m.Name of a muni- and physician (the Serpent-king śeṣa-, who was the recipient of the āyur-veda-;once on visiting the earth and finding it full of sickness he became moved with pity and determined to become incarnate as the son of a muni- for alleviating disease;he was called caraka- because he had visited the earth as a kind of spy or cara-;he then composed a new book on medicine, based on older works of agni-veśa- and other pupils of ātreya-)
चरकः 1 A spy. -2 A wandering mendicant, a vagrant. -3 N. of a sage and physician supposed to be serpent-king Śeṣa come to the earth. [He composed a new book on medicine, based on other works of Agniveśa and other pupils of Ātreya]. -4 N. of a lexicographer m. (pl.); cf. P.IV.3.17. -5 N. of a branch of the black Yajurveda.
primarily denotes a ‘ wandering student,’ a sense actually found in the Brhadāranyaka Upanisad. More especially it denotes the members of a school of the Black Yajurveda, the practices of which are several times referred to with disapproval in the Satapatha Brāhmana. In the Vājasaneyi Samhitā the Caraka teacher (Carakācārya) is enumerated among the sacrificial victims at the Purusamedha, or human sacrifice. His dedication there to ill-doing is a clear hint of a ritual feud.
noun (masculine) a kind of ascetic (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a kind of medicinal plant (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a spy (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a wanderer (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Muni and physician (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
Oldenlandia corymbosa Linn.
wandering religious student (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
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