m. pluralName of a degraded mountain-tribe (inhabiting woods and mountains and living by hunting, having become śūdra-s by their neglect of all prescribed religious rites;also regarded as mleccha-s;the Kirrhadae of Arrian) etc.
किरातः [किरं पर्यन्तभूमिं अतति गच्छतीति किरातः] 1 N. of a degraded mountain tribe who live by hunting, a mountaineer; वैयाकरणकिरातादपशब्दमृगाः क्व यान्तु संत्रस्ताः । यदि नटगणकचिकित्सकवैतालिकवदनकन्दरा न स्युः ॥ Subhāṣ.; Pt.1.17; पर्यन्ताश्रयिभिर्निजस्य सदृशं नाम्नः किरातैः कृतम् Ratn.2.3; Ku.1.6,15. जवार इति यद्राज्यं किरातानां पुरातनम् Parṇāl 1.39. -2 A savage, barbarian. -3 A dwarf. -4 A groom, a horseman. -5 N. of Śiva in the disguise of a Kirāta. -6 A species of fish; किरातो लुब्धके देववाहिनीमत्स्यभेदयोः Nm. -7 N. of a medicinal herb (Mar. किराईत, चिराईत, भूनिंब) -ताः (pl.) N. of a country. -Comp. -अर्जुनीयम् N. of a poem by Bhāravi (in which the combat of Arjuna with Śiva in the form of a Kirāta or mountaineer is poetically described.) -आशिन् m. an epithet of Garuḍa. -तिक्तः N. of a medicinal herb (Mar. किराईत, चिराईत).
m. pl. N. of a barbarous moun- tain tribe of hunters; sg. man or king of the Kirâtas: î, f. Kirâta woman; -½argunîya, n. Arguna's combat with Siva disguised as a Ki râta: T. of a poem by Bhâravi (6th cent. a. d.).
Is a name applied to a people living in the caves of the mountains, as appears clearly from the dedication of the Kirāta to the caves (guhā) in the Vājasaneyi Samhitā, and from the reference in the Atharvaveda to a Kirāta girl (kairā- tikā), who digs a remedy on the ridges of the mountains. Later the people called Kirātas were located in Eastern Nepal, but the name seems to have been applied to any hill folk, no doubt aborigines, though the Mānava Dharma Sāstra regards them as degraded Ksatriyas.
In the story of Asamāti there appear, as the two priests who are opposed to the Gaupāyanas, Kirāta and Akuli according to the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana, or Kilāta and Akuli according to the śatapatha Brāhmana. No doubt the name is chosen, not as that of a historic person, but as a suitable designation of a hostile priest; for it is probably identical with the name of the mountaineers described in the preceding article.
noun (masculine neuter) a dwarf (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a groom (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a prince of the Kirātas (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
horseman (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a degraded mountain-tribe (inhabiting woods and mountains and living by hunting) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of Śiva (as a mountaineer opposed to Arjuna) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the plant Agathotes Chirayta (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
noun (masculine) a parrot (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Jonesia Aśoka (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
red or yellow amaranth (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the god of love (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
the Indian cuckoo (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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