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     Grammar Search "śūdra" has 1 results.
     
śūdra: masculine vocative singular stem: śūdra
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WordReferenceGenderNumberSynonymsDefinition
ajitaḥ3.3.68MasculineSingulardvāḥsthaḥ, kṣattriyāyāṃśūdrajaḥ, sārathiḥ
śūdra2.10.1MasculineSingularavaravarṇaḥ, vṛṣalaḥ, jaghanyajaḥ
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59 results for śūdra
     
Devanagari
BrahmiEXPERIMENTAL
śūdram. (of doubtful derivation) a śūdra-, a man of the fourth or lowest of the four original classes or castes (whose only business according to to ,was to serve the three higher classes;in ,the śūdra- is said to have been born from the feet of puruṣa- q.v;in he is fabled to have sprung from the same part of the body of brahmā-, and he is regarded as of higher rank than the present low and mixed castes so numerous throughout India; kevala-ś-,a pure śūdra-) etc. () View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdram. a man of mixed origin View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdram. Name of a Brahman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdram. plural Name of a people View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdraf(ā-and ī-). See below. View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrabhikṣitamfn. (anything) begged or received as alms from a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrabhojinmfn. eating food of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrabhūyiṣṭhamfn. inhabited mostly by śūdra-s, abounding with śūdra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdradharmam. the duty of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdradharmabodhinīf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdradharmatattvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdragamanan. sexual intercourse with a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdraghnamfn. killing a śūdra-, the slayer of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrahanmfn. equals -ghna- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrahatyāf. the killing of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrajanam. a person of the śūdra- class View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrajanmanmfn. śūdra--born, descended from a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrajanmanm. a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrajapavidhānan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakam. Name of various kings (especially of the author of the drama called mṛcchakaṭikā-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakakathāf. Name of a tale (written by rāmila- and somila-) View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakalpamfn. resembling a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakamalākaram. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakanyāf. a śūdra- girl View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakṛta(śūdr/a--) mfn. made by a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakṛtyamfn. to be done, by a śūdra-, proper for a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakṛtyan. the duty of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakṛtyan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakṛtyavicāraṇan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakṛtyavicāraṇatattvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakṛtyavicāratattvan. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrakuladīpikāf. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrapaddhatif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrapañcasaṃskāravidhim. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrapreṣyam. a man of one of the three superior castes who has become a servant to a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrapreṣyan. the being servant to a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrapriyamfn. dear to a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrapriyam. an onion View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrarājyan. a country of which a śūdra- is king
śūdrasaṃskāram. any purificatory rite relating to śūdra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrasaṃsparśam. the touch of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdraśāsanan. an edict addressed to śūdra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrasevanan. attendance on a śūdra- master, the being in the service of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrasmṛtif. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdraf. the state of a śūdra- or servant, servile condition, servitude View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdratvan. the state of a śūdra- or servant, servile condition, servitude View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdravargam. the śūdra- class View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdravarjamind. except śūdra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdravivekam. Name of work View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdravṛttif. the occupation of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrayājakamfn. one who sacrifices for a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrayājakaprāyaścittan. the penance incurred by sacrificing for a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrayonif. the womb of a śūdra- woman View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
śūdrayonijamfn. born from the womb of a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
aśūdram. not a śūdra- View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāśūdram. a śūdra- in a high position, an upper servant View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
mahāśūdram. a cowherd Va1rtt. 1 View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
vikrāntaśūdrakam. Name of a drama View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
viṭśūdran. sg. vaiśya-s and śūdra-s View this entry on the original dictionary page scan.
     Apte Search  
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śūdra शूद्रः [शुच्-रक् पृषो˚ चस्य दः दीर्घः Uṇ.2.19] A man of the fourth or the last of the four principal tribes of the Hindus; he is said to have been born from the feet of Puruṣa; पद्भ्यां शूद्रो अजायत Ṛv.1.9.12; or of Brahman; Ms.1.87; and his principal business was to serve the three higher castes; एकमेव तु शूद्रस्य प्रभुः कर्म समादिशत् । एतेषामेव वर्णानां शुश्रुषामनसूयया ॥ Ms.1.9. -Comp. -आर्ता the Priyaṅgu plant. -आह्निकम् the daily ceremonies or observances of a Śūdra. -उदकम् water polluted by the touch of a Śūdra. -कृत्यम्, -धर्मः the duties of a Śūdra. -घ्न, -हन् a. 1 killing a Śūdra. -2 the slayer of a Śūdra; एतदेव व्रतं कृत्स्नं षण्मासान् शूद्रहा चरेत् Ms.11.13. -प्रियः an onion. -प्रेष्यः a man of any of the three higher castes who has become a servant to a Śūdra. -भूयिष्ठ a. consisting mostly of Śūdra; यद्राष्ट्रं शूद्रभूयिष्ठम् (विनश्यति) Ms.8.22. -याजकः one who conducts a sacrifice for a Śūdra. -राज्यम् a country of which a Śūdra is a king; न शूद्रराज्ये निवसेत् Ms.4.61. -वर्गः the Śūdra or servile class. -वृत्तिः the occupation of a Śūdra; वैश्यो$जीवन् स्वधर्मेण शूद्रवृत्त्यापि वर्तयेत् Ms.1.98, -शासनम् 1 dominion of a Śūdra. -2 a written bond of a Śūdra; L. D. B. -3 an edict addressed to Śūdras. -संस्पर्शः the touch of a Śūdra; अस्वर्ग्या ह्याहुतिः सा स्याच्छूद्रसंस्पर्शदूषिता Ms.5.14. -सेवनम् serving a Śūdra, being the servant of a Śūdra; Ms.11.69.
śūdrakaḥ शूद्रकः N. of a king, the reputed author of the Mṛichchhakaṭika.
apaśūdra अपशूद्रः A man of any of the first three वर्णs; one who is not a शूद्र; अपि वा वेदनिर्देशादपशूद्राणां प्रतीयेत । MS.6.1.33.
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śūdra śūdrá, m. man of the servile caste, x. 90, 12.
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śūdra m. man of the fourth or servile class: -ka, m. N. of a king, the reputed au thor of the Mrikkhakatikâ; N. of a soldier; -gana, m. Sûdra; -ganman, a. descended from a Sûdra; m. Sûdra; -tâ, f., -tva,n. condition of a Sûdra; -dharma, m. duty of a Sûdra; -yâgaka, a. sacrificing for a Sûdra.
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śūdra Is the designation of the fourth caste in the Vedic state (see Varṇa). It is quite unknown in the Rigveda except in the Purusasūkta (‘hymn of man’) in the tenth Maṇdala, where in the earliest version of the origin of the castes the śūdra for the first time appears. The Rigveda, on the other hand, knows Dasyu and Dāsa, both as aborigines independent of Aryan control and as subjugated slaves: it is reasonable to reckon the śūdra of the later texts as belonging to the aborigines who had been reduced to subjection by the Aryans. Strictly speaking, the defeated aborigines must have been regarded as slaves, but it is obvious that, except on occasions when most of the men were slain, which may have occurred quite often, there must have remained too many of them to be used as slaves of individual owners. The villages of the aborigines must have continued to subsist, but under Aryan lordship and control: there may be this amount of truth in Baden Powell’s theory, which practically traced all the early cultivating villages in India to Dravidian origin. On the other hand, the term śūdra would also cover the wild hill tribes which lived by hunting and fishing, and many of which would acknowledge the superiority of their Aryan neighbours: it could, in fact, be applied to all beyond the pale of the Aryan state. This view of the śūdra suits adequately the Vedic references to his condition, which would not apply adequately to domestic slaves only. The śūdra is continually opposed to the Aryan, and the colour of the śūdra is compared with that of the Aryan, just as his ways are so contrasted. The Aitareya Brāhmaṇa, in its account of the castes, declares that the śūdra is anyasya presya, ‘the servant of another’; kāmotthāpya, ‘to be expelled at will’; andyathākāmaυadhya, ‘to be slain at will.’ All these terms well enough describe the position of the serf as the result of a conquest: the epithets might have been applied to the English serf after the Norman Conquest with but slight inaccuracy, especially if his master had received a grant of jurisdiction from the Crown. The Pañcavimśa Brāh- mapa explains that even if prosperous (bahu-paśu, having many cows’) a śūdra could not be other than a servant: his business was pādāvanejya, ‘ the washing of the feet ’ of his superiors. The Mahābhārata says out and out that a śūdra has no property (a hi svam asti śūdrasya, ‘ the śūdra has nothing he can call his own’). On the other hand, just as in England the royal justice would protect the serf in life and limb,8 so it appears that the slaying of a śūdra involved a wergeld of ten cows according to both Baudhāyana and Ápastamba. It may, indeed, be held that this wergeld was only due in case of murder by another than the master, but such limitation is nowhere stated. In sacred matters the distinction between Aryan and śūdra was, of course, specially marked. The texts do not hesitate to declare that the upper castes were ‘all,’ ignoring the śūdras; the śūdra is prohibited from milking the cow for the milk required at the Agnihotra (‘oblation to Agni ’); and the śatapatha Brāhmana forbids a man who has been consecrated (1dlksita) for a sacrifice to speak to a śūdra at all for the time, though the śāṭyāyanaka seems to have relaxed this rule by confining it to cases in which the śūdra was guilty of some sin. At the sacrifice itself the śūdra could not be present in the śālā, ‘hall’; he is definitely classed in the śatapatha Brāh¬mana and the Pañcavimśa Brāhmana10 as unfit for ‘ sacrifice ’ (ayajñtya); and declared in the Kāçhaka Samhitā not to be admitted to drink Soma. At the Pravargya (introductory Soma) rite the performer is not allowed to come in contact with a śūdra, who here, as in the Kāthaka Samhitā,17 is reckoned as excluded from a share in the Soma-draught. On the other hand, the śūdra is one of the victims at the Puruṣa- medha (‘ human sacrifice ’) in the Yaj’urveda, and a fight between an Aryan and a śūdra, in which, of course, the former wins, forms a part of the Mahāvrata rite, being perhaps a precursor of the Indian drama. Other indications, however, exist, showing that it would be undesirable to ignore the real importance of the śūdra, which again reminds us of the condition of the serf, who, though legally restrained, still gradually won his way to the rank of a free man. Rich śūdras are mentioned in the early texts, just as śūdra gahapatis, ‘householders,’ occur in the Buddhist texts, and śūdra kings in the legal literature. Sin against śūdra and Aryan is mentioned; prayers for glory on behalf of śūdras, as well as of the other castes occur; and the desire to be dear to śūdra as well as to Aryan is expressed. The Sūtras also, while they emphasize as general rules points earlier not insisted on, such as their inferiority in sitting, etc., their exclusion from the study of the Vedas, the danger of contact with them or their food, still recognize that śūdras can be merchants, or even exercise any trade.Moreover, the Sūtras permit the marriage of a śūdrā woman with members of all castes. Though it was a reproach to Vatsa and to Kavaṣa that they were the sons of a śūdrā and a Dāsī respectively, still the possibility of such a reproach shows that marriages of this kind did take place. Moreover, illicit unions of Arya and śūdrā, or śūdra and Aryā, are referred to in the Samhitās of the Yajurveda. The origin of the term śūdra is quite obscure, but Zimmer points out that Ptolemy mentions tvBpoi as a people, and he thinks that the Brāhui may be meant. Without laying any stress on this identification, it is reasonable to accept the view that the term was originally the name of a large tribe opposed to the Aryan invasion. See also Niṣāda.
     Vedabase Search  
64 results
     
śūdra a fourth-class manCC Antya 5.84
śūdra a śūdraCC Antya 13.97
CC Madhya 8.128
śūdra as a low-class manSB 10.38.4
śūdra belonging to the śūdra communityCC Madhya 8.21
śūdra born of a śūdra familyCC Adi 7.45
śūdra fourth-class menCC Madhya 24.190
śūdra of the common workersSB 11.29.31
śūdra of the śūdrasSB 11.17.19
SB 11.17.49
śūdra śūdrasSB 12.2.35
śūdra the fourth social divisionCC Madhya 7.63
śūdra the laborer class of menSB 2.7.46
śūdra the laboring classSB 1.4.25
śūdra the lower casteSB 1.17.3
śūdra-ādayaḥ śūdras and other fallen classesSB 11.5.4
śūdra-ādayaḥ śūdras and other fallen classesSB 11.5.4
śūdra-adhama worse than a śūdra, or fourth-class manCC Madhya 8.35
śūdra-adhama worse than a śūdra, or fourth-class manCC Madhya 8.35
śūdra-dāsa-uttarāḥ predominantly low-class laborers and barbariansSB 12.3.25
śūdra-dāsa-uttarāḥ predominantly low-class laborers and barbariansSB 12.3.25
śūdra-dāsa-uttarāḥ predominantly low-class laborers and barbariansSB 12.3.25
śūdra-kulam the society of śūdrasSB 5.14.30
śūdra-kulam the society of śūdrasSB 5.14.30
śūdra-mahā-jana devotees born in families other than brāhmaṇaCC Madhya 17.60
śūdra-mahā-jana devotees born in families other than brāhmaṇaCC Madhya 17.60
śūdra-mahā-jana devotees born in families other than brāhmaṇaCC Madhya 17.60
śūdra-prāyāḥ no better than śūdrasSB 12.1.36
śūdra-prāyāḥ no better than śūdrasSB 12.1.36
SB 12.1.6-8
śūdra-prāyāḥ no better than śūdrasSB 12.1.6-8
śūdra-prāyeṣu mostly low-class śūdrasSB 12.2.12-16
śūdra-prāyeṣu mostly low-class śūdrasSB 12.2.12-16
śūdra-sevaka a servant who is a śūdraCC Madhya 10.136
śūdra-sevaka a servant who is a śūdraCC Madhya 10.136
śūdra-tāḍitam being beaten by a śūdraSB 1.17.2
śūdra-tāḍitam being beaten by a śūdraSB 1.17.2
śūdra-vaiṣṇavera of Vaiṣṇavas born in śūdra familiesCC Antya 16.13
śūdra-vaiṣṇavera of Vaiṣṇavas born in śūdra familiesCC Antya 16.13
śūdra a non-brāhmaṇa workerSB 9.18.5
śūdra a śūdraSB 11.17.49
śūdra a workerSB 12.12.65
śūdra belonging to the worker classCC Madhya 13.80
śūdra the laborer classSB 2.5.37
śūdra the laborer class of menSB 4.23.32
śūdra the servitorsSB 3.6.33
śūdra the śūdraSB 10.24.20
śūdraḥ tvam you have behaved like a śūdraSB 9.2.9
śūdraḥ tvam you have behaved like a śūdraSB 9.2.9
śūdrakaḥ lowest of the śūdrasSB 1.16.5
śūdram a fourth-class man, a śūdraSB 6.1.58-60
śūdram the lower classSB 1.16.4
śūdrasya of the fourth-grade persons, the workersSB 7.11.15
śūdrasya of the śūdraBG 18.44
śūdrasya of the śūdra (the fourth grade of man in society, the worker)SB 7.11.24
śūdratām a śūdraSB 7.15.72
śūdratvam the tabernacle of a śūdraSB 1.13.15
śūdrau the worker classSB 8.5.41
strī-śūdra-ādibhiḥ api even by women, śūdras, etc.SB 1.4.28-29
āmi śūdra I belong to the fourth class of the social divisionsCC Madhya 10.54
strī-śūdra-ādibhiḥ api even by women, śūdras, etc.SB 1.4.28-29
strī-śūdra-ādibhiḥ api even by women, śūdras, etc.SB 1.4.28-29
strī-śūdra-ādibhiḥ api even by women, śūdras, etc.SB 1.4.28-29
āmi śūdra I belong to the fourth class of the social divisionsCC Madhya 10.54
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śūdra noun (masculine) a man of mixed origin (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a man of the fourth or lowest of the four original classes or castes (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
a Śūdra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a Brāhman (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))
name of a people (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 676/72933
śūdrajanman noun (masculine) a Śudra (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 30588/72933
śūdraka adjective relating to a Śūdra
Frequency rank 40161/72933
śūdraka noun (masculine) śūdra name of various kings (esp. of the author of the drama called) (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 13206/72933
śūdrapriya noun (masculine) an onion (Monier-Williams, Sir M. (1988))

Frequency rank 68103/72933
vaiśyāśūdra noun (masculine) Vaiśyas and Śūdras
Frequency rank 66755/72933
     Wordnet Search "śūdra" has 8 results.
     

śūdra

śūdraḥ, pādajaḥ, avaravarṇaḥ, vṛṣalaḥ, jaghanyajaḥ, dāsaḥ, antyajanmā, jaghanyaḥ, dvijasevakaḥ   

hindūnāṃ caturvarṇāntargataḥ caturthaḥ varṇaḥ।

adhunāpi naike janāḥ śūdrasya sparśaṃ pāpam iti manyante।

śūdra

śūdra, antavarṇa, antyaja   

hindūdharmaśāstrānusāreṇa cāturvarṇyavyavasthāyāṃ caturthaḥ varṇaḥ।

varṇāśrame śūdrasya kāryaṃ anyasya sevā karaṇīyā। / padbhyām śūdro ajāyata।

śūdra

palāṇḍuḥ, sukandakaḥ, lohitakandaḥ, tīkṣṇakandaḥ, uṣṇaḥ, mukhadūṣaṇaḥ, śūdrapriyaḥ, kṛmighnaḥ, dīpanaḥ, mukhagandhakaḥ, bahupatraḥ, viśvagandhaḥ, rocanaḥ, palāṇaḍūḥ, sukandukaḥ   

mūlaviśeṣaḥ asya guṇāḥ kaṭutva-kaphapittavāntidoṣanāśitvādayaḥ।

palāṇḍuḥ śītalatvaguṇayuktaḥ।

śūdra

bhṛtyatā, bhṛtyatvam, dāsyam, bhṛtyābhāvaḥ, bhṛtyabhāvaḥ, dāsabhāvaḥ, preṣyatā, śūdratā, preṣyam, praiṣyam, preṣyatvam, bhaujiṣyam   

bhṛtyasya karma bhāvaḥ vā।

tasya bhṛtyatāyāḥ prasannaḥ saḥ tasmai puraskāraṃ dattavān।

śūdra

śūdrakaḥ   

śūdrajātīyaḥ tapasviviśeṣaḥ yasya varṇanaṃ purāṇeṣu prāpyate।

kathānusāreṇa rāmaḥ śūdrakaṃ jaghāna।

śūdra

vikrāntaśūdrakaḥ   

nāṭakaviśeṣaḥ ।

vikrāntaśūdrakasya varṇanaṃ sarasvatī-kaṇṭhābharaṇe dṛśyate

śūdra

śūdra   

ekā jātiḥ ।

śūdrasya ullekhaḥ mahābhārate vartate

śūdra

śūdra   

ekaḥ brāhmaṇaḥ ।

śūdrasya ullekhaḥ bauddhasāhitye vartate









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