प्राचीन a. [प्राच् भवार्थे ख] 1 Turned towards the front or east, eastern, easterly. -2 Previous, former, previously mentioned. -3 Old, ancient. -नः, -नम् 1 A fence, wall. -2 The eastern country; प्राचीनवाहिनीं चैव नदीं भृशम- कर्दमाम् Rām.4.27.16. -नम् ind. 1 In front. -2 Eastward (abl.) -3 Before. -Comp. -अग्र a. = प्रागग्र q. v. -आवीतम् the sacred thread (यज्ञोपवीत) worn over the right shoulder and passed under the left arm, as at a Śrāddha. -आवीतिन्, -उपवीत a. wearing the sacred thread over the right shoulder and under the left arm; सव्ये प्राचीनआवीती निवीती कण्ठसज्जने Ms.2.63. -कल्पः a former kalpa q. v. -गाथा an ancient story or tradition. -तिलकः the moon. -पनसः the Bilva tree. -बर्हिस् m. an epithet of Indra. -मतम् an ancient opinion, a belief sanctioned by antiquity. -मूल a. having roots turned eastward.
a. turned frontways; eastward; eastern, living in the east; an terior, former, previous, old: -m, ad. for wards; in front of (ab.); eastwards, to the east of (ab.); previously to, before (ab.); -âvîtin, a.=-½âvîtin; -grîva, a. having the neck directed forward or eastward; -½âvîtá, n. wearing of the sacred cord over the right shoulder; -½âvîtín, a. wearing the sacred cord over the right shoulder; -½upavîtá, pp. id.
(‘Descendant of Upamanyu’) is the name of a householder and theologian in the Chāndogya Upanisad. A Prācīnaśāli appears as an Udgātṛ priest in the Jaiminiya Upanisad Brāhmaria, and the Prācīnaśālas are mentioned in the same Upanisad.
As an adjective denotes ‘ having the supporting beam of the roof facing the east’ in the śatapatha Brāhmaria1 and the Yajurveda Samhitās.2 The reference is to the central beam running from the middle of the western end of a hall to the middle of the eastern end. This beam was possibly higher than those at the side. '
‘Descendant of Prācmayoga,’ is the name of a teacher, a pupil of Pārāśarya, in the first Vamśa (list of teachers) in the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upanisad. A Prācīnayogya is mentioned also in the Chāndogya and the Taittirlya Upaniṣads, and the same patronymic is found in the śatapatha Brāhmana and in the Jaiminīya Upanisad Brāhmana (see Puluça, Satyayajña, Somaśuçma).
adjective easterly (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
eastern (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
former (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
old (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Prior (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
preceding (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
turned towards the front or eastward (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine) name of a Prajāpati of the race of Atrī (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a son of Havirdhāman (or Havirdhāna) and father of the 10 Pracetas (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a son of Manu (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Indra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
adjective modern (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
not eastern (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
not old (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
recent (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
western (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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