.3; Ms. 1.35. -4 Intelligence, talent. -5 Power, ability. -6 Plan, design, purpose; क्रतो स्मर कृतं स्मर Iśop.17; Bṛi. Up.5.15.1. -7 Resolution, determination; यत्क्रतुर्भवति तत्कर्म कुरुते Bṛi. Up.4.4.5. -8 Desire, will. -9 Fitness, adequacy, efficiency. -1 Deliberation, consultation. -11 Inspiration. -12 Enlightenment. -13 Offering, worship; कामस्याप्तिं जगतः प्रतिष्ठां क्रतोरानन्त्यम- भयस्य पारम् Kaṭh.1.2.11; Personified, as married to क्रिया and father of 6 वालखिल्यs; क्रतोरपि क्रिया भार्या वालखिल्यानसूयत Bhāg.4.1.39. -14 An Aśvamedha sacrifice (these senses are mostly Vedic). -15 The month Āṣāḍha. -16 Excess of fondness or liking. -17 An organ [cf. Gr. kratos; Zend khratu]. -Comp. -अर्थः Something that is meant to subserve the purpose of the sacrifice (opp. पुरुषार्थ q. v.); पुरुषार्थे लक्षिते तद्विपरीतः क्रत्वर्थः इति क्रत्वर्थस्य लक्षणं सिद्धम् । ŚB. on MS.4.1.2. -उत्तमः the राजसूय sacrifice. -कर्मन् n. -क्रिया a sacrificial ceremony. -द्रुह्, -द्विष् m. 1 a demon, goblin, -2 The epithet of Ravaṇa; ऋणाद् बद्ध इवोन्मुक्तो वियोगेन क्रतुद्विषः Bk.8.12. -ध्वंसिन् m. an epithet of Śiva (who destroyed Dakṣa's sacrifice.) -पतिः the performer of a sacrifice. -पशुः a sacrificial horse. -पुरुषः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -फलम् The reward of a sacrifice, its object. -भुज् m. a god, deity. -राज् m. 1 the lord of sacrifices; यथाश्वमेधः क्रतुराट् Ms.9.26. -2 the राजसूय sacrifice; -राजः the राजसूय sacrifice; क्रतु- राजेन गोविन्द राजसूयेन पावनीः (यक्ष्ये) Bhāg.1.72.3.
kriyā क्रिया [कृ भावे करणादौ वा श cf. P.III] 1 Doing, execution, performance, accomplishment; उपचार˚, धर्म˚; प्रत्युक्तं हि प्रणयिषु सतामीप्सितार्थक्रियैव Me.116. -2 An action, act, business, undertaking; प्रणयिक्रिया V.4.15; Ms.2.4. -3 Activity, bodily action, labour. -4 Teaching, instruction; क्रिया हि वस्तूपहिता प्रसीदति R.3.29. क्रिया हि द्रव्यं विनयति नाद्रव्यम् Kau. A.1.5. -5 Possession of some act (as of singing, dancing &c.), knowledge; शिष्टा क्रिया कस्यचिदात्मसंस्था M.1.16. -6 Practice (opp. शास्त्र theory). -7 A literary work, composition; शृणुत मनोभिर- वहितैः क्रियामिमां कालिदासस्य V.1.2; कालिदासस्य क्रियायां कथं परिषदो बहुमानः M.1. -8 A purificatory rite, a religious rite or ceremony; Ms.1.43. -9 An expiatory rite, expiation. -1 (a) The ceremony of offering oblations to the deceased ancestors (श्राद्ध). (b) Obsequies. -11 Worship; त्रैतादिषु हरेरर्चा क्रियायै कविभिः 'कृता Bhāg.7.14.39. -12 Medical treatment, application of remedies, cure; शीतक्रिया M.4 cold remedies. -13 (In gram.) Action, the general idea expressed by a verb. -14 Motion. -15 Especially, motion as one of the seven categories of the Vaiśeṣikas; see कर्मन्. -16 (In law) Judicial investigation by human means (witnesses &c.) or by ordeals. -17 Burden of proof; क्रिया स्याद्वादिनोर्द्वयोः, द्वयो- रपि वादिनोः क्रिया प्राप्नोति V. May. -18 A verb. -19 A noun of action. -2 Disquisition. -21 Study. -22 Means, expedients. -23 Instrument, implement. -24 A construction; कूपप्रपापुष्करिणीवनानां चक्रुः क्रियास्तत्र च धर्मकामाः Bu. Ch.2.12. -25 Spirit (अध्यात्म) ?; द्रव्यक्रियाकारकाख्यं धूत्वा यान्त्यपुनर्भवम् Bhāg.12.6.38. -Comp. -अन्वित a. practising ritual observances. -अपवर्गः 1 completion or termination of an affair, execution of a task; क्रियापवर्गे- ष्वनुजीविसात् कृताः Ki.1.14. -2 liberation from ceremonial acts, absolution. -अभ्युपगमः a special agreement; क्रियाभ्युपगमात्त्वेतत् बीजार्थं यत्प्रदीयते Ms.9.53; -अर्थ a. 1 (a Vedic injunction) enjoining some duty. -2 useful for some purpose; अपि क्रियार्थं सुलभं समित्कुशम् Ku.5.33. -अव- सन्न a. one who loses a law-suit through the statements of the witnesses &c. -आरम्भः Cooking; आत्मार्थं च क्रिया- रम्भः Ms.11.64. -इन्द्रियम् see कर्मेंन्द्रिय. -कलापः 1 the whole body of ceremonies enjoined in the Hindu religious law. -2 all the particulars or points of any business. -कल्पः a particular mode of diognosis. -काण्डम् The portion of a श्रुति text treating of the sacrifices. -कारः 1 an agent, worker. -2 a beginner, tyro, a fresh student. -3 an agreement. -तन्त्रम् one of the four classes of Tantras; Buddha. -द्वेषिन् m. a witness whose testimony is prejudicial to the cause (one of the five kinds of witnesses). -द्वैतम् efficient cause. -निर्देशः evidence. -पटु a. dexterous. -पथः mode of medical treatment. -पदम् a verb. -पर a. diligent in the performance of one's duty. -पादः the third division of a legal plaint; that is, witnesses, documents and other proofs adduced by the plaintiff or complainant. -माधुर्यम् beauty of art and architecture; अहो क्रियामाधुर्यं पाषाणानाम् Pratimā 3. -यज्ञः religious rites (such as गर्भाधानसंस्कार); Mb.1.18.5. -योगः 1 connection with the verb. -2 the employment of expedients or means; तदा तत्प्रतिकाराच्च सततं वा विचिन्तनात् । आधिव्याधिप्रशमनं क्रियायोगद्वये न तु ॥ Mb. 3.2.23. -3 the practical form of Yoga philosophy i. e. active devotion. -लोपः omission or discontinuance of any of the essential ceremonies of the Hindu religion; क्रिया- लोपाद् वृषलत्वं गताः Ms.1.43. -वशः necessary influence of acts done. -वाचक, -वाचिन् a. expressing any action, as a verbal noun. -वादिन् m. a plaintiff, complainant. -विधिः a rule of action, manner of any rite; अयमुक्तो विभागो वः पुत्राणां च क्रियाविधिः Ms.9.22. -विशेषणम्, 1 an adverb. -2 a predicative adjective. -शक्तिः f. the power of god (in creating this world). -संक्रान्तिः f. imparting (to others) one's knowledge; teaching; विवादे दर्शयिष्यन्तं क्रियासंक्रान्तिमात्मनः M.1.19. -समभिहारः [cf. P.III.1.22] the repetition of any act; क्रियासम- भिहारेण विराध्यन्तं क्षमेत कः Śi.2.43.
kṣapaṇaḥ क्षपणः A Bauddha mendicant. -णम् 1 Defilement, impurity (अशौच); सब्रह्मचारिण्येकाहमतीते क्षपणं स्मृतम् Ms.5.71. -2 Destroying, suppressing, expelling. -3 Fasting; चतुर्थभक्तक्षपणं वैश्ये शूद्रे विधीयते Mb.13.16.13. -4 Abstinence, chastisement of the body.
kṣuṇṇa क्षुण्ण p. p. [क्षुद्-क्त] 1 Pounded, crushed to pieces, bruised. -2 Powdered, pulverized, ground. -3 Beaten, trodden (as a path); रेखामात्रमपि क्षुण्णादा मनोर्वर्त्मनः परम् (न व्यतीयुः) R.1.17. -4 (Fig.) Practised, followed; क्षुद्रजनक्षुण्ण एष मार्गः K.146; अ˚ unusual; Māl.3. -5 Violated (a vow); Rām.1. -6 Exercised, practised, skilful. -7 One versed in the sacred science but unable to teach it. -8 Overcome, defeated; क्षतं क्षुण्णासुरगणैरगणैरिव किं यशः Ki.15.8. -Comp. -मनस् a. penitent, repentant.
kṣud क्षुद् f., क्षुधा 1 Hunger; सीदति क्षुधा Ms.7.134,4.187. -2 Food. -Comp. -अन्वित, -आर्त, -आविष्ट a. afflicted by hunger. -क्षाम a. emaciated by hunger; Mb.1.5.1; Bh.2.29. -पिपासित a. hungry and thirsty; Ms.8.93. -निवृत्तिः f. cessation of hunger, appeasing of appetite (in general). -शान्तिः f. (क्षुधाशान्तिः) allaying hunger, satisfaction; Bh.
kha खः The sun. -खम् 1 The sky; खं केशवो$पर इवाक्रमितुं प्रवृत्तः Mk.5.2; यावद्गिरः खे मरुतां चरन्ति Ku.3.72; Me.9. -2 Heaven. -3 Organ of sense; पराञ्चि खानि व्यतृणत्स्वयंभूस्तमात्पराङ् पश्यति नान्तरात्मन् Kaṭh.2.1.1. -4 A city. -5 A field. -6 A cypher. -7 A dot, an anusvāra. -8 A cavity, an aperture, hollow, hole; नश्यतीषुर्यथा विद्धः खे विद्धमनुविध्यतः Ms.9.43. -9 An aperture of the human body; (of which there are 9, i. e. the mouth, the two ears, the two eyes, the two nostrils, and the organs of excretion and generation); खानि चैव स्पृशेदद्भिः Ms.2.6,53;4.144; Y.1.2; cf. Ku.3.5. -1 A wound. -11 Happiness, pleasure. -12 Tale. -13 Action. -14 Knowledge. -15 Brahman. -16 The glottis (in anatomy). -17 The tenth mansion from any given constellation or the sun's entrance into it. -खा 1 A well, fountain. -2 A river. -3 Pārvatī. -4 The earth. -5 Lakṣmi. -6 The speech; cf. खोमा क्ष्मा कमला च गीः Enm. -Comp. -अटः (खे$टः) 1 a planet. -2 Rāhu, the ascending node. -आपगा an epithet of the Ganges. -उल्कः, -खोल्कः 1 a meteor. -2 a planet. -3 N. of the sun. ˚आदित्यः a form of the sun. -उल्मुकः the planet Mars. -कामिनी N. of Durgā. -कुन्तलः N. of Śiva. -ग a. [खे आकाशे गच्छति गम्-ड] moving in the air; आरुह्यतामयं शीघ्रं खगो रत्नविभूषितः Rām.3.42.7. (-गः) 1 a bird; अधुनीत खगः स नैकधा तनुम् N.2.2; Ms.12.63. -2 air, wind; तमांसीव यथा सूर्यो वृक्षानग्निर्घनान्खगः Mb. -3 the sun. -4 a planet; e. g. आपोक्लिमे यदि खगाः स किलेन्दुवारः Tv. -5 a grass-hopper. -6 a deity. -7 an arrow; आशीविषाभान् खगमान् प्रमुञ्चन् Mb.8.67.2. ˚अधिपः an epithet of Garuḍa; हर्षयन्विबुधानीकमारुरोह खगाधिपम् Bhāg.8. 4.26. ˚अन्तकः a hawk, falcon. ˚अभिरामः an epithet of Śiva. ˚आसनः 1 the eastern mountain on which the sun rises. -2 an epithet of Viṣṇu. ˚इन्द्रः, ˚ईश्वरः, ˚पतिः epithets of Garuḍa ज्ञानेन वैयासकिशद्वितेन भेजे खगेन्द्रध्वजपादमूलम् Bhāg. ˚वती f. the earth. ˚स्थानम् 1 the hollow of a tree. -2 a bird's nest. -गङ्गा celestial Gaṅgā. -गतिः f. 1 flight in the air. -2 the motion of a planet. -3 a metre of 4 x 16 syllables. -गम a. moving in the air, flying (as the Gandharvas or missile weapons). (-मः) a bird. -(खे)गमनः a kind of gallinule. -गुण a. having a cypher as a multiplier. -गोलः the celestial sphere. ˚विद्या astronomy. -चमसः the moon. -चर a. flying, moving in the air. (-रः) or खेचरः 1 a bird. -2 a cloud. -3 the sun. -4 the wind. -5 a demon. -6 an aerial spirit. -7 a Gandharva or Vidyādhara खचरनगरकल्पं कल्पितं शास्त्रदृष्ट्या Mb.7.7.54; दिव्यस्रग्वस्त्रसन्नाहाः कलत्रैः खेचरा इव Bhāg.1.82.9. -8 a planet. (hence the number 'nine'). -9 mercury or quicksilver. -1 a sign of the zodiac. (-री i. e. खेचरी) 1 a semi-divine female able to fly. -2 an epithet of Durgā. -3 The magical power of flying (सिद्धि); एवं सखीभिरुक्ताहं खेचरी- सिद्धिलोलुभा Ks.2.15. -4 a particular मुद्रा or position of fingers. -चारिन् a. moving in the air. (-m.) an epithet of Skanda. -जलम् 'sky-water', dew, rain, frost &c. -ज्योतिस् m. a firefly. -तमालः 1 a cloud. -2 smoke. -तिलकः the sun, -द्योतः 1 a firefly; खद्योतालीविलसितनिभां विद्युदुन्मेषदृष्टिम् Me.83. -2 the sun. -द्योतनः the sun. -धूपः a rocket; मुमुचुः खधूपान् Bk.3.5. -परागः darkness. -पुष्पम् 'sky-flower', used figuratively to denote anything impossible, an impossibility; cf. the four impossibilities stated in this verse :-- मृगतृष्णाम्भसि स्नातः शशशृङ्गधनुर्धरः । एष वन्ध्यासुतो याति खपुष्पकृतशेखरः Subhāṣ. -बाष्पः dew, frost. -भ्रमः a planet. -भ्रान्तिः a falcon. -मणिः 'the jewel of the sky', the sun. -मीलनम् sleepiness, lassitude. -मूर्तिः an epithet of Śiva; a celestial body or person; Ms.2.82. -वारि n. rain-water, dew &c. -बाष्पः snow, hoar-frost. -शय (also खेशय) a. resting or dwelling in the air. -शरीरम् a celestial body. -श्वासः wind, air. -समुत्थ, -संभव a. produced in the sky, ethereal. -सिन्धुः the moon. -सूचि See under that word. -स्तनी the earth. -स्फटिकम् the sun or moon gem. -हर a. having a cypher for its denominator.
khajikā खजिका An appetising preparation; L. D. B.
gandhaḥ गन्धः [गन्ध्-पचाद्यच्] 1 Smell, odour; गन्धमाघ्राय चोर्व्याः Me.21; अपघ्नन्तो दुरितं हव्यगन्धैः Ś.4.8; R.12.27. (गन्ध is changed to गन्धि when as the last member of a Bah. comp. it is preceded by उद्, पूति, सु, सुरभि, or when the compound implies comparison; सुगन्धि, सुरभिगन्धि, कमलगन्धि मुखम्; शालिनिर्यासगन्धिभिः R.1.38; आहुति˚ 1.53; also when गन्ध is used in the sense of 'a little'). -2 Smell considered as one of the 24 properties or guṇas of the Vaiśeṣikas; it is a property characteristic of पृथिवी or earth which is defined as गन्धवती पृथ्वी T. S. -3 The mere smell of anything, a little, a very small quantity; घृतगन्धि भोजनम् Sk. -4 A perfume, any fragrant substance; एषा मया सेविता गन्धयुक्तिः Mk.8; Y.1. 231; Mu.1.4. -5 Sulphur. -6 Pounded sandal wood. -7 Connection, relationship. -8 A neighbour. -9 Pride, arrogance; as in आत्तगन्ध humbled or mortified. -1 An epithet of Śiva. -11 A sectarial mark on the forehead. -12 Similarity (सादृश्य); डुण्डुभानहिगन्धेन न त्वं हिंसितुमर्हसि Mb.1.1.3. -न्धम् 1 Smell. -2 Black aloewood. -Comp. -अधिकम् a kind of perfume. -अपकर्ष- णम् removing smells. -अम्बु n. fragrant water. -अम्ला the wild lemon tree. -अश्मन् m. sulphur. ...... गन्धा- श्मानं मनःशिलाम् । Śiva. B.3.19. -अष्टकम् a mixture of 8 fragrant substances offered to deities, varying in kind according to the nature of the deity to whom they are offered. Generally sandal, camphor, saffron, उशीर, cyperus pertenuis (Mar. नागरमोथा), गोरोचन, देवदार and a flower are used in the mixture. -आखुः the musk-rat. -आजीवः a vendor of perfumes. -आढ्य a. rich in odour, very fragrant; स्रजश्चोत्तमगन्धाढ्याः Mb. (-ढ्यः) the orange tree. (-ढ्यम्) sandal-wood. -इन्द्रियम् the organ of smell. -इभः, -गजः, -द्विपः, -हस्तिन् m. 'the scentelephant', an elephant of the best kind; यस्य गन्धं समाघ्राय न तिष्ठन्ति प्रतिद्विपाः । स वै गन्धगजो नाम नृपतेर्विजयावहः ॥ Pālakāpyam; शमयति गजानन्यान्गन्धद्विपः कलभो$पि सन् V.5. 18; R.6.7;17.7; गन्धेन जेतुः प्रमुखागतस्य गन्धद्विपस्येव मतङ्गजौघः । Ki.17.17. -उत्तमा spirituous liquor. -उदम् scented water; Bhāg.9.11.26. -उपजीविन् m. one who lives by perfumes, a perfumer. -ओतुः (forming गन्धोतु वार्तिक or गन्धौतु) the civet cat. -कारिका 1 a female servant whose business is to prepare perfumes. -2 a female artisan living in the house of another, but not altogether subject to another's control. -कालिका, -काली f. N. of Satyavatī, mother of Vyāsa; Mb.1. -काष्ठम् aloe-wood. -कुटी 1 a kind of perfume. (-टिः, -टी) -2 The Buddhist temple, any chamber used by Buddha; पुण्योद्देशवशाच्चकार रुचिरां शौद्धोदनेः श्रद्धया । श्रीमद्गन्धकुटीमिमामिव कुटीं मोक्षस्य सौख्यस्य च ॥ (An inscription at Gayā V.9. Ind. Ant. Vol.X). -केलिका, -चेलिका musk. -ग a. 1 taking a scent, smelling. -2 redolent. -गजः see गन्धेभ. -गुण a. having the property of odour. -घ्राणम् the smelling of any odour. -चरा f. The fourth stage of must of an elephant; Mātaṅga L.9.15. -जलम् fragrant water; सिक्तां गन्धजलैः Bhāg.1.11.14. -ज्ञा the nose. -तूर्यम् a musical instrument of a loud sound used in battle (as a drum or trumpet). -तैलम् 1 a fragrant oil, a kind of oil prepared with fragrant substances. -2 sulphur-butter. -दारु n. aloe-wood. -द्रव्यम् a fragrant substance. -द्वार a. perceptible through the odour. -धारिन् a. bearing fragrance. (-m.) an epithet of Śiva. -धूलिः f. musk. -नकुलः the musk-rat. -नालिका, -नाली the nose. -निलया a kind of jasmine. -पः N. of a class of manes. -पत्रा, -पलाशी a species of zedoary. -पलाशिका turmeric. -पालिन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -पाषाणः sulphur. -पिशाचिका the smoke of burnt fragrant resin (so called from its dark colour or cloudy nature, or perhaps from its attracting demons by fragrance). -पुष्पः 1 the Vetasa plant. -2 The Ketaka plant. (-ष्पम्) 1 a fragrant flower. -2 flowers and sandal offered to deities at the time of worship. -पुष्पा an indigo plant. -पूतना a kind of imp or goblin. -फली 1 the Priyañgu creeper. -2 a bud of the Champaka tree. -बन्धुः the mango tree. -मातृ f. the earth. -मादन a. intoxicating with fragrance. (-नः) 1 a large black bee. -2 sulphur. -3 an epithet of Rāvaṇa. (-नः, -नम्) N. of a particular mountain to the east of Meru, renowned for its fragrant forests (-नम्) the forest on this mountain. -मादनी spirituous liquor. -मादिनी lac. -मार्जारः the civet cat. -मुखा, -मूषिकः, -मूषी f. the musk rat. -मृगः 1 the civet cat. -2 the musk-deer. -मैथुनः a bull. -मोदनः sulphur. -मोहिनी a bud of the Champaka tree. -युक्तिः f. preparation of perfumes. -रसः myrrh (Mar. रक्त्याबोळ); लाक्षां गन्धरसं चापि ...... Śiva. B.3.2. ˚अङ्गकः turpentine. -राजः a kind of jasmine. (-जम्) 1 a sort of perfume. -2 sandal-wood. -लता the Priyañgu creeper. -लोलुपा 1 a bee. -2 a fly or gnat. -वहः the wind; रात्रिंदिवं गन्धवहः प्रयाति Ś.5.4; दिग्दक्षिणा गन्धवहं मुखेन Ku.3.25. -वहा the nose. -वाहः 1 the wind; देहं दहन्ति दहना इव गन्धवाहाः Bv.1.14. -2 the musk-deer. -वाही the nose. -विह्वलः wheat. -वृक्षकः, -वृक्ष the Śāla tree. -व्याकुलम् a kind of fragrant berry (कक्कोल.) -शुण़्डिनी the musk-rat. -शेखरः musk. -सारः 1 sandal. -2 a kind of jasmine. -सुखी, -सूयी the musk shrew. -सोमम् the white water-lily. -हस्तिन् m. a scent-elephant; यस्य गन्धं समाघ्राय न तिष्ठन्ति प्रतिद्विपाः । तं गन्धहस्तिनं प्राहुर्नृपतोर्विजयावहम् ॥ Pālakāpyam. -हारिका a female servant whose business is to prepare perfumes; cf. गन्धकारिका.
gam गम् 1 P. (गच्छति, जगाम, अगमत्, गमिष्यति, गन्तुम्, गत desid.; जिगमिषति, जिगांसते Ātm.; freq. जङ्गम्यते; जङ्गमीति or जङ्गन्ति) 1 To go, move in general; गच्छत्वार्या पुनर्दर्शनाय V.5; गच्छति पुरः शरीरं धावति पश्चादसंस्तुतं चेतः Ś.1.33; क्वाधुना गम्यते 'where art thou going'. -2 To depart, go forth, go away, set forth or out; उत्क्षिप्यैनां ज्योतिरेकं जगाम Ś.5.3. -3 To go to, reach, resort to, arrive at, approach; यदगम्यो$पि गम्यते Pt.1.7; एनो गच्छति कर्तारम् Ms.8.19 the sin goes to (recoils on) the doer; 4.199; so धरणिं मूर्ध्ना गम् &c. -4 To pass, pass away, elapse (as time); दिनेषु गच्छत्सु R.3.8 as days rolled on, in course of time; Me.85; काव्यशास्त्रविनोदेन कालो गच्छति धीमताम् H.1.1; गच्छता कालेन in the long run. -5 To go to the state or condition of, become, undergo, suffer, partake of &c. (usually joined with nouns ending in. -ता, -त्व &c, or any noun in the acc.); गमिष्या- म्युपहास्यताम् R.1.3; पश्चादुमाख्यां सुमुखी जगाम Ku.1.26 went by or received the name of Umā; so तृप्तिं गच्छति becomes satisfied; विषादं गतः became dejected; कोपं न गच्छति does not become angry; आनृण्यं गतः became released from debt; मनसा गम् to think of, remember; Ku.2.63; वृषेण गच्छतः riding a bull; Ku.5.8. -6 To cohabit, have sexual intercourse with; गुरोः सुतां ... यो गच्छति पुमान् Pt.2.17; Y.1.8. -Caus. (गमयति-ते) 1 To cause to go, lead or reduce to (as a state); गमितः गतिम् Ku.4.24; Bh.3.38; Ki.2.7. -2 To spend, pass (as time). -3 To make clear, explain, expound. -4 To signify, denote, convey an idea or sense of; द्वौ नञौ प्रकृतार्थ गमयतः 'two negatives make one affirmative'. -5 To send to. -6 To bring to a place (acc.). -7 To impart, grant, bestow. -8 To intend, mean.
gamanīya गमनीय pot. p. 1 Accessible, approachable; विकारस्य गमनीयास्मि संवृत्ता Ś.1. -2 Intelligible, easy to be comprehended. -3 Fit to be practised or observed. -4 Relating to sexual intercourse; गुरुस्त्री˚ Ms.11.13 (पापम्); for other senses see गम्य.
gāyanaḥ गायनः (-नी f.) [गै-ल्युट्] A singer; गायनैश्च विरोविण्यो वादनैश्च तथापरैः । विरेजुर्विपुलास्तत्र सर्वरत्नसमन्विताः ॥ Rām.1.18. 19; तथैव तत्पौरुषगायनीकृताः N.1.13; Bh.3.27 v. l. -नम् 1 Singing a song. -2 Practising singing as a means of subsistence.
gṛdhrasī गृध्रसी 1 Lumbago. -2 Rheumatism affecting the loins; Charaka 1.5,2.
gauḍaḥ गौडः 1 N. of a country; the स्कन्दपुराण thus describes its position :-- वङ्गदेशं समारभ्य भुवनेशान्तगः शिवे । गौडदेशः समाख्यातः सर्वविद्याविशारदः ॥ -2 A particular subdivision of Brāhmaṇas. -3 see गोण्डः above. L. D. B. -डाः (pl.) The inhabitants of Gauḍa. -डी 1 Spirit distilled from molasses; गौडी पैष्ठी च माध्वी च विज्ञेया त्रिविधा सुरा Ms. 11.95. -2 One of the Rāgiṇis. -3 (In rhet.) One of the Ritis or Vrittis or styles of poetic composition; S. D. mentions four Ritis, while K. P. only three, गौडी being another name for पुरुषा वृत्ति; ओजःप्रकाशकैस्तैः (वर्णैः) तु परुषा (i. e. गौडी) M. P.7; ओजःप्रकाशकैर्वर्णैर्बन्ध आडम्बरः पुनः समासबहुला गौडी S. D.627. Here is an illustration : उन्मीलन्मधुगन्धलुब्धमधुपव्याधूतचूताङ्कुरः क्रीडत्कोकिलकाकंलीकलकलैरु- द्गीर्णकर्णज्वराः । नीयन्ते पथिकैः कथं कथमपि ध्यानावधानक्षणप्राप्त- प्राणसमासमागमरसोल्लासैरमी वासराः ॥ अलंकारशेखर 6. -डम् Sweet- meats; भोजनानि सुपूर्णानि गौडानि च सहस्रशः Rām.1.53.4. -a. Relating to or prepared from molasses; विविधानि च गौडानि खाण्डवानि तथैव च Rām.7.92.12. -Comp. -पादः N. of a commentator. -मालवः N. of a Rāga.
granthaḥ ग्रन्थः [ग्रन्थ् संदर्भे भावे घञ्] 1 Binding, stringing together (fig. also). -2 A work, treatise, composition, literary production, book; ग्रन्थारम्भे, ग्रन्थकृत्, ग्रन्थसमाप्ति &c. -3 Wealth, property. -4 A verse consisting of 32 syllables, written in the Anuṣṭubh metre. -Comp. -कर्तृ, m. -कारः -कृत् m. a writer, an author; ग्रन्थारम्भे समुचितेष्टदे- वतां ग्रन्थकृत्परामृशति K. P.1. -कुटी, -कूटी 1 a library. -2 a studio. -विस्तरः, विस्तारः voluminousness, diffuse style; Bṛi S.1.2. -संधिः a section or chapter of a work; (for the several names by which sections, or chapters of works in Sanskṛit, are called, see under अध्याय).
grah ग्रह् 9 U. (In Vedic literature ग्रभ्; गृह्णति, जग्राह, अग्र- हीत्, ग्रहीतुम्, गृहीत caus. ग्राहयति; desid. जिवृक्षति) 1 To seize, take, take or catch hold of, lay hold of, catch, grasp; तयोर्जग्रहतुः पादान् राजा राज्ञी च मागधी R.1.57; आलाने गृह्यते हस्ती वाजी वल्गासु गृह्यते Mk.1.5; तं कण्ठे जग्राह K.363. पाणिं गृहीत्वा, चरणं गृहीत्वा &c. -2 To receive, take, accept, exact; प्रजानामेव भूत्यर्थं स ताभ्यो बलिमग्रहीत् R.1.18; Ms.7.124; 9.162. -3 To apprehend, capture, take prisoner. बन्दिग्राहं गृहीत्वा V.1; यांस्तत्र चोरान् गृह्णीयात् Ms.8.34. -4 To arrest, stop, catch; अभ्यासेन तु कौन्तेय वैराग्येण च गृह्यते Bg.6.35. -5 To captivate, attract; महाराजगृहीत- हृदयया मया V.4; हृदये गृह्यते नारी Mk.1.5; माधुर्यमीष्टे हरिणान् ग्रहीतुम् R.18.13. -6 To win over, persuade, induce to one's side; लुब्धमर्थेन गृह्णीयात् Chāṇ.33; Pt.1.69,184. -7 (Hence) To please, gratify, satisfy, propitiate; ग्रहीतुमार्यान् परिचर्यया मुहुर्महानुभावा हि नितान्तमर्थिनः Śi.1.17,33. -8 To affect; seize or possess (as a demon, spirit &c.); as in पिशाचगृहीत, वेतालगृहीत. -9 To assume, take; द्युतिमग्रहीद् ग्रहगणः Śi.9.23; Bk.19.29. -1 To learn, know, recognize, understand; युवतीजनैर्जग्रहे मुनि- प्रभावः Ki.1.8; Pt.1.43. -11 To regard, consider, believe, take for; मयापि मृत्पिण्डबुद्धिना तथैव गृहीतम् Ś.6; परिहासविजल्पितं सखे परमार्थेन न गृह्यतां वचः Ś.2.19; एवं जनो गृह्णाति M.1; Mu.3. -12 To catch or perceive (as by an organ of sense); ज्यानिनादमथ गृह्णती तयोः R.11.15. -13 To master, grasp, comprehend; न्यस्ताक्षरामक्षरभूमि- कायां कार्त्स्न्येन गृह्णाति लिपिं न यावत् R.18.46. -14 To guess, conjecture, infer; नेत्रवक्त्रविकारैश्च गृह्यते$न्तर्गतं मनः Ms.8.26. -15 To utter, mention (as a name); यदि मयान्यस्य नामापि न गृहितम् K.35; न तु नामापि गृह्णीयात् पत्यौ प्रेते परस्य तु Ms.5.157. -16 To buy, purchase; कियता मूल्येनैतत्पुस्तकं गृहीतम् Pt.2; Y.2.169; Ms.8.21. -17 To deprive (one) of, take away from, rob or seize away; यथा रणे प्राणान् बहूनामग्रहीद् द्विषाम् Bk.9.9;15.63. -18 To wear, put on (as clothes &c.); वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय नवानि गृह्णाति नरो$पराणि Bg.2.22. -19 To conceive. -2 To observe (as a fast). -21 To eclipse. -22 To undertake, undergo, begin. -23 To take up, draw (water.); अपस्फुरं गृभायत सोममिन्द्राय पातवे Rv.8.69.1. -24 To stop, intercept. -25 To withdraw, draw back; यथोर्ण- नाभिः सृजते गृह्णते Muṇḍa.1.7. -26 To include. -27 To receive hospitably (as a guest). [The senses of this root may be variously modified according to the noun with which it is joined]. -Caus. 1 To cause to take, catch, seize or accept. -2 To give away in marriage; अयाचितारं न हि देवदेवमद्रिः सुतां ग्राहयितुं शशाक Ku.1.52. -3 To teach, make one acquainted with. -4 To make one take, deliver over to. -5 To become familiar with; -With अनुसम् to salute humbly. -अप to take away, tear off. -अभि to seize forcibly. -II. 1 P., 1 U. (ग्रहति, ग्राहयति-ते) To take, receive, &c.
ghaṭaḥ घटः [घट-अच्] 1 A large earthen water-jar, pitcher, jar, watering-pot; आकाशमेकं हि यथा घटादिषु पृथग्भवेत् Y. 3.144; कूपे पश्य पयोनिधावपि घटो गृह्णाति तुल्यं जलम् Bh.2.49. -2 The sign Aquarius of the zodiac (also called कुम्भ). -3 An elephant's frontal sinus. -4 Suspending the breath as a religious exercise. -5 A measure equal to 2 droṇas. -6 A part of a column; स्तम्भं विभज्य नवधा वहनं भागो घटो$स्य भागो$न्यः Bṛi. S.53.29. -7 A border. -8 A peculiar form of a temple; Bṛi. S.56.18,26. -9 The head; 'घटः समाधिभेदे ना शिरः कूटकटेषु च' Medinī; Mb.1.155.38. -Comp. -आटोपः covering for a carriage or any article of furniture. -उदरः N. of Gaṇeśa; घटोदरः शूर्पकर्णो गणाध्यक्षो मदोत्कटः Ks.55.165. -उद्भवः, -जः, -योनिः, -संभवः epithets of the sage Agastya. -ऊधस् f. (forming घटोध्नी) a cow with a full udder; गाः कोटिशः स्पर्शयता घटोध्नीः R.2.49. -कञ्चुकि n. a rite practised by Tāntrikas and Śāktas (in which the bodices of different women are placed in a receptacle (घट) and the men present at the ceremony are allowed to take them out one by one and then cohabit with the woman to whom each bodice belongs); Āgamapr. -कर्परः 1 N. of a poet. -2 a piece of a broken jar, pot-sherd; जीयेय येन कविना यमकैः परेण तस्मै वहेयमुदकं घट- कर्परेण Ghāṭ.22. -कारः, -कृत् m. a potter; Bṛi. S.15. 1;16.29. -ग्रहः a water-bearer. -दासी a procuress; cf. कुम्भदासी. -पर्यसनम् the ceremony of performing the funeral rites of a patita or apostate (who is unwilling to go back to his caste &c.) during his very life-time. -भवः, -योनिः Agastya. -भेदनकम् an instrument used in making pots. -राजः a water-jar of baked clay. -स्थापनम् placing a water-pot as a type of Durgā for nine days (नवरात्रम्).
cak चक् 1 U. (चकति-ते, चकित) 1 To be satiated, be contented or satisfied. -2 To repel, resist. -3 To shine.
canas चनस् n. Ved. 1 Food. -2 Delight, satisfaction, pleasure; सुते दधिष्व नश्चनः Rv.1.3.6.
canasita चनसित a. Ved. Delighted, satisfied, pleased.
car चर् 1 P. (चरति, चचार, अचारीत्, चरितुम्, चरित or sometimes चीर्ण) 1 To walk, move, go about, roam, wander; नष्टाशङ्का हरिणशिशवो मन्दमन्दं चरन्ति Ś.1.15 (चर् may mean here 'to graze' also); इन्द्रियाणां हि चरताम् Bg.2.67; कपय- श्चेरुरार्तस्य रामस्येव मनोरथाः R.12.59; Ms.2.23,6.68; 8.236;9.36;1.55. -2 (a) To perform, do, act; रचयति रेखाः सलिले यस्तु खले चरति सत्कारम् Bv.1.98. (b) To practise, perform, observe; चरतः किल दुश्चरं तपः R.8.79; Y.1.6; Ms.3.3. -3 To act, behave towards, conduct oneself (oft. with loc. of the person); चरतीनां च कामतः Ms.5.9;9.287; आत्मवत्सर्वभूतेषु यश्चरेत् Mb; तस्यां त्वं साधु नाचरः R.1.76 (where the root may be also आचर्). -4 To graze; सुचिरं हि चरन् शस्यम् H.3.9. -5 To eat, consume. -6 To be engaged in, be busy with. -7 To live, continue to be, continue in any state. -8 To spread, be diffused. -9 To live, be, exist. -1 To move, travel through, pervade, go along, follow. -Caus. (चार- यति) 1 To cause to move or go. -2 To send, direct, move. -3 To drive away. -4 To cause to perform or practise. -5 To cause to copulate. -6 To cause to graze, pasture. -7 To obtain knowledge of, acquaint oneself with. -8 To doubt. [cf. L. curro.]
cara चर a. (-री f.) [चर्-अच्] 1 Moving, going, walking, grazing &c.; धर्मारण्यचरेषु प्राणिषु Ś.5.9. -2 Following, practising (at the end of comp.). -3 Trembling, shaking. -4 Movable; see चराचर below; Ms.3.21; Bg. 13.15. -5 Animate; Ms.5.29;7.15. -6 (Used as an affix) formerly, late; आढ्यचर 'one who was formerly rich' so देवदत्तचर, अध्यापकचर late teacher &c. -रः 1 A spy. -2 A wagtail. -3 A game played with dice and men. -4 A cowrie. -5 The planet Mars. -6 (Hence) Tuesday. -7 The seventh Karaṇa in astrology. -8 The Karaṇas taken collectively. -9 The difference of time between two meridians. -1 The first, fourth, seventh, and tenth signs of the zodiac. -11 The wind; क्वाहं तमो- महदहंखचराग्निवार्भूसंवेष्टिताण्डघटसप्तवितस्तिकायः Bhāg.1.14.11. -Comp. -अचर a. 1 movable and immovable; चरा- चराणां भूतानां कुक्षिराधारतां गतः Ku.6.67;2.5; Bg.11.43. -2 wished, desired. -3 shaking, trembling. -रम् 1 the aggregate of all created things, the world; Ms.1.57, 63;3.75; Bg.11.7;9.1. -2 the sky, the atmosphere. -3 heaven. (-री) a young woman. -गृहम् the zodiacs of मेष, कर्क, तुला and मकर. -द्रव्यम् movables, goods and chattels. -पुष्टः a mediator. -भम्, -भवनम् a varying sign of the zodiac; i. e. the first, fourth, seventh and tenth. -मूर्तिः f. an idol which is carried about in procession.
caraṇaḥ चरणः णम् [चर्-करणे ल्युट्] 1 A foot; शिरसि चरण एष न्यस्यते वारयैनम् Ve.3.38; जात्या काममवध्यो$सि चरणं त्विदमुद्धृतम् 39. -2 A support, pillar, prop. -3 The root of a tree. -4 The single line of a stanza. -5 A quarter. -6 A school or branch of any of the Vedas; e. g. चरणगुरवः Mv.1; Māl.1; Pt.4.3. -7 A race. -8 (In prosody) A dactyl. -णः A foot-soldier. -2 A ray of light. -णम् 1 Moving, roaming, wandering. -2 Performance, practising; Ms.6.75. -3 Conduct of life, behaviour (moral). -4 Accomplishment. -5 Eating, consuming. -6 Course. -7 Acting, dealing, managing, conduct. -8 Fixed observance of any class, age (as priesthood &c.); -9 studying under strict rules of ब्रह्मचर्य; विशुद्धवीर्याश्चरणोपपन्नाः Mb.5.3.7. -Comp. -अचलः The setting mountain; यातो$स्तमेष चरमाचलचूड- चुम्बी Murāri. -अमृतम्, -उदकम् water in which the feet of a (revered) Brāhmaṇa or spiritual guide have been washed. -अरविन्दम्, -कमलम्, -पद्मम् a lotuslike foot. -आयुधः a cock; आकर्ण्य संप्रति रुतं चरणायुधानाम् S. D. -आस्कन्दनम् trampling, treading under foot. -उपधानम् A foot-rest; कृष्णा च तेषां चरणोपधाने Mb. 1.193.1. -गत a. fallen at the feet, prostrate. -ग्रन्थिः m., -पर्वन् n. the ankle. -न्यासः a footstep. -पः a tree. -पतनम् falling down or prostration (at the feet of another); Amaru.17. -पतित a. prostrate at the feet; Me.15. -पातः 1 tread, trampling. -2 footfall. -3 prostration. -योधिन् m. (= -आयुधः) विहिता वृक्षमूले तु वृत्तिश्चरणयोधिनाम् Rām.4.58.31. -व्यूहः A book dealing with the śākhās of the vedas. -शुश्रूषा, -सेवा 1 prostration. -2 service, devotion.
carita चरित p. p. [चर् कर्मणि क्त] 1 Wandered or roamed over, gone. -2 Performed, practised. -3 Attained. -4 Known. -5 Offered; Ś.4.21. -6 Acted, behaved; Ś.5.16. -तम् 1 Going, moving, course. -2 Acting, doing, practice, behaviour, acts, deeds; उदारचरितानाम् H.1.7; सर्वं खलस्य चरितं मशकः करोति 1.81. -3 Life, biography, adventures, history उत्तरं रामचरितं तत्प्रणीतं प्रयुज्यते U.1.2; दिवौकसस्त्वच्चरितं लिखन्ति Ś.7.5; so दशकुमारचरितम् &c. -4 Nature. -5 Fixed law, due or proper observance. -Comp. -अर्थ a. 1 that has accomplished its end or desired object, successful; राम- रावणयोर्युद्धं चरितार्थमिवाभवत् R.12.87; चरितार्थैव भारती 1. 36; Ki.13.62. राज्ञां तु चरितार्थता दुःखोत्तरा एव Ś.5; चरि- तार्थत्वात् प्रधानविनिवृत्तेः Sāṅ. K.68. -2 satisfied, contented. -3 effected, accomplished. -4 significant, true to its sense; Ku.2.17. -5 appropriate, fit; Ku.4.45. ˚ता the attainment of the desired object; Ś.5.
caritavya चरितव्य pot. p. 1 To be gone. -2 To be followed, practised or performed &c.
carya चर्य a. [चर्-कर्मणि यत्] To be gone; to be practised &c. -र्या 1 Going about, moving, walking about; driving or going in a carriage; रथ˚ U.5. -2 Course, motion; as in सहचर्या. -3 Behaviour, conduct, deportment. -4 Practice, performance, observance; Ms.1.111; व्रतचर्या, तपश्चर्या. -5 Regular performance of all rites or customs. -6 Eating. -7 A custom, usage; Ms.6.32. -8 Pervading; visiting. -र्यम् 1 Going about. -2 Behaviour, conduct.
cala चल a. [चल्-अच्] 1 (a) Moving trembling, shaking, tremulous, rolling (as eyes &c.); चलापाङ्गां दृष्टिं स्पृशसि Ś.1.24; चलकाकपक्षकैरमात्यपुत्रैः R.3.28 waving; Bh.1.16. (b) Movable (opp. स्थिर), moving; चले लक्ष्ये Ś.2.5; परिचयं चललक्ष्यनिपातने R.9.49. -2 Unsteady, fickle, inconstant, loose, unfixed; दयितास्वनवस्थितं नृणां न खलु प्रेम चलं सुहृज्जने Ku.4.28; प्रायश्चलं गौरवमाश्रितेषु 3.1. -3 Frail, transitory, perishable; चला लक्ष्मीश्चलाः प्राणाश्चलं जीवितयौवनम् Bh.3.128. -4 Confused. -लः 1 Trembling, shaking, agitation. -2 Wind. -3 Quicksilver. -4 The supreme being. -ला 1 Lakṣmī, the goddess of wealth. -2 Lightning. -3 A kind of perfume. -Comp. -अचल a. 1 movable and immovable. -2 fickle, unsteady, very transitory (= अतिचल); चलाचले च संसारे धर्म एको हि निश्चलः Bh.3.128; लक्ष्मीमिव चलाचलाम् Ki.11.3 (चलाचला = चञ्चला Malli.); कस्य न भवति चलाचलं धनम् Mk.2.14; N.1.6; चलाचलैरनुपदमाहताः खुरैः Śi. (-लः) a crow. -आतङ्कः rheumatism. -आत्मन् a. inconstant, fickle-minded. -इन्द्रिय a. 1 sensitive. -2 sensual. -इषुः one whose arrow flies unsteadily or misses the mark, a bad archer. -कर्णः the true distance of a planet from the earth. -चञ्चुः the Chakora bird. -चित्त a. fickle-minded. -दलः, -पत्रः the Aśvattha tree; बिल्वै- श्चलदलैरपि Parṇāl.4.62; लीलाचलाचलं भाले हैमं चलदलच्छदम् (Mar. पिंपळपान) Śiva. B.6.83. ˚च्छदः An ornament worn on the forehead, having the shape of the leaf of the Aśvattha tree. -सन्धिः movable articulation of the bones.
cāraḥ चारः [चर एव अण्] 1 Going, walking, gait, wandering about; मण्डलचारशीघ्रः V.5.2; क्रीडाशैले यदि च विचरेत् पाद- चारेण गौरी Me.6; निवृत्तचारः सहसा गतो रविः प्रवृत्तचारा रजनी ह्युपस्थिता Rām.2.66.26 walk on foot. -2 Motion, course, progression; मङ्गलचार, शनिचार, राहु˚ &c. -3 A spy, scout, secret emissary; Ms.7.184;9.261; see चारचक्षुस् below. -4 Performing, practising. -5 A prison. -6 A bond, fetter. -7 The Pippalī tree or the Priyāla tree. -8 A platform, Māna.62.1.3. -रम् An artificial poison. -Comp. -अन्तरितः a spy. -ईक्षणः, -चक्षुस् m. 'using spies as eyes', a king (or a statesman) who employs spies and sees through their medium; चारचक्षु- र्महीपतिः Ms.9.256; cf. Kāmandaka :-- गावः पश्यन्ति गन्धेन वेदैः पश्यन्ति च द्विजाः । चारैः पश्यन्ति राजानश्चक्षुर्भ्यामितरे जनाः ॥ also Rām. :-- यस्मात्पश्यन्ति दूरस्थाः सर्वानर्थान्नराधिपाः । चारेण तस्मादुच्यन्ते राजानश्चारचक्षुषः ॥ -चण, -चञ्चु a. graceful in gait, of graceful carriage. -ज्या the sine of the ascensional difference. -पथः a place where two roads meet. -भटः a valorous man, warrior. -भटी courage. -वायुः summer-air, zephyr.
cikitsanam चिकित्सनम् Healing, practising medicine; सूतानाम- श्वसारथ्यमम्बष्ठानां चिकित्सनम् Ms.1.47.
cīrṇa चीर्ण a. (चर्-नक् पृषो˚ अत ईन्वम्] 1 Done, performed, observed; चीर्णव्रतो बाल एव बुद्धिसत्त्वगुणान्वितः Mb.1.48.19. -2 Studied, repeated. -3 Split, divided. -Comp. -पर्णः the Kharjūra and Nimba tress; -व्रत a. Who has practised a vow.
jinv जिन्व् 1 P. (जिन्वति) 1 To be active or lively, busy oneself. -2 To urge on, impel, excite. -3 To refresh, animate. -4 To promote. -5 To grant, confer. -6 To please, satisfy.
juṣ जुष् I. 6 Ā. (जुषते-जुष्ट) 1 To be pleased or satisfied. -2 To be favourable or propitious. -3 To like, be fond of, take pleasure or delight in, enjoy; सत्त्वं जुषाणस्य भवाय देहिनाम् Bhāg. -4 To devote or attach oneself to, practise, undergo, suffer; पौलस्त्यो$जुषत शुचं विपन्नबन्धुः Bk.17.112. -5 To frequent, visit, inhabit; जुषन्ते पर्वतश्रेष्ठमृषयः पर्वसन्धिषु Mb. -6 To enter, seat oneself, resort to; रथं च जुजुषे शुभम् Bk.14.95. -7 To choose. -8 To enjoy, possess, have; Māl.5.18. -9 To happen to. -1 To delight in granting or performing. -11 To show oneself favourable towards. -Caus. 1 To like, be fond of. -2 To fondle, cherish. -3 To delight in, approve of, rejoice at. -II. 1 P., 1 U. (जोषति, जोषयति-ते) 1 To reason, think. -2 To investigate, examine. -3 To hurt. -4 To be satisfied.
juṣṭa जुष्ट p. p. [जुष्-कर्मणि क्त] 1 Pleased, gratified. -2 Practised, resorted to, visited, suffered &c.; अनार्यजुष्टम- स्वर्ग्यमकीर्तिकरमर्जुन Bg.2.2. -3 Furnished or endowed with, possessed of; राजप्रभावजुष्टां च दुर्वहामजितेन्द्रियैः Rām. 2.2.9. -4 Liked, loved, agreeable. -5 Served, worshipped; सम्बन्धस्पृहणीयताप्रमुदितैर्जुष्टे वसिष्ठादिभिः U.6.4. -6 Propitious, favourable. -7 Shared, partaken in; U.6.4. -ष्टम् The remnants of meal (उच्छिष्ट).
joṣaḥ जोषः [जुष्-भावे घञ्] 1 Satisfaction, enjoyment, happiness, pleasure. -2 Silence. -षम् ind. 1 According to one's wish, with ease. -2 Silently; किमिति जोषमास्यते Ś.5; Bv.2.17; जोषमास न विशिष्य बभाषे N.5.78. -Comp. -वाकः chattering nonsense; जोषवाकं वदतः Rv.6.59.4.
joṣaṇam जोषणम् णा 1 Liking, -2 Satisfaction, approval. -3 Choosing.
joṭiṅgaḥ जोटिङ्गः 1 An epithet of Śiva. -2 A devotee who practises the most rigid austerities.
jñā ज्ञा 9 U. (जानाति, जानीते, जज्ञौ, जज्ञे, अज्ञासीत्-अज्ञास्त, ज्ञातुम्, ज्ञात) 1 To know (in all senses), to learn, become acquainted with; मा ज्ञासीस्त्वं सुखी रामो यदकार्षीत् स रक्षसाम् Bk.15.9. -2 To know, be aware of, be familiar or conversant with; जाने तपसो वीर्यम् Ś.3.1; जानन्नपि हि मेधावी जडवल्लोक आचरेत् Ms.2.11,123;7.148. -3 To find out, ascertain, investigate; ज्ञायतां कः कः कार्यार्थीति Mk.9. -4 To comprehend, apprehend, understand, feel, experience; as in दुःखज्ञ, सुखज्ञ &c. -5 To test, try, know the true character of; आपत्सु मित्रं जानीयात् H.1.72; Chāṇ.21. -6 To recognise; न त्वं दृष्ट्वा न पुनरलकां ज्ञास्यसे कामचारिन् Me.63. -7 To regard, consider, know to be; जानामि त्वां प्रकृतिपुरुषं कामरूपं मघोनः Me.6. -8 To act, engage in (with gen. of the instrument); सर्पिषो जानीते Sk. 'he engages in sacrifice with clarified butter (सर्पिषः = सर्पिषा). -9 Ved. To acknowledge, approve, allow. -1 To recognise as one's own, take possession of. -Caus. (ज्ञापयति, ज्ञपयति) 1 To announce, inform, make acquainted with, make known, notify. -2 To request, ask (Ātm.). -3 To sharpen. -4 To satisfy. -5 To praise. -6 To immolate, kill (as an animal). -Desid. (जिज्ञासते) 1 To desire to know, investigate, ascertain; R.2.26; Bk.8.33;14.91. -2 To conjecture, suppose, guess.
jñaptiḥ ज्ञप्तिः f. 1 Understanding. -2 Intellect. -3 Promulgating. -4 Satisfaction. -5 Sharpening. -6 Praise. -7 Immolating, killing.
jñānam ज्ञानम् [ज्ञा-भावे ल्युट्] 1 Knowing, understanding, becoming acquainted with, proficiency; सांख्यस्य योगस्य च ज्ञानम् Māl.1.7. -2 Knowledge, learning; तथेन्द्रियाकुलीभावे ज्ञेयं ज्ञानेन शुध्यति Mb.12.24.2; बुद्धिर्ज्ञानेन शुध्यति Ms.5.19; ज्ञाने मौनं क्षमा शत्रौ R.1.22. -3 Consciousness, cognizance, knowledge; ज्ञानतो$ज्ञानतो वापि Ms.8.288 knowingly or unknowingly, consciously or unconsciously. -4 Sacred knowledge; especially, knowledge derived from meditation on the higher truths of religion and philosophy which teaches man how to understand his own nature and how he may be reunited to the Supreme Spirit (opp. कर्मन्); cf. ज्ञानयोग and कर्मयोग in Bg.3.3. -5 The organ of intelligence, sense, intellect; कच्चिज्ज्ञानानि सर्वाणि प्रसन्नानि तवाच्युत Mb.12.54.18. -6 Conscience. -7 The Supreme spirit. -8 An epithet of Viṣṇu. -9 The Vedas taken collectively. -1 Means of knowing; औत्पक्तिकस्तु शब्दस्यार्थेन सम्बन्धस्तस्य ज्ञानम्˚ । MS.1.1.5. -11 An opinion, a view; बलदेवस्य वाक्यं तु मम ज्ञाने न युज्यते Mb.5.4.3. -Comp. -अग्निः knowledge-fire; ज्ञानाग्निः सर्वकर्माणि भस्मसात्कुरुते$र्जन Bg.4.37. -अनुत्पादः ignorance, folly. -अपोहः forgetfulness. -अभ्यासः 1 study. -2 thinking, reflection. -आत्मन् a. all wise. -इन्द्रियम् an organ of perception; (these are five त्वच्, रसना, चक्षुस्, कर्ण and घ्राण- the skin, tongue, eye, ear and nose; see बुद्धीन्द्रिय under इन्द्रिय). -काण्डम् that inner or esoteric portion of Veda which refers to true spiritual knowledge, or knowledge of the Supreme spirit, as distinguished from the knowledge of ceremonial rites (opp. कर्मकाण्ड). -कृत a. done knowingly or intentionally. -गम्य a. attainable by the understanding. -घन m. pure or mere knowledge; निर्विशेषाय साम्याय नमो ज्ञानघनाय च Bhāg.8.3.12; तं त्वामहं ज्ञानघनं...कथं...परिभावयामि ibid 9.8.24. -चक्षुस् n. the eye of intelligence, the mind's eye, intellectual vision (opp. चर्मचक्षुस्); सर्वं तु समवेक्ष्येदं निखिलं ज्ञानचक्षुषा Ms.2.8;4.24. (-m.) a wise and learned man. -तत्त्वम् true knowledge, knowledge of God. -तपस् n. penance consisting in the acquisition of true knowledge. -दः a preceptor. -दा an epithet of Sarasvatī. -दुर्बल a. wanting in knowledge. -निश्चयः certainty, ascertainment. -निष्ठ a. intent on acquiring true (spiritual) knowledge; ज्ञानिनिष्ठा द्विजाः केचित् Ms.3.134. -पतिः 1 the Supreme spirit. -2 a teacher, preceptor. -पूर्व a. preceded by knowledge, well-considered; निष्कामं ज्ञानपूर्वं तु निवृत्तमुपदिश्यते Ms.12.89. -बोधिनी f. N. of a Vedāntic treatise. -मुद्र a. 'having the impress of wisdom', wise. -मूल a. founded on spiritual knowledge. -यज्ञः a man possessed of true or spiritual knowledge, philosopher. -योगः contemplation as the principal means of, attaining the Supreme spirit or acquiring true or spiritual knowledge; ज्ञानयोगेन सांख्यानां कर्मयोगेण योगिनाम् Bg.3.3. -लक्षणम्, -णा 1 indication, sign, a means of knowing or inferring. -2 (in logic) sign or proof of knowledge; subsequent derived from antecedent knowledge. -विज्ञानम् 1 sacred and miscellaneous knowledge; तत्प्राज्ञेन विनीतेन ज्ञानविज्ञानवेदिनाMs.18.41. -2 the Vedas with the supplementary branches of knowledge, such as medicine, arms &c. -वृद्ध advanced in knowledge; ज्ञानवृद्धो वयोबालो मृदुर्वीर्यगुणान्वितः Rām.2.45.8. -शास्त्रम् the science of fortune-telling. -साधनम् 1 a means of acquiring true or spiritual knowledge. -2 an organ of perception.
tāḍa ताड a. [तड् भावे अच्] Beating, striking. -डः 1 A blow, knock, thumb, whipping, chastisement; विपाटयिष्यत्यय- मुत्तमेन सद्धर्मताडेन दुरासदेन Bu. Ch.1.8. -2 Noise, sound. -3 A sheaf. -4 A mountain. -Comp. -घ a. beating with a whip or strokes of any kind. -घः, -घातः an artificer who beats or hammers, a smith.
tāḍita ताडित p. p. Struck, beaten, chastised; स्थिताः क्षणं पक्ष्मसु ताडिताधराः Ku.5.24.
tantram तन्त्रम् 1 A loom; तदा$पश्यत् स्त्रियौ तन्त्रे अधिरोप्य सुवेमे पटं वयन्त्यौ Mb.1.3.144. -2 A thread. -3 The warp or threads extended lengthwise in a loom; सिरीस्तन्त्रं तन्वते अप्रजज्ञयः Rv.1.71.9. -4 Posterity. -5 An uninterrupted series. -6 The regular order of ceremonies and rites, system, framework, ritual; कर्मणां युगपद्भावस्तन्त्र Kāty.; अशक्यं हि उत्तरं तन्त्रं कर्तुम् । ŚB. on MS.1.2.57. -7 Main point; प्रकर्षतन्त्रा हि रणे जयश्रीः Ki.3.17. -8 Principal doctrine, rule, theory, science; विधिनोपचरेद्देवं तन्त्रोक्तेन च केशवम् Bhāg. 11.3.47; जितमनसिजतन्त्रविचारम् Gīt.2. -9 Subservience, dependence; as in स्वतन्त्र, परतन्त्र; दैवतन्त्रं दुःखम् Dk.5. -1 A scientific work. -11 a chapter, section, as of a work; तन्त्रैः पञ्चभिरेतच्चकार सुमनोहरं शास्त्रम् Pt.1. -12 A religious treatise teaching magical and mystical formularies for the worship of the deities or the attainment of superhuman power; Ks.23.63; Bṛi. S.16.19. -13 The cause of more than one effect. -14 A spell. -15 A chief remedy of charm; जानन्ति तन्त्रयुक्तिम् Ms.2.1. -16 A drug, medicament. -17 An oath, ordeal. -18 Raiment. -19 The right way of doing anything. -2 Royal retinue, train, court. -21 A realm, country, authority. -22 (a) Government, ruling, administration; लोकतन्त्रविधानम् Mb.3.162.1;13.63.5; लोकतन्त्राधिकारः Ś.5. (b) Arrangement or machinery of government; सर्वमेव तन्त्रमाकुली- भूतम् Mu.1;2.1. -23 An army; पराजिताः फल्गुतन्त्रैः Bhāg.1.54.15. -24 A heap, multitude. -25 A house. -26 Decoration. -27 Wealth. -28 Happiness. -29 Model. -3 Supporting a family; Mv.2.17. -31 Providing for the security and prosperity of a kingdom; Mb.1.13. 26. -32 A group of acts or subsidiaries common to several प्रधानकर्मs or things; यत् सकृत्कृतं बहूनामुपकरोति तत् तन्त्रमित्युच्यते । तथा बहूनां ब्राह्मणानां मध्ये कृतः प्रदीपः ŚB. on MS.11.1.1; तन्त्रं साधारणो धर्मग्रामः । ŚB. on MS.12.1.1. (Opp. आवापः) -33 The order of the world; यतः प्रवर्तते तन्त्रं यत्र च प्रतितिष्ठति Mb.14.2.14. -34 A detail (matter or thing) which is subservient to (i. e. serves the purpose of) several things simultaneously; साधारणं भवेत् तन्त्रम् ŚB. on MS.12.1.1. -Comp. -काण्ठम् = तन्तु- काष्ठ q. v. -ज्ञः an expert, scientist; Bhāg.1.36.28. -भावः Simultaneity; यथा एकैकस्य सत्त्वस्य हस्तिनो$श्वस्य वा दर्शनमेकैकेन कृत्स्नमभिनिर्वर्त्यते एवमेव सत्रे तन्त्रभावो भवेत् । ŚB. on. MS.6.2.2. -युक्तिः The plan of a treatise; Kau. A. 15. -वापः, -पम् 1 weaving. -2 a loom. -वायः 1 a spider. -2 a weaver; (तन्त्रवापः also).
tapa तप a. [तप्-अच्] 1 Burning, warming, consuming by heat. -2 Causing pain or trouble, distressing. -पः 1 Heat, fire, warmth. -2 The sun; तपतपनसहस्रद्योतवद्- दुर्निरीक्ष्यम् (तेजः) Rām. Ch.2.85. -3 The hot season; Śi.1.66. -4 Penance, religious austerities. -Comp. -अत्ययः, -अन्तः the end of the hot season and the beginning of the rainy season; रविपीतजला तपात्यये पुनरोघेन हि युज्यते नदी Ku.4.44;5.23; Ś.3.11. -आत्मक a. practising austerities. -ऋतुः the hot seson; तपर्तुपूर्तावपि मेदसां भरा N.1.41.