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     Grammar Search "se" has 1 results.
     
se: second person singular present present class 2 ātmanepadaas
  
"se" has 1 results.
        Root WordIAST MeaningMonier Williams PageClass
√गैgaisinging, speaking / śabda1052/2Cl.1
     Amarakosha Search  
Results for se
     
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
avi:3.3.215MasculineSingularutsekaḥ, amarṣaḥ, icchāprasavaḥ, mahaḥ
bhṛtyaḥ2.10.17MasculineSingular‍paricārakaḥ, ‍‍kiṅkaraḥ, ‍gopyakaḥ, seyaḥ, bhujiṣyaḥ, niyojyaḥ, dāsaḥ, ‍‍praiṣyaḥ, ceṭakaḥ, seraḥ
kakudaḥ3.3.99MasculineSingulargosevitam, gopadamānam
kārtikeyaḥMasculineSingularmahāsenaḥ, kumāraḥ, śikhivāhanaḥ, bāhuleyaḥ, senānīḥ, ṣaḍānanaḥ, śaktidharaḥ, viśākhaḥ, guhaḥ, skandaḥ, śarajanmā, krauñcadāruṇaḥ, ṣāṇmāturaḥ, tārakajit, agnibhūḥ, pārvatīnandanaḥkaarttik
kukubhaḥMasculineSingularprasevakaḥthe belly below the neck of a lute
rāmaḥ3.3.148MasculineSingularruk, stambaḥ, se
sainikaḥ2.8.62MasculineSingularsenārakṣaḥ
se2.8.79FeminineSingularsainyam, camūḥ, ‍vāhinī, anīkam, balam, anīkanī, dhvajinī, cakram, ‍varūthinī, pṛtanā
se3.5.40MasculineSingular
senābhigamanam2.8.96NeuterSingular
senāṅgam2.8.34NeuterSingular
senānīḥ2.8.63MasculineSingularvahinīpatiḥ
setuḥMasculineSingularāliḥ
se2.9.2FeminineSingularśvavṛttiḥ
sevakaḥ2.8.9MasculineSingulararthī, anujīvī
sevanam03.04.2005NeuterSingularsīvanam, syūtiḥ
sokapātram1.10.13NeuterSingularsecanama bucket
śyāmā2.2.55FeminineSingulargovandanī, priyakaḥ, viśvakse, priyaṅguḥ, latā, kārambhā, phalā, gundrā, mahilāhvayā, gandhaphalī, phalinī
syūta2.9.27MasculineSingularprasevaḥ
ucchāyaḥMasculineSingularutsedhaḥ, ucchrayaḥ
uśīramMasculineSingularlaghulayam, amṛṇālam, abhayam, iṣṭakāpatham, lāmajjakam, sevyam, avadāham, jalāśayam, naladam
varaṇaḥMasculineSingularsetuḥ, tiktaśākaḥ, kumārakaḥ, varuṇaḥ
viṣam3.3.231NeuterSingularse, arthanā, bhṛtiḥ
viṣṇuḥ1.1.18-21MasculineSingularadhokṣajaḥ, vidhuḥ, yajñapuruṣaḥ, viśvarūpaḥ, vaikuṇṭhaḥ, hṛṣīkeśaḥ, svabhūḥ, govindaḥ, acyutaḥ, janārdanaḥ, cakrapāṇiḥ, madhuripuḥ, devakīnandanaḥ, puruṣottamaḥ, kaṃsārātiḥ, kaiṭabhajit, purāṇapuruṣaḥ, jalaśāyī, muramardanaḥ, kṛṣṇaḥ, dāmodaraḥ, mādhavaḥ, puṇḍarīkākṣaḥ, pītāmbaraḥ, viśvaksenaḥ, indrāvarajaḥ, padmanābhaḥ, trivikramaḥ, śrīpatiḥ, balidhvaṃsī, viśvambharaḥ, śrīvatsalāñchanaḥ, narakāntakaḥ, mukundaḥ, nārāyaṇaḥ, viṣṭaraśravāḥ, keśavaḥ, daityāriḥ, garuḍadhvajaḥ, śārṅgī, upendraḥ, caturbhujaḥ, vāsudevaḥ, śauriḥ, vanamālī(45)vishnu, the god
viṣvaksenapriyāFeminineSingularbadarā, gṛṣṭiḥ, vārāhī
paitṛṣvaseyaḥ2.6.25MasculineSingularpaitṛṣvasrīya
carmaprasevikā2.10.33FeminineSingularbhastrā
utsedhaḥ3.3.103MasculineSingularsamarthanam, nīvākaḥ, niyamaḥ
nṛsenam3.5.40MasculineSingular
     Monier-Williams
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Results for se1173 results for se
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
se 2. sg. A1. of 1. as-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sem. and f(si-). n. serving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sebhyam. (?) coldness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sebhyamf(ā-)n. cold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seca(in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') sprinkling, pouring out etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secakam. "sprinkler", a cloud View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secālin gaRa suvāstv-ādi- (varia lectio sevālin-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanamfn. sprinkling, pouring out, emitting (See viṣa-s-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanan. emission, effusion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanan. sprinkling or watering with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanan. a shower-bath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanan. casting (of metals) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanan. a bucket, baling-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanaghaṭam. a watering-pot View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanakan. a shower-bath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanīf. gaRa gaurādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secanīyamfn. to be sprinkled or watered or poured out or effused View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secitamfn. (fr. Causal of sic-) sprinkled, watered View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
secyamfn. equals secanīya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seddhavyamfn. (fr.2. sidh-) to be kept off or prevented View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sedhamf(ā-)n. keeping or driving away (See goṣedh/ā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sedham. equals niṣedha-, prohibition (See vidhiṣedha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sedhāf. "prohibiting contact (?)", a hedgehog or porcupine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sedhakamfn. driving off, preventing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sedhanan. on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sedhanīyamfn. equals seddhavya- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sedif. (fr. sad-) weariness, exhaustion, decay View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sedivas perfect tense parasmE-pada of sad- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sedukam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
segavam. (see syagavi-) a young crab View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sehanamfn. equals sāsahāṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sehānaSee 1. sah-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sehnokaor sehloka- m. Name of a poet (see sohnoka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sehum. a particular dry substance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sehum. a particular organ in the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sehuṇḍam. Euphorbia Ligularia (see sīh-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sehuṇḍāf. idem or 'm. Euphorbia Ligularia (see sīh-) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sek (see srek-) cl.1 A1. sekate-, to go, move View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekam. (fr. sic-) pouring out, emission, effusion (as of the seminal fluid;also "the fluid itself") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekam. sprinkling, besprinkling, moistening or watering with (compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekam. a shower-bath View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekam. a libation, offering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekam. a drop of anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekam. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekabhājanan. a vessel for pouring out or holding water, watering-pot, bucket View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekaṃdharam. See sekandhara- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekaṃdharapurīf. See View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekamiśrānnan. food mixed with curds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekandharam. = $, Iskandar (Alexander) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekandharapurīf. Alexander's city View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekāntam. the end of the watering (of plants etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekapātra n. a vessel for pouring out or holding water, watering-pot, bucket View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekimamfn. sprinkled or watered with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekimamfn. cast (as iron) Va1rtt. 2 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sekiman. a radish View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sektavyamfn. to be sprinkled or poured out etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sektṛmfn. sprinkling, a sprinkler View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sektṛmfn. one who impregnates, impregnator (of cows or horses) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sektṛm. a husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sektran. a vessel for holding or pouring out water, watering-pot, bucket, baling-vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sel varia lectio for śel- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
selam. or n. (prob. Prakrit for śaila-) a kind of weapon (Bombay edition) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
selam. a particular high number (see selu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
selagam. (perhaps fr. sela- equals śaila-+ ga-) a waylayer, robber View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
selhāram. Name of a family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
selileśam. = (la-pati-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
selisam. a kind of white deer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sellam. or n. (?) a kind of weapon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
selum. equals śelu-, Cordia Myxa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
selum. a particular high number (see sela-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
semantīf. the Indian white rose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
semantikāf. idem or 'f. the Indian white rose ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senamfn. (7. sa-+ ina-) having a master or lord, dependent on another View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sena(?) n. the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. (fr.2. si-) a missile, dart, spear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. Name of indra-'s wife (or his thunderbolt so personified) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. an army, armament, battle-array, armed force (also personified as wife of kārttikeya-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also n(sena-).) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. a small army (consisting of 3 elephants, 3 chariots, 9 horse, and 15 foot) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. any drilled troop or band or body of men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. a kind of title or addition to the names of persons (also names of courtezans) (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. Name of a courtezan (abridged fr. kubera-senā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. of the mother of śambhava- (the third arhat- of the present avasarpiṇī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sena(for 1. 2.See column 2) , in compound for senā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senābhaṅgam. the breaking of an army, rout, disorderly flight View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senābhigoptṛ(bh-) m. the guardian of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senābindum. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senācaram. "going with an army", a soldier, warrior View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senādhinātham. (dh-) the chief of an army (See sarva-sen-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senādhinātham. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senādhipa(dh- ) m. the commander of an army. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senādhipati() m. the commander of an army. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senādhyakṣa() m. the commander of an army. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāgni(gni-) m. the agni- of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāgopam. the keeper of an army (a particular office) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāgran. (gra-) the front or van of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāgragam. "going at the front of an army", a general View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāgragāminm. "going at the front of an army", a general View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāhanm. Name of a son of śambara- (varia lectio sena-h-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senahanSee senā-han- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senajitmfn. vanquishing armies View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senajitm. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senajitm. of a son of kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senajitm. of a son of viśva-jit- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senajitm. of a son of bṛhat-karman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senajitm. of a son of kṛśāśva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senajitm. of a son of viśada- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senajitf. Name of an apsaras- (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senājīva (j-) m. "living by or with an army" idem or 'm. "going with an army", a soldier, warrior ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senājīvin(j-) m. "living by or with an army" idem or ' (j-) m. "living by or with an army" idem or 'm. "going with an army", a soldier, warrior ' ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senājūmfn. swift as an arrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senakam. Name of a grammarian View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senakam. of a son of śambara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senākakṣam. "the flank of an army"and"an army compared to dry wood" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senākarmann. the leading or managing of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senakulan. the family of the sena-s (id est of persons and princes whose names end in sena-; see under senā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāmukhan. the van of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāmukhan. a division or company of an army (consisting of 3 or 9 elephants, 3 or 9 chariots, 9 or 27 horses, 15 or 45 foot-soldiers) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāmukhan. a covered way leading to a city gate View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāmukhīf. Name of a goddess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senānātham. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāṅgan. (ṅga-) the component part of an army (supposed to consist of four divisions: elephants, chariots, cavalry, and infantry) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāṅgan. a division of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāṅgapatim. the leader of a division View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senānīm. (Nominal verb n/īs-; dative case ablative plural n/ibhyas-; grammar also accusative sg. nyam-; locative case nyām-etc.) the leader of an army, commander, general, chief etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senānīm. Name of kārttikeya- (god of war) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senānīm. of one of the rudra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senānīm. of a son of śambara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senānīm. of a son of dhṛta-rāṣṭra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senānīm. of a die (the head of a host of dice)
senānibhogīnamfn. on Va1rtt. 3 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senānigrāmaṇīm. dual number the leader of an army and the chief of a village View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāparicchadmfn. surrounded by an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpatim. the general of an army etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpatim. Name of kārttikeya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpatim. of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpatim. of a son of dhṛta-rāṣṭra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpatipatim. the chief commander of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpatitvan. generalship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpatyan. (prob. wrong reading for saināp-) commandership, generalship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpraṇetṛm. the leader of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpṛṣṭhan. the rear of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāpuran. Name of a city View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senārakṣam. "army-protector", a guard, sentinel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāsamudayam. an assembled army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senaskandham. Name of a son of śambara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāstham. "being in an army", a soldier View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāsthānan. a camp View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāvāham. the leader of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāvāsam. a camp View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāvinduSee -bindu-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāvyūham. battle-array View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senayaNom. P. yati- etc. See abhi-ṣeṇaya-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senāyogam. equipment of an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendramfn. accompanied by or together with indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendracāpamfn. along with indra-'s bow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendradhṛtimfn. (?) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendragaṇamfn. together with indra-'s troops View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendrakam. plural Name of a family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendratā(dr/a--) f. () union or connection with indra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendratvan. () union or connection with indra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendrāyudhapurogamamfn. preceded by the rainbow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendrāyudhataḍitmfn. with a rainbow and lightning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendriyamfn. possessed of manly vigour or potency ( sendriyatva -tv/a- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendriyamfn. together with the organs of sense View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sendriyatvan. sendriya
sendubham. Name of poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senduḍa m. Name of poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senduka m. Name of poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seṅgaram. (said to be equals sṛṅgivara-) Name of a family View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seniSee tīrtha-s-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senīyaSee yukta-s-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senyamfn. caused by the throw of a spear View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
senyam. a spearman, warrior View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sepānakan. equals sopāna- (See next) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sepānakaparamparāf. a flight of steps, staircase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sepha wrong reading for śepha- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sepuran. Name of a village of the bāhīka-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seramfn. used in explaining sīra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serāham. a horse of milk-white colour View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serālan. pale-yellowness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serālamf(ā-)n. pale-yellow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serṣyamf(ā-)n. full of envy, envious, jealous of (compound)
serṣyamind. enviously, jealously View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serumfn. binding, fastening View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seruSee column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serurāham. a serāha- horse with a mark on the forehead View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seṣmīyāṇaSee smi-, Intensive
seṣṭimfn. (7. sa-+ 3. iṣṭi-) provided with a sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seṣṭikamfn. idem or 'mfn. (7. sa-+ 3. iṣṭi-) provided with a sacrifice ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seṣumfn. (7. sa-+ iṣu-) having an arrow (See next) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seṣudhanvanmfn. having a bow and arrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seṣukamf(ā-)n. having an arrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seśvaramfn. (7. sa-+ īśvara-) having a god, theistical (See next) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seśvarasāṃkhyan. the theistical branch of the sāṃkhya- school of philosophy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seṭam. a particular weight or measure View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setakīf. gaRa nady-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setavyaSee column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setavyamfn. to be bound or fastened together varia lectio View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seṭham. (fr. śreṣṭha-,but equals śreṣṭhin-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setṛmfn. binding, fettering, a bond or binder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setran. a bond, ligament, fetter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seṭum. a kind of water-melon or cucumber View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setumfn. (fr.1. si-) binding, who or what binds or fetters View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. a bond, fetter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. a ridge of earth, mound, bank, causeway, dike, dam, bridge, any raised piece of ground separating fields (serving as a boundary or as a passage during inundations) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. rāma-'s bridge (See setubandha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. a landmark, boundary, limit (also figuratively = "barrier, bounds") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. a help to the understanding of a text, an explanatory commentary (also Name of various commentaries) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. an established institution, fixed rule View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. the praṇava- or sacred syllable Om (which is said to be mantrāṇāṃ setuḥ-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. Crataeva Roxburghii or Tapia Crataeva (equals varaṇa-, varuṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. Name of a son of druhyu- and brother of babhru- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. of a son of babhru- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setum. of a place View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubandham. the forming of a causeway or bridge, a dam or bridge (especially the ridge of rocks extending from rāmeśvara- on the Southeastern coast of India to Ceylon, and supposed to have been formed by hanumat- as a bridge for the passage of rāma-'s army) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubandham. Name of various works (especially of the 13th chapter of the bhaṭṭi-kāvya- and of a Prakrit poem on the history of rāma-, also called rāma-setu-,or rāvaṇa-vaha-,attributed to pravarasena- and sometimes to kālidāsa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubandhanan. the construction of a bridge or dam View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubandhanan. a bridge or dam View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubandhanan. a limit, barrier View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubandhanan. Name of a Pauranic work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubhedam. the breaking down of an embankment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubhedinmfn. breaking down barriers, removing obstructions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubhedinm. Croton Polyandrum or Tiglium View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setubhettṛm. the destroyer of a dam or bridge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setujam. plural Name of a district of dakṣiṇā-patha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setukam. a causeway, bridge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setukam. Crataeva Roxburghii View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setukaram. the builder of a bridge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setukarmann. the work of building a bridge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setukāvyan. Name of a poem. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setukhaṇḍam. n. Name of a chapter of the skanda-purāṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setumāhātmyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setumaṅgalamantram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setupatim. "lord of the bridge or causeway", an hereditary title belonging to the chiefs of Ramnad as controlling the passage of the channel between rāmeśvara- and Ceylon See column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setupradam. Name of kṛṣṇa-
setuśailam. a mountain or hill forming a boundary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setuṣāmann. (with svargya-) Name of a sāman- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setusaṃgraham. Name of a commentator or commentary on the mugdha-bodha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setusaraṇif. Name of a Sanskrit translation of the setu-bandha- by śiva-nārāyaṇa-dāsa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setusnānavidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setuvṛkṣam. Crataeva Roxburghii View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
setuyātrāvidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sev cl.1 A1. () sevate- (rarely ti-; perfect tense siṣeve-, va- etc.; future sevitā- grammar; seviṣyate- , ti- ; Aorist asiṣevat-, aseviṣṭa- grammar; infinitive mood sevitum- etc.; ind.p. sevitvā-, -sevya- ), to dwell or stay near or in (locative case) ; to remain or stay at, live in, frequent, haunt, inhabit, resort to (accusative) etc. ; to serve, wait or attend upon, honour, obey, worship ; to cherish, foster (a child) ; to present with (instrumental case) ; to enjoy sexually, have sexual intercourse with (accusative) etc. ; to refresh by soft breezes, fan (said of the wind) ; to devote or apply one's self to, cultivate, study, practise, use, employ, perform, do etc. ; to exist or be found in anything (accusative) : Passive voice sevyate-, to be followed or served etc. : Causal sevayati- (Aorist asiṣevat-), to attend upon, serve, honour ; to tend, cherish (plants) : Desiderative of Causal See sisevayiṣu-: Desiderative siseviṣate-, ti- grammar : Intensive seṣevyate- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevan. (either fr. sev-or siv-) gaRa pacādi- equals sevi-1, an apple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. going or resorting to, visiting, frequenting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. service, attendance on (locative case genitive case,or compound; sevāṃ-kṛ-,with genitive case,"to be in the service of") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. worship, homage, reverence, devotion to (genitive case or compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. sexual intercourse with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sef. addiction to, indulgence in, practice or employment or frequent enjoyment of (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevābhirata(bh-) mfn. rejoicing in or fond of service View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevābhṛtmfn. maintaining service, serving, honouring (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevādakṣamf(ā-)n. skilled in service View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevādharmam. the duties or functions of service View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevadhi wrong reading for śeva-dhi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevājanam. a servant, attendant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakaSee 2. sev- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakamfn. (for 2.See column 2) dwelling in, inhabiting (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakamfn. practising, using, employing (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakamfn. revering, worshipping (mostly compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakam. a servant, attendant, follower View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakam. a votary, worshipper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakam. (fr. siv-;for 1. sevaka-See column 1) one that sews, a sewer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakam. a sack View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevākākuf. change of voice in service (id est sometimes speaking loudly, sometimes softly, sometimes angrily, sometimes sorrowfully) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakālum. a kind of plant (equals niśa-bhaṅga-;commonly called dugdhapeyā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevākaumudīf. Name of work on bhakti-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevakottamam. (andf(ā-).) best of servants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevālinmfn. (fr. savāla-See śev-) gaRa suvāstv-ādi- ( secālin-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanaSee 2. sev- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanan. (for 2.See column 2) the act of frequenting or visiting or dwelling in or resorting to (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanan. waiting upon, attendance, service etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanan. honouring, reverence, worship, adoration (alsof(ā-).) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanan. sexual enjoyment, intercourse with (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanan. devotion or addiction to, fondness for, indulgence in, practise or employment of (genitive case or compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanan. (for 1.See column 1) the act of sewing, darning, stitching View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanan. a sack View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanabhāvanākāvyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanīf. a needle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanīf. a seam View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanīf. a suture or peculiar, seam-like union of parts of the body (seven in number, viz. five of the cranium, one of the tongue, and one of the glans penis) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanīf. a kind of small jasmine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevaninm. a ploughman (?) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanīyamfn. (for 2.See column 2) to be followed or practised View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanīyamfn. to be served or waited upon or honoured View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevanīyamfn. (for 1.See column 1) to be sewn or stitched together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāñjali(ñj-) m. a servant's reverential salutation with hollowed hands (See añjali-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevantikāpariṇayam. Name of a nāṭaka- or a kāvya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāphalastotran. Name of a hymn by vallabhācārya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāphalastotravivṛtif. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāphaloktivivṛtif. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāsīind. (with1. kṛ-) gaRa ūry-ādi- (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevatīf. the Indian white rose View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevātīrtham. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāvalamba(v-) mfn. depending on another's service View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāvasara(v-) m. opportunity for worship or adoration View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāvicāram. Name of work on bhakti-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāvilāsinīf. a female servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevāvṛttif. a livelihood gained by service
sevāvyavahāram. the practice of service View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevin. the jujube (equals badara-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevin. an apple (in this sense prob. fr. Persian seb-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seviin compound for sevin-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevikāf. a particular sweetmeat (a kind of vermicelli made of wheat-flour and boiled in milk and sugar) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevinmfn. (only in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') going or resorting to, frequenting, inhabiting etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevinmfn. attending on, serving, a servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevinmfn. honouring, revering, deferential to etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevinmfn. having sexual intercourse with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevinmfn. addicted to, fond of, enjoying, practising, employing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitāf. service, attendance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitamfn. dwelt in, visited, frequented, followed, served etc. (See sev-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitamfn. furnished or endowed with, abounding in (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitan. = sevi-1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitamanmathamfn. addicted to love or amorous enjoyments View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitavyamfn. (for 2.See below) to be frequented or inhabited View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitavyamfn. to be followed or practised etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitavyamfn. to be tended or taken care of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitavyamfn. (for 1.See above) to be sewn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitṛmfn. (only in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') one who honours or worships View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitṛmfn. one who follows or pursues View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitṛm. a servant, attendant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitvan. seeking, resorting to (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitvan. honouring, deference towards (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevitvan. the state of one who dwells in or inhabits View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be resorted to or frequented or inhabited by (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be followed (as a path) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be approached View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be waited upon or served or obeyed, a master (as opp. to"a servant") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be honoured, honourable etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be enjoyed carnally View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be practised or used or employed etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be studied View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be kept or hoarded View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamfn. to be taken care of or guarded View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyam. the aśvattha- tree, Ficus Religiosa View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyam. Barringtonia Acutangula View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyam. a sparrow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyam. an intoxicating drink made from the blossoms of the Bassia Latifolia View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyāf. the parasitical plant vandā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyam. Emblic Myrobolam View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyam. a kind of wild grain or rice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyan. the root of Andropogon Muricatus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyan. red sandal-wood View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyan. sea-salt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyan. the thick middle part of curds View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyan. water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyamānamfn. being dwelt in or served or used etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyasevakaum. dual number master and servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyatāf. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sevyatvan. the state of being liable or worthy to be served or honoured or revered or followed or pursued View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seyan. (fr. san-) obtaining (See śata-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seyamfn. (fr. so-). See ava-seya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seyaSee sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seyanam. Name of a son of viśvāmitra- (varia lectio sayana-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisevanan. practising, cultivating View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyāyaṃsenyamfn. (said of the aśvin-s) one who allows himself to be drawn near (for accepting the sacrificial oblation) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyupasev -sevate-, to observe religiously View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhisenāpatif. the chief commander of an army, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhyavaseyamfn. only to be conceived in the mind, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ādityasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agandhasevinmfn. not addicted to perfumes, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agrasenam. Name of janamejaya-'s son. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āharase gaRa mayūra-vyaṃsakādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aindrasenim. a descendant of indra-sena View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājijñāsenyāSee ā-jñā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ājijñāsenyāf. plural (fr. Desiderative) scilicet ṛcas-,"liable to investigation", Name of some of the kuntāpa- hymns (of the ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
alasekṣaṇamf(ā-)n. having languishing or tired looks View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ambusecanīf. (-vāhinī-) a wooden baling vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitrasef. hostile army (= ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃsebhāram. a burden on the shoulder, (gaRa bhastrādi- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃsebhārikamf(ī-)n. bearing a burden on the shoulder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anaṅgasef. Name of a dramatic personage. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāyāsenaind. easily. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṅgārasetum. Name of a prince, father of gāndhāra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āṅgiraseśvaratīrthan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
antaḥsenamind. into the midst of the armies. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupasecanamfn. having nothing that moistens (exempli gratia, 'for example' no sauce) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusevto practise, observe. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anusevinmfn. practising, observing, habitually addicted to. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anutsekam. absence of arrogance or highmindedness. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anutsekinmfn. not arrogant or puffed up View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anvāsecanan. sprinkling, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aprayāsenaind. easily View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśanāyāpipāse(aśanāy/ā--) f. Nominal verb dual number hunger and thirst View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asecanamfn. (also ā-sec- q.v) charming, lovely View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsecanan. pouring into, wetting, sprinkling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsecanan. a reservoir or vessel for fluids View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsecanamfn. equals a-secana- qq.v. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsecanamfn. (for 1. ā-secana-See ā-sic-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asecanaka([ ]) ([ ]) mfn. idem or 'mfn. (also ā-sec- q.v) charming, lovely ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsecanakamfn. equals a-secanaka- qq.v. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asecanakadarśanamfn. lovely to see, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsecanavatmfn. serving for sprinkling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsecanīf. a small vessel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asecanīya([ ]) mfn. idem or 'mfn. lovely to see, ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āseddhṛm. one who confines, imprisons View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsedham. arrest, custody, legal restraint of four kinds, (kālāsedha-,limitation of time; sthānāsedha-,confinement to a place; pravāsāsedha-,prohibition against removal or departure; karmāsedha-,restriction from employment) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsekam. wetting, sprinkling, watering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsekyaSee sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order 1.
āsekyam. (fr. a-seka-), impotent, a man of slight generative power View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asenya(4) mfn. not striking or wounding, not hurting (as words) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsev(rarely P.) A1. -sevati-, -te-, to frequent ; to abide in, inhabit, dwell on ; to attend to, serve ; to honour ; to take the part of, side with etc. ; to enjoy (sexual intercourse) ; to indulge in, like ; to perform assiduously, practise View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asef. not following or practising View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asef. disregard, inattention. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsef. idem or 'n. assiduous practice or performance of anything ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsevanan. abiding in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsevanan. assiduous practice or performance of anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsevinmfn. frequenting, inhabiting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsevinmfn. zealously cultivating or performing anything View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asevitamfn. neglected, unattended to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asevitamfn. abstained from. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsevitamfn. frequented View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsevitamfn. practised assiduously. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aseviteśvaradvāramfn. not waiting at the doors of the great View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asevyamfn. not to be served or attended to
asevyamfn. not to be visited by (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asevyamfn. not to be used or practised, not to be eaten, drunk, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsevyamfn. to be frequented or visited, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvasenam. Name of a nāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvasenam. of a son of kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvasenam. of the father of the twenty-third arhat- of the present avasarpiṇī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisenam. Name of a prince. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisevto use or enjoy immoderately, to practise excessively ; see ati-sevā- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order ati-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atisef. excessive addiction (to a habit). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
atithisef. attention to a guest. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
augrasenim. a descendant of ugra-sena- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
augrasenyam. idem or 'm. a descendant of ugra-sena- ' on vArttika 7 on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avantisenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecanan. sprinkling, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecanan. water used for irrigating (trees) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecanan. bathing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecanan. bleeding View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasecitamfn. equals -srkta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasekam. sprinkling, irrigating (as the ground) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasekam. syringing, administering a clyster , bleeding (with leeches) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avasekimam. a kind of cake (pulse ground and fried with oil or butter) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaseyamfn. to be ascertained, be understood, be made out, be learnt, from commentator or commentary etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avaseyamfn. "to be brought to a close", be destroyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayase Vedic or Veda infinitive mood fr. i- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ayuddhasenamfn. whose arrows or armies are un conquered, irresistible View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balasenam. Name of a warrior View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balasef. a strong army, an army, host View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ballālasenadevam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrasenam. Name of a man with the patronymic ājātaśatrava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrasenam. of a son of vasu-deva- and devakī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrasenam. of a son of ṛṣabha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrasenam. of a son of mahiṣmat- (also naka-)
bhadrasenam. of a king of kaśmīra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhadrasenam. (with Buddhists) Name of the leader of the host of the evil spirit māra-pāpīyas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaimasena(bh/aima--) m. patronymic fr. bhīma-s-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaimasenim. (fr. bhīma-sena-) patronymic of divo-dāsa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaimasenim. of ghaṭotkaca- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaimasenyam. patronymic fr. bhima-sena- Va1rtt. 7 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaiṣajyasenam. Name of a bodhi-sattva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhānusenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharaṇisenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharatasenam. Name of Scholiast or Commentator on various poems (lived about 100 years ago) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāskarasenam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāvasenam. Name of a grammarian View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmasenam. (bhīm/a--) "having a formidable army", Name of a deva-gandharva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmasenam. of a yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmasenam. of the second son of pāṇḍu- (see bhīm/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmasenam. of various other men etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmasenam. a kind of camphor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīmasenamayamfn. consisting of bhīma-sena- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhogasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmisenam. Name of one of the sons of the 10th manu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūmisenam. of a scholar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bījasektṛm. "sprinkler of seed", a generator on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bindusenam. Name of a king (son of kṣatraujas-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatsenam. Name of various kings. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatsenam. of a son of kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatsenam. of a son of su-nakṣatra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bṛhatsef. Name of damayantī-'s nurse
buddhasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caitrasenim. patronymic fr. citra-sena-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakrasenam. Name of a son of tārā-candra- and father of siṃha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakrasef. Name of a princess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṇḍamahāsenam. Name of a king of ujjayinī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrasenam. Name of a prince (son of samudra-sena-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrasenam. equals -vāhana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrasenam. Name of a hero of kālikā-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caraṇasef. "service on one's feet", devotion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carmaprasevakam. equals -puṭa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carmaprasevikāf. idem or 'm. equals -puṭa- ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cirasevakam. an old servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenamfn. (tr/a--) having a bright spear, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenam. Name of a snake-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenam. of a leader of the gandharva-s (son of viśvā-vasu-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenam. of a son (of dhṛta-rāṣṭra- ;of parikṣit-, ;of śambara- ;of nariṣyanta- ;of the 13th manu- ;of gada- or kṛṣṇa- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenam. of an adversary of kṛṣṇa-, 5059 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenam. of tarāsandha-'s general (ḍimbhaka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenam. of a divine recorder of the deeds of men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenam. (equals -gupta-) the secretary of a man of rank View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasenam. Name of a scholiast on piṅgala-'s work on metres View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasef. Name of an apsaras- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasef. of one of the mothers in skanda-'s retinue View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasef. of a courtesan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrasef. of a river (see caitraseni-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daityasef. Name of a daughter of prajā-pati- and sister of deva-senā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daksehiṇāvartamfn. turning (from the left) to the right (a conch-shell ; kuṇḍala- ;a fruit ;a woman's navel ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daksehiṇāvartamfn. moving in the southern course (the sun) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daksehiṇāvartam. a conch-shell opening to the right View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṃṣṭrāsenam. Name of a scholar
daṇḍasenam. Name of a son of viṣvak-sena- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍasenam. of another prince (equals -dhāra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dāntasenam. Name of men. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
darśapaurṇamāseṣṭi - f. equals darśa-pūrṇ-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
darśapūrṇamāseṣṭif. a new and full moon sacrifice. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seram. = dāseya-1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seram. a fisherman (see dāś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seram. a camel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serakam. = dāseya-1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serakam. a fisherman (see dāś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serakam. a camel Name of a man plural in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' his descendants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serakam. of a people (see dāś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serakīf. a female camel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serakim. patronymic fr. dāseraka- , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seyam. (fr. dāsī-) the son of a female slave View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seyam. slave, servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seyaSee dāśeya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasenam. Name of a king of śrāvastī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasenam. of a king of pauṇḍra-vardhana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasenam. of a cowherd View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasenam. of a arhat- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasef. a host of celestials etc. (plural the hosts of deva- or īśāna- ; devasenāpati -pati-[ ] m. and devasenāpriya -priya-[ ] m.Name of skanda-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasenam. Name of a daughter of prajā-pati- or niece (daughter ) of indra- and wife of skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasenam. a particle of mūla-prakṛti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasenam. Name of commentator or commentary on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
devasenāpatim. devasenā
devasenāpriyam. devasenā
dhanaṃjayasenam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharasenam. Name of 2 princes of the vallabhī- dynasty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmādharmasenāhananan. Name of chapter of the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmasenam. of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmasetum. barrier of law or justice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmasetum. Name of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmasetum. of a son of āryaka-
dharmasevanan. fulfilment of duties View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhṛtotsekamfn. possessing pride, haughty, arrogant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhruvaseind. (dative case as infinitive mood) to stop or rest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhruvasenam. Name of 2 valabhī- princes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīkṣāsetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divaseśvaram. "day-lord", the sun View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divodāseśvaraliṅgan. Name of a liṅga-
divyarasendrasāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dṛḍhasenam. "having a strong army", Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drumasenam. Name of a king (identified with the asura- gaviṣṭha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
duḥsevyamfn. difficult to be managed, intractable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durāsevamfn. difficult to be dealt with or associated with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durgasenam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
durvāseśvaran. Name of a liṅga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvijasef. service of the twice-born (by śūdra-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvijasevakam. equals -dāsa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dviṭsef. service of a foe, treachery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dviṭsevinmfn. serving an enemy, traitor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dyumatsenam. Name of a prince of śālva-, father of satyavat- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gandhasevakamfn. using fragrances View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghāseajramfn. "impelling to consume", exciting appetite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
girisenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gīrvāṇasenāpatim. "army-chief of the gods", Name of skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
goseind. (varia lectio go-śe-) at day-break View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gosef. attendance on a cow
guhasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guhasenam. of a merchant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gurusef. obsequiousness to a Guru View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haimacitrasamutsedhamfn. enchased with golden pictures View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haṃseśvaratīrthan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harisenam. Name of a minister of samudra-gupta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harisenam. of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harisevakamiśram. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haritasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastimallasenam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastisenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
herambakasenam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
herambasenam. Name of a medicine author. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hīnasef. attendance on base or low people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
horāsetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasenam. Name of several men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasenam. Name of a nāga- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasenam. of a mountain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasef. indra-'s army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasenam. Name of a goddess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasenam. of several women View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrasenadvitīyamfn. attended by indra-sena-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indrāvasektam. plural "watered by indra-", Name (also title or epithet) of a class of ascetics who subsist only on vegetables, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
indriyasevanan. sensual enjoyment, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣitasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īśvarasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īśvarasef. the worship of God. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jagatseṭam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jalasekam. sprinkling with water View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātasenam. Name of a man Va1rtt. 7 , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jātasenyam. patronymic fr. -sena- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayasenam. (equals jayat-s-) Name of a magadha- king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayasenam. of a son (of adīna- or ahīna- ;of sārvabhauma-, ;of mahendra-varman- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayasenam. of the father of the āvantyau- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayasenam. of a Buddhist View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayasef. Name of a surāṅganā- Concl. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayasef. of a female door-keeper View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayasef. of another woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayatsenam. (ya-s-),"having victorious armies", Name of a magadha- king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayatsenam. of a son (of sārvabhauma- ; of nadīna- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayatsenam. a N. assumed by a pāṇḍu- prince at virāṭa-'s court View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayatsef. Name of one of the mothers attending on skanda-, ix, 2624. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayendrasef. Name of a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jinasenam. Name of the author of trivarṇācāra-saṃhitā- harivaṃśa-- and triṣaṣṭilakṣaṇa-purāṇa- (completed by guṇa-bhadra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kakṣasenam. Name of a rājarṣi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākṣasenim. "son of kakṣasena-", Name of abhipratārin- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kākṣasenim. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaliṅgasef. Name of a princess View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyāṇamitrasevanan. the becoming a disciple of buddha-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyāṇasenam. Name of a king. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmasenam. Name of a king of rāmavatī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmasef. the wife of nidhipati-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kanakasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kandarpasef. Name of a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kandarpasef. of a surāṅganā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārkalāseyam. (fr. kṛkalās/a-), Name of a man gaRa śubhrādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmasenīyamfn. belonging to that king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karpūrasenam. Name of a king, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seruyajñikaSee kās-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kasetum. (equals kaseru-), Name of a part of bhārata-varṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāśīsetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kedārasetum. a dyke raised round a field View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaḍgasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kimutsedhamf(ā-)n. of what height? View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kīrtisenam. Name of a nephew of the serpent-king vāsuki- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛmisenam. Name of a yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kroḍakaserukam. Cyperus rotundus View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣisef. agriculture View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇasevāhnikan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛttivāseśvaraliṅgan. kṛttivāsa
kṣīropasecanan. pouring milk upon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuberasef. Name (also title or epithet) of a courtezan, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulasevakam. an excellent attendant or servant
kumārasenam. Name of a minister View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmaṇasenam. a king of the sena- dynasty of Eastern India (founder of an era, beginning on October 7, D. 1119) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmīdharasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lakṣmīsenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
liṅgaviseṣaṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madanasef. Name of various women View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madaprasekam. idem or 'm. the issue of temple-juice (in a rutting elephant) ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madaprasekam. the aphrodisiacal fluid (of a woman) (perhaps"sprinkling with wine"). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavasenam. of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mādhavasenārājanm. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhusenam. Name of a prince of madhupura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāmantrādisevāprakāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsenamfn. (mah/ā--) having a great army () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsenam. the commander of a large force, a general View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsenam. Name of kārttikeya- or skanda- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsenam. of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsenam. the father of the 8th jina- of the present era View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsenam. Name of various sovereigns View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsef. a great army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahasenanareśvaram. Name of the father of the 8th arhat- of the present avasarpiṇī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsenanareśvaram. Name of the father of the 8th arhat- of the present avasarpiṇī- (see mahasena-n-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsenāvyūhaparākramam. Name of a yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāsetum. "great bridge", Name of certain sacred syllables pronounced before a particular mystical formula View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahatsenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahatsef. service of the great, homage (rendered) to great men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāyakṣasenāpatim. a general of the great yakṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāyakṣasenāpatim. Name of a tantra- deity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malimlusef. a band of robbers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māṃsepad(strong from pād-) m. a species of animal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māṃseṣṭāf. a species of flying animal (valgalā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānitasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānotsekaparākramavyasaninmfn. possessing intense diligence, prowess, haughtiness and pride View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
seśvaraphalan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mathurāsetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātṛṣvaseyam. () a mother's sister's son View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātṛsvase wrong reading for -ṣvasṛ- and -ṣvascyī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātṛṣvasef. a mother's sister's daughter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrasenam. Name of a gandharva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrasenam. of a son of the 12th manu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrasenam. of a grandson of kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrasenam. of a king of the draviḍa- country View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mitrasenam. of a Buddhist View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mlecchataskarasevitamfn. infested by barbarians and robbers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛcchakaṭikāsetum. Name of a commentator or commentary on it by lallā-dīkṣita-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛgāṅkasenam. Name of a king of the vidyā-dhara-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtyusef. the army of the god of death View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtyusevakam. equals -bhṛtya- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukhasecakam. Name of, a serpent-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muktāsenam. Name of a king of the vidyā-dhara-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
muktisenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukundasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
munisevitam. a kind of wild grain or rice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrtisevanan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') worship of the idol of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūṣikanirviseṣamfn. not differing from a mouse. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūtraprasekam. the urethra View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nabhaḥsef. Name of a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgarasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgasenam. Name of a sthavira- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāgasenam. of a king of āryā-varta- and contemporary of samudra-gupta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nalasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nalasetum. " nala- bridge", the causeway constructed by the monkey nala- for rāma- from the continent to laṅkā- (the modern Adam's Bridge) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nandisenam. Name of an attendant of skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navyaseind. recently, lately View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nihatasenamfn. having (their) armies smitten or destroyed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nisevitavya wrong reading for ni--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nityasevakamfn. always serving others View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
notsekamfn. not proud, humble, modest, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛsenan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nṛsenif. an army of men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādasef. "foot-salutation", service, duty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādasevanan. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pādāvasecanan. water used for washing the feet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padmasenam. Name of several men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padmasef. Name of a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paitṛkaṣvaseyam. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paitṛkaṣvasef. equals paitṛ-- above. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paitṛṣvaseyamf(ī-)n. sprung from a father's sister or paternal aunt (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paitṛṣvaseyam. a fathers's sister's son View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paitṛṣvasef. a father's sister's daughter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paradāropasevanafn. approaching or touching or courting another's wife or wives, adultery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paradeśasevinmfn. living abroad, a traveller View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāsedham. (fr. 2. sidh-) arrest, imprisonment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parasef. service of another View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paryāyasef. service by rotation
pāṣāṇasetubandham. a barrier or dam of stone View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patisef. devotion to a husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paurṇamāseṣṭif. paurṇamāsa
paurṇamāseṣṭiprayogam. paurṇamāsa
pinākasenam. "armed with pināka-", Name of skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṇḍasektṛm. Name of a serpent-demon View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prabhāseśvaramāhātmyan. Name of work
prabhūtayavasendhanamfn. abounding in fresh grass and fuel View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pracaṇḍasenam. Name of a prince, of tāmra-liptikā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pradhānasef. chief or principal service View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākṛtasetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasecanan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) the bowl of a spoon or ladle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasecanavatmfn. having a bowl or spout (for pouring out fluids) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasedikā varia lectio for prasīdikā- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasedivasmfn. one who has become pleased or propitiated, favourable View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasedivasSee pra-- sad-, p.696. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekam. flowing forth, dropping, oozing, effusion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekam. emission, discharge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekam. sprinkling, wetting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekam. exudation, resin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekam. running or watering of the mouth or nose, vomiting, nausea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekam. ( prasekatā -- f. idem or 'm. running or watering of the mouth or nose, vomiting, nausea ' ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekam. the bowl of a spoon or ladle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
praseka pra-secana- etc. See under pra--. sic-, p.697. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekam(ind.p. of pra-- sic-) pouring out, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekatāf. praseka View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekinmfn. discharging a fluid View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasekinmfn. suffering from morbid flow of saliva View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasenam. or (n.?) f. a kind of jugglery View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasenam. Name of a prince (son of nighna- or nimna-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasenam. of a king of ujjayinī- (succeeded by vikramārka- or vikramāditya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasenajitm. Name of several princes (especially of a sovereign of śrāvastī- contemporary with gautama- buddha- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāsenajitīf. patronymic fr. prasena-jit- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasevam. ( siv-) a sack or a leather bottle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasevam. the damper on the neck of a lute View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāsevam. a rope (as part of a horse's harness) (see pra-s-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasevakam. a sack, bag View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasevakam. a damper (equals prec.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prasevikāf. See carma-prasevikā-.
pratisef. an opposing or hostile army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisevA1. -sevate-, to pursue, follow (pleasure) ; to be kind towards (accusative), serve, honour (equals prati-juṣ-) on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiṣiddhasevanan. doing what is prohibited View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratiṣiddhasevinmfn. following or doing what is forbidden View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratītasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyāsevA1. -sevate- equals prati-juṣ-, Causal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravarasenam. Name of 2 princes of kaśmīra- (see -nṛpati-and -bhūpati-) (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravilasenaor pravilla-sena- m. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prayāgasetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittasetum. Name of work
premasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
priyasevakamfn. loving servants, kind towards servants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛthusenam. varia lectio for -ṣeṇa- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulindasenam. Name (also title or epithet) of a kaliṅga- king, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇyasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṇyasenam. of another man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purīndrasena(purānd-) m. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrṇasenam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
purusenam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvābhyāsenaind. afresh, anew View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūrvasef. first use or practice of (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
putrasena(putr/a--) m. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rabhasenaind. rabhasa
rājakaserum. or f. Cyperus Rotundus (also rukā- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājakaserun. the root of Cyperus Pertenuis View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājaseSee under rāj-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasef. royal service View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasevakam. a kind's servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasevakam. a Rajput View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasevinm. a kind's servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasevopajīvinm. equals next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājopasef. royal service View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājopasevinm. a king's servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājyasenam. Name of a king of nandi-pura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rākṣasendra() m. " rākṣasa--king", Name of rāvaṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rākṣaseśa() m. " rākṣasa--king", Name of rāvaṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rākṣaseśvara() m. " rākṣasa--king", Name of rāvaṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmasenam. Name of the author of the rasa-sārāmṛta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmasenakam. Gentiana Cherayta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmasenakam. Myrica Sapida View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmasetum. " rāma-s's bridge", the ridge of coral rocks by which rāma- crossed to Ceylon (now called Adam's bridge, see rāmeśvara- below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmasetum. Name of a poem (equals setu-bandha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmasetupradīpam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmasevakam. Name of a son of devī-datta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmasevakam. of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāsabhasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasasetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasekṣum. sugar-cane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasendram. "chief of fluids", quicksilver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasendram. the philosopher's stone (the touch of which turns iron to gold) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasendracintāmaṇim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasendracūdāmaṇim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasendrakalpadrumam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasendramaṅgalan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasendrasaṃhitāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasendrasārasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
serasam. equals utsava- or equals parihāsa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raseśvaram. "lord of fluids", quicksilver View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raseśvaradarśanan. the science of the application of mercury, the doctrine of alchemy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raseśvaradarśanan. Name of work () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raseśvarasiddhāntam. Name of work (establishing the efficacy of mercury in alchemy) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisenam. Name of a king of the cola-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratisenam. of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratnasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ravisenam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
retaḥsekam. idem or 'n. discharge of semen ' , sexual intercourse with (locative case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
retaḥsektṛm. "impregnator", one who has offspring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rohasenam. Name of a boy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rohiṇisenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtasenam. Name of a gandharva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛtusevyamfn. to be taken or applied at certain seasons (as particular medicines or food etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasenam. Name of a warrior View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasef. rudra-'s army (plural) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpamañjarīpādāmbujasevāprārthanāf. Name of stotra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpanārāyaṇasenam. Name of man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpasenam. Name of a vidyā-dhara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rūpasenam. of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sadaśvasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhase(Ved. infinitive mood) for levelling or preparing land (with ks/aitrāya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sahasevinmfn. having intercourse with View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śailasetum. a stone embankment, stone bridge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaktisenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālvasenim. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāsecanan. idem or 'm. pouring out together ' , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāsekam. pouring out together View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śamasetupradīpam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāsevA1. -sevate-, to practise, perform, pursue, enjoy ; to serve, honour, gratify View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāsevanan. the act of practising, following, employing, serving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samāsevitamfn. practised, followed, employed, served View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samayasetuvāritamfn. restrained by the barrier of custom View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgītasundarasetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṃkarasenam. Name of a writer on medicine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsekam. sprinkling over, moistening, watering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsekaSee saṃ-sic-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevA1. -sevate-, to be associated with (used in explaining1. sac-) ; to frequent, inhabit ; to wait upon, attend on, serve, honour, worship, salute deferentially etc. ; to refresh, fan (said, of the wind) ; to court, fondle (carnally) ; to be addicted or devoted to, use or employ or practise or perform continually View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsef. visiting, frequenting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsef. use, employment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsef. attendance, reverence, worship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsef. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') inclination to, predilection for View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevanan. waiting on, serving, doing homage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevanan. (only in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') using, employing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevanan. exposing one's self to association or intercourse with (genitive case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevinmfn. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') serving, worshipping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevitamfn. frequented, served etc. (see gaRa kṛtādi-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevitṛmfn. one who uses or employs View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevyamfn. to be (or being) frequented View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevyamfn. to be served or worshipped View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsevyamfn. to be used or employed or practised or indulged in View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudrasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samudrasenam. of a merchant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samupasevA1. -sevate-, to make use of together ; to be addicted to, enjoy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samutsedham. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) elevation, height View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samutsedham. swelling up, intumescence, fatness, thickness View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṅgasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāntasenam. Name of a son of subāhu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptapākayajñaseṣam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāraseyamfn. gaRa sakhy-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śārdūlamṛgasevitamfn. frequented by tigers and deer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasenamfn. (s/arva--) leading all the host View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasenam. the lord of the whole host View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasenam. Name of a son of brahma-datta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasenam. of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasenam. of a place gaRa śaṇḍikodi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvasenam. (fr. sarva-s-) a particular pañca-rātra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasenādhinātham. () a commander in chief. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasenāpatim. () a commander in chief. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvasenayajñamfn. (prob.) wrong reading for sarva-seniyajña- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvasef. patronymic of su-nanda- (the wife of bharata-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvasenim. (fr. id) patronymic of śauceya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvasenim. plural Name of a warrior tribe gaRa dāmany-ādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvasenīyam. a king of the sārvaseni-s gaRa many-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvaseniyajñam. a particular sacrifice View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvasenyamfn. coming or derived from sarva-sena-, gaRa śaṇḍikādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sasenamfn. with an army, commanding an army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatabhiṣaksenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śataseyan. the obtaining of a hundred View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śatrusevinmfn. serving an enemies, being in the service of a hostile prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyasenam. Name of various men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaurasenamf(ī-)n. relating to the śūra-sena-s, gaRa palady-ādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saurasenam. plural Name of a people (equals śūra-sena-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaurasef. (scilicet bhāṣā-) the language of the śūra- (a Prakrit dialect supposed to have been spoken at mathurā- and sometimes substituted for Sanskrit in the plays, especially as representing the speech of women of high rank) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaurasenikāf. equals -senī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaurasenyamfn. (fr. -sena-) gaRa saṃkāśādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauraseyamfn. gaRa sakhy-ādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauraseyam. Name of skanda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauvakṣaseyam. patronymic fr. suvakṣas- gaRa śubhrādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
savṛtasemamfn. offering a soma- libation at the same time View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śayanāsanasevanan. the enjoyment of sleeping and sitting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāntasetukāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasenam. "having a divine or perfect army", Name of kārttikeya- (god of war) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasenam. of an astronomer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasenadivākaram. Name of a son of sarva-jña- and pupil of vṛddha-vāda-sūri- (said to have induced vikramāditya- to tolerate the jaina-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasenadivākṛtm. Name of a son of sarva-jña- and pupil of vṛddha-vāda-sūri- (said to have induced vikramāditya- to tolerate the jaina-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasenasūrim. Name of author. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasenavākyakāram. Name of author. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhasevitam. "honoured or worshipped by siddha-s", Name of a form of bhairava- or śiva- (equals baṭuka-bhairava-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sikatāsetum. a bank of sand (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śikharasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sīmāsetum. a ridge or causeway serving as a boundary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sīmāsetuvinirṇayam. (legal) decision about boundaries and barriers View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siṃhasenam. Name of various men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śiṅgadharaṇīsenam. Name of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivadāsasenam. Name of the author of the tattva-candrikā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivānandasenam. Name of the author of the kṛṣṇacaitanyāmṛta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śobhase Vedic or Veda infinitive mood of śubh- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somasenam. Name of a son of śambara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somasenam. of a king of Campaka-pura and soma-pura- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sotsedhamfn. high, lofty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sotsedhamind. with a jerk or push upward View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sotsekamfn. haughty, arrogant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sparaseSee under root. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spūrdhaseSee root. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śreṣṭhasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīdharasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīsenaSee -ṣeṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śriyase(dative case and Vedic or Veda infinitive mood), for beauty or splendour or glory, splendidly, gloriously View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutasenam. having a famous army (Scholiast or Commentator) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutasenam. Name of a brother (or son) of janam-ejaya- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutasenam. of a son of saha-deva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutasenam. of a son of parīkṣit- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutasenam. of a son of bhīma-sena- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutasenam. of a son of śatru-ghna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutasenam. of a son of śambara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutasenam. of a prince of go-karṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutasef. Name of a wife of kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthānāsedham. confinement to a place, local or personal arrest View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūṇāvaseṣamfn. having only the pillars left (said of a house) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
strīsef. devotion or addiction to women View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sudāntasenam. Name of a medical writer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhisetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sudhāsekam. sprinkling with nectar View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrasevanan. attendance on a śūdra- master, the being in the service of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sujanaparisevitāf. Name of a kiṃ-narī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhasaṃsevyamfn. easy to be approached or resorted to or attained, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhasecakam. Name of a serpent-demon (Bombay edition mukha-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhasevyamfn. easy of access ( sukhasevyatva -tva- n.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukhasevyatvan. sukhasevya
sundarasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sundarasenam. of a grammarian View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sundarasenabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrasenam. Name of the country about mathurā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrasenam. a king of mathurā- (and ruler of the yadu-s, applied to viṣṇu- and ugra-sena-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrasenam. Name of a son of kārtavīrya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrasenam. of a son of śatru-ghna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrasenam. of various other men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrasenam. plural Name of the people inhabiting the above country (also naka-and na-ja-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrasef. Name of the city of mathurā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūrasenam. plural Name of a people (prob. wrong reading for śūra-s-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrasef. a princess of the śūra-sena-s (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
surasundarasef. the army of the gods ( surasundarasenāgaṇapati -gaṇa-pati- m."the chief of the celestial host") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
surasundarasef. Name of a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
surasundarasenāgaṇapatim. surasundarasenā
sūryasenam. Name of various men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susena wrong reading for -ṣeṇa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susevitamfn. well served (as a king) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susevyamfn. (a road) to be well or easily followed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suyavaseind. suyavasa
suyyāsetum. Name of a dike View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svāmisef. the service of a master, respect or reverence for a master or husband View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śvāpadasevitamfn. frequented or infested by wild beasts View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svasetu(sv/a--) mf(u-)n. forming one's own embankment or bridge View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
svatvavyavasthārṇavasetubandham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāmarasekṣaṇāf. a lotus eyed woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāmrasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāpasekṣum. a kind of sugar-cane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāpaseṣṭam. equals sa-priya-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tejaḥsenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tīrthasenif. Name of one of the mothers in skanda-'s retinue View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tīrthasef. equals -caryā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tīrthasef. worship of the 24 saints View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tīrthāsevanan. equals tha-caryā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tīrthasevinm. "visiting tīrtha-s", Ardea nivea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiryagvātasef. "attending the side-wind", urining or evacuation by stool View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trillasenaanother man's N., . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tristhalīsetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trivikramasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tūlasecanan. "cotton-moistening", spinning View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tunnasevanīf. the suture of a wound View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tunnasevanīf. a suture of the skull View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakasecanan. sprinkling w (according to to others,"a shower of rain"), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udakotsecanan. a water-libation, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
udaksenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ugrasenam. Name of several princes exempli gratia, 'for example' of a brother of janam-ejaya- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ugrasenajam. Name of kaṃsa- (the uncle and enemy of kṛṣṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ugrasenānīm. Name of kṛṣṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ugrasef. Name of the wife of akrūra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ugrasevitamfn. inhabited by violent beings View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ukṣasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
umāpatisevinmfn. worshipping śiva-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasecanamfn. pouring upon or sprinkling, serving for sprinkling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasecanan. the act of pouring upon, sprinkling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasecanan. anything poured over or upon, infusion, juice (see anupa-and kṣīropa-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasecanīf. a ladle or cup for pouring X, 21, 2; 105, 10 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasekam. sprinkling upon, infusion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasektṛm. one who pours upon or sprinkles View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasektṛ upa-s/ecana- See upa-sic-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasenam. Name of a pupil of śākya-muni- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevA1. -sevate-, to frequent, visit, abide or stay at (a place) ; to stay with a person, attend on, serve, do homage, honour, worship etc. ; to have sexual intercourse with (accusative) ; to practise, pursue, cultivate, study, make use of, be addicted to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasef. homage, worship, courting View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasef. addiction to, use, enjoyment, employment View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevakamfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' doing homage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevakamfn. courting (exempli gratia, 'for example' the wife of another) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevanan. the act of doing homage View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevanan. courting (exempli gratia, 'for example' the wife of another) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevanan. service, worship, honouring View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevanan. addiction to, using, enjoying View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevanan. experiencing, suffering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevinmfn. in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' serving, doing homage, worshipping View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
upasevinmfn. addicted or devoted to View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsecanan. the act of foaming or spouting upwards, boiling or foaming over View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsedham. height, elevation, altitude View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsedham. thickness, bigness etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsedham. excelling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsedham. sublimity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsedham. the body on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsedhan. killing, slaughter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsedhan. Name of several sāman-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsedhaSee ut-sidh-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsedhavistāratasind. by altitude and latitude View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsekam. foaming upwards, spouting out or over, showering View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsekam. overflow View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsekam. increase, enlargement, superabundance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsekam. haughtiness, pride View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsekaSee column 2. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsekinmfn. See an-utsekin-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsekinmfn. arrogant, proud, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsekyamfn. to be filled up or made full View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uttaraṇasetum. a bridge for crossing over (genitive case), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaidyanarasiṃhasenam. Name of a scholiast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaikaṃseyam. metron. fr. vi-kaṃsā- gaRa śubhrādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaikāseyam. patronymic fr. vi-kāsa- gaRa śubhrādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vairasenim. (fr. vīra-sena-) patronymic of nala- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣvaksenyam. patronymic fr. viṣvak-sena- Va1rtt. 7 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaitasenam. (prob. derived fr. a misunderstanding of vaitas/ena- instrumental case ; see vaitas/a-), Name of purū-ravas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vajrasenam. Name of a bodhi-sattva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vajrasenam. of a king of śrāvastī-, satr-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vajrasenam. of a preceptor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṅgasenam. a kind of tree (see vaṅka-s-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṅgasenam. Name of a medical writer (author of the cikitsā-sāra-saṃgraha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṅgasenam. of a grammarian View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṅgasenākam. Agati Grandiflora View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṅkasenam. a kind of tree (see vaṅga-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārāṇaseyamfn. produced or born in Benares etc. gaRa nady-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārasef. practice of harlotry or a set of harlots View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārisenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārisenam. (varia lectio -ṣeṇa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vārisenam. of a jina- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantasenam. Name of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantasef. Name of various women View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāsudevasenam. Name of author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasumatīcitrasenāvilāsam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasumatīcitrasenīyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasusenam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vatseśam. a king of vatsa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vatseśvaram. idem or 'm. a king of vatsa- ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vatseśvaram. Name of two authors View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāyasekṣukam. Saccharum Spontaneum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidvajjanaparisevitāf. Name of a kiṃ-narī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidyānusevana(n-) n. the cultivation of science View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidyānusevin(n-) mfn. cultivating learning, engaged in study. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihitasenam. Name of a prince View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijayasenam. Name of various men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vijayasef. Name of a woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikramasenam. Name of a king of pratiṣṭhāna- ( vikramasenacampū na-campū- f.Name of a poem) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikramasenacampūf. vikramasena
vimuktasenam. Name of a teacher View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīṇāprasevam. the damper on a lute View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vindhyasenam. Name of a king (varia lectio bimbisāra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinītasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viprasef. service of a Brahman master View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. "having an army of heroes", Name of a dānava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. of a king of niṣadha- (father of nala-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. of a king of siṃhala- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. of a king of murala- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. of a king of kānyakubja- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. of a king of kaliṅga- (the murderer of his brother) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. of a general of agni-mitra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. of a son of vigatāśoka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenam. of an author View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasena Name (also title or epithet) of a poet (400 D.), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenan. Name of a particular plant (equals āruka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenajam. "son of vīra-sena-", Name of nala- (the hero of several well-known poems exempli gratia, 'for example' the nalopākhyāna-, naiṣadha-, nalodaya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīrasenasutam. "son of vīra-sena-", Name of nala- (the hero of several well-known poems exempli gratia, 'for example' the nalopākhyāna-, naiṣadha-, nalodaya-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vīryasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣasecanamfn. emitting poison View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣayopasef. addiction to sensual pleasures, sensuality View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visecakamfn. equals vigataḥ secako yasmāt- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvaksena wrong reading for viṣvak-s-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenam. (sometimes written viśvak-s-) "whose hosts or powers go everywhere", Name of viṣṇu-kṛṣṇa- (or of a particular form of that deity to whom the fragments of a sacrifice are offered) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenam. of śiva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenam. of an attendant of viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenam. of a sādhya- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenam. of the 14th (or 13th) manu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenam. of a ṛṣi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenam. of a king View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenam. of a son of brahma-datta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenam. of a son of śambara- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksef. a kind of plant (equals priyaṅgu-or phalinī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenakāntāf. a kind of plant (equals priyaṅgu-or a Diascorea) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenapriyāf. "beloved of viṣṇu-", Name of lakṣmī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenapriyāf. a Diascorea View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣvaksenasaṃhitāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvanāthasenam. Name of author. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvasenam. Name of the 18th muhūrta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvasenam. of a preceptor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvasenarājm. Name of the father of the 16th arhat- of the present avasarpiṇī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivādārṇavasetum. Name of a legal digest by bāṇeśvara- and others (compiled by order of Warren Hastings) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivādasetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vivakṣase(fr. vakṣ-,or vac-or vah-,either 2. sg. or Vedic or Veda infinitive mood), occurring only as refrain and without connection with other words in the hymns of vi-mada- (according to to ,3 equals mahat-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viviktasevin() mfn. resorting to or seeking solitude View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhasenamfn. (vṛddh/a--) hearing large missiles (others"forming mighty hosts") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhasef. Name of the wife of sumati- (and mother of devatā-jit-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhasef. reverence for the aged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhasevinmfn. reverencing one's elders View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhasevitvan. equals -sevā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhopasevinmfn. honouring the aged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛkṣasecanan. the watering of trees View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣalīsevanan. respect to or intercourse with a śūdra- woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣasenaSee under 2. vṛṣa-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣasenamfn. (prob.) having an army of men View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣasenam. Name of a son of the 10th manu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣasenam. of karṇa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛṣasenam. of a great-grandson of aśoka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛttaratnākarasetum. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāghrasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsedham. prohibition, hindrance, interruption (locative case with vṛt-,to annoy, be troublesome) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsekam. (?) , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāseśvaran. Name of a tīrtha- (also tīrtha-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyatisev Passive voice -sevyate-, to be well furnished or provided with (instrumental case) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasitavaseyan. (impersonal or used impersonally) it is to be settled or determined View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavasthāsetum. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyutsekam. pouring out in different directions View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñasenam. (yajñ/a--) Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñasenam. of drupada- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñasenam. of a king of vidarbha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñasenam. of a dānava- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñasenam. of viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yājñasenam. (fr. yajña-sena-) patronymic of śikhaṇḍin-, , (also ni- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yājñasef. patronymic of draupadī- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yakṣasenam. Name of a king
yamahāseśvaratīrthan. Name of a tīrtha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yatsenamfn. having which (or so strong an) army View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yavanasenam. Name of a man View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogasef. the practice or cultivation of religious abstraction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yoginīhṛdayasetubandham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yugyāśanaprasevam. the nose-bag containing a horse's food View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuktasenamfn. one whose army is ready (for marching) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuktasenīyamfn. relating to him View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yuvasenam. Name of a poet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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secaka सेचक a. (-चिका f.) [सिच्-ण्वुल्] Sprinkling. -कः A cloud.
secanakam सेचनकम् A shower-bath.
secanam सेचनम् [सिच्-भावे ल्युट्] 1 Sprinkling, watering; वृक्षसेचने द्वे धारयसि मे Ś.1. -2 Effusion, aspersion. -3 Oozing, dripping. -4 A bucket. -5 Emission. See सेकः. -Comp. -घटः a watering-pot.
secanī सेचनी A bucket.
sedhaḥ सेधः 1 Going, reaching. -2 A tail. -धा 1 A hedgehog. -2 A porcupine.
sedivas सेदिवस् a. (-सेदुषी f.) Sitting.
segavaḥ सेगवः A young crab; कुस्त्री खादति मांसानि माघमां सेगवा इव Mb.12.139.89.
sek सेक् 1 Ā. (सेकते) To go, move.
sekaḥ सेकः [सिच्-घञ्] 1 Sprinkling, watering (trees); सेकः सीकरिणा करेण विहितः कामम् U.3.16; R.1.51;8.45; 16.3;17.16. -2 Emission, effusion. -3 Seminal effusion. -4 A libation, an offering. -5 Seminal fluid; कामतो रेतसः सेकं व्रतस्थस्य द्विजन्मनः Ms.11.12. -6 A drop of anything. -7 A shower-bath; Suśr. -Comp. -पात्रम् 1 a pot for sprinkling water, a watering-pot. -2 a bucket.
sekimam सेकिमम् A radish.
sektṛ सेक्तृ a. (-क्त्री f.) One who sprinkles &c. -m. 1 A sprinkler; impregnator. -2 A husband. -3 A waterbearer.
sektram सेक्त्रम् A bucket, watering-pot.
sel सेल् 1 P. (सेलति) To go, move.
semantī सेमन्ती The Indian white rose.
sena सेन a. Having a lord, possessing a master or leader. -नम् The body.
se सेना [सि-न, सह इनेन प्रभुणा वा Uṇ. 3.1] 1 An army; सेना परिच्छदस्तस्य द्वयमेवार्थसाधनम् R.1.19. -2 Army personified as the wife of Kārtikeya, the god of war; cf. देवसेना. -3 A small army (consisting of 3 elephants, 3 chariots, 9 horse and 15 foot). -4 Any body of men. -Comp. -अग्रम् the van or front of an army. ˚गः the leader or general of an army. -अङ्गम् 1 a component part of an army; (these are four :-- हस्त्यश्वरथपादातं सेनाङ्गं स्याच्चतुष्टयम्). -2 a division of an army. -कल्पः an epithet of Śiva. -गोपः the keeper of an army. -चरः 1 a soldier. -2 a camp-follower. -निवेशः the camp of an army; सेनानिवेशं तुमुलं चकार R.5.49. -नी m. 1 a leader of an army, commander, general; सेनानीनामहं स्कन्दः Bg.1.24; Ku.2.51. -2 N. of Kārtikeya; अथैनमद्रेस्तनया शुशोच सेनान्यमालीढमिवासुरास्त्रैः R.2.37. -पतिः 1 a general. -2 N. of Śiva. -3 N. of Kārtikeya. -4 A leader of ten पत्ति divisions; see पत्ति. -पत्यम् commandership, generalship. -परिच्छद् a. surrounded by an army; (in R.1.19 सेनापरिच्छदः is sometimes taken as one word and is interpreted in this way, but it is much better to take them as separate words). -पृष्ठम् the rear of an army. -भङ्गः the breaking of an army, complete rout, disorderly flight. -मुखम् 1 a division of an army. -2 particularly, a division of an army consisting of three elephants, as many chariots. nine horse, anf fifteen foot; पत्तिं तु त्रिगुणामेतामाहुः सेनामुखं बुधाः Mb.1.2.2. -3 a mound in front of a city gate. -योगः the equipment of an army. -रक्षः a guard, sentinel. -वासः a camp. -वाहः the leader of an army. -रुथः a soldier.
sendriya सेन्द्रिय a. 1 Together with the organs of sense; तमो$यं तु समाश्रित्य चिरं तिष्ठति सेन्द्रियः Ms.1.55. -2 Organic (as chemistry).
sephaḥ सेफः The penis; cf. शेफ.
seraḥ सेरः A kind of measure (Mar शेर); it is thus defined in Līlāvatī :-- पादोनगद्यानकतुल्यटङ्कैर्द्विसप्ततुल्यैः कथितो$त्र सेरः ॥
serāhaḥ सेराहः A horse of a milk-white colour.
serāla सेराल a. Pale-yellow.
serṣya सेर्ष्य a. Full of envy or jealousy, envious, jealous.
seru सेरु a. Binding, fastening; P.III.2.159.
seśvara सेश्वर a. Theistical. -Comp. -सांख्यम् the theistical branch of the सांख्य school.
setikā सेतिका N. of Ayodhyā.
setram सेत्रम् A bond, fetter; P.III.2.182.
seṭuḥ सेटुः 1 Water-melon. -2 A kind of cucumber.
setuḥ सेतुः [सि-तुन् Uṇ.1.69] 1 A ridge of earth, mound, bank, causeway, dam; नलिनीं क्षतसेतुबन्धनो जलसंघात इवासि विद्रुतः Ku.4.6; R.16.2. -2 A bridge in general; वैदेहि पश्या मलयाद्विभक्तं मत्सेतुना फेनिलमम्बुराशिम् R.13.2; सैन्यैर्बद्धद्विरदसेतुभिः 4.38;12.7; Ku.7.53. -3 A landmark; ज्येष्ठे मासि नयेत् सीमां सुप्रकाशेषु सेतुषु Ms.8.245. -4 A defile, pass, a narrow mountain-road. -5 A boundary, limit. -6 A barrier, limitation, obstruction of any kind; दुष्येयुः सर्ववर्णाश्च भिद्येरन् सर्वसेतवः Subhāṣ. -7 A fixed rule or law, an established institution; सूचकाः सेतुभेत्तारः ...... ते वै निरयगामिनः Mb.13.23.66. -8 The sacred syllable om; मन्त्राणां प्रणवः सेतुस्तत्सेतुः प्रणवः स्मृतः । स्रवत्यनोङ्कृतं पूर्वं परस्ताच्च विदीर्यते ॥ Kālikā P. -9 A reservoir or a lake; सहोदकं आहार्योदकं वा सेतुं बन्धयेत् Kau. A.2.1. -1 A bond, fetter. -11 An explanatory commentary. -Comp. -बन्धः 1 the forming or construction of a bridge, cause-way &c.; Kau. A.2.1; वयोगते किं वनिता- विलासो जले गते किं खलु सेतुबन्धः Subhāṣ.; Ku.4.6. -2 the ridge of rocks extending from the southern extremity of the Coromandel coast towards Ceylon (said to have been built for Rāma's passage to Laṅkā by Nala and the other monkeys); Bhāg.7.14.31. -3 any bridge or cause-way. -भेदिन् a. 1 breaking down barriers. -2 removing obstructions. (-m.) N. of a tree (दन्ती).
setukaḥ सेतुकः 1 A bank, cause-way, bridge. -2 A pass.
sev सेव् 1 Ā. (सेवते, सेवित; caus. सेवयति-ते; desid. सिसे- विषते; the स् of सेव् is generally changed to ष् after prepositions ending in इ such as नि, परि, वि) 1 To serve, wait or attend upon, honour, worship, obey; प्रायो भृत्यास्त्यजन्ति प्रचलितविभवं स्वामिनं सेवमानाः Mu.4.21; आचार- पूतं पवनः सिषेवे R.2.13. 'served or refreshed'; ऐश्वर्यादन- पेतमीश्वरमयं लोको$र्थतः सेवते Mu.1.14. -2 To go after, pursue, follow. -3 To use, enjoy; किं सेव्यते सुमनसां मनसापि गन्धः कस्तूरिकाजननशक्तिभृता मृगेण R. G. -4 To enjoy carnally; केतकीं सेवसे हन्त कथं रोलम्ब निस्त्रपः Bv.1.118. -5 To attach or devote oneself to, attend to, cultivate, practice, perform; विद्वद्भिः सेवितः (धर्मः) Ms.2.1; त्वया मनोनिर्विषयार्थ- कामया यदेक एव प्रतिगृह्य सेव्यते Ku.5.38; R.17.49. -6 To resort to, betake oneself to, dwell in, frequent, inhabit; तप्तं वारि विहाय तीरनलिनीं कारण्डवः सेवते V.2.23; Pt.1.9. -7 To watch over, guard, protect.
seva सेव See सेवन, सेवि (2).
se सेवा [सेव्-अ] 1 Service, servitude, dependence; attendance; सेवां लाघवकारिणीं कृतधियः स्थाने श्ववृत्तिं विदुः Mu. 3.14; हीनसेवा न कर्तव्या H.3.11. -2 Worship, homage, honouring. -3 Addiction or devotion to, fondness for. -4 Use, practice, employment, exercise. -5 Frequenting, resorting to. -6 Flattery, coaxing or flattering words; अलं सेवया मध्यस्थतां गृहीत्वा भण M.3. -Comp. -आकार a. in the form of servitude; सेवाकारा परिणतिरहो स्त्रीषु कष्टो$धिकारः V.3.1. -काकुः change of voice in service; (this is a variant in V.3.1 for सेवाकारा). -धर्मः 1 the duty of service; सेवाधर्मः परमगहनो योगिनामप्यगम्यः Pt.1.285. -2 the obligations of service. -विलासिनी a female servant. -वृत्तिः a livelihood gained by service. -व्यवहारः the practice or law of service.
sevadhi सेवधि See शेवधि under शेव.
sevaka सेवक a. [सेव्-ण्वुल्] 1 Serving, worshipping, honouring. -2 Practising, following. -3 Dependent, servile. -कः 1 A servant, dependant; सेवया धनमिच्छद्भिः सेवकैः पश्य किं कृतम् । स्वातन्त्र्यं यच्छरीरस्य मूढैस्तदपि हारितम् ॥ H.2. 2. -2 A votary, worshipper. -3 A sewer. -4 A sack.
sevanā सेवना See सेवनम् (1); तानेव ते मदनुसेवनयावरुद्धान् Bhāg. 3.23.7.
sevanam सेवनम् [सिव्-सेव्-ल्युट्] 1 The act of serving, service, attendance upon, worship; पात्रीकृतात्मा गुरुसेवनेन R.18.3; Pt.1.11. -2 Following, practising, employing; इन्द्रियाणां प्रसङ्गेन धर्मस्यासेवनेन च । पापान् संयान्ति संसारानवद्वांसो नराधमाः ॥ Ms.12.52. -3 Using, enjoying. -4 Enjoying carnally; यत् करोत्येकंरात्रेण वृषलीसेवनाद् द्विजः Ms.11.178. -5 Devotion to, fondness for. -6 Frequenting, dwelling in. -7 Binding, fastening. -8 Sewing, stitching. -9 A sack.
sevanī सेवनी The Indian white rose.
sevatī सेवती 1 A needle. -2 A seam. -3 A suture or seam-like union of parts of the body.
sevi सेवि n. 1 The jujube. -2 An apple.
sevikā सेविका 1 A maid servant. -2 A kind of sweetmeat (Mar. फेणी).
sevin सेविन् a. 1 Serving, worhipping. -2 Following, using. -3 Inhabiting, dwelling. -4 Having sexual intercourse with. -5 Addicted to, fond of. -m. A servant.
sevita सेवित p. p. [सेव्-क्त] 1 Served, attended upon, worshipped. -2 Followed, practised, pursued. -3 Frequented by, resorted to, inhabited by, haunted by; वरं वनं व्याघ्रगजादिसोवितम् Pt.5.23. -4 Protected, preserved. -5 Enjoyed, used. -6 Abounding in. -तम् 1 An apple. -2 The jujube. -ता Service, attendance. -Comp. -मन्मथ a. addicted to love.
sevitṛ सेवितृ m. An attendant, a dependant; न सेव्यः सेविता रहः M.4.12.
sevya सेव्य a. [सेव्-ण्यत्] 1 To be served or waited upon. -2 To be used or employed. -3 To be enjoyed. -4 To be taken care of or guarded. -5 To be studied. -6 To be kept or hoarded. -व्यः 1 A master (opp. सेवक); भयं तावत् सेव्यादभिनिविशते सेवकजनम् Mu.5.12; M.4.12; Pt.1.48. -2 The Aśvattha tree. -3 A sparrow. -4 A kind of intoxicating drink. -व्या 1 The parasite plant वन्दा. -2 A kind of wild rice. -व्यम् A kind of root. -2 Red sandal-wood. -3 Sea-salt. -4 Water. -Comp. -सेवकौ m. dual. master and servant.
anutsekaḥ अनुत्सेकः Absence of haughtiness or pride; ˚को लक्ष्म्याम् Bh.2.64; modesty; ˚कः खलु विक्रमालङ्कारः V.1; cf. "Modesty is the handmaid of heroism".
anutsekin अनुत्सेकिन् a. Not puffed up, not proud or arrogant; भाग्येषु ˚नी भव Ś.4.18.
anupasecana अनुपसेचन a. Having no उपसेचन i. e. some condiment, sauce, curds &c. to moisten food with.
anusevin अनुसेविन् a. Practising, observing, habitually addicted to.
abhisevanam अभिसेवनम् 1 Practising, observing. -2 Cultivating. -3 Fondness of, indulgence in.
abhyāyaṃsenya अभ्यायंसेन्य a. Ved. One who allows himself to be drawn near (said of अश्विन् Rv.1.34.1.)
āsekaḥ आसेकः Wetting, watering, pouring in.
āsekyaḥ आसेक्यः A kind of eunuch or neuter man; पित्रोस्तु तुल्यवीर्यत्वादासेक्यः पुरुषो भवेत्.
āsecana आसेचन a. (-नी f.) 1 Charming, beloved; so आसेचनक. नयनयुगासेचनकं मानसवृत्त्यापि दुष्प्रापम् S. D. -नम् 1 Pouring into, wetting, sprinkling. -2 A vessel for fluids (Ved.); ˚वत् hollow, concave. -नी A small vessel.
āsecanakaḥ आसेचनकः Soma Juice or butter poured out for the gods; कथं त्वया$$सेचनकाङ्गि लुप्यते त्रपा न संप्रत्यपि दृष्टपारया Rām. Ch.2.54.
āseddhṛ आसेद्धृ m. One who arrests another.
āsedhaḥ आसेधः Arrest, custody, legal restraint, it is of four kinds:-स्थानासेधः कालकृतः प्रवासात् कर्मणस्तथा Nārada; i. e. (a) confinement to a place, (b) limitation of time, (c) prohibition against departure, and (d) restriction from doing anything. आसेधकाल आसिद्ध आसेधं यो निवर्तते Śukra 4.616.
āsedhaka आसेधक a. Restraining, confining.
āsev आसेव् 1 Ā. To carry out, practise, perform zealously; धर्मम्, व्रतम् &c. -2 To indulge in, enjoy; अग्रवात- मासेवमाना M.1; V.4; Ku.1.15. -3 To accomplish, attend to.
āse आसेवा वनम् 1 Zealous practice, assiduous performance of any action. -2 Frequency, repetition; P.VIII.3.12; आसेवनं पौनःपुन्यम् Sk. -3 Intercourse.
āsevita आसेवित p. p. 1 Performed, done. -2 Repeated. -तम् Performance.
āsevin आसेविन् a. Performing assiduously, indulging in.
utsekaḥ उत्सेकः 1 Sprinkling, pouring. -2 Spouting out or over, showering. -3 Overflow, increase, excess; रुधिरो- त्सेकाः Mv.5.33 streams of blood; Me.55 v. l.; दर्प˚, बल˚ &c. -4 Pride, haughtiness, insolence; उपदा विविशुः शश्वन्नोत्सेकाः कोसलेश्वरम् R.4.7; अनुत्सेको लक्ष्म्याम् Bh.2.64; Kau. A.1.15. -5 Exuberance; मामकस्यास्य सैन्यस्य हृतोत्सेकस्य सञ्जय । अवशेषं न पश्यामि ... Mb.8.7.1.
utsekin उत्सेकिन् a. 1 Overflowing, excessive; उत्सेकिना मदबलेन विगाह्यमानम् Mu.26. -2 Proud, haughty, puffed up; भाग्येष्वनुत्सेकिनी Ś.4.18.
utsecanam उत्सेचनम् The act of showering or spouting upwards.
utsedha उत्सेध a. High, tall. -धः 1 A height, elevation; (fig. also); पयोधरोत्सेधविशीर्णसंहति (वल्कलम्) Ku.5.8,24. cf. also Kau. A.1.3; Śukra.4.495; high or projecting breasts; सोत्सेधैः स्कन्धदेशैः Mu.4.7. raised high up. -2 Thickness, fatness. -3 Intumescence, swelling. -4 The body. -5 Sublimity, greatness; prosperity; मामकस्यास्य सैन्यस्य हतोत्सेधस्य सञ्जय । अवशेषं न पश्यामि Mb. 8.9.93. -धम् 1 Killing, slaughter. -2 The height from the basement to the top; उत्सेधं जन्मादिस्तूपिकान्तम् । Mānasāra 35.26. The different technical names of the heights of the idols are शान्तिक, पौष्टिक, जयद, सार्वकामिक, धनद and अद्भुत. Their lengths are respectively 1th, l, 1 rd of their breadths.
upasektṛ उपसेक्तृ a. One who sprinkles or pours down.
upasecana उपसेचन a. Pouring, sprinkling. -नम्, उपसेकः 1 Pouring or sprinkling upon, watering; मृत्युर्यस्योपसेच- चनम् Kaṭh. Up.2.25. -2 Infusion; juice. -नी A ladle or cup for pouring.
upasev उपसेव् 1 Ā. 1 To serve, worship, honour; वैरिणं नोप- सेवते Ms.4.133. -2 To practise, follow, pursue, cultivate; as a vow; तान् सर्वानेवोपसेवेत Ch. Up.2.22.1. -3 To make use of. -4 To be addicted to, enjoy; अधिष्ठाय मनश्चायं विषयानुपसेवते Bg.15.9; so सुखम्, संधिम्, विग्रहम् &c. -5 To frequent, inhabit. -6 To rub or anoint with (sandal &c.). -7 To have sexual intercourse with.
upasevaka उपसेवक a. 1 Worshipping, serving. -2 Following, practising. -3 Enjoying (carnally); परदारोपसेवकः Y.3.136.
upasevanam उपसेवनम् सेवा 1 Worshipping, honouring, adoring. -2 Service; राज˚ Ms.3.64. -3 Addiction to; विषय˚ Ms.12.7. -4 Using, enjoying (carnally also); छाया˚; परदार˚ Ms.4.134. -5 Experiencing, suffering.
upasevin उपसेविन् a. Serving, practising; Rām.5.29.1.
augrasenaḥ औग्रसेनः Kaṁsa, the son of उग्रसेन.
kaseruḥ कसेरुः A kind of grass.
jayatsenaḥ जयत्सेनः A name assumed by Nakula while living at Virāṭa King.
seyaḥ दासेयः The son of a female slave.
seraḥ दासेरः रकः 1 The son of a female slave. -2 A Śūdra. -3 A fisherman. -4 A camel; चखाद दासेरयुवा वनावलीः Śi.12.32;5.66.
parāsedhaḥ परासेधः Arrest, imprisonment.
prasedivas प्रसेदिवस् a. One who has become pleased, favourable.
prasekaḥ प्रसेकः 1 Flowing forth, oozing, dropping -2 Sprinkling, wetting. -3 Emission, discharge; मत्तद्विरेफपरि- पीतमधुप्रसेकः Ṛs.3.6. -4 Vomiting. -5 Watering of the mouth or nose. -6 The bowl of a spoon or ladle.
prasekin प्रसेकिन् m. A kind of disease; मांसपिण्डवदुद्गताः प्रसेकिनो$- न्तःपूयवेदनावन्तो$श्वा$पानवदुद्धृतौष्ठाः Suśr.
prasedikā प्रसेदिका A small garden. प्रसेवः prasēvḥ प्रसेवकः prasēvakḥ प्रसेवः प्रसेवकः 1 A sack, bag for grain. -2 A leathern bottle. -3 A small instrument of wood placed under the neck of the lute to make the sound deeper.
bhaimaseniḥ भैमसेनिः न्यः A son of Bhīmasena.
yājñasenaḥ याज्ञसेनः निः A patronymic of Śikhanḍin; Mb. 7.14.44.
yājñase याज्ञसेनी A patronymic of Draupadī; याज्ञलेनीं पुरस्कृत्य षडेवाथ प्रवव्रजुः Mb; वल्गु चित्रपदं श्लक्ष्णं याज्ञसेनि त्वया वचः Mb.3.31.1.
vyāsedhaḥ व्यासेधः Restraint, prohibition.
śaurase शौरसेनी N. of a Prākṛita dialect.
saṃsekaḥ संसेकः Sprinkling, watering.
saṃsev संसेव् 1 Ā. 1 To be associated with. -2 To wait upon, attend. -3 To refresh, fan. -4 To court, fondle (carnally). -5 To be addicted or devoted to.
saṃse संसेवा 1 Visiting, frequenting. -2 Use, employment. -3 Reverence, worship.
samutsedhaḥ समुत्सेधः 1 Height, elevation. -2 Fatness, thickness.
sotseka सोत्सेक a. Haughty, arrogant.
sotsedha सोत्सेध a. Raised, elevated, high, lofty; सोत्सेधैः स्कन्धदेशैः Mu.4.7.
saurasenāḥ सौरसेनाः m. pl. N. of a district and its people. -नी See शौरसेनी.
sauraseyaḥ सौरसेयः An epithet of Skanda.
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se sé-nā, f. missile, ii. 33, 11 [si discharge].
senānī senā-ní̄, m. leader of an army, general, x. 34, 12.
ṛcase ṛcás-e, dat. inf. with prá, to praise, vi. 61, 6 [arc praise].
jīvase jīvás-e, dat. inf. to live, viii. 48, 4; with prá to live on, x. 14, 14.
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secaka m. shedder of (g.); -ana, n. √ sik] emission, effusion; sprinkling, water ing, with (--°ree;); casting (of metals): -ghata, m. watering-pot.
sedhā f. [keeping at a distance: √ 1. sidh] hedgehog or porcupine.
sedi f. [√ sad] weariness, decay (V.).
seka m. [√ sik] V., C.: emission, effu sion; C.: sprinkling, watering, with (--°ree;).
sela kind of weapon.
selaga m. waylayer, robber (Br., S.).
selyapura n. N. of a town.
sena a. having a master, dependent on another.
se f. 1. [√ 2. si] V.: missile, dart; Indra's wife (personification of his bolt); 2. √ sî] V., C.: battle-array, army; often --°ree;, in names, esp. of courtesans.
senāgra n. van of an army: -ga, -gâmin, a. going at the head of an army; m. leader of an army; -½a&ndot;ga, n. component part of an army; division of an army: -pati, m. leader of a division;-kara, m. soldier; -gî vin, m. id.; -½adhipa, -½adhyaksha, m. com mander of an army; -n&isharp;, m. leader of an army, commander, general (V., C.); N. of Skanda, god of war (leader of the hosts of the gods; C.); -pati, m. leader of an army, general; -patya, n. office of a general (less correct for saina-); -½abhigoptri, m. guar dian of the army (a certain office); -mukhá, n. van of the army: î, f. N. of a goddess; -vyûha, m. battle-array; -samudaya, m. assembled army.
sendra a. joined or together with Indra: -kâpa, a. adorned with a rainbow, -tâ, f. union with Indra, -dhriti, a. (Vâsav., Bibl. Ind., 296, 4); -½indriya, a. possessed of manly vigour; together with the organs of sense: -tva, n. possession of manly vigour (Br.).
senya m. spearman, warrior (V.).
serṣya a. envious, jealous, of (--°ree;): -m, ad. -ly.
setu a. [√ 1. si] binding (RV., rare); m. RV.: bond, fetter (rare); V., C.: dam, dyke, causeway, bridge; C.: Adam's Bridge (rare); landmark (rare); (fig.) barrier, limit, bounds: -m bandh, construct a bridge: -ban dha, m. (construction of a) dam or bridge; T. of a Prâkrit poem; -bandhana, n. (con struction of) a bridge or dam; barrier (fig.); -bheda, m. breaking down of an embankment.
sevaka a. (--°ree;) inhabiting; practising, indulging in, addicted to, employing; tend ing (a plant); honouring; m. servant; votary, worshipper of (--°ree;).
sevana n. 1. [√ sîv] sewing; seam, suture (on the human body; Br., C.); 2. √ sev] frequenting, visiting, resorting to (--°ree;); attending upon, serving, service; honouring, worship, of (--°ree;); sexual intercourse with (--°ree;); addiction to, practice or performance of, indulgence in, employment of (g., gnly. --°ree;); -anîya, fp. to be resorted to (forest); -paid homage to, -courted (youth); -â, f. resorting to (--°ree;); visit; ser vice, of (g., --°ree;, rarely lc.); homage, worship, of (g., --°ree;); deference towards (--°ree;); addiction or devotion, practice, employment, indulgence, frequent enjoyment (to, in, of, --°ree;); sexual intercourse with (--°ree;): -½añgali, m. deferential salutation with folded hands, -dharma, m. duties or obligations of service.
sevita pp. frequented etc.; -i-tavya, fp. to be practised, performed, or obeyed; -tended; -i-tri, m. attendant, servant; -i-tva, n. (--°ree;) resorting to, frequenting; honouring, deference towards (--°ree;);-in, a. (--°ree;) frequenting, haunting, dwelling in, re sorting to; serving; honouring, paying hom age to, deferential towards; having sexual intercourse with; addicted to, practising; enjoying; employing; m. servant of (--°ree;); -ya, fp. to be frequented, worthy to be re sorted to, by (g.); to be followed (path); -approached; -waited upon or served, by (g.); -honoured or paid homage to; -en joyed carnally;--indulged in, cultivated, prac tised, employed, or enjoyed; m. master (opp. servant): -tâ, f. state of being honoured, en joyed, etc., -tva, n. state of being served etc., -sevaka, m. du. master and servant.
adhisenāpati m. commander-in-chief.
aśanāpipāse f. du. hunger and thirst.
ase f. non-addiction; -ita, pp. not frequented: -½îsvara-dvâra, a. not wait ing at grandees' doors.
asevaka m. no servant, indifferent servant.
asenya a. not hitting or wounding.
āsevana n. frequenting; addiction; -â, f. continuous application, addiction; -in, a. frequenting; addicted to (--°ree;); -ya, fp. to be visited.
āsedha m. arrest, imprisonment.
āsecana n. pouring on, infusion; bowl.
āseka m. watering, irrigation.
utsedha m. elevation; prominence; height, thickness; superiority.
utseka m. redundance, excess; pride, arrogance; -in, a. proud, haughty.
upasevaka a. courting (--°ree;); -ana, n. courting; carnal intercourse with (--°ree;); addition to, indulgence in (--°ree;); â, f. carnal intercourse with; devotion to; indulgence in (--°ree;); -in, a.serving; reverencing; worship ping; practising (--°ree;).
upasecana n. besprinkling; î, f. butter-spoon.
seraka m. (young) camel; î, f. female camel.
divaseśvara m. (lord of day), sun.
dviṭsevin a. serving=being in secret alliance with the enemy; m. traitor.
nityasevaka a. constantly serving; -snâyin, a. constantly performing ablu tions; (nítya)-hotri, m. constant sacrificer.
nihatasena a. having one's forces destroyed; -½artha, a. of obsolete meaning: -tâ, f., -tva, n. use of an obsolete meaning; -½ushtra, a. whose camels have been slain; -hantavya, fp. to be slain ordestroyed; -hantri, m. slayer; destroyer; dispeller; preventer; -hava, m. summons, call; -hnava, m. denial; secrecy, conceal ment; contradiction; surpassing; expiation; excuse, craving pardon (a ceremony); -hnuti, f.denial; -hrâda, m. sound, note.
parase f. service of others.
puṣyase d. inf. of √ push.
praseka m. effusion; watering of the mouth, nausea; exudation, resin; spout (of a ladle); -sekin, a. discharging fluid; suffering from (excessive) salivation; -sena: -git, m. N. of various princes; -sevaka, m. sack, bag; damper on the neck of a lute.
dhatotseka a. haughty.
muktāsena m. N. of a prince of the fairies; -sthûla, a. large as pearls (tears); -hâra, m. string of pearls, pearl necklace: -latâ, f. pearl necklace; a½âhâra, a. taking no food.
parāsedha m. custody, prison.
rasendra m. quicksilver; -½îsvara, m. id.; -½ullâsa, m. awakening of desire for (--°ree;); -½ullâsin, a. feeling the awakening of desire for (--°ree;).
rākṣasendra m. prince of Râk shasas, sp. ep. of Râvana; -½îsvara, m. id.
vatseśa m. king of the Vatsas; -½îsvara, m. id.
vairaseni m. son of Vîrasena, pat. of Nala.
vyāsedha m. hindrance, interrup tion; -hata-tva, n. contradictoriness; -hati, f. logical contradiction; -hanasya, a. ex tremely lecherous (Br.); -hantavya, fp. to be transgressed; -harana, n.utterance; -har tavya, fp. to be told to (lc.); -hâra, m. utter ance, discourse, conversation; talk about (--°ree;); song (of birds); humourous remark (dr.): -maya, a. (î) consisting of speeches or dis courses about (--°ree;); -hârin, a. (--°ree;) speaking, talking; singing (bird); resounding with; -hâvam, abs. separating by the interposition of the Âhâva (Br.); (&asharp;)-hrita, pp. √ hri; n. speaking, talking, discourse; inarticulate speech (of animals), song (of birds); (&asharp;)-hriti, f. utterance, declaration, statement; mystical exclamation (of formulae consisting of dis connected words, esp. the three bhûr bhuvah svar).
śeḍa seda, śeḍḍa names of localities (?).
śaurasena a. (î) relating etc. to the Sûrasenas: î, f. language of the Sûra senas (a Prâkrit dialect).
saṃseka m. wetting (ps.), with (--°ree;); -sevana, n. employment of; exposure to; waiting on, serving; -sevâ, f. frequenting; service; employment; predilection for (--°ree;); -sevin, a. worshipping (--°ree;); -sevya, fp. to be frequented, visited; to be worshipped; to be employed, to be indulged in.
svasetu a. having one's own bridge (RV.); -sainya, n. one's own army; -stara, m. self-strewn grass (as a couch).
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sehu Occurs in a comparison in the Atharvaveda, where it must denote a very sapless (arasa) substance.
selaga In the Brāhmaṇas appears to denote ‘robber.’ See Sailaga.
se Denotes primarily a 'missile,' a sense found in the Rigveda and the Atharvaveda, and then a ‘host’ or ‘army,’ which is its normal meaning. See Sarpgrrama.
senānī Leader of an army,' is the title of the royal ‘general.’ He is mentioned in the Rigveda, where also the word is used metaphorically. He is also referred to in the śatarudriya, as well as elsewhere in the Yajurveda Samhitās and Brāhmaṇas. He is one of the Ratnins of the king. Presum­ably he was appointed by the king, not by the people, to command in war when the king became too important to lead every little fray in person. In the Aitareya Brāhmaṇa this official is called Senā-pati.
setu Appears in the Rigveda and later to denote merely a raised bank for crossing inundated land, a 'causeway,' such as are common all the world over. This sense explains best the later meaning of 'boundary.' The word in Vedic literature is probably always metaphorical.
abhipratārin kākṣaseni is mentioned in the Jaiminīya Upanisad Brāhmana,the Chāndogya Upanisad, and the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana, as engaged in discussions on philo­sophy. The Jaiminīya Brāhmana further reports that his sons divided the property amongst themselves while he was yet alive. He was a Kuru and a prince.
āsecana Designates a vessel to hold liquids, such as meat juice (yūsan)l or ghee. Of its shape and make we know nothing.
ugrasena Is mentioned in the Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa and in a Gāthā there cited as being, with Bhīmasena and Srutasena, a Pārikṣitīya and a brother of Janamejaya. The brothers were cleansed by the horse sacrifice from sin.
kākṣaseni Is the patronymic (‘ son of Kaksasena *) of Abhipratārin in the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana
divodāsa bhaimaseni (‘Descendant of Bhīmasena ’) is mentioned in the Kāthaka Samhitā as a contemporary of Aruni.
putrasena Is the name of a man in the Maitrayanī Samhitā.
bhadrasena ájātaśatrava (‘Descendant of Ajātaśatru ’) is the name of a man, presumably a prince, whom Uddālaka is said in the Satapatha Brāhmaṇa to have bewitched.
bhīmasena Is the name of one of the brothers of Janam-ejaya, the Pāriksitīyas, in the śatapatha Brāhmaṇa.
bhaimasena ‘Descendant of Bhīmasena,’ is the name of a man in the Maitrāyaṇī Saṃhitā.
bhaimaseni ‘Descendant of Bhīmasena,’ is the patronymic of Divodāsa in the Kāthaka Sarphitā.
yajñasena Is the name of a teacher with the patronymic Caitra or Caitriyāyaria mentioned in the Yajurveda Samhitās.
yajñasena Is the name of a teacher with the patronymic Caitra or Caitriyāyaria mentioned in the Yajurveda Samhitās.
viṣvaksena Is the name of a teacher, a pupil of Nārada, mentioned in the Vamśa (list of teachers) at the end of the Sāmavidhāna Brāhmaṇa.
śikhaṇḍin yājñasena (‘Descendant of Yajñasena’) is mentioned in the Kausītaki Brāhmaṇa as a priest of Keśin Dālbhya.
sārvaseni (‘Descendant of Sarvasena’) is the patronymic of śauceya in the Taittirīya Samhitā.
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"se" has 2691 results.
     
se(1)one of the several affixes found in Veda in the sense ofतुमुन् ( तुम् of the infinitive); e. g. वृक्षे राय:; confer, compare Pāṇini. III. 4.9; (2) personal-ending substituted for थास् in the present tense., perfect, and other tenses; confer, compare थासः से P. III. 4.80.
ajitasenaauthor of the Cintāmaṇiprakāśika a gloss on Cintāmaṇi, the well known commentary by Yakṣavarman on the Sabdānuśāsana of Śākatāyana. Ajitasena was the grand pupil of Abhayadeva; he lived in the 12th century A.D.
asekṛt affix in the sense of the infinitive (तुमर्थे) in Vedic Literature,e.gजीवसे; confer, compare तुमर्थे सेसेनसेo P.III.4.9
kasenkṛt affix असे in the sense of the infinitive in Vedic Literature; e. g. प्रेषे, श्रियसे्; confer, compare Kāś. on P. III. 4. 9.
ksekṛt affix से in the sense of तुमुन् in Vedic Literature; exempli gratia, for exampleप्रेषे (भगाय) Kāś. on III. 4. 9.
paribhāṣāsegraha'a work containing a collection of independent works on Paribhasas in the several systems of Sanskrit Grammar, compiled by M. M. K. V. Abhyankar. The collectlon consists of the following works (i) परिभाषासूचन containing 93 Paribhasas with a commentary by Vyadi, an ancient grammarian who lived before Patanjali; ( ii ) ब्याडीयपरिभाषापाठ, a bare text of 140 Paribhaasaas belonging to the school of Vyadi (iii) शाकटायनपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 98 Paribhasa aphorisms, attributed to the ancient grammarian Saka-tayana, or belonging to that school; [iv) चान्द्रपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 86 Paribhasa aphorisms given at the end of his grammar work by Candragomin; (v) कातन्त्रपरिभाषासूत्रवृत्ति a gloss on 65 Paribhas aphorisms of the Katantra school by Durgasimha; (vi) कातन्त्रपारभाषासूत्रवृत्ति a short gloss on 62 Paribhasa aphorisms of the Katantra school by Bhavamisra; (vii) कातन्त्रपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 96 Paribhasa rules belonging to the Katantra school without any author's name associated with it; (viii) कालापपरिभाषासूत्र a text of 118 Paribhasa rules belonging to the Kalapa school without any author's name associated with it; (ix) जैनेन्द्रपरिभाषावृत्ति a gloss written by M. M. K. V. Abhyankar ( the compiler of the collection), on 108 Paribhasas or maxims noticeable in the Mahavrtti of Abhayanandin on the Jainendra Vyakarana of Pujyapada Devanandin; (x) भोजदेवकृतपरि-भाषासूत्र a text of 118 Paribhasa rules given by Bhoja in the second pada of the first adhyaaya of his grammar work named Sarasvatikanthabharana; (xi) न्यायसंग्रह a bare text of 140 paribhasas(which are called by the name nyaya) given by Hema-hamsagani in his paribhasa.work named न्यायसंग्रह; (xii) लधुपरिभाषावृत्ति a gloss on 120 Paribhasas of the Panini school written by Puruso-ttamadeva; (xiii) वृहत्परिभाषावृत्ति con-taining 130 Paribhasas with a commentary by Siradeva and a very short,gloss on the commentary by Srimanasarman ( xiv ) परिभाषावृत्ति a short gloss on 140 Paribhasas of the Panini school written by Nilakantha; (xv) परिभाषाभास्कर a collection of 132 Paribhasas with a commentary by Haribhaskara Agnihotri; (xvi) bare text of Paribhasa given and explained by Nagesabhatta in his Paribhasendusekhara. The total number of Paribhasas mentioned and treated in the whole collection exceeds five hundredition
bhāvasenaa grammarian of the Kātantra school who wrote the works Kātantrarūpamālā and Kaumāra Vyākaraņa.
bhīmasenacalled भीमदास also, who flourished in the fourteenth century and wrote a treatise on grammar called भैमव्याकरण.
vaṅgasenaa grammarian who wrote a grammatical work on verbs named अाख्यातप्रकरण.
seṭkaसेट् together with the augment 'iț' prescribed in general for being prefixed to an Ardhadhatuka affix beginning with any consonant except य्. The word is also used in the sense of a root which allows the augment इट् ( इ ) to be prefixed to valadi Ardhadhatuka affixes placed after it, in contrast with such roots which do not allow it and hence which are termed अनिट्.
seṭkapossessed of the augment इट् See सेटू.
setusaṃgrahaname of a commentary on Bopadeva's Mugdhabodha Grammar written by a grammarian named Gangadhara.
senone of the several affixes found in Veda in the sense of the infinitive affix तुम् ; exempli gratia, for example एषे रथानां, confer, compare P. III.4.9.
senakaname of an ancient grammarian quoted by Panini in the rule गिरेश्च सेनकस्य P. V. 4.112.
a(1)the first letter of the alphabet in Sanskrit and its derived languages, representing the sound a (अ): (2) the vowel a (अ) representing in grammatical treatises, except when Prescribed as an affix or an augment or a substitute,all its eighteen varieties caused by accentuation or nasalisation or lengthening: (3) personal ending a (अ) of the perfeminine. second.pluraland first and third person.singular.; (4) kṛt affix c (अ) prescribed especially after the denominative and secondary roots in the sense of the verbal activity e. g. बुभुक्षा, चिन्ता, ईक्षा, चर्चा et cetera, and othersconfer, compare अ प्रत्ययात् et cetera, and others (P.III 3.102-106); (5) sign of the aorist mentioned as añ (अङ्) or cañ (चङ्) by Pāṇini in P. III i.48 to 59 exempli gratia, for example अगमत्, अचीकरत्; (6) conjugational sign mentioned as śap (शप्) or śa (श) by Pāṇini in P. III.1.68, 77. exempli gratia, for example भवति, तुदति et cetera, and others; (7) augment am (अम्) as prescribed by P. VI.1.58; exempli gratia, for example द्रष्टा, द्रक्ष्यति; (8) augment aṭ (अट्) prefixed to a root in the imperfeminine. and aorist tenses and in the conditional mood e. g. अभवत्, अभूत्, अभविष्यत् confer, compare P. VI.4.71; (8) kṛt affix a (अ) prescribed as अङ्, अच्, अञ्, अण्, अन्, अप्, क, ख, घ, ञ, ड् , ण, et cetera, and others in the third Adhyāya of Pāṇini's Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī.; (9) taddhita affix. affix a (अ) mentioned by Pāṇini as अच्, अञ् अण्, अ et cetera, and others in the fourth and the fifth chapters of the Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. of Pāṇini; (10) the samāsānta affix a (अ), as also stated in the form of the samāsānta affixes (डच् , अच्, टच्, ष्, अष् and अञ्) by Pāṇini in V.4.73 to 121;(11) substitute a (अश्) accented grave for इदम before case-affixes beginning with the inst. instrumental case. case: (12) remnant (अ) of the negative particle नञ् after the elision of the consonant n (न्) by नलोपो नञः P. vi.3.73.
aṃ(ं)nasal utterance called अनुस्वार and written as a dot a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. the vowel preceding it. confer, compare स्वरमनु संलीनं शब्द्यते इति; it is pronounced after a vowel as immersed in it. The anusvāra is considered (l) as only a nasalization of the preceding vowel being in a way completely amalgamated with it. confer, compare Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.V. 11,31; XV. 1; XXII. 14 ; (2) as a nasal addition to the preceding vowel, many times prescribed in grammar as nuṭ (नुट् ) or num (नुम् ) which is changed into anusvāra in which case it is looked upon as a sort of a vowel, while, it is looked upon as a consonant when it is changed into a cognate of the following consonant (परसवर्ण) or retained as n (न्). confer, compare P. VIII.4.58; (3) as a kind cf consonant of the type of nasalized half g(ग्) as described in some treatises of the Yajurveda Prātiśākhya: cf also Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.)1.22 V.Pr.14.148-9. The vowel element of the anusvāra became more prevalent later on in Pali, Prkrit, Apabhraṁśa and in the spoken modern languages while the consonantal element became more predominant in classical Sanskrit.
aḥ( : )visarga called visarjanīya in ancient works and shown in writing by two dots, one below the other, exactly of the same size, like the pair of breasts of a maiden as jocularly larly expressed by Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti.. confer, compare अः ( : ) इति विसर्जनीयः । अकार इह उच्चारणार्थः । कुमारीस्तनयुगाकृतिर्वर्णो विसजर्नीयसंज्ञो भवति ( दुर्गसिंह on कातन्त्र I.1.16). विसर्ग is always a dependent letter included among the Ayogavāha letters and it is looked upon as a vowel when it forms a part of the preceding vowel; while it is looked upon as a consonant when it is changed into the Jihvāmūlīya or the Upadhmānīya letter.
a,k(ೱ),(ೱ)जिह्वामूलीय, represented by a sign like the वज्र in writing, as stated by Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti. who remarks वज्राकृतिर्वर्णो जिह्वामूलीयसंज्ञो भवति. the Jihvāmūlīya is only a voiceless breath following the utterance of a vowel and preceding the utterance of the guttural letter क् or ख् . It is looked upon as a letter (वर्ण), but dependent upon the following consonant and hence looked upon as a consonant. e. g. विष्णु ೱ करोति.
a,pೱ,(ೱ)Upadhmānīya represented by a sign like the temple of an elephants stated by Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti. who remarks "गजकुम्भाकृतिर्वर्ण उपध्मानीयसंज्ञो भवति." Kāt.I. It is a voiceless breath following the utterance of a vowel and preceding the utterance of the labial letter p ( प् ) or ph ( फ ). It is looked upon as a letter ( वर्ण ), but dependent upon the following consonant and hence looked upon as a consonant. अ:कार name given to the nominative case. case in the Taittiriya Prātiśākhya. cf अ:कार इति प्रथमाविभक्तेरुपलक्षणम् Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.I. 23.
ak(1)condensed expression (प्रत्याहार ) representing the letters अ, इ, उ, ऋ and लृ in Pāṇini's Grammar confer, compare P. VI.1.12, 101; VII.4.2. (2) sign (विकरण) of the benedictive in Vedic Literature in the case of the root दृश् c. g. पितरं च दृशेयं P.III.l.86 V 2; ( 3 ) remnant of the termnination अकच् P. V. 3. 71 ; ( 4 ) substitute (अादेश) अकङ् for the last vowel of the word मुधातृ ( P.IV.1.97 ) e. g. सोघातकिः.
akacaffix prescribed before the last syllable of pronouns and indeclinables without any specific sense for it (P.V.3.71) e. g. सर्वकः, उच्चकैः et cetera, and others
akathitanot mentioned by any other case-relation such as अपादान, संप्रदान and अधिकरण; stated with respect to the indirect object, governed by roots possessing two objects such as दुह्, याच् and others, which in the passive woice is put in the nominative case. The in-direct object is called akathita because in some cases there exists no other case-relation as, for example, in पौरवं गां याचते or भिक्षते, or माणवकं पन्थानं पृच्छति; while, in the other cases, the other case-relations (with the activity expressed by the verb) are wilfully suppressed or ignored although they exist, as for instance in गां दोग्धि पयः, अन्ववरुणद्धि गां व्रजम्; see अकथितं च P.1.4.51 and the Mahābhāṣya thereon.
akartṛa case-relation excepting that of the subject to the verbal activity. confer, compare अकर्तरि च कारके संज्ञायाम् P. III.3.I9.
akarmakaintransitive, without any object, (said with regard to roots which cannot possess an object or whose object is suppressed or ignored). The reasons for suppression are briefly given in the well-known stanza ; धातोरर्थान्तरे वृत्तेर्धात्वर्थेनोपसंग्रहात् । प्रसिद्धेरविवक्षातः कर्मणोऽकर्मिकाक्रिया ॥ In the case of intransitive roots, the verbal activity and its fruit are centred in one and the same individual viz. the agent or कर्ता confer, compare फलव्यापारयोरेकनिष्ठतायामकर्मकः Vāk. Pad.
akārathe letter a, (अ) inclusive of all its eighteen kinds caused by shortness, length, protraction, accentuation and nasalization in Pānini's grammar, in cases where a(अ) is not actually prescribed as a termination or an augment or a substitute. confer, compare अणुदित्सवर्णस्य चाप्रत्ययः P. I.1.73. The letter is generally given as the first letter of the alphabet ( वर्णसमाम्नाय ) in all Prātiśākhya and grammar works except in the alphabet termed Varṇopadeśa, as mentioned in the Ṛk Tantra confer, compare ए ओ ऐ औ अा ॠ लॄ ई ऊ ऋ लृ इ उ अाः । रयवलाः । ङञणनमाः । अः ೱ क ೱ पाः । हुं कुं खुं गुं घुं अं अां एवमुपदेशे et cetera, and others Ṛktantra Prātiśākhya.I. 4.
akārakanot causing any verbal activity; different from the kārakas or instruments of action such as the agent, the object, the instrument, the recipient (संप्रदान), the separated (अपादान) and the location, (अधिकरण) confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.4.23, 29 and 5l and on II.3.1.
akālaka(1)not limited by any time-factors for its study such as certain periods of the day or the year. (2) not characterized by any technical terms expressive of time such as adyatanī, parokṣā occurring in the ancient Prātiśākhya and grammar works. The term akalika is used by the writers of the Kāśikāvṛtti in connection with the grammar of Pāṇini. confer, compare “पाणिन्युपज्ञमकालकं व्याकरणम्” Kās. on P. II.4.21 explained by the writer of the Padamañjarī, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Haradatta. as पूर्वाणि व्याकरणानि अद्यतनादिकालपरिभाषायुक्तानि तद्रहितम् ।
akālāpakadifferent from the Kālāpa-vyākaraṇasūtra. or the revised Kātantra Grammar confer, compare पाणिन्युपज्ञमकालापकं व्याकरणम् kāś. On P.II.4.21.
akṛtakāridoing or accomplishing what is not done or accomplished; the expression is used in connection with grammatical operations like ह्रस्वकरण or दीर्घकरण only in cases where it is necessary i, e. where already there is no hrasva or drgha confer, compare अकृतकारि खल्वपि शास्त्रमग्निवत् । तद्यथा । अग्निर्यददग्धं तद्दहति । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on VI. 1.127. the rules of Grammar, like fire, are applied to places where they produce a change.
akṛtavyūhashort expression for the grammatical maxim अकृतव्यूहाः पाणिनीयाः which means "the followers of Pāṇini do not insist on the taking effect of a rule when its cause or causes disappear." See Par. śek. Par. 56.
akṛtrimanon-technical: not formed or not arrived at by grammatical operations such as the application of affixes to crude bases and so on; natural; assigned only by accident. cf the gram. maxim कृत्रिमाकृतिमयोः कृत्रिमे कार्यसंप्रत्ययः which means "in cases of doubt whether an operation refers to that expressed by the technical sense or to that which is expressed by the ordinary sense of a term, the operation refers to what is expressed by the technical sense." Par. śek. Par.9 also Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.28.
akṛtsna-akṛtsnāan epithet applied to the pronunciation of Veda words improperly which does not serve any useful purpose. confer, compare अकृत्स्ना अप्रयोजना इत्यर्थ: Uvaṭa on Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XIV. 68.
aṅkitanot possessing the mute letter k (क्) or g (ग्) orṅ ( ङ् ) and hence not preventing the guṇa and vṛddhi substitutes for the preceding vowel, if they occur. e. g. मृजेर ङ्कित्सु प्रत्ययेषु मृजिप्रसङगे मार्जिः साधुर्भुवति M.Bh. on P. I.I.I Vart.10.
akriyājanot a result of a verbal activity; the expression is used in connection with qualities ( on a substance) as opposed to the activities found in it. confer, compare अाधेयश्चाक्रियाजश्च सोs सत्त्वप्रकृतिर्गुणः Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on IV. 1.44.
akṣadyūtādigaṇaa class of words headed by अक्षद्यूत which take the taddhita affix. affix hak ( इक) in the sense of 'resulting from' e. g. अाक्षद्यूतिकं वैरम्, जानुप्रहृतिक्रम्, गातागार्तकम् et cetera, and others confer, compare P IV.4.19.
akṣaraa letter of the alphabet, such as a (अ) or i (इ) or h (ह) or y (य्) or the like. The word was originally applied in the Prātiśākhya works to vowels (long, short as also protracted), to consonants and the ayogavāha letters which were tied down to them as their appendages. Hence अक्षर came later on to mean a syllable i. e. a vowel with a consonant or consonants preceding or following it, or without any consonant at all. confer, compare ओजा ह्रस्वाः सप्तमान्ताः स्वराणामन्ये दीर्घा उभये अक्षराणि R Pr. I 17-19 confer, compareएकाक्षरा, द्व्यक्षरा et cetera, and others The term akṣara was also applied to any letter (वर्ण), be it a vowel or a consonant, cf, the terms एकाक्षर, सन्ध्यक्षर, समानाक्षर used by Patañjali as also by the earlier writers. For the etymology of the term see Mahābhāṣya अक्षरं न क्षरं विद्यात्, अश्नोतेर्वा सरोक्षरम् । वर्णे वाहुः पूर्वसूत्रे । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). Āhnika 2 end.
akṣarapaṅktiname given to the dvipada virāj verses divided into padās of five syllables. cf विराजो द्विपदाः केचित् सर्वा आहुश्चतुष्पदाः । कृत्वा पञ्चाक्षरान्पादांस्तास्तथाSक्षरपङ्क्तयः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XVII. 50.
akṣarasamāmnāyaalphabet: traditional enumeration of phonetically independent letters generally beginning with the vowel a (अ). Although the number of letters and the order in which they are stated differ in different treatises, still, qualitatively they are much the same. The Śivasūtras, on which Pāṇini's grammar is based, enumerate 9 vowels, 4 semi-vowels, twenty five class-consonants and 4 | sibilants. The nine vowels are five simple vowels or monothongs (समानाक्षर) as they are called in ancient treatises, and the four diphthongs, (सन्ध्यक्षर ). The four semi-vowels y, v, r, l, ( य् व् र् ल् ) or antasthāvarṇa, the twenty five class-consonants or mutes called sparśa, and the four ūṣman letters ś, ṣ, s and h ( श् ष् स् ह् ) are the same in all the Prātiśākhya and grammar works although in the Prātiśākhya works the semi-vowels are mentioned after the class consonants.The difference in numbers, as noticed, for example in the maximum number which reaches 65 in the VājasaneyiPrātiśākhya, is due to the separate mention of the long and protracted vowels as also to the inclusion of the Ayogavāha letters, and their number. The Ayogavāha letters are anusvāra, visarjanīya,jihvāmulīya, upadhmānīya, nāsikya, four yamas and svarabhaktī. The Ṛk Prātiśākhya does not mention l (लृ), but adding long ā (अा) i (ई) ,ū (ऊ) and ṛ (ऋ) to the short vowels, mentions 12 vowels, and mentioning 3 Ayogavāhas (< क्, = प् and अं) lays down 48 letters. The Ṛk Tantra Prātiśākhya adds the vowel l (लृ) (short as also long) and mentions 14 vowels, 4 semivowels, 25 mutes, 4 sibilants and by adding 10 ayogavāhas viz. 4 yamas, nāsikya, visarjanīya, jihvāmulīya, upadhmānīya and two kinds of anusvāra, and thus brings the total number to 57. The Ṛk Tantra makes a separate enumeration by putting diphthongs first, long vowles afterwards and short vowels still afterwards, and puts semi-vowels first before mutes, for purposes of framing brief terms or pratyāhāras. This enumeration is called varṇopadeśa in contrast with the other one which is called varṇoddeśa. The Taittirīya prātiśākhya adds protracted vowels and lays down 60 letters : The Ṣikṣā of Pāṇini lays down 63 or 64 letters, while the Vājasaneyi-prātiśākhya gives 65 letters. confer, compare Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.VIII. 1-25. The alphabet of the modern Indian Languages is based on the Varṇasamāmnāya given in the Vājasaneyi-prātiśākhya. The Prātiśākhyas call this enumeration by the name Varṇa-samāmnāya. The Ṛk tantra uses the terms Akṣara samāmnāya and Brahmarāśi which are picked up later on by Patañjali.confer, compare सोयमक्षरसमाम्नायो वाक्समाम्नायः पुष्पितः फलितश्चन्द्रतारकवत् प्रतिमण्डितो वेदितव्यो ब्रह्मराशिः । सर्ववेदपुण्यफलावाप्तिश्चास्य ज्ञाने भवति । मातापितरौ चास्य स्वर्गे लोके महीयेते । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). Ahnika.2-end.
akhaṇḍaśābdabodhaunitary import; the meaning of a sentence collectively understood.
agati(1)absence of any other recourse or alternative. confer, compare अगत्या हि खलु परिभाषाश्रीयते. Puruṣottamadeva's Paribhāṣāvṛtti.adevaPari. vṛtti Pari.119;(2) which is not a word termed gati. confer, compare चनचिदिवगोत्रादितद्धिताम्रेडितेष्वगते: P. VII.1.57.
aguṇnon-secondary, principal; confer, compare ध्रुवचेष्टितयुक्तिषु चाप्यगुणे तदनल्पमतेर्वचनं स्मरत Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.4.51.
agnipadādigaṇaa class of words headed by the word अग्निपद to which the taddhita affix. affix अण् is added in the senses of 'given there' or 'done there' e. g. अग्निपदम्. confer, compare अण्प्रकरणे अग्निपदादिभ्य उपसंख्यानम् P. V.1.97 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1.
agnaukaravāṇinyāyaanalogy conveyed by the expression अग्नौ करवाणि implying permission to the agent to do certain other things in a sacrificial session when, as a matter of fact, he is only permitted to work as an agent at the sacrificial action ( अग्नौकरण ), by virtue of the reply ' कुरु ' to his request made in the sentence अग्नौ करवाणि. confer, compare अग्नौकरवाणिन्यायेन भविष्यति Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ).on. II.2.24.
agrathe original Samhita text as opposed to pratṛṇna ( प्रतृण्ण ) or padapāṭha, (पदपाठ) which is the recital of separate words.
aghoṣaunvoiced, merely breathed; a term applied to the surd consonants, ś, ṣ s, and visarga which are uttered by mere breathing and which do not produce any sonant effect. confer, compare T. Pr.I.12; R.Pr.I.11. The term jit ( जित् ) is used for these letters as also for the first two consonants of a class in the Vājasaneyi-prātiśākhya confer, compare द्वौ द्वौ प्रथमौ जित्; ऊष्माणश्च हवर्जम् Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.I.50.51.
aṅThe vikaraṇa before luṅ affixes, substituted for the affix cvi ( च्वि ) in the case of the roots mentioned by Pāṇini in sūtras III.1.52-59:(2) the Vikaraṇapratyaya in Vedic Literature before the benedictive affixes prescribed by Pāṇini in Sūtra III.1.86; (3) kṛt affix in the feminine gender showing verbal activity applied to roots marked with the mute letter ष् and the roots भिद्, छिद् and others. P.III.3 104-106.exempli gratia, for example जरा, त्रपा, भिदा, छिदा et cetera, and others
aṅitnot marked with the mute letter ṅ ( ङ्) signifying the absence of the prohibition of the guṇa or the vṛddhi substitute. cf अङिति गुणप्रतिषेधः ( वक्तव्यः ) M.Bh. III.3.83 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 2. In the case of the preposition ā ( अा ) unmarked with ṅ (ड् ), it signifies a sentence or remembrance of something confer, compare वाक्यस्मरणयोरङित् exempli gratia, for example आ एवं नु मन्यसे, आ एवं किल तत् confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.l.14.
aṅga(1)the crude base of a noun or a verb to which affixes are added; a technical term in Pāṇini's grammar for the crude base after which an affix is prescribed e. g. उपगु in औपगव,or कृ in करिष्यति et cetera, and others confer, compare यस्मात् प्रत्ययविधिस्तदादि प्रत्ययेSङ्गम् P.I.4.13; (2) subordinate participle. constituent part confer, compare पराङ्गवद् in सुबामन्त्रिते पराङ्गवत्स्वरे P. II.1.2, also विध्यङ्गभूतानां परिभाषाणां Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Par. 93.10: (3) auxiliary for an operation, e. g. अन्तरङ्ग, बहिरङ्ग et cetera, and others confer, compare अत्राङगशब्देन शब्दरूपं निमित्तमेव गृह्यते Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Par.50; (4) element of a word or of an expression confer, compare अङ्गव्यवाये चाङ्गपरः Ṛktantra Prātiśākhya. 190, अङ्गे च क्म्ब्यादौ R.T. 127. व्यञ्जनं स्वराङ्गम् Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.21.1.
aṅgavṛttaan operation prescribed in the section named aṅgādhikara, comprising the fourth quarter of the sixth book and the whole of the seventh book of Pāṇini.
aṅgādhikāraa large section of Pāṇini's Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. covering five quarters (VI.4.1 to the end of VII) in which the various operations undergone by crude bases before various affixes et cetera, and others are prescribedition
aṅgulyādigaṇaclass of words headed by अङ्गुलि to which the taddhita affix. afix ठक् ( इक् ) is added in the sense of comparison ( इवार्थे ); e. g. अङ्गुलीव अाड्गुलिक: confer, compare Kāś. on P. V.3.108.
acthe short term or pratyāhāra in Pāṇini's Grammar representing a vowel, exempli gratia, for example अजन्त (ending with a vowel), अच्संधि (vowel coalescence or combination).
acikitsyaimpossible to amend, not to be discussedition confer, compare एवं च 'पूजितो य: सुरैरपि' इति अचिकित्स्यः अपशब्दः;Padamañjari on P.II.2.12.
ajādigaṇaclass of words headed by अज to which the feminine.affix अा is added, sometimes inspite of the affix ई being applicable by other rules such as जातेरस्त्रीविषयात्o P. IV. 1.63 and other rules in the section. e. अजा, एडका, त्रिफला, उष्णिहा, जेष्ठा, दंष्ट्रा. cf P. IV.1.4.
(1)taddhita affix. affix a ( अ ) with the mute letter ñ ( ञ्), prescribed (i) after the words उत्स and others in various senses like progeny, dyed in, produced in, come from et cetera, and othersP. IV.1.86, (ii) after the words विद and others in the sense of grandson and other descendents.P. IV.1.104. For other cases see P. IV. I. 141, 161; IV.2.12,14 et cetera, and others IV.3.7 et cetera, and others IV.4.49. The feminine is formed by adding i ( ई ) to words ending with this affix अञ्, which have the vṛddhi vowel substituted for their initial vowel which gets the acute accent also exempli gratia, for example औत्सः, औत्सी,औदपानः, बैदः, बैदी.
aṭ(1)token term standing for vowels and semi-vowels excepting l ( ल्) specially mentioned as not interfering with the substitution of ṇ ( ण् ) for n ( न् ) exempli gratia, for example गिरिणा, आर्येण, खर्वेण et cetera, and others Sec P.VIII.4.2; (2) augment a (अट्) with an acute accent, which is prefixed to verbal forms in the imperfect and the aorist tenses and the conditional mood. exempli gratia, for example अभवत्, अभूत्, अभविष्यत् Sec P.IV.4.71; (3) augment a ( अट् ) prescribed in the case of the roots रुद्, स्वप् et cetera, and others before a Sārvadhātuka affix beginning with any consonant except y ( य्), exempli gratia, for example अरोदत्, अस्वपत्, अजक्षत्, आदत् et cetera, and others; see P.VII.3, 99, 100;(4) augment a ( अट् ) prefixed sometimes in Vedic Literature to affixes of the Vedic subjunctive (लेट्) exempli gratia, for example तारिवत्, मन्दिवत् et cetera, and others see P.III.4.94.
aḍactaddhita affix. affix अड applied in the sense of pitiable or poor to a word preceded by the word उप when the whole word after उप is dropped, e.g उपड् ( उपेन्द्रदत्त + अड् ) see. p. V. 3. 80.
aṇ(1)token term ( प्रत्याहार ) for all vowels and semivowels which, when prescribed for an operation, include all such of their sub-divisions as are caused by length, protraction accent or nasalization. cf अणुदित्सवर्णस्य चाप्रत्ययः P. I.1.60;(2) token term for the vowels अ, इ and उ in all Pānini's rules except in the rule I.1.69 given a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. e.g see ढ्रलोपे पूर्वस्य दीर्घोणः P.VI.3. 111, केऽणः P.VII.4.13. and अणोऽ प्रगृह्यस्य. P.VIII.4.57: (3) tad, affix. a ( अ ) prescribed generally in the various senses such as 'the offspring', 'dyed in,' 'belonging to' et cetera, and others except in cases where other specific affixes are prescribed cf प्राग्दीव्यतोऽण् P. IV.1.83; (4) kṛ. affix a ( अ ), applied, in the sense of an agent, to a root with an antecedent word (उपपद) standing as its object. e. g. कुम्भकारः, see P.III.2.1: काण्डलावः, see P.III.3.12.
aṇuthe minimum standard of the guantity of sound, which is not perceived by the senses, being equal to one-fourth of a Mātrā; confer, compare अणोस्तु तत्प्रमाणं स्यात् मात्रा तु चतुराणवात् ॥ see T.Pr. 21.3, Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.1.60, A.Pr. III.65. Ṛk. tantra, however, defines अणु as half-a-mātrā. confer, compare अर्धमणु ( R.T. 1.41 ).
aṇudicchāstrathe rule prescribing cognateness (सावर्ण्य) of letters. The term refers to Pāṇini's sūtra अणुदित्सवर्णस्य चाप्रत्ययः P.I.1.69. The terms ग्रहणकशास्त्र and सवर्णशास्त्र are used in the same sense.
at(1)tech. term in Pāṇini's grammar for short अ, cf तपरस्तत्कालस्य P. I. 1. 70; अदेङ् गुणः P.I.1.2; (2) personal ending अ for इ ( इट् ) of the Ist person. singular. or Ātmanep. Ātmanepada in the Potential, P III. 4. 106; (3) caseaffix in the case of युष्मद् and अस्मद् for ablative case. singular. and plural P.VII. 1.31,32: (4) tad-affix अत् (अ) prescribed after किम् in the sense of the locative case case before which किम् is changed to कु, क्व being the taddhita affix. formation; confer, compare P. V.3.12 and VII.2.105:(5) substitute अत्(शतृ) for लट् forming the present and future participles in the Parasmaipada. active voice confer, compare लटः शतृशानचौ. P.III. 2.124 and लृटः सद्वा P. III.3.14.
atatkālanot taking that much time only which is shown by the letter (vowel) uttered, but twice or thrice, as required by its long or protracted utterance ; the expression is used in connection with vowels in Pāṇini's alphabet, which, when used in Pāṇini's rules, except when prescribed or followed by the letter त्, includes their long, protracted and nasalized utterances: confer, compare अणुदित्सवर्णस्य चाप्रत्ययः I.1.69.
atantraimplying no specific purpose: not intended to teach anything, अविवक्षित; exempli gratia, for example ह्रस्वग्रहणमतन्त्रम् Kāś and Si. Kau. on तस्यादित उदात्तमर्धह्रस्वम् P.1.2.32: confer, compare also अतन्त्रं तरनिर्देशः ( the use of तरप् does not necessarily convey the sense of the comparative degree in Pāṇini's rules) Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I.2.33. This statement has been given as a distinct Paribhāṣa by Vyāḍiparibhāṣāsūcana.and Sākaṭāyana. The author of the Mahābhāṣya appears to have quoted it from the writings of Vyāḍiparibhāṣāsūcana.and the earlier grammarians See also Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on अल्पाच्तरम् P. II.2.34.
atijagatīone of the varieties of-in fact, the first variety of-the Aticchandas metre, which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.: this Atijagatī consists of 52 syllables.e. g. तमिन्द्रे जोहवीमि मघवानमुग्रम् Ṛk. Saṁh.8.97.13 cf, प्रथमातिजगत्यासां सा द्विपञ्चाशदक्षरा Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XVI.80.
atideśaextended application; transfer or conveyance or application of the character or qualities or attributes of one thing to another. Atideśa in Sanskrit grammar is a very common feature prescribed by Pāṇini generally by affixing the taddhita affix. affix मत् or वत् to the word whose attributes are conveyed to another. e. g. लोटो लङ्वत् P. III. 4.85. In some cases the atideśa is noticed even without the affix मत् or वत्; exempli gratia, for exampleगाङ्कुटादिभ्योऽञ्णिन् ङित् P. 1.2.1 . Atideśa is generally seen in all grammatical terms which end with 'vadbhāva' e. g. स्थानिवद्भाव (P.I.1.56-59), सन्वद्भाव (P.VII.4.93), अन्तादिवद्भाव (P. VI.1.85), अभूततद्भाव (P.IV.60) and others. Out of these atideśas, the स्थानिवद्भाव is the most important one, by virtue of which sometimes there is a full representation id est, that is substitution of the original form called sthānin in the place of the secondary form called ādeśa. This full representation is called रूपातिदेश as different from the usual one which is called कार्यातिदेश, confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). VIII.1.90 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1 and VIII.1.95. Vart.3. Regarding the use of अतिदेश there is laid down a general dictum सामान्यातिदेशे विशेषानतिदेशः when an operation depending on the general properties of a thing could be taken by extended application, an operation depending on special properties should not be taken by virtue of the same : e. g. भूतवत् in P. III.3.132 means as in the case of the general past tense and not in the case of any special past tense like the imperfect ( अनद्यतन ) , or the perfect ( परोक्ष ). See Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 101, Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. III. 3. 132. There is also a general dictum अतिदेशिकमनित्यम्whatever is transferred by an extended application, need not, be necessarily taken. See Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. 93.6 as also Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P.I.1.123 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).4, I.2.1 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 3, II.3.69 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).2 et cetera, and others, Kaiyaṭa on II. 1.2 and VI.4.22 and Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. on P. I.1.56 and P. I.2.58 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 8. The dictum अातिदेशिकमनित्यम् is given as a Paribhāṣā by Nāgeśa confer, compare Pari. Śek. 93. 6.
atipattiabsence of any possibility ; Sec क्रियातिपत्ति. confer, compare P. III.3.139 Cān. 1.3.107.
atiprayatnaintense effort; characteristic effort as required for uttering a vowel with विक्रमस्वरित.
atiprasaṅgaover-application of a definition which is looked upon as a serious fault: e. g. अतिप्रसङ्गो व्रश्चा दिषु P.VI.1.66 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 3.
atiriktasurplus, redundant: confer, compare Nirukta of Yāska.IV.20; see Kaiyaṭa on Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). V. 1.131.
ativyaktaquite distinct; used with respect to pronunciation नातिव्यक्तं न चाव्यक्तमेवं वर्णानुदीरयेत् confer, compare Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.XVII.8.
ativyastaquite apart, used with respect to lips which are widely apart ( विश्लिष्टौ ) in the utterance of long अा and ओ; confer, compare Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.II.12, 13.
ativyāptithe same as अतिप्रसङ्ग, which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. Extensive application with respect to a rule which applies to places where it should not apply. See Par. Śekh on Pari. 28, Pari. 85; also Padamañj. on Kāś. II.I.32.
atiśāyanaexcellence, surpassing; the same as अतिशय in Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.V. 2 confer, compare अतिशायने तमबिष्ठनौ P. V. 3.55, also confer, compare भूमनिन्दाप्रशंसासु नित्ययोगेऽतिशायने । संसर्गेऽ स्तिविवक्षायां भवन्ति मतुबादय: Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on V.2.94, where अतिशायन means अतिशाय. Patañjali, commenting on P. V.3.55 clearly remarks that for अतिशय, or for अतिशयन, the old grammarians, out of fancy only, used the term अतिशायन as it was a current term in popular usage; confer, compare देश्याः सूत्रनिबन्धाः क्रियन्ते यावद् ब्रूयात् प्रकर्षे अतिशय इति तावदतिशायन इति Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on , P. V.3.55.
ātisparśaexcess of contact, which to a certain extent spoils the pronunciation and leads to.a fault. अतिस्पर्श is the same as दुःस्पर्श, the letter ळ being called दुःस्पृष्ट on account of excess of contact. This excess of contact ( अतिस्पर्श) in the case of the utterance of the letter र् results into a fault as it practically borders on stammering; confer, compare अतिस्पर्शो बर्बरता च रेफे, Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XIV. 26.
atisvārya(अतिस्वार also)name of the seventh musical note in the singing of Sāman. confer, compareक्रष्टुप्रथमद्वितीयतृतीयचतुर्थमन्द्रातिस्वार्याः Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.XXIII. 13.
atushort term used by Pāṇini to signify together the five affixes क्तवतु, ड्वतुप्, ड्मतुप् मतुप् and वतुप् ;confer, compareअत्वसन्तस्य चाधातोः P. VI.4.14.
atṛnkrt affix अत् applied to the root जॄ in the sense of past time. cf जीर्यतरेतृन् P. III.2.104.
atepersonal ending of present tense. 3rd per. plural substituted for झ ( अन्त ), the अ of झ ( अन्त ) being changed into ए and न being omitted: see झोन्त: (P.VII.1.3) अदभ्यस्तात् (P. VII. 1.4) and टित आत्मनेपदानां टेरे (P. III. 4.79).
atyalparather too little, an expression used by Patanjali idiometically confer, compare अत्यल्पमिदमुच्यते Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.69 et cetera, and others
atyalpaspṛṣṭahaving a very slight contact (with the organ producing sound),as in the case of the utterance of a vowel.
atyādigaṇathe group of prepositions headed by अति which are compounded with a noun in the acc. case ; confer, compare अत्यादयः क्रान्ताद्यर्थे द्वितीयया Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). om P. II. 2.18.
atyupasaṃhṛtavery closely uttered, uttered with close lips and jaws, (said in connection with the utterance of the vowel अ ); confer, compare T. Pr II. 12. See अतिसंश्लिष्ट.
atvatpossessing or having a short अ vowel in it; archaic form used by Pāṇini in उपदेशेsत्वतः (P. VII. 2.62) instead of अद्वत् the correct one; confer, compare छन्दोवत्सूत्राणि भवन्ति Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.1 and I.4.3.
athaUṇādi affix अथ prescribed in Uṇādi Sūtras 393-396 exempli gratia, for example see शपथ, अवभृथ, आवसथ ctc.
athuckṛt (affix). affix अथु with उ accented, applied to roots marked by Pāṇini with the mute syllable टु in the sense of verbal activity: c. g. वेपथुः श्वयथुः, cf ट्वितोथुच् P.III.3.89.
adarśanaa term in ancient grammars and Prātiśākhyas meaning nonappearance of a phonetic member वर्णस्यादर्शनं लोपः (V. Pr 1. 141),explained as अनुपलब्धिः by उव्वट. Later on, the idea of non-appearance came to be associated with the idea of expectation and the definition of लोप given by Pāṇini in the words अदर्शनं लोपः (as based evidently on the Prātiśākhya definition) was explained as non-appearance of a letter or a group of letters where it was expected to have been present. See Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.60 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 4 and Kaiyaṭa thereon.
adādiname given to the class of roots belonging to the second conjugation, as the roots therein begin with the root अद्. The word अदिप्रभृति is also used in the same sense; confer, compare अदिप्रभृतिभ्यः शपः p.II. 4.72: confer, comparealso अदाद्यनदाद्योरनदादेरेव given by Hemacandra as a Paribhāṣā corresponding to the maxim लुग्विकरणालुग्विकरणयोरलुग्विकरणस्य Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana. Pari.61.
adṛṣṭanot seen properly; doubtful; indistinct;said with respect to a letter which is not distinctly deciphered in the Saṁhitāpātha: exempli gratia, for example तन्नः ( R. Saṁh. I. 107. 3 ): the last letter त् of तत् is deciphered in the Pada-pātha which is given as तत्न: confer, compare अदृष्टवर्णे प्रथमे चोदकः स्यात् प्रदर्शकः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) X. 15.
adoṣaabsence of fault; absence of inconvenience. The expression सोप्यदोषो भवति often occurs in the Mahābhāṣya: confer, compare MBh. on I. 3.62; I. 4.108, et cetera, and others
adṅsubstitute for case affixes सु and अम् added to words ending with the affixes डतर and डतम and to the words अन्य, अन्यतर and इतर. confer, compare P,VII.1.25.
adyatanītech. term of ancient grammarians signifying in general the present time of the day in question, the occurrence of the immediate past or future events in which is generally expressed by the aorist (लुड्) or the simple future ( लृट् ); the other two corresponding tenses imperfect and first future (viz. लड् and लुट्) being used in connection with past and future events respectively, provided the events do not pertain to that day which is in question; confer, compare 'वा चाद्यतन्याम्' M.Bh. P.III.2.102 Vār.6, वादृतन्याम् P, VI.4.114. Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 3; (2) term for the tense showing immediate past time called लुङ् in Pāṇini's grammar e. g. मायोगे अद्यतनी । मा कार्षीत् Kātantra vyākaraṇa Sūtra.III. 1.22, Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana. III. 3.11.
adviyoniliterally not made up of two elements, and hence, produced with a single effort, an expression used for simple vowels ( समानाक्षर ) such as अ, इ, उ, ऋ, लृ and simple consonants क्, ख्, ग् et cetera, and others as distinguished from diphthongs ( सन्ध्यक्षर ) such as ए, ऐ, ओ, औ and conjunct consonants क्व, ध्र , et cetera, and others which appear to have been termed द्वियोनि confer, compare अपृक्तमेकाक्षरमद्वियोनि यत् R.Pr.XI.3.
adhikaraṇa(1)support: a grammatical relation of the nature of a location : place of verbal activity. confer, compare अाधारोsधिकरणम् P.I.4.45; (2) one of the six or seven Kārakas or functionaries of verbal activity shown by the locative case. cf सप्तम्यधिकरणे च P.II.4.36;(3)substance, 'dravya' confer, compare अनधिकरणवाचि अद्रव्यवाचि इति गम्यते M.Bh. on II.1.1.
adhikāragoverning rule consisting of a word (exempli gratia, for example प्रत्ययः, धातोः, समासान्ताः et cetera, and others) or words (exempli gratia, for example ङ्याप्प्रातिपदिकात्, सर्वस्य द्वे et cetera, and others) which follows or is taken as understood in every following rule upto a particular limit. The meaning of the word अधिकार is discussed at length by Patañjali in his Mahābhāṣya on II.1.1, where he has given the difference between अधिकार and परिभाषा; confer, compare अधिकार: प्रतियोगं तस्यानिर्देशार्थ इति योगे योगे उपतिष्ठते। परिभाषा पुनरेकदेशस्था सती सर्वं शास्त्रमभिज्वलयति प्रदीपवत् । See also Mahābhāṣya on I.3.11, I. 4.49 and IV. I.83. The word or wording which is to repeat in.the subsequent rules is believed to be shown by Pāṇini by characterizing it with a peculiarity of utterance known as स्वरितोच्चार or स्वरितत्वेन उच्चारणम्. The word which is repeated in the following Sūtras is stated to be अधिकृत. The Śabda Kaustubha defines adhikāra as एकंत्रोपात्तस्यान्यत्र व्यापार: अधिकारः Śab. Kaus. on P.1.2.65. Sometimes the whole rule is repeated e. g. प्रत्यय: P.III.1.1, अङ्गस्य P.VI.4.1 समासान्ताः P.V.4.68 while on some occasions a part only of it is seen repeatedition The repetition goes on upto a particular limit which is stated as in असिद्धवदत्राभात् P.VI.4.22, प्राग्रीश्वरान्निपाताः P.I.4.56. Many times the limit is not stated by the author of the Sūtras but it is understood by virtue of a counteracting word occurring later on. On still other occasions, the limit is defined by the ancient traditional interpreters by means of a sort of convention which is called स्वरितत्वप्रतिज्ञा. This अधिकार or governance has its influence of three kinds: ( 1 ) by being valid or present in all the rules which come under its sphere of influence, e. g. स्त्रियाम् or अङ्गस्य; (2) by showing additional properties e. g. the word अपादान being applied to cases where there is no actual separation as in सांकाश्यकेभ्यः पाटलिपुत्रका अभिरूपतराः: (3) by showing additional force such as setting aside even subsequent rules if opposingular. These three types of the influence which a word marked with स्वरित and hence termed अधिकार possesses are called respectively अधिकारगति, अधिक क्रार्य and अधिक कार. For details see M.Bh. on I.3.11. This अधिकार or governing rule exerts its influence in three ways: (1) generally by proceeding ahead in subsequent rules like the stream of a river, (2)sometimes by jumps like a frog omitting a rule or more, and (3)rarely by proceeding backward with a lion's glance; confer, compare सिंहावलोकितं चैव मण्डूकप्लुतमेव च ।; गड्गाप्रवाहवच्चापि अधिकारास्त्रिधा मताः ॥
aghikārasūtraa superintending aphorism, which gives no meaning of itself where it is mentioned, but gives its meaning in the number of aphorisms that follow: e. gthe rules प्रत्यय:, परश्च and अाद्युदात्तश्च P. III.1.1, 2, 3 or सह सुपा. P.II.1.4.
adhunātaddhita affix. affix applied to the pronoun इदम् which is changed into इ before the affix and then elided by P. VI.4.148, or changed into अ in which case धुना or अधुना could be looked upon as a taddhita affix. affix.
adhyātmādiname of a class of words headed by the word अध्यात्मन् to which the taddhita affix. affix ठञ् is added in the sense of 'तत्र भवः' id est, that is found therein, or existing therein. e. g. आध्यात्मिकम्, आधिदैविकम्, et cetera, and otherscf M.Bh. on IV.3.60.
adhyāsasuperimposition : a relation between a word and its sense according to the grammarians; confer, compare Vāk. Pad. II.240. (2) appendage; confer, compare आहुस्त्वेकपदा अन्ये अध्यासानेकपातिनः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.)XVII.43.
antaddhita affix. affix अ ( अन् ) ( 1) added to the word नीली in the sense of 'dyed in', to form the word नील,confer, compare P. IV.2.2. Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 2; (2) added to the word अषाढा in the sense of 'produced in' cf अषाढाः उपदधाति Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on IV.3.34 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 2; (3) added after the affix तीय in the same sense as तीय exempli gratia, for example द्वितीयो भागः, तृतीयो भागः confer, compare पूरणाद् भागे तीयादन् P.V.3.48.
anaḍ(1)substitute अन् as Samāsānta at the end of a Bahuvrīhi compound in the feminine for the last letter of the word ऊधस् and for that of धनुस् in all genders exempli gratia, for example कुण्डोघ्नी (by applying ई to कुण्डोधन्), शार्ङ्गधन्वा, अधिज्यधन्वा; confer, compare P V.4.131, 132; (2) substitute अन् for the last letter of the words अस्थि, दधि et cetera, and others before the affixes of the instrumental and the following cases beginning with a vowel e. g. अस्थ्ना, दध्ना, अक्ष्णा et cetera, and others confer, compare P. VII. 1.75; (3) substitute अन् for the last letter of the word सखि, of words ending in ऋ,as also of उशनस् and others before the nominative singular. affix सु. e. g. सखा, कर्ता, उशना confer, compare P. VII.1.93, 94.
anackapossessing no अच् or vowel in it. cf इन्द्रे द्वौ अचौ, एको यस्येतिलोपेनापहृतोऽपर एकादेशेन ततः अनच्कः इन्द्रशब्दः संपन्नः confer, compare Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. on Par. 52.: M.Bh. on I. 4.2 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 22.
anaña word without the negative particle ( नञ् ) before it, e. g. धेनुरनञि कमुत्पादयति, a sūtra in Āpiśali's grammar quoted in Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on IV.2.45 see also P. II. 1. 60, VII. 1. 37.
anatyantagatiabsence of the verbal activity in all ways or respects incomplete activity; exempli gratia, for example छिन्नकम् not completely cut, confer, compare अनत्यन्तगतौ क्तात् P. V.4.4.
anadyatanaperiod of time not pertaining to the day in question; used in connection with past time, to express which the imperfect is generally used; also in connection with the future time, to express which the first future is generally used e gह्यः अपचत्, श्वः कर्ता et cetera, and others confer, compare P.III.2.111,113; III. 3.15,135: V.3.21.
ananubanghakawithout any mute significatory letter attached; अननुबन्धकपरिभाषा is the short name given to the maxim-'अननुबन्धकग्रहणे न सानुबन्धकस्य ग्रह णम्' See M.Bh. on I.3.1: V.2.9. There is a reading in the Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. निरनुबन्धकग्रहणे for अननुबन्धकग्रहणे, in which case the परिभाषा is called निरनुबन्धकपरिभाषा. See Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 81.
ananyanot different, the same: confer, compare एकदेशविकृतमनन्यवत् that which has got a change regarding one of its parts is by no means something else; Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 37.
anabhidhānainability to express the meaning desiredition The expression न वा अनभिधानात् frequently occurs in the Mahābhāṣya referring to such words or phrases as could be formed by rules of grammar or could be used according to rules but,are not found in current use recognized by learned persons or scholars; confer, compare तच्चानभिधानं यत्राप्तैरुक्तं तत्रैव, अन्यत्र तु यथालक्षणं भवत्येव Padamañj. on III. 2.1;also confer, compare अनभिधानाद् व्यधिकरणानां बहुव्रीहिर्न भविष्यति । यत्र त्वभिधानमस्ति तत्र वैयधिकरण्येपि भवत्येव समासः, कण्ठेकाल इति; Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. on II. 2.24: for examples of अनभिधान, sec also M.Bh.अभिधानलक्षणाः कृत्तद्धितसमासाः अनभिधानान्न भविष्यन्ति Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on III.3.19. also on III. 2.1. V.5, IV.2.1. See Kāś. on III,1.22, III.3.158.
anabhihitanot conveyed or expressed by another id est, that is by any one of the four factors viz.verbal affix, kṛt affix,taddhita affix and compound. The rule अनभिहिते (P. II.3.I) and the following rules lay down the different case affixes in the sense of the different Kārakas or auxiliaries of the verbal activity, provided they are not shown or indicated in any one of the a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.mentioned four ways; e. g. see the acc. case in कटं करोति, the inst, case in दात्रेण लुनाति, the dative case case in देवदत्ताय गां ददाति, the ablative case. case in ग्रामादा गच्छति, or the locative casecase in स्थाल्यां पचति.
anabhyāsaa wording which does not contain any reduplicative syllable; an epithet applied to such roots as are not to be reduplicated a second time before affixes of the perfect, as they are already reduplicated; confer, compare लिटि धातोरनभ्यासस्य P. VI.1.8.
anarthaka(1)without any signification;literally having no meaning of themselves, id est, that ispossessing a meaning only when used in company with other words or parts of words which bear an independent sense;(the word is used generally in connection with prepositions); exempli gratia, for example अधिपरी अनर्थकौ P.1.4.93, confer, compare अनर्थान्तरवाचिनावनर्थकौ । धातुनोक्तां क्रियामाहतुः । तदविशिष्टं भवति यथा शङ्के पय: ॥ Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P.I.4.93; confer, compare न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुरिति शाकटायनः Nirukta of Yāska.I. 1.3: confer, compare also अनर्थकौ अनर्थान्तरवाचिनौ Kāś. on I.4.93, explained as अनर्थान्तरवाचित्वादनर्थकावित्युक्तम् न त्वर्थाभावादिति दर्शयति by न्यासकार; (2) meaningless, purposeless: confer, compare प्रमाणभूत आचार्यो दर्भपवित्रपाणिः महता यत्नेन सूत्रं प्रणयति स्म । तत्राशक्यं वर्णेनाप्यनर्थकेन भवितुं किं पुनरियता सूत्रेण M.Bh. on I.1.1, as also सामर्थ्ययोगान्न हि किंचिदस्मिन् पश्यामि शास्त्रे यदनर्थकं स्यात् M.Bh. on P. VI.I.77. See for details M.Bh. on I.2.45 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 12: III.1.77 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 2 and Kaiyaṭa and Mahābhāṣya-Pradīpoddyota by Nāgeśa.thereon; (3) possessed of no sense absolutely as some nipātas केचन निपाताः सार्थकाः केचन च निरर्थकाः U1. varia lectio, another reading, on Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XII.9; निपातस्यानर्थकस्यापि प्रातिपदिकत्वम् P. I. 2.45 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).12 confer, compare also जन्या इति निपातनानर्थक्यं P. IV. 4.82. Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1, एकागारान्निपातनानर्थक्यं P. V.1.113 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1, also 114 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).1.
anarthāntaramsynonym, synonymous, conveying no different sense, exempli gratia, for example सङ्घः समूहः समुदाय इत्यनर्थान्तरम् । M.Bh. on P. V.1.59; अपि च बुद्धिः संप्रत्यय इत्यनर्थान्तरम् M.Bh. on P.I.1.56.
anarthāntaravācinaḥnot conveying any different sense, अनर्थान्तरवाचिनौ अनर्थकौ M.Bh. on I.4.93.
anavakāśahaving no occasion or scope of application; used in connection with a rule the whole of whose province of application is covered by a general rule, and hence which becomes technically useless, unless it is allowed to set aside the general rule: confer, compare अनवकाशा हि विधयो बाधका भवन्तिrules which have no opportunity of taking effect( without setting aside other rules ) supersede those rules; M.Bh. on V.4.154, also Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. on Pari. 64.
anavakāśatvaabsence of any opportunity of taking effect, scopelessness considered in the case of a particular rule, as a criterion for setting aside that general rule which deprives it of that opportunity confer, compare अनवकाशत्वं निरवकाशत्वं वा बाधकत्वे बीजम्. This अनवकाशत्व is slightly different from अपवादत्व or particular mention which is defined usually by the words सामान्यविधिरुत्सर्गः । विशेषविधिरपवादः ।
anavagatasaṃskāra(a word) whose formation and accents have not been ekplained; confer, compare Nirukta of Yāska.IV.1 ; V.2.
anavayavaliterally having no parts; impartite; without any concern with the individual component parts; application in totality; confer, compare सिद्धं तु धर्मोपदेशने अनवयवविज्ञानाद्यथा लौकिकवैदिकेषु P. VI. 1.84 Vārt 5 and the Bhāṣya thereon; अस्मिञ् शास्त्रे अनवयवेन शास्त्रार्थसंप्रत्ययः स्यात् । a rule in grammar applies to all cases where its application is possible; it cannot be said to have its purpose served by applying to a few cases only.
anavasthitaundetermined, indefinite; See M.Bh. quoted a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. on अनवस्थान; cf also आर्धधातुकीयाः सामान्येन भवन्ति अनवस्थितेषु प्रत्ययेषु । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.56; III.1.4, VII.2.10, VII.4.9. The substitutes caused by an ārdhadhātuka affix are, in fact, effected by virtue of the prospective application of the ārdhadhātuka affix before its actual application.
anahvatech. term used by the writers; of the Prātiśākhya works for frequentative formations such as रीरिष:, चाक्लृपत् et cetera, and others; cf Atharvaveda Prātiśākhya. 4.86.
anākāṅkṣanot depending on another for the completion of its sense: confer, compare न यद्यनाकाङ्क्षे P. III.4.23, and Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. thereon which explains अनाकाङक्षे as न विद्यते आकाङ्क्षा अपेक्षा यस्य तस्मिन्.
anākṛtinot capable of presenting (on its mere utterance) any tangible form or figure the word is used in connection with a technical term (संज्ञाशब्द) which presents its sense by a definition actually laid down or given in the treatise: confer, compare अनाकृति: संज्ञा । अाकृतिमन्तः संज्ञिनः Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.1.
anādaraabsence of consideration; disregard: confer, compare षष्ठी चानादरे P.II.3.38.
anādeśa(1)original, not such as is substituted: exempli gratia, for example युष्मदस्मदोरनादेशे P.VII. 2.86; (2) absence of statement, अनिर्देश exempli gratia, for example कर्तरि कृद्वचनमनादेशे स्वार्थविज्ञानात् P. III.4.67, Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1: cf the Pari. अनिर्दिष्टार्थाः प्रत्ययाः स्वार्थे भवन्ति Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 113.
anānantaryanot a close relation; distance: confer, compare क्वचिच्च संनिपातकृतमानन्तर्य शास्त्रकृतमनान्तर्ये क्वचिच्च नैव संनिपातकृतं नापि शास्त्रकृतम् । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on VIII.3.13.
anānupūrvyasaṃhitāthat saṁhitā text which has an order of words in it, which is different from what obtains in the Pada-pāṭha, and which appears appropriate according to the sense intended in the passage. There are three places of such combinations of words which are not according to the succcession of words in the Pada-pāṭha, quoted in the R.Pr. शुनश्चिच्छेपं निदितं सहस्रात् Rk. Saṁ. V.2.7, नरा वा शंसं पूषणमगोह्यम् Rk. Saṁ. X. 64.3; नरा च शंसं दैव्यम् Rk. Saṁh. IX. 86. 42. confer, compare एता अनानुपूर्व्यसंहिताः । न ह्येतेषां त्रयाणां पदानुपूर्व्येण संहितास्ति Uvvaṭa's Bhāṣya on the Prātiśākhya works.on Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) II.78.
anāntaryaabsence of proximity, absence of cognateness; confer, compare इह तर्हि खट्वर्श्यो मालर्श्य इति दीर्घवचनादकारो न, अनान्तर्यादेकारौकारौ न । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on Māheśvarasūtras.s 3-4.
anāpyahaving or possessing no āpya or object; intransitive (root): confer, compare चालशब्दार्थाद् अनाप्याद् युच् Cāndra I.2 97 standing for चलनशब्दार्थाद् अकर्मकाद् युच् P. III.2.148.
anikṛt affix in the sense of curse, exempli gratia, for example अजीवनिस्ते शठ भूयात्; confer, compareआक्रोशे नञि अनिः P.III.3.112. This affix अनि gets its न् changed into ण् after ऋ or रेफ of the preceding preposition as in अप्रयाणिः;confer, compare Kāś, on VIII.4.29.
aniṭ(1)not admitting the augment इट् to be prefixed to it; the term is strictly to be applied to ārdhadhātuka affixes placed after such roots as have their vowel characterized by a grave accent ( अनुदात्तस्वर ); the term अनिट् being explained as अनिडादि qualifying the अार्धधातुक affix; (2) in a secondary way, it has become customary to call such roots अनिट् as do not allow the augment इट् to be prefixed to an ārdhadhātuka affix placed after them. Such roots are termed अनुदात्त verily because they are possessed of an anudātta vowel. e. g. कृ, भृ, जि, गम् , हन् et cetera, and others as against भु, धू, तॄ, श्वि, वृ, वद्, फल्, चल्, et cetera, and others which have their vowel characterized by an acute (उदात्त ) accent. For a complete list of such roots see the well-known stanzas given in the Siddhāntakaumudī incidentally on अात्मनेपदेष्वनतः P. VII.1.5. ऊदॄदन्तैर्यौतिरुक्ष्णुशीङ्स्नु....निहताः स्मृताः ॥ १ ॥ शक्लृपच्मुचिरिचवच्विच् .........धातवो द्व्यधिकं शतम् ॥ as also some lists by ancient grammarians given in the Mahābhāṣya on एकाच उपदेशेनुदात्तात्. P. VII. 2.10 or in the Kāśikā on the same rule P. VII.2.10.
aniṭkārikā(1)name given to Stanzas giving a complete list of such roots as do not allow the augment इ ( इट् ) to be prefixed to an ārdhadhātuka affix placed after them. For such Kārikās see Sid. Kaum. on VII.1.5 as also Kāśikā on VII. 2.10; ( 2 ) a short treatise enumerating in 11 verses the roots which do not admit the augment इट् before the ārdhadhatuka affixes. The work is anonymous, and not printed so far, possibly composed by a Jain writer. The work possibly belongs to the Kātantra system and has got short glosses called व्याख्यान, अवचूरि, विवरण, टीका, टिप्पणी and the like which are all anonymous.
aniṭkārikāvivaraṇaa short commentary by Kṣamāmāṇikya on the work Aniṭkārikā, which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
aniṅgyanot separable into two padas or words by means of avagraha; confer, compare संध्य ऊष्माप्यनिङ्ग्ये: Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) V.41; confer, compare also Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) IX.25, XIII.30. See इङ्ग्य below.
anitya(1)not nitya or obligatory optional; said of a rule or paribhāṣā whose application is voluntary). Regarding the case and con= jugational affixes it can be said that those affixes can, in a way: be looked upon as nitya or obligatory, as they have to be affixed to a crude nominal base or a root; there being a dictum that no crude base without an affix can be used as also, no affix alone without a base can be usedition On the other hand, the taddhita and kṛt affixes as also compounds are voluntary as, instead of them an independent word or a phrase can be used to convey the sense. For a list of such nitya affixes see Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on V. 4.7; (2) the word अनित्य is also used in the sense of not-nitya, the word नित्य being taken to mean कृताकृतप्रसङ्गि occurring before as well as after another rule has been applied, the latter being looked upon as अनित्य which does not do so. This 'nityatva' has got a number of exceptions and limitations which are mentioned in Paribhāṣās 43-49 in the Paribhāṣenduśekhara.
anirdaprathamaan underived word: an ancient term used by writers of the Prātiśākhyas to signify 'original' words which cannot be subjected to निर्वचन.
animittaot serving as a cause, not possessing a causal relation; e. g. संनिपातलक्षणे विधिरनिमित्तं तद्विघातस्य Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 85. See also Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.1.39.
aniyatanot subject to any limitation confer, compare प्रत्यया नियताः, अर्था अनियताः, अर्था नियताः, प्रत्यया अनियताः M.Bh. on II. 3.50. In the casc of नियमविधि (a restrictive rule or statement ) a limitation is put on one or more of the constituent elements or factors of that rule, the limited element being called नियत, the other one being termed अनियत; also see Kāś. on II.2.30.
aniyatapuṃskawhose sex-especially whether it is a male or a female-is not definitely known from its mere sight; small insects which are so. The term क्षुद्रा in P. IV.1.131 is explained in the Mahābhāṣya as क्षुद्रा नाम अनियतपुंस्का अङ्गहीना वा Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. IV.1.131.
anirdiṣṭārthawhose sense has not been specifically stated ; the word is used with reference to such affixes as are not prescribed in any specific sense or senses and hence as are looked upon as possessing the sense which the base after which they are prescribed has got: confer, compare अनिर्दिष्टार्थाः प्रत्ययाः स्वार्थे भवन्ति -affixes, to which no meaning has been assigned, convey the meaning of the bases to which they are added; confer, compare Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 113; confer, compare also Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on III.2.4, III, 2.67, III.3.19, III. 4.9, VI.1.162.
aniṣṭaan undesired consequence or result; confer, compare अनिष्टं च प्राप्नोति इष्टे च न सिध्यति Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.3.1 , also confer, compare नानिष्टार्था शास्त्रप्रवृत्तिः Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on VI.1.2.
anīyarkṛt affix, termed कृत्य also forming the pot. passive voice. participle. of a root; confer, compare तव्यत्तव्यानीयरः P.III.1.96. exempli gratia, for example see the forms करणीयं, हरणीयं, the mute र् showing the acute accent on the penultimate vowel,
anuktanot actually stated or expressed in a rule; confer, compare चकारोऽनुक्तसमुच्चयार्थ: Kāś. on II.4.18, III.2.26, VII. 1.48; also confer, compare Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. on P.II.2.9
anukramaṇaenumeration (in the right order as.opposed to व्युत्क्रम ); e. g. अथ किमर्थमुत्तरत्र एवमादि अनुक्रमणं क्रियते Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on II.1.58; also on IV. 2.70; verbal forms of the root क्रम् with अनु occur in this sense very frequently; exempli gratia, for example यदित ऊर्ध्वं अनुक्रमिष्यामः; so also the past passive participle. अनुक्रान्तं occurs frequently in the same sense. अनुतन्त्र literally that which follows Tantra id est, that is Śāstra which means the original rules of a Śāstra; technical term for Vartika used by Bhartṛhari;confer, compare सूत्राणां सानुतन्त्राणां भाष्याणां च प्रणेतृभिः Vāk. Pad. I.23, where the word अनुतन्त्र is explained as Vārtika by the commentator.
anudāttanon-udatta, absence of the acute accent;one of the Bāhyaprayatnas or external efforts to produce sound. This sense possibly refers to a stage or a time when only one accent, the acute or उदात्त was recognized just as in English and other languages at present, This udatta was given to only one vowel in a single word (simple or compound) and all the other vowels were uttered accentless.id est, that is अनुदात्त. Possibly with this idea.in view, the standard rule 'अनुदात्तं पदमेकवर्जम्'* was laid down by Panini. P.VI.1.158. As, however, the syllable, just preceding the accented ( उदात्त ) syllable, was uttered with a very low tone, it was called अनुदात्ततर, while if the syllables succeeding the accented syllable showed a gradual fall in case they happened to be consecutive and more than two, the syllable succeeding the उदात्त was given a mid-way tone, called स्वरितः confer, compare उदात्तादनुदात्तस्य स्वरितः. Thus, in the utterance of Vedic hymns the practice of three tones उदात्त, अनुदात्त and स्वरित came in vogue and accordingly they are found defined in all the Prātiśākhya and grammar works;confer, compare उच्चैरुदात्तः,नीचैरनुदात्तः समाहारः स्वरितः P.I.2.29-31, T.Pr.I.38-40, V.Pr.I.108-110, Anudātta is defined by the author of the Kāśikāvṛtti as यस्मिन्नुच्चार्यमाणे गात्राणामन्ववसर्गो नाम शिथिलीभवनं भवति, स्वरस्य मृदुता, कण्ठविवरस्य उरुता च स: अनुदात्तः confer, compare अन्ववसर्गो मार्दवमुरुता स्वस्येति नीचैःकराणि शब्दस्य Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.2.29,30. Cfeminine. also उदात्तश्चानुदात्तश्च स्वरितश्च त्रयः स्वराः । अायामविश्रम्भोक्षपैस्त उच्यन्तेSक्षराश्रयाः ॥ Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) III.1. The term anudātta is translated by the word 'grave' as opposed to acute' (udātta,) and 'circumflex' (svarita); (2) a term applied to such roots as have their vowel अनुदात्त or grave, the chief characteristic of such roots being the non-admission of the augment इ before an ārdhadhātuka affix placed after them. ( See अनिट्, ).
anudāttataraquite a low tone, completely grave; generally applied to the tone of that grave or anudātta vowel which is immediately followed by an acute ( उदात्त ) vowel. When the three Vedic accents were sub-divided into seven tones viz. उदात्त, उदात्ततर्, अनुदात्त, अनुदात्ततर, स्वरित, स्वरितस्थोदात्त and एकश्रुति corresponding to the seven musical notes, the अनुदात्ततर was the name given to the lowest of them all. अनुदात्ततर was termed सन्नतर also; confer, compare उदात्तस्वरितपरस्य सन्नतरः P.I.2.40; confer, compare also M, Bh. on I.2.33.
anudāttāa term meaning 'having a grave accent,' used by ancient grammarians.Cfeminine. किमियमेकश्रुतिरुदात्ता उत अनुदात्ता Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ).on I. 2.33.
anudāttetliterally one whose mute significatory letter is uttered with a grave accent: a term applied to a root characterized by an indicatory mute vowel accented grave, the chief feature of such a root being that it takes only the Ātmanepada affixes c. g. आस्ते, वस्ते, et cetera, and others; confer, compare अनुदात्तङित आत्मनेपदम् P. I.3.12; such a root, in forming a derivative word in the sense of habit, takes the affix युच् e. g. वर्त्तनः, वर्धन: et cetera, and others provided the root begins with a consonant; confer, compare अनुदात्तेतश्र हलादेः P. III.2.149.
anudāttopadeśa(a root)pronounced originally i. c. pronounced in the Dhātupāṭha with a grave accent; see the word अनुदात्त a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.: confer, compare अनुदात्तोपदेशवनतितनोत्यादीनामनुनासिकलोपो झलि ङ्किति P. VI.4.37. See also the word अनिट् a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page..
anudeśa(1)reference, mention, statement referring to a preceding element. confer, compare यथासंख्यमनुदेशः समानाम् P.I. 3.10; confer, compare आसिद्धवचनात् सिद्धमिति चेद् उत्सर्गलक्षणानामनुदेशः Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). I.1.57, Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 3. (2) declaration, prescription : the same as अतिदेश. confer, compare स्थान्यादेशपृथक्त्वादेशे स्थानिवद् अनुदेशो गुरुवद् गुरुपुत्र इति यथा P. I.1.56 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1; (3) a grammatical operation confer, compare यथासंख्यमनुदेशः समानाम् ! समसंबन्धी विधिर्यथासंख्यं स्यात् Sid. Kau. on P.I. 8.10. See the word अनुद्देश in this sense confer, compare संख्यातानामनूद्देशो यथासंख्यम् V, Pr.I.143.
anunāsika(a letter)uttered through the nose and mouth both, as different from anusvāra which is uttered only through the nose. confer, compare मुखनासिकावचनोनुनासिकःP.I.1.8, and Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). thereon. The anunāsika or nasal letters are the fifth letters of the five classes ( id est, that is ङ्, ञ्, ण्, न्, म् ) as also vowels अ, इ, उ and semivowels when so pronounced, as ordinarily they are uttered through the mouth only; ( exempli gratia, for example अँ, आँ, et cetera, and others or य्यँ, व्वँ, ल्लँ et cetera, and others in सय्यँन्ता, सव्वँत्सरः, सँल्लीनः et cetera, and others) The अनुनासिक or nasalized vowels are named रङ्गवर्ण and they are said to be consisting of three mātras. confer, compare अष्टौ आद्यानवसानेsप्रगृह्यान् आचार्या आहुरनुनासिकान् स्वरान् । तात्रिमात्रे शाकला दर्शयन्ति Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) I.63.64; confer, compare also अप्रग्रहाः समानाक्षराणि अनुनासिकानि एकेषाम् T. Pr XV.6. Trivikrama, a commentator on the Kātantra vyākaraṇa Sūtra.Sūtras, explains अनुनासिक as अनु पश्चात् नासिकास्थानं उच्चारणं एषां इत्यनुनासिकाः । पूर्वं मुखस्थानमुच्चारणं पश्चान्नासिकास्थानमुच्चारणमित्यर्थः । अनुग्रहणात्केवलनासिकास्थानोच्चारणस्य अनुस्वारस्य नेयं संज्ञा । and remarks further पूर्वाचार्यप्रसिद्धसंज्ञेयमन्वर्था । Com. by Tr. on Kat. I 1.13. Vowels which are uttered nasalized by Pāṇini in his works viz. सूत्रपाठ, धातुपाठ, गणपाठ et cetera, and others are silent ones i. e. they are not actually found in use. They are put by him only for the sake of a complete utterance, their nasalized nature being made out only by means of traditional convention. e. g. एध, स्पर्ध et cetera, and others confer, compare उपदेशेSजनुनासिक इत् P.I.3.2; confer, compare also प्रतिज्ञानुनासिक्याः पाणिनीयाः Kāś on I.3.2.
anunyāsaa commentary on न्यास (काशिकाविवरणपञ्जिका by जिनेन्द्रबुद्धि). The work is believed to have been written by इन्दुमित्र. It is not available at present except in the form of references to it which are numerous especially in Siradeva's Paribhāṣāvṛtti.
anupapattidiscord, absence of validity, incorrect interpretation; confer, compareप्रथमानुपपत्तिस्तु M.Bh on I.4.9.
anupradānaan effort outside the mouth in the production of sound at the different vocal organs such as कण्ठ, तालु et cetera, and others which is looked upon as an external effort or bāhyaprayatna. अनुप्रदान is one of the three main factors in the production of sound which are ( 1 ) स्थान, ( 2 ) करण or आभ्यन्तरप्रयत्न and ( 3 ) अनुप्रदान or बाह्यप्रयत्न; confer, compare स्थाकरणप्रयत्नेभ्यो वर्णा जायन्ते Cān. The commentator on Taittirīya Prātiśākhya.describes अनुप्रदान as the मूलकारण or उपादानकारण, the main cause in the production of articulate sound confer, compare अनुप्रदीयते अनेन वर्णः इति अनुप्रदानम्: cf also अनुप्रदीयते इत्यनुप्रदानं प्रयत्न इत्यर्थः; Uvvaṭa's Bhāṣya on the Prātiśākhya works.on Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XIII. I. Generally two main varieties of बाह्यप्रयत्न are termed अनुप्रदान which are mentioned as (i) श्वासानुप्रदान (emission of breath) and नादानुप्रदान (resonance), the other varieties of it such as विवार, संवार, घोष, अघोष, अल्पप्राण, मह्मप्राण, उदात्त, अनुदात्त and स्वरित being called merely as बाह्यप्रयत्न.
anuprayogasubsequent utterance; literally post-position as in the case of the roots कृ, भू and अम् in the periphrastic perfect forms; confer, compare आम्प्रत्ययवत् कृञोऽ नुप्रयोगस्य, P.I.3.63; यथाविध्यनुप्रयोगः पूर्वस्मिन् III.4.4.
anubandhaa letter or letters added to a word before or after it, only to signify some specific purpose such as (a) the addition of an afix (e. g. क्त्रि, अथुच् अङ् et cetera, and others) or (b) the substitution of गुण, वृद्धि or संप्रसारण vowel or (c) sometimes their prevention. These anubandha letters are termed इत् (literally going or disappearing) by Pāṇini (confer, compare उपदेशेजनुनासिक इत् et cetera, and others I.3.2 to 9), and they do not form an essential part of the word to which they are attached, the word in usage being always found without the इत् letter. For technical purposes in grammar, however, such as आदित्व or अन्तत्व of affixes which are characterized by इत् letters, they are looked upon as essential factors, confer, compare अनेकान्ता अनुबन्धाः, एकान्ता:, etc, Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 4 to 8. Although पाणिनि has invariably used the term इत् for अनुबन्ध letters in his Sūtras, Patañjali and other reputed writers on Pāṇini's grammar right on upto Nāgeśa of the 18th century have used the term अनुबन्ध of ancient grammarians in their writings in the place of इत्. The term अनुबन्ध was chosen for mute significatory letters by ancient grammarians probably on account of the analogy of the अनुबन्ध्य पशु, tied down at sacrifices to the post and subsequently slaughteredition
anumnot allowing the addition of the augment नुम् (id est, that is letter न् ) after the last vowel; The term is used, in connection with the present participle. affix, by Pāṇini in his rule शतुरनुमो नद्यजादी VI.1.173.
anuvartyato be observed, to be obeyed; confer, compare न लक्षणेन पदकाराः अनुवर्त्याः । पदकारिर्नाम लक्षणमनुवर्त्यम् M.Bh. on III.1.109.
anuvṛttirepetition or recurrence of a word from the previous to the subsequent rule or rules, which is necessary for the sake of the intended interpretation. The word is of common use in books on Pāṇini's grammar. This recurrence is generally continuous like the stream of a river ( गङ्गास्रोतोवत् ); sometimes however, when it is not required in an intermediate rule, although it proceeds further, it is named मण्डूकप्लुत्यानुवृत्ति. In rare cases it is taken backwards in a sūtra work from a subsequent rule to a previous rule when it is called अपकर्ष.
anuṣaṅga(1)literally attaching, affixing: augment, अनुषज्यते असौ अनुषङ्गः; (2) a term for the nasal letter attached to the following consonant which is the last, used by ancient grammarians; confer, compare अव्यात्पूर्वे मस्जेरनुषङ्गसंयेगादिलोपार्थम् confer, compare P.I.1.47 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).2 and M.Bh. thereon; confer, compare थफान्तानां चानुषङ्गिणाम् Kat. IV. 1.13. The term अनुषङ्ग is defined in the kātantra grammar as व्यञ्जनान्नः अनुषङ्ग. The term is applied to the nasal consonant न् preceding the last letter of a noun base or a root base; penultimate nasal of a root or noun base: Kātantra vyākaraṇa Sūtra.II.1.12.
anusaṃhāraindependent mention, a second time, of a thing already mentioned,for another purpose; confer, compare 'अलोन्त्यस्य' इति स्थाने विज्ञातस्यानुसंहारः P.I.1.53 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1.
anusvārasee a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. under अं
anūddeśastatement or mention immediately afterwards; the same as the word अनुदेश used by Pāṇini in I.3.10, confer, compare संख्यातानामनूद्देशो यथासंख्यम् । अनूद्देशः पश्चादुद्देशः Uvaṭa on Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.I. 143.
anekāchaving many vowels (two or more) in it; opp. to एकाच् : a term frequently used in Pāṇini's grammar meaning the same as अनेकस्वर or अनेकाक्षर, which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.; confer, compare P. VI.3.42,VI.4.82
anekānta(1)not forming an integral part, the same as अनवयव; confer, compare अनेकान्ताः अनवयवा इत्यर्थः Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari 4. (2) absence of any definite view confer, compare अनेकान्तत्वाच्च । येषां चाप्यारभ्यते तेषामप्यनेकान्तः । .. मामहान उक्थपात्रम् । ममहान इति च । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on VI.I.7
anekārtha(1)possessed of a plural sense referring to many things. confer, compare अनेकार्थे युष्मदस्मदी Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P.II. 2.98 also अनेकार्थाश्रयश्च पुनरेकशेषः P. I. 2.64 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 15; (2) possessed of many senses, confer, compare अनेकार्था अपि धातवो भवन्ति M. Bh, on P.III.2.48; also confer, compare यान्यनेकार्थानि एकशब्दानि तान्यतोनुक्रमिष्