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     Grammar Search "sūtra" has 1 results.
     
sūtra: neuter vocative singular stem: sūtra
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"sūtra" has 2 results.
    
        Root Word (Pāṇini Dhātupāṭha:)Full Root MarkerSenseClassSutra
√sūtrasūtravimocane10290
√sūtrasūtraveṣṭane10290
     Amarakosha Search  
8 results
     
WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
durodaraḥ3.3.179NeuterSingularcamūjaghanam, hastasūtram, pratisaraḥ
puraḥ3.3.191MasculineSingularpradhānam, siddhāntaḥ, sūtravāyaḥ, paricchadaḥ
sādhīyān3.3.243MasculineSingulartulāsūtram, aśvādiraśmiḥ
tantavaḥ2.10.28MasculineSingularsūtram
trasaraḥ2.4.24MasculineSingularsūtraveṣṭanam
upavītam2.7.54NeuterSingularbrhamasūtram
śaṇasūtramNeuterSingularpavitrakampackthread
dīrghasūtra3.1.15MasculineSingularcirakriyaḥ
     Monier-Williams
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523 results for sūtra
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
sūtran. (according to to gaRa ardhacādi-also m.;fr. siv-,"to sew", and connected with sūci-and sūnā-) a thread, yarn, string, line, cord, wire etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. a measuring line (see -pāta-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. the sacred thread or cord worn by the first three classes (see yajñopavīta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. a girdle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. a fibre View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. a line, stroke View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. a sketch, plan View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. that which like a thread runs through or holds together everything, rule, direction View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. a short sentence or aphoristic rule, and any work or manual consisting of strings of such rules hanging together like threads (these sūtra- works form manuals of teaching in ritual, philosophy, grammar etc.: exempli gratia, 'for example' in ritual there are first the śrauta-sūtra-s, and among them the kalpa-sūtra-s, founded directly on śruti- q.v; they form a kind of rubric to Vedic ceremonial, giving concise rules for the performance of every kind of sacrifice[ ] ; other kinds of śruti- works are the gṛhya-sūtra-s and sāmayācārika- or dharma-sūtra-s id est"rules for domestic ceremonies and conventional customs", sometimes called collectively smārta-sūtra-s [as founded on smṛti-or"tradition"See smārta-]; these led to the later dharmaśāstra-s or"law-books"[ ] ; in philosophy each system has its regular text-book of aphorisms written in sūtra-s by its supposed founder[ ]; in vyākaraṇa- or grammar there are the celebrated sūtra-s of pāṇini- in eight books, which are the groundwork of a vast grammatical literature; with Buddhists, pāśupata-s etc. the term sūtra- is applied to original text books as opp. to explanatory works; with jaina-s they form part of the dṛṣṭivāda-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtran. a kind of tree View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrabhāṣyan. Name of work (also sūtrabhāṣyavyākhyā ṣya-vyākhyā- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrabhāṣyavyākhyāf. sūtrabhāṣya
sūtrabhidm. "thread-cutter", a tailor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrabhṛtm. equals -dhāra-, a stage-manager View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtracaraṇan. Name of a class of caraṇa-s or Vedic schools who introduced various sūtra- works View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradaridramfn. threadbare ( sūtradaridratā -- f.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradaridratāf. sūtradaridra
sūtradharamfn. wearing a string of (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradharam. one versed in the sūtra-s equals next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradhāram. "rule or thread-holder", an architect, carpenter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradhāram. a stage-manager (or principal actor who superintends the whole performance; according to to some he was originally so called from holding the strings of puppets;his assistants are the pāripārśvika-and sthāpaka-,qq. vv.) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradhāram. Name of indra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradhāramf(ī-)n. being the chief or leading person at any performance (compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradhāramaṇḍanam. (also simply called maṇḍana-) Name of an author (son of śrīkṣetra- and client of kumbha-karṇa-, king of medapāṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradhārīf. the wife of a stage-manager (also called gṛhiṇī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradhṛkm. an architect (See viśva-s-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradhṛkm. stage-manager View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtradīpikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtragaṇḍikāf. a kind of stick used by weavers in spinning threads View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtragaṇitaName of an astronomy work by bhāskarācārya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtragrahamfn. holding a thread Va1rtt. 2 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtragrāhamfn. seizing a thread (but not holding it) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtragrantham. a book of aphorisms, sūtra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrajālan. a net made of yarn or coarse string View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakan. equals sūtra-, a thread, string etc. Va1rtt. 8 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakaṇṭham. "having sūtra-s in the throat ready to be repeated", a Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakaṇṭham. "having lines on the throat", a pigeon, dove View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakaṇṭham. a wagtail View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakāram. a weaver or spinner (See paṭṭa-s-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakāram. a carpenter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakāram. equals next View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakaraṇan. the composition of a sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakarmakṛtm. a carpenter, architect View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakarmann. "rule-work", carpentry
sūtrakarmanviśāradamfn. skilled in carpentry View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakartṛm. the author of a sūtra- manual View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakoṇa m. a small drum shaped like an hour-glass and struck by a string and button (equals ḍamaru-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakoṇakam. a small drum shaped like an hour-glass and struck by a string and button (equals ḍamaru-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakośam. a skein of yarn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakrīḍāf. a particular game with strings (mentioned among the 64 kalā-s) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakṛtm. equals -kartṛ- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrakṛtāṅgavṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraf. a spindle, distaff View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtramadhyabhūmfn. "produced amid threads or fibres", the resin of Shorea Robusta View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtramadhyabhūmfn. incense View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtramantraprakāśakaName of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtramayamf(ī-)n. consisting of threads View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtramuktākalāpam. Name of a vaiṣṇava- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraṇan. the act of stringing together etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraṇan. arranging in aphorisms
sūtranaḍam. Name of a man (see sautranāḍi-) gaRa anuśatikādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtranyāsam. Name of a gram. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrapādam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrapadīf. having feet as thin as threads gaRa kumbhapady-ādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrapātam. applying the measuring line (taṃ-kṛ-or car-,"to measure, compare one thing with another") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrapāṭhānukramam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrapattrakara mfn. liable to be made into threads or thin leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrapattrinmfn. liable to be made into threads or thin leaves View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrapiṭakam. n. the basket or collection of Buddhist sūtra-s (see tri-piṭaka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraprakāśabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraprakāśikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraprasthānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraprotamfn. fastened with wires (as puppets) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrapuṣpam. "having thread-like flowers", the cotton plant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrarājam. " sūtra--king", a sūtra- of the first order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraśākhan. the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrasaṃgraham. one who grasps or holds the reins View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrasaṃgraham. collection of sūtra-s (in next) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrasaṃgrahadīpikāf. Name of works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrasamuccayam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrasthānan. (in medicine works) the first general section (treating of the physician, disease, remedies, diet etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtratantum. (once n.) a thread, string, line View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtratantum. perseverance, energy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtratarkuṭīf. a distaff, spindle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtravāpam. weaving (threads) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraveṣṭanan. a weaver's shuttle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtraveṣṭanan. the act of weaving View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtravidm. " sūtra- knower", one versed in sūtra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtravikrayinm. a dealer in yarn View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtravīṇāf. a kind of lute (equals lābukī-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrayaSee sūtr-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrayantran. a net (made) of yarn or coarse string View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrayantran. a weaver's loom View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrayantran. a shuttle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrayatiSee sūtr-, . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūtrayitavyamfn. to be composed or arranged in the form of sūtra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adīrghasūtramfn. not tedious, prompt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnisūtran. thread of fire View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
agnisūtran. a girdle of sacrificial grass put upon a young Brahman at his investiture View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣasūtran. a string or rosary of Eleocarpus seeds. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
akṣasūtravalayinmfn. having a rosary for a bracelet, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ākṣepasūtran. a string for filing pearls, (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amitāyurdhyānasūtran. Name (also title or epithet) of a Buddhist sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anupadasūtran. a commentary explaining the text (of a brāhmaṇa-) word for word. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anutsūtramfn. not anomalous. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āpastambasūtran. etc. Name of work by āpastamba- and his school. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āsūtrayaNom. (fr. sūtra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvasūtran. a text-book on the management of horses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvīsūtran. a woollen thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bādarāyaṇasūtran. Name of the vedānta-- sūtra-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bahirnyāsasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balābalasūtrabṛhadvṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bālabhāṣāvyākaraṇasūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bārhaspatyasūtraṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhagavatīsūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktimīmāṃsasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhaktisūtran. Name of work () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharadvājasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharatasūtran. Name of a rhetoric work by śārṅgadhara- (also bharatasūtravṛtti -vṛtti- f.by vidyā-bhūṣaṇa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāratasūtran. "short sketch of the mahābhārata-", Name of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bharatasūtravṛttif. bharatasūtra
bhārgavasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāṣikasūtran. Name of a sūtra- (on the manner of marking the accent in the ) attributed to kātyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhāsyasūtran. Name of a chapter in the kātantra- treating of the meaning of grammatical forms. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhikṣusūtran. a collection of rules or precepts for mendicants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhikṣusūtrabhāṣyavārttikan. Name of a commentator or commentary on prec. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhojanasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhṛgusūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhujasūtran. the base sine View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bodhāyanasūtran. Name of work (see baudhāyana-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmānandasūtramuktāvalif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtran. the sacred thread worn over the shoulder etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtran. a sūtra- work treating of the knowledge of brahma- (especially the aphorisms of the vedānta- philosophy ascribed to bādarāyaṇa- or vyāsa-, also called bādarāyaṇa--or vedānta--or vyāsa--or śārīraka-sūtra-,and uttara--or brahma-mīmāṃsā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtrabhāṣyan. Name of Comm. on the brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtrabhāṣyadīpikāf. Name of Comm. on Comm. on the brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtrabhāṣyasāram. Name of Comm. on Comm. on the brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtrabhāṣyavārttikan. Name of Comm. on Comm. on the brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtracandrikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtrakārikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtralaghuvārttikan. Name of Comm. on the brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtrapadan. the word or statement of a brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtrapadamf(ā-or ī-)n. consisting of such a word or statement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtrapradīpam. Name of Comm. on the brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtraṛjuvyākhyāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtrasaṃgatif. Name of Comm. on the brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtratantradīpikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtratātparyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtravṛttif. Name of Comm. on the brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brahmasūtravṛttivārttikan.Name of Comm. on Comm. on the brahma-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
buddhabhūmisūtran. buddhabhūmi
campūkathāsūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
candrasūtran. plural the (grammatical) sūtra-s of candra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cayanasūtran. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chalākṣarasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chandaḥsūtran. equals -sāra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chāndogasūtran. Name of work (varia lectio chand-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daharasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmasūtran. a sūtra- work treating on law and custom ( dharmasūtrakāra -kāra- m.the author of a sūtra- work dharmasūtravyākhyā -vyākhyā- f.Name of work) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmasūtram. Name of a son of su-nata- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmasūtrakāram. dharmasūtra
dharmasūtravyākhyāf. dharmasūtra
dīrghasūtramfn. "spinning a long yarn", slow, dilatory, procrastinating etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghasūtraf. () procrastination, dilatoriness. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dīrghasūtratvan. () procrastination, dilatoriness. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
drāhyāyaṇasūtran. plural drāhyāyaṇa-'s work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvaidhasūtran. Name of chapter xxii-xxv of View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekasūtran. a small double drum (played by a string and ball attached to the body of it) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garbhasūtran. Name of Buddhist sūtra- work. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gītisūtran. a sūtra- composed in the gīti- metre (on ) Introd. 43. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gṛhyasūtran. a ritual work containing directions for domestic rites and ceremonies (as etc.; see ). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
haimavibhramasūtran. equals hema-v- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastasūtra() () n. a bangle or ornament put on the wrist of a girl before her wedding. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastasūtraka() n. a bangle or ornament put on the wrist of a girl before her wedding. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastisūtran. a sūtra-. treating of elephants View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hautrasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hemasūtra n. "golden-thread", a necklace View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hemasūtrakan. "golden-thread", a necklace View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hemavibhramasūtran. Name of work (see haim-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyakeśiśrautasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyakeśisūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hiraṇyakeśisūtravyākhyānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hitavākyasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
īśvarapratyabhijñāsūtran. Name (also title or epithet) of a śaiva- work by utpala- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaiminikośasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jaiminisūtran. Name of work , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jītakalpasūtran. "old kalpa-sūtra-", Name of a work by jina-bhadra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jītavyavahārasūtran. Name of a Jain text. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jīvābhigamasūtran. Name of the 3rd upāṅga- of the Jain canon. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālasūtran. the thread of time or death View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālasūtramn. one of the twenty-one hells View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālasūtrakan. Name of the hell kāla-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpasūtran. Name of various ceremonial guides or manuals containing short aphoristic rules for the performance of Vedic sacrifices View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpasūtran. Name of a medicinal work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpasūtran. Name of a jaina- work giving the life of mahāvīra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kālpasūtram. (fr. kalpa-s-), one who is familiar with the kalpa-- sūtra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalpasūtravyākhyāf. Name of a commentary on the jaina- kalpa-sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalyāṇasūtram. Name of a Brahman. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāmasūtran. Name of a treatise on sexual love by vātsyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kanakasūtran. a golden cord or chain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhasūtran. a particular mode of embracing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇṭhasūtran. a necklace, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṇvasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karaṇasūtran. Name of work , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karasūtran. an auspicious string (tied to the hand at marriage etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmasūtran. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāruṇyasūtran. Name of a sūtra-.
kāṭhakagṛhyasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭhasūtran. Name (also title or epithet) of sūtra-s, , Scholiast or Commentator View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭisūtran. a zone or waistband, girdle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kātīyagṛhyasūtran. Name of work by pāraskara- (belonging to the White yajur-veda-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kātīyakalpasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kātīyasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kātyāyanasūtran. the śrauta-- sūtra-s of kātyāyana- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kātyāyanasūtrabhāṣyan. a commentary on the same by Karka. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kātyāyanasūtrapaddhatif. a commentary on the same by yājñika-deva- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kauśikagṛhyasūtran. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛmisūtran. Name of a particular disease. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇasūtram. Name of a hell View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṛṣṇasūtran. a black thread, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣārasūtran. caustic thread (applied to fistulas etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣudrasūtran. Name (also title or epithet) of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kulasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuśikasūtran. Name of a sūtra- belonging to the (generally called kauśika-sūtra- see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghusaṃgrahaṇīsūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghusāṃkhyasūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
laghusūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lāṭyāyanaśrautasūtran. the śrauta-sūtra- of lāṭyāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyasūtran. the central meridian (see madhya-rekhā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahābalasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāgnicayanasūtran. mahāgnicayana
mahāparinirvāṇasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāprajñāpāramitāsūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāvaipulyasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāyānasūtran. Name of the sūtra-s of the later Buddhist system View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāyānasūtraratnarājam.Name of a highly esteemed mahā-yāna-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitrasūtran. Name of a sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maitreyasūtran. Name of a sūtra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mallaṭasūtraṭīkā(?) f. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānasūtran. a measuring-cord View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānasūtran. a cord or chain worn round the body View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānavagṛhyasūtran. Name of one of the sūtra- works ascribed to manu- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānavakalpasūtran. incorrect Name of a commentator or commentary on the first part of () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānavaśrautasūtran. Name of one of the sūtra- works attributed to manu- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mānavasūtran. a sūtra- of manu- (see -gṛhya-and -śrauta-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṅgalasūtran. "lucky thread", the marriage-thread (tied by the bridegroom round the bride's neck, and worn as long as the husband lives) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇisūtran. a string of pearls View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mantrasūtran. a charm fastened on a string View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātaṃgasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mātrāvidhānasūtran. Name of work (= -lakṣaṇa-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maunasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsāsūtran. (equals jaimini-s-) Name of the 12 books of aphorisms by jaimini- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsāsūtradidhitif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mīmāṃsāsūtrarahasyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṇālasūtran. () a lotus-fibre as a necklace View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlasūtran. an initial sūtra- commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlasūtran. a principal sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlasūtran. (with jaina-s) a particular class of works, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāmasūtran. plural Name of a philos. and of a gramm. work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nārāyaṇasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naṣṭāptisūtran. "line or series of lost property", booty View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
naṭasūtran. rules for actor View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāṭasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navakaṇḍikāśrāddhasūtran. Name of the 6th pariśiṣṭa- of (equals śrāddha-kalpa-s-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
navatattvasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nidānasūtran. Name of work on metres and Vedic stoma-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nidhanasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nidhanasūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nigrahasthānasūtraṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥsūtramfn. without thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niḥsūtramfn. helpless View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirayāvalisūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nirvāṇasūtran. Name of particular Buddhist sūtra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyasūtran. the aphorisms of the nyāya- philosophy by gautama- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyāyasūtravṛttif. a commentary on these aphorisms, I.W. 71. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
padmasūtran. a lotus-garland View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pailasūtrabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paitṛmedhikasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pākṣikasūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcakāṣṭakacayanasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcanirgranthīsūtran. Name of work = View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcāstikāyasaṃgrahasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcasūtran. (andf(ī-).) "5 sūtra-s", Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcavidhasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇinisūtravṛttif. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇinisūtravṛttyarthasaṃgraham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇinīyasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pāṇinīyasūtrasārakośam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārāśarasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parāśarasūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paraśurāmasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paribhāṣābhāṣyasūtran. Name of work
paribhāṣāṅkasūtran. Name of work
paribhāṣāsūtran. Name of work
pariśiṣṭasūtrapattran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parivāṇavaipulyasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārśvasūtrakam. or n. a kind of ornament View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśuśrautasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paśusūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātañjalasūtrabhāṣyavyakhyāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pātañjalasūtravṛttibhāṣyacchāyāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
patañjalisūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭṭasūtran. a silk thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭṭasūtrakāram. a silk-weaver (Name of a class of Hindus who are feeders of silk-worms etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṭṭasūtramayamf(ī-)n. made of silk-thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pavitreṣṭisūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phiṭsūtran. Name of a grammat. work by śāṃtanavācārya-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phiṭsūtravṛttif. the same with comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phullasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalacchandaḥsūtran. Name of piṅgala-'s work on metrics View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
piṅgalasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pippalādasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pīṭhasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pitṛmedhasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prajñāpāramitāsūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prakāśasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākṛtacchandaḥsūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prākṛtasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramāṇasūtran. a measuring cord View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāṇasūtran. the thread of life, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prastāvasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratihārasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratijñāsūtran. Name of pariśiṣṭa- on the white yajur-veda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratikramaṇasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratimokṣasūtran. Name of sūtra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyabhijñāsūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prāyaścittaśrautasūtran. Name of work
puruṣārthasūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣpasūtran. Name of a sūtra- work (ascribed to gobhila- or to vara-ruci-) on the change of ṛk-s into sāman-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
puṣpasūtrabhāṣyan. Name of commentator or commentary on it. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāgasūtran. (only ) any coloured thread or string View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāgasūtran. a silk thread View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāgasūtran. the string of a balance (also traka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rājasūyasūtran. Name of a sūtra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rakṣāsūtran. a carrying-girth View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāmāyaṇasūtradīpikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāṇāyanīyasūtran. equals gobhila-gṛhya-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rasasūtrasthānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathasūtran. rules or directions about carriage-building View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratnakūṭasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratnameghasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ratnasūtrabhāṣyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rayapraśnasūtrasiddhāntam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudraḍamarūdbhavasūtravivaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rudrasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śabdānuśāsanasūtrapāṭham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sācīsūtran. frenum praeputii View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sādhupratikramaṇasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍviṃśatisūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāktamataratnasūtradīpikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānasūtranipātam. "falling of the same line" View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samānasūtranipāteind. on the diametrically opposite side View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samanvayasūtravivṛtif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmānyasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmaśrautasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmasūtran. a satra- work belonging to the sāma-- veda- (10 such works are enumerated) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samasūtraga mfn. situated on the same diameter (id est situated on two opposite points of the globe) , living at the antipodes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samasūtrasthamfn. situated on the same diameter (id est situated on two opposite points of the globe) , living at the antipodes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmasūtravyākhyāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāmayācārikasūtran. Name of particular sūtra-s (treating of customs and rites sanctioned by virtuous men, and with the gṛhya-- sūtra-s, constituting the smārta-sūtra-s which are based on smṛti- or tradition, and opp. to the śrauta-- sūtra-s derived from śruti- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃdhyāsūtrapravacanan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃghāṭasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃhitāsūtran. a kind of prātiśākhya- to the ṛg-- veda-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃjñāsūtran. any sūtra- which teaches the meaning of a technical term View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃkarṣaṇasūtravicāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃkhyasūtran. Name of six books of aphorisms of the sāṃkhya- philosophy (ascribed to kapila-, but prob. written in the 14th or 15th century A.D.)
sāṃkhyasūtraprakṣepikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃkhyasūtravivaraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃkhyasūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃkhyāyanasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṃtanavaṣaṭsūtran. Name of a vedānta- work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāṃvatsarasūtran. Name of a chapter of bhaṭṭotpala-'s Comm. on View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṇasūtran. idem or 'n. a hempen cord or string ' View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṇasūtran. a net made of hemp View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaṇasūtramayamf(ī-)n. consisting of hempen threads or cord View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṇḍilyasūtran. the aphorisms of śāṇḍilya- (See above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṇḍilyasūtrabhāṣyan. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṇḍilyasūtrapravacanan. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṇḍilyasūtravyākhyāf. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṅkhāyanagṛhyasūtran. the gṛhya-- sūtra-s ascribed to śāṅkhāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṅkhāyanaśrautasūtran. the View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śāṅkhāyanaśrautasūtran. the śrauta-sūtra- of śāṅkhāyana-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptāśītiślokasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptasūtrasaṃnyāsapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārasvatasūtran. (see sarasvatīs-) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarasvatīsūtran. the aphorisms of the sarasvatī- grammar (by an unknown author; see -prakryā-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śārīrakasūtran. the aphorisms on the vedānta- philosophy (equals brahma-sūtra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śārīrakasūtrasārārthacandrikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarvasūtra(s/arva--) mfn. made of all-coloured threads (see sārvas-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sārvasūtramfn. (fr. sarva-s-) consisting of threads of all colours View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaṭsūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satyasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaunakagṛhyasūtran. Name of work
śaunakakalpasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaunakapañcasūtran. Name of work attributed to śaunaka-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaunakasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śaunakātharvaṇasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sautrāmaṇīsūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sāvitrīsūtran. the sacred thread (= yajñopavīta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
siddhāntasūtrabhāṣyaṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śikhāsūtran. the lock of hair on the crown of the head and the sacred thread (regarded as distinguishing marks of a Brahman) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śikṣāsūtran. plural Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivajñānabodhasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivānubhavasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasūtran. (see spanda-sūtra-) Name of the aphorisms of the śaiva- philosophy (attributed to the god śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasūtran. Name of the 14 sūtra-s with which pāṇini- opens his grammar (containing a peculiar method of arranging the alphabet or alphabetical sounds, said to have been communicated to him by the god śiva-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasūtrajālagrantham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasūtravimarśinīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śivasūtravivṛtif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
smārtasūtran. any sūtra- work based on smṛti- (opp. to śrauta-sūtra- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānasūtran. Name of a sūtra- work ascribed to kātyāyana- (also -pariśiṣṭa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānasūtrabhāṣyavyākhyāf. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānasūtradīpikāf. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānasūtrapaddhatif. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
snānavidhisūtrabhāṣyan. Name of Comm. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somasūtran. a channel or receptacle for receiving the water with which a liṅga- has been bathed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somasūtran. Name of various works. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somasūtrapañcavidhānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
somasūtrapradakṣiṇāf. circumambulation around śiva-'s idol in such a way as that the somasūtra- shall not be crossed View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spandasūtran. (also called śiva-sūtra-) Name of aphorisms on the śaiva- philosophy by vasu-gupta- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
spandasūtravimarśinīf. Name of a commentator or commentary on the above work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhakalpasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhanavakaṇḍikāsūtran. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrāddhasūtran. Name of work (equals śrāddha-kalpa-sūtra-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrautasūtran. Name of particular sūtra-s or sūtra- works based on śruti- or the veda- (ascribed to various authors, such as āpastamba-, āśvalāyana-, kātyāyana-, drāhyāyaṇa- etc.; see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrautasūtravidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrautasūtravyākhyāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrīmālādevīsiṃhanādasūtran. Name of a Buddhist sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śroṇisūtran. a string worn round the loins View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śroṇisūtran. a sword-belt View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śroṇīsūtran. a string worn round the loins View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śrutisūtratātparyāmṛtan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthānivatsūtravicāram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūcisūtran. a thread for a needle or for sewing (varia lectio sūcī-ś-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sūcīsūtraSee sūci-s-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śukasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuklasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śulbasūtran. Name of a sūtra- work (belonging to the śrauta- ritual and containing curious geometrical calculations and attempts at squaring the circle) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śulbasūtrabhāṣyavārttikavyākhyāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumantusūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
supratiṣṇātasūtram. a Brahman well versed in the sūtra-s, one who is well skilled in repeating or has clearly ascertained the (meaning of the) sūtra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
susūtramfn. (prob. a word having a double sense) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvarṇasūtran. a string of gold View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvarṇasūtran. Name of commentator or commentary View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tattvārthasūtran. Name of a jaina- work by umā-svāti- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāvatsūtran. sg. so many threads View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tiryaksūtran. a cross-line View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
trisūtramfn. having 3 threads View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tulāsūtran. equals -pragraha- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṇādisūtran. plural the sūtra-s () treating of the uṇādi--affixes View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uṇādisūtravṛttif. a commentary on the uṇādi-- sūtra-s. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ūrṇāsūtran. a thread of wool View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsūtramfn. (fr. sūtra-with 1. ud-in the sense of "apart") , unstrung View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsūtramfn. out of rule, deviating from or disregarding rules (of policy and grammar) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsūtramfn. anything not contained in a rule View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
utsūtramfn. loose, detached View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāgbhaṭasūtrasthānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaidyasūtraṭīkāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaikhānasaśrautasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaikhānasasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaipulyasūtran. vaipulya
vaiśeṣikasūtran. the aphorisms of the vaiśeṣika- (branch of the nyāya- philosophy, which have been commented on by a triple set of commentaries, and expounded in various works, of which the best known are the bhāṣā-pariccheda- with its commentary, called siddhānta-muktāvalī-, and the tarkasaṃgraha-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaitānaprāyaścittasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaitānasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vājasaneyagṛhyasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vallabrahmasūtrabhāṣyan. (?) Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vālmīkisūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāmanasūtravṛttif. equals kāvyālaṃkāra-vṛtti-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāñchānāthīyasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vararuciprākṛśasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varṇasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāsiṣṭhasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātsyāyanasūtran. equals kāma-s- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātsyāyanasūtrasāram. Name of work by kṣemendra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vātūlasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedalakṣaṇasūtravṛttif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntasaptasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntasūtran. Name of the aphorisms of the vedānta- philosophy (ascribed to bādarāyaṇa- or vyāsa-, also called brahma-sūtra- or śārīraka-sūtra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntasūtramuktāvalīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedāntasūtravṛttisaṃkṣiptāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vedasūtran. a sūtra- belonging to the veda- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vibhramasūtran. Name of a treatise on grammar (attributed to hema-candra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidhyaparādhaprāyaścittasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vidyākalpasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinayasūtran. (with Buddhists) the sūtra- treating of discipline (see above) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśleṣasūtran. a rule for (an operation which is) the converse of addition View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṇusūtran. equals -smṛti-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visūtraetc. See vi-sūtr-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visūtramfn. confused, disordered, disconcerted View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visūtraṇam. driving away View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visūtraṇam. throwing into confusion or disorder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visūtraf. confusion, disorder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
visūtraf. confusion of the mind, perplexity View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśvasūtradhṛkm. "architect of the universe", Name of viṣṇu- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vītasūtran. the sacred thread or cord (see ni--and upa-vīta-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhasūtrakan. a flock of cotton, flocculent seeds flying in the air View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vṛddhirādaicsūtravicāram. (See ) Name of a gram. treatise. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsasūtran. equals brahma-s- (q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsasūtrabhāṣyan. Name of work on the above sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsasūtracandrikāf. Name of work on the above sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsasūtrasaṃgatif. Name of work on the above sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsasūtraśaṃkarabhāṣyan. Name of work on the above sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsasūtravṛttif. Name of work on the above sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyāsasūtravyākhyāf. Name of work on the above sūtra-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yāgasūtran. the sacrificial cord, sacred thread (see yajña-sūtra-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñaparibhāṣāsūtran. yajñaparibhāṣā
yajñaprāyaścittasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñasūtran. the sacrificial thread or cord (See yajñopavīta-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñasūtravidhānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yajñatantrasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yaṇādeśasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yantrasūtran. the cord attached to the mechanism of a doll or puppet View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yantrasūtran. Name of a sūtra--work on war-engines. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathāsūtramind. according to the sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogānuśāsanasūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogaśāstrasūtrapāṭham. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogasūtran. the aphorisms of the Yoga system of philosophy ascribed to patañjali- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogasūtrabhāṣyan. Name of work relating to the yoga-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogasūtracandrikāf. Name of work relating to the yoga-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogasūtragūḍhārthadyotikāf. Name of work relating to the yoga-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogasūtravṛttif. Name of work relating to the yoga-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yogasūtravyākhyānan. Name of work relating to the yoga-sūtra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yugapradhānapaṭṭāvalīsūtran. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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sūtra सूत्रला A spindle or distaff.
sūtram सूत्रम् [सूत्र्-अच्] 1 A thread, string, line, cord; पुष्पमालानुषङ्गेण सूत्रं शिरसि धार्यते Subhās.; मणौ वज्रसमुत्कीर्णे सूत्रस्येवास्ति मे गतिः R.1.4. -2 A fibre; सुराङ्गना कर्षति खण्डिताग्रात् सूत्रं मृणालादिव राजहंसी V.1.18; Ku.1.4. -3 A wire. -4 A collection of threads. -5 The sacred thread or sacrificial cord worn by members of the first three classes; शिखासूत्रवान् ब्राह्मणः Tarka K.; विप्रत्वे सूत्रमेव हि Bhāg.12.2.3. -6 The string or wire of a puppet. -7 A short rule or precept, an aphorism. -8 A short or concise technical sentence used as a memorial rule; it is thus defined:-- स्वल्पाक्षरमसंदिग्धं सारवद् विश्वतोमुखम् । अस्तोभमनवद्यं च सूत्रं सूत्रविदो विदुः. -9 Any work or manual containing such aphoristic rules; e. g. मानवकल्पसूत्र, आपस्तम्बसूत्र, गृह्यसूत्र &c. -1 A rule, canon, decree (in law). -11 A girdle; वासः ससूत्रं लघुमारुतो$हरद् भवस्य देवस्य किलानुपश्यतः Bhāg.8.12.23. -12 A line, stroke. -13 A sketch, plan; त्वमेव धर्मार्थदुघाभिपत्तये दक्षेण सूत्रेण ससर्जिथा- ध्वरम् Bhāg.4.6.44. -14 Indication, prelude; विशङ्क्य सूत्रं पुरुषायितस्य तद् भविष्यतो$स्मायि तदा तदालिभिः N.16.15. -Comp. -अध्यक्षः superintendent of weaving; Kau. A.2. -आत्मन् a. having the nature of a string or thread. (-m.) the soul. -आली a string of beads &c. worn round the neck, a necklace. -कण्ठः 1 a Brāhmaṇa. -2 a pigeon, dove. -3 a wag-tail. -कर्मन् n. carpentry; अथ भूमिप्रदेशज्ञाः सूत्रकर्मविशारदाः Rām.2.8.1. ˚विशेषज्ञः a weaver; Rām.2.83.12. -कारः, -कृत् m. 1 an author or composer of Sūtras. -2 a carpenter. -कोणः, -कोणकः a small drum shaped like an hourglass (डमरु). -कोशः a skein of yarn. -क्रीडा a particular game with strings (one of the 64 kalās). -गण्डिका a kind of stick used by weavers in spinning threads. -ग्रन्थः a book of a phorisms. -ग्राह a. seizing a thread. -ग्राहिन् m. a draftsman, an architect. -चरणम् N. of a class of Charaṇas or Vedic schools which introduced various Sūtra-works. -तन्तुः 1 a thread, string. -2 perseverance, energy. -तर्कुटी a distaff, spindle. -दरिद्र a. 'poor in threads', having a small number of threads, thread-bare; अयं पटः सूत्रदरिद्रतां गतः Mk.2.9. -धरः, -धारः 1 'the threadholder', a stage-manager, the principal actor who arranges the cast of characters and instructs them, and takes a prominent part in the Prastāvanā or prelude; he is thus defined:-- नाट्यस्य यदनुष्ठानं तत् सूत्रं स्यात् सबीजकम् । रङ्गदैवतपूजाकृत् सूत्रधार इति स्मृतः ॥ -2 a carpenter, an artisan. -3 the author of a set of aphorisms. -4 an epithet of Indra. -धृक् m. 1 an architect. -2 a stage-manager. -पातः applying the measuring line. -पिटकः N. of one of the three collections of Buddhistic writings. -पुष्पः the cotton plant. -प्रोत a. fastened. with wires (as puppets). -भिद् m. a tailor. -भृत् m. = सूत्रधार q. v. -यन्त्रम् 1 'a thread-machine', shuttle. -2 a weaver's loom; सूत्रयन्त्रजविशिष्टचेष्टयाश्चर्यसञ्जिबहुशालभञ्जिकः N.18.13. -3 a shuttle. -वापः weaving (threads). -वीणा a kind of lute. -वेष्टनम् 1 a weaver's shuttle. -2 the act of weaving. -शाखम् the body. -स्थानम् (in medic. works) the first general section (treating of the physician, disease, remedies &c).
sūtraṇam सूत्रणम् 1 The act of stringing together, putting in order, arranging. -2 Arranging in aphorisms.
anutsūtra अनुत्सूत्र a. Not deviating from the Sūtra (of Pāṇini or of morality); not anomalous or irregular; ˚पदन्यासा सद्वृत्तिः सन्निबन्धना Śi.2.112.
utsūtra उत्सूत्र a. [उत्क्रान्तः सूत्रम्] 1 Unstrung, loose, detached (from the string); ˚मणिभिः Śi.8.53. -2 Irregular. -3 Deviating from the rule (सूत्र) of Pāṇini; यो ह्युत्सूत्रं कथयेन्नादो गृह्येत Mbh. on P.I.1.1. अनुत्सूत्रपदन्यासा सद्वृत्तिः सन्निबन्धना Śi.2.112.
phiṭsūtram फिट्सूत्रम् N. of a grammatical work by शान्तनवाचार्य.
visūtra विसूत्र a. Confused, disordered.
saṇasūtram सणसूत्रम् A hempen cord or thread.
sanasūtra सनसूत्र See सणसूत्र.
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sūtra n. [√ sîv] V., C.: thread, string, cord (ord. mg.); C.: sacred cord (worn over the left shoulder by the three upper castes); measuring line; fibre; line; sketch, plan; (thread running through and holding toge ther=) concise rule or aphorism; manual consisting of aphoristic rules: -ka, n. thread, cord; -kâra, m. author of a Sûtra work or manual; -tantu, m. thread; -daridra, a. (poor in threads=) threadbare: -tâ, f. thread bare condition; -dhâra, m. [holder of the measuring line] carpenter, builder, architect; wire-puller=] stage-manager; --°ree; m., î, f. leading spirit in; -pâta, m. drop of the measuring line: -m kri or kar, measure, compare; -pitaka, m. n. (basket=) collec tion of the Buddhistic Sûtras; -prota, pp. attached to (=worked by) strings (puppet); -bhrit, m. stage-manager.
sūtraya den. P. Â. string or put together; contrive, effect, produce; compose or teach in the form of a Sûtra. â, contrive, effect. sam-â, id. vi, drive away, dispel, remove; throw into confusion.
sūtrayitavya fp. to be composed in the form of a Sûtra.
utsūtra a. unstrung (pearls).
phiṭsūtra n. the Phit-sûtras, T. of a grammatical work.
mānasūtra n. measuring cord.
visūtra a. [stringless, loose], con fused, disordered; disconcerted; -sûtrana, n. [vi-sûtraya] throwing into confusion; driv ing away; -sûtra-tâ, f. confusion, disorder; mental confusion; -sûtrita, pp., v.sûtraya; -sûrana, n. sorrow (Pr.).
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sūtra Has the sense of ‘thread’ in the Atharvaveda and later. In the sense of a 'book of rules' for the guidance of sacrificers and so forth, the word occurs in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad.
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"sūtra" has 92 results.
     
sūtraa short pithy assertion laying down something in a scientific treatise; aphorism; the word is sometimes used in a collective sense in the singular, referring to the whole collection of Sutras or rules; confer, compare व्याकरणस्य सूत्रम् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on Ahnika I. The term is defined as अाल्पाक्षरमसंदिग्धं सारवद्विश्वतोमुखम् | अस्तोभमनवद्यं च सूत्रं सूत्रविदो विदुः. There are given generally six kinds of Sutras viz. संज्ञासूत्र, परिभाषासूत्र,विधिसूत्र, नियमसूत्र, प्रतिषेधसूत्र and अधिकारसूत्र; confer, compare also संज्ञा च परिभाषा च विधिर्नियम एव च प्रतिषेधोधिकारश्च षड्विधम् सूत्रलक्षणम् | Com. on Kat. I. 1.2.
aghikārasūtraa superintending aphorism, which gives no meaning of itself where it is mentioned, but gives its meaning in the number of aphorisms that follow: e. gthe rules प्रत्यय:, परश्च and अाद्युदात्तश्च P. III.1.1, 2, 3 or सह सुपा. P.II.1.4.
uṇādisūtra,uṇādisūtrapāṭhathe text of the Sūtras which begins with the Sūtras prescribing the affix उण् after the roots कृ, वा, पा, जि, स्वद्, साध् and अश्; cf Uṅādi Sūtras 1.1. for the different versions of the text See उणादि. Similar Sūtras in Kātantra, Āpiśali, Sakaṭāyana and other systems of grammar are also called Uṇādi Sūtras.
uṇādisūtradaśapādīthe text of the Uṇādi Sūtras divided into ten chapters believed to have been written by शाकटायन. It is printed at the end of the Prakriyā Kaumud and separately also, and is also available in manuscripts with a few differences. Patañjali in his Bhāṣya on P.III.3.1, seems to have mentioned Sakaṭāyana as the author of the Uṇādi Sūtras although it cannot be stated definitely whether there was at that time, a version of the Sūtras in five chapters or in ten chapters or one, completely different from these, as scholars believe that there are many interpolations and changes in the versions of Uṇādi Sūtras available at present. A critical study of the various versions is extremely desirable.
uṇādisūtrapañcapādīthe text of the Uṇādi Sūtras divided into five chapters which is possessed of a scholarly commentary written by Ujjvaladatta. There is a commentary on it by Bhaṭṭoji Dīkṣita also.
uṇādisūtravṛttia gloss on the Uṇādi Sūtras in the different versions. Out of the several glosses on the Uṇādi Sūtras, the important ones are those written by Ujjvaladatta, Govardhana, Puruṣottamadeva's Paribhāṣāvṛtti.adeva, Rāmacandra Dīkṣita and Haridatta. There is also a gloss called Uṇādisūtrodghātana by Miśra. There is a gloss by Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti. on the Kātantra version of the Uṇādi Sūtras.
utsūtranot consistent with what is taught in rules of a Śāstra; confer, compare अनुत्सूत्रपदन्यासा सद्वृत्तिः सन्निबन्धना । शब्दविद्येव नो भाति राजनीतिरपस्पशा Śiśupālavadha II.
kātantrasūtravṛttian old Vṛtti on the Kātantra Sūtras ascribed to Vararuci who is, of course, different from Vararuci Kātyāyana. The Vṛtti appears to have been occupying a position similar to that of Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti..
gaṇasūtraa statement of the type of a Sūtra in the Gaṇapāṭha of Pāṇini where mention of a word or words in the Gaṇapāṭha is made along with certain conditions; e. g. पूर्वपुरावरo, स्वमज्ञातिधनाख्यायाम् , in the सर्वादिगण, and क्त्वातोसुन्कसुनः, तसिलादय: प्राक्पाशपः in the स्वरादिगण. Some of the gaṇasūtras are found incorporated in the Sūtrapāṭha itself Many later grammarians have appended their own gaṇapāṭha to their Sūtrapāṭha.
gaṇasūtravicāraa commentary on the Gaṇapāṭha of Pāṇini written by Mannudeva who flourished in the nineteenth century.
cāṅgusūtraa treatise on the grammar Written by चाडगुदास in the Sutra form,which was named वैयाकरणजीवातु by him.
padavyavasthāsūtrakārikāa metrical work on the determination of the pada or padas of the roots attributed to Vimalakīrti.
padavyavasthāsūtrakārikāṭīkāa short gloss on the पदव्यवस्थासूत्रकारिका written by Udayakīrti, a Jain grammarian
pāṇinisūtracalled also by the name अष्टक or पाणिनीय-अष्टक; name given to the SUtras of Paanini comprising eight adhyaayaas or books. The total number of SUtras as commented upon by the writers of the Kasika and the Siddhaantakaumudi is 3983. As nine sUtras out of these are described as Vaarttikas and two as Ganasutras by Patanjali, it is evident that there were 3972 SUtras in the Astaka of Paanini according to Patanjali. A verse current among Vaiyakarana schools states the number to be 3996; confer, compare त्रीणि सूत्रसहस्राणि तथा नव शतानि च । षण्णवतिश्च सूत्राणां पाणिनिः कृतवान् स्वयम् । The traditional recital by Veda Scholars who look upon the Astadhyayi as a Vedaanga, consists of 3983 Sutras which are accepted and commented upon by all later grammarians and commentators. The SUtras of Paanini, which mainly aim at the correct formation of words, discuss declension, conjugation, euphonic changes, verbal derivatives, noun derivatives and accents. For details see Vol.VII, Vyaakarana Mahaabhaasya, D. E. Society's edition pp. 152-162.
pāṇinisūtravārtikaname given to the collection of explanatory pithy notes of the type of SUtras written. mainly by Kaatyaayana. The Varttikas are generally written in the style of the SUtras, but sometimes they are written in Verse also. The total number of Varttikas is well-nigh a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page. 5000, including Varttikas in Verse.There are three kinds of Varttikas; confer, compareउक्तानुक्तदुरुक्तानां चिन्ता यत्र प्रवर्तते । तं ग्रन्थं वार्तिकं प्राहुर्वार्तिकज्ञा मनीषिणः । Naagesa appears to have divided Varttikas into two classes as shown by his definition 'सूत्रेऽ नुक्तदुरुक्तचिन्ताकरत्वं वार्तिकत्वम् '. If this definition be followed, many of the Vaarttikas given in the Maahibhaasya as explaining and commenting upon the Sutras will not strictly be termed as Vaarttikaas, and their total number which is given as exceeding 5000, will be reduced to about 1400 or so. There are some manuscript copies which give this reduced number, and it may be said that only these Vārttikas were written by Kātyāyana while the others were added by learned grammarians after Kātyāyana. In the Mahābhāșya there are seen more than 5000 statements of the type of Vārttikas out of which Dr. Kielhorn has marked about 4200 as Vārttikas. At some places the Mahābhāșyakāra has quoted the names of the authors of some Vārttikas or their schools, in words such as क्रोष्ट्रीयाः पठन्ति, भारद्वाजीयाः पठन्ति, सौनागाः पठन्ति. et cetera, and others Many of the Vārttikas given in the Mahābhāșya are not seen in the Kāśikāvŗtti, while some more are seen in the Kāśikā-vŗtti, which, evidently are composed by scholars who flourished after Patańjali, as they have not been noticed by the Mahābhāșyakāra. It is very difficult to show separately the statements of the Bhāșyakāra popularly named 'ișțis' from the Vārttikas of Kātyāyana and others. For details see Vol. VII Mahābhāșya, D.E. Society's edition pp. 193-224.
pāṇinisūtravṛttia gloss on the grammer rules of Pāņini. Many glosses were written from time to time on the Sûtras of Pāņini, out of which the most important and the oldest one is the one named Kāśikāvŗtti, written by the joint authors Jayāditya and Vāmana in the 7th century A.D. It is believed that the Kāśikāvŗtti was based upon some old Vŗttis said to have been written by कुणि, निर्लूर, चुल्लि, श्वोभूति, वररुचि and others.Besides Kāśikā,the famous Vŗtti, and those of कुणि,निर्लूर and others which are only reported, there are other Vŗttis which are comparatively modern. Some of them have been printed, while others have remained only in manuscript form. Some of these are : the Bhāșāvŗtti by Purusottamadeva, Vyākaranasudhānidhi by Viśveśvara, Gūdhārthadīpinī by Sadāsivamiśra, Sūtravŗtti by Annambhatta, Vaiyākaraņasarvasva by Dharaņīdhara, Śabdabhūșaņa by Nārāyaņa Paņdita, Pāņinisūtravŗtti by Rāmacandrabhațța Tāre and Vyākaranadīpikā by Orambhațța. There are extracts available from a Sūtravŗtti called Bhāgavŗtti which is ascribed to Bhartŗhari, but, which is evidently written by a later writer (विमलमति according to some scholars) as there are found verses from Bhāravi and Māgha quoted in it as noticed by Sīradeva's Paribhāṣāvṛttiin his vŗtti on Pari.76. Glosses based upon Pāņini Sūtras, but having a topical arrangements are also available, the famous ones among these being the Praķriyākaumudī by Rāmacandra Śeșa and the Siddhāntakaumudī by Bhațțojī Dĩkșita. The मध्यमकौमुदी and the लघुकौमुदी can also be noted here although they are the abridgments of the Siddhānta Kaumudī. There are Vŗttis in other languages also, written in modern times, out of which those written by Bōhtlingk, Basu and Renou are well-known.
pārṣadasūtravṛtiname given to the works of the type of commentaries written by उव्व​ट on the old Prātiśākhya books.
pūrvasūtraliterally previous rule: a rule cited erlier in a treatise. The word is however, frequently used in the Mahabhasya in the sense of 'a rule laid down by an earlier grammarian': confer, compareवर्ण वाहुः पूर्वसूत्रे M. Bh, Ahnika 1, पूर्वसूत्रे गोत्रस्य वृद्धमिति संज्ञा क्रियते M. Bh on I. 2.68; confer, compare also M.Bh. on P.IV.1.14 Vart. 3, VI.I. 163 Vart. 1, VII.1.18, VIII. 4.7.
pratyāhārasūtraa term for the fourteen Siva Sutras which are utilized for the formation of Pratyaharas.
pratyāhārasūtravicāraa short treatise explaining the pratyharas अण् , अट्, अश् et cetera, and others in the grammar of Panini; one such work is written by a southern grammarian named तिमण्णा.
phiṭsūtraa small work on accents attributed to Santanava,an ancient Vedic scholar who lived before Patanjali if not before Panini, as the latter has not referred to him. There is an anonymous commentary upon it.
bhāṣyasūtrathe brief pithy statements in the Mahābhāṣya of the type of the Sūtras or the Vārttikas. These assertions or statements are named 'ișṭi' also.
vārttikasūtrathe same as वार्तिकवचन which see a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page.. The Varttikas are termed Varttika sutras on account of their close similarity with the original Sutras, which in contrast are termed Vrttisutras.
vṛttisūtraa rule forming the basis of a vrtti, i. e. a rule on which glosses are written, as contrasted with वार्तिकसूत्र or वार्तिक a pithy Sutralike statement composed as an addition or a modification of the original Sutra; confer, compare केचित्तावदाहुर्यद् वृत्तिसूत्रे इति | संख्ययाव्ययासन्नादूराधिकसंख्यां: संख्येये ( P. II. 2.25 ) इति | M, Bh. on P. II. 2. 24,
śivasūtraname given to the fourteen small sutras giving the alphabet which Panini took as the basis of his grammar. The Sivasutras have got a well-known explanation in Verse, named नन्दिकेश्वरकारिका on which there is a commentary of the type of Bhasya by उपमन्यु. The origin of the Sivasutra given by the writer of the Karika is summed up in the stanza नृत्तावसाने नटराजराजो ननाद ढक्कां नवपञ्चवारम् । उद्धर्तुकामः सनकादिसिद्धानेतद् विमर्शे शिवसूत्रजालम् | Nand. 1.
samarthasūtrathe rule समर्थः पदविधिः P. II. 1.1.confer, compare समर्थसूत्रे उद्गातार इति भाष्यप्रयोगात् S. K. on P.VI. 4.11.
sūtrakārathe original writer of the sutras; e. g. पाणिनि, शाकटायन, शर्ववर्मन् , हेमचन्द्र and others. In Panini's system, Panini is called Sutrakara, as contrasted with Katyayana,who is called the Varttikakara and Patanjali, who is called the Bhasyakara;confer, compare पाणिने: सूत्रकारस्य M.Bh. on P.II 2.1.1.
sūtrapāṭhathe text of Panini's Sutras handed down by oral tradition from the preceptor to the pupil. Although it is said that the actual text of Panini was modified from time to time, still it can be said with certainty that it was fixed at the time of the Bhasyakara who has noted a few different readings only. The Sutra text approved by the Bhasyakara was followed by the authors of the Kasika excepting in a few cases. It is customary with learned Pandits and grammarians to say that the recital of the Sutras of Panini was originally a continuous one in the form of a Samhitatext and it was later on, that it was split up into the different Sutras, which explains according to them the variation in the number of Sutras which is due to the different ways of splitting the Sutrapatha.
sūtrabheda(l)splitting up of a grammatical rule ( योगविभाग ); (2) change in the wording of a rule; confer, compare स एष सूत्रभेदेन लृकारोपदेशाः प्लुत्याद्यर्थ: सन् प्रत्याख्यायेत सैषा महतो वंशस्तम्बाल्लट्वानुकृष्यते Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on Siva Sutra 2 Vart. 5.
sūtraśāṭakanyāyareference to something as present, when, in fact, it is yet to come into existence,on the analogy of the expression अस्य सूत्रस्य शाटकं वय; confer, compare भाविनी संज्ञा विज्ञास्यते सूत्रशाटकवत्। Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I. 3. 12 Vart. 2.
akṣarasamāmnāyaalphabet: traditional enumeration of phonetically independent letters generally beginning with the vowel a (अ). Although the number of letters and the order in which they are stated differ in different treatises, still, qualitatively they are much the same. The Śivasūtras, on which Pāṇini's grammar is based, enumerate 9 vowels, 4 semi-vowels, twenty five class-consonants and 4 | sibilants. The nine vowels are five simple vowels or monothongs (समानाक्षर) as they are called in ancient treatises, and the four diphthongs, (सन्ध्यक्षर ). The four semi-vowels y, v, r, l, ( य् व् र् ल् ) or antasthāvarṇa, the twenty five class-consonants or mutes called sparśa, and the four ūṣman letters ś, ṣ, s and h ( श् ष् स् ह् ) are the same in all the Prātiśākhya and grammar works although in the Prātiśākhya works the semi-vowels are mentioned after the class consonants.The difference in numbers, as noticed, for example in the maximum number which reaches 65 in the VājasaneyiPrātiśākhya, is due to the separate mention of the long and protracted vowels as also to the inclusion of the Ayogavāha letters, and their number. The Ayogavāha letters are anusvāra, visarjanīya,jihvāmulīya, upadhmānīya, nāsikya, four yamas and svarabhaktī. The Ṛk Prātiśākhya does not mention l (लृ), but adding long ā (अा) i (ई) ,ū (ऊ) and ṛ (ऋ) to the short vowels, mentions 12 vowels, and mentioning 3 Ayogavāhas (< क्, = प् and अं) lays down 48 letters. The Ṛk Tantra Prātiśākhya adds the vowel l (लृ) (short as also long) and mentions 14 vowels, 4 semivowels, 25 mutes, 4 sibilants and by adding 10 ayogavāhas viz. 4 yamas, nāsikya, visarjanīya, jihvāmulīya, upadhmānīya and two kinds of anusvāra, and thus brings the total number to 57. The Ṛk Tantra makes a separate enumeration by putting diphthongs first, long vowles afterwards and short vowels still afterwards, and puts semi-vowels first before mutes, for purposes of framing brief terms or pratyāhāras. This enumeration is called varṇopadeśa in contrast with the other one which is called varṇoddeśa. The Taittirīya prātiśākhya adds protracted vowels and lays down 60 letters : The Ṣikṣā of Pāṇini lays down 63 or 64 letters, while the Vājasaneyi-prātiśākhya gives 65 letters. confer, compare Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.VIII. 1-25. The alphabet of the modern Indian Languages is based on the Varṇasamāmnāya given in the Vājasaneyi-prātiśākhya. The Prātiśākhyas call this enumeration by the name Varṇa-samāmnāya. The Ṛk tantra uses the terms Akṣara samāmnāya and Brahmarāśi which are picked up later on by Patañjali.confer, compare सोयमक्षरसमाम्नायो वाक्समाम्नायः पुष्पितः फलितश्चन्द्रतारकवत् प्रतिमण्डितो वेदितव्यो ब्रह्मराशिः । सर्ववेदपुण्यफलावाप्तिश्चास्य ज्ञाने भवति । मातापितरौ चास्य स्वर्गे लोके महीयेते । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). Ahnika.2-end.
aṅThe vikaraṇa before luṅ affixes, substituted for the affix cvi ( च्वि ) in the case of the roots mentioned by Pāṇini in sūtras III.1.52-59:(2) the Vikaraṇapratyaya in Vedic Literature before the benedictive affixes prescribed by Pāṇini in Sūtra III.1.86; (3) kṛt affix in the feminine gender showing verbal activity applied to roots marked with the mute letter ष् and the roots भिद्, छिद् and others. P.III.3 104-106.exempli gratia, for example जरा, त्रपा, भिदा, छिदा et cetera, and others
aṇudicchāstrathe rule prescribing cognateness (सावर्ण्य) of letters. The term refers to Pāṇini's sūtra अणुदित्सवर्णस्य चाप्रत्ययः P.I.1.69. The terms ग्रहणकशास्त्र and सवर्णशास्त्र are used in the same sense.
anaña word without the negative particle ( नञ् ) before it, e. g. धेनुरनञि कमुत्पादयति, a sūtra in Āpiśali's grammar quoted in Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on IV.2.45 see also P. II. 1. 60, VII. 1. 37.
anukaraṇa(1)imitation; a word uttered in imitation of another; an imitative name: confer, compare अनुकरणे चानितिपरम् P.I.4.62; अनुकरणं हि शिष्टशिष्टाप्रतिषिद्धेषु यथा लौकिकवैदिकेषु, Śiva sūtra 2 Vārt 1; confer, compare also प्रकृतिवद् अनुकरणं भवति an imitative name is like its original Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 36; also M.Bh. on VIII. 2.46; (2) imitative word, onomatopoetic word; confer, compare एवं ह्याहुः कुक्कुटाः कुक्कुड् इति । नैवं त आहुः । अनुकरणमेतत्तेषाम् Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I.3.48. confer, compare also दुन्दुभि: इति शब्दानुकरणम् Nirukta of Yāska.IX. 12.
anuvṛttirepetition or recurrence of a word from the previous to the subsequent rule or rules, which is necessary for the sake of the intended interpretation. The word is of common use in books on Pāṇini's grammar. This recurrence is generally continuous like the stream of a river ( गङ्गास्रोतोवत् ); sometimes however, when it is not required in an intermediate rule, although it proceeds further, it is named मण्डूकप्लुत्यानुवृत्ति. In rare cases it is taken backwards in a sūtra work from a subsequent rule to a previous rule when it is called अपकर्ष.
artha(1)literally signification,conveyed sense or object. The sense is sometimes looked upon as a determinant of the foot of a verse: confer, compare प्रायोर्थो वृत्तमित्येते पादज्ञानस्य हेतवः Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XVII 16. It is generally looked upon as the determinant of a word (पद). A unit or element of a word which is possessed of an independent sense is looked upon as a Pada in the old Grammar treatises; confer, compare अर्थः पदमिति ऐन्द्रे; confer, compare also अर्थः पदम् Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.III.2, explained by उव्वट as अर्थाभिधायि पदम् । पद्यते गम्यते ज्ञायतेSर्थोनेनेति पदम् । There is no difference of opinion regarding the fact that, out of the four standard kinds of words नाम, आख्यात, उपसर्ग and निपात, the first two kinds नाम and अाख्यात do possess an independent sense of their own. Regarding possession of sense and the manner in which the sense is conveyed, by the other two viz. the Upasargas (prepositions) and Nipātas (particles) there is a striking difference of opinion among scholars of grammar. Although Pāṇini has given the actual designation पद to words ending with either the case or the conjugational affixes, he has looked upon the different units or elements of a Pada such as the base, the affix, the augment and the like as possessed of individually separate senses. There is practically nothing in Pāṇini's sūtras to prove that Nipātas and Upasargas do not possess an independent sense. Re: Nipātas, the rule चादयोऽसत्वे, which means that च and other indeclinables are called Nipātas when they do not mean सत्त्व, presents a riddle as to the meaning which च and the like should convey if they do not mean सत्त्व or द्रव्य id est, that is a substance. The Nipātas cannot mean भाव or verbal activity and if they do not mean सत्व or द्रव्य, too, they will have to be called अनर्थक (absolutely meaningless) and in that case they would not be termed Prātipadika, and no caseaffix would be applied to them. To avoid this difficulty, the Vārtikakāra had to make an effort and he wrote a Vārtika निपातस्य अनर्थकस्य प्रातिपदिकत्वम् । P. I.2.45 Vār. 12. As a matter of fact the Nipātas च, वा and others do possess a sense as shown by their presence and absence (अन्वय and व्यतिरेक). The sense, however, is conveyed rather in a different manner as the word समूह, or समुदाय, which is the meaning conveyed by च in रामः कृष्णश्च, cannot be substituted for च as its Synonym in the sentence राम: कुष्णश्च. Looking to the different ways in which their sense is conveyed by nouns and verbs on the one hand, and by affixes, prepositions and indeclinables on the other hand, Bhartṛhari, possibly following Yāska and Vyāḍi, has developed the theory of द्योतकत्व as contrasted with वाचकत्व and laid down the dictum that indeclinables, affixes and prepositions (उपसर्गs) do not directly convey any specific sense as their own, but they are mere signs to show some specific property or excellence of the sense conveyed by the word to which they are attached; confer, compare also the statement 'न निर्बद्धा उपसर्गा अर्थान्निराहुरिति शाकटायनः नामाख्यातयोस्तु कर्मोपसंयेगद्योतका भवन्ति । Nir 1.3. The Grammarians, just like the rhetoricians have stated hat the connection between words and their senses is a permanent one ( नित्य ), the only difference in their views being that the rhetoricians state that words are related; no doubt permanently, to their sense by means of संकेत or convention which solely depends on the will of God, while the Grammarians say that the expression of sense is only a natural function of words; confer, compare 'अभिधानं पुनः स्वाभाविकम्' Vārttika No.33. on P. I.2.64. For द्योतकत्व see Vākyapadīya of Bhartṛhari II. 165-206.
aśaktiincapacity to pronounce words correctly; confer, compare अशक्त्या कयाचिद् ब्राह्मण्या ऋतक इति प्रयोक्तव्ये लृतक इति प्रयुक्तम् M.Bh. on Śiva-sūtra 2.
aṣṭādhyāyīname popularly given to the Sūtrapāṭha of Pāṇini consisting of eight books (adhyāyas) containing in all 3981 Sūtras,as found in the traditional recital, current at the time of the authors of the Kāśika. Out of these 398l Sūtras, seven are found given as Vārtikas in the Mahābhāṣya and two are found in Gaṇapāṭha.The author of the Mahābhāṣya has commented upon only 1228 of these 3981 sūtras. Originally there were a very few differences of readings also, as observed by Patañjali ( see Mbh on I.4.1 ); but the text was fixed by Patañjali which, with a few additions made by the authors of the Kāśika,as observed a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page., has traditionally come down to the present day. The Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. is believed to be one of the six Vedāṅga works which are committed to memory by the reciters of Ṛgveda. The text of the Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. is recited without accents. The word अष्टाध्यायी was current in Patañjali's time; confer, compare शिष्टज्ञानार्था अष्टाध्यायी Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on VI. 3.109.
aāgantukaliterally adventitious, an additional wording generally at the end of roots to show distinctly their form exempli gratia, for example वदि, एधि, सर्ति et cetera, and others; confer, compare इन्धिभवतिभ्यां च P I.2.6: confer, compare also भावलक्षणे स्थेण्कृञ्वदिचरिहृतभिजनिभ्यस्तोमुन्, P.III.4.16, सृपिवृदो. कसुन् P. III.4.17 and a number of other sūtras where इ or तिं is added to the root confer, compare इक्श्तिपौ धातुनिर्देशे, वर्णात्कारः, रादिफः P.III.3.108 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 2.3. 4, where such appendages to be added to the roots or letters are given. The word अागन्तु is an old word used in the Nirukta, but the term आगन्तुक appears to be used for the first time for such forms by Haradatta; confer, compare ह्वरोरिति ह्वृ कौटिल्ये, आगन्तुकेकारे गुणेन निर्देशः Padamañjarī, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Haradatta. on VII.2.31. In the traditional oral explanations the second part of a reduplicated word is termed अागन्तुक which is placed second i. e. after the original by virtue of the convention आगन्तूनामन्ते निवेशः, although in fact, it is said to possess the sense of the root in contrast with the first which is called abhyāsa.A nice distinction can, however be drawn between the four kinds of adventitious wordings found in grammar viz.आगन्तु, इत्, अभ्यास and आगम which can be briefly stated as follows; The former two do not form a regular part of the word and are not found in the actual use of the word; besides, they do not possess any sense, while the latter two are found in actual use and they are possessed of sense. Again the agantu word is simply used for facility of understanding exactly and correctly the previous word which is really wanted; the इत् wording, besides serving this purpose, is of use in causing some grammatical operations. अभ्यास, is the first part of the wording which is wholly repeated and it possesses no sense by itself, while, āgama which is added to the word either at the beginning or at the end or inserted in the middle, forms a part of the word and possesses the sense of the word.
āraḍeKRISHNASHASTRI a reputed Naiyāyika of Banaras of the nineteenth century, who wrote, besides many treatises on Nyāya, a short gloss on the Sutras of Pāṇini, called Pāṇini-sūtra-vṛtti.
āsannanearest, most proximate: confer, compare विकारी यथासन्नम् V.Pr.I.142: confer, compare also the sūtra आसन्नः Śāk.I.1.7, explained as स्थानगुणप्रमाणादिभिर्यथास्वमासन्नः confer, compare also अासन्नः Hemacandra's Śabdānuśāsana. VII.4.120.
ujjvaladattathe famous commentator on the Uṅādi sūtras. His work .is called Uṅādisūtravṛtti, which is a scholarly commentary on the Uṅādisūtrapāṭha, consisting of five Pādas. Ujjvaldatta is belived to have lived in the l5th century A.D. He quotes Vṛttinyāsa, Anunyāsa, Bhāgavṛtti et cetera, and others He is also known by the name Jājali.
udāttanirdeśaconventional understanding about a particular vowel in the wording of a sūtra being marked acute or Udātta, when ordinarily it should not have been so, to imply that a Paribhāṣā is to be applied for the interpretation of that Sūtra: confer, compare उदात्तनिर्देशात्सिद्धम् P.VI.1.13 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).14, also Sīra. Pari. 112.
upagrahaa term used by the ancient grammarians in the sense of the Parasmaipada and the Ātmanepada affixes. The word is not found in Pāṇini's Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī.. The Vārttikakāra has used the word in his Vārttika उपग्रहप्रतिषेधश्च on P. III.2.127 evidently in the sense of Pada affixes referring to the Ātmanepada as explained by Kaiyaṭa in the words उपग्रहस्य आत्मनेपदसंज्ञाया इत्यर्थ: । The word occurs in the Ślokavārttika सुप्तिङुपग्रहलिङ्गनराणां quoted by Patañjali in his Mahābhāṣya on व्यत्ययो बहुलम् P. III. 1.85, where Nāgeśa writes लादेशव्यङ्ग्यं स्वार्थत्वादि । इह तत्प्रतीतिनिमित्ते परस्मै-पदात्मनेपदे उपग्रहशब्देन लक्षणयोच्येते । The word is found in the sense of Pada in the Mahābhāṣya on P. III. 1.40. The commentator on Puṣpasūtra explains the word as उपगृह्यते समीपे पठ्यते इति उपग्रहः. The author of the Kāśikā on P. VI. 2.134 has cited the reading चूर्णादीन्यप्राण्युपग्रहात् instead of चूर्णादीन्यप्राणिषष्ठ्याः and made the remark तत्रेापग्रह इति षष्ठ्यन्तमेव पूर्वाचार्योपचारेण गृह्यते. This remark shows that in ancient times उपग्रह meant षष्ठ्यन्त i. e. a word in the genitive case. This sense gave rise to, or was based upon, an allied sense, viz. the meaning of 'षष्ठी' i. e. possession. Possibly the sense 'possession' further developed into the further sense 'possession of the fruit or result for self or others' referring to the तिङ् affixes which possessed that sense. The old sense 'षष्ठ्यन्त' of the word 'उपग्रह' having gone out of use, and the sense 'पद' having come in vogue, the word षष्ठी' must have been substituted for the word 'उपग्रह' by some grammarians before the time of the Kāśikākāras. As Patañjali has dropped the Sūtra (VI. 2.134), it cannot be said definitely whether the change of reading took place before Patañjali or after him.
upajanaliterallyorigin; one that originates, augment, उपजायते असौ उपजन: । The word is used in the sense of 'additional phonetic element'; confer, compare उपजन आगमः Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on Śivasūtra 5; confer, compare also वर्णव्यत्ययापायोपजनविकारेष्वर्थदर्शनात् । Māheśvarasūtras. 5 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 15. The Ṛk Prātiśākhya gives स् in पुरुश्चन्द्र as an instance ofeminine. उपजन confer, compare Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) IV. 37. In the Nirukta उपजन is given as the sense of the prefix 'उप'; confer, compare उपेत्युपजनम्: The commentary on the Nirukta explains the word उपजन as अाधिक्य.
upamanyu(1)the famous commentator on the grammatical verses attributed to Nandikeśvarakārikā. which are known by the name नन्दिकेश्वरकारिका and which form a kind of a commentary on the sūtras of Maheśvara; (2) a comparatively modern grammarian possibly belonging to the nineteenth century who is also named Nandikeśvarakārikā.kārikābhāṣya by Upamanyu.and who has written a commentory on the famous Kāśikāvṛtti by Jayāditya and Vāmana. Some believe that Upa-manyu was an ancient sage who wrote a nirukta or etymological work and whose pupil came to be known as औपमन्यव.
upamānastandard of comparison. The word is found in the Pāṇinisūtra उपमानानि सामान्यवचनैः P.II.I.55 where the Kāśikāvṛtti explains it as उपमीयतेऽनेनेत्युपमानम् ।
upamitaan object which is comparedition The word is found in Pāṇinisūtra उपमितं व्याघ्रादिभिः P.II.1.56, where the Kāśikā paraphrases it by the word उपमेय and illustrates it by the word पुरुष in पुरुषव्याघ्र.
upasaṃkhyānamention, generally of the type of the annexation of some words to words already given, or of some limiting conditions or additions to what has been already statedition The word is often found at the end of the statements made by the Vārttikakāra on the sūtras of Pāṇini.: confer, compare P.I.1.29 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 1: I.1.36 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 3 et cetera, and others The words वाच्य and वक्तव्य are also similarly useditionThe word is found similarly used in the Mahābhāṣya also very frequently.
usiUṇādi afix उस् applied to the root जन् to form जनुस् confer, compare जनेरुसिः Uṇsūtra. 272.
ūṅfeminine. affix ऊ prescribed after masculine nouns ending in the vowel ऊ and denoting a human being as also after some other specific masculine bases cf ऊङुतः P.IV. I.66 and the following sūtras. exempli gratia, for example कुरूः, पङ्गूः श्वश्रूः, करभोरूः, भद्रबाहूः et cetera, and others
ṛktantraa work consisting of five chapters containing in all 287 sūtras. It covers the same topics as the Prātiśākhya works and is looked upon as one of the Prātiśākhya works of the Sāma Veda. Its authorship is attributed to Śākaṭāyana according to Nageśa, while औदिव्राज is held as its author by some, and कात्यायन by others. It bears a remarkable similarity to Pāṇini's Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. especially in topics concerning coalescence and changes of स् and न् to ष् and ण् respectively. It cannot be definitely said whether it preceded or followed Pāṇini's work.
ekadeśaa part or a portion of the whole;confer, compare एकदेशविकृतमनन्यवत् Pari-Śek. Pari 37; also Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). Śivasūtra 2 Vārt 4: एकदेशोनुवर्तते M.Bh. on P.VI. 1.93 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 5; confer, compare also पदेकदज्ञानपि तान् प्रतीयात् R.Pr. IX. 16.
ekācpādaname given by Sīradeva's Paribhāṣāvṛttiand other grammarians to the first pāda of the sixth adhyāya cf Pāṇini's Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī., as it begins with the sūtra एकाचो द्वे प्रथमस्य VI.1.1.
ekārathe letter ए; looked upon as a diphthong ( संध्यक्षर ) made up of the letters अ and इ. The combination of the two constituent parts is so complete as cannot allow any of the two parts to be independently working for saṁdhi or any other operation with its adjoining letter; cf नाव्यपवृत्तस्य अवयवे तद्विधिर्यथा द्रव्येषु Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). Śivasūtra 3 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 9.
oraṃbhaṭṭa scholar of grammar of the nineteenth century who wrote a Vṛtti on Pāṇini sūtras called पाणिनिसूत्रवृत्ति. He has written many works on the Pūrvamīmāmsa and other Śāstras.
m̐ nāsikyaa nasal letter or utterance included among the अयोगवाह letters analogous to anusvāra and yama letters. It is mentioned in the Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya as हुँ इति नासिक्यः on which Uvvaṭa's Bhāṣya on the Prātiśākhya works.makes the remark अयमृक्शाखायां प्रसिद्धः. The Ṛk-Prātiśākhya mentions नासिक्य, यम and अनुस्वार as नासिक्य or nasal letters, while Uvvaṭa's Bhāṣya on the Prātiśākhya works.defines नासिक्य as a letter produced only by the nose; confer, compare केवलनासिकया उच्चार्यमाणे वर्णॊ नासिक्यः Uvvaṭa's Bhāṣya on the Prātiśākhya works.on Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) I. 20. The Taittirīya Prātiśākhya calls the letter ह् as nāsikya when it is followed by the consonant न् or ण् or म् and gives अह्नाम् , अपराह्णे and ब्रह्म as instances. The Pāṇinīya Śikṣā does not mention नासिक्य as a letter. The Mahābhāṣya mentions नासिक्य as one of the six ayogavāha letters; confer, compare के पुनरयोगवाहाः । विसर्जनीयजिह्वामूलीयोपध्मानीयानुस्वारानुनासिक्ययमाः Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on Śivasūtra 5 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 5, where some manuscripts read नासिक्य for अानुनासिक्य while in some other manuscripts there is neither the word आनुनासिक्य nor नासिक्य. It is likely that the anunāsika-colouring given to the vowel preceding the consonant सू substituted for the consonants म, न् and others by P. VIII. 3.2. to 12, was looked upon as a separate phonetic unit and called नासिक्य as for instance in सँस्कर्ता, मा हिँसीः, सँशिशाधि et cetera, and others
k(1)taddhita affix.affix क applied to the words of the ऋश्य group in the four senses called चातुरर्थिक e. g. ऋश्यकः, अनडुत्कः, वेणुकः et cetera, and others, confer, compare P.IV.2.80; (2) taddhita affix. affix क applied to nouns in the sense of diminution, censure, pity et cetera, and others e. g. अश्वक्रः, उष्ट्रकः, पुत्रकः, confer, compare P.V. 3.70-87: (3) taddhita affix. affix क in the very sense of the word itself ( स्वार्थे ) exempli gratia, for example अविकः, यावकः, कालकः; confer, compare P.V.4.2833; (4) Uṇādi affix क exempli gratia, for example कर्क, वृक, राका, एक, भेक, काक, पाक, शल्क et cetera, and others by Uṇādi sūtras III. 40-48 before which the angment इट् is prohibited by P. VII.2.9; (5) kṛt affix क ( अ ) where क् is dropped by P. I. 3.8, applied, in the sense of agent, to certain roots mentioned in P.III.1.135, 136, 144, III. 2.3 to 7, III.2.77 and III.3.83 exempli gratia, for example बुध:, प्रस्थः, गृहम्, कम्बलदः, द्विपः, मूलविभुजः, सामगः, सुरापः et cetera, and others; (6) substitute क for the word किम् before a case affix, confer, compare P.VII.2.103; (7) the Samāsānta affix कप् (क) at the end of Bahuvrīhi compounds as prescribed by P.V.4.151-160.
kan(1)Uṇādi affix as in the words एक, भेक, शल्क etc; (2) taddhita affix.affix क as given by Pāṇini sūtras IV.2.13l, IV.3.32, 65, 147, IV.4.21; V.1.22, 23, 51, 90, V.2.64, 65, 66, 68-75, 77-82, V.3.51, 52, 75,81,82,87, 95, 96, 97. V.4.3,4,6, 29-33.
karmaṇipādaname given by Sīradeva's Paribhāṣāvṛttiand other grammarians to the second pāda of the third adhyāya of Pāṇini's Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī., which begins with the sūtra कर्मण्यण् P. III.2.1 .
kalāpa(कलाप-व्याकरण)alternative name given to the treatise on grammar written by Sarvavarman who is believed to have lived in the days of the Sātavāhana kings. The treatise is popularly known by the namc Kātantra Vyākaraṇa. The available treatise,viz. Kalpasūtras, is much similar to the Kātantra Sūtras having a few changes and additions only here and there.It is rather risky to say that Kalāpa was an ancient system of grammar which is referred to in the Pāṇini Sūtra कलापिनोण् P. IV.3.108. For details see कातन्त्र.
kātantraparibhāṣāpāṭhaname given to a text consisting of Paribhāṣāsūtras, believed to have been written by the Sūtrakāra himself as a supplementary portion to the main grammar. Many such lists of Paribhāṣāsūtras are available, mostly in manuscript form, containing more than a hundred Sūtras divided into two main groups-the Paribhāṣā sūtras and the Balābalasūtras. See परिभाषासंग्रह edition by B. O. R. I. Poona.
kātantrapradīpaa grammar work written by a scholar named Kuśala on the Kātantrasūtravṛtti by Durgasiṁha's Kātantra-Sūtravṛtti.. See कातन्त्रपञ्जिका.
kātya(1)another name sometimes given to Katyāyana to whom is ascribed the composition of the Vārttikas on Pāṇini-sūtras; (2) an ancient writer Kātya quoted as a lexicographer by Kṣīrasvāmin, Hemacandra and other writers.
kātyāyanathe well-known author of the Vārttikas on the sūtras of Pāṇini. He is also believed to be the author of the Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya and many sūtra works named after him. He is believed to be a resident of South India on the strength of the remark प्रियतद्धिता दाक्षिणात्याः made by Patañjali in connection with the statement 'यथा लौकिकवैदिकेषु' which is looked upon as Kātyāyana's Vārttika. Some scholars say that Vararuci was also another name given to him, in which case the Vārttikakāra Vararuci Kātyāyana has to be looked upon as different from the subsequent writer named Vararuci to whom some works on Prakrit and Kātantra grammar are ascribedition For details see The Volume of the introduction in Marathi to the Pātañjala Mahābhāṣya, written by K. V. Abhyankar and published by the O. E. Society, Poona.. pages I93-223 published by the D. E.Society, Poona.See also वार्तिकपाठ below.
kārikāa verse or a line or lines in metrical form giving the gist of the explanation of a topic; confer, compare संक्षिप्तसूत्रबह्वर्थसूचकः श्लोकः कारिका Padavyavasthāsūtrakārikā of Udayakīrti.
kālavyavāyainterval of time: confer, compare अान्यभाव्यं तु कालशब्दव्यवायात् । कालव्यवायात् । दण्ड अग्रम् । Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on Śiva sūtra 1.
kumāra(1)Kārtikeya who is believed to havegiven inspiration to the Katantra-sūtrakāra to write the Kātantra-sūtras; (2) named Viṣṇumitra who wrote a commentary on the ऋक्प्रातिशाख्य,
kṛdantathe word ending with a kṛt affix; the term कृत् is found used in the sūtras of Pāṇini for कृदन्त; confer, compare कृत्तद्धितसमासाश्च P. I.2.46. The term कृदन्त for root-nouns, or nouns derived from roots, is found in the Atharvaprātiśākhya (I.1.10, II.3.8, II1.2.4), the Mahābhāṣya and all the later works on grammar. See the word कृत्.
krama(1)serial order or succession as contrasted with यौगपद्य or simultaneity. The difference between क्रम and यौगपद्य is given by भर्तृहरि in the line क्रमे विभिद्यते रूपं यौगपद्ये न भिद्यते Vāk. Pad. II. 470. In order to form a word by the application of several rules of grammar, a particular order is generally followed in accordance with the general principle laid down in the Paribhāṣā पूर्वपरनित्यान्तरङ्गापवादानामुत्तरोत्तरं बलीयः, as also according to what is stated in the sūtras असिद्धवदत्राभात्, पूर्वत्रासिद्धम् et cetera, and others (2) succession, or being placed after, specifically with reference to indeclinables like एव, च et cetera, and others which are placed after a noun with which they are connectedition When an indecinable is not so connected, it is called भिन्नक्रम; confer, compare परिपन्थं च तिष्ठति (P.IV. 4.36), चकारो भिन्नक्रमः प्रत्ययार्थं समुच्चिनोति, Kāś. on P. IV. 4.36; also ईडजनोर्ध्वे च । चशब्दो भिन्नक्रमः
kriyāaction, verbal activity; confer, compare क्रियावचनो धातु: Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I. 3.1 ; confer, compare also क्रियावाचकमाख्यातम् Ṛgvedaprātiśākhya by Śaunaka ( Sanskrit Sāhityapariṣad Edition, Calcutta.) XII. 8. quoted by Uvvaṭa's Bhāṣya on the Prātiśākhya works.in his Bhāṣya on Vājasaneyi Prātiśākhya.VIII. 50; confer, compare also उपसर्गाः क्रियायोगे P. I.4.59, लक्षणहेत्वेाः क्रियायाः P.III. 2.126; confer, compare also यत्तर्हि तदिङ्गितं चेष्टितं निमिषितं स शब्दः । नेत्याह क्रिया नाम सा Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). Āhnika 1. The word भाव many times is used in the same sense as kriyā or verbal activity in the sūtras of Pāṇini. confer, compare P.I.2.21 ; I.3.13; III. 1. 66.etc; confer, compare also कृदभिहितो भावो द्रव्यवद्भवति a statement made frequently by the Mahābhāṣyakāra. Some scholars draw a nice distinction between क्रिया and भाव, क्रिया meaning dynamic activity and भाव meaning static activity: confer, compare अपरिस्पन्दनसाधनसाध्यो धात्वर्थो भावः । सपरिस्पन्दनसाधनसाध्यस्तु क्रिया Kaiyaṭa's Kaiyaṭa's Mahābhāṣyapradīpa.on Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). III. 1.87. Philosophically क्रिया is defined as सत्ता appearing in temporal sequence in various things. When सत्ता does not so appear it is called सत्त्व.
khilapāṭhaa supplementary recital or enunciation which is taken along with the original enunciation or upadeśa generally in the form of the sūtras. The word is used in the Kāśikā in the sense of one of the texts forming a part of the original text which is called upadeśa; confer, compare Kāśikā उपदिश्यते अनेनेत्युपदेश: शास्त्रवाक्यानि सूत्रपाठ: खिलपाठश्च (on P.I.3.2); confer, compare also खिलपाठो धातुपाठः प्रातिपदिकपाठो वाक्यपाठश्च Padamañjarī, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Haradatta. on Kāśikā I.3.2.
gaṇaa class of words, as found in the sūtras of Pāṇini by the mention of the first word followed by the word इति; exempli gratia, for example स्वरादि, सर्वादि, ऊर्यादि, भ्वादि, अदादि, गर्गादि et cetera, and others The ten gaṇas or classes of roots given by Pāṇini in his dhātupātha are given the name Daśagaṇī by later grammarians.
garīyastvagreater effort or prolixity of expression which is looked upon as a fault in connection with grammar-works of the sūtra type where every care is taken to make the expression as brief as possible; confer, compare अर्धमात्रालाघवेन पुत्रोत्सवं मन्यन्ते वैयाकरणाः Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 122. The word गौरव is often used for गरीयस्त्व.
nyāsa(1)literally position, placing;a word used in the sense of actual expression or wording especially in the sūtras; confer, compare the usual expression क्रियते एतन्न्यास एव in the Mahābhāșya, confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on I. 1.11, 1.1.47 et cetera, and others; (2) a name given by the writers or readers to works of the type of learned and scholarly commentaries on vŗitti-type-works on standard sūtras in a Śāstra; e. g. the name Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. is given to the learned commentaries on the Vŗtti on Hemacandra's Śabdānuśasana as also on the Paribhāşāvŗtti by Hemahamsagani. Similarly the commentary by Devanandin on Jainendra grammar and that by Prabhācandra on the Amoghāvŗtti on Śākatāyana grammar are named Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa.. In the same way, the learned commentary on the Kāśikāvŗtti by Jinendrabuddhi, named Kāśikāvivaranapaňjikā by the author, is very widely known by the name Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa.. This commentary Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. was written in the eighth century by the Buddhist grammarian Jinendrabuddhi, who belonged to the eastern school of Pānini's Grammar. This Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. has a learned commentary written on it by Maitreya Rakșita in the twelfth century named Tantrapradipa which is very largely quoted by subsequent grammarians, but which unfortunately is available only in a fragmentary state at present. Haradatta, a well-known southern scholar of grammar has drawn considerably from Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa. in his Padamañjarī, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Haradatta., which also is well-known as a scholarly work.
patañjalithe reputed author of the Mahābhāșya, known as the Pātañjala Mahābhāșya after him. His date is determined definitely as the second century B.C. on the strength of the internal evidence supplied by the text of the Mahābhāșya itselfeminine. The words Gonardiya and Gonikāputra which are found in the Mahābhāșya are believed to be referring to the author himself and, on their strength he is said to have been the son of Goņikā and a resident of the country called Gonarda in his days. On the strength of the internal evidence supplied by the Mahābhāșya, it can be said that Patañjali received his education at Takșaśila and that he was,just like Pāņini, very familiar with villages and towns in and near Vāhika and Gāndhāra countries. Nothing can definitely be said about his birthplace, and although it might be believed that his native place was Gonarda,its exact situation has not been defined so far. About his parentage too,no definite information is available. Tradition says that he was the foster-son of a childless woman named Gonikā to whom he was handed over by a sage of Gonarda, in whose hands he fell down from the sky in the evening at the time of the offering of water-handfuls to the Sun in the west; confer, compareपतत् + अञ्जलि, the derivation of the word given by the commentators. Apart from anecdotes and legendary information, it can be said with certainty that Patañjali was a thorough scholar of Sanskrit Grammar who had studied the available texts of the Vedic Literature and Grammar and availed himself of information gathered personally by visiting the various schools of Sanskrit Grammar and observing the methods of explanations given by teachers there. His Mahābhāșya supplies an invaluable fund of information on the ways in which the Grammar rules of Pāņini were explained in those days in the various grammar schools. This information is supplied by him in the Vārttikas which he has exhaustively given and explainedition He had a remarkable mastery over Sanskrit Language which was a spoken one at his time and it can be safely said that in respect of style, the Mahābhāșya excels all the other Bhāșyas in the different branches of learning out of which two, those of Śabaraswāmin and Śańkarācārya,are selected for comparison. It is believed by scholars that he was equally conversant with other śāstras, especially Yoga and Vaidyaka, on which he has written learned treatises. He is said to be the author of the Yogasūtras which,hence are called Pātañjala Yogasūtras, and the redactor of the Carakasamhitā. There are scholars who believe that he wrote the Mahābhāșya only, and not the other two. They base their argument mainly on the supposition that it is impossible for a scholar to have an equally unmatching mastery over three different śāstras at a time. The argument has no strength, especially in India where there are many instances of scholars possessing sound scholarship in different branches of learning. Apart from legends and statements of Cakradhara, Nāgesa and others, about his being the author of three works on three different śāstras, there is a direct reference to Patañjali's proficiency in Grammar, Yoga and Medicine in the work of King Bhoja of the eleventh century and an indirect one in the Vākyapadīya of Bhartŗhari of the seventh century A. D. There is a work on the life of Patañjali, written by a scholar of grammar of the South,named Ramabhadra which gives many stories and incidents of his life out of which it is difficult to find out the grains of true incidents from the legendary husk with which they are coveredition For details,see Patañjala Mahābhāșya D.E.Society's edition Vol. VII pages 349 to 374. See also the word महाभाष्य.
padādhikārathe topic concerning padas id est, that is words which are regularly formed, as contrasted with words in formation. Several grammatical operations, such as accents or euphonic combinations, are specifically prescribed together by Pāņini at places which are said to be in the Padādhikāra formed by sūtras VIII.1.16 to VIII.3.54.
padārthameaning of a word, signification of a word; that which corresponds to the meaning of a word; sense of a word. Grammarians look upon both-the generic notion and the individual object as Padārtha or meaning of a word, and support their view by quoting the sūtras of Pāņini जात्याख्यायामेकस्मिन् बहुवचनमन्यतरस्याम् I. 2.58 and सरूपाणामेकशेष एकविभक्तौ I. 2.64; confer, compare किं पुनराकृतिः पदार्थ अाहोस्विद् द्रव्यम् । उभयमित्याह । कथं ज्ञायते । उभयथा ह्याचार्येण सूत्राणि प्रणीतानि । अाकृतिं पदार्थे मत्वा जात्याख्यायामित्युच्यते | द्रव्यं पदार्थे मत्वा सरूपाणामित्येकशेष अारभ्यते, Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). in I. 1. first Āhnika. In rules of grammar the meaning of a word is generally the vocal element or the wording, as the science of grammar deals with words and their formation; confer, compare स्वं रूपं शब्दस्याशब्दसंज्ञा, P. I. 1. 68. The possession of vocal element as the sense is technically termed शब्दपदार्थकता as opposed to अर्थपदार्थकता; confer, compare सोसौ गोशब्दः स्वस्मात्पदार्थात् प्रच्युतो यासौ अर्थपदार्थकता तस्याः शब्दपदार्थकः संपद्यते Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). I. 1.44 V. 3. The word पदार्थ means also the categories or the predicaments in connection with the different Śāstrās or lores as for instance, the 25 categories in the Sāmkhyaśāstra or 7 in the Vaiśeșika system or 16 in the NyayaŚāstra. The Vyākaranaśāstra, in this way to state, has only one category the Akhandavākyasphota or the radical meaning given by the sentence in one strok
parikṛṣṭadragged to the latter: confer, compare Puspasūtra III. 114; the word परि stands for पर here.
paribhāṣāan authoritative statement or dictum, helping (1) the correct interpretation of the rules (sūtras) of grammar, or (2) the removal of conflict between two rules which occur simultaneously in the process of the formation of words, (पदसिद्धि), or (3) the formation of correct words. Various definitions of the word परिभाषा are given by commentators, the prominent ones beingपरितो व्यापृतां भाषां परिभाषां प्रचक्षते(न्यास);or, परितो भाष्यते या सा परिभाषा प्रकीर्तिता. The word is also defined as विधौ नियामकरिणी परिभाषा ( दुर्गसिंहवृत्ति ). परिभाषा can also be briefiy defined as the convention of a standard author. Purusottamadeva applies the word परिभाषा to the maxims of standard writers, confer, compare परिभाषा हिं न पाणिनीयानि वचनानि; Puru. Pari. 119; while Haribhaskara at the end of his treatise परिभाषाभास्कर, states that Vyaadi was the first writer on Paribhaasas. The rules तस्मिन्निति निर्दिष्टे पूर्वस्य, तस्मादित्युत्तरस्य and others are in fact Paribhaasa rules laid down by Panini. For the difference between परिभाषा and अधिकार, see Mahabhasya on II.1.1. Many times the writers of Sutras lay down certain conventions for the proper interpretation of their rules, to which additions are made in course of time according to necessities that arise, by commentators. In the different systems of grammar there are different collections of Paribhasas. In Panini's system, apart from commentaries thereon, there are independent collections of Paribhasas by Vyadi, Bhojadeva, Purusottamadeva, Siradeva, Nilakantha, Haribhaskara, Nagesa and a few others. There are independent collections of Paribhasas in the Katantra, Candra, Sakatayana,Jainendra and Hemacandra systems of grammar. It is a noticeable fact that many Paribhasas are common, with their wordings quite similar or sometimes identical in the different systemanuscript. Generally the collections of Paribhasas have got scholiums or commentaries by recognised grammarians, which in their turn have sometimes other glosses or commentaries upon them. The Paribhaasendusekhara of Nagesa is an authoritative work of an outstanding merit in the system of Paninis Grammar, which is commented upon by more than twenty five scholars during the last two or three centuries. The total number of Paribhasas in the diferent systems of grammar may wellnigh exceed 500. See परिभाषासंग्रह.
bhāṣāvṛttia short gloss on the Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. of Pāṇini in the l2th century by Puruṣottamadeva's Paribhāṣāvṛtti.adeva, a reputed scholar belonging to the Eastern school of grammarians which flourished in Bengal and Behar in the 10th, 11th and 12th centuries, The gloss is very useful for beginners and it has given a clear explanation of the different sūtras without going into difficult niceties and discussions. The treatise does not comment upon Vedic portions or rules referring to Vedic Language because, as the legend goes, king Lakṣmaṇa Sena, for whom the gloss was written, was not qualified to understand Vedic Language; confer, compare वैदिकभाषानर्हत्वात् Com. on Bhāṣāvṛtti by Sṛṣṭidhara. There is a popular evaluation of the Bhāṣāvṛtti given by the author himself in the stanza "काशिकाभागवृत्त्योश्चेत्सिद्धान्तं बोद्धुमस्ति धीः ! तदा विचिन्त्यतां भ्रातर्भाषावृत्तिरियं मम " at the end of his treatise; for details see पुरुषोत्तमदेव.
bhāṣyaa learned commentary on an original work, of recognised merit and scholarship, for which people have got a sense of sanctity in their mind; generally every Sūtra work of a branch of technical learning (or Śāstra) in Sanskrit has got a Bhāṣya written on it by a scholar of recognised merit. Out of the various Bhāṣya works of the kind given a reference to some preceding word, not necessarily on the same page., the Bhāṣya on the Vyākaraṇa sūtras of Pāṇini is called the Mahābhāṣya, on the nature of which possibly the following definition is based "सूत्रार्थो वर्ण्यते यत्र पदैः सूत्रानुकारिभिः| स्वपदानि च वर्ण्यन्ते भाष्यं भाष्यविदो विदुः ।" In books on Sanskrit Grammar the word भाष्य is used always for the Mahābhāṣya. The word भाष्य is sometimes used in the Mahābhāṣya of Patanjali (confer, compare उक्तो भावभेदो भाष्ये III.3.19, IV.4.67) where the word may refer to a work like लघुभाष्य which Patañjali may have written, or may have got available to him as written by somebody else, before he wrote the Mahābhāṣya.
bhīmādia class of words headed by the word भीम in which the Uṇādi affixes म and others, as prescribed by specific Uṇādi sūtras, are found added in the sense of the 'apādāna' case-relation; exempli gratia, for example भीमः in the sense 'बिभेति अस्मात्'. Similarly भीष्मः, भूमि:, रज: et cetera, and others confer, compare Kāś. on P.III.4.74.
matuppādaa conventional name given by grammarians to the third pāda of the eighth Adhyāya of Pāṇini's Pāṇini's Aṣṭādhyāyī. as the pāda begins with the sūtra मतुवसोरु संबुद्धौ छन्दसि P. VIII. 3.1.
mahānyāsaname of a commentary on the Kāśikāvivaranapanjikā (popularly named Kāśikāvivaraṇapañjikā, a commentary on the Kāśikāvṛtti by Jinendrabuddhi, called Nyāsa.), mentioned by Ujjvaladatta in his Unādisūtravṛtti.
lakṣaṇa(1)a rule or a sūtra composed by the ancient Sūtrakāras; the word is very frequently used in this sense by the Bhāşyakāra and later commentators; confer, compare लक्ष्यलक्षणे व्याकरणम्; confer, compare also लक्षणं हि नाम ध्वनति, भ्रमति मुहूर्तमपि नावतिष्ठते M.Bh on P.I.1.3 Vārt 10; (2) characteristic or sign; confer, compare लक्षणेनाभिप्रती आभिमुख्ये P. II. 1. 14; confer, compare also P.I.4.90 and III. 2.12; (3) indirect way of expression; confer, compare लक्षणप्रतिपदोक्तयोः प्रतिपदोक्तत्यैव ग्रहणम् Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 105.
laghuprakriyāname of a grammar treatise based on the Sabdānuśāsana of Hemacandra written by Vinayavijaya where the sūtras of Hemacandra are arranged in different topics as in the Siddhāntakaumudī of Bhoțțojī.
lāghavabrevity of expression; expressing in as few words as possible; brevity of thought and conception. About brevity of expression,rules or sūtras of the ancient Sūtrakāras are noteworthy especially those of the grammarian Pāņini, whose brevity of expression is aptly extolled in the familiar expression अर्धमात्रालाघवेन पुत्रोत्सवं मन्यन्ते वैयाकरणा: Paribhāṣenduśekhara of Nāgeśa. Pari. 122; confer, compare also in contrast पर्यायशब्दानां लाघवगौरवचर्चा नाद्रियते Par.Śek.Pari.115.
vibhaktipratirūpakaa term applied to such words ending with kṛt affixes as appear similar to words ending with case-affixes; such words have no further case affixes put after them, and hence, they are called by the term 'avyaya'; exempli gratia, for example कर्तुम् confer, compare विभक्तिप्रतिरूपकमव्ययम् similar to उपसर्गविभक्तिस्वरप्रतिरूपकाश्च निपाताः gaṇasūtra inside the Cādigaṇa P. I.4.57.
vibhāktisvarapratirūpakasimilar in form to a word ending in a case-affix or to a vowel. Such words are looked upon, and are treated as indeclinables exempli gratia, for example शनै:, चिरेण, अस्ति, उ, ए et cetera, and others; confer, compare the usual expressions तिडन्तप्रतिरूपकमव्ययम् et cetera, and others confer, compare विभक्तिस्वरप्रतिरूपकाश्च निपाता भवन्ति Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. VIII.3.1: confer, compare also उपसर्गविभक्तिस्वरप्रतिरूपकाश्च निपाताः । a gaṇasūtra inside the चादिगण mentioned in P.I.4.57.
vṛtti(1)treatment, practice of pronunciation; (2) conversion of one phonetic element into another; confer, compare R.Pr.I.95;(3) position of the padas or words as they stand in the Saṁhhitā text, the word is often seen used in this way in the compound word पदवृत्ति; आन्पदा: पदवृत्तयः R.Pr. IV.17: (4) modes of recital of the Vedic text which are described to be three द्रुत, मध्य and विलम्बित based upon the time of the interval and the pronunciation which differs in each one; confer, compare Mahābhāṣya of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini (Dr. Kielhorn's edition ). on P. I.4. 109, Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini). 4; also I.l.69 Vārttika (on the Sūtra of Pāṇini).ll ; ( 5 ) nature confer, compare गुर्वक्षराणां गुरुवृत्ति सर्वम् R.Pr.XVIII.33; (6) interpretation of a word; (7) verbal or nominal form of a root; confer, compare अर्थनित्यः परीक्षेत केनचिद् वृत्तिसामान्येन Nirukta of Yāska.II.1; (8)mode or treatment followed by a scientific treatise; cf का पुनर्वृत्तिः । वृत्तिः शास्त्रप्रवृत्तिः | M.Bh. in Āhnika l on वृत्तिसमवायार्थ उपदेश: Vārttika 10; (9) manner of interpretation with the literal sense of the constituents present or absent, described usually as two-fold जहत्स्वार्था and अजहत्स्वार्था, | but with a third kind added by some grammarians viz. the जहदजहत्स्वार्था; (10) a compound word giving an aggregate sense different from the exact literal sense of the constituent words; there are mentioned five vṛittis of this kind; confer, compare परार्थाभिधानं वृत्तिः । कृत्तद्धितसमासैकदेशधातुरूपाः पञ्च वृत्तयः | वृत्त्यर्थावबोधकं वाक्यं विग्रहः S. K. at the end of the Ekaśeṣaprakaraṇa; ( 11 ) interpretation of a collection of statements; the word was originally applied to glosses or comments on the ancient works like the Sūtra works, in which the interpretation of the text was given with examples and counterexamples where necessary: confer, compare वृत्तौ भाष्ये तथा नामधातुपारायणादिषु; introductory stanza in the Kāśikā.Later on, when many commentary works were written,the word वृत्ति was diferentiated from भाष्य, वार्तिक, टीका,चूर्णि, निर्युक्ति, टिप्पणी, पञ्जिका and others, and made applicable to commentary works concerned with the explanation of the rules with examples and counter-examples and such statements or arguments as were necessary for the explanation of the rules or the examples and counter examples. In the Vyākaraṇa-Śāstra the word occurs almost exclusively used for the learned Vṛtti on Pāṇini-sūtras by Vāmana and Jayāditya which was given the name Kāśikā Vṛtti; confer, compare तथा च वृत्तिकृत् often occurring in works on Pāṇini's grammar.
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187 results
     
sūtra aphorismsCC Adi 13.29
CC Adi 13.45
sūtra codesCC Madhya 24.345
sūtra in summaryCC Adi 14.3
sūtra notesCC Adi 13.17
sūtra of a synopsisCC Madhya 2.1
sūtra sacred threadCC Madhya 10.108
sūtra synopsisCC Adi 14.96
CC Adi 15.3
CC Adi 17.274
CC Adi 17.3
sūtra synopsisCC Adi 17.3
CC Madhya 1.248
sūtra synopsisCC Madhya 1.248
CC Madhya 1.90
CC Madhya 1.91
sūtra the aphorismsCC Madhya 25.53
sūtra the Vedānta-sūtraCC Adi 7.108
CC Madhya 6.169
sūtra kari' in the form of notesCC Adi 13.16
sūtra kari' in the form of notesCC Adi 13.16
sūtra kari' making a synopsisCC Adi 8.45
sūtra kari' making a synopsisCC Adi 8.45
CC Madhya 24.326
sūtra kari' making a synopsisCC Madhya 24.326
sūtra kariyā in summary formCC Madhya 18.224
sūtra kariyā in summary formCC Madhya 18.224
sūtra likhi I write a synopsisCC Adi 13.51
sūtra likhi I write a synopsisCC Adi 13.51
sūtra-anubandha chronological synopsisCC Adi 16.4
sūtra-anubandha chronological synopsisCC Adi 16.4
sūtra-artha the meaning of the Brahma-sūtra, or Vedānta philosophyCC Madhya 25.47
sūtra-artha the meaning of the Brahma-sūtra, or Vedānta philosophyCC Madhya 25.47
sūtra-artha the meanings of the sūtrasCC Madhya 25.92
sūtra-artha the meanings of the sūtrasCC Madhya 25.92
sūtra-dhāra the puller of the stringsCC Madhya 8.132
sūtra-dhāra the puller of the stringsCC Madhya 8.132
sūtra-dhāra wire-pullerCC Madhya 7.18
sūtra-dhāra wire-pullerCC Madhya 7.18
sūtra-dhṛta taking the synopsisCC Adi 8.47
sūtra-dhṛta taking the synopsisCC Adi 8.47
sūtra-gaṇa a synopsisCC Madhya 1.286
sūtra-gaṇa a synopsisCC Madhya 1.286
sūtra-gaṇa notesCC Adi 13.47
sūtra-gaṇa notesCC Adi 13.47
sūtra-gaṇa synopsisCC Madhya 1.10
sūtra-gaṇa synopsisCC Madhya 1.10
sūtra-gaṇa the synopsisCC Madhya 1.14
sūtra-gaṇa the synopsisCC Madhya 1.14
CC Madhya 1.8
sūtra-gaṇa the synopsisCC Madhya 1.8
CC Madhya 2.89
sūtra-gaṇa the synopsisCC Madhya 2.89
sūtra-kartā maker of short notesCC Antya 14.10
sūtra-kartā maker of short notesCC Antya 14.10
sūtra-madhye in the form of a synopsisCC Madhya 2.91
sūtra-madhye in the form of a synopsisCC Madhya 2.91
sūtra-madhye in the synopsisCC Madhya 13.132
sūtra-madhye in the synopsisCC Madhya 13.132
CC Madhya 16.214-215
sūtra-madhye in the synopsisCC Madhya 16.214-215
sūtra-madhyei kahiluń I have already stated within the synopsisCC Madhya 1.9
sūtra-madhyei kahiluń I have already stated within the synopsisCC Madhya 1.9
sūtra-madhyei kahiluń I have already stated within the synopsisCC Madhya 1.9
sūtra-mātra only the synopsisCC Madhya 1.9
sūtra-mātra only the synopsisCC Madhya 1.9
sūtra-mātra the synopsis onlyCC Madhya 1.11-12
sūtra-mātra the synopsis onlyCC Madhya 1.11-12
sūtra-mātra kaila prepared only the synopsisCC Antya 20.73
sūtra-mātra kaila prepared only the synopsisCC Antya 20.73
sūtra-mātra kaila prepared only the synopsisCC Antya 20.73
sūtra-naddham bound with a beltSB 10.9.3
sūtra-naddham bound with a beltSB 10.9.3
sūtra-prakāśa manifestation of the synopsisCC Adi 15.31
sūtra-prakāśa manifestation of the synopsisCC Adi 15.31
sūtra-rūpe in the form of a synopsisCC Adi 13.7
sūtra-rūpe in the form of a synopsisCC Adi 13.7
CC Madhya 19.136
sūtra-rūpe in the form of a synopsisCC Madhya 19.136
CC Madhya 4.7
sūtra-rūpe in the form of a synopsisCC Madhya 4.7
sūtra-rūpe in the form of notesCC Adi 13.15
sūtra-rūpe in the form of notesCC Adi 13.15
sūtra-sakala all the aphorisms of the Vedānta-sūtraCC Adi 7.137
sūtra-sakala all the aphorisms of the Vedānta-sūtraCC Adi 7.137
sūtra-śrutira of the Vedic philosophy, the Brahma-sūtraCC Madhya 25.153
sūtra-śrutira of the Vedic philosophy, the Brahma-sūtraCC Madhya 25.153
sūtra-upaniṣadera of the Vedānta-sūtra and the UpaniṣadsCC Madhya 25.26
sūtra-upaniṣadera of the Vedānta-sūtra and the UpaniṣadsCC Madhya 25.26
sūtra-vṛtti-gaṇa the aphorisms and their definitionsCC Adi 15.5
sūtra-vṛtti-gaṇa the aphorisms and their definitionsCC Adi 15.5
sūtra-vṛtti-gaṇa the aphorisms and their definitionsCC Adi 15.5
sūtra-yantritāḥ bound by ropeSB 5.17.22-23
sūtra-yantritāḥ bound by ropeSB 5.17.22-23
sūtraiḥ by threadsSB 5.26.36
sūtram the first transformation of nature, endowed with the potency of activitySB 11.24.6
sūtram the function of pradhāna, or the subtle cause of material natureSB 11.12.19
sūtram the mahat-tattvaSB 11.22.13
sūtram the mahat-tattva distinguished by the power of actionSB 11.9.19
sūtram the power to actSB 11.3.37
sūtram the primary sūtra-tattvaSB 11.16.11
sūtram the sacred threadSB 12.2.3
sūtram the sacred thread belonging to the first-class brāhmaṇasSB 5.10.16
sūtram the sūtra-tattvaSB 11.28.16
śūla-sūtra-ādiṣu on a lance, thread, and so onSB 5.26.32
akṣa-sūtram chanting beadsSB 11.23.34
sa-akṣa-sūtram and prayer beads made of lotus seedsSB 12.8.7-11
kaṭi-sūtra-ańgulī-yakaiḥ with sacred belts around the waist and with rings on the fingersSB 10.13.47-48
antya-līlā-sūtra-gaṇa a synopsis of the antya-līlāCC Antya 1.10
bālya-līlā-sūtra synopsis of the pastimes of childhoodCC Adi 14.95
brahma-sūtra of the VedāntaBG 13.5
brahma-sūtram the sacred threadSB 8.18.14
brahma-sūtra sacred threadSB 10.39.51-52
brahma-sūtra brāhmaṇa threadSB 11.17.23
brahma-sūtra sacred threadSB 11.30.28-32
brahma-sūtram His sacred threadSB 12.11.11-12
dharmasūtra DharmasūtraSB 9.22.43
kaṭi-paṭṭasūtra-ḍorī silken thread for the waistCC Adi 13.113
ei sūtra these notesCC Madhya 2.92
kari' eka sūtra by some meansCC Antya 6.30
śeṣa-līlāra sūtra-gaṇa the synopsis of the antya-līlā, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu's pastimes at the endCC Madhya 25.243
antya-līlā-sūtra-gaṇa a synopsis of the antya-līlāCC Antya 1.10
grantha-sūtra the synopsis of the pastimesCC Antya 1.12
kāla-sūtram KālasūtraSB 5.26.7
kālasūtra-saṃjñake named KālasūtraSB 5.26.14
kaṇṭha-sūtra sacred threadsSB 10.53.47-48
kari' eka sūtra by some meansCC Antya 6.30
yei sūtra-kartā the person who has made the Vedānta-sūtraCC Madhya 25.93
kaṭi-sūtra girdleSB 5.3.3
kaṭi-sūtra beltsSB 5.16.20-21
kaṭi-sūtra-ańgulī-yakaiḥ with sacred belts around the waist and with rings on the fingersSB 10.13.47-48
kaṭi-sūtra with beltSB 10.39.51-52
kaṭi-sūtra beltSB 10.73.1-6
kaṭi-sūtra a band for the waist or upper hipSB 11.14.36-42
kati-sūtra beltSB 11.27.38-41
kati-sūtra with beltSB 11.30.28-32
kaṭi-paṭṭasūtra-ḍorī silken thread for the waistCC Adi 13.113
bālya-līlā-sūtra synopsis of the pastimes of childhoodCC Adi 14.95
antya-līlā-sūtra-gaṇa a synopsis of the antya-līlāCC Antya 1.10
śeṣa-līlāra sūtra-gaṇa the synopsis of the antya-līlā, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu's pastimes at the endCC Madhya 25.243
samāna-sūtra-nipāte at the diametrically opposite pointSB 5.21.8-9
samāna-sūtra-nipāte at the diametrically opposite pointSB 5.21.8-9
kaṭi-paṭṭasūtra-ḍorī silken thread for the waistCC Adi 13.113
sa-sūtram with the beltSB 8.12.23
sa-akṣa-sūtram and prayer beads made of lotus seedsSB 12.8.7-11
samāna-sūtra-nipāte at the diametrically opposite pointSB 5.21.8-9
samāna-sūtra-nipāte at the diametrically opposite pointSB 5.21.8-9
kālasūtra-saṃjñake named KālasūtraSB 5.26.14
sei sūtra that synopsisCC Adi 5.231
śeṣa-līlāra sūtra-gaṇa the synopsis of the antya-līlā, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu's pastimes at the endCC Madhya 25.243
śūla-sūtra-ādiṣu on a lance, thread, and so onSB 5.26.32
brahma-sūtra of the VedāntaBG 13.5
kaṭi-sūtra girdleSB 5.3.3
kaṭi-sūtra beltsSB 5.16.20-21
samāna-sūtra-nipāte at the diametrically opposite pointSB 5.21.8-9
samāna-sūtra-nipāte at the diametrically opposite pointSB 5.21.8-9
śūla-sūtra-ādiṣu on a lance, thread, and so onSB 5.26.32
kaṭi-sūtra-ańgulī-yakaiḥ with sacred belts around the waist and with rings on the fingersSB 10.13.47-48
kaṭi-sūtra with beltSB 10.39.51-52
brahma-sūtra sacred threadSB 10.39.51-52
kaṇṭha-sūtra sacred threadsSB 10.53.47-48
kaṭi-sūtra beltSB 10.73.1-6
kaṭi-sūtra a band for the waist or upper hipSB 11.14.36-42
brahma-sūtra brāhmaṇa threadSB 11.17.23
kati-sūtra beltSB 11.27.38-41
kati-sūtra with beltSB 11.30.28-32
brahma-sūtra sacred threadSB 11.30.28-32
yajña-sūtra sacred threadCC Adi 5.123
sei sūtra that synopsisCC Adi 5.231
vedānta-sūtra the philosophy of Vedanta-sūtraCC Adi 7.106
bālya-līlā-sūtra synopsis of the pastimes of childhoodCC Adi 14.95
ei sūtra these notesCC Madhya 2.92
yei sūtra-kartā the person who has made the Vedānta-sūtraCC Madhya 25.93
śeṣa-līlāra sūtra-gaṇa the synopsis of the antya-līlā, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu's pastimes at the endCC Madhya 25.243
antya-līlā-sūtra-gaṇa a synopsis of the antya-līlāCC Antya 1.10
grantha-sūtra the synopsis of the pastimesCC Antya 1.12
kari' eka sūtra by some meansCC Antya 6.30
kāla-sūtram KālasūtraSB 5.26.7
sa-sūtram with the beltSB 8.12.23
brahma-sūtram the sacred threadSB 8.18.14
akṣa-sūtram chanting beadsSB 11.23.34
sa-akṣa-sūtram and prayer beads made of lotus seedsSB 12.8.7-11
brahma-sūtram His sacred threadSB 12.11.11-12
vedānta-sūtra the philosophy of Vedanta-sūtraCC Adi 7.106
yajña-sūtra sacred threadCC Adi 5.123
kaṭi-sūtra-ańgulī-yakaiḥ with sacred belts around the waist and with rings on the fingersSB 10.13.47-48
yei sūtra-kartā the person who has made the Vedānta-sūtraCC Madhya 25.93
     DCS with thanks   
53 results
     
sūtra noun (neuter) a fibre (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a girdle (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a kind of tree (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a line (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a measuring line (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a short sentence or aphoristic rule (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a sketch (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a thread (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
any work or manual consisting of strings of such rules hanging together like threads (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
cord (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
direction (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
line (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
plan (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
rule (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
string (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
stroke (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
that which like a thread runs through or holds together everything (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sacred thread or cord worn by the first three classes (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
wire (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
yarn (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 1053/72933
sūtradhāra noun (masculine) a stage-manager (or principal actor who superintends the whole performance) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an architect (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
carpenter (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Indra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 25956/72933
sūtraka noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 71708/72933
sūtraka noun (neuter) a thread (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
string (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 14577/72933
sūtrakarman noun (neuter) carpentry (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 41193/72933
sūtrakrīḍā noun (feminine) a particular game with strings (mentioned among the 64 Kalās) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 71710/72933
sūtrakāra noun (masculine) next (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a carpenter (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a weaver or spinner (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva
Frequency rank 41194/72933
sūtrakṛt noun (masculine)
Frequency rank 71709/72933
sūtrapattrin adjective liable to be made into threads or thin leaves (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 41196/72933
sūtrapuṣpa noun (masculine) the cotton plant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 71711/72933
sūtrasamuccaya noun (masculine) name of a work (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 71713/72933
sūtrasthāna noun (neuter) (in medic. wks.) the first general section (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 14578/72933
sūtravant adjective having a thread
Frequency rank 71712/72933
sūtray verb (denominative parasmaipada) to compose to contrive to effect to produce to put in the form of a Sūtra to string or put together to teach as a Sūtra or aphorism
Frequency rank 41197/72933
sūtraṇa noun (neuter) arranging in aphorisms (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the act of stringing together (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 41195/72933
akṣasūtra noun (neuter) a string or rosary of Eleocarpus seeds (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 18705/72933
adīrghasūtra adjective not hesitating
Frequency rank 22894/72933
antisūtra noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 43472/72933
asūtraka adjective
Frequency rank 46011/72933
āsūtray verb (denominative parasmaipada) to tie on or round
Frequency rank 33224/72933
utsūtra adjective anything not contained in a rule (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
detached (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
deviating from or disregarding rules (of policy and grammar) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
loose (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
out of rule (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
unstrung (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 27121/72933
ekīyasūtra noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 23555/72933
kaṭisūtra noun (neuter) girdle (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
zone or waistband (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 27340/72933
kalpasūtra noun (neuter) name of a Jaina work giving the life of Mahāvīra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a medicinal work (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of various ceremonial guides or manuals containing short aphoristic rules for the performance of Vedic sacrifices (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 21043/72933
kāmasūtra noun (neuter) name of a treatise on sexual love (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 12449/72933
kālasūtra noun (masculine neuter) one of the twenty-one hells (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 17787/72933
kālasūtraka noun (neuter) name of the hell Kālasūtra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 34041/72933
kṛṣṇasūtra noun (masculine) name of a hell (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 34240/72933
kṣārasūtra noun (neuter) caustic thread (applied to fistulas etc.) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 34411/72933
kṣārasūtraka noun (neuter) [medic.] kṣārasūtra
Frequency rank 50545/72933
gurusūtra noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 23885/72933
dīrghasūtra adjective dilatory (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
procrastinating (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
slow (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 9186/72933
paṭṭasūtra noun (neuter) a silk thread (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 24482/72933
pratijñāsūtra noun (neuter) name of Pariś on the white Yajurveda (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 58762/72933
pratisaṃskartṛsūtra noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 17009/72933
pratisaṃskartṛsūtra noun (feminine) the state of a Pratisaṃskartṛsūtra
Frequency rank 58998/72933
brahmasūtra noun (neuter) a Sūtra work treating of the knowledge of Brahma (esp. the aphorisms of the Vedānta philosophy ascribed to Bādarāyaṇa or Vyāsa) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the sacred thread worn over the shoulder (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 19755/72933
mānasūtra noun (neuter) a cord or chain worn round the body (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a measuring-cord (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 62065/72933
mūlasūtra noun (neuter) (with Jainas) a particular class of works (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a principal Sūtra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
an initial Sūtra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 25114/72933
yajñasūtra noun (neuter) the sacrificial thread or cord (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 18345/72933
yajñasūtraka noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 25123/72933
vātsyāyanasūtra noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 65109/72933
visūtra adjective without a thread
Frequency rank 66301/72933
vedāntasūtra noun (neuter) name of the aphorisms of the Vedānta philosophy (ascribed to Bādarāyaṇa or Vyāsa) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 66599/72933
śivasūtra noun (neuter) name of the 14 Sūtras with which Pāṇini opens his grammar (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of the aphorisms of the Śaiva philosophy (attributed to the god Śiva) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 25600/72933
śiṣyasūtra noun (neuter)
Frequency rank 25606/72933
sākṣasūtra adjective with an Akṣasūtra
Frequency rank 40762/72933
siddhasūtra noun (neuter) [tantrism] ?
Frequency rank 70568/72933
siddhasūtraka noun (neuter) ?
Frequency rank 70569/72933
spandasūtra noun (neuter) name of aphorisms on the Śaiva philosophy by Vasugupta (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 71889/72933
hastasūtra noun (neuter) a bangle or ornament put on the wrist of a girl before her wedding (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72441/72933
hemasūtra noun (neuter) a necklace (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 31310/72933
hemasūtraka noun (neuter) a necklace (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 72721/72933
Ayurvedic Medical
Dictionary
     Dr. Potturu with thanks
     
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patanjali

compiler of Yogasūtras (–2nd Century ), author of Mahābhāṣya commentary (on Kātyāyana vārtīka) and on Pāṇiṇi’s Aṣṭādhyāyi.

rājayoga

the royal yoga, an eight step technique of yoga proponded by Patanjali in Yogasūtra.

sūtra

string, formula, aphorism, discourse, sketch, rule.

     Wordnet Search "sūtra" has 66 results.
     

sūtra

sūtram, tantuḥ, tantram, guṇaḥ, sarat, sarit, kubram, cīnaḥ, khātram   

karpāsādeḥ nirmitaḥ paṭāvayavaḥ।

kauśasya sūtreṇa etad vastraṃ nirmitam।

sūtra

sūtragranthanasādhanam   

sūtragrathanasya sādhanam।

tāntavacakram ekaṃ sūtragranthanasādhanam।

sūtra

rajjuḥ, pāśaḥ, dāma, dāmanī, dāmā, guṇaḥ, sūtram, śaṇatantuḥ, śaṇasūtram, sandānam, rasanā, śullam, śulvaḥ, vaṭaḥ, varāṭaḥ, varāṭakaḥ, dorakaḥ   

kārpāsādibhiḥ vinirmitaṃ dīrghaṃ tathā ca sūtraṃ yat prāyaḥ bandhanārthe upayujyate।

grāmīṇāḥ coraṃ rajjvā badhnanti।

sūtra

śāsanam, vidhānam, vidhiḥ, ādeśaḥ, anuśāsanam, sūtram   

mānavānām ācāravyavahārāya rājñā śāsanena vā vihitā niyamāvaliḥ yasyāḥ ācaraṇaṃ sarveṣāṃ kṛte āvaśyakam asti tathā ca yasyāḥ anācaraṇād mānavaḥ daṇḍanīyaḥ bhavati।

śāsanāt viparītaṃ kāryaṃ saṃkaṭāya nimantraṇam।

sūtra

brāhmaṇaḥ, dvijaḥ, vipraḥ, dvijottamaḥ, dvijātiḥ, dvijanmā, agrajanmā, bhūdevaḥ, agrajātakaḥ, sūtrakaṇṭhaḥ, jyeṣṭhavarṇaḥ, vaktrajaḥ, maitraḥ, vedavāsaḥ, nayaḥ, ṣaṭkarmā, gurūḥ, brahmā   

hindūdharmaśāstrānusāreṇa cāturvarṇyavyavasthāyāṃ prathamasya brāhmaṇavarṇasya ko'pi pumān yasya śāstre nirūpitāḥ dharmāḥ adhyayanaṃ yajanaṃ dānañca santi।

na krudhyet na prahṛṣyet ca mānito'mānitaśca yaḥ। sarvabhūteṣu abhayadastaṃ devā brāhmaṇaṃ viduḥ॥

sūtra

mālā, mālikā, hāraḥ, kaṇṭhamālā, sūtram, uraḥsūtram, uraḥsūtrikā, graivam, graiveyam, graiyakam, kaṇṭhabhūṣā, kaṇṭhalatā, lambanam, pralambikā, pralambaḥ, taralaḥ, lalantikā   

alaṅkāraviśeṣaḥ galadeśadhāraṇārthaṃ puṣpādibhiḥ śobhitaṃ vartulākāram ābhūṣaṇam।

tasyāḥ kaṇṭhe mālā śobhate।

sūtra

brāhmaṇaḥ, dvijaḥ, vipraḥ, dvijottamaḥ, dvijātiḥ, dvijanmā, agrajanmā, bhūdevaḥ, agrajātakaḥ, sūtrakaṇṭhaḥ, jyeṣṭhavarṇaḥ, vaktrajaḥ, maitraḥ, vedavāsaḥ, nayaḥ, ṣaṭkarmā, gurūḥ, brahmā   

hindūdharmaśāstrānusāreṇa cāturvarṇyavyavasthāyāṃ prathamo varṇaḥ yasya śāstranirūpitadharmāḥ adhyayanaṃ yajanaṃ dānañca santi।

brāhmaṇyāṃ brāhmaṇāt jāto brāhmaṇaḥ na saṃśayaḥ। kṣatriyāyāṃ tathaiva vaiśyāyām api caiva hi।

sūtra

vilamba, vilambanam, kālayāpaḥ, kālakṣepaḥ, kṣepaḥ, vikalpaḥ, dīrghasūtratā, dīrghīkaraṇam   

niyata samayāt adhikaḥ samayaḥ।

vilambaḥ jāyate āgacchāmi cintā māstu।

sūtra

vāyadaṇḍaḥ, vemā, vema, vāpadaṇḍaḥ, vāṇadaṇḍaḥ, sūtrayantram, āvāpanam, tantram, tantrayantram, kṛviḥ   

sūtrakārasya sādhanaviśeṣaḥ, vastraṃ vāyate anena iti।

vāyadaṇḍena paṭam vāyate।

sūtra

maṅgalasūtram   

kaṇṭhābhūṣaṇaṃ yat vivāhitā vivāhād anantaraṃ saubhagyalakṣaṇam iti matvā kaṇṭhe dhārayati।

bhārate naikeṣu kṣetreṣu maṅgalasūtrasya dhāraṇasya rūḍhīḥ asti।

sūtra

rakṣākaraṇḍakam, rakṣāsūtram, maṅgalasūtram   

tad sūtram yad māṅlyārthe rakṣārthe vā badhyate।

rakṣākaraṇḍakam asya maṇibandhe na dṛśyate।

[śa.7]

sūtra

tūlapīṭhī, sūtra   

sūtavayanāya upayuktam upakaraṇam।

sītā tūlapīṭhyā sūtaṃ vayati।

sūtra

snehasūtram   

snehasya sūtram।

asmin parivāre pratyekaḥ manuṣyaḥ snehasūtreṇa baddhaḥ asti।

sūtra

sūtracakraḥ, tantuvāyacakram, tāntavacakram, tantuvāpacakram   

tantuvayanārthe upayujyamānaṃ sacakraṃ yantram।

khādī iti vastraprakāraḥ sūtracakre sūtraṃ vayitvā vinirmitaḥ।

sūtra

tarkuṭī, tarkuḥ, tarkuṭam, sūtra   

sūtranirmāṇayantracakramadhyasthā kapālanalikā yasyāṃ sūtraṃ tarkyate;

saḥ tarkuṭyā sūtram tarkayati

sūtra

paṭasūtram, kauśikam   

kṛmikośāt prāptaḥ saḥ tantuḥ yaḥ cakasti tathā dṛḍhaḥ asti।

etad paṭasūtrāt vinirmītam vastram asti।

sūtra

mekhalā, kāñcī, kaṭisūtram   

yaḥ sīyate prakṣipyate kāyamadhyabhāge। saḥ prācīnā mekhalā dhārayati।/

ratnānuviddhorṇavamekhalāyā diśaḥ sapatnī bhava dakṣiṇasyāḥ [raghu 6.63]

sūtra

takṣakaḥ, takṣā, sūtradhāraḥ, tvaṣṭā, kāṣṭhatakṣakaḥ, taṣṭā, sthapatiḥ   

yaḥ kāṣṭhāt naikāni vastūni nirmāti।

kuśalena takṣakeṇa etad dvāraṃ nirmitam।

sūtra

japamālā, karamālā, akṣamālā, akṣasūtram, japasūtram, smaraṇī   

japārthe upayujyamānā mālā।

rādheśyāmaḥ sarvatra japamālayā saha gacchati।

sūtra

śikhāsūtram   

śikhā yajñopavitaṃ ca।

paṇḍitaḥ śikhāsūtraṃ dhārayati।

sūtra

yajñopavītam, yajñopavītakam, upavītam, yajñasūtram, pavitram, brahmasūtram, dvijāyanī   

hindudharmīyapratikaviśeṣaḥ- hindudharmānusāraṃ upanayanasaṃskāre yajñadhṛtaṃ kārpāsodbhavaṃ vāmaskandhārpitam upavītaṃ yad upanayanād anantaraṃ putraḥ dhārayati।

yajñopavītaṃ kurvīta sūtrāṇi nava tantavaḥ। ekena granthinā tantur dvaguṇos triguṇos tathā॥ [devalaḥ]

sūtra

trasaraḥ, sūtraveṣṭanam, sūtrayantram, tasaraḥ, mallikaḥ, nāḍīcīram   

sūtraveṣṭanārthe tantravāyopakaraṇaviśeṣaḥ।

trasareṇa vinā tantravāyopakaraṇaṃ śūnyavat bhavati।

sūtra

sūtradhāraḥ   

nāṭakīyakathāsūtrasūcakaḥ।

raṅgamañcaṃ praviśya sūtradhāreṇa nāṭakam ārabdham।

sūtra

alakaḥ, alakam, āvartaḥ, kamujā, kuntalaḥ, kurulaḥ, keśī, keśamaṇḍalam, keśastukaḥ, keśāntaḥ, khaṅkaraḥ, guḍālakaḥ, guḍālakam, cūḍā, cūrṇakuntalaḥ, śikhaṇḍakaḥ, śikhā, śikhāsūtram   

pṛṣṭhabhāge vāmabhāge dakṣiṇabhāge ca itastataḥ avakīrṇāḥ keśāḥ।

tasyāḥ alakena yuktaṃ mukhaṃ aparicitaḥ iva abhāsata।

sūtra

sūtram   

tat sāṅketikapadaṃ śabdaṃ vā yasmin kāryasya mūlasiddhāntasya prakriyādīnāṃ sakṣiptaṃ vidhānaṃ nihitam asti।

āinsṭīnamahodayasya ūrjāyāḥ sūtraṃ kathayatu।

sūtra

sūtram, srotaḥ   

kasyāpi jñānasya sūcanāyāḥ vā prāptisthānam।

viśvastaiḥ sūtraiḥ jñātaṃ yad asmin nagare pākistāninaḥ hastakāḥ santi।

sūtra

sūtragaṇḍikā   

sādhanaviśeṣaḥ, nālikāyāṃ maṇḍatāyitaṃ sūtram।

bālakasya vastrārthe kati sūtragaṇḍikāḥ āvaśyakāḥ।

sūtra

akṣasūtram   

rudrākṣasya mālā।

pitāmahaḥ akṣasūtraṃ dhārayati।

sūtra

sūtradhāraḥ, prastutakartā   

yaḥ prastauti।

sūtradhāraḥ eva apagataḥ tarhi kāryakramaḥ katham ārapsyate।

sūtra

kaṅkaṇaḥ, hastasūtram, kauśukam   

alaṃkāraviśeṣaḥ,haste paridhīyamāṇaḥ bhūṣaṇaḥ yaḥ kaṇ-kaṇ iti nādam karoti;

dānena pāṇirna tu kaṅkaṇena vibhāti

sūtra

guṇasūtram   

kośikāyāḥ kendrake vartamānā sūtrasadṛśā samānā racanā।

guṇasūtraiḥ ānuvaṃśikāḥ guṇāḥ santāne āgacchanti।

sūtra

brāhmaṇaḥ, vipraḥ, dvijātiḥ, dvijaḥ, bhūdevaḥ, agrajanmā, sūtrakaṇṭhaḥ, vaktrajaḥ, bāḍavaḥ, vedavāsaḥ, gurūḥ, maitraḥ   

yaḥ brahmam jānāti।

karmaṇā brāhnaṇo jātaḥ karoti brahmabhāvanām।

[śa.ka.]

sūtra

sūtrakaṇṭhaḥ   

śukānām anyeṣāṃ pakṣiṇāṃ śarīreṣu rekhāḥ।

nīlavarṇasya śukasya raktaḥ sūtrakaṇṭhaḥ atīva śobhanaḥ dṛśyate।

sūtra

rakṣā, rakṣāsūtram   

tat maṅgalaṃ sūtraṃ yat rakṣābandhasya utsave karamūle badhyate।

gītā svabhrātaraṃ rakṣāṃ badhnāti।

sūtra

śithila, virala, utsūtra, viślatha, viślathita   

yad dṛḍhaṃ nāsti।

rajjuḥ śithilā jātā।

sūtra

akṣasūtram, japamālā   

śatānāṃ bījānāṃ mālāviśeṣaḥ yasyāḥ prayogaṃ yavanāḥ japāya kurvanti।

phakīrasya haste akṣasūtram āsīt।

sūtra

tvaṣṭiḥ, sūtrakarma, saṃghāṭaḥ, kāṣṭhatakṣaṇam, takṣaṇam, takṣakakriyā   

takṣakasya kāryam।

maheśaḥ tvaṣṭiṃ kṛtvā uttamaṃ dhanam arjayati।

sūtra

vayanam, syūtiḥ, veṇiḥ, tasarikā, vāṇiḥ, vāyanakriyā, sūtravāpaḥ, paṭṭakarma, tantuvānam, tāntavam, āvapanam   

tantuvāyasya kāryam।

sañjayaḥ vayanaṃ kṛtvā uttamaṃ dhanam arjayati।

sūtra

jālam, pāśaḥ, jālamālā, sūtrajālam   

ṭenisādikrīḍāsu upayujyamānaṃ tantvādinā nirmitaṃ krīḍāsādhanaṃ yat krīḍāṅgaṇam ardhaṃ vibhājayati athavā yasya ubhayapakṣe sthitvā krīḍā ārabhyate।

ṭenisakrīḍārthaṃ bālakāḥ aṅgaṇe sūtrajālaṃ badhnāti।

sūtra

kaṇṭhābharaṇam, kaṇṭhabhūṣaṇam, galamekhalā, graivam, graiveyam, graiveyakam, mālā, mālikā, hāraḥ, kaṇṭhasūtram   

kanakasya vā rajatasya kaṇṭhe dhāryamāṇam ābharaṇam।

sā hīrakasya kaṇṭhābharaṇaṃ dhārayati।

sūtra

kāmasūtram   

maharṣiṇā vātsyāyanena racitaḥ bhāratasya prācīnaḥ kāmaśāstrasya granthaḥ।

kāmasūtrasya anuvādaḥ viśvasya sarvāsu bhāṣāsu jātaḥ।

sūtra

dīrghasūtra   

lākṣaṇikarūpeṇa tathā ca vyaṅgyātmakarūpeṇa śāsanakāryasya sampādane nirṇaye vā jāyamānaḥ vilambaḥ।

dīrghasūtratā deśasya vikāse avarodhikā bhavati।

sūtra

śāṇḍilyasūtrapravacanam   

ekaḥ ṭīkāgranthaḥ ।

śāṇḍilyasūtrapravacanasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

śāṇḍilyasūtrabhāṣyam   

ekaḥ ṭīkāgranthaḥ ।

śāṇḍilyasūtrabhāṣyasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

śāṇḍilyasūtravyākhyā   

ekaḥ ṭīkāgranthaḥ ।

śāṇḍilyasūtravyākhyāyāḥ ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

kṛmisūtra   

rogaviśeṣaḥ ।

kṛmisūtrasya varṇanaṃ kośe vartate

sūtra

kṛṣṇasūtram   

narakaviśeṣaḥ ।

kṛṣṇasūtrasya ullekhaḥ viṣṇupurāṇe dṛśyate

sūtra

pratimokṣasūtram   

sūtraviśeṣaḥ ।

bauddhasāhitye vartamānāni pratimokṣasūtrāṇi atīva udbodhakāni

sūtra

prāyaścittaśrautasūtram   

ekā kṛtiḥ ।

saṃskṛta-vāṅmaye prāyaścittaśrautasūtram iti khyātā racanā

sūtra

prāyaścittasūtram   

ekā kṛtiḥ ।

saṃskṛta-vāṅmaye prāyaścittasūtram iti khyātā racanā

sūtra

brahmajālasūtram   

ekaḥ bauddhasūtraviśeṣaḥ ।

prācīna-bhāratīya-bauddha-vāṅmaye brahmajālasūtraṃ suvikhyātam

sūtra

kṛmisūtra   

rogaviśeṣaḥ ।

kṛmisūtrasya varṇanaṃ kośe vartate

sūtra

kṛṣṇasūtram   

narakaviśeṣaḥ ।

kṛṣṇasūtrasya ullekhaḥ viṣṇupurāṇe dṛśyate

sūtra

brahmajālasūtram   

ekaḥ bauddhasūtraviśeṣaḥ ।

prācīna-bhāratīya-bauddha-vāṅmaye brahmajālasūtraṃ suvikhyātam

sūtra

bharatasūtram   

śārṅgadharasya ekā alaṅkāraśāstrādhāritā kṛtiḥ ।

saṃskṛta-alaṅkāraśāstre bharatasūtraṃ mahatvapūrṇam asti

sūtra

snānavidhisūtrabhāṣyam   

ekaḥ ṭīkāgranthaḥ ।

snānavidhisūtrabhāṣyasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

snānasūtradīpikā   

ekaḥ ṭīkāgranthaḥ ।

snānasūtradīpikā ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

snānasūtrapaddhatiḥ   

ekaḥ ṭīkāgranthaḥ ।

snānasūtrapaddhateḥ ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

snānasūtrabhāṣyavyākhyā   

ekaḥ ṭīkāgranthaḥ ।

snānasūtrabhāṣyavyākhyāyāḥ ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

spandasūtravimarśinī   

ekaḥ ṭīkāgranthaḥ ।

spandasūtravimarśinyāḥ ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

puṣpasūtrabhāṣyam   

ekaḥ ṭīkāgranthaḥ ।

puṣpasūtrasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

vṛddhirādaicsūtravicāraḥ   

vyākaraṇasya ekaḥ granthaḥ ।

vṛddhirādaicsūtravicārasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

jītavyavahārasūtram   

ekaḥ jainagranthaḥ ।

jītavyavahārasūtrasya ullekhaḥ koṣe asti

sūtra

jīvasūtra   

ekaḥ ṛṣiḥ ।

jīvaputrasya ullekhaḥ āśvalāyana-śrautasūtre asti

sūtra

kalpasūtram   

ekaḥ sūtragranthaḥ ।

kalpasūtram iti granthaprakāraḥ vividhāsu śākhāsu vartate

sūtra

kalpasūtram   

ekaḥ granthaḥ ।

kalpasūtram iti ekaḥ vaidyakagranthaḥ vartate









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