n. (; scilicetvrata-) a fast regulated by the moon, the food being diminished every day by one mouthful for the dark fortnight, and increased in like manner during the light fortnight (seepipīlikāmadhya-, yava-madhya-or dhyama-)
(confer, compare the earlier formrikh-) cl.6 P. () likh/ati- (rarely A1.te-; perfect tenselil/ekha- etc.; Aoristalekhīt-; futurelekhitā-, lekhiṣyati-grammar; likhiṣyati-; infinitive moodlekhitum-,or likhitum-grammar; ind.p.lekhitvā-; likhitvā-; -l/ikhya- etc.) , to scratch, scrape, furrow, tear up (the ground) etc. ; to pick, peck (said of birds). ; to scarify, lance ; to produce by scratching etc., draw a line (with or scilicetlekhām-), engrave, inscribe, write, copy, trace, sketch, delineate, paint etc. ; to make smooth, polish ; to graze, touch ; to unite sexually with a female(?) () : Passive voicelikhyate- (Aoristalekhi-), to be written : Causallekhayati- (or likhāpayati-; Aoristalīlikhat-), to cause to scratch or write or copy or paint etc. ; to scratch, lance ; to write, paint : Desiderativelilikhiṣati- or lilekhiṣati- [ confer, compareGreek ; Lithuanian re14kti,"to cut."]
(ud-likh-) P.-likhati-, to make a slit or incision or line, tear, mark by scratching ; to furrow ; to scratch, scrape, cut, make lines upon etc. ; to make a scratch or incision, cut into etc. ; to chip, chisel ; to delineate, shape, make visible or clear ; to polish, grind away by polishing ; to stir up, cause to come up (exempli gratia, 'for example' phlegm) : Causal-lekhayati-, to stir up, cause to come up
m. "of marvellous heroism", Name of a celebrated king of the lunar race (the son of śāṃtanu- by his wife satya-vatī-, and so half-brother of bhīṣma-;when he died childless, his mother requested vyāsa-, whom she had borne before her marriage to the sage parāśara-, to raise up issue to vicitra-vīrya-;so vyāsa- married the two widows of his half-brother, ambikā- and ambālikā-, and by them became the father of dhṛta-rāṣṭra- and pāṇḍu-; see)
P.-likhati- (Ved. infinitive mood-likhas-; see), to scratch, scrape, tear up, lacerate etc. ; to rub against, reach to, touch ; to wound (the heart) id est vex, offend ; to scratch in or on, make a furrow or mark, write, delineate, paint etc. ; (in medicine) to tear up id est stir up (phlegm etc.) : Causal-lekhayati-, or -likhāpayati-, to cause to scratch or write,
m. (also written viṭhala-, viṭhṭhala-,and viḍhḍhala-) Name of a god worshipped at Pandharpur in the Deccan (he is commonly called viṭho-bā-, and stated to be an incarnation of viṣṇu- or kṛṣṇa- himself, who is believed to have visited this city and infused a large portion of his essence into a Brahman named puṇḍarīka- or puṇḍalīka-, who had gained a great reputation for filial piety;his images represent him standing on a brick[ see 2. viḍ-]with his arms akimbo)
f. profit from lending money etc., usury, interest (the various kinds of interest recognized by Hindu lawyers are, 1. kāyikā vṛddhi-,"body-interest" id est either the advantage arising from the body of an animal pledged as security for a loan, or interest paid repeatedly without reducing the body or principal;2. kālikā v-,"time-interest" id est payable weekly, monthly, annually, etc., but most usually computed by the month;3. cakrav-,"wheel-interest" id est interest upon interest, compound interest;4. kāritā v-,"stipulated interest", at a rate higher than the usual legal rate;5. śikhā-v-,"interest growing like a lock of hair" id est at a usurious rate payable daily;6. bhoga-lābha-,"advantage [accruing to a creditor] from the use"of objects handed over to him as security exempli gratia, 'for example' of lands, gardens, animals, etc.:"lawful interest"is called dharma-v-,"usurious interest"a-nyāya-v-,"interest at the highest legal rate"parama-v-)
डमरुः A sort of small drum shaped like an hourglass and generally used by Kāpālikas; (sometime regarded as n. also); चण्डैर्डमरुनिर्घोषैर्घर्घरं श्रुतवान् ध्वनिम् Rāj. T.2.99. -Comp. -यन्त्रम् a kind of pan; Bhāva. P.
सोमः [सू-मन् Uṇ.1.139] 1 N. of a plant, the most important ingredient in ancient sacrificial offerings. -2 The juice of the plant; as in सोमपा, सोमपीथिन्; Ms. 3.257. -3 Nectar, beverage of the gods; अलब्धभागाः सोमस्य केवलं क्लेशभागिनः Bhāg.8.1.23. -4 The moon. [In mythology, the moon is represented as having sprung from the eye of the sage Atri; (cf. R.2.75) or as produced from the sea at the time of churning. The twenty-seven asterisms--mythologically represented as so many daughters of Dakṣa q. v. -are said to be his wives. The phenomenon of the periodical waning of the moon is explained by a myth which states that his nectareous digits are drunk up by different
gods in regular rotation, or by the invention of another legend which says that the moon, on account of his particular fondness and partiality for Rohiṇī, one of the 27 daughters of Dakṣa, was cursed by his father-in-law to be consumptive, but that at the intercession of his wives the sentence of eternal consumption was commuted to one of periodical consumption. Soma is also represented as having carried off Tārā, the wife of Bṛihaspati, by whom he had a son named Budha, who afterwards became the founder of the lunar race of kings; see Tārā (b) also.]; पुष्णामि चौषधीः सर्वाः सोमो भूत्वा रसात्मकः Bg.15.13. -5 A ray of light. -6 Camphor. -7 Water. -8 Air, wind. -9 N. of Kubera. -1 Of Śiva. -11 Of Yama. -12 N. of Sugrīva. -13 (As the last member of comp.) Chief, principal, best; as in नृसोम q. v. -14 An ape. -15 One of the Manes. -16 the vessel (नाडी) 'Iḍā'; यत्र तद् ब्रह्म निर्द्वन्द्वं यत्र सोमः सहाग्निना । व्यवायं कुरुते नित्यं धीरो भूतानि धारयन् ॥ Mb.14.2.1 (com.). -17 Monday. -मा The soma plant. -मम् 1 Rice gruel. -2 Sky, heaven. -Comp. -अभिषवः the extraction of Soma juice. -अयनम् a kind of penance; cf. चान्द्रायण. -अहः Monday. -आख्यम् the red lotus. -आश्रयः N. of Śiva or Rudra; ˚अयनम् (सोमाश्रयायणम्) N. of a place of pilgrimages; ते त्वगच्छन्नहोरात्रा तीर्थं सोमाश्रयायणम् Mb.1.17.3. -ईश्वरः a celebrated representation of Śiva. -उद्भवा N. of the river Narmadā तथेत्युपस्पृश्य पयः पवित्रं सोमोद्भवायाः सरितो नृसोमः R.5.59 (where Malli. quotes Ak. 'रेवा तु नर्मदा सोमोद्भवा मेकलकन्यका'). -कान्त a. lovely as the moon. (-न्तः) the moon-stone. -क्षयः disappearance or waning of the moon, new moon; श्राद्धस्य ब्राह्मणः कालः प्राप्तं दधि घृतं तथा । सोमक्षयश्च मांसं च यदारण्यं युधिष्ठिर ॥ Mb.13.23.34. -गर्भः N. of Viṣṇu. -ग्रहः a vessel for holding Soma. -ज a. moon-born. (-जः) an epithet of the planet Mercury. (-जम्) milk. -दैवतम् the lunar mansion मृगशिरस्; दोग्ध्रीं दत्वा सवत्सां तु नक्षत्रे सोमदैवते Mb.13.64.7. -धारा 1 the sky, heaven. -2 the milky way. -नाथः 1 N. of a celebrated Liṅga or the place where it was set up; (which by its splendour and enormous wealth attracted the attention of Mahomad of Ghazani who in 124 A.D. destroyed the image and carried of the treasure); तेषां मार्गे परिचयवशादर्जितं गुर्जराणां यः संतापं शिथिलमकरोत् सोमनाथं विलोक्य । Vikr.18.87. -प, -पा m. 1 one who drinks the Soma; त्रैविद्या मां सोमपाः पूतपापा यज्ञैरिष्ट्वा स्वर्गतिं प्रार्थयन्ते Bg.9.2; Mb.12.284.8. -2 a Soma-sacrificer. -3 a particular class of Pitṛis; सोमपा नाम विप्राणां (पितरः) Ms.3.197. -पतिः N. of Indra. -पानम् drinking Soma juice. -पायिन्, -पीथः, -पीथिन्, -पीतिन् m. a drinker of Soma juice; तत्र केचित्... ... सोमपीथिन उदुम्बरनामानो ब्रह्मवादिनः प्रतिवसन्ति स्म Māl.1; Bhāg.5.26.29. -पीतिः f. 1 drinking Soma. -2 a Some sacrifice. -पुत्रः, -भूः, -सुतः epithets of Budha or Mercury. -प्रवाकः a person commissioned to engage sacrificial priests (श्रोत्रिय) for a Soma sacrifice. -बन्धुः 1 the sun. -2 the white water-lilly. -यज्ञः, -यागः the Soma sacrifice. -याजिन् m. one who performs a Soma sacrifice. -योगिन् a. being in conjunction with the moon. -योनिः a sort of yellow and fragrant sandal. -राजी a thin crescent of the moon. -रोगः a particular disease of women. -लता, -वल्लरी 1 the Soma plant. -2 N. of the river Godāvarī. -वंशः the lunar race of kings founded by Budha. -वल्कः 1 a kind of white Khadira. -2 N. of the plants, करञ्ज and कट्फल. -वल्लरिः(री), -वल्लिका, -वल्ली f. the moon-plant. -वारः, -वासरः Monday. -विक्रयिन् m. a vendor of Soma juice. -वीथी the orbit of the moon. -वृक्षः, -सारः the white Khadira. -शकला a kind of cucumber. -संस्था a form of the Soma-sacrifice; (these are seven:- अग्निष्टोम, अत्यग्निष्टोम, उक्थ, षोढशी, अतिरात्र, आप्तोर्याम and वाजपेय). -संज्ञम् camphor. -सद् m. a particular class of Manes or Pitṛis; विराट्सुताः सोमसदः साध्यानां पितरः स्मृताः Ms.3.195. -सिद्धान्तः the doctrine of Kāpālikas; या सोमसिद्धान्तमयाननेव N.1.87. -सिन्धुः an epithet of Viṣṇu. -सुत् m a Soma distiller. -सुत्वत् a. pressing Soma-plant for juice; अध्वरेष्वग्निचित्वत्सु सोमसुत्वत आश्रमान् Bk.5.11. -सुता the river Narmadā; cf. सोमोद्भवा above. -सूत्रम् a channel for conveying water from a Śiva-liṅga. ˚प्रदक्षिणा circumambulation around a Siva-liṅga so as not to cross the Soma-sūtra.
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