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WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
śakṛt2.6.68NeuterSingularpurīṣam, gūtham, varcaskam, uccāraḥ, viṣṭhā, avaskaraḥ, viṭ, śamalam
yavakṣāraḥ2.9.109MasculineSingularsauvarcalam, rucakam, ‍kāpotaḥ, ‍sukhavarcakaḥ
rcaśīrṣaḥMasculineSingularśṛṅgaḥ, hrasvāṅgaḥ, jīvakaḥ, madhurakaḥ
rcam2.6.93MasculineSingular
brahmavarcasam2.7.42NeuterSingularvṛttādhyayanardhiḥ
sauvarcalam2.9.43NeuterSingularakṣam, rucakam
sauvarcalam2.9.110NeuterSingulartvakkṣīrī
varca3.3.239NeuterSingularkṛcchrādikarma
carca3.5.10FeminineSingular
ardharcam3.5.32NeuterSingular
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324 results for rca
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
carcāf. equals rca- (with genitive case or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carcāf. of rca- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhisammūrch(parasmE-pada -mūrchat-) to assume a solid form with regard to or in connection with (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyarc(3. plural -arcanti-and imperfect tense -arcan-[ ];Imper. 2. sg. -arca-,2. plural -arcata-; A1.1. sg. -arce-and Aorist -arcase-[ ]) to praise, celebrate in song (instrumental case) ; (ind.p. -arcya-) to worship, reverence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyarcāf. equals abhy-arcana- above View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
abhyṛch -archati-, to come to, visit or afflict with ; (imperfect tense -ārchat-) to strive against (accusative), strive to overpower View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āḍhakamn. (gaRa ardharcādi- q.v; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ī-). commentator or commentary) a measure of grain (= 1/4 droṇa- = 4 prastha-s = 16 kudavas = 64 pala-s = 256 karṣa-s = 4096 māṣa-s;= nearly 7 lbs. 11 ozs. avoirdupois;in Bengal = two mans or 164 lbs. avds.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhibalan. (in dramatic language) a violent altercation, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhidinan. an intercalated day. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhigamam. mercantile return, profit, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikamfn. intercalated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikadinan. a redundant id est an intercalated day (see adhi-dina-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikamāsam. an intercalated month. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikasaṃvatsaram. an intercalated month. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhikatithimf. an intercalary lunar day. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhimāsam. an additional or intercalary month. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
adhivarcasn. a latrine (varia lectio rca-), View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ālāpāf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- or melody. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
amarṣahāsam. an angry laugh, a sarcastic sneer View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṃhasaspatim. ([ ]) lord of perplexity id est an intercalary month View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āṃhaspatyamfn. belonging to the dominion of aṃhaspati- (as the intercalary month) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anāmakam. the intercalary month View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
anarmanmfn. "not (merely) jocular", sarcastic, ironical, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āpaṇikamfn. () mercantile, relating to traffic or to a market etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arc cl.1. P. /arcats- (subjunctive /arcāt- imperfect tense /ārcat-; Aorist ārcīt- , perf. ānarca-3. plural ānarcuḥ-[ ] , but Vedic or Veda ānṛc/uḥ-[ ]; perf. A1.(Passive voice) ānarce-[ ],but Vedic or Veda s/am ānṛce-[ ]; future parasmE-pada arciṣyat-[ ] . ind.p., arcya-[ etc.; see Scholiast or Commentator ]or arcitvā-[ ] , Vedic or Veda infinitive mood ṛc/ase-[ ]) to shine, brilliant ; to praise, sing (also used of the roaring of the marut-s, and of a bull[ ]) , to praise anything to another (dative case), recommend ; to honour or treat with respect etc. ; to adorn : exceptionally A1. (1. plural arcāmahe-) to honour : Causal (2. sg. arcayas-) to cause to shine P. A1. to honour or treat with respect etc.: Desiderative arciciṣati-, to wish to honour Ved. Passive voice ṛcyate- (parasmE-pada ṛcy/amāna-) to be praised View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārcamfn. (fr. arcā- ) equals arcāvat- (q.v), worshipping, doing homage. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arcananf. (am-, ā-) homage paid to deities and to superiors (see vibudhārcana-and surārcana-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arcanasmfn. (fr. arcā-below),"one whose nose is like that of an idol" and on ([The rule perhaps originally meant to explain the above N. arcan/ānas-,taking it for arcan/ānas-,"whose nose shows submission or devotion."]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arcatrya(4) mfn. (fr. arcatra-,"praise") to be raised View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
arcāvatmfn. (= 1. ārca- q.v) worshipped View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ardharcya(-) mf(ā-)n. equals ardharca-śasya- above, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ārohaṇan. a ladder, staircase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
asaṃkrāntam. an intercalary month View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aṣṭāpadamn. (gaRa ardharcādi- q.v) a kind of chequered cloth or board for drafts, dice, etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśvakuṇapan. the carcass of a horse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avakṣiptamfn. said sarcastically, imputed, insinuated View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
avārch( ṛch-), avārchati- (sic; Potential avārch/et-) to fall down, become damaged View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvartan. a mineral substance, pyrites, marcasite View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
āvṛtamfn. spread, overspread, overcast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
balan. (or m. gaRa ardharcādi-) power, strength, might, vigour, force, validity etc. (balāt-,"forcibly, against one's will, without being able to help it";also equals bala- in the beginning of a compound,or balena-, bala-tas-,with genitive case or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',"by force, by the power or on the strength or in virtue or by means of, by") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhan cl.1 P. bh/anati- (prob. connected with bhā-; see the later form bhaṇ-), to sound, resound, call aloud, speak, declare (equals arcati- ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhavanan. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-) a place of abode, mansion, home, house, palace, dwelling (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinnaśakṛtmfn. equals -varcas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinnaviṭkamfn. (fr. 3. viṣ-) equals -varcas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhinnaviṭkatvan. equals -varcas-tva- (Scholiast or Commentator"change of colour in the faeces") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhīrum. a kind of sugarcane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūripremanm. "full of affection", Anas Casarca View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bhūṣaṇan. (rarely m. exempli gratia, 'for example' ; see g.ardharcādi-) embellishment, ornament, decoration (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound',with f(ā-).,"having anything as ornament" id est adorned or decorated with) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmīf. (in music) Name of a mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
brāhmyan. (with or scilicet huta-) worship or veneration paid to Brahmans (considered as one of the 5 great sacraments equals dvijāgryārcā-or manuṣya-yajña-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
bustam. n. (gaRa ardharcādi-) the burnt exterior of roast meat View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakran. (Ved. rarely m.; gaRa ardharcādi-;fr. car-?;1. kṛ- ) the wheel (of a carriage, of the Sun's chariot[ ],of Time [ ]; kr/aṃ-car-,to drive in a carriage ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakram. the ruddy goose or Brahmany duck (Anas Casarca, called after its cries; see -vāk/a-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cakravākam. the cakra- bird (Anas Casarca;the couples are supposed to be separated and to mourn during night) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
camasam. (n. gaRa ardharcādi-;f(ī-). ;fr. cam-) a vessel used at sacrifices for drinking the soma-, kind of flat dish or cup or ladle (generally of a square shape, made of wood and furnished with a handle) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
car cl.1. c/arati-, rarely te- (subjunctive c/arat-,3 plural c/arān- ; perf. cac/āra-[ etc.] , 2 sg. cacartha- ; plural cerur-,etc.; ratur- etc.; A1. cere- ; future cariṣyati-, te-; Aorist acārīt-[ ]; infinitive mood c/aritum-[ ]or cartum-[ ] , Vedic or Veda car/adhyai-[ ], c/aritave-[ ], car/ase-[ ], car/āyai-[ ], caritos-[ ]; ind.p. caritv/ā- ; cartvā- ; cīrtvā-, ; parasmE-pada c/arat-) to move one's self, go, walk, move, stir, roam about, wander (said of men, animals, water, ships, stars, etc.) etc. ; to spread, be diffused (as fire) ; to move or travel through, pervade, go along, follow etc. ; to behave, conduct one's self, act, live, treat (with instrumental case or locative case) etc. ; to be engaged in, occupied or busy with (instr exempli gratia, 'for example' yajñ/ena c-,"to be engaged in a sacrifice" ) etc. ; (with[ ]or without[ ] mithun/am-) to have intercourse with, have to do with (instrumental case) ; (with a parasmE-pada or adjective (cf. mfn.) or ind.p. or adverb) to continue performing or being (exempli gratia, 'for example' arcantaś cerur-,"they continued worshipping"; svāminam avajñāya caret-,"he may go on despising his master") etc. ; (in astronomy) to be in any asterism or conjunction ; to undertake, set about, under go, observe, practise, do or act in general, effect, make (exempli gratia, 'for example' vrat/āni-"to observe vows" etc.; vighnaṃ c-,"to put a hindrance"; bhaikṣaṃ c-"to beg"; vivādaṃ c-,"to be engaged in a lawsuit"; mṛgayāṃ c-,"to hunt" ; sambandhāṃś c-,"to enter into connections"; mārgaṃ cacāra bāṇaiḥ-,"he made a way with arrows"; tapasā indriyāṇi c-,to exercise one's organs with penance ) etc. ; to consume, eat (with accusative), graze ; to make or render (with double accusative) exempli gratia, 'for example' nar/endraṃ satya-sthaṃ carāma-,"let us make the king keep his word" : Causal cārayati-, to cause to move or walk about (Aorist /acīcarat-) ; to pasture ; to send, direct, turn, move etc. ; to cause any one (accusative) to walk through (accusative) ; to drive away from (ablative) ; to cause any one (accusative) to practise or perform (with accusative) ; to cause (any animal accusative) to eat ; to cause to copulate ; to ascertain (as through a spy instrumental case) ; to doubt (see vi--) : Desiderative cicariṣati-, to try to go (parasmE-pada cicarṣat-) ; to wish to act or conduct one's self ; to try to have intercourse with (instrumental case), : Intensive carcarīti- A1. or rarely ([ ]) Passive voice cañcūryate- (curīti-and cūrti- ; ind.p. cūrya- ; parasmE-pada once P. cūryat- ) to move quickly or repeatedly, walk about, roam about (in locative case) etc. ; to act wantonly or coquettishly (see ) ; ([ see, etc.])
caran. (in music) Name of a mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caraṇamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a foot etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carbhaṭīf. equals rcarī-, cries of joy View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carcā rcāya-, rci-, etc. See carc-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carcanan. equals rcaka- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carcāpāram. equals carcaka- gaRa vedādhyāyādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carcikāf. equals carcā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
carcikāf. of rcaka- q.v View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
cārcikamfn. conversant with the repetition of words (carcā-) gaRa ukthādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṣakamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a cup, wineglass (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
caṣālamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a wooden ring on the top of a sacrificial post (caśāla-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chad or 2. chand- cl.10. chad/ayati- (also te-= arc- [ varia lectio, ti-]; subjunctive yat- ;2. plural yātha-, ), chandayati- (twice cl.1. ch/andati-[ equals arcati- ] ; A1.[ subjunctive yāte-] ; Aorist acacchadat- ; acchān- ;2. plural nta-, ;3. plural ntsur-, ; subjunctive chantsat-[ ] ;2. sg. tsi-, ; perf. cacchanda-, ; Potential cacchadyāt-, ) to seem, appear, be considered as ; to seem good, please (with dative case) ; (with acc,) (see ) ; A1. to be pleased with, delight in (accusative or locative case) ; chandayati-, to gratify any one (accusative;exceptionally genitive case ) with anything (instrumental case, especially vareṇa-,"with a boon" ) ; to try to seduce any one (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chalan. ( skhal-) (exceptionally m. ; gaRa ardharcādi-) fraud, deceit, sham, guise, pretence, delusion, semblance, fiction, feint, trick, fallacy (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound', exempli gratia, 'for example' upadā-chalena-,"under pretence of gifts of honour" id est with feigned gifts ; rajaś-chalena-,"under the semblance of dust", ;See kanyakā--, dharma--, vāk--) (a-cch-, negative) etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
chālam. (gaRa ardharcādi-,not in and ) Cyprinus Rohita View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
citrāf. a kind of mūrchanā- (in music) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daivatan. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-) a god, a deity (often coll."the deities" , especially as celebrated in one hymn see gaRa prajñādi-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍam. (= -v, hence cognate with d/āru-and dṝ-) (n.[ see ikṣu--] gaRa ardharcādi-) a stick, staff, rod, pole, cudgel, club etc. (staff given at investiture with the sacred thread etc.;"penis [with vaitas/a-]", ;"trunk"See śuṇḍā--;"arm"or"leg"See dor--, bāhu--;"tusk"See daṃṣṭrā--) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daṇḍakam. (gaRa ṛśyādi-) (n. gaRa ardharcādi-) in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' "a staff" See tri-- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
daram. (gaRa ardharcādi-, uñchādu-) equals - View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dārum. n. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a piece of wood, wood, timber etc. (usually n., m.only ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhanusn. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-; see dhanu-) a bow etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dharmam. (rarely n. gaRa ardharcādi-;the older form of the is dh/arman- q.v) that which is established or firm, steadfast decree, statute, ordinance, law View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dhvajam. (n.only and gaRa ardharcādi-;fr. 2. dhvaj-) a banner, flag, standard (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dina(accented only ) mn.(gaRa ardharcādi-,only occurring as n.) a day etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' also in Vedic texts) in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). [ confer, compare Latin peren-dinus,nUndinusetc.; Got.sin-teins; Lit.de0na; O.Pr. accusative sg. deinan; Slavonic or Slavonian dr2ni1.] View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
divasam. (or n. gaRa ardharcādi- ) heaven View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvaṃdvacara(L.) () m. "living in couples", the ruddy goose, Anas Casarca. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvaṃdvacārin() m. "living in couples", the ruddy goose, Anas Casarca. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvikam. Anas Casarca View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
dvirāṣāḍhain.an intercalary āṣāḍha- month View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ekarcam. (eka-ṛca-) n. a single verse gaRa ardharcādi- ([ ]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gāṇḍīvam. n. (gaRa ardharcādi- ) equals ḍiva- (arjuna-'s bow) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
garuḍadhvajamfn. (see gaRa arcādi- ) having garuḍa- in its banner (kṛṣṇa-'s chariot) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ghṛtan. (gaRa ardharcādi-) ghee id est clarified butter or butter which has been boiled gently and allowed to cool (it is used for culinary and religious purposes and is highly esteemed by the Hindus), fat (as an emblem of fertility), fluid grease, cream etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gomayan. often plural , rarely m. (gaRa ardharcādi-) cow-dung etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gonādam. "bellowing like a bull", the bird Anas Casarca View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
guḍatṛṇan. sugarcane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
gūtham. (also n. gaRa ardharcādi-) "feces, ordure"(in the Payasi-sutta in pāli-) See karṇa--. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hairaṇyastūpam. patronymic of arcat- (author of ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
harihetihūtim. "named after the cakra-", Anas Casarca (see cakra-vāka-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hāriṇāśvāf. (fr. hariṇāśva-) a particular mūrchanā-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hastinakham. "elephant's nail", a sort of turret or raised mound of earth or masonry protecting the access to the gate of a city or fort (described as furnished with an inner staircase and with loopholes for discharging arrows etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛdyagandhakan. a kind of salt (equals sauvarcala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
hṛṣyakāf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā-
hurch (or hūrch-,prob. connected with hvṛ-) cl.1 P. () h/ūrchati- (perfect tense juhūrcha- future hūrchitā-etc. grammar), to go crookedly, creep stealthily, totter, fall ; to fall off from (ablative) : Causal hūrchayati-, to cause to fall from (ablative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
iṣīkāf. a sort of sugarcane, Saccharum Spontaneum View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jayaśekharāf. Name of a mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
jṛmbham. (n. gaRa ardkarcādi-) yawning
kal P. (rarely A1.) kalayati- (te-), to impel, incite, urge on etc. ; to bear, carry etc. ; to betake one's self to ; to do, make, accomplish ; to utter a sound, murmur etc. ; (sometimes in connection with nouns merely expressing the verbal conception exempli gratia, 'for example' mūrchāṃ- kal-,to swoon ; culukaṃ jalasya- kal-,to take a draught of water ) ; to tie on, attach, affix ; to furnish with ; to observe, perceive, take notice of ; to consider, count, take for ; (See 1. kalaya-, column 3.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kalāvatīf. (in mus.) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāṇḍapattram. a kind of sugarcane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
karmavāṭīf. "demarcation or regulation of religious actions", a lunar day. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kārṣāpaṇamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-; see karṣ-) "weighing a karṣa-", a coin or weight of different values (if of gold, = 16 māṣa-sSee karṣa-;if of silver, = 16 paṇa-s or 1280 Kowries, commonly termed a Kahan;if of copper, = 80 raktikā-s or about 176 grains;but according to to some = only 1 paṇa- of Kowries or 80 Kowries) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṣāyamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) an astringent flavour or taste View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kaṭubhāṣitāf. sarcastic speech View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kavacamn. (3. ku- ) gaRa ardharcādi-, armour, cuirass, a coat of mail etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kāvṛkam. the ruddy goose (Anas Casarca equals koka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khalam. (n. gaRa ardharcādi-) a threshing-floor, granary etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) "a break or gap", see kedāra-kh- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khaṇḍalam. n. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a piece View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kharataramfn. Name of jineśvara- (who in 1024 A.D. overcame the caitya-vāsin-s and founded the gaccha-of the śvetāmbara-s called after him). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
khecarāf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kirīṭan. [ as- m. gaRa ardharcādi-], a diadem, crest, any ornament used as a crown, tiara etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
krūrcafor kūrca- (the beard) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣatran. (1. kṣi-?; gaRa ardharcādi-) sg. and plural dominion, supremacy, power, might (whether human or supernatural, especially applied to the power of varuṇa-mitra- and indra-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣemamn. (Ved. only m.; gaRa ardharcādi-), safety, tranquillity, peace, rest, security, any secure or easy or comfortable state, weal, happiness etc. (kṣ/ema-& y/oga-[or pra-y/uj-],rest and exertion, enjoying and acquiring ; see kṣema-yoga-and yoga-kṣ-; kṣemaṃ te-,"peace or security may be to thee"[this is also the polite address to a vaiśya-, asking him whether his property is secure ], ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣīran. (fr. śyai-?;fr. kṣar-,or ghas- ;fr. ghas- ; gaRa ardharcādi-), milk, thickened milk etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-). ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kṣveḍitamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) humming, murmuring, growling View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuḍapamn. a measure of grain, etc. (= kuḍava-) gaRa ardharcādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇapan. [ as- m. gaRa ardharcādi-] a dead body, corpse etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇapamfn. mouldering, smelling like a carcase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇapabhujm. "carcase-eater", a rākṣasa-, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṇḍalan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).; gaRa sidhmādi-and ardharcādi-) a ring, ear-ring etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rcam. rarely n. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a bunch of anything, bundle of grass, etc. (often used as a seat) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rcakam. Name of certain parts of the human body (See kūrca-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rcakam. equals kūrca-śīrṣa- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kusuman. (fr. kus- ; gaRa ardharcādi-), a flower, blossom etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) &
kutapamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a sort of blanket (made of the hair of the mountain goat) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
kuṭṭimamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) an inlaid or paved floor, pavement, ground paved with mosaic, ground smoothed and plastered etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lalitam. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lapsudan. equals kūrca-, the beard (of a goat etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lohitan. (also m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).), blood etc. (taṃ- kṛ-,to shed blood) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
lomanam. n. gaRa ardharcādi- (varia lectio) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyan. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-) the middle, midst, centre, inside, interior etc. ( madhyam am- ind.into the midst of, into, among, with genitive case or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' etc.; madhyena dhyena- ind.in or through the midst of, on the inside, through, between, with genitive case accusative or in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' etc.; madhyāt dhyāt- ind.from the midst of. out of. from among etc.; madhye dhye- ind.See sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyamam. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madhyamadhyāf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
madram. (in music) a personification of the first mūrchanā- in the gāndhāra-grāma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahākṣīram. sugarcane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maka m. n. gaRa ardharcādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malamāsam. an intercalary month, an intercalated 13th month (in which no religious ceremonies should be performed) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
malimlucam. an intercalated 13th month (introduced every 5th year to approximate the lunar and solar modes of computation; see mala-māsa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍalan. (rarely m. gaRa ardharcādi-,and f.(ī-) gaRa ganrādi-) a disk (especially of the sun or moon) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṇḍapamn. (gaRa ardharcādi- also f(ī-).; see maṇṭapī-) an open hall or temporary shed (erected on festive occasions), pavilion, tent, temple View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mandrayaNom. A1. dr/ayate-, to praise, honour (= arcati-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
manoharāf. of the wife of varcasvin- and mother of śiśira- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
marc (see mṛc-) cl.10 P. marcayati-, to sound (varia lectio for mārj-) ; to seize, take (see ) . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
māṣam. (n. gaRa ardharcādi-) a bean etc. etc. (sg. the plant; plural the fruit;in later times = Phaseolus Radiatus, a valued kind of pulse having seeds marked with black and grey spots) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mataṃgajāf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
maṭhamf(ī-)n. (gaRa ardharcādi-; ī- f. gaRa gaurādi-) a hut, cottage, (especially) the retired hut (or cell) of an ascetic (or student) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsara(ī-) f. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
matsarīkṛtāf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghavatmfn. enveloped in cloud, overcast with cloud View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghāvatatamfn. overspread with cloud, overcast View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
meghavitānam. n. "cloud-canopy", an expanded mass of cloud, a sky overcast with cloud View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mith cl.1 P. A1. (see ) m/ethati-, te- (pr. p. f. mithat/ī- ; perfect tense mimetha- ; ind.p. mithitvā- ), to unite, pair, couple, meet (as friend or antagonist), alternate, engage in altercation ; (A1.) to dash together (according to to also"to understand"or"to kill") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛdumadhyāf. Name of a mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛṇālan. (also m. gaRa ardharcādi-;andf(ī-). ; see ) "liable to be crushed", the edible fibrous root of some kinds of lotus (f. according to some"a smaller root"), a lotus-fibre, fibre attached to the stalk of a water-lily etc.
mṛṣāvācf. untrue speech, sarcasm, irony View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mṛtyupuṣpam. "having fatal flowers", the sugarcane (so called because it dies after losing its flowers) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukhan. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-,or ī-). see ) the mouth, face, countenance etc., etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mukulan. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a bud (also figuratively"a first tooth") (in this sense also makula- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūlan. (or m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-or ī-).;prob. for 3. m/ūra-See above)"firmly fixed", a root (of any plant or tree;but also figuratively the foot or lowest part or bottom of anything) etc. (mūlaṃ- kṛ-or bandh-,to take or strike root) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
murch or mūrch- cl.1 P. () mūrchati- (perfect tense mumūrcha- etc.; Aorist amūrchīt- grammar; future mūrchitā-, mūrchiṣyati- ; ind.p., mūrtvā- ), to become solid, thicken, congeal, assume shape or substance or consistency, expand, increase, grow, become or be vehement or intense or strong etc. ; to fill, pervade, penetrate, spread over ; to have power or take effect upon (locative case) ; to grow stiff or rigid, faint, swoon, become senseless or stupid or unconscious etc. ; to deafen ; to cause to sound aloud : Causal mūrchayati- (mc. also te-), to cause to thicken or coagulate (milk) ; to cause to settle into a fixed or solid form, shape ; to strengthen, rouse, excite ; to cause to sound loudly, play (a musical instrument) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mūrchāf. modulation, melody (equals mūrchanā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nālam. (gaRa ardharcādi-) f(ā-,or ī- ). and n. a hollow stalk, (especially) of the lotus etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nandāf. (in music) of a mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nāṭamn. ( naṭ-; gaRa ardharcādi-) dancing, acting, a dance View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nidhana(for 1.See column 2) n. (m.only ; gaRa ardharcādi-) settling down, residence or place of residence, domicile, receptacle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nigaḍam. (gaRa ardharcādi-) and n. (fr. gaḍ- equals gal-?) an iron chain for the feet, (especially) the heel chains for an elephant or a noose for catching the feet and throwing an animal down, any fetter or shackle etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nīlapauram. a species of sugarcane (see -ghora-).
nīlapora m. a species of sugarcane (see -ghora-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niryāsam. (n. gaRa ardharcādi-; yas-) exudation of trees or plants, juice, resin, milk (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niśācaram. Anas Casarca View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niṣkamn. (rarely n.) ( gaRa ardharcādi-) a golden ornament for the neck or breast (also used as money) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
niśrayaṇīf. a ladder, staircase (also written niḥ-śrayaṇī-,or yiṇī-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
nyaṅgam. invective, insinuation, sarcastic language View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcakam. any collection or aggregate of 5 (also n.; see gaRa ardharcādi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcalavaṇan. 5 kinds of salt (viz. kāca-, saindhava-, sāmudra-, viḍa-,and sauvarcala-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pañcamīf. (in music) a particular rāgiṇī- or mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paṅkamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-,said to be fr.1. pac-"to spread") mud, mire, dirt, clay (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
paricaryāf. circumambulation, wandering about or through (compound) (wrong reading carcā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pārśvan. (rarely m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).fr. 1. parśu-) the region of the ribs (plural the ribs), side, flank (either of animate or inanimate objects) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
parvann. the step of a staircase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pauravam. (in music) Name of a mūrchanā- or a rāga-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
phalaka(ph/alaka-) n. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a board, lath, plank, leaf. bench View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pidhānan. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-) covering, stopping, shutting, closing View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pragrīvamfn. (gaRa ardharcādi-;also -ka- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ) a wooden balustrade or fence round a building View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prahasanan. (in rhetoric) satire, sarcasm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pramurchP. -mūrchati-, to become thick or solid, congeal View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prārc( pra-arc-) P. prārcati-, to shine forth ; to sing, praise, celebrate, commend : Causal (Aorist prārcicat-) to honour, worship View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratigham. equals mūrchā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratisaram. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a cord or ribbon used as an amulet worn round the neck or wrist at nuptials etc. etc. etc. (alsof(ā-).[ ];and n.[ gaRa ardharcādi-]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pratyarcP. -arcati-, to shine upon (accusative) : Causal -arcayati-, to greet in return or one by one View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pravivādam. altercation, quarrel, dispute View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pṛc cl.7 P. () pṛṇ/akti- A1. pṛṅkt/e- (or cl.2. pṛkte- ; cl.1 P. pṛñcati- ; cl.3 P. pipṛgdhi-, pipṛkta- ; perfect tense papṛcuḥ- ; papṛcāsi-, cyāt-, cān/a- ; Aorist p/arcas-[ parasmE-pada pṛcān/a- ; preceding pricīmahi-] ; aprāk- ; apṛkṣi-, kta- ; aparcīt-, ciṣṭa- grammar; future parciṣyati-, te-, parcitā- ; infinitive mood -p/ṛce-, -p/ṛcas- ), to mix, mingle, put together with (instrumental case,rarely locative case; dhanuṣā śaram-,"to fix the arrow upon the bow"), unite, join etc. ; to fill (A1.one's self?) , sate, satiate ; to give lavishly, grant bountifully, bestow anything (accusative or genitive case) richly upon (dative case) ; to increase, augment (Prob. connected with pṝ-,to fill; see also pṛj-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
prothamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) the nostrils of a horse (see pṛthu-p-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pulinamn. (gaRa ardarcādi-) a sandbank, a small island or bank in the middle of a river, an islet, a sandy beach (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pustam. n. (gaRa ardharcādi-) working in clay, modelling, kathā-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
pūyabhujmfn. eating purulent carcasses View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rajanīf. (in music) of a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rāṣṭramn. (fr. rāj-; gaRa ardharcādi-; m.only ) a kingdom ( one of the 5 prakṛti-s of the state) , realm, empire, dominion, district, country etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathacaraṇam. Anas Casarca View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rathāṅgam. the Anas Casarca or ruddy goose (equals cakra-vāka- q.v) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
raudrīf. a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛbhum. an artist, one who works in iron, a smith, builder (of carriages etc.), Name of three semi-divine beings (ṛbhu-, vāja-, and vibhvan-, the name of the first being applied to all of them;thought by some to represent the three seasons of the year[ ],and celebrated for their skill as artists;they are supposed to dwell in the solar sphere, and are the artists who formed the horses of indra-, the carriage of the aśvin-s, and the miraculous cow of bṛhaspati-;they made their parents young, and performed other wonderful works [Sv-apas];they are supposed to take their ease and remain idle for twelve days [the twelve intercalary days of the winter solstice] every year in the house of the Sun [Agohya];after which they recommence working;when the gods heard of their skill, they sent agni- to them with the one cup of their rival tvaṣṭṛ-, the artificer of the gods, bidding the ṛbhu-s construct four cups from it;when they had successfully executed this task, the gods received the ṛbhu-s amongst themselves and allowed them to partake of their sacrifices etc.; see Kaegi ) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛc cl.6 P. ṛcati-, ānarca-, arcitā-, etc., = arc-1, ; to praise (see ark/a-.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṛch cl.6 P. ṛcchati-, ānarcha-, ṛcchitā-, etc., to be stiff ; to be infatuated or foolish ; to go, move ; ([ see 4. -.]) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
reṇum. (or f. ;or n. gaRa ardharcādi-;fr. ri-, -) dust, a grain or atom of dust, sand etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rohiṇīf. a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
ṣaḍjamadhyāf. a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śākan. (or m. gaRa ardharcādi-;of doubtful derivation, and scarcely to be connected with 1. śāka-) a potherb, vegetable, greens etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saktum. (or n. gaRa ardharcādi-;also written śaktu-) coarsely ground meal, grit, groats (especially of barley-meal) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śālamn. (also written sāla-) gaRa ardharcādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samabhyarcP. -arcati-, to pay great honour to, worship, greet, salute (accusative) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samaram. (or n. gaRa ardharcā-) coming together, meeting, concourse, confluence View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
samarcP. -arcati-, -ṛcati- (perfect tense -ānṛca- ; -ānṛce- ), to fix, establish ; to honour, worship, adore ; to adorn, decorate : Causal -arcayati-, to honour etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃgamam. (or n. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) coming together, meeting (in a friendly or hostile manner), union, intercourse or association with (instrumental case with and without saha- genitive case,or compound) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sammurch(or -mūrch-) P. -mūrchati-, to congeal into a fixed form, become dense, thicken, coagulate ; to become stupid or senseless (See -mūrchita-) ; to acquire consistency or firmness or strength, increase, expand, become powerful, make a loud sound : Causal -mūrchayati-, to cause to assume consistency, form, fashion (See -mūrchita-vat-) ; to stupefy, cause to faint View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sampheṭam. (prob. for saṃ-spheṭa- q.v) mutual conflict or encounter of angry persons, angry or passionate contention (in dramatic language one of the 13 elements of the vimarśa-[ q.v ], illustrated by the altercation between śakuntalā- and the king in ;or as one of the 4 elements of the ārabhaṭi-[ q.v ], illustrated by the encounter of mādhava- and aghora-ghaṇṭa- in ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃsarpam. the intercalary month (occurring in a year in which there is a kṣaya-māsa-) etc.
saṃśravasm. Name of a man (having the patronymic sauvarcanasa-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saṃtakṣaṇan. hurting with words (vāk-s- plural"sarcasm") View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śapatham. (and n. gaRa ardharcādi- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a curse, imprecation, anathema etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saptamīf. a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śarāvam. n. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a shallow cup, dish, plate, platter, earthenware vessel (also the flat cover or lid of any such vessel) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarcaetc. See sa-rkṣa-, sa-rca- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sarkṣaetc. See sa-rkṣa-, sa-rca- sub voce, i.e. the word in the Sanskrit order View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
satimiramf(ā-)n. covered with darkness, obscured, overcast (as the sky) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saudhan. (and m. gaRa ardharcādi-) a stuccoed mansion, any fine house, palace etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
saurvala wrong reading for sauvarcala- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauryavarcasam. patronymic fr. sūrya-varcas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauvarcalamfn. (fr. su-varcala-,or -) belonging to or coming from su-varcala- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauvarcasam. (fr. su-varcas-) shining, radiant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sauvīraf(ā-or ī-) (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sepānakaparamparāf. a flight of steps, staircase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śīlan. (and m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) habit, custom, usage, natural or acquired way of living or acting, practice, conduct, disposition, tendency, character, nature (often in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ="habituated"or"accustomed"or"disposed"or"addicted to","practising"; see guṇa--, dāna--, puṇya-ś-etc.) etc. etc. good disposition or character, moral conduct, integrity, morality, piety, virtue etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sitekṣum. a species of sugarcane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sneham. (or n. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) oiliness, unctuousness, fattiness, greasiness, lubricity, viscidity (also as one of the 24 guṇa-s of the vaiśeṣika- branch of the nyāya- philosophy) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
solluṇṭhamfn. ironical, sarcastic View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
solluṇṭham. irony, sarcasm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
solluṇṭhanan. irony, sarcasm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopahāsamfn. accompanied with derisive laughter, sneering, jocular, sarcastic ( sopahāsam am- ind.), sah-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopānan. (perhaps contracted fr. sa-+ upāyana-) stairs, steps, a staircase, ladder to (genitive case or compound) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopānabhūtamfn. become or being a staircase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopānapaṅktif. a line or flight of steps, staircase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopānapatham. a way of steps, staircase View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sopānatvan. the condition of a staircase (accusative with vraj-,"to become a staircase") . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sotprāsam. n. ironical exaggeration, sarcasm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sotprāsahasitan. derisive or sarcastic laughter View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sphūrch (also written svūrch-) cl.1 P. sphūrchati-, to spread, extend ; to forget View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
stanam. (or n. gaRa ardharcādi- in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' ā-or ī-;derivation doubtful, but prob. connected with stan-,from the hollow resonance of the human breast), the female breast (either human or animal) , teat, dug, udder etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthairakāyaṇam. (yana-), metron. of mitra-varcas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthāṇum. (or n. gaRa ardharcādi-) a stump, stem, trunk, stake, post, pile, pillar (also as symbol of motionlessness) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sthūlam. n. gaRa ardharcādi- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhamadhyamārgīf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhāntāf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuddhaṣaḍjāf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūkamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-;derivation doubtful) the awn of grain View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sukham. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
sumukhīf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūrpan. (and m. gaRa ardharcādi-;also written sūrpa-) a winnowing basket or fan (id est a kind of wicker receptacle which, when shaken about, serves as a fan for winnowing corn;also personified as a gandharva-) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śuṣkan. (and m. gaRa ardharcādi-) anything dry (exempli gratia, 'for example' dry wood, dry cow-dung etc.) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvarcakam. Name of an ancient sage (equals varca-) () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
suvarcaka su-varcala- etc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taḍāgan. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-) equals ḍāka- etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tamālamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) the bark of the bamboo View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taṇḍakamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a complete preparation , View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tāṇḍavamn.(gaRa ardharcādi-;fr. taṇḍu-?) dancing (especially with violent gesticulation), frantic dance (of śiva- and his votaries) etc. (see ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
taṇḍulam. (gaRa ardharcādi-) grain (after threshing and winnowing), especially rice etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tīvran. of a mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tomaramn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) a lance, javelin etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
toraṇan. (gaRa ardharcadi-) an arch, arched doorway, portal, festooned decorations over doorways (with boughs of trees, garlands, etc.) etc. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
tṛṇan. (m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) grass, herb, any gramineous plant, blade of grass, straw (often symbol of minuteness and worthlessness) (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' accent gaRa ghoṣādi-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
unmurch(ud-murch-) P. -mūrchati-, to become weak, faint, View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uttaramandrādyāf. a particular mūrchanā- (in music). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
uttarapratyuttaran. "reply and rejoinder", a dispute, altercation, discussion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vādhūleyam. a patronymic gaRa kārta-kaujapa- ( vārcaleya-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāgvyavahāram. employment of many words, a long discussion or altercation View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaiṣṇavīf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
valmīkamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-) an ant-hill, mole-hill, a hillock or ground thrown up by white ants or by moles (see vamrī-kūṭa-) etc. etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vaṃśam. (derivation doubtful) the bamboo cane or any cane (accord. to also "sugarcane"and"Shorea Robusta") etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varc (prob. artificial, to serve as the source of the words below) cl.1 A1. varcate-, to shine, be bright View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcam. Name of an ancient sage (equals suvarcaka-, ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcaḥsthānan. (for varcas+sth-) a place for voiding excrement View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcalaSee su-varcala-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
rcalīyamfn. (fr. varcala-) gaRa kṛśāśvādi-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcasan. (in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound') equals varcas-, light, lustre, colour (see brahma-v-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcaskam. n. (gaRa ardharcādi-) power, vigour, brightness etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcasvatmfn. (v/arcas-.) vigorous, fresh View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcasvatmfn. containing the word varcas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcasvinm. Name of a son of varcas- and grandson of soma- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcasyamfn. relating to varcas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcasyāf. (scilicet iṣṭakā-) Name of particular sacrificial bricks (at the laying of which certain mantra-s containing the word varcas-are used) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varcoin compound for varcas-. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
varṇam. (or n. gaRa ardharcādi-,prob. fr.1. vṛ-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) a covering, cloak, mantle View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vasantam. (n. gaRa ardharcādi-) "brilliant (season)", spring (comprising according to to some, the months caitra- and vaiśākha- or from the middle of March to that of MaySee ṛtu-;often personified and considered as a friend or attendant of kāmadeva-, the god of love) etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vastran. (or m. gaRa ardharcādi-; in fine compositi or 'at the end of a compound' f(ā-).) cloth, clothes, garment, raiment, dress, cover etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vāyunānātvan. diversity of air (said to be caused by the concurrence[ sammūrchana-]of two winds) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
veṇunisrutim. the sugarcane View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vicitram. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihavyam. of a son of varcas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihavyam. of a son of varcas- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vihurch(or -hūrch-) P. -hūrchati-, to waddle, toddle, sway from one side to another (applied to a corpulent person's gait) ; to stagger, totter, stumble View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vimūrchanan. equals mūrchana-, modulation, melody, etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinaṣṭan. (prob.) a dead carcass, carrion (See below) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vinaṣṭopajīvinmfn. living on dead carcasses or carrion
virodhanan. (in dramatic language) either"angry altercation" (exempli gratia, 'for example' in the dialogue between the king and śārṅgarava-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viśālāf. (in music) a particular mūrchanā- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṣṭapan. forking or bifurcation (of an udumbara- branch) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṭaṅkamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-;See ṭaṅk-and ṭaṅka-) the loftiest point, top, pinnacle etc. (also kaka- ) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṭapamn. (gaRa ardharcādi-;of doubtful derivation according to to fr. viṭ-;for 1. viṭa-pa-See under viṭa-), the young branch of a tree or creeper, twig, sprout, shoot, bough etc. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṭpaṇyan. the wares or commodities of a man of the mercantile class View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viyoginm. the ruddy goose, Anas Casarca (see cakravāka-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyañjanan. figurative expression, irony, sarcasm View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyatikṣepam. mutual altercation, strife, contest (varia lectio vy-adhi-kṣepa-). View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyavahāram. mercantile transaction, traffic, trade with, dealing in (compound) etc.
vyavakrośanan. ( krus-) mutual altercation or abuse View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vyṛchP. -ṛcchati- (only imperfect tense vyārchat-), to go apart or asunder View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
yathaṛṣi yatharcam- etc. See . View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
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aṃhasaspatiḥ अंहसस्पतिः (Ved.) The intercalary month (Lord of distress or perplexity?) Vāj.
acovinaḥ अचोविनः (?) Probably a special messenger to report among other things, impending attacks from enemies; Sircar, SI.239 n.
adhika अधिक a. [abbreviation of अध्यारूढ; अध्यारूढशब्दात् कन् उत्तरपदलोपश्च P.V.2.73]. 1 More, additional, greater (opp. ऊन or सम); तदस्मिन्नधिकम् P.V.2.45. (In comp. with numerals) plus, greater by; अष्टाधिकं शतम् 1 plus 8 = 18; चत्वारिंशतो$धिकाः = ˚चत्वारिंशाः more than 4; नवाधिकां नवतिम् R.3.69; एकाधिकं हरेज्जयेष्टः Ms.9.117. -2 (a) Surpassing in quantity, more numerous, copious, excessive, abundant; in comp. or with instr.; श्वासः प्रमाणाधिकः Ś.1.29. more than the usual measure. (b) Inordinate, grown, increased, become greater; abounding in, full of; strong in; ˚क्रोध R.12.9; वयो$धिकः Ms.4.141 senior in years; शिशुरधिकवयाः Ve.3.32. old, advanced in years; भवनेषु रसाधिकेषु v. l. (सुधारितेषु) पूर्वं Ś.7.2; करोति रागं हृदि कौतुकाधिकं K.2.; रसाधिके मनसि Śi.17.48 abounding in. -3 (a) More, greater, stronger, mightier, more violent or intense; अधिकां कुरु देवि गुरुभक्तिम् K.62; ऊनं न सत्त्वेष्वधिको बबाधे R.2.14 the stronger animal did not prey on the weaker; पुमान्पुंसो$धिके शुक्रे स्त्री भवत्यधिके स्त्रियाः Ms.3.49; अधिकं मेनिरे विष्णुम् Rām.; अधिकं मित्रम् Pt.2; यवीयान्गुणतो$धिकः Ms.11.185;9.154. (b) Superior to, better than; higher than [with abl. or in comp.); प्रमाणादधिकस्यापि मत्तदन्तिनः Pt.1.327; सेनाशते- भ्यो$धिका बुद्धिः Mu.1.27 surpassing, more than a match for &c.; विधेरधिकसंभारः R.15.62 more than what was sanctioned by rules; तपस्विभ्यो$धिको योगी Bg.6.46; ब्रह्म प्रदानेभ्यो$धिकम् Y.1.212; अश्वाधिको राजा H.3.77 strong in cavalry; धनधान्याधिको वैश्यः H.4.21 excels in, is superior by reason of; लोकाधिकं तेजः Mu.4.1 superior to; sometimes with gen.; पञ्चदशानां भ्रातणामधिको गुणैः K.136. -4 Later, subsequent, further than (of time); राजन्य- बन्धोर्द्वाविंशे (केशान्तो विधीयते) वैश्यस्य द्वयधिके ततः Ms.2.65.2 years later i. e. in the 24th year; sometimes with gen.; ममाधिका वा तुल्या वा Rām. -5 Eminent, uncommon, special, peculiar (असाधारण); विद्या नाम नरस्य रूपमधिकम् Bh.2.2 superior or uncommon form or beauty; धर्मो हि तेषामधिको विशेषः H. Pr.25; इज्याध्ययनदानानि वैश्यस्य क्षत्रियस्य च । प्रतिग्रहो$धिको विप्रे याजनाध्यनापने तथा ॥ Y.1.118; sometimes used in the comparative in the above senses; क्लेशो$धिकतरस्तेषाम् Bg.12.5; ˚तरमिदानीं राजते राजलक्ष्मीः V. 5.22; स्वर्गादधिकतरं निर्वृत्तिस्थानम् Ś.7. -6 Redundant, superfluous; ˚अङ्ग having a redundant limb; नोद्वहेत्कपिलां कन्यां नाधिकाङ्गीं न रोगिणीम् Ms.3.8. -7 Intercalated, intercalary (as a month &c.) -8 Inferior, secondary. -कम् 1 Surplus, excess, more; लाभो$धिकं फलम् Ak. -2 Abundance, redundancy, superfluity. -3 A figure of speech equivalent to hyperbole; आश्रयाश्रयिणोरेकस्याधिक्ये$धिक- मुच्यते । किमधिकमस्य ब्रूमो महिमानं वारिधेईरिर्यत्र । अज्ञात एव शेते कुक्षौ निक्षिप्य भुवनानि ॥ अत्र आश्रयस्याधिक्यम् । युगान्तकालप्रतिसंहृता- त्मनो जगन्ति यस्यां सविकाशमासत । तनौ ममुस्तत्र न कैटभद्विपस्तपो- धनाभ्यागमसंभृता मुदः ॥ S. D; महतोर्यन्महीयांसावाश्रिताश्रययोः क्रमात् । आश्रयाश्रयिणौ स्यातां तनुत्वे$यधिकं तु तत् ॥ K. P.1. -adv. 1 More, in a greater degree; स राज्यं गुरुणा दत्तं प्रतिपद्याधिकं बभौ R.4.1; shone the more; 3.18; यस्मिन्नैवा- धिकं चक्षुरारोपयति पार्थिवः Pt.1.243; oft. in comp.; इयम- धिकमनोज्ञा Ś.1.2; ˚सुरभि Me.21. -2 Exceedingly, too much. -Comp. -अङ्ग a. (-ङ्गी f.) having a redundant limb. Ms.3.8. (see above -6) (-ङ्गम्) [अधिको$ङ्गात्] a sash, girdle or belt worn over the mail coat. -अधिक a. more and more, out-doing one another. -अर्थ a. exaggerated; ˚वचनम् exaggeration, an exaggerated statement or assertion (whether of praise or of censure); कृत्यैरधिकार्थवचने P.II,1.33; (˚नम् = स्तुति- निन्दाफलकमर्थवादवचनम्; e. g. वातच्छेद्यं तृणम् i. e. so light and weak; काकपेया नदी so deep and full). -ऋद्धि a. abundant, prosperous; ऋद्धिमन्तमधिकर्द्धिरुत्तरः पूर्वमुत्सवमपोहदुत्सवः R.19.5. -तिथिः, f. -दिनं, -दिवसः an intercalated day. -दन्तः = अधिदन्तः -मांसार्मन् = अधिमांस q. v. -वाक्योक्तिः f. exaggeration, hyperbole. -षाष्टिक- साप्ततिक a. containing or costing more than 6 or 7.
adhigamaḥ अधिगमः मनम् 1 Acquisition, obtaining, getting, finding &c.; (इच्छामि) श्रोतुं च सीताधिगमे प्रयत्नम् Rām.5. 64.32; दुरधिगमः परभागः Pt.5.34; वंशस्थितेरधिगमात् V. 5.15; दाराधिगमनम् Ms.1.112 marriage. -2 Mastery, knowledge; असच्छास्त्राधिगमनम् Ms.11.65. -3 Mercantile return, profit; acquiring property; निध्यादेः प्राप्तिः Mit. or धनप्राप्तिः; स्थापयन्ति तु यां वृद्धिं स तत्राधिगमं प्रति Ms.8.157. -4 Acceptance. -5 Intercourse. -6 Seeing, looking; अपनेष्यामि संतापं तवाधिगमशासनात् Rām.5.35.77. अधिगम्य adhigamya गमनीय gamanīya गन्तव्य gantavya अधिगम्य गमनीय गन्तव्य pot. p. Attainable. &c.
adhimāsaḥ अधिमासः [अधिको रविमासात् अतिरिक्तः शुक्लप्रतिपदादिद- र्शान्तश्चान्द्रो मासः] An intercalary (lunar) month.
anāman अनामन् a. 1 Nameless. -2 Infamous. m. 1 'The nameless' month, an intercalary month. -2 The ringfinger; see अनामिका below. -n. [अननमनः, अनं जीवनम् अमयति रुजति, अम्-कनिन् Tv.] Piles (अर्शोरोग).
anikṣuḥ अनिक्षुः [न इक्षुः सादृश्ये अप्राशस्त्ये वा नञ्] Not (true) sugarcane, a sort of long grass or reed producing coarse sugar; Saccharum Spontaneum. (Mar. बोरू).
abhrita अभ्रित a. [अभ्राणि अस्य संजातानि; अभ्र-इतच् तारकादिगण] Overcast with clouds, clouded; ददर्श काले दिवमभ्रितामिव R.3.12.
amarṣa अमर्ष a. Not enduring or bearing. -र्षः 1 Nonendurance, tolerance, impatience; अमर्षप्रभवो रोषः सफलो मे भविष्यति Rām.5.62.33. अमर्षशून्येन जनस्य जन्तुना न जातहार्देन न विद्विषादरः Ki.1.33; jealousy, jealous anger; किं नु भवतस्तातप्रतापोत्कर्षे$प्यमर्षः U.5. In Rhet. अमर्ष is one of the 33 minor feelings or व्यभिचारिभाव. See S. D.; R. G. thus defines it : परकृतावज्ञादिनानापराध- जन्यो मौनवाक्पारुष्यादिकारणभूतश्चित्तवृत्तिविशेषो$मर्षः. -2 Anger, passion, wrath; पुत्रवधामर्षोद्दीपितेन गाण्डीविना Ve.2; हर्षामर्ष- भयोद्वेगैः Bg.12.15. सामर्ष angry, indignant; सामर्षम् angrily. -3 Impetuosity, violence. -4 Determination of purpose. -र्षा Intolerance; यत्र सङ्गीतसन्नादैर्नदद्गुहममर्षया Bhāg.8.2.6. -Comp. -ज a. arising from anger or impatience. -हासः an angry laugh, sarcastic sneer. अमर्षण amarṣaṇa र्षित rṣita र्षिन् rṣin र्षवत् rṣavat अमर्षण र्षित र्षिन् र्षवत् a. 1 Impatient, intolerant, unforgiving; विशेषात्परिपूर्णस्य याति शत्रोरमर्षणः आभि- मुख्यम् Pt.1.326. -2 Angry, indignant, passionate; हृदि क्षतो गोत्रभिदप्यमर्षणः R.3.53; अभिमन्युवधामर्षितैः पाण्डुपुत्रैः Ve.4. -3 Impetuous, determined.
ādhimāsika आधिमासिक a. Relating to an intercalary month; करणाधिष्ठितमाधिमासिकं कुर्यात् Kau. A.2.7.
āpaṇaka आपणक आपणिक a. [आपणादागतः ठक्] 1 Relating to traffic, market &c.; mercantile; सम्मार्जितमहामार्गरथ्यापणक- चत्वराम् Bhāg.1.11.14. -2 Got from the market (as duties.). -कः 1 A shop-keeper, merchant, dealer. -2 A tax on market shops. -3 Assize, market-rate.
ikṣuḥ इक्षुः [इष्यते$सौ माधुर्यात्, इष्-क्सु Uṇ.3.157] 1 Sugarcane; परि त्वा परितत्नुनेक्षुणागामविद्विषे Av.1.34.5. -2 N. of another tree कोफिला. -3 Wish, desire. -Comp. -कन्दा A pumpion gourd, Cucurbita Pepo. (Mar. कोहाळें). -काण्डः, -ण्डम् N. of two different species of sugarcane (काश and मुञ्जतृण). -कान्तः A class of the six storeyed buildings (Mānasāra 24.55). -कुट्टकः a gatherer of sugar-cane. -गन्धः Saccharum Spontaneum (Mar. लघु- गोखरू). -गन्धिका Convolvulus paniculatus (भूमिकूष्माण्ड). -ज a. produced from sugar-cane. -तुल्या = अनिक्षुः. -दण्डः, -यष्टिः f. the stem or cane of Saccharum Officinale. -दर्भा a kind of grass. -दा N. of a river. -नेत्रम् 1 a kind of sugar-cane. -2 the eye of sugarcane. (Mar. पेरावरील डोळा). -पत्रः a kind of grain (Mar. जोंधळे). -पाकः molasses. -प्रः N. of a tree (शरवृक्ष). -बालिका a kind of grass (काश). -भक्षिका 1 a meal of sugar and molasses. -2 A machine for crushing sugarcane. -भक्षिती a woman who eats a sugar-cane. -मती, -मालिनी, मालवी N. of a river. -मूलम् the root of sugar-cane; a kind of sugar-cane. -मेहः diabetes or diabetes mellitus (cf. मधुमेह). -मेहिन् a. diabetic. -यन्त्रम् a sugar-mill. -योनिः [इक्षोरिव योनिः यस्य] Saccharum Officinarum (पुण्ड्रकइक्षु). -रसः 1 the juice of sugar-cane. -2 molasses, unrefined sugar. -3 a kind of काश grass; -रसोदः One of the seas. ˚क्वाथः raw or unrefined sugar, molasses. -वणम् a sugar-cane wood. -वल्लरी, -वल्ली the common yellow cane. -वारि n., -समुद्रः the sea of syrup, one of the seven seas. -वालिका (also इक्ष्वालिका) [इक्षुरिव वलति वल्- ण्वुल्] 1 N. of a tree (Mar. तालिमखाना.). -2 the काश grass. -वाटिका, -वाटी 1 a kind of sugar-cane (पुण्ड्रक). -2 a garden of sugar-canes. -विकारः 1 sugar, molasses. -2 any sweetmeat. -शाकटम्, -शाकिनम् a field fit for planting the sugar-cane. -सारः molasses, raw or unrefined sugar.
udānaḥ उदानः [अन्-घञ्] 1 Breathing upwards. -2 Breathing, breath in general. -3 One of the five vital airs or life-winds which rises up the throat and enters into the head); the other four being प्राण, अपान, समान and व्यान; स्पन्दयत्यधरं वक्त्रं गात्रनेत्रप्रकोपनः । उद्वेजयति मर्माणि उदानो नाम मारुतः ॥ -4 (With Buddhists) An expression of praise or joy. -5 The navel. -6 An eye-lash. -7 A kind of snake. 2. उदन् n. [उन्द्-कनिन् P.VI.1.63] Water (usually occurring in compounds either at the beginning or at the end, and as an optional substitute for उदक after the acc. dual. It has no forms for the first five inflections. In comp. it drops its न्); e. g. उदधि, अच्छोद, क्षीरोद &c. -Comp. -आशयः A lake, tank; शरदुदाशये साधुजातसत्सरसिजोदरश्रीमुषा दृशा Bhāg.1.31.2. -ओदनः water-meal. -कीर्णः-र्यः N. of a tree (महाकरंज) the bark of which is rubbed and thrown in water to stun the fishes). -कुम्भः a water-jar; Ms.2.182,3.68. तपःकृशः शान्त्युदकुम्भहस्तः Bk. -ग्राभः Holding water, a cloud (Ved.) उदग्राभस्य नमयन् वधस्नैः Rv.9.97.15. -कोष्ठः A water-jar. -ज a. aquatic, watery, produced in or by water. -जम् A lotus; एतद्धृषीकचषकैरसकृत्पिबामः शर्वादयो$ङजमध्वमृतासवंध्ऱ्यु ते Bhāg.1.14.33. -धानः [उदकं धीयते अत्र] 1 a water-jar. -2 a cloud. -धिः [उदकानि धीयन्ते$त्र धा-कि उदादेशः] 1 the receptacle of waters, ocean; उदधेरिव निम्नगाशतेष्वभवन्नास्य विमानना क्वचित् R.8.8. -2 a cloud. -3 a lake, any large reservoir of water. -4 a water-jar. -5 a symbolical expression for the number 4 or 7. ˚कन्या, तनया, सुता Lakṣmī, the daughter of the ocean (produced from the ocean among the 14 jewels). ˚क्रमः, -क्राः m. a voyager, mariner. ˚मलः 1 cuttle-fish-bone. -2 the foam of the ocean. ˚मेखला or ˚वस्त्रा the earth (girdled by the ocean, sea-girt). ˚राजः the king of waters, i. e. the chief ocean. ˚संभवम् sea-salt. ˚सुता N. of Lakṣmī; and of Dvārakā, the capital of Kṛiṣṇa (said to have been reclaimed from the ocean). -नेमि a. Rimmed by the ocean. -प a. crossing the water (as a boat). -पात्रम्, -त्री a water-jug, vessel; Ms.3.96. -पानः, -नम् a small pool or pond near a well, or the well itself; K.5. यावानर्थ उदपाने सर्वतः संप्लुतोदके Bg.2.46. ˚मण्डूकः (lit.) a frog in a well; (fig.) one who has had no experience of the world at large, a man of limited ideas who knows only his own neighbourhood; cf. कूपमण्डूक. -पीतिः f. A place for drinking water. -पेषम् a paste, anything ground with water. (-पम्) ind. P.III.4.38 and P.VI.3.28. by grinding in water. -प्रुत् a. Ved. causing water to flow; swimming or splashing in water (?). -प्लवः Waterflood (जलप्रलय); Bhāg 12.4.13. (v. l. for उपप्लव). -प्लुत a. swimming in water. उदप्लुतमिव दार्वहीनाम् Av.1.4.3. -बिन्दुः a drop of water; (प्रपेदिरे) चिरेण नाभि प्रथमोद- बिन्दवः Ku.5.24. -भारः 1 a water-carrier, i. e. a cloud. -2 Water current (पूर); यमस्वसुश्चित्र इवोदभारः (रराज) Śi.3.11. -मन्थः barley-water; a particular mixture; Mb.13.64.26. -मानः, -नम् a fiftieth part of an आढक q. v. -मेघः 1 a watery cloud. -2 a shower of rain; तुग्रो ह भुज्युमश्विनोदमेघे Rv.1.116.3. -मेहिन् a. Having watery urine or diabetes. -लाव- णिक a. salted, prepared with brine, briny. -वज्रः 1 a thunder shower; water-spout. -2 thunderbolt in the form of water; भिन्दानो हृदयमसाहि नोदवज्रः Śi.8.39. -वाप one who offers waters to the manes. -वासः standing or residence in water; सहस्यरात्रीरुदवासतत्परा Ku.5.26. (-सम्) a house on the borders of a stream or pond. -वासिन् a. standing in water; K.23. -वाह a. bringing water; दिवा चित् तमः कृण्वन्ति पर्जन्येनोदवाहेन Rv.1.38.9. (-हः) a cloud. -वाहनम् 1 a water-vessel. -2 A cloud. -वावधः a yoke for carrying water. -शरावः a jar filled with water; उदशराव आत्मानवेक्ष्य. -शुद्धः a water-jar. -श्वित् n. [उदकन जलेन श्वयति] butter-milk containing fifty per cent water; (i. e. 2 parts of butter-milk and 1 part of water); श्रेयस्तैलं हि पिण्याकाद् घृतं श्रेय उदश्वितः Mb.12.167.35. -स्थानम् 1 a place full of water. -4 residence in water. -स्थाली a kettle, vessel for holding water. -हरणः a vessel for drawing water. -हार a. fetching or carrying water. (-रः) a cloud (watercarrier).
upalaḥ उपलः 1 A stone, rock; उपलशकलमेतद् भेदकं गोमयानाम् Mu.3.15; कान्ते कथं घटितवानुपलेन चेतः Ś. Til.3; Me.19; Ś.1.14. -2 A precious stone, jewel. Y.3.36. 'उपलः प्रस्तरे मणौ' इति विश्वः. -3 Sand (Ved.). -4 A cloud. -5 A ball thrown from some artifice (as gun); कपाट- यन्त्रदुर्धर्षा बभूवुः सहुडोपलाः Mb.3.284.4. -ला 1 Refined sugar, (उपलासिता Sugarcandy). -2 The upper and smaller millstone which rests on the Dṛiṣad. [cf L. opatus.] -Comp. -प्रक्षिन् a. Grinding grain upon millstones; कारुरहं ततो भिषगुपलप्रक्षिणी नवा Rv.9.112.3.
aikṣava ऐक्षव a. (-वी f.) [इक्षु-अण्] Made of, or produced from, sugarcane, sugary. -वम् 1 Sugar. -2 A kind of spirituous liquor.
karkaṭakaḥ कर्कटकः 1 A crab. कर्कटकसधर्माणो हि जनकभक्षाः राजपुत्राः Kau. A.1.17. -2 Cancer, the fourth sign of the zodiac. -3 Compass, circuit. -4 A kind of sugarcane. -5 A hook. -की A female crab. -कम् 1 A poisonous root. -2 A particular fracture of the bones. -Comp. -अस्थि n. the shell or crust of a crab. -रज्जुः a rope with a hook.
karkaśa कर्कश a. [कर्क-श] 1 Hard, rough (opp. कोमल or मृदु); सुरद्विपास्फालनकर्कशाङ्गुलौ R.3.55,12.41,13.73; ऐरावतास्फालनकर्कशेन हस्तेन पस्पर्श तदङ्गमिन्द्रः Ku.3.22,1.36; Śi.15.1,16.18,63. -2 Harsh, cruel, merciless (words, conduct &c.); तस्य तद्वचनं श्रुत्वा राक्षसाः कोपकर्कशाः Rām.3.53.6. -3 Violent, strong, excessive; तस्य कर्कशविहारसंभवम् R.9.68. -4 Hardy, strong, muscular, robust. -5 Strict, imperative, peremptory; प्रभुरिव पुनः कार्ये कार्ये भवत्यतिकर्कशः Mv.2.11. -6 Desperate. -7 Illconducted, unchaste, unfaithful (as a woman). -8 Incomprehensible, difficult to comprehend; तर्के वा भृशकर्कशे मम समं लीलायते भारती P. R. -9 Niggardly. -1 Greatly addicted to (अत्यासक्त); नानागन्धर्वमिथुनैः पानसंसर्गकर्कशैः Rām. 4.67.45. -शः 1 A sword. -2 A substance in आयुर्वेद. -3 A black sugarcane; cf. Nm. -Comp. -वेदन a. of harsh sensitivity (Mātaṅga L.8.24.) कर्कशिका karkaśikā कर्कशी karkaśī कर्कशिका कर्कशी Wild jujube.
carcanam चर्चनम् [चर्च्-ल्युट्] 1 Studying, repetition, reading repeatedly. -2 Smearing the body with unguents; ज्योत्स्नाचन्दनचर्चनैः ... Sūkti.5.91. चर्चरिका carcarikā चर्चरी carcarī चर्चरिका चर्चरी [चर्च्-बा˚ अरन् गौराङीष्] 1 A kind of song. -2 Striking the hands to beat time (in music). -3 The recitation of scholars. -4 Festive sport, festive cries or merriment. -5 A festival. -6 Flattery. -7 Curled hair. -8 Triple symphony. -9 Alternate recitation of a poem by two persons.
jala जल a. [जल् अच् डस्य लो वा] 1 Dull, cold, frigid = जड q. v. -2 Stupid, idiotic. -लम् 1 Water; तातस्य कूपो$- यमिति ब्रुवाणाः क्षारं जलं कापुरुषाः पिबन्ति । Pt.1.322. -2 A kind of fragrant medicinal plant or perfume (ह्रीवेर). -3 The embryo or uterus of a cow. -5 The constellation called पूर्वाषाढा. -Comp. -अञ्चलम् 1 a spring. -2 a natural water-course. -3 moss. -अञ्जलिः 1 a handful of water. -2 a libation of water presented to the manes of a deceased person; कुपुत्रमासाद्य कुतो जलाञ्जलिः Chāṇ 69; मानस्यापि जलाञ्जलिः सरभसं लोके न दत्तो यथा Amaru. 97 (where, जलाञ्जलिं दा means 'to leave or give up'). -अटनः a heron. -अटनी a leech. -अणुकम्, -अण्डकम् the fry of fish. -अण्टकः a shark. -अत्ययः autumn (शरद्); पृष्ठतो$नुप्रयातानि मेघानिव जलात्यये Rām.2.45.22. -अधिदैवतः, -तम् an epithet of Varuṇa. (-तम्) the constellation called पूर्वाषाढा. -अधिपः an epithet of Varuṇa. -अम्बिका a well. -अर्कः the image of the sun reflected in water. -अर्णवः 1 the rainy season. -2 the ocean of sweet water. -अर्थिन् a. thirsty. -अवतारः a landing-place at a river-side. -अष्ठीला a large square pond. -असुका a leech. -आकरः a spring, fountain, well. -आकाङ्क्षः, -काङ्क्षः, -काङ्क्षिन् m. an elephant. -आखुः an otter. -आगमः rain; तपति प्रावृषि सुतरामभ्यर्ण- जलागमो दिवसः Ratn.3.1. -आढ्य a. watery, marshy. -आत्मिका a leech. -आधारः a pond, lake, reservoir of water. -आयुका a leech. -आर्द्र a. wet. (-र्द्रम्) wet garment or clothes. (-र्द्रा) a fan wetted with water. -आलोका a leech. -आवर्तः eddy, whirl-pool. -आशय a. 1 resting or lying in water. -2 stupid, dull, apathetic. (-यः) 1 a pond, lake, reservoir. -2 a fish. -3 the ocean. -4 the fragrant root of a plant (उशीर). -आश्रयः 1 a pond. -2 water-house. -आह्वयम् a lotus. -इन्द्रः 1 an epithet of Varuṇa. -2 N. of Mahādeva. -3 the ocean; जलेन्द्रः पुंसि वरुणे जम्भले च महोदधौ Medinī. -इन्धनः the submarine fire. -इभः a water-elephant. -ईशः, -ईश्वरः 1 an epithet of Varuṇa; भीमोद्भवां प्रति नले च जलेश्वरे च N. -2 the ocean. -उच्छ्वासः 1 a channel made for carrying off excess of water, drain, (cf. परीवाह). -2 overflow of a river. -उदरम् dropsy. -उद्भव a. aquatic. (-वा) benzoin. -उरगा, -ओकस् m., -ओकसः a leech. -कण्टकः a crocodile. -कपिः the Gangetic porpoise. -कपोतः a water-pigeon. -कर a. making or pouring forth water. (-रः) tax for water. -करङ्कः 1 a shell. -2 a cocoa-nut. -3 a cloud. -4 a wave. -5 a lotus. -कल्कः mud. -कल्मषः the poison produced at the churning of the ocean; तस्यापि दर्शयामास स्ववीर्यं जलकल्मषः Bhāg.8. 7.44. -काकः the diver-bird. -कान्तः the wind. -कान्तारः an epithet of Varuṇa. -किराटः a shark. -कुक्कुटः a water-fowl; जलकुक्कुटकोयष्टिदात्यूहकुलकूजितम् Bhāg.8.2.16. (-टी) the black-headed gull. -कुन्तलः, -कोशः moss. -कूपी 1 a spring, well. -2 a pond. -3 a whirlpool; जलकूपी कूपगर्ते पुष्करिण्यां च योषिति Medinī. -कूर्मः the porpoise. -कृत् a. Causing rain; दिवसकृतः प्रतिसूर्यो जलकृत् (मेघः) Bṛi. S. -केलिः, m. or f., -क्रीडा playing in water, splashing one another with water. -केशः moss. -क्रिया presenting libations of water to the manes of the deceased. -गुल्मः 1 a turtle. -2 a quadrangular tank. -3 a whirlpool. -चर a. (also जलेचर) aquatic. (-रः) 1 an aquatic animal. -2 a fish. -3 any kind of water-fowl. ˚आजीवः, ˚जीवः a fisherman. -चत्वरम् a square tank. -चारिन् m. 1 an aquatic animal. -2 a fish. -ज a. born or produced in water. (-जः) 1 an aquatic animal. -2 a fish; स्वयमेव हतः पित्रा जलजेनात्मजो यथा Rām.2.61.22. -3 sea-salt. -4 a collective name for several signs of the zodiac. -5 moss. -6 the moon. (-जः, जम्) 1 a shell. -2 the conch-shell; अधरोष्ठे निवेश्य दघ्मौ जलजं कुमारः R.7. 63,1.6; इत्यादिश्य हृषीकेशः प्रध्माय जलजोत्तमम् Bhāg.8.4. 26. -3 (-जः) The Kaustubha gem; जलजः कौस्तुभे मीने तत् क्लीबे शङ्खपद्मयोः । Nm. (जः) -4 A kind of horse born in water; वाजिनो जलजाः केचिद् वह्निजातास्तथापरे । शालिहोत्र of भोज, Appendix II,12. (-जम्) a lotus. ˚आजीवः a fisherman. ˚आसनः an epithet of Brahmā; वाचस्पतिरुवाचेदं प्राञ्जलिर्जलजासनम् Ku.2.3. ˚कुसुमम् the lotus. ˚द्रव्यम् a pearl, shell or any other thing produced from the sea. -जन्तुः 1 a fish, -2 any aquatic animal. -जन्तुका a leech. -जन्मन् a lotus. -जिह्वः a crocodile. -जीविन् m. a fisherman. -डिम्बः a bivalve shell. -तरङ्गः 1 a wave. -2 a metal cup filled with water producing harmonic notes like a musical glass. -ताडनम् (lit.) 'beating water'; (fig.) any useless occupation. -तापिकः, -तापिन्, -तालः The Hilsa fish; L. D. B. -त्रा an umbrella. -त्रासः hydrophobia. -दः 1 a cloud; जायन्ते विरला लोके जलदा इव सज्जनाः Pt.1.29. -2 camphor. ˚अशनः the Śāla tree. -आगमः the rainy season; सरस्तदा मानसं तु ववृधे जलदागमे Rām.7.12.26. ˚आभ a. black, dark. ˚कालः the rainy season. ˚क्षयः autumn. -दर्दुरः a kind of musical instrument. -देवः the constellation पूर्वाषाढा. -देवता a naiad, water-nymph. -द्रोणी a bucket. -द्वारम् A gutter, a drain, Māna.31.99. -धरः 1 a cloud. -2 the ocean. -धारा a stream of water. -धिः 1 the ocean. -2 a hundred billions. -3 the number 'four'. ˚गा a river. ˚जः the moon. ˚जा Lakṣmī, the goddess of wealth. ˚रशना the earth. -नकुलः an otter. -नरः a merman. -नाडी, -ली a water-course. -निधिः 1 the ocean. -2 the number 'four'. -निर्गमः 1 a drain, water-course. -2 a water-fall, descent of a spring &c. into a river below. -नीलिः moss. -पक्षिन् m. a water-fowl. -पटलम् a cloud. -पतिः 1 the ocean. -2 an epithet of Varuṇa. -पथः a sea voyage; R.17.81. -पद्धतिः f. a gutter, drain. -पात्रम् 'a water-pot', drinking-vessel. -पारावतः a water-pigeon. -पित्तम् fire. -पुष्पम् an aquatic flower. -पूरः 1 a flood of water. -2 a full stream of water. -पृष्ठजा moss. -प्रदानम् presenting libations of water to the manes of the deceased. -प्रपातः 1 a water-fall. -2 rainy season; शरत्प्रतीक्षः क्षमतामिमं भवाञ्जलप्रपातं रिपुनिग्रहे धृतः Rām.4.27.47. -प्रलयः destruction by water. -प्रान्तः the bank of a river. -प्रायम् a country abounding with water; जलप्रायमनूपं स्यात् Ak. -प्रियः 1 the Chātaka bird. -2 a fish. (-या) an epithet of Dākṣāyaṇī. -प्लवः an otter. -प्लावनम् a deluge, an inundation. -बन्धः, बन्धकः a dam, dike, rocks or stones impeding a current. -बन्धुः a fish. -बालकः, -वालकः the Vindhya mountain. -बालिका lightning. -बिडालः an otter. -बिम्बः, -म्बम् a bubble. -बिल्वः 1 a (quadrangular) pond, lake. -2 a tortoise. -3 a crab. -भीतिः f. hydrophobia. -भू a. produced in water. -भूः m. 1 a cloud. -2 a place for holding water. -3 a kind of camphor. -भूषणः wind. -भृत् m. 1 a cloud. -2 a jar. -3 camphor. -मक्षिका a water-insect. -मण़्डूकम् a kind of musical instrument; (= जलदर्दुर). -मद्गुः a king-fisher. -मसिः 1 a cloud. -2 camphor. -मार्गः a drain, canal. -मार्जारः an otter. -मुच् m. 1 a cloud; Me.69. -2 a kind of camphor. -मूर्तिः an epithet of Śiva. -मूर्तिका hail. -मोदम् a fragrant root (उशीर). -यन्त्रम् 1 a machine for raising water (Mar. रहाट). -2 a waterclock, clepsydra. -3 a fountain. ˚गृहम्, ˚निकेतनम्, ˚मन्दिरम् a house erected in the midst of water (a summerhouse) or one supplied with artificial fountains; क्वचिद् विचित्रं जलयन्त्रमन्दिरम् Ṛs.1.2. -यात्रा a sea-voyage. -यानम् a ship. -रङ्कुः a kind of gallinule. -रण्डः, रुण्डः 1 a whirlpool. -2 a drop of water, drizzle, thin sprinkling. -3 a snake. -रसः sea-salt. -राशिः the ocean. -रुह्, -हम् a lotus. -रूपः a crocodile. -लता a wave, billow. -वरण्टः a watery pustule. -वाद्यम् a kind of musical instrument. -वायसः a diver-bird. -वासः residence in water. (-सम्) = उशीर q. v. -वाहः 1 a cloud; साद्रिजलधिजलवाहपथम् Ki.12.21. -2 a waterbearer. -3 a kind of camphor. -वाहकः, -नः a watercarrier. -वाहनी an aqueduct. -विषुवम् the autumnal equinox. -वृश्चिकः a prawn. -वैकृतम् any change in the waters of rivers indicating a bad omen. -व्यधः A kind of fish; L. D. B. -व्यालः 1 a water-snake. -2 a marine monster. -शयः, -शयनः, -शायिन् m. an epithet of Viṣṇu; -शय्या lying in water (a kind of religious rite); द्वादशं हि गतं वर्षं जलशय्यां समासतः Rām.7. 76.17. -शर्करा A hailstone; तीव्रैर्मरुद्गणैर्नुन्ना ववृषुर्जलशर्कराः Bhāg.1.25.9. -शुक्तिः f. a bivalve shell. -शुचि a. bathed, washed. -शूकम् moss. -शूकरः a crocodile. -शोषः drought. -समुद्रः the ocean of fresh water. -संपर्कः mixture or dilution with water. -सर्पिणी a leech. -सूचिः f. 1 the Gangetic porpoise. -2 a kind of fish. -3 a crow. -4 a water-nut. -5 a leech. -स्थानम्, -स्थायः a pond, lake, reservoir; कदचित्तं जलस्थायं मत्स्य- बन्धाः समन्ततः Rām.12.137.5. -स्रावः A kind of eyedisease. -हम् a small water-house (rather summerhouse) furnished with artificial fountains. -हस्तिन् m. a water-elephant. -हारिणी a drain. -हासः 1 foam. -2 cuttle-fish-bone considered as the foam of the sea.
ता (ट) डका 1 N. of a female fiend, daughter of Suketu, wife of Sunda and mother of Mārīcha. [She was changed into a fiend by the sage Agastya whose devotions she had disturbed. She was killed by Rāma when she began to disturb, the sacrificial rites of Viśvāmitra. Rāma was first unwilling to bend his bow against a woman, but the sage overcame his scruples. See R.11.2]. -2 The large dark-green pumpkin.
tṛṇam तृणम् [तृह्-नक् हलोपश्च Uṇ.5.8] 1 Grass in general; किं जीर्णं तृणमत्ति मानमहतामग्रेसरः केसरी Bh.2.29. -2 A blade of grass, reed, straw. -3 Anything made of straw (as a mat for sitting); often used as a symbol of worthlessness or uselessness; तृणमिव लघुलक्ष्मीर्नैव तान- संरुणद्धि Bh.2.17; see तृणीकृ also. -Comp. -अग्निः 1 a fire of chaff of straw; ब्राह्मणस्त्वनधीयानस्तृणाग्निरिव शाम्यति Ms.3. 168. -2 fire quickly extinguished. -3 burning a criminal by twisting straw round his body and then setting it on fire. -अञ्जनः a chameleon. -अटवी a forest abounding in grass. -अन्नम् rice growing wild. -असृज् n., -कुङ्कुमम्, -गौरम् a variety of perfume. -आवर्तः a whirlwind. -इन्द्रः the palmyra tree. -उल्का a torch of hay, a fire-brand made of straw. -ओकस् n. a hut of straw. -काण्डः, -ण्डम् a heap of grass. -कुटी, -कुटीर- कम् a hut of straw. -कूटम् a heap of straw. -कूर्चिका a whisk. -केतुः 1 the palmyra tree. -2 a bamboo. -गणना thinking anything to be of no importance; यशसि रसिकता- मुपागतानां तृणगणना गुणरागिणां धनेषु Vikr.6.2. -गोधा a kind of chameleon. -ग्राहिन् m. a sapphire. -चरः a kind of gem (गोमेद). -जलायुका, -जलूका a caterpillar; यथा तृणजलूकेयं नापयात्यपयाति च । न त्यजेन्म्रियमाणो$पि प्राग्देहा- भिमतिं जनः ॥ Bhāg.4.29.77. -जम्भन् a. feeding on grass. -जातिः f. grass-kind, the vegetable kingdom; Ms.1 48. -ज्योतिस् n. the plant called ज्योतिष्मती; Ki.15. 47 com. -द्रुमः 1 the palm tree. -2 the cocoa-nut tree. -3 the betel-nut tree. -4 the Ketaka tree. -5 the date-tree -धान्यम् grain growing wild or without cultivation (Mar. देवभात). -ध्वजः 1 the palmyra tree. -2 a bamboo. -पीडम् hand-to-hand fighting; 'रज्जूकरणे तृणमिव यत्र बाह्वादिकं व्यावर्त्यते तद्युद्धम्' Mb.23.3.2 com. -पूलिक N. of a human abortion; Charaka 4.4.1. -पूली a mat, seat made of reeds. -प्राय a. worth a straw, worthless, insignificant. -बिन्दुः N. of a sage; R.8.79. -भुज् a. graminivorous; Ks.6. -भूत a. deprived of all power; Mb.7. -मणिः a sort of gem (amber). -मत्कुणः a bail or surety (perhaps a wrong reading for ऋणमत्कुण). -राज् m. the vine palm. -राजः 1 the cocoa-nut tree. -2 the bamboo. -3 the sugarcane. -4 the palmyra tree. -वृक्षः 1 the fanpalm tree. -2 the date-tree. -3 the cocoa-nut tree. -4 the areca-nut tree. -शालः the areca-nut tree, bamboo; तृणशालो राज- ताल्यां वेणौ Nm. -शीतम् a kind of fragrant grass. -शून्यम् N. of two plants केतकी and मल्लिका; तृणशून्यं तु मल्लिका Ak; परिलसत्तृणशून्यमतल्लिकापरिमलावहमारुतसेवितः Rām. Ch.4.32. -षट्पदः a kind of wasp (Mar. कुंभारीण). -सारा the plantain tree. -सिंहः an axe. -हर्म्यः a house of straw.
dīrgha दीर्घ a. (Compar. द्राघीयस्, Superl. द्राघिष्ठ) 1 Long (in time or space), reaching far; दीर्घाक्षं शरदिन्दुकान्ति वदनम् M.2.3; दीर्घान् कटाक्षान् Me.37; दीर्घापाङ्ग &c. -2 Of long duration, lasting long, tedious; दीर्घयामा त्रियामा Me.11; V.3.4; Ś.4.15. -3 Deep (as a sigh); Amaru.13; दीर्घमुष्णं च निश्वस्य. -4 Long (as a vowel), as the आ in काम. -5 Lofty, high, tall. -6 Dilated, expanded; तृष्णादीर्घस्य चक्षुषः U.3.46. -र्घः 1 A camel. -2 A long vowel. -3 The fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth signs of the zodiac. -4 A kind of grass or reed. -र्घा A long lake or oblong tank. -र्घम् ind. 1 Long, for a long time. -2 Deeply. -3 Far. -Comp. -अध्वगः 1 a messenger, an express. -2 a camel. -अपेक्षिन् a. very regardful, considerate. -अहन् m. summer (ग्रीष्म). -आकार a. oblong. -आयु a. long-lived. -आयुस्, -आयुष्य a. longlived. (-m.) 1 a crow. -2 N. of Mārkaṇḍeya. -आयुधः 1 a spear. -2 any long weapon. -3 a hog. -आस्यः an elephant. -कणा white cumin. -कण्ठः, -कण्ठकः, -कन्धरः the (Indian) crane. -काय a. tall (in stature). -काष्ठम् a beam. -केशः a bear. -कोशा, -शी, -कोशिका a cockle. -गतिः, -ग्रीवः, -घाटिकः a camel. -चतुरस्रः an oblong. -छदः sugarcane. -जङ्गलः a. kind of fish. -जङ्घः 1 a camel. -2 a crane. -जिह्वः a snake, serpent. -तपस् m. an epithet of Gautama, husband of Ahalyā; येषु दीर्घतपसः परिग्रहो वासवक्षणकलत्रतां ययौ R.11.33. -तमस् m. N. of a Vedic and paurānic sage; ऋषिर्दीर्घतमा नाम जात्यन्धो गुरुशापितः । त्वत्प्रसादाच्च चक्षुष्मांस्तेन सत्येन मोक्षय Hariv. -तरुः, -द्रुः the palm tree. -तुण्डी musk-rat (also दीर्घतुण्डा). -दण्डः 1 the palm tree. -2 the castor oil tree. -दर्शन a. far-seeing, sagacious, wise; प्रियः प्रियाया इव दीर्घदर्शनः Bhāg.1.29.2. -दर्शिन् a 1 provident, prudent, far-seeing, longsighted; न दीर्घदर्शिनो यस्य मन्त्रिणः स्युर्महीपतेः । क्रमायाता ध्रुवं तस्य न चिरात्स्यात्परिक्षयः ॥ Pt.3.195. -2 sagacious, wise. -3 knowing the past and future (भूतभविष्यज्ञानी); अमृत्यवस्तदा सर्वे जज्ञिरे दीर्घदर्शिनः Rām.7.74.11. (-m.) 1 a vulture. -2 a bear. -3 an owl. -दृष्टि a. far-sighted, shrewd, prudent. -द्वेषिन् cherishing long hatred, implacable. -नाद a. making a long continued noise. (-दः) 1 a dog. -2 a cook. -3 a conch shell. -निद्रा 1 long sleep. -2 the long sleep, sleep of death; R.12.81. सो$द्य मत्कार्मुकाक्षेपविदीपितदिगन्तरैः । शरैर्विभिन्नसर्वाङ्गो दीर्घनिद्रां प्रवेक्ष्यति ॥ Mārk. P. -पक्षः the fork-tailed shrike. -पत्रः the palm tree. -पत्रकः 1 sugar-cane. -2 a kind of garlic. -पर्वन् m. a sugar-cane. -पवनः an elephant. -पादः, -प (पा) द् m. a heron. -पादपः 1 the cocoa-nut tree. -2 the areca-nut tree. -3 the palm tree. -पुच्छः a serpent. -पुच्छिका an iguana (Mar. घोरपड). -पृष्ठः a snake. -प्रज्ञ a far-seeing, prudent, sagacious. -बाला a kind of deer (चमरी) of whose tails chowries are made. -बाहुः a. having long arms; दीर्घबाहुर्दिलीपस्य रघुर्नाम्नाभवत्सुतः Hariv. -मारुतः an elephant. -मुखी the musk-rat -मूलः a kind of Bilva plant. -यज्ञ a. performing sacrifices for a longer time; अयोध्यायां तु धर्मज्ञं दीर्घयज्ञं महाबलम् Mb. -रङ्गा turmeric. -रतः 1 a dog. -2 a hog; L. D. B. -रदः a hog. -रसनः a snake. -रोमन् m. a bear. -लोहितयष्टिका the red variety of sugar-cane. -वक्त्रः an elephant. -वच्छिका a shark; crocodile; also वर्चिका. -सक्थ a. having long thighs. -सत्रम् a long-continued Soma sacrifice. (-त्रः) one who performs such a sacrifice; R.1.8. -सुरतः a dog. -सूत्र, -सूत्रिन् a. working slowly, slow, dilatory, procrastinating; दीर्घसूत्री विनश्यति Pt.4. विषादी दीर्घसूत्री च कर्ता तामस उच्यते Bg.18.28. -स्कन्धः the palm tree.
dhauta धौत p. p. [धाव्-क्त ऊठ्] 1 Washed, washed off, cleaned, purified, laved; कुल्याम्भोभिः पवनचपलैः शाखिनो धौतमूलाः Ś.1.15; Śik.58; Ku.1.6;6,57; R.16.49; 19.1. -2 Polished, brightened; षष्ठ्या शरैः संयति तैलधौतै- र्जघान तानप्यथ पृष्ठगोपान् Mb.6.85.7. -3 Bright, white, shining, brightened, glistening; हरशिरश्चन्द्रिकाधौतहर्म्यां Me.7,46; विकसद्दन्ताशुधौताधरम् Gīt.12. -तम् 1 Silver. -2 Cleaning, washing. -Comp. -अपाङ्ग a. having the corners of the eyes illumined; Me.46. -आत्मन् a. pure-hearted. -कट a bag of coarse cloth. -कोषजम्, कौःषेयम् bleached or purified silk. -खण्डी sugarcandy. -मूल a. (a tree) having its roots washed; शाखिनो धौतमूलाः Ś.1.15. -शिलम् rock-crystal.
niḥśeṣa निःशेष a. [निर्गतः शेषो यस्य] Whole, complete, entire; निःशेषविश्राणितकोशजातम् R.5.1. -षम्, -षेण ind. Wholly, completely, totally, entirely. निःश्रय(यि)णी, निःश्रेणि, -णी f. A ladder, staircase; लब्ध्वापि मोक्षनिःश्रेणीं स नारोहति दुर्मतिः Bhāg.7.1.5; चक्रे त्रिदिवनिःश्रेणिः सरयूरनुयायिनाम् R.15.1.
nicita निचित p. p. 1 Covered, overcast, overspread; बभौ चिरं निचित इवासृजां लवैः Śi.17.14. -2 Full of, filled. -3 Raised up. -4 Piled or heaped up. -5 Constipated (as the bowels).
niśramaḥ निश्रमः Labour bestowed upon anything, continued practice or labour; स चापि वीरः कृतशस्त्रनिश्रमः Mb.1.137.25. निश्रयणी niśrayaṇī निश्रेणि niśrēṇi निश्रेणी niśrēṇī निश्रयणी निश्रेणि निश्रेणी A ladder, a staircase; cf. निःश्रयणी &c. कुम्भद्रोणीनिश्रेणीपरशु... Kau. A.; निश्रेणिरिव वीराणां सद्यो द्यामारुरुक्षताम् Śiva. B.4.37; निश्रेणीरधिरुह्यान्ये तद्भित्तीः परिरेभिरे Śiva. B.13.92; सम्भूय सम्यक् तैः सर्वैः मालानिःश्रेणि- साधकान् Parnāl.
parvan पर्वन् n. [पॄ-वनिप् Uṇ.4.112.] पर्व स्यादुत्सवे ग्रन्थौ प्रस्तावे लक्षणान्तरे' इति विश्वः. 1 A knot, joint; मासाश्चार्धमासाश्च पर्वाणि; Bṛi. Up.1.1.1. (Sometimes changed to पर्व at the end of Bah. comp.; as in कर्कशाङ्गुलिपर्वया R.12.41.) सो$हं दुर्मायिनस्ते$द्य वज्रेण शतपर्वणा, शिरो हरिष्ये Bhāg.8.11.6; सतामिवापर्वणि मार्गणानाम् Ki.17.29. -2 A limb, member, joint of the body, knuckle. -3 A portion, part, division; ससर्ज च्छायया विद्यां पञ्चपर्वाणमग्रतः Bhāg.3.2.18. -4 A book, section (as of the Mahābhārata). -5 The step of a staircase; दिने दिने शैवलवन्त्यधस्तात् सोपानपर्वाणि विमुञ्चदम्भः R.16.46. -6 A period, fixed time. -7 Particularly, the days of the four changes of the moon; i. e. the eighth and fourteenth day of each half month and the days of the full and new moon. -8 A sacrifice performed on the occasion of a change of the moon; पर्वणि न विचिन्वेत् (तुलसीम्) Tulasī. Up. -9 The day of new or full moon, the day of opposition or conjunction; अपर्वणि ग्रहकलुषेन्दुमण्डला विभावरी कथय कथं भविष्यति M.4.15; R.7.33; Ms.4.15; Bh.2.34. -1 An eclipse of the sun or moon; भ्रातः पर्वणि पश्य दानवपतिः शीर्षावशेषी कृतः Bh. -11 A festival, holiday, an occasion of joy; स्वलंकृतौ बालगजौ पर्वणीव सितेतरौ (कृष्णरामौ) Bhāg.1.41.41. -12 An opportunity or occasion in general. -13 A particular period of the year (as the equinox, solstice). -14 The moment of the sun's entering a new sign. -15 A moment, instant. -Comp. -आस्फोटः cracking the fingers (regarded as indecorus). -कारः One wearing different dresses (वेषान्तरधारी); Mb.13.9.9. -कालः 1 a periodic change of the moon. -2 the time at which the moon at its conjunction or opposition passes through the node; ˚राशिः time of festivals. -कारिन् m. a Brāhmaṇa who from motives of gain performs on common days ceremonies which ought to be performed on periodical occasions, such as अमावास्या &c. -गामिन् m. one who has sexual intercourse with his wife at particular times or occasions when such intercourse is prohibited by the Śāstras. -दक्षिणा the teacher's fee for teaching a particular portion of the Veda. -धिः the moon. -नाडी time of opposition or conjunction. -पूर्णता 1 preparations for a festival. -2 completion of a festival. -3 joining. -भागः the wrist; आपर्वभागोत्थितैः Ś.4.5. -भेदः voilent pain in the joints; Suśr. -मूलम् the time at which the fourteenth day passes into the fifteenth day of a fortnight. -योनिः a cane or reed. -रुह् m. a pomegranate tree. -वर्ज a. except the forbidden days of a month. -विपद् The moon. -संधिः 1 the junction of the fifteenth and first of a lunar fortnight, the full and change of the moon, or the exact moment of the full and change of the moon; जुषन्ते पर्वतश्रेष्ठमृषयः पर्वसंधिषु Mb.3.159.16. -2 a finger-joint.
puṇḍraḥ पुण़्ड्रः [पुण्ड्-भेदने रक् Uṇ 2.13] 1 A kind of sugarcane (red variety). -2 A lotus in general. -3 A white lotus -4 A mark or line (on the fore-head) made with sandal &c., sectarial mark; उत्थं तत् पुण्ड्रमूर्ध्वं जनिमरणतमः खण्डनं मण्डनं च Viṣṇupād Stotra 43. -5 A worm. -6 The Atimukta creeper. -ण्ड्राः (pl.) N. of a country and its inhabitants. -Comp. -केलिः an elephant.
phāṇitam फाणितम् Raw sugar; इक्षोः रसस्तु यः पक्वः किंचिद् गाढो बहुद्रवः । स एवेक्षुविकारेषु ख्यातः फाणितसंज्ञया ॥ Bhāva. P.; condensed juice of sugarcane (Mar. काकवी); फाणितेषु मरिचावचूर्णना सा स्फुटं कटुरपि स्पृहावहा N.14.118. -2 A product of milk (गोरसविकार); भक्ष्यान् फाणितसंयुक्तान् दत्वा सौभाग्यमृच्छति Mb.13.64.13.
bhaṅgiḥ भङ्गिः ङ्गी f. 1 Breaking, fracture, breach, division. -2 Undulation. -3 Bending, contracting; दृग्भङ्गीभिः प्रथममथुरासंगमे चुम्बितो$स्मि Ud. S.13. -4 A wave. -5 A flood, current. -6 A crooked path, tortuous or winding course. -7 A circumlocutory or round-about way of speaking or acting, periphrasis; भङ्ग्यन्तरेण कथनात् K. P.1; इति भङ्ग्या व्यज्यते-कथ्यते &c.; बहुभङ्गिविशारदः Dk. -8 A pretext, disguise, semblance; यः पाञ्चजन्यप्रतिबिम्बभङ्ग्या धाराम्भसः फेनमिव व्यनक्ति Vikr.1.1. -9 Trick, fraud, deceit. -1 Irony. -11 Repartee, wit. -12 A step; यानादवातरददूरमहीतलेन मार्गेण भङ्गिरचितस्फटिकेन रामः R.13.69. -13 An interval. -14 Modesty. -15 A fashion or mode; नानाश्रमलतापुष्पभङ्गीरचितकुन्तलाम् Bm.1.233; भङ्ग्यन्तरेण ind. in an indirect manner; in another manner. -Comp. -भक्तिः f. division into a series of waves or wave-like steps, a wavy staircase; cf. Me.62. -भाषणम् crooked speeches (with hidden meaning); पांसुलजनभङ्गिभाषणरतः Dk.2.8. -भूत a. resembling. -विकारः distortion of the features; a wry face, grimace.
bhīru भीरु a. (-रु or -रू f.) [भी-क्रु; cf. P.III.2.174.] 1 Timid, cowardly, fearful; क्षान्त्या भीरुः H.2.26. -2 Afraid of; (mostly in comp.); पाप˚, अधर्म˚, प्रतिज्ञाभङ्ग˚ &c. -रुः 1 A jackal. -2 A tiger. -3 A kind of sugarcane. -रु n. Silver. -f. 1 A timid woman. -2 A goat. -3 A shadow. -4 A centipede. -Comp. -चेतस् m. a deer. -पत्री, -पर्णी Asparagus Racemosus (Mar. शतावरी). -रन्ध्रः an oven, a furnace. -सत्त्व a. timid, fearful. -हृदयः a deer.
maṇiḥ मणिः [मण्-इन् स्त्रीत्वपक्षे वा ङीप्] (Said to be f. also, but rarely used) 1 A jewel, gem, precious stone; मणिर्लुठति पादेषु काचः शिरसि धार्यते । यथैवास्ते तथैवास्तां काचः काचो मणिर्मणिः H.2.68; अलब्धशाणोत्कषणा नृपाणां न जातु मौलौ मणयो वसन्ति Bv.1.73; मणौ वज्रसमुत्कीर्णे सूत्रस्येवास्ति मे गतिः R.1.4;3.18. -2 An ornament in general. -3 Anything best of its kind; cf. रत्न. -4 A magnet, loadstone. -5 The wrist. -6 A water-pot. -7 Clitoris. -8 Glans penis. -9 A crystal; क्वचिन्मणिनिकाशोदाम् (नदीम्) Rām. 2.95.9. -1 The fleshy excrescence on the neck of a goat (also written मणी in these senses). -11 An ingot, a lump (of gold); यथा सोम्यैकेन लोहमणिना सर्वं लोहमयं विज्ञातं स्यात् Ch. Up.6.1.5. -Comp. -इन्द्रः, -राजः a diamond. -कण्ठः the blue jay. -कण्ठकः a cock. -कर्णिका, -कर्णी N. of a sacred pool in Benares. -काचः the feathered part of an arrow. -काञ्चनयोगः a rare combination of mutually worthy things. -काननम् the neck. -कारः a lapidary, jeweller; मणिकाराश्च ये केचित् Rām.2.83.12. -गुणः a quality of gems; षडश्रश्चतुरश्रो वृत्तो वा, तीव्ररागसंश्थानवानच्छः स्निग्धो गुरुरर्चिष्मानन्तर्गतप्रभः प्रभानु- लेपी चेति मणिगुणाः Kau. A.2.11.29. -ग्रीवः a son of Kubera. -तारकः the crane or Sārasa bird. -तुण्डः a striped hyena; Nighaṇṭaratnākara. -तुलाकोटिः a foot ornament consisting of jewels. -दण्ड a. having a handle adorned with jewels. -दर्पणः a jewelled mirror. -दीपः 1 a lamp having jewels; मणिदीपप्रकाशितं ...... पश्येदं रङ्गमन्दिरम् -2 a jewel serving as a lamp. -दोषः a flaw or defect in a jewel. -द्वीपः 1 the hood of the serpent Ananta. -2 N. of a fabulous island in the ocean of nectar; सुधासिन्धोर्मध्ये सुरविटपिवाटीपरिसरे । मणिद्वीपे नीपोपवनवति चिन्तामणिगृहे Saundaryalaharī. -धनुः m., -धनुस् n. a rainbow. -पाली a female keeper of jewels. -पुष्पकः N. of the conchshell of Sahadeva; नकुलः सहदेवश्च सुघोषमणिपुष्पकौ Bg.1.16. -पूरः 1 the navel, -2 a kind of bodice richly adorned with jewels. (-रम्) 1 N. of a town in Kaliṅga. -2 the pit of the stomach, or a mystical circle on the navel (also मणि- पूरक); तदूर्ध्वे नाभिदेशे तु मणिपूरं महाप्रभम् । ...... मणिवद् भिन्नं तत्पद्मं मणिपूरं तथोच्यते Yogagrantha. ˚पतिः an epithet of Babhruvāhana. -प्रवेकः a most excellent jewel. -प्रभा N. of a metre. -बन्धः 1 the wrist; रक्षाकरण्डकमस्य मणिबन्धे न दृश्यते Ś.7. -2 the fastening of jewels; R.12.12; मणिबन्धैर्निगूढैश्च सुश्लिष्टशुभसन्धिभिः Garuḍa P. -3 a kind of metre. -बन्धनम् 1 fastening on of jewels, a string or ornament of pearls. -2 that part of a ring or bracelet where the jewels are set; collet; Ś.6. -3 the wrist; ...... मणिबन्धनात् कनकवलयं स्रस्तं स्रस्तं मया प्रतिसार्यते Ś.3.13. -बीजः, -वीजः the pomegranate tree. -भावरः an Indian crane; Nighaṇṭaratnākara. -भित्तिः f. N. of the palace of Śesa. -भूः f. a floor set with jewels. -भूमिः f. 1 a mine of jewels. -2 a jewelled floor, floor inlaid with jewels. -मण्डपः 1 N. of the residence of Śeṣa. -2 a crystal hall. -मन्तकम् a variety of diamonds; Kau. A.2.11.29. -मन्थम् rock-salt; क्वणन्मणिमन्थभूधर भवशिला- लेहायेहाचणो लवणस्यति N.19.18. -माला 1 a string or necklace of jewels. -2 lustre, splendour, beauty. -3 a circular impression left by a bite (in amorous sports). -4 N. of Lakṣmī. -5 N. of a metre. -मेखल a. girdled with gems. -यष्टिः m., f. a jewelled stick, a string of jewels. -रत्नम् a jewel, gem. -रागः the colour of jewels. (-गम्) vermilion. -विग्रह a. jewelled; काञ्चनीं मणिविग्रहाम् Rām.6.128.75. -विशेषः an excellent jewel. -शिला a jewelled slab. -सरः a necklace; मणिसरममलं तारकपटलं नखदशशशिभूषिते Gīt. -शृङ्गः the god of the sun. -सूत्रम् a string of pearls. -सोपानम् a jewelled staircase. -स्तम्भः a pillar inlaid with jewels. -हर्म्यम् a jewelled or crystal palace.
madhu मधु a. (-धु or -ध्वी f.) [मन्यत इति मधु, मन्-उ नस्य धः Uṇ.1.18) Sweet, pleasant, agreeable, delightful; आपापयति गोविन्दपादपद्मासवं मधु Bhāg.1.18.12; त्वया सह निवत्स्यामि वनेषु मधुगन्धिषु U.2.18. -f. N. of a plant (जीवा, जीवन्ती). -n. -(धु) 1 Honey; एतास्ता मधुनो धाराश्च्योतन्ति सविषास्त्वयि U.3.34; मधु तिष्ठति जिह्वाग्रे हृदये तु हलाहलम्. -2 The juice or nectar of flowers; मधु द्विरेफः कुसुमैकपात्रे पपौ प्रियां स्वामनुवर्तमानः Ku.3.36; देहि मुखकमलमधुपानम् Gīt.1. -3 A sweet intoxicating drink, wine, spirituous liquor; विनयन्ते स्म तद्योधा मधुभिर्विजयश्रमम् R.4.65; Ṛs. 1.3. -4 Water. -5 Sugar. -6 Sweetness. -7 Anything sweet. -8 Ved. Soma juice. -9 Milk or anything produced from milk (Ved.). -1 A bee-hive; केचित्- पीत्वापविध्यन्ति मधूनि मधुपिङ्गलाः Rām.5.62.1. -11 Bee-wax; Ms.1.88. -m. (धुः) 1 The spring or vernal season; मधुरया मधुबोधितमाधवी Śi.6.2; क्व नु ते हृदयंगमः सखा कुसुमायोजितकार्मुको मधुः Ku.4.24,25;3.1,3. -2 The month of Chaitra; भास्करस्य मधुमाधवाविव R.11.7; मासे मधौ मधुरकोकिलभृङ्गनादै रामा हरन्ति हृदयं प्रसभं नराणाम् Ṛs.6. 25. -3 N. of a demon killed by Viṣṇu. -4 N. of another demon, father of Rāvaṇa and killed by Śatrughna. -5 The Aśoka tree. -6 N. of king Kārtavīrya. -Comp. -अष्ठीला a lump of honey, clotted honey. -आधारः wax. -आपात a. having honey at the first taste; शक्तः परजने दाता स्वजने दुःखजीविनि । मध्वापातो विषास्वादः स धर्मप्रतिरूपकः ॥ Ms.11.9. -आम्रः a kind of mango tree. -आलु n., -आलुकम् sweet potato. -आवासः the mango tree. -आसवः sweet spirituous liquor (made from honey). -आसवनिकः distiller, vintner. -आस्वाद a. having the taste of honey. -आहुतिः f. a sacrificial offering of sweet things. -उच्छिष्टम्, -उत्थभ्, -उत्थितभ् 1 bees'-wax; शस्त्रासवमधूच्छिष्टं मधु लाक्षा च बर्हिषः Y.3.37; मधूच्छिष्टेन केचिच्च जध्नुरन्योन्यमुत्कटाः Rām.5.62.11. -2 the casting of an image in wax; Mānasāra; the name of 68th chapter. -उत्सवः the spring or vernal festival celebrated on the full-moon day of Chaitra. -उदकम् 'honey-water', water mixed with honey, hydromel. -उद्यानम् a spring-garden. -उपघ्नम् 'the abode of Madhu', an epithet of Mathurā; स च प्राप मधूपघ्नं कुम्भीन- स्याश्च कुक्षिजः R.15.15. -उषितम् wax. -कण्ठः the cuckoo. -करः 1 a large black bee; कुटजे खलु तेनेहा तेने हा मधुकरेण कथम् Bv.1.1; R.9.3; Me.37,49; सर्वतः सारमादत्ते यथा मधुकरो बुधः Bhāg. -2 a lover, libertine. -3 sweet lime. (-री) a female bee; न च मधुकरीवदन्नरस- भोजिन्यो देवता इति प्रमाणमस्ति ŚB. on MS.9.1.9. ˚गणः, ˚श्रेणिः f. a swarm of bees. -कर्कटी 1 sweet lime, a kind of citron. -2 A kind of date. -काननम्, -वनम् the forest of the demon Madhu. -कारः, -कारिन् m. a bee. -कुक्कुटिका, -कुक्कुटी a sort of citron tree. -कुल्या a stream of honey. -कृत् m. a bee; Bhāg. 11.7.33. -केशटः a bee. -कोशः, -षः 1 a bee-hive. -2 a honey comb. -क्रमः 1 a bee-hive. -2 a honey comb. (pl.) drinking-bout, carousals. -क्षीरः, -क्षीरकः a Kharjūra tree. -गन्धः the Bakula tree. -गन्धि, -गन्धिक a. scented with honey, sweet-smelling; वनेषु मधुगन्धिषु U.2.18. -गायनः the cuckoo. -गुञ्जनः the drum-stick plant (Mar. शेवगा). -ग्रहः a libation of honey. -घोषः the cuckoo. -च्युत्, -त, -श्च्युत् a. 1 dropping or distilling honey; ददतु तरवः पुष्पैरर्घ्यं फलैश्च मधुश्च्युतः U.3.24. -2 mellifluous, overflowing with sweets. -जम् bees'-wax. -जा 1 sugar-candy. -2 the earth. -जम्बीरः a kind of citron. -जित्, -द्विष्, -निषूदन, -निहन्तृ m., -मथः, -मथनः, -रिपुः, -शत्रुः, -सूदनः epithets or Viṣṇu; इति मधुरिपुणा सखी नियुक्ता Gīt.5; R.9.48; Śi.15.1. -जीवनः N. of plant (Mar. बेहडा). -तृणः, -णम् sugar cane. -त्रयम् the three sweet things; i. e. sugar, honey, and clarified butter. -दीपः the god of love. -दूतः the mango tree. -दोहः the extracting of sweetness or honey. -द्रः 1 a bee. -2 a libertine. -द्रवः N. of a tree having red blossoms (Mar. तांबडा शेवगा). -द्रुमः the mango tree. -धातुः a kind of yellow pyrites (सुवर्णमाक्षिक). -धारा a stream of honey. -धूलिः f. molasses. -धेनुः honey offered to Brāhmaṇas in the form of a cow. -नाडी a cell in a honey-comb. -नारिकेलः, -नारिकेरकः a kind of cocoanut (Mar. मोहाचा नारळ). -नेतृ m. bee. -पः a bee or a drunkard; राजप्रियाः कैरविण्यो रमन्ते मधुपैः सह Bv.1.126;1.63 (where both meanings are intended). -पटलम् a bee-hive. -पतिः an epithet of Kṛiṣṇa. -पर्कः 1 'a mixture of honey', a respectful offering made to a guest or to the bridegroom on his arrival at the door of the father of the bride; (its usual ingredients are five:- दधि सर्पिर्जलं क्षौद्रं सिता चैतैश्च पञ्चभिः । प्रोच्यते मधुपर्कः); समांसो मधुपर्कः U.4; असिस्वदद्यन्मधु- पर्कमर्पितं स तद् व्यधात्तर्कमुदर्कदर्शिनाम् । यदैष पास्यन्मधु भीमजाधरं मिषेण पुण्याहविधिं तदा कृतम् N.16.13; Ms.3.119 et seq. -2 the ceremony of receiving a guest. -पर्किकः one who praises at the time of मधुपर्क; पठन्ति पाणिस्वनिका मागधा मधुपर्किकाः Mb.7.82.2. (com. मधुपर्किकाः माङ्गल्योपस्थापकाः). -पर्क्य a. worthy of madhuparka q. v. -पर्णिका, -पर्णी the Indigo plant. -पाका sweet melon. -पात्रम् a wine-jug. -पानम् drinking wine; धनलवमधुपानभ्रान्त- सर्वेन्द्रियाणाम् Bh. -पायिन् m. a bee. -पालः a honeykeeper. -पुरम्, -री an epithet of Mathurā; संप्रत्युज्झित- वासनं मधुपुरीमध्ये हरिः सेव्यते Bv.4.44. -पुष्पः 1 the Aśoka tree. -2 the Bakula tree. -3 the Dantī tree. -4 the Śirīṣa tree. -प्रणयः addiction to wine. -प्रमेहः diabetes, sacharine urine. -प्राशनम् one of the sixteen purificatory Samskāras (which consists in putting a little honey into the mouth of a new-born male child). -प्रियः an epithet of Balarāma. -फलः a kind of cocoanut. -फलिका a kind of date. -बहुला the Mādhavī creeper. -बा(वी)जः a pomegranate tree. -बी(वी)- जपूरः a kind of citron. -भूमिकः an epithet of Yogin in the second order. -मक्षः, -क्षा, -मक्षिका a bee. -मज्जनः the tree called आखोट. -मत्त a. 1 drunk with wine. -2 excited by the spring. -मदः the intoxication of liquor. -मन्थः a kind of drink mixed with honey. -मल्लिः, -ल्ली f. the Mālatī creeper. -मस्तकम् a kind of sweetmeat made of honey, flour, oil, and ghee; मधुतैलघृतैर्मध्ये वेष्टिताः समिताश्च याः । मधुमस्तकमुद्दिष्टम् ..... Śabda-chandrikā. -माक्षिकम् = मधुधातु q. v. -माधवम्, -वौ the two spring months (चैत्र and वैशाख). -माधवी 1 a kind of intoxicating drink; क्रीडन्त्यो$भिरताः सर्वाः पिबन्त्यो मधुमाधवीम् Mb.1.81.3. -2 any springflower. -माध्वीकम् a kind of intoxicating liquor. -मारकः a bee. -मांसम् honey and meat; Ms.11.158. -मूलम् N. of an edible root (like Mar. रताळें, सुरण). -मेहः मधुप्रमेह q. v. -यष्टिः, -ष्टी f. 1 sugar-cane. -2 liquorice. -यष्टिका, -वल्ली liquorice. -रस a. sweet-flavoured, sweet. -(सः) 1 the wine-palm. -2 sugarcane. -3 sweetness. -(सा) 1 a bunch of grapes. -2 vine. -लग्नः N. of a tree. -लिह्, -लेह्, -लेहिन् m. -लोलुपः a bee; so मधुनोलेहः; मधुलिहां मधुदानविशारदा R.9.29; मधुलेहिगीतौ Bk.; मधुलिह इव मधुबिन्दून् विरलानपि भजत गुणलेशान् Ve.1.5. -वनम् 1 N. of the forest inhabited by the demon Madhu where Śatrughna founded Mathurā. -2 N. of the forest of Sugrīva. (-नः) the cuckoo. -वल्ली 1 liquorice. -2 a kind of grape -3 Sweet citron. -वाच् the Indian cuckoo. -वाराः (m. pl.) drinking often and often, tippling, carousing; जज्ञिरे बहुमताः प्रमदानामोष्ठयावक- नुदा मधुवाराः Ki.9.59; क्षालितं नु शमितं नु वधूनां द्रावितं नु हृदयं मधुवारैः Śi.1.14; sometimes in the sing, also; see: अङ्गनास्यचषकैर्मधुवारः Ki.9.57. -विद्या N. of a mystical doctrine. -व्रतः a bee; मार्मिकः को मरन्दानामन्तरेण मधुव्रतम् Bv.1.117; तस्मिन्नद्य मधुव्रते विधिवशान्माध्वीकमाकाङ्क्षति 46; मालां मधुव्रतवरूथगिरोपघुष्टाम् Bhāg. -शर्करा honey-sugar. -शाखः a kind of tree. -शिला = मधुधातु q. v. -शिष्टम्, -शेषम् wax. -श्री beauty of spring. -सखः, -सहायः, -सारथिः, -सुहृद् m. the god of love. -संधानम् brandy. -सिक्थकः a kind of poison. -सूदनः 1 a bee; गायन् कलं क्रीडति पद्मिनीषु मधूनि पीत्वा मधुसूदनो$सौ Chanḍ. M. -2 an epithet of Viṣṇu; भक्तानां कर्मणां चैव सूदनान्मधुसूदनः -3 N. of a writer of works like अद्वैतसिद्धि. -स्थानम् a bee-hive. -स्रवः a. dropping honey or sweetness. -(वा) 1 liquorice. -2 N. of the third day in the bright half of Śrāvaṇa. -स्वरः the cuckoo. -हन् m. 1 a destroyer or collector of honey; सर्वथा संहतैरेव दुर्बलैर्बलवानपि । अमित्रः शक्यते हन्तुं मधुहा भ्रमरैरिव ॥ Mb.3.33.7; Bhāg.11.7.34. -2 a kind of bird of prey. -3 a sooth-sayer. -4 an epithet of Viṣṇu.
mala मल a. [मृज्यते शोध्यते मृज्-कल टिलोपः Tv.] 1 Dirty, foul; आमिषं यच्च पूर्वेषां राजसं च मलं भृशम् Rām.7.74.16. -2 Mean, covetous. -3 Unbelieving, infidel, godless. -4 Wicked. -लः, -लम् 1 Dirt, filth, impurity, dust, any impure matter; मलदायकाः खलाः K.2; छाया न मूर्छति मलोपहतप्रसादे शुद्धे तु दर्पणतले सुलभावकाशा Ś.7.32. -2 Dregs, refuse, sediment, excrement, feces, dung. -3 Dross (of metals), rust, alloy. -4 Moral taint or impurity, sin; फलैधःकुसुमस्तेयमधैर्यं च मलावहम् Ms.11.7. -5 Any impure secretion of the body; (according to Manu these excretions are twelve:-- वसा शुक्रमसृङ् मज्जा मूत्रविड् घ्राणकर्णविट् । श्लेष्माश्रुदूषिका स्वेदो द्वादशैते नृणां मलाः Ms.5.135). -6 Camphor. -7 Cuttle-fish bone. -8 Tanned leather; a leather-garment. -9 The three humours of the body (वात, पित्त and कफ). -लम् A kind of base metal. -Comp. -अपकर्षणम् 1 removing the dirt, purification. -2 removal of sin. -अपहा 1 a particular preparation. -2 N. of a river; नन्दिनी नलिनी सीता मालती च मलापहा. -अयनम् the rectum. -अरिः a kind of natron. -अव- रोधः constipation of the bowels. -आकर्षिन् m. a sweeper, a scavenger. -आभ a. dirty-looking. -आवाह a. 1 causing dirt, dirtying, soiling. -2 defiling, polluting; Ms.11.7. -आशयः the stomach; bowels. -उद्भवम् the rust of iron (मण्डूर). -उत्सर्गः evacuation of the feces, voiding the excrement. -उद्वासा a woman who has put off her soiled clothes. -उपहत a. soiled, tarnished with dirt; Ś7.32. -कर्षण a. cleansing. -घ्न a. cleansing, detergent. (-घ्नः) the bulbous root of शाल्मली. (-घ्नी) N. of a plant (नागदमनी). -जम् pus, matter. -दूषित a. dirty, foul, soiled. -द्रवः purging, diarrhœa. -द्राविन् a. purging. (-m. the Jayapāla tree. -धात्री a nurse who attends to a child's necessities. -धारिन् m. a religious mendicant of the Jaina sect. -पङ्किन् a. covered with dust and mire; निराहारा कृशा रुक्षा जटिला मलपङ्किनी Mb.5.186. 2. -पूः (यूः) Ficus Oppositifolia (Mar. काळा किंवा धेड- उंबर). -पृष्ठम् the first (or outer) page of a book. -भुज् m. a crow. -मल्लकः a strip of cloth covering the privities (कौपीन); Dk.2.2. -मासः an intercalary month (so called because during that month religious ceremonies are not performed); 'अमावास्याद्वयं यत्र रवि- संक्रान्तिवर्जितम् । मलमासः स विज्ञेयः...' -मूत्रपरित्यागः evacuation of feces and urine. -वासस् f. a woman in her courses. -विशोधन a. cleansing away filth. -विष्टम्भः constipation. -विसर्गः, -विसर्जनम्, -शुद्धिः f. evacuation of the bowels. -हन्तृ m. = मलघ्नः. -हारक a. removing dirt or sin.
malimlucaḥ मलिम्लुचः 1 A robber, thief; न परेषु महौजसश्छलादप- कुर्वन्ति मलिम्लुचा इव Śi.16.52. -2 A demon. -3 A gnat, mosquito. -4 An intercalary month. -5 Air, wind. -6 Fire. -7 A Brāhmaṇa who neglects the five daily Yajñas or sacrifices. -8 The Chitraka tree. -9 Frost, snow.
mahā महा The substitute of महत् at the beginning of Karmadhāraya and Bahuvrīhi compounds, and also at the beginning of some other irregular words. (Note : The number of compounds of which महा is the first member is very large, and may be multiplied ad infinitum. The more important of them, or such as have peculiar significations, are given below.) -Comp. -अक्षः an epithet of Śiva. ˚पटलिक a chief keeper of archives. -अङ्ग a. huge, bulky. -(ङ्गः) 1 a camel. -2 a kind of rat. -3 N. of Śiva. -अञ्जनः N. of a mountain. -अत्ययः a great danger or calamity. -अध्वनिक a. 'having gone a long way', dead. -अध्वरः a great sacrifice. -अनसम् 1 a heavy carriage. -2 cooking utensils. (-सी) a kitchen-maid. (-सः, -सम्) a kitchen; सूपानस्य करिष्यामि कुशलो$स्मि महानसे Mb.4.2.2. -अनिलः a whirlwind; महानिलेनेव निदाघजं रजः Ki.14.59. -अनुभाव a. 1 of great prowess, dignified, noble, glorious, magnanimous, exalted, illustrious; ग्रहीतुमार्यान् परिचर्यया मुहुर्महानु- भावा हि नितान्तमर्थिनः Śi.1.17; Ś.3. -2 virtuous, righteous, just. (-वः) 1 a worthy or respectable person. -2 (pl.) people of a religious sect in Mahārāṣtra founded by Chakradhara in the 13th century. -अन्तकः 1 death. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -अन्धकारः 1 thick darkness. -2 gross (spiritual) ignorance. -अन्ध्राः (pl.) N. of a people and their country. -अन्वय, -अभिजन a. nobly-born, of noble birth. (-यः, -नः) noble birth, high descent. -अभिषवः the great extraction of Soma. -अमात्यः the chief or prime minister (of a king). -अम्बुकः an epithet of Śiva. -अम्बुजम् a billion. -अम्ल a. very sour. (-म्लम्) the fruit of the tamarind tree. अरण्यम् a great (dreary) forest, large forest. -अर्घ a. very costly, costing a high price; महार्घस्तीर्थानामिव हि महतां को$प्यतिशयः U.6.11. (-र्घः) a kind of quail. -अर्घ्य a. 1 valuable, precious. -2 invaluable; inestimable; see महार्ह below. -अर्चिस् a. flaming high. -अर्णवः 1 the great ocean. -2 N. of Śiva. -अर्थ a. 1 rich. -2 great, noble, dignified. -3 important, weighty. -4 significant. -अर्बुदम् one thousand millions. -अर्ह a. 1 very valuable, very costly; महार्हशय्यापरिवर्तनच्युतैः स्वकेशपुष्पैरपि या स्म दूयते Ku.5.12. -2 invaluable, inestimable; महार्हशयनोपेत किं शेषे निहतो भुवि Rām.6.19. 2. (-र्हम्) white sandal-wood. -अवरोहः the fig-tree. -अशनिध्वजः a great banner in the form of the thunderbolt; जहार चान्येन मयूरपत्रिणा शरेण शक्रस्य महाशनि- ध्वजम् R.3.56. -अशन a. voracious, gluttonous; Mb. 4. -अश्मन् m. a precious stone, ruby. -अष्टमी the eighth day in the bright half of Āśvina sacred to Durgā; आश्विने शुक्लपक्षस्य भवेद् या तिथिरष्टमी । महाष्टमीति सा प्रोक्ता ...... -असिः a large sword. -असुरी N. of Durgā. -अह्नः the afternoon. -आकार a. extensive, large, great. -आचार्यः 1 a great teacher. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -आढ्य a. wealthy, very rich. (-ढ्यः) the Kadamba tree. -आत्मन् a. 1 high-souled, high-minded, magnanimous, noble; अयं दुरात्मा अथवा महात्मा कौटिल्यः Mu.7; द्विषन्ति मन्दाश्चरितं महात्मनाम् Ku.5.75; U.1.49; प्रकृतिसिद्धमिदं हि महात्मनाम् Bh.1.63. -2 illustrious, distinguished, exalted, eminent; किमाचाराः किमाहाराः क्व च वासो महात्मनाम् Mb.3. 1.4. -3 mighty (महाबल); अथायमस्यां कृतवान् महात्मा लङ्केश्वरः कष्टमनार्यकर्म Rām.5.9.74. (-m.) 1 the Supreme Spirit; युगपत्तु प्रलीयन्ते यदा तस्मिन् महात्मनि Ms.1.54. -2 the great principle, i. e. intellect of the Sāṅkhyas. (महात्मवत् means the same as महात्मन्). -आनकः a kind of large drum. -आनन्दः, -नन्दः 1 great joy or bliss. -2 especially, the great bliss of final beatitude. (-न्दा) 1 spirituous liquor. -2 a festival on the ninth day in the bright half of Māgha. -आपगा a great river. -आयुधः an epithet of Śiva. -आरम्भ a. undertaking great works, enterprizing. (-म्भः) any great enterprize. -आलयः 1 a temple in general. -2 a sanctuary, an asylum. -3 a great dwelling. -4 a place of pilgrimage. -5 the world of Brahman. -6 the Supreme Spirit. -7 a tree &c. sacred to a deity. -8 N. of a particular dark fortnight. -9 पितृश्राद्ध in the month of Bhādrapada. (-या) N. of a particular deity. -आशय a. highsouled, nobleminded, magnanimous, noble; दैवात् प्रबुद्धः शुश्राव वराहो हि महाशयः Ks; राजा हिरण्यगर्भो महाशयः H.4; see महात्मन्. (-यः) 1 a noble-minded or magnanimous person; महाशयचक्रवर्ती Bv.1.7. -2 the ocean. -आस्पद a. 1 occupying a great position. -2 mighty, powerful. -आहवः a great or tumultuous fight. -इच्छ a. 1 magnanimous, noble-minded, high-souled, noble; मही महेच्छः परिकीर्य सूनौ R.18.33. -2 having lofty aims or aspirations, ambitious; विद्यावतां महेच्छानां ...... नाश्रयः पार्थिवं विना Pt.1.37. -इन्द्रः 1 'the great Indra', N. of Indra; इयं महेन्द्रप्रभृतीनधिश्रियः Ku.5.53; R.13.2; Ms.7.7. -2 a chief or leader in general. -3 N. of a mountain range; पतिर्महेन्द्रस्य महोदधेश्च R.6.54;4.39,43. ˚चापः rain-bow. ˚नगरी N. of Amarāvatī, the capital of Indra. ˚मन्त्रिन् m. an epithet of Bṛihaspati. ˚वाहः the elephant Airāvata; महेन्द्रवाहप्रतिमो महात्मा Mb.9.17.52. -इभ्य a. very rich. -इषुः a great archer; अधिरोहति गाण्डीवं महेषौ Ki.13.16. -इष्वासः a great archer, a great warrior; अत्र शूरा महेष्वासा भामार्जुनसमा युधि Bg.1.4. -ईशः, -ईशानः N. of Śiva; महेशस्त्वां धत्ते शिरसि रसराजस्य जयिनीम् Udb. ˚बन्धुः the Bilva tree. -ईशानी N. of Pārvatī. -ईश्वरः 1 a great lord, sovereign; महेश्वरस्त्र्यम्बक एव नापरः R.; गोप्तारं न निधीनां कथयन्ति महेश्वरं विबुधाः Pt.2.74. -2 N. of Śiva. -3 of Viṣṇu. -4 a god (opp. प्रकृति). -5 the Supreme Being (परमात्मा); मायां तु प्रकृतिं विद्यान्मायिनं तु महेश्वरम् Śvet. Up.4.1. ˚सखः N. of Kubera; यया कैलासभवने महेश्वरसखं बली Mb.9.11.55. (-री) 1 N. of Durgā. -2 a kind of bell-metal. -उक्षः (for उक्षन्) a large bull; a full grown or strong bull; महोक्षतां वत्सतरः स्पृशन्निव R.3.32;4.22;6.72; Śi.5.63. -उत्पलम् a large blue lotus. (-लः) the Sārasa bird. -उत्सवः 1 a great festival or occasion of joy; नयनविषयं जन्मन्येकः स एव महोत्सवः Māl.1.36. -2 the god of love. -उत्साह a. possessed of great energy, energetic, persevering; अहं च कर्णं जानामि ...... सत्यसंधं महोत्साहं ...... Mb.3.91.2. (-हः) 1 perseverance. -2 great pride; ये जात्यादिमहो- त्साहान्नरेन्द्रान्नोपयान्ति च । तेषामामरणं भिक्षा प्रायश्चितं विनिर्मितम् ॥ Pt.1.38. -उदधिः 1 the great ocean; महोदधेः पूर इवेन्दु- दर्शनात् R.3.17. -2 an epithet of Indra. ˚जः a conchshell, shell. -उदय a. very prosperous or lucky, very glorious or splendid, of great prosperity. (-यः) 1 (a) great elevation or rise, greatness, prosperity; नन्दस्त्वतीन्द्रियं दृष्ट्वा लोकपालमहोदयम् Bhāg.1.28.1; अपवर्ग- महोदयार्थयोर्भुवमंशाविव धर्मयोर्गतौ R.8.16. (b) great fortune or good luck. (c) greatness, pre-eminence. -2 final beatitude. -3 a lord, master. -4 N. of the district called Kānyakubja or Kanouja; see App. -5 N. of the capital of Kanouja. -6 sour milk mixed with honey. -7 = महात्मन् q. v.; संसक्तौ किमसुलभं महोदयानाम Ki.7.27. ˚पर्वन् a time of union of the middle of श्रवण नक्षत्र and the end of व्यतिपात (generally in the month of माघ or पौष at the beginning of अमावास्या). -उदर a. big-bellied, corpulent. -(रम्) 1 a big belly. -2 dropsy. -उदार a. 1 very generous or magnanimous. -2 mighty, powerful. -उद्यम a. = महोत्साह q. v; महोद्यमाः कर्म समा- रभन्ते. -उद्योग a. very industrious or diligent, hardworking. -उद्रेकः a particular measure (= 4 प्रस्थs). -उन्नत a. exceedingly lofty. (-तः) the palmyra tree. -उन्नतिः f. great rise or elevation (fig. also), high rank. -उपकारः a great obligation. -उपाध्यायः a great preceptor, a learned teacher. -उरगः a great serpent; वपुर्महोरगस्येव करालफणमण्डलम् R.12.98. -उरस्क a. broad-chested. (-स्कः) an epithet of Śiva. -उर्मिन् m. the ocean; ततः सागरमासाद्य कुक्षौ तस्य महोर्मिणः Mb.3.2.17. -उल्का 1 a great meteor. -2 a great fire-brand. -ऋत्विज् m. 'great priest', N. of the four chief sacrificial priests. -ऋद्धि a. very prosperous, opulent. (-f.) great prosperity or affluence. -ऋषभः a great bull. -ऋषिः 1 a great sage or saint; यस्मादृषिः परत्वेन महांस्त- स्मान्महर्षयः; (the term is applied in Ms.1.34 to the ten Prajāpatis or patriarchs of mankind, but it is also used in the general sense of 'a great sage'). -2 N. of Sacute;iva. -3 of Buddha. -ओघ a. having a strong current. -घः a very large number; शतं खर्व- सहस्राणां समुद्रमभिधीयते । शतं समुद्रसाहस्रं महौघमिति विश्रुतम् ॥ Rām.6.28.37. -ओष्ठ (महोष्ठ) a. having large lips. (-ष्ठः) an epithet of Śiva. -ओजस् a. very mighty or powerful, possessed of great splendour or glory; महौजसा मानधना धनार्चिताः Ki.1.19. (-m.) a great hero or warrior, a champion. (-n.) great vigour. -ओजसम् the discus of Viṣṇu (सुदर्शन). (-सी) N. of plant (Mar. कांगणी). -ओदनी Asparagus Racemosus (Mar. शतावरी). -ओषधिः f. 1 a very efficacious medicinal plant, a sovereign drug. -2 the Dūrvā grass. -3 N. of various plants ब्राह्मी, श्वेतकण्टकारी, कटुका, अतिविष &c. ˚गणः a collection of great or medicinal herbs:-- पृश्निपर्णी श्यामलता भृङ्गराजः शतावरी । गुड्चा सहदेवी च महौषधिगणः स्मृतः ॥ cf. also सहदेवी तथा व्याघ्री बला चातिबला त्वचा । शङ्खपुष्पी तथा सिंही अष्टमी च सुवर्चला ॥ महौषध्यष्टकं प्रोक्तं... . -औषधम् 1 a sovereign remedy, panacea. -2 ginger. -3 garlic. -4 a kind of poison (वत्सनाभ). -कच्छः 1 the sea. -2 N. of Varuṇa. -3 a mountain. -कन्दः garlic. -कपर्दः a kind of shell. -कपित्थः 1 the Bilva tree. -2 red garlic. -कम्बु a. stark naked. (-म्बुः) an epithet of Śiva. -कर a. 1 large-handed. -2 having a large revenue. -कर्णः an epithet of Śiva. -कर्मन् a. doing great works. (-m.) an epithet of Śiva. -कला the night of the new moon. -कल्पः a great cycle of time (1 years of Brahman); Bhāg.7.15.69. -कविः 1 a great poet, a classical poet, such as कालिदास, भवभूति, बाण, भारवि &c. -2 an epithet of Śukra. -कषायः N. of a plant (Mar. कायफळ). -कान्तः an epithet of Śiva. (-ता) the earth. -काय a. big-bodied, big, gigantic, bulky. (-यः) 1 an elephant. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -3 of Viṣṇu. -4 of a being attending on Śiva (= नन्दि). -कारुणिक a. exceedingly compassionate. -कार्तिकी the night of full-moon in the month of Kārtika. -कालः 1 a form of Śiva in his character as the destroyer of the world; महाकालं यजेद्देव्या दक्षिणे धूम्रवर्णकम् Kālītantram. -2 N. of a celebrated shrine or temple of Śiva (Mahākāla) (one of the 12 celebrated Jyotirliṅgas) established at Ujjayinī (immortalized by Kālidāsa in his Meghadūta, which gives a very beautiful description of the god, his temple, worship &c., together with a graphic picture of the city; cf. Me.3-38; also R.6.34); महाकालनिवासिनं कालीविलासिनमनश्वरं महेश्वरं समाराध्य Dk.1.1. -3 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -4 N. of a kind of gourd. -5 N. of Śiva's servant (नन्दि). ˚पुरम् the city of Ujjayinī. ˚फलम् a red fruit with black seeds; पक्वं महाकालफलं किलासीत् N.22.29. -काली an epithet of Durgā in her terrific form. -काव्यम् a great or classical poem; (for a full description of its nature, contents &c., according to Rhetoricians see S. D.559). (The number of Mahākāvyas is usually said to be five:-रघुवंश, कुमारसंभव, किरातार्जुनीय, शिशुपालवध and नैषधचरित or six, if मेघदूत-- a very small poem or खण़्डकाव्य-- be added to the list. But this enumeration is apparently only traditional, as there are several other poems, such as the भट्टिकाव्य, विक्रमाङ्कदेवचरित, हरविजय &c. which have an equal claim to be considered as Mahākāvyas). -कीर्तनम् a house. -कुमारः the eldest son of a reigning prince, heir-apparent. -कुल, -कुलीन a. of noble birth or descent, sprung from a noble family, nobly born. (-लम्) a noble birth or family, high descent. -कुहः a species of parasitical worm. -कृच्छ्रम् a great penance. -केतुः N. of Śiva. -केशः, -कोशः 1 an epithet of Śiva. -2 a large sheath. -क्रतुः a great sacrifice; e. g. a horse-sacrifice; तदङ्गमग्ऱ्यं मघवन् महाक्रतोरमुं तुरङ्गं प्रतिमोक्तुमर्हसि R.3.46. -क्रमः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -क्रोधः an epithet of Śiva. -क्षत्रपः a great satrap. -क्षीरः sugar-cane. -क्षीरा f. a She-buffalo; Nighaṇṭaratnākara. -खर्वः, -र्वम् a high number (ten billions ?). -गजः a great elephant; see दिक्करिन्. -गणपतिः a form of the god Gaṇeśa. -गदः fever. -गन्ध a. exceedingly fragrant. (-न्धः) a kind of cane. (-न्धम्) a kind of sandalwood. (-न्धा) N. of Chāmuṇḍā. -गर्तः, -गर्भः -गीतः N. of Śiva. -गर्दभगन्धिका N. of a plant, भारङ्गी. -गल a. longnecked. -गवः Bos gavaeus. -गुण a. very efficacious, sovereign (as a medicine); त्वया ममैष संबन्धः कपिमुख्य महागुणः Rām.5.1.12. (-णः) a chief quality, cardinal virtue. -गुरुः a highly respectable or venerable person; (these are three, the father, mother and preceptor; पिता माता तथाचार्यो महागुरुरिति स्मृतः). -गुल्मा the Soma plant. -गृष्टिः f. a cow with a large hump. -ग्रहः 1 an epithet of Rāhu. -2 the sun; महाग्रहग्राहविनष्टपङ्कः Rām.5.5.6. -ग्रामः N. of the ancient capital of Ceylon, the modern Māgama. -ग्रीवः 1 a camel. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -ग्रीविन् m. a camel. -घूर्णा spirituous liquor. -घृतम् ghee kept for a long time (for medicinal purposes). -घोष a. noisy, loud-sounding. (-षम्) a market, fair. (-षः) a loud noise, clamour. -चक्रम् the mystic circle in the शाक्त ceremonial. -चक्रवर्तिन् m. a universal monarch. -चण्डा N. of Chāmuṇḍā. -चपला a kind of metre. -चमूः f. a large army. -छायः the fig-tree. -जङ्घः a camel. -जटः an epithet of Śiva. -जटा 1 a great braid of hair. -2 the matted hair of Śiva. -जत्रु a. having a great collar-bone. (-त्रुः) an epithet of Śiva. -जनः 1 a multitude of men, a great many beings, the general populace or public; महाजनो येन गतः स पन्थाः Mb.3.313. 117; आगम्य तु ततो राजा विसृज्य च महाजनम् 6.98.25. -2 the populace, mob; विलोक्य वृद्धोक्षमधिष्ठितं त्वया महाजनः स्मेरमुखो भविष्यति Ku.5.7. -3 a great man, a distinguished or eminent man; महाजनस्य संसर्गः कस्य नोन्नतिकारकः । पद्मपत्रस्थितं तोयं धत्ते मुक्ताफलश्रियम् Pt.3.6. -4 the chief of a caste or trade. -5 a merchant, tradesman. -जवः an antelope. -जातीय a. 1 rather large. -2 of an excellent kind. -जालिः, -ली N. of a plant (Mar. सोनामुखी) -जिह्वः an epithet of Śiva. -ज्ञानिन् m. 1 a very learned man. -2 a great sage. -3 N. of Śiva. -ज्यैष्ठी the day of fullmoon in the month of Jyeṣṭha; ताभिर्दृश्यत एष यान् पथि महाज्यैष्ठीमहे मन्महे N.15.89; पूर्णिमा रविवारेण महाज्यैष्ठी प्रकीर्तिता Agni P.121.63. -ज्योतिस् m. an epithet of Śiva. -ज्वरः great affliction. -ज्वाल a. very brilliant or shining. (-लः) 1 N. of Śiva. -2 a sacrificial fire. -डीनम् a kind of flight; 'यानं महाडीनमाहुः पवित्रामूर्जितां गतिम्' Mb.8.41.27 (com.). -तपस् m. 1 a great ascetic. -2 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -तलम् N. of one of the seven lower regions; see पाताल. -तारा N. of a Buddhist goddess. -तिक्तः the Nimba tree. -तिथिः the 6th day of a lunation. -तीक्ष्ण a. exceedingly sharp or pungent. (-क्ष्णा) the markingnut plant. -तेजस् a. 1 possessed of great lustre or splendour. -2 very vigorous or powerful, heroic. (-m.) 1 a hero, warrior. -2 fire. -3 an epithet of Kārtikeya. (-n.) quick-silver. -त्याग, -त्यागिन् a. very generous. (-m.) N. of Śiva. -दंष्ट्रः a species of big tiger. -दन्तः 1 an elephant with large tusks. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -दण्डः 1 a long arm. -2 a severe punishment. -दम्भः an epithet of Śiva. -दशा the influence exercised (over a man's destiny) by a predominant planet. -दानम् the gift of gold equal to one's own weight; अथातः संप्रवक्ष्यामि महादानस्य लक्षणम्. -दारु n. the devadāru tree. -दुर्गम् a great calamity; Pt. -दूषकः a kind of grain. -देवः N. of Śiva. (-वी) 1 N. of Pārvatī. -2 the chief queen. -द्रुमः the sacred fig-tree. -द्वारम् a large gate, the chief or outer gate of a temple. -धन a. 1 rich. -2 expensive, costly; हेमदण्डैर्महाधनैः Rām.7. 77.13. (-नम्) 1 gold. -2 incense. -3 a costly or rich dress. -4 agriculture, husbandry. -5 anything costly or precious. -6 great booty. -7 a great battle (Ved.). -धनुस् m. an epithet of Śiva. -धातुः 1 gold. -2 an epithet of Śiva. -3 lymph. -4 N. of Meru. -धी a. having a great understanding. -धुर्यः a full-grown draught ox. -ध्वजः a camel. -ध्वनिक a. dead. -नग्नः an athlete; Buddh. -नटः an epithet of Śiva; महानटः किं नु ...... तनोति ...... साम्प्रतमङ्गहारम् N.22.7; महानटबाहुनेव बद्धभुजाङ्केन Vās. -नदः a great river. -नदी 1 a great river, such as Gaṅgā, Kṛiṣṇā; मन्दरः पर्वतश्चाक्षो जङ्घा तस्य महानदी Mb.8.34.2; संभूयाम्भोधिमभ्येति महानद्या नगापगा Śi.2.1. -2 N. of a river falling into the bay of Bengal. -नन्दा 1 spirituous liquor. -2 N. of a river. -3 ninth day of the bright half of the month of Māgha; माघमासस्य या शुक्ला नवमी लोकपूजिचा । महानन्देति सा प्रोक्ता ... . -नरकः N. of one of the 21 hells. -नलः a kind of reed. -नवमी the ninth day in the bright half of Āśvina, sacred to the worship of Durgā ततो$नु नवमी यस्मात् सा महानवमी स्मृता. -नाटकम् 'the great drama', N. of a drama, also called Hanumannāṭaka, (being popularly ascribed to Hanumat); thus defined by S. D. :-- एतदेव यदा सर्वैः पताकास्थानकैर्युतम् । अङ्कैश्च दशभिर्धीरा महानाटकमूचिरे ॥ -नाडी sinew, tendon. -नादः 1 a loud sound, uproar. -2 a great drum. -3 a thunder-cloud. -4 a shell. -5 an elephant. -6 a lion. -7 the ear. -8 a camel. -9 an epithet of Śiva. (-दम्) a musical instrument. -नाम्नी 1 N. of a परिशिष्ट of Sāmaveda. -2 (pl.) N. of 9 verses of Sāmaveda beginning with विदा मघवन् विदा. -नायकः 1 a great gem in the centre of a string of pearls. -2 a great head or chief. -नासः an epithet of Śiva. -निद्र a. fast asleep. (-द्रा) 'the great sleep', death. -निम्नम् intestines, abdomen. -नियमः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -निर्वाणम् total extinction of individuality (according to the Buddhists). -निशा 1 the dead of night, the second and third watches of the night; महानिशा तु विज्ञेया मध्यमं प्रहरद्वयम् -2 an epithet of Durgā. -नीचः a washerman. -नील a. dark-blue. (-लः) a kind of sapphire or emerald; इन्द्रनीलमहानीलमणिप्रवरवेदिकम् Rām.5.9.16; महा- महानीलशिलारुचः Śi.1.16;4.44; R.18.42; Kau. A.2.11. 29. ˚उपलः a sapphire. -नृत्यः, -नेत्रः an epithet of Śiva. -नेमिः a crow. -न्यायः the chief rule. -पक्ष a. 1 having many adherents. -2 having a large family or retinue; महापक्षे धनिन्यार्थे निक्षेपं निक्षिपेद् बुधः Ms.8.179. (-क्षः) 1 an epithet of Garuḍa. -2 a kind of duck. (-क्षी) an owl. -पङ्क्तिः, -पदपङ्क्तिः a kind of metre. -पञ्चमूलम् the five great roots:-- बिल्वो$ग्निमन्थः श्योनाकः काश्मरी पाटला तथा । सर्वैस्तु मिलितैरेतैः स्यान्महापञ्चमूलकम् ॥ -पञ्चविषम् the five great or deadly poisons:-- शृङ्गी च कालकूटश्च मुस्तको वत्सनाभकः । शङ्खकर्णीति योगो$यं महापञ्चविषाभिधः ॥ -पटः the skin. -पथः 1 chief road, principal street, high or main road; संतानकाकीर्णमहापथं तत् Ku.7.3. -2 the passage into the next world, i. e. death. -3 N. of certain mountain-tops from which devout persons used to throw themselves down to secure entrance into heaven. -4 an epithet of Śiva. -5 the long pilgrimage to mount Kedāra. -6 the way to heaven. -7 the knowledge of the essence of Śiva acquired in the pilgrimage to Kedāra. -पथिक a. 1 undertaking great journeys. -2 one receiving Śulka (toll) on the high way; cf. Mb.12.76.6 (com. महापथिकः समुद्रे नौयानेन गच्छन् यद्वा महापथि शुल्कग्राहकः) -पद्मः 1 a particular high number. -2 N. of Nārada. -3 N. of one of the nine treasures of Kubera. -4 N. of the southernmost elephant supporting the world. -5 an epithet of Nanda. -6 a Kinnara attendant on Kubera. (-द्मम्) 1 a white lotus. -2 N. of a city. ˚पतिः N. of Nanda. -पराकः a. a particular penance; Hch. -पराङ्णः a late hour in the afternoon. -पवित्रः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -पशुः large cattle; महापशूनां हरणे ... दण्डं प्रकल्पयेत् Ms.8.324. -पातः a long flight; Pt.2.58. -पातकम् 1 a great sin, a heinous crime; ब्रह्महत्या सुरापानं स्तेयं गुर्वङ्गनागमः । महान्ति पातकान्याहुस्तत्संसर्गश्च पञ्चमम् ॥ Ms.1154. -2 any great sin or transgression. -पात्रः a prime minister. -पादः an epithet of Śiva. -पाप्मन् a. very sinful or wicked. -पुराणम् N. of a Purāṇa; महापुराणं विज्ञेयमेकादशकलक्षणम् Brav. P. -पुंसः a great man. -पुरुषः 1 a great man, an eminent or distinguished personage; शब्दं महापुरुषसंविहितं निशम्य U. 6.7. -2 the Supreme Spirit. -3 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -पौरुषिकः a worshipper of Viṣṇu; तदहं ते$भिधास्यामि महापौरुषिको भवान् Bhāg.2.1.1. -पुष्पः a kind of worm. -पूजा great worship; any solemn worship performed on extraordinary occasions. -पृष्ठः a camel. -पोटगलः a kind of large reed. -प्रजापतिः N. of Viṣṇu. -प्रतीहारः a chief door-keeper. -प्रपञ्चः the great universe. -प्रभ a. of great lustre. (-भः) the light of a lamp. -प्रभुः 1 a great lord. -2 a king, sovereign. -3 a chief. -4 an epithet of Indra. -5 of Śiva -6 of Viṣṇu. -7 a great saint or holy man. -प्रलयः 'the great dissolution', the total annihilation of the universe at the end of the life of Brahman, when all the lokas with their inhabitants, the gods, saints &c. including Brahman himself are annihilated; महाप्रलयमारुत ...... Ve.3.4. -प्रश्नः a knotty question. -प्रसादः 1 a great favour. -2 a great present (of food offered to an idol); पादोदकं च निर्माल्यं नैवेद्यं च विशेषतः । महाप्रसाद इत्युक्त्वा ग्राह्यं विष्णोः प्रयत्नतः -प्रस्थानम् 1 departing this life, death. -2 setting out on a great journey for ending life; इहैव निधनं याम महाप्रस्थानमेव वा Rām.2.47.7 (com. महाप्रस्थानं मरणदीक्षा- पूर्वकमुत्तराभिमुखगमनम्); Mb.1.2.365. -प्राणः 1 the hard breathing or aspirate sound made in the pronunciation of the aspirates. -2 the aspirated letters themselves (pl.); they are:-ख्, घ्, छ्, झ्, ठ्, ढ्, थ्, ध्, फ्, भ्, श्, ष्, स्, ह्. -3 a raven. -प्राणता possession of great strength or essence; अन्यांश्च जीवत एव महाप्राणतया स्फुरतो जग्राह K. -प्रेतः a noble departed spirit. -प्लवः a great flood, deluge; ... क्षिप्तसागरमहाप्लवामयम् Śi.14.71. -फल a. 1 bearing much fruit. -2 bringing much reward. (-ला) 1 a bitter gourd. -2 a kind of spear. (-लम्) 1 a great fruit or reward. -2 a testicle. -फेना the cuttle-fish bone. -बन्धः a peculiar position of hands or feet. -बभ्रुः a kind of animal living in holes. -बल a. very strong; नियुज्यमानो राज्याय नैच्छद्राज्यं महाबलः Rām (-लः) 1 wind, storm. -2 a Buddha. -3 a solid bamboo. -4 a palm. -5 a crocodile. -बला N. of a plant; महाबला च पीतपुष्पा सहदेवी च सा स्मृता Bhāva. P. (-लम्) lead. ˚ईश्वरः N. of a Liṅga of Śiva near the modern Mahābaleśwara. -बाध a. causing great pain or damage. -बाहु a. long-armed, powerful. (-हुः) an epithet of Viṣṇu. -बि(वि)लम् 1 the atmosphere. -2 the heart. -3 a water-jar, pitcher. -4 a hole, cave. -बिसी a variety of skin (चर्म), a product of द्वादशग्राम in the Himālayas. -बी(वी)जः an epithet of Śiva. -बी (वी)ज्यम् the perinæum. -बुध्न a. having a great bottom or base (as a mountain). -बुशः barley. -बृहती a kind of metre. -बोधिः 1 the great intelligence of a Buddha. -2 a Buddha. -ब्रह्मम्, -ब्रह्मन् n. the Supreme Spirit. -ब्राह्मणः 1 a great or learned Brāhmaṇa. -2 a low or contemptible Brāhmaṇa. -भटः a great warrior; तदोजसा दैत्यमहाभटार्पितम् Bhāg. -भद्रा N. of the river Gaṅgā. -भाग a. 1 very fortunate or blessed, very lucky or prosperous. -2 illustrious, distinguished, glorious; उभौ धर्मौ महाभागौ Mb.12.268.3; महाभागः कामं नरपतिरभिन्नस्थितिरसौ Ś.5.1; Ms.3.192. -3 very pure or holy, highly virtuous; पतिव्रता महाभागा कथं नु विचरिष्यति Mb.4.3.16. -भागता, -त्वम्, -भाग्यम् 1 extreme good fortune, great good luck, prosperity. -2 great excellence or merit. -भागवतम् the great Bhāgavata, one of the 18 Purāṇas. (-तः) a great worshipper of Viṣṇu. -भागिन् a. very fortunate or prosperous. -भाण्डम् a chief treasury. -भारतम् N. of the celebrated epic which describes the rivalries and contests of the sons of Dhṛitarāṣṭra and Pāṇḍu. (It consists of 18 Parvans or books, and is said to be the composition of Vyāsa; cf. the word भारत also); महत्त्वाद्भारतत्वाच्च महाभारतमुच्यते -भाष्यम् 1 a great commentary. -2 particularly, the great commentary of Patañjali on the Sūtras of Pāṇini. -भासुरः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -भिक्षुः N. of Śākyamuni. -भीता a kind of sensitive plant (लाजाळू). -भीमः an epithet of king Śantanu. -भीरुः a sort of beetle or fly. -भुज a. long-armed, powerful. -भूतम् a great or primary element; see भूत; तस्यैतस्य महाभूतस्य निःश्वसितमेतद्यदृग्वेदः Up.; तं वेधा विदधे नूनं महाभूतसमाधिना R.1. 29; Ms.1.6. (-तः) 1 the Supreme Being. -2 a great creature. -भोगः 1 a great enjoyment. -2 a great coil or hood; great winding. -3 a serpent. (-गा) an epithet of Durgā. -मणिः 1 a costly or precious jewel; संस्कारोल्लिखितो महामणिरिव क्षीणो$पि नालक्ष्यते Ś.6.5. -2 N. of Śiva. -मति a. 1 high-minded. -2 clever. (-तिः) N. of Bṛihaspati or Jupiter. -मत्स्यः a large fish, sea-monster. -मद a. greatly intoxicated. (-दः) an elephant in rut. -मनस्, -मनस्क a. 1 high-minded, nobleminded, magnanimous; ततो युधिष्ठिरो राजा धर्मपुत्रो महामनाः Mb.4.1.7. -2 liberal. -3 proud, haughty. (-m) a fabulous animal called शरभ q. v. -मन्त्रः 1 any sacred text of the Vedas. -2 a great or efficacious charm, a powerful spell. -मन्त्रिन् m. the prime-minister, premier. -मयूरी N. of Buddhist goddess. -मलहारी a kind of Rāgiṇi. -महः a great festive procession; Sinhās. -महस् n. a great light (seen in the sky). -महोपाध्यायः 1 a very great preceptor. -2 a title given to learned men and reputed scholars; e. g. महामहो- पाध्यायमल्लिनाथसूरि &c. -मांसम् 'costly flesh', especially human flesh; न खलु महामांसविक्रयादन्यमुपायं पश्यामि Māl.4; अशस्त्रपूतं निर्व्याजं पुरुषाङ्गोपकल्पितम् । विक्रीयते महामांसं गृह्यतां गृह्यतामिदम् 5.12 (see Jagaddhara ad loc.). -माघी the full-moon day in the month of Māgha. -मात्र a. 1 great in measure, very great or large. -2 most excellent, best; वृष्ण्यन्धकमहामात्रैः सह Mb.1.221.27; 5.22.37. (-त्रः) 1 a great officer of state, high stateofficial, a chief minister; (मन्त्रे कर्मणि भूषायां वित्ते माने परिच्छदे । मात्रा च महती येषां महामात्रास्तु ते स्मृताः); Ms. 9.259; गूढपुरुषप्रणिधिः कृतमहामात्रापसर्पः (v. l. महामात्यापसर्पः) पौरजानपदानपसर्पयेत् Kau. A.1.13.9; Rām.2.37.1. -2 an elephant-driver or keeper; मदोन्मत्तस्य भूपस्य कुञ्जरस्य च गच्छतः । उन्मार्गं वाच्यतां यान्ति महामात्राः समीपगाः ॥ Pt.1.161. -3 a superintendent of elephants. (-त्री) 1 the wife of a chief minister. -2 the wife of a spiritual teacher. -मानसी N. of a Jain goddess. -मान्य a. being in great honour with; मकरन्दतुन्दिलानामरविन्दानामयं महामान्यः Bv.1.6. -मायः 1 an epithet of Śiva. -2 of Viṣṇu. -माया 1 worldly illusion, which makes the material world appear really existent. -2 N. of Durgā; महामाया हरेश्चैषा यया संमोह्यते जगत् Devīmāhātmya. -मायूरम् a particular drug. (-री) N. of an amulet and a goddess; Buddh. -मारी 1 cholera, an epidemic. -2 an epithet of Durgā. -मार्गः high road, main street. ˚पतिः a superintendent of roads. -मालः N. of Śiva. -माहेश्वरः a great worshipper of Maheśvara or Śiva. -मुखः a crocodile. -मुद्रा a particular position of hands or feet (in practice of yoga). -मुनिः 1 a great sage. -2 N. of Vyāsa. -3 an epithet of Buddha. -4 of Agastya. -5 the coriander plant. (-नि n.) 1 coriander seed. -2 any medicinal herb or drug. -मूर्तिः N. of Viṣṇu. -मूर्धन् m. an epithet of Śiva. -मूलम् a large radish. (-लः) a kind of onion. -मूल्य a. very costly. (-ल्यः) a ruby. -मृगः 1 any large animal. -2 an elephant, -3 the fabulous animal called शरभ. -मृत्युः, -मेधः N. of Śiva. -मृत्युंजयः a kind of drug. -मृधम् a great battle. -मेदः the coral tree; महामेदाभिधो ज्ञेयः Bhāva. P. -मेधा an epithet of Durgā. -मोहः great infatuation or confusion of mind. (ससर्ज) महामोहं च मोहं च तमश्चाज्ञानवृत्तयः Bhāg.3.12.2. (-हा) an epithet of Durgā. -यज्ञः 'a great sacrifice', a term applied to the five daily sacrifices or acts of piety to be performed by a house-holder; अध्यापनं ब्रह्मयज्ञः पितृयज्ञस्तु तर्पणम् । होमो दैवो (or देवयज्ञः) बलिर्भौतो (or भूतयज्ञः) नृयज्ञो$तिथिपूजनम् ॥ Ms.3.7,71, (for explanation, see the words s. v.). -2 N. of Viṣṇu. -यमकम् 'a great Yamaka', i. e. a stanza all the four lines of which have exactly the same words, though different in sense; e. g. see Ki.15.52, where विकाशमीयुर्जगतीशमार्गणाः has four different senses; cf. also बभौ मरुत्वान् विकृतः समुद्रः Bk.1.19. -यशस् a. very famous, renowned, celebrated. -यात्रा 'the great pilgrimage', the pilgrimage to Benares. -यानम् N. of the later system of Buddhist teaching, firstly promulgated by Nāgārjuna (opp. हीनयान). -याम्यः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -युगम् 'a great Yuga', consisting of the four Yugas of mortals, or comprising 4,32, years of men. -योगिन् m. 1 an epithet of Śiva. -2 of Viṣṇu. -3 a cock. -योनिः f. excessive dilation of the female organ. -रक्तम् coral. -रङ्गः a large stage. -रजतम् 1 gold; उच्चैर्महारजतराजिविराजितासौ Śi.4.28. -2 the thorn-apple. -रजनम् 1 safflower. -2 gold. -3 turmeric; तस्य हैतस्य पुरुषस्य रूपं यथा महारजनं वासः Bṛi. Up.2.3.6. -रत्नम् 1 a precious jewel; वज्रं मुक्ता प्रवालं च गोमेदश्चेन्द्रनीलकः ॥ वैडूर्यः पुष्करागश्च पाचिर्माणिक्यमेव च । महारत्नानि चैतानि नव प्रोक्तानि सूरिभिः ॥ Śukra.4.155-56. -रथः 1 a great chariot. -2 a great warrior or hero; द्रुपदश्च महारथः Bg.1.4; कुतः प्रभावो धनंजयस्य महारथजयद्रथस्य विपत्तिमुत्पादयितुम् Ve.2; दशरथः प्रशशास महारथः R.9.1; Śi.3.22; (a महारथ is thus defined:-- एको दशसहस्राणि योधयेद्यस्तु धन्विनाम् ॥ शस्त्रशास्त्र- प्रवीणश्च विज्ञेयः स महारथः ॥). -3 desire, longing; cf. मनोरथ. -रवः a frog. -रस a. very savoury. (-सः) 1 a sugarcane. -2 quicksilver. -3 a precious mineral. -4 the fruit of the date tree. -5 any one of the eight substances given below :-दरदः पारदं शस्ये वैक्रान्तं कान्तमभ्रकम् । माक्षिकं विमलश्चेति स्युरेते$ष्टौ महारसाः ॥ (-सम्) sour ricewater. -राजः 1 a great king, sovereign or supreme ruler; पञ्चाशल्लक्षपर्यन्तो महाराजः प्रकीर्तितः Śukra.1.184. -2 a respectful mode of addressing kings or other great personages (my lord, your majesty, your highness); इति सत्यं महाराज बद्धो$स्म्यर्थेन कौरवैः Mb. -3 a deified Jaina teacher. -4 a fingernail. ˚अधिराजः a universal emperor, paramount sovereign. ˚चूतः a kind of mango tree. -राजिकः N. of Viṣṇu. -राजिकाः (m. pl.) an epithet of a class of gods (said to be 22 or 236 in number.). -राज्यम् the rank or title of a reigning sovereign. -राज्ञी 1 the reigning or chief queen, principal wife of a king. -2 N. of Durgā. -रात्रम् midnight, dead of night. -रात्रिः, -त्री f. 1 see महाप्रलय; ब्रह्मणश्च निपाते च महाकल्पो भवेन्नृप । प्रकीर्तिता महारात्रिः. -2 midnight. -3 the eighth night in the bright half of Āśvina. -राष्ट्रः 'the great kingdom', N. of a country in the west of India, the country of the Marāṭhās. -2 the people of Mahārāṣṭra; the Marāṭhās (pl.). (-ष्ट्री) N. of the principal Prākṛita; dialect, the language of the people of the Mahārāṣṭra; cf. Daṇḍin:-महाराष्ट्राश्रयां भाषां प्रकृष्टं प्राकृतं विदुः Kāv.1.34. -रिष्टः a kind of Nimba tree growing on mountains. -रुज्, -ज a. very painful. -रुद्रः a form of Śiva. -रुरुः a species of antelope. -रूप a. mighty in form. (-पः) 1 an epithet of Śiva. -2 resin. -रूपकम् a kind of drama. -रेतस् m. an epithet of Śiva. -रोगः a dangerous illness, grievous malady; (these are eight :-उन्मादो राजयक्ष्मा च श्वासस्त्वग्दोष एव च । मधुमेहश्चाश्मरी च तथो- दरभगन्दरौ ॥). -रौद्र a. very dreadful. (-द्री) an epithet of Durgā. -रौरवः N. of one of the 21 hells; Ms.4.88-9. -लक्ष्मी 1 the great Lakṣmī, or Śakti of Nārāyaṇa; सेवे सैरिभमर्दिनीमिह महालक्ष्मीं सरोजस्थिताम्. -2 a young girl who represents the goddess Durgā at the Durgā festival. -लयः 1 a great world destruction. -2 the Supreme Being (महदादीनां लयो यस्मिन्). -लिङ्गम् the great Liṅga or Phallus. (-ङ्गः) an epithet of Śiva. -लोलः a crow. -लोहम् a magnet. -वंशः N. of a wellknown work in Pali (of the 5th century). -वक्षस् m. epithet of Śiva. -वनम् a large forest in Vṛindāvana. -वरा Dūrvā grass. -वराहः 'the great boar', an epithet of Viṣṇu in his third or boar incarnation. -वर्तनम् high wages; -वल्ली 1 the Mādhavī creeper. -2 a large creeping plant. -वसः the porpoise. -वसुः silver; Gīrvāṇa. -वाक्यम् 1 a long sentence. -2 any continuous composition or literary work. -3 a great proposition, principal sentence; such as तत्त्वमसि, ब्रह्मैवेदं सर्वम् &c. -4 a complete sentence (opp. अवान्तरवाक्य q. v.); न च महावाक्ये सति अवान्तरवाक्यं प्रमाणं भवति ŚB. on MS.6.4.25. -वातः a stormy wind, violent wind; महावातातैर्महिषकुलनीलैर्जलधरैः Mk.5.22. -वादिन् m. a great or powerful disputant. -वायुः 1 air (as an element). -2 stormy wind, hurricane, tempest. -वार्तिकम् N. of the Vārtikas of Kātyāyana on Pāṇini's Sūtras. -विडम् a kind of factitious salt. -विदेहा N. of a certain वृत्ति or condition of the mind in the Yoga system of philosophy. -विद्या the great lores; काली तारा महाविद्या षोडशी भुवनेश्वरी । भैरवी छिन्नमस्ता च विद्या धूमवती तथा । बगला सिद्धविद्या च मातङ्गी कमला- त्मिका । एता दश महाविद्याः ... ॥ -विपुला a kind of metre. -विभाषा a rule giving a general option or alternative; इति महाविभाषया साधुः. -विभूतिः an epithet of Śiva. -विषः a serpent having two mouths. -विषुवम् the vernal equinox. ˚संक्रान्तिः f. the vernal equinox (the sun's entering the sign Aries). -विस्तर a. very extensive or copious. -वीचिः N. of a hell. -वीरः 1 a great hero or warrior. -2 a lion. -3 the thunderbolt of Indra. -4 an epithet of Viṣṇu. -5 of Garuḍa. -6 of Hanumat. -7 a cuckoo. -8 a white horse. -9 a sacrificial fire. -1 a sacrificial vessel. -11 a kind of hawk. ˚चरितम् N. of a celebrated drama by Bhavabhūti. -वीर्य a. of great valour, very powerful. (-र्यः) 1 N. of Brahman. -2 the Supreme Being. (-र्या) the wild cotton shrub. -2 an epithet of संज्ञा, the wife of the sun. -वृषः a great bull. -वेग a. 1 very sw
miśraka मिश्रक a. [मिश्र्-ण्वुल्] 1 Mixed, mingled. -2 Mixing, adulterating. -3 Miscellaneous. -कः 1 A compounder. -2 An adulterator of mercantile goods; आतिरेक्यं तु मिश्रकः Ms.11.5. -कम् 1 Salt produced from salt soil. -2 The garden of Indra, (also मिश्रकावणम्). -3 Singing out of tune.
mṛtyuḥ मृत्युः [मृ त्युक्] 1 Death, decease; जातस्य हि ध्रुवो मृत्युर्ध्रुवं जन्म मृतस्य च Bg.2.27; मृत्योः स मृत्युमाप्नोति य इह नानेव पश्यति. -2 Yama, the god of death. -3 An epithet of Brahman. -4 Of Viṣṇu. -5 Of Māyā. -6 Of Kali. -7 The god of love. -8 The worldly life (संसार); (नमो) अनात्मने स्वात्मविभक्तमृत्यवे Bhāg.1.86.48. -9 N. of the 8th astrological house. -1 The deity taking away life in the body; यान्येतानि देवत्रा क्षत्राणीन्द्रो वरुणः सोमो रुद्रः पर्जन्यो यमो मृत्युरीशान इति Bri. Up.1.4.11; यमं कालं च मृत्युं च-स्वर्गं संपूज्य चार्हतः Mb.12.2.3. -11 = अशनाया q. v.; Bri. Up.1.2.1. -Comp. -तूर्यम् a kind of drum beaten at obsequial rites. -द a. fatal. -द्वारम् the door leading to death. -नाशकः quicksilver. -नाशनम् the drink of immortality, ambrosia. -पाः an epithet of Śiva. -पाशः the noose of death or Yama. -पुष्पः 1 the sugarcane. -2 the bamboo. -प्रतिबद्ध a. liable to death. -फलम् a kind of poisonous fruit. -फला, -ली the plantain. -बीजः, -वीजः a bamboo-cane. -भृत्यः sickness, disease. -राज् m. Yama, the god of death. -लोकः 1 the world of the dead, the world of Death or Yama. -2 earth, the world of mortals; cf. मर्त्यलोक. -वञ्चनः 1 an epithet of Śiva. -2 a raven. -सूतिः f. a female crab; for explanation of this word read यथा कर्कटकी गर्भमाधत्ते मृत्यवे निजम् Purāṇam.
moraṭaḥ मोरटः [मुर्-अटन्] 1 A kind of plant with sweet juice. -2 The milk of a cow seven days after calving. -टम् 1 The root of the sugarcane. -2 The flower of the Ankoṭa tree. -टा Hemp used for bow-strings (मूर्बा).
raghu रघु a. Ved. 1 Quick, rapid. -2 Light, nimble. -3 Fickle -4 Eager. -घुः 1 N. of a celebrated king of the solar race, son of Dilīpa and father of Aja. [He appears to have been called Raghu from ragh or raṅgh 'to go', because his father foresaw that the boy would 'go' to the end of the holy learning as well as of his enemies in battle; cf. R.3.21. True to his name, he commenced the conquest of the directions, went over the whole of the then known world, overcame kings in battle, and returned covered with glory and laden with spoils. He then performed the Viśvajit sacrifice in which he gave away everything to Brāh- maṇas and made his son Aja successor to the throne.] -2 (pl.) The Raghus or descendants of Raghu; रघूणा- मन्वयं वक्ष्ये तनुवाग्विभवो$पि सन् R.1.9. -Comp. -उद्वहः the best of the Raghus i. e. Rāma. -कारः the author of Raghuvaṁśa i. e. Kālidāsa; पूर्वैर्विभिन्नवृत्तां गुणाढ्भव- भूतिबाणरघुकारैः Govardhanasaptaśatī; क इह रघुकारे न रमते Subhāṣ. -नन्दनः, -नाथः, -पतिः, -श्रेष्ठः, -सिंहः &c. epithets of Rāma; रघुनाथो$प्यगस्त्येन मार्गसंदर्शितात्मना R.; Rāma-rakṣā S. -प्रतिनिधिः the image or representative of Raghu, i. e. Aja; R.5.63. -वंशः the family of the Raghus; रघुवंशप्रदीपेन तेनाप्रमिततेजसा R.1.68. (-शम्) N. of a celebrated classical poem by Kālidāsa decribing the family of the Raghus in nineteen cantos. ˚तिलकः N. of Rāma; यजति रघुवंशतिलकः कौसल्यानन्दवर्धनो रामः Rām.
rasālaḥ रसालः [रसमालाति आ-ला-क ष˚ त˚] 1 The mango tree; भृङ्गा रसालकुसुमानि समाश्रयन्ते Bv.1.1. -2 The olibanum tree. -3 The bread-fruit tree. -4 Wheat. -5 The sugarcane. -6 A kind of mouse. -ला 1 The ton-2 Curds mixed with sugar and spices; रसालाकर्दमा नद्यो बभूवुर्भरत- र्षभ Mb.14.89.4. -3 Dūrvā grass. -4 A vine or grape. -लम् 1 Gum-myrrh. -2 Frankincense -3 A preparation of butter-milk (तक्रविशेष); ह्रदाः पूर्णाः रसालस्य दध्नः श्वेतस्य चापरे Rām.2.91.73. -Com. -वनी f. a mango grove; रसालवन्या मधुपानुविद्धम् N.3.46. -सालः a mango tree; रसालसालः समदृश्यतामुना N.1.89.
lekhaḥ लेखः [लिख्-भावे घञ्] 1 A writing, document, written document (of any kind), a letter; लेखो$यं न ममेति नोत्तर- मिदं मुद्रा मदीया यतः Mu.5.18; निर्धारिते$र्थे लेखेन खलूक्त्वा खलु वाचिकम् Śi.2.7; अनङ्गलेख Ku.1.7; मन्मथलेख Ś3.26. -2 A god, A deity; ईशा दिशां नलभुवं प्रतिपद्य लेखाः N.13.49; रेखा लेखाभिवन्द्याः Viṣṇupāda. S.11. -3 A scratch; cf. लेखाकीर्ण (a gem covered with scratches) Kau. A.2.11. -Comp. -अक्षरम् writing (opp. आलेख्य). -अधिकारिन् m. one in charge of writing letters, the secretary (of a king &c.). -अनुजीविन् the servant god; रत्नाकरादिव तुषारमयूखलेखां लेखानुजीविपुरुषा गिरिशोत्तमाङ्गम् (निन्यिरे) N.11.56. -अर्हः a kind of palm tree. -ऋषभः N. of Indra. -पट्टम्, -पत्रम्, -पत्रिका 1 an epistle, a letter, writing in general. -2 a deed, documement (legal); कृष्णानिकारगणनालेख्यपट्टं स्तनस्थलम् Bm.2.457. -प्रभुः Indra; लब्धं न लेखप्रभुणापि पातुं पीत्वा मुखेन्दोरधरामृतं ते N.22.118. --संदेशः a written message. -हारः, हारिन् m. a lettercarrier.
lvīna ल्वीन a. Gone. वंशकरेण तेन R.18.31; न चक्रतुर्वंशकरावृषी तौ Bu. Ch.1.47. (-रः) 1 a son; त्वयि समुत्पन्नस्य वंशकरस्य मुखं प्रेक्षिष्यते V.5. -2 an ancestor. -कर्पूररोचना, -रोचना, -लोचना bamboo-manna. -कर्मन् n. bamboo-work. ˚कृत् a bambooworker. -कीर्ति a. celebrated. -कृत् m. the founder or perpetuator of a family. -कृत्यम् flute-playing. -क्रमः family succession. -क्षयः family decay. -क्षीरी bamboo-manna. -घटिका a kind of children's game; Buddh. -चरितम् the history of a family. -चर्मकृत् a worker in bamboo and leather; Rām.2.8.3. -चिन्तकः a genealogist. -छेत्तृ a. the last of a family. -ज a. 1 born in the family of; तस्य दाक्षिण्यरूढेन नाम्ना मगधवंशजा R.1.31. -2 made of bamboos. -3 sprung from a good family. (-जः) 1 progeny, issue, lineal descendant. -2 the seed of the bamboo. (-जम्) bamboo-manna. (-जा) bamboomanna; वंशजा बृंहणी वृष्या बल्या स्वाद्वी च शीतला Bhāva P. -तण्डुलः the seed of the bamboo. -धर a. 1 perpetuating a family; अन्तर्जले प्रसूतासि रघुवंशधरौ सुतौ U.7.3. -2 supporting a family. (-रः) 1 the continuer of a family. -2 a descendant. -धान्यम् = वंशतण्डुल q. v. -नर्तिन् m. a buffoon. -नाडि(ली)का a pipe made of bamboo. -नाथः the chief or head of a race. -नेत्रम् the root of sugarcane. -पत्रम् a bamboo-leaf. (-त्रः) a reed. ˚पतितम् N. of a kind of metre of seventeen syllables; दिङ्मुनिवंशपत्रपतितं भरनभनलगैः Chand. M. -पत्रकः 1 a reed. -2 a white kind of sugar-cane. (-कम्) yellow orpiment. -परंपरा lineal descent, family succession. -पात्रम् a bamboovessel. -पूरकम् the root of sugarcane. -बाह्य a. repudiated by a family. -ब्राह्मणम् 1 N. of a Brāhmaṇa (belonging to the Sāma-veda.) -भृत् m. the supporter or head of a family. -भोज्य a. hereditary. (-ज्यम्) a hereditary estate. -राजः a very high bamboo. -लक्ष्मीः f. the fortune of a family. -लून a. alone in the world. -वनम् a bamboo-forest; रात्रा वंशवनस्येव दह्यमानस्य पर्वते Mb.7.154.24. -वर्धनः a son. -विततिः f. 1 a family, descent. -2 a thicket of bamboos. -विस्तरः a complete genealogy. -शर्करा bamboo-manna. -शलाका a small bamboo peg at the lower end of a Vīṇā. -संपत् high birth and wealth, noble descent; Dk.1.4. -स्तनितम्, -स्थविलम् N. of a metre of twelve syllables; वदन्ति वंशस्थविलम् जतौ जरौ Chand. M. -स्थितिः f. the perpetuation of a family; वंशस्थितिं वंशकरेण तेन संभाव्य भावी स सखा मघोनः R.18.31; किं सुन्दरि प्ररुदितासि ममोपपन्ने वंशस्थितेरधि- गमान्महति प्रमोदे V.5.15.
vaṃśakaḥ वंशकः 1 A kind of sugarcane. -2 The joint in a bamboo. -3 A kind of fish. -कम् Aloe-wood.
vakra वक्र a. 1 Crooked (fig. also), bent, curved, winding, tortuous; वक्रः पन्था यदपि भवतः प्रस्थितस्योत्तराशाम् Me. 27; Ku.3.29. -2 Roundabout, indirect, evasive, circuitous, equivocal, ambiguous (as a speech); किमेतैर्वक्रभणितैः Ratn.2; वक्रवाक्यरचनारमणीयः ...... सुभ्रुवां प्रववृते परिहासः Śi.1.12; see वक्रोक्ति also. -3 Curled, curling, crisped (as hair). -4 Retrograde (as motion). -5 Dishonest, fraudulent, crooked in disposition. -6 Cruel, malignant (as a planet); वक्राः स्युः पञ्चषष्ठे$र्के अतिवक्रा नगाष्टगे । नवमे दशमे चैव जायते सहजा गतिः ॥ Jyotistattvam. -7 Prosodially long. -क्रः 1 The planet Mars. -2 The planet Saturn. -3 N. of Śiva. -4 N. of the demon Tripura. -5 A nose. -क्रम् 1 The bend or arm of a river. -2 Retrograde motion (of a planet). -3 A form of fracture. -Comp. -अङ्गम् a crooked limb. (-ङ्गः) 1 a goose. -2 the ruddy goose. -3 a snake. -आख्यम् tin. -इतर a. straight. -उक्तिः f. a figure of speech consisting in the use of evasive speech or reply, either by means of a pun, or by an affected change of tone; Mammaṭa thus defines it :-- यदुक्तमन्यथा वाक्यमन्यथा- न्येन योज्यते । श्लेषेण काक्वा वा ज्ञेया सा वक्रोक्तिस्तथा द्विधा K. P.9; for example see the opening stanza in Mu. (धन्या केयं स्थिता ते &c.). -2 equivocation, insinuation, inuendo; सुबन्धुर्बाणभट्टश्च कविराज इति त्रयः । वक्रोक्तिमार्गनिपुणाश्चतुर्थो विद्यते न वा ॥. -3 sarcasm. -कण्टः the jujube tree. -कण्टकः the Khadira tree. -कीलः a curved iron for striking an elephant. -खड्गः, -खड्गकः a sabre, scimitar. -ग, -गत a. having a retrograde motion (as a planet). -गति, -गामिन् a. 1 winding, meandering. -2 fraudulent, dishonest. (-तिः f.) a crooked or tortuous motion, winding gait. -गुल्फः, -ग्रीवः a camel. -चञ्चुः a parrot. -तालम्, -ताली a particular wind-instrument. -तुण्डः 1 an epithet of Gaṇeśa. -2 a parrot. -दंष्ट्रः a boar. -दृश् a. looking obliquely, squinting. -दृष्टि a. 1 squint-eyed, squinting. -2 having a malignant or evil look. -3 envious. (-f.) squint, an oblique look. -घी a. dishonest, deceitful. -नक्रः 1 a parrot. -2 a low man. -नासिकः an owl. -पदम् a cloth marked with various patterns. -पुच्छः, -पुच्छिकः a dog. -पुष्पः the Palāśa tree. -प्लुत a. leaping in curves. -बालधिः, -लाङ्गूलः a dog. -भणितम् prevarication, evasion. -भावः 1 crookedness. -2 deceit. -रेखा a curved line. -वक्त्रः a hog. -संस्थ a. placed transversely.
vāc वाच् f. [वच्-क्विप् दीर्घो$संप्रसारणं च Uṇ.2.67] 1 A word, sound, an expression (opp. अर्थ); वागर्थाविव संपृक्तौ वागर्थप्रतिपत्तये R.1.1. -2 Words, talk, language, speech; वाचि पुण्यापुण्यहेतवः Māl.4; लौकिकानां हि साधूनामर्थं वागनुवर्तते । ऋषीणां पुनराद्यानां वाचमर्थो$नुधावति U.1.1; विनिश्चितार्थामिति वाचमाददे Ki.1.3 'spoke these words', 'spoke as follows'; R.1.49; Śi.2.13,23; Ku.2.3. -3 A voice, sound; अशरीरिणी वागुदचरत् U.2; मनुष्यवाचा R.2.33. -4 An assertion, a statement. -5 An assurance, a promise. -6 A phrase, proverb, saying. -7 N. of Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech. -Comp. -अपहारकः (वागपहारकः) 1 a 'stealer of speech', a reader of prohibited texts; Ms.11.51. -2 a liar (मिथ्यावादी). -अपेत (वागपेत) a. dumb. -अर्थः (वागर्थः) a word and its meaning; वागर्थाविव संपृक्तौ R.1.1; see above. -असिः cutting speech (cutting like a sword); स्फुरन्नसाधोर्विवृणोति वागसिः Ki.14.12. -आडम्बरः, (-वागाडम्बरः) verbosity, bombast. -आत्मन् a. (वागात्मन्) consisting of words; ऋषे प्रबुद्धो$सि वागात्मनि ब्रह्मणि U.2. -ईशः (वागीशः) 1 an orator, an eloquent man. -2 an epithet of Bṛihaspati, the preceptor of the gods; वागीशाद्याः सुमनसः Nyāyamāla. -3 an epithet of Brahman; वागीशं (धातारं) वाग्भिरर्थ्याभिः प्रणिपत्योपतस्थिरे Ku.2.3. -4 the lunar mansion called Puṣya. (-शा) N. of Sarasvatī. -ईश्वरः (वागीश्वरः) 1 an orator, eloquent man. -2 an epithet of Brahman. (-री) Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech. -उत्तरम् (वागु- त्तरम्) end of speech. -ऋषभः, (वागृषभः) 'eminent in speech', an eloquent or learned man. -कलहः- (वाक्कलहः) a quarrel, strife. -कीरः (वाक्कीरः) a wife's brother. -केलिः, -ली (वाक्केलिः -ली) witty conversation. -गुदः (वाग्गुदः) a kind of bird; Ms.12.64. -गुणः (वाग्गुणः) a merit or excellence of speech; (35 such merits are enumerated by Hemachandra). -गुम्फः (pl.) artificial language. -गुलिः, -गुलिकः (वाग्गुलिः &c.) the betel-bearer of a king &c.; cf. ताम्बूलकरङ्कवाहिन्. -चपल a. (-वाक्चपल) chattering, frivolous or inconsiderate in talk. -चापल्यम् (वाक्चापल्यम्) idle or frivolous talk, chattering, gossiping. -छलम् (वाक्छलम्) 'dishonesty in words', an evasive reply, a prevarication; एतावदेवास्ति मे वाक्छलम् Mu.2; केनेदममृतं मे वाक्छलाद् वृष्टम् K.33. -जालम् (वाग्जालम्) bombast, empty talk; अनिर्लोडितकार्यस्य वाग्जालं वाग्मिनो वृथा Śi.2.27. -जीवमः (वाग्जीवनः) a buffon; Kau. A.2.1. -डम्बरः (वाग्ड- म्बरः) 1 bombast. -2 eloquent language. -दण्डः (वाग्दण्डः) 1 reproachful words, reprimand, reproof. -2 restraint of speech, control over words; cf. त्रिदण्ड Ms.12.1. -दत्त (वाग्दत्त) a. promised, affianced, betrothed. (-त्ता) an affianced or betrothed virgin; Kull. on Ms.5.72. -दरिद्र (वाग्दरिद्र) a. 'poor in words', i. e. speaking little. -दलम् (वाग्दलम्) a lip. -दानम् (वाग्दानम्) betrothal; Ms.5.72 (Kull.). -दुष्ट a. (वाग्दुष्ट) 1 abusive, scurrilous, using abusive words; Ms.8.345. -2 using ungrammatical language. (-ष्टः) 1 a defamer. -2 a Brāhmaṇa not invested with the sacred thread at the proper time of his life. -देवता, -देवी (वाग्देवता, वाग्देवी) Sarasvatī, the goddess of speech; वाग्देवतायाः सांमुख्यमाधत्ते S. D.1. ˚कुलम् science, learning. -दोषः (वाग्दोषः) 1 the utterance of a (disagreeable) sound; द्वीपिचर्मपरिच्छन्नो वाग्दोषाद् गर्दभो हतः H. B. -2 abuse, defamation. -3 an ungrammatical speech. -निबन्धन (वाग्निबन्धन) a. depending on words. -निमि- त्तम् (वाङ्निमित्तम्) Prognostications; तच्चाकर्ण्य वाङ्- निमित्तज्ञः पितरि सुतरां जीविताशां शिथिलीचकार Hch. V. -निश्चयः (वाङ्निश्चयः) affiance by word of month, marriage contract. -निष्ठा (वाङ्निष्ठा) faithfulness (to one's word or promise). -पटु a. (वाक्पटु) skilful in speech, eloquent. -पति a. (वाक्पति) eloquent; oratorical. (-तिः) 1 N. of Bṛihaspati (in this sense वाचसांपतिः is also used). -2 the constellation Puṣya. -पथः(वाक्पथः) 1 a moment fit for speech. -2 the range of speech. -पाटवम् (वाक्पाटवम्) eloquence. -पारीणः (वाक्पा- रीणः) beyond the range of speech; वाक्पारीणरुचिः स चेन्मुखमयं पद्मः प्रिये तावकम् N.22.14. -पारुष्यम् (वाक्पारु- ष्यम्) 1 severity of language. -2 violence in words, abusive or scurrilous language, defamation; एवं दण्डविधिः प्रोक्तो वाक्पारुष्यस्य तत्त्वतः Ms.8.278. -प्रचोदनम् (वाक्प्रचो- दनम्) an order expressed in words. -प्रतोदः (वाक्प्र- तोदः) 'the goad of words', goading or taunting language. -प्रलापः (वाक्प्रलापः) eloquence. -बन्धनम् (वाग्बन्धनम्) stopping the speech, silencing; व्रीडार्ता प्रकरोति दाडिमपलव्याजेन वाग्बन्धनम् Amaru.16. -भट (वाग्भटः) N. of a writer on medicine. -मनस n. (the duel -वाङ्मनसी in Vedic language) speech and mind; अथैनं तुष्टुवुः स्तुत्यमवाङ्मनसगोचरम् R.1.15; अतीतः पन्थानं तव च महिमा वाङ्मनसयोः Śiva-mahimna 2. -मात्रम् (वाङ्मात्रम्) mere words. -मुखम् (वाङ्मुखम्) the beginning or introduction of a speech, an exordium, a preface. -यत a. (-वाग्यत) one who has controlled or curbed his speech, silent. -यमः (वाग्यमः) one who has controlled his speech, a sage. -यामः (वाग्यामः) a dumb man. -युद्धम् (वाग्युद्धम्) a war of words, (hot) debate or discussion, controversy. -रोधः (वाग्रोधः) stopping the speech, silencing. -वज्रः (वाग्वज्रः) 1 adamantine words; अहह दारुणो वाग्वज्रः U.1. -2 harsh or severe language. -विद् a. (वाग्विद्) eloquent. -विदग्ध a. (वाग्विदग्ध) skilled in speech. (-ग्धा) a sweet-speaking or fascinating woman. -विनिःसृत a. (वाग्विनिःसृत) put forth by speech; वाच्यर्था नियताः सर्वे वाङ्मूला वाग्वि- निःसृताः । तां तु यः स्तेनयेद्वाचं स सर्वस्तेयकृन्नरः ॥ Ms.4.256. -विभवः (वाग्विभवः) stock or provision of words, power of description, command of language; नास्ति मे वाग्विभवः प्रशंसितुम् V.3; रघूणामन्वयं वक्ष्ये तनुवाग्विभवो$पि सन् R.1.9; Māl.1.26. -विलासः (वाग्विलासः) graceful or elegant speech. -विलासिन् m. (वाग्विलासिन्) pigeon, dove. -विस्तरः (वाग्विस्तरः) prolixity. -वीरः (वाग्वीरः) master of speech. -व्ययः (वाग्व्ययः) waste of breath. -व्यवहारः (वाग्व्यवहारः) verbal or oral discussion; प्रयोगप्रधानं हि नाट्यशास्त्रं किमत्र वाग्व्यवहारेण M.1. -व्यापारः (वाग्व्यापारः) 1 the manner of speaking. -2 the style or habit of speaking. -3 customary phraseology or mode of talking. -शलाका (वाक्शलाका) injurious speech. -शल्यम्(वाक्शल्यम्) = वाक्शलाका. -शस्त्रम् (वाक्शस्त्रम्) a curse; वाक्शस्त्रं वै ब्राह्मणस्य तेन हन्यादरीन् द्विजः Ms.11.33. -संतक्षणम् sarcastic remarks; असारस्य वाक्संतक्षणैः ... अपवाहनम् Dk.2.2. -संयमः (वाक्संयमः), -संवरः (वाक्संवरः) restraint or control of speech. -संगः (वाक्संगः) 1 impeded or slow speech. -2 paralysis of speech. -सारः (वाक्सारः) eloquence. -सिद्धम् (वाक्सिद्धम्) supernatural perfection of speech. -स्तम्भः (वाक्स्तम्भः) paralysis of speech.
vyañjanā व्यञ्जना 1 See व्यञ्जन (12) above. -2 Irony, sarcasm. -3 Insinuation. -4 Articulation, utterance of words; हीनव्यञ्जनया प्रेक्ष्य भीतचित्त इवाब्रूवम् Rām.2.64.11. -Comp. -वृत्तिः f. insinuation, figurative or elliptical mode of expression.
vyatikṣepaḥ व्यतिक्षेपः Mutual altercation, contest; नानादिग्भ्यः समाहूताः सहयाः सरथद्विपाः । तेषामासीद्व्यतिक्षेपः Mb.7.15.33.
śreṣṭhin श्रेष्ठिन् m. [श्रेष्ठं धनादिकस्त्यस्य इनि] The head or president of a mercantile or other guild; निक्षेपे पतिते हर्म्ये श्रेष्ठी स्तौति स्वदेवताम् Pt.1.14. -Comp. -चत्वरम् the part of a city where merchants live; स खलु श्रेष्ठिचत्वरे निवसति Mk.2.
saṃvyavahāraḥ संव्यवहारः 1 Duty, business; संव्यवहारात् शौचं मैत्रतां दृढभक्तिं च परीक्षेत Kau. A.1.9. -2 Mercantile transaction, calling, trade; अपि प्रचीयन्ते संव्यवहाराणां वृद्धिलाभाः Mu.1; see व्यवहार.
saṃsarpaḥ संसर्पः 1 Creeping along, gliding or gentle motion. -2 The intercalary month occurring in a year in which there occurs a Kṣaya-māsa (क्षयमास).
saṃtakṣaṇam संतक्षणम् Sarcastic or cutting language,sarcasm.
sotprāsa सोत्प्रास a. 1 Excessive. -2 Exaggerated. -3 Ironical, sarcastic. -सः Violent laughter. -सः, -सम् Ironical exaggeration, sarcasm, irony; -सम् ind. Mockingly; cf. व्याजस्तुति. -Comp. -हासिन् one who laughs mockingly; तमालोक्य प्रियाकेलिं नले सोत्प्रासहासिनि N.2.1.
sopahāsa सोपहास a. Accompanied with derisive laughtersneering, sarcastic. -सम् ind. Sneeringly, with a sneer.
solaḥ सोलः सोलिकः Coldness. सोल्लुण्ठः sōlluṇṭhḥ सोल्लुण्ठनम् sōlluṇṭhanam सोल्लुण्ठः सोल्लुण्ठनम् Irony, ridicule, sarcasm. -ण्ठम्, -नम् ind. Ironically; U.5.
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arc arc sing, praise, I. árcati. sám-, praise universally. pf. ānṛcé, i. 160, 4.
suvarcas su-várcas, a. (Bv.) full of vigour, x. 14, 8.
Ayurvedic Medical
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kaṭaśarkara

Plant a species of sugarcane.

lavaṇapañcaka

(lavaṇa.pancaka) five salts:saindhava, romaka, sāmudra, biḍā, sauvarcala.

puṇḍarīka

1. Plant fragrant mango, 2. kind of serpent, 3. kind of rice, 4. lotus flower, 5. sugarcane; 6.an obstinate skin disease, one of mahākuṣṭas.

rucaka

Go to sauvarcala lavaṇa

sarvāngaśotha

anasarca; an extreme generalized edema.

sīdhu

rum, spirituous liquor distilled from sugarcane juice.

     Wordnet Search "rca" has 34 results.
     

rca

ādaraḥ, satkāraḥ, sammānaḥ, mānaḥ, arcanam, arhā, arhaṇam, arcā, abhyarcā, abhyarcanam, pūjā, namaskāraḥ, sevā, sambhāvanā, ārādhanam, puraskāraḥ, ślāghā   

sā uktiḥ ācāro vā yena kasyacit gauravo bhavati।

mātuḥ pituḥ ca ādaraḥ karaṇīyaḥ।

rca

utsavaḥ, parva, parvāhaḥ, parvarīṇam, utsavadinam, mahaḥ, mahaḥ, uddharṣaḥ, yātrā, uddhavaḥ, kṣaṇaḥ, abhyudayaḥ, carca   

kimapi dhārmikaṃ sāmājikaṃ vā maṅgalaṃ vā śubhaṃ kāryaṃ yat sotsāhaṃ nirvartyate।

svataṃtratādinam asmākaṃ rāṣṭriyaḥ utsavaḥ asti।

rca

pūjanīya, upāsanīya, upāsya, arcanīya, arcya, pūjya, vandanīya, vandya, ārādhya, ārādhanīya, stutya, pūjārha, vareṇya, arhya, ārya   

pūjārthe yogyaḥ।

gautamaḥ buddhaḥ pūjanīyaḥ asti।

rca

atasī, umā, caṇakā, kṣaumī, rudrapatnī, suvarcalā, pichilā, devī, nadagandhā, madotkaṭā, kṣumā, haimavatī, sunīlā, nīlapuṣpikā   

sasyaviśeṣaḥ, kṛṣṇapuṣpavān kṣudravṛkṣaḥ yasya tailadāni bījāni santi।

atasyaḥ pakvebhyaḥ bījebhyaḥ tailaṃ nikṛṣyate।

rca

prakāśaḥ, dyutiḥ, dīptiḥ, tejaḥ, pradīpaḥ, jyotiḥ, jyotiḥ, prabhā, ābhā, chaviḥ, ālokaḥ, ruciḥ, ruc, kāntiḥ, chaṭā, nibhā, bhā, bhāḥ, chāyā, tviṣā, tviṣ, śociḥ, śobhā, varcaḥ, mahaḥ, dyotaḥ, dūśānam, marīciḥ, jhallikā   

sā śaktiḥ tattvaṃ vā yayā anyāni vastūni dṛggocarāṇi bhavanti।

sūryasya āgamanena diśaḥ prakāśeṇa kāsyanti।

rca

buddhaḥ, sarvajñaḥ, sugataḥ, dharmarājaḥ, tathāgataḥ, samantabhadraḥ, bhagavān, mārajit, lokajit, jinaḥ, ṣaḍabhijñaḥ, daśabalaḥ, advayavādī, vināyakaḥ, munīndraḥ, śrīghanaḥ, śāstā, muniḥ, dharmaḥ, trikālajñaḥ, dhātuḥ, bodhisattvaḥ, mahābodhiḥ, āryaḥ, pañcajñānaḥ, daśārhaḥ, daśabhūmigaḥ, catustriṃśatajātakajñaḥ, daśapāramitādharaḥ, dvādaśākṣaḥ, trikāyaḥ, saṃguptaḥ, dayakurcaḥ, khajit, vijñānamātṛkaḥ, mahāmaitraḥ, dharmacakraḥ, mahāmuniḥ, asamaḥ, khasamaḥ, maitrī, balaḥ, guṇākaraḥ, akaniṣṭhaḥ, triśaraṇaḥ, budhaḥ, vakrī, vāgāśaniḥ, jitāriḥ, arhaṇaḥ, arhan, mahāsukhaḥ, mahābalaḥ, jaṭādharaḥ, lalitaḥ   

bauddhadharmasya pravartakaḥ yaṃ janāḥ īśvaraṃ manyante।

kuśīnagaram iti buddhasya parinirvāṇasthalaṃ iti khyātam।

rca

pūj, abhipūj, sampūj, arca, upās, ārādh, bhaj, abyarc, samarc, samabhyarc, sev, sabhāj, pūjāṃ kṛ, arcanāṃ kṛ, ārādhanāṃ kṛ   

īśvara-prasīdanahetukaḥ īśvara-viṣaye śraddhāyāḥ prakaṭanātmakaḥ vyāpāraḥ ।

munayaḥ sadā īśvaraṃ pūjayanti।

rca

varaṭaḥ, kalahaṃsaḥ, sugrīvaḥ, cakrapakṣaḥ, jālapad, dhavalapakṣaḥ, nīlākṣaḥ, pāriplāvyaḥ, purudaṃśakaḥ, bandhuraḥ, vakrāṅgaḥ, vārcaḥ, śakavaḥ, śiticchadaḥ, śitipakṣaḥ, śvetacchadaḥ, śvetagarutaḥ, śvetapatraḥ, sitacchadaḥ, sitapakṣaḥ, haṃsaḥ, haṃsakaḥ, hariṇaḥ, sūtiḥ, cakraḥ   

haṃsajātīyaḥ jalakhagaprakāraviśeṣaḥ।

varaṭaḥ jale viharati।

rca

pārṣṇiḥ, pādamūlam, aṃhiskandhaḥ, kūrcaśiras, gohiram   

avayavaviśeṣaḥ, gulphasya adhobhāgaḥ, pādagranthyāḥ ādhāraḥ, anena bhūmyādikam pṛṣyate;

kaṇṭakena pārṣṇi āhataḥ

rca

dyumat, dyutikar, dyutimat, dyotana, dyoti, dyotamāna, ujvala, kāntimat, kiraṇamaya, utprabha, ullasa, ullasita, prakāśavat, prakāśaka, prakāśamāna, prakāśat, prakāśin, citra, tejasvat, tejasvin, tejomaya, taijasa, añjimat, atiśukra, abhirucira, abhivirājita, abhiśobhita, abhīṣumat, amanda, avabhāsita, avabhāsin, ābhāsvara, ārocana, ābhāsura, iddha, utprabha, udīrṇadīdhiti, uddyota, uddyotita, kanakatālābha, kanakaprabha, kanala, kāśī, kāśīṣṇu, ketu, taijasa, dīdi, dīdivi, dīpta, dīptimat, dyotamāna, dhauta, punāna, prakhya, prabhāvat, bṛhajjyotis, bhāskara, bhāsura, bhāsvara, bhāsvat, bhāsayat, rukmābha, rucita, rucira, rucya, ruśat, roca, rocana, rocamāna, rociṣṇu, varcasvin, vidyotamāna, virukmat, vicakṣaṇa, virājamāna, śuklabhāsvara, śundhyu, śubhāna, śubhra, śubhri, śumbhamāna, śobha, śobhamāna, sutāra, suteja, sudīpta, sudyotman, supraketa, suprabha, suruk, suvibhāta, sphurat, hiraṇyanirṇij, hiraṇyanirṇig   

yasmin dīptiḥ asti athavā yasya varṇaḥ ābhāyuktaḥ asti।

prācyadeśāt āgatena tena dūtena tat dyumat ratnaṃ rājasabhāyāṃ rājñe samarpitam।

rca

rcaḥ, kūrcam   

tarjanyaṅguṣṭhayoḥ madhye śarīrasya tvag gṛhītvā ākarṣaṇasya kriyā yayā pīḍā udbhavati।

tasya kūrcanena mama haste rudhiraṃ samudvijate।

rca

rcaḥ, kūrcam   

kimapi ālambituṃ kṛtaḥ aṅguṣṭhatarjanyoḥ yogaḥ।

vareṇa kūrce kuṅkumaṃ gṛhītvā vadhvaḥ sīmantake tilakitam।

rca

śmaśruḥ, mukharomam, koṭaḥ, ghoṭaḥ, kūrcakaḥ, dāḍhikā   

puṃsaḥ mukhe vardhitāḥ lomāḥ।

prāyaḥ mahātmanāṃ bṛhatī śmaśruḥ vartate।

rca

brāhmī, somalatā, sarasvatī, saumyā, suraśreṣṭhā, śāradā, suvarcalā, kapotavagā, vaidhātrī, divyatejāḥ, mahauṣadhī, svayaṃbhuvī, saumyalatā, sureṣṭā, brahmakanyakā, maṇaḍūkamātā, maṇḍukī, surasā, medhyā, vīrā, bhāratī, varā, parameṣṭhinī, divyā, śāradā   

kṣupaviśeṣaḥ-yaḥ bheṣajarupeṇa upayujyate yasya guṇāḥ vātāmlapittanāśitvaṃ tathā ca buddhiprajñāmedhākārītvam।

brāhmī prāyaḥ gaṅgātaṭe haridvāranagarasya samīpe dṛśyate।

rca

arcakaḥ, pūjakaḥ, purohitaḥ, purodhāḥ   

yaḥ mandire devatādīnāṃ pūjārthe niyuktaḥ asti।

śyāmasya pitā asya mandirasya arcakaḥ asti।

rca

gucchaḥ, stabakaḥ, gucchakaḥ, grathnaḥ, gulucchaḥ, pulakaḥ, guñjaḥ, kūrcakaḥ, stambakaḥ, gutsakaḥ, pulī, pūlaḥ   

ekasmin sthāne baddhānāṃ vastūnāṃ samuhaḥ।

kuñcikāyāḥ gucchaḥ na jāne kutra gataḥ।

rca

atasī, umā, caṇakā, kṣaumī, rudrapatnī, suvarcalā, pichilā, devī, nadagandhā, madotkaṭā, kṣumā, haimavatī, sunīlā, nīlapuṣpikā, varadā, ekamūlā, caṇḍikā, niḥsnehā   

dhānya-viśeṣaḥ, kṛṣṇa-puṣpa-kṣudra-vṛkṣasya tailadāḥ bījāḥ (āyurvede asya uṣṇatva-tiktatva-amlatvādayaḥ guṇāḥ proktāḥ vātahāritvaṃ śleṣma-pittakāritvaṃ ca);

atasī madhurā tiktā snigdhā pāke kaṭurguru [śa ka]

rca

rcamāsaḥ   

khristābdasya tṛtīyaḥ māsaḥ।

asmākaṃ parīkṣā mārcamāse samāpnoti।

rca

śaucālayaḥ, śaucagharam, pāyukṣālanabhūmiḥ, nepathyagṛham, uccāraprasrāvasthānam, varcaḥsthānam   

manuṣyaiḥ malatyāgārthe vinirmitaṃ sthānam।

sulabhāḥ śaucālayāḥ janānāṃ suvidhārthe vinirmitāḥ santi।

rca

pūjakaḥ, arcakaḥ, upāsakaḥ, bhaktaḥ, ārādhakaḥ, sevakaḥ   

yaḥ pūjayati।

bhagavataḥ yathārthaḥ pūjakaḥ sāṃsārikabandhanāt muktaḥ bhavati।

rca

pūjaya, upās, upasthā, abhyarc, arc, arcaya, ārādhaya, bhaj, anubhaj, sev, upasev, namasya   

dhūpadīpanaivedyānām arpaṇena vā stutigītaiḥ vā anyena prakāreṇa vā iṣṭadevatāprīṇanānukūlaḥ vyāpāraḥ।

grāmiṇāḥ navarātrau ārātri devīṃ pūjayanti।

rca

parṇakurca   

vrataviśeṣaḥ।

parṇakurce kamalādeḥ kaṣāyaḥ dinatrayaṃ yāvat pibet।

rca

brahmavarcasam   

brāhmaṇasya vedabodhitasya ācārasya paripālanāt jāyamānā ṛddhiḥ।

svasya brahmavarcasā bhūtabhaviṣyajñānaṃ prāpyate tapasvinā।

rca

saśmaśru, śmaśrudhara, śmaśruṇa, śmaśruvat, kūrcana, śmaśrula, śūkin   

śmaśruyuktaḥ।

bālakaḥ saśmaśroḥ puruṣasya śmaśruṃ karṣati।

rca

anarcaka   

yaḥ pūjāṃ na karoti।

anarcakāya janāya arcāyāṃ kāpi śraddhā nāsti।

rca

anarcakaḥ   

yaḥ pūjāṃ na karoti।

anarcakaḥ sarvadā arcakānām upahāsaṃ karoti।

rca

dantakūrca   

dantānām āgharṣaṇī।

pratidinaṃ saḥ dantakūrcena dantamārjanaṃ karoti।

rca

abhyarcanīya, abhyarcya   

pūjanīyaḥ।

mānavatāyāḥ upāsakāḥ abhyarcanīyāḥ bhavanti।

rca

pūjā, pūjanam, arcanam   

jalapuṣpanaivedyādādīnām arpaṇena dhārmikakāryasampādanasya bhāvaḥ।

saḥ mandire pūjāyāḥ anantaram arcakāya dakṣiṇāṃ dadāti।

rca

śuṣkacarcanam, vikathā, vṛthākathā, hatajalpitam   

sārahīnaṃ kathanam।

bhavataḥ śuṣkacarcanaṃ śrotuṃ mama samīpe samayaḥ nāsti।

rca

rcakaḥ, kūrca   

bhrūdvayoḥ madhyasthānam ।

kūrcakasya ullekhaḥ suśrutena kṛtaḥ

rca

arkakāntā, ādityakāntā, ādityatejas, ādityaparṇikā, ādityaparṇinī, bhāskareṣṭā, ravīṣṭā, varadā, saptanāmā, satyanāman, sutejā, surasambhavā, sūryāvartā, suvarcalā, sūryalatā, ādityaparṇin, saura, sauri, mārtaṇḍavallabhā   

ekaḥ kṣupaḥ ।

arkakāntāyāḥ ullekhaḥ kośe vartate

rca

varca   

ekaḥ mahātmā ।

varcaḥ prācīnaḥ mahātmā āsīt

rca

suvarca   

sūryasya ekā patnī ।

suvarcalāyāḥ ullekhaḥ mahābhārate vartate









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