पर्णम् 1 A pinion, wing; as in सुपर्ण. -2 The feather of an arrow. -3 A leaf. -4 The betel-leaf; ततो नृपतिनिदेशात् ते पर्णान्यादाय सैनिकाः (जग्मुः) Parṇāl.5.25. -र्णः The Palāśa tree. -Comp. -अशनम् feeding on leaves. (-नः) a cloud. -असिः a kind of basil. -आहार a. feeding upon leaves; cf. Rām.3.6.2. -उटजम् a hut of leaves, a hermit's hut, a hermitage. -कारः a vendor of betel-leaves. -कुटिका, -कुटी a hut made of leaves. -कूर्चः A kind of religious vow in which one has to drink a decoction of leaves; एतान्येव समस्तानि त्रिरात्रोपोषितः शुचिः । क्वाथयित्वा पिवेदद्भिः पर्णकूर्चो$भि- धीयते ॥ Yama Smṛiti. -कृच्छ्र a kind of expiatory penance which consists in living upon an infusion of leaves and Kuśa grass only for five days; see पर्णोदुम्बर- राजीवबिल्वपत्रकुशोदकैः । प्रत्येकं प्रत्यहं पीतैः पर्णकृच्छ्र उदाहृतः ॥ Y.3.317 and Mitā. thereon. -खण्डः a tree without apparent blossoms. (-डम्) a collection of leaves. -चरः a kind of deer. -चीरपटः an epithet of Śiva. -चोरकः a kind of perfume (gall-nut). -नरः) the figure of a man made of leaves and burnt in place of a lost corpse. -नालः a leaf-stalk. -भेदिनी the Priyaṅgu creeper. -भोजनः a goat. -मुच् m. the winter season (शिशिर). -मृगः any wild animal living in the boughs of trees (as a monkey, squirrel, &c.). -रुह् m. the spring season (वसन्त). -लता the betel-plant. -वाटिका pieces of areca-nut mixed with other spices and rolled up in betel-leaves. -शय्या a bed or couch of leaves. -शाला a hut made of leaves, a hermitage; निर्दिष्टां कुलपतिना स पर्णशालामध्यास्य R.1.95;12.4; -संस्तरः one with a bed of leaves; वनेषु वासतेयेषु निवसन् पर्णसंस्तरः Bk.4.8.
अपर्ण a. Leafless. -र्णा N. of Durgā or Pārvatī Kālidāsa thus accounts for the name : -स्वयंविशीर्णद्रुमपर्ण- वृत्तिता परा हि काष्ठा तपसस्तया पुनः । तदप्यपाकीर्णमिति प्रियंवदां वदन्त्यपर्णेति च तां पुराविदः ॥ Ku.5.28; cf. Śiva P. चतुर्थे त्यक्तपर्णा च अपर्णाख्यामवाप सा ।
n. [taking across, wafting: √ 2. pri] pinion, wing; feather (also of an arrow); leaf (--°ree;, a. â, î); betel-leaf; m. a tree with large leaves (Butea frondosa), in C. generally called palâsa; -krikkhra, m. a kind of penance; -puta, m. n. leaf rolled into a funnel shape; -vat, a. abounding in leaves; -vîtikâ, f. areca nut wrapped with spices in a betel-leaf; -sabda, m. rustling of leaves; -sara, m. stalk of the Parna-leaf; -sâlâ, f. arbour.
a. conducted with out the Syâparnas (sacrifice); -srabdha, pp. (√ srambh) confident: °ree;-or -m, ad. confi dently, unhesitatingly; -srama, m. rest, re laxation; -sramana, n.resting, relaxation; -srambha, m. cessation (rare); confidence, in (lc., --°ree;, rarely g.); familiarity, intimacy: -m kri, gain the confidence of (g.): ab. or °ree;--, confidentially; kasmai visrambham katha yâmi, whom shall I make a confidant of? -kathâ, f. confidential or familiar conversa tion, -kathita, (pp.) n. pl. id.; -srambhana, n. confidence; gaining the confidence of (--°ree;); -srambhanîya, fp. inspiring any one (g.) with confidence;-srambha-tâ, f. confidence; -srambha-bhritya, m. confidential servant; -srambha-samkathâ, f. familiar or confiden tial conversation; -srambha½âlâpa, m. id.; -srambhin, a. trusting, placing confidence in (--°ree;); enjoying confidence; confidential (conversation); (ví)-sravas, a. famous; m. N. of a Rishi, son of Pulastya and father of Kubera, Râvana, etc.; -srânana, n. be stowal, gift, of (g., --°ree;); sacrifice of (life); -srânta, pp.(√ sram) rested etc.; -srânti, f. rest, repose, relaxation; cessation, end (rare): -bhûmi, f. means of relaxation; -srâma, m. rest, repose, relaxation (ord. mg.); heaving sigh after exertion; resting-place (rare); cessation, relaxation, abatement: -bhû, f. resting-place, -vesman, n. resting-chamber, -sthâna, n. resting-place of a person=means of recreation; -srâva, m. noise; renown.
a. attended by the Syâparnas (sacrifice, Br.); -sraddha, a. frank; -srî-ka, a. lovely, beautiful; pros perous, affluent: -tâ, f., -tva, n. beauty; -slâgham, ad. with self-importance, pomp ously; -svâsa, a. breathing, living (death).
Denotes the ‘wing’ of a bird in the Rigveda and later. It also means the feather ’ of an arrow in a late passage of the Rigveda, and more often later ; and the leaf’ of a tree from the Rigveda onwards.
Denotes the tree Butea froηdosa, later usually called Palāśa. It occurs in the Rigveda in connexion with the Aśvattha, and with that tree as well as the Nyagrodha in the Atharvaveda, which mentions both amulets and the cover of sacrificial dishes as made from its wood. Its use for the making of sacrificial implements like the ladle (juhu), or sacrificial posts, or the small ladle called sruva, is mentioned. The Taittirīya Samhitā ascribes its origin to the loss of a feather by the Gāyatrī when winning the Soma. The tree is also often mentioned elsewhere. Reference too is sometimes made to its bark (parna-valka).
Is the name of a man included in the list of victims at the Purusamedha (‘human sacrifice’) in the Vājasaneyi Samhitā and the Taittirīya Brāhmana. According to Mahī- dhara, a Bhilla is meant—i.e., presumably a wild hillman, for he glosses Nisāda in the same way. Sāyana explains the word as meaning ‘ one who catches fish by putting over the water a parna with poison,’ but this is apparently a mere etymological guess. Weber’s rendering of the term as referring to a savage ‘wearing feathers ’ is ingenious, but uncertain.
‘Well-winged,’ designates a large bird of prey, the ‘eagle’ or the ‘vulture,’ in the Rigveda and later. In the passages in which it appears as an eater of carrion it must be the vulture. The Jaiminiya Brāhmaṇa mentions an eagle which separates milk from water like the Kruftc. In the Rigveda the Suparṇa is said to be the child of the śyena, and is distinguished from the latter in another passage: this led Zimmer to think that the falcon is probably meant. The Atharvaveda alludes to its cry, and describes it as living in the hills.
noun (masculine neuter) a leaf (regarded as the plumage of a tree) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a pinion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
feather (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the Pān or betel leaf (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
wing (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (feminine) an arbour (esp. as the dwelling of a Buddhist monk) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a great settlement of Brāhmans in Madhyadeśa between the Yamunā and Gaīgā (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine) a cock (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a horse (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a particular array (as of an army) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a ray (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
any large bird of prey (as a vulture) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
any mythical or supernatural bird (often identified with Garuḍa) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Cassia Fistula (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Gandharva
name of a mountain (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a son of Antarikṣa (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Garuḍa Frequency rank 2698/72933
noun (masculine) Alstonia scholaris (Linn.) R.Br. (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Cassia Fistula (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Echites Scholaris (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Garuḍa or any supernatural bird (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (neuter) an emerald (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
dry ginger (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of various Sāmans (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the Sauparṇa hymn (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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